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Certificate

This is certified that the project report titled “DESIGNING OF

SCREW JACK USING PRO-E” submitted by Amit, Amit Raj Yadav, Devender

Kumar, Sher Singh in partial fulfillment of the requirements for

the award of Degree of Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical) of

M.D.University Rohtak is record of bonafide work carried out

Under my supervision and has not been submitted

Anywhere else for any other purpose.

Head of department
Supervisor name

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MR.YAT
IN KUMAR SINGH

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We would like to thank our project guide “MR. YATIN KUMAR

SINGH” for his invaluable help, support and guidance. Without his help we
would not have been able to complete our project.

We would also like to thanks all the faculty members of MECHANICAL


ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT who has been instrumental in our learning
process and also helped us during the course of project work.

Last but not least, we would like to thanks all the faculty members, specially
“PROF.B.B.MALHOTRA”& “PROF. B.D. ARORA” associated with the design
that not only provided us with the means to complete our project, but also
guided us and made us understand the practical aspects/implication of
things

AMIT
AMIT RAJ
YADAV
DEVEN
DER KUMAR
SHER SINGH

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ABSTRACT

A Screw jack is a portable device consisting of a screw mechanism used to


raise or lower the load.

There are two types of jacks-mechanical and hydraulic

Mechanical jacks can be either hand operated or power driven.

The hydraulic jack consist of cylinder and piston mechanism

Although a jack is a simple device used to raise various types of loads

Proper size, strength and stability are essential requirements for the design
of the screw jack from safety consideration

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CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………
…..5

2. COMPONENTS………………………………………………………………
….6

3. BILL OF
MATERIAL……………………………………………………………..8

4. DESIGN&
CALCULATION……………………………………………………..9

5. DESIGN IN PRO-
E……………………………………………………………..19

6. IMPROVEMENTS…………………………………………………………….
..36

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7. FUTURE
SCOPE……………………………………………………………….37

8. BIBLIOGRAPHY..
……………………………………………………………...40

INTRODUCTION

A Screw jack is a portable device consisting of a screw mechanism used to


raise or lower the load.

There are two types of jacks-mechanical and hydraulic

Mechanical jacks can be either hand operated or power driven.

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The hydraulic jack consist of cylinder and piston mechanism

Although a jack is a simple device used to raise various types of loads

Proper size, strength and stability are essential requirements for the design
of the screw jack from safety consideration

COMPONENTS

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1. SCREW PART

2. NUT PART

3. CUP PART

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4 .FRAME PART

5. HANDLE PART

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BILL OF MATERIAL
SR.NO COMPONEN QUANTITY MATERIAL
. T
1 FRAME 1 GREY CAST IRON FG200 (IS:210-
1993)
2 SCREW 1 STEEL30C8(IS:1570-1978)
3 NUT 1 PHOSPHOR BRONZE GRADE-
1(IS:28-1975)
4 HANDLE 1 STEEL30C8(IS:1570-1978)
5 CUP 1 GREY CAST IRON FG200 (IS:210-
1993)
6 SET SCREW 1 COMMERCIAL STEEL
7 WASHER 1 COMMERCIAL STEEL

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DESGN & CALCULATION

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Given: W = 3 Ton = 30 KN;

H =850 mm; σet = σec = 200 MPa = 200 N/mm2; τe = 120 MPa =
120N/mm 2 ; σet ( nut ) =20 MPa =20N/mm2; σec ( nut ) =30 MPa =30N/mm2 ; τ e ( nut )
=15 MPa = 15N/mm2 ; ρb =18 N/mm2

The various parts of the screw jack is shown in figure & design
procedure is given below:

1. DESIGN OF SCREW FOR SPINDLE:

Let dc = Core diameter of the screw

Since the screw is under compression, therefore the load (W),

For square threads normal series, the following dimensions are selected
from PSG DATA BOOK

Core dia. = dc = 21 mm

Nominal dia. do=24 mm

Pitch of threads p= 5 mm

Now let us check the Principal stresses;

We know that the mean dia. Of screw,

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Assuming the friction of co-efficient of friction between screw & nut,

µ =tan φ= 0.14

∴Torque required rotate the screw in the nut,

Now compressive stress due to axial load,

And shear stress due to torque,

∴Maximum principal stress (tensile or compressive),

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We know that maximum shear stress

Since the maximum stresses are within limits, therefore design of screwed
spindle is safe.

2. Design for nut

Let n = number of threads in contact with the screwed spindle

h = Height of nut = n × p and

t = Thickness of screw

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Assume that load is distributed uniformly over the cross section area of
nut.

We know that the bearing pressure ( ρb ),

And height of nut. h = n × p =10 × 5 =50mm

Now let us check the stress induced in the screw and nut.

We know that shear stress in the screw,

And shear stress in nut,

Since these stresses are within permissible limits, therefore design for the
nut is safe.

Let D1= Outer diameter of nut ,

D2=Outside diameter for nut collar, and

t1=Thickness of nut collar.

First of all considering the tearing strength of nut, we have

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D1 = 67 mm

Now considering the crushing of the collar of the nut, We have

Considering the shearing of the collar of the nut, We have

3. Design for handle and cup

Height of cup = 5.3mm

Thickness of cup = 4mm

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Diameter of top of cup = 60mm

Now let us find out the torque required (T2) to overcome friction at the top
of the screw.

Assuming uniform pressure condition, we have

Total torque to which handle is subjected,

Assuming that a force of 200N is applied by a person intermittently,


therefore length of handle required

= 189 × 103/200 = 900mm

Allowing some length for gripping, we shell take the length of handle as
950mm.

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A little consideration will show that an excessive force applied at the end
of the lever cause bending. Considering bending effect, the maximum
bending moment on the handle,

M= force applied length of lever

= 200 × 950 =190 × 103N-mm

Let D= Diameter of the handle.

Assuming that material of the handle is same as that of screw, therefore


taking bending stress

We know that bending moment (M),

The height of head (H) is taken as 2D

H =2D=2 × 13=26mm

Now let us check the screw for bucking load.

We know that the effective length for the buckling of screw,

L = Lift of screw+1/2 Height of nut=H1+h/2

=200+80/2=240mm

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When screw reaches the maximum lift, it can be regarded as a strut whose
lower end is fixed and the load end is free, we know that critical load,

Since critical load is more than the load at which screw is designed (I.e. 40
× 103N), therefore there is no chance of screw to buckle.

4. Design of body

The various dimension of the body may be fixed as follows:

Diameter of the body at the top,

D5 =.82 D2 =67 mm

Thickness of the body,

t3 = 0.25d0 = 6 mm

Inside diameter at the bottom,

D6 = 0.9 D2 = 74 mm

Outside diameter at the bottom,

D7 = 1.5 D6 = 110mm

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Thickness of base, t2 =0.5 t1 = 9.8 mm

Height of the body = maximum lift +height of nut + 100 mm extra

= 200 + 27+ 100 =327 mm

The body is made tapered in order to achieve stability of jack.

Let us now find out the efficiency of the screw jack .we know that the
torque req. to rotate the screw with no friction,

Efficiency of the screw jack,

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DESIGNING IN PRO-E

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COMMAND USED
1. SKETCH

2. EXTRUDE

3. BLEND

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COMMAND USED
1. EXTRUDE

2. HELICAL SWEEP

3. REMOVE MATERIAL

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COMMAND USED
1 .SKETCH

2. CIRCLE

3. EXTRUDE

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COMMAND USED
1. SKETCH

2. EXTRUDE

3. HELICAL SWEEP

4. DEFINE LENTH & PITCH

5. MAKE SQUARE THREAD

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COMMAND USED
1. SKETCH

2. RECTANGLE

3. EXTRUDE

4. CYLINDER

5. REMOVE MATERIAL

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COMMAND USED
1 .ASSEMBLY

2. USE DEFAULT TEMPLETE

3. SELECT THE PARTS TO BE ASSEMBLED

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COMMAND USED
1. OPEN FRAME PART

2. USE DEFAULT CONSTRAINT

3. ENTER

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COMMAND USED
1. OPEN NUT PART

2. MAKE PIN CONNECTION

3. MATCH AXIS OF BOTH

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COMMAND USED
1 .OPEN HANDLE PART

2. MAKE AXIS ALIGNMENT

3. FIX CONSTRAINT

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COMMAND USED
1. OPEN SCREW PART

2. MAKE CYLINDER CONNECTION

3. SELECT EITHER AXIS OR SURFACE OF BOTH SURFACE FOR MATING

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COMMAND USED
1. OPEN CUP PART

2. MAKE AXIS ALIGNMENT

3. FIX CONSTRAINT

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MECHANISM USED FOR RUN MODEL
1. ROTATIONAL

2. TRANSLATION

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3. USE SERVO MOTOR CONNECTION IN NUT PART FOR
ROTATION

4. MAKE CYLINDER CONNECTION IN SCREW PART FOR


TRANSLATION

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5. GIVE THE VALUE OF VELOCITY TO FIRST SERVO MOTOR

6 GIVE THE VALUE OF VELOCITY TO SECOND


SERVO MOTOR

7. APPLY THESE CHANGES

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8. AT LAST DEFINE END TIME AND RUN ANALYSIS

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IMPROVEMENT
The differential screw jack can be improved in comparison of a simple screw
jack.

Generally the unit consist of two threaded element A &B of different


diameters and pitches, but having threads in the same direction .The
element A is a cylinder with threads on its outer and inner surface .The
threads on outer surface mesh with the thread nut C ; this nut also function
as body of jack .The segment B has threads only on its outer surface and this
engaged with the internal threads of element A

So in this case

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FUTURE SCOPES
The S-Series Screw Jacks
Power Jacks high performance "S-Series" screw jacks are a range of metric
screw jacks with a cubic shaped gearbox designed to have a higher duty
cycle and improved mounting flexibility over conventional single-face worm
gear screw jacks. The higher duty rating has been attained by optimizing the
design of the screw jacks worm gearbox for a higher thermal efficiency. In
general, tests showed that the "S-Series" screw jacks had a 50% higher duty
cycle than conventional worm gear screw jacks, for a given lead screw type

Compact screw jack delivers high performance


A new precision machined worm screw jack from Thomson provides
powerful, reliable lifting and positioning in a compact form factor, making it
very versatile for materials handling, hydraulic replacement and complex
positioning systems.

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The Muli 0 worm gear screw jack extends Thomson's Muli series and is
designed specifically to save space where it’s Muli and Jumbo 1-5 ranges
cannot be used. Despite its comparatively small housing dimensions of
60x50x50mm (L x W x H), the Muli 0 delivers a lifting force of 2.5kN that
enables its tried-and-tested Muli technology - a proven, robust precision
worm-gear and lead screw technology - to be used in more space-critical or
complex multi-axis systems.

Muli worm gear screw jacks are suitable for a very broad range of
applications where the lifting, lowering, tilting or rotating of loads is required.
They provide particularly high lifting forces and adjustment speeds with a
proven track record for reliability and low maintenance costs. The Muli 0 is
available in both axially shifting (optionally torsionally rigid) screw, and
rotating screw models. The screw itself can be specified with a cost-effective
trapezoidal thread or with high-precision ball screws and preloaded low-
backlash options that cater for a broad spectrum of applications

Worm Gear Screw Jacks

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Thomson's worm gear screw jacks MULI® and JUMBO® set new engineering
standards for precision and reliability. Designed with state-of-the-art CAD and CAE
systems and adhering to stringent manufacturing requirements, these jacks meet all
the necessary safety, cost-efficiency, and durability mandates of your application.

Large projects can be realized at short notice thanks to the use of preassembled
modules. These modules can be customized to your application's specifications. Above
all, the heart of every MULI® and JUMBO® screw jack is a precision trapezoidal or ball
screw drive of superb quality from Thomson's own screw production. In general, there
are two worm gear screw jack

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

1. Design of machine element by V.B.BHANDARI

2. Machine Design by R.S. KHURMI

3. PRO-E-4

4. P.S.G Design data book

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