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ABSORPTION COLUMN MODELS
TRAY-TYPE PLATE COLUMNS    

COUNTERCURRENT
CONTACTING OF GAS AND
Õ  
LIQUID 
CONTACTING OCCURS IN   


LIQUID ON TRAYS
a LIQUID FLOWS PARALLEL TO
THE TRAY
a GAS FLOWS PERPENDICULAR TO
THE TRAY
GENERAL CONFIGURATION
TRAY DESIGNS

SIEVE TRAY
BUBBLE CAPS
http://www.koch-
VALVE TRAYS glitsch.com/koch/products/flexitray_trays.asp

http://www.jaeger.com/internals- http://www.rauschertus.com/process_technologi
HDbubblecaptrays.htm es/bubblecaptrays.html
PACKED COLUMN DESIGNS
COUNTERCURRENT GAS AND LIQUID
CONTACTING LIQUID/GAS INTERFACE ON
PACKING
LIQUID FLOWS OVER THE SURFACE OF
THE PACKING WITH A GENERAL
DOWNWARD DIRECTION
GAS FLOWS THROUGH INTERSTICES IN
THE PACKING WITH A GENERAL UPWARD
DIRECTION
PACKING TYPES
RANDOM
STRUCTURED

http://dtirp.dtra.mil/products/CWC/132p-12.jp
RANDOM PACKING

INSTALLED IN SECTIONS
| 
DISTRIBUTION PLATE IS
   
BETWEEN SECTIONS |  m 

RELATIVE FLOWS DETERMINE


 


HYDRDYNAMICS
LIMITING CASES
FLOODING
WEEPING
RANDOM PACKING DESIGNS

SHAPES
RINGS
SADDLES
OTHERS
MATERIALS
METAL
CERAMIC
PLASTIC

http://www.koch-glitsch.com/koch/products/plastic_random_packing.as
RANDOM PACKING DESIGNATIONS

NOMINAL DIAMETERS
VOID FRACTION
http://www.wisconsinstamping.com/images/raschig.jpg
BULK WEIGHT
https://fscimage.fishersci.com/ecat/F_N
umbers/F70000_F79999/F73000_F73999/
F73800_F73899/F738-01~wn.jpg

http://www.koch-glitsch.com/koch/products/flexiring.asp
STRUCTURED PACKING
PACKING IS MADE IN SECTIONS AND FILLS
ENTIRE COLUMN DIAMETER

http://www.sulzerchemtech.com/DesktopDefault.aspx/tabid-232/
DESIGNS FOR TRAY COLUMNS
SET UP McCABE ± THIELE DIAGRAM WITH
OPERATING LINE AND EQUILIBRIUM LINE
DILUTE SYSTEMS

WHEN OPERATING AND EQUILIBRIUM


LINES HAVE CONSTANT SLOPES ±
KREMSER EQUATIONS APPLY
  [  
 

 [  ÿ   
  [   
  [ ÿ
 
  [  
 

 [ ÿ  
  [   
  [ ÿ
 ÿ
NON-LINEAR SYSTEMS

OPERATING LINE BASED ON INERT FLOWS


EQUATION (10.6-4)  0   a      a0 
              
  0  a     a0

NORMALLY TIED TO ONE SET OF TERMINAL


CONDITIONS
GRAPHICAL FORM OF SOLUTION (McCABE-
THIELE DIAGRAM) PLOTS BOTH LINES
NUMBER OF EQUILIBRIUM STAGES

BASED ON INTEGER
STEPS BETWEEN
OPERATING LINE AND
EQUILIBRIUM LINE.
ABSORPTION,
OPERATING LINE LIES
ABOVE THE EQULIBRIUM
LINE
STRIPPING, OPERATING
LINE LIES BELOW THE
EQUILIBRIUM LINE
LIMITING CASES
(L/V)min
OPERATING LINE WITH TERMINATION ON EQUILIBRIUM
LINE
REQUIRES INFINITE STAGES
(L/V)min MAY OCCUR AT FIRST INTERSECTION OF
STRAIGHT LINE FROM TERMINAL POINT WITH
EQUILIBRIUM LINE
(L/V)des = (L/V)min(MULTIPLE)
DESIGN TERMINAL POINT IS BASED ON MASS
BALANCE
FINITE NUMBER OF EQUILIBRIUM STAGES
FOR LESS THAN EQUILIBRIUM STAGES, USE MUPHREE
EFFICIENCY (11.5-2) î î ü1
 
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PACKING PRESSURE DROP

CONTACTING EFFICIENCY IN ABSORBER


SURFACE AREA/UNIT VOLUME
HYDRODYNAMICS
SURFACE AREA
TABLE 10.6-1 FOR A RANGE OF PACKING
TABLE 14.7b IN PERRY¶S
LIMITING CONDITIONS
LOW FLUXES ± CHANNELING OR WEEPING
HIGH FLUXES ± FLOODING
PRESSURE DROP CORRELATIONS

EMPIRICAL DATA
PERRY¶S FIG. 14-48
THRU 14-59
FIG. 10-6-5 &10.6-6
BASIS IS DRY
FLOW
FLOODING LIMIT
FP TABLE 10.6-1
    
Õ     Õ   [ ÿ
 Õ
 http://www.cheresources.com/acidpacktowerfig3print.sh
DESIGN FLUXES

DIAMETER OF COLUMN IS BASED ON FLUX CALCULATION


NORMALLY CONTROLLED BY VAPOR FLUX
RECOMMENDED DESIGN VALUES RANGE FROM 65% - 80%
OF FLOODING
EXPERIMENTAL DATA
BEST METHOD
EDGE EFFECTS FOR SMALL TEST COLUMNS
MIST ELIMINATOR
INCLUDED IN MOST DESIGNS
RECOVERS ENTRAINED DROPLETS ABOVE PACKING
MIST ELIMINATORS
TYPES INCLUDE
VANE
CYCLONIC
MESH http://www.acsseparations.com/mmstr.htm

ELECTROSTATIC

http://www.bionomicind.com/images/series9000.jpg

http://www.amistco.com/PRODUCTS/ELIMINATORS/
http://www.knitmesh.com/business/separ
msh_vne.html ation/mist_eliminators/vanemisteliminator
http://img.alibaba.com/photo/266357355/Electrostatic_Oil_Mist_Eliminator_for_Kitchen_Exhaust_Ventil
s.html
MIST ELIMINATOR RANGES
TYPE
DEPENDS ON
PARTICLE
DIAMETER

http://www.knitmesh.com/
business/separation/mist_
eliminators/separationmec
hanisms.html
CYLCONIC MIST ELIMINATORS
DESIGN BASES
PERRY¶S 7th, P. 26-36
SECTION 14.4F

http://www.epa.gov/eogapti1/
module6/matter/control/contr
http://www.koch-ottoyork.com/downloads/ProductCatalog.pdf ol.htm#esptypes
ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS

ESP CAN REMOVE


AEROSOLS OR
PARTICULATE FROM A GAS
STREAM

http://www.epa.gov/eogapti1/module
6/matter/control/control.htm#precipit

CAN REMOVE SUBMICRON


PARTICLES