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Xiaokun Li; Wee, W.G.; Signal/Image Process. Syst., DCM Res.

Resources LLC, Germantown, MD, USA This paper appears in: Image Processing (ICIP), 2009 16th IEEE International Conference on Issue Date : 7-10 Nov. 2009 On page(s): 2597 - 2600 ISSN : 1522-4880 E-ISBN : 978-1-4244-5655-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-4244-5653-6 References Cited: 9 INSPEC Accession Number: 11141887 Digital Object Identifier : 10.1109/ICIP.2009.5413997 Date of Current Version : 17 February 2010 ABSTRACT An eye-tracking integrated head-mounted display (ET-HMD) system can be used in many applications. Its complexity imposes great challenges on designing a compact, portable, and robust system. For an ET-HMD system, having accurate eye-gazed field-of-view (FOV) estimation and performing fast high-fidelity rendering only on the identified FOV is its crucial technique for augmented video/image/graphics display. In this paper, an energy-controlled iterative curve fitting method is proposed for accurate pupil detection and tracking. Based on a 3D eye model and the pupil tracking results, eye-gazed FOV can be identified precisely. The experimental results show that the average tracking error of using the proposed method is less than 0.5 degree for pupil rotation while the other conventional methods can only achieve 1.0 degree. INDEX TERMS Available to subscribers and IEEE members. REFERENCES Available to subscribers and IEEE members. CITING DOCUMENTS Available to subscribers and IEEE members.