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Dana Lightha D.T.

Babela THXY 2008-41405 Fate table of Embryonic Structures Germ Layer Ectoderm Structure Prosencephalon Specific Origin Region of flexing of the anterior of the neurocoel Anterior part of neurocoel that is flexed forming a bulbous-like mesencephal on Evaginations of brain vesicle Bulbous evagination of diencephalon floor Ectodermal pigmented cells between neurocoel and gut Downfolding roof of prosencephal on Ganglia, pigment cells, becomes gray (ML) and white (Marg. L.) matter of CNS Invagination of optic sensory organ (sight) Pineal gland Pituitary gland Embryonic Function Adult Fate Telencephal on and Diencephalo n part of adult brain

Section

Adult Function part of adult central nervous system

Mesencephalon

Rhombencephalon Prosocoel Epiphysis Infundibulum

for secretion of hormones

Hypophysis

Mesocoel Rhombocoel Anterior Choroid Plexus Basal Plate Spinal Cord Epyndymal layer Mantle layer Marginal layer

Central Canal Optic Cup

vesicle Pigmented Epithelium Retina Thickest lateral walls of the invaginated optic vesicle Epidermal ectoderm Invagination of superficial ectoderm Retina parts of the frog eye

Optic Lens Otic Vesicles Olfactory Epithelium Olfactory Canal External Nares

lens of the eye for sensory organ for sensory organ

Invaginations on head ectoderm on sides of prosocoel

for sensory organ

external nares

adult ear, for sensory

Internal Nares Optic nerves (II) Trigeminal Ganglion (V) Acoustico-facialis Ganglion (VII-VIII) Glossopharyngeal Ganglion (IX) Epidermis

,l-------

ectoderm

covering of the whole embryo

skin

outermost covering of frog, also for respiration

Melanophores Oral Suckers Oral Cavity Stomodeum Depression Pharynx Pharyngeal Pouch External Gills Lung Buds

Pigmented Ectodermal invaginations Mouth part of embryonic respiratory system precursor of lungs in preparation for land habitat part of embryonic respiratory system Single evagination

Endoderm

Lungs

Adult respiratory system

Trachea

Thyroid Gland

Thyroid gland

secretes hormones

Esophagus Stomach Liver

of the floor of the pharynx anterior to the heart from foregut from foregut Median posteriorventral diverticulum of the foregut

embryonic digestive system

Adult esophagus Adult Stomach Adult Liver

part of adult digestive system part of adult digestive system for secretion of bile

Gall Bladder Midgut Yolk Hindgut Cloaca Anus

Gall bladder

part of adult digestive system

provide nourishment for embryo Ectodermal invagination ventral to site of blastopore part of embryonic excretory system Axial support connective tissues & blood vessels of skin Skeletal muscles Vertebral column embryonic skull, to protect the precursor of adult brain tissues that support the gills and blood vessels Embryonic excretory skull Cloaca Anus part of adult excretory system

Mesoderm

Notochord Dermatome

Myotome Sclerotome Branchiometric Muscles Parachordal Cartillage Prechordal/Trabecu lar Cartilage Visceral Arches

for support of body

protect/ houses the adult brain

Hypobrancial Cartilage Pronephros Kidney Pronephros Duct

Mesomeric

Heart

mesoderm Mesodermal cells above the yolk Migration of heart mesoderm to mid ventral position somatic mesoderm

Pericardial Cavity

system for Heart embryonic circulatory system coelom that surrounds the heart

major organ of adult circulatory system

Parietal Pericardium Visceral Pericardium Peritoneal Cavity

Parietal Peritoneum

Visceral Peritoneum

splanchnic mesoderm

Efferent Branchial Vessels Afferent Branchial Vessels Dorsal Aorta Truncus Arteriosus Bulbus/Conus Arteriosus Atrium Ventricle Common Cardinal Vein

coelom that surrounds other internal organs linings of the sacs containing the hearts lining of the sacs containing the other internal organs embryonic circulatory system

Sinus Venosus Anterior Cardinal Vein Posterior Cardinal Vein Caudal Artery

Receive blood from ant. & post. Cardinal vessels and pronephric sinus and direct blood to sinus venosus embryonic circulatory system Carry blood to common cardinals embryonic

Caudal Vein Gill Capillaries

circulatory system carry blood to gills