You are on page 1of 42

m 

Effect of INM on fruit yield and quality of mango

u 




 
u    
u ! "#" $%& %
'&&u &%' "#($%& %
 $"&"( )!% *%u+),--
˜ ˜ ˜
„ | 
„ |  
  

   |
„      |  
  

  
„   | 
  
„  
 
„  
  
„ |     
           
     
 

        

        


 

    

„ |  
         
 
    
    
     
 
      


    


             
 
    
  
        
   
        
      

     
 
   
    

„ !     
  "             
     
      
   
 #    
    
   
 "          
  $                  

                     
 
 
  
Rtatus Of Fruit Crops In India

„ ë 
    
„  
 


„     

„ 
   
   
 
„ !
"#"ë!"#
„ $  
%
„ &'



„ & 

 
 

 (

R  
 

   
„ 2  %& ' 
   

„ %(& ) *&&& |  


+ 

„ *&&& ) *&& #    


 

„ *&& ) +   #   2 "+ 
  
„ r  
     | 
 
 
 
        
   
 
 

„ r                |

„ 
   
  
    

 
    
    

             

„ r
 
     

 
  

 
 

„ r    
   

  
   

„ r
    

  

  
m  IR INEGRED NURIEN MNGEMEN ?

 
   .

. / 
 0
. 1 
.
 . 2

.

    /   / 

 
   2
 2 2   
/  
 /  3   4 1
 
 .
 51
 1    
6 
7

  

„ 


„ 
„  
„ !

„ 
  "  

„ #
„ $  
„   
 
 

%

   


     
  

  
       

  
  
    
r 

  

 

 



  
  
   
  
&#  


'   
 


  

„ r      


   

 
  



„ r  
  




„ r           


  


„ 
  
     

 
2 
  !
"
#
   
   


          
 (
      
 




     


  

& #

 #%
„ R  
„ )

„ )
„  

#
'% 
 %   



     
  


„ ) 
„  
„ 

„  

„  

*% )
 %
„ )



„  
„ 
2

"  2 
  !


„ r 
  



„ r     
 
 

„ r 
  ( 
°ERMICOMPOR
°   ,,, , ,  ,  ,,
, ,  ,,   

,
, ,,
 
,-, , ,$ ,, , 
,

!  ."
 /  ,,  ,,&,"(&,

, ,,
*   , ,*"*&0
1 2, 
,2+3/4, 
,, 

,  ,
5 !  ,  , 
,, , ,
  ,, ,,
dvantages of °ermicompost
„ u 2 3
/ 
1
.
 


  

1
.
  )/   

 6
 

/  /' .. 

„   /
 

„ ' .. . 2  


) .

6 

  /  
6
    2
„ ' .. 6..  

 
2
2
. 
# ! /  
/
.

„ 
   
1 
2 .
  

„ .

   
 
ORGNIC vs C EMIC FERIIZER
„ M ) *  
' (+
 
 $   %
(
M

 

(  ) ,


-. 

„ / '
) *   
'
'
'
+  M    
.
'
 *    

  

 ë

 
  
'
  
- 

 
 

Nutrient requirements of fruit crops

„     +   


    
   
„ 
      ,  %
„       
„ -   

„    
 , 



 
Mango

„ Y '  *


 


'  '  

 (  (  

„ "   ( +##

„ 0' (  "#   


.1

„ Y 
 , 

 

 

   1'   
2
 $

„ r      

  
 + 
   

   + ,
 

  ) 



„ r 

     

  
 +
  

  + ,
 

  

„ r        
     

   
    
 + 





      

„ r      


 

EC NIC PROGRMME
ë  

r     !"

r   # $%& ' () (*+

r
 # $R () (*+

r
 # $%& + # $R () (*+

r#
 ,!  -  .$() (*+

r  ,!  -  .$() (*

r
# ,!  -  .$() (*+
Conti͙..

   !

"  ##ë$% 


   #ë$%

##&'


#  #&'


( ##ë$ #
&'

  #ë$ #
&' 
2. ay out plan

r   
)! !  
r )' )  /0 +
-!$  !&') .-!$+ ++"
1  !   2- *345R+6+ ++7+ 
%+8r5 7++"+
 !   2- *3     +
R !)-)9!))' ))   2  
 +
C. Observations to be recorded
„ - 
*/ 8
/   
.+
„
 9
„   
„  
„  u",
„  :
„ " 

6
„ 6&
/9
„
„ u
„:
4+ !  %  2   "
: 
: 
: 
+ ) $ 9 2
 !$2 (-+
+ ) 9!$+
+    !) $
'+  +  !)-() +
+ ! -  $
#+ !)   !' !$  -
+ ! *!) ( 
'+ ! *!)(2+
+ ! ;)! *  -
+ ! -!&
'+ ! 9!$2
+ ! !! *"+
+ ! rRR< !/"
+ ! !--
+ ! -$
D. ime of application

„
-
;  .9
„ # !9 "9 -
„ u"9 -
„ 36
 "9 -
„ u8:"9 -
„ 9 <
9 --
6 
;  .9
„ # !9 "9 --
„ u"9 --
„ 36
 "9--
„ u8:"9--
„ 9 <
9-
able.1: Fruit yield characters as influence by INM in mango cv.-
ë  (mean of two years)
 )* )* )*
! + ! + ./
   ,-
,- 

r  =- !#  .$ +# #+ + 


( "
r  # #.$(  + + # + 
r # #.$#.$,+ (  
"( 0 # 


r # %& -!!)) $( ">= +   + +


- )')!& $( "#.$,+ ( 
4 #" +  + R

12) #  Õ  ,#-


able.2: Fruit yield attributing characters as influence by INM in
mango cv. ë  (mean of two years)

)*+
r  - 1$ 2 4!
" "

r  =- !#  .$( " + #+


r  # #.$(  + +#
r # #.$#.$,+ (  0#
0 

r # %& -!!)) $( ">= + +


- )')!& $( "#.$,+ ( 
4 #" R R

12) #  Õ  ,#-


able.3: Effect of nitrogen and otobacter inoculation on leaf nutrient
content (%) in mrapali mango under high density planting

  //* *

ë' ë' ë'


 + +# +  + # +  + 
r + + +   "# +  +
r
0
  "( +  + +#
r + + +  +  +  +
r +# + +  +  (  ((
r# + +# +  +  +  + 
r +# + +  +  + # +
r + + +  +  + +
r +# + +  +  + # +
4 # + + + +  + +

ë ë3 .,4/-
' ë/,5* !-
able.4: Effect of nitrogen, otobacter chroococum on vegetative growth in
mango cv. mrapali.

 6 6 6 6 6


/   78 & 
/ // + + !
,- ,- ,- ,-  *
,-
9

0( 0
 0 ( 0 ( # 0

 )* +3,
-ë$%
 (0  (0 " ## # 0"
,4 -

# )* +3,
-ë$% # #
 " ( " # ( "0
,9'2
-
( #(,"0-ë$%,4 -
 
( " " " ( ( 0"
  #(,"0-ë$%,9'2
- # 
 " 0  #"


(, -ë$%,4 -
 ((  "( " 0  # 
0 #(, -ë$%,9'2
-
0 (  0   # 
  !ë$%,4 -
(
" 0 0  (" ( # 
   !ë$%,9'2
-
0#  "#   # # 
92
 & & & &

&*:ë/+Õ ,#(-
able.5: Effect of nitrogen, otobacter chroococum on fruit yield and quality of
mango cv. mrapali.
 ; + )* &&   ë%
, - ./ ,- +! +
,

,- ,-
* -

9
0 

 #
## 
# ( 


 )* +3,
-ë$% ,4 - #
(
(# # #(
( 
(" (" "

# )* +3,
-ë$% #( "
(0
0 #(
" 
( "
,9'2
-
( #(,"0-ë$%,4 - #
(

( ( #( # 
( 

  #(,"0-ë$%,9'2
- #( 
  #( 0 

0  (


(, -ë$%,4 -
0(
#  ##  
  

0 #(, -ë$%,9'2


-
" #
#"  ## " 
  

  !ë$%,4 -
 0"
# ( #
" 
## (" #

   !ë$%,9'2
-
(0
#" ( ##  

0

92 #
0 (  "   #


R %2Õ  "


able.6: Effect of algae and yeast extracts on keitte mango tree during 2008
and 2009 seasons

 )* )* )*   ; +


  +  3* ,-
  
/3,# -
9 0 (0 (
( #( " 
;  #  "
( #
 
;
 " ## "
(" (



; # " ( " (
(#
# (
ë   " 0( 0

# (

ë 

 ## 0 ((
0 (0
(
ë # 
   00
 (
0 0
ë  ; 
 "  

" 
#0
ë 
;


  ( ( ( #
" 
ë # ; #


  ( #  # (0

&*:7 /Õ ,#


-
Conti͙.
 )* )* )*  3* ; +
  +   ,-
 

/+,#"-
9 #" 0 (" ( # #
( ((
; 
# ( (# ( #"

;

(
( ( ( 0 ((

; #
( # # (# ( ## (0
0 (
ë 
( (  0
( ( ("


ë 

#   (( 
((
ë # 
 " 0" ( 0 # # 0
ë  ; 
# " 
 #

ë 
 ;

( " # #  #( 
ë #  ; #
" 
 " # 

&*:7 /Õ ,#


-
able.7: Effect of algae and yeast extracts on some physical properties of
keitte mango tree during 2008 and 2009 seasons

 )* )* *  &+ )*


.+/ / 3*,- ./ ./
,- ,- ,- ,-
/3,# -
 #  
;      ## 
;  "  ##  
; # " # #"  " 
ë   # #  #" 
ë   #  # #
ë #    # 
ë  ;   " # #
ë  ;  " " 
ë # ; #   

&*:7 /Õ ,#


-
Conti͙..
 )* )* *  &+ )*
.+/ / 3*,- ./ ./
,- ,- ,- ,-

/+,#"-
9  
#   
 " 
;  (#
# ( # (
( ( 0
;
 
(
(   
 0((
; # " 

"
0   00
ë   "

(#   " 
ë 
 " 0"

(  ( #(
ë # 
 
   (( 0 0 
ë  ; 
 #
 # 0  #0 
ë 
;

 
 0(  " #  
ë # ; #
 0
0 00 "

0( 00

&*:7 /Õ ,#


-
able.8: Effect of algae and yeast extracts on fruit characters of keitte mango
tree during 2008 and 2009 seasons
 &&,- ë+!   1+* <9


,- *,- * * 
,-
/3,# -
9
 


 
;  


;


  #
#
 
; #
  
# 

ë  
"
 #
# 
ë 


#
#  

ë # 
" #
#  # 
ë  ;  
" #

  "
ë 
;

"  ##

"
ë # ; # #  #
  

&*:7 /Õ ,#


-
Conti͙
 &&,- ë+   1+* <9


!,- *,- * * 
,-
/+,#"-
9
"  
  #
;  
"

# 
;
 #  


; # # #  #
# " #
ë   #  

 #

ë 
 #
 #"

 
ë #  #
#

 " 
ë  ;   #
#



ë 
;
 #
#

# 
ë # ; # ##  ##

#
" 

&*:7 /Õ ,#


-
able.9: Effect of algae and yeast extracts on leaf minerals content of keitte
mango tree during 2008 and 2009 seasons
 ,- ,- ,- '
,-
/3,# -
9
(  0
  # 
; 
  0#   ( 
;

  0(  "  
; #
   0  #( 0 (
ë  

(  0    # 0
ë 


#    0 " (
ë # 

#  (  0 " 0
ë  ; 

(     " (
ë 
;


(      "0 
ë # ; #
     ( " (
Conti͙͙.
 ,- ,- ,- '
,-
/+,#"-
9
   
 ( ( 
; 
   #   0 "
;

"     0 
; #

  0  0( 0 
ë  
#(    0 ( 0
ë 

##  
   #
ë # 
##"     "

ë  ; 
#(    
 " (
ë 
;

#(  "
   " 0
ë # ; #
# 
   "" 0

&*:7 /Õ ,#


-
 
„
 
       
     
 
„r      
 

   |    .
    /
   
          


   
„r   

       
 
 


 

 -  

        
%
„ )    



    
 

     
       r  |  

 
      
 

( 
 
     ,

„ 0
     
    
       
 
       
 
     |
„ |      
    
 
  
„ |
  
 

     
 
  
   | 

„ r   ,   
   
„ |