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Fuel Tank Ring Beam Design Calculation

This Design Calculation for Ring Beam Design for Fuel Tank at Bamenda Power Plant is based on
the Design Guidelines provided by "Process Industry Practices Structural: PIP
STE03020 -Guidelines for Tank Foundati on Desi gns".
Concrete Design is according to the BS 8110:1997 and ACI 318 as applies relevantly.
Loading for Fuel Tank:
Ultimate Limit State loads for foundation design work, from Fuel Tank Designer Shop Drawing,
attached in Appendix 1
permanent loads at empty and full conditions, P1e, P1f
P
1e
593kN := P
1f
6970kN :=
Operation loads at empty and full conditions, P2e, P2f
P
2e
113kN := P
2f
113kN :=
Normal Wind loads at empty and full conditions, P3e, P3f
P
3e
60kN := P
3f
60kN :=
Extreme Wind loads at empty and full conditions, P4e, P4f
P
4e
103.5kN :=
P
4f
103.5kN :=
Service Limit State loads for foundation design work, from Fuel Tank Designer Shop Drawing,
attached in Appendix 1
permanent loads at empty and full conditions, p1e, p1f
p
1e
395kN := p
1f
4648kN :=
Operation loads at empty and full conditions, p2e, p2f
p
2e
75kN := p
2f
75kN :=
Normal Wind loads at empty and full conditions, p3e, p3f
p
3e
40kN := p
3f
40kN :=
Extreme Wind loads at empty and full conditions, p4e, p4f
p
4e
69kN := p
4f
69kN :=
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Tank Geometrical Data (from vendor drawing-attached in Appendix 2):
Tank Di ameter, Dt D
t
9500mm :=
Tank Height, Ht H
t
6000mm :=
Wall Plate Thickness,WPt WP
t
6mm :=
Bottom Plate Thickness,BPt BP
t
6mm :=
Height of liquid, Hl
H
l
5500mm :=
Densities of Material contributing loads:
Density of Fuel, f
f
8.32
kN
m
3
:=
Density of Steel, .st
st
78.50
kN
m
3
:=
Density of Concrete, c
c
24
kN
m
3
:=
Soil Parameters:
Soil Repose angle and Active Pressure Coecient, ka
35deg := k
a
1 sin
( )

1 sin
( )
+
:=
Passive Coecient of Soil , Kp and Cohesion Intercept , Cs.
k
p
1
k
a
:= C
s
5
kN
m
2
:=
Soil Bearing Capacity, SBC as per Soil Investigation Report:
SBC 1.2bar :=
Density of Soil, s
s
18
kN
m
3
:=
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Concrete Design Data:
f
cu
29
N
mm
2
:=
f
y
460
N
mm
2
:=
Ring Beam Dimensions:
ring beam height, hr h
r
1000mm :=
ring beam width,br b
r
400mm := > minimum ring beam width 300mm
ring beam diameter, dr D
r
9500mm := as per Tank Shop Drawi ng shell
diameter matching with ring beam
diameter to transfer load minimum
eccentricity.
Design of Ring Beam-part 1 -Soil Bearing Capacity Consideration
Soil Bearing Pressure under Ring Beam and the inll soil pressure at the same bottom level of
the foundation should be kept equal as far as possible, to avoid settlement due to punching
shear.
So for this reason rst it will be calculated the Shell Wall weight [Ww] directly transferring
onto the Ring Beam with self weight [Fsw] of the ring beam. This total Soil Pressure will be
compared against the inll soil pressure to see the dierence.
Empty Tank Load on SLS will be consi dered as the Shel l Wall loading onto the Ring Beam,
hence
approximate Actual Shell Wall Load without xing arrangements and accessories, AWw,
AW
w
WP
t
H
t

st


D
r
2
|

\
|
|

2
WP
t

st

D
r

2 + := <-lesser
value, not
considered.
AW
w
5.063
kN
m
=
Shell Wall Load at SLS,
W
w
p
1e
D
r

:= W
w
13.235
kN
m
=
for Ring Beam Design Calculation the Shell Wall loading will be considered as Ww.
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Soil Pressure calculation from Ring Beam at SLS,
Ring Beam self weight, RBsw
RB
sw

D
r
2
b
r
2
+
|

\
|
|

2
D
r
2
b
r
2

\
|
|

(
(
(

h
r

c

D
r

9.6
kN
m
= :=
Ring Beam Dimensions
Loading from the Fuel inside the tank, Wf
W
f
H
l

f
:= W
f
45.76
kN
m
2
=
soil pressure due to Ring Wall and Shell Wall loading at SLS,
Soil Bearing Pressure under ring wall,
rwsw

rwsw
W
w
RB
sw
+
( )
D
r
W
f

D
r
2
b
r
2
+
|

\
|
|

2

D
r
2
|

\
|
|

(
(
(

D
r
2
b
r
2
+
|

\
|
|

2
D
r
2
b
r
2

\
|
|

(
(
(

:=
Soil Bearing Capacity Factor of Safety at SLS:

rwsw
80.449
kN
m
2
=
SBC

rwsw
1.492 = > 1.25 ok
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FORCES ON RING BEAM
Surcharge load and inll soil load stress at Ring Beam bottom level:
Loading onto the Soil Fill as surcharge, Ss
S
s
p
1f
p
2f
+

D
r
2
b
r
2
+
|

\
|
|

h
r

s
+ 79.356
kN
m
2
= :=
Soil Bearing Pressure under tank, Ss S
s
79.356
kN
m
2
=
actual soil loading based on Tank Desi gner SLS Loading Data is higher than the pure Fuel and
Soil pressure loading, below shown, hence Ss calculation is conservative.
H
l

f
h
r

s
+ 63.76
kN
m
2
=

rwsw
S
s
1.014 = ratio between ring beam bottom soil pressure and inll soil inside,
approx =1.
at SLS the pressure under Ring Beam is approximately equal to the SLS soil pressure due to inll,
hence the Ring Beam width is sucient.
Ring Beam width, br b
r
400 mm =
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At ULS , with Fuel lled up to allowable full height of the tank, the soil pressure under Ring
Beam,
ULS
rwsw
P
1e
D
r

RB
sw
+
|

\
|
|

D
r
W
f

D
r
2
b
r
2
+
|

\
|
|

2

D
r
2
|

\
|
|

(
(
(

D
r
2
b
r
2
+
|

\
|
|

2
D
r
2
b
r
2

\
|
|

(
(
(

:=
ULS
rwsw
97.035
kN
m
2
=
SBC
ULS
rwsw
1.237 = > 1.2 ok
Ring Beam Wall Design
Lateral loading transferred into the wall are two types, one is from the inll soil lateral
pressure and the other will be from surcharge load due to the tank weight and fuel inside.
Due to inll soil,
p
1
k
a
h
r

s
:=
p
1
4.878
kN
m
2
=
due to surcharge of the Tank weight under SLS conditions,
p
2
k
a
S
s
:=
p
2
21.505
kN
m
2
=
Lateral Force on Ring Beam per unit length,
F
1
p
1
h
r

2
p
2
h
r
+ :=
F
1
23.944
kN
m
=
Hoop Tension Calculation,
H
T
F
1
D
r

2
113.732 kN = :=
H
T
0.87 f
y

12mm
2
|

\
|
|

2.513 =
to take this Hoop Tension, 3 nos of T12 bars are enough, hence check for the ULS for minimum
reinforcement requirement.
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this conrms that reinforcement
detailing must be dominant to this
design of tension reinforcement.
k
a
P
1f

D
r
2
|

\
|
|

h
r
k
a
h
r

s

h
r
2
+

(
(
(
(

D
r
2

0.87 f
y

12mm
2
|

\
|
|

3.052 =
Minimum Reinforcement Requirement for the Ring Beam, treating it as a pure Tension
Member, as per Table 3.25 BS 8110: 1997 Part 1: Code of practice for design and construction,
A
smin
0.45% h
r
b
r

( )
:= A
smin
1800 mm
2
=
A
smin

12mm
2
|

\
|
|

(
(

15.915 = 16 bars of T12


For Vertical minimum reinforcement requirement, as per the Design Guidelines of "PIP
STE03020 -Guidelines for Tank Foundati on Desi gns" recommending ACI 318 code
requirements,
Av
smin
0.0015 h
r
b
r

( )
:= Av
smin
600 mm
2
=
Av
smin

12mm
2
|

\
|
|

(
(

5.305 = 6 bars of T12


provide 16T12 in longitudinal direction and T12@150mm in lateral direction.
Design Check for Shear
Shear Load on the Ring Beam,
s

s
W
w
b
r
0.033
N
mm
2
= :=
eective depth of the Ring Beam, d1
d
1
h
r
60mm 12mm
12mm
2
:= d
1
922 mm =
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material factor,

m
1.25 :=
Design Shear Stress calculation, considering tension r/f provided, the Design Concrete Shear Stress
C as per BS 8110: 3.5.5 Shear resistance of solid slabs,

C
0.79
100
12mm
2
|

\
|
|

2
16
b
r
d
1

(
(
(
(

1
3
400mm
d
1
|

\
|
|

1
4

f
cu
25
N
mm
2
|

\
|
|
|
|

1
3

N
mm
2
:=

C
0.425
N
mm
2
=

s
12.847 = Shear Reinforcement is not required.
Checking For Wind Loading for Stability:
Fuel Tank Diameter and Height i s withi n li mits as following that Wi nd Analysis is not required.
H
t
D
t
0.632 = which is less than 1 , no need to check for lateral loading of wind.
Even though this Fuel Tank is not anchored to the Foundati on hence check must be done for
overturning which following criteria is adopted,
reference: Saudi Aramco Best Practice, SABP-005 - 31 August, 2002/ Storage Tank Ringwal l
Foundation Design.
Overturning Moment under ULS, for extreme wind force,
M
ot
P
4f
H
t
:=
M
ot
621 kN m =
Resisting Moment under ULS, for empty tank, with 2/3 reduction,
M
r
2
3
P
1e

D
r
2
:=
M
r
1877.833 kN m =
M
r
M
ot
3.024 = hence safe.
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Soil Bearing Pressure check for ULS lateral forces:
Section Modulus for the Ring Beam Foundation, Zxx
Z
xx

D
r
b
r
+
( )
4
D
r
b
r

( )
4

32 D
r
b
r
+
( )

(
(
(

:=
Z
xx
27.256 m
3
=
due to extreme wind forces under ULS conditions, the soil stress increment due to the
over turning moment, is calculated below for upper limit and lower limit, upper limit must
be checked for Soil Bearing Capacity.

1

rwsw
M
ot
Z
xx
+ :=
1
103.234
kN
m
2
=

2

rwsw
M
ot
Z
xx
:=
2
57.665
kN
m
2
=

1
SBC < 1 = OK SBC 120
kN
m
2
=
under ULS lateral loading conditions , Fuel Tank Foundation soil pressures are safe.
R/F DETAIL FOR RING BEAM
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CONCRETE DETAIL
FOR RING BEAM
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APPENDIX
VENDOR SHOP DRAWING FOR FUEL TANK-PART ABSTRACTED
LOADING DETAILS FROM FUEL TANK DESIGNER SHOP DRAWING
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