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QUESTION BANK

AE 2254 AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES-I

determinate.

2. What are the primary and secondary stresses in the analysis of a truss?

3. A 20 cm long steel tube 15cm internal diameter and 1cm thick is surrounded

by a brass tube of same length and thickness. The tubes carry an axial load

of 150 kN. Estimate the load carried by each. Es = 210 GPa, Eb = 100 GPa.

(a) Torsion

(b) Bending.

10. A solid cube of steel (E = 210 GPa) is subjected to a tension 150 MPa, find

the strain energy per unit volume.

11. Explain the general criteria to determine whether the truss IS statically

determinate.

12. What are the primary and secondary stresses in the analysis of a truss?

13. A 20 cm long steel tube 15cm intemal diameter and 1cm thick is surrounded by

a brass tube of same length and thickness. The tubes carry an axial load of 150

kN. Estimate the load carried by each. Es = 21 . 0 GPa, Eb = 100 GPa.

14. Write down three moment equation in the general form.

18. Differentiate long column from short column.

20. A solid cube of steel (E = 210 GPa) is subjected to a tension 150 MPa, find the strain

energy per unit volume.

21. What is the slope at free end of a cantilever beam of length Land uniform El when it is

subjected to a load P at the free end?

22. A cantilever beam of uniform El is subjected to moment M at the free end. Sketch the

load of the corresponding conjucate beam?

23. Explain the use ofClampeyron's three moment theorem?

24. Explain what is m~ant by distribution lactor?

25. A cantilever beam of length L and uniform El is subjected to a concentrated load to the

free end. Explain how the slope at the free end is obtained using Castigliano's theorem?

26. State and explain Maxwell's reciprocal theorem?

27. Explain what is meant by beam of uniform strength?

28. The cross section of a column is rectangular of width 50 mm and depth 100 mm. What

is the value for second moment of area that must be used for buckling load calculation?

29. Define the slenderness ratio for a column of circular section.

30. Define beam column with suitable example.

31. Explain the general criteria to determine whether the truss IS statically detenrunate.

32. What are the primary and secondary stresses in the analysis of a truss?

33. A 20 cm long steel tube 15cm intemal diameter and 1cm thick is surrounded by a

brass tube of same length and thickness. The tubes carry an axial load of 150 kN.

Estimate the load carried by each. Es = 210 GPa, Eb = 100 GPa.

34. Write down three moment equation in the general form.

40. A solid cube of steel (E = 210 GPa) is subjected to a tension 150 MPa, find the strain

energy per unit volume.

41. Explain, with suitable example, the difference between a frame and a truss.

42. What is the condition for a plane truss to be stable or not with respect to the number of

members and the joints?

4. Explain the carry over factor, distribution factor and stiffness factor in moment

distribution method.

structure.

-6. Give the strain energy expressions for a member subjected to axial, bending,

shear and torsional loads.

,7. Explain how'the Euler's column curve is not valid for short columns.

8, What is a beam column? Give some examples in aircraft structures for such

columns.

9. What is the need for knowing the maximum shear stress when a structural member

is subjected only normal stresses?

10. List down various failure theories and explain their applications for a particular

case,

44.

4.

5.

PART B - (5 x 16 = 80 marks)

11. (a) Find the forces in the members of the truss shown in the fig. 1 .byany one

method.

\ooc~

'.

Fig. 1 Or

(b) The truss shown in fig. 2 is supported as cantilever at the joints A and H.

Find the forces in the members.

Fig. 2

12. (a) Find the support moments and draw bending moment diagram of the

continuous beam shown in the fig. 3 using three moment equation.

·IOOO~

Fig. 3 Or

(bY Find the support moments and draw bending moment diagram of the

continuous beam shown in the fig. 3 using moment distribution method.

2 J3008

6.

13. (a) (i) Find the deflection at the mid-point of a siniply supported beam of length L,

subjected to a uniformly distributed load using unit load method. (8)

(ii) Find the redundant force in the member OC of the truss' shown

in fig. 4 (8)

Fig. 4

Or

(b) For the truss shown in the fig. 5, the cross section area of bars in compression

are 30 cm 2 and others 12 cm 2• Determine the vertical displacement of point C

and horizontal displacement of point B. Given:

E = 210 GPa

~I I

Fig. 5

14. (a) A thin circular ring of radius R and bending rigidity EI is subjected to three

symmetric radial compressive loads lying in the plane of the ring structure.

Obtain the expression for the bending moment and plot its distribution.

Or

(b) Find the buckling stress of a hinged-hinged column of length 100 em and having

T-cross section. The dimensions of the flange are 10 em x 2 em and the web

10 cm x 2 em. Derive the formula used. E = 70 GPa.

3 J3008

15. (a) A beam-column ii) Maximum

made-of steel

(E = 210 GPa) distorsion energy

siml'ly theory (iii) Octahedral

supported at

both ends is shear stress theory.

subjected to a

uniformly

distributed .a)i) bending.

load of 500

N/m and an

axial load of

1000 N. Find

the moment at

any section

and hence find

the maximum

stress. Given:

L = 4 m, b = 20

nun, d :; 40

mID.

Or

(b) A circular shaft

of tensile yield

strength 350

MPa is

subjected to a

combined state

of loading

defined by a

bending

moment M =

15 kN-m and

Torque T = 10

kN-m.

Calculate the

diameter d

which the bar

must have in

order to

achieve a

factor of safety

N = 2. Apply

the following

theories.

(i) Maximum

shear stress

theory

(

Derive the expression for beam,due to

strain energy stored in a (4)

14.b) OR

A propped cantilever beam AB of length Land unifom1 EI is subjected

uniformly distributed load of intensity q N/m and a concentrated load W at its

mid-point. The beam is fixed at A and on roller support at B. Using Castigliano's

theorem or any other method compute the reaction forces at the support points A

and B.

ii) Compare the buckling loads gIven by Rankine's and Buller's formulae for a

tabular column 2.25m long having outer dia:l1eter

l5.a)i) 37.5mm and inner diameter 32.5mm and both ends

(4) are pin ended

joints. Assume yield stress to be 315 mpa,

Rankine's constant is _1_

7500

aced E= 200 Gpa. (12)

OR

15.b )i) Derive the expression for buckling load for a column with one

end fixed and the other end free.

(6)

ii) Determine the ratio of buckling loads of two columns of circular cross-

section one hollow and the etuer solid when both are made of same

material, have same length, cross-section area and end

conditions. The inner diameter of hollow column is half

its

outer diameter. (6)

11. A beam of length L and uniform EI is simply supported at its end~ and subjected to a load

W at a distance 'a' from left end. Obtain deflection at the mid point and at the point of

application of the load using double integration method or area moment method?

12.a) A beam is simply supported at its ends. It is of length Land EI is uniform and subjected to a

load D at the mid point of the beam. Using conjucate beam method compute slope at he

support and maximum deflection.

OR

12.b) A timber beam 16 cm wide and 20 cm deep is to be reinforced by steel strips each 16 cm

wide and 1 cm thick. Find the moment of resistance when (i) the steel strips are attached at

the top and bottom so that overall all depth is 22 cm and (ii) the steel strips are attached

symmetrically at the sides so that overall width is 18 cm. Allowable stress in the timber is

6 mpa.

ii) A simply supported beam ABC is of length 6 m and supported

at A, B, and C. AB = 3.6 m and Be = 2.4 m. A load of 2 kN is applied at 1.8 m from A

and another load of 4 kN is applied at 1.8 m from C. Assuming EI is constant compute

reactions at the support points. (12)

OR

13.b) Obtain the reaction at the support points of the beam shown in fig. I.

l

Using moment distribution method. 900 N

2 knlm

§F

'/"'A~,

o·srn· 1 OArn C O.4rn ~

D

B

, :" ~. ' ..

Or ".

(b) Determine all support react~ons for the beam shown in Fig. 5' Use Clapeyron's 3-

moment equation. Then, draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams. EI

is const;:int.

Fig. 5

(il) Using energy methods, determine the slope at point B of the beam

shown in):')g.)3:E:;:, 210 GPa. I=10:-41n4. (10)

.,_r, ",

,F j S < 9 .·'

O'f' .~.

. .":

(b) Determine all the support' reactions of the beam shown in Fig. 7 using energy

methods. The~ draw the shear force and bendi~g moment diagrams. E= 210 GPa.

I=10,,4m 4.

",

Fig. 7

3 T 3009 II

•

,'

.

14. (a) (i) Derive and obtain the first 2 buckled shapes and corresponding

-J

buckling loads of a fixed-fixed column. (10)

., ..

(ii) (6)

'il

Explaiil Rankine's hypothesis.

'Ot'"

(i) Inelastic column buckling. (10)

(ii) The Southwell plot. (6)

15. (a) What is a beam-column? Where can a .. beam-colu~nn type of structure be found

in an aircraft? Explain the structural analysis of a beam -column type of

structure, with an example.

Ot

(b) . (i) Explain the maximum distorti9n energy failure theory. Refer Fig. 8.

• ."'." -.•:., .;. r· '.'"".

,;.,". "",:.••~.', ;, '. '-.,,:' '"I. ", i :".J , ," -·r ,'. t '~.'

arm. Determine the max.imum load Po according to the maximum distortion energy

failure theory udng a factor of safety of 1.5. The sh o 9 .£ 1is

. mad6 of ste-cl w .i.L ha

yieldistress value. of 300 MPa. . (10)

.", :' .~

.,'.;

. ", . ~

JOT ';' •

;.-.

Fig. 8 .

#oJ

T300 9

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