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AUTOMATIC RAILWAY GATE CONTROL

ABSTRACT

The main aim of the project is to establish automatic


railway gates in place of existing manual railway gates, to
reduce maintenance expenditure, human mistakes, and
accidents.
It is a low cost, maintenance free so that the concept is
implemented by using an MCS 51 series micro controller.
Here we established a railway gate moving towards top and
bottom directions with the help of a 2V bi-directional linear
DC motor, controlled by micro controller according to the
program written in internal flash memory. Two sensors are
used in this projects to monitor whether the gate is properly
closed or not. Two more sensors are used to detect train
movements i.e., entering and leaving. The intelligent
firmware detects the train entry near by the railway gate
with the help of entry sensor, and then the railway gate
starts moving towards the downward direction. The motor
stops rotating if any obstructions occurred during this
operation. If the gate is closed in a specified time the
controller allows the train to move on the track; otherwise
the controller reduces the speed of train by putting
appropriate control signals on the track until the gate is
closed. Finally, the gate is not closed if the train is near by
the gate the controller stops the train by putting appropriate
control signals on the track until the gate is closed. The gate
automatically moves towards upward direction after leaving
the train. It can be detected by leaving sensor. With the help
of this control system, we can avoid accidents that occur at
railway gates, human mistakes, and high maintenance of the
control operation. This project was implemented by using
8051 micro controllers. The programs were written in
embedded ‘C’.

SOFTWARE: Embedded ‘C’

TOOLS: Small Device Cross Compiler & Keil uvision3.

TARGET DEVICE: 8051CONTROLLER 8BIT

APPLICATIONS: Home and office appliances.

ADVANTAGES: Low cost, automated operation, Low Power

consumption.

REFERENCE: The 8051 micro controller and embedded systems

by Mazidi
BLOCK DIAGRAM:

REGULATED
POWER
DAIGRAM SUPPLY
IR
TRANSMITTER

RELAY
IR RECEIVER

8051
IR MICROCONTROLLER MOTOR
TRANSMITTER

LCD DISPLAY
IR RECEIVER