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# Scantling Calculation

Principal Particulars Length OA Length BP Breadth (mld) Depth (mld) Draft Block Coefficient Midship Section Midship section modulus required Z = C1 * L2 *B(CB + 0.7)... cm3 C1 = 10.75 - (350-L/100)1.5 Required Section Modulus Zo = = 11.00 87128061.02 cm3 87.13 m3 LOA LBP B D T CB = = = = = = 333.37 m 314.5 m 52 m 27 m 20 m 0.84

a. Main Deck Plating Thickness (t) = 0.001*S1*(0.059*L1+7)(Fdk/FL) S1 =s = Stiffener Spacing = L1=L - Rule Length in meters on the summer LWL kL = higher tensile factor = 245/ or 0.72 = kL for Mild Steel = Fdk = Thickness of main deck plating Adding Corrosion allowance t t = =

## 700 mm 314.5 m 1.00 (235N/mm2) 1.0 1.0 13.28 mm 11 mm 13.2 mm 14 mm

Stringer plate thickness to be increased by 2% t = Deck Longitudinals a. Main deck (Pt4. Ch1, Table 1.4.3) Z = 0.0106 *s *k* lc2 lc = Effective Length of stiffening members K = a factor depend on the freeboard = 22.6*L1 * C1/1780-L1 C1 = 810 /(2450 - 1640*Fd)

= =

## 206.12 cm3 1m 6.6 m

Shell Envelope Plating (As per LRS Pt4,Ch1, 1.5.1) a. Plate Keel Breadth b = 70 x B mm = 3640 mm (But not to be taken less than 750mm nor greater than 1800mm) = 1800 mm Thickness t == (t1+2) Where t1 is the adjacent bottom shell thickness b. Bottom Shell and Bilge Plating (Pt 4 Ch1 1.5.2) Thickness greater of the following i) t = 0.001 S1 (0.043*L1+10) (Fb/KL) = t = Fb =KL = 1 17 mm 15 mm

16.47 mm 15 mm

c.Side shell (Pt4, Ch1.5.3) i) Side shell clear of Shear Strake Greater of the following a) above D/2 from base 1) t = 0.001 S1 (0.059L1 +7)*(Fd/KL) 2) t = 0.0049 S1 hT1k t b) At upper turn of hopper tank the greater of the following i) t = 0.001 S1 (0.059L1 +7) *Fd/KL t

## 13.29 = = = 17.89 mm 15.34 mm 14 mm

= =

17.89 mm 15 mm

ii)Shear Strake the greater of the following t = 0.001 S1 (0.059L1 +7) *Fd/KL t = 0.00083*S1(LK)+2.5 t

## 14.82 = = = 17.89 mm 11.76 mm 13 mm

a.Bottom Longitudinals Z = 0.0106*S*k*lc2 *k3 = 4670.173 cm3 k3 = 1.11*T1*c2 = 14.449 T1 = T but not to be taken less than 0.6 & need not be taken less than 0.8D T1 = 21.6 C2 = a factor varying from 1.0 at D/2 to 910/(2550-1040Fb) at bottom C2 = 0.60 b.Side Longitudinals i) Side Longitudinal above D/2 Z = (0.0113**s*k*b*lc2) = = 1.03 t/m3 b = 1.4 for rolled or builtup section i) Side Longitudinal below D/2 Z = (0.0106*s*k*k3*lc2) c.Bilge Longitudinals Stiffener Spacing Z = (0.0106*s*k*k3*lc2) = 4670.17 cm3

494.44 cm3

= =

## 850 mm 5670.92 cm3

Double bottom Structure (As per LRS pt4, Ch8, 7.2) a) Floors Thickness (t) =6.0+0.03L = t =

15.44 mm 14 mm

b)Duct Keel (Pt4, Ch1, 8.3.7) Thickenss of Side Plates t = (0.008 dbh +2)k = 18 mm dbh = Double bottom height = 2000 mm t = 18 mm The sides of the duct keel are to be spaced not more than 2m apart c)Watertight Side Girders (Pt4, Ch1, 8.3.5) t = (0.0075*dbh+2)k t

= =

17 mm 17 mm

d)Inner bottom plating and Stiffening (Pt4, Ch1, 8.3.1) t = 0.00136*(s+660)*(k2LT)1/4 = Bottom plate stiffener Spacing s = t = e)Margin Plate If fitted t = 20% greater than the inner bottom plating t =

16.47 mm 700 mm 14 mm

17 mm

Bulkheads (Pt4, Ch1, 1.9.1) For deep tank bhds t = 0.004*s* sqrt (s*h4*k/1.025) +2.5 mm= Inner shell longtl. Spacing s =

10.35 mm 700 mm

h4 = for WT bhd plating, the distance from a point of the height of the plate above its lower edge to the top of the tank or half the distance to the top of the overflow whichever is greater h4 = 11.5 m t = 11 mm

Summary S.No. Item 1 Main deck plating 3 Stringer plate 5 Keel Plate 6 Bottom Shell plate 7 Bilge Plate 8 Side shell plate 9 Shear Strake 10 Floors 11 Duct Keel 12 Water tight Side Girders 13 Inner bottom Plate 14 Margin (If reqd) 15 Inner shell plate

Thickness (mm) 11 14 17 15 15 14 13 14 18 17 14 17 11

Midship Section Modulus Calculation Ref: Assumed Neutral Axis at 10m above BL Depth above NA Depth below NA Breadth of the Ship Breadth of the Stringer Plate Breadth of the keel plate Breadth of the Bottom Sheel plate Height of Double bottom

= = = = = = =

24 m 10 m 52 m 5.2 m 1.8 m 50.2 m 2m Ist Moment (cm2 m) 24 24 12 12 109824 34944 80640 95040 320448

2400 cm 1000 cm 5200 cm 520 cm 180 cm 5020 cm 200 cm 2nd M.I (cm2 m) 24 24 12 12 2635776 838656 967680 1140480 5582592 6285312.1 30600 1506000 70000 82500 16128 58320 110160 1873708 1980701.6

S.No

Item Above NA 1 Main deck Plt 2 Stringer Plate 4 Side shell plt 5 Bulkhead Plate

QTY 1 2 2 3

## Area (cm2) 4576 1456 6720 7920

Lever (m)

Lever (m)

Below NA 1 Keel Plate 2 Bottom Shell 3 Side shell plt 4 Bulkhead Plt 5 Inner bottom plt 6 Duct keel plt 7 WT Side Girders

1 2 2 3 1 2 4

10 10 5 5 8 9 9

## 3060 150600 14000 16500 2016 6480 12240 204896

10 10 5 5 8 9 9

Shift in Neutral Axis Moment of Inertia of ANA Location of Actual NA Using Parallel Axis Theorem INA = IANA - Area * Shift2 INA Section Modulus at Bottom Section Modulus at Deck

= = IANA = =

Ist Moment ANA -Ist Moment BNA/Total Area 2.60 m 8266013.7 cm2 m2 12.60 m

= = Zb = Zd =

## 7965760.39 cm2 m2 796.58 m4 63.23 m3 89.11 m3

Hence the available Section Modulus is more than the required, the design is safe Shear Force and Bending Moment Table (From Trim and Stability Booklet) Bending Moment (MN.m) 3663.3 3422.6 3422.6 Shear Force (kN) 41308.7 60383.4 60383.4

S.No.

Loading Conditions 1 Ballast Arrival Condition with 10% Stores 2 Ballast Departure Condition with 100% Stores 3 Fully Loaded Departure with 100% Stores

Yield stress of Steel Allowable Bending Stress (fab =0.6 fs) Maximum Bending Stress at Deck (fb = M/zd) Maximum Bending Stress at Btm (fb = M/zb)

fs fab fb

= = = =

## 235 N/mm2 141 N/mm2 54.13 N/mm2 38.4 N/mm2

The actual Bending Stress is lesser than the allowable bending stress hence the design is safe