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TM 30-506


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This Dictionary Supersedes TM 30-255, August 5, 1941

TM 30-506




WAR DEPARTMENT Washington 25, D. C., 20 May 1944

TM 30-506, German Military Dictionary, is published for military personnel only, and is not to be republished in whole or in part without the consent of the War Department. [A. G. 300.7 (3 Mar 43)] By order of the Secretary of War: G. C. MARSHALL, Chief of Staff.

OFFICIAL : J. A. ULIO, Major General^ The -Adjutant General.

(For explanation of symbols see FM 21-6.)


compiled primarily for use by American military personnel with at least a fair knowledge of German. As far as possible the editors have endeavored to furnish actual equivalents rather than literal translations from one language into the other. Thus, although the literal translation of Entwicklung would be "development," a study of the German operations manual reveals that Entwicklung follows Entfaltung ("development") and hence is the equivalent of "deployment." Translations have been provided (generally with a note of explanation) only where equiva lents do not exist or could not be found. In the case of ranks, the corresponding United States rank accord ing to function has been given, as listed in TM-E 30-451 (1 Sep tember 1943). In the arrangement of terms the single-entry method has been used. A term like advance guard will be found only under advance and not under guard. Entries are arranged in straight alphabetical order, regardless of whether any given entry consists of one word or more, thus: direct current direction directional direction board direct observation The only exceptions to straight alphabetical order are a limited number of phrases which the reader would be unlikely to look for under the first word of the phrase. Thus, in Feuerstellung appears under F euerstellung, not under in. Among various equivalents for a given term, synonyms are sepa rated by commas, different meanings by semicolons. For definitions of many of the English terms used, see TM 20-205, Dictionary of United States Army Terms, 18 January 1944.

HIS DICTIONARY has been intentionally in scope to T military subject matter and directly relatedlimited It has been fields.


Foreword ............................................. Authorized Abbreviations .............................. Vocabularies: Part I—German-English ............................

iii vi


Part II—English-German ............................ 220 Appendix I—Numbers ............................... 432

Appendix II—Weights and Measures ................... 433 Appendix III—German Military Abbreviations ............ 435

AA Antiaircraft AAA Antiaircraft Artillery AAF Army Air Forces Adrm Airdrome Adm Administrative Adv Gd Advance Guard Am Ammunition Ap Airplane Armd Armored Arty Artillery Ash Airship AT Antitank Avn Aviation AWS Aircraft Warning Service Btry Battery BC Battery Commander Bdg Bridge Bin Balloon Bn Battalion CA Coast Artillery Cal Caliber Cam Camouflage Cav Cavalry Civ Civil, Civilian Clo Clothing Cml Chemical Com Communication Comd Command Com Z Communications Zone CP Command Post Cpl Corporal CWS Chemical Warfare Service Div Division Elec Electrical Engr Engineers FA Field Artillery FR Flash Ranging Ft Fortification G Gun Ger German (no authorized source) GHQ General Headquarters Govt Government H Cav Horse Cavalry H-Dr Horse-drawn HE High Explosive Hq Headquarters Inf Infantry Inst Instrument Lt Lieutenant LM Land Mine Maj Major Mech Mechanics, Mechanical Mecz Mechanized -» Med Medical Met Meteorological MG Machine Gun Mil Military Mort Mortar MP Military Police MT Motor Transport Mtcl Motorcycle Mtr Motor Mtz Motorized Nav Naval NCO Noncommissioned Officer Obsn Observation Ord Ordnance Pers Personnel, Person Photo Photography Pon Ponton Prcht Parachute Pvt Private PW Prisoner of War PX Post Exchange QMC Quartermaster Corps R Rifle Rad Radio Rcn Reconnaissance Regt Regiment

SA Small Arms Sgt Sergeant Sig Signal Sig C Signal Corps SL Searchlight SR Sound Ranging Surv Surveying Tac Tactical, Tactics Tech Technical Tg Telegraph Tk Tank


Math Mathematics (no authorized source)

T of Opns Theater of Operations Top Topographical Trans Transportation Tp Telephone Trac Tractor Trk Truck US United States USA United States Army Vet Veterinary Z of I Zone of the Interior


* Based on AR 850-150, 1-2, 14 Aug 1943; and FM 21-30, Oct 1943.



abbauen to dismantle (a structure, etc.); to mine (ore). abbefbrdern evacuate (PW, wounded, etc.). Abbildung / illustration, figure, dia gram. abbinden to tie, lash (Tp wire). abblasen to release gas (CWS). abblenden dim (a light). "Abblenden!" "Out of action!" (AA SL). Abblendlicht n dim light (on auto headlight). abbrechen break off; cease; withdraw. das Lager abbrechen to break camp, das Gefecht abbrechen to withdraw from action. Abbrechen des Gefechts withdrawal from action. abbremsen to brake. Abbremsvorrichtung/ arresting gear (aircraft carrier). abbriicken dismantle (a, bridge).



Abbau m dismantling (a structure, etc.); mining (ore).

Abdachung/ slope (Top).

Abdeckplatte / cover plate (G). abdichten to seal, calk, pack. Abdichtung gegen Kampfgas gasproofing (CWS). Abdichtungsring m sealing ring, washer. abdienen complete a period of service. Abdrift/ drift (Avn, Nav). Abdriftmesser m driftmeter (Ap). Abdriftplatz m landing area, jump area (Prcht troops). Abdriftvisier n driftmeter (Ap). abdrosseln to throttle (an engine). Abdriickvorrichtung / nism (G).

abdriicken to fire, i.e. pull (a trig ger); press (a, button).

release mecha

Abendgesellschaftsanzug m special evening dress uniform. Abfahrt / departure, start; downhill run (skiing). Abfahrtzeit / time of departure, time of starting; time of descent (skiing). Abfallm waste; drop (Elec). abfalien to slope (Top). abfallendes Gelande sloping terrain. abfangen pull out, level off, flatten out (Avn); intercept (Tac). Abfangradius m pull-out radius (in dive bombing). Abfangwalze / front roller, roller bumper (MT, Tk). Abfederung/ spring system, suspen sion (MT). abfertigen to dispatch (messages, ve hicles, trains, etc.); to process for further disposition. Abfertigungsgebaude n control tower '(Adrm). abfeuern to fire. Abfeuerungseinrichtung / release mechanism (Mart). Abfeuerungshebel TO firing lever (G). Abfeuerungsverbindung / firing cir cuit for machine gun ,or gun (Tk). Abfeuerungsvorrichtung / firing mechanism. Abfindung/ pay and/or reimburse ment, financial settlement. Abflug m take-off (Avn); going flight, departing flight, receding flight (AAA). Abfluggeschwindigkeit / take-off speed. Abflugleistung / ' take-off rating. Abfrageapparat m operator's tele phone. Abfrageklinke / operator's answering jack.

abfragen inquire as to party or line desired (Tp). abfiittern to feed (an animal). Abgangsfehler ra jump, vertical jump (Arty). Abgangsfehlerwinkel in angle of jump, jump, vertical jump (Arty). Abgangsrichtung / line of departure (Ballistics). Abgangswinkel m quadrant angle of departure (Ballistics). Abgase npl exhaust gases, waste gases. Abgasturbine / exhaust turbine (Ap). abgeflacht flattened, flat. plat (SA Am). abgekampft battle-weary. abgejagt winded, worn out. abgenutzt worn, worn out, worn away; eroded (G barrel). Abgeschobener m evacuee. abgesessen dismounted (Pers). abgesondert detached (unit, etc.). abgestellt parked. abgetragen worn (do). abgiefien to spray chemical warfare agents (Avn). Abgleitschienen fpl bullet-deflection rails (Tk). abgreifen to transfer map distances with compass or dividers, to plot (in this sense). Abgreifen der Entfernung measuring map range with dividers or compass. Abgrenzung / demarcation, delimita tion. abhiingen take off (a pack); unhook (a trailer); hang up (Tp); overtake and leave behind (slang). abhauen to cut down; to "beat it" (slang). abheben lift up; pull up, take off (Avn). Abholkommando n party detailed to fetch anything; aircraft ferrying de tachment. abhoren intercept, listen in, monitor (Rad, Tp). Abhb'rgef ahr / danger of interception (Tp, Bad). Abhbrstelle / intercept station (Sig C); monitoring station (Rad). abkippen wing over (Avn); withdraw
from action (slang). abklemmen disconnect from binding abgeflachter Teil der Patrone me-

abkommandieren to detach, to detail. Abkommen n deviation; agreement, convention; point of aim (at instant of firing). das Abkommen melden to call the shot. abkommen deviate. Abkommpunkt m point of called shot, point of aim. Abkommrohr n subcaliber tube (G). AbkommschieBen n subcaliber firing, subcaliber practice. Abkriimmen n trigger squeeze. abkriimmen to squeeze (a trigger). Abladekommando n unloading detail. abladen unload, detruck, detrain. Ablage / dump. Ablagerungszaun m drift fence (a type of snow fence for winter opera tions). AblaBschraube / drain plug. Ablaut' m completion, termination; launching, starting. Ablaufbahn/ runway (Adrm); land ing ramp (for seaplanes). Ablaufbergm hump, incline (RR). Ablaufposten m bridge-traffic control post. Ablaufventil n relief valve (Hydrau lics). ablauschen listen in, intercept (Rad). ableiten divert (a stream, etc.). Ableitung/ derivation; derivative (Math); leakage (Elec). Ablenkung/ diversion (Tac); deflec tion, refraction. Ablenkungsangriff m diversion, feint attack (Tac). Ablesemarke / index line, index mark. ablesen to read (instruments, etc.). Ablesfehler TO index error. Ablesung/ setting, reading. abliefern deliver. Ablosung/ relief (Tac). ablosen relieve, take over. Abmarsch TO half-squad (Cav); departure, start. abmarschbereit ready to start. Abmarschf iihrer m half-squad leader (Cav). abmarschieren depart, start the march. abnehmen remove, take off; decrease; accept, take.
ablaut en -to ring off (Tp).

post (Elcc).

Abnutzung/ erosion, wear; wear and tear; attrition. Abnutzung des Rohres erosion of the bore. Abnutzungskampf m battle of attri tion. Abort m toilet, latrine. abprallen to ricochet. Abpraller m ricochet. AbprallerschieBen n ricochet fire. Abprallwinkel m angle of ricochet. abprotzen uncouple, unlimber (Arty). Abregnenw aerial spraying (CWS). abrciBen to rip, tear off. AbreiBknopf m fuze-cord button (hand grenade). AbrelBschnur / rip cord (Prcht); fuze cord (hand grenade).

Abschleppen n towing. Abschleppgerat n towing equipment. Abschleppkommando n recovery party, wrecking section. Abschleppkraftwagen m wrecking truck. Abschleppzug m wrecker platoon, maintenance platoon (MT). AbschluBpIattchen n base cover (Am). abschmieren lubricate. abschneiden to cut off, isolate (Tac); to cut (wire, etc.). Abschnitt m sector, phase (Tac) ; area, section. Abschnittsgrenze / sector boundary. Abschnittsreserve / sector reserve. abschnittsweise by sectors; in phases, abschraubbar unscrewable, detach able. abschreiten pace off (a distance). Abschrif t / copy. Abschub m evacuation (of PW, wounded, etc.); transportation to the rear (of salvage, supplies, etc.). Abschubstelle / evacuation station. AbschuB m discharge (of a gun) ; downed enemy airplane; disabled tank or vehicle. AbschuBentfernung / slant range to present position (at instant of firing) (AAA). abschiissig steep (Top). AbschuBpunkt m present position (at instant of firing) (AAA). AbschuBrohr n projector (CWS, Sig). abschwachen reduce (Photo); weaken. Absetzbewegung / withdrawal, dis engagement. absetzen, sich disengage, withdraw (Tac); increase distance between air craft in flight. Absetzer m jumpmaster (Prcht troops). Absetzgelande n landing area (Prcht troops). Absicht / intent, intention. absitzen dismount (from H or ve hicle); do time, serve, a sentence. absondern isolate (Med); divide, sep arate; segregate (PW). Absonderung/ isolation (Mod); divi sion, separation; segregation (PW). Absonderungsabteilung / isolation quarters (Med). abspannen relieve strain on wire by tying (Tp); relieve tension, unhar ness, uncock, relax.

abriebbestiindig wear-resistant. abriegeln to block, interdict, box in, seal off (Tac); to bolt (a door, etc.). Abriegelungsfeuer n box barrage (Arty). Abriicken n departure. abrufen to ring off (Tp). abriisten disarm. Abriistung / disarmament. abrutschen to slip (Avn). sich seitlich abrutschen lassen to fall off (Avn). absacken to drop, pancake (Avn); to founder, sink (slang). Absatteltrupp m unsaddling detail (Cav). Absatz m berm (Ft); heel (of shoe); paragraph. abschatzen to estimate (distance, etc.). Abscheren n shear (Mech). abschieben evacuate; expel, deport. Abschiedm departure; discharge; resignation. ehrenvoller Abschied honorable dis charge. abschieBen to down, to shoot down (an Ap); to disable, put out of action (a Tk or vehicle); to shoot (a person). abschirmen to blanket, screen, cover, protect, shield. Abschirmung / shielding, screening (Rad). abschlachten to massacre, slaughter. abschlagen repel; reject. Abschleppdienst m recovery service, towing service (MT).

AbreiBziinder m friction igniter, ripcord igniter.

absperren close or block (a road, etc.); lock (a door, etc.); cut off, isolate (Tac). abspreizen to brace. abspringen bail out, jump (Avn). Absprung m jump (Prcht). Absprunghafen m jump-off base (Avn). Absprung mit verzogerter offnung delayed jump (Prcht). abspulen ' unreel, unwind. abspiilen rinse out, wash out. Abspuler m paying-out reel, axle of hand reel (Tp). Abspiiren n gas detection (CWS). Abstand m distance (from front to rear). See also Zeitabstand. Abstandslicht n marker light (MT). Abstandwerfen n pattern bombing.

Abteilungskommandeur m battalion commander. Abteilungsnachrichtenstaffel / bat talion communication section. Abteilungsstab m battalion head quarters. Abtransport m evacuation. abtransportieren evacuate. abtrennen cut off, separate, isolate, disconnect. "Abtreten!" "Dismissed!" (formal style, to an individual). Compare "Weggetreten!" abtreten lassen dismiss (an indi vidual). Abtrift/ drift (Avn). Abtriftmesser m driftmeter (Avn). Abtriftvisier n See Abdriftvisier. Abtriftwinkel m drift angle (Avn). abtrudeln go into a spin (Avn). AbwalzstbBel m tappet rod (eccentriccam type). abwassern to drain (water). Abwehr/ defense, active defense; military security. Abwehrangelegenheiten fpl security matters.
abwarts downward, downhill.

Absteckpfahl m stake (Surv). absteifen to brace, stiffen. absteigender Ast descending branch (of trajectory). Abstellbahnhof m, railroad yard. abstellen to park, stop; to turn off (an engine or motor). Abstellgleis n classification track, siding (RR). Abstellplatz m parking place, park ing area, dispersal area (Adrm). abstimmen to tune (Rad). Abstimmkondensator m tuning con denser (Rad). Abstimmscharfe / selectivity, sharp ness of resonance (Rad). Abstimmskala / tuning dial (Rad). Abstimmspule / tunmg coil (Rad). abstreifen to patrol (a road, area, etc.). abstufen graduate (into degrees). Absturz m crash, plunge (Avn). zum Absturz bringen to down (an Ap). absuchen to search, sweep. Abszisse / abscissa, X-coordinate. Abtastdose / pick-up unit (record player). Abteilung/ battalion (Cav, Arty, Armd Comd); detachment, unit (Tac); department, section (Adm). "Abteilung, Halt!" "Squad (company, detail, etc.), halt!" Abteilungsadjutant in battalion ad jutant.

abstecken stake off (Engr, Surv);' plot (a course, etc.); trace, tape off (a mine field, etc.).

Abwehrerfolgm defensive success. Abwehrgeschii tz n antiaircraft gun. Abwehrkampf m defensive combat. AbwehrmaBnahme / defensive mea sure; security measure. Abwehroffizier m security officer. Abwehrvorbereitung / defensive prep aration, preparation of defensive measures. Abwehrwaffe/ defensive arm; de fensive weapon. abwehrweise defensively. Abwehrzone / defensive zone. abweichen deviate. abweichende Anfangsgeschwindigkeit velocity error. Abweichung/ deviation, deflection, error. abweiseii repel. Abweiserm fender; recoil guard (G * mount). abwerfen to drop, jettison (Avn). abwesend absent. Abwind m descending air current (Met). Abwurfm release (bombing). See also Wurf. Abwurfbehalter m slip tank, belly

Abwehrdienst m


Abwurfgerat n anism (Ap).
tank (Ap); aerial delivery unit (air borne operations).

bomb-release mech Achsfederung / axle suspension. Achslagerw axle bearing. Achsmutter / axle nut. Achsschenkel m wheel spindle (MT). Achsschenkellenkung / steeringknuckle type of steering, Ackerman steering (MT). Achsschwingschenkel m wheel spindle (G). AchssitzempJ axle seats (for gun ners). Achssturz m pivot inclination, king pin inclination (MT). Achszapfen m kingpin, steering knuckle pivot (MT). Achszapfensturz m -pivot inclination, kingpin inclination (MT). Achterzelt n eight-man tent. Achtganggetriebe n eight-speed transmission (MT). "Achtung!" "Attention!", "Caution!", "Danger!", "Look out!" "Achtung! Prasentiert das, Gewehr!" "Present, Arms!" Adamsitm adamsite (CWS). Aderpresse / tourniquet. Adjutant m adjutant, aide, aide-de camp, executive officer.
Adjutantur / Adjutant's Office (de partment of the Oberkommando des Heeres serving as central clearing office for routine matters; in no sense equivalent to US Adjutant General's Department); personnel group of general staff sections (in army, corps, and Div).

Abwurfgondel /

Abwurfhb'he / bombing altitude, bomb-release altitude (Avn). Abwurfkiste / aerial delivery con tainer (airborne operations). Abwurfmeldung/ drop message. Abwurfpatrone / message container (for drop message) (Avn). Abwurfschacht m bomb rack (Ap). Abwurfstelle / message-dropping ground; drop point (airborne sup ply)Abwurfvorrichtung / bomb-release mechanism (Ap). abwiirgen to stall (an-engine).
"Abzahlen!" "Count off!" Abwurfyielgertit n bomb sight (Ap).

See Abwurfkiste.

Abzeichentt badge, device, emblem, insignia; marking (Ap, Tk). abziehen pull (a trigger); withdraw (Tac); hone, whet, sharpen; make a print (Photo); subtract, deduct, draw off. Ab/ug m trigger (SA); withdrawal (Tac); contact print (Photo); deduc tion (of pay, etc.). Abzugsbugelm trigger guard (R). Abzugsfeder / sear spring (R). Abzugsgabel / trigger-sear fork (R). Abzugsgewicht n trigger pull (SA). Abzugsgriffm lanyard handle (G). Abzugshebel m trigger lever (MG) ; firing lever (G). Abzugsschiene / trigger bar (AA gun). Abzugsschnur / lanyard (Ord). Abzugsstange / sear -(pistol). Abzugsstiftm trigger pin (R). Abzugsstollen m sear, sear nose (R). Abzugsstiickw trigger piece, firing lever (G). Abzugsvorrichtung / trigger mech anism (SA); firing mechanism (Ord). Abzugswelle/ firing rod (AA gun). Abzweigung/ branch; junction line (RR). Achsantriebm axle drive (MT). Achsdruckm axle load (MT). Achse/ axis; ordinate; axle; shaft. Achsel/ shoulder. See also Schulter. Achsenverschrankbarkeit / angle of axle swing (MT). Achsfeder / axle spring.

Adler m eagle. Admiral m admiral. Afrikakampfer m veteran of the African Campaign. Aggregate unit, set; charging unit (Elec). Ago name of an aircraft manufactur ing company.
Akjam boat-type runner (placed imder gun wheels for operations in deep snoiv; also used as a, swamp convey ance for wounded, etc.).

Akten fpl documents, records, papers, file. Aktenmaterial n official documents. Aktenschrank m, filing cabinet.
Aktionsbereich m Flugbereich, etc. Aktionsradius m reich. See Fahrbereich, See Wirkungsbe-

aktiv active; regular. aktive Truppe line troops, combat troops. akustische Ortung sound location, acoustic orientation (AAA), Alarm m alarm; air-raid warning. "Alarm aus!" "All clear!" alarmbereit on the alert. Alarmbereitschaft / alert, stand-by. Alarmplatzm alarm station. AlarmschuBgerat n trip-wire alarm. Alkalipatrone / alkali cartridge (oxy gen breathing apparatus). Alleinflug m solo flight. allgemeines Aufgebot levee en masse. Allgemeines Heeresamt General Army Office (central section in rear echelon of Oberkommando des Heeres) (abbr. AHA). Allgemeines Luftamt General Air Office (section of Ger Air Ministry). Allgemeines Wehrmachtamt General Office of the Armed Forces (central section in rear echelon of Oberkom mando der Wehrmacht). allgemeingiiltige Aiiordnungen gen eral orders. Allradantrieb m all-wheel drive (MT). Alp/ mountain pasturage. Alter n age. Altersgrenze / age limit. Alterungsbestandigkeit / resistance to aging. alte Wache old guard. Altgummi n-m scrap rubber. Altmaterial n junk, scrap, waste. Altmetall ?i scrap metal. Alulegierung / See Aluminiumlegierung. Aluminiumlegierung / aluminum alloy. Amatol n amatol (Am). AmboB m anvil (Am). amboBformiger Kumulo-Nimbus in cus (Met). AmboBschraube / threaded anvil . (Am). Ammoniumpikrat n ammonium picrate (Am). Ammonpulver n ammonal (Am). Ammonsalpeter-Sprengmittel n am monium nitrate explosive. Amperemeter n ammeter. Amperezahl / amperage. Amphibienflugzeug n amphibian air plane.

Amphibienkampfwagen m amphibian tank. Amt n office, bureau; administrative function; telephone central. amtlich official. AmtsanschlieBer m telephone-ex change connecting device (connects field Tp with country-wide network). Amtswalter m administrator (Reich Labor Service). Amtszusatz m telephone-exchange auxiliary set (connects field central ivith country-wide network). Anaglypt n anaglyph (Surv). Analphabet m illiterate. Anblasrichtung / direction of air flow (Avn). Anderthalbdecker m sesquiplane. Anderungsgeschwindigkeit / remain ing velocity (Ballistics). andrehen to crank, to turn over (an engine). Andrehkurbel / crank (MT). Anerkennung / recognition, acknowl edgment. Anerkennungsschreiben n commenda tion. Anfahrtsgang m low gear (MT, Tk). Anfallm surprise attack, raid. Anfangsbuchstabe m initial, first let ter. Anfangsdrall m initial twist (Ord). Anfangsgeschwindigkeit / initial ve locity, muzzle velocity (Ballistics). Anfangsladung / initial charge. Anfangsstellung / initial position. Anfeuerung / combustible composi tion (in a flare cartridge). Anfeuerungssatz m booster charge (Am). anfliegen to approach (a target) (Avn). Anflugm coming flight (AAA); ap proach run (bombing); approach flight (Avn). Anfluggrundlinie / . principal course of approach (Inst landing). Anflugkursm approaching course (Avn). Anflugrichtung / direction of ap proach (Avn). Anflugsektor m on-course zone (Inst landing); approach zone (Adrm). Anflugwinkel m ap'proach angle, angle of approach (Avn). anfordern to requisition (Adm).

Anforderung / requisition. Anforderungszeichen n requisition number. Anfiihrerm file leader. Angaben/pZ data, statements. Angehoriger m member; relative. die nachsten Angehb'rigen next of 1 kin. angelehnt supported by, in contact with, covered by (Tac). angelehnter Fliigel supported flank. "Angetreten!" "Fall in!" (at atten tion). angliedern to attach. angreifen to attack. Angreifer m attacker, aggressor. angrenzend adjacent. Angriff m attack (Tac); charge (Cav). Angriff auf Stellungen attack of or ganized positions. Angriff aus der Bewegung attack from march column. Angriff mit begrenztem Ziel limited attack, attack with limited objective. Angriffsabschnitt m attack sector, zone of action in attack. Angriffsart / form of attack, form of offensive action. Angriffsbefehl m attack order. Angriffsbeginn m time of attack. Angriffsbereitstefllung / assembly (area) for attack. Angriffsbreite / frontage in attack, attack frontage (Tac). Angriffsflug m air-attack flight, raid (Avn). Angriffsflugel m attacking wing. Angriffsform / form of attack; at tack formation. angriffsfreudig aggressive. Angriffsgefecht n offensive combat. Angriffsgeliinde n terrain of attack, attack zone. Angriffsgraben m assault trench. Angriffsgruppe / attack group, at tack echelon. An griff shandlun g / offensive action. Angriffshohe / air-attack altitude, bombing altitude (Avn). angriffslustig aggressive. Angriffsplan m plan of attack. Angriffsrichtung / direction of at tack. Angriflfsstreifen m attack sector.

Angriffstruppen/pZ attack units, at tack troops. Angriffsverlauf m progress of an at tack. Angriffsversuch m. attempted attack. Angriffswelle / attack wave, attack ing echelon. Angriffsziel n objective (of attack). erstes Angriffsziel immediate objec tive. Angriff szwischenziel n intermediate objective. Anhaltm guide, general principle. Anhaltspunkt m check point (Gun nery, Air Navigation, Surv); item in a check list (combat orders). Anhangm appendix (to a, manual, etc.). Anhangelast / trailer load (MT). Anhanger m trailer (MT); tender (RR); tie-on tag. Anhangezettel m tie-on tag. Anhaufung / accumulation, concen tration, piling up. Anhb'he / height, hill, rise. Anker m armature, rotor (Elec); an chor (Nav). Ankerachse/ armature shaft (field Tp). Ankerbalken m anchor stock. Ankerflunken m anchor fluke. Ankergrundm anchorage (Nav). Ankerlicht n anchor light. Ankerlichten n weighing anchor. Ankerlinie/ line of anchors (Bdg). Ankermine/ anchored mine, moored mine. Ankermast m mooring mast. Ankerpfahlm anchor stake (for a guy line). Ankerplatte/ anchor plate (part of a clockwork fuze). Ankerplatzm anchorage (Nav). Ankerrodel m anchor rack stick (Bdg). Ankerrute/ anchor shank. Ankerseil n guy line. Ankerstelle/ anchorage (Nav). Ankerstich m anchor hitch. Ankersucher m grapnel. Ankertauw anchor cable. Ankerturm m mooring tower. Ankerwellef armature shaft (Elec). Ankerwicklung / armature winding.
Anhangen n Anhangen. See Vermessung durch

Ankerwinde / capstan.

Anklage/ charge, complaint. anklammern to cling tenaciously, to hold fast. ankleben to paste, adhere, stick, fasten with adhesive. Ankiindigung/ announcement, bulle tin, notice. Ankiindigungskommando n prepara tory command. Ankiindigungssignal n warning sig nal. Ankunft / arrival. ankurbeln to crank. Anlage/ installation; annex, inclosure (in a manual). anlassen to start (an engine); to temper (steel). Anlasserm starter (Mtr). AnlaBknopf m starter button (Mtr). AnlaBmotor m starter motor (Mtr). AnlaBpatrone / cartridge for car tridge starter (Mtr). AnlaBpistole / cartridge starter (Mtr). Anlafischalter m starter switch (Mtr). Anlauf m take-off run (Avn). Anlaufstrecke / take-off distance (Avn). anliiuten to ring (Tp). anlegen to aim (R); to dock; to put ashore; to construct. Anlegepunkt m aiming point. Anlegestelle / pier, wharf. anleuchten illuminate. Anmarsch m approach, approach march, advance (Tac). Anmarschwegm approach, approach route. anniihernd approximate. Annaherung / approach. Annaherungsformation/ approach march formation. Annaherungsmarsch m approach march (Tac). Annahme/ assumption; acceptance, reception. Annahmestelle / recruiting office; re ceiving office (letters, etc.). Anode/ plate, anode (Elec). Anodenbatterie / plate battery, "B" battery (Bad). Anodengleichspannung / direct plate voltage (Rad). Anodenkreism plate circuit (Rad). Anodenriickkopplung / plate feedback coupling1 (Rad).


Anodenverlustleistung / plate dissi pation (Rad). Anorak m parka (Clo). Anordnung / order. anpassen adapt, blend (Cam). Anpeilen n taking of bearings, radio direction finding (Avn). anpirschen to creep up, to stalk. Anrecht n claim. Anregungsmittel n stimulant. anrichten to sight, sight in, align; to cause (damage, etc.). anrollen to roll along runway (on take-off run). Anruf m call, call-up (Rad, Tp); challenge. Anrufantwort / answer to call-up (Rad). Anrufklappe/ switchboard drop (Tp). Anrufsschauzeichen n incoming-call signal light (Tp). Anrufzeichen n call signal (Tp). Ansammlung / concentration (Tac). Ansatzfliigel m stub wing (Ap). Ansaugetakt m intake stroke, suction stroke (Mtr). Ansaughub m intake stroke (Mtr). Ansaugkriimmer m air-intake horn (carburetor). Ansaugleitung / intake duct (Mtr, Ft). Ansaugrohrw intake pipe (Mtr). Ansaugung / suction. anschaffen procure, anschalten connect, switch on; tap (a wire). Anreicherung / concentration (CWS). Anschauungsmittel npl illustrative material, demonstration material (Tng aids). AnschieBen n harmonization (Ord). anschieBen to sight in. Anschlag m aiming or firing posi tion with rifle or machine gun; stop (Ord). anschlagen to post (a notice, etc.). Anschlagsart / firing position (of the soldier). Anschlagtafel / bulletin board. Anschlagwinkel m try square. anschlieBen join, close up, connect. AnschluB m liaison, support, contact (Tac); connection, junction, coup ling. AnschluBbahnhof m junction (RR). AnschluBklemme / binding post (Elec).

AnschluBklinke / line jack, stationline jack (Tp). AnschluBmann m connecting file. AnschluBpunkt m connecting point (in axes of Sig Com). AnschluBschnur / connecting cord (Elec). AnschluBstecker m plug, connecting plug (Elec, Tp). AnschluBstiick n connecting piece, joint, coupling, union. AnschluBteil der Garbe margin of the sheaf of fire. Anschnallgurt m safety belt (Avn). Anschneidelinie / line of intersection. Anschneiden n intersection (Surv). anschneiden to intersect; determine a fix (air navigation); obtain a bear ing (Rad, FR). Anschnitte mpl cross bearings. AnschuB m sighting shot. ansetzen launch, commit (Tac); ram (G). Ansetzerm rammer ('G,). Ansichtsskizze / panoramic sketch (Top). Ansprache/ designation (of a tar get). Anspruch m claim. Anstalt/ institution, establishment, station. anstauen to dam up, flood. Anstauung / damming, flooding; flooded area. anstechen to tie, fasten, hitch. Ansteckblech n float plate (on a trail spade). anstecken to attach, fasten, hitch; to infect. ansteckende Krankheit communicable disease, contagious disease. Ansteckung / infection. Anstellwinkel m angle of pitch, blade angle (propeller); angle of attack (Avn). Ansteuerungsfeuer n directional bea con (Avn). anstreichen run weapon up and down side of tree, etc., (to find firing sup port) ; to paint. Anstrich m paint. Anstromrichtung / direction of air flow (Avn). anstiirmen to assault, attack, charge. ansuchen to request. Ansumpfung/ inundation, inundated

Antenne/ antenna, aerial. Antenne mit Rundwirkung omnidi rectional antenna. AntennenanschluB m antenna bind ing post. Antennen-AnschluBbuchse / See Antennenbuchse. Antennenbuchse / antenna jack. Antennengebilden antenna array, antenna structure, antenna system. Antennengerat n antenna outfit, an tenna equipment. Antennenhaspel / antenna reel (Ap). Antennenkapazitat / antenna capaci tance. Antennenkondensator m antenna con denser. Antennenkopplung / antenna cou pling. Antennenkreis m antenna circuit. Antennenleistung / antenna power. Antennenmast m antenna mast. Antennenspule / antenna tuning coil. Antennenstab m antenna rod. Antennenstellung / directional posi tion of the antenna. Antennenstromanzeiger m antenna ammeter. Antennenwiderstand m antenna re sistance. Antiflatterbock m antishimmy shackle (MT). Antragm request; recommendation, suggestion, proposal. antreiben to drive, impel, propel.
antreten to fall in; begin (an assign ment); assume (duties, etc.).

"Antreten!" "Fall in!" (not at atten- . tion). Antriebm drive (Meek). Antriebsachse / driving axle (MT). Antriebsart/ type of drive (MT). Antriebskegelrad n bevel drive pinion (differential gear). Antriebsradw drive wheel (MT). Antriebswelle / drive shaft. Antriebszahnrad n drive gear (MT). A.N.-Verfahren n A.N. method (of instrument landing). anvisieren to sight at. AnwarmeschuB m warming-up shot. Anwarter m candidate; cadet. anweisen to direct, instruct, allot. Anweisung / directive; instructions; allotment.
Antriebsritzel m starter pinion (on armature shaft of starter).

anwerfen to crank (an engine). Anzapfleitung / power lead-in (Rad). Anzeiger m indicator, marker. Anzeigerschiene / indicator slide (MG). Anziehungskraft / force of attrac tion. anzielen to sight, to aim. Anzugm uniform; suit of clothes. anziinden to ignite, light. Aphongetriebe n constant-mesh transmission (MT). Apotheker m pharmacist. Apparattornister m instrument case (portable Rad). Apparatur / chassis (Rad); fixtures (Tech). Appellm roll call; muster; inspec tion. Aquadag m aquadag (lubricant). Arado name of an aircraft manufac turing company. Araometer m -hydrometer. Arbeiten fpl works (Ft). Arbeitsanzug m fatigue uniform, work uniform. Arbeitsdienst m See Reichsarbeitsdienst. Arbeitsdiensipflicht / liability to la bor service. Arbeitsfiihrer m captain (Reich La bor Service). Arbeitsgeschiitz n roving gun (Arty). Arbeitshub m power stroke (Mtr). Arbeitskommando n fatigue detail. Arbeitslager n labor camp. Arbeitsspiel n functioning, action (Mech). Arbeitstakt m power stroke (Mtr). Arbeitsurlaub m leave for purposes of war work. arbeitsverwendungsfahig fit for labor duty only (abbr. a.v.). a.v. Heimat fit for labor duty in zone of interior only. Arktik/ smoke acid for use in ex tremely cold weather (CWS). arktische Kaltluft polar air (Met). Armaturenbrett n instrument board, instrument panel. Armauflage / elbow rest (trench or firing pit). Armband n See Armbinde. Armbanduhr / wrist watch. Armbinde / arm band, brassard.
Arbeitsmannm bor Service). workman (Reich La



Armee/ army (a tactical unit, dis tinguished from Heer, the Army). Armeebefehl m army field order. Armeebekleidungsamt n army cloth ing depot. Armeebriefstelle / army postal sta tion. Armeefeldlazarett n army surgical hospital. Armeegebiet n army area. Armeegruppe / task force usually comprising one army and miscella neous units. Armeeintendant m army intendant (Adm official at army Hq in charge of rations, clothing, equipment, pay, etc.). Armeekartenlager n army map depot. Armeekorps n army corps. Armeekraftfahrpark m army motor transport park. Armeemunitionslager n army ammu nition depot. Armeenachrichtenabteilung / army signal battalion. Armeenachrichtenregiment n army signal regiment. Armeenachschubfiihrer m commander of army services of supply (also known as Kommandeur der Armeenachschubtruppen). Armeeoberkommando n high com mand of an army, army headquar ters (abbr. OAK). Armeesanitatsabteilung / army medi cal battalion. Armeeverpflegungsamt n office of army ration supply. Armeeverpflegungslager n army ra tion-supply depot. Armel m sleeve (Clo). Armelaufschlag m cuff (Clo). Armelabzeichen n sleeve badge. Armelpatte / cuff patch. Armschiene/ splint (for arm frac ture). Armzeichen n arm and hand signal, arm signal. Arrestant m person under arrest. Arrestanstalt / military prison. Arrestlokal n detention room, guard house cell, guardhouse. Arreststrafe / confinement, sentence of confinement. Arrestraum im Lazarett detention ward. Arsin n arsine (CWS).



Artilleriesperrfeuer n artillery bar rage. Artilleriestaffel / artillery train. Artillerieunterstiitzung / artillery support. Artillerieverbindungskommando n ar tillery liaison command post, artil lery liaison detachment. Artillerieverbindungsoffizier m artil lery liaison officer. Artillerievermessung / artillery sur vey. Artillerievermessungstrupp m artil lery survey section. Artillerievorbereitung / artillery preparation. Artilleriezugmaschine / artillery prime mover. Artillerist m artilleryman. artilleristische Aufklarung artillery reconnaissance. artilleristische Punktempl artillery reference points. Arznei / drug, medicine, medicament. Arzneikasten m medicine chest. Arzneikiste / See Arzneikasten. Arzneimittel n medicine, medicament. Arzt m doctor, medical officer. Arztliche Akademie der Luftwaffe school of aviation medicine. arztliche Behandlung medical treat ment, medical attendance. arztliche Untersuchung / medical examination, physical examination. Asbest m asbestos. Askulapstab m caduceus. Assistenzarzt m second lieutenant (Med). Astro m celestial navigator (Avn slang). astronomische Navigation celestial navigation (Avn). astronomischer MeBzug m astronom ical survey platoon. Astverhau m dead abatis made of tree branches. Atemeinsatz m filter element (gas mask). Atemgerat n oxygen apparatus (Avn). Atemmaske/ oxygen mask (Avn). Atemmundstiick n mouthpiece (oxy gen breathing apparatus). Atemsack m respirator bag (oxygen breathing apparatus).

Art / kind, manner, method, type. Art. B.-Stelle / See Artilleriebeobachtungsstelle. Artillerie / artillery. leichte Artillerie light artillery. schwere Artillerie medium artillery. schwerste Artillerie heavy artillery. Artillerieabteilung / artillery bat talion. Artillerieaufmarsch m moving up to positions (Arty). Artilleriebekampfung / counterbattery fire. Artilleriebeobachter m artillery ob server, spotter. Artilleriebeobachtungsabteilung / ob servation battalion (Arty). Artilleriebeobachtungsstelle / artil lery observation post. ArtilleriebeschuB m artillery fire. Artillerieeinschlag m shell hit, shell burst, point of impact (Arty). Artillerieflieger mpl artillery recon naissance aviation. Artillerieflug m artillery mission (Ami). Artillerieflugzeugw artillery observa tion airplane. Artilleriefiihrer m division artillery commander (special staff Arty officer and Arty commander at Div Hq). Artilleriegliederung / organization of artillery. Artilleriegruppe / artillery group, ar tillery groupment. Artilleriekolonne / ammunition sup ply column (Arty). Artilleriekommandeur m corps artil lery commander (in GHQ pool); divi sion artillery commander (when GHQ artillery is attached). Hoherer Artilleriekommandeur spe cial staff artillery officer (at army Hq). Artillerienachrichtenstelle / artillery intelligence center. Artillerienachrichtentrupp m artillery intelligence section. Artilleriepark m artillery equipment park. Artilleriepunkttafel / point-designa tion crid. Artillerierechenschieber m graphical firing table. Artilleriespahtrupp m artillery recon naissance detail.

Astm branch; knot (in wood).

Atemschlauch m hose (gas mask, oxy gen breathing apparatus). Athylarsindichlorid n ethyldichlorarsine, ED (CWS). Athyldichlorarsin n ethyldichlorarsine, ED (CWS). (Ger abbr. Dick). Attacke / charge (Cav). Attrappe / dummy (target, vehicle, etc.). atzender Kampfstoff vesicant, vesi cant agent, blister agent, blister gas. Atzmittel n caustic. Atznatron n lye, caustic soda, sodium hydroxide. Aubo-Pahre / outboard-motor ferry (Aubo = AuBenbord). Aubomotor m outboard motor (Aubo = Au£Senbord). Audion n grid-leak detector, detector, 2nd detector (Rad). Aufbauwi body (MT); superstruc ture, i.e. sponson and turret (Tk). Aufbauliifter in ventilator (in Tk sponson or turret). Aufbewahrung / storage. aufbieten mobilize. aufblasen innate, blow up. Aufblitzen n flash (Arty fire). aufbrauchen to exhaust, use up. aufbrechen to depart, start. Aufbruchsort m departure point, starting point. Aufbruchszeit / departure time, starting time. aufbumsen collide, strike (slang). Aufenthaltspunkt m stop (RR, MT). auffangen to detect (Rad) intercept, catch; to absorb (recoil, etc.). Auffangstellung / prepared position in rear, rear position (in defense). Auffangvorrichtung / buffer (G). auffinden to locate (a target). Auffiihrender m corporal of the guard. Aufgabe/ mission, task, problem. aufgeben abandon, give up; register (baggage, etc.); send (a telegram, etc.). Aufgebot m See allgemeines Aufgebot. aufgesessen mounted (Pers). Aufgleitfront / warm front ("Met,). Aufhakenn message pick-up (Avn). Aufhangeb'se / suspension lug (bomb). Aufhangung/ suspension (of bombs, etc.). aufhetzen incite.


Aufkliirer m scout, observer; recon naissance airplane. Aufkliirertatigkeit / reconnaissance activity, patrol activity. Aufklarung/ reconnaissance (Tac). Auf klarungsabteilung / reconnais sance battalion. Aufklarungsbreite / width of recon naissance sector (in which Obsn Bn locates targets). Aufklarungsergebnis n results of re connaissance. Aufklarungsflieger m aircraft observer; reconnaissance aircraft. Aufklarungsflug m reconnaissance mission, reconnaissance flight (Avn). Aufklarungsflugzeug m reconnais sance airplane. Aufklarungsgebiet n reconnaissance area. Aufklarungskorper mpl reconnais sance elements. Aufklarungsmaterial n reconnais sance information. Aufklarungsraum m reconnaissance area. Aufklarungsschwadron / reconnais sance troop (Cav). Aufklarungsspahtrupp m reconnais sance patrol. Aufklarungsstaffel / reconnaissance squadron (Avn). Aufklarungsstreifen m reconnais sance sector. Aufklarungstiefe / reconnaissance depth (in which, Obsn Bn locates tar gets). Aufklarungstrupp m reconnaissance patrol. Aufklarungszug m scout car platoon; reconnaissance platoon. Aufladekommando n loading detail. Auflademotor m supercharged en gine (Avn). aufladen to boost, supercharge; to load. Aufladung / detonating charge (blasting cap), Auflageflache / bearing surface, con tact surface. Auflagepunkt m center of tire impact (MT); point of support (Tech). Auflager n pedestal, support (Bdg); hanger bar (harness). Auflaufstiick n knuckle lug (G).

aufkliiren reconnoiter, scout, observe, patrol.



Aufsatztrager m sight bracket, sight support (G). Aufsatztrieb m elevation mechanism (G). Aufsatztrommel / angle-of-elevation dial (G). Aufsatzwinkel m angle of elevation (Gunnery); superelevation (AAA). Aufsatzwinkeltrieb m angle-of-eleva tion mechanism (G). Aufsatzzeiger m telescope mount ref erence pointer (matches with Rohrzeiger when gun is laid for elevation). aufschablonieren to stencil on. aufschirren to harness. Aufschlagm impact, percussion; cuff (Clo). Aufschlaggelande n impact area. Aufschlaggeschwindigkeit / striking velocity. Aufschlagpunkt m point of impact, objective point. Aufschlagweite / burst interval. Aufschlagwinkel m angle of impact. Aufschlagziinder m impact fuze, per cussion fuze. Aufschlagziinder mit Verzogerung delay fuze. Aufschlagziinder ohne Verzogerung nondelay fuze. Aufschreiber m recorder (Arty). Aufschrumpfen n heat shrinking (Ord). Aufschub m delay. Aufschiittung/ fill (Engr, Top). Aufsichtsturm m control tower (Adrm). aufsitzen to mount (a horse or ve hicle). das Ziel aufsitzen lassen to hold be low the target in aiming. Aufspulerm reel (Tp). Aufsteckschliissel m socket wrench. aufsteigen to ascend, mount, rise. aufsteigender Ast ascending branch (of trajectory). Aufstellbahnhof m make-up yard (RR). aufstellen to post (a sentry); to acti vate or constitute (a unit); to emplace (a gun); to install (an engine, etc.); to mount (a gun); to place, to distribute (troops, etc.); to establish (an agency); to park (vehicles). Aufstellgleis n make-up track (RR). Aufstellung/ formation (of troops); initial organization (of a, unit); es-

auflosen disintegrate, disband, dis solve, scatter, demobilize. Aufmarsch m concentration or as sembly of troops for action; strategic concentration; moving up to posi tions (Arty). Aufmarschgebiet n concentration area (Tac). Aufmarschplan m plan for strategic concentration. Aufnahme/ covering force (reserve force covering withdrawal from ac tion); reception; photograph; taking up, establishment (of contact, etc.). Aufnahmefahigkeit / capacity (of roads, structures, etc.). Aufnahmehaken m pick-up hook (for message pick-up) (Ap). Aufnahmering m receiving ring (AA gun). Aufnahmestellung / covering position (covering withdrawal from action). Aufnahmestreifen m tape (Tg prin ter.) aufnehmen to record (sound, etc.); to receive, take up; to photograph; to survey; to establish (contact, etc.). aufpflanzen to fix bayonets. aufprotzen to couple, limber, place a gun in traveling position (Arty). Aufrauhbiirste / rotary sweeper (road construction). aufraumen to clear away, mop up. aufrecht erect, upright. aufreiBen to rip, tear up. AufriB m design, sketch, vertical section. aufrollen to roll up (Tac); to coil (wire). aufriicken to move up, advance. Auf ruhr m riot. Auf riistung / plank scaffolding (on a Pan). Aufsatz m sight mount, telescope mount (in a loose sense, either the optical sight alone or the entire sight assembly); essay, composition. Aufsatzeinteilung / elevation gradu ations (sight mount). Aufsatzentfernung / corrected range (Arty). Aufsatzerhohung / corrected eleva tion (Arty). Aufsatzgehause n sight-mount hous ing (G). Aufsatzstange / sight adjustment rod (G).

tablishment (of an agency); disposi tion (Tac). Aufstellungsbefehl m initial organi zation order (to activate a unit). Auf stromvergaser m updraft carbu retor. Auftakt m initial phase (of an oper ation). auftanken refuel. Auftragm mission, task (Tac). "Auftrag erledigt!" "Mission accom plished!" Auftragserteilung / assignment of missions, assignment of tasks. Auftragskarte / flight diagram (aerial Photo). Auftreffen n impact. Auftreffgeschwindigkeit / striking velocity (of projectile). Auftreffpunkt m point of impact. Auftreffwinkel m angle of impact. Auftriebm buoyancy, lift (Avn). Auftriebsmittelpunkt m center of lift (Avn). Auf tritt m fire step. Aufwindm anabatic wind, up-slope wind. Aufzeichnung / record, notation, sketch. Aufziehachse / winding stem (on blasting machine, watch, etc.). aufziehen to mount (Photo); pull up, lift, hoist; to mount (guard); to wind (a watch, etc.). Auf ziehen der Wache guard mount. Aufziehleine / static line (Prcht). Aufzugm elevator, hoist. Augenabstand m interpupillary dis tance (Optics). Augenaufklarung / visual reconnais sance. Augenblicksziel n fleeting target, transient target, fleeting objective. Augenblicksziinder m instantaneous fuze, nondelay fuze, quick fuze. Augenfenster n eyepiece (gas mask). "Augen gerade, aus!" "Ready, front!" "Augen, links!" "Eyes, left!" (strict ly, "Die Augen, links!" to distinguish preparatory command from that in "Augen, rechts!"). Augenmuschel / eyeguard (Optics). 'Augen, rechts!" "Eyes, right!" Augenreizstoff m lacrimator (CWS). Augenringw, eyepiece frame of goggles (gas mask).



Augenschlitz m viewing slit (tele scopic sight). Augenverbindung / visual communi cation. Ausatemventil n outlet valve (gas mask). Ausbaum construction; improvement (of a position); dismantling, remov ing, dismounting (of a gun, etc.). ausbauen dismount (OrA); improve (Ft); remove, dismantle. Ausbilder m instructor. Ausbildung/ training, drill. Ausbildungsanweisungen fpl training order. Ausbildungsgerat n training equip ment, training instrument. Ausbildungslager n training camp. Ausbildungsplan m training schedule. Ausbildungsrichtlinien fpl training outlines, training regulations. Ausbildungsstab m training staff. Ausbildungsstufe / training phase. Ausbildungsvorschrift / training manual, drill regulations. Ausblickm objective lens (Optics); prospect, view. Ausblickprismengehause n objectiveprism housing (BC telescope). Ausblickstutzen m objective-lens socket (Optics). Ausbootung / debarkation. Ausbrennung/ barrel erosion, ero sion of the bore (Ord). Ausbruch der Feindseligkeiten out break of hostilities. Ausbuchtung / salient. Ausdauer / endurance. Ausdehnung/ frontage (Tac); ex pansion, extension, spreading. auseinandergehen diverge, separate. auseinandernehmen to strip, dis assemble, dismantle, take apart. auseinanderziehen deploy, extend, spread out (Tac). ausfahren to extend, to lower (Ap landing gear, etc.); to ride out, drive out. Ausf ahrgleis n outgoing track (RR). Ausfallm sortie (Tac); long lunge, long thrust (bayonet thrust); casual ty ; failure, breakdown (of an engine, etc.); gun out of battery (Arty). Ausfertigung/ drawing up, writing out (a report, etc.). in dreifacher Ausfertigung in tripli cate.

ausfragen interrogate, question. ausf iihren accomplish, carry out, exe cute. Ausfiihrung / execution, carrying out; design, model (Tech). in zweifacher Ausfiihrung in dupli cate. Ausfiihrungskommando n command of execution (drill). Ausgabe/ issue; edition. Ausgabestelle / point of issue, dis tributing point. Ausgang m departure, outcome, exit, outlet, start. Ausgangslage / assault position (Tac); starting position, original po sition. Ausgangslinie / line of departure, jump-off line. Ausgangsort m point of departure (air navigation). Ausgangspunkt m initial point, ori gin, point of departure. Ausgangsspannung / output voltage. Ausgangsstellung / line of departure, jump-off position (Tac). Ausgangstransformator m output transformer (Rad). ausgeben to issue, distribute. ausgeglichen balanced, equalized, equilibrated. Ausgehanzugm dress uniform. ausgehoben drafted; silenced (slang). Ausgehobener m draftee. Ausgehverbot n curfew (Mil Govt). ausgemustert rejected as unfit. See Musterung, Ausmusterungsschein. AusgieBgerat n See Aus- und AbgieBgerat. Ausgleich m equalization, compensa tion, equilibration, balancing. Ausgleichdiise / compensating jet (Mtr). ausgleichen to balance, compensate, equalize. Ausgleicher m compensator (Ord, Mech); equilibrator (G). Ausgleicherarm m equilibrator an chor (G). Ausgleichflache / balance tab, trim tab (Ap). Ausgleichgetriebe n differential gear. Ausgleichsperre / differential lock (MT). ausgliihen anneal. ausheben to conscript, draft.


Aushilfe / expedient, substitute, aux iliary. ausholen to lunge. ausklinken to release (bombs, etc.). Auskolkung/ scour (in a river bed). Auskreuzung/ bracing, cross bracing(Ap). auskundschaften to spy, to scout. Auskunft / information. Auskunftsstelle / information center, information office; control point. auskuppeln disengage the clutch. Ausladebahnhof m detraining point, railhead. Ausladeeinheit / unloading unit. Ausladegebiet n detrucking area. Ausladekommando n unloading detail. ausladen to unload, detruck, detrain, etc. Ausladeplatz m detrucking point. Auslader m stevedore. Ausladespitze / railhead, truckhead. Ausladestelle / detrucking point. Ausladeiibersicht / detraining or un loading table. Ausland n foreign country. im Ausland abroad. Ausliinder m alien, foreigner. feindlicher Auslander enemy alien. AuslaBrohr n eduction tube (Cml cylinder). AuslaBventil n exhaust valve (Mtr): AuslaBventilkammer / exhaust port. Auslaufm outlet (for liquids, etc.). auslaufen to run out; to complete a run after landing; to put to sea. auslegen to pay out (rope, wire, etc.); to explain, interpret; to expose, ex tend; to lay out (money). Ausleger m pack rest (harness); outrigger (boats and floats) (AA gun); boom (of a crane or derrick). Auslegerbriicke / cantilever bridge. Auslegezeichen n ground panel (Sig C). Ausleseknopf m selector switch (Ap armament control). Auslieferung / delivery; exposure (to danger, the elements, etc.). auslb'schen extinguish, put out (a fire). Auslbseeinrichtung / release mecha nism (bombing). Ausloseknopf m release button. Ausliisepunkt m bomb release point, release point. Auslosung/ release (of bombs, etc.).

Aushebung / draft, conscription.



error (Gunnery). See also Grund stufe. Ausschalten der Schnittbildversetzung halving adjustment (coincidence range finder). Ausschalten der Temperatureinfliisse elasticity correction (Gunnery). Ausschalten des Schallverzuges acous tic correction (sound locator). Ausschalten des Windes wind correc tion (Gunnery). Ausschalter m switch; throwout (lever). ausscheiden to detach, to detail; to eliminate (impurities, etc.); to drop out, leave, separate. ausscheren to fall out of formation (Avn); to fall out of line (Nav). ausschiffen debark, disembark. Ausschiffung / debarkation, disem barkation. ausschirren unharness. Ausschlagm decisive factor; rash (Med). ausschlaggebend decisive. ausschlieBen interdict; exclude. AusschlieBungsschein m certificate of exclusion from military service (for criminals, subversive elements, etc.). AusschuB m board, committee, com mission. ausschwarmen deploy (Tac). ausschweben hold off (in landing) (Avn). ausschwingen die out, die down (os cillations). AuBenantenne / outside antenna. AuBenaufhangung / external sus pension (of bombs). AuBenbackenbremse / external con tracting brake (MT). AuBenbefestigungen fpl outworks (Ft). AuBenbordmotor m outboard motor. AuBengrenzlehre / snap gage. AuBenhafen m outer harbor. AuBenhaut / skin, skin cover, cover ing (Ap). AuBenlandung / off-field landing (Avn). AuBenluftdruck m barometric pres sure (Avn): AuBenluft-Thermometer n free-air thermometer (Ap). AuBenschieber m outer sleeve (sleeve-type engine).

AusmaB n dimension. ausmerzen eliminate, eradicate. Ausmusterungsschein m certificate of rejection (for those unfit for Mil ser vice). Ausnahmegesprach n urgent call (Tp). Ausnahmezustand m state of emer gency. ausnutzen to exploit, to utilize fully. Auspuff m exhaust, exhaust system (Mtr). Auspuffgerausch n exhaust noise. Auspuff hub m exhaust stroke (Mtr). Auspuffkanal m exhaust duct (Mtr). Auspuffklappe / cutout (Mtr). Auspuffkriimmer m exhaust mani fold (Mtr). Auspuffleitung / exhaust duct (Mtr). Auspufftakt m exhaust stroke (Mtr). Auspufftopt' m, muffler (Mtr). Auspuffwolke / exhaust smoke (Mtr). ausrauchern to smoke out; to fumi gate. ausrichten to dress (drill); to per form; to level, straighten. sich nach links ausrichten to dress left. Ausrichtung / orientation; straight ening, leveling. Ausrollen n landing run (Avn). ausrotten wipe out, crush, annihilate. ausriicken disengage (gears, etc.); depart, move up. Ausriistung/ equipment, outfit, ac cessories, accouterments. Ausriistungsgegenstandm item of equipment. Ausriistungsnachweisung / table of equipment. Ausrustungsstiick n accessory, piece of equipment. Aussage / statement. Ausschalen n stripping the forms (concrete construction). Ausschaltehebel m throwout lever (aiming circle). ausschalten disconnect, detach, cut out, eliminate, switch off, throw out; compensate for, correct (an error, etc.) (Gunnery). Ausschalten der besonderen und Witterungseinfliisse ballistic correction, i.e. correction for interior and ex terior ballistic factors. Ausschalten der Grundstufe calibra tion correction, correction for velocity



auswechselbares Seelenrohr remov able liner (G). Ausweichbewegung / evading move ment, withdrawing movement to new position (Tac). ausweichen evade, give way, with draw, fall back (Tac). Ausweichflugplatz m dispersal land ing field. Ausweichgleis n siding (RR). Ausweichhafen m alternate airport. Ausvveichstelle / bypass (Road); siding (RR). Ausweichstellung / alternate posi tion. Ausweichyermittlung / alternate routing (emergency Tp Com). Ausweichziel n alternate target, sec ondary target (bombing). Ausweis m identification (card, docu ment, etc.); pass, permit. Ausweiskarte / identification card, pass, permit. Auswerfer m ejector (Ord). Auswerfervorrichtung / ejector mechanism (Ord). Auswertelineal n computing slide rule (FR). auswerten evaluate, interpret, com pute, plot (maps). Auswertestelle / computing station (SR). Auswertung/ evaluation, interpreta tion. Auszeichnung / decoration, medal. ausziehen extract, draw out, pull out. Auszieher m extractor (Ord). Ausziehgleis n lead track (RR). Auszugm extract, summary, depar ture; extension (Tech). Autobahn/ -automobile express high way. Autofrettage / cold-drawing, autofrettage (Ord). Autokartograph m stereoscopic plot ting machine. Autokolonne / motor vehicle column, motor march column. automatische Kurssteuerung auto matic pilot, mechanical pilot (Ap). Autoschleppstart m auto-tow take-off (glider). Axt / ax.

AuBenstelle / -outlying station or post. AuBenverspannung / external brac ing (Ap). AuBenwache / exterior guard. AuBenwerke npl outworks (Ft). auBerballistisch pertaining to ex terior ballistics. auBer .Betrieb out of order, not working. auBer Dienst retired (abbr. a.D.). auBer Gefecht gesetzt put out of action. auBere Ballistik exterior ballistics. auBerplanmaBig exceeding author ized-basic allowance or strength; not in accordance with plans; extraor dinary. aussenden to dispatch, send out, transmit. Aussetzen n posting (of guards); cessation (of rain, fire, etc.). Aussichtsturm m observation tower. aussondern to sort. Ausspahung / espionage, reconnais sance, spying. aussparen to leave untouched, to by pass. ausspringender Winkel salient. ausstatten equip. aussteigen bail out (Avn slang). AusstoBbiichse / smoke canister ejected from projectile on burst. AusstoBen n exhaust stroke (Mtr); expulsion. ausstoBen to expel, eliminate, cashier. Ausstrahlung / radiation. Austauschm exchange (PW, etc.). austauschbar interchangeable. Austauschschiff n exchange ship, car tel ship (Nav). Austauschstoff m substitute material. austreten relieve oneself, attend to one's needs. Aus- und AbgieBgerat n gas-spray ing apparatus (Ap, CWS). Auswanderungsmesser m lead com puter (A A). Auswanderungsstrecke / linear travel of target, leg between present and future positions (AAA). auswartig foreign. auswechselbar interchangeable, re movable.

ausspahen to spy, reconnoiter.

Ausweispapier n. identification papers.

Azetylen n acetylene. Azetylensauerstofifbrenner m oxyacet-


Ballon reif en
Azimutalprojektion / azimuthal pro jection. Azimutentfernungsmesser m depres sion position finder.

ylene torch. Azimutw azimuth.

Bach m stream, brook, rivulet. Bachiibergang m stream crossing1. Backbord n port side. Backe / cheek. Backenbremse / shoe brake (MT). Backenschiene / stock rail (RR). Backenstiick n cheek strap (harness). Backerei / bakery.
Backbordmotor m port engine.

Backereikompanie /

Badewa gen m, shower-bath truck. Bagger m excavator, dredge, po\ver shovel. Bahn / path, road; runway; rail road; orbit; course; trajectory. Bahnanlage / railroad installation. Bahndamm m, railroad embankment. Bahnhof m railroad station; trolley or bus station.
Bahnhofsleistung / station capacity (number of trains loaded or unloaded per day).

bakery company.

Baldachin m canopy (center section of upper wing of biplane).

BajonettstoB m bayonet thrust. BajonettverschluB m bayonet lock, bayonet joint. Bake / beacon; navigation guide, channel marker, landmark (Nav). Bakenempfang m radio-beacon recep tion. Bakterienkrieg m bacteriological warfare. Balken m balk, beam; girder; log. Balkenbahn/ timber road. BalkenfloB n timber raft.

Balkenstapel m log crib, timber crib (Bdg). Balkenverhau m timber obstacle.
Ballen m bulb (horse); heel (har ness) ; bale.

Balkensperre / timber road block. schwimmende Balkensperre floating boom.

Bahnhofsoffizier m railroad station traffic officer. Bahnhofswachabteilung / railroad station guard detachment. Bahnkorperm roadbed (RR). Bahnkrone / crown of roadbed (RR). Bahnplanum n subgrade (RR). Bahnsteig m platform (RR). Bahnsteigunterfiihrung / platform underpass (RR). Bahntransport m railroad transpor tation.
Bahniiberfuhrung / overpass (RR). Bahniibergang m railroad crossing. Bahnunterfiihrung / underpass (RR). Bajonett n bayonet. See also Seitengewehr. BajonettangriflF m bayonet charge. Bajonettfechten n bayonet fighting. Bajonettgriff m bayonet grip.
Bajonettkupplung / bayonet joint.

Ballistik / ballistics. ballistische Tageseinfliisse ballistic density and wind factors. Ballistit n ballistite (Am). Ballon m balloon. Ballonabweiser m anti-balloon device (Ap). Ballonamme / supply balloon, nurse balloon. Ballonbatterie / observation balloon section (Arty). Ballonbeobachter m, balloon observer. Ballonbeobachtung / balloon observa tion. Ballongurtm rigging band (captive Bin). Ballonhiille / envelope, gas bag, outer cover, balloon cover. Ballonkorb m balloon basket.
Ballonmannschaft / balloon crew. Ballonnetz n balloon net. Ballonfiihrer m balloon pilot. Ballonaufstiegplatz m balloon site.

Bahnverbindung / railroad line, rail road communication.

Ballonreifen m balloon tire.

Ballonsperre/ balloon barrage. Ballonstoff m balloon fabric. Ballonvariometer n balloon statoscope. Ballonventil n gas valve (Bin). Ballonwinde / balloon winch. Balta See ballistische Tageseinfliisse. Baltasekunden fpl ballistic density and wind factors in time-of-flight seconds. Baltasekunden-Verfahren n procedure in correcting for ballistic density and wind. Bananenstecker m banana plug. Bandn band, cord, tape, strip, rib bon. Bandbreite/ band width (Rad). Bandbremse / band brake (MT). Bunddienmikrophon n See Bandmikrophon. Bandfeder/ flat coil spring (fuze). Bandgestell n harness (gas mask). Bandmikrophon n ribbon microphone. Bandsage/ band saw. Bandspreizung / bandspread (Rad). Bank/ bench; lathe; bank; parapet, barbette. Bannware/ contraband of war. Baracke / temporary barracks, semi permanent cantonment building. Barackenlager n cantonment, camp having semipermanent buildings. Barbarabehelfsmeldung / hasty mete orological message (Arty). Barbarameldung / meteorological message (Arty) (from Barbara, patron saint of Arty). Barbaristm artilleryman (slang). See also Barbarameldung. Barbarasondermeldung / special meteorological message (Arty). Barbette / barbette. Barbettelafette / barbette carriage, barbette mount (G). Bargeld n cash. barometrische Reglerdose control aneroid (Ap engine). barometrisches Gefalle pressure gradient (Met). Basis / base; horizontal base (Btry Surv). Basislineal n base-line arm (plotting protractor). Bataillon n battalion. Bataillonsabschnitt m battalion sector. Bataillons-Adjutant m battalion ex


ecutive officer, aide to battalion com mander. Bataillonsfiihrer m battalion com mander; acting battalion commander. Bataillonsgefechtsstand m battalion command post. Bataillonshornist m drum major (formerly called Tambourmajor). Bataillonskolonne / battalion train. Bataillons-Kommandeur m battalion commander. Bataillonsnachrichtenstaffel / bat talion communication section. Bataillonsstab m battalion staff, bat talion headquarters. Bataillonstf-mbourstockm baton. BataillonstroB m battalion train. Bataillonsverbandplatz m battalion aid station. Batterie / battery (Arty, Elec). Batteriebild n battery-location plot (SR). Batteriechef m battery commander. Batteriefront / battery front. Batteriefiihrer m battery commander; acting battery commander. Batteriekasten m battery box (Elec). Batteriekran m gun hoist, loading crane (Arty). Batterieoffizier m executive (firing Btry). Batterieplan m firing chart (Arty). Batteriestand m See Batteriestellung. Batteriestellung / battery position (Arty). Batterietafel / battery manning table (Arty). Batterietrupp m battery detail, bat tery headquarters detail, battery commander's detail (Arty). Batterieziindung / battery ignition (Mtr). Bauw construction, structure, type of construction. Bauart / type of construction. Bauausfiihrung / construction, struc tural design. Baubataillon n construction bat talion. Bauch m abdomen, belly.

Bauchgurt m front cinch (pack saddle). Bauchlandung / belly landing (Avn). Bauchtreffer m sidewise-striking projectile.

Bauchfreiheit / (MT).

chassis clearance




Bedienungsplatte / (Rad). operating panel
Bedienungsschalter m operating switch (Eleo). Bedienungsvorschrift / operating in structions. bedingungslose Dbergabe uncondi tional surrender. Bedrohung / threat. Beendigung der Luftgefahr "all clear." Beerdigung / burial. Befehl m order, command. "Zu Befehl!" "Yes, sir!" (in ac knowledgment of an order). Befehlsausgabe / briefing, issuance of orders. Befehlsbefugnis / authority (Mil). Befehlsbereich m extent of com mand. Befehlsbestatigung / confirmatory order. Befehlsgebaude n control tower (Adrm). Bef ehlsgebung / giving of commands. befehlsgemafi according to instruc tions, as ordered. Befehlsgewalt / command, authority of command. Befehlsgruppe / command group. Befehlshaber m commander. Befehlshaber des Ersatzheeres See Chef der Heeresriistung und Befehls haber des Ersatzheeres. Befehlsnetz n command net. Befehlspanzer m command tank. Befehlssprache / terminology of orders. Befehlsstand m command post, head quarters. Befehlsstelle / control tower (Adrm); command post, headquarters. Bef ehlsiibermittlung / transmission of orders. Befehlsverhaltnisse npl chain of com mand. Befehlswagen m command car, com mand truck, commander's car, staff, car. Befehlsweg m chain of command, command channel. befestigt fortified; secured, tied, fastened. Befestigung / fortification. Befestigungsanlage/ fortified de fense system.
Befehlserteilung / issuance of orders.

Bauglied n structural unit, section of a structure, structure element. Bauholz n lumber. Baukompanie / construction company (Mil). BaumaB n structural dimensions. Baumbeobachtungsstand m observa tion post in a tree. Baumschiitze m, sniper in a tree. Baumsperre / abatis, dead abatis. Baumstamm m tree trunk. Baumstammkufe / log runner (log sled). Baumstumpfm tree stump. Baumuster n model, type (Ap, MT). Baumverhau m live abatis. Baumwollabf all m cotton waste, cot ton linters. Baumwolle / cotton. Bausoldat m engineer soldier in con struction unit. Baustabm construction staff. Baustange/ lance pole (Tp). Bautrupp m construction detail, con struction squad. Bautruppen fpl construction troops. Bauunternehmer m contractor,builder. Bauweise/ type of construction or structure, method of construction. Beamter m official, civil servant. See also Wehrmachtbeamter. Beanspruchung / load, stress, strain. beaufsichtigen supervise. Beauf tragter m representative. bebaute Felder cultivated fields. bebautes Gelande built-up area. Bedarf m requirements. bedeckt covered, overgrown; over cast (Met). fast bedeckt broken (Met). Bedeckung/ coverage (Met); escort, convoy, cover (Tao). Bedeckungsabteilung / covering party, escort detachment. Bedeckungsmannschaft / escort per sonnel. Bediener m controller (AA SL). Bedienung/ gun squad; service of the piece. Bedienungsanweisung / operating directions. Bedienungseinrichtung / control de vice, operating device. Bedienungsentlastung / relief of strain on pilot (Aim).

Bedienungsmannschaft / gun crew, gun squad.



Behelfsbrucke / emergency bridge, hasty bridge. BehelfsfloBsack m emergency pneumatic boat. Behelfsgasschutz m emergency gas protection. Behelfslandebriicke / hasty landing stage. behelfsmaBig improvised, hasty, emergency, temporary, auxiliary, makeshift. Behelfsmaterial n emergency con struction material. beherrschend commanding, dominat ing. BehinderungsschieBen n interdiction fire. Behmlot n fathometer, echo depth sounder (Nav); Behm sound-ranging altimeter, sonic altimeter (Ap). Behorde / authority (Adm, Law). behordlich zugelassen authorized, of ficially sanctioned. beibringen inflict (losses, etc.). Beiende n warp (of a rope). Beifahrerm rear rider, sidecar rider (Mtcl); assistant driver (MT). beifugen add; attach, enclose. beiklappbar folding. Beil n ax. Beiladung/ igniting charge, igniter, booster charge (Am). Beilage / enclosure, supplement (in a manual, etc.). Beilpicke / pickax. Beinleder npl leather puttees, leather leggins. Beisitzer m law. member. BeiBzange / nippers. beitragen contribute to, cooperate. beitreiben to requisition (from civil ians); to commandeer. Beitreibung/ requisitioning (from civilians). Beitreibungsschein m requisition re ceipt (for civilian property). Beiwagen m sidecar (Mtcl). Beiwagenkrad n sidecar motorcycle. Beiwert m coefficient. Bekanntgabe / announcement. bekleiden to revet (Ft); to clothe; to hold (office). Bekleidun<y/ revetment (Ft); cloth ing. Bekleidungsentgiftung/ clothing de contamination.

Befestigungsarbeiten fpl fortifica tions, works. Befestigungswerk n permanent forti fication, work. befeuern to mark or light with beacon lights (an airway or Adrm). befordern to forward (supplies, etc.); promote; transmit. Befb'rderung / advancement, promo tion; transmission, forwarding, transportation. Beforderungsliste / promotion list. Beforderungsmittel n carrier, vehi cle; means of transportation; means of transmission. Befragung/ questioning (of PW, etc.). Befugnis / authority, powers. begasen to gas (CWS). Begasung/ laying of gas obstacles, gassing (CWS). Begegnungsgefecht n meeting engage ment. .beglaubigen certify, authenticate, verify, confirm. beglaubigt authenticated, certified, notarized, verified, confirmed. Beglaubigung / authentication, cer tification, confirmation, verification. Begleitartillerie / accompanying ar tillery. Begleitbatterie / accompanying bat tery. Begleiterm escort; assistant driver. Begleitfeuer n accompanying fire. Begleitgeschiitz n accompanying gun. Begleitkommando n escort party, escort detachment, covering party. Begleitpanzer m accompanying tank. Begleitschiff n escort vessel. Begleitschutz m escort, fighter escort (Avn). Begleitzettel m emergency medical tag. Begleitzu^ m convoy. Begrabnis n burial. begrenztes Ziel limited objective. Begrenzungshebel m clamping lever (MG). Begrenzungsstift m traversing stop (MG). Behalterm gasoline tank; container. Behandlung / treatment. Beharrungsvermogen n inertia. Behelf m expedient, makeshift. Behelfsantenne / emergency antenna.



observer Beobachterabzeichen n badge (decoration). Beobachterfernrohr n observer tele scope. Beobachtersitz m observer's seat (Ap). beobachtetes SchieBen observed fire. Beobachtung/ observation; spotting (Arty). Beobachtung der Langenabweichung vertical spotting (Arty). Beobachtungsabteilung / observation battalion (Arty). Beobachtungsbereich m observation area (Arty). Beobachtungsfehler m personnel error. Beobachtungsfernrohr n observation telescope (BC telescope). Beobachtungskorb m observer's bas ket (captive Bin). Beobachtungskuppel / cupola (Tk). Beobachtungsmine / controlled mine, observation mine (Nav). Beobachtungsnetz n observation post system (Arty). Beobachtungsoffizier m observation post officer (Arty). Beobachtungspatrone / explosive smoke-producing observation cart ridge. Beobachtungsraum m " searching sec tor (AAA); observation area. Beobachtungsrohr n trench periscope. Beobachtungsstand m See Beobachtungsstelle. Beobachtungsstelle / observation post. Beobachtungsturm m cupola (Tk). Beobachtungs- und Wirkungsstreifen m sector of fire (SA firing). Beobachtungswagen m' observer's car. Beobachtungswinkel m aiming point offset (Arty). Beobachtung von seitlicher Beobach tungsstelle flank spotting (Arty). Berater m adviser. berechnen calculate. Berechtigung/ authorization; justi fication. Bereich m area, district, zone; range, scope. Bereifung / tires, set of tires. bereit ready. Bereitschaft / alert, preparedness, readiness. Bereitschaften fpl alerted reserve troops or police.

Bekleidungsnachweis m clothing ac count. Bekleidungssack m duffle bag, barrack(s) bag. Bekleidungsstuck n article of cloth ing. Bekostigungsgeld n garrison ration. Bekostigungsmittel npl ration sup plies, subsistence supplies. Beladeplan m stowage chart (for vehicle). Belag m planking (Bdg); reinforc ing strap (harness). belagern besiege. Belagerung / siege. Belagerungszustand m state of siege. beliistigen to annoy, harass (Tac). Belastung/ load, maximum load (Engr); inductance (Rad). bleibende Belastung basic load (Ap). Belastungsfaktor m load coefficient. Belastungsprobe / load test. Belegm voucher, proof, evidence, document. belegen to cover (with fire), to fire on, to shell; to billet. Belegung/ coverage; shelling; bil leting, quartering; condenser plate (Rad). Belegungsstarke / density of gas coverage (CWS). BelehrungsschieBen n instruction firing. Belehrungs- und VersuchsschieBen n special service practice (Arty). beleuchten illuminate, light. Beleuchtung / illumination. Beleuchtungsfenster n illuminating window (panoramic sight). Belichtung/ exposure (Photo). beliefern to deliver, to supply. Beliif tung / ventilation. Beliiftungsanlage / ventilation sys tem. Bemannung / complement, crew. benachrichtigen inform. Benennung / nomenclature. Benzin n gasoline. Benzinbehalter m gasoline tank. Benzinkanister m gasoline container. Benzinmanometer w gasoline pres sure gage. Benzinstandmesser m fuel gage. Benzol n benzol. Beobachter m observer; air observer, navigator-observer.

Bereitschaftsbaracke / cantonment building for troops on the alert, alert hut. Bereitschaf tsbataillon w reserve bat talion. Bereitschaftslazarett n mobile sur gical unit. Bereitschaf tsmunition / ammunition at the gun, ammunition kept in rea diness (Arty). Bereitstellung / moving into assem bly area or position; assembly posi tion, position of readiness (Tac); making ready, preparation. Bereitstellungsbefehl m assembly order. Bereitstellungsplatz m assembly po sition, assembly point (Tac). Bereitstellungsraum m assembly area (Tac). Bergm hill, mountain (collective: Gebirge n). bergab downhill. bergauf uphill. Bergedienst m recovery service, sal vage collecting service. Bergegrrat n recovery equipment, salvage collecting equipment. Bergekolonne / recovery column, sal vage column. Bergekommando n collecting unit, salvage party, recovery party. Bergen n recovery, salvage. Bergenge / defile. Berger-Mischung / Berger-type smoke agent (mixture composed of two parts of nine dust to three parts of hexachlorethane). Berghang m mountain slope, hillside. Bergjoch n saddle (Top). Bergkammm crest (Top).. Bergmiitze / mountain cap, alpine cap. Bergrucken m ridge (Top). Bergschuhe mpl mountain boots, ski boots. Bergstriche mpl hachures. Bergung/ rescue, salvage, recovery. Bergungskolonne / See Bergekolonne. Bergungsschiff n rescue vessel, sal vage vessel. Bericht m report; communique, news dispatch. Berichter m correspondent, reporter. berichtigen collimate (Surv); cor rect, rectify, adjust.


Berichtigung / collimation (Surv); adjustment, correction, rectification. Berichtigungswalze / adjustment drum (range finder). beritten mounted (on horse). berittene Artillerie horse artillery. Berme/ berm (Ft). bersten to burst, explode. beriicksichtigen to consider, to allow for, take into consideration. Beriicksichtigung / consideration, al lowance for, correction for. Beriihrung/ touch, contact. Beriihrungslinie / tangent. Beriihrungspunkt m point of contact. Beriihrungswarngerat n high-volt age warning device. Beriihrungszeichen n touch signal (Tk). Beriihrungsziindung / contact fire (Nav). Besatzung / garrison, crew. Besatzungsheer n army of occupa tion. Beschadigung / damage, injury. beschaffen procure. Beschaffung / procurement. bescheinigen certify, authenticate, receipt for. Bescheinigung / authentication, cer tificate, receipt, voucher. beschieBen to shell, to fire at. der Lange nach beschieBen to en filade. Beschlag m ferrule. beschlagen to shoe. Beschlagmeister m horseshoer (with rank of Tech Sgt). Beschlagnahme / confiscation, sei zure. Beschlagschmied m horseshoer. Beschlagschmiedobergefreiter m horseshoer (with rank of Cpl). beschleunigen accelerate. Beschleuniger m accelerator. Beschleunigung / acceleration, Beschleunigungsmesser m accelerometer (Ap). BeschuB m fire, shooting. BeschuBfestigkeit / resistance to fire, resistance to penetration (ar mor). beschuBsicher bulletproof. beschiitzen protect. Beschwerde / complaint. Beschwerungsrohr n counterpoise, counterweight (G).

Beschwerungsstiick n
• rungsrohr.

See Beschwe-

Bestattung / burial. Bestattungskommando n burial detail. bestechen to bribe. Bestechung / bribery. Besteckw ship's position; set of in struments or utensils; knife, fork and spoon (considered as unit of mess kit). Bestellnummer / requisition number. Bestellschein m requisition ticket (Adm). Bestellung / requisition (Adm). Bestimmung/ regulation; decision; destination; determination. Bestraf ung / punishment. bestreichen to graze, sweep (with fire); to spread, cover, coat. bestreichendes Feuer grazing fire (Arty). bestrichener Raum beaten zone (fir ing). bestrichener Raum der Kerngarbe effective beaten zone, 85% zone (MG fire). Bestiickung/ armament (Ap, Tk). betatigen actuate, bring into play, set going, put into operation. Betaubungsmittel n anesthetic. Beton m concrete. Betonbaum concrete construction. Betonbombe / concrete bomb. Betonbriicke / concrete bridge. Betonbunker m concrete bunker, con crete pillbox. betoniert concrete, built of or rein forced with concrete. Betonmischmaschine / concrete mixer. Betonschicht / layer of concrete, con crete burster course. Betonsperre/ concrete obstacle. Betonstarke / thickness of con crete. Betonturmm concrete turret (Ft). Betonunterstand w, concrete shelter, concrete dugout. Betrag m, amount, sum. Betrauung/ charge, trust. Betriebm operation (Tp, Rad); traffic; action; factory. auBer Betrieb not in use, out of order, not running. Betriebsbuch n station log (Rad). Betriebsf unkspruch m routine radio message. Betriebskompanie/ operating com pany (Adrm, RR, Tp).

besetzt busy (Tp); occupied, invaded. Besetztschauzeichen n "busy" signal light (Tp). Besetztzeichen n busy signal (Tp). Besetzung / occupation. Besetzungsarmee / army of occupa tion. besichtigen inspect, review. Besichtigung / inspection, review. besiegen to defeat. Besitz m property. Besoldung / payment, pay, wages. Besoldungsdienstalter n seniority for computation of pay. Besoldungseinbehaltung / detention of pay. Besoldungswesen n pay and allow ance administration. Besoldungszulage / additional pay. Besoldungszulage nach dem Dienstalter longevity pay. besonder special. besondere Anordnungen administra tive details in combat orders. besondere Dienstzweige special ser vices. besondere Einfliisse interior ballistic factors. besondere und Witterungseinfliisse interior and exterior ballistic factors. besorgen procure. Besorgung / procurement. bespannt animal-drawn; covered with stressed skin (Ap). Bespannung / covering (Ap skin or fabric); team of horses. Besprechung/ consultation, critique, discussion, conference. Bestallungsurkunde / certificate of appointment. Bestandm stock (supplies, equipment, etc.); inventory, supply, strength, balance, cash on hand. Bestandsbuch n stock book. Bestandsliste / inventory of supplies, equipment, etc.; property book. Bestandsnachweisung / stock inven tory, stock report. Bestandteil m component. bestatigen confirm.

Beselerstegm hasty trestle foot bridge (named after General H. H. van Beseler: 1850-1921).

beseitigen reduce (a stoppage) (Ord); remove (an obstacle).




Betriebsschalter m operating switch bevollmachtigen to authorize, em (Tp). power. Betriebssicherheit / reliability of bevollmachtigter Transportoffizier operation, safety of operation. chief transportation officer (on an Betriebsstoff m fuel, gasoline, Diesel army staff). fuel. bewachen to guard. Betriebsstoffausgabestelle / gasoline Bewachungsfahrzeug M patrol vessel, and lubricants distributing point. escort vessel (Nav). Jetriebsstoffkesselkraftwagen m gaso bewaffnet armed. line tank truck. Bewaffnung / armament. Betriebsstoffkolonne / gasoline and Bewahrung / proving of fitness, com lubricants supply column. petence or durability. Betriebsstoffversorgung/ gasoline beweglich mobile, movable,' moving, and lubricants supply. flexible, portable. Betriebsstoffverwaltungskompanie / bewegliches Geschiitz flexible gun. gasoline and lubricants administra bewegliches Hindernis portable ob tion company. stacle. Betriebsstoffzusatzmittel n dope (for bewegliches Maschinengewehr flex Avn gasoline). ible machine gun. Betriebsstrom m operating current. bewegliches Ziel moving target. Betriebsstunde / hour of operation. Beweglichkeit / mobility, maneuver Betriebsunterlagen fpl consolidated ability. plan of telephone communication. Bewegung / movement. Bettung/ roadbed (RR); ground Bewegungsbuch n record of transac tions. platform (RR gun); base (fixed G); foundation (G emplacement). Bewegungskontrolle / flight control Bettungsloch n gun platform excava : (Avn). tion (RR 'gun). Bewegungskrieg m war of movement, Beugung/ diffraction. mobile warfare. beunruhigen to disturb, harass, cause BewegungsgroBe / momentum. uneasiness. bewegungsunfahig incapable of mov Beunruhigung / harassment, uneasi ing, immobilized; stuck, stalled ness, disturbance, alarm. (MT). Beunruhigungsfeuer n harassing fire. Bewehrung/ cable armor (Tp); iron beurlaubt 'on leave. reinforcement (concrete construc Beurlaubteristand m reserve status. tion). Offizier des Beurlaubtenstandes of Beweismaterial n written evidence. ficer commissioned for the duration Bewetterung/ mine ventilation. (abbr. d.B.). bewirken to cause, bring about, beurteilen estimate, judge, evaluate, effect. interpret. bezeugen to certify, witness. Beurteilung / estimate, appreciation, beziehen to mount (guard); occupy (a position); collect (pay). judgment. Beute/ booty, captured materiel, Bezirk m district. Bezug m datum, reference, relation. prize, pillage, loot. datum level, datum Beutebergungsabteilung / salvage Bezugsebene/ plane (Surv). detachment for captured materiel. Bezugsflache/ See Bezugsebene. Beutegeschiitz n captured gun. Bezugslinie / datum line, reference Beute-Kraftfahrzeug n captured mo line (Surv). tor vehicle. Bezugspunkt m check point, datum Beutelm bag, pouch. point. Beutesammelstelle / See Beutestelle. Bezugsschein m ration card; requi Beutestab m salvage staff for cap sition ticket. tured enemy materiel. Beutestelle / salvage depot, salvage bezwingen to reduce, overcome (Tac).' Biberwehrw beaver dam. dump (for enemy materiel). Biegemaschine / bending machine. Bevolkerung / population.

Biegung/ bend, turn, flexure. Bildra picture, photograph. Bildaufklarung / photographic re connaissance. Bildauswertung / interpretation of photographs. Bildberichter m war photographer (in Ger propaganda company). Bilderkundung / photographic recon naissance. Bildflieger m aerial photographer. Bildfunk m radiophotography, radiophoto transmission. Bildmefiwesen n photogrammetry. BildoiBzier m photographer (officer). Bildplan m controlled mosaic (aerial Photo). Bildplanskizze / partially controlled mosaic (aerial Photo). Bildpunkt m picture point (aerial Photo). Bildreihe / strip mosaic (aerial Photo). Bildskizze / uncontrolled mosaic (aerial Photo). Bildwerferm still projector (Photo). Binauralverfahren n binaural method (sound locator). Binde / bandage. binden contain (Tac); bind, tie. Binder m necktie (Clo). Bindereif en m rim (G-carriage wheel). BinnenwasserstraBe / inland water way. Bittschrift / petition. Biwak n bivouac. Biwakskommandant m bivouac com mander (ranking officer at bivouac). Biwaksplatz m bivouac (site). blanker Draht bare wire (Tp). blanke Waffe "cold steel." Waffen armes blanches, hand weapons. Blasangriff m cloud attack, cloud gas attack, gas-cylinder attack. Blase / blister. blasenziehend blistering, vesicant. blasenziehender Kampfstoff vesicant agent (CWS). Blasflasche/ gas cylinder (CWS). Blaspistole / air gun, compressed-air cleaner (MT). Blasverfahren n gas-cylinder method (of gas release) (CWS). Blatt n leaf; blade; sheet; propeller blade.


Blattchenpulver n flake powder (Am). Blattern fpl smallpox. Blattfeder/ leaf spring (MT). Blaukreuz n sternutators (Ger. marking "Blue Cross") (CWS). Blaupause / blueprint. Blausaure / hydrocyanic acid, prussic acid (CWS). Blech n sheet metal; nonsense (slang). Blechbehalter m metal container. Blechbeplankung / metal skin (Ap). Blechbiichse/ can; sheet-metal box or container. Blechgehause n sheet-metal case, sheet-metal housing. Blechkanister m metal container (for water, gasoline, etc.). Blechschmied m tinsmith. Blechtrommel / metal drum. Bleiw lead (metal). Bleichmittel n bleach. Bleimantelm lead jacket (Am); lead sheath (armored cable). Bleiplombe / lead seal. Bleisammler m lead-plate storage battery. Bleispritzer m lead spatter, bullet spatter. Bleitetraathyl n tetraethyl lead. Blendabdeckung / shutter cover (Tk). Blende / gun mantlet, gun shield, shielded port (Tk); diaphragm (Photo); occulter (SL); 'shutter. blenden to blind, to dazzle; to cover or shield; to lay a smoke screen. Blendenhebel m shutter lever (SL). Blendkbrper m frangible glass smoke grenade. Blendschutz-Scheibe / anti-glare windshield. BlendungsschieBen n smoke-screen ing fire (Arty). Blickfeldn field of view (Optics). Blindabwurf m emergency release (bombing). Blindflugw blind flying, instrument flying. Blindganger m dud. blindgeladen blank, with inert filling. blindgeladene Granate blank shell. Blindkurbeln n blindfold operation of crankwheels (gun-laying exercise). Blindlandung / instrument landing. Blindwiderstand m reactance (Elec). Blinken n signal-lamp transmission.

Blinkfeuer n flashing light, blinker light (Avn). Blinkgerat n signal lamp, signal-lamp apparatus. Blinklampe/ signal lamp. Blinkspruch m signal-lamp message. Blinkstelle / signal-lamp station. Blinksuchtrupp m signal-lamp spot ting squad. Blinktornister m portable signallamp case. Blinktrupp m signal-lamp team. Blinkverbindung / signal-lamp com munication. Blinkverfahren n lamp-signaling method. Blinkzeichen n flash signal (Sig lamp). Blitz TO lightning, lightning flash. Blitzableiter m lightning arrester. Blitzbundel n lightning-flash cluster (badge worn by Sig Pers). Blitzkrieg in lightning war, blitzkrieg. Blitzlichtbombe / photo flashbomb. Blitzschutzsicherung / lightning ar rester. Blitzstrahlm lightning flash. Block m block; writing pad. Blockwart m block warden. Blumenkohlm cauliflower; Oak Leaf Cluster (slang). Bluse / service coat, blouse. Blut n blood. Blutgruppe / blood group, blood type. Blutopfer n heavy losses, heavy casualties. Blutorden TO medal awarded to par ticipants in Munich riots of 1923. • Blutspender TO blood donor. Blutvergiftung / blood-poisoning. Bo/ squall, gust. Bockw trestle, bent (Bdg); wagondriver's seat. Bockbeinra trestle leg (Bdg). Bockbrucke / trestle bridge. Bockschnellsteg m hasty trestle bridge. Bockschniirbund m square lashing (Bdg). Bocksprengwerk n lock-spar support '(Bdg). Bockwagen TO trestle carrier (MT). Boden TO ground (Top); base (Am); floor; earth; bottom. Bodenabstandszunder m base delayaction fuze (Am).


Bodenabwehr/ antiaircraft defense, antiaircraft artillery, ground de fense. Bodenanlage / ground installation. Bodenantenne / surface antenna. Bodenaushub TO spoil (Engr, Ft). Bodenbedienung / ground crew (Avn). Bodenbewachsung / vegetation (Top). Boden-Bord air-ground (Sig Com). Bodenbrett n floor board (MT). Bodendienst TO base services (Avn). Bodendruck TO ground pressure. spezifischer Bodendruck ground pressure per unit area (MT, Tk). Bodenerhebung / elevation, rise (Top). Bodenfalte/ furrow, gully (Top). Bodenfreiheit / road clearance (MT). Bodenfunkdienst TO ground radio ser vice (Avn). Bodenfunkstelle / ground radio sta tion. Eodengestaltung / configuration of ground, terrain features. Bodenhaftung / road traction (MT). Bodenkanzel / ball turret, belly tur ret, ventral turret (Ap).

Bodenanlage der Luftwaffe service area.


Bodenkaminerladung / (Am).
Bodenkrepierer m

base charge

blutstillend styptic.

Bodenlader m supercharger with low blower ratio (Ap). Bodenlafette / ventral gun mount (Ap). Bodenleitung / surface line (Tp). Bodenluke / escape hatch in belly or floor (Ap, Tk). Bodennavigation / pilotage (Avn). Bodennebel m ground fog. Bodenorganisation / ground person nel (Avn). Bodenpeilfunkstelle / radio direction finder station (Avn). Bodenpersonal n air base troops; ground crew, ground personnel, maintenance personnel, service per sonnel (Avn). Bodenplatte/ base plate (Mart). Bodenpunkt TO place mark (Surv). Bodenschwanz m tail (of a bomb). Bodensicht/ ground visibility (Avn). auf Bodensicht in sight of the ground.

Bodenpeilstelle / stelle.

See Bodenpeilfunk



Bombenabwurfzielgerat n See Bombenzielgeriit. Bombenabzughebel m bomb control, bomb rack control (Ap). Bombenangriff m bombing attack, bombing raid (Avn). Bombenauslosung / bomb release. Bombenauslb'sungsvorrichtung / bomb control mechanism, bomb release mechanism (Ap). Bombeneinschlag m bomb hit. Bombenfallkurve / bomb trajectory. Bombenfallzeit / time of fall (bomb ing). Bombenfernrohr n telescopic bomb sight (Ap). bombenfesf bomb-resistant, bomb proof. Bombenflieger mpl bombardment avi ation. Bombenflugbahn / bomb trajectory. Bombenflugzeug n bombardment air plane, bomber. Bombengeschwader n bomber wing. See also Geschwader. Bombenhebel m bomb release handle. Bombenhiille / bomb case.

Bodenstelle/ ground station (Rad). Bodenstrahlung / ground radiation (Rad). Bodenstiickw floor plate, butt as sembly (MG); breech, breech ring (G). Bodenstiicksperre / floor-plate lock (MG). Bodentreffbild n dispersion pattern, horizontal shot group. Bodentreffer m overended shot. Bodenverdichter m road grader and tamper. Bodenwanne/ bottom gondola (Ap). Bodenwelle/ ground wave (Rad). Bodenwellenempfangszone / groundwave reception zone (Rad). Bodenwindm surface wind. Bodenziel n ground target. Bodenziinder in base detonating fuze. Boenkragen m arcus, scud roll (Met). Bogen m arc, arch; bend, curve; sheet (of paper). Bogenbriicke / arched bridge. Bogenlampe / arc lamp. Bogenspitze / ogive (Am). Bohle / plank. Bohlenbahn / plank road. bohren to drill, bore. Bohrerm bit, drill, auger. Bohrladung / borehole blasting charge. Bohrloch n borehole. Bohrpatrone/ blasting cartridge. , Bohrung/ bore (Mech). Bohrwinde / brace (a tool). Bbigkeit / turbulence (Met). Boje / buoy. Bola / See Bodenlafette. Bolinie / squall line. Bolzen m bolt, pin. Bombardierung / bombing, bombard ment. Bombe / bomb. Bombe mit Verzugszeit time bomb. Bombenabwurf m bomb release. Bombenabwurf auf Flachenziel area bombing. Bombenabwurf gerat n bomb release controls. Bombenabwurfkurve / bomb trajec tory. Bombenabwurfvorrichtung / bomb control mechanism, bomb release mechanism (Ap). Bombenabwurfwinkel in dropping angle (bombing).

Bombenjager m "bomber destroyer" (airplane employed to combat bomb ers by dropping bombs on them).
Bombenkammer / bomb bay (Ap). Bombenklappe / bomb-bay doors, bomb doors (Ap). Bombenkopf m bomb nose. Bombenlast / bomb load.
Bombenlochu bomb crater.

Bombenmagazin n bomb bay (Ap). Bombenreihe / train of bombs, bomb train. Bombenrichtgerat n bomb sight. Bombenschacht m bomb rack (Ap). Bombenschiitze m bombardier. Bombenschiitzenstand m bombardier's position, bombardier's compartment. bombensicher bomb-resistant, bomb proof, heavy shellproof. bombensichere Deckung bombproof shelter. Bombenteppich m practice-bombing panel. Bombentiefangriff m low-level bomb ing attack (Avn). Bombentreffer m bomb hit. Bombenvisier n bomb sight (Ap). Bombenvolltreffer m direct bomb hit. Bombenwurf m bomb release, bomb ing.

Bombenwurfplatz m target area (bombing). Bombenzielapparat m See Bombenzielgerat. Bombenzielgeriit n bomb sight. Boraben-Zubringewagen m bomb trailer. Bombenziinder m, bomb fuze.


Bordverstandigungsanlage / inter communication system (Ap, Tk). Bordwaffen fpl aircraft armament; tank armament. BordwaffenbeschuB m fire from air craft weapons.
Bordwandwagen m (RR).


gezielter Bombenwurf

gondola car

Boot n boat; hull (of flying boat).

Bootshaken m boathook. Bootsmann m boatswain (Nav). Bordaufklurer m shipboard reconnais sance airplane. Bordbatterie / aircraft radio battery. Bordbuch n log book (Ap). Borderkunder m shipboard reconnais sance airplane. Bordflak/ shipboard antiaircraft ar tillery.
Bordbesatzung / air crew.

Bordwart m flight mechanic, flight engineer (Avn). Bord zu Boden air-ground (Sig Com). Borsalbe / boric acid ointment. Borte/ braid (Clo). Bb'schung / escarpment, scarp, slope. Boschung im Abtrag downward slope. Bb'schung in Auftrag upward slope. Boschungsanlage / batter (Ft).
Bbrsaure / boric acid.

Bordfliegerstaffel / squadron of car rier-based airplanes.

Bordflugzeug n shipboard airplane. Bordfunker m radio operator (Avn). Bordgerat n intercommunication tele phone (Ap, Tk). Bordgerate npl aircraft equipment; aircraft instruments. Bordlafette / gun mount on ship or airplane. Bordlandefackel / landing flare (Avn).

Boschungswinkel m, angle of slope, gradient angle, gradient (Top). Botschaft/ embassy; message.
Bowdenzug in bowden control cable (control cable in flexible steel con duit).

Boschungskante / military crest (Top). BoschungsfuB m foot of slope (Top). Bb'schungskrone / See Boschungs kante.

Bordmannschaft / air crew. Bord-Maschinengewehr n aircraft machine gun. Bordmechaniker m flight engineer. Bordmonteurm aircraft mechanic; flight engineer (Avn}. Bordmunition / aircraft ammunition. Bordnetz n aircraft wiring system (Elec). Bordpeiler m radio compass, direction finder, direction-finder operator (Ap). Bordschiitze m aerial gunner, gunner (Avn). Bordsprechanlage / intercommunica., tion system, interphone system (Ap, Tk). Bordsprechgerat n intercommunica tion telephone, interphone (Ap, Tk). Bordtelephon n interphone (Ap, Tk). Bordverpflegvmg / flight ration (Avn).

Boxe / submarine pen; aircraft revet ment (colloquial). Boxermotor m opposed-piston engine. B.-Patrone / See Beobachtungspatrone. Brakenstange / side rail (limber). Bramo / name of a type of aircraft engine (abbr. of Brandenburgische Motorenwerke).

Brand m fire; gangrene. Brandbinde / absorbent gauze treated with bismuth for burns. Brandbombe / incendiary bomb. Brandbombenbundel n cluster of in cendiary bombs. Brander m fire raft. Brandflasche/ frangible grenade, in cendiary bottle, "Molotov cocktail." BrandgeschoB n incendiary bullet, incendiary projectile. Brandgranate / incendiary shell.

Bordverstandigung / interphone com munication.

Brandhahn m distributor cock (of Ap fire extinguisher). Brandmasse / incendiary composition. Brandmeister m fire marshal. Brandmittel n incendiary agent.

Brandmunition/ incendiary ammuni tion.

Brandsatz m incendiary composition, incendiary filling (Am). Brandschott n fire wall (Ap). Brandschutzm fire prevention, fire protection. Brandspant m See Brandschott. Brandstoff m incendiary agent. Brand- und Asche-Taktik / scorched earth tactics. Brandwirkung / incendiary effect. Brandwunde / burn. Bratlingm soya-bean meat subsfitute. Bratlingspulver n soya-bean flour. brauchbar serviceable, usable; prac ticable. Braunkohle / lignite. Braunsche Rbhre cathode-ray tube. Braunstein m manganese dioxide. Braunsteinbeutel m manganese dioxide compartment (of Eleo cell). Brecheisen n See Brechstange. Brechreiz m nausea. Brechstange / crowbar, pinch-bar. Breite / width. Breitenausdehnung / extension in width (Tac). Breitenfeuer n distributed fire (R, MG); sweeping fire, traversing fire (MG). Breitenfeuer mit Tiefenfeuer tra versing and searching fire (MG). Breitengliederung / distribution, for mation, or organization in width (Tac). Breitengrad m degree of latitude. Breitenhohe/ meridian altitude (ce lestial navigation). Breitenkreis m parallel of latitude. Breitenstreuung / direction disper sion, deflection dispersion (Ballis tics). Breiten- und Tiefenfeuer n traversing and searching fire (MG). Breitenziel n linear target. Breitkeil m inverted wedge formation (Tac). Breitseite/ flank (Tac); broadside (Nav). Breitspur / wide gage (RR). Bremsarmm brake arm (G-carriage wheel brake). Bremsausgleich m brake equalization; brake equalizer. Bremsbacke / brake shoe. Bremsband n brake band. Bremsbelag m brake lining.


Bremsbockm brake carrier (G car riage). Bremsbuchse / brake bushing (recoil mechanism). Bremse / brake, buffer. Bremsfeder/ brake release spring (MT). Bremsfliissigkeit / recoil oil (G); brake fluid (MT). BremsfuBhebel m brake pedal (MT). Bremsgestange n brake rod (MT). Bremsgitter n suppressor grid (Rad tube). Bremshebelm brake level (G, MT); locking lever (panoramic telescope). Bremsklappe / landing flap, wing flap (Ap). Bremsklaue/ brake shoe (G-carriage wheel). Bremsklotz m brake shoe; chock, wheel block. Bremskolben m recoil piston (G). Bremsleistung / brake horsepower. Bremslichtm stop light (MT). Bremsscheibe / brake drum. Bremsspur/ skid mark (MT). Bremsstrecke / stopping distance (MT); braking section (Ap catapult). Bremstrager m anchor pin (of brake shoes). Bremstritt m brake pedal. Bremstrommel / brake drum. Bremsvorrichtung / recoil mechanism (G); brake mechanism (MT). Bremswegm stopping distance (MT). Bremswirkung / braking effect. Bremszylinder 'm recoil cylinder (G); brake cylinder (MT). Brenndauer / burning rate, burning time (fuze). Brennebene / focal plane (Optics). Brennermotor m internal combustion engine. Brenngemisch n gasoline mixture. Brenngeschwindigkeit / burning rate, rate of burning (fuze). Brennlangenschieber m corrector (fuze). Brennpunkt m focus (Optics). » Brennstoff m gasoline, fuel, Diesel fuel. Brennstofflager n gasoline dump, fuel dump. Brennstofftankwagen m gasoline tank truck. Brennstoffverbrauch m gasoline con sumption, fuel consumption.

Brennstoflfvorrat m gasoline supply, fuel supply. Brennweite/ focal distance (Optics). Brennziinder m powder-train fuze (shell); igniting fuze, time fuze (hand grenade). BrennzunderschuB m time fire (Arty). Bresche / breach. Brett n board, panel. Bretterbahn/ boardwalk, duckboard (trench). Bretterbock m plank trestle. Bretterstapel m plank crib (Bdg). Brettertafel / plank floor (Bdg). Bretterteppich m plank flooring (rope Bdg). Brettstiickmine / duckboard mine, pressure-board mine. Briefmarke/ postage stamp. Brieftaube / carrier pigeon, homing pigeon, messenger pigeon. Brieftaubenmeister m pigeoneer (Tech Sgt). Brieftaubenpfleger m pigeoneer. Brieftaubenschlag m pigeon loft. Brieftaubenstelle / See Brieftauben schlag. Brigade / brigade. Brigadefiihrer m brigade commander. See also SS-Brigadefiihrer. Brigadekommando n brigade head quarters. ' Brillenglassalbe / antidim compound (for gas mask). brisant high-explosive. Brisanz / brisance, explosive effect. Brisanzgranate / high-explosive shell. Brisanzschrapnell n high-explosive shrapnel. Brisanzsprengstoff m detonating ex plosive. Brombenzylzyanid n brombenzylcyanide (CWS). Bromzyan n cyanogen bromide (CWS). Brotbeutelm field bag, musette bag. Brotsatz m bread ration. Bruch m crack-up, crash (Avn); fraction (Math); fracture, rupture. Bruchfestigkeit / breaking strength. Bruchgrenze / point of rupture (Meeh). Bruchlandung / crash landing (Avn). bruchsicher breakproof, shatterproof. Bruchstiick n fragment. Briicke / bridge.


BriinierungBriicke mit festen Stutzen fixed bridge. Briicke mit schwimmenden Stutzen floating bridge. Bruckenachse / bridge center line. Briickenbahn / bridge roadway. Briickenbau m bridge construction; bridge structure; bridging. Briickenbaubataillon n bridge con* struction battalion. Briickenbaugerat n bridge-building equipment. Briickenbelag m chess, planking (Bdg). Briickenbock m bridge trestle. Brtickenbogen m arch, span (Bdg). Briickendamm m approach embank ment (Bdg). Briickenendwiderlager n abutment (Bdg). Briickenfahrbahn / See Bruckenbahn. Briickenfahrzeug n bridge-carrying vehicle. Briickengelr.nder n bridge railing. Briickengerat n bridge equipage, bridge equipment. Briickenglied n bay, section (Bdg). Briickenkolonne / bridge column, ponton train, bridge train. Briickenkommandant m bridge com mander. Briickenkopf m bridgehead. Briickenkopflinie / bridgehead line. Briickenkopfstellung / bridgehead position. Briickenlinie / bridge center line. Briickenoberbau m superstructure (Bdg). Bruckenpanzerkampfwagen m bridgecarrying tank. Briickenpfeiler m pile (Bdg). Briickenschlag m bridge construction, bridging. Briickenskizze / bridge diagram. Briickenspitze / open end of bridge under construction. Bruckenstelle / bridge site. Briickenstrecke / bay (Bdg). Briickenstiitzweite / span of bridge. Briickentrupp m bridge-construction party. Bruckeniiberbau m See Briickenober bau. Briickenunterbau m foundation, sub structure (Bdg). Briickenwiderlager n abutment (Bdg). Briinierung/ browning (anti-rust

Brunnen m well. Brustblatt n breast-collar body (pack saddle). Brustbohrer m hand drill. Brustfallschirm m chest pack para chute. Brustfernsprecher m head and chest set (Tp). Brustschildm shield (G). Brustwehr / breastwork, parapet. Brustwehrkrone / fire crest (trench). Bruttotonnengehaltm gross tonnage (Nav). ' B.-Stelle/ See Beobachtungsstelle. B-Stoffm bromaceton (CWS). Buchse / jack, socket (Rad); bush ing. Buchse/ box, can, canister; case; gas-mask carrier; filter canister. Buchsenfilter m canister filter (gas mask). Biichsenfleisch n canned meat. Biichsenkonserven fpl canned f ood> canned ration. Buchsringm bushing (G). Buchstabengruppe / code group (Sig C). Buchstabiertafel / phonetic alphabet (Sig C). Bucht / inlet, creek, bay. Buchung / accounting. Bug m bow, front, nose ( Ap, Nav, Tk). Biigel m trigger guard; stirrup. Buggeschutz n bow gun, front gun (Tk). Bugkanzel/ forward gunner's com partment, nose turret, nose compart ment (Ap). Bugpanzerm front armor (Tk). Bugradfahrgestell n tricycle landing gear (Ap). Bugschiitze tn nose gunner, bow gun ner, front gunner (Ap, Tk),


Bugstandm nose-gun station (Ap). Buhne / diversion dam (Engr). Bullauge n porthole. Bumslandung / pancake landing, rough landing (slang). Bunareifenm buna tire (MT). Bund m tie, lashing (Engr, Tp); league, alliance; bunch (of keys, etc.). Biindel 7i bundle; cluster; package. Bundesgenosse m ally. Bunde und Knoten knots and ties. Bunker m concrete emplacement, con crete shelter, pillbox, bunker, sub marine pen. Bunkeranlagen fpl group of bunkers (Ft). Bunkerlinie / line of concrete em placements and pillboxes. Bunkerstand m concrete emplacement. Bunkerstellung / position fortified with concrete emplacements and shelters. bunt varicolored, bright, dazzling; mixed, confused. bunt bemalt dazzle-painted (Cam). bunte Lappen colored cloth garnish, garlands (Cam). Buntfarbenanstrich m camouflage painting, dazzle painting. Buntkreuze npl colored cross mark ings (to identify CWS -munitions). BuntschieBen n simultaneous or al ternate shelling with HE and Cml shells of different type. Burger m citizen. Biirgerkrieg m civil war. Bursche m orderly. Biirste / brush. Bussole / compass; declinator (aim ing circle). Bussolengehause n compass case. Bussolenring m compass azimuth circle. Bussolenzug m compass traverse (Arty, Surv). Bz.-SchuB m See BrennziinderschuB.

treatment or coating on R or G barrel).

Buna n buna (rubber).

Calypsol n a cold-resistant grease. Ce-Stoff m cyanogen bromide (CWS). Celsius centigrade. Cetenzahl / cetane rating (Diesel fuel).

Charakter m honorary rank carrying specific seniority but not the pay; character, quality, peculiarity; quali fication (Law). Charakterisierung/ conferment of



Chloraminw chloramine-T (CWS). Chlorarsinkampfstoff m diphenylchlorarsine (CWS, abbr. Clark). Chlorat-Sprengmittel n chlorate ex plosive. Chlorazetophenon n CN, chloracetophenone (CWS). Chlorazetophenon -Chlorpikrin-Lb'sung/ chloracetophenone solution, CNS (CWS). Chlorcyan n cyanogen chloride (CWS). Chlorgas n chlorine (CWS). Chlorkalk m calcium chloride, chlor ide of lime, chlorinated lime, calcium bleach (CWS). Chlorkohlenoxyd n carbonylchloride, phosgene (CWS). Chlornatron n sodium hypochlorite. Chlorpikrin n chlorpicrin (CWS). Chlorsulfonsaure / chlorsulfonic acid (CWS). Chlorvinyldichlorarsin n lewisite (CWS). Cholmschild m, shield-shaped insignia awarded to troops besieged at Kholmon-Lovat. Christie-Panzerkraftwagen m Christie tank. Chrom n chrome, chromium. Chronograph m chronograph. Chronometer n chronometer. Cirruswolke / cirrus cloud. Clark I diphenylchlorarsine (CWS). Clark II diphenylcyanarsine (CWS). Cletrac-Lenkgetriebe n Clevelandtractor type of steering mechanism. Cyan-Chlorarsinkampfstoff m di phenylcyanarsine (CWS). Cyan Clark See Cyan-Chlorarsin kampfstoff.

honorary rank as defined under Charakter. Chausseewalze / road roller. Chef m chief. Chef der Heeresriistung und Befehlshaber des Ersatzheeres Chief of Army Equipment and Commander of Replacement Training Army (Com mander of rear echelon of Oberkommando des Heeres, in charge of all non-operational branches and whole basic Army structure) (abbr. Ch Ru u B d E). Chef der Luftwehr chief of adminis trative and supply services of German Air Ministry. Chef der Schnellen Truppen Chief of Mobile Troops (branch of Oberkommando des Heeres). See also Schnelle Truppen. Chef der Zivilverwaltung. chief of civil affairs section at an army head quarters. Chef des Generalstab(e)s Chief of Staff. Chef des Heeres-Waffenamtes Chief of Ordnance. Chef des Transportwesens Chief of Transportation (Tac, RR). Chefveterinar m Chief of Veterinary Service. chemische Kampfstofle chemical war fare agents. chemischer Krieg chemical warfare. Chiffre / cipher. chiffrieren encipher. Chiffriermaschine / cipher device, converter (Sig C). Chiffrierung / encipherment. Chinin n quinine. Chirurg m surgeon. Chlorw .chlorine (CWS).

Dach n roof.
Dachluke/ turret hatch (Tk). Dachpappe / roofing paper. daktyloskopieren to fingerprint. Dammkorper m dam embankment. Dampfer m stabilizer (Ap); silencer, flash hider (Ord); damper

Dampfmaschine / steam engine. Dampfrohrm steam tube (MG). Dampfung/ damping (Elec, Rad). Dampfungsflache / stabilizing surface Dampfungsflosse / tail turf ace (Ap). Dampfwalze / steam roller. Daten npl data,

Daube / stave. Dauer / duration. Dauerabzugm trigger for full-auto matic fire (MG). Dauerbefehl m standing order. Dauerfahrbetrieb TO permanent fer rying operations. Dauerfestigkeit / fatigue strength, endurance limit (Mech). Dauerfeuer n full-automatic fire, automatic fire (MG, R); continuous fire, sustained fire. Dauerfleisch n preserved meat. Dauerleistung / normal rating, con tinuous output (Mtr); feat of endur ance. Dauerleitung / permanent line (Tp). Dauermarsch m forced march. Dauerstorung / continuous interfer ence (Rad). Dauerstrichm long dash (Tg). Dauertonw continuous note (Rad). Dauerunterkiinfte fpl permanent billets. Dauerwirkung / lasting effect, per manent effect. Daumen m cam; thumb. Daumenbreite / thumb width (range estimation). Daumenwelle / camshaft. Dazwischensprechen n break-in pro cedure (Rad). dechiffrieren decipher. Deckanruf m code call (Tp).
Deckblatt n change sheet (to be in serted in a manual). Daumensprung m thumb jump (method of range estimation).


Deckung/ cover, shelter (Ft); mask (Gunnery); concealment (Tac). Deckungsfeuer n covering fire. Deckungsgraben m cover trench, slit trench, shelter trench. Deckungshb'he / height of mask Deckungsloch n foxhole. Deckungsspiegel m trench periscope. Deckungsstiirke / strength of cover Deckungstrupp m support party, cov ering party, covering detachment. Deckungstruppe / covering force. Deckungswinkel m angle of site to mask (Ballistics). Deckungswinkelmesser m site-to-mask clinometer. Deckvermbgen n effective coverage (of smoke screen). Deckwortm code word. Deckzeichen n code sign, code signal. defilieren to pass in review. Degen m sword. Degradation / demotion. degradieren to break, reduce in rank. Dehnung / lengthening, elongation; strain (Mech). Deich m dike. Deichsel / limber pole, wagon shaft. Deichselbolzen m pole pin (limber). Deichselstiitze / pole prop (limber). dejustiert out of alinement. Dekade/ 10-day pay period. demobilmachen demobilize. Demobilmachung / demobilization. Demolierung / demolition. Denkmal n monument. Desinfektionskammer / disinfecting chamber (Med). Desinfektionsmittel n disinfectant. Detektor m detector (Rad and Detonationsdruck m blast pressure. deuten interpret, explain, indicate. Deiitpatrone / indicator cartridge (for Ger grenade pistol). Deutsche Industrie-Norm German Industrial Standard (abbr. DIN). Deutscher GruB Nazi salute. Deutsches Kreuz German Cross (dec oration). Dezimetergerat n microwave radio set. Diatomitschicht / diatomite layer
Radar). (Ft). (Arty).

Decke / casing, shoe (of a tire); ceil ing (of a room); blanket, cover, tarpaulin. Deckel m, cover. Deckelriegel m cover-plate latch (MG). Deckelsperre / cover-plate lock (MG). decken to cover, support (Tac). Deckengurt m surcingle (harness). Deckenlicht n dome light, tonneau light (MT). Deckenventilator m ceiling ventilator (MT). Decklandeflugzeug n deck-landing air plane. Deckname m code name. Deckplatte / casing, cover plate.

(gas filter) (CWS). dicht compact, dense,



Dichte / density; concentration (CWS). Dichtemesser m densimeter, aero meter. dichten to calk, pack, seal. Dichtigkeit/ density; impermeabil ity. Dichtigkeitsmesser m densimeter, aerometer; viscometer. Dichtlinie/ sealing band (gasmask). Dichtrahmen m sealing frame (gas mask). Dichtringm binder ring (gas mask). Dichtung/ gasket; washer; insula tion; packing. Dichtungsring m sealing ring, washer. Dick See Athyldichlorarsin. Dienst m duty, service, detail. auBer Dienst retired (abbr. a.D.). Dienstalter n seniority. Dienstaltersgrenze / age limit. Dienstaltester m senior officer. Dienstanweisung / service regula tions, list of instructions. Dienstanzugm service uniform. Dienstausriistung / service equip ment. Dienstbefehl m routine order. Dienst bei der Truppe service with troops, field'duty. Dienstbeschadigung / damage or in jury occurring while in service. Dienstbesclieinigung / certificate of service. Diensteidw. oath of enlistment; oath of office. Diensteinteilung / duty roster. Dienstentlassung / discharge without honor, dismissal. dienstfahig fit for duty, fit for active service. dienstfrei off duty. Dienstgebrauch m service use, ser vice tradition. nur fur den Dienstgebrauch re stricted (manuals, etc.). Dienstgipfelhb'he / service ceiling (Avn). Dienstgradm grade; rating (Nav). Dienstgradabzeichen n grade chevron. Dienstgradherabsetzung / demotion. Dienst grad mit Patent permanent rank. dienstlich authorized, official. Dienstpflicht / liability for service, obligation to serve.

Dienstpflichtiger m one who is sub ject to military service. Dienstplan m duty roster. Dienststelle / duty station, command headquarters, administrative center or office. Dienststellung / appointment. Dienststempel m official stamp. Dienstumschlag m official envelope. Dienstunfahiger TO noneffective, one who is unfit for service. Dienstvorschrift / service regulation; service manual. Dienstweg m military channel (Adm). auf dem Dienstweg through chan nels. Dienstzweig m branch of the service. Dieselkraftstoff in Diesel fuel. Diesel-Lastwagen m Diesel truck. Dieselmotor m Diesel engine. Dieselschlepper m Diesel tractor. diesig hazy (Met). Diglykolnitrat-Blattchenpulver n diglycolnitrate flake powder (abbr. Digl. Bl. P.). DIN See Deutsche Industrie-Norm. Dina / See Divisionsnachrichtenabteilung. Dinafii m See Divisionsnachrichtenfiihrer. Diopter m diopter, alidade. Diopterfaden m diopter hair (Optics). Diopterlineal n alidade ruler (aiming circle). Diopterschlitz m diopter slit (Optics). Diphenylaminchlorarsin n adamsite. Diphenylchlorarsin n diphenylchlorarsine (CWS). Dipolantenne / dipole antenna. Disziplin / discipline. Disziplinarstrafe / punishment for breach of discipline. Disziplinarverfahren n disciplinary action. Division / division. Divisionsarzt m division surgeon (generally with rank of Oberstarzt, colonel).
Divisionsbataillon n divisional bat talion (provisional unit whose pri mary mission is counterattack).

Divisionsbefehl TO division order, di vision combat order. Divisionsbegleitkompanie / division escort company (for protection of Div Hq).

Divisionsfeldlazarett n division sur gical hospital. Divisionsgefechtsstand m division command post. Divisionsintendant m See Intendant. Divisionskommando z.b.V. special ad ministrative division (consists of Landesschiitzen Bns and GHQ troops in a Wehrkreis). Divisionsnachrichtenabteilung / divi sion signal battalion. Divisionsnachschubfiihrer m- chief of division supply services. Divisionsnachschubkolonne / division supply column. Divisionspanzerabwehrabteilung / di vision antitank battalion. Divisionspferdelazarett n division veterinary clearing station. Divisionspferdepark m division re mount depot. Divisionsstab m division headquarters or headquarters personnel.. Divisionsstammleitung / division trunk line (axis of Sig Com). Dixolw an antifreeze solution. Docht m wick. Dockanlagen fpl clock installations. Dolch m dagger. Dolmetscher m interpreter, trans lator. Doppelanschnitt m two-station pilotballoon spotting (Met). Doppelbereifung / double tires, dual tires (MT). Doppelbetriebsschaltung / composite connection (Tp). Doppeldecker m biplane. Doppelfernglas n field glass, binoc ular. Doppelfernrohr n See Doppelfern glas. Doppelglas n See Doppelfernglas. Doppellafette / two-barreled mount. doppellimfig double-barreled. Doppelleitung / metallic circuit (Tp). Doppelposten m double sentry. Doppelpropeller m coaxial contrarotating propellers (Ap). Doppelreihe / column of twos, double file.
'"In Doppelreihe, angetreten!" column of twos, fall in!" "In



Dollbord n gunwale (rowboat).

Doppelfliigel m "double wing" (wing with double ailerons and flaps).

DoppelringtrensengebiB n doublering snaffle bit. Doppelringvisier n double ring sight. Doppelschieber m double slide (plot ting protractor). Doppelschraubenrichtmaschine twin-screw elevating mechanism (G). Doppelschritt m stride (2 paces). Doppelseitensteuer n twin rudders (Ap). Doppelsprechen n phantoming (Tp). Doppelsprechschaltung / phantom circuit (Tp). Doppelsprengkabel n two-conductor firing wire (demolitions). Doppelstecker m two-way plug (Tp, Rad). Doppelsternmotor m double-row radial engine. Doppelsteuerung / dual controls (Ap). Doppelumfassung / double envelop ment (Tac). Doppelverkehr m two-way communi cation, two-way traffic. Doppelziinder m combination fuze. Db'rrfleisch n dehydrated meat. Dorrgemiise n dehydrated vege tables. Dose / box, can. ' Dosenbarometer n aneroid barom eter. Dosenlibelle / box level. Drache(n) m kite. Drachenballon m kite balloon. Dragge / grapnel. Draht m wire. Drahtbund n wire-cable lashing. Drahteinzaunung / wire inclosure. Drahtgabel / wire pike (Tp con struction). Drahtgeflecht n wire netting. Drahthindernis n protective wire, wire entanglement. Drahtigel m gooseberry (obstacle). Drahtleitung / wire line (Tp). Drahtmatte / wire mesh mat. Drahtnachrichtenmittel n means of wire communication. Drahtnachrichtennetz n wire net, wire system (Sig C). Drahtnetz n wire net, wire mesh. Drahtnetz zum Tarnen chicken wire (Cam). Drahlrohr n wire-wound gun barrel.



Drehlichtscheinwerfer m revolving searchlight, revolving beacon light. Drehlichtsignal n revolving beacon. Drehmoment n torque. Drehpunkt m, pivot, fulcrum. Drehrahmenantenne / rotating loop antenna. Drehring m racer (AA gun). Drehscheibenlafette / turntable gun carriage. Drehschemellenkung / fifth-wheel steering. Drehschieber m rotor-type valve (Mtr). Drehschwingung / torsional vibra tion. Drehsinn m direction of rotation. Drehspule / moving coil (Elec). Drehspulinstrument n moving coil instrument (Elec). Drehstabfeder / torsion-rod spring (MT). Drehstrom m, three-phase alterna ting current. Drehturm m, revolving turret. Drehzahl / number of revolutions, rpm. Drehzahlmesser m tachometer. Drehzahlregler m governor (Mtr). Drehzahlschwankung / rpm fluctua tions (Mtr). Drehzapfen m pivot. Dreiachser m six-wheel vehicle. Dreibein n tripod. Dreibeinlafette / tripod mount. Dreibeinmast m tripod mast. Dreiblattverstellschraube / threeblade controllable propeller (Ap). Dreibock m tripod cable support. Dreieck n triangle. Dreieckbalkensperre / triangular timber obstacle.

Drahtrolle / wire roll, concertina, wire-roll entanglement. Drahtschere / wire cutters. Drahtschleife / wire winding, wire turn, wire loop (Elec). Drahtschlinge / wire snare, trip wire. Drantseil n wire cable. Dralitseilhindernis n cable block, wire-cable obstacle. Drahtspirale / spiral wire, helical wire. DrahtstraBe / metal mesh road, wire mesh road. Drahttelegraphie / wire telegraphy. Drahttelephonie / wire telephony. Drahtverbindung / wire circuit, wire communication, connecting wire, wire connection (Tg, Tp). Drahtverhau m wire entanglement. Drahtwalze / reinforced concertina roll.

Drahtzange / wire).

pliers (for handling

Drahtzaun m double-apron entangle ment, double-apron fence, wire fence. Drahlzug m .flexible steel cable (Ap).

Draliange / length of rifling (Ord). Drallwinkel m angle of twist (rifling). Drallwirkung / twist effect of slip stream (Avn). Drallziige mpl grooves (rifling). Draufgangertum n audacity, daring. Drauflosfahrt / headlong movement (MT, Tk). Dreiibank / lathe. Drehbewegung / rotation (of pro jectile). Drehbolzen m pivot pin. Dreher m lathe operator. Drehfliigelflugzeug n rotor airplane. Drehg-estell n truck (RR car); turn table. Drehgriff m control grip (Mtcl). Drehkolbenpumpe / port-control fuelinjection pump (Diesel engine). Drehkondensator m variable capaci tor, variable condenser. Drehkranz m circular track (MG mount). Drehkuppel / revolving turret.

Drall m rifling, twist (Ord); spin (of a projectile). Drallabweichung / drift (due to spin of projectile),

Dreieckrechner m computer (circular slide rule for air navigation).

Dreiecksaufnahme / triangulation (Surv). Dreieckschaltung / delta connection (Elec). Dreieckzielen" n sighting-triangle aiming exercise (Gunnery); tri angle exercise (R practice). Dreielektrodenrohre / triode tube.

Dreiergemisch n triple mixture (gas oline 50%, benzol 40%, alcohol 10%).

Dreifachziinder m combination fuze (superquick, delay and time).

Dreifliigelschraube / three-bladed propeller (Ap). DreifuB m tripod. DreifuBaufsatzstiick n tripod exten sion piece (MG). Dreiganggetriebe n three-speed transmission (MTJ. dreigliedrige Division triangular division. Dreipolrohre / triode tube (Rad). Dreipunktlandung / normal landing, three-point landing (Avn). Dreipunktschaltung / Hartley oscil lator (Rad). Dreiradfahrgestell n tricycle land ing gear (Ap). Dreireihenstandmotor m three-bank upright engine. Dreiwegehahn m three-way selector cock. Drillich m denim (also spelled Drilch). Drillichanzug m fatigue uniform, work uniform. Drillstab m torsion rod (MT). dringend urgent. Dringlichkeitsliste / priority list. Dringlichkeitszeichen n urgent sig nal (Sig Com). DRK-Helfer m German Red Cross attendant. DRK-Helferin / German Red Cross nurse apprentice. DRK-Schwester / German Red Cross nurse. DRK-Schwesternhelferin / German Red Cross junior nurse, nurse's aid. Drohung / threat. Drossel / throttle (Mtr). Drosselgriff m throttle grip. Drosselhebel m throttle lever. Drosselklappe / throttle valve. Drosselklappenwelle / throttle shaft. Drosselrinne / jugular groove (horse). Drosselspule / choke coil (Elec). Drosselung / choking, throttling. Druck m pressure. Druckanderung / pressure change (Met). Druckausgleicher wl pressure equal izer. Druckbohlenmine / pressure-plank minei Druckbrettmirie / pressure-board mine. drucken to print.


driicken to press, push; to push con trol stick or wheel forward (Ap). Driicker n thumb nut (sight),: trig ger. Druckgurt m compression chord (truss). Druckkabine / pressure cabin (Ap). Druckknopf m pushbutton; snap, snap fastener. Druckleitung / pressure line. Druckluft / compressed air. Druckluftbremse / air brake. Drucklufterzeuger m air compressor. Drucklufthammer m pneumatic hammer. Druckluft-Niethammer m pneumatic riveter. Druckluftramme / pneumatic pile driver. Druckmesser m pressure gage. Drucknase / trigger cam (R). Druckplatte / pressure plate (clutch). Druckpunkt m pressure point. Druckpunkt nehmen to take up the slack (of the trigger). Druckraum m surge chamber. Druckregler m pressure regulator. Druckschmierung / pressure lubrica tion. Druckschraube / pusher propeller (Ap). Druckschrauber m pusher airplane. Druckseite / pressure side, pressure surface (Ap wing). Druckstelle / pressure point. Druckstempel m pressure plug (Arty). Druckstiick n contact piece on trig ger (R). Drucktaster. m sending key. Druckumlaufschmierung / See Druckschmierung. Druckvorschrift / Field Regulations, Field Manual (abbr. Dv.). Druckzerstauber m pressure spray gun (CWS). Druckziinder m pressure firing de vice, pressure igniter, push igniter (LM). Druckzylinder m master cylinder (hydraulic brake). Dschungel / jungle. D-Stoff m dimethylsulfate (CWS). Dubel m lug (G). Ducht / crosspiece, thwart (boat or Pon)*

Diicker m sluice pipe. Dulag See Durchgangslager. Dulagluft See Durchgangslager Luftwaffe. Dumdum-GeschoB n dumdum bullet. Dunkelheit / darkness. Dunkelkammer / darkroom. Dunnit n dunnite (Am). Dunst m haze, vapor. Durchbiegung / deflection (of a beam or girder). durchbrechen to break through, pierce. durchbrennen to burn out (Elec fuse). Durchbruch m break-through (Tac). "Durchdecken!" "Dress and Cover!" durchdrehen to pull (a propeller) through. Durchfiihrung / gland (Bin); carry ing out, execution. Durchgabe / transmission (of Rad messages, etc.). Durchgangsbahnhof m through sta tion (RR). Durchgangsfernspruch m long-dis tance telephone call. Durchgangslager n PW transit canjp (abbr. Dulagj. Durchgangslager Luftwaffe PW transit camp for Air Forces personnel (abbr. Dulagluftj. durchgeben to transmit (Sig C). Durchgriff m reciprocal of amplifica tion factor in percent (Rad). Durchhang m sag. Durchhiingen n droop (Mech). durchkriimmen to squeeze (the trigger). DurchlaB m culvert, passage, con duit, opening. Durchlaufgleis n through track (RR). durchlochern pierce. Durehmesser m diameter.



durchpausen to trace (a, map, etc.). Durchpunkt in point at which tra jectory intersects plane of aerial target perpendicular to line of sight ing. durchsacken to drop, to do a power stall, to sink, to pancake (Avn). Durchsackgeschwindigkeit / critical speed, stalling speed (Avn). durchsagen to pass the word along. Durchschlag m carbon copy (typed); drift pin. Durchschlager m punch, drift (tool). Durchschlagskraft / penetration, force of penetration (Am). durchschmelzen to burn out (Elec fuse). Durchschnitt m average, mean; cross section. Durchschnittsleistung / average per formance. Durchschnittspanzerstarke / average thickness of armor (Tk). Durchschreibeblock m carbon-copy pad. Durchschrift / carbon copy (written). durchsichtig transparent. Durchstich n cut (Engr, RR). DurchstoB m penetration by assault. durchstoBen pierce, penetrate; fly through (a layer of clouds). durchsuchen to search. durchwaten to ford. durchziehen to pull out (dive bomb ing). Dusche / shower bath. Diise / injector, jet, nozzle; vent (rocket). Diisenkorrektor m mixture control. Dynamomaschine / dynamo, gener ator. Dynastart m starter-generator.

Durchtrittsoffnung / cutaway (for ejected cartridge cases).

durchladen to load (a magazine or belt).

Echolot n sonic altimeter, soundranging altimeter (Avn); fatho meter, echo depth sounder (Nav). Eckplatte / gusset. Edelgas n rare gas. Edisonsammler m Edison storage battery. Edler m knight, noble. Ehre / honor. Ehrenbezeigungen bei Beerdigung graveside service (Mil funeral). Ehrenbezeugung /' salute. Ehrengeleit n escort of honor. Ehrenparade / dress parade.


einberufen forces, to to report berufung.

to induct into the armed call to the colors, to order for active duty. See Ein.

Ehrenposten in guard of honor, Ehrenrang m honorary rank. Ehrenrat m court of honor. Ehrensalve / volley (at burials). Ehrensold m award. Ehremvache / guard of honor, honor guard. Ehrenwort n parole, word of honor. Ehrenzeichen n decoration. eichen calibrate. Eichenlaub n oak leaf cluster. Eichstrich m measuring line, gradu ation. Eichung / calibration, adjustment. Eierhandgranate / egg-shaped hand grenade, "pineapple" hand grenade. Bigenfrequenz / natural frequency (Rad). Eigengeschwindigkeit / indicated air speed (Avn). Eigengewicht n empty weight. eigenmachtig on one's own author ity, unauthorized. eigenmachtige Entfernung absence without leave. Eigenpeilung / direction finding by taking bearings from an aircraft on two or more radio stations. Eigenschaft / quality, characteristic, property.

Einberufungsbefehl m ordei' to re port for active duty. Einberufungskarte / notice of induc tion. Einberufungsort m induction station.

Einberuf ung / call to the colors (cor responds roughly to US induction, and is followed by Einstellung, as signment to a unit).

Eigenschwingung / natural oscilla tion (Rad). Eigentum n property. •Eigenverstandigung / interphone (Ap); intravehicular communication (Tk). Eignungspriifung / aptitude test. Eihandgranate / See Eierhandgra nate. Elmer m bucket. "Bin!" "Contact!" (Avn). Einankerumformer m dynamotor.

Eigenschatten m shadow on object (as distinguished from shadow cast by the object) (Cain).

Einatemventil n inlet valve (gas mask, oxygen breathing apparatus).

EinbahnstraBe / one-way road or street. Einbahnverkehr m, one-way traffic (MT). Einbaufahre / construction float (Bdg). Einbehaltung / detention (of pay, etc.). - ' Einbeinfahrgestell n landing gear with individual cantilever legs (Ap).

Einblicklinse / eyepiece lens (Optics). Einblickrohr n eyepiece tube. Einblickstutzen m eyepiece mount. Einbruch in penetration (Tac). Einbruchsfeuer n assault fire. Einbruchsfront / frontage of penetra tion (Tac); cold front (Met). Einbruchstelle / breach, point of penetration, point chosen for pene tration (Tac). Einbuchtung / dent in the enemy's line, salient (Tac). Eindecker m monoplane. Eindeckung / cover (Ft). eindringen infiltrate, penetrate. Eindringungstiefe / depth of pene tration or infiltration (Tac). Eine'mhalbdecker m sesquiplane. Einerzelt n one-man shelter tent, pup tent. Einfachanschnitt m single-station pilou-balloon spotting (Met). Einfachleitung / ground-return cir cuit (Tp). einffideln to thread (a, needle); to join a march column, to get into line. einfahren to float bridge-sections into place; to break in (a horse, etc.); to harness; to drive in. Einfahrgleis n incoming track (RR). Einfalhvinkel m angle of incidence. einfetten to grease, lubricate. einfliegen to penetrate (air attack tactics); make a test flight. Einflieger m test pilot. Einfliegerei / aircraft-testing depart ment. Einflug m

Einblick m view into (enemy posi tions, etc.); insight; eyepiece (Op tics).

Einfluchten n marking out (in fixing the azimuth) (Surv).
penetration (air attack



Einheitsmutze / regulation field cap (replaces the Feldmiitze,). Einheitsprinzip n. unit principle (Ger Mil doctrine providing maxi mum independence and self-suffi ciency for each unit). Einheitswaffe / dual-purpose weap on. Einheitszeit / standard time. Einheitsziinder m combination fuze, standard fuze (Am). einholen overtake, collect, bring in; haal down. einigeln take up a position of allaround defense. einkesseln to encircle, trap, pocket. Einkesselung / encirclement. Einkipptrieb m leveling mechanism (Mort). Einkieidungsbeihilfe / clothing money allowance. Einkreisempfanger m receiver with one resonant circuit (Rad). Einkreisung / encirclement. Einkteisungsmanb'ver n encircling maneuver. Einkreisungsschlacht / battle of en circlement (Tac). Einkreisungsversuch m attempted encirclement. einkuppeln engage, thrown in (the clutch). einiaden to load, entrain, entruck, etc. Einladeiibersicht / entraining table, entrucking table. Einlaf! m inlet, intake. Einlafikanal m intake line (Mtr). EinlaBventil n intake valve (Mtr). Einlafiventilkammer / intake-valve chamber (Mtr). einlaufig single-barreled. Einiegerohr n liner, subcaliber tube (Ord). einleiten begin, introduce, initiate, commence. einleitendes Gefecht preliminary ac tion or engagement. einmessen to survey (Arty). Einnahme / capture, occupation, seizure (of a locality); reception, ac ceptance (of equipment, Ord, etc.); receipts (money, etc.). einnebeln to blanket, to lay a smoke screen. einolen to oil, lubricate.
Einnahmeschein m receipt.

tactics); approach flight (Avn); ap proach of a target (AWS). Einfluggenehmigung / traffic-control clearance (Avn). Einflugsmeldung / report of ap proaching target (AWS). Einflugzeichen n "come in" signal (Inst landing).
Einfliisse mpl See besondere und Witterungseinfliisse.

Einfuhrungsdraht m

einfiihren introduce, initiate, lead in. Einfuhrhafen m port of entry.

Einfu'llstutzen m oil-filling plug (re coil mechanism); filler neck (of gaso line or oil tank). eingabeln to bracket (Arty). Eingabelung / bracket, bracketing. Eingang m entrance. Eingangswerte mpl initial data (AAA). eingesehen exposed to observation (emplacement, trench, etc.). EingitterriJhre / single-grid tube, triode (Rad). eingleisig single-track. eingliedern assign; incorporate, make an organic part of; classify. Eingliederung / assignment; incor poration, organic arrangement; classification. eingraben dig in, entrench; bury. Eingreifdivision / reserve division. eingreifen intervene, come to the aid of, take a hand in; to catch, mesh, engage. einhangen suspend (a bomb). Einheit / unit, element (Tac). kleinste taktische Einheit basic tactical unit. Einheitsfiihrer m commander of a unit. Einheitsgeschiitz m dual-purpose gun. Einheitsgewicht n specific gravity. Einheitsgranate / combination highexplosive and shrapnel shell. Einheitskanister m standard gasoline container, unit container. Einheitsmafi n unit of measurement. Einheitsmunition / fixed ammunition. Einheitsmunitionszug m ammunition train carrying only one type and caliber of ammunition (RR).
Eingangsziindung / priming charge.

lead-in (Rad).

einpeilen take a radio bearing. Einpolluftleiter in Marconi antenna, quarter-wave vertical antenna. einrasten engage; lock; ram home; snap shut; catch. einrichten adjust (fire, etc.); orient (a map); prepare, improve (a posi tion); install; furnish, equip. Einrichten einer Karte orientation of a map. Einrichten einer Stellung prepara tion or improvement of a position. Einrichtung / installation; organiza tion, establishment; adjustment; ar rangement; device; orientation. Einrumpfflugzeug n single-fuselage airplane. Einsatz m commitment, employment; mission; operation, action; effort; insertion; duty; sortie (Avn). bei besonderem Einsatz on active duty; during special commitment (in time of war or national emer gency). Einsatzbereitschaft / aggressiveness, initiative, readiness for action. Einsatzbesprechung / orders confer ence, "briefing" (Avn). einsatzfahig available for assign ment, commitment or employment. Einsatz fliegen to fly a sortie (Avn). Einsatzhafen m home field (Avn). Einsatzhafenkommandantur / opera' tional airdrome command (sub-divi sion of Lufthafenbereichkommandantur). Einsatzort m locality to be occupied, area where units are to be sent into action. Einsatzraum m operational area. Einsatztopf m filter-element contain er (gas mask). Einschaltung / switching on, throw ing into gear. einschanzen dig in, entrench. Einscheibenkupplung / single-plate clutch (MT). EinschieBen n adjustment fire, trial fire (Arty). EinschieBen mit hohen Spreng-punkten high-burst ranging. EinschieBen nach der Lange range adjustment. EinschieBpunkt m adjusting point (adjustment fire). Einschiefiziel n adjustment target (Arty).


Einschiffung / embarkation. Einschlag m impact, strike (Arty); toe-in (MT). Einschlagsgarbe / sheaf of fire at point of impact, shot group, shot pattern (Arty). Einschlagsgruppe / shot group, shot pattern (of a volley). Einschleifen einer Leitung connect ing a line into a telephone circuit. einschneiden to intersect, to take cross bearings. Einschneiden auf Richtungslinie point determination along an orient ing line (Surv). Einschneiden nach drei Punkten three-point resection (Surv). Einschnitt m cut (Engr, RR). EinschuB m hit. einschwenken to pivot (Tac, drill). seitlich einschwenken to pivot to the left or right, to fan out (Tac). einsetzen to commit, employ, insert. einsickern infiltrate (Tac). Einsitzer m single-seater airplane. einspielen bring into play, throw in, engage, actuate. Einspielen der Libellen leveling, cross-leveling (Arty). Einsprache / mouthpiece (Tp). einspringender Winkel reentrant. Einspritzdiise / fuel injector, injec tion nozzle (Mtr). Einspritzpumpe / injection pump. Einspruch TO challenge. Einstecklauf m subcaliber tube. Einsteigluke / entrance hatch (Tk). Einsteigoffnung / manhole. einstellbare Luftschraube adjustable propeller (Ap). einstellen tune in (Bad); to dial (Tp); adjust, set (a fuze, etc.); cease (fire, etc.). Einstellhulse / adjustable holder (panoramic telescope). Einstellmarke / index; adjustable marker. Einstellmutter / adjustment nut, regulating nut. Einstellring m adjusting ring (fuze). Einstellung / adjustment, setting; cessation. See also Einberufung. Einstellvorrichtung / adjustment de vice, setting device. Einstellwinkel m angle of wing set ting, angle of incidence. Einstiegklappe / hatch cover (Ap).

einstopseln plug in (Rad, Tp). einsturzen to qave in. einteilen graduate (into degrees, etc.); to divide, classify, separate into groups. Einteilung / classification; scale; graduation, division (into degrees or units). eintreffen arrive. Eintreffzeit / arrival time. Einweiser m guide. Einweisungskommando m party of guides. Einwohnerschaft / population, in habitants. Einzaunung / enclosure, stockade, compound (PW). Einzelabfederung / independent sus pension (of wheels). Einzelabwurf m individual release, single release (Bombing). •Einzelaufhangung / independent sus pension (of wheels). Einzelausbildung / individual train ing. Einzelbefehl m fragmentary order, extract order (Tac). Einzelfeuer n single-shot fire, semi automatic fire (MG). Einzelhaft / solitary confinement. Einzelkrad n solo motorcycle. Einzellader m single loader, singleshot weapon. Einzelschnittverfahren n single-in tersection method (target location in FR). EinzelschuB m single shot, single round. Einzelschutz m individual protection. Einzelwurf m individual release, single release (Bombing). Einzelziel n point target (Bombing). einziehbar retractable (landing gear, etc.). einziehen draw in, retract; withdraw (a sentry); conscript, draft (re cruits) ; confiscate. Einziehfahrgestell n retractable landing gear (Ap). Eisansatz m accumulation of ice. Eisbrecher m ice apron (Bdg). Eisenbahn / railroad, railway. Eisenbahnanlage / railroad installa tion.


eiserne Portion
Eisenbahnaufmarsch in strategic concentration by rail. Eisenbahnbatterie / railway artillery battery. Eisenbahnbaubataillon n railway construction battalion. Eisenbahnbeforderung / transporta tion by rail. Eisenbahnbetrieb m railway traffic; railway operation. Eisenbahnbetriebskompanie / rail way operating company. Eisenbahnendpunkt m railway term inal, railhead. Eiseiibahnflak / railway antiaircraft gun; railway antiaircraft artillery. Eisenbahngeleise n railroad track. Eisenbahngeschiitz n railway gun. Eisenbahnhaubitze / railway howitzer. Eisenbahnkesselwagen in tank car (RR). Eisenbahnklaue / spur track. Eisenbahnknotenpunkt TO railway center, railway junction. Eisenbahnkiichenwagen m kitchen car (RR).

Einstiegluke f hatch (Ap).

Eisenbahnnachschublinie / supply line. Eisenbahnpanzerzug TO train (RR).



Einzelspriinge mpl of advancing).

bounds (method

Eisenbahn-Pfeilerbaukompanie / railway pile-driving or pier-building company (Mil). Eisenbahnpioniere mpl railway en gineer troops. Eisenbahnstelhverk n railway signal tower, switch control room. Eisenbahntankstelle / gasoline and lubricant railhead, bulk reduction point. Eisenbahntransportfolge / railway transportation timetable. Eisenbahntruppen fpl railway oper ating troops. Eisenbahnwagen m railway car. Eisenbeton m reinforced concrete, ferro-concrete. Eisenblech n sheet iron. Eiseneinlage / iron reinforcement (in ferro-concrete). Eisenkern TO iron core (Elec). Eisenwalze / iron roller (mine clearance). eiserne Portion emergency ration (for Pers).

eiserne Ration
eiserne Ration emergency ration (for animals). Eisernes Kreuz Iron Cross (decora tion). Eisregen m sleet. Eissporn m ice spade (trail spade). Ekrasit n ecrasite (explosive). E-Latte / aiming stake, aiming post (E=Entfernung, range). Elektrizitatszahler m electric meter. Elektrode / electrode; grounded elec trode (spark plug). Elektrodenrohre / radio tube. Elektromechaniker m electrician. Elektron n electron; trade name of a magnesium-aluminum alloy. Elektronbrandbombe / electron in cendiary bomb. Elektrotechniker m electrical engi neer. Element n cell, element (Elec). Elementbecher m cell container (Elec). Elementekiihler m cellular-type radiator (MT). Elementpriifer m battery tester (Elec). Ellbogen m elbow. E.MeBgerat n See EntfernungsmeBgerat. E.Mefimann m See Entfernungsmefimann. E.Messer m See Entfernungsmesser. Emfang m receipt, reception. Empfanger m indicator (follow-thepointer mechanism of AA gun); in dicator (fuze setter); receiver, re ceiving set (Rad); data receiver, in dicator-regulator (data transmission system of A A gun). Empfangsapparatur / receiver chas sis, receiving equipment (Rad). Empfangsberechtigter m beneficiary. Empfangsbescheinigung / See Empfangsschein. Empfangsbestatigung / - acknowledg ment of receipt (Sig C). Empfangslautstarke / volume of re ception (Rad). Empfangsschaltung / receiver cir cuit (Rad). Empfangsschein m receipt form. Empfangswelle / receiving frequency (Rad). Empfangszone / reception zone (Rad). empfindlich sensitive.


empfindlicher Aufschlagzunder superquick impact fuze. empfindlicher Kopfziinder allways fuze. empfindlicher Ziinder superquick fuze. Endauflager n abutment (Bdg). Endbahnhof m railhead, terminal. Enddrall m terminal twist (OrA). Endgeschwindigkeit / terminal ve locity. Endmontage / final assembly. Endverstarker m terminal repeater (Tp); final amplifier, power am plifier (Rad). Endziel n final objective. Energieleitung / feeder cable (Elec). Energienachfuhr / additional supply of power (Elec). Energieverlust m power loss (Elec, Rad). Energievorrat m power supply. Enge / defile (Tac). Englander m Englishman; monkey wrench. EngpaB m bottleneck, defile. entbloBen uncover (Tac). Ente / duck; canard airplane. Enteiser m de-icer (Ap). Enteisungsanlage / de-icer system, ice-eliminating system (Ap). Enteisungsgerat n de-icer (Ap). Enteisungmittel n anti-icer solution. Entenflugzeug n canard airplane. entfalten develop (a route column, etc.); unfold. entfalteter Anmarsch advance in de veloped formation (Tac). Entfaltung / development (followed by Entwicklung, deployment). Entfaltung aus dem Marsch develop ment from march column. Entfaltungszeit / parachute opening time. Entfernung / range, distance; re moval; departure. mittlere Entfernung medium range (up to 800 m). nachste Entfernung close range- (up to 100 m). nahe Entfernung close range (up to 400 m). weite Entfernung long range (beyond 800 m). Entfernungsermittlung / range de termination. Entfernungsgerat n range finder.

Entfernungslineal n range ruler (Arty). Entfernungsmarke / -range indicator (practice firing). EntfernungsmeBgerat n range-find er, altimeter, height-finder (AAA). Entfernungsmefimann m range-find er operator; height-finder sergeant (AAA). Entfernungsmesser m range-finder; range-finder operator; height-finder sergeant (AAA).
Entfernungsschatzen w range esti mation. Entfernungsteilung / range scale.


entladen unload, empty; discharge. Entladestab m unloading staff (har bor). Entladung / to discharge (Am, Elec, etc.). EntladungsstoB' m discharge surge (Elec). entlassen to dismiss, discharge; re lease ; disband, demobilize. Entlassung / discharge; dismissal; release. Entlassung auf Ehrenwort release on parole, home parole. Entlassungsjahrgang m, age class due for discharge. Entlassungsschein m certificate of discharge. Entlassungsstelle / demobilization center, discharge center. entlasten relieve (of pressure). Entlastung / relief (of pressure). Entlastungsangriff m relief attack (made to relieve enemy pressure elsewhere). entlaufen to escape. Entlausungsanstalt / delousing sta tion. entliiften ventilate; bleed (recoil mechanism). Entliifter m ventilator.

entkupfern decopper.


Entfernungsmefimann zur Seitenbeobachtung lateral tracker (AAA).

Entfernungstrommel / range knob (G). Entfernungsunterschied m range difference.

Entfernungsvorhalt m linear differ ence between present slant range (at instant of range determination) and future slant range (AAA). Entfettung / degreasing. Entgasung' / degassing. entgegenwirken counteract, act against, work against. Entgiftung / decontamination. Entgiftungsabteilung / decontamina tion battalion. Entgiftungsdienst m decontamina tion service. Entgiftungsgerat n decontamination apparatus. Entgiftungskompanie / decontamin ation company. Entgiftungskraftwagen m decontam ination truck. Entgiftungsmittel n decontamina tion agent. Entgiftungspflug m decontamination plow. Entgiftungsplatz m decontamination point. Entgiftungsstoff m decontamination agent. Entgiftungstrommel / perforated de contamination drum. fahrbare Entgiftungstrommel de contamination cart. Entgiftungstrupp m decontamina tion squad. entheben relieve (of a command, etc.). entkeimen sterilize.

entlausen delouse.

Entliiftungsstutzen m (Mtr). Entmagnetisierung /


entrollen to unfurl or uncase (a flag). Entsatz m relief (of a fortress, etc.). Entschadigung / compensation, re imbursement, allowance, recoupment. entscharfen disarm (Am). Entscheidungsgefecht n decisive ac tion, decisive battle (Tac). EntschluB TO decision (Tac). EntschluBfassung / formulation of decision (s). EntschluBkraft / power of decision. entschliisseln decode, decryptograph. entsenden to dispatch, send off. entsetzen relieve (a fortress, etc.); be terrified; relieve (of a command). Entsetzung / relief (of a fortress, etc.). entseuchen disinfect.


Entscheidung / decision.

Entseuchungsgerat n


Entseuchungsmittel n disinfecting agent. Entseuchungsschrank m disinfecting chamber. entsichern to disengage or release the safety (SA, R, etc.); to arm or activate (a mine, bomb, etc.). entspannen to uncock; to relieve tension. Entstaubung / dust filtering (MT). Entstorkappe / ignition shield (over spark plug). Entstbrung / interference elimina tion (Rad). enttarnen remove camouflage.
entwaffnen Entwasserungsgraben m ditch. Entsicherungsfliigel m (bomb). arming vane


Erdbeobachtung / ground observa tion. ErdbeschufJ m anti-aircraft fire (as seen from target). Erdbildmessung / phototopography. Erde / earth, soil; ground (Elec). Erdeinschiefiziel n ground adjust ment target (Gunnery). erden to ground (Elec). Erder m ground (Elec). Erdfernsprechverbindung / groundreturn telephone circuit. Erdgegner m hostile ground force. Erdgleiche / ground level (Ft). Erdgrube / borrow pit. Erdhorer m geophone. Erdkabel n underground cable or wire (Tp). Erdkriimmungslineal n altitude-cor rection ruler. Erdleitung / ground, ground lead (Elec).
Erdleitungsdraht m ground wire (Elec). Erdleitungsrohr n ground pipe, un derground pipe. Erdmine / land mine. Erdol n petroleum.


See ErdeinschieBziel.

Entwarnung /


"all clear" signal.


Entweichen n escape, evasion. Entwesung / sterilization. entwickeln deploy (Tac); develop (Photo); generate (smoke, etc.). Entwicklung / deployment (follows Entfaltung, development); develop ment (Photo); generation (of smoke, etc.). Entwurf m sketch, outline; plan, scheme. Entzerrer m balancing network (Rad, Tp). Entzerrung f rectification, restitu tion (aerial Photo); correction, com pensation (of frequency response, Rad, Tp). Entzerrungsgerat n rectifying cam era (aerial Photo). entziehen remove, withdraw, deprive. sich entziehen avoid, evade, disen gage (Tac). entziffern decipher, decryptograph. Entzifferung / deciphering. entzurren unlock, unclamp. Episkop n reflecting projector, episcope. erbeuten to capture (materiel). ErdanschluB m ground connection (Elec). Erdarbeit / excavation work; earth work (Ft). Erdartillerie f artillery used against ground targets (as distinguished from A A A). Erdaufklarung / ground reconnais sance (Tac).

Erdortung / pilotage (Air Naviga tion). erdrosseln to throttle, strangle. Erdriickleitung / ground-return cir cuit (Tp). Erdschluft m ground leak, ground short (Elec). Erdschwere / gravitation, gravity. Erdsporn m trail spade (G). Erdstecker m grounding rod (Elec). Erdtelegraphieverbindung / groundreturn telegraph circuit. Erdtruppen fpl ground forces. Erdung / ground, grounding (Elec). Erdvergleichsziel n auxiliary ground target (Arty). Erdvermessung / topographic sur vey. Erdwinde / winch (for Bin). ErdzielbeschuB 'm firing against ground targets (AAA). Erdzuleitung / ground lead (Elec). Erganzung / supplement, replace ment (s), reserve (s); completion, rounding out, bringing to full strength. Erganzungsbedarf m deficiency, shortage, replacement requirements.

Erganzungsgruppe / replacement training group (Air Force group composed of 2 or more Erganzungsstaffeln). Erganzungsstaffel / See Ergan zungsgruppe. Erganzungsstelle / replacement cen ter. ergeben, sich to surrender, capitu late. Ergebnis n result; score. Erhebungswinkel m quadrant angle (Surv). Erhohung / quadrant elevation (Gunnery). Erhohungsskala / elevation scale (G, MG). Erhohungswinkel m quadrant angle of elevation (Gunnery). Erholungsurlaub m leave; arrest, imprisonment (slang). Erinnerungsmedaille / campaign medal. erkampfen to force (a crossing, etc.). Erkennungsmarke / identification tag, "dog tag." Erkennungsmunition / signal am munition. Erkennungstuch n identification panel, ground panel. Erkennungswort n countersign, password. Erkennungszeichen n marking, in signia, identification mark; recogni tion signal. Erker m "bay window" type gun mount in front right sponson (Tk). Erkunder m scout; reconnaissance airplane. Erkundung / reconnaissance (Tac). Erkundungsfahrzeug n reconnais sance vehicle, scout vehicle. Erkundungsorgan n reconnaissance element. ErkundungsvorstoB m scouting raid. Erlaubnis / permission. Erlaubnisschein m leave pass. Erledigung / accomplishment, com pletion. ErmaBigung der Strafe remission of sentence. ermachtigen empower. Ermattungsstrategie / strategy of attrition. Ermessen n discretion. Eriniidung / fatigue, exhaustion.



Ermiidungskampfstoff m harassing agent (CWS). Ermiidungsschiefien n harassing fire, gas-shell fire (Arty). ernannt See Ernennung. Ernennung / appointment to brevet rank. Ernstfall m emergency. erobern conquer (territory or local ity). Eroberung / conquest. Erreger in exciter (Rad). Erregerstrom m excitation current (Elec). Erregerwicklung / excitation wind ing (Elec). Ersatz m replacement; substitute, synthetic material; spare part; com pensation, damages. Ersatzbataillon n replacement train ing battalion. Ersatzbatterie / spare battery (Elec). Ersatzbedienung / gun crew replace ments, reserve gun crew. Ersatzdienststelle / recruiting cen ter. Ersatzeinheit / replacement unit, replacement training unit. Ersatzfunkstelle / secondary radio station. Ersatzheer n replacement training Army. Ersatzkarte / provisional map, sub stitute map. Ersatzmann m replacement. Ersatzmannschaften fpl replace ments. Ersatzpferd n remount. Ersatzregiment n replacement train ing regiment. Ersatzreifen m spare tire. Ersatzreserve / replacement re serves. Ersatzreserve I reserves comprising untrained men under 35. Ersatzreserve II reserves comprising physically unfit, untrained men un der 35. Ersatzreserveausbildung / training of replacement reserves. Ersatzschaltschema n equivalent cir cuit (Elec). Ersatzteil n reserve unit (Tac); spare part. Ersatztruppen fpl replacements.



erzwingen force (a crossing, etc.). Etappe / communications zone (su perseded by riickwartiges Armeegebiet, but still frequently used). Etappenmarsch m administrative march. Etat m budget. Etatposten m budget item. Exerzierbombe / drill bomb, practice bomb. Exerzieren n drill, practice. Exerzierform / drill formation. Exerziergescho/5 n dummy projectile. Exerzierhalle / drill hall. Exerzierhaus n armory. Exerziermarsch m goose step. Exerziermunition / drill ammuni tion, dummy ammunition. Exerzierordnung / drill formation; drill regulations. Exerzierpatrone / dummy cartridge. Exerzierplatz m drill ground, parade ground. Exerzierschritt m See Exerzier marsch. Exerziervorschrift / drill regula tions. Exzenterhiilse / eccentric sleeve (aiming circle).

Ersatzverpflegungsmagazin n ration depot (Z of I). Ersatzwesen ?i recruiting and re placement administration. Erschiefien der Tageseinfliisse ob taining metre data by registration (FA). erschopfen to exhaust, wear out, use up. Erschutterung / concussion, shock. erstarren become rigid or stiff; "freeze" in position. Erstausstattung / initial issue. erste Hilfe first aid. Erster Offizier first officer (Nav). ersticken asphyxiate, choke, stifle, suffocate. erstickender Kampfstoff lung irri tant. Erststrom m primary current. ersturmen to rush, take by assault(Tac). Ertraglichkeitsgrenze / harassing concentration (CWS). Erwa-Meldung / stand-by message (preliminary to metro message) (Arty). Erwiderungsfeuer n retaliation fire, counterfire.

Fabrik / factory. Pach n field of competency, trade, profession; branch of knowledge; specialty; compartment, pigeonhole. Fachabteilungen fpl professional service units (Med). Facharbeiter m technician, skilled workman, specialist. Fachausdruck m technical term. Fachbearbeiter m staff officer or of ficial in charge of some technical branch or administrative depart ment. Fachberater m technical adviser. Fachermotor m fan-type engine, double-V engine. Facherturn m half-loop wing-over (Avn). Fachmann m specialist, expert. Fachsprache / technical terminology. Fachverstandiger m specialist, ex pert.

Fachwerk n latticework, grillage; truss. Fachwerkbriicke / truss bridge. Fachwerktrager m truss (Bdg). Fackel / flare, torch. Faden m thread, filament; string; fathom (Nav); front-sight slit (aiming circle); hair (Optics). Fadenkreuz n cross hairs, cross wires (Optics). Fadenstiick n front-sight piece (aiming circle). Fahne / colors, flag, guidon. Fahnenband n battle honors. Fahneneid m oath of allegiance, oath of enlistment. Fahnenflucht / desertion. Fahnenfliichtiger m deserter. Fahnenjunker m officer candidate (from enlistment until promotion to Fahnrich).

Fahnenjunker-Gefreiter m officer candidate (with grade of Gefreiter). Fahnenjunker-Unteroffizier' m NCO officer candidate (with grade of Sgt). Fahnenkompanie / color guard com pany. Fahnenmast m flxed flagpole. Fahnenposten m color sentinel. Fahnenschaft m flagpole. Fahnenstange / flagpole, pike. Fahnentrager m color bearer, guidon. Fahnentrupp m color guard. Fahnentuch n bunting. Fahnenwache / color guard, color sentinel. Fahnrich m officer candidate (grade above Fahnenjunker-Unteroffizier). Fahrabteilung / supply-train bat talion (H-Dr). Fahrausweis m travel order, travel ing permit. Fahrbahn / roadway. Fahrbahntrager m floor beam, road way girder (Bdg). fahrbar passable (for vehicles); mobile; practicable; navigable. Fahrbefehl m transportation order (MT). Fahrbenzin n standard gasoline. Fahrbereich m operating range, traveling distance, cruising radius (MT, Tk). Fahrbetrieb m ferrying operations. Fahrbremse / wheel brake (G car riage). Fahre / ferry. fahren to drive, travel, ride. fahrendes Ziel moving target (Tk, . vehicle). Fahrer m driver (MT, Tk, etc.); pri vate (H-Dr Transport). Fahrerhaus n cab (Trk). Fahreroptik / driver's periscope (Tk). Fahrgast m passenger. Fahrgerat n propelling equipment (Engr). Fahrgestell n chassis (MT); landing gear, landing-gear frame (Ap). Fahrkarte / transportation ticket (RR, bus, etc.). Fahrkolonne / horse-drawn column. Fahrkostenentschadigung / travel allowance (reimbursement). Fahrkiiche / rolling kitchen.


Fahrlassigkeit / negligence. Fahrleistung / traveling capacity (MT, Tk). Fahrplan m timetable, train sched ule. Fahrprahm m tank landing craft. Fahrrad n bicycle. Fahrrinne / rut. Fahrseil n ferry cable. Fahrstelle / ferrying site, ferry em barkation point. Fahrstellung / traveling position (Ord). Fahrt / ride, run; trip, journey; speed. Fahrtenschwimmer m qualified swimmer (on basis of time-endur ance test). Fahrtliste / entraining table. Fahrtmesser m airspeed indicator. Fahrtrupp m boat crew (Engr). Fahrtruppen fpl transportation units (H-Dr). Fahrweg m dirt road. Fahrwerk n landing gear (Ap); running gear, chassis (MT); sus pensions and tracks (Tk). Fahrwerkachse / landing-gear axle (Ap). Fahrwerkrahmen m chassis frame (MT). Fahrwerkstrebe / landing-gear strut (Ap). Fahrwiderstand m tractional resist ance (MT). Fahrwind m air stream, airflow. Fahrzeug n vehicle; craft. Fahrzeuguberhang m overhang, angle of approach (MT). Fall m drop, fall; case, instance. Fallbahn / bomb trajectory. Fallbenzintank m gravity tank (MT). Fallbeschleunigung / downward ac celeration (Ballistics). Fallbo / downdraft (Met). FallblockverschlufJ m drop-block type breechblock (G). Falle / trap, decoy; catch (MG). Fallenachse / catch pivot (MG). Fallgeschwindigkeit / velocity of fall (Ballistics). Fallgesetz n law of falling bodies.
Fallhohe /

Fallklappe / drop (Tp switchboard). Fallpunkt m level point, point of fall (Ballistics).

drop, height of drop.

Fallschirm m parachute. Fallschirmabsprung m parachute jump. Fallschirmabsprungturm m para chute tower, controlled tower. Fallschirmbombe / parachute bomb. Fallschirmgerat n parachute equip ment. Fallschirmgewehr n parachutist's automatic rifle. Fallschirmgurt m parachute har ness. Fallschirmjager m parachutist. Fallschirmjiiger-Abteilung / para chute detachment. Fallschirmjagerbataillon n para chute battalion. Fallschirmlast / delivery unit (air borne operations). Fallschirmleuchtbombe / aircraft parachute flare. Fallschirmleuchtkugel / parachute flare. Fallschirmleuchtpatrone / para chute-flare cartridge (for Sig pistol). Fallschirmrakete / parachute rocket signal. Fallschirmsack in pack assembly, pack (Prcht). Fallschirmschiitze m parachutist rifleman. Fallschirmschiitzen-Abzeichen n par achute badge (decoration). Fallschirmspringer m parachutist. Fallschirmtruppen fpl parachute troops. Fallschirmturm m parachute tower. Fallstromvergaser m downdraft car buretor. Falltafel / bomb trajectory table. Falltiir / trapdoor; escape hatch (Ap). Fallwind m katabatic wind (Met). Fallwinkel m angle of fall (Ballis tics). Fallzeit / time of fall (Bombing). Faltboot n faltboat, collapsible boat with rubberized-cloth skin. Familienunterhalt m dependency benefits. Fangleine / shroud line (Prcht). Fangnetz n anti-submarine net. Fangschnur / aiguillette, fourragere. FangstoB m parry.
farbenblind color blind. Farbentiichtigkeit / color vision.


Farb-Spritzanlage / spray painting unit. farbtonrichtig orthochromatic; Faschine / fascine. Faschinenbahn / fascine road. Faschinendamm m raised fascine road. Faser / fiber. Fassung / receptacle, socket (Elec); text or wording, version; composure. Fassungsvermogen n volumetric 9apacity. faulnisbekampfend antiseptic. Faust / fist. Faustachse / Mercedes-type front axle (MT). Faustel n mallet. Fausthandschuh m, mitten. Faustriemen m sword knot. Faustskizze / rough sketch. F-Boot n tank landing craft. Feder / pen; spring; feather. Federantrieb m spring action (clock work fuze). Federaufhangung / spring suspen sion (MT). Federausgleicher m spring equilibrator (G). Federbarometer n aneroid barom eter. Federbein n shock-absorbing strut (Ap). Federbock m spring hanger (MT). Federbolzen m spring bolt (MT). Federbund n spring clip (MT). Federeinrichtung / spring mecha nism (MG). Federgehange n spring suspension. Federhand / spring bracket (MT). Federkolben m breechblock endpiece (self-loading pistol). Federkopf m follower-spring stud (self-loading pistol). Federkraft / elasticity. Federlasche / shackle, spring shackle (MT). Federluftdruckmesser m aneroid ba rometer. Federring m lockwasher. Federteller m valve-spring retainer (Mtr). Federung / suspension (MT). Federvorholer m spring counterrecoil mechanism, spring recuperator (G). Federwolke / cirrus cloud.





Feinkorn n fine sight (R aiming); fine grain (Photo). Feld n field (Top, Elec); land (ri fling); bay (Ap). langes Feld chase of gun barrel. Feldanzug m field uniform. Feldarmee / field army. Feldausbildungsdivision / field train ing division. Feldausriistung / field equipment. Feldausstattung / field equipment; ammunition reserve. Feldbackerei / field bakery. Feldbahn / narrow-gage field rail way. Feldbauamt n airdrome maintenance office. Feldbefestigung / field fortification. Feldbischof m Chief of Chaplains. Feldbluse / service coat. feldbrauchbar serviceable for use in the field. Feldbrunnen m field well. Feldbiicherei / military field library. Felddauerlinie / permanent field-tele phone line. Felddienst m field duty. felddienstfahig fit for active duty. Felddienstordnung / field service regulations. Felddienstiibung / field exercise. Feldeisenbahn / field railway. Feldeisenbahnbetriebsamt n field railway operations office. Feldeisenbahndirektion / field rail way command station. Feldeisenbahner m field railway en gineer. Feldeisenbahnmaschinenamt n field railway machinery office. Feldeisenbahnwerkstattenamt n field railway workshop office. Feldelement n field cell (Tp). Felder npl lands (Ord); fields (Top). Feldersatzbataillon n replacement training battalion (assigned to the field forces). Felderscheibe / target divided into squares. Felder und Ziige lands and grooves. Feldfernkabel n field trunk wire (Tp). Feldfernkabeltrupp m wire-laying team (Tp). Feldfernsprecher m field telephone; field telephone operator. Feldflasche / canteen (for water).

Fehlbestand m shortage, discrepancy (supplies, etc.). Fehler m error; defect; miss. Fehlerdreieck n triangle of error (Surv). fehlerhaft defective. Fehlganger m miss. Fehlgriff m blunder. Fehlleistung / malfunction. fehlschlagen fail. FehlschuB m miss. Fehlstart m unsuccessful take-off (Avn). Fehlstelle / vacancy (Adm). Fehltreffer m near miss. Fehlweisung / deviation (Bad). Fehlzerspringer m low-order burst, low-order shell (Am). Fehlzundung / backfire (Mtr). Feigheit / cowardice. Feile / file (tool). Feind wi enemy. Feindbeobachtung / observation of or by the enemy. Feindberiihrung / contact with the enemy. FeindbeschuB m enemy fire. Feindbesetzung / occupation by the enemy. Feinddruck m enemy pressure. Feindeinsicht / enemy observation. Feindeinwirkung / enemy action. Feindesland n enemy territory, hos tile territory. Feindflug m raid, sortie, combat mis sion (Avn). Feindflugausweis m special identifi cation card carried on missions dur ing which capture by enemy is likely (Avn). feindfrei clear of the enemy. Feindgelande n enemy terrain. Feindnachrichten fpl information about the enemy. Feindnahe / closeness to the enemy, nearness to the enemy. Feindraum m enemy zone. Feindseligkeiten fpl hostilities. Feindsicht / enemy observation. Feindtatigkeit / enemy activity. Feindzusammenstofi m collision with the enemy. Feineinstellung / fine tuning (Rad); fine setting, precision adjustment. Feinhohenmesser m sensitive altime ter (Ap).

Feldflughafen m field airdrome. Feldflugplatz m advanced airfield. Peldfunksprecher m See Peldfunksprechgerat. Feldfunksprechgerat n field radio set. Feldgeistlicher m chaplain. Feldgendarm m military policeman. Feldgendarmerie / military police. Feldgendarmerievorsehrift / mili tary police regulations. Feldgerat n field equipment. Feldgericht n provost court, courtmartial. Feldgeschiitz n field gun. Feldhandapparat m field handset (Tp). Feldhaubitze / field howitzer. Feldheer n field forces. Feldherrnkunst / strategy, general ship. Feldinstandsetzung / line mainte nance. Feldjustizamt n legal branch of army, corps and division general staffs (consists of civilian officials). Feldkabel n field wire (Tp). Feldkabelader / field-wire strand (Tp). Feldkabelbau m field-wire laying (Tp). Feldkabelleitung / field-wire line (Tp). Feldkanone / field gun. Feldkaplan m chaplain. Feldklappenschrank m portable switchboard. Feldkochherd m field range (cooker). Feldkochunteroffizier m cook (NCO). Feldkommandantur / military ad ministration headquarters (in Com Z and occupied countries). Compare Ortskommandantur, Stadtkommandantur. Feldkuche / field kitchen, rolling kitchen. Feldlaboratorium n field laboratory (Med). Feldlager n bivouac, encampment. Feldlazarett n surgical hospital. Feldmarschall m Field Marshal (Ger). Feldmeister m first sergeant (Reich Labor Service). FeldmeBkastchen n field testing set (Tp). Feldmiitze / garrison cap.


Feldnachrichtenkommandantur / field signal command (signal Hq for an area of occupied territory or in rear area of T of Opns).

Feldpolizei / See Geheime Feldpolizei. Feldportion / field ration (for Pers). Feldpost / army postal service. Feldpostamt n army post office. Feldpostbeamter m army mail clerk (Civ official). Feldposteinheit / army postal unit. Feldposten m outguard sentinel. Feldpostwesen n army postal service. Feldprediger m chaplain. Feldpriifschrank m field testing box (Tp). Feldrain m uncultivated .strip at edge of field. Feldration / field ration (for ani mals). Feldschanze / field fortification, earthwork. Feldsicherungskastchen n field fuse box (Tp). Feldsonderbataillon n field disciplin ary battalion. Feldstraflager n field disciplinary camp. Feldtrage / field litter (Med). Feldunterarzt m acting medical offi cer. Feldverpflegung / field messing. Feldwache / outguard. Feldwagen m field wagon. Feldwebel m technical sergeant. Feldweg m cross-country dirt road. Feldwerkstatt / field workshop. Feldwerkstattzug m field workshop platoon. Feldwetterstelle / field weather sta tion. Feldwetterwarte / See Feldwetter stelle. Feldzeugbataillon n ordnance bat talion. Feldzeugkommando n ordnance com mand (one in each Wehrkreis and some in occupied countries). Feldzeuglager n ordnance depot. Feldzeugstab m ordnance staff. Feldzug in campaign. Felge / felloe, rim. Felgenband n tire flap (MT). Fels m rock, cliff. Felsblock m boulder, rock. Felsenklippe / bluff (Top).



Fernkurs m correspondence course. Fernleitung / long-distance circuit, interurban line (Tp). Fernlenkung / remote control. Fernlicht n bright. light (on auto headlight). Fernmefigerat n range finder. Fernmeldeanlage / communication station (Sig C). Fernmesser m range finder; rangefinder operator. fernmiindlich by telephone. Fernrichten des Geschiitzes remote gun control (CA, Nav). Fernrohr n telescope; binoculars (in this sense, generally Doppelfernrohr). Fernrohrarme mpl telescope tubes (BC telescope). Fernrohraufnahme / telephoto. Fernrohraufsatz m- telescopic sight. fernrohrbesetzt equipped with tele scopic sight (R). Fernrohrhals m telescope center sec tion. Fernrohrhiilse / telescope housing. Fernrohrkopf m telescope head. Fernrohrkorper m telescope tube; body (of binoculars). Fernrohrlager n telescope seat. Fernrohrsteg m telescope support. Fernschreiber TO teletype, teletype writer, telegraph printer; teletype operator. Fernschreibkompanie / teletype com pany, telegraph-printer company. Fernschreibleitung / teletype circuit. Fernschreibnetz n teletype net (Luftwaffe). Fernschreibwagen TO teletype truck. Fernsehen n television. Fcrnsicht / visibility. FernsprechanschluB m telephone con nection. Fernsprechbaukompanie / telephoneconstruction company. Fernsprechbautrupp m telephoneconstruction crew. Fernsprechbauvvagen m telephoneconstruction truck.

Fenster n sight peephole (AA sight); window. Fepo / See Geheime Feldpolizei. Ferdinand name of a heavily-ar mored German self-propelled gun. Fernantrieb m rempte drive, remote control. Fernauf klarer m long-range recon naissance airplane. Fernaufklarung / distant recon naissance; long-range reconnaissance (Avn). Fernaufklarungsflugboot n patrol bomber, long-range reconnaissance flying boat. Fernaufklarungsflugzeug n See Fernaufklarer. Fernaufklarungsgruppe / air force long-range reconnaissance group (attached to ground forces and com posed of two or more F-Staffeln). Fernaufklarungsstaffel / long-range reconnaissance squadron attached to army ground units (abbr. F-Staffel). Fernbesprechgerat n remote control unit (Rad). Fernbesprechung / remote control operation (Rad). Fernbild n telephoto. Fernbomber m long-range bomber. Ferndrucker m teletype, teletype writer, telegraph printer. Fernempfang m long-distance recep tion (Rad). Fernempfangszone / reception zone beyond the skip distance (Rad). Fernerkunder m See Fernaufklarer. Fernfahrtmesser m remote-reading airspeed indicator (Ap). ferngelenkt remote-controlled. Ferngeschiitz n See Fernkampfgeschiitz. Ferngesprach n telephone call, tele phone conversation. ferngesteuert remote-controlled. Fernglas n binoculars, field glass. Fernhorer m receiver (Tp, Rad Tp). Fernkabel n trunk wire (Tp). Fernkampfartillerie / long-range ar tillery. Fernkampfflugzeug n long-range bombardment airplane. Fernkampf geschiitz n long-range gun. Fernkompaft m remote-reading com pass (Ap).

Fernsprechbetriebstrupp m tele phone-operations team. Fernsprechbetriebswagen m tele phone-operations truck. Fernsprechbetriebszug m telephone operating platoon.




Pernsprechdoppelleitung / metallic! Fesselseil n ground cable, mooring telephone circuit. | cable (Bin). Fernsprecher ni telephone; tele- Fesseltau n See Fesselseil. Fesselung / pinning down, contain phone operator. ing (Tac). Fernsprechfahrzeug n telephone-op FesselungsvorstqB m containing at erations vehicle. tack, holding attack. Fernsprechgerat n telephone equip fest firm, solid, steady; locked; ment, fixed, stationary; fastened. Fernsprechkompanie / telephoneFestantenne / fixed antenna. communications company. Fernsprechkraftwagen m telephone festfressen, sich to seize, freeze (pis ton, etc.). motor truck. festhalt'en to contain, hold, immobil Fernsprechleitung / telephone line. ize (Tac); to track (a target). Fernsprechnetz n wire net (Tp). Festhaltevorrichtung / locking de Fernsprechrelais n telephone relay. vice (MG). Fernsprechstelle / telephone station. Festigkeitslehre / strength of mate Fernsprechtrupp m telephone sec rials. tion. Festigkeitsnachweis m stress analy Fernsprechverkehr m telephone traf sis. fic. clamping .Fernsprechvermittlung / telephone Festklemmvorrichtung /• mechanism (MG tripod). central, switching central. Fernsprechwagen m telephone Festland n mainland, continent. f estlegen to refer (Gunnery); to wagon, telephone truck. fix; pinpoint, plot, determine; to Fernspruch m telephone transcrip sense, spot. tion, telephone message. Festlegepunkt m reference point. Fernsteuerung / remote control. Festlegezahl / deflection reading, Fernthermometer n water tempera new reading (in referring the ture gage (MT). piece) (Gunnery). Ferntrauung / marriage by proxy festmachen to make fast, secure, (while on active duty). tie, moor. FerntroB m third echelon supply Festnahme / arrest, seizure. train (behind the MitteltroB). , Festpunkt m control point, refer Fernunterricht m instruction by cor ence point. respondence. Festpunktnetz n control-point net Ferse / heel (Anatomy). (Surv). "Fertig!" "Ready!" (Arty). festschiefien seat 'the base plate by Fertigaufschlagziinder m readyfiring (Mart). fixed percussion fuze (Am). Festung / fortress, fort. Fertigerzeugnis n finished product. Festungsartillerie / fortress artil Fertigmontage / final assembly lery. (Tech). Festungsartilleriekommandeur m Fertigung / production, manufacforti'ess artillery commander. ' ture, construction. Festungsbaubataillon n fortress Fertigungshalle / factory shop. construction battalion. Fertigungsjahr n year of manufac Festungsgraben m moat. ture. Festungsgiirtel m cordon of forts. Fertigziinder m ready-fixed fuze Festungshaft / confinement in a (Am). fortress. Fessel / pastern (horse). Festungsingenieur m civilian engi FesseJballon m captive balloon. neer in charge of fortifications. Fesselgelenk n pastern joint (horse). Festungsinspekteur m superintend Fesselkabel n ground cable, moor ent of fortress engineering service ing cable (Bin). (superior of Festungspionierkommandeur). fesseln to contain, to fix, pin down (Tac); to chain, tie up. Festungskrieg m siege warfare.

FestungsnachrichtenFestungsnachrichtenkommandantur / fortress signal command (attached to staff of Ft Engr units). Pestungspionier m fortress engi neer. Festungspionierfeldwebel m techni cal sergeant (Ft Engr). Festungspionierkommandeur m for tress engineer brigade commander. Fett n grease. Fettpresse / grease gun. Fettiiberzug m grease coating. FeiJchtigkeit / humidity, moisture, dampness. Feuchtigkeitsgehalt m moisture con tent, humidity (Met). Feuchtigkeitsmesser in hygrometer. Feuchtigkeitsschreiber m hygrograph (Met). Feuer n fire. unter Feuer nehmen to shell, to strafe. Feuerabriegelung / box barrage. Feuerabriegelung schieften to box in, to lay down a box barrage. Feuerart / method of fire. Feuerauftrag m fire mission (Arty). Feuerbefehl m fire order, fire com mand. Feuerbegriffe mpl fire classification (Arty). Feuerbeobachtung / observation of fire (Gunnery). Feuerbereich m zone of fire. feuerbereit in firing position; un coupled, unlimbered, ready for action (Arty). Feuerdampfer m flash hider. Feuerdichte / density of fire. Feuereinheit / fire unit (Arty). Feuereinheit der Artillerie basic tac tical unit of the artillery. Feuer einstellen,, to cease fire. Feuer eroffnen to open fire. Feuererbffnung / commencement of fire, opening of fire. feuerfest fireproof. Feuerformen fpl types of fire, forms of fire (Arty, MG). "Feuer frei!" "Fire!" Feuergarbe / sheaf of fire, cone of dispersion, cone of fire. feuergefahrlich inflammable. Feuergefecht n fire fight, fire duel. Feuergeschwindigkeit / rate of fire (MG). Feuerhb'he / height of muzzle.

Feuer in der oberen Winkelgruppe high-angle fire. Feuer in der unteren Winkelgruppe low-angle fire. Feuerkampf m fire fight, fire duel, weapons duel. Feuerkette / line of skirmishers. Feuerkommando n firing command (Arty). Feuerkraft / fire power. Feuer kreuzen to cross fire. Feuerleitgerat n fire-controi equip ment, ballistic director (Arty). Feuerleitung / fire direction, fire control. Feuerleitungsnetz n fire control net, fire direction net (Arty). Feuerleitungsplan m fire-control map (Arty). Feuerleitungsstand m fire-direction center. Feuerleitungsstelle / See Feuerlei tungsstand. Feuerlinie / firing line. Feuerloscher m fire extinguisher. Feuerloschordnung / fire plan (fire prevention measure). Feuerbffnung / commencement of firing. Feuerpatsche / fire swatter (used in fire fighting). Feuerpause / cessation of fire "Feuerpause!" "Cease firing!" Feuerplan m plan of fire (Tac). Feuerplattform / gun platform. Feuerregelung / fire control, conduct of fire. Feuerriegel m box barrage. Feuersaule / column of flames. Feuerschiff n lightship. Feuerschlag m sudden concentration (Arty). Feuerschutz m covering fire, protec tive fire; fire support, coverage by supporting fire; artillery protection. Feuerschiitze m aerial gunner. Feuerschutzpolizei / fire protection police. feuersicher fireproof. Feuersignal n fire call. Feuersperre / barrage. Feuerspritze / fire engine. Feuerspucker m Spitfire (slang). Feuerstarke / density of fire. Feuersteigerung / increased rate of fire, intensification of fire.
• (Arty).

Feuerstellung / firing position, field emplacement, gun position. in Feuerstellung in abatage, in fir ing position. verdeckte Feuerstellung position defilade. FeuerstoB m burst (MG). Feuerstrahl m jet of liquid fire; gun flash. Feuertaufe / baptism of fire. Feueriiberfall m sudden concentra tion (Arty); surprise fire (Arty, MG). Feueriiberlegenheit / fire superior ity. Feuer und Bewegung fire and move ment, fire and maneuver. Feuerunterstiitzung / fire support. Feuervereinigung / concentration of fire (Arty). Feuervereinigungswinkel m deflec tion difference (Btry firing). Feuerverlegen n shift of fire (Arty). Feuer verlegen to shift fire. Feuerverteilung / fire distribution (Arty, MG). Feuerverteilungswinkel m diver gence difference (Btry firing). Feuervorbereitung / fire preparation (Tae). Feuervorhang m fire curtain, curtain of fire. Feuer vorverlegen to lift fire, to ad vance fire (Arty). Feuerwaffe / firearm. Feuerwalze / rolling barrage. Feuerwand / fire curtain, curtain of fire. Feuerwehr / fire department. Feuerwerker m technical sergeant (Or A). Feuerwerkskorper m pyrotechnic composition (Am). Feuerwirkung / effect of fire (Gun nery). Feuerzeug n cigarette lighter. Feuerzone / zone of fire. Feuerzucht / fire discipline. F-Haube / cowling (Ap). Fieber n fever. Fieseler-Storch m a German liaison airplane. Filmkammer / roll-film camera. Filmkassette / film cartridge, filmpack adapter (Photo). Filmstreifen m film strip.


Filmvorfiihrapparat m motion-pic ture projector. Filterbiichse / gas mask canister. Filtereinsatz m filter element (gas mask). Filtergehause n filter container (gas mask). Filterkolonne / water purification column. Filterwechsel m filter replacement (gas mask). Filz m felt. Filzstiefel m felt boot. Fingerabdruck m fingerprint. Finnenzelt n plywood shelter (win ter operations). Finsternis / darkness. Firnis m varnish. Fischgratenhindernis n fishbone ob stacle pattern. Fla / antiaircraft defense (original ly abbr. of Flugabwehr; now used as independent word). Compare Flak. Flabataillon n antiaircraft bat talion. flach flat. Flachbahngeschiitz n flat-trajectory gun. Flachbettfelge / flat-base rim (MT). Flache / wing (Ap); surface, area. flache Bb'schung gentle slope. Flachenausgleich m aerodynamic balance (Ap). Flachenbelastung / wing loading. Flachenbrand m area conflagration (Bombing). Flachendrahthindernis n multiplebelt entanglement. Flachenfeuer n area fire, zone fire. Flacheninhalt m area. Flachenmefiplan m plotting board (FR). FlachenschieBen n area fire, zone fire. flachentreue Projektion equal area projection (mapping). Flachenziel n area target. Flachfeuer n flat fire, flat trajectory fire. Flachfeuergeschiitz n flat-trajectory gun. FlachkeilverschluB m sliding squarewedge breechblock (G). Flachlasche / butt strap. Flachmeifiel m flat chisel. Flachtrudeln n flat spin (Avn).




Flachzange / flat-jawed pliers. Flakmaschinengewehr n antiaircraft Flackertaste / flicker-signal calling machine gun. key (Tp). FlakmeBgerat n plane spotter and Fladdermine / land mine. range finder (A A A). Fla-Einheit / antiaircraft machine- Flakmunition / ammunition for anti gun unit. aircraft weapons. Flagge / flag. Fla-Kompanie / antiaircraft com Flaggentruppen fpl units repre pany. sented by flags (in maneuvers). Flakregiment n antiaircraft regi Flaggentuch n bunting. ment. Flaggoffizier m flag officer (Nav). Flakscheinwerfer m antiaircraft Flaggschiff n flagship. searchlight. Flak / antiaircraft gun, antiaircraft FlakschieBen n antiaircraft fire. artillery (originally abbr. of Flug- Flakschiefilehre / theory of antiair • abwehrkanone; now used as inde craft fire. pendent word). Compare Fla. Flakschutz m antiaircraft-artillery Flakabteilung / antiaircraft artil protection. lery battalion. Flaksperre / antiaircraft barrage, Flakabwehr / antiaircraft defense. curtain of antiaircraft fire. Flakalarm m air warning for anti Flakstellung / antiaircraft gun env placement. aircraft artillery units. Flaksturmabzeichen n antiaircraftFlakartillerie / antiaircraft artil artillery assault badge (decoration). lery. Flaktreffer TO hit by antiaircraft Flakbatterie / antiaircraft, antiaircraft hit. Flakbedienung / antiaircraft gun Flaktruppe / antiaircraft artillery crew. Flakbrigade / antiaircraft brigade (as a branch of the Army). (sometimes known as Flakdivision). Flakuntergruppe / subdivision of a Flakdivision / antiaircraft artillery Flakgruppe. "division" (contains two to five Flakvierling m four-barreled anti aircraft gun. Flakregimenter). See also FlakFlakvisier n antiaircraft gun ^ight. brigade. Fla-Maschinengewehr n antiaircraft Flakfeuer n antiaircraft fire. machine gun. Flakgeschiitz n antiaircraft gun. Fla-Maschinenkanone / automatic Flakgranate / antiaircraft shell. antiaircraft gun. Flakgruppe / antiaircraft artillery Flammendampfer m flash hider group (for the defense of an air dis (Ord). trict). Flakgiirtel m cordon of antiaircraft Flammenverzehrer m flame dampener exhaust stack (Ap). fire. Flakhelferin / antiaircraft artillery Flamm(en)ol n flame thrower fuel. Flammenstrahl m jet of liquid fire. woman auxiliary. Flammenwerfer TO flame thrower. Flak-Kampfgruppe / antiaircraft Fiammenwerfer-Fiillwagen m re combat group. charging trailer for flame throwers. Flakkommandeur m antiaircraft ar Flammenwerferpanzerwagen m tillery commander. flame-throwing tank. Hoherer Flakkommandeur antiair m craft artillery commander of a Flammenwerferschutzanzug flame-thrower operator's protective Luftgau. clothing. Flakkommandogerat n antiaircraft Flandernzaun m double-apron en director. tanglement, double-apron fence. Flakkorps n antiaircraft artillery corps (contains from two to four Flanke / flank. Flakdivisionen or two to three Flak- Flankenangriff -m flank attack. Flankenbewegung f flanking move brigaden). ment. Flakkreuzer m antiaircraft cruiser.

Flankeneinbruch m flanking penetra tion. Flankenfeuer n flanking fire, enfi lade fire. Flankenmarsch m flanking march. Flankenschutz m flank protection. Flankensicherung / flank security. Flankenstellung / flanking position. flankieren to flank, outflank. Flankierungsdurchbruch m flanking break-through. Flansch m flange. Flaschenhals m bottleneck. Flaschenzug m block and tackle. Flata m flame-thrower tank (prob ably abbr. of Flammenwerfertank). Flattermine / See Fladdermine. Flattern n shimmying (MT). Fla-Waffe / antiaircraft weapon. Flechtwerk n brush work, brushwood revetment. Fleckfleber n typhus. Fleischbeschau m meat inspection. Fleischer m butcher. Fleischhackmaschine / meat grinder. Fleischkonserve / canned meat. Flettner-Seitenruder n servo rudder (Ap). fliegen to fly. fliegendes Personal flying personnel. Flieger m private (Luftwaffe); pilot, flier; airplane (as seen from ground). Fliegeralarm m air alert warning, air raid warning. Fliegerabwehr / antiaircraft de fense. Fliegerangriff m air attack, air raid. Fliegerarzt in flight surgeon. Fliegerausbildungsregiment n air force preflight training regiment. Fliegerbenzin n aviation gasoline. Fliegerbluse / flight blouse, pilot's blouse. Fliegerbombe / aircraft bomb. Fliegerdeckung / cover from air ob servation or attack. Fliegerdivision / airborne division, parachute division. Fliegerei / aviation. Fliegerfilz m grenades ejected from airplanes into the path of attacking fighters (slang).
Fliegerformation / planes. formation of air Fliegerabzeichen n aviation badge.


Fliegerfiihrer m air force command er (commander of a Luftflotte or of an area of air operations). Fliegergasbombe / chemical bomb (Avn). Fliegergruppe / group (Avn). Fliegerhandkammer / aerial hand camera. Fliegerhaube / helmet (Avn). Fliegerheld m ace. Fliegerhilfe / aviation support. Fliegerhorizont m artificial horizon. Fliegerhorst m airdrome, air base airdrome. Fliegerhorstkommandant m air base commander. Fliegerhorstkompanie / airdrome protection company. Fliegerkammer / aircraft camera, aerial camera. Fliegerkarte / air map, flight map, pilot chart. Fliegerkorps n air force corps (sub ordinate operational command of a Luftflotte). Fliegerkrafte fpl air forces. Fliegerkraftstoff m aviation fuel. Fliegerkrankheit / fliers' sickness (complex of disorders affecting fly ing Pers; not to be confused with Hohenkrankheit). Fliegerleuchtpistole / aircraft signal pistol. Fliegermarschbreite / dispersed for mation in width (AA security). Fliegermarschtiefe / dispersed for mation in depth (AA security). Fliegermaske / camouflage net (AA defense). Fliegermiitze / pilot's garrison cap. Fliegeroffizier m flying officer. Fliegerschule / flying school. Fliegerschule fur technische Ausbildung ground school (Avn). Fliegerschulung / pilot training (Avn). Fliegerschutz m antiaircraft defense. Fliegerschutzanzug m flying suit. Fliegerschiitze m aerial gunner. Fliegerschutzgraben m slit trench (AA security). Fliegersirene / air raid siren. Fliegersoldat m enlisted man (Luft waffe).
Fliegertatigkeit / air activity. Fliegertauglichkeit / fitness for fly ing.

fliegertechnisches Personal
fliegertechnisches Personal ground crew (Avn). Fliegertruppe / flying and mainten ance personnel of the Luftwaffe. Fliegertuch n ground panel, marking panel. Fliegerunterstiitzung / aviation sup port, air support. Fliegerverband m formation of air planes, air task force. Fliegerverbindungsoffizier m air sup port officer (air force liaison officer between Luftwaffe and Army; abbr. Flivo). Fliegervisier n antiaircraft sight. Fliegervisiereinrichtung / antiair craft sight assembly, aircraft gun sights. Fliegerwaffenpersonal n aircraft armament personnel. Fliegerwarnung / aircraft warning, air raid alarm. Fliegerwetter n good flying weather; bad flying weather (ironic). Fliegerzeugnis n pilot's rating, pilot's certificate. Fliegerzulage / aviation pay, flight pay, flying pay. Fliehbacke / centrifugal arming de vice (fuze). Fliehbackenfeder / spring of centri fugal arming device (fuze). Fliehbolzen m centrifugal bolt (fuze). fliehen flee, escape. Fliehgewicht n flyweight (engine governor). Fliehkraftantrieb m centrifugal ac tion (fuze). Fliehkraftregler m centrifugal gov ernor (Mtr). Fliehkraftziinder m centrifugal fuze. Fliefirichtung / direction of flow. Flinte / shotgun. Flivo m See Fliegerverbindungs offizier. Flofi n float, raft. FloBbriicke / floating bridge. Flosse / fin (Ap). Flossenstummel m inboard stabiliz ing float (seaplane). FloBsack m pneumatic float, pneuma tic ponton, pneumatic boat. FloBsacksteg m. pneumatic-boat foot bridge. Flotille / flotilla.


Flotte / fleet (Nav). See also Luftflotte. Flottenchef m Commander-in-Chief of a fleet (Nav). See also Luftflottenchef. Flotteneinheit / naval unit. Flottenstiitzpunkt m naval base. flottmachen to free (stuck or stalled vehicle); to float (a grounded ves sel). Flucht / flight, escape. fliichten flee, escape. ftiichtig hasty (Ft); nonpersistent (CWS); .fleeting; volatile. fliichtige Feldbefestigung hasty field fortification. fliichtiger Kampfstoff nonpersistent chemical agent. FlUchtigkeit / volatility (CWS). Fluchtlinie / directional traverse. Fliichtling m refugee. Fluchtstab m range pole (Surv). Fluchtversuch m attempt to escape. Flug m flight, flying. See also terms under Flieger and Luft. Flugabwehr / antiaircraft defense. Flugabwehrbezirk m air defense re gion. Flugabwehrfiihrer m antiaircraft commander. Flugabwehrgeschiitz n antiaircraft gun. Flugabwehrkanone / antiaircraft gun (abbr. Flak). Flugabwehrmaschinengewehr n anti aircraft machine gun. Flugabwehrmaschinenkanone / auto matic antiaircraft gun. Flugabwehrmaschinenwaffen fpl automatic antiaircraft weapons. Fluganwarterkompanie / pool com pany for pilot candidates (waiting for assignment to a pilot school). Flugbahn / trajectory. Flugbahnaufrifi m See Flugbahnbild. Flugbahnbild n trajectory diagram. Flugbahngrundrifi m See Flugbahn bild. Flugbereich m range, maximum range (Ap). flugbereit "on the hangar line" (after servicing). Flugbereitschaft / ground readiness (Avn). Flugbesprechung / orders confer ence, "briefing" (Avn). Flugbetrieb m airdrome traffic, air-

drome activities, routine flying oper ations. Flugbetriebsstoffkolonne / aviation gasoline, oil and lubricants column. Flugblatt 7i propaganda leaflet. Flugboot n flying boat. Flugbuch n flight log. Flugdauer / endurance, duration of flight (Ami). Flugdeck n landing deck, flight deck (aircraft carrier). Flugebene / slant plane determined by lines of present and future posi tion (AA gunnery).


Fliigelstiel m interplane strut. Flugelstrebe / wing strut. Fliigelstreckung / aspect ratio. Fliigeltiefe / depth of wing profile. Flugelverspannung / wing bracing. Fliigelverstrebung / wing strut sys tem. Fliigelvorderkante / leading edge. fliigelweise in width, in line. fliigelweise Aufstellung disposition in width (Tac). Fliigelwurzel / wing root (Ap) Flugelzelle / cell, cellule (Ap). Flugfigur / flight maneuver. Flugform / flight formation. Fluggast m airplane passenger. Fluggerat n aircraft instruments. Fluggeschwindigkeit / flying speed. Fluggewicht. n gross weight (Ap). Flughafen m airport, airdrome. Flughafenbautrupp m airdrome con struction detachment. Flughafengrenze / airdrome bound ary. Flughbhe / altitude (Avn); ordinate of trajectory, vertical height (Ballistics). hochste Flughohe absolute ceiling (Avn). Flughohe iiber dem Erdboden abso lute altitude (Avn). flugklar airworthy, capable of flying; cleared for take-off. Fluglage / attitude, attitude of flight (Avn). Fluglehre / theory of flight. Fluglehrer m flight instructor. Flugleistung / flight performance (Ap). Fluglinie / flight line. Flugmeldedienst m aircraft warning service. Flugmeldekommando n information center (AWS, Z of I). Flugmeldenetz n aircraft warning net. Flugmeldeposten in antiaircraft lookout, air guard observer (AWS).

Fliigelangriff m frontal attack direc ted obliquely against one wing. Fliigelanordnung / wing setting (Ap). Fliigelblech n stabilizing fin (Mort Am). Fliigeleinstellwinkel m angle of wing setting (Ap). Fliigeleinteilung / classification of wing parts (Ap). Flugeleintrittskante / leading edge (Ap). Fliigelende n wing tip. Flugelgeschiitz n outside or end gun of a battery. Fliigelholm m wing spar. Fliigelinhalt m wing area. Fliigelkanone / wing-mounted can non. Fliigelkolben m pump vane. flugellastig wingheavy. Fliigelleuchtpatrone / wing-tip flare. Fliigelmann m flank man (drill). Fliigelmann am Drehpunkt fixed pivot, pivot man (drill). Fliigel-Mittelstiick n wing center sec tion (Ap). Fliigelmutter / wing nut. Fliigelnase / leading edge (Ap). Fliigelprofll n wing profile. Fliigelrippe / wing rib. Fliigelschaft m fin shaft (Mort shell). Fliigelschiene / wing rail (RR). Fliigelschnitt m wing section (Ap). Fliigelschraube / thumbscrew. Fliigelsehne / wing chord. Fliigelsignal n wing signal. .Fliigelspannweite / wing span.
Fliigelspitzenkurve / . turn (Avn). Fliigelhaut / wing skin.

Fliigel m wing (Ap, Tac); fin (Mort shell, R grenade, bomb); vane (Cml shell, bomb); propeller blade.

Flugmelderose / orientation card (AWS); orientation clock (to indi cate target's direction of approach) (AAA).
Flugmeldezentrale / information center (AWS, T of Opns).


Flugmeldung / flight report (Avn) ; report of approaching aircraft (AWS).




Flugmotor w aircraft engine. Flugwesen n aviation. Flugneigungswinkel m angle of dive Flugwetter n (good) flying weather. (AA gunnery). Flugwetterdienst m aviation weather Flugordnung / flight formation. reporting service. Flugpeildienst m airways navigation Flugwetterwarte / aviation weather service. station. Flugwinkel m angle of approach Flugplatz m airfield, airdrome. Flugplatzanlagen fpl airdrome in (AAA). Flugwinkel im AbschuBpunkt angle stallations. Flugplatzbefeuerung / airdrome of approach at instant of firing. (AAA). lighting. Flugwinkel im MeBpunkt angle of Flugplatzfeld n landing field. approach at instant of range de Flugplatzzone / " control zone termination. (AAA). (Adrm). Flugrichtung / direction of flight, Flugwinkel im Treffpunkt angle of approach at future position. (AAA). course (Avn). Flugrichtungspfeil m path-of-flight Flugwissenschaft / aeronautics. Flugzeit / flying time, endurance pointer (reflector sight). (Ap); time of flight (of projectile). Flugschiiler m pilot trainee. Flugsicherheit / flying safety (Avn). Flugzeitkurve / time-of-flight curve Flugsicherung / air-trafBc safety (imaginary curve indicating different points of burst at constant time set control. Flugsicherungsbereich m air-traffic ting with varying elevation). control area. Flugzeitsekunden fpl time of flight Flugsicherungsdienst m air-traffic in seconds (Ballistics). control service. Flugzeug n airplane, aircraft. Flugsicherungshauptstelle / air- Flugzeugabwehrscheinwerfer m an traffic control station. tiaircraft searchlight. Flugsicherungsschiff n air-traffic Flugzeugachse / axis of'an aircraft. safety ship (vessel employed as Flugzeugbaumuster n airplane radio aid for air navigation and in model. aircraft rescue service). Flugzeugbein n shock strut (Ap). Flugstrecke / airway, flight route, Flugzeugbesatzung / air crew. flight line, leg of a flight. Flugzeugbewaffnung / airplane Flugstreckenfeuer n airway beacon, armament. Flugzeug-Fliigelkanone / wingcourse light. Flugstreckenkarte / strip map, ailmounted cannon (Ap). Flugzeugfiihrer m pilot. navigation map. zweiter Flugzeugfiihrer co-pilot. Flugstiitzpunkt m air base. Flugzeugfiihrerschein m pilot's certi Flugtagebuch n flight log. flugtechnisch pertaining to aeronau ficate. Flugzeugfiihrerschule / pilot school. tical technology or technique of fly Flugzeuggerippe n airframe. ing. Flugtorpedoboot n torpedo-carrying Fhigzeuggeschwindigkeitslineal n airplane speed slide rule (AAA). flying boat. flugtiichtig airworthy, capable of Flugzeughalle / hangar. flying. Flugzeugkanone / aircraft cannon, Flugwache / observation post (A WS, aircraft automatic gun. Flugzeugmechaniker m air mechanic. Z of I). metalsmith Flugwachkommando n filter center Flugzeugmetaller m (Avn). (AWS, Zofl). Flugweg m airway, course, path of Flugzeug-M.G.-Steuerung / impulse flight. generator mechanism (Ap MG). Flugzeugmotor m aircraft engine. Flugwegbestimmung / course de Flugzeugmutterschiff n seaplane termination (Air Navigation). Flugweite / range of flight, flying tender. distance. Flugzeugortung / air navigation.

Flugzeugrumpf m fuselage. Flugzeugriistpersonal n aircraft armorer-artificers. Flugzeugschlepp m airplane towing. Flugzeugschleuder / catapult (Avn). Flugzeugschleudersehiff n seaplane tender with catapult facilities. Flugzeug-Schwerb'Imotor m Dieseltype aircraft engine. Flugzeugsteuerung / airplane con trols, flight control. Flugzeugtender m seaplane tender. Flugzeugtorpedo n aerial torpedo. Flugzeugtrager m aircraft carrier. Flugzeugwart m airplane mechanic. Flugzeug zu Flugzeug air-air (Sig Com). Flugziel n air target, air objective. FlugzielbeschuR m firing at air target. Flugzustand m attitude, attitude of flight (Avn). Flufi m river. Flufibreitenmesser m river-width measuring instrument. Flufierkundung / river reconnais sance. Fliissigkeit -/ liquid. Fliissigkeitsausgleicher m fluid equalizer (recoil mechanism). fliissigkeitsgekiihlt liquid-cooled. Fliissigkeitsgetriebe n fluid drive (MT). Fliissigkeitskiihlung / liquid cooling (Mtr). Fliissigkeitsriicklaufbremse / hy draulic recoil brake (G). FliissigkeitsstoBdampfer m hydrau lic shock absorber (MT). Fliissigkeitszerstauber m decontam ination sprayer. FluBkabel n marine cable, under water cable (Tp). FluBpolizei / river police. FluBiibergang m river crossing, ford. Flutlicht n floodlight. Folgeladung / induced-detonation charge. Folgezeiger m pointer, indicator (folloiv-the-pointer mechanism in data transmission system,). Folgezeigerantrieb m follow-thepointer drive (AAA). Folgezeigereinrichtung / follow-thepointer mechanism (AAA). Folgezeigerempfanger m fuze indiFluoreszenzfarbe / luminous paint.


cator (follow-the-pointer-type fuze setter). Forderbahn / miners' tramway. Formel / formula. Formgebung / lofting (Ap). Formular n form, blank. Formveranderung / evolution (Tac). Formwert m coefficient of form (Ballistics). Forstamt n forest service office. Forsterei / forest service station. Fortbewegung / propulsion, move ment. Fortbildung / advanced training. Fortschritt m effective pitch (pro peller) ; progress. Fracht / freight. Frachtbrief m bill of lading. Frachtdampfer m freighter. Frachtenbefbrderung / transporta tion of freight. Frachter m freighter. Frachtflugzeug n cargo-transport plane. Fragebogen m questionnaire. "fraglich" "doubtful" (uncertain re garding effect of a projectile). Frasmaschine / milling machine. Fregattenkapitan m commander (Nav). Freibord m freeboard. Freigabe / clearance. Freihandnivellierinstrument n hand level (Surv). Freiheitsstrafe / sentence of confine ment. Freiherr m baron. Freilassung / release (of prisoner). Freilassung auf Ehrenwort release on parole. Freilauf m freewheeling (MT). Freileitung / overhead line (Tp). Freischarler m guerrilla. Freischwimmer m qualified swimmer. See also Fahrtenschwimmer. Freischwimmertrupp m swimmer de tail (for swimming horses across a stream). freitragend cantilever. Freiiibung / setting-up exercise. freiwillig voluntary, volunteer. sich freiwillig melden to volunteer, enlist, enroll. Freiwilliger m volunteer. Freiwilligenlegion / legion composed of non-German volunteers. Freizeichen n dial hum (Tp).



Frontpanzer m front armor (Tk). Frontsammelstelle / front collecting point (for reception of trained re placements and distribution to units). Frontsoldat m soldier at the front, combatant. Frontstalag n forward prisoner of war camp. See also Stalag. Fronturlaub m furlough from the combat zone. Frontverband m combat element (Tac); support force, formation of support aircraft (Avn). Frontvorsprung m salient (Tac). Frontzeitung / army newspaper in combat zone. Frontzulage / combat pay (addi tional pay for personnel in the com bat zone). Frostgraupeln pi sleet. Frostschutzmittel n antifreeze solu tion. Frostschutzsalbe / antifrostbite oint ment. frostsicher nonfreezable, frost-re sistant. Friihzerspringer m premature burst (Arty). Friihziindung / preignition (Mtr). F-Staffel / See Fernaufklarungsstaffel. F-Stoff m titanium tetrachloride (a smoke agent) (CWS). F.T.-Anlage / radio installation, radio equipment, radio set (Ap). F.T.-Gerat n radiotelegraph set, radio equipment, radio set (Ap). F.T.-Haube / helmet with built-in . headset and throat-type microphone. F.T.-Verbindung / radiotelegraph communication. Fuchsloch n niche (Ft) (Note: fox hole = Schiitzenloch). Fugasse / fougasse. Fiihlerlehre / thickness gage. Fiihlung / contact (Tac). Fuhlung aufnehmen to make contact (with friendly or enemy troops). FUhlunghalten n contact mission (Avn). Fiihlunghalter m airplane maintain ing contact with enemy force (Avn, Nav). Fiihlungnahme / establishment of contact (Tac).

Fremdpeilung / direction finding by means of bearings radioed to the aircraft by surface direction-finder stations. Frequenz / frequency. Frequenzangabe / frequency desig nation (Rad). Frequenzband n frequency band (Rad). Frequenzbereich m frequency range (Rad). Frequenzeinstellung / tuning control (Rad). Frequenzkorrektur / calibration ad justment (Rad). Frequenzmesser m frequency meter (Rad). Frequenzmodulation / frequency modulation (Rad). FreBbeutel m feed bag. Friede m peace. Friedensstarke / peace strength. Friedensstarkenachweisung / table of organization (peacetime). Friedensverhandlungen fpl peace negotiations. Friedhof m cemetery. Front / front (Mil, Met). innere Front home front. Frontabschnitt m front sector. Frontalangriff m frontal attack. Frontalfeuer n frontal fire. Frontantrieb m front-wheel drive (MT). Frontbogen m front arc, curved front line. Frontdienst m service at the front. Fronteinsatz m commitment to the front, employment at the front. Frontensegeln .n frontal soaring (glider). Frontflugspange / combat aviation clasp (decoration). Frontflugzeug n combat airplane. Frontkampfer m fighter at the front; combatant; veteran. Frontkampferkreuz n veterans cross (decoration awarded to all veterans of World War 1). Frontingenieur m engineer of the center for personnel in transit. Front:MG. n bow machine gun (Tk). Frontmitte / center of the front (Tac). Frontoffizier m line officer.

Todt Organization (Ft). Frontleitstelle / forward directing

fiihren to lead, direct, manage; to drive; to guide; to pilot. Fiihrer m leader; commander, com manding officer; chief; guide; driver; pilot. Fiihreranwarter m SS officer candi date.


Fiihrungsklaue / assembly guide claw (G). Fiihrungskunst / art of leadership, art of command (Tac). Fiihrungsleiste / ribbed guide (breechblock). Fiihrungs-Nachrichtenregiment n signal regiment which provides com munication down to Army Hq. Fiihrungsring m rotating band (Am). Fiihrungsrolle / guide roller (Tk). Fiihrungsschiene / guide rail (G cradle). Fiihrungsstab m operations staff (Luftwaffe). FUhrungsstiick n traversing arc (MG). Fiihrungsvermittlung / command telephone central. Fiihrungswulst m rear bourrelet (Am).
Fiihrungszeichen n

Fiihrer der Luft air liaison officer with the Navy. Fiihrereigenschaft / quality(-ies) of leadership. Fiihrerflugzeug n commander's air plane, leading airplane, command airplane. Fiihrergehilfe m assistant chief of staff. Fiihrergondel / control car (Ash). Fiihrerhauptquartier n Hitler's head quarters in the field. Fiihrerkanzel / pilot's cockpit, con trol cabin (Ap). FiihrerkompaB m pilot's compass (Ap). Fiihrerkurs m officer training course. Fiihrerraum m control cabin, pilot's compartment, pilot's cockpit (Ap). Fiihrerschaft / leadership; group of leaders. Fiihrerschein m operator's permit, driver's permit (MT). Fiihrersitz m cockpit; pilot's seat; driver's seat. Fiihrerstab m command group. Fiihrerstand m control cabin, pilot's cockpit, pilot's compartment (Ap); tank commander's position. Fiihrerziigel m lead rein (harness). Fiihrung / command, conduct, lead ership; command post, headquarters; guide (Mech). obere Fiihrung higher command' (Div and up). untere Fiihrung lower command (Kegt and down). Fuhrungsabteilung / tactical group of general staff sections. Fiihrungsband n rotating band (Am). Fiihrungsflache / flank (G barrel). Fiihrungshiilse / traversing slide (MG). Fiihrungskante / edge of land (G barrel). Fiihrungskette / squadron command er's flight, leading flight (Avn).

Fiihrerbesprechung /


Fiillansatz m appendix (Bin). Fiillelement n desiccated cell, "addwater" cell (Elec). Fiillfunkspruch m dummy radio mes sage. Fiillschraube / filler cap (MG). Fiilltrichter in filling funnel. Fiillung / filler (Am); filling (CWS). Fiillzapfen m filling plug. Fundamentring m base ring (Ord). Fiinfer-Schwarmwinkel m wedge formation of 5 airplanes.
Fiinfte Kolonne Fiillpulver 02 n TNT.

driving signal.

Funk m radio. Funkabkiirzung / procedure sign, code group, prosine, prosig. Funkanlage / radio installation. Funkaufklarung / radio intelligence. Funkauswertekraftwagen m radiointelligence truck. Funkbake / radio beacon. Funkbefehl m radio command, radio order. Funkbereitschaft / radio alert. Funkbeschickung / radio compass calibration (Air Navigation). Funkbeschickungskurve / deviation curve (Rad).
Funkbeschrankung / silence. limited radio

fifth column.

Funkbetrieb m

radio operations.



FunkmeBgerat n radar.
Funkmeflturm m radar tower, radar station. Funknachrichten fpl radio messages, radio communications. Funknavigation / radio navigation (Avn). Funknetz n radio net.
Funknetz fiir den Verkehr BodenBord air-ground net (Rad). Funkpanzerkampfwagen m radio command tank.

Funkbetriebskraftwagen m radio operations truck. Funkbetriebsstelle / radio operations station. Funkdauerbereitschaft / continuous radio alert. Funkdienst m radio communication . service. Funkdoppelverkehr m simultaneous two-way radio traffic. Funke m .spark. Funkeinsatz m employment of radio. Funkempfang m radio reception. Funkempfanger m radio receiver. funken to radio, send by radio. Funkenbildung / production of sparks (Elec). Funkentelegraphie / radiotelegraphy. Funkentelephonie / radiotelephony. Funkentladung / spark discharge (Elec). Funkentstorer m static eliminator (Rad).

Funkenstrecke / spark gap.

Funker m radio operator (with grade of private).
Funkfeuer n radio beacon. Funkgefreiter m radio operator (with grade of Gefreiter). Funkgerat n radio set, radio equip ment. Funkgeratkraftwagen m radio truck, radio-equipment truck.

Funkgeratmechaniker m pairman.

radio re

Funkhorchdienst m radio intercept service. Funkhorchkraftwagen m radio inter cept truck. Funkhorchstelle / radio intercept station. Funkkiste / radio chest, radio case. Funkkompanie / radio company. Funkkraftwagen m radio car, radio truck, radio command truck. Funklinie / radio line, two-station net. Funkmast m antenna mast, masttype antenna. Funkmastkraftwagen m radio an tenna truck. Funkmeister m technical sergeant (Rad). Funkmeisterei / signal supply and radio maintenance shop. Funkmeldung / radio message.

Funkpeiler m radio direction finder. Funkpeilgerat n radio directionfinding apparatus. Funkpeilung / radio direction find ing. Funkquerverbindung / intercommun ication channel (Rad). Funkrufzeichen n radio call signal. Funksender m radio transmitter. Funksendung / radio transmission. Funksignal n radio signal. Funkskizze / radio net diagram. Funksprechen n radio voice trans mission, radiotelephone communica tion, voice-radio communication. Funksprechgerat n radiotelephone. Funkspre'chiibermittlung / voiceradio communication. Funkspruch m radio message. Funkspruchkopf m heading on radio message. Funkspruchiibersicht / radio signal unit journal, number sheet. Funkspruchvermittlung / radio-mes sage transmission, radio message re lay (station).

Funkspruchweg m radio channel. auf dem Funkspruchweg by radio, via radio.

Funkstaffel / echelon of radio units; radio detachment. Funkstelle / radio station. Funkstille / radio silence. Funkstorung / radio interference, radio jamming. Funktafel / radio code table. Funktasten n keying (Rad). Funktauschung / radio deception. Funktechnik / radio engineering. Funktechniker m radio engineer. Funktrupp m radio section. Funkturm m radio tower. Funkuberwachung / radio monitor ing.

Funkiibung / radio-communication exercise. Funkunteroffizier m radio operator Funkverbindung / radio communica tion. Funkverbot n radio silence. Funkverkehr m radio traffic. Funkverkehrsabkiirzungen fpl brev ity code, prosigs (Rad). Funkverkehrsart / type of radio-net traffic. Funkverkehrsform / method of radio communication. Funkwagen m radio car, truck, or wagon. Funkwart TO radio technician. Funkwechselsprechen TO alternate two-way radiophone communication. Funkwechselverkehr m alternate two-way radio traffic. Funkweg m radio channel. auf dem Funkweg by radio, via radio. Funkwelle / radio wave. Funkwerkstatt / radio maintenance shop. Funkwetterwarte / radio weather station. Funkzucht / radio discipline. furagieren to forage. Furagierleine / picket line (for horse). Furche / furrow; scour (river bed); groove; white line (hoof).



FuBteller TO float, float plate, jack float (AA gun). Fuflweg m footpath. Futter n forage, fodder; lining (Clo); bushing, liner (Tech); chuck (of lathe, etc.). Futteral TO case; scabbard; sheath. Futterholz n frame, shim (Engr). Futterration / forage ration. Futterrohr n removable liner (G). Futterstiick n bushing (breechblock).

Fuflstiitze /

Furier TO quartermaster sergeant. Furnier n veneer. Fiirsorge / welfare. Furt / ford. Fusilier TO private, infantry rifle man. FuBbremshebel TO brake pedal. FuBhetoel TO pedal'(Ord, MT). fuflkrarik footsore. FuBlappen TO foot rag, foot cloth; cabbage (slang). FuBlatscher TO "foot-slogger," infan tryman (slang). FuBlatte / sill (Bdg). FuBmelder m runner. FuBplatte / foot plate, float (AA gun outrigger). FuBpunkt m nadir point. FuBschalter in foot switch' (Elec); foot starter (MT). FuBschaltung / foot shifter (MT). FuBschlingenmine / foot snare mine.

Gabel / fork (utensil); bracket eine Gabel bilden to bracket (Arty). Gabelachse / Elliot-type front axle (MT). Gabelbildung / bracketing method, bracket adjustment (Arty). Gabeldeichsel / pair of wagon shafts. Gabellafette / gun carriage with shafts. Gabelmotor m V-engine. gabeln to bracket (Arty). Gabelschiefien n bracket fire. Gabelschwanz m twin tail (Ap).


Gabelstiitze / bipod (MG). Gabelumschalter TO hook switch (Tp). Gabelung / bracket (Arty). Gamaschen fpl leggins, puttees. Ganasche / jaw (horse). Gang w gear, speed, action, play, motion, travel (Mech); passage, gangway. Gangart / gait (horse). gangbar passable. Gangrolle / pivoted dial (speed ometer). Gangschaltung / gearshift (MT).
Gangspill in capstan.

Gansemarsch TO Indian file, single file. "Ganze Abteilung, Kehrt!" "About Face!" (to a detail, squad, company, etc.). Ganzmetallflugzeug n all-metal air plane. Garbe / sheaf of fire, cone of disper sion, cone of fire. Garnison / garrison (now Standort). garnisonverwendungsfahig fit for limited service (i.e., in a garrison post, station or in Com Z) (abbr. g-v.). Gasabblaseverfahren n gas-release metho_d (CWS). Gasabdichtung / gas check (breech block). Gasabwehr / gas defense. Gasabwehrdienst TO chemical defense service. Gasabwehrmafinahmen fpl tactical protection (CWS). Gasabwehrmittel n gas-defense equipment. Gasabwehrwaffe / gas-defense weapon. Gasalarm m gas alarm. Gasalarmsirene / gas-alarm siren. Gasalarmzeichen n gas-alarm signal. Gasangriff m gas attack. Gasanzeiger TO gas detector kit. Gasanzug TO gas-protection suit. Gasaufklarung / gas reconnaissance. Gasausbildung / gas-defense instruc tion. Gasbehalter m gas container. Gasbekleidung / protective clothing (CWS). GasbeschuB m gas-shell fire (Arty). Gasbrand m gas gangrene. Gasbrille / gas goggles (CWS). Gasbrisanzgranate / high-explosive chemical shell. gasdicht gasproof, gastight. Gasdichte / gas' concentration. Gasdichtigkeit / impermeability to gas. Gasdisziplin / gas discipline. Gasdruck TO blowback, gas pressure (Ord). Gasdrucklader TO blowback-operated weapon. GasdruckmeBgerat n pressure gage (Arty).
Gasbereitschaft / gas alert.


Gasdruckpriifung / pressure test (Ord). Gasdiise / gas-cylinder nozzle. Gas-Erdmine / chemical mine, chem ical land mine. Gaserkennungsdienst TO gas-detect ing service. Gasflasche / chemical cylinder, gas cylinder. Gasfufihebel TO accelerator pedal (Mtr). Gasgenerator TO wood-gas generator (MT). GasgeschoB n chemical projectile.
GasfuBtritt TO See GasfuBhebel. Gasentladungsrb'hre / (Bad). gas tube

Gasgewehrgranate / gas rifle gren ade. Gasgranate / chemical shell, gas shell. Gashandgranate / gas hand grenade, chemical hand grenade. Gashandschuh TO gas-protection glove. Gashandwerfer m chemical mortar. Gashebel m throttle lever (Ap); ac celerator (Mtr). Gaskampf m chemical warfare. Gaskampfgeriit n chemical warfare equipment. Gaskampfmittel npl chemical war fare material. Gaskrieg TO chemical warfare. Gaslaufer TO antigas runner (roll of impregnated paper on which to cross contaminated ground). Gasleitung / gas line, gas pipe. Gasmaske / gas mask. Gasmaskenkorper TO body of gas mask. Gasmaskenpriifgerat n gas-mask testing apparatus. Gasmaskentragbiichse / gas-mask carrier (canister type). Gasmaskenzubehor n gas-mask ac cessories. Gasmorser TO chemical mortar. Gasmunition / .chemical munitions. Gasoffizier m gas officer, chemical of ficer. Gasb'l n gas oil, Diesel fuel. Gasplane / antigas paulin, protective awning (CWS). Gasraum m gas chamber (Bin, CWS).



Gasraumprobe / gas-chamber test (CWS). Gasraumpriifung / See Gasraum probe. GasschieBen n gas-ishell fire (Arty). Gasschleuse / gas trap, air lock (CWS). Gasschutz m chemical defense. Gasschutzdecke / protective mat (CWS). Gasschutzfilm m chemical-defense training film. Gasschutzgerat n gas protective equipment. Gasschutzgeratepark m chemical de fense equipment park. Gasschutzgeratwerkstatt / repair shop for gas protective equipment. Gasschutzsalbe / protective ointment (CWS). Gassschutziibungsmittel n- chemical defense training agent. Gasschutzunteroffizier m gas non commissioned officer. Gasschutzvorhang m gas curtain, blanket door. Gasschutzvorrat m stock of chemical defense equipment. Gasschutzvorschrift / gas-defense regulations. Gasschwaden mpl gas fumes (CWS). Gasse / gap (in obstacle or mine field); alley, street. gassicher gasproof. Gassperre / gas barrier, contami nated area. Gasspiiren n gas detection. Gasspiirer m gas sentry. Gasspiirfahnchen n gassed-area marker. Gasspiirgerat n gas-detection appa ratus. Gasspiirkraftwagen m gas-detection car. Gasspiirmittel npl gas-detection equipment. Gasspiirstoff m gas-detection agent. Gasspiirtrupp m gas-detection squad. Gasstiefel mpl gas-protection boots. Gastruppen fpl chemical troops. Gasiiberfall m surprise gas attack, surprise gas-shell fire. Gasumhang m gas-protection cloak. Gasvergifteter m gas casualty. Gasvergiftung / gas poisoning, con tamination. Gasverluste mpl gas casualties.


Gasvorhang m gas curtain. Gaswarnung / gas warning. Gaswerfen n chemical-projector fire. Gaswerfer m chemical projector. Gaswolke / gas cloud. Gaszelle / cell, cellule (Ash), Gaszucht / gas discipline. Gaze / gauze. geballt concentrated. geballte Ladung concentrated charge (consisting of several explosive blocks tied together). geben to give; transmit (Rad, Tg). Geber m sender, transmitter; data transmitter (data transmission sys tem); azimuth and elevation indi cator (AA director). Gebiet n region; territory; zone. Gebirgsartillerie / mountain artil lery, pack artillery. Gebirgsfahrkolonne / mountain sup ply column (H-Dr). Gebirgsgeschiitz n mountain gun, pack gun. Gebirgshang m mountainside. Gebirgskanone / mountain gun. Gebirgsinfanteriegeschiitz n moun tain infantry howitzer. Gebirgsjager m mountain infantry-. man. Gebirgsjager-Bataillon n mountain infantry battalion. Gebirgsjager-Regiment n mountain infantry regiment. Gebirgskampf m mountain combat. Gebirgskorps n mountain corps. Gebirgskorpskommando n mountain corps headquarters. Gebirgskrieg m mountain warfare. Gebirgsmiitze / mountain cap. GebirgspaB m mountain pass. Gebirgs-Pionier-Regiment n moun tain engineer regiment. Gebirgstragerkompanie / mountain carrier company (on foot). Gebirgstruppen fpl 'mountain troops. Gebifi n bit (harness). . Geblase n blower, supercharger; ventilator. Geblasemotor m supercharged en gine. Geblasewind m airflow. Gebrauch m use, custom. Gebrauchsanweisung / instructions for use, operating instructions.




Gebrauchsflugzeug n general-pur pose airplane. Gebrauchsladung / normal charge. Gebrauchsstufe / the sum of all in terior ballistic factors. See also Grundstufe. Gebiihr / charge, rate, allowance, fee. Gebiihrnisse fpl allowances, rates. Geburtsjahrgang m age class. Geburtsurkunde / birth certificate. gedampft damped (Elec, Mech). gedeckt covered, concealed, defiladed, masked, sheltered. gedeckte Bahn shooting gallery. gedeckte Batterie masked battery. gedeckter Raum dead space, safety zone. gedeckte Stellung cover position. geeicht calibrated. geerdet grounded (Elec). Gefahr / danger. gefahrden endanger. gefahrlich dangerous. Gefahrpunkt m critical point (Tac).

Gefecht im Gebirge mountain com bat. Gefechtsabschnitt m combat sector, zone of action. Gefechtsaufgabe / combat task. Gefechtsaufklarung / battle recon naissance, combat reconnaissance. Gefechtsauftrag m combat mission. Gefechtsausbildung / combat prac tice, tactical training. Gefechtsbatterie / firing battery. Gefechtsbefehl m combat order. Gefechtsbefehlsstelle / command post. Gefechtsbereich m zone of action. Gefechtsbereitschaft / readiness for action. Gefechtsbericht m combat report. Gefechtsberiihrung / contact with the enemy. Gefechtsbreite / combat frontage. Gefechtseinheit / combat unit. Gefechtseinsatz m employment . in action, commitment to action. Gefechtsentwicklung / deployment Gefalle n gradient (Met, Top). for action (Tac). Gefallemesser m clinometer (Engr). Gefechtsfahrzeug n combat vehicle. gefallen fallen, dead, killed. im Felde gefallen killed in action. Gefechtsform / combat formation. Gefangenenabschub m evacuation of Gefechtsgebiet n combat zone. Gefechtsgliederung / tactical group prisoners. ing. Gefangenenaussage / prisoner's Gefechtsgruppe / combat unit; ar statement. mored support unit. Gefangenenaustausch m exchange of Gefechtshandlung / operation, ac prisoners. Gefangenenbewachungskommando n tion, engagement, battle. Gefechtskarren m ammunition and prisoner guard detachment. weapons cart (H-Dr). Gefangenenlager n prisoner-of-war Gefechtskarte / battle map. camp. Gef angenensammelkommando' n Gefechtskasten m medical supplies and equipment chest. prisoner-collecting detachment. cleared for action Gefangenensammelstelle / prisoner gefechtsklar (Nav). collecting point. Gefangenenverhb'r n See Gefange- Gefechtskompanie / assault company (Prcht troops). nenvernehmung. Gefangenenvernehmung / interroga Gefechtskopf m warhead (torpedo). Gefechtskraftwagen m combat car. tion of prisoners. Gefechtslage / combat situation. Gefangener m prisoner. Gefechtslandeplatz m advance (d) Gefangennahme / capture. landing field. Gefangnis n prison. Gefechtslarm m noise of battle. Gefangnisstrafe / sentence of con Gefechtslehre / tactics. finement to a prison. Gefechtslinie / line of battle. Gefecht n action, battle, combat, en Gefechtsluftaufklarung / combat air gagement, fight. See also terms un reconnaissance. der Kampf, Krieg. Gefechte unter besonderen Verhalt- gefechtsmafiig similar to actual com bat or conditions in the field. nissen special operations.

gefechtsmaBiges SchieBen
gefechtsmafiiges SchieBen combat practice firing. Gefechtsmeldung / combat message, combat report. Gefechtspause / lull in combat. Gefechtsraum m zone of action, com bat area (Tac); fighting compart ment, turret basket (Tk). Gefechtsscheibe / field target, aim ing silhouette. Gefechtsschiefien n advanced combat practice firing. GefechtsschieBstand m field firing range (R). Gefechtsschlitten m combat sled. Gefechtsschreiber m clerk at a com mand post. Gefechtsspahtrupp m combat patrol. Gefechtsstab m command group; tactical operations staff. Gefechtsstaffel / combat-train eche lon. Gefechtsstand m command post (in combat); headquarters (Avn); gun position, gunner's station (Ap). Gefechtsstellung / action station. Gefechtsstreifen m combat sector, zone of action. Gefechtstatigkeit / combat activity. GefechtstroB m combat train; main tenance section (Btry). Gefechtsiibung / combat practice. Gefechtsverlauf m progress of action (Tac). Gefechtsverwendung / employment in combat. Gefechtsvorposten m combat outpost. Gefechtswagen m ammunition and weapons wagon. Gefechtszeitangabe / chronology of battle. Gefechtszweek m objective of com bat, purpose of an action. Gefecht um Engen combat at defiles. Gefolgschaft / collective term for subordinate officers and/or enlisted personnel. Gefreitenarmwinkel m acting cor poral's chevron. Gefreitenwinkel m See Gefreiten armwinkel. Gefreiter m acting corporal (grade between Pvt Id and Cpl, strictly not NCO in Ger definition of term; translated as acting Cpl, lance Cpl, etc.). Gefrierschutz m antifreeze (MT).


Gefrierschutzmittel n antifreeze so lution (MT). Gegenangriff m counterattack (Tac). Gegenaufklarung / counterreconnaissance. Gegenbefehl m counterorder. einen Gegenbefehl geben to coun termand. Gegenboschung / counterslope. Gegend / region, vicinity, neighbor hood. Gegenfeuer n counterfire, retaliation fire. : Gegenfunkstelle / called station (Rad). Gegengewicht n counterpoise (Rad); counterweight, counterbalance. Gegenhang m counterslope. Gegenkolbenmotor m opposed-piston engine. Gegenlaufgraben m counterapproach trench. gegenlaufige Luftschrauben contrarotating propellers. Gegenlicht n "counter-light" (sun light against the attacker, defender or observer). Gegenlosung / countersign. Gegenmarsch m countermarch.

GegenmaBnahme / countermeasure.

Gegenmine / countermine. Gegenmutter / lock nut. Gegenoffensive / counteroffensive. Gegenpropaganda / counterpropaganda. Gegenseil n stagger wire (biplane). gegenseitig two-way, mutual, recip rocal. gegenseitige Sprechverbindung twoway telephone circuit. Gegensignal n answer signal. Gegensinn m counterclockwise direc tion, opposite direction. im Gegensinn zum Uhrzeiger coun terclockwise. Gegenspionage / counterespionage. Gegensprechen n duplex operation, two-way break-in communication (Rad); duplexing (Tp). Gegenstand m item, object, article. Gegenstelle / called station (Rad). Gegeiisteuern n trimming (with one or more engines inoperative) (Avn). Gegenstollen m countermine. GegenstoB m counterthrust, counter attack (Tac).

Gegentakt-Verstarker m push-pull amplifier (Rad). Gegenvorbereitungsfeuer n counterpreparation, counterpreparation fire. Gegenwehr / resistance (Tac). Gegenwind m head wind. Gegenzeiger m pointer, indicator (follow-the-pointer mechanism). Gegenzeigersinn m counterclockwise direction. Gegner m opponent. Gegnerpfeil m path-of-flight pointer (reflector sight). Gegnerpunkt m future position at moment of burst (A A A). gegossen cast (-metals, armor, etc.). gegurtet belted (Am, etc.). Gehalt m concentration (CWS); con tent, volume. Gehause « case, casing, housing. geheim secret, confidential. Geheime Feldpolizei secret field po lice (special MP units attached to armies and Mil Adm of occupied countries; abbr. G.F.P.). geheimer Gegenstand classified mili tary item, secret item. Geheime Staatspolizei secret state police (political police; abbr. Ge stapo). Geheimhaltung / secrecy. Geheimnis n secret. Geheimschrift / cryptography. Geheimschriftanalyse / cryptanalysis. Geheimtext m cipher text. Geheimwort n cipher key. Gehilfe m aid, assistant. Gehilfe des Richtschiitzen assistant gunner (MG squad). Gehirnerschutterung / concussion of the brain. gehoben raised, lifted, elevated; higher grade (of Wehrmachtbeamter). Gehorsam m obedience. Gehorsamsvenveigerung / insubor dination. Geisel / hostage. geladen loaded, armed, charged, acti vated. geladener Draht live wire. Gelande n terrain, ground, country. Gelandeabschnitt m terrain sector, terrain compartment. Gelandeanpassung / adaptation to


the terrain, blending with the ground (Cam). Gelandeaufnahme / terrain photosurvey. Gelandeausbildung / field training. Gelandeausnutzung / utilization of terrain. GeHindeausschnitt m coverage (aerial Photo). Gelandebedeckung / .mask (Gun nery). Gelandebesprechung / tactical ride, tactical walk. Gelandebeurteilung / terrain appre ciation, estimate of terrain. Gelandedarstellung / terrain repre sentation (Surv). Gelandeentgiftung / ground decon tamination. Gelandeerkundung / terrain recon naissance. gelandefahig capable of cross-coun try travel (MT). Gelandefahren n cross-country driv ing. Gelandefahrzeug n cross-country vehicle (MT). Gelandegang m auxiliary gear, underdrive (MT). gelandegangig capable of cross country travel, having cross-country mobility (MT). Gelandegiingigkeit / cross-country traveling ability, cross-country mo bility (MT). Gelandegegenstand m terrain fea ture, landmark. Gelandegestaltung / configuration of terrain, terrain features. Gelandehindernis n natural obstacle, terrain obstacle. Gelandekampfstoff m ground-con taminating agent, persistent agent (CWS). Gelandekette / traction band (MT), Gelandekraftfahrzeug n cross-coun try motor vehicle. Gelandenachbildung / simulation of terrain. Gelandeneigung / slope. Gelandeorientierung / orientation by map. Gelandepunkt m terrain point, land mark. Geliindern railing; handrail (Bdg). Gelanderaum in terrain area.



drive shaft and universal joint, pro peller shaft. gelb'ste Flugordnung route formation (Am). Gemeinerm private, common soldier or sailor (in disuse). Gemischbildung / mixing, mixture formation (carburetor). gemischt mixed, combined. Gemischtbauweise / composite con struction. gemischter Verband combined-arms unit. gemodelte Welle modulated wave. genau accurate, exact, precise; tight; close; strict. genaues EinschieBen precision ad justment fire. Gendarm m rural policeman. Gendarmerie / rural police. genehmigen authorize, approve. General m lieutenant general; gen eral; general officer (specifically, Lt Gen). Compare Generaloberst. Generaladmiral m admiral (com mander of a fleet). Generalarzt m brigadier general (Med). Generalarbeitsfiihrer m brigadier general (Reich Labor Service). Generalfeldmarschall m Field Mar shal.

Gelanderstiitze/ railing post; hand rail post (Bdg). Gelandescheibe / landscape target (Tng). Gelandeschutz m defilade, natural protection. Gelandeskizze / military sketch. Gelandestreifen m terrain sector. Gelandeiibung / field exercise. Gelandevergiftung / terrain contami nation (CWS). Gelandeverhaltnisse npl terrain con ditions. Gelandevermessung / terrain survey. Gelandeverstarkung / organization of the ground (Tac). Gelandewinkel m angle of site (Gun nery); angle of slope (Top). negativer Gelandewinkel angle of depression, negative angle of site. Gelandewinkellibelle / angle-of-site level. Gelandewinkelmesser m angle-of-site instrument, clinometer. GelandewinkelmeBvorrichtung / angle-of-site mechanism (telescopic sight). Gelatitw a rock-blasting explosive. gelb yellow. Gelbkreuz n Yellow Cross (Ger mark ing for vesicants) (CWS). GelbkreuzbeschuB m chemical-shell fire (vesicant filler). Geldabfindung / money allowance, re imbursement, cash settlement. Geldstrafe / fine (Law). Geldwert der Verpflegungsersparnisse ration savings. Gelegenheitsziel n target of oppor tunity. Geleisew track (RR). Geleit n escort, convoy. Geleitmannschaft / escort personnel. Geleitschiff n convoy vessel, escort vessel. Geleitschutz m convoy guard (Nav). Geleitzug«t convoy (Nav). Gelenk n knuckle, joint, flexible coupling. Gelenkbinden fpl ankle wrap puttees. Gelenkbogenbriicke / hinged-arch bridge. Gelenkgehause n universal-joint housing (MT). Gelenkstiick n joint piece (MG tri pod).
Gelenkwelle / flexible drive shaft,

Generalgouvernement n Government General (administrative region es tablished in occupied territory; spe cifically, in Central Poland in 1939,).

Generalinspekteur fiir die Panzerwaffe Inspector General of Armored Forces. Generalintendant m civilian official in administrative services ranking as brigadier general. Generalkommando n corps headquar ters. Generalleutnant m major general. Generalluftzeugmeister m chief of air forces special supply and procure ment service. Generalmajor m brigadier general. Generaloberst m general (full gen eral). Generaloberstabsarzt m surgeon gen eral (lieutenant general). Generaloberstabsveterinar m lieuten ant general (Vet). Generalquartiermeister m general staff officer Ib in charge of supply



Geratedurchsicht / inspection of equipment or ordnance. Gerateeinheit / unit assemblage (of equipment, etc.). Gerateentgif tung / decontamination of equipment. Geratelicht n instrument light. Gerateoffizier m ordnance staff offi cer, ordnance officer, property officer. Gerateunteroffizier m ordnance ser geant. Gerateverwalter m quartermaster sergeant. Geratewagen m See Geratwagen. Geratinspizient m equipment inspec tor. Geratklasse / class of equipment. Geratsammelstelle / ordnance collect ing point Geratsatz m unit of equipment. Geratstiickw piece of equipment, item of equipment. Geratwagen m equipment truck, equipment wagon. Gerausch n noise, sound, Gerauschtarnung / "noise camou flage" (any noise-producing means intended to deceive enemy as to posi tion of guns, advance of tanks, etc.). Gerbersche Anordnung Gerber design (a type of cantilever bridge). Gerbertrager m cantilever span (two cantilever arms with suspended span). Gericht n court. gerichteter Empfang directional re ception (Rad). Gerichtsherr m appointing authority (Law). Gerippen skeleton, framework, out line. Gerippeabteil n bay (Ap). Germanisches SS-Panzerkorps SS ar mored corps composed of non-German volunteers from "Germanic" coun tries. Geruch m odor. geruchlos odorless. Geriicht n rumor. Geriist n scaffold, frame. Gesamtausfall m total loss(es). Gesamtauswanderungsstrecke / linear travel of target from position at in stant of range determination to future position (AA gunnery). Gesamtauswanderungszeit / dead time plus time of flight (AA gunnery).

and administration at headquarters of field forces. Generalstab m general staff. Generalstab des Heeres General Staff of the Army. Generalstabsarzt m major general (Med). Generalstabschef m, Chief of Staff. Generalstabskarte / strategic map (1:100,000). Generalstabskorps n General Staff Corps. Generalstabsoffizier m general staff officer. Generalstabsveterinar m major gen eral (Vet). Generalveterinar m brigadier gen eral (Vet). Generatoranhanger m wood-gas gen erator trailer (MT); generator trailer (Elec). Genesung / convalescence. Genesungskompanie / convalescent company, rehabilitation company. Genesungsurlaub m sick leave. Genfer Abkommen Geneva Conven tion. Genfer Rotes Kreuz Geneva Cross. genormt standardized. gebffnet open, extended. gebffnete Ordnung extended order. geographische Breite latitude. geographische Karte geographic map. geographische Koordinaten geo graphic coordinates. geographische. Lange longitude. Geographisch-Nord m true north. Gepack n baggage, impedimenta. GepacktroB m baggage train. Gepackwagenm baggage car (RR). gepanzert armored. gepflastert paved. gerade straight. geradeaus straight ahead. Geradeausflug m horizontal flight, level flight (Avn). Geradseitfelge / straight-side rim (MT). Gerat n nonexpendable supplies, materiel, ordnance, equipment; in strument; apparatus. Geratart / type of equipment. Geratausstattung / allotment of equipment. Geratbrettw instrument panel.

Gesamtbefehl m complete order (Tac). Gesamtdruck m total pressure. Gesamterhohung / quadrant elevation (Gunnery). Gesamtkilometerzahler m total mile age odometer (on speedometer). Gesamtkriegfiihrung/ grand strat egy, general conduct of the war. Gesamtlage / total situation, over-all situation (Tac). Gesamtrohrerhb'hung / total eleva tion (G). Gesamtseitenrichtung / total traverse, total deflection (G). Gesamtvorhaltewinkel m principal lateral deflection angle (AA gun nery). Gesandtschaft / legation. Geschirr n harness; utensils. Geschirrtau n trace (harness). Geschlechtskrankheit / venereal disease. geschlossen closed, close; combined; compact. geschlossene Ordnung close order. geschlossener Bau close-order con struction (method of Tp line construc tion by a single crew). geschlossenes Exerzieren close-order drill. geschliisselt encoded, secret, geschliisselter Funkspruch radio code message. GeschoB n projectile, bullet, shell. GeschoBabweichung / deviation, ab solute deviation (Gunnery). GeschoBanlage / clearance space GeschoBaufschlag m impact of pro jectile, point of impact. GeschoBbahn / trajectory, ballistic curve. GeschoBbo / blast effect of antiair craft shell. GeschoBboden m base of projectile. GeschoBdrall m spin of projectile. GeschoBdrehung / See GeschoBdrall. GeschoBdurchmesser m diameter of projectile. GeschoBeinschlag m impact of pro jectile, point of impact. GeschoBflugzeit / time of flight of projectile. GeschoBform / shape of projectile. GeschoBfiihrung / seating of projec tile.


GeschoBgarbe / cone or sheaf of fire, cone of dispersion. GeschoBgewicht n weight of projec'tile. GeschoBheber m gun hoist. GeschoBhb'hlung / shell cavity (Am). GeschoBhiille / body of projectile (Am). GeschoBhiilse / cartridge case (Am). GeschoBkanal m bullet tube (gren ade launcher). GeschoBkappe / cap of projectile. GeschoBkern m core of bullet. GeschoBknall m report produced by shell wave (SR). GeschoBkopf m head of projectile. GeschoBkran m gun hoist. GeschoBmantel m jacket of bullet. GeschoBmine / improvised antitank mine made of a high-explosive shell. GeschoBspitze / ogive of shell. GeschoBwagen m ammunition truck. GeschoB wirkung / effect of projec tile. GeschoB-Zubringewagen m ammuni tion truck (for carrying heavy pro jectile to the piece). Geschiitz n gun (Arty piece). See Artillerie for classification as light, medium and heavy. Geschiitzart / type of gun (Arty). Geschiitzbank / barbette. Geschiitzbedienung/ gun crew; ser vice of the piece. Geschiitzbettung / ground platform (RR gun). Geschiitzexerzieren n ^ervice of the piece drill. Geschiitzfiihrer m chief of section (FA). Geschiitzkompanie / howitzer com pany (Inf). Geschiitzladung / propelling charge (Am). Geschiitzmannschaft / gun crew. Geschiitznullpunkt m position of gun (on firing charts and diagrams). Geschiitzort m See Geschiitznullpunkt. Geschiitzpark m ordnance park. Geschiitzplane / gun cover. Geschiitzrohr n gun barrel. Geschiitzschlepper m prime mover (Arty). Geschutzstaffel / gun section. Geschiitzstand m gun position, gun emplacement, position of the piece (Arty).




Gesprachsverbindung / call, connec tion (Tp). gestaffelt echeloned, staggered. Gestalt / form, shape, figure, con figuration. Gestalt der Flugbahn curve of the trajectory. Gestange n bars, poles, rods, linkage. Gestapo / See Geheime Staatspolizei. gestattete Abweichung tolerance (Tech). Gesteinssprengmittel n rock-blasting explosive. Gestell n stand; mount; frame; block; trestle; carriage; gear. Gestellungsbefehl m induction order. Gestellungspflicht / obligation to ap pear before draft board. gesteuert controlled, steered; syn chronized. gesteuertes Maschinengewehr syn chronized machine gun (Ap). Gestrauch n underbrush, shrub bery. gestreckt elongated, extended; stretched; flat. gestreckte Flugbahn flat trajectory. gestreckte Ladung elongated charge. See also Reihenladung. gestrichenes Korn medium sight (R aiming). Gestriippti underbrush, brush. Gesuch n petition, request, applica tion. Gesundheit / health. Gesundheitsappell m physical inspec tion. Gesundheitsdienst m Sanitary Corps. Gesundheitsoffizier. m health officer. Gesundheitszustand m physical con dition. Getrank n beverage. getrennt separate(d); cut off (Tp). getrennte Munition separate-loading ammunition. getrennter Bau extended-order con struction (method of Tp line con struction by two separate crews). Getriebe n gear, transmission (MT). Getriebebremse / transmission brake (MT). Getriebefett n transmission grease (MT). Getriebehauptwelle / transmission main shaft (MT).

Geschiitzstellung/ gun position, gun emplacement. geschutzt protected. geschiitzter Behalter self-sealing tank (Ap). GeschiitzverschluB m breech mech anism, breechblock (Ord). Geschiitzwagen m gun car (RR). geschiitzweises Feuer fire by piece at command (Arty). Geschiitzwinde / firing jack (G). Geschiitzzielfeuer n simulated fire representing an enemy gun target (Tng). Geschiitzzug m howitzer platoon (Inf). Geschwader n wing (air force opera tional unit consisting of about 100 aircraft organized into from 3 to 5 Gruppen); squadron (Nav). Geschwaderflugform / wing flight for mation. Geschwaderkeil m wing wedge for mation (Avn). Geschwaderkolonne / wing column formation (Avn). Geschwaderkommodore m wing com mander (Avn). geschweiBt welded. Geschwindigkeit / speed, velocity; rate (of fire). Geschwindigkeitsdreieck n triangle of velocities (Avn). Geschwindigkeitsmesser m speedom eter (MT). Geschwindigkeitssteigerung / speed increase. Geschwindigkeitsverlust m loss ofN velocity (Ballistics). Geschwindigkeit zur Luft indicated airspeed. Gesellschaftsanzug m dress uniform for social occasions. Gesenk n die (for stamping or pun ching), Gesetz n law, statute. Gesetze und Gebrauche des Landkrieges Laws and Customs of War on Land (Hague Convention, 1907). gesichert safe; secured. Gesichtsfeld n field of view (Optics). Gespann n team of horses. Gesprachn conversation; telephone call. GesprachsschluB m completion of call (Tp).

gestattet allowed, allowable, granted, permitted.

Getriebegehause n transmission case (MT). Getriebewelle / transmission shaft (MT). Gewahrsam m custody. Gewaltmarsch in forced march. gewaltsam forceful, in force. gewaltsame Erkundung reconnais sance in force. Gewehr n rifle. "Gewehr, ab!" ' "Order, arms!" "Gewehr abnehmen!" "Unsling, arms!" Gewehrappell m rifle inspection. Gewehrauflage / fire crest (Ft). Gewehrfeuer n rifle fire. Gewehrf iihrer m machine-gun squad leader, gun leader (heavy MG). GewehrgeschoB n rifle bullet. Gewehrgranate / rifle grenade. Gewehrgranatenschiitze m rifle gren adier. "Gewehr in die, Hand!" "Take, arms!" Gewehrkartusche / propelling cart ridge for rifle grenade. Gewehrkolben m rifle butt. Gewehrkupplungsstuck n barrel-lock ing stud (MG). Gewehrmieke / arms rack. Gewehrmiicke/ See Gewehrmieke. Gewehrmunition /' rifle ammuni tion. Gewehr-Panzergranate / armorpiercing rifle grenade. Gewehr-Propagandagranate / rifle propaganda grenade (scatters leaf lets). Gewehrriemen m rifle sling. Gewehrschaft m rifle stock. GewehrschieBstand m rifle range. GewehrschuB m rifle shot. Gewehrschiitze m rifleman. Gewehrsprenggranate / high-explo sive rifle grenade. Gewehrstock m cleaning rod (R). Gewehrstutze / arms rack. Gewehrtrager m rifleman; machinegun carrier (gunner No. 1); cradle (on MG sleigh mount or tripod). Gewehrtragevorrichtung / rifle scab bard (Cav). "Gewehr, uber!" "Left shoulder, arms!" (with tightened sling); "Sling arms!" (with loosened sling). Gewehrubung / rifle exercise (calis thenics).



"Gewehr umhangen!" "Sling arms!" Gewehrzielfeuer n simulated fire rep resenting enemy rifle or MG target (Tng). Gewehrzubehor n rifle accessories. gewerblich industrial. Gewicht n weight; gravity. Gewichtsverteilung / weight distri bution, balance. Gewinde n thread (Tech). Gewindebacken fpl die (for cutting threads). Gewindegang m pitch (of screw thread). Gewindeschablone / screw pitch gage. Gewitter n thunderstorm. gewitterdrohend ugly, threatening sky (Met). Gewitterflug m frontal soaring (glider). Gewitterstbrung / atmospherics, static (Bad). gewohnliches Ferngesprach routine call (Tp). gewolbt convex, arched, vaulted. gewolbte Boschung convex slope. Gezeiten pi tide(s). * Gezeitentaf el / tide table. gezogen rifled (barrel); drawn, towed. gezogene Kurve climbing turn (Avn). gezogenes Geschiitz rifled gun (Arty). gezogenes Ziel towed target. Gieren n yawing; trail-ferrying. Gierfahre/ trail ferry. Gierungsmesser m yawmeter (Ap). 'Gierwinkel m angle of yaw (Avn). GieBerei / foundry. Gift n poison. giftig poisonous, toxic. Giftnebel m toxic smoke (CWS). Giftnebelkerze / gas candle, irritant gas candle (CWS). Giftnebelwolke / gas cloud. Giftrauch m irritant smoke (CWS). Gif trauchkerze / toxic-smoke candle, gas candle (CWS). Giftregen m aerial gas spray (CWS). Giftregenangriff m spray attack (CWS). Giftstoffm toxic agent (CWS). Gipf el m peak, summit. Gipfelentfernung / abscissa for max imum ordinate (of trajectory).

Gipfelhohe / maximum ordinate (of trajectory); absolute ceiling (Avn). Gipfelhohe mit einem stehenden Motor emergency ceiling (Avn).


Gleichrichter m rectifier (Elec). Gleichrichterrohre / rectifier tube. Gleichrichtung / rectification (Rad). Gleichschritt m cadence; quick time. "Im Gleichschritt, marsch!" "For ward, march!" (being at a halt). "Im Gleichschritt!" "Quick time, march!" (being in march in double time). gleichstellen synchronize (watches); equalize. Gleichstrom m direct current. Gleichung / equation. gleichzeitig simultaneous. Gleisw rail, track (RR).

Gipfelpunkt w tory, etc.).

summit (of trajec

Cittern grid (maps, Rad); trellis, lattice, grillage. Gitterantenne / parasol-type antenna. Gitterdrossel / grid resistor (Rad). Gittergleichrichter m grid rectifier (Rad). Gitterkondensator m grid condenser, grid capacitor (Rad). Gitterkreis m grid circuit, grid reso nant circuit (Rad). Gitterlinie / grid line. Gittermast m trellis mast. Gitternetz n coordinate map grid, grid system, military grid. Gitternetzkarte / gridded map. Gitternetzlinie / See Gitterlinie. Gitter-Nord W grid north. Gitterrichtung / grid base-line direc tion (Gunnery). GitterschieBplan m fire-control grid (Gunnery). Gitterschwanz m open tail (Ap). Gitterspannung / grid voltage (Rad). Gittervorspannung / bias (Rad). Gitterwerte mpl grid coordinates, grid numbers (maps). Gitterwiderstand m grid resistance (Rad). Glasw glass; binoculars, field glass. glasartig glasslike. glasartige Vereisung clear ice, glaze (Avn). Glasbeobachtung / observation with field glass or telescope. GlasgefaB n envelope (of Rad tube). GlasmaBstab m glass scale (Optics). glatt smooth, smooth-bore. glattes Geschiitz smooth-bore gun. gleichachsig coaxial. gleichbleibend uniform, constant. gleichbleibender Drall uniform twist (Ord). gleichformiger Drall See gleichblei bender Drall. Gleichgewicht n balance, equilibrium. Gleichlauf m synchronism. Gleichlaufende / parallel line. Gleichlaufstellung/ laying pieces re ciprocally (Btry). Gleichlaufverfahren n reciprocal lay ing (Btry).

Gleisanlage / railroad yard.

Gleisbalken m stringer (Bdg). Gleiskette/ caterpillar track. Gleiskettenantrieb m, caterpillar drive. Gleiskettenf ahrzeug n track-laying vehicle. Gleiskettenschlepper m caterpillar tractor.

Gleiskettenzugmaschine / caterpillar prime mover. Gleiskurve/ epi, curved spur track (RR gun).

Gleitbahn/ slide (G cradle). Gleitbombe/ glider bomb (Avn). gleiten to glide. Gleiter m glider. Gleitfahigkeit / gliding ability; slid ing ability. Gleitflugm glide, gliding (Avn). Gleitflugwinkel m gliding angle (Avn). Gleitflugzeug n glider. Gleithebel m sliding lever (breech block). GleithebelverschluB m sliding-lever breechblock. Gleitkufe/ landing ski (Ap). Gleitlager n plain bearing. Gleitmittel n lubricant. Gleitriegel m sliding bolt (breech block). Gleitschiene / guide slide, guide rail (G cradle); track (of a catapult). Gleitschuh m gun slide. Gleitschutz m, nonskid tread (MT). Gleitschutzkette / skid chain (MT). Gleitschutzmittel n nonskid device, traction aid (MT). Gleitstein m cam plate (G). Gleitstb'Bel m tappet rod (slidingcam type).

Gleitvorrichtung/ slide mechanism (MG). Gleitwand / slide plate (MG). Gleitwinkelm gliding angle (Avn). Glied n rank (in formation); limb; link; member; unit; penis. Gliederung / formation, organiza tion; distribution; classification, ar rangement; composition. Gliedersage / chain saw. Glimmer m mica. Glimmlampe / neon lamp. Gliihdraht m See Gliihfaden. Gliihfaden m filament. Gliihkathode / hot cathode (Rad). Gliihkathodenrohre / vacuum tube, incandescent cathode tube (Rad). Gliihkerze/ glow plug (Diesel en gine). Gliihkopfchen n hot-wire-bridge head (Elec igniting device). Gliihlampe/ incandescent lamp. Gliihrohrziindapparat m hot-tube ig niter. Gliihziindapparat m blasting machine, exploder (Engr). Gliihziinder m electric igniter (blast ing cap). Gliihziindstiick n electric detonator, electric igniter (Engr). Glysantin n an antifreeze solution (MT). Gnade/ quarter, mercy; grace; par don. Goerz-Visier n bomb sight manufac tured by Goerz Company. Gondel/ gondola, nacelle (Ap). Goniometer re goniometer (Surv). Goniometrie/ goniometry (Surv). Graben m trench; ditch. Grabenbagger m trench excavator. Grabenbekleidung / trench revet ment. Grabendurchfahrt / crossing of trenches or ditches (MT). Grabenkopf/ saphead (Ft). Grabenkrieg m trench warfare. Grabenprofll n trench profile (Ft); ditch profile (Engr). Grabenrost m trench boards, board walk. Grabensohle / trench bottom. Grabenspiegel m trench periscope. Grabenstellung / trench position. Grabenstufe / firing step. Grabenwehr / parapet.



Graberoffizier m graves registration officer. Grabkreuz n grave marker. Grabtafel / grave marker. Gradabteilung / map square. Gradabzeichen n See Dienstgradab- • zeichen. Gradbogenm quadrant, scale (G). Gradeinteilung / graduation, scale. Gradfeld n map square. Gradnetzn map grid. Gradzahl / number of degrees, num ber of graduations. Granatbiichse / antitank grenade rifle. Granate / shell (Am). Granatfiillung / shell filler (Am). Granathiilse / shell case. Granatloch n shell hole. Granatsignal n projector signal, star shell. Granatsplitter m shell splinter. Granattreffer m hit (shell fire). Granattrichter m shell crater. Granatwerfer m mortar (Ord); gun ner (Mart squad). GranatwerfergeschoB n mortar shell. Granatwerfer-Gruppe / mortar sec tion. Granatwerfernest n mortar pit. Granatwerferstand m mortar em placement. Granatwerfertrupp m mortar team. Granatwerferzug m mortar platoon. graphisch graphic; mapped, surveyed or plotted. graphischer Punkt topographical point (on map). graphische SchuBtafel trajectory chart (not to be confused with US graphical firing table). Graphitschmiermittel n graphite lu bricant. Grat m ridge (especially a sharp, rocky ridge); scoring (in bore of gun). Grate / fishbone. Graupelschauer m snow-pellet shower, graupel shower (Met). Greifer m cleat, grouser (MT, Tk). Greifervorrichtung / traction device (MT). Greifzirkel m calipers, dividers. Grenadier m private, infantry rifle man (historical term reintroduced). See also Panzergrenadier.

Grenadierbataillon n rifle battalion. Grenadierkompanie / rifle company. Grenadier-Panzerwagen m armored personnel carrier (MT). Grenadierregiment n rifle regiment, infantry regiment. Grenzbahnhof m frontier station (RR). Grenzbezirk m frontier district. Grenze/ frontier, border; boundary; limit. Grenzfrequenz / cut-off frequency (Rad). Grenzgebiet n border area, frontier area. Grenzlehre / fixed gage, plug or snap gage. Grenzschicht / boundary layer (fluid mechanics). Grenzschraube / setscrew. Grenzschutz in frontier guard; fron tier protection. Grenzschutzabschnittskommando n frontier guard sector command (Regtl Hq). Grenzschutzunterabschnitt m frontier guard sub-sector (Bn Hq). Grenziiberschreitung / crossing a frontier. Grenzwache / frontier sentry, fron tier guard. Grenzwacht / frontier guard. Grenzwachtdivision / frontier guard division. Grenzzwischenfall m border incident, frontier incident. Griff m grip; hold; handle; door knob. Griffigkeit / grip, traction (tires); traction, ground-gripping ability (Mt, Tk). Griffplatte/ holding plate (G sight). Griffrohr n tubular handle (trail spade). Griffschale/ stock (pistol). Griffstiick n grip (MG); receiver (pistol). grob approximate, rough, gross, coarse; bad, serious (mistake). Grobeinstellung / frequency selection (Rad); coarse setting (Optics). grobes EinschieBen approximate ad justment fire. Grobfeile / coarse file. Grobsicherung / fuse (Elec). Grobstufenschalter m band switch (Rad).



Grofm heavy flame thrower (on two-wheel carrier) (abbr. of grosser Flammenwerfer). Grosn. main body (Tac). GroBadmiral m Admiral of the Fleet; Commander-in-Chief (opera tional and/or administrative) (Nav). GroBangriff m large-scale attack, major attack, major offensive opera tion. GroBe / quantity (Math); great ness, magnitude, size. GroBeinsatz m major commitment, commitment of large forces, employ ment of great numbers (Tac). GroBer Bar Big Dipper. GroBfertigung / mass production. GroBfunkstelle / high-power long distance radio station. groBkalibrig large-caliber. GroBkampfschiff n capital ship. GroBkreis m great circle. GroBreihenfertigung / large-scale series production. Grb'Btgeschwindigkeit / maximum speed. GroBvernebelung / extensive smoke screen, large-area screening. Grube / pit. Grundausbildung / basic training. Grundbegriffe mpl fundamentals, basic concepts. Grundbuchse / base bushing (counterrecoil mechanism). Grundgehalt n base pay. Grundgeschiitz n base piece, direct ing gun. Grundgeschwindigkeit / ground speed (Avn). Grundlagen fpl data. Grundlinie/ base line. Grundmaschinengewehr n base ma chine gun. Grundmine/ ground mine, controlled mine, observation mine (Nav). Grundplatte/ base plate. Grundrichtung / base-line direction (Gunnery). Grundrichtungslinie / base line (Gun nery). Grundrichtungspunkt m, base point (Gunnery). Grundrichtungswinkel m base angle (Gunnery). GrundriBskizze / area sketch. Grundschwelle/ ground sill (Bdg).

Grundstellung / position of attention, position of the soldier (drill). Grundstufe/ a factor used for cor rection of velocity error (expressed in units Stufeneinheiten — each equal to % of 1 % of standard muzzle velocity). Grundwasser n subsoil water, under ground water. Grundzahl/ reference-point reading (Gunnery).



GruBpflicht / obligation to salute. GruBweite / saluting distance. Guerillakampfer m guerrilla. Guerillakrieg m guerrilla warfare. Gulasch n beef stew. Gulaschkanone / field kitchen (slang). Gummim-M. rubber; gum. Gummierung / rubberizing, rubber coating; gumming. Gummifederung / rubber shock ab sorber. Griinkreuz n green cross (Ger mark Gummigleiskette / rubber track (Tk). Gummikabel n rubber-insulated wire ing for lung irritants) (CWS). Gruppe/ group, groupment (Tac); (Tp). rifle squad (Inf); section (Cav); Gummikniippel m rubber truncheon, rubber club. volley (Arty); group (air force operational unit of 3 Staffeln, about Gummipolster n rubber block (cater pillar track). 27 aircraft). Gummirad H rubber-tired wheel. Gruppenfeuer re volley fire (Arty). Gruppenflugform / group formation Gummistoffm rubberized material: giinstig favorable. (Avn). Gruppenfiihrer m squad leader (Inf); Gurtm belt, strap, web (Clo); am munition belt, feed belt (MG); chord section leader (Cav). See also (of a truss). SS-Gruppenfiihrer. Gruppenf iihrerabmarsch m section- Giirtel m belt, strap; cordon; zone. Giirtelfestung / fortress with an leader half-squad (Cav). outer cordon of smaller forts. Gruppengefechtsstand m group com mand post (Avn). gurten to load an ammunition belt. Gurtforderer m belt conveyor. Gruppengetriebe re auxiliary trans Ghirtfiiller m belt-filling machine, mission (MT). belt-loading machine, link-loading Gruppenkeil m group wedge (Avn). machine. Gruppenkolonne / group of squadron javelins (Avn). Gurfhebelm belt-feed guide (MG). Gruppenkolonne a us geschlossenen Gurtladung / belt feed. Winkeln group column of squadron Gurtschieber m belt-feed pawl (MG). Gurtstrippe/ rear cinch (packwedges. Gruppenkolonne links group of saddle). squadron javelins echeloned left. Gurttrommel/ belt drum (MG). Gruppenkommandeur m commander Gurtwerkre parachute harness. of a Gruppe (Luftwaffe). Gurtzufiihrer m belt feed CMC,). Gruppenkommando n army group GuBeisen re cast iron. headquarters; air force headquar GuBgehause n cast-metal case or ters of a Gruppe. housing. Gruppenschaltung / series-parallel GuBstahl m cast steel. connection (Elec). Giiterbahnhof m freight station GruppenschieBen n volley fire. (RR). (Arty). Giiterwagenm freight car (RR). gruppenweise by squads; by sec Giiterzugm freight train (RR). tions; by groups. Guttaperchapapier n gutta-percha paper, waterproof paper. Gruppenwinkel m group column of G.W.-Stand m See Granatwerfersquadron V's (Avn). stand. Gruppe zu Pferde mounted section Gyrorektor m gyro flight indicator (Cav). GruB m hand salute. (Ap).

Haager Abkommen


"Halt, wer da!"

Haager Abkommen Hague Conven tion. Haarrohrw capillary tube. Hacke / hatchet, ax, pickax; point of hock (horse). Hackmesser n machete; meat cleaver. Hafen m harbor, port. Hafenanlage / port installation. Hafenarbeiter m longshoreman. Haf enbecken n harbor basin. Hafendamm m mole, jetty. Hafengebiet n harbor area. Hafenoffizier m port officer, port con trol officer. Hafenschlepper m harbor tugboat. Hafenschutz m harbor defense. Hafenschutzboot n harbor defense boat. Hafeniiberwachung / port control. Haft / custody, arrest, detention, confinement. Haft-Hohlladung / magnetic anti tank hollow charge. Haftlokal n guardhouse, detention room. Haftpflock m steel picket or stake (Bdff). Haf tung / adhesion. Haftung am Erdboden stability, low center of gravity (of a vehicle). Hagel m hail (Met). Hahnm hammer (SA); cock; stop cock, faucet. Hahnbolzen m trigger pin (MG). Hahngewehrn hammer gun (as dis tinguished from hahnloses Gewehr, hammerless gun). hahnlos hammerless (Ord). Hakenm hook; clasp; clamp; catch. Hakenkreuz n swastika. Hakenumschalter m hook switch (Tp). halbautomatisch semiautomatic. Halbbildentfernungsmesser m splitfield coincidence range finder. Halbflachbettfelge / semiflat-base rim (MT). Halbflachfelge / See Halbflachbett felge. halbfreitragend semicantilever. Halbholz n split post, split log. Halbinsel / peninsula. Halbkettenantrieb m half-track drive (MT). half-track Halbkettenfahrzeug n vehicle. Halbkettenkraftfahrzeug n half-track motor vehicle. Halbketten-Lastkraftwagen ra half track motor truck. "Halblinks schwenkt, Marsch!" "Col umn half left, march!" Halbmesser m radius. "Halbrechts schwenkt, Marsch!" "Col umn half right, march!" halbstarr semirigid. halbstarres Luftschiff semirigid air ship. halbstocks half-mast, half-staff. Halbzelt n lean-to tent. Halbzugm section (of MG -platoon). Halbzugfiihrer m section leader (MG section). Halfter / halter (harness). Half terkinnkette / halter chain (har ness). Halfterriemen m halter strap, halter tie (harness). Halfterstrick m picket line. Halftertasche / holster. Halle/ hangar; garage; shed; hall. Hallenvorplatz m, apron (Adrm). Halsbinde/ neckband (Clo). Halshalfter/ neck halter (harness). Halshalfterriemen «i neck-halter tie (harness). Halskerbe / neck groove (horse). Halskoppel/ breast strap (harness). Halsriemen m neck strap (harness). Halt m halt. Halteleinenbund m maneuvering spi der (Bin). halten to hold; to carry (AA SL); to aim. Halteplatzm halt area; stopping place; parking place; loading place. Haltepunkt m. point of aim; stop (halting place). Halterung/ arms rack, ammunition rack. Haltestelle/ halting place, stop. Haltetaun handling line (Bin); guy line. Haltezeichen n stop signal (MT); block signal (RR). "Halt, wer da!" "Halt! Who is there?"




Handanlasser m crank starter, hand Handstreutrommel / hand sprinkler starter (Mtr). (CWS). Handapparatm handset (Rad, Tp). Handstiitze/ pistol grip. Handbeil n hatchet. handtatig hand-operated, manually Handbohrmaschine / hand drill. operated, manual adj. Handbremse/ hand brake, emer Handwaffe / hand weapon, hand arm. gency brake. Handwagen m handcart. Handdrehmaschine / hand-crank gen- j Handwerfer m mortar. erator (Tp). Hang m slope. Hangeantenne / trailing wire an Handelsmarine / merchant marine. Handelsschiff n merchantman (Nav). tenna (Ap). Handelsschiffsraum m merchant ton Hangebriicke / suspension bridge. nage (Nav). I Hangeleine / suspension line (Prcht). Handelssperre / embargo on com Hangematte / hammock. merce. Hangemine / hanging mine. handelsiiblich commercial. Hangesaule/ king post. Handfaustel re mallet. Hangeventil n inverted valve (Mtr). Handfesseln fpl handcuffs, manacles. Hangewerkn erect truss (Bdg). Handfeuerloscher m hand fire extin Hangfaktor m slope factor (influence guisher. of slope of target surface on longi Handfeuerwaffen fpl small arms. tudinal dispersion) (Ballistics), Handgeld n See Kapitulantenhand- Hangsegelnw ridge soaring (glider). Hangstellung / slope position (Tac). geld. Handgemenge n hand-to-hand fight Hangwind m anabatic wind. ing. Hangwinkelm gradient (Top). Handgranate/ hand grenade. Hardyscheibe / flexible disk (MT). Handgranatenwurfstand m, grenade Harke / rake. court. Hartfutter n oats and grain. Handgriffm grip, handle; single Hartgummi n ebonite. manual operation. Haschee n hash. Handhabungstau n prolonge, drag Haube/ cap (Am); hood (Mtr); rope (Arty). spinner (Ap propeller). Handkammer / hand camera. Haubenverkleidung / engine cowling Handkurbel / hand crank. (Ap). Handleuchtzeichen n ground signal Haubitze / howitzer (light and me flare. dium). , Handloch n hand hole (G carriage Haue / pickax. wheel). Haufenwolke / cumulus cloud. Handluf ter m hand-operated venti Hauptangriff m main attack, main lator. effort. Handpferd off horse, led horse. HauptanschluB m trunk station Handrad n handwheel. (Tp). Handradchen n micrometer-scale Hauptauswanderungsstrecke / linear knob . (cmgle-of-site Instr).; small travel of target during time of flight handwheel. (AA gunnery). Handrad zur Hohenrichtung elevat Hauptbeobachtungsstelle / fire direc ing handwheel (G). tion center (Arty). Handrad zur Seitenrichtung travers Haupteinbruchsstelle / main point of ing handwheel (G). penetration (Tac). Handramme/ hand piledriver; maul. Hauptfeldwebel m first sergeant. Handrauchzeichen n hand smoke sig Hauptfunkstelle / net control station nal. (Rad). Handschellen fpl handcuffs, manacles. Hauptgefreiter in a grade in the Handschuh m glove. Luftwaffe between Obergefreiter Handschutz m hand guard.
Handstreich m de main. surprise raid; coup

(Cpl) and Unteroffizier (Sgt); sea man, 1st class (highest rated 1st

Hauptgestell n headstall (harness). Hauptgetriebe n main transmission gear (MT). Hauptkampffeld n main defensive area, battle position. Hauptkampflinie / main line of re sistance. Hauptladung / main charge (blast ing cap). Hauptleute pi captains. Hauptmacht / main striking force. Hauptmann m captain. Hauptmasse / main body. Hauptquartier n headquarters.


Hautentgiftungssalbe / decontamina tion ointment. Hautgift n blister agent, vesicant agent (CWS). Hautwirkung / skin effect (Rad). Heavisideschicht / Heaviside layer. Hebebaum m crowbar, handspike, lever. Hebel m lever. heben elevate (a, gun); raise, lift. Hebezeug n hoisting gear, hoist.

class seaman, with 4% years' seni ority).

Heckw stern (Nav, Ash); tail (Ap); rear (Tk).
Heckantrieb m rear drive (MT). Hecke / hedge.

Haupttrager m- longeron (Ap); main beam or girder (Bdg). Haupttrupp m advance guard reserve (in Adv Gd of large unit); rear guard reserve (in rear Gd of large unit); advance guard support (in Adv Gd of smaller unit); rear guard support (in rear Gd of smaller unit). Hauptuhr / master watch. Hauptverbandplatz m clearing sta tion (Med). Hauptvorgelege n main reduction gear (Tk).

Hauptsturmfiihrer m sturmfiihrer.

HauptschluBmotor m series motor (Elec). HauptschluBschaltung / series con nection (Elec). Hauptschnittverfahren n mainstation intersection method (FR). Hauptsender m final amplifier, power amplifier (Rad). Hauptstelle / trunk station (Tp).
See SS-Haupt-

Hauptreinigung/ (R).

complete cleaning

Heckmaschinengewehr n (Ap).

Heckenspringen n hedge-hopping (Avn). Heckkanzel / tail turret (Ap).
tail gun

Heckenschiitze m,


Heckmotorwagen m rear-engine mo tor car. Heckpanzer m rear armor (Tk). Heckschiitze m tail gunner (Ap). Heckstand/ tail-gun position (Ap). Heckwaffe/ tail gun (Ap).

Heeresakja / Heeresamtn Heeresamt.

Heer n Army (the Army, as distin guished from Armee, a tactical unit).

See Akja. See Allgemeines

Heeresanstalt / Army establishment, organization, or institution. Heeresarzt m chief representative of Army Medical Department at Oberkommando des Heeres (subordinate to Heeressanitatsinspekteur). Heeresatmer m service oxygen breathing apparatus (automatically operated). Heeresbaudienst m Army construc tion service. Heeresbeamter m civilian official' of the Army. Heeresbediirfnisse npl military neces sities. Heeresbergf iihrer n. Army mountain guide (mountaineer specialist). Heeresbericht m official Army com munique. Heeresbestande mpl military stores. Heeresbetreuungsabteilung f Army welfare unit, Army morale unit.
Heeresbetriebsstofflager n Heeresartillerie / GHQ artillery.

Hauptwache/ main guard.

Hauptwachtmeister m first sergeant (Arty, Cav). Hauptwelle / mainshaf t. Hauptziindung / main ignition lead (blasting). Hauswart m house warden; janitor. Hauszelt n "house tent" (a 16-man tent constructed from shelter halves). Haul / skin. han tat zend vesicant (CWS). Hautentgiftungsmittel n skin decon tamination agent.
Haushaltsjahr n fiscal year.


gasoline and lubricant bulk storage plant. Heeresbildungsanstalt / military school. Heeresbiicherei / Army library. Heeresdruckvorschrif t / Army Man ual (abbr. H. Dv.). Heereseinrichtung / Army establish ment, organization, or institution. Heeresflak / Army antiaircraft artil lery (as distinguished from AAA of the Luftwaffe).


general (with rank of Generaloberstabsarzt). Heeres-Sauerstoffschutzgerat n ser vice oxygen breathing apparatus ( manually operated). Heeresstandort 'in army post. Heeresstandortkasse / army post finance office. Heeresstandortverwaltung / army post administration. Heerestruppen fpl GHQ troops. Heeresversorgung / Army supply. Heeresverwaltung / Army adminis tration, administrative services. Heeresverwaltungsamt n Army Ad ministration Office (branch of the Oberkommando des Heeres) (abbr. HVA, VA). Heereswaffenamt n Army Ordnance Office (branch of the Oberkommando des Heeres) (abbr. HWaA). Heeres-Zeugamt n Army ordnance supply office or depot.

Heeresgruppe / group of armies. Heeresgruppenkommando n head quarters of a group of armies. Heereshochgebirgsschule / Army training school for mountain war fare. Heeresintendant m See Intendant. Heeresjustizbeamterm military law official. Heereskavallerie / GHQ cavalry. Heereskraftfahrpark m GHQ motor transport park. Heereskrankenschwester / Army nurse. Heereskiistenartillerie / Army coast artillery (as distinguished from the Marineartillerie). Heereslazarett n general hospital, Army hospital. Heeresleitung / GHQ, Army Com mand. Heeresmunitionslager n Army am munition-supply depot. Heeresnachrichtenregiment n GHQ signal regiment. Heeresnachschubfiihrer m GHQ chief of rear services. Heeresnachschubkolonne / GHQ sup ply column. Heerespersonalamt n Army Person nel Office (branch of the Oberkom mando des Heeres) (abbr. HPA, PA). Heerespferdelazarett n GHQ veteri nary hospital. Heerespsychologe m personnel con sultant. Heeresreserve / GHQ reserve. Heeressanitatsabteilung / GHQ med ical battalion.
Heeres-Sanitatsinspekteur m surgeon

Heeresgerat n Army equipment (in its broadest sense; to be distin guished from Heergerat).

Heimatgebiet n zone of the interior. Heimatflughafen m home base (Avn). Heimat-Pferdelazarett n veterinary general hospital (Z of I). Heimathorst m home base ('Avn). Heimatstaat m country of origin (PW). Heimatwachbataillon n guard bat talion (Z of I). Heimsendung / repatriation. heifien to hoist (a flag). heiter bright, cheerful; scattered (Met). Heizbatterie / "A" battery, filament battery (Rad). Heizfaden m filament (Rad). Heizkanal m hot-air duct (thermo anti-icer). Heizkreism filament circuit (Rad).

Heergerat n Army transport equip ment (includes transport accessories; to be distinguished from Heeres gerat) .

Heizol n fuel oil (for heating).

Heizregler m variable filament resistor (Rad). Heizsammler m filament battery (Rad). Heizstrom m filament current (Rad). Heldenfriedhof m military cemetery. Heldentat / heroic deed, exploit. Helm TO helmet.

Helmband n Helmbezug m helmet cover. Helmiiberzugm See Helmbezug. hemmen to check (recoil, etc.); to jam (a gun, etc.); to obstruct, hinder, slow down; inhibit. Hemmung / stoppage (Ord); obstruc tion; inhibition. Beseitigen von Hemmungen imme diate action (Ord). herabsetzen reduce (in rank). heranlocken to decoy, to lure. heranpirschen, sich to creep or stalk up to. herausmanovrieren to maneuver the enemy out of position. "Heraustreten!" "Fall out!" (to men in barracks). Herbertgerat n Herbert bridge unit ground-air radio communication. Bering m tent pin. Hersteller m maker, manufacturer. Hertz n cycles per second (Ger unit Herzstiick n switch point (RR). Heulsignal n siren. Hexachlorathan n hexachlorethane
(CWS). Hiebw, slash (bayonet); cut (saber, etc.). of frequency). (similar to US Bailey-type bridge). Hereinlotsen n "piloting-in" by band (Tng).

identification helmet

non-combat service with the German Army).

Hiebwaffe / slashing weapon. Hilfe/ help, aid, assistance. Hilf santenne / sensing antenna (Rad direction finder). Hilfsbeobachter m assistant observer Hilfsfliigel m slat, auxiliary airfoil. Hilfskette/ auxiliary track (MT). Hilfskettenf ahrzeug n combination wheel-track vehicle. Hilfskreuzer m auxiliary cruiser. Hilfslafette / improvised mount J(MG). Hilfslandeplatz m auxiliary landing field. HilfsmaBstab m auxiliary scale Hilfsmotor m auxiliary engine. Hilfsschirm m pilot parachute. Hilfstruppen fpl auxiliary troops. See also Hilfswilliger. Hilfswaffe / auxiliary arm. Hilfswilliger m auxiliary volunteer
(East-European or PW -volunteer for (Inst). (Avn).

Hilfsziel n auxiliary target; refer ence point. Himmelskugel / celestial sphere. Himmelsrichtung / point of the com pass, cardinal point. Hindernis n obstacle, hurdle, obstruc tion; accessory defense (Tac). Hindernisbahn / obstacle course. Hindernisfeuer n obstacle light, obstruction light (Avn). Hindernisschlagpfahl m drivingtype obstacle picket (i.e., set up by driving into ground). Hindernisschraubpfahl m screw-type obstacle picket (i.e., set up by screwing into ground). Hindernissprengtrupp m obstacle demolition squad. Hindernisstrecke / obstacle course. Hindernistrupp m obstacle construc tion squad. hinhaltend delaying. hinhaltender Widerstand delaying action (in successive positions). hinhaltendes Gefecht delaying action. Hinterachsantrieb m rear-axle drive (MT). Hinterachsgehause n differential housing, differential case (MT). Hintereinanderschaltung / ' series con nection (Elec). Hintergelenk n rear toggle joint (pistol). Hinterhalt m ambush, concealment; trap. Hinterhand / hindquarters (horse). Hinterhangm reverse slope. Hinterhangstellung / reverse-slope position. Hinterholm m rear outrigger (AA gun). Hinterkaffe / stern compartment (Pon). Hinterkante / trailing edge (Ap wing). Hinterradantrieb m rear-wheel drive (MT). Hintersielengeschirr n wheel harness. Hintersteven m sternpost. Hinterstutze / trail (MG tripod). Hinterwagen m caisson. Hinterzeug n breeching (harness). Hinterzwiesel m cantle of saddle; rear of packsaddle arch. Hirnsage/ crosscut saw.

hissen to hoist (a flag). Hitler-Jugend / Nazi party youth organization. hitzebestandig - heat-resistant. Hitzschlag m heatstroke. Hochachse/ vertical axis (Ap). Hochangriff m high-altitude bombing attack (Avn). Hochbau in overhead construction (Tp line). hochbrisant high-explosive. Hochdecker m high-wing mono plane. Hochdruckgebiet n high-pressure area (Met). Hochdruckreifen m high-pressure tire (MT). Hochdruckschmierung / high-pressure lubrication. Hochebene / plateau. Hochelastikreifen in cushion tire (MT). hochempfindlich supersensitive. hochempfindlicher Aufschlagziinder supersensitive fuze (AA Am). Hochfrequenz / radio frequency, high frequency. Hochfrequenzdrossel / radio-fre quency choke. Hochfrequenzstbrungen fpl high-fre quency interference (Rad). Hochfrequenzstufe / radio-frequency stage. Hochfrequenztransformator m radio frequency transformer. Hochf requenzverstiirker m radio fre quency amplifier. Hochgebirgsbataillon n high-moun tain rifle battalion (consists entirely of mountaineer specialists). hochgezogene Kehrkurve Immelmann turn. Hochleitung / overhead line. Hochofen m blast furnace. Hochseeschlepper m ocean-going tug boat. Hochspannungsleituiig / high-tension line, ' power transmission line (Elec). Hochstand m high lookout post. Hbchstgasdruck m maximum gas pressure (Ord). Hbchstgeschwindigkeit / maximum speed. Hochstlast / maximum load. Hbchstleistung / maximum power, maximum performance.


Hb'chstschuBweite / extreme range, maximum range (Ord). Hochstwertverfahren n maximum in tensity method (sound locator). Hochstzahl / maximum number. Hochwert m Y-coordinate number (map grid or coordinate scale). Hochziehen n steep climb, zoom (Ap). Hbckerhindernisse npl "dragon's teeth" (AT obstacle). Hockloch n crouching foxhole. Hof m yard, courtyard; farm. Hohe / altitude, elevation, height; hill; rate, amount. Hoheitsabzeichen n nationality marking (Ap, Tk); national insignia, national emblem (Clo). Hoheitsgewasser npl territorial waters. Hoheitszeichen n See Hoheitsab zeichen. Hb'henabstand m vertical interval. Hbhenabweichung / range deviation, vertical deviation (Gunnery). Hbhenangabe / altitude indication, altitude reading. Hbhenanderung / change of height (AA predictor). Hb'henatmer m oxygen apparatus (Avn). Hbhenbegrenzer m elevating stop (Ord). Hohenbestimmung / determination of altitude. Hbhenbombenwurf m high-altitude bombing. Hbhenebene / horizontal plane through path of target in horizontal flight (AA gunnery). Hbhenempfanger m elevation indi cator, elevation indicator-regulator (AA gun). Hbhenentferniingsmesser m height finder, altimeter (AAA). Hohenflosse/ stabilizer (Ap). Hbhenflug m high-altitude flight Hbhenflugzeug n sub-stratoplane. Hb'hengradbogen m elevating sector (G). Hbhenhebel m elevating gear lever (MG). Hohenkabine / pressure cabin
(Ap). Hohenkrankheit /


bends (Avn).


Hbhenlader m supercharger with high blower ratio (Ap). Hbhenleitwerk n elevator assembly (Ap). Hbhenlibelle / elevation level (MG sight). Hbhenlinie / contour line. Hbhenmesser m altimeter (Ap); height finder, altimeter (AAA). HohenmeBplan m elevation plotting board (Gunnery). Hohenmessung / hypsometry (Surv). Hbhenmischregelung / high-altitude mixture control (Ap). Hbhenmotor m supercharged engine (Ap). Hb'henrichtfeld n elevation, total movement in elevation (Ord). Hbhenrichtfernrohr n elevation track ing telescope (height finder). Hbhenrichtkanonier m elevation setter. Hbhenrichtmaschine / elevating mechanism (Ord). Hbhenrichtrad n elevating handwheel (G). Hbhenrichtschraube / elevation screw (prismatic sight). Hbhenrichttrieb m elevating drive, elevating mechanism (Ord). Hbhenrichtung / adjusted range; laying for elevation (Gunnery). Hbhenrichtwelle / elevating shaft (G). Hbhenrichtwerk n elevating mechan ism (Ord). Hbhenrichtzeiger m elevation indi cator (Ord). Hbhenrippe/ ridge (Top). Hbhenriicken m ridge, crest of ridge. Hbhenruderw elevator (Ap). Hbhenruderhebel m elevator control lever (Ap). Hbhenschicht / altitude bracket (Avn, Met). Hbhenschichtlinie / contour line. Hbhenschreiber m barograph (Avn). Hbhenstaffelung / stepped-up forma tion (Avn). Hbhenstellung / position on domi nant height. Hbhensteuer n elevator (Ap). Hbhensteuerung / elevator control (Ap). Hbhenstreuung / range dispersion on vertical target (Ballistics).



Hbhenteilung / elevation scale (G, MG). Hbhentemperatur / temperature at various altitudes (Met). Hbhentrieb m elevating worm (sight mechanism). Hbhenunterschied m difference in al titude between target and piece (Gunnery); elevation difference (Surv, Top); vertical interval, ver tical offset. Hbhenvorhalt m See Hbhenwinkelvorhalt. Hbhenwinkel m angular height, ver tical visual angle (AA gunnery). Hbhenwinkel verbesserungsknopf m vertical correction knob (AA gun). Hbhenwinkelvorhalt m vertical lead, vertical deflection (AA gunnery). Hbherer. . .Offizier Senior.. .Officer (with mention of arm or service) (at Army Hq, e.g. Hoh. Kav. Offz., Senior Cav Officer at Army Hq). hohl hollow, concave, sunken. Hbhle / cave. HohlkopfgeschoB n hollow-charge projectile. Hohlladung / hollow charge. Hohlraumpanzerung / spaced armor (Tk). Hohlringladung / hollow ring charge. Hohlweg m sunken road. Holm m spar (Ap); stringer, spar (Bdg); outrigger (AA gun); trail (right or left trail of a split trail). die Holme spreizen to spread the trails. Holmzurrung/ outrigger lock (G). Holzbunker in log bunker, timber shelter (Ft). Holzgasanlage / wood-gas generator. Holzgas-Lastkraftwagen m wood-gas motor truck. Holzgehause n wooden baffle, cabinet (Had). Holzgeist m wood alcohol. Holzkohle / charcoal. Holzkohlen-Gasgenerator m woodgas generator (MT). Holzmine / wooden box mine. Holzrost m wooden grating; trench flooring, catwalk, boardwalk (trench). Holz-Tankstelle / filling station for wood-gas motor vehicles. Holzverkleidung / wood revetment. Holzweg m dead-end loggers' road.

Holzzwischenlage / wood separator (storage battery), Horchauswertestelle / radio intelli gence post. Horchdienst m intercept service (Rad, Tp). Horchempfang m stand-by operation (Rad). Horchempfanger m intercept- set (Rad). Horcherpriif- und Dbungsgerat n binaural trainer, binaural training instrument. Horchgerat n sound locator, sound detector; intercept receiver. Horchkompanie / intercept company (Sig C). Horchortung/ sound location, sound ranging (AAA). Horchposten m listening sentry, listening post. Horchstelle/ listening post, inter cept post. Horfrequenz / audio frequency. Hbrer m telephone receiver, head phone. Horizontm horizon; artificial hori zon (Ap). Horizontalebene / horizontal plane. Horizontalflug m horizontal flight, level flight (Avn). Horizontalgeschwindigkeit / ground speed (of target) (AA. gunnery). Horizontiergriff m leveling jack handle (AA gun outrigger). Horizontierung / leveling jack (AA gun outrigger). Horizontierungsvorrichtung / level ing device (AA gun mount). Hormuschel/ earpiece (Tp). Horn n bugle, horn. Hornist m bugler. Hornsignalw bugle call; horn sig nal (MT). Horsaalflugzeug n "flying class room." Horsaalsummer m oscillator-amplifier (code practice). Horstm See Fliegerhorst. H-Staff el / tactical reconnaissance squadron attached to army ground units (Luftwaffe). Hubm stroke (Mtr).
Hornisse / hornet (name of Ger self-propelled AT gun).


Hubhohe/ angle of axle displace ment (MT). Hubraum m piston displacement (Mtr). Hubschrauber m helicopter. Hubvolumen n See Hubraum. Hufbeschlag m horseshoeing. Hufkrone / hoof coronet (horse). Hiigel m hill. Hiille / case, envelope, skin, cover, shell. Hiillenbahn/ panel (Bin). Hiilse/ hoop (Mort); gas-cylinder plug (MG); receiver (pistol, R); socket (G carriage); cartridge or shell case. Hiilsenauswurf m ejection of cart ridge case. Hiilsenauszieher m extractor (Ord). Hiilsenboden m base of cartridge case. Hiilsenbriicke / receiver cover (R). Hiilsenfanger m deflector bag (AA gun, MG). Hiilsenhals m neck of cartridge. Hiilsenkartusche / semifixed cart ridge. Hiilsenkasten m deflector box (AA gun, MG). Hiilsenkopfm front end of receiver (R). Hiilsenmantel m cartridge-case jacket. Hiilsenrand m cartridge-case rim. HiilsenreiBer m stoppage caused by broken cartridge case. Hiilsenzapfen m recoil lug (R).

Hundefiihrer m dog handler, dog guard. Hundefiihrerrotte / dog-handler party. Hiipflinie / short hop, short leg of flight (Avn). Hurde / brush hurdle. Hiitchenw blasting cap; cup (cart ridge). Hiitte / hut, cottage; iron works; rolling mill. Hiittenlager n cantonment. Hydrozyansaure / hydrocyanic acid, prussic acid (CWS).
Hyperbelplan m chart (SR). asymptote correction

Hummel / bumblebee (nickname for Ger self-propelled medium field how itzer).


89 I


Igelm hedgehog (AT obstacle); allaround defense (Tac). Igelit n a type of electric wire insu lation. Igelstellung / "hedgehog" defense position, position of all-around de fense. Hag n See Interniertenlager. impfen inoculate, vaccinate. Impfschein m vaccination certificate. Impfung / inoculation, vaccination. Impragniermittel n impregnite. Inaktive Offiziere inactive reserve. Inaugenscheinnahme / inspection. Inausgabegenehmigung / authorized permission to delete from stock rec ord items issued. Inbesitznahme / occupation (Tac); act of taking possession. Indienststellung / commissioning (of a vessel). Indizienbeweis m circumstantial evidence. indizierte Leistung indicated horse power. Industrieanlagen fpl industrial in stallations. Induktor m generator (Tp). Ineinklangbringen n harmonization. Infanterie / infantry. Infanteriebegleitgeschutz n infantry accompanying gun. Infanteriefliegerstaffel / air support squadron. See also Staffel. Infanterieflug m contact patrol (Avn). Infanteriegeschiitz n infantry gun, infantry howitzer. Infanteriegranate / shell fired by in fantry gun or howitzer. . Infanteriekolonne / infantry supply column (generally prefixed by leichte). Infanteriekommandeur m infantry commander (supervises training of Inf units under Div Commander). Infanterienachspitze / infantry rear point (march column). Infanteriepark m infantry equip ment park. Infanteriepionier m infantry pioneer. Infanteriepionierzug m pioneer pla toon (Inf Regt).

Infanterie-Reiterzug m mounted rifle platoon (Inf Regt). Infanteriespitze / infantry point (march column). Infanteriesturmabzeichen n infantry assault badge (decoration). Inf anterist m infantryman. Infinitesimalrechnung / calculus (Math). Influenz / electrostatic induction. Ingangsetzen n starting. Ingenieur m engineer (a Civ official with nominal Mil rank serving in technical capacity generally in MT, Ft Engr, or Avn). Initialziinder m initiator (Am). Inklination/ dip (compass). Innenauskreuzung / interior bracing (Ap). Innenbackenbremse / internal ex panding brake.

Innengrenzlehre / plug gage. Innenhafen m inner harbor. Innenhiitchen n plug, inner cap (blasting cap). Innenraum m interior. Innenschieber m inner sleeve (sleevevalve engine). Innenverspannung / interior bracing (Ap). Innenwache / interior guard. innerballistisch pertaining to interior ballistics. Insel / island. Inspektion / inspectorate (any of the sections devoted to various arms and services in the Allgemeines Heeres.amt). Inspekteur m inspector (chief of an inspectorate in the Allgemeines Heeresamt, as Waffeninspekteur lOrd]). Inspizient m inspector. Inspizierung / inspection. Installateur m plumber; electrician. Installationsplan m wiring diagram; pipe layout. Instandhaltung / maintenance. Instandsetzung / repair. nach Bedarf durchgefiihrte Instand setzung march maintenance, op erating maintenance.

Innendienst m interior duty, duty in barracks.

Instandsetzungs abteilung
regelmaBig durchgefiihrte Instandsetzung scheduled maintenance. Instandsetzungsabteilung / main tenance unit. Instandsetzungsdienst m damageclearance and repair service (Civ defense). Instandsetzungskraftwagen m main tenance truck, repair truck. Instandsetzungsstaffel / maintenance echelon. Instandsetzungswerkstatte / repair shop. Instandsetzung und Unterhaltung re pair and maintenance. Instanz / authority, court (Law). Instellungbringen n emplacing (Arty). Instellunggehen n moving into posi tion (Tac). Instrumentenbrett n instrument panel. Instrumentfehler m instrumental error. Intendant m civilian official in ad ministrative services (ranking as colonel). Tntendantur / general staff adminis trative section (section IV of an army, corps, or Div general staff, dealing mostly with supply). Intendanturassessor m civilian offi cial in administrative services (ranking as captain).



Intendanturinspektor m civilian offi cial in administrative services (ranking as 1st Lt). Intendanturrat m civilian official in administrative services (ranking as major). internieren to intern. Internierter m internee. Interniertenlager n internment camp. Invarol n a cold-resistant grease. Invertentfernungsmesser m invertedimage range finder. Irrung / correction (Rad procedure). Isolator m insulator (Elec). Isolierband n friction tape (Elec). Isolierbecher m insulating case (cir cuit tester). isolieren to insulate (Elec); isolate (Med). Isoliergerat n oxygen breathing apparatus. Isolierschutz m insulation (Elec). Isolierstoff m insulating material, in sulator (Elec). Isolierstreifen m friction tape, insu lating tape. Isolierung / isolation, absolute quar antine. Istbestand m equipment on hand. Iststand m See Iststarke. Iststarke / actual strength, morningreport strength. Iststarkenachweisung / daily strength report.

Jabo m See Jagdbomber. Jackenwiege / jacket cradle, ring cradle (G). Jafii m See Jagdfuhrer. Jagdabwehr / fighter defense (Avn). Jagdbomber m fighter bomber. Jagdeinsitzer m single-seater fighter (Avn). Jagdflieger m fighter pilot (Avn) (same word used in plural to denote fighter aviation). Jagdflieger-Erganzungsstaffel / fighter replacement squadron (Avn). Jagdflugw fighter patrol, fighter sweep (Avn). Jagdflugzeug n single-engine fighter airplane,

Jagdfuhrer m commander of all fighter units of a Luftflotte. Jagdgesch wader n fighter wing (Avn). See also Geschwader. Jagdgruppe/ fighter group (Avn). See also Gruppe. Jagdmehrsitzer m multi-seater fighter airplane. Jagdraum m patrol area for fighter aircraft. Jagdschutz m fighter escort (Avn). Jagdsperre/ fighter screen (Avn). Jagdstaffel/ fighter squadron (Avn). See also Staffel. Jagdverband m fighter formation (Avn),

Jager m rifleman (in a light Mtz Inf Div, Jagerdivision); private (in mountain Inf, Gebirgsjager); fighter airplane, pursuit airplane. Jagerbataillon n rifle battalion. See Jagerdivision. Jagerdivision/ light infantry divi sion (so-called "light division" some what similar to Ger Mtz Inf Div). Jagerplatz m fighter airdrome. Jager-Regiment n rifle regiment. See Jagerdivision. Jagerschutzm fighter escort (Avn).

publication, etc.).

Jahrgangm age class; year (of a
Jochm bent, trestle (Bdg); yoke. Jochleiste/ cheekbone (horse). Jochpfahl in pile of pile bent (Bdg). Jod n iodine. Jodessigester m ethyliodoacetate

Jagen n subarea of forest (for map ping purposes).

Jodtinktur/ tincture of iodine. Jolle/ yawl (Nav), Jugendherberge / youth hostel. justieren to adjust, to collimate


(bore-sight alinement, etc.). Justiergerat n bore sight.

caliber ammunition (approximately Kabelw cable, wire (Tp). 18-ton unit for one RR car). Kabelader/ strand, conductor (of Kaliberlange / barrel length ex Tp wire). pressed in calibers. Kabelauffiihrungspunkt m wire leadKaliberring m bore gage, breech bore in point (Tp). gage. Kabelgraben in wire trench (Tp). Kaliberzylinder m See Kaliberring. Kabelleitung / wire line (Tp). potassium cartridge Kabelmantel m cable sheath (Elec, Kalipatrone / (oxygen breathing apparatus). Tp). Kaliumpermanganat n potassium per KabelmeBgerat n wire-testing in manganate. strument (Tp). Kalk m lime. Kabelmesser n electrician's knife. Kabelschuh m loop-tip terminal . Kalkmilch / lime solution (CWS). kaltebestandig cold-resistant. (Elec). Kabelseele / core conductor (Tp kaltgereckt cold-worked. Kaltklebekitt m cold adhesive putty wire). (for attaching demolition charges) Kabelstecker m wire plug (Elec). (abbr. Kat). Kabeltau n hawser. Kaltluftfront / cold front (Met). Kabeltrommel / reel (Tp). Kabelverbinder n connecting sleeve KaltmeiBel m cold chisel. Kaltrecken n cold-working process, (Tp wire). autofrettage (Ord). Kabelverbindung / wire -splice (Tp). Kabelwachs n cable wax, adhesive Kameradschaftsheim n service club, canteen. pitch (Tp). Kabine/ compartment, cockpit (Ap). Kammm crest, ridge; comb. Rammer/ bolt (R, pistol); camera; Kader m cadre. chamber; stockroom. Kadett m cadet. Kaffe / compartment, sponson (Pon). Kammerbahn / bolt slide (R). Kammerfang m bolt catch (MG). Kahn m boat. Kahnfahre / punt ferry, boat ferry. Kammerfangstiick n bolt-catch piece (pistol). Kai m quay. Kammergriff m bolt handle (MG). Kajiite/ cabin (Nav). Kammerhulse / central tube, flash Kaliber n caliber.

Kalibereinheit / unit load of single-

tube (shrapnel).

Kammerhiilsenladung / flash-tube charge (shrapnel). Kammerhiilsenrohr n burster tube (Am). Kajnmerknopf m bolt knob (R). Kammerstengel m bolt handle (R). Kammerunteroffizier m supply ser geant. Rammerwarze/ bolt lug (R). Kammkissen n back pad (harness). Kammkissengurt m back-pad strap (harness). Kammlinie / ridge line (Top). Kampf m battle, combat, fight. See also terms under Gefecht, Krieg. Kampfabschnitt m combat sector. Kampfabteil m fighting compart ment, turret basket (Tk). Kampfaufgabe / combat task (Tac). Kampfauftrag m combat mission. Kampfeinheit / combat unit, tactical unit. kampfen to fight. kampfende Truppe combat element. Kampferm fighter; abutment (of an arch). kampferprobt seasoned, battle-tried, having combat experience. Kampffahrzeug n combat vehicle. Kampffeldm field of combat.


Kampf wagenfalle
Kampfgruppe/ bombardment group (Avn); . combat command (Armd Comd); combat team, task force. Kampfhandlung / engagement, ac tion. Kampfkraft / fighting power. Kampflage/ tactical situation. Kampfleistung / battle performance, combat performance. Kampflinie/ line of battle. • Kampf mehrsitzer m multiseater bomber. Kampfmittel npl means of combat, arms and ammunition. Kampfnachricht / combat message (Rad).

Kampffliegerei / bombardment avia tion. Kampffliegergruppe / bombardment group (Avn). See also Gruppe. Kampmiegerstaffel / bombardment squadron (Avn). See also Staffel. Kampffliegerverband m bombardment formation (Avn). Kampffiugzeug n bombardment air plane. Kampffiihrung / battle command, conduct of battle. Kampf gas n war gas (CWS). Kampfgebiet n combat zone, forward area, combat area. Kampfgelande n battle terrain. Kampfgemeinschaft / combat team. Kampf geschwader n bombardment wing (Avn). See also Geschwader.
Kampf geschwader z.b.V. special pur pose transport wing (airborne opera tions).

Kampfflieger m bomber pilot; any member of a combat crew (same word used in plural to denote bom bardment aviation).

Kampfraum m combat zone, forward area, combat area. Kampfruf m password, slogan, battle cry. Kampfschule / bombardment school (Avn). Kampfstaffel / combat echelon (Tac) ; bombardment squadron (Avn). See also Staffel. Kampfstellung / battle position. Kampfstoff m chemical warfare agent. Kampfstoffbelegung / gas coverage. KampstoffbeschuB m chemical-shell fire. Kampfstoffbombe / chemical bomb. Kampfstoffgehalt m gas concentra tion (CWS). Kampfstoffgruppen fpl classification of chemical warfare agents. Kampfstoffriegel m chemical ob stacle; chemical-shell box barrage. Kampfstoffschwaden mpl chemical fumes (CWS). Kampfstoffsperre / chemical obstacle, contaminated area (CWS). Kampfstoffverwendung / employment of chemical warfare agents. Kampfstoff zerstauber in chemicalspray apparatus. Kampftatigkeit / combat activity, active combat, action. Kampf truppe / combat element. Kampfverband m bomber formation (Avn); combined arms unit, combat team. Kampfwagen m tank, combat car. Kampfwagenfalle/ tank trap.

Kampfpistole / rifled Very pistol (for Sig and/or incendiary car tridges).

Kampfwagengeschiitz n See Kampfwagenkanone. Kampfwagenkanone / tank gun. Kampfwagennachbildung / tank silhouette, dummy tank. Kampfwagenscheibe / tank-silhouette target. Kampfwagenwerk n tank factory. Kampfwert m. fighting qualities (of a unit). Kampfwunde/ battle injury, wound. Kampfzielw. objective (Tac). Kampfzone/ battle zone. Kampfzweckm tactical purpose, in tention. Kandare/ curb bit (harness). Kandarenziigel m curb rein (harKanone / gun, cannon. Kanonenboot n gunboat. Kanonenflugzeug n cannon-armed airplane. Kanonenjagdflieger m cannon-armed fighter airplane. Kanonenrohr n gun barrel. Kanonensalut m gun salute. Kanonenschlag m firecracker (simu lated fire). Kanonenschlag mit Knallerscheinung firecracker. Kanonenschlag mit Raucherscheinung smoke-puff charge. KanonenschuB m gun shot. Kanonenwagen m assault gun car. Kanonier m private (Arty); can noneer. Kante/ edge; ridge. Kantholz n squared timber. Kantine / canteen. Kanzel / cockpit, turret (Ap); pill box (Ft). vordere Kanzel nose turret (Ap). Kapw cape (point of land). Kapelle / band (music); chapel. Kaperfahrt / naval raid against enemy merchant shipping. kapern to capture (a ship). Kapitanleutnant.m lieutenant (Nav). Kapitan zur See captain (Nav). Kapitulant m reenlisted man. Kapitulantenhandgeld n reenlistment bonus. Kapitulation / capitulation, surren der; reenlistment. kapitulieren capitulate, surrender; reenlist. Kappagerat n predictor (AA).


Kapsel/ detonator, blasting cap; capsule. Kapuze / hood. Karabiner m carbine. Karabinertragevorrichtung / carbine scabbard carrier. Karbolsaure/ carbolic acid, phenol. Kardangelenk n universal joint. kardanische Aufhangung compass gimbal. Kardanwelle / flexible drive shaft, propeller shaft. Karosserie/ body (MT). Kartatsche / canister (separateloading Am). Karte / map, chart; card, ticket. Kartei / card file. Karteikarte / filing card. Kartenausschnitt m map section. Kartenbatterie / topographic section, mapping section. Kartenblatt n map sheet, zone map. Kartenblatt mit Gitter grid sheet. Kartenblattnummer / geographic in dex number. Kartenbrett n map-mounting board, military sketching board. Kartendruckerei / map-printing office or plant. Kartenebene / horizontal plane through base of trajectory. Kartenentfernung / horizontal range, map range. Kartenentfernung zum AbschuBpunkt horizontal range to present position (instant of firing) (AAA). Kartenentfernung zum MeBpunkt horizontal range to present position (instant of range determination) (AAA). Kartenentfernung zum Treffpunkt horizontal range to future position (AAA). Kartenentfernung zum Wechselpunkt horizontal range to midpoint, mini mum horizontal range (AAA). Kartenentwurf m map projection. Kartengitternetz n map- grid. Kartenkurs m map course (Navi gation). Kartenlesen n map reading. KartenmaBstab m map scale. Kartenprojektion / map projection. Kartenraumm chartroom (Nav). Kartensignatur / conventional sign (on maps).

Kappe/ cap (of a projectile).

KartenKarten- und Vermessungstruppen fpl topographic troops. Kartenunterlage / plane table. Kartenvervollstandigung / map com pilation. Kartenwinkelmesser m map protrac tor. Kartenzeichen n conventional sign (on maps). Kartenzeichner m cartographer. kartieren to map. Karton m cardboard. Kartothek / card file. Kartuschbeutel m cartridge bag, powder bag (Am). Kartusche/ cartridge; cartridge case; powder bag; any container of the propelling charge (generally for separate-loading Am); cartridge pouch (Cav). Kartuschenwagen m ammunition ve hicle for cartridge cases. Kartuschmunition / separate-loading ammunition. Kartuschraum m chamber (G). Kartuschvorlage / flash-reducing wad (Am). Kaseinleim m casein glue. Kasematte / casemate. Kasemattenlafette / casemate gun mount. Kaserne/ permanent barracks. Kasernenarrest m restriction to bar racks. Kasernenhof m barracks yard. kaserniert quartered in barracks. kasernierungspflichtig obliged to live in barracks. Kasino n officers' mess, officers' club. Kasino-Ordonnanz / dining room orderly. Kasinovorstand m mess council. Kassenabteihmg / finance depart ment. Kassenordnung / finance regulations. Kassenverwaltung / finance admin istration. Kassenwesen n finance. Kasten m receiver (MG); magazine (R); tank, airplane (slang); box, case. Kastenboden m receiver floor plate (MG); magazine floor plate (R). Kastendeckel m receiver top (MG).
Kastenlafette / riage. box-trail gun car Kartuschhiilse / cartridge case.


Kastenleitwerk n box tail unit (Ap). Kastenmagazin n box magazine. Kastenschliissel m transposition cipher (Sig C). Kastentrager m box girder. Kastenwand/ side of receiver (MG). Katm See Kaltklebekitt. Katapultflugzeug n catapult airplane. Kathodenstrahlrbhre / cathode-ray tube. Kausche / grommet; thimble (rig ging, etc.). kaustisches Natron lye, caustic soda, sodium hydroxide. Kautschuk m rubber. Kavalierstart m climbing take-off (Avn). Kavallerie / cavalry. Kavallerist m cavalryman. K.-Blink n portable signal lamp. K-Briickengerat n portable bridge unit. Kegel TO cone; conical peak (Top). Kegelfeder / volute spring. Kegelkupplung / cone clutch (MT). Kegelprojektion / conic projection. Kegelrad n bevel gear. Kegelrollenlager n conical roller bearing.

Kegelzahnrad n bevel gear. Kehlriemen m throatlatch (harness). Kehlkopfmikrophon n throat-type microphone (Avn). Kehrbildentfernungsmesser m in verted-image range finder. Kehrichtofen m incinerator. Kehrkurve / turn (Avn). kehrtmachen to face about. Kehrtwendung / turn (Avn); about face (drill). Kehrtwendung links left-about (drill). Kehrwert m inverse value, recipro cal value. Keil m breech wedge (G); wedge formation (Tac); wedge; key; cotter pin. Keilloch n breech recess (G). Keillochflache / breech-recess surface (G). Keilnut / keyway. Keilriemen m V-type belt (Tech). Keil und Kessel breakthrough and encirclement. KeilverschluB m wedge-type breech block. Keilwelle/ spline shaft (MT).



Kettenkraf trad n See Kettenkrad. Kettenkurbel / connector (MG). Kettenlaufrader npl bogie wheels (Tk). Kettenreihe/ flight of airplanes echeloned left or right. See also Kette. Kettenspanner TO track-connecting fixture, track-con lecting tool (for Tk track). Kettentriebrad n driving sprocket (Tk). Kettenwinde / chain winch. K.-Gerat n See Kraf tfahrgerat. Kiel m keel. Kielflosse / keel fin (of flying-boat hull or seaplane float). Kielwassern wake (of a ship). Kiesgrube/ gravel pit. KiesstraBe / gravel road. Kilohertz n kilocycles per second (Ger unit of frequency). Kilometerzahler m mileage indica tor, odometer (MT).

Keim m germ. Keks TO-n biscuit. Kelle/ signaling disk; marking disk; trowel. Kellerwart in shelter warden (Civ defense). Kennbuchstabe m identification letter. Kennfaden m tracer thread (Tp wire), Kennkarte / civilian identity card. Kennlicht n identification light, navi gation light (Ap). Kennscheinwerfer m identification light (Ap). Kenntlichmachen n marking, identi fication. Kennummer / identification number. Kennung / identification signal, marker beacon signal (Avn). Kennwort n password. Kennzeichen n identification mark. Kern m core. Kerngarbe/ effective part of cone (Ballistics). KerngeschoB n armor-piercing bul let. Kernladung / base section (separateloading Am). Kernrohr n liner (G). KernschuBweite / point-blank range. Kerntruppen fpl crack troops, picked troops, elite troops. Kerze/ candle; spark plug. Kesselm pocket, encircled area (Tac); deep hollow (Top); meat can (mess kit); boiler; kettle. Kesselhaus n boiler house. Kesselschlacht / battle of encircle ment. Kesselwagen m tank truck (MT). Kette/ chain; track (Tk); flight (3 airplanes). Kettenabdeckung / track shield (Tk). Kettenbolzen m track pin (Tk track). Kettenfahrzeug n track-laying ve hicle (MT). Kettenfiihrer m flight commander (Avn). Kettenglied n track shoe, track block (Tk); chain link. Kettenhund m rear outside airplane in a formation, "tail-end Charlie," "wing man." Kettenkeil m flight wedge (Avn). See Kette. Kettenkrad n half-track motorcycle.

Kimmtiefe/ dip (Avn). Kinderzulage / dependency allowance for children. Kinnkette/ curb chain (harness). Kinnkettengrube / chin groove. Kinnriemenm chin strap (helmet). KinnstoBel m chin strap (harness). Kinnstiitze/ chin support (gas mask). Kinotheodolit m recording theodolite (practice firing). kippen to tip, tilt. Kippfrequenz / sweep frequency (Rad). Kippgerat n sweep generator (Rad). Kipphebelwi rocker arm (Mtr). Kipplore / dump car (field RR), Kippneigung/ tipping gradient (MT). Kippregel/ alidade (Surv). Kippschalter m toggle switch (Elec). Kippschnecke / elevating worm (aim ing circle, BC telescope). Kippschwingung / sawtooth oscilla tion, relaxation oscillation (Rad). Kippvorrichtung / dumping mecha nism (dump truck). Kippwagen m dump truck. Kirche / church. Kissen n cushion; pad (Clo, harness, etc.); gas-check pad (G); pillow. Kiste/ case, crate, chest, box; air plane (slang).

Kimme/ sight notch (MG, R, etc.).

Kitt m putty. Klage / complaint. Klammer / butt swivel (R); clip, paper clip; clamp, clasp; parenthe sis. KlammerfuB m butt-swivel plate (R). Klapparm m extension arm (AA sight). Klappblende/ drop cover (Ft). Klappbriicke/ drawbridge, bascule bridge.
Klappe/ drop (Tp switchboard); tailboard (Trk); flap (Ap); landing ramp (on landing craft).


Kleinfunkkraftwagen m small radio truck. Kleinfunktrupp m portable-radio see.tion. Kleinfunkwagen m See Kleinfunk kraftwagen. Kleinkaliberlauf m sub'caliber tube (G); small-bore barrel (R). Kleinkalibermmiition / subcaliber ammunition. KleinkaliberschieBen n subcaliber target practice (Arty); small-bore target practice (R). Kleinkraftrad n light motorcycle. Kleinkrieg m guerrilla warfare. Kleinluf tschiff n blimp. Kleinmaschinensatz m portable gen erating unit (Elec). Klein-Panzerkampfwagen m light tank. Kleinschiefiplatz m miniature range; subcaliber target range (Arty); small-bore target range (R). Kleinsendegerat n portable radio transmitter. Klein vernebelung / limited-area smoke screen, local smoke screening. Kleister m adhesive paste. Klemme/ clip; clamp; terminal; binding post. klemmen to hold right or left (R aiming); to clamp, to jam, to become wedged, Klemmenspannung / voltage across terminals. Klemmhebel m clamping lever (MG). Klemmplatte/ clamping plate (G barrel guide). Klemmring m clamping ring (gre nade launcher). Klemmschraube / setscrew; clamping screw (aiming circle).
Klemmzange / fuze). clamp (blasting-cap

Klappenschrank m portable switch board. Klappfliigel m folding wing (Ap). Klapphacke/ pick mattock. Klapplafette / extendable mount (Ap MG). Klappmesser n jackknif e. Klappscheibe / bobbing target (prac tice firing). Klappsporn in folding trail spade. Klappvisier n leaf sight. Klarinol n a cleaning fluid for op tical glass. Klarscheibe / ahtidim eyeglass. Klarsichtsalbe / antidim compound. Klartext m text in clear (Siff C). Klartextf unken n transmitting in clear (Rod). Klaue/ dog (clutch); epi, curved spur track (RR gun); claw. Klauenbeil n claw hatchet. Klauenfutter n guide lining (G). Klauenkupplung / dog clutch (MT). Klauenringm guide ring (G).
Klebeflugzeug n intruding airplane, intruder (one which trails an enemy plane back to its home base).

Klebelack m dope (Ap). kleben to adhere, to stick to; to fol low closely, to trail. Klebestreifen m adhesive tape.

Kleiderkarte / ration card for cloth ing. Kleif m portable flame thrower (abbr. of kleiner Flammenwerfer). Kleinbahn/ substandard-gage rail way. Kleiner Bar Little Dipper. Kleiner Krieg guerrilla warfare, par tisan warfare.

Klebezettel m paster, sticker (sticker-type baggage tag, etc.).

Klempner m plumber. Klettereisen npl climbers', climbing irons. Kletterfahigkeit / vertical axle dis placement (MT). Kletterschuhe mpl rock7climbing shoes (mountain operations). Klettersporn m gaff (of climbers). Kletterwalze / front rollev (MT). Klima n climate. Klimaanlage / air conditioning plant. Klinke/ pawl, catch; jack (Tp). Klippe/ bluff, cliff (Top).

Klop n See Chlorpikrin. Klopfen n detonation, knock, pinking Klopferm telegraph sounder. klopffest antiknock. Klopffestigkeit / antiknock quality (engine fuel). Klotz m block, log. Kluppe/ stock (die holder). Knagge/ prop, wedge. Knall m report (G); bang, crack, detonation. Knallbild n sound track (on SR film). Knalldampfer m silencer (R, pistol,
(of an engine).


Kniippeldamm m corduroy road. Kniippelgriff m grip of control stick (Ap). Kniippelsteuerung / stick control (Ap). Knuppelweg m corduroy road. Kobona chocolate with caffeine (Prcht ration). Kochgeschirr n mess kit, mess gear. Kochgeschirrhiille / mess-kit cover. Kochloch n cooking pit. Kohle/ carbon, coal; carbon brush, carbon rod (Elec). Kohlebiirste / carbon brush (Elec). Kohleklotz m carbon block (micro phone). Kohlenelektrode / carbon electrode. Kohlenkorner npl carbon granules (microphone). Kohlenmikrophon n carbon micro phone. Kohlenoxyd n carbon monoxide. Kohlensaure/ carbon dioxide. Kohlenstoff m carbon.

Knallerscheinung / sound effect (SR). Knallkb'rper m firecracker (simulated KnallmeB- See SchallmeB-. Knallnetz n mine-exploding net, primacord net. Knallquecksilber n mercury fulminate. Knallziindschnur / detonating cord, primacord (Engr). Knebel m gag. Kneifzange / pincers. Knemeyer m computer (circular slide rule used in air navigation). Knetlegierung / malleable alloy. Knick m break; crack; kink; knee knicken to buckle. Knickfestigkeit / resistance to buck ling. Knickfliigelm gull wing (Ap). Kniew knee; salient (Tac); stifle Kniegelenfc TO toggle joint (pistol). kniender Anschlag kneeling position Kniepausche/ knee pad (harness). Knieschiitzer mpl knee pads (Prcht Kniestellung / salient (Tac). Kniff?w knack; helpful hint, handy device; "shortcut," trick. Knochen m bone. Knochenbruch m fracture (Med). Knopf m button. Knorrbremse / Knorr air brake. Knoten m knot. Bunde und Knoten knots and ties. Knotenpunkt m intersection, junc tion. Kniippel m control stick (Ap); club, bludgeon; log, round timber.
troops). (in firing). joint (horse); elbow, bend (of pipe, etc.). (Rad). fire).


Kohlepapier n carbon paper. Kohleschicht / charcoal layer (gas mask). Kohlestab m carbon rod (Elec). Kohle-Zink-Element n carbon-zinc cell (Elec). Kohle-Zinksammler m carbon-zinc battery. Koinzidenzentfernungsmesser m co incidence range finder. Koje/ cabin (Nav). KokillenguB m chilled casting. Kolben m piston (Mech); butt (MG, R). Kolbenbolzen m piston pin (Mtr). Kolbenbolzenlager n piston-pin bush ing (Mtr). Kolbenhals m small of the stock (R). Kolbenhieb m butt stroke. Kolbenhub m piston stroke (Mtr). Kolbenkappe / butt plate (R). Kolbenpistole / submachine gun con sisting of automatic pistol with tel escope or skeleton stock. Kolbenring m piston ring (Mtr). Kolbenstange / piston rod (Mtr).
Kolk m

Kohlenstofftrager m carbon filler (in liquid-oxygen blasting charges).

Kollektor m ring (Elec).

scour (in river bottom).

commutator, collector

Kollimationslinie / collimating mark
Kollodiumwolle / pyroxylin (Am). Kolonne / column; train (supply); javelin (Awn). Kolonnenbriicke / portable bridge. Kolonnenchef m column commander (MT). Kolonnengebiet n communications zone. Kolonnenstaffel / rear echelon train. Kolonnenverkehr m column traffic. Kolonne zu Einem column of files. Kolonne zu Zweien column of twos. Koluft m See Kommandeur der Luft waffe. Kombination / flying suit, coverall. Kombiise / galley (Nav).


Kommandosache / confidential mili tary document. Kommandospruch m radio message from commander's tank. Kommandostelle / command post, headquarters. Kommandotafel / range conversion table (Gunnery).


Kolonnenspitze / head of column.

"Kommando zuriick !" "As you were!"
KommiB m, military service, "the service" (corresponds in many cases to the term "G.I." as used collo quially).

Kommandowagen m command truck. Kommandowerte mpl data (AAA).

Kommando- und Ladeverzugszeit dead time (Gunnery). Kommandound Stadsschwadron headquarters troop (Cav).
command car, fire-director

Kommandant m commander (of an Ap, Tk, ship, etc.); commanding offi cer (of a, post, garrison, or station).
Kommandantur / commander's office, garrison headquarters. See also Feldkommandantur, Ortskommandantur.

Kommandeur m commander, com manding officer (Bn and higher units, including entire arm or ser vice); commandant (of a, service school).
Kommandeurpanzer m commander's tank. kommandieren to command; to de tach, to detail. kommandierender General command ing general (of a corps or service command). Kommando n order, command; head quarters (D.iv and larger units); de tached duty or service; detached unit; party or detail. Kommandobehorde / command, com mand agency, headquarters (Div and larger units). Kommandoflagge / command post flag (Bn or higher unit). Kommandof iihf er m commander of a detachment, leader of a party. Kommandogerat n data computer, ballistic director (AAA); command set (Rod).
auxiliary fire

Kommandeur der Luftwaffe air sup port commander.

Kommandierrolle / duty roster.

Kompaniebreitkeil m company in verted wedge formation. Kompaniechef m company com mander. Kompaniefiihrer m officer in charge of company, temporary company commander. Kompaniegefechtsstand m company command post (in combat). Kompaniegelder npl company fund. Kompaniegrenze / company boundary. Kompaniekeil m company wedge for mation. Kompanierevier n company area. Kompanieschreiber m company clerk. Kompanietrupp in company headquar ters (personnel). Kompanietruppfiihrer m leader of company headquarters personnel. KompaB m compass. KompaBausgleichung / compass compensation. KompaBkessel m compass bowl (Ap). KompaBkurs m compass heading, compass course (Avn),

Kompanieabschnitt m company sector. Kompaniebezirk m company area.

Kommodore m wing commander (Avn). Kommodor und Lufttransportfiihrer chief of air transport (at Ger Air Ministry). Kompanie / company.

KommiBbrot n G.I. bread. KommiBstiefel in G.I. boot.

KompaBablenkung /

compass error.

Kommandohilfsgerat n director (AAA).

Kommandopanzer m command tank.

KompaBkurswinkel m compass azi muth. KompaBlenkung / compass deviation. KompaBmiBweisung / compass declination. KompaBpeilung / compass bearing. KompaBrose / compass rose, com pass card. KompaBstrich m point of the com pass. KompaBzahl / azimuth, compass reading, bearing. Komplizem accomplice (Law). Kompressionsraum m compression chamber (Mtr). Kompressor m compressor, super charger. Kompressormotor m supercharged engine. Kondensationswarme / heat oi conden sation (Met). Kondensator m condenser, capacitor Kondensatormikrophon n condenser microphone. Kondensstreifen m vapor trail (Avn). konisch conical, tapered. konisches Rohr tapered-bore barrel (G). Konstrukteur m technical designer. Konstruktion/ design; construction; structure. Konstruktionsfehler m faulty design, structural defect. Konstruktionszeichner m designer, draftsman. Kontaktmesser n knife-switch prong (Elec). Kontaktmine/ contact mine (Nav). Kontaktstift m prong of jack (Elec). Kontaktstiick n contact, contact piece (Elec). Konteradmiral m rear admiral. Konterbande / contraband. Kontrollkarte / intercept board (AWS). Kontrollampe / pilot light (Ap, MT). Kontrolliste / check list. Konuskupplung / cone clutch (MT). konvergieren to converge. Konzentrationslager n concentration camp. konzentrisch concentric, converging. Koordinate / coordinate. Koordinatennetz n map grid, coordi nate grid system.


Koordinatenschieber mpl coordinate cards. Koordinatenverzeichnis n table of coordinates (Surv). Koordinationsausgangspunkt m point of origin of coordinates. Kopfm head; heading (on a mes sage); nose or point (of a shell). Kopfbahnhof m terminal; railhead. Kopfbander npl head straps (gas mask). Kopfbanderung / head harness (Gas mask). Kopfbedeckung / headgear, hat or helmet. Kopffernhorer m headphone, headset. Kopfgestell m headstall (harness). Kopfhaube/ helmet (Avn). Kopfhorer m headphone, headset.

. (Rod).

Kopfplatte / head-strap cushion (Gas mask). Kopframpe/ end ramp (RR). Kopfschiitzer m woolen cap, winter cap. Kopf stand m nose-over (Avn). Kopfstarke/ strength (of a unit). Kopfstiick n crownpiece (harness); head (MG). Kopfsturz m vertical dive, nose dive (Avn). Kopfteilm nose section of shell (Am). Kopfteilung/ graduation on head of panoramic telescope. Kopfwelle/ shell wave, ballistic wave, bow wave (Ballistics). Kopfziinder m point-detonating fuze (Am); nose fuze (bomb). Koppel n belt. koppeln to determine a course or establish a fix by dead reckoning (Avn); to couple (Arty). Koppelnavigation / navigation by dead reckoning (Avn). Koppelort m fix, dead reckoning posi tion (Air Navigation). KoppelschloB n belt buckle. Koppelzeit / time at which, exact po sition is ascertained by means of dead reckoning (Air Navigation). Kopplung/ coupling (Arty, Rad). Korb m basket (Bin, etc.); cluster of bombs (slang). Korbring m concentration ring (Bin). Kordelmutter / knurled nut.
Kordelung /


noseheavy (Ap).


to knurl.

knurl, knurling.




Kordit n cordite. Korkenzieher m spiral dive, "cork screw dive" (Ap), Korn n front sight (R, pistol, etc.); muzzle sight (G); grain; bead; acorn. das Korn klemmen to hold right or left. geklemmtes Korn incorrectly cen tered front sight. Kornchen n granule. Kornerw. center punch. Kornerform / granular form (pow der). KornfuB m front-sight base (R). Kornhalterm front-sight holder (R). Kornwarze/ front-sight stud (R). Korperschutzmittel n protective clothing (CWS). Korps n corps. Korpsbezirk m corps area. Korpsfuhrer m assistant band leader. Korpsgeist m esprit de corps, group spirit, group morale. Korpskommando n corps headquar ters. Korpsnachschubfiihrer -m chief of corps supply services. Korpsstab m corps headquarters staff. Korrekturluftdiise / air-adjustment jet (Mtr), Korrosionsbestandigkeit / resistance to corrosion. Korvettenkapitan m lieutenant com mander (Nav). Kost/ meal, food; diet. Kotw mud, excrement, filth. Kote / fetlock. Kotfliigel m mudguard, fender. Krad n motorcycle (abbr. of Kraftrad). Kradfahrer m motorcyclist. Kradmantel m motorcyclist's overcoat. Kradmelder m motorcycle messenger. Kradmeldetrupp m motorcycle mes senger detachment. Kradschiitze m motorcycle rifleman. Kradschiitzen-Bataillon n motorcycle battalion. Kradschiitzenschwadron / motorcycle troop. Kradschiitzensteg m floating wooden treadway bridge. Kradschiitzenzug m motorcycle pla toon. Kradspaher m motorcycle scout.

Kradspitze/ motorcycle point of ad vance guard.

Krafte/pZ forces; power; strength. Kriifteersparnis / economy of man power, sparing of personnel. Krafteverteilung / distribution of forces, tactical grouping (Tac). Kraftezersplitterung / splitting up of forces, dissipation of forces (Tac). Kraftfahrabteilung / motor .transport battalion. Kraftfahrausbildung / driver train ing (MT). Kraftfahrerm driver; private (MT). Kraftfahr-Ersatzteil-Staffel / spare parts section (MT). Kraftfahrgerat n motor-transport equipment. Kraf tf ahrkampf truppen fpl armored troops. Kraftfahrkorps n See Nationalsozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps. Kraftfahrlehrstab m motor transpoi't training staff. Kraftfahrpark m motor transport park (GHQ or Army); motor pool, vehicle park. Kraftfahrparkkompanie / motor transport company (component unit of a Kraftfahrpark). kraftfahrtechnisch pertaining to au tomotive mechanics. Kraftfahrtransport in motor trans port. Kraftfahrtruppen fpl motor trans port troops. Kraftfahrversorgung / motor trans port supply. Kraftfahrwesen n motor transport service. Kraftfahrzeug n motor vehicle. Kraftfahrzeugkolonne / motor con voy, motor column. Kraftfahrzeugpark m motor vehicle park. Kraftfahrzeug-Verwertung / sorting and classification of motor vehicle salvage. Kraftfahrzeugzubehb'r n motorvehicle accessories. Kraftlinieri fpl lines of force (Elec). Kraftmoment n moment of force. Kraftomnibus m bus. Kraftquelle / power source.

Kraft durch Freude Strength Through Joy (Ger Civ morale and travel organization).




Kraftquellenwagen m horse-drawn generating unit. Kraf trad ?i motorcycle. For comKraftsage / power saw. Kraftschlepper m tractor, prime mover. Kraftspeicher m closing spring cylin der (AA gun); storage battery. Kraftstoffm fuel, gasoline. Kraftstoffabstellhahn m fuel shut-off valve (Mtr). Kraftstoffanlage / fuel system (Mtr). Kraf tstoffausgabestelle / gasoline distributing point. Kraftstoffbehalter m fuel tank, gaso line tank. Kraftstoffdruckmesser m fuel pres sure gage (Ap). Kraftstoffdiise/ fuel "jet (Mtr). Kraftstoffgemisch n fuel mixture (Mtr). Kraftstofflager n fuel dump. Kraftstoffleitung / fuel line (MT). Kraf tstoff-Luf tgemisch n fuel-air mixture (Mtr). KraftstoffmeBuhr / fuel gage (Mtr). Kraftstoffnachschub m fuel supply, gasoline supply. Kraftstoffnormverbrauch m, normal fuel consumption (MT). Kraftstoffolmischung / gasoline-oil mixture. Kraftstoffb'rderpumpe / fuel pump (Mtr). Kraftstofforderung / fuel feed (Mtr). Kraftstoffreiniger m fuel filter (Mtr). Kraftstoffsieb n See Kraftstoffrei niger. Kraftstoffstaffel / gasoline supply section (Tk Bn). Kraftstoffverbrauch in fuel consump tion (MT). Kraftstoffverbrauchssatz in rate of fuel consumption (MT). Kraftstoffversorgung / gasoline sup ply. Kraftsoffvorratsmesser m fuel level gage (Ap). KraftstoffzufluB m fuel feed (Mtr). Kraftstoffzug m gasoline-supply train (RR). Kraftiibertragung / power transmis sion, power train (MT). Kraftiibertragungsteile mpl power train (MT).
. pounds see under Krad.

Kraftverstarker m power amplifier (Bad). Kraftverstarker-Anlage / publicaddress system (Elec). Kraftwagen m automobile, motor ve hicle (occasionally used in sense of Lastkraftwagen, truck). Kraftwagenanhanger m trailer. Kraftwagenbegleiter m assistant driver (MT). Kraftwagenflak / mobile antiaircraft artillery. Kraftwagengeschiitz n See Kraftwagenkanone. Kraftwagenkanone / gun mounted on motor carriage. Kraftwagenkanonenwagen m assault gun car, motor carriage for gun. Kraftwagenkolonne / motor transport column. groBe Kraftwagenkolonne heavy motor transport column (capacity 60 tons). kleine Kraftwagenkolonne light motor transport column (capacity 30 tons). Kraftwagenkolonne fiir Betriebsstoffe gasoline and lubricant supply col umn. Kraftwagenkiichenkompanie / mobile kitchen company. Kraftwagenmarsch m motorized march. Kraftwagenpark m motor park. Kraftwagentransport m motor transport. Kraftwagentransportabteilung/ mo tor transport battalion. Kraf twagentransportkolonne / motor transport column. Kraftwagenwerkstatt / motor vehicle repair shop. Kraftwagenwerkstattzug m motor maintenance repair shop platoon. Kraftwerk n power house, power sta tion. Kraftzug m power traction (as of a prime mover). mit Kraftzug tractor-drawn, truckdrawn. Kraftzugartillerie / motorized artil lery. Kraftzuggeschiitz n motorized gun. Kraftzugmaschine / prime mover. Kragenm collar (Clo). Kragenlitze/ collar badge (facing sewn on the Kragenpatte).




Kragenpatte/ collar patch (cloth backing for the Kragenlitze). Kragenspiegel m collar patch (Luft waffe). Kragtrager m cantilever beam. Kragtragerbriicke / cantilever bridge. Krahennest m "crow's nest," gun ner's compartment (Ap upper tur ret). Krampe/ staple (Tech). Kran m crane, hoist; crane tractor (used as a power shovel). krangen to heel (Avn). Krangungsfehler m heeling error (Avn). krank sick, ill. sich krank melden to go on sick call, to report sick. Krankenabschub m evacuation of the sick. Kranken-Absonderung / medical iso lation. Krankenabteilung / ward (Med). Kra'nkenabtransport m evacuation of the sick. Krankenbehandlung / treatment of sick. Krankenblatt n clinical record. Krankenbuch n See Krankenmeldebuch. Kranken-Isolierung / medical isola tion. Krankenkraftwagen in motor ambu lance. Krankenkraftwagenzug in motor am bulance platoon. Krankenmeldebuch n sick report book or folder. Krankenmeldung / daily sick report. Krankenrevier n infirmary, dispen sary. Krankensammelpunkt m See Krankensammelstelle. Krankensammelstelle / collecting sta tion (Med). Krankenschwester / nurse. Krankenstall m veterinary hospital. Krankenstube / infirmary, ward. Krankentrage m litter, stretcher. Krankentragenf ahrgerat n wheeled litter carrier (Med). Krankentrager m, litter bearer (Med). Krankentransportabteilung / ambu lance battalion. Krankenunterkunft / field hospital. feste Krankenunterkunft fixed hos pital.

Krankenurlaub m sick leave. Krankenwarter m ward attendant (Med). Kranz m circular track (MG mount), Kratze / scraper, hoe. Kraxe / wood frame pack carrier. Kreis m circle; area; circuit. Kreisbogen m arc of a circle. Kreisbogenabsteckung / measuring or transferring an arc with dividers. Kreisel m gyroscope. Kreiselabfeuergerat n gyro control, gyro-stabilizer (Tk). KreiselkompaB m gyro compass. Kreiselkompressor in centrifugal compressor. Kreiselneigungsmesser m bank-andturn indicator (Ap). Kreiselpumpe / centrifugal pump. Kreiselsteuerzeiger m, gyro indicator, gyroscopic turn indicator (Ap). Kreiselwendezeiger m gyro turn indi cator, gyroscopic turn indicator (Ap). kreisen to circle, to maneuver in cir cles. Kreisflugm circular course (Avn). Kreisfunkfeuer n fan-marker bea con, omnidirectional beacon (Rad).

Kreisfunktion / tionf

trigonometric func-

Kreisvisierw ring sight (Ord). krepieren to explode, burst; to die. Kresolseifenlb'sung / cresol soap solu tion. Kresolwasser n cresol solution.

Kreisverkehr m "circular" radio traf fic (radio-net traffic in which sta tions communicate directly with each other on a common frequency with different call signs and without a net control station).

Kreiskimme/ rear ring sight (MG). Kreiskommandantur / area head quarters (Mil Govt). Kreiskornw front ring sight (MG). KreiskornfuB m front ring sight base (MG). Kreiskornhalter m front ring sight support (MG). Kreiskornrahmen m front ring sight frame (MG). Kreislauf m cycle. Kreisleitung / series circuit (demo litions). KreisprozeB m cycle.




Kreuz n cross; crosspiece (of univer sal joint). Kreuzbundn shear lashing (for diagonal timbers). Kreuzen n traffic crossing. kreuzen to cross; to cruise (Nav). Kreuzer m cruiser. Kreuzf euer n cross fire. Kreuzgelenk n universal joint. Kreuzhacke / double-bitted pickax. Kreuzlafette / outrigger-type gun mount. Kreuzleinen fpl cross line (reins). Kreuzlochschraube / cross-hole screw. Kreuzmuffe / cross pipe fitting, fourway pipe joint. Kreuzpeilung / determining a fix, tak ing cross bearings (Air Navigation). Kreuzschraube / trigger-guard screw (R). Kreuzteil n rear of receiver well (R). Kreuzung / intersection. Kreuzungsbahnhof m crossing station (RR). Kreuzverhor n cross-examination. kriechen to creep or crawl. Kriechgraben m crawl trench, shal low communication trench. Krieg m war. See also terms under Gefecht, Kampf. kriegfiihrend belligerent. kriegfiihrende Macht belligerent power. Kriegfiihrung / warfare. Kriegsakademie / war college. Kriegsartikel mpl Articles of War (now replaced by brief summary of military ideals and obligations called Pflichten des deutschen Soldaten). Kriegsausgangm outcome of war. Kriegsausriistungsnachweisung / table of basic allowances (wartime). Kriegsband n battle honors. Kriegsbeorderung / See Kriegsbeordnung. Kriegsbeordnung / mobilization'order for reservists. Kriegsbericht m war communique, war news report. Kriegsberichter m accredited corre spondent (in a Ger propaganda Co). kriegsbeschadigt disabled on active duty. Kriegsbeteiligung / participation in war. Kriegsbrauch m customs of war. Kriegsbriicke / military bridge.

Kriegsbriickengerat n military bridge equipment. Kriegsdauer / duration of war. auf Kriegsdauer for the duration (abbr. a.K.). Kriegsdenkmiinze / campaign medal. Kriegsdienstverweigerer m consci entious objector. Kriegserfordernisse fpl military re quirements in wartime. Kriegserklarung / declaration of war. Kriegsflagge / ensign. KriegsfuB m war footing. Kriegsgebiet n theater of operations. Kriegsgebrauch m customs of war. Kriegsgefangenenbau- und Arbeitsbataillon PW construction and labor battalion (for guarding PWs work ing in Germany or rear areas). Kriegsgefangeneneinsatz m employ ment of prisoners of war. Kriegsgefangenensammelstelle / pris oner-of-war collecting point. Kriegsgefangener m prisoner of war. Kriegsgerat n war materiel. Kriegsgerichtsrat m judge advocate. Kriegsgerichtsrechtsprechung / mili tary justice. Kriegsgerichtsverfahren n courtmartial proceedings. Kriegsgliederung / order of battle. Kriegskasse/ field safe; war chest. Kriegskonterbande / contraband of war. Kriegskunst / art of war. Kriegslazarett n base hospital. Kriegslist / stratagem, ruse (Tac). Kriegsmarine / navy. Kriegsmarsch m tactical march. kriegsmaBig warlike, similar to ac tual conditions in the field. Kriegsneurose / war neurosis. Kriegsoffizier-Bewerber m applicant for wartime commission. Kriegsrangliste / army directory. Kriegsrason / military necessity. Kriegsrecht n military law. Kriegssanitatsordnung / medical field regulations or manual. Kriegsschauplatz m theater of war. Kriegsschiff n warship. Kriegsschule / officer candidate school. Kriegsspiel n war game, map maneu ver. Kriegsstammrolle / personnel roster (wartime).

Kriegsgericht n court-martial.




Kriegsstand m See Kriegsstarke. Kriegsstarke/ war strength (of a unit, etc.). Kriegsstarkenachweisung / table of organization (wartime). Kriegstagebuch n war diary; journal, daybook. Kriegsverdienstkreuz n War Service Cross (decoration). Kriegsverrat m war treason. Kriegsverrater m war traitor. kriegsverwendungsfahig fit for active service (abbr. k.v.). Kriegswerft / navy yard. kriegswichtig of military importance. Kriegswissenschaft / military science. Kriegszahnarzt m dental surgeon. Kriegszustand m state of war. Kriminalpolizei / criminal investiga tion police. Krimscliild m Crimea Shield (deco ration on upper left sleeve, worn by all veterans of the battle in the Crimea). Kripo / See Kriminalpolizei. K.-Rolle / plain-wire concertina (abbr. of Klaviersaitendraht-Rolle). Kronenmutter / castellated hut. Krbpfung / right-angle bend; throw (of a crankshaft). Kriimmer m elbow pipe; manifold. Kriimmung/ bend; turn; camber; curvature. Kruppe/ croup (horse). K-Stoffm diphosgene (CWS). Kiibel m bucket; jeep. Kiibelsitzer m See Kiibelwagen. Kiibelsitzwagen m See Kiibelwagen. Kiibelwagen m command car, jeep. Kubikzahl/ cube (Math). Kiiche / kitchen. Kiichendienst m kitchen police, KP; mess orderly, mess attendant. Kiichenunteroffizier m mess sergeant. Kufe / sled runner; skid. Kugel/ bullet; ball; sphere. Kugelblende / mantlet of flexible ball mount, ball mount (Tk). Kugelfang m target butt, range butt. kugelfest bulletproof. Kugelfiillung / ball filler (shrapnel). Kugelgelenk n ball-and-socket joint. Kugellafette / ball mount (MG). Kugellager m, ball bearing. Kugelpfanne/ ball socket (Mart). kugelsicher bulletproof. Kiihlanlage/ cooling system (Mtr).

Kiihlerm radiator (Mtr). KUhler-EinfiillverschluB m radiator cap (MT). Kiihlerklappe / louver (Mt, Tk). Kiihlerschutzhaube / radiator guard' (MT). KuhlerverschluB m radiator cap (MT). Kiihlfliissigkeit / cooling liquid (Mtr). Kiihlmantel m water jacket (Mtr, MG). Kiihlmittel n coolant (Mtr). Kiihlrippe/ cooling fin (Mtr). Kiihlstoff m coolant. Kiihlung/ cooling system (Mtr). Kiihlwagen m refrigerator truck, refrigerator car. Kiihhvassermantel m water jacket. Kulissenschaltung / gate-type gear shift. Kumpel m buddy. Kumuluswolke / cumulus cloud. Kundschafter m spy. Kunstflug m stunt flying. Kunstflugfigur/ stunt-flying maneu ver. Kunstleder n artificial leather. kiinstliche Antenne artificial antenna (Had). kiinstliche Atmung artificial respi ration. kiinstliche Luftung artificial ventila tion. kiinstlicher Gummi synthetic rubber. kiinstlicher Horizont absolute in clinometer, gyro horizon indicator, artificial horizon (Ap Inst). kiinstlicher Nebel screening smoke (CWS). kiinstliches Hindernis artificial ob stacle. kiinstliche Spur artificial scent (for army dogs). Kunstschaltung / superposed connec tion '(Tp). Kunstseide / rayon. Kunststoff m synthetic plastic. Kupfer n copper. Kupferdraht m copper wire. Kupf erkapsel / copper shell (detona tor cap). Kuppe f knoll, knob, rounded hilltop. Kuppel / cupola. Kuppellafette / cupola mount (Ap). Kuppelstange / tie rod (split-trail carriage).




Kupplung/ clutch (MT); coupling (Meoh); recoil connection (pistol). Kupplungsfeder / clutch spring (MT). KupplungsfuBhebel m clutch pedal (MT). Kupplungsgehause n clutch housing (MT). Kupplungshebel m clutch lever (MT); recoil-spring lever (pistol). Kupplungskasten m junction box, gun junction box, control box (AA director). Kupplungskegel m clutch cone (MT). Kupplungskopf m coupling head (trailer). Kupplungspedal n clutch pedal (MT). Kupplungsscheibe / clutch plate (MT). Kupplungsstange / recoil-spring lever bar (pistol). Kupplungstritt m clutch pedal (MT). Kupplungswelle / clutch shaft (MT). Kurbel / crank. Kurbelarm m crank arm (of crank shaft). Kurbeldynamo / 'hand-crank gen erator. Kurbelgehause n crankcase (Mtr). Kurbelgriff-m, crank handle. Kurbelinduktor m hand-crank gen erator (Tp). Kurbelkropfung / crankshaft throw. Kurbellager n crankshaft bearing, pillow block. Kurbelrad n crankwheel (G). Kurbelstange / connecting rod (Mtr). Kurbeltrieb m crank mechanism. Kurbeltriebwerk n crankshaft assem bly (Mtr). Kurbeliibung / crankwheel operation exercise (gun laying). Kurbelwelle/ crankshaft (Mtr). Kurbelzapfen m crank pin (Mtr). Kurierm courier, special messenger. Kurierflugzeugn liaison airplane. Kurierpost / courier mail. Kurier-Staffel / special communica tion squadon (Luftwaffe). See also Staffel. Kurs m course, heading. Kursgleiche / rhumb line (Air Navi.gation). Kurskreisel m directional gyro. Kursscheibe / bearing plate (Avn). Kursstabilitat / directional stability (Ap).

Kurssteuerung / piloting, navigat ing, pilot control. automatische Kurssteuerung auto matic pilot, mechanical pilot (Ap). Kursverbesserung / off-course cor rection (Air Navigation). Kursvisier n bomb sight (Ap). Kurswechsel m change of course, change of direction (Avn). Kurswinkel m azimuth of target (AAA). Kurszeiger TO navigator's compass (Ap). Kurve / curve, turn. Kurvenblatt n graph. Kurvenflug m curvilinear flight (Avn). Kurvengleitflug m spiral (Avn). Kurvenkampf m turning combat, dogfight (Avn). Kurvenniesser m map measurer (Inst). Kurvenscheibe / cam plate (Ord); curvilinear target (Tng). Kurvenvisier n tangent sight (SA). Kurzleistung / military rating (of an Ap engine). KurzschluB m short circuit, short (Elec). RurzschluBankermotor m squirrelcage motor. KurzschuB m short (Gunnery). Kurzsignal n code group. Kurzwelle/ short wave (Rod). Kurzwellensender m short-wave transmitter. Kiiste/ coast, shore. Kiistenartillerie / coast artillery. Kiistenaufklarer m coast reconnais sance airplane. Kustenaufklarung / coast reconnais sance. Kiistenbatterie / coast battery, shore battery. Kiistenflak / coast antiaircraft gun, coast antiaircraft artillery. Kiistenfliegergruppe / coast recon naissance and naval support group (Avn). See also Gruppe. Kiistengebiet n coastal area. Kiistengeschiitz n coast artillery gun. Kustengewasser npl coastal zone, coastal waters. Kiistenlafette / coast artillery gun mount.




Kustenstaffel / coastal squadron (Ami). See also Staffel. Kiistenstation / coast guard station. Kiistenverteidigung / coast defense. Kiistenvorfeld n coastal zone. Kustenwache/ coast guard, coast guard station. Kiistenwacht/ coast patrol.

Kiistenwehr/ coast defense, coast defense troops. Kutonnase/ cable cutter on leading edge of wing (an anti-barrage-bal loon device). Kuvi n See Kursvisier. KWK.-Standm fixed emplacement made of tank gun turret.

Lack m lacquer, varnish. Ladebaum m boom, derrick, crane. Ladebriicke / loading ramp (on trailer). Ladedruck m manifold pressure (Mtr). Ladedruckmesser m manifold pres sure gage (Ap engine). Ladedruckregler m manifold pres sure control (Ap engine). Ladeeinheit / load unit, unit load. Ladefahigkeit / load' capacity; serviceable condition of ammunition. Ladegewicht n load capacity, weight of -load. Ladegurt m cartridge belt. Ladehemmung / stoppage in loading mechanism (OrA). Ladekanonier m gun loader, loader, assistant gunner, cannoneer No. 1. Ladeklappe / breechblock. Ladekran m gun hoist. Ladelaufrad n impeller (super charger). Ladeleitrad n diffuser (super charger). Ladeloch n loading recess (G). Ladeluftkiihler m intercooler (Ap supercharger). Ladeluke / loading hatch (Ap). Lademaschine / battery charger (Elec). Lademaschinensatz m battery charging unit (Elec). Lademulde / loading tray (G). laden to load (R, G, etc.). "Laden und sichern!" "Load and lock!" Ladeplatz m pier, wharf, quay.

Ladegleis n loading siding (RR).

Lader m stevedore, loader, super charger (Mtr). Laderampe / loading ramp. Laderaum m chamber, powder cham ber (G); hold (Nav). Laderauntverlangerung / advance of forcing cone (G). Ladergetriebe n supercharger drive. Ladeschale / loading tray (G). Ladeschiitze m assistant gunner, loader (Tk). Ladesitz m loader's seat (G). Ladespannung / charging voltage (battery charger). Ladestelle / loading point, entrain ing or entrucking point; batterycharging station. Ladestock m rammer. Ladestorung / stoppage in loading mechanism (Ord). LadestraBe / delivery roadway (RR freight station). Ladestreifen m cartridge clip, am munition clip. Ladetatigkeit / loading operations (service of the piece). Ladetisch m loading tray (G). Ladetrommel / cartridge drum. Ladetrupp m loading detail. Ladeverzug m loading lag (Gun nery). Ladeverzugszeit / loading lag, load ing time (Gunnery). Ladevorgang m loading action (semi- or full-automatic weapons). Ladevorrichtung / breech mechan ism, loading device (Ord); feeding device (SA). Ladezeit / loading time, entrucking time, entraining time; charging time (Elec battery).




Ladung/ cargo, load; charge. Ladungsbiichse / blasting-charge container (generally of galvanized metal). Ladungsgefafi n blasting-charge container. Ladungskasten m blasting-charge box. Ladungsraum m See Laderaum. Ladungsverhaltnis n loading ratio (ratio between weight of charge and weight of projectile). Ladungswerfer m spigot mortar. Lafette / gun carriage, gun mount. Lafettenachse / gun-carriage axle. Lafettenart / type of gun carriage or mount. Lafettenaufsatzstiick n adapter, tri pod extension piece (MG). Lafettendreieck n triangular base (AA gun). Lafettenfahrzeug n trailer mount (Arty). Lafettenholm m gun-mount outrig ger; gun-trail crosspiece. Lafettenkasten m trail box (G). Lafettenkranz m circular track mount (Ap, Tk). Lafettenkreuz n outriggers (AA gun). Lafettenschwanz m trail (G). Lafettensporn m trail spade (G). Lafettenstiitze / firing base (G-). Lafettentisch m gun-carriage bed. Lafettenwand / gun-carriage side plate. Lage / situation (Tac); position, site; salvo (pieces fire in succes sion); layer, stratum (Met). Lagebericht m situation report. Lagebeurteilung / estimate of the situation (Tac). Lagenfeuer n salvo fire (pieces fire in succession). Lagenkarte / situation map (Tac). Lagenmeldung / situation report. Lager n camp; depot, dump; bear ing, support. das Lager abbrechen to strike camp. das Lager aufschlagen to pitch camp. Lagerbestand m stock, stockage. Lagerbock m support (for piston rod of counterrecoil mechanism); pillow block.

Lagergehause n housing or case en closing a bearing or bushing. Lagergeld n pay (PW). Lagergeriist n storage-closet rack. Lagerhaus n warehouse. Lagerkommandant m prison camp or internment camp commander. Lageileitung / camp authorities (PW). Lagermetall n bearing metal. Lagern n storage. Lagerort m camp site. Lagerplatz m storage place; camp site. Lagerraum m storeroom. Lagerschale / bushing. Lagerschuppen m storage shed. Lagerstelle / camp site. Lagerung / storage, stowage. Lagerzapfen m journal (crank shaft); pivot pin (trail spade); trunnion (aiming circle). lahmen paralyze, immobilize, neu tralize (Tac). lahmlegen neutralize (an attack). Lahmlegung / neutralization (Tac). Lahmungsschiefien n harassing fire (with Cml shell). Lamelle / disk; leaf; plate; shim; cooling fin. Lamellenkupplung / multiple-disk clutch (MT). Lamellenschluf? m armature short (Elec). Lampenfassung / lamp socket (Elec). Lampengehause n lamp case (Sig lamp). Landankertau n shore anchor line (Pan Bdg). Landbatterie / land-based antiair craft battery (as distinguished from ship-based battery). Landbord m shoreward side. Landbriicke / landing stage (Engr). Landebahn / landing strip, runway. Landebahnfeuer n contact light (Adrm). Landedeck n landing deck, flight deck (aircraft carrier). Landefackel / wing-tip flare (Ap). Landefeuer n landing light (Ap). Landefunkfeuer n runway localizing' beacon (Had). Landegeschwindigkeit / landing speed (Ap).




Landeklappe / landing flap (Ap). Landekopf m beachhead. Landekreuz n landing T (Avn). Landelicht n landing light (Ap). Landemannschaft / ground crew (Bin). Landeplatz m landing area, landing field (Avn). Landesaufnahme / topographic survey, geodetic survey. landeseigener Verband "native" unit (composed of inhabitants of Ger man-occupied country who fight, on their own soil, as auxiliaries of German Army). Landesschiitzeneinheit / regional de fense unit (such as Landesschiitzendivision, -regiment, -bataillon, and -kompanie; mainly for guard duty in Com, Z and Z of I). Landesteg m landing ramp (Nav). Landesverrat m treason. Landesverteidigung / home defense. Landetrupp m landing and saddling detail (at stream, crossing) (Cav). Landezeichen n landing signal. Landezone / landing zone (Adrin). Landfahnverk n wheel-type landing gear (Ap). Landfahrzeug n land vehicle; shore ward ponton (Bdg). Landkrieg m war on land, land war fare. Landkriegsordnung / Eules of Land Warfare. Landmeile/ statute mile (1.609fcm). Landmine / land mine. Landser m doughboy. Landstralie / road, highway. Landsturm m territorial reserve, re placement reserves (age over 45). Landsturm I trained reserves (age over 45). Landsturm II untrained reserves (age over 45). Landtruppen fpl ground troops. Landung / landing. Landung mit Seitenwind cross-wind landing. Landungsabteilung / beach party or detachment. Landungsboot n landing barge, landing boat. Landungsfahrzeug n landing craft. Landungsklappe / landing ramp (of a landing craft or ship).

Landungsplatz m landing area. Landungsrauchzeichen n landing smoke signal (Avn). Landungstrupp m landing party. Landungsunternehmung / landing operation. Landverankerung / guy-line anchor age (Pon). Landwehr / reserves (age group 3545). Landwehr I trained reserves (3545). Landwehr II untrained reserves (35-45). Landwehroffizier m reserve officer. See Landwehr. Langbasis / horizontal base (Arty, Surv). Langbasisanlage / base end station. Langbasisverfahren n horizontal base method, long base method (Gunnery). Lange / length. der Lange nach beschiefien to en filade. Langenabweichung / longitudinal deviation, range deviation (Gun nery). Festlegen der Langenabweichung range sensing, range spotting (Arty Obsn). Langengrad m degree of longitude. Langenkreis m circle of longitude. Langenmessung / linear measure ment. Langenstreuung / range dispersion on horizontal target (Ballistics). Langenverbesserung / range cor rection (Gunnery). Langenverhaltnis n aspect ratio (Ap). Lange iiber alles over-all length. Langsachse / longitudinal axis. Langsamflug m stalling flight (Ap). Langsbestreichung / enfilade fire. Langsfeld n chase of gun barrel. Langsfeuer n enfilade fire. Langslibelle / longitudinal level (sighting mechanism). Langsneigungsmesser m pitch in dicator, fore-and-aft inclinometer (Ap). Langsschnitt m longitudinal section. Langsseitgehen n pulling alongside. Langsstabilitat / longitudinal stabil ity (Ap).




Langstrager m stringer, balk (Bdg); longitudinal outrigger (AA gun); longeron (Ap); long channel bar of chassis frame (MT). Langstreckenbomber TO long-range bomber. Langstreckenjager m long-range fighter airplane. Langstrecken-Seeflugzeug n longrange seaplane. Langszapfen m axle pivot pin (split trail carriage). Langwellen fpl long waves (Rad). Langwellenpeiler m long-wave direction finder (Rad). Lasche / butt strap (Engr). Last / load. Lastanhanger TO truck trailer (MT). Lastensegelflugzeug n See Lastensegler. Lastensegler m troop-carrying glider, cargo-carrying glider. • Lastfallschirm m cargo parachute. Lastflugzeug n cargo transport air plane. Lastigkeitsregelung / trimming (Ap). Lastigkeitswaage / balance indi cator (Ap). Lastkraftwagen m truck, cargo truck. Lastwagenschlepper m truck-tractor. Latte / batten, lath, board; propel ler (Ap); stadia rod (Surv). Lattenfiihrung / pitch control (pro peller). Lattenpunkt m place mark (Surv). , Lattenrost TO boardwalk, duckboard (trench). Laubwald m deciduous forest, de ciduous wood. Lauerstellung / ambush gun em placement, ambush. Lauf TO barrel (MG, R); run, course. Laufbahn / career (as an officer, specialist, etc.); runway (Adrm). Laufbahnabzeichen n specialist's insignia or badge. Laufbriicke / gangplank. Laufdecke / tire casing (MT). laufend running; current; contin uous; serial. laufende Nummer serial number. Laufer m runner, messenger. Laufflache / tread (of a tire); slid ing surface (of a sled runner);

bearing surface, friction surface. Laufgraben m approach trench, communication trench. Laufinneres n bore (SA). Lauf mantel TO jacket (MG). Laufmundstiick n breech piece (R). Laufrad n landing wheel (Ap); bogie wheel (Tk); impeller (of pump, etc.). Lauf ring TO race (ball bearing). Laufrolle / bogie wheel (Tk). Laufschritt TO double time. "Im Laufsehritt, Marsch! Marsch!" "Double time, march!" Laufseele / bore (SA). Laufseelenpriifer TO barrel reflector (SA). Laufsitzring m barrel-locking ring (MG) Laufweite / caliber. Laufwerk n tracks and suspensions (Tk); running gear (of a vehicle). Laufwerkpanzerung / track shield, armored skirting (Tk). Lauschdienst m intercept service (Sig C). Lauschempfanger TO intercept re ceiver (Sig C). Lauschgerat n intercept set (Rad). Lauschstelle / intercept station (Sig' C). Lauschzange / wire-tapping clamp. Lauthorknopf TO handset switch, amplifier knob (Tp). Lautsprecher m loudspeaker (Rad). Lautsprechertrichter m horn, cone, trumpet (of loud speaker). Lautsprechertruhe / baffle, speaker cabinet (Rad). Lautstarke / signal strength, vol ume, readability (Rad); sound in tensity (sound locator). Lautstarkenregler m volume control (Rad). Lautverstarker m volume amplifier (Rad). Lazarett n hospital. Lazarettaufnahme / hospitalization. Lazarettbehandlung / hospital treat ment, hospitalization. Lazarettflagge / flag of protection. Lazarettschiff n hospital ship. Lazarettzug m hospital train. Lebensdauer / accuracy life (G). Lebensmittel npl subsistence sup plies.




Lebensmittelkarte / food ration card. Lederfett n dubbin. Lederring m See Lederscheibe. Lederscheibe / leather washer. Ledertasche / leather case, leather bag. Leere / vacuum. Leergang m backlash, lost motion; neutral gear (Mtr). Leergewicht n empty weight. Leergut n empties (Am). Leerlauf m idling, neutral, idling Leerlaufdiise / idler jet (Mtr). Leermaterial n train of empties Leerschraube / drain plug. Legierung / alloy. Legionsschiitze m non-German rifle man in the Wehrmacht. Lehmgrube / clay pit. Lehrbataillon n instruction battalion (used for demonstrations, etc.). Lehre / doctrine, theory; gage. Lehrfilm m training film. Lehrflugwesen n training aviation. Lehrgang m course of instruction. Lehrgangsleiter m instructor. Lehrgruppe / instruction group (Avn). Lehrregiment n instruction regiment (used for demonstrations, etc.). Lehrtruppe / instruction unit. Leibgarde / bodyguard. Leibgurt m belt (Clo). Leibgurt mit Schulterriemen Sam Browne belt. Leibriemen m garrison belt (Clo). Leibstandarte / See SS-Leibstandarte. Leibwache / bodyguard. Leiche / corpse; carcass. leichte Division motorized division, "light division." Leichtkrankenkriegslazarett n base hospital for minor cases (Com Z). Leichtkrankenschiff n hospital ship for minor cases. Leichtkrankenzug m hospital train for minor cases. Leichtkranker m ambulatory case, minor case (sick, not wounded). Leichtb'l n light fuel (as distinguish ed from, Diesel fuel). Leichtverwundetensammelplat.z m

speed (Mtr). (RR).

collecting station for walking wounded. Leichtverwundeter m minor cas ualty. Leinenbund n rope lashing. Leinol n linseed oil. Leimvand / linen; cloth; projection screen. Leiste / strip; edge; fillet; batten. Leistenbruch m hernia. Leistengegend / groin. Leistung / output, performance, capacity; power (Rad). Leistungsbelastung / power loading (Ap). Leistungsfahigkeit / efficiency, ca pacity. Leistungsgewicht n weight per horsepower. Leistungsregler m power control (Rad). Leistungsrbhre / power amplifier tube. Leistungssegelflugzeug n perform ance-type glider (Avn). Leistungssteigerung / increase of efficiency (Mtr). Leistungsstufe / power amplifier, final amplifier (of a Rad transmit ter). Leistungswahlhebel m output selec tor lever (Ap engine). leiten conduct, lead, direct, manage. Leitender in director (maneuvers). Leitender Arzt ward officer (Med). Leitender Ingenieur chief engineer (a Civ official in the Armed Forces). Leitender Offizier executive officer. Leiter TO leader, director; conductor (Elec). Leiter / ladder. Leiterschleife / armature turn (Elec)_. Leitfahigkeit / conductivity (Elec). Leitfeuer n cord fuze, safety fuze. Leitfeuerziindmittel n cord fuze de tonator. Leitfeuerziindung / cord fuze de tonation. Leitfunkstelle / net control station (Rad). Leitkante / leading edge (Ap wing). Leitrad n idler, idler wheel (Tk); diffuser (supercharger). Leitradachse / idler wheel shaft (Tk).




Leitstand m fire-direction center (Arty); command post. Leitstelle / net control station (Rad). Leitstrahl m localizer beam (Inst landing). Leitstrahlverfahren n localizer-beam method (Inst landing). Leitung / line (Tp); command; direction; control; management. Leitungsbau m line construction (Tp). Leitungsgehilfe m director's aide (maneuvers). Leitungskapazitat / capacity of a line, traffic capacity of a line (Elec, Tp, Tg). Leitungsmast m telephone pole. Leitungsmaterial n conducting ma terial, electric wire. Leitungsmittel n line wire (Tp). Leitungsnetz n wire net, circuit, wiring system, wire-communication net. Leitungsoffizier m assistant director (maneuvers). Leitungsplan m wiring diagram. Leitungspriifer m galvanometer (Engr); circuit tester (Elec). Leitungsskizze / circuit diagram (Tp). Leitungssondertruppen fpl special troops of director headquarters (maneuvers). Leitungsstab m directing staff (maneuvers). Leitungssystem n wiring system (Elec). Leitungstruppen fpl troops assigned to director headquarters (maneu vers). Leitungs- und Schiedsrichterdienst m directing and umpiring service (maneuvers). Leitungswiderstand m line resist ance (Elec). Leitverkehr m control-station traffic (Rad). Leitwand / baffle. LeitwellverschluB m sliding-wedge• type breechblock (G). Leitwerk n empennage, tail as sembly, tail unit (Ap). Leitwert m conductance (Elec). Leitzaun m guide fence (a type of snow fence).

Lenden fpl loins (horse). Lenkballon m dirigible Lenkbremse / steering brake (Tk). Lenkeinrichtung / steering mechan ism. Lenkeinschlag m maximum angle of turn (steering wheels). Lenker m steering arm (of a gun wheel), Lenkgehause n steering-gear hous ing (MT). Lenkgestange n tie rods (MT). Lenkgetriebe n steering mechanism (track-laying vehicles). Lenkhebel m steering-knuckle gearrod arm (MT); steering lever (track-laying vehicle). Lenkkniippel m steering lever (track-laying vehicle). Lenkluftschiff n dirigible. Lenkrad n steering wheel (MT). Lenksaule / steering column (MT). Lenkschnecke / steering worm (MT). Lenkschraube / cylindrical cam on steering column (MT). Lenkschubstange / steering gear connecting rod (MT). Lenksegment n steering-worm sector (MT). Lenkstange / tie rod (MT); handle bar (Mtcl). Lenkstock m See Lenkstockhebel. Lenkstockhebel m steering arm (MT). LenkstoBfang m steering shock sus pension (MT). Lenkung / steering, steering system (MT). Lettenhaue / mattock hoe (Engr). leuchtbereit ready for action (SL). Leuchtblatt n luminous dial. Leuchtboje / light buoy. Leuchtbombe / aircraft parachute flare. Leuchtdauer / burning time (of a ground Sig, etc.). Leuchtfallschirm m parachute flare (Avn). Leuchtfarbe / luminous paint. Leuchtfeuer n beacon light (Avn). Leuchtgeschofi n See Leuchtgranate. Leuchtgranate / star shell (Am). Leuchtgranatwerfer m pyrotechnic projector. LeuchtkompaB m luminous compass.


Libellentafel / (Gunnery).

angle-of-site table

Leuchtstern m star (signal). Leuchttonne / light buoy. Leuchtturm m lighthouse. Leuchtvisier n luminous sight. Leuchtzeichen n ground signal, light signal. Leuchtzifferblatt n luminous dial (Inst). Leukoplast n court plaster. Leute fpl personnel. Leutnant' m second lieutenant; lieutenant (specifically, 2nd Lt). Leutnant der Flieger second lieu tenant (Luftwaffe). Leutnant zur See ensign (Nav). Lewisit n Lewisite (CWS). Libelle / level (Inst); clinometer (Arty, Surv). die Libelle einspielen to center the bubble in a level. Libelleneinstellung / level setting, level adjustment. Libellengehause n level housing (panoramic telescope). Libellenquadrant m gunner's quad rant (with spirit level).

Leuchtspursatz m tracer composition (Am).

Leuchtkreuze npl reticle image (re flector sight). Leuchtkugel / ground signal, Very signal light. Leuchtmittel n pyrotechnic device. Leuchtmunition / pyrotechnics; tracer ammunition. Leuchtpatrone / signal case; signal cartridge; cartridge-type ground signal. Leuchtpfad m flare path (Avn). Leuchtpistole / pyrotechnic pistol, signal pistol, Very pistol. Leuchtrakete / signal rocket. Leuchtraketengestell n pyrotechnic projector (for Sig rockets). Leuchtrb'hre / fluorescent tube. Leuchtsatz m pyrotechnic composi tion, flare composition, illuminant charge; tracer composition. Leuchtschiff n lightship, Leuchtspur / tracer trajectory. Leuchtspurgeschofi n tracer bullet, tracer. Leuchtspurgranate / tracer shell (Am). Leuchtspurmunition / tracer am munition.

"Licht auf!" "In action!" (AA SL). Lichtbild n photograph. Lichtbildaufnahme / See Lichtbild. Lichtbildauswertung / interpretation of photographs. lichtbilden to photograph. Lichtbildentzerrung / rectification of aerial photographs. Lichtbilderkundung / photographic reconnaissance. Lichtbildmaschinengewehr n ma chine-gun camera. Lichtbildmessung / phototopography. Lichtbild-MG n camera gun (Avn). Lichtbildner m photographer. Lichtbildpause / photographic over lay. Lichtbildwesen n photography. LichtbogenschweiBung / arc weld ing. Lichtkegel m beam of light, cone of light. Lichtmaschine / generator (MT). Lichtmeftbatterie / flash ranging section (Obsn Bn). LichtmeBdienst in flash ranging service. Lichtmessen n flash ranging. Lichtmelistelle / flash ranging sta tion. LichtmeBtrupp m flash ranging team. Lichtnetz n lighting system. Lichtpause / photostatic reproduc tion; photocopy; blueprint. Lichtrufanlage / light-signal call system (in hospitals, etc.). Lichtschallmessen n sound and flash ranging. Lichtschalter m light switch. Lichtsprechgerat n modulated lightray communication set. Lichtspruch m signal-lamp message. Lichtspur- See Leuchtspur-. Lichtstarke / luminous intensity, in tensity of light. Lichtung / forest clearing. lidern to pack, seal, obturate. Liderung / gas check, obturator (G). Liderungskopf m mushroom head (of obturator). Liderungspolster n gas-check pad. Lieferant m supplier, contractor.

Lichtanlasser m (MT).





Lieferdienst m ferrying service (Avn). Lieferschein m shipping ticket. Lieferung / lot, shipment. liegend prone, lying; berthed. Liegeplatz m berth (in port). Linealvisier n linear sight (Ger AA gun). lineares System linear speed method (AA Gunnery). Linie / line, rank. "In Linie zu einem Gliede, angetreten!" "In single rank, fall in!" Linie B-Stelle-Ziel OP-target line. Linie Geschiitz-Ziel gun-target line. Linienaufstellung / line formation. Linienbo / line squall. Linienkarte / line route map (Tp).

Locken n call to quarters. Loffelbagger m power shovel. Lohmmg / base pay. Lokomotivbahnhof in engine yard (BE). Lokomotivschuppen m engine house, roundhouse (RR). Looping m loop (Avn).
Losantin n .a German decontaminat ing agent (calcium hypochlorite pre paration in powder or in tablet form).

Linienverkehr m "line" traffic (twostation Rad Com on one or two fre quencies).

Linie zu einem Glied single rank (Inf); line (Cav). links left, to the left, on the left. Linkskufve / left turn (MT); left bank (Avn). linkslaufend counterclockwise. Linksdrall m left-hand twist (rif ling). linksgangig counterclockwise; lefthand (threads, etc.). Linksgewinde n left-hand thread (MT). linkslaufend counterclockwise. "Links schwenkt, Marsch!" "Column left, march!" "Links, urn!" "Left, face!" (being at a halt); "By the left flank, march!" (given in marching). Linkswendung / left face. Linse./ lens. List / cunning, ruse, trick; strata gem (Tac). Litze / stranded wire (Elec); color ed facing on collar (Clo). Litzenspiegel m two narrow colored strips on collar (Clo). Livens-Handwerfer m Livens projec tor (CWS). LM.G.-Abmarsch m light MG half squad (Cav). l.M.G.-Trupp m light niachine-gun team (of Ger R squad).
Ln.-Helferin / See LuftnachrichtenHelferin. Ln.-Zugfiihrer m See Luftnachrichten-Zugfiihrer.

Losantinbrei m calcium hypochlorite slurry (CWS). loschen to unload (a ship); to ex tinguish (a fire); to slake (lime). Loschfliissigkeit / extinguisher fluid. Loschgerat n fire extinguisher. Loschmeister in sergeant fireman (Luftwaffe official ranking as Mas ter Sgt). Loschplatz TO pier, wharf. Loschtrupp m fire-fighting crew. lose loose, unlocked. loslcisen, sich disengage (Tac). Loslosung / disengagement (Tac). Lost n mustard gas. Losung / password. Losung / solution; mixture. Losungsmittel n solvent. Losungswort n password, counter sign. Lot n plumb bob, sounding lead; solder. loten to solder. Lotfe n See Lofternrohr. Lotfernrohr n bomb sight. Lotkolben m soldering iron. Lot lam pe / blowtorch. Lotmetall m solder. lotrecht perpendicular. Lotrechte / perpendicular (line). Lotschnur / plumb line. Lotse m pilot (Nav). Lotsenflagge / Union Jack (Nav). Lbtzinn n solder. Loxodrome / rhumb line (Naviga tion) . L'Spur / See Leuchtspur. Liicke / gap.

Luft / air (in compounds: Air Forces, airborne, aircraft, aviation, etc.). See also terms under Flieger, Plug.

LuftabfluBklappen fpl cowling flaps. Luftabwehr / active air defense.




Jjuftdiise /

Luftabwehrdienst m air defense service. Luftabwehrstelle / air defense post. Luf tab wehr waff e / antiaircraft weapon. Luftalarm m air-raid alarm. Luftamt n See Allgemeines Luftamt. Luftangriff m air attack, air raid. Luftangriffsziel n air objective. Luftanreicherung / concentration of gas in the air (CWS). Luftaufklarung / air reconnaissance. Luftaufklarungsraum m air recon naissance area. Luftaufsichtsdienst m flight control service (a branch of the Ger Air Ministry). Luftausgleicher m pneumatic equilibrator (G). Luftbauamt n Air Ministry con struction office. Luftbehalter m compressed-air tank (Engr, MT); air chamber (counterrecoil mechanism, vehicle brake). Luftbehalter des Vorholers recupe rator cylinder (G). Luftbeobachtung / air observation. Luftbild n aerial photograph. Luftbildauswertung / interpretation of aerial photographs. Luftbildentzerrung / rectification of aerial photographs. Luftbildgerat n aircraft camera. Luftbildkammer / aerial camera, aircraft camera. Luftbildkarte / aerial mosaic; photo graphic map. Luftbildplan m photomap. Luftbildreihe / photographic strip. Luftbildwesen n aerial photography. luftdicht airtight. Luftdichte / air density. Luftdienstzulage / aviation pay, fly ing pay. Luf tdraht m antenna wire, overhead antenna. Luftdruck m air pressure (Mech); atmospheric pressure (Met); blast (effect of explosion). Luftdruckbremse / air brake. Luftdruck-Fettpresse / grease gun. Luftdruckgradient m pressure gra dient (Met). Luftdruckmesser m barometer. Luftdrucktur / blast baffle (Ft). Luftdruckwirkung / blast effect.
air jet (Mtr).

LufteinschieBziel n high-burst ad justment target (Arty). liiften to air, to ventilate. Liifter m ventilator, fan, blower. Lufterkundung / air reconnaissance. Luftfahrt / aeronautics, aviation. Luftfahrthindernis n airway ob struction. Luftfahrtmedizin / aviation med icine. Luftfahrtministerium n See Reichsluftahrtministerium. Luftfahrwesen n aeronautics. Luftfahrzeug n aircraft. Luftfelddivision / air forces field division (fighting as ground force with Army). Luftfilter in air filter. Luftflasche / compressed-air cylin der, oxygen flask. Luftflotte / air force (a territorial and tactical command of the Luft waffe). Luftflottenchef m air force com mander. See also Luftflotte. Luftgau in air force administrative command (administrative area of a Luftflotte). Luftgaukommado n air force admin istrative command headquarters. See also Luftgau, Luftflotte. Luftgegner m hostile aircraft. luftgekiihlt air-cooled. Luftgeschwader n See Geschwader. Luftgewicht n density of the air. ballistisches Luftgewicht ballistic density. Lufthafenbereichkommandantur / airdrome regional command (sub division of a Luftgau). Luftherrschaft / air supremacy, mastery of the air, control of the air. Lufthoheit / air sovereignty. Luftinfanterie / airborne infantry. Luftkabel n overhead wire (Tp). Luftkampf m air fighting, air at tack. Luftkampfgeschwader n bombard ment wing. See also Geschwader. Luftkampfstoff m volatile chemical agent (as distinguished from Gelandekampfstoff, ground contaminating agent). Luftkampfiibung / air fighting or air attack exercise. Luftkarte / air map.




Luftklappenventil n choke valve (carburetor). Luftkraft / aerodynamic force. Luftkreis in air force service area. Luftkreiskommando n air force serv ice area headquarters. Luftkrieg m air war, air warfare. Luftkriegfiihrung / air warfare. Luftkriegsschule / officer candidate school (Luftwaffe). Luftkiihlung / air cooling. Luftlager n PW camp for air forces personnel. Luftlandegeschwader n glider wing(strictly, a wing of transport air planes for towing gliders). Luftlandekette / glider flight (air borne operations). See also Luft landegeschwader. Luftlandestaffel / glider squadron (airborne operations). See also Luft landegeschwader. Luftlandetruppen fpl air landing troops. Luftleere / vacuum. Luftleiter m antenna. Luftloch n air pocket (Avn). ' Luftmacht / air power. Luftmarsch m "air march" (flight of airborne troops from departure Adrm to destination). Luftmeer n atmosphere. Luftmeldequadrat n grid square (for reporting locations in air recon naissance). Luftmine / aerial mine. Luftnachrichten fpl signal communi cation (Luftwaffe). Luftnachrichtenabteilung / signal battalion (Luftwaffe). Luftnachrichtenhelferin / woman signal auxiliary (Luftwaffe). Luftnachrichtenkompanie / signal company (Luftwaffe). Luftnachrichtenstelle / signal center of an airdrome. Luftnachrichtentruppe / signal com munication troops (Luftwaffe). Luftnavigation / air navigation. Luftoffensive / air offensive. Luftparade / aerial review, aerial pass in review. L'uftpersonalamt n See Luftwaffenpersonalamt. Luftpresser m air compressor. Luftraum m air area; air space; sky.

Luftreibung / air friction. Luftreifen m pneumatic tire. Luftreiniger m air filter. Luftsack m wind sock, wind sleeve, wind cone (Avn); towed-sleeve target (AAA practice); ballonet (Bin). Luftsackmaul n air scoop (Bin). Luftsackventil n ballonet valve (Bin). Luftsaule / column of air (Met). Luftscheibe / antiaircraft practice target. Luftschicht /' atmospheric layer (Met). Luftschiff n airship. Luftschlacht / air battle. Luftschlauch m inner tube (MT). Luftschlitz m louver (Tk). Luftschraube / propeller (Ap). See also Propeller. Luftschraubenblatt n propeller blade (Ap). Luftschraubendrehzahl / propeller rpm. Luftschraubenebene / plane of pro peller rotation (Ap). Luftschraubenfliigel m propeller blade (Ap). Luftschraubenhaube / propeller spinner (Ap). Luftschraubenkreis m propeller-disk area (Ap). Luftschraubensteigungsmesser m pro peller pitch indicator. Luftschraubenstrahl m slipstream. Luftschraubennabenstiick n propel ler boss (Ap). Luftschraubenverstellgerat n pitchcontrol mechanism (propeller). Luftschutz m air raid protection, passive air defense (Civ defense). Luftschutzabschnitt m civilian de fense sector (air raid protection). Luftschutzbezirk m civilian defense district (air raid protection). Luftschutzbrandspritze / stirrup pump. Luftschutzbund m See Reichsluftschutzbund. Luftschutzkeller m air raid shelter. Luftschutzleiter m chief of air de fense (in a local defense council). LuftschutzmaBnahmen fpl air raid precautionary measures. Luftschutzordnungsdienst m civilian

defense police service (air raid pro tection) .



Luftschutzpolizei / civilian defense police (air raid protection). Luftschutzraum m air raid shelter. Luftschutzrevier n civilian defense zone (air raid protection). Luftschutzsanitatsdienst m civilian defense medical service (air raid protection). Luftschutzsirene / air raid siren. Luftschutztruppen fpl civilian de fense troops (air raid protection). Luftschutzturm in air raid tower. Luftschutziibung / air raid drill, practice alert. Luftschutzveterinardienst m civilian defense veterinary service (air raid protection). Luftschutzwarndienst m aircraft warning service (Civ defense). Luftschutzwarnstelle / district warn ing center (AWS). Luftschutzwarnzentrale / control center (AWS). Luftschutzwart m air raid warden. Luftschutzzentrale / See Luftschutz warnzentrale. Luftspaher m ground observer (AWS); antiaircraft scout or look out, air sentinel, air guard. Luftspah- und Warndienst m air craft scout and warning service. Luftsperre / antiaircraft defenses (balloon barrage, fighter patrol, etc.). Luftsperrgebiet n prohibited zone, airspace reservation (Avn). Luftsperrtruppen fpl barrage bal loon troops. Luftsprengpunkt m point of air burst (Arty). Luftstorungen fpl atmospheric dis turbances. Luftstofi m blast, concussion of air (resulting from an explosion). Luftstreitkrafte fpl air forces. Luftstrom m air current. Luftstromgerat n airplane chemical spray apparatus. Luftstiitzpunkt m air base. lufttanken to refuel in flight. Lufttransport m Lufttreffbild n
Lufttorpedo n aerial torpedo.

Luftsog m vacuum (resulting from explosion).

Lufttiichtigkeit / airworthiness. Lufttiichtigkeitsschein m airworth iness certificate. Luftiiberlegenheit / air superiority. Luftung / ventilation. Liiftungsrohr n ventilation shaft (Tk). . Luftverankerung / overhead cable anchorage (Pan Bdg). Luftverdichter m air compressor. Luftvergleichsziel n high-burst aux iliary target (Arty). Luftverkehrslinie / civil airway. Luftversorgung / supply by air. Luftverteidigung / air defense, anti aircraft defense; air defense system. Luftverteidigungsgebiet n special air defense command in vital areas. Luftvorholer m pneumatic recup erator (G). Luftwache / ground observer (AWS); air sentinel, air guard. Luftwaffe / German Air Forces. Luftwaffenbautruppe / aviation con struction engineers. Luftwaffenbetriebskompanie / air drome maintenance and service unit. Luftwaffen-Druckvorschrift / air forces manual (abbr. L.Dv.). Luftwaffen-Felddivision / air forces field division (fighting as ground force with the Army).

Luftwaffengruppenkommando n air force headquarters of a Gruppe.

Luftwaffenflak / air forces antiair craft artillery (as distinguished from Army antiaircraft artillery).

air transport. air-burst pattern.

Luftwaffenhelferin / air forces wo man auxiliary. Luftwaffen-Jager-Regiment n air forces rifle regiment. Luftwaffenkommando n air forces headquarters. Luftwaffenpersonalamt n Air Forces Personnel Office (a branch of the Ger Air Ministry). Luftwaffenschiitzenregiment n air forces rifle regiment. Luftwaffen-Sturm-Bataillon n Air Forces assault battalion (air-land ing troops). Luftwaffenverordnungsblatt n Air Forces Regulations (a publication). Luftwaffenverwaltungsamt n Air

Luftwaffenhelfer m air forces order ly (messenger or clerk of premilitary age).




Forces Administration Office (a branch of the Ger Air Ministry). Luftwichte / specific gravity of air. Luftwiderstand m air resistance (Ballistics, MT, etc.); drag (Avn). Luftzielapparat m azimuth instru ment. Luger 08 / German standard mili tary pistol.

Luke / door, hatch (Ap, Tk). Lukendeckel m hatch cover (Tk). Lungengift n See Lungenreizstoff. Lungenreizstoff m lung irritant (CWS). Lunte / slow match (fuze lighter). Luv / weather side. Luvwinkel m crab, angle of crab, drift angle (Air Navigation).

Maat m (Nav). ' petty officer, third class
Macht / power; country. Maderfelge / quick-detachable rim (with side ring) (MT). Magazin n storage depot; magazine. Magazinfeuer n automatic fire. Magazingehause n magazine hous ing (pistol). Magazinhaltehebel in magazine catch lever (MG). Magazinhalter m magazine holder (MG); magazine catch (pistol). Magazinlager n magazine rack (Ord). Magnesiumthermit n thermit filler (incendiary bomb). Magnetapparat m magneto (Mtr). Magnetisch-Nord m compass north, magnetic north. Magnetkompali m magnetic compass. Magnetmine / magnetic mine. Magnetspule / solenoid (Elec). Magnetziindapparat m magneto. Magnetziindung / magneto ignition. Magnus-Effekt m Magnus effect (of air rotation caused by projectile spin). Major m major. Mangan n manganese. Mannchen n whipstall (Avn). Manneszucht / military discipline. Mannschaft / crew, team, party, squad, "outfit." See also Mannschaften. Mannschaften fpl enlisted personnel (up to and including Obergefreiter, Cpl). Mannschaftsentgiftungskraftwagen m decontamination truck for personnel. Mannschaftsstube / squad room. Mannschaftswagen m personnel car rier (MT). Manover n maneuver. Manoverkartusche / blank cartridge. Manovrierfahigkeit / maneuver ability. Manovrierventil n maneuvering valve (Bin). Mantel m overcoat (Clo); jacket (MG, Am); casing (of a tire). Mantelboden m jacket base (MG). Mantelkopf m jacket end cap (MG). Mantelringrohr n built-up barrel (G); jacketed barrel (MG). Marine / navy. Marineakademie / naval academy. Marineartillerie / naval coast artil lery. Marineartillerieabteilung / naval coast artillery battalion. Marineartilleriemaat m petty officer, third class, in naval coast artillery. Marineattachc m naval attache. Marinebaubataillon n naval con struction battalion. Marine-Flak / naval antiaircraft ar tillery. Marineflieger m naval aviator, naval pilot. Marineflugwesen n naval aviation. Marinelager n See Marlag. Marineministerium n Admiralty of the German Navy. Marke / mark, index mark, reading on range drum (Arty); label; brand; stamp. Markenplatte / index plate (on aim ing circle or telescopic sight). Markenring m index ring (MG teles copic sight). Marinestation / naval base.




MarinestoBtrupp m naval landing party. Marinewaffenamt n Bureau of Ord nance (Nav). Marinewerft / navy yard. Markenstiick n line-up stud (on top gun carriage). Marketenderei / post exchange. Marketenderware / sales article (sold at PX). Markscheidegerat n mine-surveying set (Engr). Marlag n prisoner-of-war camp for sailors (abbr. of Marinelager). Marschabstand m distance between march units. Marschallstab m baton. Marschbataillon n personnel replace ment transfer battalion (conducting replacements from Wehrkreis to T of Opns). Marschbef ehl m march order; official travel order. Marschbereitschaft / march read iness. Marschbreite / width of march col umn. Marschdecke / blanket. marschfahig capable of walking, fit for marching. marschfahige Verwundete walking wounded, ambulant cases. Marschfahigkeit / marching ability. Marschfolge / order of march. Marschfiihlung / maintenance of contact on the march. Marschfiihrer m control officer (march column). Marschgepack n full pack. Marschgeschwindigkeit / cruising speed (Ap); rate of march. Marschgliederung / march forma tion, organization of march. Marschgruppe / march group, march section, march unit. Marschhalt m march halt. Marschieren ohne Tritt route march, route step. Marschkolonne / march column, route column. Marschkompanie / trained replace ment company. Marschkompafi m prismatic compass. Marschkontrollstelle / control point. Marschlange / road space (march column).

Marschleistung / march capacity, march performance. Marschlinie / line of march. "Marsch! Marsch!" "Double time, march!"; "On the double!" Marschordnung / column of threes (Inf drill); close order march for mation; line of march. "In Marschordnung, angetreten!" "In column of threes, fall in!" "Marschordnung!" "March order!" (Arty). Marschpause / march halt. Marschrast / march rest. Marschsicherung / security on the march. Marschskizze / strip map (MT). Marschstockung / road jam. MarschstraBe / march route. Marschstrecke / march route, stretch or leg of a march. Marschtafel /* march table. Marschtiefe / road space (march column). Marschiibersicht / march schedule. Marschvorposten m march outpost. Marschweg m route of march. Marschzeit / time of march, time distance. Marschziel n march objective, march destination. Marschzucht / march discipline. Maschendraht m woven wire, wire netting, wire mesh. Maschendrahtzaun m woven-wire fence, woven-wire obstacle. Maschine / motor, engine; machine; airplane (colloquial). Maschinenflak / antiaircraft auto matic weapons. Maschinengewehr n machine gun. See also terms under MG. Maschinengewehrangriff m strafing assault, strafing attack (Avn). Maschinengewehr-Bedienung / ma chine-gun crew. Maschinengewehrgarbe / sheaf of fire (MG). Maschinengewehrgruppe / machinegun section. Maschinengewehr-Halbzug m ma chine-gun squad. Maschinengewehrschlitten m ma chine-gun sleigh mount. Maschinengewehrschiitze m machine gunner. Maschinengewehrstand m machine-




gun emplacement; machine gunner's station (Aft). Maschinengewehrsteuerung / syn chronization (Ap MG's). Maschinengewehrtrupp m light MG team (of Inf squad). Maschinengewehrzug m MG platoon. Maschinenkanone / automatic can non (Ap); automatic gun. Maschinenkarabiner m automatic rifle. Maschinenpistole / submachine gun. Maschinensatz m generating unit, power unit. Maschinenschlosser m mechanic. Maschinenschreiber m typist. Maschinemvaffe / automatic weapon. Maschinist m machinist (Nav). Maske / mask, screen, camouflage net, flat-top, overhead screen (Cam); gas mask; oxygen mask. Maskenbrille / special type of eye glasses for wear under gas mask. Maskenkorper m facepiece (gas mask).

Masse / mass. Massenabwurf m salvo release (Bombing). Massenausgleich m counterbalance, counterweight (Ap). MassenbeschuB m concentrated fire. Masseneinsatz m commitment of ma jor forces, employment of majorforces (Tac). TMassenfertigung / mass production. Massentaktik / grand tactics. Massenwirkung / mass effect (Tac). massieren to mass, concentrate; to massage. Massierung / mass, massing, line of masses (Tac). Maflnahme / measure; step; enact ment. Mafistab m scale; proportion. maBstabgerecht according to scale. Mast m mast. Mastwurf m clove hitch. Materialfehler m defect of material. Materialsammelstelle / salvage dump. Materialschlacht / battle of materiel. Materialwirkung / effect of fire against material objects (Gunnery). Matrose m apprentice seaman; sailor.

Maskenspanner m face form (to pre vent gas-mask distortion). MaB n measure (of quantity, etc.).

Matrosengefreiter m seaman, second class. Matrosenhaupgefreiter m seaman, first class (highest rated, with 4% years seniority). Matrosenobergefreiter m seaman, first class. Mattanstrich m lusterless paint. Mattscheibe / ground-glass plate. Mauer / stone, brick or concrete wall. Maultier n mule. Maultierkolonne / mule train. Maximaleffekt m maximum inten sity (sound locator). . M.-Blink n portable signal lamp (abbr. of mittleres Blinkgerat). Mechaniker m mechanic. mechanischer Ziinder mechanical fuze. mechanisierter Verband mechanized unit. mechanisiertes Fahrzeug armored combat vehicle. Mechanisierung / mechanization. Medaille / medal. Meer n ocean, sea. Meereskiiste / seacoast. Meeresspiegel m sea level. Mehrachsantrieb m multi-axle drive. Mehrachser m multi-axle vehicle. Mehrdecker m multiplane (Ap). mehrfach multiple; multiplex; com bination. Mehrfachbetrieb m multiplex opera tion (Tp). Mehrfach-Reihenbildkammer / mul tiple lens camera (aerial Photo). Mehrfachsprechen n multiplex tele phony. Mehrfachziinder TO combination fuze (Am). Mehrgitterrohre / multiple-grid tube, multielement tube (Rad). mehrgleisig multiple-tracked (RR). Mehrlader m magazine-fed rifle or carbine, clip-fed rifle or carbine. Mehrladevorrichtung / magazine feeding device (R). mehrlaufige Fla-Waffe multiple-bar rel antiaircraft weapon. Mehrlauflafette / multiple-gun mount. Mehrlochduse / multiple-hole nozzle (Mtr).

Mehrbestand m surplus stock (i.e. above authorized basic allowance).




mehrmotorig multiple-engine. Melder m messenger. Mehrscheibenkupplung / multiple- Melderakete / message-carrying disk clutch. rocket. Mehrsitzer m multiseater airplane. Meldereiter m mounted messenger. Mehrzweckfahrzeug n general-pur Melderose / orientation card pose vehicle. (AWS); orientation clock (to indi Mehrzweckflugzeug n general-pur cate target's direction of approach) pose airplane. (AAA). Mehrzweckgeschiitz n multipurpose Meldesammelstelle / message center. gun. Meldestelle / control point (march Meilenstein m milestone. column); local reporting office. Meifiel m chisel. Meldetasche / dispatch case. Meldeabwurf in message dropping. Meldeweg m message channel. Meldeabwurfhiille / drop-message Meldung / message, report, dispatch. bag. Membran / diaphragm. Meldeabwurfstelle / message-drop Membranmaske / diaphragm gas ping ground. mask. Meldeblatt n message blank. Membranpumpe / diaphragm pump. Meldeblock m message pad. mengenmafiig quantitative; volume Meldebuch n field message book. tric. Meldebiichse / message container Meridiankonvergenz / gisement, grid (for dropping messages). declination (Surv). Meldedienst m message communica Merkblatt n supplement (to a manu tion service. al) ; instructional pamphlet or book Meldefahrer m mounted messenger let. (MT); dispatch rider, dispatch Merkzettel m data card, memo. driver. Mefiband n surveyor's tape. Meldefahrzeug n messenger vehicle. MeBbatterie / survey battery (Arty). Meldeformular n message blank. Melibecher m dispenser, graduate. Meldeganger m runner, messenger. MeBbildpaare npl stereoscopic com Meldehund m messenger dog. plements (Photo Surv). Meldehundfiihrer m messenger-dog MeBbildverf ahren n phototopography. handler, messenger-dog guard. Meflbriicke / measuring bridge Meldehundtrupp m dog-handler team circuit, Wheatstone bridge (Elec). Mefidreieck n plotting protractor (for messenger dogs). Meldekapsel / message-dropping (Arty). Mefidreieckverfahren n plotting-procontainer. tractor method (protractor compen Meldekarte / message blank. sates for position offset and deter Meldekopf m wire head (line con struction); advance message center. mines firing range on basis of Meldelauf m message run (messen range-finder and aiming-circle ger dog). data). Meldelaufer m runner, messenger. MeBei n pressure gage (Arty). Mefieinheit / unit of measurement. melden to report. sich melden to report (to present Mefientfernung / slant range to oneself); to register with the present position (at instant of range determination) (AA gunnery). police; to volunteer. sich krank melden to report sick, Messerflug m steep-bank flight. • Messerschalter in knife switch to go on sick call. sich freiwillig melden to volunteer, (Elec). enlist, enroll. Meflflug m test flight (Avn). Meldepatrone / ground signal car Meflgerat n range-finder; survey equipment or instrument. tridge. Meldepflicht / obligation to report MeBhb'he / altitude of target at instant of range determination (AA to, or register with, the police. Meldequadrat n grid square (for re gunnery).
porting locations). Messing n brass.




MeBkammer / topographic-survey camera. Mellkartusche / test cartridge; charge temperature cartridge (Arty). MeBkette / surveyor's chain. MeBknopf m measuring knob (range finder). MeBkreis m protractor arc (plotting protractor); azimuth circle (BC telescope). MeBlatte / stadia rod (Surv). MeBleitung / measuring circuit (SR, FR). MeBmann m range-finder operator. MeBmarke / measuring mark (range finder). MeBpatrone / bore gage (SA). MeBpunkt m present position of target (at instant of range determi nation) (AA gunnery). MeBspiegel m reference mirror (river-width measuring Inst). MeBstab m stadia rod (Surv). MeBstand m base end station (AAA). MeBstelle / ranging station (SR, FR). MeBtisch m plane table (Surv). MeBtischblatt n plane table sheet. MeBtrupp m survey team, flash or sound ranging team (Arty). MeBwalze / measuring knob (height finder). MeBzentrale / flash central station, sound central station (FR, SR). MetallgefaB n metal container. Metallgliedergurt in metallic-link ammunition belt (MG). Metallgliederkette / metallic-link Metallsage / hacksaw. Meteorograph m aerometeorograph, aerograph, meteorograph (Avn, Meteorologe m meteorologist. Meterspur /' one-meter track gage (RR). Methyldichlorarsin n methyldichlorarsine (CWS). Meuterei / mutiny. M.-Flak / automatic antiaircraft gun (abbr. of Flugabwehrmaschinenkanone). MG.-DreifuB m tripod (MG). MG.-Gerat n machine-gun materiel. MG.-Gurt m machine-gun ammuni tion belt.

belt (MG).


MG.-Mann m, machine gunner. MG.-Richtaufsatz m machine-gun sight. MG.-Richtkreis m machine-gun aim ing circle. MG.-Staffel / heavy machine-gun section (Cav). MG.-Trager m machine-gun carrier. MG.-Wagen m machine-gun cart (H-Dr). MG.-Warze / blister (Ap). MG.-Zieleinrichtung / machine-gun sighting mechanism. MG.-Zielfernrohr n machine-gun telescopic sight. MG.-Zwilling m twin machine gun. Mikrometerschraube / micrometer, micrometer calipers. Milag n See Militarlager. Milchglas n frosted glass. Militar n military, military forces, soldiery. See also terms under Heer, Wehrmacht. Militararztliche Akademie army me dical school. Militarattachc m military attache. Militarausschufi m military commis sion. Militarbefehlshaber m military com mander in occupied territory. Militarbehorde / military authorities. Militarbevollmachtigter m military plenipotentiary. Militarbezirk m military district. Militarfriedhof m military cemetery. Militargefangnis n military prison. Militargericht n military court, mili tary tribunal. Militargerichtsbarkeit / military jurisdiction. militarische Besetzung military oc cupation. militarische Formen military cour tesy. militarischer Auftrag military mis sion. militarischer Schriftverkehr military correspondence. militarisch raumen demilitarize. Militarkommission / military com mission. Militarlager n prisoner of war camp (abbr. Milag). Militarluftfahrt / military aviation. Militarpfarrer m chaplain. Militarstrafgesetzbuch n military penal code.




Militarverwaltung / military ad ministration; military government. Militarverwaltungsbezirk m military subdistrict. Miliz / militia. Mindestnutzbreite / minimum useful width of roadway. Mine / mine. Minenabweiser m paravane (Nav). Minenanker mit Tiefensteller auto matic anchor (Nav). Minenanlage / demolition installa tion (in a Bdg, etc.); mine system (mine warfare). Minenboje / mine buoy. Minenbombe / aerial mine. Minenfahrzeug n mine layer, mine planter (Nav). Minenfeld n mine field. Minenflugzeug n mine-laying air plane. Minengang m mine gallery. MinengefaB n mine case (container). Minenhund m miner's tramcar (Engr); remote-controlled explosiveladen tank, "robot tank." Minenkammer / demolition chamber (Bdg, mine). Minenkampf m military mining, mine warfare. Minenkratze / grub hoe. Minenkrieg m military mining, mine warfare. Minenlegen n mine laying. Minenleger m mine layer, mine planter (Nav). Minenlegermotorboot n mine yawl (Nav). Minenlegerpanzerkampfwagen m mine-laying tank. Minenraumboot m mine sweeper (Nav). Minenraumer m mine sweeper (Nav). Minenraumpanzer m mine-clearance tank. Minenraumung / mine sweeping; mine clearance. Minenrohr n borehole. Minenschacht m mine shaft. Minenschleppen n mine dragging (Nav). Minensperre / mine field, mine ob stacle; submarine mine field (Nav); mine defense (Tac). JVIinenstollen m gallery, tunnel,

Minensuchboot n mine sweeper (Nav). Minensucher m mine sweeper (Nav). Minensuchgerat n mine detector. Minensuchstab m mine-probing rod. Minensuchtrupp m mine-locating detail. Minentonne / mine buoy. Minentrichter m mine crater. minenverseuchtes Gebiet mined area, mine-infested area. Minenwirkung / mining effect (Am). Minierdienst m mining service (tun neling). Miniergerat n mining tools. Miniergut n spoil (mining). Mifibilligung / disapproval. mifilingen fail. mifiweisender Kurs magnetic head• ing, magnetic course (Air Naviga tion). miflweisender Kurswinkel magnetic azimuth (Air Navigation). Mifiweisung / magnetic declination, magnetic variation, declination con stant, compass declination. Mithoreinrichtung / sidetone circuit (Rod, Tp). mithbren to listen in, to monitor (Rad, Tp). Mithorstelle / intercept station. Mitklingen n resonance (Rad). Mitkoppeln n determining of course or fix by dead reckoning (Avn). Mitlesen n interception (of visual signals). Mitnehmer m translating lever (sight mechanism); lathe dog; catch; lifter; cam; lug. Mitschuldiger m accomplice. mitteilen inform. Mitteilung / communication, mes sage, information. Mittelbalken m center balk (Bdg). Mitteldecker m midwing monoplane. Mittelhand / barrel (horse). Mittelpferde npl swing team. Mittelpfropfen m tompion (G). Mittelrohrrahmen m tubular-center chassis (MT). Mittelspiegel m a colored center strip between the halves of the Kragenlitze (Clo). MitteltroB m second echelon supply train (behind the GefechtstroQ). Mitteneindruck m binaural balance (sound locating).

mittlere Flugbahn



mittlere Flugbahn mean trajectory. mittlerer Fehler average error, mean error. mittlerer Panzerkampfwagen me dium tank. mittlerer Sprengpunkt center of burst. mittlerer Treffpunkt center of im pact, center of dispersion. mittlere Sonnenzeit mean solar time. Mitwirkung / cooperation. mobil mobilized. mobil machen to mobilize. Mobilmachung / mobilization. Mobilmachungsbestimmungen fpl mo bilization regulations. Mobilmachungsplan m mobilization plan. Modell n model, type, pattern. Modelung / modulation (Rad, Tp). modulierte Welle modulated wave. Moment m moment, instant. Moment n factor, element. Momentstrom m instantaneous cur rent (Elec). Montage / assembly, erection, mounting, installation. • Montagehalle / assembly shop. Montageluke / inspection hatch (Tk). Montageplatte / chassis panel (Rad). Montagewerk n assembly plant. Monteur m mechanic, assembler. montieren to assemble, make up, erect, mount. Montierhebel m tire tool. Moor n bog, marsh, moor. Morast m bog. Morgenkost / breakfast, morning meal. Morsealphabet n Morse code. Morsen n transmitting by Morse code. Morser m howitzer (caliber 210 mm and larger). Morsespruch m telegraph message. Morsetaste / telegraph key. Morsezeichen n Morse code charac ter. Motor in engine, motor. Motorblock m cylinder block (Mtr). Motorbremse / engine brake (MT). Motordrehmoment n engine torque. Motordrehzahl / engine rpm. Motoren-Instandsetzung / engine re pair.

Motorenkiihlung / engine cooling. Motorenliiftung f engine ventilation, engine louvers (Tk). Motorenraum m engine compart ment (Tk). Motorgleiter m powered glider. Motorgondel / engine nacelle (Ap). Motorhaube / engine cowling (Ap); hood (MT). motorisiert motorized; mechanized; . mobile. motorisierte Kavallerie mechanized cavalry. Motorpanne / engine failure. Motorponton m ponton with out board motor. Motorrad n See Kraftrad. Motorregler m engine governor. Motorsage / power saw. Motorschaden m engine damage, engine trouble. Motorschlitten m, motor sled, aerosled. Motorschnellboot n motor torpedo boat, PT boat. Motorstorung / engine trouble. Motortorpedoboot « motor torpedo boat, PT boat. Motorverkleidung / engine cowling (Ap). Motorverschalung / See Motorver kleidung. Motorwelle f engine crankshaft. m.Pak / medium antitank gun. M.Patrone / ground signal cartridge (abbr. of Meldepatrone). Mlicken n flinching (SA firing). Mildigkeit / fatigue. Mudrasteg m a type of portable hasty footbridge. Miihle / mill. Mulde f pit, hole; depression, hollow. Muldenlinie / centerlme of depres sion (Top). miindlich oral. Mundloch n adapter opening (Am). Mundlochfries m muzzle bell, muzzle swell (G). Mundlochgewinde n adapter thread (Am). Mundlochschraube / adapter plug (Am). Mundpfropfen m tompion (G).

Motorsegler m powered glider.

Muffe / threaded sleeve (for pipe connections).

Mundschicht /

chemical layer (gas


Mundstiick n mouthpiece (harness). Miindung / muzzle (Ord); mouth, outlet (of a river): Miindungsarbeit / kinetic energy at the muzzle. Miindungsbremse / muzzle brake Miindungsdeckel m muzzle cover. Miindungsenergie / kinetic energy at the muzzle. Miindungsfeuer n muzzle flash. Miindungsfeuerdampfer m flash hider. Miindungsgasdruck m muzzle gas pressure. Miindungsgeschwindigkeit / muzzle velocity. Miindungskappe / tompion, muzzle cover (G). Miindungsknall m report produced by gun or muzzle wave (SR). Miindungspfropfen m tompion (G). Miindungsrauch m muzzle-blast smoke. Miindungsschoner m muzzle cover (R). Miindungswaagerechte / base of the trajectoryMiindungswucht / kinetic energy at the muzzle. Munition / ammunition. Munitionieren n loading (Ap wea/p-, Munitionsart / grade of ammunition. Munitionsaufzug m shell hoist. Munitionsausgabestelle / ammuni tion distributing point. Munitionsausstattung / issue of am munition. Munitionsbestand m stock of ammu nition. Munitionseinsatz m commitment or employment of ammunition. Munitionsersatz m resupply of am munition. Munitionsfahrzeug n ammunition carrier (vehicle). Munitionskammer / ammunition sponson (Tk); ammunition 'storage chamber, magazine. Munitionskarren m loading barrow; ammunition carrier (H-Dr). Munitionskasten m ammunition box. Munitionskoionne / ammunition train, ammunition column.
ons). (G). .

Munitionslager n ammunition dump, ammunition depot. Munitionslager in Geschiitznahe ready magazine (Arty). Munitionsloch n ammunition pit. Munitionsmangel m ammunition shortage. Munitionsnachschub m ammunition supply. Munitionsnische / ammunition niche, hasty ammunition shelter (Ft). Munitionsschlepper m ammunition prime mover (MT). Munitionsschuppen m ammunition storage shed. Munitionsschiitze m ammunition bearer, ammunition carrier. Munitionsstaffel / ammunition sec tion (of firing Btry, Tk Bn, etc.). Munitions-Staffelfiihrer m ammuni tion supply officer. Munitionsstapelplatz m ammunition dump. Munitionstrager m ammunition bearer, ammunition carrier. Munitionstrommel / ammunition drum. Munitionstrupp m ammunition detail. Munitionsumschlagstelle / ammuni tion supply point. Munitionsunteroffizier m chief of ammunition (NCO, Arty). Munitionsverbrauch m expenditure of ammunition. Munitionsvergeudung / waste of am munition. Munitionsverteilungsstelle / ammu nition distributing point. Munitionsvenvaltung / ammunition administrative office (Div and up). Munitionsverwaltungskompanie / am munition administration company. Munitionswagen m caisson, ammuni tion wagon, ammunition trailer, am munition carrier (H-Dr). Munitionswesen n ammunition sup ply service. Munitionszug m ammunition train (RR). Munitionszugmaschine / ammunition prime mover (MT). miirbe softened up, worn out, de moralized. M- u. R.-Patronen fpl signal and smoke cartridges (abbr. of Meldeund Rauchpatronen).
Musikkorps n military band.




Musikmeister m bandmaster (2nd Lt). Muster n model, type, pattern. Musterung / registration for the draft (includes physical examina tion and tentative classification). Musterungsbezirk in draft subdistrict (subdivision of Wehrmeldebezirk). Musterungsstab m registration staff (for the draft).

Mutter / nut (Tech). Mutterkompafi m master compass (Avn). Muttermal n birthmark. Mutterrohr n gun tube designed to receive a liner. Mutterschiff n tender (Nav). Mutterschliissel m wrench. Mutteruhr / master watch. Miitze / cap, hat. Miitzenkordel / hat cord.

Nabe / hub. Nachbar m adjacent unit (Tac); neighbor. Nachbartruppen fpl adjacent troops. Nachbildung / mock-up, model, dummy. nachbrennen to hang fire (Am). Nachbrenner m hangfire (Am). Nachdrangen n direct pressure in pursuit (Tac). Nachhinken n hysteresis (Meek). Nachhut / rear guard. Nachlassigkeit / negligence. Nachlauf m positive caster (MT). "Nach links, richt Euch!" "Dress left, dress!" Nachpriifung / verification. Nachricht / information, intelligence, news, message. Nachrichten fpl information, intel ligence, signal communication. Nachrichtenabteilung / signal bat talion. Nachrichtenachse / axis of signal communication. Nachrichtenaufklarung / signal in telligence. Nachrichtenbeschaffung / procure ment of information, intelligence. Nachrichtenbeurteilung / evaluation of information. Nachrichtendienst m military intel ligence service, intelligence service; news service (Rad). Nachrichteneinsatz m commitment or employment of signal units.
Nachrichtenblatt n tion). bulletin (publica

Nachrichtenfahrzeug n signal ve hicle. Nachrichtenf iihrer m signal officer of a Fliegerkorps (in Comd of a Luftnachrichtenregiment). Hoherer Nachrichtenfuhrer signal officer at a Luftflotte headquarters. Nachrichtengerat n signal equip ment, signal supplies. Nachrichtengeratkarren m signalequipment cart. Nachrichtengeriitpark m signal-sup ply dump. Nachrichtenhelferin / signal-com munication woman auxiliary. Nachriehtenkolonne / signal-supply column. Nachrichtenkompanie / signal com pany. Nachrichtenkopf m wire head, ad vance message center. Nachrichtenkraftfahrzeug n signal motor vehicle. Nachrichtenmaid / woman signal auxiliary of the S3. Nachrichtenmann m signal commu nication man. Nachrichtenmittel n means of signal communication. Nachrichtennetz n communication net. Nachrichtenoffizier m signal officer, communication officer, intelligence officer. Nachrichtenpark m signal-supply depot. .Nachrichtenquerverbindung / liaison communication.




Nachrichtensammelstelle / signal intelligence center. Nachrichtenstaffel / communication section (Bn, Btry, etc.). Nachrichtenstelle / message center, signal center. Nachrichtentrupp m communication detail. Nachrichtentruppe / Signal Corps. Nachrichtentruppen fpl signal troops. Nachrichteniibermittlung / transmis sion of communications. Nachrichtenverband m signal unit. Nachrichtenverbindung / signal com munication. Nachrichtenverkehr m signal com munication traffic. Nachrichtenwagen m signal wagon, signal truck. Nachrichtenwege mpl signal com munication channels. Nachrichtenwerkstattkraftwagen m signal repair truck. Nachrichtenwesen n signal commu nications. Nachrichtenzentrale / signal center, message center. Nachrichtenzug in signal communi cation platoon. Nachsatteln n readjustment of saddle. Nachschub m supply. Nachschubabwurf m dropping of supplies from aircraft. Nachschubausgabestelle / supply point. Nachschubbataillon n supply bat talion. Nachschubboot n supply boat. Nachschubdienst m supply service. Nachschubdienststelle / supply serv ice headquarters, office of supply services. Nachschubfahrzeug n supply vehicle. Nachschubfiihrer m chief of supply services (Div, corps, army). Nachschubgeleit n supply convoy (Nav). Nachschubgut n supply, supplies. Nachschubkolonne / supply column, supply train. Nachschubkolonnenabteilung / sup ply column battalion. Nachschubkompanie / supply comppany. Nachschublage / supply situation.

Nachschublager n supply depot, sup ply dump. Nachschublinie / supply line. Nachschubmittel n means of supply movement. , Nachschuboffizier m supply officer. Nachschub-Panzerkampfwagen m ar mored supply and maintenance ve hicle. Nachschubpark in supply dump, sup ply depot. Nachschubsammelgebiet n railhead service area. Nachschubstab z.b.V. special supply staff. NachschubstraBe / supply route, line of supply, line of communication. Nachschubstiitzpuhkt m supply base. Nachschubtrupp in supply party, supply detail. Nachschubtruppen fpl supply troops, supply units. Nachschubiibung / supply service ex ercise. Nachschubumschlagstelle / supply point. Nachschubverkehr m supply traffic, movement of supplies. Nachschubverteilungsstelle / supply distributing point. Nachschubweg m supply road, sup ply route. Nachschubwesen n supply services. Nachschubzug m supply train (RR). Nachsicherung / additional security (Tac). Nachspitze / rear point (march column). Nachspitzenkompanie / rear party (in rear guard of large unit). nachstellen .to readjust; to pursue. Nachstrom m slipstream (Avn). Nachtangriff m night attack, night raid. nachtanken refuel. Nachtaufklarung / night reconnais sance. Nachtbefeuerung / night beacon lighting (along a flight route or air way); lighting facilities for landing at night (Adrm). Nachtgefecht n night combat. Nachtglas n night glasses. Nachtjagd / night fighting, pursuit operations at night (Avn). Nachtjagdgeschwader n wing of night fighters (Avn).




Nachtjagdgruppe / night fighter group (Avn). Nachtjagdschule / night fighter school (Avn), Nachtjager m night fighter (Avn). Nachtjagergeschwader n wing of night fighters (Avn). Nachtkampfflugzeug n night bomber. Nachtluftkampf m night fighting (Avn). Nachtmarsch m night march. nachtraglich supplementary. Nachtrupp m rear guard support (in rear guard of large unit); rear party (in rear guard of smaller unit). NachtschieBen n night firing. Nachtunternehmung / night opera tion. Nachurlaub m extension of leave. Nachweis m proof, evidence; inven tory; list; record. Nachweisung / list, account, record; strength report, stock report. Nachziigler m straggler. Nachziindung / retarded ignition. Nackenband- n neck strap (gas mask). Nackenriemen in neck strap (harness). Nadel / needle; firing pin (fuze). Nadelabweichung / magnetic decli nation. Nadellager n needle bearing (MT). Nadelschwankungen fpl oscillations of compass needle. Nadelstiick n firing pin support (fuze). Nadelverfahren n compass method (of laying guns). Nadelwald m coniferous forest, coni ferous wood." Nadelwehr n needle dam (Engr). Nadelzahl / magnetic azimuth, azi muth reading. Nafii m See Nachrichtenfiihrer. Nahabwehr / close defense. Nahaufklarer m close reconnaissance airplane. Nahaufklarerstaffel / close recon naissance squadron (Avn). Nahaufklarung / local reconnais sance, close reconnaissance. Nahaufklarungsflugzeug n close-re connaissance airplane, observation ' airplane.

Nahaufklarungsgruppe / close recon naissance airplane group (attached to ground forces). Nahbeobachtung / local observation. Naherkunder m close reconnaissance airplane, observation airplane. nahern to approach, close in. Nahkampf m close combat. Nahkampfartillerie / close support artillery. Nahkampfer m close-combat fighter. Nahkampffliegerverband m formation of close support airplanes. Nahkampffiihrer m commander of a Nahkampfgruppe (Luftwaffe). Nahkampfgruppe / close support airplane group (attached to ground forces). Nahkampfmittel n close-combat mu nitions or weapons. Nahkampfspange / close combat clasp (decoration). Nahkampfwaffe / close combat weapon. Nahkampfweite / close range, closecombat range. NahkompaB m direct-reading com pass. Nah-Packgefafi n unit container (as distinguished from a bulk con tainer). nahren to feed; to reinforce. Nahrung / nourishment, food. Nahsicherung / close-in security, close-in protection. Naht / seam; boundary between units (Tac). Nahtkompanie / contact company (occupying a boundary position be tween two units). Nahtreffer m near miss. Nahtstelle / boundary position (be tween units). Nahunterstiitzung / close support. Nahverkehr m local traffic, shortrange traffic. Nahverteidigung / close defense. Nahwerfer m short-range flame thrower. Nahzeug n sewing kit. Nalfagtafel / chart showing chem ical warfare agents and their pro perties (Tng). Narbe / scar. Narvikschild m Narvik Shield (em blem on upper left sleeve, worn by




all participants in reconquest of
Narvik, 1940). Nase / nose; stud; cap; lug. Nasenklammer / nose clamp (gas mask). Nasenleiste / leading edge (Ap wing;. Nasenrachenreizstoff m nose and throat irritant, sternutato.r (CWS). Nasenriemen m noseband (harness). Nasen- und Rachenreizstoff m See Nasenrachenreizstoff. NaBbrandpulver n black powder. Nationals n personal data (birth, oc cupation, etc.). Nationalsozialistisches Fliegerkorps Nazi party aviation corps (abbr. N.S.F.K.). Nationalsozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps Nazi party motor corps (abbr. N.S.K.K.). Natrium n sodium. Natriumhypochlorit n sodium hypochlorite. Natriumkarbonat n washing soda. Natriumsulfid n sodium sulfide. Natriumsulflt n sodium sulfite. Natur / nature. in Natur in kind (rations, Clo, etc.). Naturalleistungsgesetz n requisition law. Naturalverpflegung / rations in kind. Naturgummi m See Natjurkautschuk in natural rubber. natiirliche Deckung accidental cover. Naturschutzgebiet n national park. Nautiker in navigator. Navigationsfunkfeuer n radio mark er beacon (Air Navigation). Navigationskarte / navigation chart or map. Nebel m smoke (CWS); fog, mist, haze, vapor. Nebelabblasen n release of smoke (CWS). Nebelabblasgerat n smoke-filled chemical cylinder (CWS). Nebelabteilung / smoke-producing unit (CWS). Nebelausdehnung / smoke coverage. Nebelbombe / smoke bomb. Nebeldecke / smoke blanket, smoke screen. Nebeleinsatz m employment of smoke.

Nebelentwicklung / generation of smoke. Nebelgebiet n fog area (Met). Nebelgerat n chemical tank, smoke tank (for Cml spraying). Nebelgeschofi n smoke projectile. Nebelgewehrgranate / smoke rifle grenade. Nebelgranate / smoke shell (Am). Nebelhandgranate / smoke hand grenade. Nebelkasten m box-type smoke con tainer (CWS). Nebelkerze / smoke candle. Nebelkraftvvagen m smoke equipment truck. Nebelmittel n smoke agent, smoke equipment. Nebelmunition / smoke munitions. Nebelpanzerkampfwagen m smoke screen tank. Nebelpatrone / smoke cartridge. Nebelsaure / FS solution, sulfur trioxide-chlorsulfonic acid solution (CWS). NebelschieBen n smoke-shell firing (Arty). Nebelschleier m smoke screen. Nebelstoff m smoke agent, screening agent (CWS). Nebeltornister m pack smoke ap paratus (CWS). Nebeltrommel / drum-type smoke container (CWS). Nebeltrupp m smoke party. Nebeltruppen fpl chemical troops, smoke-generator units. Nebeliibung / smoke-screening ex ercise. Nebelwalze / creeping barrage of smoke-shell fire (Arty}; progressive smoke screening. Nebehvand / smoke curtain, smoke screen. Nebelwerfer m chemical projector (smoke shell); smoke-shell mortar; rocket launcher, rocket mortar. (Note: Nebelwerfer 41 is a six-tube rocket launcher for HE rockets). Nebelwerferabteilung / smoke bat talion, chemical battalion. Nebelwerferregiment n smoke regi ment, chemical regiment.
Nebelwolke / smoke cloud (CWS). Nebelwurfsranate / mortar smoke shell.

Nebeltopf m smoke pot (CWS).

Nebelzerstauber m
(smoke-filled Cml spray nozzle). cylinder

smoke spray


Nebelzone / smoke-screened area. Nebelziindmittel n smoke-container firing device. Nebenabschnitt m adjacent sector. Nebenabsicht / secondary objective. Nebenangriff m holding attack, sec ondary attack, secondary effort NebenanschluB m local station, ex tension (Tp). NebenanschluBleitung / local-circuit line, extension line (Tp). Nebeneinanderschaltung / parallel connection (Elec). Nebenfarbe / secondary service color service color, Waffenfarbe). Nebengeriiusche npl ambient noise (sound locating). Nebengleis n side track, siding (RR). Nebenkolonne / adjacent column, secondary column. Nebenlager n branch camp (PW). Nebenluft / secondary air (Mtr). Nebenmann m man on the left or right (Drill). Nebenoperationen fpl secondary operations (Tac). NebenschluR m shunt (Elec). Nebenschlufimotor m shunt motor (Elec). Nebenstachel m front sight (AT Nebenstelle / local station (Tp). Nebenstrafie / side street, side road; secondary road, auxiliary road. Nebenstromkreis m shunt circuit Nebsttreffer m near miss. nehmen to take. aus der Flanke nehmen to attack on the flank. unter Feuer nehmen to shell, to fire on. Nehmestaat m detaining power (PW). nehmestaatliche Behorde detaining authority (PW). Neigung / inclination, slope. Neigungsmesser m clinometer (Surv, Gunnery); flight indicator, inclinometer (Ap). Neigungswinkel m angle of slope.
(Elec). gun). (as distinguished from the basic (Tae).

Netzverkehr m "net" traffic (in cludes several radio stations com municating at will on tlie frequency of their called stations).

Nennhohe / rated altitude. Nennleistung / rated horsepower. Nest n nest; emplacement; position consisting of a group of foxholes with shallow connecting trenches. Netz n net, network; grid; wiring system; power system. Netzanschlufigerat n power-line operated radio set (as distinguished from battery-operated or local power-supply set); power-supply unit, power pack (Rad). Netzleger m net-laying vessel. Netzsperre / list obstacle, net-de fense obstacle (coastal defense). Netztransformator m power trans former (Rad).

Neuaufstellang / reorganization, new organization; reorganized or newly activated unit. Neubearbeitung / revision. neu einrichten re-lay (Gunnery); re adjust.
Neugrad m l/400th of a circle (equals 16 artillery mils, as distin guished from Grad, degree, l/360th of a circle).

Neugradteilung / centesimal gradua tion. See Neugrad. neutrale Nachrichtenverbiinde neu tral communication units (maneu vers). neutrale Truppen neutral troops (maneuvers). neutrale Zone taxiway (Adrm). neutralisieren to neutralize. Neutralitiit / neutrality. nichtbrisanter Sprengstoff low ex plosive. Nichtkampfer m noncombatant. Nickelsammler m nickel-alkaline cell (Elec). Niederdruckreifen m low-pressure tire (MT). Niedcrfrequenz / low frequency, audio-frequency (Rad). niederhalten to neutralize, immobil ize, hold down. Niederhaltungsschiefien n neutrali zation fire (Arty).
niederkampfen Niederfrequenzverstarker m frequency amplifier (Rad). audio

reduce, overpower,




put out of action (Tac); to silence (enemy fire). Niederkampfung / reduction, des truction, putting out of action (Tac); covering with destruction fire (Arty). Niederlage / defeat, reverse. niedermachen kill, slaughter. niedermetzeln to massacre, slaugh ter. Niederschlage mpl precipitation (Met). Niederspannung / low voltage (Elec). Niederung / low country, depression, low ground. Niedrigantenne / low antenna. Niemandsland n no man's land. Nieseln n drizzle (Met). Niesgas n sneeze gas (CWS). Niet m riveted joint, riveted as sembly, riveted seam. Niete / rivet. nieten to rivet. Niethammer m riveter (tool). Nietung / riveting. Nippel / nipple (Tech). Nitrierung / nitration (Am). Nitroglyzerin n nitroglycerin. Nitroglyzerin-Blattchenpulver n ni• troglycerin flake powder. nitroglyzerinhaltiges Nitrozellulosepulver double base powder (Am). Nitroglyzerinpulver n nitroglycerin powder. Nitrozellulose / nitrocellulose, pyrocellulose. Nitrozellulose-Blattchenpulver n ni trocellulose flake powder. Nitrozellulosepulver n blank fire powder, E.G. powder, E.G. smokeless powder, E.G. blank fire (SA Am). Nivellementspunkt m bench mark. Nivellierinstrument n surveyor's level. Nivellierlibelle / sighting level (plane table). Nocken m cam (also spelled die Nocke). Nockenwelle / camshaft. Nonius m vernier. Norden m north. Norm / standard (Tech).
Normalbelastung / standard load. normal load,

Normalfluglage / level flight (Avn).

Normalkette / standard caterpillar track. Normalnull / mean sea level (abbr. NN). Normalraupe / standard caterpillar track. Normalspur / standard gage (RR). Normalstellung / zero position (Arty). Normalvisier stellen to zero a gun sight. normen standardize. Normteil m standard part. Normung / standardization. Not / emergency. Notabwurf m emergency salvo re lease (Bombing). Notbeleuchtung / emergency illumi nation. Notbremse / emergency brake. Notfall m emergency. Notfeuer n barrage, normal barrage (now called Sperrfeuer). Nothilfe / See Technische Nothilfe. notigen compel. Notlandehafen m emergency landing field. notlanden make an emergency land ing, make a forced landing (Avn). Notlandeplatz m emergency landing field. Notlandung / emergency landing, forced landing (Avn), Notleitung / emergency line (Tp). Notpiste / emergency trail or path. Notruf m emergency call (Tp). Notsender m emergency radio trans mitter (floatable rescue set). Notsignal n distress signal, SOS. Notverbandpackchen n first-aid packet, first-aid dressing. v Notverbandtasche, / first-aid pouch. Notvisier n direct-fire sight (Ord). notwassern to make an emergency landing on water, to "ditch" (an Ap). Notwasserung / emergency landing on water, "ditching" (Avn). Notwehr / self-defense. Notwurf m emergency salvo release (Bombing). Notzeichen n distress signal, SOS. Notzug m emergency release handle (Ap). NSKK.-Mann m private in the Nazi party motor corps. NSKK.-Transportregiment n trans-




portation regiment of the Nazi party motor corps. Null / zero. auf Null stellen to zero (an Inst, scale, etc.), Nullpunkt m zero, freezing point; • zero point, aiming point, directing point, point of origin (Arty, Surv). Nullstellung / zero position (of an Inst, scale, etc.); neutral position, zeroing.
Nullzeit / zero hour. Nummer / number. Nummerscheibe / dial (Tp). Nummerscheibenkastchen n dial box

(field Tp),

Nurfliigelflugzeug n all-wing air plane, "flying wing." Niistern fpl nostrils. Nute / groove, slot, keyway (also spelled der Nut). Nutzarbeit / useful work, brake horsepower. Nutzfahrzeug n commercial vehicle (MT). Nutzfrequenz / desired frequency (Rad). Nutzlast / useful load, pay load. Nutzleistung / net horsepower. Nutzwiderstand m useful resistance (Elec).

OB-Betrieb m local-battery operation (Tp) (abbr of Ortsbattsriebetrieb). Oberarbeitsfiihrer in major (Reich Labor Service). Oberarzt m first lieutenant (Med). Oberbau m permanent way, top of roadbed (RR). Oberbaustab m superior construc tion staff (equivalent in status to a brigade staff). Oberbefehl TO high command (func tion). Oberbefehlshaber m. commander in chief, commander. See also Oberster mander-in-Chief of the Army. Oberbefehlshaber einer Gruppe army group commander. Oberbeschlagmeister m horseshoer (master Sgt). Oberbrieftaubenmeister m pigeoneer (master Sgt). obere Fiihrung higher command (Div and up); higher command echelon. Oberfahnrich m master sergeant (officer candidate). Oberfahnrich der Flieger aviation cadet (with rank of 'master Sgt). Oberfahrer m private first class (HDr T).
Befehlshaber. Oberbefehlshaber des Heeres Com-

Oberfeldkommandantur / military government area headquarters (under commander of army group, in a T of Opns; under general com manding officer in charge of Mil Adin, in occupied territories). Oberfeldmeister m master sergeant (Reich Labor Service). Oberfeldveterinar m lieutenant colonel (Vet). Oberfeldwebel m master sergeant. Oberfeldzeugstab m higher ordnance staff. Oberfeuerwerker m master sergeant (Ord). Oberflache / surface (outside or top). Oberfunker m radioman (Pvt 1st class). Oberfunkmeister m radioman (mas ter Sgt). Obergef reiter m corporal. Obergeneralarbeitsfiihrer m major general (Reich Labor Service). Obergrenadier in private first class (Inf). Obergurt m top chord (truss); sur cingle (harness). Oberjager m private first class (mountain Inf). Oberkanonier m private first class (Arty).

Oberfeldarzt Wi (Med).

lieutenant colonel




Oberkommandierender m cornmander- Oberstarzt m colonel (Med). in-chief. See Oberster Befehlshaber. Oberster Befehlshaber der Wehrmacht Oberkommando n high command Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. (agency and function). Oberkommando der Kriegsmarine , oberster Schiedsrichter director (maneuvers). High Command of the Navy (abbr. Oberstfeldmeister m lieutenant OKM). (Reich Labor Service). Oberkommando der Luftwaffe High Command of the Air Forces (abbr. Oberstintendant m civilian official in administrative services ranking as OKL). colonel. Oberkommando der Wehrmacht High Command of the Armed Forces Oberstleutnant m lieutenant colonel. oberstrom upstream. (abbr. OKW). Oberkommando des Heeres Army Oberstveterinar m colonel (Vet). Obertruppfiihrer m sergeant (Reich High Command (abbr. OKH). Labor Service). Oberkraftfahrer m private first class Oberveterinar m first lieutenant (MT). (Vet). Oberlafette / top carriage (G). Obervormann m chief foreman Oberleutnant m first lieutenant. (Reich Labor Service) Oberleutnant zur See lieutenant Oberwachtmeister m master ser junior grade (Nav). Oberpanzergrenadier m armored in geant (Arty, Cav). Oberzahlmeister m paymaster of fantry rifleman (Pvt 1st class). Oberpionier in private first class ficial (Wehrmachtbeamter ranking as 1st Lt). See also Zahlmeister. (Engr). Oberquartiermeister m Deputy Objektschutz m air defense of fixed installations. Chief of the General Staff (at Ober kommando des Heeres; known as OB-System n local-battery system Oberquartiermeister I, Operations; (Tp) (abbr. for Ortsbatteriesystem). Oberquartiermeister II, Training; Oberquartiermeister III, Organiza Ofen m heater, oven, stove. tion; Oberquartiermeister IV, Intel Ofenrohr n stovepipe; "bazooka" ligence; Oberquartiermeister V, His (slang term for Raketenpanzertorical); general staff officer at Hq biichse, rocket launcher). of an army (in charge of supply of fen exposed (Tac); in clear (Sig Com); open, frank. and Adm). Oberreiter m private first class offene Flanke open flank (Tac). offener Fliigel exposed wing (Tac). (Cav). offener Funkspruch radio message in Oberring m upper band (R). Oberringfeder / upper-band spring clear. offene Stellung exposed position (R). (Tac). Oberschenkel m thigh. Oberschiedsrichter m assistant Offensive / offensive (Tac). director (maneuvers). offensive Verteidigung offensive de fense. Oberschild m upper shield (G). Offizier m officer. Oberschirrmeister m master ser geant (maintenance). OfBzierbewerber m officer aspirant. re Oberschutze m private first class Offizier des Beurlaubtenstandes serve officer. (Inf rifleman). ^ Offizierheim n officers' mess, officers' Oberschwester / chief nurse. Oberschwingungsfrequenz / har club. monic frequency (Rad). Oflizierlaufbahn / officer's career. Oberst m colonel. Offizierledigenheim n bachelor of Oberstabsarzt m major (Med). ficers' quarters. Oberstabsveteriniir m major (Vet). Offiziersanwarter m officer candidate. Oberstarbeitsfiihrer m colonel (Reich Offiziersbursche in officer's orderly. Labor Service). Offizierskasino n officers' mess.




Offizierslager n permanent camp for officer prisoners of war (abbr. Of lag). Offiziersnachwuchs m new crop of officers. Offizierspahtrupp m officer recon naissance patrol. Offizierspatent n commission. Offizier vom Biwakdienst bivouac security officer. Offizier vom Dienst duty officer, of ficer on duty. Offizier vom Ortsdienst officer of the guard. Offizier vom Tagesdienst officer of the day. Offnerhebel m operating level, oper ating handle (G). offnung / aperture, port, opening. Oflag n See Offizierslagcr. Ohnehaltflug m nonstop flight (Avn). "Ohne Tritt, Marsch!" "Route step, march!" OhrverschluBwatte / cotton for ear plugs. Oktamvert m octane rating. Oktanzahl / octane number. Okular n eyepiece. OKW.-Bericht m official communique of the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht. 61 n oil. OlablaB m oil drain. Olbehalter m oil tank. olbestandig oil-resistant. olbohrloch n oil well. Olbombe / oil bomb. olbiichse / oilcan. oldicht oiltight. Oldruckbremse / hydraulic brake. Oleinfiill-Verschraubung / oil filler plug (Mtr). olfederstrebe / oleo strut (Ap). olivgriin olive drab. Olkanister m oil container (Ap, MT). Olkohle / carbon (Mtr). Ollager n oil-storage depot. Olmanometer n oil pressure gage. OlmeBbecher m graduated oil dis penser (MT). Olschlitzring m grooved piston ring (Mtr). olstand m oil level. olstandanzeiger m oil level gage (MT).

Olstandschraube / oil level plug (Mtr)._ Olstandskontrolle / oil level check, oil level indicator (Mtr). Olthermometer n oil temperature gage. oltropfer m oiler. Oliiberlauf m oil overflow (Mtr). Olwanne / oil pan (Mtr). Operation / operation (Tac, Med). Operationsbasis / base of operations (Tac). Operationsbefehl m operations order. Operations^eblet n zone of operations, theater of operations. Operationskarte / operations map. Operationslinie / line of operations. Operationsplan m operations plan. Operationsraum m zone of opera tions, theater of operations. operativ operational, strategic. operative Aufklarung strategic re connaissance. operative Luftaufklarung strategic air reconnaissance. operatives Ziel strategic objective. operative Unterstiitzung indirect support (Avn, Tac). Opfer n victim. Oppanol n a synthetic substance re sistant to mustard gas and Lewisite (CWS). Optik / optics; lens system, optical system or instruments; telescopic sight (G); periscope (Tk). optische Peilung pilotage (Avn). optisches Zielgerat optical sight (Ord). O-Punkt m aiming point (Gunnery). See also Nullpunkt. Orden m medal, decoration, order. Ordensband n ribbon (of a decora tion). Ordensschnalle / bar (decoration). kleine Ordensschnalle miniature (decoration). Ordensspange / bar (decoration). Ordinate / ordinate, Y-coordinate. Ordnung / order, rule. Ordnungsdienst m provost service, military police service. Ordnungsgleis n make-up track (RR). Ordnungspolizei / uniformed regular police. Ordonnanz / orderly.




Ordonnanzoffizier TO special-missions staff officer. Organisationsstab m organizational Staff. Organisation Todt Todt Organiza tion (Engr and Ft construction). Orientierung / orientation. Orientierungslinie / orienting line (Surv). Orientierungspunkt m control point (Surv). Orkan m hurricane, tropical cyclone. Orsatapparat m Orsat gas-analysis apparatus (CWS). Ort m locality, place; locus (Math). See also Standort. Ortbalken m exterior stringer (on a fixed bridge); exterior balk (on a floating bridge). orten locate; orient;' take bearings. Orter m navigator (Avn). OrterkompaB m navigator's compass (Avn). ortlich local. Ortsbatterie / local battery (Tp). Ortsbatterie-Betrieb m local-battery operation (Tp). Ortsbesprechung / local operation (Rad). Ortsbestimmung / orientation, posi tion determination. Ortsbiwak n billets, close billets. Ortschaft / village, town, inhabited locality. Ortscheit n doubletree (limber). Ortseindruck m sensation of direc tion (sound locator). Ortsempfang m local reception (Rad). ortsfest fixed, permanent (Arty, Ft). ortsfeste Flak fixed antiaircraft guns or artillery.
Orpo / See Ordnungspolizei.

ortsfeste Kiistenartillerie fixed seacoast artillery. ortsfeste Lafette stationary gun mount (G). Ortsgefecht n See Ortskampf. Ortskampf m combat in towns. Ortskommandant m commander of a garrison, post, or station; town com mander (Mil Govt). Ortskommandantur / garrison, post, or station headquarters; town head quarters (Mil Govt) (Ortskomman dantur I, in large and medium-sized cities; Ortskommandantur II, in small cities, towns, and villages). Ortskrankenlazarett n billet hospital. (Med). Ortskrankenstube / billet dispensary. ortskundig familiar with a locality or area. Ortsmifiweisung / magnetic declina tion. Ortsnetz n local net (Tp). Ortssender m local station (Rad). Ortsunterkunft / billets. Ortsvorstand m local authorities, town authorities. Ortung / position finding, orienta tion, taking of bearings. Ortungsanforderung / request for a bearing (Avn, Rad). Ortungsleuchtzeichen n ground posi tion signal (ground-air Com). 6se / lug; ring; lunette; eye (Tech). Ost m east (also spelled Osten). Ostlegion / legion composed of nonGerman volunteers and prisoners of war from East-European countries. Ostmedaille / Eastern Campaign Medal (decoration). Ostsee / Baltic Sea. Otter / paravane.
Ortsquartier n See Ortsunterkunft.

PackgefaB n Packriemen m Packsattel m Packstrick m Packtasche /

bulk container. pack strap (harness). pack saddle (harness). pack rope (harness) saddlebag.

Packung / packing (Mech). Paddelboot n collapsible paddling boat. Pak / antitank gun, antitank artil lery (abbr. of Panzerabwehrkanone).




Pakethiille / wrapping. Pak-Flak / antitank-antiaircraft gun, dual-purpose gun. Pakgeschutz n antitank gun. Pakgeschiitz auf Selbstfahrlafette self-propelled antitank gun, tank destroyer. Pakstellung / antitank gun position, antitank gun emplacement. Pak-Zug m antitank platoon. Panne / breakdown; engine failure; blowout. Panoramakammer / panoramic ca mera (Avn). Pantograph m pantograph (Surv). Panzer m armor; tank. Panzerabteilung / armored battalion. Panzerabwehr / antitank defense, antimechanized defense (in com pounds, now superseded by Panzerjager-). Panzerabwehrgewehr n ^. antitank rifle (now called Panzerabwehrgeschiitz n antitank gun. Panzerabwehrgraben m antitank ditch. Panzerabwehrkanone / ' antitank gun (now called Panzer jagerkanone). Panzerabwehrmine / antitank mine. Panzerabwehrmittel npl means of antitank defense. Panzerabwehrrakete / antitank rocket. Panzerangriff m armored attack, tank attack. Panzerartillerie / armored division artillery, armored artillery. Panzeraufbau m tank hull and tur ret ; armored body of a vehicle. Panzeraufklarungsabteilung / ar mored reconnaissance battalion. Panzerbataillon n armored battalion. Panzerbefehlswagen m armored command car. Panzerbekampfung / antitank com bat. Panzerbeobachtungsturm m armor ed observation turret. Panzerbesatzung / tank crew, ar mored vehicle crew. PanzerbeschuB m firing at tanks; test firing at armor plate. PanzerbeschuBtaf el / firing table for antitank gun. Panzerblech n armor plate.

Panzerblende / tank shutter; tank gun shield, mantlet. Panzerbombe / antitank bomb, ar mor-piercing bomb, heavy-case bomb. panzerbrechend armor-piercing. Panzerbrigade / armored brigade, tank brigade. Panzerbiichse / antitank rifle. Fanzerdeckungsloch n foxhole (for AT protection), Panzerdivision / armored division. Panzerdrehturm m revolving armor ed turret (Ft); revolving tank tur ret (Tk). panzerdurchschlagend armor-pierc ing (Am). Panzerdurchschlagsleistung / armorpiercing capacity, penetration (Am). Panzereinsatz m commitment of ar mored units. Panzererkennungsdienst m tank identification service. Panzerfahrer m tank driver. Panzerfahrschule / armored vehicle operators' school. Panzerfahrzeug n armored vehicle. Panzerfahrzeugfalle / tank trap. Panzerfahrzeuggraben m antitank ditch. Panzerfalle / tank trap. Panzerfiihrer m tank commander (NCO); armored-vehicle command er; armored-unit commander. Panzerf unker m tank radio operator. Panzerfunktrupp m armored radio section. Panzerfunkwagen m armored radio car or truck. Panzer geschofi n armor-piercing projectile. panzergeschutzt armor-protected. Panzerglas n bulletproof glass. Panzergraben m antitank ditch. Panzergranate / armor-piercing shell, armor-piercing rifle grenade. Panzergranate-Patrone / armorpiercing shell (fixed Am). Panzergrenadier m armored in fantry rifleman, private in armored infantry regiment. Panzergrenadier-Bataillon n armor ed infantry battalion. Panzergrenadier-Brigade f armored infantry brigade. Panzergrenadier-Division / motorized division. See also SB-Panzergrenadier-Division.




Panzergrenadier-Ersatzregiment n armored infantry replacement regi ment. Panzergrenadier-Personenkraftwagen armored personnel carrier. Panzergrenadier-Regiment n motor ized infantry regiment (of a Panzerdivision). Panzergruppe / armored group. Panzergiirtel m araior belt. Panzerhindernis n antitank obstacle. Panzerinstandsetzungsabteilung / tank repair battalion. Panzerjager m member of antitank •unit. Panzerjagerabteilung / antitank battalion. Panzerjagergeschiitz n antitank gun. Panzerjagerkanone / See Panzer jagergeschiitz. Panzerjagerkompanie / antitank company. Panzer jagerregiment n antitank re giment. Panzerjagerzug m antitank platoon. Panzerkabel n armored cable (Elec). Panzerkampfabzeichen n See Panzerkampfwagenabzeichen. Panzerkampfwagen m tank.

Panzerkraftfahrzeug n vehicle.

Panzerkampfwagenhindernis n tank obstacle. Panzerkanone / tank gun. Panzerkasten m tank hull. Panzerkastenoberteil n sponson, up per hull (Tk). Panzerkette / tank track. Panzer-Kommandant m tank com mander. Panzerkompanie / tank company. Panzerkopf m armor-piercing cap (Am). Panzerkorper m hull (Tk). Panzerkorps n armored corps. Panzerkorpskommando n armored corps headquarters. Panzerkrafte fpl armored forces, ar mored units.

Panzerkampfwagenabzeichen n Tank Badge (decoration awarded to mem bers of armored units after partici pation in three separate combat actions).

Panzer-Lehr-Regiment n armored demonstration regiment. Panzermine / antitank mine. Panzermunition / armor-piercing ammunition; tank ammunition, Panzernachrichtenabteilung / armor ed signal battalion. Panzer-Obergrenadier m private first class (Armd Inf Regt). Panzeroberschiitze m private first class (in Armd unit). Panzeroffizier m armored officer. Panzerpionier in armored engineer. Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon n armored engineer battalion. Panzerplatte / armor plate. Panzerregiment n armored regiment. Panzerrichttafel / tank-silhouette aiming target. Panzerscharte / peephole, direct vi sion slit (Tk). Panzerschild m armor-plate shield (G). Panzerschott n armor bulkhead (Tk). Panzerschutz m armor protection (Ft, Tk); antitank defense. Panzerschiitze m private in an arm ored unit; tank gunner. panzersicher secure against mechan ized attack. Panzersonderfahrzeug n special-pur pose armored vehicle. Panzerspahfahrzeug n armored re connaissance vehicle. Panzerspahkompanie / armored re connaissance company. Panzerspah-Schwadron / mechanized cavalry reconnaissance troop. Panzerspahtrupp m armored recon naissance car section. Panzerspahwagen m armored -re connaissance car, armored scout car. Panzersperre / antitank obstacle. Panzersperrgraben m antitank ditch. Panzersperrmauer / antitank wall obstacle. PanzersprenggeschoB n •ai'mor-piercing projectile. Panzersprenggranatc / armor-pierc ing shell. PanzerstoB m armored thrust (Tac).

Panzerkuppel / tank cupola, armor ed cupola (Ft).

Panzerspitze / armored point (Adv Gd).


Panzerkraftwagen m armored car. Panzerkrieg m armored warfare.

Panzerstarke / thickness of armor (Tk).




Panzersturmabzeichen n Armored Assault Badge (decoration). Panzertransportwagen m armored personnel carrier. Panzertruppe / Armored Command. Panzertruppen fpl armored troops, armored forces. Panzerturm m tank turret; armored turret (Ft). Panzerung / armor, armor plating. Panzerunterstiitzung / armored sup port (Tac). Panzerverband m armored forma tion, armored force unit, combinedarms armored force. Panzerverbande der Heerestruppen GHQ reserve tank groups. Panzervernichtungsabzeichen n dec oration awarded for close-combat de struction of at least one enemy tank. Panzer-Verschwindeturm m disap pearing armored turret (Ft). Panzerwaffe / Armored Command. Panzerwagen m armored car, combat car, tank.

Panzerwagenfalle / tank trap.

Panzerwagengraben m- tank ditch. Panzerwanne / tank hull. Panzerwarndienst in antimechanized warning system. Panzerwarnung / tank warning, antimechanized warning. Panzerwart, m armored maintenance man. Panzerwerk n steel and concrete for tification. Panzerwerkstattkompanie f armored force repair shop company. Panzerweste / body armor (Avn). Panzerzug m armored train (RR); tank platoon. Papierstreifenverfahren n paperstrip method (aerial Photo). Pappe / cardboard (also called Pappdeckel m). Parabel-Fachwerktrager m curvedchord truss. Parabellum n a type of self-loading pistol. Parade / parade, review. Paradeanzug m full-dress uniform. Parademarsch m march in review, pass in review. Paradeplatz m parade ground. Parallaxe / parallax, azimuth dilference.

Parallaxwinkel m angle of parallax, azimuth difference. Parallel-Fachwerktrager m parallelchord truss. Parallelogrammgestange n parallelo gram linkage system ( AA sight). Parallelschaltung / parallel connec tion (Elec). Pardon m. quarter, mercy, clemency. parieren to parry. Parierstange / bayonet guard. Park m park, depot. parken to parK. Parklicht n parking light (auto headlight). m parlementaire, bear er of a flag of truce. Parlamentartiagge / flag of truce. Parole f password. Parteien fpl opposing sides (man euvers). Parteifiihrer m commander of one of the opposing forces in maneuvers. Paspel f piping or edging on uni form. PaB TO pass (Top); passport. PaBgenauigkeit / accuracy of fit (TechJ. Passierschein m permit, pass, safeconduct, military passport. Paflstuckrw adapter (Ord). Passung / fit (Tech), Patent n officer's commission ; patent (Tech). patentierter Offizier commissioned officer. Patrone / cartridge (Am) ; round of fixed ammunition (Arty). Patronenauswerter m ejector. Patronenauszieher in extractor. Patroneneinlage f breech recess (R). Patronenfuhrungsleisten }pl cart ridge guides (MG). Patronengurt m cartridge belt (MG); bandoleer. Patronenhalter m cartridge holder (MG). Patronenhebel m cartridge lever Patronenhulse f cartridge case. Patronenkasten m cartridge box, ammunition box. Patronenkorb m shell basket (for fixed Am). Patronenlager n cartridge chamber

(G, R).




Patronenmunition / fixed ammuni tion. Patronenrahmen m clip (R, AA gun). Patronenraum m, propelling-charge chamber (Mart shell). Patronenschacht m feed funnel (fix ed aircraft MG). Patronenstreifen m cartridge clip. Patronenstiitzfeder / cartridge-sup port spring (MG). Patronentasche / ammunition pocket, ammunition pouch. Patronentrager m cartridge carrier (MG). Patronentragerhebel m belt-feed lever (MG). Patronenzufiihrung / cartridge feed (SA). Patrouillenflug m patrol, patrolling (Avn). Patte / collar patch, cuff patch. Pause / pause; tracing. Pauspapier n tracing paper. Pech n pitch. Pegel m water-level gage (for ri vers, lakes, etc.). Peilanlage / direction-finder station (Air Navigation). Peilantenne / direction-finding an tenna. Peilapparat m azimuth instrument. Peilaufsatz m pelorus (Avn). Peilberichtigungskurve / deviation curve (Rad). Peilempfanger m radio compass, di rection finder (Air Navigation). Peilen n direction finding (Rad). peilen to take a bearing (Nav, Rad, Avn). Peilflugleiter m chief of direction finder station (Avn). Peilfunkempfanger m radio compass, direction finder (Air Navigation). Peilfunkgerat n radio direction find er. Peilfunkstelle / radio direction find er station (Avn). Peilgerat n azimuth instrument (Surv); direction-finder equipment or set (Rad, Avn). Peilkompafl m navigator's compass (Avn). Peilkraftwagen m radio directionfinding truck. Peilleitstelle / radio direction-finder control station.

Peillinie / line of bearing, bearing line (Air Navigation). Peillot n sounding lead (Nav). Peilnebenstelle / auxiliary direction finder station (Air Navigation). Peilrahmen m directional loop an tenna (Rad). Peilscheibe / azimuth instrument. Peilsender m directional transmitter. Peilstelle / radio direction-finder station. Peilstrahl.m beam (Rad). Peilung / bearing, direction finding. optische Peilung pilotage (Avn). Peilzeichen n direction-finder signal (Avn). pelzgefiittert fur-lined. Pelzkombination / fur-lined flying suit. Pendel n pendulum. Pendelfrequenz / quenching fre quency (Rad). Pendelfrequenzempfanger m superregenerative receiver. pendeln oscillate; swerve. Pendelverkehr m shuttle traffic. Perchlorameisensiiuremethylester m diphosgene (CWS). Perlkorn n bead sight (R). Personal n personnel. Personalabteilung / personnel sec tion. Personalamt n See Heerespersonalamt. Personalausweis m identification papers, certificate of identification. Personaldaten npl personal data (birth, occupation, etc.). Personalveranderung / change of personnel. Personenbahnhof m passenger sta tion (RR). Personenfahre / passenger ferry. Personenkraftfahrzeug n personnel carrier, passenger vehicle (MT). Personenkraftwagen m personnel carrier, passenger car (MT). perspektivische Projection geometric projection, perspective projection. Perstoff m diphosgene (CWS), Petroleum n kerosene. Pfad m path, trail. Pfahl m picket, stake; pile; post. Pfahlhindernis n See Pfahlsperre. Pfahljoch n pile bent (Bdg).
Pfahljochbriicke / pile-bent bridge. Pfahlsperre / post obstacle (AT).




Pfeife / whistle, pipe. Pfeifpatrone / whistling pyrotechnic signal cartridge (used as gas alarm). Pfeifsignal n whistle signal. Pfeiler in pier (Bdg); column, pillar (Engr). Pfeilform / sweepback (Ap wing); arrow or wedge formation. Pferd n horse. pferdebespannt horse-drawn. Pferdeersatz m remounts. Pferdefahrzeug n horse-drawn vehicle. Pferdehalter m horseholder (Cav, Arty). Pferdekrankenkraftwagen m veteri nary motor ambulance. Pferdekrankensammelplatz m vet erinary collecting station. Pferdelazarett n veterinary hospital. Pferdepark m remount depot. Pferdestarke / metric horsepower (abbr. PS) (1 PS = 0.986 HP; I HP = 1.014 PS). Pferdetransportkolonne / horsedrawn transport column. Pferdeverbandplatz m veterinary aid station. Pferdezweigpark m branch remount depot. Pfiff m whistle (sound). Pfiffikus n phenyldichlorarsine (CWS). Pflegeschwester / nurse. Pflichl / duty, obligation. Pflichten des deutschen Soldaten See Kriegsartikel. Pflock m stake, peg, pin, picket. Pflugbagger m tractor plow; bull dozer. Pfropfen m plug, stopper, wad. Phasenversehiebung / phase shift, phase displacement, phase difference (Elec, Had). Phenyldichlorarsin n phenyldichlor arsine. Phon n decibel. Phosgen n carbonylchloride, phos gene (CWS). Phosphor m phosphorus. Phosphorfliegerbombe / phosphorus bomb. PhosphorgeschoB n phosphorus bul let, incendiary bullet.
Pferdezug m draft (horse traction).

Phosphorhandgranate / phosphorus grenade. Photogrammetrie / photogrammetry.
Photograph in photographer. Photographic / photography. photographische Kartenaufnahme photographic mapping. Photokopie / photostat. photokopieren to photostat. Phototopographie / phototopography. Photozelle / photo-electric cell.

Pickettpfahl m picket, stake. Pier m pier. Pi-Kampfmittel npl engineer combat equipment.

Pionieraufklarung / engineer recon naissance. Pionier-Ausbau-Bataillon n engineer construction-improvement battalion. Pionierbataillon n engineer battalion. Pionierdienst m engineer service. Pionier-Erkundungstrupp m engineer reconnaissance squad. Pionierfahrzeug n engineer vehicle.

Pikrinsaure / trinitrophenol, picric acid. Pille / pill, pellet, primer. Pilotballon m pilot balloon, trial bal loon. Pilotballonaufstieggerat n pibal equipment (Met). Pilz m mushroom head of obturator. Pinsel m paint brush. Pionier m engineer soldier, private in engineer unit.

Pionierfiihrer m special staff en gineer officer and engineer com mander (at Div Hq). Pioniergerat n engineer equipment. Pioniergeratepark m engineer equip ment depot. Pionier-Kampfmittel npl engineer combat equipment. Pionierkolonne / engineer equipment column. Pionierlandungskompanie / engineer landing company. Pioniermaschinenzug m engineer machine platoon. Pionieroffizier m engineer officer. Pionierpanzerkampfwagen m en gineer tank. Pionierpark m engineer park, en gineer depot. Pionierschule / engineer school. Pioniersprengmittel npl engineer ex plosives.




Pionier-Sturmabzeichen n Engineer Assault Badge (decoration). Pioniersturmzug in engineer assault platoon. Pioniertruppe / Corps of Engineers. Pioniertruppen fpl engineer troops. Pionierverband m engineer unit. Pioniervermessungsgeriit n engineer surveying instrument or equipment. Pionierwerkzeug n engineer tool. Pionierwerkzeugtasche / engineer tool bag. Pionierzug m engineer platoon. Pionierzwischenpark m, engineer dump. Piste / trail, path, beaten track. Pistole / pistol. Pistolengriff m pistol grip. Pistoleniiffnung / pistol port (Tk). Pistolentasche / pistol holster. Pi.-Sturmabzeichen n See PionierSturmabzeichen. Pitotrohr n pitot tube. Pivotgeschiitz n swivel gun, pedestalmounted gun. Pivotlafette / pivot-type mount (MG); turntable carriage (G). Pivotlager n trunnion bearing (G). Pi.-Zug in See Pionierzug. PK.-Filmberichter m propagandacompany moving-picture cameraman. P.K.-Kriegsberichter m propagandacompany war correspondent. Plan m plan, chart, diagram, scheme. Plane / tarpaulin. Planfeuer n concentrated antiair craft fire within the critical zone. Planfeuertafel / lead chart (AA fir ing). Planfeuerwiirfel m critical zone (AA firing). Planier-Uaupenschlepper m bull dozer, angledozer, tractor with angledozer. Planimeter n planimeter (Surv). Plankelei / skirmish. Planladung / computed charge (de molitions). planmaBig in accordance with table of organization or bnsic allowance; according to plan; systematic, de liberate, thorough. planmafiige Feldbefestigung delib erate field fortification.
planmaliiger Nachschub supply. automatic

Planpause / overlay, traced map or firing chart. Planquadrat n grid square. Planrichten n laying by survey (Arty). . PlanschieBen n map fire, unobserved fire (Gunnery). Plansektor m map-protractor set (Arty, Surv). Planspiel n map exercise (Tng). Planstiirke / authorized strength, table of organization strength. Planstelle / place authorized by table of organization. freie Planstelle vacancy. Planiibergang m level crossing (RR). Planubung / map maneuver, map ex ercise (Tng). Planunterlage / plane table (Arty, Surv). Planzeichnen n plotting (Surv). Planzeiger in coordinate scale (Arty, Surv). plastische Liderung plastic-pad ob turator (G). Platte / plate (Tech); phonograph record. Platteneinsatz m storage-battery cell (Elec). Plattenkondensator m parallel plate condenser (Rad). Plattenpulver n flake powder (Am). Plattensatz m storage-battery cell (Elec). Plattenventil n poppet valve (Mtr). Plattform / platform (Arty, 'etc.). Plattformwagen m flatcar (RR). PlattfiiBe mpl flat feet. Platz m airdrome, airfield, landing field (Avn); aid station (Med, Vet); place, square (in^a city or town); site; locality; station; space; room. platzen to burst; to blow out (tire). Platzfeuer n airdrome light. Platzfeuerwehr / airdrome fire-fight ing unit. Platzgrenze / airdrome boundary. Platzmembrane / bursting dia phragm (message container). Platzpatrone / blank cartridge. Platzrunde / circle flown over air drome. Platzwechsel m change of station. Pleuelstange / connecting rod, pis ton rod (Mtr). Plombe / lead seal.




Plunderer m marauder, plunderer. pliindern to plunder. Pliinderung / plundering, pillage, looting. Pneumassivreifen m cushion tire. Polarstern m North Star. polieren to polish, to buff (Tech). Polizei / police. Polizist m policeman. Polklemme / battery-terminal bind ing post (Elec). Polschuh m pole piece (magnet). Polster n pad (Clo, harness, etc.); track block (Tk); pillow, cushion. Polwechsler m pole changer (Tp). Polygonzug m closed traverse (Surv). Ponton m ponton. Pontonbriicke / ponton bridge. Pontonfahre / ponton ferry. Pontonier m pontoneer. Pontonoberkante / gunwale (Pan). Pontonstrecke / ponton bay. Pontonwagen in ponton carrier (MT). Porontoofen m a small liquid-fuel stove. Portepee n sword knot (worn by Ger officers and higher-bracket NCO's). Portepeeunteroffizier m, noncommis sioned officer (from Feldwebel up). Portion / ration; dose (Med). eiserrie Portion emergency ration. Portionenausgabe / distribution of rations. Portionssatz m scale of rations, ra tion quantity. Positionslicht n position light, run ning light (Ap). Post / mail. Postaufnahmegerat n mail pick-up device (Ap). Posten m sentry; post; duty station; item (in a list); lot (of goods). Postenanweisungen fpl guard orders, allgemeine Postenanweisungen general orders (guard duty). besondere Postenanwekungen spe cial orders (guard duty). Postenkette / line of sentries. Postleitungen fpl civil communica tion lines. Postpriifungsstelle / postal censor's office. Postiiberwachungsstelle / See Post priifungsstelle. Potenz / power (Math).

potenzieren raise (to a power) (Math). Prahra in barge, lighter (Engr, Nav). Prallhaltevorrichtung / ballonet bal loon (airship). PrallschuB m ricochet. Prallwand / baffle. PrazisionsschieBen n precision fire. Preis m price; rate; prize. Preisiibung / qualification course. Prellschufl m ricochet. Presseoffisier m public relations of ficer. PreBfutter n compressed forage. PreBluft / compressed air. Prefiluftanlasser m air starter, com pressed-air starter (Mtr). PreBluftflasche / compressed-air flask. PreBlufthammer m pneumatic ham mer. PreBluft-Niethammer m pneumatic riveter. Prefiluftzylinder m compressed-air cylinder. PreBstoff m plastic. Pr.Geschofl n See PhosphorgeschoB. Primarkreis m primary circuit (Bad). Primarwicklung / primary winding (Elec). Prise / prize. Prisenrecht n angary. Prismenkreuz n an engineer survey ing instrument. Pritsche / wooden-board bed. Probe / test, trial. Probeflug m test flight. Probelauf m test run (Mtr). ProbeschieBen n test firing. Profil n profile, cross section; tread (of a tire). Profildicke / profile thickness (Ap wing). Profilhinterkante / trailing edge (Ap wing profile). profiliert streamlined, faired. Profilierung / fairing (Ap); recap ping (tires); streamlining. Profilsehne / wing chord (Ap). Profiltiefe / depth of profile (Ap wing). Profilvorderkante / leading edge (Ap wing profile). Projektion auf die Horizontalebene horizontal projection.




vertical projection. Propaganda / propaganda, publicity. Propagandakompanie / propaganda company (for front-line reporting; composed of writers and camera men). Propeller m propeller. See also
Luftschraube. Propellerblatt n propeller blade

Projektion auf die Senkrechtebene

(Ap). Propellerhaube / propeller spinner. Propellerkreis m plane of propeller rotation, propeller-disk area (Ap). Propellernabe / propeller hub (Ap). Propellersteigung / propeller pitch. Propellerwind m slipstream (Avn). Protzarm m limber drawbar (Arty). Protze / limber (Arty). Protzgestell n limber frame (Arty). Protzhaken m limber pintle. Protzkasten m limber ammunition chest (Arty). Protzose / lunette (G). Prozentsatz m percentage. priifen to check, inspect, test, verify. Priifgerat n testing apparatus. Priifgestell n testing stand. Priifknopf m testing button (field Tp). Prufrohrchen n detector tube (in CWS detector kit). Prufstand m testing block (Avn, MT). Priiftaste / testing key (field Tp). Priifung / test, testing, verification. Priifungsschiefien n verification fire. Pufferm buffer (Ord). Puffergehause n buffer housing (MG). Pufferlagern buffer support (G cradle). Pulkm boat-type runner (placed under gun wheels for operations in 'deep snow); formation (Avn slang).

Pulver n powder. Pulverbrennziindung / powder-train ignition (fuze). Pulverbiindel n powder bag (Am). Pulverhaus n powder magazine. Pulverkammer / powder chamber. Pulverkorn n powder grain (Am). Pulverladung / powder charge (Am). Pulverraumm powder chamber. Pulverriickstande mpl powder foul ing (G). Pulversatz m powder train, powder pellet (fuze). Pulvertemperaturmessung / measure ment of powder temperature. Pulverthermometer n powder ther mometer (Am). Pulvertreibladung / propellent charge. Pulverzerstauber m decontaminatingpowder sprayer (CWS). Pumpenkuhltmg / forced-circulation .cooling (Mtr). Punktm point, place; dot (Tg). Punktbestimmung / point designa tion, point location. Punktfeuerw point fire, fixed fire (MG). Punktplanm range card (Gunnery). Punkttafel / point-designation grid (Arty). Punktzielw point target (Gunnery). Pupinspule/ loading coil (Tp). Puppe / dummy (for bayonet Tng, etc.). putzen to clean, polish, shine. Putzlappenm cleaning rag. Putzwolle / cotton waste. Pz.Kw.-Nachbildung / tank silhouette (practice firing).
PunktschieBen n See Punktfeuer. PunktschweiBung / spot welding. Pulversprengstoff m low explosive.

Q-Gruppe/ Q signal (Rad). Quadrant m quadrant. Quadrantenflache / quadrant plate (G).
Quadrantenvisier n leaf-type quad rant sight (R, MG). Qualm m dense smoke. Quarantane/ quarantine (Med).

Quadrat n square, grid square. Quadratwurzel / square root. Qualifikationsbericht m qualification card.




Quartier n quarters, billets. Quartierarrest m restriction to quarters. Quartiermacher m quartering officer, billeting officer. Quartiermacherkommando n quarter ing party, billeting party. Quartiermachertrupp m quartering detail, billeting detail. Quartiermeister m corps or division quartermaster (general staff officer "Ib" in charge of supply and Adm at corps or Div Hq). Quartiermeisterabteilung / supply group of staff sections (comprises Quartiermeister and Intendantur). Quartier und Verpflegung quarters and subsistence. Quartier- und Verpflegungsvergiitung / quarters and subsistence allow ance (reimbursement). Quartier- und VerpflegungszuschuB m quarters and subsistence allow ance. Quartiervergiitung / quarters allow ance. quarzgesteuerter Sender crystalcontrolled transmitter (Rad). Quarzkristall n quartz crystal (Rad). Quarzsteuerung / crystal control (Rad). Quast m tassel. Qu-Blende / See Querschnittblende. Quecksilber n mercury. Quelle / source, spring, well. quer across, obliquely. Querachse / lateral axis (Ap). Queraxt / adze. Querbeiln See Queraxt.

Querdeckung/ traverse (Ft). querfahrendes Ziel target moving • parallel to front (ground target). Querfahrt / movement parallel to front (ground target). querfeldein cross-country. Querlibelle / cross level (Surv, Arty). Querrinne / open culvert (road). Querruderw aileron (Ap). Querruderhebel m aileron horn (Ap). Quersage/ crosscut saw. Querschlager m ricochet. Querschnittm cross section. Querschnittbelastung / ballistic co efficient. Querschnittblende / transverse shutter (signal lamp). Querstabilitat / lateral stability (Ap). Querstreuung / See Breitenstreuung. Quertrager m transverse beam, tran som, transverse support (Bdg). Querverbindung / intervehicular communication; local circuit; cross bar, transverse bracing. Querverkehr m internet traffic (Rad). Querverstrebung / cross bracing (Bdg). Querwallm traverse (Ft). quetschen to crush, bruise, squeeze, pinch. Quetschkondensator in trimmer con denser (Rad). Quetschladung / camouflet. Quetschmine / See Quetschladung. Quetschung/ contusion (Med). quietschen to screech (brakes); to squeal (Rad).

Rache / revenge. Rachen m throat. Rachenreizstoff m See Nasen- und Rachenreizstoff. Rad n wheel; bicycle. Radachse / axle. Radauflagepunkt m center of tire contact (MT). Raddruck m wheel load (MT). Raderantrieb m wheel drive (MT). Raderfahrzeug n wheeled vehicle. Rader-Gleiskettenantrieb m combina tion wheel-track drive, convertible wheel-track drive. Raderkettenfahrzeug n combination wheel-track vehicle, convertible wheel-track vehicle. Raderraupenfahrzeug n See Rader kettenfahrzeug.

Raderbahre/ wheeled litter carrier.



to ram (Nav); to drive (a

Raderwerk n tracks and suspensions (Tk). Radfahrabteilung / bicycle battalion., Radfahrkompanie / bicycle company. Radfahrschwadron / bicycle troop. Radfahrwerk n wheel-type landing gear (Ap). Radfahrzug m bicycle platoon. • Radfliigelflugzeug n cyclogiro (Awn). Radgiirtel in caterpillar band (G). Radiergummi m rubber eraser. Radiosonde / radiosonde, radio meteorograph (Mot). Radizierung/ extraction of roots. Radkappe / hub cap. Radkorperm disk spider (wheel). Radlafette / wheeled gun carriage. Radlandung / two-point landing (Avn). Radlenkerm guard rail (-KB switch). Radnabe / hub. Radreifen m tire (of a wheel). Radschlepper m wheeled tractor. Radsporn m tail wheel (Ap). Radstand m wheelbase; alinement of wheels. Radstandlibelle / cross level (G). Radstandtrieb m cross-leveling mech anism (G sight).

Rammbiihne /

Radsturz m camber (MT). Radzugmaschine / wheeled tractor. Rahmen m frame. Rahmenantenne / loop antenna (Rad). Rahmenheer n enlisted cadre. Rahmenlafette / frame-type gun carriage. Rahmenspannturm m frame cabane (Ap). Rahmeniibung / command-post exer cise (staff Tng). Rakete / rocket. Raketenantrieb m rocket propulsion. Raketenbombe / rocket bomb (Avn). Raketen-Panzerbiichse / antitank rocket launcher. Raketenstart m rocket-assisted takeoff (Avn). Raketenwurfmaschine / rocket launcher, rocket projector. Rammbarm drop hammer of a pile driver. Ramme / pile driver.
pile-driver staging.

Radsteuerung / wheel control (as distinguished from stick control) (Ap).

Rammfahre/ pile-driver raft. Rammgeriist n pile-driver frame. Rampe / ramp. Rampengerat n ramp equipment. Rampenmine / ramp mine (impro vised mine under an inclined board). Rampensperre/ sawhorse ramp obstacle. Rampenwagen m ramp carrier (MT). Rand m edge, border, margin, rim; perimeter (Tac). Randbemerkungen fpl marginal data. Randdiisenziinder m rimvent fuze (Am). Randel m knurled nut or knob, micrometer knob. randeln to knurl. Randfeuer n boundary light (Adrm). Randstellungen fpl • perimeter posi tions (Tac). Rang m rank, status. Rangabzeichen n insignia of rank. Rangaltester m senior officer. Rangdienstalter n age-in-grade, seniority. Rangierbahnhof m railroad yard. Rangliste des Heeres army register. Rasanz der Flugbahn flatness of trajectory. rasch quick. Raspel / rasp. Rast/ rest (march column); click, detent (Tech). Rastgruppe / rest group (march Rasthebelm bolt lock (MG). Rastplatz m resting place (march Rate / rate. Ration / forage ration. eiserne Ration emergency forage ration. / Rationssatz m scale of forage rations. Rauch m smoke. Rauchentwickler m smoke generator. Rauchentwicklung / generation of smoke. Raucherscheinung / smoke effect Rauchgerat n smoke equipment (Ap). Ratichgranate / smoke shell (Am). Rauchkerze / smoke candle (CWS). Rauchkorper m smoke filler (Am); smoke-puff charge (simulated fire). Rauchladung/ smoke charge (Am).




(flash ranging).




Rauchmeldepatrone / smoke-cartridge message container (for dropped mes sages) (Avn). Rauchofen m smoke generator (Adrm). Rauchpatrone / smoke signal cart ridge. Rauchsatz m pyrotechnic composi tion (smoke signal); smoke compo sition; smoke pellet (Am). rauchschwach smokeless, semismokeless. rauchschwaches Pulver smokeless powder. Rauchschwimmer m floating smoke pot. Rauchsignalpatrone / smoke signal cartridge. rauchstark generating much smoke. Rauchvorhang m smoke curtain, smoke screen. Rauchwolke / smoke cloud. Rauhreifm frost (Met). Raum m space; room, chamber; sector; area, zone, region. Raumbildw stereoscopic picture. Raumbildentfernungsmesser m stereo scopic range finder. Raumboot n mine sweeper. raumen to clear mines; to clear out; to evacuate (a position). Raumgehalt m See Rauminhalt. Rauminhalt m volume, cubic capacity. Raumladung / space charge (radio tube). Raumloffel m miner's spoon (Engr tool). RaummeBbild n stereogram (Photo survey). Raumotter / paravane. Raumstrahlung / free-space radiation (Rad). Uaumwelle / sky wave (Rad). Raupe / caterpillar; caterpillar track; plaited shoulder strap. Raupenantrieb m caterpillar drive (MT). Raupenf ahrzeug n track-layingvehicle. Raupenkette / caterpillar track. Raupenkrad n See Kettenkrad. Rattpenschlepper m caterpillar tractor. R-Boot n See Raumboot. Rechen m rake. Rechengerat n computer. Rechenschieber m slide rule.

Rechenschieber zur Entfernungsermittlung logarithmic range scale (Arty). Rechenstelle / post of computing sec tion (firing battery). Rechenzettel m firing-data form (Arty). rechnen to count, compute. Rechner m computer, plotter (person). Rechnung/ account, bill; computa tion. Rechnungsf iihrer m, accountant and pay noncommissioned officer. Rechnungslegung / accountability. Rechnungswesen n accounting. Recht n law, jurisprudence. Rechteck n rectangle. Rechtsabteilung / legal branch, legal section. Rechtsdrall m right-hand twist (rifling). rechtsgangig clockwise; right-hand (threads, etc.). Rechtsgewinde n right-hand thread. Rechtskurve/ right bank (Avn). rechtslaufend clockwise. "Rechts schwenkt, marsch!" "Column right, march!" (followed by "Gerade, aus!"). Rechtsstellung / legal status. "Rechts, urn!" "Right, face!"; "By the right flank, march!" (given in marching). Rechtswert m X-coordinate (on co ordinate scale in map reading). rechtweisender Kurs true course (Air Navigation). rechtweisender Windkurs true head ing (Air Navigation). rechtwinklig rectangular. ReduktionsmaSstab m engineer's scale. Reduziergetriebe n reduction gear. Reede / roadstead. Reflexglasm transparent reflector (reflector sight). Reflexvisier n reflector sight (Ap, A A gun). Regel / rule. Regellast / standard maximum load (Bdg). regellose Flucht rout. regelmaBig regular. regelmafiiger Fehler systematic error, determinate error. regeln to direct, control, regulate.




Regiment n regiment. Regimentsabschnitt n regimental sector. Regimentsadjutant m aide to regi mental commander, regimental exec utive. Regimentsarzt m regimental sur geon. Regimentsbefehl m regimental order. Regimentsgefechtsstand m regimen tal command post. Regimentskommandeur m regimen tal commander. Regimentsnachrichtenzug m regimen tal communication platoon. Regimentsstab m regimental head quarters, regimental staff. RegimentstroB m regimental train. Registrier-Chronograph m chrono graph. Regler m governor; automatic con trol; automatic corrector. Reglerdose/ control aneroid (Ap engine). Reglergabel / governor arms (Mtr). Reglergestange n plunger (engine governor). Reglerschalter m combination volt age regulator, current regulator and cut-out relay (Mtr). Reglerteilung / correction scale on gun sight. Reglerventil n regulating valve, check valve.

Regierung /

regelrecht standard, according to regulations. Regelrohre / variable /j, tube, supercontrol tube (Rad). Regelspur / standard gage (RR). Regelstange / regulator (G recoil brake). Regelvorrichtung / governing device (Mtr). Regen m rain. Regendecke / tarpaulin. regenerierter Altgummi reclaimed rubber. Regengebiet n precipitation area (Met). RegenguB m shower (Met). Regenklappe/ rain flap (on haver sack). Regenmantel m raincoat. Regenmesser m rain gage (Met). Regenschauer m shower (Met). Regenwolke/ rain cloud (Met).

Reihenabwurf m train release, train bombing. Reihenbild n aerial mosaic, strip mosaic.

Reglerwinkel m principal vertical deflection angle (AA gunnery). Regulierhebel m throttle lever (car buretor). regungslos erstarren freeze in posi tion. Reibahle / reamer. Reibflache / head (of SA cartridge). Reibung / friction, galling, rubbing. Reibungswiderstand m f rictional resistance. Reibziindschraube / friction primer. Reichsarbeitsdienst m Reich Labor Service. Reichsarbeitsfiihrer TO lieutenant general (Reich Labor Service). Reichsantobahn / Reich automobile express highway. Reichsflagge / German national flag. Reichsfuhrer SS Reich Leader of SS troops. Reichskokarde / national rosette (worn on field and mountain cap). Reichskriegerbund m Veterans Asso ciation of the Reich. Reichskriegsflagge / German national ensign (Nav). Reichsluftfahrtministerium n German Air Ministry. Reichsluftfahrtverwaltung / German Civil Aeronautics Administration. Reichsluftschutzbund / German national air defense organization. Reichsmeldedienst m German air craft warning service. ReichsstraBe / national highway of the Reich. Reiehweite / range, maximum range. Reif m rime ice, frost. Reifen m tire. Reifenerneuerung / recapping, re treading. Reifenheber m tire tool. Reifen-Luftdruckpriifer m tire pres sure gage. Reifenpanne / puncture, blowout. Reihe / file, single file (Inf); column of troopers (H Cav); ladder (six observed rounds) (Arty); train of bombs. "In Reihe, angetreten!" "In single file, fall in!"




Reihenbildkammer / aerial mapping caniera. Reihenbildner m See Reihenbildkam mer. Reihenfeuer n ladder fire (Gunnery). Reihenkammer / See Reihenbildkam mer. Reihenladung / elongated charge. in Rohr gefiillte Reihenladung ban galore torpedo. Reihenmotor m in-line engine. Reihenschaltung / series connection (Elec). ReihenschieBen n ladder fire (Gun nery). Reihenstandmotor m in-line upright engine. Reihenwurfm train release, train bombing. Reinigungsburste / bore brush, clean ing brush (OrA). Reinigungsdocht m cleaning patch (R). Reinigungslappen m cleaning rag. Reisegeld n travel allowance. Reisegeschwindigkeit / cruising speed (Ap). Reisekostenvergiitung / See ReisevergUtung. Reisemarsch m administrative march. Reisevergiitung / travel allowance, mileage allowance (reimbursement). Reiseverordnung / mileage table. Reiseverpflegung / travel ration. Reisigbiindeln fascine. ReiBbahn / rip panel (Bin). ReiBbrett n drawing board. reiBen to rip. ReiBleine / rip cord (Prcht, Bin); static line (Prcht). ReiBnadel / scriber. ReiBnagel m thumbtack. ReiBschnur / quick release cord (Prcht). ReiBverschluB m zipper, slide fast ener. ReiBzeug n drawing instruments, drawing set. reitende Artillerie horse artillery. Reiter m private (Cav); cavalry man, trooper. spanischer Reiter cheval-de-frise, knife rest (Ft). Reiteraufklarungsabteilung / cavalry reconnaissance detachment (H Cav). Reiterbrigade / cavalry brigade (H Cav).

Reiterei / cavalry. Reitergruppe / cavalry section (H Cav). Reiternachspitze / cavalry rear point, rear guard cavalry detachment. Reiterregiment n cavalry regiment (H Cav). Reiterreihe/ column of troopers (H Cav). Reiterrudeln flock (H Cav). Reiterschwadron / cavalry troop (H Cav). Reiterspahtrupp m cavalry recon naissance squad, cavalry patrol (H Cav). Reiterspitze / cavalry point, advance guard cavalry detachment. Reiterzug m rifle platoon (H Cav Regt); mounted platoon (Inf Regt). Reithalfter / cavesson (harness). Reithosen fpl breeches. Reitpferdw mount, riding horse. Reitstiefel mpl riding boots.

ReizgeschoB n irritant gas projec tile. Reizkerze / irritant candle (CWS). Reizkorper m CN capsule, lacrima tor (CWS). Reizpatrone / tear-gas cartridge (for gas chamber test). Reizstoff m irritant, harassing agent (CWS). Reiztopf m. irritant gas candle. Reizwiirfel m irritant capsule, CN capsule (CWS). Rekrut m recruit. Rekrutendepot n recruit depot. rekrutieren to recruit. Relais n relay (Elec). Relativgeschwindigkeit / indicated air speed (Avn). Relativhohenmesser m sonic alti meter (Ap). Reliefkarte / relief map. Remonteamt n remount depot. Remonteaufkaufskommission / re mount purchasing board. Remonteinspektion / Remount Divi sion. Remontekommission / See Remonte aufkaufskommission. Remontewesen n remount service. Repatriierung / repatriation.

reizender Kampfstoff irritant agent (lacrimator or nose and throat irri tant).




Richtantenne / (Rad).

Repetitions-Theodolit m repeating theodolite (Surv). Repressalien fpl reprisals. requirieren commandeer. Reserve/ reserve (Reserve I, inac tive reserve of fully trained men under 35; Reserve II, inactive re serve of partly trained men under 35). Reservedivision / reserve division (Tng unit in occupied countries). Reserveeingreiftrupp m reserve de tachment (held in readiness for tac tical commitment). Reservelazarett n general hospital. Reserveoffizier m reserve officer. Res'erveoffizieranwjirter m reserve officer candidate. Reserveoffizier-Bewerber m reserve officer applicant. Reserveziindung / auxiliary ignition lead (blasting). Resonanzkreis m resonant circuit (Rad). Restfiugweite / straight-line distance between point of burst and theoreti cal point of impact (Ballistics). Rettungsboje / life buoy. Rettungsdienst m life-saving service, rescue service. Rettungsfahrzeug n lifeboat. Rettungsgerat n life-saving equip ment. Rettungsgiirtel m life belt. Rettungsleine / life line. Rettungsmannschaft / rescue party. Rettungsring m life preserver. Rettungsschwimmer m qualified swimmer (holder of life-saver's cer tificate). Rettungsstange / boat hook (for res cue work). Rettungstrupp m rescue squad (CWS). Revier n infirmary; forest range; precinct, district. Revierkranker m infirmary case, dis- ' pensary case. Revierstunde / sick call. Revolver m revolver. Revolvergurt m revolver belt. Revolver mit Wiederspannabzug double-action revolver. Reynoldszahl / Reynolds number (A erodynamics).
directional antenna

Richtgerat n laying mechanism, sight equipment (G); direction-find ing equipment (Rad). Richtglas n collimating sight. Richthebel m elevating arm (MG). Richthebelwelle / elevating-arm shaft (MG). Richthohe/ elevation (Gunnery). Richtkanonier m gunner (Arty); gun pointer. Richtkommando n aiming order. Richtkreis m aiming circle (Arty); azimuth circle (Surv). Richtkreis-Bussole / • declinator (aim ing circle). Richtkreiseinteilung / mil graduation (aitning circle). Richtkreisunteroffizier m instrument NCO in charge of aiming circle (Arty). Richtlampe/ aiming light, aiming post light. Rkhtlatte / aiming stake, aiming post (Arty); base stake (Surv). Richtlehre/ theory of gun pointing. Richtlehrer m instructor in gunnery.
Richtlinien fpl guiding principles, directions. Richtmaschine/ elevating and tra versing mechanism (G).

Richtfernrohr n telescopic sight. Richtfunkfeuer / radio range beacon. Richtgehause n elevating-gear hous ing (MG). Richtgelenkw elevating link (MG).

Richtaufsatz m sight mount, telescope mount. Richtaufsatztragcr m sight mount bracket. Richtausbildung / training in sight ing and aiming. Richtbaum m trail handspike (G). Richtbefehl m aiming order. Richtbogen m clinometer (Surv, Gunnery). Richtempf anger m radio compass, direction finder (Air Navigation). Richtempfangsanlage / direction finder station (Air Navigation). Richtempfangsantenne / directional receiving antenna (Rad). richten to lay, to aim, to point (a gun). Richter m judge. "Richt Euch!" "Dress right, dress!" Richtfeldrc field of fire; extent of traverse and elevation.


Richtzahnbogen m

elevating rack,

Richtmittel n sighting device; laying device. Richtpostenm road sign post. Richtpunkt m aiming point (Gun nery). Richtpunktverf ahren n aiming-point and deflection method (Gunnery). Richtpunktzahl / aiming-point azi muth reading.
Richtsaule / control column (for syn chronizing sound locator and search light).

elevating arc (G). Riechprobe / sniffing test (CWS). Riechprobenkasten m gas-identifica tion set, sniff set (CWS). Riechspur / artificial scent. Riechtopf m irritant-gas generator, CN generator (CWS). Riechwiirfel m chemical capsule (to simulate gas-shell fire). Riegel m bolt; bar; crossbar; sliding bolt; switch line, oblique defense Riegelbolzen m retaining bolt (Ord). Riegelhebelm locking lever (G). Riegelstellung / switch position (Ft,
line (Tac, Ft).

Riclitscheibe / aiming target. Riehtschiitze m gunner (MG,' Mort, Tk, AT); gun pointer. Richtsitzm gunner's seat, layer's seat (G). Richtstange/ alinement stake (Bdg, Engr). Richtstelle / aiming-circle 'station (MG platoon). 'Richtstock m aiming post. Richtstrahl m radio beam.
Richtstrich m center line (on inside of march-compass cover).

Riemen m strap; sling; Belt. Riemenantrieb m belt drive. Riemenbiigel m sling swivel (R). Riemenscheibe / pulley. Riemenschieber m, gun-sling keeper Riesenluftreifen m giant tire, over size tire (MT). Rille / cannelure (Am); groove. Ringenw. combat, struggle, wres tling. Ringf allschirm m parachute skirt. Ringpulver n annular powder (Am). Ringrohrn built-up barrel (G). Ringtrichterrichtungshb'rer m trum pet-type sound locator (AAA). Ringiibertrager m repeating coil (Tg, Tp). Ringverkleidung / engine ring cowl ing (Ap). Ringvisierw ring sight. rinnen to leak. Rippe/ rib; cooling fin (air-cooled engine). Rippenflache / fin surface (aircooled engine). RiB m rip, tear; split; rupture; laceration; sectional drawing. RiBwunde / lacerated wound. Ritterm knight, noble. Ritterkreuz n Knight's Cross (deco ration). Rittmeister m captain (Cav, H-Dr T). RUzel m pinion. robben to crawl. Rodelbalken m siderail, curb rail, guard rail (Bdg). Rodelbund m siderail lashing (Bdg). Rodelkeil TO siderail wedge (Bdg).


Richtiibung / aiming practice, aiming exercise (Gunnery). Richtiibungsgerat n practice sight. Riehtung/ direction; pointing or laying (of a gun). Richtungsangabe / indication of di rection. Richtungsbestimmung / determining of direction, orientation. Richtungsgleis n classification track (RR). Richtungshorer m sound locator (AAA). Richtungslinie / orienting line (Gun nery, Surv). Richtungspunkt m orienting point (Surv). RichtungsschieBen n adjustment fire for direction (Gunnery). Richtungsschild n road sign. Richtungsschiisse mpl adjustment shots for direction (Gunnery). Riehtungsstabilitat / directional sta bility (Ap).

Richtungswinkel m firing angle. Richtverfahren n method of laying (Gunnery). Richtvorrichtung/' elevating and traversing mechanism. Richtwirkung / directional effect (Rad).




Rodeln n siderail lashing (Bdg). Rodelung / siderails, guard rails, siderail lashing (Bdg). Rb'delzange/ siderail clamp (Bdg), Rodung/ logged-off area, cleared woodland. Rohol n crude oil. Rohr n tube, gun barrel; pipe. Rohrabnutzung / erosion of the -bore. Rohransatz m barrel extension. Rohrbremse/ recoil brake (G). Rohrbuch n gun book. Rohre/ tube (Rad). Rbhrenheizung / filament heating (Rad). Rbhrenkennlinie / characteristic curve, tube characteristic (Rad). Rb'hrenlafette / tubular mount. Rb'hrenlibelle / tubular spirit level. Rbhrenmast m tubular mast. Rbhrenpriifgerat n tube tester, tube checker (Inst, Rad). Rohrenpulver n perforated powder (Am). Rbhrensockel m tube base, tube socket (Rad). Rbhrenspannungsmesser m vacuumtube voltmeter. Rbhrensummer m electronic audio oscillator (Rad). Rohrerhbhung / quadrant elevation. Rohrfestigkeit / strength of barrel (Ord). Rohrhalter m barrel bracket (G). Rohrinneres n bore (G). Rohrklaue/ barrel guide (G). Rohrkrepierer m, barrel burst. Rohrlange/ length of barrel (G). Rohrleitung / pipe line. Rohrmantelm jacket (G). Rohrmiindung / muzzle (G). Rohrrahmen m tubular chassis frame (MT). Rohrriicklauf m barrel recoil (G).
Rohrschlitten m sleigh (G); gunbarrel sled (for carrying barrel of dismantled mountain gun in deep snow).

Rohrstiitze / tubular support (AA gun outrigger). Rohrwagen m cannon transport wagon, gun-barrel trailer. Rohrwandbeobachtungsgerat n barrel reflector (G). Rohrwechsel m change of barrel Rohrweite / caliber (G). Rohrwiege/ cradle (G). Rohrzange / Stillson wrench, pipe wrench. Rohrzeiger m gun barrel reference pointer (matches with Aufsatzzeiger when gun is laid for elevation). Rohrzerspringer m barrel burst. Rollbahn / taxiway (Adrm); track Rollbockm bogie trailer (Arty). Rolle/ roll (Avn, Tech); roller, pul ley; wire roll. gesteuerte Rolle slow roll (Avn). rollen to taxi (Avn); to roll along, in rollendem Einsatz in waves (Tac). rollendes Material rolling stock (RR). Rollenlager n roller bearing (Mech). RoIlenstoBel m roller-type valve lifter (Mtr). Rollenwagen m bogie suspensions (Tk). Rollfeld n landing field, cleared zone RollstraBe / taxiway (Adrm). Rollwerk n landing gear (Ap). Rollwiderstand m vehicle resistance (MT); rolling friction (Mech). Rbntgenbild n X-ray photograph. Rbntgenstrahlen mpl X-rays. Rost m rust; grate; grill; trench board. rostig rusty. Rotes Kreuz Red Cross. Rotfilterempfangsgerat n red-filter receiving attachment (signal lamp). Rotflltergeriit n red-filter set (BC telescope). Rotte / two-ship element (formation in file. R-Patrone / See Rauchpatrone. Riickbau m reconstruction; disman tling. Riickbeforderung / evacuation (of
wounded, etc.). of two airplanes); a number of men (Adrm). to roll etc.). forward (Tks, vehicles, (of road). (Ord).

Rohrschreiber m practice aiming device consisting of pencil mounted on gun barrel and chart on which pencil tracks movement of target. Rohrseele/ bore (G). rohrsicherer Ziinder bore-safe fuze. Rohrsicherheit des Zunders bore safety of fuze..




Riickblick m backsight (Surv); rear glance, rear view, retrospect. Riickblickspiegel m rear-view mir ror. Riickdruck m reaction pressure (rocket). Ruckenm rear (Tac); ridge (Top); back. Riickenangriff m attack against the rear; attack from the rear. Riickendeckung / rear covering force, rear cover (Tac); parados (Ft). Riickenf allschirm m back-pack para chute. Riickenfeuer n enemy fire -from the rear. Riickenflug m inverted flight, upsidedown flight. , Riickengepack n pack. Riickenkissen n crupper pad (harRiickenlehne / back rest (Ap, MT). Riickenlinie / ridge line (Top). Riickenriemen m leadup strap (har ness). Riickenringw back rest (AA MG). Ruckentrage / pack reel (for Tp wire). Ruckenwehr/ parados (Ft). Ruckenwind m tail wind. Riickfahrlaterne / backing light (MT). Riickflug m return flight, homing flight (Avn). Riickfrage / check-back, tracer. Riickgrat n backbone. Riickhalt m support (Tac). Riickholer m connecting arm between firing lever and sear (light In} howitzer). Riickkehr / return. Riickkopplung / feedback, regenera tion (Rad). Rlicklauf m recoil. Riicklaufbremse / recoil brake (G). Riicklaufeinrichtung / recoil mecha nism (G). riickliiufig retrograde, reverse. Rucklauffeder / recoil spring, buffer spring. Riicklaufmesser m recoil marker (G). Riicklaufschieber m recoil marker slide (G). Riicklaufwelle / reverse idler gear shaft (MT). Riickleitung-/ return (Elec, Tp); re turn line (hydraulics).

Riicklichtw taillight (MT). Riickmarsch m retrograde march, retirement (Tac). Ruckmarschbewegung / retrograde movement. RuckmarschstraBe / line of retire ment (Tac). Riickmeldung / reply. Rucksack m knapsack, rucksack. Riickschlag m blowback (Ord); back pressure (Mtr); reverse (Tac). Riickschlagventil n check valve, one way valve. Riicksta'ndo mpl fouling (Ord); car bon (Mtr); residue. RiickstoB m recoil, kick (Ord); re action (Mech). RiickstoBhuIse / recoil booster sleeve (MG). RiickstoBIader m recoil-operated weapon. RuckstoBmotor in jet-propulsion en gine (Ap). RiickstoBverstarker m recoil booster (MG). RiickstoBwirkung / recoil effect. Riickstrahler m reflector.
Riicktrift/ trail (bomb trajectory).

Riicktriftwinkel m trail angle (bomb trajectory). riickwartig rear, rearward, behind the lines. riickwartige Dienste rear services, supply services. riickwartige Einrichtungen rear in stallations. riickwartigei Armeegebiet communi cations zone. riickwartiges Gebiet rear area, rear zone, communications zone. riickwartiges Heeresgebiet communi cations zone of a group of armies. riickwartiges Lazarett base hospital. riickwartiges Nachschublager base depot. riickwartige Stellung rear position, reserve battle position, rear battle position. Riickwartseinschneiden n resection (Surv).

Ruckwartsfahrer m rear driver (of a vehicle with double-end control).

Riickwartsfahrt / reverse movement (MT). Riickwartsgang m reverse, reverse gear, reverse speed (MT).




Riickwartslenkung / rear steering, Rumpfendew tail (Ap). system (of a, vehicle with double-end Rumpfgerust n fuselage framework control). (Ap). Riickwartsstaffelung / negative stag Rumpfhaut / fuselage skin (Ap). ger (Ap wings); echelon formation Rumpfholm m longeron (Ap). in depth. Rumpfkanzel/ cockpit (Ap), Riickweg m withdrawal route (Tac); Ruir.pfklappe / bomb doors (Ap). return, way back. Rumpflangsachse / longitudinal axis riickwirkend retroactive. of fuselage. Riickzug m retreat, retirement, with Rumpflangsleiste / longeron (Ap). drawal (Tac). Rumpfmontage / fuselage assembly Riickzugslinie / line of retirement, (Ap). line of retreat (Tac). Rumpfspant m bulkhead (Ap). RiickzugsstraBe / withdrawal route, Rumpfnase / nose (Ap). route of retreat. Rudelw See Schiitzenrudel, Reiter- Rumpfspitze / nose (Ap). Ruder n oar; elevator or rudder (Ap). Ruderboot n rowboat. Ruderfahrzeug n oar-propelled craft. Rudersteven m stern post (assault boat, ferry, or barge). Ruf m call;, ring (Tp); reputation. Rufbatterie / a battery whose obser vation post is within calling distance of the battalion observation post. rufen to call; to ring (Tp). Rufname m first name. Rufstromm signaling current, ring ing current (Tp). Ruf zeichen n call sign, call signal (Bad); calling signal (Tp). Ruhe/ rest, silence, quiet. Ruhegehalt n pension. Ruhelagerw rest camp. Ruhestand m retirement. im Ruhestand retired (abbr. i.R.). Ruhestellung / "at ease* position. Ruhr / dysentery. Ruhrast / half cock (SA). "Riihrt, euch!" "At ease!" Rumpfm trunk, torso; fuselage (Ap); hull (of flying boat). Rumpfbugm nose (Ap).

Rundbild n panoramic photograph (Surv). Rundblickfernrohr n panoramic tele scope, panoramic sight. Runde / tour, round, circle, curve. Runderneuerung / retreading (MT). Rundflugm local flight (Avn). Rundf unkm radio broadcast; broad casting. Rundfunkempfang m radio broadcast reception. Rundfunksender m radio broadcast ing station. Rundholz n round timber, spar. RundkeilverschluB m cylindrical wedge-type breechblock (G). Rundschreiben n circular. Rundzelt n circular tent. Rungenwagen m flatcar with side racks (RR). Riistgewicht n structural weight (plus equipment) (Ap). Rustung / armament. rutschen to slip, slide, skid; to side slip (Avn). Ruttelerscheinungen fpl flutter (Ap). R-Wagen m See Rungenwagen.

Rumpfverband m


SA / See Sturmabteilungen. Sabel in saber, sword. Sachbearbeiter m technical staff offi cer; individual in charge of a special administrative department or field of subject matcer.

Sachnummer / item number. Sachschaden m material damage, damage to property. Sack m bag, sack. sacken to sag, settle, sink. Sackgasse / dead-end street or road.




Sackleinen n burlap, osnaburg. Saft m juice; electric current (slang). Sage / saw. Sagewerk n sawmill. Salpeter m saltpeter. Salpetersaure / nitric acid. Salut m gun salute.

Salve / salvo (pieces fire simul taneously) (Arty); volley (fired by riflemen).

Salvengeschiitz n automatic gun. Salz n salt. Salzkartusche / flash-reducing wad (Am). Salzsaure/ hydrochloric acid. Salzvorladung / flash-reducing wad. Salzvorlage / See Salzvorladung. SA-ftlann m storm trooper. Sammelgesprach n conference call (Tp). Sammelkommando n recovery party, salvage collecting party. Sammelkompanie / salvage collecting company. Sammelmeldung / general message (Bad). sammeln to salvage, to collect, to gather. Sammelort m assembly place, ren dezvous. Sammelplatzm collecting point; as sembly point, rallying point, ren dezvous (Tac); collecting station (Med). Sammelpunkt m See Sammelplatz. Sammelrufzeichen n collective call sign, general call sign (Rad). Sammelschutz m collective protection (CWS). Sammelstelle / assembly point. Sammeltatigkeit / collecting; salvage collecting. Sammehvesen n salvage service. Sammelzugm salvage platoon. Sammler m See Sammlerbatterie. Sammlerbatterie / storage battery. Sammlerhaube / battery cover (Elec). Sammlerkasten m battery box (Elec).

Sandeis n "ice concrete" (a frozen mixture of sand, gravel and water).
Sandgrube/ sand pit. Sandkasten m sand table (Tng). Sandkastenspiel n sand table exer cise. Sandsack m sandbag.

Sandschutzbrille / sand goggles. Sanierung / sanitation, introduction of sanitary measures. Sanierungsmittel n prophylactic. Sanitatsabteilung / medical battalion. Sanitatsausriistung / medical equip ment. Sanitatsdiensi m medical service. Sanitatseinrichtung / medical instal lation. Sanitatsfahrzeug n ambulance. Sanitatsfeldwebel m technical ser geant (Med). Sanitiitsflugbereitschaft / airplane ambulance unit. Sanitatsflugzeug n airplane ambu lance. Sanitatsgefreiter m acting corporal (Med). See also Gefreiter. Sanitatsgerat n medical equipment. Sanitatshelferin / medical woman auxiliary. Sanitatshund m first-aid dog. Sanitatskasten m medicine chest, sur gical chest. Sanitatskolonne / ambulance column. Sanitatskompanie / medical company. Sanitatskorps n Medical Corps. Sanitatsmaterialpark m medical sup ply depot. Sanitatsoberfeldwebel m master ser geant (Med). Sanitatsobergefreiter m corporal (Med). Sanitatsobersoldat m private first class (Med). Sanitatsoffizier m medical officer. Sanitatsoffizier (Z) m dental officer (Z is abbr. of Zahnarzt). Sanitatsordnung / regulations gov erning organization and operation of Medical Corps. Sanitatspark m medical depot. Sanitatspersonal n medical corps personnel. Sanitatssoldat m private (Med). Sanitatsstaffel / medical unit (of Div Med Bn). SanitatstroB m medical train. Sanitatstruppe / medical corps. Sanitatstasche / pouch kit. Sanitatstruppen fpl medical troops. Sanitiitsunteroffizier m sergeant (Med). Sanitatswesen n medical service. Sappe / sap (Ft). Sappenkopf m saphead (Ft).




Schaber m

Sarg m coffin. Sattel m saddle (harness, Top). Sattelbaum m saddletree (harness). Sattelbefehl m field order. Sattelbekleidung / saddle covering. Sattelgurt m girth (of a saddle). Sattelholzw short wooden plate or sill placed on top of a column so as to increase its bearing surface. Sattelkissen n saddle pad. Sattelpferd n near horse. Sattelschlepper m semitrailer (MT). Sattelsitz m seat (of a saddle). Satteltasche/ skirt (saddle). Satteltracht / saddle cover (pack saddle). Sattigung / saturation. Satzm sentence, axiom; rate, scale;, set, unit; composition, pellet (Am, CWS); jump, bound. Satzringm time train ring (time fuze). Satzstiickw powder pellet (time fuze). saubern to clean; clear up; clean out; mop up (Tac). Sauberungstrupp m mopping-up de tachment. Sauberungsunternehmen n moppingup operation. Sauerstoff m oxygen. SauerstoffazetylenschweiBung / oxyacetylene welding. Sauerstofflasche / oxygen cylinder. Sauerstoffgerat n oxygen apparatus. Sauerstoff-Wiederbeleber m pulmotor. Saughub m intake stroke, suction stroke (Mtr). Saugleitung / intake duct (Mtr). Saugluft/ inflow (Avn). Sangrohrw intake manifold (Mtr). Saugseite / suction surface (Ap wing). Saugsteinbehalter m silicic acid gel container (gas-detection apparatus). Saule / column, pile. Saumpfadwi path (for pack ani mals); mountain trail. Sauna Finnish steam bath. Saure / acid. Sauremesser in hydrometer. S-Bekostigungsmittel npl army post subsistence supplies (abbr. for Standort-Bekostigungsmittel). S-Bootn See Schnellboot.

Schablone /

stencil, templet.

SchaHortung / sound location (AAA). Schallplatte / phonograph record.

schablonieren to stencil. Schacht m shaft (mining); bomb rack; conduit (Elec). Schachtel / box. Schadel m skull. Schaden m damage. Schadenbekampfung / damage con trol. Schadenersatz m indemnity. schadlich injurious, harmful, destruc tive, pernicious, dangerous; preju dicial, disadvantageous. schadlicher Widerstand parasite drag (Avn). Schadlichkeitsgrenze / point of in tolerable concentration (CWS). Schaft m stock (R); forearm (auto matic R); leg (of a jackboot); rod, stem, handle, shank, shaft, stick. • Schaftpflegemittel n stock preserva tive (R). Schakel m clevis, shackle. Schalenbauweise / monocoque con struction (Ap). SchalenkreuzwindmesseV m cup ane mometer (Met). Schall m sound. Schallaufnahmegeriit n oscillograph (sound ranging). Schallblech n diaphragm (Tp). Schalldampfer m muffler (MT); silencer (Ord). schalldicht soundproof. Schalldose/ pick-up unit (phono graph). Schallgeschwindigkeit / velocity of sound. SchallmeBaufnahmegerat n oscillo graph (sound ranging). SchallmeBbatterie / sound-ranging battery (Arty). SchallmeBfilm m oscillogram r (film) (sound ranging). SchallmeBstelle / sound-ranging sta tion (Arty). SchallmeBstellentrupp m sound unit (sound ranging). SchallmeBsystem n sound-ranging net (Arty). Schallmessung / sound ranging. Schallmikrophon n sound-ranging microphone. Schallmittel n sound-communication device.




Schallplatten-Abtastdose / phono graph pick-up unit, pick-up. Schallverzug m sound lag (AAA). Schallwelle/ sound wave. Schalmesser n drawknife. Schaltbrett n control panel, dash board, instrument panel. Schaltbrettlaterne / instrument light. Schaltdom m gearshift-lever housing. schalten to shift (MT); to switch (Elec). Schalterm switch (Elec). Schaltgabel/ shifter fork (MT). Schaltgetriebe n gearshift transmis sion (MT). Schalthebel m gearshift lever (MT); throwout lever (panoramic tele scope). Schaltkastchen n portable switch board. (Tp); switchbox (Elec). Schaltkasten m switchbox (Elec); combination switch box (MT). Schaltklaue/ dog clutch member (constant-mesh transmission) (MT). Schaltmuffe/ gearshift collar (MT). Schaltschema n See Schaltplan. Schaltskizze / See Schaltplan. Schaltstange / shift rail (MT). Schaltstiick n throwout (sight-mount housing). Schalttafel / control board, control panel, instrument panel. Schalttisch m switchboard (Tp). Schaltung/ connection (Elec); cir cuit (Rad, Tp, Tg); gearshift (MT). Schaltvorrichtung / switching device (Elec). Schalung/ casing; form (concrete construction); revetment. Schandeckn gunwale (Pan). Schanzarbeiten fpl entrenchments, spadework (field Ft). Schanze/ earthwork (Ft). schanzen dig, dig in, entrench. Schanzkorb m gabion (Ft). Schanzzeugw entrenching tool(s). scharf armed, live, primed (Am); activated (LM); sharp. Scharfe / sharpness. scharfe Panzermine activated anti tank mine. scharfe Patrone live cartridge, ball cartridge (Am). scharfgeladene Granate live shell (Am).
scharfe Munition live ammunition.

Schaltplan m circuit diagram.

scharf machen to arm (Am); to ac tivate (a mine). Scharfschiitze m sharpshooter, sniper, marksman. Scharfschiitzengewehr n sharpshoot er's rifle. Scharfschiitzennest n sniper's post. scharf stellen to arm (Am); to ac tivate (LM). Scharmiitzel n skirmish. Scharnier n hinge. Scharte / port (Tk); loophole, em brasure (Ft). Schartenblende / firing-port shutter (Tk); gun shelter (Ft). Schartenschild m ' shield with sight ing ports (G); gun shelter (Ft). Schartensprengtrupp m pillbox demo lition party. Schatten m shadow. SchattenriB m silhouette. Schattenwirkung / shadow effect (Cam). schatzen to estimate. Schatzung / estimation, estimate. Schaufel / shovel. Schau'flugm demonstration flight (Avn). Schauloch n inspection hole. Schauzeichen n visual signal. Scheibe / disk, plate (Tech); prac tice target; pane (of glass); com pass card. Scheibenkupplung / plate clutch (MT). Scheibenrahmen m target frame. Scheibenrose / compass card. Scheibenstand m target butt. Scheibentreffbild n vertical shot group (Ballistics). Scheibenwischer m windshield wiper. Scheibenzuganlage / range unit with moving targets (Tng). Scheide / scabbard, sheath. Scheiderm separator (storage bat tery). Schein m card, ticket, certificate; illusion, deceptive appearance; light, blaze, flash, halo. Scheinangriff m feint attack, feint, demonstration (Tac). Scheinanlage / dummy installation, dummy works. Scheinflughafen m dummy airport. Scheingas n fake gas. Scheingefecht n mock combat, sham battle; feint, demonstration (Tac).




schieben to push, 'slide, shove; to drift (Avn slang).

Scheingraben m dummy trench (Ft). Scheinleitwert m admittance (Elec). Scheinmine/ dummy mine. Scheinplatz m dummy airfield. Scheinsperre / dummy obstacle (Ft). Scheinstellung / dummy site, dummy position. Scheinvergiftung / fake contamina tion (CWS). Scheinverneblung / deceptive smoke screen. Scheinwerfer m headlight; search light, spotlight, projector. fiihrender Scheinwerfer carry light (AAA). Scheinwerferabteilung / searchlight battalion (AAA). Scheinvverferrichtungsweiser m con trol station (AA SL). Scheinwerfergtellung / searchlight station (AAA). Scheinwiderstand m impedance (Elec). Scheitelm v apex, summit, vertex, zenith. Scheitelbogen m azimuth (Surv). Scheitelkreis m See Scheitelbogen. Scheitelpunkt m apex, vertex, zenith. Scheitelwert m peak value (Elec). Scheitelwinkel m vertical angle, opposite angle. scheitern to be shipwrecked, run aground; fail, miscarry, be frus trated. Schellband M hoop (G). Schelle/ clamping collar (Mort). Schenkel m leg, thigh; side (of an angle); leg (of a tripod, etc.). Scherbalken m ponton balk. Scherdrahtw shear wire (fuze). Schere / scissors, shears. Scherenfernrohr n battery comman der's telescope. Scherfestigkeit / shearing strength. Scherspannung / shear stress. Scherwinkel m angle of yaw (Avn). Scheune / barn, Schi m ski. Schibataillon n ski battalion. Schicht / course, layer, stratum; sheet, coating, film; working shift. Schichtlinie / contour line. Schichtwolke / stratocumulus cloud. Schiebedach n sliding roof (Ap).

Schieber m rear sight slide (R); keeper (R sling); slide; sleeve (sleeve-type engine); slide rule. Schiebermotor m sleeve-type engine. Schieberwiderstand m rheostat. Schiebeschnalle / slide buckle. Schieblehre/ vernier calipers. Schiedsrichter n umpire (maneuvers). oberster Schiedsrichter director. Schiedsrichteranweisung / instruc tions to umpires (maneuvers). Schiedsrichtergehilfe m umpire's aide. Schiedsrichterstab m umpire staff. schief oblique; biased; crooked; sloping, inclined. schiefer Radstand cant (Arty); mis alignment of wheels (MT). Schieflaufende / rhumb line (Naviga tion). Schienbein n shin. Schiene / rail; surgical splint. Schienensperre / steel rail anti mechanized obstacle. SchieBaufgabe / fire problem (Arty Tng). SchieBauftrag m fire mission (Arty). SchieBausbildung / training in fir ing. SchieBausbildungshilfe / marksman ship training aid. SchieBbahn / practice range. SchieBbaumwolle / guncotton. SchieBbecher m grenade launcher SchieBbedarf in ammunition require ments. SchieBbehelf m fire-control aid (Gun nery). SchieBbremse / gun-wheel brake. SchieBbuch n score book. SchieBen mit Entfernungskommandos fire by command for range. SchieBen mit hohen Sprengpunkten air-burst registration fire. SchieBen mit Karte map fire (Gun nery). SchieBen ohne Beobachtung unob served fire (Gunnery). SchieBen wahrend der Bewegung assault fire (automatic weapons). SrhieBfertigkeit / marksmanship. SchieBgerat n firing equipment, practice-firing device (Gunnery). SchieBgestell n firing stand (MG).


cross wind (Avn).



cap (G).


SchieBgrundlagen. fpl firing data (Gunnery). SchieBhilfsmittel npl means of fire control (Gunnery). SchieBkladde / battery emplacement book. ' SchieBklotz m wheel chock (Arty). SchieBIehre / ballistics. SchieBlehrer m gunnery instructor. SchieBlineal n straightedge (SR cor rection chart). SchieBliste / battery chart. SchieBplan m fire-control map (Gun nery). SchieBplatz in artillery range. SchieBpulver n gunpowder. SchieBscharte / loophole, embrasure. SchieBstand m range, target range. SchieBstock m projector rod (Sig projector). SchieBtechnik / firing technique. SchieBiibung / firing practice, range practice. SchieBunterlagen fpl basic data (firing). Schiefiverfahren n method of fire (Arty). SchieBvorschrift / firing regulations; gunnery field manual. SchieBvorschule / basic training course (Arty); elementary marks manship training. SchieBwagen m range car (on tar get range). SchieBwesen n gunnery. SchieBwolle / See SchieBbaumwolle. Schiff ahrt / shipping (Nav). Schiflfbau m shipbuilding. Schiffbauwerft / .shipbuilding yard. Schiffbruch m shipwreck. Schiffsflak / ship-based antiaircraft artillery. Schiffslazarett n sick bay. Sehiffsraum m tonnage (Nav). Schiffsrumpf m hull (Nav). 'Schiffstaucher m diver (Nav) See also Torpedotaucher. Schiffswerf t / shipyard. Schiffswesen n shipping (Nav). Schild n signboard. Schildm shield (G). Schilderhaus n sentry box. Schildlager n bracket seat (G). Schildstiitze / shield support (G). Schildzapfen m trunnion (G). Schildzapfenlager n trunnion bear ing (G).

Schildzapfenlagerdeckel m

Schildzapfenpfanne / trunnion socket. Schippe / shovel. Schirmm screen; visor (of cap); parachute canopy, parachute; um brella. Schirmantenne/ umbrella antenna (Rad). Schirnieindecker m parasol mono plane. Schirmgitter M screen grid (Rad). Schirmgitterrohre / screen-grid tube Schirmmtttze/ service cap. Schirrmeister m maintenance tech nical sergeant. Schirrunteroffizier m, maintenance sergeant. Schlacht/ battle. Schlachtereiabteilung / butchery battalion. Schlachtereizug TO butchery platoon. Schlachtfeld n battlefield. Schlachtflieger m close support air plane; ground attack airplane; pilot of close support airplane (pi: sup port Avn). Schlachtfliegerbombe / fragmenta tion bomb. Schlachtfliegerunterstiitzung / close aviation support, support by ground attack airplanes. Schlachtflotte / battle fleet. Schlachtflugzeug n close support air plane, ground attack airplane. Schlachtgeschwader n ground attack and antitank wing, support aviation wing. See also Geschwader. Schlachtkreuzer m battle cruiser. Schlachtlinie / battle line. Schlachtschiff n battleship. Schlafenband n temple strap (gas schlaff slack. Schlafsack m sleeping bag. Schlagm shock, stroke, blow; pigeon loft; bay (of a trench). Schlagbolzen m firing pin (Ord) ; inertia pellet, inertia striker pellet (fuze). Schlagbolzenfeder / . main spring (R); firing-pin spring (pistol, fuze). Schlagbolzenmutter / cocking piece Schlagbolzenspitze/ striker (G, R).



striker (fuze). Schlagel m mallet; drumstick.
Schlagbolzen-Versager m



schlagen to hit, knock, strike; to defeat; to build (a Bdg). Schlagfeder/ firing-pin spring (fuze). schlagfertig ready for immediate action. Schlagfertigkeit / readiness for action, state of tactical prepared ness. Schlagkraft/ striking power (Tac). Schlagladimg / booster, magazine charge (fuze). Schlaglochn pothole, road hole. Schlaglot n hard solder. Schlagring in brass knuckles. Schlagschatten m shadow cast by an object (as distinguished from shadow on the object itself) (Cam). Schlagseite/ list (of a ship). Schlagstift m striker (fuze). Schlagstiick n hammer (SA).

Schliigelstampfer w maul (Tech).

Schleifringm collector ring (mag neto); release ring (clutch). Schlenke / ravine, gully. Schleppantenne / trailing wire antenna (Ap).

Schleif mittel n abrasive.

Schleifmaschine / grinding- machine (Tech).

schleppen to tow, drag.

Schlepphaken m pintle (Trac). Schleppkahn m towed boat. Schleppkante / trailing edge (Ap). Schleppkommando n glider-towing detachment, unit of tug airplanes. Schleppschacht m inclined gallery (Mining).

Schlepperm tractor; tug (Nav).

Schleppseil n See Schlcpptau.

Schlagwort n slogan.

Schlagziinder m impact fuze, per cussion fuze. Schlagziindschraube / threaded per cussion primer (fuze). Schlange/ snake; spiral, coil, helix, worm. Schlappe/ reverse, defeat, setback. Schlauchm hose, pipe, tube; inner tube (MT). Schlauchbinder m , hose coupling (MT). Schlauchboot n pneumatic raft, pneumatic boat. Schlauchbootfahre / pneumatic boat ferry. Schlauchbriicke / pneumatic boat bridge.

Schleppscheibe / tow target, towedsleeve target (AAA). Schlepptau n trail rope (Bin); tow rope, tow line. Schleppwagen m beaching gear (sea plane). Schleppziel n flag target, towedsleeve target (AAA). Schleppzug m column of tractors; train of barges. Schleuderbund m sling lashing (Engr). SchleuderguB m centrifugal casting (foundry). Schleudermine / sling mine, sliding mine. schleudern to skid, to slip, to cata pult. Schleuderstart m catapult take-off (Avn). Schleuderpsychrometer n sling psychrometer (Met). Schleuderthermometer n sling ther mometer (Met). Schleuse / lock (of a canal); sluice. schlieBen to close, lock (a door, etc.). SchlieBender m file closer; trail offi cer (MT column). SchlieBfeder / main spring (pistol); closing spring. SchlieBkontakt m contact maker (Elec). SchlieBstelle / contact point (Elec). schlingern to roll. . Schlingerwand / baffle (Ap tank). Schlips m necktie.

Schlamm m mud.

Schleuder / catapult (Avn).

Schlaufe/ keeper (R sling); band, loop. Schlechtwetter-Landedienst m station marker beacon service (for Inst landing in bad weather) (Avn). Schlechtwetterzone / bad-weather zone (Met). Schleichweg m hidden trail. Schleier m screen (Tac). Schleife/ loop (Avn, Elec, etc.). schleifen to grind, sharpen, abrade.

Schlauchschoner m tire flap (MT).

Schleifenflug m loop (Avn).




Schlitten m sled; sleigh, sleigh mount (MG). Schlittenaufsatzstiick n sleigh-mount extension piece (MG). Schlittenfiihrer m sled driver. Schlittenkufe / sled runner; sleighmount runner (MG). SchlittenstoBtrupp m assault detachment with sled-borne weapons and supplies. Schlittenstiitze / sleigh-mount leg (MG). Schlitz m slit; slot (Ap wing). Schlitzfliigel m slotted wing (Ap). Schlitzquerruder n slotted aileron. SchlolJ n lock; bolt mechanism, bolt assembly (MG, R); castle. Schlb'Bchen n bolt sleeve (R). Schlosser m mechanic, locksmith, fitter. SchloBfuB m bolt base (MG). SchloBgehause n bolt housing (MG). SchloBhalter m bolt support (MG). SchloBhebel m bolt handle (MG). SchloBkurbel / bolt shaft (MG). SchloBplatte / back plate (G). Schlot TO smoke stack. Schlucht/ gorge (Top). Schlund TO throat. Schlupf TO slip (propeller). Schlupfe / keeper (R sling). Schlupfjacka/ sweater (Clo). schliipfrig slippery. Schluppe / See Schlupfe. SchluBbesprechung / critique. Schliisselm key; cipher, code; wrench. Schliisselbolzen m locking pin (lim ber) ; retaining pin or bolt. Schliisselgraben m main trench. Schliisselheft n code book. Schliisselkraftwagen m coding truck (Sig C). Schliisselmaschine / converter, cipher device. Schliisselmine / key mine (antivehicle mine laid as road block). schliisseln encode, encipher. Schliisselpunkt TO key point (Tac). Schliisselschieber m corrector pointer (hand fuze setter). Schliisselstellung / key position (Tac). Schliisseltext m cipher text. Schliisseltrupp TO code section. Schliisselungsoffizier m cryptographer officer.

Schliisselunterlage / encoding and decoding chart. Schliisselwort n cipher key. SchluBklappe / disconnect drop (Tp switchboard). SchluBlicht n taillight (MT). SchluBzeichen n clearing signal (indicating party has rung off) (Tp). Schmalspur / narrow gage (RR). Schmalspurbahn / narrow-gage rail road. Schmelzsicherung / fuse (Elec). schmiedbar malleable. Schmiede / forge. Schmiedeeisen n wrought iron, forged iron. schmieren to grease, lubricate. Schmiermittel n lubricant. Schmierbl n lubricating oil. Schmierolpuntpe / lubrication pump. Schmierb'lschicht / oil film (Mech). Schmierplan m lubrication diagram. Schmierpresse / grease gun. Schmierstelle / lubrication point. Schmierstoff m lubricant. Schmierstoffanlage / lubricating sys tem (Mtr). "Schmierstoffbehalter m oil tank (Ap). Schmierstoffdruckmesser m, oil pres sure gage (Ap). Schmierstoffkiihler TO oil cooler. Schmierstoffvorratsmesser m oil level gage. Schmierung / lubrication. Schmirgelleinwand / emery cloth. Schmirgelrad n See Schmirgelscheibe. Schmirgelscheibe / emery wheel. Schnabel m beak, nose; launching nose (Bdg). Schnalle/ buckle; gun sling hook Schnecke/ worm (Mech). Schneckenantrieb in worm drive. Schneckengehause n worm-gear housing (panoramic telescope). Schneckenlenkung / worm and sector steering system (MT). Schneckenrad n worm gear (MG, Mech). Schneckenscheibe / spiral target (Tng). Srhneckentrieb m See Schneckenan trieb.

Schmierbiichse/ box.

grease cup; axle





Schnellfeuerwaffe / rapid-fire Schneckenwelle/ worm shaft. weapon. Schnee m snow. Schneef rasmaschine / rotary snow- Schnellgangm overdrive (MT). Schnellganggetriebe n overdrive plow. transmission (MT). Schneehemd n parka. Schnellkampf geschwader m ground Schneehiitte / igloo. attack and antitank wing (Luft Schneekette/ snow chain, skid chain waffe). (MT). SchnellschuB m hasty shot (firing). Schneekufe / landing ski (Ap). Schneekufengestell n landing ski Schnellsperre / hasty obstacle. Schnellstegm hasty footbridge. assembly (Ap). Schnelltelegraph m ' teletype, tele Schneeloch n snow pit. Schneemann m "snow man" (an im typewriter, telegraph printer. provised road marker constructed of Schnellziinder m instantaneous fuze, nondelay fuze. blocks of snow). Schnitt m cut (injury or wound); Schneepflugm snowplow. Schneereif en' m snowshoe. section, intersection; slice; bearing (Navigation). Schneeschuhm ski; snow boot, over Schnittbildentfernungsmesser m splitshoe. field range finder. Schneestauung / impacted snow. secant; halving line Schneetreiben n snow flurries (Met). Schnittlinie/ (coincidence range finder). Schneewanne / boat-type runner Schnittpunkt m point of intersec (placed under gun wheels for opera tion. tions in deep snow). Schnittzeichnung / cut-away view Schneewolke/ snow cloud (Met). (sketching). Schneidbrennen n oxyacetylene cut Schnur/ rope, cord, twine, string. ting. cord lashing, rope Schneide/ edge (of a bayonet, etc.). Schnurbund m lashing. Schneise / straight narrow clearing, forest aisle, firebreak; sector (Air Schniirleiste / rack stick (for cord lashing). Navigation). Schnurrensattelgurt m web girth schneidig smart (in appearance, de (saddle). portment, etc.). Schniirschuh m laced shoe. Schneidkluppe / stock (die holder). Schneidkluppe mit Schneidbacken Schniirsenkel m bootlace, shoelace. Schniirstiefel m lace boot. stock and die. schnell fast, quick, rapid, mobile. Schokokola chocolate with kola (Prcht ration). SchnellablaB m quick release, jetti schonen to spare, protect. soning (of fuel). SchnelladeverschluB m rapid-fire Schonganggetriebe n overdrive trans mission (MT). . breechblock (G). Schnelladung/ emergency demolition Schb'pfeimer m scoop (excavator). Schornstein m chimney, smoke stack. charge. Schnellboot n E-boat (Ger), motor Schott n bulkhead (also spelled die Schotte). torpedo boat, speedboat. Schnellbriicke / hasty bridge. Schotter m road metal, broken stone, Schnelle Truppen Mobile Troops (in gravel. cludes Tk Rgts, AT Bns, Panzer- SchotterstraBe / metalled road, gravel road. grenadier units, MG Bns, H-Cav Rgts, Div Ron units, Mecz Rcn units Schottpanzerung / spaced armor. and cyclist units). Schraffen/pZ hachures (Surv, Top). Schnellfeuer n rapid fire, magazine Schraffierung / See Schraffen; fire. schrag diagonal, oblique, inclined. Schnellfeuergeschiitz n rapid-fire Schragaufnahme / oblique aerial gun. photograph. Schnellfeuerkanone / rapid-fire Schrage/ inclination; diagonal line; cannon. bevel (Tech).




Schraubstock m vise (Tech). Schreckladung / booby trap. Schreckmine / booby mine. Schreibeblock m writing pad. Schreiber m clerk; yeoman (Nav). Schreibmaschine / typewriter. Schreibstube / orderly room, office. schriftlich in writing, written. Schriftverkehr m correspondence. Schritt m pace, step. den Schritt wechseln to change step. Schrittmesser m pedometer. schroff steep (Top). Schrot m shot (for shotgun).

Schragentfernung / slant range (AA gunnery). schrages Kreuz St. Andrew's cross (used as road marker to indicate by pass). Schragfahrt / movement at an angle (ground target). Schragfeuer n oblique fire, flanking fire, enfilade. Schraglage/ bank (Ap). Schraglinie / diagonal. Schragnocke / inclined beveled cam (Diesel engine). Schragstellung / tilt, lateral tilt. Schranke / railroad gate; barrier. Schrankung / dihedral (Ap). Schrapnell n shrapnel. Schrapnellkugel / shrapnel ball. Schrapnellmine / antipersonnel mine. Schraube / screw (Mech); propeller. Schraubendruck m propeller thrust. Schraubenantrieb ra propeller drive. Schraubenfeder / coil spring, helical spring, spiral spring. Schraubenflugzeug n helicopter. Schraubenganglenkung / cam and lever steering system (MT). Schraubenmutter / nut (Tech). Schraubenschliissel m wrench. Schraubenspindelrichtmaschine / elevating-screw-type elevating mech anism (G). Schraubensteigung/ screw pitch; propeller pitch. Schraubensteven m propeller post (Nav). Schraubenstrahl m slipstream (Ap). SchraubenverschluB m interruptedscrew-type breechblock (G). Schraubenzieher m screwdriver. Schraubenzug m propeller thrust. Schraubpfahl m screw-type post (for obstacle construction).

Schrotgewehr n shotgun. Schrotpatrone / shotgun shell. Schrotsage / ripsaw. Schubkarren m wheelbarrow. SehubkurbelverschluB m pusherhandle sliding-wedge-type breech block (G). Schubstange / torque arm, torque rod; piston rod; connecting rod. Schuhm shoe; boot (SA scabbard or holster).
Schuhzeug n footgear. Schulflugwesen n training aviation. Schulflugzeug n training airplane, trainer.

SchulgefechtsschieBen n battle ser vice practice (Arty). SchulgefechtsschieBstand m target range (Arty Tng). SchulschieBen n record service prac tice (Arty). SchulschieBstand m target range. Schulter / shoulder. Schulterdecker m semi-high-wing monoplane. Schultergurt m shoulder strap (gas mask carrier). Schulterklappe / shoulder strap (en listed men's uniforms). Schulterriemen m crossbelt (Clo). Schulterstiltze / shoulder stock (MG). Schulterstiick n shoulder strap (offi cers' uniforms); shoulder piece (MG). Schulterwehr / traverse (Ft). Schulungskursus m training course, orientation course. Schummerung / shading (on maps). Schuppen m shed, hangar. Schupo / See Schutzpoliz^i. Schiirmanneisen n butt strap. Schurzholz n trench timber, wooden revetment. Schurzholzrahmen m gallery case (Engr). SchuB m shot (discharge of fire arm); round (Am). SchuBbahn / line of fire; trajectory. SchuBbeobachtung / sensing, spot ting, observation of fire (Arty). SchuBbereich m range of gun; dan ger area (on target range). schuBbereit ready to fire. SchuBbremse / recoil brake. SchuBebene / plane of departure, plane of fire (Gunnery); plane of position at instant of firing (AAA).




SchuBelemente npl basic data, firing data (Gunnery). SchuBentfernung / range. schuBfertig ready to fire; prepared for firing (Am). SchuBfeld n field of fire. SchuBfeldliicke / gap in field of fire. schuBfest bulletproof; light shell proof. SchuBfolge / cyclic rate (automatic fire). SchuBgarbe / sheaf of fire, cone of fire. SchuBleistung / shooting strength (Ord). SchuBlinie / line of site, line of po sition (Gunnery); line of future position (AAA). SchuBrichtung / direction of fire. SchuBschneise / fire lane. SchuBseitenwinkel m firing azimuth. schuBsicher bulletproof; light shell proof. schuBsichere Deckung shellproof cover (Ft). schuBsicherer Schlauch self-sealing inner tube, bullet-resisting inner tube (tire). schuBsicheres Glas bulletproof glass. SchuBtafel / firing table, ballistic table.
graphische SchuBtafel trajectory chart (not to be confused with US graphical firing table).

Schiittwurfm salvo release (bomb ing). Schutz m cover, protection. Schiitz m relay (Elec). Schutzanlagen f-pl protective works. Schutzanstrich m camouflage paint (ing); protective paint (ing). Schutzanzug m protective clothing (CWS). Schutzblech n fender, mudguard. Schutzbrille / goggles. Schiitzem private (Inf); rifleman; machine gunner (Ap, etc.); marks man. schiitzen to cover, protect; to sup port (by fire). Schiitzenabmarsch m rifle half squad (Cav). Schiitzenabzeichen n marksmanship badge. Schutzenauftritt m fire step (Ft). Schiitzenbank / See Schutzenauftritt. Schiitzenfeuer n rifle fire. Schiitzengraben m fire trench, trench. Schiitzengrabenspiegel m trench periscope. Schiitzenhohle / dugout. Schiitzenkette / See Schiitzenlinie. Schiitzenkompanie / rifle company (Inf). Schutzenloch n foxhole, rifle pit. Schiitzenmine / antipersonnel mine (abbr. S-Mine). Schiitzenmulde / skirmisher's trench, prone shelter, shallow rifle pit. Schiitzennest n rifle-squad entrench ment, nest of riflemen (Ft). Schiitzenpanzer m See Schiitzenpanzerwagen. Schutzenpanzerwagen m armored personnel carrier. Schiitzenreihe / squad column, file of riflemen.
Schiitzenlinie/ line of skirmishers.

schuBtafelmaBig according to firingtable data, firing-table (adj). gchuBtafelmaBige Anfangsgeschwindigkeit standard muzzle velocity. schuBtafelmaBige Erhb'hung firingtable elevation (Gunnery). schuBtafelmaBige Flugzeit theo retical time of flight (as indicated in firing table). schuBtafelmaBige SchuBweite firingtable range (Gunnery). SchuBverbesserung / firing correc tion (Gunnery). SchuBwaffe / firearm. SchuBweite / range (Gunnery). SchuBwerte mpl basic data, firing data (Gunnery). SchuBwirkung / effect of fire. (Arty). SchuBzahl / number of rounds. Schiittkasten in bomb magazine, "Molotov breadbasket" (container with a number of small bombs).

Schiitzenschnur / marksmanship fourragere. Schiitzenstand m gun position (Ap).

Schiitzenrudel n rifle squad in grouped combat formation (squad leader and light MG team forward, assistant squad leader and rifle team back, echeloned right or left).

Schiitzentrupp m rifle team (rifle men of a rifle squad as distinguished from the light MG team).

Schiitzenzug m rifle platoon (Inf). Schutzgebiet n protectorate.




'Schutzgitter n suppressor grid (Rad tube). Schutzglasw bulletproof glass; protectoscope (Tk). Schutzhiille/ hood (Am). Schutzimpfung / inoculation, vacci nation. Schutzmacht / protecting power (PW). Schutzmann in policeman. Schutzmittel n prophylactic. Schutzmiitze / crash helmet (for Tk crew). Schutzpolizei / municipal police. Schutzpolsterung / crash padding (Tk). Schutzraumm shelter (Ft); air raid shelter. Schutzsalbe/ protective ointment (CWS). Schutzscheibe / protectoscope (Tk). Schutzschicht / burster course (Ft). Schutzschild m shield, gun shield. Schutzsieb n mechanical filter (gas mask). Schutzstaffeln fpl elite guard of the Nazi party (abbr. SS). See also Waffen-SS. Schutzwall m protective wall (system of land defenses, as the Westwall on the western frontier of Germany). Schutzwallehrenzeichen n bronze medal awarded to workers excelling in the construction of German forti fications. Schut'zzaunm guard fence. Schwachstrom m low voltage (cur rent). Schwaden m gas cloud, smoke cloud. SchwadenschieBen n gas or smoke shell fire (Arty). Schwadron/ troop (Cav). Schwadronschef m troop commander (Cav). Schwadronsfiihrer m temporary troop commander, troop commander (Cav). Schwadronstrupp m troop headquar ters detail (Cav). Schwalbennest n shoulder patch (worn by bandsmen). Schwamm m sponge; mushroom. Schwankung/ fluctuation; variation; sway; oscillation. Schwanzm tail; trail (G). Schwanzblech n trail float (G). Schwanzlandung / tail landing (Am).

schwanzlastig tailheavy (Avn). Schwanzsporn m tail skid .(Ap); trail spade (G). Schwarm m tactical formation of about five airplanes (consists of two Ketten). schwarmen to deploy into line of skirmishers. Schwarmkolonne / javelin formation of from 3 to 5 airplanes. Schwarmwinkel m wedge formation of from 3 to 5 airplanes. Schwarzpulver n black powder. Schwebekreisvisier n pivoted ring sight (AA). Schweberiemen m hip strap (har ness). Schwebstoff m nonpersistent chemical agent (CWS). Schwebstoffilter m mechanical filter (gas mask). Schwebstoffteilchen n nonpersistent chemical particle (CWS). Schwebungsempfang m beat-fre quency reception (Rad). Schwebungsfrequenz / beat fre quency (Rad). Schwebungsfrequenzmesser m hetero dyne frequency meter. Schwebungsliicke / See Schwebungsnull. Schwebungsnull / zero beat (Rad). Schwefel m sulphur. Schwefelantimon n antimony sulfide (Am). Schwefelnatrium n sodium sulfide. Schwefelsaure / sulfuric acid. Schwefeltrioxyd n sulfur trioxide (CWS). Schwefelwasserstoff m hydrogen sul fide. schwefligsaures Natrium sodium sulfite. Schweige-MG. n ambush machine gun, concealed machine gun. Schweigewaffen fpl concealed weap ons which hold their fire until enemy has reached certain points. SchweiB m sweat. SchweiBbrenner m welding torch. SchweiBelektrode / welding elec trode, welding rod. schweiBen to weld. SchweiBer m welder. SchweiBnaht / welded seam. SchweiBtechnik / theory and prac-' tice of welding.




Schwelkerze/ smoke candle (CWS). schwimmfahig capable of floating" or swimming, amphibian. Schwelle/ tie (RR); sill (Bdg); threshold. Schwimmlastkraf twagen m. amphibi an truck. Schwellenbahn / corduroy road. am Schwelljoch n trestle bent with sill Schwimmpanzerkampf wagen m phibian tank. (Bdg). schwenkbar traversable; rotatable; Schwimmstabilitat / flotation stabil ity (seaplane). flexible (MG). float gear, floats. Schwenkbereich m extent of traverse, Schwimmwerk n Landflugzeuge total movement in traverse (Ord). Schwimmwerk fur emergency flotation gear (Avn). schwenken to wheel, turn (Tac); to Schwimmweste/' life vest, "Mae traverse, to slew (a gun). West." Schwenkfliigel m folding wing (Ap). Schwenkwinkel m angle of traverse Schwindelgas n fake gas (CWS). schwinden fade (Rad). (Gunnery). Schwenkung/ pivoting or wheeling Schwingachse / flexible axle (MT). maneuver (Tac); slewing, travers -Schwinge/ flexible shaft (follow-thepointer mechanism). ing motion (of a gun). Schwingkreis m See SchwingungsSchwenkungspunkt m pivot (Tac). kreis. Schwenkungswinkel m angle of tra Schwingschenkel m wheel spindle verse (Gunnery). (G). schwer medium (Ord); heavy; Schwingung / oscillation (Elec, Rad); grave, serious. See also schwerst-. vibration (Mech). schwere Artillerie medium artillery. Schwingungsdampfer m vibration schwere Kompanie heavy weapons damper. company (Mtz R Regt). Schwingungserzeuger m oscillator schwere Schwadron / weapons troop (Rad). (Cav). Schwingungskreis m oscillating cir Schwerkraft / force of gravity. cuit (Rad). Schwerkraftstoff m Diesel fuel. Schwingungsweite / amplitude of os Schwerol n 'Diesel fuel. cillations (Rad). SchweroI-Flugmotor m Diesel-type Schwingungszahl / number of oscil aircraft engine. lations, frequency (Elec, Rad). Schwerolmotor-w Diesel engine. schwitzen to sweat. Schwerpunkt m main effort, point of Schwundm fading (Rad). main effort (Tac); center of gravity. Schwundausgleich m automatic vol schwerst- heavy (Ord); heaviest. ume control (Rad). schwerste Artillerie heavy artillery. Schwundwirkung / fading effect Schwerverwundeter m serious casu (Rad). alty. Schwungkraft / centrifugal force. inertia Schwesterwaffe / related arm, re Schwurigkraftanlasser m lated branch of the service. starter (Mtr). Schwimmdock n floating dock. Schwungrad n flywheel. Schwimmerm float, pontoon (Ap); Schwungscheibe / See Schwungrad. float (carburetor, gage, etc). Sechskantschraube / hexagonal-head Schwimmerflugzeug n floatplane. screw. Schwimmergehause n float chamber Sechsradkraf tfahrzeug n six-wheel (carburetor). motor vehicle. Schwimmergestell n float gear (sea See m lake (die See = ocean or plane). sea). Schwimmernadel / float needle (car See/ sea, ocean (der See = lake). buretor). Seeaufklarer m naval patrol airplane, Schwimmerwagen m beaching gear patrol bomber, scout bomber. (seaplane). Seeflieger m naval aircraft pilot; Schwimmerwerk n float gear (sea naval airplane, seaplane. plane). Seefliegerei / naval aviation.




Seefliegerhorst m seaplane base. Seeflugwesen «• naval aviation. Seeflugzeug n naval airplane, sea plane. Seehb'he / height above mean sea level. Seekabel n marine cable. Seekadett m midshipman. Seekarte/ hydrographic map. Seele/ bore (Ord). Seelenachse/ axis of the bore. Seelendurchmesser m caliber. Seelenlange / tube length, barrel length (Ord). Seelenmesser m star gage (G). Seelenrohrw tube, liner (G). Seelenwand/ bore surface (G). Seelenweite / caliber. seelische Wirkung moral effect (Tac). Seeluftstreitkrafte fpl naval aviation. . Seemeile/ nautical mile (1.853 km). Seemine/ submarine mine. Seeminensperre / submarine mine field. Seenenge/ defile between lakes. Seenotdienst m air forces sea rescue service. Seenotflugkommando n air forces sea rescue command. Seenotflugzeug n sea rescue airplane. Seestreitkrafte fpl naval forces. Seetransportiibung / exercise in transportation by water. seewasserbestandig salt-water re sistant.
Seeziinder m hydrostatic bomb fuze (antisubmarine bombs and depth charges.)

Sehlinie / line of observation; line of sight (Surv). Sehne/ tendon; chord. Sehoffnung/ peephole, lookout hole (Ft, Tk). Sehrohr n periscope. Sehscharfe / eyesight, vision; focus. Sehscharfeneinteilung / focusing scale (Optics). Sehschlitz m direct vision slot (Tk) ; observation slit, lookout slit (Ft).
Sehstreifenm sector of view (from observation point to right and left ends of target).

Segelflieger m glider, sailplane; glider pilot. Segelflug m glide, gliding. Segelflugzeug n glider, sailplane. segeln to glide, soar; to sail. Segelstellung / feathered position (propeller). Segeltuch n canvas. Segler m glider; sail boat. Segmentlenkung / worm and sector steering system (MT). Sehfehler m defect of vision. Sehfeldw field of view (Optics). Sehklappe / peephole protector, look out hole cover (Tk). Sehkraft / eyesight, vision.
Segmentstuck n site Inst).

segment (angle-of-

Sehverbindung / visual communica tion. Sehwinkelm angle of view. Sehzeichen n visual signal. seicht shallow (water). Seide / silk. Seife / soap. Seil n cord, rope, cable, line. Seilbahn / overhead cable railway. Seilbahnkommandotruppen fpl over head cable railway troops. Seilbremse / cable brake. Seilfahre / cable ferry, rope ferry. Seilrolle / cable drum. Seiltrommel / cable drum. Seilwinde/ cable winch. Seite/ azimuth, direction (Gun nery); side. Seitenabgangsfehler m lateral jump (Gunnery). Seitenabstand m interval (from, left to right); displacement (Gunnery). Seitenabstand vom Richtpunkt angle of shift (indirect firing). Seitenabweichung / drift (of a pro jectile); deflection (Gunnery). Seitenanderung / deflection change, deflection correction (Gunnery). Seitenansicht / side view. Seitenbegrenzer m traverse stop (G, MG). Seitenbestimmung / sensing (Rod di rection finding). Seitenbewegung / lateral movement. Seitenblatt n skirt (saddle). Seitendeckung / flank guard, flank security (Tac). Seitenempfanger m azimuth indica tor (AA gun). Seitenfehler m lateral error (Gun nery). Seitenfeuer n enfilade fire. Seitenflosse/ tail fin (Ap).




Seitengewehr n bayonet. "Seitengewehr, an Ort!" "Unfix, bayonets!" Seitengewehrgriff m bayonet grip. Seitengewehrhalter m bayonet stud (R). "Seitengewehr, pflanzt auf!" "Fix, bayonets!" Seitengewehrtasche / bayonet scab bard. Seitenhebel m traversing lever (MG sleigh mount), Seitenholm m side outrigger (AA gun). Seitenklappe / side door (Tk). Seitenleitwerk n rudder assembly (Ap). Seitenlicht n running light (Ap). Seiten-MG. n waist gun, side gun. Seitenrampe / side-loading ramp. Seitenrichtbereich m total movement in traverse (G). Seitenrichtfeld n extent of traverse, total movement in traverse (G). Seitenrichtfeld von 360° all-round traverse. Seitenrichtfernrohr n azimuth track ing telescope (height finder). Seitenrichtkanonier m azimuth setter. Seitenrichtmaschine / traversing mechanism (G). Seitenrichtrad n traversing handwheel (G). Seitenrichtschieber m deflection board (Arty). Seitenrichtschraube / traversing screw (G). Seitenrichtteilung / deflection scale. Seitenrichttrieb m traversing drive (G, Mart). Seitenrichtung / azimuth, direction (Gunnery). Nehmen der Seitenrichtung laying for direction. Seitenrichtwerk n traversing mecha nism (G). Seitenrichtwinkel m angle of traverse, azimuth (Gunnery). Seitenruderw rudder (Ap). Seitenrutsch m side slip (Avn). Seitenschwankung / lateral sway (Bdg). Seitensicherung / flank security. Seitensteuerung/ rudder controls; lateral control.
Seitenstreuung / lateral dispersion, width of dispersion (Arty).

Seitentrieb m traversing drive (G). Seitenverankerung / apron (of double-apron fence). Seitenverbesserung / deflection cor rection (Gunnery). Seitenverbindung / lateral commu nication (Sig C). Seitenverhaltnis n aspect ratio (Ap). Seitenverschiebung / drift correction (Gunnery). Seitenvorhalt in lateral lead (firing). Seitenvorhaltsebene / slant plane of lateral lead (AA gunnery). Seitenwagen m sidecar (Mtcl). Seitenwelle / jack shaft (MT). Seitenwind m- cross wind. Seitenwinkel m deflection angle (Gun nery); horizontal angle (Surv). Seitenwinkelverbesserungsknopf m lateral correction knob (AA gun). Seitenwinkelvorhalt m lateral angu lar lead, lateral deflection angle (AA gunnery). seitlich abrutschen to fall off (Avn). seitlich einschwenken pivot to the left or right, fan out (Tac). Seitwartsbewegung / yawing (Ap). Seitwartseinschneiden n lateral re section (Surv). Sektorw sector; protractor. Sekundarkreis m secondary circuit (Rad). Sekundarstrom m secondary current (Rad). selbstandig independent. Selbstantrieb m self-propulsion, auto matic drive. selbstdichtend self-sealing (Ap tank). selbsterregend self-exciting (Rad). Selbstf ahrlafette / self-propelled mount, gun motor carriage. Selbstinduktion / self-induction (Elec). Selbstinduktionsspule / self-induc tion coil (Elec). Selbstladeeinstecklauf m subcaliber barrel (for semiautomatic weapon). Selbstladegewehr n self-loading rifle, semiautomatic rifle. Selbstladepistole / self-loading pistol, automatic pistol. Selbstladerm self-loading rifle.
Selbstladewaffe / self-loading weapon, semiautomatic weapon.

Seitenteilring m azimuth scale (AA gun).




Selbstretter m oxygen breathing ap paratus. Selbstschutz m self-defense; indi vidual air raid precautions. Selbstschutzmittel n prophylactic. selbstsperrend self-locking. Selbststeuergerat n automatic pilot (Ap). Selbststeuerung / automatic control. selbsttatig automatic (adj), auto matically operated. Selbstunterbrecher m automatic cir cuit breaker (Elec). Selbstvernebelung / smoke screening (one's own troops and/or installa tions). Selbstverstiimmelung / self-mutila tion. Selbstverwaltung / self government (PW). Sendeantenne / transmitting antenna. Sendebereitschaft / stand-by, readi ness to transmit (Rad). Sendegeratrc. radio transmitter. Sender m transmitter (Rad). Senderempfanger m transceiver (Rad). Senderohre/ transmitting tube (Rad). Sendestelle / transmitting station. Sendung/ shipment; transmission (Rad). Senfgasn mustard gas (CWS). Senkblei n plumb bob, sounding lead. Senke/ depression (Top). senken to depress (a gun); to sink (a shaft); to let down, to lower. Senkfaschine / sunken fascine revet ment. Senkf aschinendamm m f ascinereveted dam. Senkfeuerw plunging fire (Arty). Senkkastcnm caisson (Engr). Senklot n See Senkblei. senkrecht vertical, perpendicular. Senkrechtaufnahme / vertical aerial photograph. Senkrechtbild n See Senkrechtauf nahme. Senkrechte/ perpendicular (line.). Senkrechtebene zum Zielweg verti cal plane containing course of target (AA gunnery). senkrechte Gitterlinie Y-line (of map grid). senkrechter Abstand vertical interval.

senkrechtes Auftreffen normal im pact (Ballistics). Senkrechtgeschwindigkeit / vertical speed (Avn). Senkrechtluftaufnahme / vertical aerial photograph. Senkstiickw sunken fascine mat or cribwork. Senkungswinkel m depression angle (G). Serienschaltung / series connection (Elec). Servowirkung / servo action (servo brake). seBhafter Kampfstoffi persistent chemical warfare agent. SeBhaftigkeit / persistency (CWS). "Setzt die, Gewehre! Zusammen!" "Stack, arms!" Setzwaage / builders' level (Engr). Seuche/ epidemic, contagious dis ease. S-Gerat n See. Suchgerat. S.-GeschoB n See SpitzgeschoB. sicher safe. Sicherer mpl security patrol(s). Sicherheitsbestimmungen fpl ' safety regulations. .Sicherheitsdienst m security meas ures (Tac); SS security service (abbr. SD). Sicherheitsdraht m safety wire (Ord). Sicherheitsfunkenstrecke / safety spark gap (magneto ignition). Sicherheitsglas n safety glass, shat terproof glass. Sicherheitshohe / safe altitude (Avn). Sicherheitskoeffizient m factor of safety. SicherheitsmaB n clearance, safety angle (Gunnery). SicherheitsmaBnahme / safety meas ure, security measure. Sicherheitsoffizier m safety officer (at target range). Sicherheitspolizei / security police (comprising Kriminalpolizei and Geheime Staatspolizei). Sicherheits- und Hilfsdienste mpl air raid protection services. (Also called Luftschutzpolizei). Sicherheitsventil n safety valve. Sicherheitszone / safety area (Arty). sichern to cover, protect, make se cure (Tac); to lock, to put at "safe" (Ord, Am).




Sicherung/ security, security detach ment, covering party (Tac); safety (SA); safety lock (fuze); safety device; fuse (Elec). Sicherungsabstand m security dis tance (between march units), Sicherungsauftrag m, security mis sion (Tac). Sicherungsdienst m guard service (Tac). Sicherungs-Division / security divi sion ('mobile Landesschutzen units employed at rear area duties). Sicherungsfliigel m protective wing or flank (Tac); interrupter (Am). Sicherungsflugzeug n escort airplane. Sicherungshaken m release hook (glider). Sicherungshebel m grip safety (pis tol). Sicherungskappe / safety device (fuze); safety cap (hand grenade). Sicherungsklappe / interrupter (Am). Sicherungslinie / line of security. vorderste Sicherungslinie outpost line. SicherungsmaBnahnte / security measure. Sieherungsmutter / lock nut. Sicherungsschleier m screen (Tac). Sicherungsstift m safety pin (fuze). Sicherungsstiick n safety lug (on gun cradle). Sicherungsvorrichtung / interrupter (Am); safety device. Sicherungsvorstecker m arming pin (fuze); safety pin (bomb). Sicherungszuschlag m margin of safety (firing)'. Sicht / visibility. Sichtabstand m interval permitting visual contact. Sichtanzeigegerat n visual indicator (Ap Inst). sichtbar visible. Sichtbarkeit / visibility. Sichtbereich m radius of visibility. Sichtberiihrung / visual contact. Sichtdeckung/ sight defilade; smoke and flash defilade (Arty). Sichtigkeit / visibility. Sichtnavigation / contact flight, pilotage (Air Navigation). Sichtverhaltnisse npl visibility con ditions. Sichtweite/ radius of visibility.

Sichtzeichen n visual signal, panel signal. Sickerschacht m drainage ditch, sump (trench). Sieb n screen, sifter, filter. Siebkreis m series resonant circuit (Rad). Siebtrichter m filter funnel (MT). Siegel n seal. Sieger m victor. siegreich victorious. Sielengeschirr n breast harness. Signal n signal; bugle call. Signalbombe/ signal flare. Signalbuch n signal book (Nav). Internationales Signalbuch interna tional code (Nav). Signalmittel n signal device. Signalpatrone / signal cartridge. Signalrakete / signal rocket. Signalscheibe / signaling disk. Signalstreifen m code panel (Avn). Signaltafel/ code chart (Sig C). Signaltuch n code panel (Avn). Signahverfer m ground signal pro jector, pyrotechnic projector. S-ignatur / conventional sign (on maps). Simmer-ring m oil seal (MT). Simulant m malingerer. simulieren malinger. Simultanschaltung / simplexed con nection (Tg, Tp). Sinkgeschwindigkeit / rate of drop (Avn). Sinn m, sense, meaning; direction. Sipo / See Sicherheitspolizei. Sirene / siren. sitzender Anschlag sitting position (MG or R firing). Sitzfallschirm m seat pack para chute. Sitzriemen m seat strap (saddle). Skala / scale, dial. Skalenring m micrometer (angle-ofsite Inst). Skalenscheibe / angle-of-site scale (Arty); dial plate, scale disk (Rad). Skizze / sketch. S-Maske / See Staubmaske. s.M.G.-Bedienung m heavy machinegun squad. s.M.G.-Zug m heavy machine-gun platoon. S-Mine/ antipersonnel mine (abbr. of Schutzenmine).




S.m.K.GescholJ n pointed steel-core armor-piercing bullet. S.m.K.L'spurgeschoB n pointed steelcore tracer bullet. Soekelm pedestal, swivel (G). Sockelgeschiitz n swivel gun, pedes tal-mounted gun. Sockellaf ette / pedestal mount, swivel mount (G). Sockeischaltung / socket connection (Rod tube). Sog m suction. Sohle/ sole; bottom of trench. Sold m pay. Soldat m soldier, enlisted man. soldatische Haltung military bear ing. > Sollbestand m authorized basic allow ance. Sol'.stand in See Sollstarke. Sollstarke / authorized strength.
Soldbuch n pay book (soldier's indi vidual pay record).

S-Mittel npl See Standort-Bekostigungsmittel.

Solokrad n solo motorcycle. Sommerweg in road shoulder. Sonderanhanger m special trailer. Sonderaufbau m special body (MT). Sonderauftrag in special mission. Sonderbataillon n special battalion, disciplinary battalion. Sonderberichterstatter m visiting correspondent. Sonderf ahrzeug n special-purpose vehicle. Sonderflugzeug n special-purpose airplane. Sonderfrequenz / specially assigned frequency (Rad).

Sollstelle/ See Planstelle.

Sonderlastkraf twagen m, special-pur pose motor truck. Sonderlaufbahn / specialist's career. Sondermeldung / special message, special announcement (Rad). Sondermunition / separate-loading ammunition; special-purpose ammu nition. Sonderstahl m special steel. Sondertruppen fpl special units, spe cial troops. Sonderverband m special unit. Sonderverfiigungen fpl special orders. Sonderverpflegung / special rations. Sonderwaffe / special weapon. Sonderzweck m special purpose. Sondiernadel / probing rod (for land mines). Sonnenblende / sun shield, sun shade. Sonnengeflecht n solar plexus. Sonnenstich m sunstroke. Sonnenzeit / solar time. spahen to scout. Spaher m scout, lookout. Spahtrupp m patrol, reconnaissance patrol. Spahtrupptatigkeit / patrol activity. SpahtruppvorstoB m scouting raid. Spahwageii m scout car. s.Pak/ heavy antitank gun. Spalt m crack, split. Spalte/ slit; split; crevice, fissure; leak; column (in tables). Spaltfliigel m slotted wing (Ap). Spaltringm split ring (breechblock). Spaltrohr n collimator. Spanienkampfer m, veteran of Spanish Civil War. spanischer Reiter knife rest, chevalde-frise. Spanndraht in tension wire, wire brace. spannen to cock (SA); to stretch, strain, apply tension, tighten. Spannfalle/ firing pin trip (breech block), Spannfeder/ cocking spring (MG). Spannhebel m cocking lever (G, MG). Spannlackm dope (Ap). Spannrast/ full cock (SA). Spannriegel m cocking bolt (breech block). Spannschieber m cocking slide (MG).
Spange / clasp (decoration). Spahtruppf iihrer m patrol leader.

Sonderfrieden m separate peace. Sonderfiihrer m specialist (includes interpreters, laboratory technicians, radio specialists, cameramen, etc., serving in the Ger armed forces, with nominal rank up to Bn com mander but no actual Mil rank). Sonderfunkspruch TO special radio message (for Arty metro message and weather reports).

Sondergasmaske /

Sondergesprach n special telephone call. Sonderkriegsgericht n special courtmartial.

special gas mask.

Sonderlafette / special gun mount.




SpannschloB n idler adjuster rod (Tk); turnbuckle. Spannschraube / threaded breech hoop (G). Spannstollen m cocking cam (breech block). Spannstiickw sear (G); accelerator (MG). Spannturmm cabane (Ap). Spannung/ voltage, tension (Elec). Spannungsabfall m voltage drop, po tential drop. Spannungs-Dehnungs-Diagramm n stress-strain diagram. Spannungsmesser m voltmeter. Spannungsregler m voltage regulator. Spannungsschwankung / voltage vari ation. Spannungssicherung / circuit breaker. Spannungsteiler m voltage divider (Rad). Spannweite / span (Bdg); wing span (Ap). Spannwelle / recocking shaft (breechblock). Spant m vertical frame, vertical ring, bulkhead frame (Ap). Spargelbeete npl asparagus-bed ob stacle pattern. Sparschaltung / autotransformer cir cuit (Elec). Sparstoff m scarce material, highpriority material. Spartransformator m autotrans former (Rad, Elec). Spaten m spade, shovel. Spalzerspringer m retarded burst. Spatziindung/ retarded ignition, re tarded spark (Mtr). Speiche / spoke. Speicher m storeroom. Speiseleitung / feeder line (Rad). Speiseraum m mess. Speisestrom m feeder current (Elec). Speisung/ feed, feeding. Sperrabschnitt m "prohibited area; defense sector. Sperradtt. locking wheel (gun cradle); ratchet wheel. Sperramt n harbor-defense ordnance depot. Sperrballon m barrage balloon. Sperrballontruppen fpl barrage bal loon troops. Sperrdienst m obstacle-construction
service. Sperrdrache in

baTrage kite.

Sperre/ block, obstacle, barrier, ac cessory defense; blockade, embargo; air alert, fighter patrol (Aim). Sperre aus Schienen steel-rail ob stacle. Sperre aus Stahltragern steel-beam obstacle, structural-steel obstacle. Sperre fliegen to fly on an air alert. sperren to lock, to bar; interdict (Tac); tune out (Rad). Sperrfeder / retard spring (fuze); locking spring (MG). Sperrfeld n obstacle field. Sperrfeuer n barrage, barrage fire. Sperrfeuerskizze / barrage chart. Sperrfeuerwand / curtain of antiair craft fire. Sperrfeuerzone / zone covered by barrage fire (AAA). Sperrgebiet n prohibited area, re stricted area; blockade zone (Nav). Sperrhebel m locking lever (G car riage). Sperrholz n plywood. Sperrholzzelt n plywood shelter. Sperriegel m switch position, switch trench; locking bolt (MG slock). Sperrklinke/ retaining catch (breech block); safety catch, pawl (Mech). Sperrkreis m tank circuit (Rad). Sperrlicht n barrier light. Sperrlinie / obstacle line. Sperrnase / catch (fuze). Sperrohr n outer steam tube (MG). Sperrstiickw locking bolt (pistol). Sperrtrupp m obstacle-construction detachment; blocking party. Sperrung/ obstruction, blocking. Sperrverband m obstacle-construction unit; blocking unit. Sperrwachboot n boom defense vessel. Sperrzone/ obstacle zone. spezifischer Bodendruck ground pres sure per unit area (MT). spezifisches Gewicht specific gravity. Spiegel m mirror; level mirror (pano ramic telescope); periscope; bull'seye (target); collar patch. Spiegeldurchmesser m mirror diame ter (SL). Spiegelentfernungsmesser m macrometer. Spiegelfrequenz / image frequency (Rad). Spiegelhalter m mirror support (MG prismatic sight)..




Spiegelkreuzlibelle / reflector-type cross level (panoramic telescope). . Spiegelneigungsmesser m Abney level. Spiegelrahmen m mirror frame (MG prismatic sight). Spiegeltelegraph m heliograph, helio trope (Sig C). Spiegelvisier n mirror sight. Spiel n backlash, clearance, play (Mech); game. Spielmann m bandsman (pi Spielleute). Spielraum m clearance, backlash. SpieB m "top sergeant," "top kick." Spill n winch. Spindel / gear shaft (elevating mechanism); spindle, pinion, man dril. Spindellenkung / cam and lever steering system (MT). Spinne / multiple road junction; spider. Spion m spy. Spionage / espionage. Spionageabwehr / counterespionage. Spiralbohrer m twist drill. Spiralfeder / spiral spring, helical spring. Spiralfederausgleicher m spiralspring equilibrator (AA gun). spitz pointed. Spitze / point, advance guard point (Tac); tip, peak, head. Spitzengruppe / point squad; ad vance element (Tac). Spitzenkompanie / advance party (in Adv Gd of large unit). Spitzenpanzer m leading tank. Spitzenwagen m leading car, "point" car (MT). Spitzenzug m advance platoon (Armd Comd). spitzer Winkel acute angle. SpitzgeschoB n pointed bullet. SpitzgeschoB mit Stahlkern pointed steel-core armor-piercing bullet. Spitzhacke / pickax. SpleiBung / splice. Splint m cotter pin, pin. Splissung / splice. Splitter m splinter, fragment. Splitterbombe / fragmentation bomb, antipersonnel bomb. Splitterdichte / density of fragments (number of shell fragments per unit area).

Splittergraben m slit trench, trench shelter. Splittergranate / fragmentation shell. Splitterring m fragmentation ring (fits over casing of the Stielhandgranate). Splitterschutz m splinterproof protec tion (Ft). Splitterschutzbrille / protective goggles. splittersicher splinterproof. splittersichere Deckung splinterproof cover. splittersicherer Unterstand splinterproof shelter. Splitterwirkung / fragmentation, spray effect (Am). Sporn m tail skid (Ap); trail spade (G); spike (MG tripod); spur (Cav); gaff. Spornarm m spade arm (G). Spornblech n spade plate (G). Spornkufe/ trail-spade runner (Arty operations in deep snow). Spornradw tail wheel (Ap). Spornschuhm tail skid (Ap). Sporntellerm spike plate (MG tri pod). Sportlehrer m athletic instructor. Sprachfrequenzband n voice fre quency band (Rad, Tp). Sprachrohr n megaphone. Sprachiibertragung / voice transmis sion (Rad, Tp). Sprechenm voice transmission (Rad, Tp). Sprechfunk m voice radio. Sprechmaschine / phonograph. Sprechschleife / loop circuit (Tp). Sprechspule/ induction coil (Tp). Sprechstelle / telephone station. Sprechtaste / push-to-talk switch (Rad, Tp). Sprechverbindung / telephone com munication, telephone connection, telephone circuit. Sprechverkehr m telephone traffic. Sprechverstandigung / talking range (Tp). Spreizklappe / split flap (Ap). Spreizlafette / split-trail gun car riage. Spreizlafettenholme mpl trails (of split-trail carriage). Spreizlafettenschwanz in split trail. Sprengbombe / demolition bomb, high-explosive bomb.




Sprengbrandbombe / combination in cendiary-demolition bomb. Sprengbiichse / explosive block (in container); demolition block. Sprengdienst m demolition service. sprengen to blast, blov; up, detonate. Sprengfalle / booby trap. Sprengfiillung / filler charge (Am). Sprenggegenstand m object to be blasted or demolished. Sprenggerat n demolition equipment. SprenggeschoB n explosive projec tile, explosive bullet. Sprenggranate / high-explosive shell. Sprenggranate-Patrone / highexplosive shell (fixed Am). Sprenggrube/ blasting pit (Engr). Sprenghohe / height of burst (Gun nery) . Sprengkabel M firing wire (blasting). Sprengkammer / mine chamber (blasting), Sprengkapsel / detonator (Am); blasting cap. Sprengkapselrohrchen n detonator tube (hand grenade). Sprengkapselsicherung / detonator safety (fuze). Sprengkapselziinder m detonatingcord unit with blasting cap and fuze lighter. Sprengkegel m spray (air burst). Sprengkommando n bomb disposal unit; demolition party. Sprengkbrper m demolition block. Sprengkraft / explosive force (Am). Sprengladung / demolition charge, blasting charge (Engr); bursting charge (Am); burster (Cml shell). Sprengluft / liquid oxygen. Sprengmittel n explosive (in pre pared form, as distinguished from generic term Sprengstoff). Sprengmunition 02 / TNT. Sprengniete / explosive rivet. Sprengol n nitroglycerin, blasting oil. Sprengolpulver n nitroglycerin pow der. Sprengpatrone / blasting cartridge (demolitions); explosive bullet. Sprengplan m demolition plan.
Sprengpulver n (black powder). blasting powder Sprengladungsrohre / burster tube.

Sprengpunkt m point of burst (Gunnery). hoher Sprengpunkt air burst. mittlerer Sprengpunkt center of burst. Sprengpunktentfernung / straight line from muzzle to point of burst (Gunnery). Sprengring m retaining ring (gas mask). Sprengsalpeter m nitrate explosive. Sprengsatzm bursting charge (Am). Sprengstange / charge-placing pole: Sprengstelle / point of rupture, breaching point; demolition cham ber (Bdg). Sprengstoff m explosive. Sprengstoffgehalt m amount of burst ing charge (Am). Sprengstoffiillung / explosive filler (Am). Sprengstiick n shell fragment, shell splinter. sprengtechnisch pertaining to tech nical aspect of demolitions. Sprengtrichter m crater, mine crater. Sprengtrupp m demolition squad. Sprengung / demolition, blasting. Sprengweite / horizontal distance between point of air burst and theo retical point of impact (Gunnery). Sprengwerk n inverted truss; strutbraced construction (Engr). Sprengwirkung / burst effect (Am). Sprengzunder m detonating fuze (Am). Spreutlage / brushwork revetment. Springschreiber m a type of telegraph printer. Spritzdiise/ spray nozzle (carbure tor). Spritzer m splash. Spritzschlauch m spray nozzle. Spritzumlaufschmierung / splash lubrication (Mtr). Spritzweite/ range (of a flame thrower). Spruch m message (Tp, Rad); call (Tp); sentence, verdict. Spriihbiichse / chemical tank for spray contamination. Spriihpistole / spray gun (lubrica tion). Spriihregenm drizzle (Met). Sprungm. bound, rush (Tac); jump (Prcht); crack, split. . Sprunggelenk n hock (horse).




Sprungkombination/ parachute jump suit. Sprungturm m controlled tower (Prcht jump Tng). sprungweise by bounds, by rushes. sprungweises Vorgehen advance by bounds. Spulensatzm set of coils, coil unit (Bad).

SS-Hauptsturmfiihrer m SS captain. SS-Heeres-Flakdivision / SS anti aircraft artillery division.

SS-Junker m didate).

SS cadet (officer can

Spur / trail, path; scent (for messensenger dogs); track (of road); gage (RR); trace (of a tracer bullet).
Spiirbiichse / gas-detector set con tainer. Spiirfahnchen n gas-detection flag, gas-warning flag. SpurgeschoB n tracer projectile. Spiirhund m tracking dog, blood hound. Spiirmittel npl gas-detection equip ment. Spiirpapier TO gas-detection paper. Spiirpulver n gas-detection powder.

SS-Junkerschule / SS officer training school. SS-Kanonier m SS private (Arty). SS-Kavallerie / SS cavalry. SS-Kradschiitzen-Bataillon n SS mo torcycle battalion. SS-Kriegsberichter m SS war corre spondent. SS-Legionar m non-German SS man.

SS-Leibstandarte / Regiment (formerly guard; increased to division strength in

SS-Mann m SS private. SS-Nachrichtensturmm SS commu nication company.

SS Bodyguard Hitler's body approximately 1943).

Spurstange/ tie rod (MT). Spurstangenhebel in steering-knuckle arm (MT). Spurtafel / treadway, duckboard (Bdg). Spurtafelbriicke / duckboard treadway bridge. Spurweite / track, tread (MT); gage (RR). S.-Rolle / barbed-wire concertina (abbr. of Stacheldraht-Kolle).

Spurpunkt m caster-angle vertex (point at which line through inclined kingpin touches road) (MT).

SS/ elite guard of the Nazi party (originally abbr. of Schutzstaffeln but now used as independent term; combat units of SS are known as Die Waffen-SS, The SS Armed Forces).

SS-Abschnitt m SS area. See also SS-Oberabschnitt. SS-Anwarterm candidate for rank of -SS private. SS-Brigade/ SS brigade. SS-Brigadefiihrer m SS brigadier general. SS-Fiihrerm SS officer. SS-Gebirgs-Division / SS mountain division. SS-Grenadier m SS private (Inf). SS-Gruppenfuhrer m SS major gen eral. SS-Hauptscharfuhrer m SS master sergeant.

SS-Oberfuhrer m SS brigadier gen eral (below SS-Brigadefiihrer). SS-Obergruppenfiihrer m SS lieuten ant general. SS-Oberscharfiihrer m SS first ser geant. SS-Oberschiitze m, SS private first class. SS-Oberstgruppenfiihre'r m SS gen eral. SS-Obersturmbannfiihrer m SS lieu tenant colonel. SS-Obersturmfiihrer m SS first lieu tenant. SS-Panzergrenadier m SS private (Armd Inf). SS-Panzergrenadier-Division / S3 armored infantry division. SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment n SS armored infantry regiment. SS-Panzerkorps n SS armored corps. See also Germanisches SS-Pan/erkorps. SS-Panzerjager-Abteilung / SS anti tank battalion. SS-Panzerschiitze m SS private in armored unit. SS-Pionierm SS engineer. . SS-Pionierbataillon n SS engineer battalion. SS-Pionier-StoBtrupp m, SS engineer assault detachment.

SS-Oberabschnitt m SS region (cor responds in most cases to a Wehrkreis and is composed of 2 or 3 SSAbschnitte, SS areas).




SS-PK.-KriegsbericJiter m SS propa ganda-company war correspondent. SS-Polizei-Bataillon n SS police bat talion. SS-Polizei-Division / SS police divi sion. SS-Reiterei/ SS horse cavalry. SS-Rottenfiihrer m SS corporal. SS-Scharfiihrer m SS staff sergeant. SS-Schiitzem SS private, SS rifle man. SS-Sicherheitsdienst m SS security service. SS-Standarte / SS regiment. SS-Standartenfiihrer TO SS colonel. SS-Standartenjunker m a graduate from SS-Junkerschule. SS-Sturmbannfiihrer m SS major. SS-Sturmmann m ' SS private first class. S-Stellung / dummy position (abbr. of Scheinstellung).
SS-Totenkopf-Verbande mpl SS "Death's Head" units (primarily used as concentration camp guards and for terrorizing missions).

Stabschefw chief of staff. Stabsfeldwebel m master sergeant, regimental sergeant major. Stabsgefreiter m staff lance corporal (no US equivalent). Stabshelferin / woman clerk aux iliary. Stabs-Kette/ headquarters flight (three planes). Stabskompanie / headquarters com pany. Stabskraf twagen m staff car. Stabsoffizier m field officer (officer of field grade); staff officer (Nav). Stabsordonnanz / headquarters or derly. Stabsquartier n headquarters; offi cers' quarters. Stabsschiedsrichter m umpire at headquarters of a unit (maneuvers). Stabsschreiber TO headquarters clerk. Stabsveterinar TO captain (Vet). Stabswachtmeister m master ser geant, regimental sergeant major (Arty, Cav). Stabszahlmeister TO paymaster official (ranking as captain). Stachelbombe / bomb with nose spike. Stacheldraht m barbed wire. Stacheldrahthindernis n barbed-wire obstacle. Stacheldrahtverhau m barbed-wire entanglement. Stacheldrahtzaun m double-apron en tanglement (Ft). Stadtkommandantur TO garrison, post, or station headquarters in a city or large town; military govern ment headquarters in a city or large town. Stafetten fpl relay messengers.
Staffel / echelon (Tac, Adm); squa dron (9 to IS planes); section (Arty, Cav, supply).
Stabswache / headquarters guard.

SS-Unterscharfiihrer m SS sergeant. SS-Untersturmfiihrer TO SS second lieutenant. Staat TO state, country, power. Staatsangehorigkeit / nationality, citizenship. Staatsbesitz m government property. Staatsburger m citizen. Staatspolizei / See Geheime Staatspolizei. Stabm staff; headquarters; head quarters personnel; bar, rod. Stabantenne/ rod antenna, "buggywhip" antenna (Rad). Stabbrandbombe / stick-type incen diary bomb. Stabchenpulver n cord powder, strip powder (Am). Stabilisierungsflache / stabilizing surface (Ap). Stabilisierungsfliigel m fin (bomb). Stabilisierungswulst m stabilizer lobe (Bin). Stabilitat / stability. Stabo/ See Stachelbombe. Stabsapotheker m pharmacist official (ranking as captain). Stabsarztm captain (Med). Stabsbatterie / headquarters battery (Arty). StabsbefehlTO staff order.

Staffelform / squadron formation (Avn). Staffelfront / squadron line of flight wedges (Avn). Staffelfiihrer TO echelon commander; squadron commander (Avn); section leader or commander (Arty, Cav, supply). Staffelkapitan TO squadron comman der (Avn).
Staffelkeil TO squadron wedge forma tion of flight wedges (Avn).




Staffelkolonne / squadron javelin formation (Avn). Staffellinie / squadron line formation (Avn). Staffeltrupp m section personnel (Cav heavy MG section). Staffelung/ echelonment; stagger (Ap wings); gun displacement ' (Arty). Staffelverband m squadron forma tion (Avn). staffelweise in echelon, by echelon. Staffelwinkel m squadron V-formation (Avn). Stahl m steel. Stahlblech n sheet steel. Stahlbriicke / steel bridge. Stahldrahtbekloppelung / steel wire armor (armored cable). Stahlf ederring m lockwasher. Stahlflasche / steel flask, steel cylin der, steel tank. Stahlf utter n steel bushing (breech block wedge). ' Stahlgurtm metallic link belt (MG). Stahlhelm m steel helmet. Stahligel m steel hedgehog antitank obstacle. StahlkerngeschoB n steel-core bullet, armor-piercing bullet. Stahllegierung / steel alloy. StahlmeBband n steel measuring tape. Stahlplatte / steel plate. Stahlrb'hre/ metal tube (Rad). Stahlschwelle / steel plank (Engr); steel tie (RR). Stahlspurbahn / steel treadway (Engr). StahlstraBe / steel landing strip. Staken n punting (with punt pole). Stalag n See Stammlager. Stall m stable. Stallhalfter / halter headstall (har ness). Stammannschaft / cadre personnel. Stammeinheit / parent unit. Stammkompanie / cadre company (for replacements). Stammlager n permanent prisonerof-war camp for NCO's and privates, base camp for prisoner-of-war labor detachments (abbr. Stalag). Stammleitung / tflunk line, trunk circuit (Tp). Stammrolle / personnel roster.

Stammtafel / record sheet showing the formations to which a unit has belonged. Stammtruppe / cadre. Stammtruppenteil m parent unit. Stainpfwinkel m angle of pitch (Ap). Stand m status, state, occupation; position, station (of crew -members) (Ap, Tk, Nav); gun position. Standarte/ standard; guidon (Arty, Cav, Armd Comd). See also SSStandarte. Standartenfuhrer m See SS-Standartenf tthrer. Standartentrager m guidon (Pers). Stander m pennant. Slander m bracket, mount, support, stand, pedestal. Standgericht n summary court-mar tial. standig constant, fixed. standige Befestigung permanent for tification. standige Belastung basic load (Avn). Standlinie / base line (Surv); line of position (Navigation). Standmotor m upright engine. Standort m post, garrison, station; position (Surv, Navigation). gekoppelter Standort dead-reckon ing position (Air Navigation). Standortaltester m garrison, post, or station commander. Standortarzt m station surgeon. Standortkommandantur / garrison, post, or station headquarters. Standortlazarett n post hospital, sta tion hospital. Standortlohnstelle / army post pay office. Standortmeldung / position report (Air Navigation). Standort-Pferdelazarett n veterinary station hospital. Standortwachdienst m interior guard duty. Standrecht n martial law. Standsack m hand-grenade bag. Standsicherheit / stability; steadiness (of mobile gun mount, vehicle, etc.). Standvisiem battle sight (R). Stange/ pole, post, pillar, bar, rod, spar. Stangenbau m line construction on poles (Tp). Stangenbild n pole-location diagram (Tp).




Stangenbockm spar trestle (Bdg). Stangenhandpferd n off horse of wheel team. . Stangenpferde npl wheel team. Stangenvisier n pillar-type rear sight (MG). Stangenvisiereinrichtung/ MG sights (blade front sight and pillar-type rear sight). Stanze / die (for stamping or punch ing). Stapel m pile (re'gular heap); dump; crib (Bdg); launching cradle. Stapellauf m launching (Nav). Starke / strength. Starkebestand m actual strength. Starkenachweisung / table of organ ization; strength return, strength report. Starkstromm high voltage (cur rent). Starkstromleitung / power line (Elec). Starkstromsperre / electrified ob stacle, high-tension obstacle. start stiff, fixed, rigid. starre Kanone fixed gun (Aft). starres Luftschiff rigid airship. starres Maschinengewehr fixed ma chine gun. Start m take-off (Avn); take-off point (Adrm). Startbahn / runway. Startbereitschaft / ground alert (Avn). Startdruck m propeller thrust at take-off (Avn). starten to start, to take off. Starterbatterie / starter battery (MT). Starterklappe / choke (Mtr). Startflagge/ starter flag (Avn). Startkatapult m catapult (Avn). startklar ready for take-off (Avn). Startlange / take-off distance (Avn). Startleistung / power output of en gine at take-off (Avn). Startschiene / track (catapult). Startseil n towline (glider). Startstelle/ take-off point (Adrm). Startvorrichtung / launching device (Avn); starting device (Mtr). Startzone / take-off zone (Adrm). statische Berechnung stress analysis. Stativ n tripod, stand. Statoskop n rate-of-climb indicator, climb-and-dive indicator (Ap).

Staum indicated air speed (Avn). Stauanlage / dam. Staub m dust. Staubdeckelm dust cover (Ord). Siaubchen n cloud particle, dust par ticle. (CWS). Staubmaske / respirator, dust-filter ing mask. Staubschutzdeckel m dust cover (Ord). Staubschutzgerat n respirator. Staubschutzmaske / See Staubmaske. Stauchlafette / telescopic carriage, retractable gun mount. Staudamm m storage dam. Staudruck m dynamic pressure, ve locity pressure. Staudruckfahrtmesser m pitot tube. stauen to stow; to dam up. Stauer m stevedore. Stauflache / area of dammed water. Stauhohe / height of upstream water. Stausee m reservoir. Stamvehr n weir. Stecher m hair trigger (SA). Stechruder n paddle. Stechschritt m goose step. Stechzirkel m dividers. Steckdose / jack, receptacle, socket. Stecker m plug (Elec). Steckerstift m plug prong (Elec). Steckmast m sectional antenna mast. Stecknadel / pin, plain pin. Steckschliissel m socket wrench; ignition key. Steg m footbridge, footpath; w*eb (of girder, etc.). Stegblech n web (of girder, etc.). stehender Spahtrupp stationary patrol. stehendes Heer standing army. stehendes Ziel stationary target. steifer Wind high wind. Steigbb / ascending gust (Met). Steigbiigel m stirrup. Steigeisen npl ice creepers; climbers (Sig C). steigen to climb. Steigerung / intensification, increase. Steigfahigkeit / grade-ascending ability (vehicles); climbing ability (Ap). Steigflug m climb (Avn). Steighohe / height of rise (ground signal); altitude, ceiling (Ap). Steigleistung / rate of climb (Avn). Steigriemen m stirrup strap.




Steigung / gradient, grade, slope; pitch (Mech.) Steigungswinkel m blade angle (pro peller); gradient angle. Steigvermiigen n climbing ability (Ap). Steigzeit / rate of climb (Ap). steil steep. Steilfeuer n high-angle fire. Steilfeuergeschiitz n high-angle gun. Steilfeuerwaffe / high-angle weapon. Steilhang m steep slope, steep grade. Steilheit / steepness; transconductance, mutual conductance (Rad). Steilkurve / steep banked turn (Avn). Steinbruch m quarry. Steinflachs m asbestos. Steinschlag m broken stone, rubble; rock slide. Steinschotter m road metal, broken stone. Stellbecher m mouth of fuze setter. Stelle / point, post, site, station. Stellmarke / index, micrometer index (Optics). Stellmutter / lock nut, regulating nut, adjusting nut. Stellring «i adjusting ring (fuze). Stellschliissel m fuze wrench; ad justing wrench. Stellschraube / set screw, regulating screw, adjusting screw. Stellung / position, emplacement. Stellungnahme / commentary (Tac); expression of opinion. Stellungsabschnitt m sector of occu pied position. Stellungsbau m construction of field fortifications. Stellungskampf m position warfare, combat from fortified positions. Stellungskrieg m war of position, position warfare. StellungsmeBblatt n battery survey chart. Stellungsunterschied m perpendicular distance between two parallel lines of sight (such as that between the line: base point aiming circle and the line parallel to it running through the base piece). Stellungswechsel m change of posi tion (Tac); gun displacement (Arty). stellvertretend acting, deputy (adj).
Steinkohle / anthracite coal.

Stellvertretender Chef des Generalstabes Deputy Chief of Staff. Stellvertretender Fiihrer second-incommand. Stellvertreter m deputy; substitute. Stellwerk n switch tower, switch control room (RR). Stempel m stamp, seal; punch (Tech). Stempelkissen n stamp pad. Stempelplatte / inspection-mark plate (R). ' Sterbegeld n gratuity upon death. Sternbild n constellation. Sternbiindel n star cluster (signal). Sternmotor m radial engine. Sternplatte / multiple-connection plate (stadia rod). Sternschaltung / Y-connection (Elec). Sternsignal n signal flare. Sternverkehr m "star" traffic (radio net traffic in which several stations communicate only one at a time with the net control station, the other stations listening in). Stermvarte / observatory. stetig constant, steady, uniform, continuous. Steuer n control, steering wheel. Steuer / tax. Steuerbord m starboard. Steuerflache / control surface (Ap); stabilizing fin (Mart shell). Steuerfliigel m stabilizing fin (bomb). Steuergitter n, control grid (Rad tube). Steuerhebel m elevator control lever (Ap). Steuerkniippel m control stick (Ap). SteuerkompaB m steering compass. Steuerkurs m heading (Air Naviga tion). steuern steer, control. Steuerorgane npl controls (Ap). Steuerrad n control wheel (Ap); steering wheel (MT); timing gear (Mtr). Steuerrb'hre / master oscillator tube (Rad). Steuerruder n rudder (ship). Steuersack m rudder lobe (Bin). Steuersaule / control column (Ap); steering column (MT). Steuersender m master oscillator (Rad). Steuerstrich m. lubber line (Ap com-




Steuerstufe / -master oscillator stage (Rad). Steuerung / controls (Ap); timing, synchronization (Mtr); steering system (MT). Steuerwelle / control shaft (Ap); camshaft (Mtr). Steven m stem or stern (Nav). Stich m thrust, stab; stitch; bite, sting; hitch, knot. Sticheisen n cutting spade (Engr). Stichgleis n firing spur (RR Arty). Stichprobe / sample taken at ran dom. Stichwaffe / thrusting weapon. Stichwort n cue; catchword; code word. Sticjizahler m tachometer (Ap). Stickstoff m nitrogen. Stickstofflost n nitrogen mustard gas. Stiefel m boot. Stiefelschaft m leg of boot. Stiel m strut (Ap); spar, compres sion member (Bdg); handle, holder; stick. Stielgranate / See Stielhandgranate. Stielhandgranate / stick hand gre nade, "potato-masher" hand grenade. Stift m brad, holder, pin, prong, peg, "Stillgesessen!" "Attention!" (mounted drill). "Stillgestanden!' "Attention!" (dis mounted drill). Stimmung / morale, mood, atmo sphere. Stirn / forehead. Stirnangriff m frontal attack. Stirnansicht / bow-on view (Tk); front view. Stirnband n forehead strap (gas mask). Stirnflache / frontal area. Stirnpanzer m front armor. Stirnrad n spur gear. Stirnriemen m brow band (harness). StirnschattenriB m bow-on silhou ette (practice target). Stirnseite / front (Tk). Stirnwiderstand m head resistance. Stirnwind m headwind. Stock m cleaning rod (R); stick, baton, picket, pole; floor, story. Stockmine / antipersonnel pickettype mine; stake mine (concrete antipersonnel mine). Stockung / block, jam, stoppage.

Stoff TO fabric, material, substance. Stoffbahn / panel, canopy (Prcht). Stoffbespannung / fabric covering (Ap). Stoffgliederung / classification of equipment. Stoffgurt m web belt. Stollen m tunnel (Engr). Stolperdraht m trip wire. Stolperdrahtfeld n field of trip-wire obstacles. Stolperdrahthindernis n trip-wire entanglement. Stolperdrahtmine / trip-wire mine. stolpern to trip. Stopfbiichse / gland; stuffing box (Mech). "Stopfen!" "Suspend firing!" See also "Feuerpause!" stoppen to stop; to time with a stop watch. Stoppuhr / time interval recorder, stop watch. Stopp- und SchluBlicht n stop and taillight (MT). Stoppzeit / time interval, time dif ference, time lag (FR); sound travel Stb'psel m plug (Tp); stopper. stb'pseln to plug in (Rad, Tp). Storangriff m nuisance raid. Storch m a German liaison airplane. Storchschnabel m pantograph. Stb'reinsatz m nuisance raid (Avn). stb'ren harass (Tac); jam, interfere (Rad). Storflieger m nuisance raider, sneak raider (Avn). Stb'rflug m nuisance raid (Avn). Stbrflugzeug n nuisance raider (Ap). Storfrequenz / interfering fre quency, undesired frequency (Rad). Stbrfunkstelle / jamming station (Rad). Storgerausch n static, interference Stb'rschutz m radio noise suppressor. Storstelle / See Storfunkstelle. Stb'rung / disturbance, annoyance; interference, static, jamming (Rad); stoppage (MG); breakdown. Stbrungsdienst m trouble-shooting service, maintenance service. Storungsfeuer n harassing fire (Arty). Stbrungsflug m nuisance raid. Storungssucher m trouble shooter, maintenance man (Tp).

time (SR).





Storungssuchtrupp m wire patrol (field Tp). StoB m thrust, lunge, shock, kick, blow, push; burst (MG fire). StoBarmee / main-attack army.' StoBbalken m abutment beam (Bdg). StoBboden m breechblock (Or A); diaphragm (shrapnel). StoBbohle / end dam (Bdg). StoBdampfer m shock absorber (MT). Stb'Bel m valve lifter (Mtr); ram mer (fuze). StbBelfiihrung / valve-lifter guide (Mtr). Stb'Belschraube / valve-lifter ad justing nut (Mtr). stoBempfindlich sensitive to shock (explosives). stoBen to push, thrust, lunge, strike. StoBfanger m bumper (MT). StoBkappenmine / contact mine (Nav). StoBkeil m spearhead (Tac). StoBkraft / shock power, striking power. StoBlinie / thrust line, line of attack (Tac). StoBmine / contact mine (Nav). StoBrad n shock-absorber wheel (Tk). StoBreserve / local supports in assault (Tac). StoBscheibe / diaphragm (shrap nel); lock washer (for wheel bear ing). stoBsicher insensitive to shock (ex plosives). StoBstange / push rod; bumper. StoBtrupp m combat patrol, assault detachment. StoBtruppen fpl shock troops, assault troops. StoBtruppspioniere mpl assault en gineers. StoBtruppunternehmung / raid (Tac). StoBwaffe / thrusting weapon. stoBweises Feuer intermittent fire, interrupted fire, fire by bursts or volleys. StoBziindung / contact fire (Nav). Strafbuch n punishment book. Strafdienst m extra duty. Strafe / punishment. Straffeuer n retaliation fire.

Strahl m ray, beam (of light, etc.); jet, squirt (of a liquid, etc.); frog (of hoof). Strahldrehung / rotation of the slip stream (propeller). Strahlenzieher m protractor. Strahlung / radiation. Strahlungsablenkung / radio wave deflection. Strand m beach, shore. Strang m strand, rope, strap. Stranglaufe / lazy strap (harness). Strangtrager in See Stranglaufe. StraBe / street, road, highway, route. StraBenbaubataillon n road-con struction battalion. StraBenbaudienst m road-construc tion and maintenance service. StraBenbiegung / road curve, road bend. StraBendamm m causeway, em banked road. StraBendecke / road surface. StraBendisziplin / road discipline. StraBendreieck 'n triangular road junction. StraBeneinmundung / side road joining main highway. StraBen-Entgiftungsabteilung / road decontamination battalion. StraBengabel / road fork. straBengangig roadbound. StraBengraben m road ditch. StraBenkampf m street fighting. StraBenknie n V-turn (road). StraBenknotenpunkt m road inter section, road junction, road center. StraBenkommandant m traffic con trol officer. StraBenkommandantur / area road traffic control headquarters. StraBenkreuzung / crossroads, in- • tersection. StraBennetz n road net. StraBensperre / road block. StraBenspinne / multiple road junc tion. StraBensprengung / road demolition. StraBenstreife / street patrol. StraBeniiberfiihrung / overpass. StraBenunterfuhrung / underpass. StraBenverhaltnisse npl road con ditions. StraBenwalze / road roller. StraBenzucht / road discipline. Stratege m strategist.




Strategic / strategy. strategisch strategic. strategische Einheit large unit (USA: Div and up; Ger: corps and up). strategischer Riickzug strategic withdrawal. Strauch m bush, shrub. Strauchbiindel n fascine. Strauchdamm m fascine road, brush road. Strauchmaske / shrubbery screen, brushwood screen (Cam). Strauchpackung / See Strauchwerk. Strauchwerk n brushwork. Strauchwerkbekleidung / fascine re vetment. Strebe / diagonal strut (Ap); brace, tension member (Bdg). Streckbalken m stringer (Bdg). Strecke / span, bay, tidction (Bdg); stretch, length, distance; leg (of a route). Streckenfeuer n course light, airway beacon. Streckenzug m traverse (Surv). Streich m cut, slash; coup; blow; trick. streichen cross out, strike out, elimi nate; strike (a flag); to back water. Streichholz n match. Streifabteilung / raiding party. Streife / patrol, raiding party; guard sentinel (guard duty). Streifen 771 band, strip, belt, sector. streifen to patrol, reconnoiter; to graze. Streifenplan m diagram of patrol posts. Streifenweg m patrol post. Streifkommando n raiding party. streitig machen to contest. Streubrandbombe / scatter bomb. streuen to cover with zone fire (Arty); to cover with searching and traversing fire (MG); to strew, scat ter; to be erratic, to have dispersion (G). Streufeuer n zone fire (Arty); searching and traversing fire (MG). Streukegel m sheaf of fire, cone of dispersion, cone of fire. Streumine / uncontrolled mine; stray mine (not laid according to regular pattern).
StreuschieBen n nery). zone fire (Gun

Streutrommel / sprinkler drum or cart (for ground decontamination). Streuung / dispersion (Ballistics). Streuungsbereich m zone of disper sion (Ballistics). Streuungsbild n dispersion diagram (Ballistics). Streuungsfeuer n See Streufeuer. Streuungsflache / dispersion area (Ballistics). Streuungsgarbe / See Streukegel. Strich m artillery mil; stroke, line; dash (Tg); point (of corn-pass); graduation, index line. Stricheinteilung / graduation (spe cifically, mil graduation). Strichfeuer n grazing fire (MG). StrichmaB n marking gage. Strichplatte / graduated range plate (MG mount); reticle (Optics). Strick m rope, cord. Strickjacke / knitted sweater (Clo). Strickleiter / rope ladder. Striegel m currycomb. Stroboskop n stroboscope; protectoscope (based on stroboscope princi ple) (Tk). Stroh n straw. Strohpuppe / dummy (Tng). Strom m current (Elec); stream, river. Stromaggregat n generating unit. Stromanker m upstream anchor (Bdg). Stromaufnahme / current draw (Elec). Strombord m offshore side. Stromerzeuger m generator (Elec). Stromfahrzeug n river craft (Pan, assault boat, etc.). StromfluB m current flow (Elec). Stromform / See Stromlinienform. Stromgeschwindigkeit / speed of current. Stromkreis TO circuit (Elec). Stromleine / upstream tension line (Bdg). Stromlinienform / streamline shape. Strommesser m ammeter. StrommeBgerat n current measuring instrument (Elec). Stromquelle / source of current (Elec); power source (Rad). Stromschiene / live rail, third rail (RR); bus bar (Elec). Stromsicherungsbataillon n electric cable maintenance battalion.




Stromstarke / amperage. StromstoB m current impulse, cur rent surge (Elec). Stromstrich m course of current (line joining points of greatest sur face speed of a river current). Stromung / current, flow. Stromungslehre / fluid mechanics. Stromunterbrecher m circuit breaker (Elec). Stromverbraucher m outlet, current consumer (Elec). Stromzufuhr / current supply, power supply (Elec). Strumpf m stocking. Stubenaltester m barracks leader, squad-room leader. Stubenarrest m arrest in quarters. Stufe / stage, step; muzzle-velocity correction value (Ballistics). Stufeneinheit / See Grundstufe. Stufenfallschirm m lobe parachute. Stut'enformation / stepped-up (or stepped-down) formation (Avn). Stufenlader m multistage super charger. Stufensender m multistage trans mitter. Stufung / step-up ( -down) distance, staggering, stagger distance (for mation flying). Stuhl m chair; excrement, feces. Stuka n dive bomber (abbr. of Sturzkampf flugzeug). Stukaangriff m dive-bombing attack. Stukabremse / diving brake (Ap). Stukaflieger m dive-bomber pilot. Stumpf m stump. stumpf adj blunt, dull; worn out; obtuse. stumpfer Winkel obtuse angle. Stundenwinkel m hour angle. Sturm m assault, onrush, onslaught; storm; an SS company. Sturmabteilung / storm trooper de tachment of Nazi party (abbr. SA). Siurmabteilungsmann m storm trooper. Sturmabzeichen n assault badge (decoration). Sturmartillerie / assault artillery. Sturmausgangsstellung ' / assault position, jump-off position.
Sturmbann m. SS or SA battalion. Sturmangriff m slaught. assault, onrush, on

Sturmbannfiihrer m See SS-Sturmbannfiihrer. Sturmbataillon n assault battalion, shock battalion. Sturmbcot n assault boat. Siurmbootkommando n assault boat detachment. Sturmdivision / assault division (honorary title 'for division with re duced Inf Pers and heavy firepower). stiirmen to assault, storm, rush. Sturmgasse / assault gap (through obstacles). Sturmgepack n light equipment car ried in assault (as distinguished from field pack). Sturmgeschiitz n assault gun (selfpropelled). Sturmgeschiitzabteilung / assaultgun battalion. Sturmgeschutzbatterie / assault-gun battery. Sturmgeschiitzfiihrer m assault-gun commander. Sturmhaubitze / assault howitzer (self-propelled). Sturmkanone / assault gun (selfpropelled). Sturmleiter / scaling ladder. Sturmliicke / assault gap. Sturmpanzer m assault tank. Sturmpionier m combat engineer. Sturmregiment n airborne assault regiment. ' Sturmreifmachung / "softening up" (by bombing or Arty fire). SturmreifschieBen n artillery prep aration, "softening up." Sturmriemen m chin strap (head gear). Sturmschritt m fast run. Sturmtrupp m assault detachment. Sturmwelle / assault wave (Tac). Sturmwind m gale. Sturz m plunge, dive, fall; camber, caster (MT). Sturzangriff m diving attack (Avn). Sturzbett K streambed at downstream base of dam. Sturzbomben n dive bombing. slurzen to dive, crash, plunge; to rush, assault; to fall. Sturzflug m dive. Sturzflug-Automatik / automatic dive control (Ap).
Sturzflugbremse / diving brake (Ap).



taktische Feuerbegriffe

Sturzflug mit Endgeschwindigkeit terminal velocity dive (Avn). Sturzgeschwindigkeit / diving speed (Ap). Sturzhelm m crash helmet. Sturzkampfflieger m dive-bomber pilot. , Sturzkampfflugzeug n dive bomber (abbr. Stuka). Sturzkampfgeschwader n wing of dive bombers (Avn). Sturzsirene / dive siren (dive bomber). Sturzspirale / spiral dive (Avn). Sturzvisier n dive-bombing sight (Avn). Sturzwehr n spillway weir. Sturzwinkel m angle of dive, diving angle (Avn). Stiitze / support, prop. Stiitzflosse / inboard stabilizing float (seaplane). Stiitzpunkt m organized tactical lo cality, strong point; base; point of support (structures). Stiitzpunktschiff n aircraft tender. Stiitzrolle / track-supporting roller

Stiitzschwimmer m fixed wing float (flying boat). Stiitzweite / span between supports (Bdg). Stuvi n dive-bombing sight (abbr. for Sturzvisier). Suchanker m grapnel. suchen to search. Sucher m spotlight (MT); view finder (Optics). Sucherde / ground detector for tel ephone interception. Sucherfernrohr n finder telescope (height finder). Suchgeratsempfanger m search re ceiver (Ap, Rad). Siiden TO south. Summer m buzzer. Summeranruf m buzzer signal (Tp). Summerknopf m buzzer button (Tp). Sumrnerzusatz TO buzzer set (Tp). Sumpf TO marsh, swamp, bog.
Sumpffieber n


Synchrongetriebe n synchro-mesh transmission (MT). Synchronisator m impulse generator mechanism (Ap),


f abelle / chart. Tabellenzeichner m cartographer. Tachodynamo m generator voltmeter tachometer (AA gun). Tachograph TO speedometer com bined with odometer (MT). Tafel / table; list; chart, diagram; blackboard. Tagebuch n log book', diary, journal. Tagegeld n per diem allowance. Tagesanbruch m daybreak. Tagesangriff m daylight attack; day light raid (Avn). Tagesbefehl TO order of the day; special orders. Tageseinfliisse mpl ballistic density and wind factors. Tageskilometerzahler TO trip mileage odometer (speedometer). Tageskost / day's rations, food for one day. Tagesmarsch m day's march.

Tagesrate / basic load (Am). Tagessatz m daily scale or quantity; daily ration quantity. Tagestiefangriff TO daylight lowlevel attack (Avn). Tagesverpflegung / daily ration. Tagesversorgung / daily automatic supply. TagesvorstoB TO daylight raid, day light thrust or advance. Tagesziel n day's objective, day's destination; target of the day. Tagjagd / daylight pursuit, daylight •fighting, daylight interception (Avn). Tagmarsch m day march. Takt m stroke (Mtr). Taktfeuer n blinker light. Taktik / tactics. Taktiker TO tactician. taktisch tactical.
taktische Feuerbegriffe classification (Arty). tactical fire

taktische Unterstiitzung


Technisches Amt

taktische Unterstiitzung direct sup port (Avn, Tac). taktischer Einsatz tactical employ ment. taktischer Verband tactical unit. taktisches Hindernis tactical obstacle. taktisches Zeichen tactical symbol. Tal n valley. Talnebel m ground fog (Met). Talsperre / dam (large storage dam); reservoir. Tambourstock m baton. Tangens m tangent (trigonometrical function). Tangente / tangent (geometry). Tank m tank. Tankanlagen fpl fuel tank installa tions. Tankbiichse / antitank rifle. Tankdampfer m tanker (Nav). tanken to fuel, refuel, to fill (a gaso line tank). Tankfalle / tank trap. Tankgraben m antitank ditch. Tankprahm m fuel tender (Nav). Tankschiff n tanker (Nav). Tankwagen m tank truck (MT); tank car (RR). Tapferkeitsmedaille / medal award ed for bravery. Tarnanstrich m camouflage painting. Tarnausweis m special deceptive iden tification card (carried on missions where capture by the enemy is likely). Tarndecke / covering, flat-top (Cam). Tarndisziplin / camouflage discipline. tarnen to camouflage. Tarnjacke / camouflage jacket. Tarnkappe / helmet cover (Cam). Tarnmittel n camouflage material. Tarnnetz n camouflage net, drape; apron (G emplacement, Cam). Tarnscheinwerfer m blackout driving light (MT). Tarniiberwachung / camouflage in spection. Tarnung / camouflage. Tarnungsfarbe / camouflage paint. Tarnungsgeflecht n netting (Cam). Tarnungstruppe / camouflage troops. Tarnzeltbahn / camouflage cape. Tasche / bag, pocket, pouch; link (of cartridge belt); boot (SA); car rier, case. Taschenbehalter m pocket flask.

Tau m dew.

Taschenlampe / flashlight. Taschenmesser n pocket knife. Taschenmunition / small arms am munition in pouches. Taste / key (Rad, Tg). tasten to key, send by key (Tg, Rad). Tastfunk m cw transmission (Rad). Tastgerat n keyer (Rad). Tastverkehr m cw communication (Rad). Tatbericht m detailed report, bill of particulars. Tatigkeit / activity. tatsachliche SchuBweite actual range (Gunnery). Tau n rope, tow rope; trace (har ness).

Tankstelle / filling station (MT).

Taube / pigeon. TaubenschieBen n skeet shooting. Taucher m diver (Nav). See also Torpedotaucher. Tauchgerat n diving apparatus (Nav). Tauchrohr n spray-nozzle tube (car buretor). tauglich physically fit, able-bodied. Taukranz m grommet. Taupunkt m dew point. Tausch m exchange. tauschen deceive. Tauschung / deception. Tauschungsangriff m feint attack, diversion. Tauschungsmanover n demonstration, feint (Tac). Tautrager m lazy strap (harness). Techniker m technician. technische Dienstzweige technical services. technische Eignungspriifung mechan ical aptitude test. technische Kompanie BT mining com pany (Mil). technische Kompanie E electricity company (Mil). technische Kompanie GW gas and water company (Mil). Technische Nothilfe Technical Emer gency Corps (used for Civ defense in Z of I and for 'maintenance, bomb disposal, restoration of public utili ties, etc., .in T of Opns and occupied territory). Technisches Amt Technical Office (department of Ger Air Ministry,




Temperaturschwankung / ture variation.

Teich m pond. Teileinheit / basic, self-sufficient ele ment of a unit. See also Einheitsprinzip. teilen to divide. Teilgebiet n subarea. Teilkreis des Hohenrichttriebs elevavation circle (G). Teilladung / increment, increment section (separate-loading Am). teilmotorisiert semi-motorized. Teilplatte / graduated scale. Teilring m azimuth micrometer (telescopic sight). Teilringanderung / azimuth change (telescopic sight). Teilringeinstellung / azimuth adjust ment, azimuth setting. Teilringzahl / azimuth reading. Teilscheibe / graduated scale; interpupillary-distance scale (binocular); elevation micrometer (panoramic telescope); graduated disk (plotting protractor). Teilstrich m mil (Arty); dial divi sion (Rad); scale division (Inst). Teilstrichteilung / mil graduation. Teiltrommel / micrometer knob (on (panoramic or BC telescope); range drum. Teilung / graduation, scale; division, separation. Telefunken trade name of German company manufacturing electronic equipment. Telegraphenleitung / telegraph line. Telegraphennetz n wire net (Tg). Telegraphenstange / telegraph pole. Tellermine / antitank mine. Tellersaule / float column (AA gun outrigger). Tellertrudeln n flat spin (Avn). Tellerventil n poppet valve (Mtr). Temperatureinfliisse mpl elasticity effect; temperature factors (Ballis tics). Tempcraturgradient m temperature gradient (Met). vertikaler Temperaturgradient lapse rate. Temperaturmesser m temperature gage (Mtr).

dealing with research, procurement and testing). Teer m tar.

Teno / See Technische Nothilfe. Termin m dead line. Terrorangriff m terror raid (Avn). Tetrachlorkohlenstoff m carbon tetrachloride. Thermiksegeln n thermal soaring (glider). Thermitbombe / thermite bomb. Thermitladung / thermite charge (incendiary bomb). Thermokreuzinstrument. n thermo couple meter. Thermosyphonkiihlung / gravitysystem water cooling (Mtr). Tief n cyclone, depression (Met). Tiefanflug m low-level approach (Avn). Tiefangriff m low-level attack (Avn). Tiefbau m surface construction (Tp line); subsurface construction (Engr). Tiefbettfelge / drop-base rim (MT). Tiefdecker m low-wing monoplane. Tiefe / depth. Tiefenabstand m distance (from front to rear). Tiefenausdehnung / • extension in depth (Tac). Tiefenfeuer n searching fire (MG). Tiefenfeuereinrichtung / searchingfire device (MG). Tiefenfeuer.tafel / searching-fire table (MG). Tiefengliederung / distribution in depth, disposition in depth (Tac). Tiefenkreuzverspannung / longitudi nal cross bracing (Ap). Tiefenlehre / depth micrometer, depth gage. Tiefenstaffelung / echelonment in depth (Tac). Tiefenstreuung / range dispersion on horizontal target (Ballistics). Tiefenverspannung / longitudinal cross bracing (Ap). Tiefenwinkel m angle of depression (Surv). Tiefenzone / zone of resistance (or ganized in depth). Tiefflieger m low-flying airplane. Tiefflug m low-level flight, hedgehopping (Avn). Tiefflugangriff m low-level attack. Tief gang m draught (Nav). tiefgegliedert distributed in depth. tiefgestaffelt echeloned in depth




Tiefladeanhanger TO flatbed trailer, tank transporter trailer. Tiefladelinie / load line (Nav). Tiefseekabel n marine cable. TiegelguBstahl m crucible steel. Tierarzt m veterinarian. Titantetrachlorid n titanium tetrachloride (CWS). T-Mine / See Tellermine. TochterkompaB m repeater compass (Ap). todliche Menge Mlling concentration (CWS). Toleranz / tolerance (Tech). Tolit n trinitrotoluol. Tolita n See Tolit. Ton m sound; tone (Photo); clay. Tonarm m pick-up arm (phonograph). tonend icw (marking on Rad set). Tonfrequenz / audio frequency (Rad). Tonfrequenzbereich m audio-frequency range (Rad). Tonhacke / mattock. Tonhohe / pitch (sound). tonlos cw (marking on Rad set). Tonne / metric ton (=1.102 short tons); buoy (Nav); barrel, cask, drum. Tonnenbriicke / improvised floating bridge of barrels or drums. Tonnenfahre / barrel raft. TonnenfloB n barrel float. Tonnenlager n spherical roller bear ing. TontaubenschieBen n skeet shooting. TontaubenschieBstand m skeet range. Tonung / tone (Photo). Tonwagen m sound truck (film unit). Tonwiedergabe / sound reproduction. Topf m pot; container (hand gre nade). Tor n large gate. Tornister m pack, field pack, knap sack, haversack. Tornisterempfanger m portable re ceiver, pack receiver (Rad). Tornisterfiltergerat n pack-type water purification unit. Tornisterfunkgerat n pack radio set, portable radio set. Tornisterfunktrupp m portable-radio , section. Tornisterklappe / pack flap. torpedieren to torpedo. Torpedo n torpedo. Torpedoabwurf m torpedo release (Avn).

TorpedoausstoBrohr n torpedo tube. Torpedobootzerstorer m destroyer (Nav). Torpedofliegcr m torpedo bomber; torpedo-bomber pilot. Torpedoflugzeug n torpedo bomber. Torpedojager in fighter-type torpedo Torpedorohr n torpedo tube. Torpedoschnellboot n motor torpedo boat. Torpedoschutznetz n torpedo defense net. Torpedotaucher m deep-sea diver (Nav). Torpedotreffer TO torpedo hit. Torpedo-Waffenleitvormann m torpedoman (Nav). Torpedowulst m blister (Nav). Torpedowurf m torpedo release (Avn). Torsionsstab m torsion rod (MT). tot dead. Totalausfall m total loss. totaler Krieg total war. tb'ten to kill. Totenkopfverbande mpl See SS-Totenkopfverbande. toter Gang steering play (MT); backlash, play, lost motion (Mech); free travel (of clutch pedal). toter SchuBraum dead area, dead space. toter Trichter dead space (AA gun). toter Winkel dead space. tote Zone skip zone (Rad). Totpunkt m dead center (Mtr). Totschlager m blackjack. Tracht / saddle cover (pack saddle). Trachte / wall, periople (hoof). Trachtenkissen n saddle pad. Tragbalken m balk, stringer (Bdg). Tragband n carrying strap (gas mask). tragbar portable. Tragbeutel m gas-mask carrier. Tragbiichse / gas-mask carrier (metal type). Tragdeck n wing (Ap). Trage / litter, stretcher (Med). Tragegestell n pack frame (pack saddle). Tragegurt m carrying strap, sup porting strap. Tragepolster n carrying pad (MG). Trager m carrier, mount, support, beam. Tragerand m bearing surface (hoof).

bomber (Ap).



Treffer erzielen

Tragfahigkeit / load capacity (Bdg); ton capacity, passenger capacity (MT, Ap); gallon capacity (tank Trk). Tragfeder / suspension spring (splittrail carriage). Tragflache / airfoil (Ap). TragflachenumriB m airfoil profile.

Tragevorrichtung /

Trageriemen m carrying strap, car rying sling. Tragerstrom m carrier current (Tp). Tragerwelle / carrier wave (Rad). Tragesattel m pack saddle. Trageschiene / frame rib (pack saddle).

scabbard (R).

Transportfiihrer m transportation officer, train commander (RR). Transportgeschwader n transport wing, transport command (Avn). Transportglied n ferry element (one of a, train of towed ferries). Transportkolonne / motor transport column. Transportkommandantur / transport control headquarters (RR). Transportluftfahrt / transport avia tion. Transportmittel n means of trans portation. Transportoffizier m transportation officer (RR). Transportsperre / embargo (on truck, RR, and ship movements). Transportstaffel / transport squadron (Avn).. Transporttau n handling line (Bin). Transportiibersicht / transportation table, table of movements. Transportverbot n embargo (on truck, RR, and ship movements). Transport wesen.w transportation sys tem. TransversalmaBstab m interpolating scale (Sura). Trapez n trapezoid (Math); suspen sion frame (Bin). Trapez-Fachwerktrager m Warren truss, trapezoidal truss. Trassierband n tracing tape (CWS, Engr). Trauerfeier / funeral; commemora tion services. Trauergefolge n funeral escort. Traverse / crossbar (split-trail car riage); traverse (Ft). Trecker m, tractor (MT). Treffaussicht / probability of hit. Treffbild n shot group, dispersion pattern; recording target (Tng). Treffen n encounter, shock of assault; wave of tanks; phase of attack. treffen to hit, meet, strike; guess; take (measures). Treffentfernung / slant range to fu ture position (AAA). treffenweise in depth, in echelon. treffenweise Aufstellung disposition in depth (Tac).
Treffer m hit. Treffer erzielen to score hits.

Tragfliigel m wing (Ap). Tragfliigelende n wing tip (Ap). Tragfliigelprofil n wing profile.

transportsicherer ZUnder safe fuze (Am).


Tragfliigelhinterkante / trailing edge of wing (Ap). Tragheit / inertia (Mech). Tragheitsmoment n moment of iner tia. Traglast / load (Ap, MT); pack (pack animals). Tragpferd n pack horse. Tragriemen m neck strap (pack saddle). Tragschrauber plane.

Tragrolle / See Laufrolle.



Tragtier n pack animal.
Tragtierbefb'rderung / portation.
Tragtierkolonne /

pack trans

Tragvorrichtung / bomb shackle (Ap). Tragwerk n wing assembly (Ap). Tragzapfen m trunnion. Trampelpfad m beaten path, beaten track.

pack train.

Trampelweg m See Trampelpfad.

Tranengas n lacrimator gas, tear gas. Tranengaskerze / tear-gas candle (CWS).

Tranengasstoff m CN solution.

Tranenstoffkerze / tear gas pot (CWS). Tranken n watering (of animals). Transportbsfehl m movement order. Transporter m transport (Avn, Nav). Transportflugwesen n transport avia tion. Transportflugzeug n transport air plane.




TreflFergebnis n score (firing or bombing). Trefferraum m zone of dispersion (Ballistics). Treffer verzeichnen to register hits. Treffgenauigkeit / accuracy of fire; accuracy of practice. Treffhbhe / altitude of target at fu ture position (AA gunnery). Trefflache / target area. Treffpunkt m point of impact, objec tive point (Arty); future position (AAA); meeting point, rendezvous. Treffpunktentfernung / slant range to future position of target (AA gun nery). Treffsicherheit /' accuracy of fire. Treffwahrscheinlichkeit / expectancy or probability of hitting (Arty). Treffwahrscheinlichkeit der Waffe developed armament probable error. treiben impel, drive, propel; drift. Treibachse / driving axle (MT). Treibgas n wood gas (MT); propel lent gas (Bin). Treibgasmotor m wood-gas engine (MT). Treibholz n driftwood. Treibladung / propellent charge (Am). Treibmine / floating mine, unanchored automatic contact mine. Treibmittel n propellant (Am). Treibscheibe / diaphragm (case shot). Treibstoff m engine fuel. Treibstoffbehalter m fuel tank (MT, Ap). Treibstofflager n fuel dump. treideln to tow boats from land. trennen disconnect, cut off, divide, separate. Trennklinke / disconnect jack (Tp). Trennscharfe / selectivity (Rad). Trennschnitt m line of breach (demo litions). Trennung / break (Rad procedure); disconnection, separation. Trennungsbahnhof m junction (RR). Trennungslinie / boundary (Tac). Trense / bit, snaffle (harness). TrensengebiB n snaffle bit (harness). Trensenziigel m snaffle rein (harness). Tresse / braid (Clo).

Tretsatz m pedal-operated generat ing unit. Trichter m crater; funnel; cone; horn collector (AA sound locator). Trichterlautsprecher m horn-type speaker, cone speaker (Rad). Trichterfeld n shelled area, area pitted with shell craters. Trichtergelande n shelled terrain, terrain pitted with shell craters. Trichterladung / crater charge (Engr). Trieb m drive; drift; impulse; in stinct. Triebrad u driving sprocket (Tk). Triebsand m drift sand, loose sand, silt. Triebscheibe / knob, micrometer head (Optics, Ord). Triebscheibe zur Hbhenrichtung ele vating knob (Optics, Ord). Triebscheibe zur Seitenrichtung azi muth knob (Optics, Ord). Triebschraube / upper prism microm eter head (panoramic sight). Triebwerk n power plant (Ap, MT).

Tretmotor m pedal-operated genera tor.

Triebzahn m track).

connector (caterpillar

"Treten Sie ab!" "Dismissed!" (for mal style, to an individual). Tretmine / tread mine (pressureignited antipersonnel mine).

trigonometrischer Punkt triangulation point, primary traverse station. Trilit n trinitrotoluol. Trimmklappe / trim tab (Ap). Trimmruder n trim tab, balance tab, servo tab (Ap). Trimmvorrichtung / flight control surfaces used for trimming (Ap). trinkbar potable. Trinkbecher m drinking cup. Trinkwasser n drinking water. Trinkwasserbereiter m water purifi cation unit. Tripelstreifen m special prism used to direct the beam of a signal lamp. Tripper m gonorrhea. Tritt m step, pace, tread. Trittbrett n running board (MT). Trockendock n dry dock. Trockenelement n dry cell (Elec). Trockengelenk n flexible-disk joint (MT). Trockengleichrichter m dry cell rec tifier (Rad). Trockensumpfschmierung / dry-sump lubrication (Mtr). Troddel / bayonet tassel. Trog m trough.




Trommelzeiger m drum index (sight mount, panoramic sight).

Trombe / cyclone, tornado. Trommel / drum; dial; range drum (sight mount); micrometer drum (panoramic sight); metal drum (for belt Am). Trommelfell n eardrum. Trommelfellverletzter m person with punctured eardrums. Trommelfeuer n drum fire, heavy barrage (Arty). Trommelmagazin n drum magazine (MG). Trommelmagazinzufuhrung / drum feed (MG). Trommelwirbel m drum roll.

Truppeneinheit / troop unit (usually has uniform type of weapons, as dis tinguished from Truppenverband, combined-arms unit).

Truppenbefb'rderung / transportation of troops. Truppenbereitstellung / assembly of troops. Truppenbewegung / troop movement. Truppendienst m service with troops, duty with troops.

Trommler m drummer. Trompete / bugle. Trompetensignal n bugle call. Trompeter m bugler. tropenbestandig suitable for use in tropical climates. Tropenhelm m pith helmet, sun hel met. Tropenkraftstoff m tropical gasoline. Tropfchen n droplet, vapor particle (CWS).
Tropfen m

Truppeneinladung / entraining of troops. Truppeneinteilung / order of battle; disposition of troops; allotment or allocation of troops; conventional se quence by arms and services (in orders). Truppenentgiftung / decontamination of personnel (CWS). Truppenentgiftungskompanie / per sonnel decontamination company. Truppenfiihrer m commander, com manding officer (generally of a com bined-arms force); task force com mander.

TroB m train (combat, supply, or baggage).

tropische (Met).


drop (of water, etc.).



Trosse / hawser.

Trotyl n trinitrotoluol. trudeln to spin (Ap). Triimmer pi debris. Trupp m detachment, section, squad, team, detail, party (pi Trupps) (to be distinguished from Truppe). Truppe / collective term for field elements of armed forces; unit; arm or branch of service (to be distin guished from Trupp). Truppen fpl troops. Truppenansammlung / concentration of-troops. Truppenarzt m medical officer. Truppenausladung / detraining of troops. Truppenausweis / soldier's identifi cation card. Truppenbefehlshaber m commander of troops.

TroBfahrzeug n - train vehicle (sup ply, baggage, etc.).

Truppengattung / branch of service. Truppengebrauch m military usage, military custom. Tuppengelandebesprechung / juniorcommand field critique (maneuvers). Truppengeneralstab m general staff with troops. Truppenlager n camp. Truppenmarketenderei / post ex change. Truppenmasse / troop concentration. Truppennachrichtenoffizier m unit communication officer. Truppennachrichtenverband m com munication unit. Truppennachrichtenzug m unit com munication platoon. Truppenoffizier m line officer, officer of the line. Truppenschiedsrichter m unit umpire (maneuvers). Truppenteil m unit. Truppentransport m troop transport. Truppentransporter m troop carrier (Ap); troop transport (Ap, Nav); troopship.

Truppenfiihrung / leading of troops, conduct of field operations (title of Ger manual corresponding to Field Service Regulations: Operations).




Truppentransport-Flugzeug n troop carrier airplane. Truppentransportschiff n troop trans port, troopship. Truppentransportzug m troop train. Truppeniibungen fpl field maneuvers. Truppeniibungsplatz m troop train ing camp, troop training grounds. Truppenunterkunft / barracks, quar ters, billet. Truppenverband m mixed force, com bined-arms unit. Truppenverbandplatz m aid station (Med). Truppenvermessungsdienst m field survey service. Truppenwetterdienst m field meteoro logical service. Truppfiihrer m leader of a Trupp; corporal (Reich Labor Service). I.MG-Truppfiihrer light MG team leader (R squad) . T-Stoff m lacrimator (abbr. of Tranenstoff).

Tucheinsatz m cloth filter. Tuchzeichen n ground panel, code panel. Turbokompressor m centrifugal com pressor, turbosupercharger. Turm in tower; turret. TurmanschluB m turret connection (Ap, Tk). Turmaufsatz m cupola (Tk). Turmgeschiitz n turret gun. Turmklappe / turret hatch (Tk). Turmlafette / turret mount. Turmluke / turret hatch (Tk). Turmlukendeckel m turret hatch cover (Tk). Turmschwenkwerk n turret travers ing mechanism (Ap, Tk). Turmzurrung / turret locking clamp (Ap, Tk). Tutol n trinitrotoluol. Typenbezeichnung / model designa tion. Typennummer / model number. Typenschild n name plate.

iiben to practice, exercise, train. tjberbau m superstructure. uberbeanspruchung / overload (Mech), tjberbelichtung / overexposure (Photo).
Dberbestand m surplus stock (i.e., above authorized basic allowance).

tiberdeckung / overlap (aerial Photo). seitliche uberdeckung sidelap (aerial Photo). tiberdruck m pressure above atmo spheric pressure; pressure differ ence, excess pressure. tiberfall m raid, surprise attack (Tac); spillway (dam). tiberfallkommando n raiding party. tiberfallkrone / spillway crest (dam). tiberfallwehr n spillway weir, over fall dam. iiberfliigeln outflank. tiberfliigelung / outflanking. iiberfluten to flood, inundate. tiberflutung / flood, flooding, inun dation.

iiberfiihren to ferry (Awn); to trans port. tjberfuhrung / overpass (RR). Uberfiihrungsdienst m ferry 'service (Avn). t)berfiihrungsflug m ferrying flight. Dbergabe / surrender, capitulation; handing over; giving up. Dbergabeverhandlungen fpl negoti ations for surrender. tibergang m transition; shifting; crossing. tibergangsbahnhof m crossing sta tion (RR). tibergangsgebiihrnisse npl tempo rary monthly allowance paid on dis charge (to ease transition to civilian life). tibergangsgerat n stream-crossing equipment. ubergangskegel m forcing cone (G tube). tJbergangsmittel npl stream-crossing means.




tjbergangsstellung / intermediate position. tibergangstruppe / stream-crossing troops. iibergeben hand over, surrender. sich ubergeben to vomit. tiberhang m overharig (Top, etc.); angle of approach (MT). iiberhitzen overheat (an engine); superheat (steam). Dberhitzer m superheater. iiberholen overtake; overhaul. iiberholende Verfolgung encircling maneuver in pursuit. uberholung / passing, overtaking (MT); encirclement (in pursuit) (Tac); overhauling (maintenance). tJberholungsabteilung / encircling detachment (in pursuit). Uberholungsgleis n passing siding (RR). uberlagerungsempfanger m super heterodyne receiver (Rad). tfberlagerungsfrequenz / heterodyne frequency. uberlandflug m cross-country flight. iiberlasten to overload. Uberlaufer m deserter (to the enemy). Dberlaufrohr n overflow pipe. uberlegenheit / superiority. Dbermacht / superior strength, su periority. iibermannen overcome, overpower. tjbermantel m overcoat. t)bernahme / taking over, assuming (a command, etc.); acceptance (of materiel, etc.). UberplanmaBig in excess of author ized strength or allowance. iiberqueren to cross (a river, etc.). tJberraschung / surprise. tibersattigung / supersaturation (Met). UberschieBen to fire over the heads of friendly troops; to fire beyond the target. tJberschieBen eigener Truppen over head firing (Gunnery). tJberschieBen von Deckungen clear ance of masks (Gunnery). tJberschieBgrenze / corresponding range (Gunnery). DberschieBtafel / overhead firing table. Uberschlag m loop (Avn).

" as distinguished from, German "heavy" MG, which is .30 caliber and on tripod mount).

tiberschlag- auf dem Boden ground loop (Avn). uberschlagen, sich to tumble (pro jectile); to roll over (Avn); to turn over (vehicles). tiberschlag iiber den Fliigel barrel roll (Avn). iiberschreiten to cross (a Bdg, road, etc.). tiberschreitfahigkeit / trench-cross ing ability (Tk). tiberschrift / heading. DberschuBwasser n overflow water (dam). iiberschwemmen to flood. Dberschwemmung / flood. iiberschwer heavy (.50 caliber MG

iiberwachen to supervise, monitor, guard, police.

iibersetzen to translate; to cross, to ferry. tJbersetzen iiber Wasserlaufe stream crossing. tJbersetzer m translator. ttbersetzfahre / ferry. tJbersetzgruppe / crossing detail. tibersetzmittel n stream-crossing equipment. tibersetzstelle / stream-crossing point, ferrying point, crossing site. tibersetzung / translation; gear ratio, gear transmission (to increase speed). tibersetzungsgetriebe n gear trans mission (to increase speed). tibersetzungsverhaltnis n gear ratio. ubersicht / survey; chart, plan, table; summary; synoptic view. tJbersichtsbild n index map (aerial Photo). tibersteuerung / over bias (Rad); overloading (Elec, Rad). Dberstromkanal m bypass (Mtr). Dbertrager m transformer (Elec); repeating coil (Tp). Ubertragerkastchen n repeating coil unit (Tp). tibertragungsgerat n data transmis sion system (AAA). tibertragungskorper m induced-det onation charge. tibertragungsladung / primer charge. tibertrommel / range drum (sight mount).




Uberwachung / surveillance, obser vation; monitoring; guarding, polic ing. iiberwaltigen overcome, overpower. Uberwasserstreitkrafte fpl surface forces (Nav). iiberweisen to allot; send, convey; to refer. Uberweisungsamt n toll station (Tp). liberwinden to overcome; surmount (obstacles); to force (a crossing, etc.); to conquer (the enemy, etc.). iiberziehen to stall (Ap). Uberzug in cover, hood. U-Boot n Submarine, U-boat (abbr. of Unterseeboot). U-Boot-Bunker m submarine pen. U-Bootjager m submarine chaser.
U-Bootkrieg m

Uhr / watch, clock, timepiece; in strument dial. Uhrenscheibe / target consisting of circle of silhouettes. Uhrvergleich m synchronization of watches. Uhrwerkantrieb m clockwork action (fuze). Uhrwerkziinder m clockwork fuze (Am). Uhrzeiger m clock hand; indicator (Inst). im Gegensinn zum Uhrzeiger coun terclockwise. im Sinne des Uhrzeigers clockwise.

U-Boot-Mutterschiff n submarine tender. U-Bootnetz n. submarine net. U-Boot-Werft / submarine construc tion yard. Ubung / practice, exercise, training, drill, training maneuver. ubungsflug m practice flight. Ubungsflugzeug n training airplane, trainer. tibungsgerat n practice device, prac tice equipment. DbungsgeschoB n training projectile, target-practice projectile. iibungsgranate / practice shell (Am). Ubungshandgranate / practice gre nade, training grenade. Cbungsladung / practice charge (Am). tibungsleitung / director headquar ters (maneuvers). Ubungsmaske / training mask (CWS). ubungsmine / practice mine. tibungsmunition / practice ammuni tion, training munitions. Ubungsreizstoff m irritant training agent (CWS). ubungsriechstoff m odor-detection training agent (CWS). UbungsschieBen n practice firing. Ubungsverband m training unit. Ufer n shore, bank. Uferbalken m shore sill (Bdg). Uferbriicke / single-span stringer bridge. Uferschnellsteg m hasty single-span footbridge.

submarine warfare.

Uhrzeitangabe / time announcement, time signal. Ultrakurzwelle / ultrashort wave, ultrahigh frequency (in strict sense, very high frequency, 30 me. to 300 me.). Ultrakurzwellenempfanger m iiltrahigh frequency receiver. See also Ultrakurzwelle. Ultrakurzwellensender m ultrahigh frequency transmitter. See also Ultrakurzwelle. umbilden reorganize. Umbildung / reorganization. Umdrehung / revolution (Mech). Umdrehungszahl / number of revo lutions, rpm. Umdrehungszahler m tachometer. Umdruck m mimeograph or offset reproduction. Umfang m perimeter, scope, circum ference. umfassen to envelop (Tac). Umfassung / envelopment (Tac). Umformer m converter (Elec). Umformersatz in converter unit (Elec). Umgang m breeching (harness). umgehen to turn, outflank (Tac); to detour, go around, bypass. Umgehung / turning, outflanking (Tac); bypass (ing), detour (ing). Umgehungsbewegung / turning movement, outflanking movement. umgliedern to reorganize. Umgruppierung / regrouping. Umhang m cape, cloak. umhangen to sling (arms); take up (packs).

Uhrzeit / clock time (such as 1345; as distinguished from Zeit, time, in sense of "time length").

umkehren to reverse, turn over.



umkippen to tip over, to dump. Umklammerung / envelopment, en circlement (Tac). Umkreis m perimeter, circumfer ence, periphery; radius. Umladung / transshipment. Umlauf m. rotation; cycle; circula tion; circular; side spillway (dam). in Umlauf to be circulated (docu ments). Umlaufgetriebe n planetary gear. Umlauf motor m rotary engine (Ap). umleiten to reroute (traffic, etc.); to divert (a stream). Umlenkrolle / deflecting pulley. Umpolung / pole reversal (Elec). Umrandung / edge, edging, border, border strip. Umrandungsfeuer n boundary light (Adrm). Umrechnung f conversion (Math). Umrechnungstafel / conversion table. Umschalteklinke / throwout (MG tripod). umschalten to switch over; to change gear. Umschaltepause / switch interval, answer lag (interphone). Umschalter m change-over switch, selector switch (Elec). Umschalthebel m change lever (auto matic R). Umschlag m application (Med). umschlagen to transload; to fell (a tree); to break down from bulk to unit containers; to capsize (a boat); to change suddenly (wind, etc.). Umschlagshafen m transshipment port. Umschlagstelle / bulk reduction point, transloading point, relay point. umschulen to retrain. umschwingen to veer. Umweg m detour. Umzaunung / enclosure. unabhangig independent. unabkommlich irreplaceable, indis pensable. unangelehnte Flanke exposed flank.
unbefestigte StraBe

Umkehrgetriebe n reversing gear (in rear-axle differential of half track vehicle).

undurchdringlich impermeable, im penetrable. Undurchdringlichkeit / impermea bility, impenetrability. unentziindbar inert (Am). unerlaubte Entfernung absence with out leave. Unfallbearbeitung / accident inves tigation. ungedampft undamped (Tech). ungeeignet unqualified, unsuited, un suitable. ungefahr approximate. Ungehorsam m disobedience. ungeklarte Lage obscure situation (Tac). ungepflastert unpaved. ungeschiitzt exposed (Tac). ungiinstig unfavorable. Uniform / uniform (Clo). Uniformbezugschein m individual clothing slip.

unbewaffnet unarmed. unbrauchbar unserviceable. Unbrauchbarmachung / destruction, rendering useless. undicht leaky, permeable, not gas proof or waterproof. Undichtigkeit / permeability, leak age.



dirt road.

unmittelbare Unterstiitzung direct support (Arty, Tac). unregelmaBig irregular. unscharf unarmed (fuze, etc.); blurred, out of focus (Optics). unscharf machen disarm (Am). unstarres Luftschiff nonrigid air ship. untauglich physically unfit for active service. Unterabschnitt m subsector. Unterarzt m medical noncommis sioned officer (with rank of Master Sgt). Unterbau m subgrade, foundation, substructure. Unterbindung / choking off, fore stalling, preventing (Tac). unterbrechen interrupt. Unterbrecher m contact breaker, in terrupter (Elec). Unterbrechung / interruption; ces sation; suspension (of traffic). unterbringen to billet, quarter; to store, stow. Unterbringung / sheltering, quarter-

Universalinstrument n transit (Surv).




ing, billeting; quarters, billets; stowage position (of equipment in vehicle). Unterbringungsgebiet n quartering area. Unterdruckforderer m vacuum tank (MT). Unterdruckkammer / low-pressure chamber. Unterfeldmeister m staff sergeant (Reich Labor Service). Unterfeldwebel m staff sergeant. Unterfiihrer m enlisted man tenta tively selected for subsequent offi cer's training; subordinate com mander. untere Fiihrung lower command (Regt and down). Unterfuhrung / underpass (RR). untergebene Stellen lower com mands. untergeordnet inferior in rank, sub ordinate. Untergurt m cincha (saddle); bot tom chord (truss). unterhaltener Fahrweg improved road. Unterhaltsbevechtigter m dependent (entitled to dependency benefits). Unterhaltung / maintenance; con versation; recreation, entertainment. Unterhandler m negotiator, bearer of a flag of truce, parlementaire. Unterhandlung / parley. Unterholz n underbrush, under growth. UnterkalibergeschoB n subcaliber projectile (Am). Unterkunft / shelter, quarters, bil lets. freie Unterkunft quarters in kind. Unterkunftsbezirk m shelter area, quartering area, billeting area. Unterkunftsgruppe / billeting group. Unterkunftsraum in shelter area, cantonment area. Unterlafette / bottom gun carriage. Unterlage / plane table (Arty, Surv); datum; basis; document, record. Unterlagerungstelegraphie / simplexed telegraphy. Unterlegbohlen fpl dunnage. unterlegen inferior (in numbers). Unterlegenheit f inferiority . (Tac).
Unterdruck m vacuum, low pressure (below atmospheric pressure).

Unterlegeplane / ground cloth (Bin). Unterlegscheibe / washer. .Unternehmen n operation (Tac). Unternehmung / operation (Tac). Unteroffizier m noncommissioned of ficer; sergeant. Unteroffizieranwarter m candidate for noncommissioned rank. Unteroffiziere mit Portepee noncom missioned officers from Feldwebel up. Unteroffiziere ohne Portepee non commissioned officers from Unter offizier down. Unteroffiziere und Mannschaften en listed men. unterpolstert padded. Unterredung / parley. Unterricht m instruction. unterrichten instruct, teach. Unterrichtstafel / demonstration chart (Tng). Unterring m lower band (R). Unterringfeder / lower band spring. Unterschenkel m gaskin (horse). Unterschied TO difference. Unter-Schiedsrichter m umpire as signed to a subordinate unit (gen erally an NCO). Unterschild m apron shield, lower shield (G). Unterschildtrager m lower shield bracket (G). Unterschlupf m cut-and-cover shel ter, dugout. Unterseeboot n U-boat, submarine. Unterseite / underside, lower side; belly (Tk). Untersetzung / reduction (Mech). Untersetzungsgetriebe n reduction gear (MT). Unterstand m shelter, protected shelter, dugout (Ft). unterstellt. inferior in rank, subordi nate. unterstrom downstream. Untersturmfiihrer m See SS-Untersturmfiihrer. unterstutzen to support. Unterstiitzung / support (Tac). Unterstiitzungsartillerie / support ing artillery. Unterstutzungsfeuer n supporting fire. untersuchen inspect, examine; test; investigate.
Untersuchung /

investigation, exam-




ination; surveillance (of Am and CWS supplies, etc.); inspection. Untersuchungsstelle / test station (Tp). Unterveterinar m veterinary non commissioned officer (with rank of Master Sgt). Unterwachtmeister m staff sergeant (Arty, Cav). Unterwasserbombe / depth bomb, depth charge. Unterwasserhorchgerat n hydrophone (Nav). Unterwasserschneidetrupp m under water cutting and welding detach ment. Unterweisung / indoctrination, in struction. Unterwerfung / subjection, subju gation, submission, surrender. ,. Unterzug m transom (Bdg). Untiefen fpl shoals. unverziiglich immediate.

Urbaumuster n original model, pro totype (Ap, Tk, etc.). Urkunde / document, permanent rec ord. Urkundenbeweis m documentary evi dence. Urlaub m leave, furlough, leave of absence. Urlauber m man on leave, furlough, or pass. Urlaubsschein m furlough certifi cate; leave; pass. Ursprung m origin. Urteilsmilderung / mitigation of sentence. Urwald m jungle. Urwaldkrieg TO jungle warfare.

U-Rahmen m chassis).

unvorschriftsmaBig contrary to reg ulations, not prescribed, irregular. Unwetter n bad weather, storm.

U-frame (tubular

Vakuumrohre / vacuum tube. V-Boot n launch (abbr. of Verkehrsboot). VelozitatsmeBzug m velocity meas urement platoon (Arty). Ventil n valve. Ventilanordnung / valve arrange ment (Mtr). Ventilfeder / valve spring (Mtr). Ventilkammer / valve chamber (Mtr). verankern to moor. Verankerung / anchorage, holdfast. Verankerungsgurt m mooring band (Bin). V3rankerungskabel n guy; mooring cable. Verankerungsmast m mooring mast (Bin). Verankerungstau n ground cable, mooring cable (Bin). Verankerungsturm m mooring tower (Bin). veranlassen to cause, bring about, call forth. veranschaulichen illustrate. verantwortlich responsible. VeranUvortlichkeit / responsibility. verausgaben to issue. Yerausgabung / issue. Verband m combined-arms unit, force, task force; air force unit, force, for mation (Aim); bandage, dressing. Verband aller Waffen combined-arms unit. Verbandflug m formation flying.

veraltet obsolete.

Ventilleine / valve cord, gas-valve operating line (Bin). ventilloser Motor sleeve-type en gine. Ventilachaft m valve stem (Mtr). Ventilschaftfiihrung / valve guide (Mtr). Ventilsitz in valve seat (Mtr). Ventilsteuerung / valve-timing sys tem (Mtr). Ventilsto'Bel m, valve lifter (Mtr). Ventilteller m valve head (Mtr). Verachtung / contempt, disregard.

Ventilkegel m valve ball (MT); valve head (pneumatic counter recoil mechanism).



Verbindungsmann m liaison agent. Verbindungsmittel n means of com munication. Verbindungsnetz n liaison net (Rad). Verbindungsoffizier m liaison officer. Verbindungsorgane npl connecting elements (march column). Verbindungspatrouille / contact pa trol (Tac). Verbindungsriemen m turnback (har ness). Verbindungsschnur / connecting cord (Tp). Verbindungsschraube / floor plate screw (R). Verbindungsstaffel / liaison squad ron (A vn). VerbindungsstraBe / communication road, communication route. Verbindungstrupp m liaison party, liaison detachment; connecting group; contact patrol. Verbindungsweg m channel of com munication (Tp, Rad). verblenden to dim or black out (lights). verbogen bent, twisted, warped. Verbot n prohibition, off-limits dec laration; exclusion; restriction. Verbotstafel / "prohibited" sign. Verbrauch m consumption, expendi ture. verbrauchbar expendable. Verbraucherstelle / outlet (Elec). Verbrauchsgiiter npl expendable sup plies. Verbrauchssatz TO consumption per 100 kilometers (of gasoline, oil, and lubricants). Verbrauchsstoffe mpl See Verbrauchs giiter. Verbrennung / combustion; defla gration (of powder). Verbrennungskraftmaschine / inter nal-combustion engine. Verbrennungsraum TO combustion chamber; powder chamber (G). Verbrennungsruckstand m carbon (Mtr). verbundene Waffen combined arms (Tac). Verbiindete(r) m ally. Verbundmaschine / compound-wound motor. Verbundrohre / multi-unit tube (Rad). verchromt chromium-plated.
Verdammen n

Verbandkasten m first-aid box. Verbandmittel npl dressing equip ment (Med). Verbandpackchen n first-aid packet. Verbandplatz m aid station, dressing station. Verbandsabwurf m formation re lease (bombing). Verbandsflug m flying in formation, formation flying. Verbandswurf m See Verbandsab wurf. Verbandtasche / first-aid bag. Verbandzeug n first-aid kit, first-aid supplies. verbergen to mask, conceal, hide. Verbesserung / correction (Gun nery). Verbesserung fur Lange range cor rection (Gunnery). Verbesserung fiir Seite lateral correctisn (Gunnery). Verbesserung fiir Witterungseinfliisse metro correction (Arty). Verbesserungsgerat n parallax off set mechanism (sound locator). Verbesserungswert m correction factor (Gunnery). Verbesserungswinkel m correction angle (Gunnery). verbeulte Patrone battered round. Verbiegen n droop (Mech). verbieten to prohibit, forbid. Verbindung / liaison, communica tion, contact (Tac); connection (Tp); compound (Cml). Verbindung aufnehmen make con tact, establish communication (with friendly troops). Verbindungsachse / axis of com munication. Verbindungsaufnahme / establish ment of communication, liaison, or contact (with friendly troops). Verbindungsdienst in liaison service, liaison duty. Verbindungsflugzeug n liaison air plane. Verbindungsgraben m communica tion trench, connecting trench. Verbindungshiilse / connecting sleeve, casing, collar. Verbindungsleute mpl connecting file, communicating file; liaison agents. Verbindungslinie / line of communi cation.

tamping, mud cap-




Vergasermotor m carburetor engine. Vergatterung / guard mount (bugle

ping (demolitions); damming up (a stream). verdampfen to vaporize, evaporate. Verdampfungswarme / heat of va porization (Met). Verdeck n cover; hood; deck. verdecken to cover, mask, conceal, defilade. Verdeckung / concealment, defilade. Verdichtung / compression (Mtr). Verdichtungshub m compression stroke (Mtr). Verdichtungsverhaltnis n compres sion ratio (Mtr). Verdichtungswelle / burst wave, detonation wave (SR); compression wave (Physics). Verdienstkreuz n Meritorious Service Cross (decoration). verdolmetschen* interpret, translate. verdrahten to wire, to block with wire obstacles. Verdrangung / displacement. Verdrangungszylinder m compres sion cylinder (counterrecoil mech' anism). Verdunkelung / blackout. Verdunkelungslampe / blackout lamp, blackout light. vereinigtes Feuer collective fire (SA). Vereinheitlichung / standardization. Vereisung / icing, formation of ice (Avn). Vereisungsschutzgerat n de-icer (Ap). vereiteln nullify, foil, render useless, fail. Verfahren n method, procedure, process. verfehlen to miss. verfertigen to make, manufacture. Verfolgung / pursuit (Tac). Verfolgungsabteilung / direct pres sure detachment (in pursuit). verfugbar available. Verfiigung / disposal, disposition; availability; instruction, order. zur Verfiigung available for duty (abbr. z.V.). Verfiigungsfrequenzen fpl assigned frequencies (Rad). vergasen to gas (CWS). Vergaser m carburetor. Vergaseranordnung / carburetion (Mtr). call).

Vergehen n offense, breach (of dis cipline), infraction (of regulations). Vergeltung / retaliation, reprisal. Vergeltungsangriff m retaliation at tack; reprisal raid (Avn). VergeltungsmaBnahme / reprisal. vergiften to poison; to contaminate, to gas (.CWS). Vergiftung / contamination (CWS). Vergiftungsschiefien n gas-shell fire (Arty). VergleichsschieBen n calibration fir ing (Arty). Vergleichsziel n auxiliary target (Gunnery). VergriiBerung / enlargement, mag nification. Vergrb'Berungsapparat m enlarger, enlarging projector (Photo). Vergiitung / reimbursement, recoup ment; compensation, award, allow ance; heat treatment (of metals). Vergiitungsanlage / soaking pit (Ord). Vergiitungsstahl m heat-treated steel. Verhaftung / arrest. Verhaltnis n relation; proportion, ratio; condition, situation. verhandeln negotiate. Verhandlung / parley, negotiation. Verhangung von Strafen imposition of punishment (Law, PW). Verhau m abatis, hurdle, entangle ment. Verheerung / devastation. verhindern prevent. Verhor n interrogation. verhoren to interrogate. verjiingt tapered; reduced. Verjiingung / taper; reduction (of scale). verkanten to cant (G, R); to tilt, incline; to become misalined. Verkantung / cant (Arty); misalinement of wheels (MT). Verkantungslibelle / cross level. Verkantungstrieb m cross-level drive. Verkehr m traffic; communication. Verkehrsbestimmung / traffic regu lation. Verkehrsboot n launch (Nav). Verkehrsfliegerei / commercial avia tion.
Verkehrsflugzeug n commercial air plane. Verkehrskreis m traffic area. Verkehrslast / bridge capacity.



or horses (specifically, to load on pack animals).

Verkehrsleitung / traffic control, Verkehrslinien fpl lines of communi cation (Tac). Verkehrsposten m traffic control point. Verkehrspunkt m traffic center. Verkehrsregel / traffic rule, traffic regulation, rule for road procedure, rule of the road. Verkehrsregelung / traffic control. Verkehrsregelungsbataillon n traffic control battalion. Verkehrsschild n traffic sign. Verkehrsstockung / traffic conges tion, jam, tie-up. Verkehrsstreife / traffic patrol. Verkehrsteilnehmer m traffic element. Verkehrsuberwachung / traffic super vision. Verkehrszeichen n traffic sign, traffic symbol. verkehrt reverse, inverse; wrong. 'verkitten fasten or seal with putty or other adhesive. verkleiden to revet; to mask, camou flage, disguise. Verkleidung / ' cowling, fairing (Ap); revetment; camouflage, dis guise. verklemmen to jam, to wedge. Verladebahnhof m loading station, entraining station (RR). Verladehafen m loading port, port of embarkation. verladen to load, entrain, entruck, embark. Verladeoffizier m entraining officer, entrucking officer, loading officer. Verladeplan m loading table; en training or entrucking table. Verladeplatz m loading point; en training or entrucking^ point. Verladerampe / loading platform, loading ramp. Verladestab m loading staff (sea port). Verladestelle / See Verladeplatz. Verladezeit / loading time, entruck ing time, entraining time. Verladung / loading, entrucking, en training. Verladungsofflzier m See Verladeoffi zier. Verladungsschein m bill of lading. Verlangerungsstuck n extension; sight extension (G sight). verlasten to pack or load on vehicles

verlastete Artillerie portee artillery. verlastete Truppen motoriaed troops. Verlauf m sequence of events, course, progress (of an attack, etc.). verlegen to transfer; shift (fire, etc.). Verlegenheit / confusion, embarrass ment, perplexity. Verlegswagen m reel cart (for Tp wire). Verlegung / transfer, shift. Verlegungsbef ehl m movement order; order to shift fire (Arty). Verlust m casualty, loss; forfeiture (of pay, etc.). Verlustliste / casualty list. Verlustmeldung / casualty report. Verlustrate / casualty rate. tagliche Verlustrate casualty day. vermessen to survey, to locate. Vermessung / survey, surveying, locating (Arty, Engr). Vermessung durch Anhangen survey by controlled traverse (Surv). Vermessungsbatterie / survey bat tery (Arty). Vermessungs- und Kartenabteilung / survey and mapping unit. Vermessung von Feuerstellungen field artillery survey (Arty). verminderte Ladung reduced charge. verminen to mine, to lay mines. vermiBt missing, missing in action. vermitteln to connect, to communi cate (Tp); to convey or impart (in formation) . Vermittlung / connection; switching central, telephone central. Vermittlungskastchen n portable switchboard '(Tp). Vermittlungsklinke / connecting jack (Tp). Vermittlungsschnur / patching cord (Tp). Vermittlungsstelle / switching cen tral, telephone central. Vernachlassigung / neglect, negli gence. Vernebelung / smoke screening. vernehmen to question, interrogate (PW, etc.). Vernehmung / questioning, interro gation. Vernehmungsoffizier m interrogation officer (PW).




Vernichtung / destruction, annihila tion. Vernichtungsfeuer n fire for destruc tion (Arty). Vernichtungskampf m battle of ex termination. vernieten to rivet. verordnen to order; prescribe (Med). Verordnung / regulation, order. Verpackungsgeschosse npl dummy ammunition (for vehicle-loading practice). Verpassung / fitting (of uniforms, gas masks, etc.). Verpflegung / feeding1, messing, ra tioning; rations, food; food supply. Verpflegung in Natur rations in kind. Verpflegungsabrechnung / ration and savings account. Verpflegungsabteilung / ration sup ply section. Verpflegungsamt n ration supply office. Verpflegungsausgabestellc / ration distribution point. Verpflegungsbedarf m ration re quirements. Verpflegungsbestande mpl ration stores, ration stockage. Verpflegungsbezugsschein m ration return. Verpflegungsbombe / rations deliv ery unit (airborne operations). Verpflegungsdienst m ration supply service. Verpflegungsersparnisse fpl ration savings. Verpflegungsgebuhrnisse fpl ration allowances.. Verpflegungsgegenstande mpl ration articles. Verpflegungsgeld n ration allowance. Verpflegungslager n ration supply depot. Verpflegungslagerausgabestelle / ra tion distributing point (Div). Verpflegungsmittel npl rations, sub sistence supplies. Verpflegungsnachschub m ration supply. Verpflegungsoffizier in mess officer. Verpflegungsportion / ration. Verpflegungssatz m ration quantity, ration scale. Verpflegungsstarke / ration strength.

VerpflegungstroB m ration supply train (H-Dr or Mtz). VerpflegungsunteroflSzier m mess sergeant. Verpflegungszug m ration supply train (RE). VerpflegungszuschuB m commutation of rations. Verpflegung und Unterkunft rations and quarters. verraten betray. Verrater m traitor. verriegeln to lock, cut off, block, box . in. verrostet rusty. versacken bog down. versagen fail. Versager m misfire; dud. Versammlung / assembly, concen tration (Tac); meeting, gathering. Versand m shipment, transporta tion, forwarding. verschaffer. procure. Verschalung / covering, skin, fairing (Ap); revetment. Verschanzung / entrenchment. Verschickung / shipment, transpor tation. Verschiebebahnhof m switching yard. verschieben shift, move, displace, switch; postpone. Verschiebung / displacement (of troops, etc.); postponement. verschieBen to expend (Am). verschleiern to mask, screen, blan ket, conceal, camouflage. Verschleierung / screening, conceal ment (Tac). Verschleierungsfahigkeit / screening capacity, density of coverage (screening smoke). Verschleierungsfeuer n deception fire, diversion fire; smoke-shell fire. Verschleierungsverkehr m deception signal traffic. VerschleiBteil m part subject to wear (Mech). VerschluB m breechblock, breech mechanism (Ord); bolt mechanism (R, pistol); locking action (Tech); lock; shutter. VerschluBabstand m head space (Ord). VerschluBblock m breechblock (screwtype breech). VerschluBkeil m. wedge-type breech block.




verschliisseln encode, encipher. verschliisselter Text secret text. Verschliisselung / coding, encipher ing. Verschlusselungsscheibe / cipher disk, Verschlufikammer / bolt (R). VerschluBkappe / filler cover (MG). Verschlufileiste / back plate (MG). VerschluBleistenachse / back plate hinge pin (MG). VerschluBpIatte / front plate (breech block). VerschluBring TO breech ring (G). VerschluBschlitten m lock frame (Ord). Verschlufischraube / threaded clos ing cap (fuze). VerschluBstiick n breechblock (G, MG). VerschluBtrager m breechblock car rier (G). VerschluBuberzug m breech cover (G). VerschluBzylinder m bolt (SA). Verschrankbarkeit der Achsen compression-and-rebound range of spring suspension (MT). Verschraubung / threaded plug, screw. Verschraubungsstiick n breech ring. Verschubbahn / launching track (Bdg). VerschuB in expenditure (of Am). Verschwertung / lateral truss, sway brace (Bdg). Verschwindeturm m disappearing turret (Ft). Verschwindlafette / disappearing carriage (G). Verschwindscheibe / bobbing target, disappearing target (Tng). Versehworung / conspiracy. Versehrtengeld n disability allow ance or pension. versenken to sink; to countersink. Versenknietung / flush riveting. versetzen to transfer (Pers); to shift, move; to stagger (obstacles, etc.). versetzt staggered; displaced, trans ferred. Versetzung / transfer (Pers); devi ation, drift (Avn); stagger (ing). Versorgung / supply; care (for exservice men). Versorgungsbehalter TO aerial deliv ery unit.

Versorgungsbombe / aerial delivery unit. Versorgungsdienst m supply service, Versorgungsfahrzeug n supply ve hicle, train vehicle. Versorgungsgebiet n supply area. Versorgungsgiiter npl supplies. verspannen to brace, tighten, stretch. Verspannung / bracing, fastening, tightening, stretching. Versprengter m straggler; man sep arated from his unit in action. verspriihen to spray (CWS). verstandigen inform, make known. Verstandigung / communication; readability, audibility (Sig Com). Verstandigungsgerat n interphone equipment (Ap). Verstandigungsmittel n password. Verstandigung von Bord zu Bord interaircraft communication. Verstandlichkeit / readability (Siff Com). verstarken reinforce, strengthen; amplify, boost, increase. Verstarker TO amplifier (Rad). Verstarkung / amplification (Rad): reinforcement. Verstarkungsfaktor m amplification factor (Rad). Verstarkungsring m hoop (gun barrel). Verstauchung / sprain (Med). verstauen to stow. verstecken to hide, conceal, mask. verstellbar controllable (Ap propel ler); adjustable (tools, etc.). Verstell-Luftschraube / controllablepitch propeller (Ap). Verstellschliissel m adjustable wrench. Verstellschraube / adjusting screw (Tech); controllable-pitch propeller. Verstellung / adjustment, regula tion, control. Verstellwelle f control rod (Ap). VerstoB TO infraction, irregularity. Verstrebung / spar bracing (Bdg); bracing. verstiimmeln mutilate. Versuch m experiment, attempt, test, trial. Versuchsflugzeug n test airplane, ex perimental airplane. Versuchsladung / test charge (Arty). Versuchglauf TO test run, trial run. VersuchsschieBen n test firing (Ord).

Versuchstruppen fpl troops.



vertauen to moor.

Vertaumast m mooring mast. Verteidigung / defense, defensive. Verteidigungsabschnitt m defense area, defensive area, defensive seetor. Verteidigungsanlagen fpl defensive installations. Verteidigungsnest n ance.

Verteidigungslinie / line of defense.
nest of resist

verwunden to wound.

Verwendung / employment (Tac); use, utilization. zu besonderer Verwendung on spe cial assignment (abbr. z.b.V.). verwickeln involve, complicate; en gage (Tac). verwinden to warp, to twist. Verwirrung / confusion. verwundbar vulnerable. evacuation

verteilen to distribute, to issue. Verteiler m distributor (Mtr); dis tribution box (data, transmission system).' Verteilerbahnhof m regulating sta tion (RR). Verteilerfinger m distributor arm (Mtr). Verteilerkasten m distribution box (Elec, Nav); junction box (data transmission system). Verteilerlaufstiick n distributor ro tor, distributor arm (Mtr). Verteilerscheibe / distributor plate. Verteilung / distribution. Verteilungsstelle / distributing point. Vertrag m treaty, contract, compact. Vertragsarzt m contract surgeon. vertraulich confidential. Vertretung / deputy; proxy; repre sentation. vervielfaltigen multiply; multigraph; mimeograph; duplicate. verwalten administer, administrate, manage. Verwaltung / administration. Verwaltungsdienste mpl adminis trative and supply services. Verwaltungsgebaude n administra tion building. Verwaltungsordnung / administra tive plan.
Verwaltungsamt n waltungsamt. See Heeresver-

Verteidigungsplan m defense plan. Verteidigungsstellung / defensive position. Verteidigungszone / defensive zone.

Verwundetenabschublinie / evacuation.

Verwundetenabschub m of wounded.

chain of
evacua Wound

Verwundetenabtransport m tion of wounded. Verwundetenabzeichen n Badge (decoration).

Verwiistung / devastation. Verzerrung / distortion (Bad). verzinkt galvanized. verzinnt tin-plated.
Verzogerung / delay.

Verwundetenbetreuung / care of cas ualties. Verwundetennest n aid station.

verursachen to cause.

Verwaltungstruppenteil m adminis trative unit. Verwaltungsiibersichtskarte / admin istrative map.
Verwaltungswesen n

V-Form der Tragfliigel wing dihe dral (Ap). V-Formwinkel m dihedral angle (Ap).
Vieh n cattle, livestock. Vielfache n multiple (Math).
Vielfachschaltung / multiple connec tion (Tp).

verzbgerungsfrei immediate, nondelay. Verzogerungsmine / delayed-action mine. Verzb'gerungssatz m delay pellet (electric igniter); delay powder train (fuze). Verzb'gerungsschutz m time-delay relay (Elec, Bad). Verzb'gerungsziinder m delayed-action fuze, delay fuze. Verzug m delay, lag. Verzugsrechner m acoustic corrector (sound locator). Veterinar m veterinary officer (2nd Lt). Veterinardienst m veterinary service. Veterinargehilfe m veterinary aid man. Veterinargerat n veterinary equip ment. -. Veterinarkompanie / veterinary company. Veterinarpark m veterinary depot.





Viererschaltung / phantom connec tion (Tp). Viererzelt n four-man tent, viergliedrige Division square division. Vierlings-MG. n four-barreled ma chine gun. Vierradantrieb m four-wheel drive. Vierradlenkung / four-wheel steer ing. Vierspitz m crowsfoot, four-pointed knife rest (obstacle). Viertaktmotor m four-cycle engine. Viertelkreis m quadrant (of a, circle). Visier n sight, rear sight (Ord). Visierbereich m danger space (MG firing). Visierebene / plane of present posi tion (AA gunnery). Visiereinrichtung / sighting mecha nism, sighting device, sight assembly; quadrant sight (G). visieren to sight. Visierfeder / rear-sight spring (MG, R). Visierfernrohr n telescopic sight. VisierfuB m rear-sight base (MG, R). Visiergestange n parallelogram link age system (AA sight). Visierhaltestift m rear-sight pin (MG, R). Visierkimme / rear sight; rear sight notch. VisierMappe / rear-sight leaf (MG, R); sight-port cover (gun shield). Visierkorn n front sight; bead. Visierlinie / line of sight (Ord); line of present position (AA gunnery). Visierlupe / magnifying sight lens (site-to-mask clinometer). Visierschieber m sight slide (MG, R). Visierschild m sight shield (G). VisierschuB m direct-fire shot. VisverschuBweite / direct-fire range. Visierstange / rear sight pillar (MG). Visierstift m rear-sight pin (MG, R). Visiertrager m sight bracket (Ord). Visiervorrichtung / sight mechanism (Ord). Visierwinkel m angle of elevation (Gunnery); angular difference be tween present and future position (AAA). Visierzeiger.m telescope mount refer ence pointer (matches with Rohrzeieer when gun is laid for elevation).

Viereck n square. Viererleitung / phantom circuit (Tp).

Vizeadmiral m vice admiral. V-Motor m V-engine, V-Null / muzzle velocity (abbr. Vo). VSlkerrecht n international law. Volkswagen m "people's car" (gen eral purpose car, somewhat lighter than the jeep). Vollbahn / See Vollspurbahn.
Volksdeutscher m German who is a citizen of another country.

Vollgas n wide-open throttle. vollgelandegangig having complete cross-country ability (vehicles). VollgeschoB n shot (solid projectile); ball projectile; solid nonexplosive projectile. Vollgummireifen m solid tire. Vollkettenfahrzeug n full-track ve hicle. Vollkorn n full sight (R aiming). vollmotorisiert fully mechanized. Vollreifen m solid tire. Vollrohr n monobloc gun barrel. Vollsichtkanzel / turret with full field of view (Ap). Vollsichtkuppel / See Vollsichtkanzel. Vollspurbahn / standard-gage rail road (1.48S meters). vollstandiger SchuB complete round (Am). Volltraghb'he / service ceiling (Ap). Volltreffer m direct hit. vorarbeiten, sich work one's way for ward (by rushes, or crawling). Vorausabteilung / advance detach ment. Vorausauf gabe / preliminary mission (Tac). Voraussage / prediction, forecast. Vorauswanderungsstrecke / linear travel of target during dead time, linear travel of target from position at instant of range determination to present position (AA gunnery). Vorbauschnabel m launching nose (Bdg). Vorbefehl m warning order (Tac). vorbeifahren roll by, ride by. Vorbeiflug m side-view flight, passing flight (AAA). Vorbeimarsch m pass in review, march in review. vorbeirollen roll by, pass by. Vorbeischlagen der Pulvergase flareback (G). vorbereiten to prearrange, prepare in




Vorbeugungsmittel n prophylactic. Vorderachsantrieb m front-axle drive (MT). Vorderachse / front axle (MT). Vordergelenk n front piece of toggle joint (pistol). Vorderhang m forward slope (Top). Vorderhangstellung / forward slope position (Tac). Vorderholm m front outrigger (AA gun mount). Vorderkaffe / bow compartment (Pan). Vorderkante / leading edge (Ap). Vorderlader m, muzzle loader. vorderlastig noseheavy (Ap). Vordermann m the man in front (drill). auf Vordermann stehen to be cov ered in file. Vordermann nehmen to cover off, to cover in file (drill). Vorderpferd n lead horse. Vorderradantrieb m front-wheel drive. Vordersteven m stem (Nav). Vorderstiitzen fpl front legs (MG tripod). Vorderzeug n martingale, breastplate harness, body of breast collar (har ness). vordringen to push forward, press for ward. Vordruck m printed form, blank. Vorfahrt / right-of-way, priority. Vorfahrtberechtigter m one who has right-of-way. Vorfahrterlaubnis / permission to pass (vehicles in column). Vorfahrtregelung / priority regula tions, traffic regulations regarding right-of-way or priority. Vorfahr.tsrecht n priority, right-ofway. Vorfahrtszeichen n priority sign (on a vehicle). Vorfeld n foreground; outpost area (Tac); apron (Adrm). Vorfliigel m slat (Ap wing).
Vorderzwiesel m pommel (saddle); front arch (pack-saddle frame).
"Vordermann!" "Cover off!"

Vorbeugung /

advance, to schedule in advance (Arty fire, etc.). Vorbereitung / preparation. Vorbereitungsfeuer n preparation (Arty). vorbeugen prevent, anticipate.

vorfiihlen, sich to feel one's way for ward, to try to establish contact. Vorfiihrung / demonstration. Vorgang m occurrence, incident, event; process. vorgehen to advance. Vorgelegewelle / countershaft (MT). vorgeschoben advance (d); forward. vorgeschobene Beobachtungsstelle forward observation post. vorgeschobener Gefechtsstand advance command post. vorgeschobene Stellungen position of advanced covering forces (Tac). vorgeschrieben prescribed. Vorgesetzter m superior, superior offi cer or NCO. Vorhaben n intent, intention, plan. Vorhalt m lead (firing). Vorhalteeinrichtung / lead computer (AA and AT guns). Vorhalteeinstellung / positioning de vice for leads (sight mechanism). vorhalten to take a lead, apply a lead (Gunnery). Vorhaltepunkt m future position of target (AA gunnery); predicted po sition of target, set-forward point. Vorhaltestrecke / predicting interval (AA gunnery). Vorhaltewinkel m lead angle, angle between line of present position and line of future position (AA gunnery); angle of lateral lead (Gunnery); range angle (bombing); drift angle (Air Navigation). VorhaltsmaB n amount of lead, lead factor (in firing at moving targets).
VorhaltemaB n See VorhaltsmaB.

Vorhand / forequarters (horse). Vorhersage / prediction, forecast. Vorholeinrichtung / counterrecoil mechanism, recuperator mechanism. Vorholer m recuperator, counterrecoil mechanism. Vorholerkolben m recuperator piston, eounterrecoil piston. Vorholerlager n counterrecoil-mechanism bushing. Vorholerstiitze / counterrecoil-mechanism support.
Vorhut /

Vorhaltswert m See VorhaltsmaB.

Vorhutfiihrer m advance guard com mander.

advance guard.




Vormarsch m advance. Vormarschlinie / line of advance, axis of advance. VormarschstraBe / road of advance, route of advance. , Vormarschweg m line of advance, route of advance. Vorposten m outpost. Vorpostenabschnitt m outpost sector. Vorpostenabschnittsgrenze / outpostsector boundary. Vorpostenaufstellung / setting up of outposts, disposition of outposts. Vorpostenboot n outpost patrol boat (Nav). Vorpostendienst m outpost duty. Vorpostenfiihrer m outpost comman der. Vorpostengefecht n outpost engage ment. Vorpostenkette / line of . outguards (Tac). Vorpostenkompanie / outpost company. Vorpostenreserve / outpost reserve. Vorpostensicherungslinie / outpost line of security (Tac). Vorpostenstellung / outpost position (Tac). Vorposten-Widerstandslinie / outpost line of resistance (Tac). vorprellen to rush forward. Vorrang m precedence, priority. Vorrat m stock, stores, supply. Vorratshaltung / maintenance of stocks or supplies. Vorratslauf m spare barrel (MG). Vorratsteil n spare part (MT). Vorratszug m supply platoon (TkBn). Vorrichtung / device, mechanism, fix ture.

Vorhutgefecht n advance guard ac tion or engagement. Vorkammer / precombustion chamber (Diesel engine). Vorlage / flash-reducing wad (Arty); text, copy, pattern. Vorlauf m counterreeoil (G); nega tive caster (MT). Vorlaufbewegung / counterreeoil mo tion. Vorlaufhemmstange / counterreeoil piston rod (G). Vormann m foreman (Reich Labor Service).

Vorschlaghammer m sledge hammer. vorschreiben prescribe. Vorschrift / regulation, instruction, rule; manual. vorschiftsmaBig according to regula tions. Vorsicht / caution, care; foresight (Surv). Vorsignal n preliminary signal, warn ing signal. vorspringend projecting, salient. Vorsprung m salient (Tac); start, head start, lead. Vorspur / toe-in (MT).

vorrobben, sich to crawl forward. vorriicken to advance.

Vorstecker m safety pin (bombs, mines, etc.); lug (fuze). Vorsteckriemen m pommel-pad strap (saddle). VorstoB m assault, thrust, lunge; piping, edging (along seams of uni form). Vorstrom m inflow (Avn). vortauschen to deceive, simulate, feign. Vortauschung von Krankheiten ma lingering. Vortrag m lecture; verbal report and consultation (with commanding offi cer). vortreten to step forward, to step out of the ranks.
Vortriebskraft / propelling power.

Vortrupp m advance guard support (in Adv Gd of large unit); advance party (in Adv Gd of smaller unit).
Vorverdichter m supercharger. vorverlegen to lift (Arty fire). Vorwahler m preselector (Tp). Vorwarmer m preheater. Vorwaruer m outpost observer (SR). Vorwarnerstelle / outpost station (SR). Vorwiirtseinschneiden n intersection (Surv).

Vorwartsgang m forward speed (MT). Vorwartsgeschwindigkeit / forward velocity (bombing). Vorwartsstaffelung / positive stagger (Ap wings). Vorziindung / preignition (Mtr). V-Stellung. / dihedral setting (Ap wings).

Vorwartsfahrer m front driver (of n vehicle with double-ended drive).




Waage / scales, balance, waagerecht horizontal. Waagerechtbombenwurf m level-flight bombardment. waagerechte Gitterlinie X-line (of map grid). waagerechte SchuBweite level-point Waagerechtflug m level flight, hori zontal flight. Wabo / See Wasserbombe. Wachanzug m guard uniform (pre scribed for guard duty). Wachbataillon n guard battalion (in rear areas and Z of I). Wachboot n patrol vessel. Wachbuch n guard book (guard duty). Wachdienst m guard duty. Wache / guard; watch (Nav). die Wache aufziehen to mount the guard. die Wache ablosen to relieve the guard. Wachgebaude n guardhouse. Wachhabender m commander of the guard. Wachkompanie / guard company (one Wachlokal n guardroom. Wachmannschaft / guard detail. Wachposten m sentry. Wachradfahrerkompanie / bicycle company of a Wachbataillon. Wachregiment n guard regiment (in rear areas and Z of I). Wachsamkeit / vigilance. Wachschiff n. patrol vessel. wachsender . Drall increasing twist Wachstaffet m oilskin. Wachstube / guardroom. Wachstuch n oilcloth. Wacht / radar station (Luftwaffe). Wachtleitstelle / radar control sta tion (Luftwaffe). Wachtmeister m technical sergeant (Arty, Cav, AAA of the Luftwaffe). Wachtruppen fpl guard troops (in rear areas and Z of I). Wachtturm m watchtower.
(Ord). providing duty). the detail for guard range (Gunnery).

Wachvorgesetzter m commander of the guard. Wachwelle / stand-by frequency (Rad). Wackelkontakt m loose contact (Elec). wackeln to rock (Ap wings); to shake, to be loose. Wade / calf (of leg). Waffe / weapon; arm. Waffenamt n ordnance office (a branch of the Oberkommando des Heeres). Waffenaufnahme / gun holder (mul tiple AA gun mount). Waffenblende / gun shield, gun mantlet (Tk). Waffenentgiftung / decontamination of .weapons. Waffenentgiftungsmittel n weapons decontaminating agent. Waffenfarbe'/ service color. Waffenfeldwebel m technical sergeant (armorer-artificer). Waffenfett n gun grease, rifle grease. Waffenfiihrung / tactics and tech nique. Waffengattung / arm or branch of the service. Waffengruppe / group (Ord, SA). die Waffengruppen auseinandernehmen to field strip (a R, etc.). Waffeninspektion / ordnance inspec torate (a branch of the Allgemeines Heeresarr.t). Waffenkasten m arms container (aerial delivery unit). Waffenlager n ordnance depot. waffenlos unarmed. Waffenmeister m armorer-artificer official (Civ official ranking as 2nd Lt). Waffenmeistergehilfe m assistant ar morer-artificer. Waffenmeisterei / armory, ordnance shop; armorer-artificer's staff or function. Waffenmeisterschule / armorer-arti ficer school, ordnance school. Waffenoffizier m ordnance staff offi cer, ordnance officer. Waffenpriifung / ordnance proving or testing.




Waffenrock m blouse. Waffenruhe / truce. Waffenschule / service school. Waffen-SS / SS Armed Forces. Waffenstillstand m armistice. ortlicher Waffenstillstand truce. Waffenstillstandsbedingungen fpl ar mistice terms. Waffenstreckung / surrender. Waffenstreuung / armament error. Waffentechnik / tactics and technique. waffentechnisch pertaining to ord nance engineering or mechanics. Waffenuberlegenheit / superiority of arms and equipment. Waffen und Gerat ordnance materiel. Waffen- und Geratenachweis m prop erty book. Waffen- und Geratuntersuchung / technical inspection. Waffen-Unteroffizier m ordnance ser geant. Waffenwagen m armament car (ar mored RR train). Waffenwart m armorer-artificer. Wagen m wagon; car (MT, RR). Wagenfahre / ferry for vehicles. Wagenfiihrer m car commander (MT). Wagenhalteplatz m ambulance load ing post. Wagenheber m jack. Wagenplane / tarpaulin for vehicle. Wagenzugfiihrer m caisson section leader (Arty). wahlen to dial (Tp); to select, choose; to vote. Wahler m dial (Tp); selector (switch board mechanism). Wahlerbetrieb m dial system (Tp). Wahlscheibe / dial (Tp); selector dis1: (switchboard mechanism). wahrscheinlicher Fehler probable error. Wahrscheinlichkeitsfaktor m proba bility factor (Ballistics). WaldbloBe / forest clearing. Waldgefecht n combat in woods. Waldgelande n wooded area, woodland. Waldlichtung / forest clearing. Waldrand m edge of woods or forest. Waldschneise / fire break, straight narrow forest clearing. Waldweg m forest road. Wall m rampart, wall (Ft); embank ment. Wallfeldwebel m technical sergeant (Ft troops).

Wallgraben m moat, ditch. Wallmeister m technical official of fortifications (Civ official ranking as 2nd Lt). Walloberfeldwebel m master sergeant (Ft troops). Wallstabsfeldwebel m regimental ser geant major (Ft troops). Walze / roller; body (of a shell); cylinder. Walzenblende / cylindrical mount, mantlet for cylindrical mount (Tk gun). walzenformig cylindrical. Walzlager n antifriction bearing, ball or roller bearing. Walzwerk n rolling mill. Wand / interior wall; baffle; bulk head; interior side. Wanderbatterie / roving battery (Arty). Wandergeschiitz n roving gun. Wanderungsgeschwindigkeit / rate of travel. Wange / cheek. Wanne / trough, tub; Hull (Tk); ventral turret (Ap). Wanze / bedbug. Warenlager n warehouse. Warme / heat. Warmebestandigkeit / resistance to heat. Warmegleichwert m mechanical equivalent of heat. Warmeunterschied m temperature difference (Met). Warmluf tenteisung / thermo ice elimi nation (Ap). Warmluftfront / warm front (Met). Warnflagge / danger flag. Warnsignal n danger signal. Warnstelle / lookout post; district warning center (AWS). Warnung / warning. Warnzentrale / control center (AWS). Wart m ground mechanic, maintenance man (Avn); mechanic, rigger; man in charge; warden, lookout. Warfe / watchtower; observatory. war ten to wait; to service (Ap, Mtr, etc.). Wartestellung / stand-by position, waiting position. Wartung / servicing, maintenance. Warze / lug, stud. Waschbenzin n gasoline used for cleaning purposes.




Waschesack m laundry bag, bar rack (s) bag. Waschetasche f laundry pocket Waschewechsel m change of under clothing. wasserabstoBend water-repellent.

Wasserbehalter m water chest; water tank. Wasserbombe / depth bomb, depth charge. Wasserdestillationskompanie / water distillation company. wasserdicht waterproof, watertight. Wasserdichtigkeit / impermeability to water. „ Wasserfahrzeug n craft, vessel (stream crossing). Wasserflugzeug n seaplane. wassergekiihlt water-cooled. wassergierig hygroscopic (powder). Wasserlandflugzeug n amphibian air plane. Wasserlandung / landing on water (Avn). Wasserlauf m stream, watercourse. Wasserleitung / water pipes, water main. Wasserlinie / waterline. Wassermantel m, water jacket (MG, Mtr). wassern to land on water (Avn). Wasserpumpe / water pump. Wasserpumpenkuhlung / force-circu lation cooling system (Mtr). Wasserreinigungssack m watersterilizing bag. Wassersaulen-Druckmesser m watercolumn pressure gage. Wassersperi-e / water obstacle. Wasserspiegel m water level, water surface. Wasserstand m water level. Wasserstandsmesser m water-level gage. Wasserstoff m hydrogen. WasserstraBe / waterway. Wassertransport m transportation by water. Wassertrense / watering bridle (har ness). Wasserturm m water tower. Wasserumlauf m water circulation (Mtr). Wasserung / landing on water (Avn). Wasserverankerung / anchorage in water (Pon Bdg).

Wechselfeuer n intermittent light. Wechselgetriebe n gear transmission. Wechselpunkt m midpoint (AA gun nery); critical point (Top). Wechselpunktentfernung / slant range to midpoint (AA gunnery). Wechselrichter m vibrator (Rad). Wechselstellung / alternate emplace ment, alternate firing position. Wechselstrom m alternating current. Wechselstromerzeuger m alternatingcurrent generator, alternator (Elec). Wechselstromwecker m alternatingcurrent buzzer or ringer (Tp). Wechselverkehr m alternate two-way traffic (Rad). Wecken n reveille. Wecker m buzzer, ringer (Tp). Weckerfallklappe / drop, shutter (Tp). Weg m road, route, passage, way, channel. Wegebau m road construction. Wegebiegung / road curve, road bend. Wegedreieck n triangular road junc tion. Wegeeinmiindung / junction of side road with main road. Wegeerkundung / road reconnais sance, reconnaissance of route. Wegegabel / road fork. Wegekarte / circulation map, road map. Wegeknie n V-turn (road).

waten to wade. Watfahigkeit / fording ability, stream-crossing ability (MT). Watte / absorbent cotton. Weberknoten m weaver's knot. Wechsel m change; displacement (Arty); alternation, one-half cycle (Elec); exchange, currency. Wechselbeziehung / correlation. Wechselfalle des Gefechts fortunes of war. Wechselfestigkeit / fatigue strength (Mech).

Wasserversorgungskompanie / water supply company (Mil). Wasserversorgungsstelle / water sup ply point. Wasserverteilungsstelle / water dis tributing point. Wasserwaage / builder's level, water level (Inst). wasserwarts streamward. Wasserwerk n waterworks.




Wegekreuzung / crossroads, intersec tion. Wegenetz n road net, network of roads. Wegeposten m marker (traffic con trol). Wegesperre / road block. Wegespinne / multiple road junction. Wegestrecke / stretch of road. Wegeverhaltnisse npl road conditions. Wegflugpeilung / back bearing (Air Navigation). "Weggetreten!" "Dismissed!" Wegskizze / strip map, sketched road map. Wegsperre / road block. wegtreten to break ranks. wegtreten lassen to dismiss. Wegweiser m road sign. Wehr n weir (Engr). Wehr / defense; parapet (G emplace ment). Wehrausbildung / military training. Wehrbarmachung / activation. Wehrbezirk m recruiting district (sub division of a Wehrersatzbezirk). Wehrbezirkskommandeur m recruiting district commander. Wehrbezirkskommando n recruiting district headquarters. Wehrdienst m military service; ser vice with the armed forces. Wehrdienstbeschadigung / nonbattle injury. Wehrdienst im Beurlaubtenstande military service with reserve status. Wehrdienstverhaltnis n service status. Wehrersatz m recruiting and replace ment for the armed forces. Wehrersatzbezirk m recruiting area (subdivision of a Wehrkreis). Wehrersatzdienststelle / recruitingoffice. Wehrersatzinspekteur m recruiting area commander. Wehrersatzinspektion / recruiting area headquarters. Wehrersatzwesen n armed forces re cruiting and replacement administra tion. Wehrertiichtigung / military training. Wehrerziehung / military education. wehrfahig fit for military service, eligible for military service; ablebodied. Wehrform / national defense system.
Wehrgeographie / military geography.

Wehrgeologie / military geology. Wehrgeopolitik / military geopolitics. Wehrgesetz n compulsory service law, national defense act. Wehrhoheit / military sovereignty (right of a country to have armed forces of any strength and type). Wehrkreis m military area (corre sponds roughly to corps area or ser vice command; territorial Germany is divided into about 15 Wehrkreise 1 which form the basis for recruitment and replacements). Wehrkreisbefehlshaber m military area commander. Wehrkreis-Ersatzdepot n recruit re ception center of a Wehrkreis. Wehrkreiskommando n military area headquarters. Wehrmacht / Armed Forces. Wehrmachtakademie / armed forces war college. Wehrmachtauskunftstelle / armed forces information office (supplies information regarding casualties, missing, etc., upon inquiry by next of kin). Wehrmachtbeamter m civilian official of the armed forces (Wehrmachtbeamte have nominal rank and wear uniforms; they are classified as com batants). Wehrmachtbefehlshaber m military district commander in occupied terri tory (directly responsible to the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht). Wehrmachtbericht m communique of Wehrmachtbevollmachtigter m Armed Forces Plenipotentiary (commander of a protectorate or other occupied territory). Wehrmachtfahrkarte / soldier's re duced-rate railroad ticket. Wehrmachtfiihrerschein m military motor vehicle operator's permit. Wehrmachtfiihrungsstab m armed forces operations staff (a joint oper ations staff under the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht). Wehrmachtgefangnis n disciplinary barracks. Wehrmachtgeistlicher m chaplain. Wehrmacht gelande n military reser vation.
. the High Command.

Wehrmachtgericht n military court.




Wehrmachtgesundheitsdienst m mili tary hygiene service. Wehrmachtrundfunkempfanger m standard broadcast receiver issued to armed forces personnel. Wehrmachtseelsorgedienst m, chap lains' service of the armed forces. Wehrmachtsfahrlehrerschein m mili tary motor vehicle instructor's license. Wehrmacht-Standort m military post, garrison or station. Wehrmacht-Strafgesetzbuch n mili tary penal code. Wehrmachtteil m branch of the armed forces (such as Army or Navy). Wehrmeldeamt n draft board. Wehrmeldebezirk m draft district (subdivision of a Wehrbezirk). Wehrnummer / personal number (ap pears on identification tag and in pay book; does not correspond to US Army Serial Number). Wehrordnung / compulsory service law regulations. Wehrorganisation / armed-defense system. Wehrpapiere npl military service documents. WehrpaB m service record book. Wehrpflicht / obligation to serve in the armed forces. Wehrpflichtiger m one who is subject to the draft. Wehrrecht n military law. Wehrsold m army pay. HoRe des Wehrsoldes rate of pay. Wehrsoldgruppe /• pay grade. Wehrstammblatt n document giving personal details (made out at local induction center). Wehrstammbuch n service record book. Wehrstammkarte / locator card. Wehrstammrolle / roster of draftees (arranged according to age groups). Wehrstrafrecht n military penal law. Wehrsystem n national defense sys tem. wehrtauglich fit for military service. wehrunwurdig unworthy to bear arms (classification given to criminals, etc.). Wehrvergehen n military offense.
Wehrversammltmg / annual assem bly of reservists. wehrwichtige Outer essential items.

wehrwichtige Nachrichten military information. Wehrwirtschaft / war economy, mili tary economics. Wehrwissenschaft / military science. wehrwiirdig worthy to bear arms. See also wehrunwurdig. Weiche / switch (RR); filter (Rad); flank (horse). Weicheisen -n soft iron, mild steel. weichen give ground, give way, fall back. Weichenbock m switch stand (RR). Weichenhebel m switch lever (RR). Weichenlaterne / switch lamp (RR). Weingarten m vineyard. Weingeist m alcohol. Weise / manner, method, way. WeiBkreuz n lacrimator (Ger mark ing "White Cross"). Weisung / directive, instruction, let ter of instruction. Weite / width; distance. Weiterbildung / advanced training. weitergeben to forward, pass along, relay. Weiterleitungsstelle / forwarding point, forwarding station. "Weitermachen!" "As you were!" (In the sense of "Carry on!"). Weitermarsch m resumed march. WeitschuB TO over (Gunnery). Weitwerfer m long-range flame thrower. Weitwinkelaufnahme / wide-angle photograph. Wellblech n corrugated sheet metal. Welle / wave; frequency (Rad); shaft, axle, spindle. in rollenden Wellen in waves (Tac). Wellenausbreitung / wave propagation (Rad). Wellenband n wave band, frequency band (Rad). Wellenbereich m wave range (Rad). Wellenbrecher m breakwater. Wellenlange / wave length (Rad). Wellenleistung / brake horsepower. Wellenmesser TO wavemeter, frequency meter (Rad). Wellenspektrum n frequency spec trum (Rad). Wellenwechsel TO change of frequency (Rad). Wellenwiderstand m characteristic impedance, surge impedance (Elec, Rad).




Wellenzapfen m journal (Mech). wellig wavy, undulating; pulsating (Elec). Wellpappe / corrugated paper. Weltkrieg m World War I. Weltkriegsteilnehmer m veteran of World War I. Wendegetriebe n reversing gear. Wendekreis m, turning radius (MT). wenden to turn, veer. Wendepunkt m turning point, critical point. Wendeturm m pylon (Adrm). Wendewinkel m angle of yaw (Avn). Wendezeiger m bank and turn indi cator (Ap). Wendigkeit / maneuverability (Ap); ease in steering or turning, mobility (vehicles). Wendung / turn (Avn); facing (drill) ; reversal; change. werfen to throw. Werf er m smoke-shell mortar; signal projector; rocket projector. See also Nebelwerfer. Werferabteilung / chemical battalion, smoke battalion; rocket projector battalion. Werferrahmen m projector frame; frame-type rocket projector. Werferregiment n chemical regi ment, smoke regiment; rocket pro jector regiment. Werferschiitze m mortar gunner. Werft / shipyard, dockyard; workshop (Adrm). Werfthalle / repair hangar (Adrm). Werg n oakum. Werk n work (Ft, etc.); plant, fac tory. Werkbank / workbench. Werkflugplatz m factory airfield. Werkluftschutz m factory air-defense system. fVerkmeister m shop foreman (Civ official ranking as Master Sgt). Werkstatt / workshop, machine shop. Werkstattauftrag m work order. Werkstattgeratkraftwagen m spare parts truck (MT). Werkstattkompanie / repair-shop company, workshop company. Werkstattkraftwagen m repair-shop truck, mobile machine shop (MT). Werkstattrupp m repair-shop detach ment, maintenance party.

Werkstattzug m maintenance platoon (Tk Bn). Werkstoff m material. Werkzeug n tool. Werkzeugkasten m tool box. Werkzeugmaschine / machine tool. Werkzeugstahl m tool steel. Werkzeugtasche / tool bag, tool kit. Wert m value, factor. Wespe / wasp (also nickname for Ger self-propelled light field howit zer). Westa / See Wettererkundungsstaffel. Westwall m West Wall (a system of fortifications along Germany's west ern frontier). Westwallabzeichen n West Wall Badge (decoration). Wetter n weather. Wetterbeobachtung / weather obser vation. Wetterberatung / See Wetterbericht. Wetterberatungszentrale / air forces weather reporting center. Wetterbericht in weather report. Wetterbericht vom Pilotballon pibal (Met). Wetterbezirk m weather region, con trol region. Wetterdienst m weather service. Wetterdienstgerate npl weather in struments (Met). Wetterdiensthelferin / air forces weather service woman auxiliary. Wetterelement n weather factor (Bal listics, Met). Wettererkundung / weather recon naissance (Avn). Wettererkundungsstaffel / weather reconnaissance squadron (Avn). Wetterfahne / weather vane. Wetterfiihrung / ventilating system (mine). Wetterfunkmeldung / weather mes sage, meteorological message (Rad). Wetterfunkspruch m See Wetterfunk meldung. Wetterkarte / weather map (Met). Wetterkunde / meteorology. Wetterlage / weather conditions. Wetterleuchten n lightning (Met). Wettermeldung / weather report (Avn);.metro message (Arty). Wettermessung / meteorological meas urement. Wetterpeilzug m meteorological and direction-finding platoon.




Wetterschliissel m weather code. Wetterspinne / wind-component indi cator (Gunnery). Wettersprengmittel n safety mining explosive. Wetterstelle / weather station. Wetterstbrung / meteorological- dis turbance. Wettervoraussage / weather forecast. Wettervorhersage / See Wettervoraus sage. Wetterwarte / weather station. Wetterzug m metro platoon (Arty). wetzen to sharpen, hone. Wezu-Gerat n wind corrector and time scale (SR) (Wezu = Wetterzug). wichsen to polish (leather, etc.). Wickelgamaschen fpl wrapped leggins, wrap puttees. Wicklung / winding, wrapping. Widerlager n abutment (Bdg). Widerrist m withers (horse). Widerstand m resistance (Elec, Tac); drag (Avn). Widerstandsgruppe / unit assigned to one sector of main line of resistance (Tac). Widerstandskessel m pocket of resis tance. Widerstandslinie / line of resistance. Widerstandslinie der Vorposten out post line of resistance (Tac). Widerstandsmesser m ohmmeter. Widerstandsmoment n section modu lus (Engr). Widerstandsnest n island of resistance, pocket of resistance. Widerstandsstellung / delaying posi tion. Widerstandstruppe / delaying unit (Tac). Widerstandszentrum n center of re sistance (Tac). widerstehen to withstand, resist. wiederherstellen to repair, restore, reconstruct. Wiederherstellung / reconstruction,, repair, restoration. wiederholen to repeat. Wiederholungsunterricht m refresher instruction. wieder richten to re-lay (Gunnery). Wiederspannabzug m double action (SA). Wiege / cradle (G). wiegen to weigh.

Wiegengleitbahn / cradle guide rails Wiegentrager m cradle frame (G). Wiegentrog m cradle trough (G). Wiegenzurrung / cradle lock (G). Wiese und Weide grassland. Wimpel TO pennant. Windabtrif t / wind drift. windabwarts downwind, leeward. Windanker m downstream anchor cable (Pan Bdg). Windankerleine / downstream anchor cable (Pon Bdg). Windankerlinie / downstream line of anchors (Pon Bdg). Windankertau n downstream anchor cable (Pon Bdg). Windanzeiger m wind indicator. Winddruck m, wind pressure. Winde f winch. Windenkasten m winch box. Windewagen m, winch truck. Windfahne / wind vane. Windfahnenkorn n wind vane front sight (Ap MG). Windfliigel m fan (MT); arming vane (bomb). Windjacke / double-breasted field jacket. Windkanal m wind tunnel (Avn). Windkegel m wind cone. Windmesser m See WindmeBgerat. WindmeBgerat n anemometer. Windmessung / wind test (Met). Windmiihle / windmill. Windpfeil m wind arrow (Met). Windrichtungsanzeiger m wind-direc tion indicator (Avn). Windsack m wind cone, windsock. windschief twisted, warped. windschiefer Flug crabbing (Avn). Windschliissel in key to weather code numbers and symbols (Met). Windschutz in windbreak. Windschutzscheibe / windshield. windseitig windward. Windstarke / wind velocity (Met). WindstoB m squall, gust, bump. Windung / twist (Ord). Windverband m lateral bracing (Bdg). Windverhaltnisse npl wind factors wihdwarts upwind, windward. Windziffer / wind reference number (Gunnery). Winkel m angle; V-formation, wedge formation (Avn); chevron.




Winkelauswanderung / angular move ment, angular travel. Winkelbeschleunigung / angular ac celeration. Winkel der Schraglage angle of bank, angle of roll (Avn). Winkelfernrohr n elbow telescope. Winkelgeschwindigkeit / angular speed, angular velocity, angular travel. Winkelgruppe / firing angles. untere Winkelgruppe low firing angles (0° to 45°). obere Winkelgruppe high firing angles (45° .to 90°). Winkelhebel m angle cam (MG lock). Winkelkopf m head of static rod (river-width measuring Inst). Winkellasche / butt strap (made of angle iron). WinkelmaB n angular measurement; phase constant (Rad). Winkelmesser m gunner's quadrant; clinometer (Surv, Arty); goniometer (Surv); protractor. Winkelmesserebene / quadrant plate (G). WinkelmeBgerat n protractor. Winkelmessung / goniometry (Surv). Winkelspiegel m periscope, protectoscope (Tk). Winkeltrommel / cross staff (Surv Inst for layin'g out right angles). Winker m flagman; signaler using a signal disk; signal arm or light indi cating direction of turn (MT). Winkerflagge / See Winkflagge. Winkerkelle / See Winkerstab. Winkerstab m signaling disk. Winkflagge / semaphore flag, control flag, signal flag. Winkspruch m semaphore message, message transmitted by signaling disk or hand signals. Winkverbindung / visual communica tion by flag or hand signals. Winkzeichen n hand signal, flag signal. Winterausriistung / winter equipment. Winterbeweglichkeit / mobility in winter. Winterkettenglied n oversize track shoe for operations in deep snow (MT, Tk). Winterkrieg m winter warfare. Winterlost n 50-50 mixture of lewisite and mustard (CWS). Wintermedaille des Ostkrieges Eastern

Campaign Winter Medal (decora tion). Wirbel m vortex, eddy, whirl; whirl pool; drum roll; spine. Wirbelbildung / formation of eddies (Ballistics). Wirbelkammer / turbulence chamber (Diesel engine). Wirbelsaule / spinal column. Wirbelstrom m eddy current (Elec). Wirbelsturm m cyclone, tornado. wirksam effective. wirksame SchuBweite effective range. wirksame Steigung effective pitch (propeller). Wirkungsbereich in effective range (Ord); field of fire (Ord); radius of action (Ap). Wirkungsdauer / persistence (of a Cml agent). Wirkungsfeuer n fire for effect (Arty). Wirkungshalbmesser m radius of rup ture (demolitions). Wirkungskreis m circle of rupture (demolitions). WirkungsschieBen n fire for effect (Gunnery). Wirtschaft / economy; tavern. wirtschaftlich economical. Wirtschaftskrieg m economic warfare. Wirtshaus n tavern, inn. Wischer m wiper; sponge; cleaningpatch; windshield wiper. Wischstock m cleaning rod (G). Wischstrick m pull-through rope (for pulling brush or sponge through G barrel). Witterung / atmospheric conditions, weather. Witterungseinflusse nvpl exterior bal listic factors, weather factors. W-Motor m three-bank upright en gine. WohnungsgeldzuschuB m commuta tion of quarters, rental allowance. Wohnviertel n residential quarter. Woilach TO saddle blanket. Wblbung / droop; camber. Wolfram n tungsten. Wolfsgrube / obstacle pit (Ft). Wolke / cloud. Wolkenfeld n cloud bank. Wolkenhohe / ceiling (Met). wolkenlos clear (Met). Wolkenscheinwerfer m ceiling light (Met).
Wolkendecke / cloud cover.




Wolkensegeln n cloud soaring (glider). Wolkenspiegel m nephoscope (Met). Wolkenuntergrenze / base of cloud. wolkig broken (Met). Wolldecke / wool blanket. Wolle / wool. Wolokusche / boat-type runner (placed under gun wheels for opera tions in deep snow). Wortlaut m text, wording1. Wriggeln n sculling. Wucht / kinetic energy; striking power, force of impact. Wulstband n rim band (MT). Wulstfelge / clincher rim (MT). Wundbrand m gangrene. Wunde / wound. Wundstarrkrampf m lockjaw, tetanus. Wundverband m dressing, bandage. Wurf m cast, throw; bomb release. "Wurf!" "Bombs away!" Wurfarten fpl types of release (bomb ing). Wurfbahn / bomb trajectory.

Wiirfel m cube; capsule, pellet. Wurfgerat n projector. schweres Wurfgerat chemical rocket projector. Wurfgranate / mortar shell. Wurfgranatziinder m mortar-shell fuze. Wurfkorper m special projectile for signal pistols. Wurfparabel / bomb trajectory. Wurfrahmen m framework-type pro jector for high-explosive or incendi ary rockets. WurftaubenschieBstand m skeet range. Wurfweite / mortar range; throwing range (hand grenades); bombing range. Wiirgebohrung / tapered bore, choke (barrel) (OrA). Wurgezange / cap crimper (Engr). Wiirgung / crimp (Am). Wurzel / root. Wiiste / desert.

X-Tag m M-day, mobilization day. | X-Uhr / H-hour, zero hour.

Fperit n mustard gas.

zah tough, tenacious; viscous; stub born. Zahl / number. Zahlenwert m numerical value. Zahlmeister m paymaster official (Wehrmachtbeamter, generally rank ing as 2nd Lt, responsible for pay and allowances, ration, tnessing, cloth ing accounts and company finances). Zahlmeisterei / office and function of the Zahlmeister. Zahn m tooth.

Zahnarzt m dentist. See also Sanitatsoffizier(Z). Zahnbehandlung / dental treatment. Zahnbogen m elevating arc, elevating rack (G). Zahnbogenrichtmaschine / arc-type elevating mechanism (G). Zahnkette / driving chain (MT). Zahnkranz m traversing rack (Tk turret, AA gun). Zahnkranzlenkung / worm and sector steering system (MT).




Zahnrad n gear, gear wheel; pinion. Zahnradgetriebe n gear transmission (MT). Zahnradpumpe / gear pump (Mtr). Zahnstange / rack (Tech). Zahnstangenlenkung / pinion and sec tor steering system (MT). Zahntechniker m dental technician. Zange / pliers, tongs. Zangenangriff m pincer attack, double envelopment (Tac). Zangenbewegung / pincer movement. Zapfen TO pin; journal; trunnion; pivot; plug; tap; spigot; tenon. Zapfendiise / pintle nozzle, pin nozzle (Mtr). Zapfenkreuz n cross (of a universal joint). Zapfenlager n pillow block, bushing. Zapfenstreich m taps. Zapfstelle / standpipe, Zaum m bridle. Zaun m fence. Zehe / toe. Zeichen n sign; signal; call; military symbol. Zeichenbrett n drawing board. Zeichenerklarung / legend, key to map signs. Zeichengerat n plotting instrument, drawing instrument. Zeichenpapier n drawing paper. Zeichenverbindung / visual communi cation. zeichnen to draw, sketch. Zeichnung / drawing, blueprint, plan. Zeigefinger m forefinger. Zeiger m indicator, pointer; hand, needle (on Inst dial). Zeigerzieleinrichtung / follow-thepointer sight mechanism (G). Zeitabstand m headway, time interval. Zeitbombe / time bomb. Zeiteinteilung / timetable (Tac). Zeitgruppe / time heading (on Bad ZeitmaB n -cadence (marching). Zeitschnur / safety fuze, blasting fuze. Zeittafel / timetable, schedule. Zeitunterschied m time difference (SR); time interval (AAA). Zeitunterschiedverfahren n time-dif ference method (SR). Zeitzeichen n time signal. Zeitziinder m time fuze (Am). ZeitzunderschuB m time fire (Gun nery).

Zeitziindschnur / safety fuze, blast ing fuze. Zelle / cell, cellule. Zellon n cellulose acetate. Zellophan n cellophane. Zellophaniiberzug m cellophane cover. Zellstoff m cellulose. Zelluloidtafel / celluloid disk; pro tractor; templet. Zellwolle / cellulose fiber. Zelt n tent. Zeltausriistung / tent equipment. Zeltbahn / shelter half. Zeltbau m tent pitching. Zeltlager n tent camp. Zeltleine / guy rope (tent). Zeltpflock m tent pin, guy pin, guyline stake. Zeltstock m tent pole. Zementfliese / concrete paving block. Zensor in censor. Zensur / censorship. Zentralbatterie / common battery (Tp). Zentrale / central (Tp); central sta tion (Arty). zentrale Projektion gnomonic projec tion. Zentralrichtgerat n director (AAA). Zentralschmierung / central lubrica tion (MT). Zentrierwulst m bourrelet (Am). Zentrum n center; bull's eye. zerbrechen to crack, break into pieces. zerdrucken crush, crumple, squash, squeeze. zerfallen disintegrate. Zerfallgurt m, disintegrating belt (MG). ZerknallstoB m blast, concussion. zerlegen disassemble, dismantle, strip; decentralize, disperse; disintegrate. Zerlegerziinder m self-destroying fuze (AA Am). zerlegte Formen broken outlines (Cam). Zerlegung / dispersal, decentraliza tion; disintegration; dismantling, stripping. zermalmen crush, crunch, smash, dash to pieces. zermurben wear down. Zermiirbung / attrition. Zermiirbungskrieg m war of attrition. Zermiirbungsstrategie / strategy of attrition.

Zerschneideziinder m Zerschneideziinder.

See Zug- und


Zerschellerschicht / burster course, bursting layer, detonating slab (Ft).

zerspalten to split up. zersplittern to shatter; to split up, dissipate (forces, etc.). zersprengen to crack, burst into pieces, shatter; to blow up; to rout. zerspringen to explode, burst. Zerstauber m atomizer, spray. Zerstauberdiise / spray nozzle; Die sel fuel injector. Zerstaubergerat n chemical spray apparatus; sprayer-type decontami nating apparatus. Zerstbrangriff m hit-and-run raid (Avn). zerstb'ren destroy, demolish. Zerstorer m destroyer (Nav); twinengine fighter, long-range fighter (Ap). Zerstbrerflugzeug n twin-engine Zielfernrohr n telescopic sight, direct fighter airplane. sighting telescope. Zerstb'rergeschwader n twin-engine Zielfernrohrtrager m telescopic sight fighter wing. mount. Zerstbrerschule / twin-engine fighter Zielfeststellung / locating of target pilot school. (Gunnery). Zerstorung / destruction, demolition. Zielflache / objective plane (Gun Zerstorungsarbeiten fpl demolitions. nery); target area (bombing). Zerstorungsfeuer n destruction fire Zielflug m homing (Air Navigation). (Arty). Zielgelande n target area. Zettel m card, tag, ticket, slip. zielgenau - accurate, precise. Zeug n ordnance supplies; gear, equip Zielgerat n sight, sighting mecha ment. nism (Ord); bomb sight. Zeugamt n ordnance office. Zielgeschwindigkeit / speed of target. Zeughaus n arsenal. Zielgevierttafel / target-designation Zeugnis n certificate. grid (Arty Surv). Zickzackscheibe / zigzag target (Tng). Zielhohe / height of target, altitude Ziegelei / brickyard. of target. ziehen to draw, pull, drag, tow; to Zielhbhenwinkel m angle of site (Gun pull up (Ap); to be drafty. nery); angular height of target Ziehziinder m pull firing device (land (AAA). mine). Zielhb'henwinkel zum AbschuBpunkt Ziel n target, objective, goal. angular height of target at present ins Ziel gehen to hold into the target. position (AAA). das Ziel aufsitzen lassen to hold at Zielhb'henwinkel zum MeBpunkt angu bottom edge of target. lar height of target at instant of das Ziel verschwinden lassen to hold range determination (AAA). at upper edge of target. Zielabschnitt m sector of fire, target Zielhbhenwinkel zum Treffpunkt angu lar height of target at future posi sector. tion (AAA). Zielachse / sighting axis (plane table .Zielhbhenwinkel zum Wechselpunkt alidade). angular height of target at midpoint Zielanflug m approach flight, approach (AAA). run (Avn). Zielansprache / target designation. Zielkelle / See Zielloffel.

Zielaufklarung / artillery target recon naissance. Zielaufnahme mit Langbasisanlage horizontal base method. Zielausbildung / training in aiming, training in laying. Zielbild n target image (telescopic sight). Zielbreite / target length (moving targets). "Ziel dreht!" "Target changing course!" (AA predictor). Zieldreieck n shot group, aiming group (sighting and aiming exer cise). Zieleinrichtung / sighting mechanism (Or A). zielen to aim, sight. Zielentfernung / range to target (Gunnery). Zielerkundung / target reconnaissance. Zielfehler m aiming error.




Zielkontrollspiegel m aim-checking device. Zielkreis m target area (bombing). Ziellandung / spot landing (Avn). Ziellineal n orienting straightedge (MG aiming circle). Ziellinie / line of sight. Ziellinienpriifer m bore sight (Ord). Ziellb'ffel m aiming disk, sighting disk, marking disk. Zielmarke / lead mark (telescopic sight). Zielmunition / subcaliber ammunition. Zielpunkt m target point, objective point. Zielpunktkarte / battle map or firing chart showing location of probable targets. Zielpuppe / dummy. Zielraum m target area, sector of fire. Zielrechenmaschine / predictor, pre diction mechanism (AA); ballistic director (Arty). Zielrichtung / direction of the target. Zielscheibe / practice target. Zielschiene / sighting bar. Zielschiff n target ship. Zielschwarze n bull's-eye. Zielseitenwinkel m azimuth of target. Zielseitenwinkel zum AbschuBpunkt azimuth of target at present position (AAA). Zielseitenwinkel zum Treffpunkt azi muth of target at future position (AAA). Zielsetzung / designation of objective. Zielsicherheit / accuracy of fire, marks manship. Zielspinne / range-deflection fan (Gun nery). Zielstachel m pointed-post reticle (telescopic sight). Zieltafel / data sheet (Gunnery). Zielteil m target sector. Ziel- und Anschlagsiibungen fpl aim ing drill. Zielunterlagen fpl information of ob jectives, target data. Zielvorrichtung / aiming mechanism. Zielwaagerechte / horizontal through base of target (Arty). Zielwechsel m change of target, en gaging of successive targets. Zielweg m course of target (AAA). Zielwurf m precision bombing. Zielzuweisung / allocation of targets. Ziffer / cipher, figure, numeral.

ziffern to cipher, encipher, encrypt. Zimmerantenne / indoor antenna. Zimmermann m carpenter. ZimmerschieBgerat n field artillery trainer. Zinkbecher m zinc container (dry cell). Zinknebel m HC mixture, HC smoke mixture (CWS). Zinn n tin. Zirkel m compasses, dividers. Zirruswolke / cirrus cloud (Met). Zisternenf ahrzeug n vehicle fitted with chemical spray apparatus. Zisternenflugzeug n airplane fitted with chemical-spray apparatus. Zivil n civilian clothing. Zivilbevolkerung / civilian population, Zivilgericht n civil court. Zivilinternierter m civilian internee. Zivilist m civilian. Zivilkleidung / civilian clothing. Zivilluftfahrt / civil aviation, com mercial aviation. Zivilperson / civilian.

Zifferblatt n dial (on Inst).

Zivilvergehen n civil offense. Zoll m inch (2.54 cm); duty, tariff, toll. Zollhaus n custom house. Zollschranke / tollgate. Zonenzeit / standard time. Zubehor n accessories. Zubehorteil m part, accessory. Zubehb'rtornister m accessories case (portable Bad). Zubringer m follower (SA). Zubringerfeder / follower spring (SA). . Zubringerhebel m belt-feed lever (MG). Zucht / discipline. Zuchthaus n penitentiary. Zuchthausstrafe / sentence of con finement to a penitentiary. ZufahrtstraBe / access road, approach road. zufalliger Fehler nonsystematic error (Arty); accidental error (Mech, Optics). Zufallstreffer in accidental hit. Zufuhr / supply, bringing up of sup plies. Zufiihrer m belt feed (MG); feed mechanism (automatic weapon). ZufuhrstraBe / line or road of com munication, line or road of supply.

Zufiihrung /

216 feed (MG); lead-In


Zufiihrungsdraht m lead-in (Rqd). Zufiihrungsgehause n feed box (AA gun). Zufiihrungsweg m route for bringing up supplies, etc. Zug m platoon; groove (rifling); train (RR); pull; tension; draft. Zugangm access, approach; increase, addition. Zugangsweg m access road, approach road. Zugbewachung / train guard. Zugbreitkeil m platoon in invertedwedge formation. Zugbriicke / drawbridge. Zugdampferm baffle (engine muffler). Zugdruckziinder m pull-pressure ig niter (mine). Ziigel m bridle; rein. zugelassen authorized, permitted; admitted. Ziigelring m bit ring (harness). zugeteilt attached; allotted. Zugfahre / rope ferry (Engr). Zugfeder / safety spring (MG). Zugfederhaken m safety-spring catch (MG). Zugfederschraube / See Zugfederspannschraube. Zugfederspannschraube / safetyspring tension screw (MG). Zugfestigkeit / tensile strength. Zugfiihrer m platoon leader. Zuggrenze / platoon boundary. Zuggurt m tension chord (truss). Zughaken m pintle (Trac); single tree attachment hook (limber). Zugkeil m platoon in wedge forma tion. . , Zugkolonne / column of platoons. Zugkraft / tractive power; tension force; drawbar pull (prime mover). Zugkraftwageh m prime mover, half track carrier and prime mover. Zugleistung / tractive power; draw (demolitions). bar pull (Trac); draft efficiency (of Ziindereinstellung / fuze setting. animals). Ziindereinteihmg / fuze scale. Zugmaschine / prime mover (MT). Ziindergehause n fuze body (Am); Zugose / drag washer (wheel); fuze cover (bomb). lunette (limber, trailer). Zunderhalter m shell (of blasting Zugramme / drop-hammer-type pile cap). driver. Ziinderhiilse / hood (of fuze). Zugriemen m brake cable; trace Ziinderkappe / closing cap (time (harness). fuze); head (point-detonating fuze); Zugschraube/ tractor propeller (Ap). upper cap (clockwork fuze).


Zugschrauber m tractor airplane. Zugspannung / tensile stress. , Zugstange / brake rod (vehicle brake); pintle drawbar (MT, Trac); drawbar (trailer). Zugstreife / train patrol. Zugtau n tow rope. Zugtrupp m, platoon headquarters personnel, platoon command group personnel. Zug- und Zerschneideziinder m pull and cut igniter, tension release igniter (LM). Zugverkehr m railroad traffic. Zugwache / train guard. Zugziinder m pull igniter (LM). Zuladung / useful load (Ap). Zulage / additional pay or allow ance; addition; appendix. zulassig permissible; admissible. Zulassung / registration certificate (MT); registration and airworthi ness certificate (Avn); admission; permission. Zulegeplatte / attachable base plate (mine-surveying set). zulegen to add to. Zuleitung / lead-in (Rad), Zuleitungskabel n lead-in cord (sig nal lamp). Zunahme / increase, gain, addition. Ziindachse / operating-piston sleeve (blasting machine). Ziindapparat m magneto; igniter; exploder, blasting machine. Ziindbolzen m concussion plunger, percussion plunger, plunger (powdertrain time fuze). Ziindeinstellung / timing (ignition). ziinden ignite, detonate; fire (a dem olition charge). ZUnder m fuze (Am); igniter (land mine). den Ziinder einstellen set the fuze. Ziinderdeckel m false ogive (Am). Ziinderdraht m firing wire, lead wire




Ziindschalter m ignition switch (Ap, Ziinderkorper m body (fuze). MT). Ziinderlaufzeit / time of functioning Ziindschliissel m, ignition key (MT). (fuze), fuze range. Ziinderstellmaschine / automatic fuze Ziindschnur / safety fuze. Ziindschnuranziinder m fuze lighter. setter (AA gun). threaded primer Zunderstellschlussel m manual fuze Ziindschraube / (Am), setter. case Ziinderstellsitz m fuze-setter support ZiindschrauJbengehause n (threaded percussion primer). (AA gun). Ziindspule / ignition coil (Mtr). Ziinderstellung / fuze setting (Gun Ziindstift m insulated electrode nery). Ziinderteller m body (powder-train (spark plug). Ziindstrahl m igniting flash, priming time fuze). flash (Am). ziindfertig armed, fuzed, ready for Zionistrom m ignition current (Mtr). firing. Ziindfolge / firing order (of engine Ziindiibertragung / induced detona tion (demolitions). cylinders). Ziindfunke m ignition spark (Mtr). Ziindung / firing, detonation (Am, demolitions); ignition (Mtr). Ziindgerat n demolition equipment. Ziindglocke / inside bottom of cart "Ziindung eingestellt!" "Contact!" (Avn). ridge case (SA Am). Ziindverstellung / spark control, Ziindhebel m spark control (Ap). spark adjustment (Mtr). Ziindholz n match. Zundhiitchen n primer (SA Am); Ziindverteiler m distributor (Mtr). percussion primer (fuze); percussion Ziindvorrichtung / firing device (LM); ignition system (Mtr). cap, propellent primer (Am). Ziindhutchenausfall m blown primer. Ziindwilligkeit / . ignition quality (Diesel fuel). Ziindhiitchenhiilse / primer cup (Am). Ziindkabel n spark plug cable (Mtr). Ziindzeitpunkt m instant of firing Ziindkanal m vent hole (obturator); (engine ignition). primer vent (cartridge); flash hole zunehmender Drall increasing twist (fuze); cap hole (blasting cart (Ord). Zungenschiene / point of switch rail ridge). (RE). Ziindkapsel / detonator. Zungenstuhl m knee (RR suritch). Ziindkerze / spark plug. Ziindladung / primer, primer charge, Zurrbolzen m locking pin (G). Zurrbrucke / cradle lock frame (G). igniting charge. Zurrgriff m cradle lock handle (G). Zundladungskapsel / detonator cas Zurrhaken m locking hook (G car ing (fuze). riage). Ziindladungskb'rper m detonator Zurrhebel m lock lever. charge (fuze). Zurrlager n lock support (cradle Ziindlage / ignition system (Mtr). lock). Ziindlichtmaschine / generator (MT). Zurrstange / lock rod. Ziindloch n vent, flash vent. Zurrstellung / locked position (Ord). Zundmagnet m magneto. Zurrstiick n back plate latch lock Ziindmittel n detonation agent, pri (MG). mer, igniter, igniting mixture. Zurrung / locking mechanism (G, Tk, Zuhdnadel / firing pin (fuze). MG); anchorage; lashing; holdfast. Ziindpatrone / ignition cartridge Zuriickstellung / deferment. (Am). Zuriickstellungsantrag m. request for Ziindpunkt m flash point. deferment. Ziindpunktverstellung / timing (en zuriickweichen give ground, give way. gine ignition). Ziindsatz m powder train, primer zuriickziehen, sich fall back, retire, withdraw. (Am, demolitions); igniter train (py rotechnic Sig); detonating composi Zusammenarbeit / cooperation, mu tual support. tion.




Zusammenballung / concentration (Toe). Zusammenfassung / concentration (Arty); abridgment, summary. zusammengefaBtes Feuer concen trated fire -(Arty); collective fire (SA). zusammenlaufen converge. zusammensetzen assemble; compile; compound; collect, bring together; fit together. Zusammensetzung / composition. ZusammenstoB m collision; clash. Zusammenwirken n synchronization; coordination; liaison; cooperation. zusammenziehen tighten, draw to gether, contract. Zusatz m addition; supplement; appendix. Zusatzfallschirm m parachute lobe. Zusatzfliigel m auxiliary airfoil, slat (Ap). Zusatzgetriebe n auxiliary trans mission (MT). Zustand m state, condition, situation. zustandig competent; authorized. Zustellung / delivery. zuteilen allot, attach. Zutritt m entrance; admittance. zuverlassig reliable. zuwiderhandeln act in opposition, act against, counteract; break, violate (a, regulation, etc.). zuziehen tighten, draw together. Zwangsauslosung. / static line device (Prcht). Zweiachser m two-axle vehicle, fourwheel vehicle. zweiadrig two-stranded (Elec). zweiaugig binocular adj. Zweibein n bipod (MG). Zweidecker m biplane. Zweielektrodenrohre / diode tube (Rad). Zweierzelt n two-man shelter tent. Zweifliigel-Luftschraube / two-blade propeller (Ap). Zweiglager n branch depot; branch camp (PW). zweigleisig double-tracked (RR). Zweiglinie / junction line (RR). Zweigpark m branch depot. Zweigstelle / branch, branch office, substation. zweimotorig twin-engine. Zwei-Ohr-Verfahren n binaural method (sound locating).

Zweitaktmotor m two-cycle engine. Zweisternmotor m double-row radial engine. Zweistieler m double-bay biplane. zweistufig two-stage (Elec, Rad). Zweitaktsystem n two-cycle prin ciple. Zweiwegeatmung / two-way respira tion (gas mask). Zwickzange / cutter, cutting pliers. Zwillingslafette / twin mount (Ord). Zwillingslaufe mpl twin barrels (MG). Zwillingsmachinengewehr n twinbarreled machine gun. Zwillings-MG.-Drehturm m revolving turret with twin-barreled machine gun (Ap). Zwillingswaffe / twin-barreled wea pon. zwingen compel, force. Zwischenbahnhof m intermediate station (RR). Zwischenentfernung / intermediate range (Gunnery). Zwischenfeld n ground between de laying positions, area between suc cessive positions, intermediate area. Zwischenfrequenz / intermediate fre quency (Rad). Zwischenfrequenzempfanger m super heterodyne receiver. Zwischengeblase n auxiliary stage supercharger, turbosupercharger. Zwischengetriebe n auxiliary trans mission (MT). Zwischenlandung / intermediate land ing. Zwischenlandungsplatz m intermedi ate landing field. Zwischenraum m interval (from left to right). Zwischenstecker m adapter plug (Elec). Zwischenstelle / linking station; re lay station (Sig Coin). Zwischenstellung / intermediate po sition. Zwischenstiick n adapter. Zwischenwelle / intermediate shaft, propeller shaft.

Zweisitzer m two-place airplane; twoseater (vehicle).

Zweipolrohre / diode tube (Rad). Zweipunktverfahren n two-point re section (Surv). Zweischwimmer-Seeflugzeug n twinfloat seaplane.




Zwischenziel n intermediate objec tive; reference point (Arty, R fire). Zwitterfahrzeug n half-track vehicle. zwo two (used in voice transmission to avoid confusion with drei, three). Zyanwasserstoffsaure / hydrocyanic acid, prussic acid (CWS). Zylinderblock m cylinder block (Mtr). Zylinderinhalt m total volume of cylinder (Mtr).

Zylinderkopf m cylinder head (Mtr).

Zylinderlaufbiichse / cylinder liner (Mtr). Zylinderschleifen n cylinder grinding (Mtr). ZylinderverschluB m bolt mechanism (R). Zylinderwand / cylinder wall (Mtr). ZZ-Verfahren n method of radio ap proach landing (the main let-down signal is ZZ with last letter of air port station signal in between).


abandon V raumen (a locality); verlassen, (a position, etc.); zurucklassen (equipment, wounded, etc.). abatage Stellung auf PuCtellern abatis Baumsperre /. "A" battery Heizbatterie / (Rad). abbreviation Abkiirzung /.

accordion action
accelerate beschleunigen. accelerating pump Beschleunigungs. pumpe /. acceleration Beschleunigung /. acceleration downward Pallbeschlennigung / (of projectile). accelerator Spannstiick n (MG); Gashebel m, Beschleuniger m (Mtr). accelerometer Beschleunigungsmesser m (Ap).
acceptance test Abnahmeprufung /. accessories Ausrustung /, Zubehor n, Zubehorteile inpl. accessories case Zubehortornister m (portable Rad). accessory Ausriistungsstflck n, Zu behor n (part); Komplize m, Mitschuldiger m (Law). accessory defense Hindernis n, Sperre /. accelerator pedal GasfuCtritt m, Gasfufihebel m. access road Zufahrtstrafle /. accident Unfall m. accidental cover natiirliche Deckung. accidental error zufalliger Fehler. accidental hit Zufallstreffer m. accompanying artillery Begleitartillerie /. accompanying battery Begleitbatterie /. accompanying fire Begleitfeuer n.


authorized abbreviation amtlich festgelegte Abkurzung. able-bodied wehrfahig, tauglich, wehrtauglich (fit for Mil service). Abney level Spiegelneigungsmesser

m (Surv). about face Kehrtwendung /. "About, face!" "Ganze Abteilung, Kehrt!" abrasive Schleifmittel n. abreast nebeneinander, Seite an

Seite, in Linie. abscissa Abszisse /. abscissa for maximum ordinate Gipfelentfernung / (Ballistics). ' absence without leave unerlaubte absent abwesend. absent without leave

Entfernung, eigenmachtige Entfernung.
abwesend ohne

Urlaub. absolute altitude Flughohe /, Flug hohe iiber dem Erdboden (Avn). absolute ceiling Gipfelhohe / (Avn). absolute deviation GeschoBabweichung / (Arty). absolute quarantine Isolierung / (Med).
absorbent cotton Watte /. abutment Widerlager n, Bruckenwiderlager n, Endauflager -n, (Bdg); Kampfer m (of an arch). abutment beam Stofibalken m (Bdg). abutment section Pioniertrupp beauftragt mit Errichtung der Briickenendwiderlager (Engr). -

accompanying gun Begleitgeschiitz n. accompanying tank Begleitpanzer m, Begleitpanzerkampfwagen m. accomplice Mitschuldiger m, Kom plize m (Law). accomplish erledigen, erfiillen, vollenden. accomplishment Erledigung / (com pletion); Leistung / (feat).
accordion action wechselnder Fahrzeugabstand, Aufschliefien und Abhangen (MT).

accordion effect
accordion effect accountability


adjustable wrench

Verantwortlichkeit /. accountable zur Buchung verpflichtet. accountable officer Verwaltungsoffizier m. accouterments Ausriistungsstiicke anerkannte Fliegerschule. accredited correspondent -Kriegsberichter m. accrued leave zustehender Gesamturlaub. accumulated leave akkumulierter Urlaub. accuracy Genauigkeit /. accuracy life Lebensdauer / (G). accuracy of fire Zielsicherheit /, Treffahigkeit /, Treffgenauigkeit /, Treffsicherheit /.
accuracy of fit PaBgenauigkeit /. accuracy of practice Treffgenauig keit /. npl. accredited aviation school behordlich

See accordion action, Buchungspflicht /,

accurate genau, zielgenau. ace Fliegerheld m, erfolgreicher Jagdflieger. acetone Azeton m. acetylene Azetylen n. acetylene torch See oxyacetylene torch, a-c generator Wechselstromerzeuger m. acid Saure /. acknowledge Bitte Quittung, Bitte Bestatigung (Rad procedure). acknowledgment of receipt Empfangsbestatigung / (Rad, Tg> Tp). acoustic correction Ausschalten des Schallverzuges (sound locator). acoustic corrector Verzugsrechner m (sound locator). acoustic orientation akustische Ortung (sound locator). act v wirken, handeln. acting stellvertretend. action Gefecht n, Gefechtshandlung /, Kampftatigkeit / (Tac); Arbeitsspiel n (Mech). "In action!" "Licht auf!" (AA SL). "Action front!" "Zuxn Feuern nach vorwarts, protzt ab!" "Action left!" "Zum Feuern nach links, protzt ab!" "Action rear!" "Zum Feuern nach ruckwarts, protzt ab!"

"Action right!" "Zum Feuern nach rechts, protzt ab!" action station Gefechtsstation / (Nav); Gefechtsstellung /. activate wehrbar machen, aufstellen (a unit); scharf machen (a mine). activated mine scharfe Panzermine. activation Wehrbarmachung /; Aufstellung / (of a unit). active air defense Luftabwehr /, aktive Luftabwehr. active defense Abwehr /. active duty aktiver Dienst. active list Liste der aktiven Offiziere und Mannschaften. active service aktiver Wehrdienst. act of sabotage Sabotageakt m. actual range tatsachliche SchuCweite (Arty). acute angle spitzer Winkel. adamsite Adamsit m, Diphenylaminchlorarsin n. adaptable anwendbar, pafilich. adapter Lafettenaufsatzstiick n (MG); Mundlocheinschraubvorrichtung /, PaBstiick n (Ord); Zwischenstiick n (Mech). adapter opening Mundloch n (Am). adapter plug Mundlochschraube / (AM); Zwischenstecker m (Elec). adapter thread Mundlochgewinde n (Am). add zusammenzahlen, addieren (Math); hinzufugen, beifiigen. adding machine Rechengerat n. adhesive paste Kleister m. adhesive pitch Kabelwachs n (Engr, Tp). adhesive tape Klebestreifen m (Tech); Leukoplast n (court plas ter); Isolierband n (friction tape). adjacent angrenzend, Nachbar—, Neben-1—. adjacent unit Nachbar m (Tac). adjust einschiefien (G fire); justieren (bore-sight alinement); einstellen, verstellen (Tech). adjustable verstellbar, regulierbar, verschiebbar, einstellbar. adjustable holder Einstellhiilse / (panoramic telescope). adjustable marker Einstellmarke /. adjustable-pitch propeller einstellbare Luftschraube. adjustable wrench verstellbarer Schraubenschlussel.

adjusted elevation


advance the attack

adjusted elevation Erhohungseinstellung /. adjusted range Hohenrichtung / (Arty). adjusting nut ' StoBelschraube / (on valve-lifter). adjusting point Einschiefipunkt m (Arty). adjusting ring Stellring m, Einstellring m (fuze). adjusting screw Verstellschraube /. adjustment Einstellung /, Eichung /, Verstellung /; Berichtigung / (correction). adjustment drum Berichtigungswalze / (range finder). adjustment fire RichtungsschieBen n, EinschieBen n. adjustment nut Einstellmutter /. adjustment of fire Einschiefien n. adjustment shots Richtungsschiisse mpl '(for direction). adjustment target Einschiefiziel n, Lufteinschieflziel n (high burst). adjutant Adjutant m. adjutant general Generaladjutant m. The Adjutant General Der Chef des Heeresverwaltungsamts (USA). Adjutant General Board Die Abteilungsleiter des Heeresverwal tungsamts (USA). Adjutant General's Department Heeresverwaltungsamt n (USA). adjutant's office Schreibstube /'. administration Verwalturig /, Verwaltungswesen n. administration building Verwaltungsgebaude n. administrative inspector Verwaltungsinspektor m. administrative map Verwaltungsiibersichtskarte /. administrative march Reisemarsch m, Etappenmarsch m. administrative order besondere Anordnung. administrative plan Verwaltungsordnung /. administrative services Verwaltungsdienste mpl. administrative unit Verwaltungstruppenteil m. administrative vehicle Heeresfahrzeug n. admiral Generaladmiral m (Nav). advance n Vormarsch m, Vorgehen

advance v vorriicken, vorgehen, vordringen, vormarschieren, sich vorwartsbewegen. advance base Ausgabestelle im Operationsgebiet. advance by bounds sprungweises Vorgehen. advance by echelon staffelweises Vorgehen. advance by rushes See advance by bounds, advance command post vorgeschobener Gefechtsstand, vorderer Gefechtsstand. advanced airfield Feldflugplatz m. advanced detachment Vorausabteilung /. advance depot Umschlagstelle /. . . advanced specialized training militarische Sonderausbildung. advanced training Weiterbildung /, Fortbildung /. advance element Spitzengruppe / (Tac). advance guard Vorhut /. advance guard action Vorhutgefecht n. advance guard cavalry detachment Reiterspitze /. advance guard commander Vorhutfiihrer m. advance guard company Vorauskompanie /. advance guard engagement Vorhut gefecht n. advance guard point Spitze /. advance guard reserve Haupttrupp m (in Adv Gd of large unit). advance guard support Vortrupp m (in Adv Gd of large unit); Haupt trupp m (in Adv Gd of smaller unit). advance in phases abschnittweises Vorgehen. advance landing field Feldflugplatz in, Gefechtslandeplatz m. advance message center Meldekopf, m. advance of forcing cone Laderaumverlangerung / (G). advance party Spitzenkompanie / (ir. Adv Gd of large unit); Vortrupp m (in Adv Gd of smaller unit). advance position vorgeschobene Stellung. advance post vorgeschobener Posten. advance the attack sich an den Feind heranarbeiten.

"Advance to be recognized!"


aiming point

"Advance to be recognized!" "Kom- aerographer Meteorologe im Untermen Sie naher! Wer sind Sie?" offiziersrang (Nav). adviser Berater m. aerologist Meteorologe im Offiziersadze Querbeil n, Queraxt /. rang (Nav). aerial See antenna, aerometeorograph Meteorograph m aerial acrobatics Kunstflug m. (Met). aerometer Dichtemesser in, Dichtigaerial barrage Luftsperre /. aerial barrage equipment Luftsperrkeitsmesser m: aeronautical chart Fliegerkarte /. mittel n. aerial camera Luftbildkammer /. aeronautical mile .Flugmeile / aerial combat exercise Luftkampf(1853.25 meters). iibung /. aeronautics Luftfahrt /, Luftfahraerial delivery container Abwurfwesen n, Flugwissenschaft /. kiste /. aerosled Motorschlitten m. aerial gas spray Giftregen m. aerostat Aerostat TO. aerial gunner Fliegerschiitze m, affidavit beglaubigte . Bescheinigung, eidliche Erklarung. Bordschutze tn, Feuerschiitze m. aerial gunnery Schiefien aus der age Alter n. Luft. age-in-grade Rangdienstalter m. aerial hand camera Fliegerhand- age limit Dienstaltersgrenze /. kammer /. agent Verbindungsmann m, Veraerial mapping camera Reihenkam- . trauensmann m. mer /, Reihenbildner m, Reihenbild- agent officer Verbindungsoffizier m. kammer /. aggressive angriffsfreudig, angriffsaerial mine Minenbombe /, Luftlustig. mine /. aggressiveness Einsatzbereitschaft /. aerial mosaic Reihenbild n, Luft- aggressor Angreifer m. agonic line Agone /. bildkarte /. aide See aide-de-camp, aerial objective Flugziel n. aerial observation Luftbeobachtung /. aide-de-camp Adjutant m. aerial observer Beobachter m, Beob- aid man Sanitater in. aid station Truppenverbandplatz m achtungsflieger m. (Med). aerial photograph Luftbild n. aiguillette Fangschnur /. aerial photographer Bildflieger m. aileron Querruder n. aerial photographic crew Flugzeug- aileron horn Querruderhebel m. bildpersonal n. aim v zielen, richten, anlegen. aerial photograph interpretation aim-checking device ZielkontrollLuftbildauswertung /. spiegel m. aerial photography Luftbildwesen n, aiming circle Richtkreis m. Luftphotographie /. aiming-circle station Richtstelle /. aerial photomapping camera Reihen- aiming device Zielspiegel m. meflkammer /. aiming disk Zielloffel in. aerial review Luftparade /. aiming drill Ziel- und Anschlagsaerial sound ranging Horchortung iibungen fpl. von Flugzielen (AAA). aiming error Zielfehler TO. aerial spraying Abregnen n (CWS). aiming exercise Richtiibung /. aerial target Flugziel n. aiming group Zieldreieck n (aiming aerial torpedo Lufttorpedo n, Flugtriangle). zeugtorpedo n. aiming light Richtlampe /. aerial warfare Luftkrieg m. aiming mechanism Richtgerat n, aerobatics See aerial acrobatics, Zieleinrichtung /, Zielvorrichtung /. aerocartograph Aerokartograph m. aiming order Richtkommando n, aerodynamic force Luftkraft /. Richtbefehl TO. aerodynamics Aerodynamik /. aiming point Richtpunkt m, Halteaeroembolism Hohenkrankheit /. punkt TO, Anlegepunkt m, Zielpunkt aerograph See aerometeorograph.

aiming-point azimuth


aircraft warning officer

aiming-point azimuth reading Richtpunktzahl /. aiming-point and deflection method Richtpunktverfahren n. aiming point offset Beobachtungswinkel m. aiming post Richtlatte /, E-Latte /. aiming post light Richtlampe /. aiming practice Richtiibung /. aiming silhouette Gefechtsscheibe / aiming stake Richtlatte /, E-Latte /. aiming target Richtscheibe /. air n Luft /.air v liiften. "Air!" "Hoch!" (firing). air-adjustment jet Korrekturluftduse / (Mtr). air adviser Fliegerverbindungsoffizier m. air-air Flugzeug zu Flugzeug (Sig Com). air alert Jagdpatrouille in Kampf-


bereitschaft (Avn) ; Fliegeralarm m

air ambulance Sanitatsflugzeug n. air area Luftraum m.' air attack Luftangriff m. air base Luftstiitzpunkt m, Flugstiitzpunkt m (Tac); Fliegerhorst m, Horst m (Adrm in Z of I). air base airdrome Fliegerhorst m, Horst m (Z of I). air base commander Fliegerhorstkommandant m, Horstkommandant m. air base service area Bodenanlage der Luftwaffe. air base troops Bodenpersonal n. air battle Luftschlacht /. airborne auf dem Luftwege befordert. airborne infantry Luftinfanterie /. airborne troops Luftlande- und Fallschirmtruppen fpl. air brake Luftdruckbremse / (Mech); Landeklappe / (Ap). air burst Luftsprengpunkt m, hoher Sprengpunkt, Sprengpunkt m (Arty). air-burst pattern Lufttreffbild n air-burst registration fire Schieflen ' mit hohen Sprengpunkten. air chamber Luftbehalter m
(counterrecoil brake). mechanism, vehicle



air combat Luftgefecht n, Luftkampf m. air command communication Funkverbindung von Flugzeug zu Flug zeug. air command headquarters Luftwaffengruppenkommando n. air compressor Drucklufterzeuger m, Luftverdichter m, Luftpresser m. air conditioning plant Klimaanlage /. air-cooled luftgekuhlt, mit Luft-" kiihlung. air-cooled engine luftgekiihlter Motor, Motor mit Luftki.ih.lung. air-cooled weapon luftgekiihlte Waffe. Air Corps See Army Air Forces, aircraft Luftfahrzeug n. aircraft ammunition Flugzeugmunition /, Bordmunition /. aircraft armament Bordwaffen fpl. aircraft automatic gun See aircraft cannon, aircraft camera Luftbildkammer /, Luftbildgerat n, Fliegerkammer /. aircraft cannon Flugzeugkanone /. aircraft carrier Flugzeugtrager m. aircraft engine Flugmotor m. aircraft equipment Bordgerate npl. aircraft factory Flugzeugwerk n, Flugzeugfabrik /. aircraft gun sights Fliegervisiereinrichtung /. aircraft industry Luftfahrzeugindustrie /. aircraft instruments Bordgerate npl. aircraft landing flare Bordlandefackel /. aircraft log Flugbuch n, Flugtagebuch n. aircraft machine gun Bord-Maschinengewehr n. aircraft observer Aufklarungsflieger m, Beobachter m. aircraft parachute flare Fallschirmleuchtbombe /, Leuchtbombe /. aircraft signal Leuchtpatrone /, Signalpatrone / (ground-air Com). aircraft signal pistol Fllegerleuchtpistole /. aircraft tender Flugzeugmutterschiff n, Stiitzpunktschiff n. aircraft warning Fliegerwarnung /. aircraft warning company Flugmeldekompanie /. aircraft warning officer Flugmeldeoffizier m.

aircraft warning service



aircraft warning service Flugmeldedienst m. air crew Bordbesatzung /, Bordmannschaft /, fliegende Besatzung, Flugzeugbesatzung /. air current Luftstrom m. air defense Luftverteidigung f; Luftabwehr / (active); Luftschutz air defense area Flugabwehrgebiet n. air defense region Flugabwehrbezirk m. air density Luftdichte /. air depot Nachschubstelle der Luft waffe. airdrome Flugplatz m. airdrome boundary Flughafengrenze /, Platzgrenze /. airdrome construction detachment Flughafenbautrupp m. airdrome light Platzfeuer n. airdrome lighting Flugplatzbefeuerung /. airdrome traffic Flugbetrieb m. airfield See airdrome, air fight See air combat, air filter Luftfilter m, Luftreiniger m (Mtr). airflow^ Fahr(t)wind m, Geblasewind m (Avn). airfoil Tragflache / (Ap). airfoil section Fliigelprofil n, Tragfliigelprofil n. air force Luftflotte / (tactical and territorial unit). air force commander Flottenchef m, Luftflottenchef m, Fliegerfiihrer m. air forces Fliegerkrafte fpl, Luftstreitkrafte fpl. Air Forces See Army Air Forces. Air Forces Headquarters Luftwaffenkommando n. airframe Flugzeuggerippe n. air friction Luftreibung / (Ballis tics). air-ground Bord zu Boden (Sig Com). air-ground communication Nachrichtenverbindung Boden-Bord. air-ground liaison code Funkverkehrsabkiirzungen fpl. air-ground net Funknetz fur den Verkehr Boden-Bord. air guard Luftspaher m. air-intake duct Ansaugleitung / air-intake horn (carburetor).

air jet Luftduse / (Mtr). air landing troops Luftlandetruppen airline Fluglinie /, Flugstrecke /. air lock Gasschleuse / (CWS). air. mechanic Flugzeugmechaniker m, Bordmonteur m. air mile Luftmeile / (1,853.25 meters or 6,080 feet). air navigation Flugzeugortung /, Luftnavigation /. air navigation map Flugstreckenkarte f. air objective Luftangriffsziel n. air observation Luftbeobachtung /. air observer Beobachter m (Avn); Luftspaher m (AWS). air'obstacle Luftsperre / (Avn). air offensive Luftoffensive /. air officer Fliegerverbindungsoffizier m. airplane Flugzeug n; Flieger m (as seen from ground). airplane ambulance Sanitatsflugzeug n. airplane armament Flugzeugbewaffnung /, Bordwaffen fpl. airplane chemical spray apparatus Luftstromgerat n, Zerstaubungsgerat n. airplane construction Flugzeugbau m. airplane controls Flugzeugsteuerung /. airplane direction finding Flugzeug ortung /. airplane engine Flugzeugmotor m. airplane flare Fallschirmleuchtbombe /. airplane mechanic Flugzeugwart m, Bordwart m, Bordmonteur m, Flug zeugmechaniker m. airplane model Flugzeugbaumuster airplane passenger Fluggast m. airplane production Flugzeugbau TO, Flugzeugproduktion /. airplane signal Fliegerverstandigungszeichen n. airplane-speed slide rule Flugzeuggeschwindigkeitslineal n (AAA). airplane spotter Luftspaher m, Flugmeldeposten m. airplane towing Flugzeugschlepp m. air pocket Luftloch n. airport Flughafen m..

m (passive).



Ansaugkrummer m

air power


allotment of equipment

alarm m. air raid drill Luftschutztibung / (civilian defense). air raid shelter Luftschutzkeller TO, Luftschutzraum m. air raid siren Fliegersirene /, Luftschutzsirene /. air raid warden Luftschutzwart TO. air raid warning district Luftwarnbezirk TO. air reconnaissance Luftaufklarung /. air reconnaissance area Luftaufklarungsraum TO. air resistance Luftwiderstand m (Ballistics, Avn). air scoop Luftsackmaul n (captive Bin). air scout Luftspaher TO. air sentinel See air scout. Air Service Command Luftgau m. airship Luftschiff n. airspaceLuftraum m (Avn, etc.); leerer Raum (Am). airspace reservation Luftsperrgebiet n (Avn). air speed Eigengeschwincligkeit f, Geschwindigkeit zur Luft (Ap). air speed indicator Fahrtmesser TO.

air power Luftmacht /, Luftgeltung /. air pressure Luftdruck m. air raid Luftangriff m. air raid alarm Fliegeralarm m, Luft-

Bereitschaft /, Alarmbereitschaft /. alert v alarmieren, in Bereitschaft stellen. alert hut Bereitschaftsbaracke / (Avn). alert station Jagdpatrouille /, Bereitschaftsstellung / (Avn). alidade Kippregel / (Surv). alidade ruler Diopterlineal n (aim

air warfare Luftkriegfiihrung /. air warning net Flugmeldenetz n. airway Flugweg TO, Flugstrecke /. airway beacon Flugstreckenfeuer n, Streckenfeuer n. airway obstruction Luftfahrthindernis n. airway traffic control area Flugsicherungsbereich m. airworthiness Lufttuchtigkeit / (Ap). airworthy flugklar, flugtuchtig. alarm Alarm m. alarm station Alarmplatz TO. alcohol Alkohol TO, Weingeist TO. alert n Startbereitschaft / (Avn);

ing circle). alignment See alinement. alinement Nachstellung des Radten n, Richtung / (of sights). alinement stake Richtstange / (Bdg,

stands (of vehicle wheels); Ausrich-

(Ap). Air Staff Fiihrungsstab der Luft waffe (USA). air starter Prefiluftanlasser m
(Mtr). airstream Fahrwind m (Avn). air superiority Luftiiberlegenheit /. air support Fliegerunterstutzung /. Air Support Command ScMachtfliegerverband m. air support party Luftnachrichtenverbindungsoffiziere mpl. air target Flugziel n. air task force fliegerischer Verband, Fliegerverband m. airtight luftdicht. air-traffic safety control Flugsicherung /. air transport Transportflugzeug n. air transportation Lufttransport TO. Air Transport Command Lufttransportkommando n (USA). See also Ferry Command, air umpire Schiedsrichter m (Avn).

Engr). aliquot part charge aus zwei gleichen Teilladungen bestehende Treibladung (Am). aliquot propelling charge See ali quot part charge. alkali cartridge Alkalipatrone / (in oxygen breathing apparatus). all-around defense Igelverteidigung /. all-around traverse Seitenrichtfeld von 360°; mit Sockellafette. all clear Beendigung der Luftgefahr. "All clear!" "Alarm aus!" all clear signal Entwarnung /. all-metal airplane Ganzmetallflugzeug n. allocation Zuteilung / (of men, sup plies, etc.) ; Zuweisung /, Anweisung / (of funds). allocation of targets Zielzuweisung allot anweisen. allotment Anweisung /. allotment of equipment stattung /.




ammunition distributing

allowance See' authorized basic al lowance. allow for beriicksichtigen. alloy Legierung /. allways fuze empfiridlicher Kopfziinder (Am). all-wheel drive Raderantrieb m, Allradantrieb m (MT). ^ill-wing airplane Nurfliigelflugzeug n. ally Bundesgenosse m, Verbiindete(r) m. alphabet code flag Signalflagge /, Internationale Signalflagge (Nav). alpine cap Bergmutze f (Clo). alternate v wechseln, abweehseln. alternate airport Ausweichhaien m. alternate emplacement Wechselstellung / (G, MG). alternate firing position See alter nate emplacement. alternate routing Ausweichvermittlung / (emergency Tp Com). alternate target Ausweichziel n (bombing). alternate traversing fire Breitenfeuer n (Arty). alternate two-way radiophone com munication Funkwechselsprechen n. alternate two-way radio traffic Funkwechselverkehr m. alternating current Wechselstrorn m; Drehstrom m (three-phase). alternating-current generator Wechselstromerzeuger m. alternation Wechsel m (Elec). alternator See alternating-current generator. altimeter Hohenmesser m; Hohenentfernungsmesser m, Hohenmesser m, EntfernungsmeDgerat n (AA height finder). altitude Hohe /. altitude bracket Hohenschicht / (Avn, Met). altitude-correction ruler Erdkrummungslineal n. altitude indication Hohenangabe /. altitude lead Hohenvorhalt m (AAA). altitude of flight Flughohe /. altitude of target Mefihohe / (in stant of range determination); Zielhohe / (present position); Treffhohe / (future position). altitude reading Hohenangabe /. aluminum Aluminium n.

aluminum alloy Aluminiumlegierung /. amatol Amatol n (Am). ambient noise storende Nebengerausche. ambulance Krankenkraftwagen m; Sanitatsfahrzeug n (any Med ve hicle). ambulance battalion Krankentransportabteilung f. ambulance loading post Wagenhalteplatz "n. ambulance station Krankentransportstclle /. ambulant marschfahiger Verwundeter. ambush n Hinterhalt m, Lauerstellung f. ambush v aus dem Hinterhalt iiberf alien. American Red Cross Amerikanisches Rotes Kreuz. ammeter Amperemeter n, Strommesser m. ammonal Ammonpulver n, Ammonal n (Am). ammonia Ammoniak n; Salmiakgeist m (spirits of ammonia). ammonium nitrate explosive Animonsalpeter-Sprengmittel n. ammonium picrate Ammoniumpikrat n (Am). ammunition Munition /. See also munitions, ammunition bearer Munitionsschiitze ammunition belt Gurt m, Patronengurt m. ammunition box Munihonskasten in. ammunition branch depot Munitionszweiglager n. ammunition carrier Munitionsfahrzeug n; Munitionswagen m, Munitionskarren m (H-Dr); Gefechtskarren m (includes weapuns); Muni tionsschiitze m, Munitionstrager m (bearer). ammunition chest Protzkasten m (on Umber). ammunition clip Ladestreifen m. ammunition company Munitionsnachschub-Kompanie f. ammunition depot Munitionslager n. ammunition detail Munitionstrupp m. ammunition distributing point Munitionsausgabestelle /, Munitionsverteilungsstelle /.

ammunition drum


angle of clearance

ammunition drum Munitionstrommel /. ammunition dump Munitionslager n. ammunition lot number laufende Nummer der Munitionslieferung. ammunition niche Munitionsnische / ammunition pit Munitionsloch n. ammunition pocket Patronentasche / (Clo). ammunition point Munitionsausgabestelle /. ammunition requirements Schiefibedarf m. ammunition section Munitionsstaffel / (firing Btry). ammunition shelter Munitionsnische / (Ft). ammunition shortage Munitionsmangel m. ammunition sponson Munitionskammer / (Tk). ammunition stock Munitionsbestand m. ammunition supply Munitionsnachschub m, Munitionsausstattung /, Munitionsbestand m. ammunition supply point Munitionsumschlagstelle /. ammunition supply service Munitionswesen n. ammunition trailer Munitionswagen m. ammunition train Munitionszug m (RR); Munitionskolonne /. ammunition transloading point Munitionsumschlagstelle /. ammunition truck Geschofi-Zubringewagen m, GeschoBwagen m. ammunition wagon Munitionswagen m. amnesty allgeraeine Begnadigung, Amnestie /. amount Betrag m, Bestand m; Menge / (quantity); Summe / amperage Amperezahl /. ampere Ampere n. amphibian airplane Wasserlandflugzeug n, Amphibienflugzeug n. amphibian tank Schwimmpanzerkampfwagen m, Amphibienkampfwagen m. amphibian tractor • See tracked land ing vehicle, amphibian truck Schwimm-Lastkraftwagen m; Schwimmwagen m.
(sum). (Ft).

angle of clearance Differenz zwischen Abgangswinkel und Deckungswinkel (Ballistics).

amplification Verstarkung / (Rad). amplifier Lautverstarker m (vol ume); Kraftverstarker m (power). amplifier tube Verstarkerrohre / (Rad). amplitude of oscillations Schwingungsweite / (Rad). amputate amputieren, abnehmen. anabatic wind Aufwind m, Hangwind m (Met). anaglyph Anaglyphe /, Anaglypt n (Photo Surv). anchor Anker m. anchorage Verankerung /, Ankergrund m, Ankerplatz m, Ankerstelle / (Nav); Verankerung /, Zurrung /. anchor cable Ankertau n. anchored mine Ankermine /. anchor hitch Ankerstich m (Engr). anchoring Verankerung / (Bdg, Nav). anchor light Ankerlicht n. anchor pin Bremstrager m (of brakeshoes). anchor plate Ankerplatte / (of clock work fuze). anchor rack stick Ankerrodel m (Bdg, Engr). anchor stake Ankerpfahl in. anemometer Windmesser m, Ane mometer n, Windmefigeriit n. aneroid barometer Dosenbarometer n, Federbarometer n, Pederluftdruckmesser m, Aneroid-Barometer n. anesthetic Betaubungsmittel n. angary Prisenrecht n. angle Winkel m. angledozer Planier-Raupenschlepper m. angle of approach Flugwinkel m (AAA); Flugwinkel im AbschuBpunkt (present position); Flug winkel im Treffpunkt (future posi tion) ; Anflugwinkel in (Avn); Fahrzeugiiberhang m, Uberhang m (MT). angle of attack Anstellwinkel m (Avn). angle of axle displacement Hubhohe / (MT). angle of axle swin? Achsenverschrankbarkeit / (MT). angle of bank Winkel der Schraglage (Avn).

angle of convergence



angle of convergence Parallaxwinkel TO (Optics); Winkel zur Ausschaltung des Stellungsunterschiedes (Arty, Surv). angle of crab Luvwinkel m (Avn). angle of departure Abgangswinkel TO (Ballistics). angle of depression negative! Gelandewinkel (Gunnery); Tiefenwinkel m. (Surv). angle of dive Flugneigungswinkel m (A A. gunnery); Sturzwinkel m (Avn). angle of elevation Visierwinkel TO, Aufsatzwinkel m, Erhohungswinkel w. angle-of-elevation dial Aufsatztromangle-of-elevation mechanism Aufsatzwinkeltrieb m (G). angle of fall Fallwinkel m (Ballis tics). angle-offset method Kreisbogenabsteckung von einer Tangente aus (Btry Surv). angle of glide Gleitwinkel m (Avn). angle of impact Aufschlagwinkel m, Auftreffwinkel TO (Ballistics). angle of incidence Einstellwinkel m (Ap wing); Erganzungswinkel des Auftreffwinkels (Ballistics); Einfalhvinkel m. angle of jump Abgangsfehlerwinkel m (Gunnery). angle of parallax Parallaxe /, Paral laxwinkel TO (Optics). angle of pitch Steigungswinkel m, Anstellwinkel m, (propeller); Stampfwinkel m (Ap). angle of ricochet Abprallwinkel m. angle of roll Winkel der Schraglage (Avn). angle of safety Erhohung einschliefilich der Sicherheitsteilstriche (over head firing). angle of shift Seitenabstand yom Eichtpunkt (indirect firing). angle of site Gelandewinkel m, Ziel hohenwinkel m (Gunnery). : angle-of-site instrument Gelandewinkelmesser m. angle-of-site level Gelandewinkellibelle /. angel-of-site mechanism GelandewinkelmeBvorrichtung / (on tele scopic sight).

mei / CG;.

angle-of-site micrometer Gelandewinkelmesser m (G). angle-of-site scale Skalenscheibe /. angle-of-site table Libellentafel / (Gunnery). angle of site to mask Deekungswinkel m (Gunnery). angle of slope Boschungswinkel m (Top). angle of .traverse Schwenkwinkel m, SchMrenkungswinlcel TO, Seitemicht•winkel m (Gunnery). angle of twist Drallwinkel m, (ri fling). angle of view Behwinkel m. angle of wing setting Flugeleinstell\vinkel m (Ap). angle of yaw Wendewinkel m, Gierv/inkel m, Scherwinkel m (Avn). angular acceleration Winkelbeschleu. nigung /. angular height Hohenwinkel m (AAA). angular height of target Zielhohenwinkel m (AAA); Zielhohenwinkel zum AbschuCpunkt (present posi tion); Zielhohenwinkel zum Wechselpunkt (midpoint); Zielhohenwin kel zum Treffpunkt (future posi tion). angular measurement Winkelmafi n. angular movement Winkelauswanderung /; Winkelgeschwindigkeit / (rate). angular travel See angular move ment. angular velocity Winkelgeschwin digkeit /. animal-drawn bespannt. ankle FuDknochel m, Knochel m. A.N. method of instrument landing A.N.-Verfahren n (beam bracketing) (Avn). anneal, ausgluhen. annex Anlage /.. annihilation fire Vernichtungsfeuer n. announcement Ankiindigung /, Bekanntgabe /. anode Anode /. answering jack Abfrageklinke f (Tp). answer signal Gegensignal n. answer to call-up Anrufantwort / (Rad). antarctic adj antarktisch, den Siidpol betreffend. antenna Luftleiter TO, Antenne /.

antenna ammeter



antenna ammeter Antenneristromanzeiger m. antenna array Antennengebilde n. antenna binding post Antennenanschlufi m, antenna capacitance Antennenkapazitat /. antenna circuit Antennenkreis m. antenna coupling Antennenkopplung /. antenna jack Antennenbuchse /, Antennen-Anschlufibuchse /. antenna mast Antennenstab m (port able Rad set); Antennenmast in, Funkmast m. antenna outfit Antennengerat n. antenna reel Antennenhaspel / (Ap). antenna resistance Antennenwiderstand TO. antenna truck Punkmastkraftwagen TO. antenna tuning coil Antennenspule /. antenna wire Luftdraht m. anthracite coal Steinkohle /. antiaircraft artillery Flakartillerie /, Flak /. antiaircraft artillery battalion Flakabteilung /. antiaircraft artillery regiment Flakregiment M. antiaircraft automatic weapons Maschinenflak /. antiaircraft barrage Flaksperre /. antiaircraft battery Flakbatterie /. antiaircraft company Fla-Kompanie /. antiaircraft cruiser Flakkreuzer m (Nav). antiaircraft defense Flugabwehr /, Flakabwehr /, Fliegerabwehr /, Luftverteidigung /. antiaircraft director Kommandogerat n, Flakkommandogerat n. antiaircraft emplacement Flakstellung /. antiaircraft fire Flakfeuer n, Flakschieflen n. antiaircraft fire director Flakkom mandogerat n. antiaircraft gun Flugabwehrgeschiitz n, Flakgeschutz n, Flugabwehrkanone /, Abwehrgeschutz n. antiaircraft gun crew Flakbedienung /. antiaircraft lookout -Luftspaher TO.

antiaircraft machine gun Flugabwehrmaschinengewehr n, Flakmaschinengewehr n, Flamaschinengewehr n, Fla-MG. n. antiaircraft MG unit Fla-Einheit /. antiaircraft protection Flakschutz antiaircraft scout Luftspaher m. antiaircraft searchlight Flugzeugabwehrscheinwerfer TO, Flakscheinwerfer m. antiaircraft security Sicherung gegen den Luftgegner (Tac). antiaircraft sight Fliegervisier n, Flakvisier n. antiaircraft weapon Luftabwehrwaffe /, Fla-Waffe /. anticyclone Antizyklon m, Hoch n (Met). antidim compound Klarsichtsalbe /, Brillenglassalbe /. antidim eyeglass Klarscheibe / (gas mask). antifreeze Gefrierschutz TO, Gefrierschutzmittel n (MT). antifreeze solution Frostschutzmittel
antifriction bearing Walzlager n. anti-glare windshield Blendschutz-



scheibe /. anti-icer solution


antiknock klopffest (MT). antiknock quality Klopffestigkeit / (of engine fuel). antimechanized defense Panzerabgegen Panzer. antimechanized warning Panzerwarnung /. •> antimechanized warning system Panzerwarndienst m. antimechanized weapon Panzerabwehrwaffe /. antimony sulfide Schwefelantimon antipersonnel bomb Splitterbombe /. antipersonnel mine S-Mine /, Schrapnellmine /, Schiitzenmine /. antipersonnel rifle grenade Gewehrsprenggranate /. antiseptic faulnisbekampfendes Mittel, Antiseptikum n. antisubmarine net Fangnetz n. antitank Pak-, Panzerabwehr-, Panzerjager-. See also tank destroyer.
n (Am).
wehr /. antimechanized security Sicherung


antitank artillery



antitank artillery Pak /. antitank battalion Panzerjagerabteilung /, Panzerabwehrabteilung /. antitank bomb Panzerbombe /. antitank company Panzerabwehrkompanie /, Panzerjagerkompanie /. antitank defense Panzerabwehr /. antitank ditch Panzerfahrzeuggraben m, Panzergraben m, Panzersperrgraben m, Tankgraben m. antitank gun Pak /, Pak-Geschutz n, Panzerabwehrgeschiitz n, Panzerabwehrkanone /, Panzerjagerkanone /, Panzerjagergeschiitz n. antitank gun emplacement Pakstellung /. antitank hedgehog Igel m. antitank lookout Panzerwarnposten m. antitank mine Panzerabwehrmine /, Panzermine /. antitank obstacle Panzersperre /, Panzerhindernis n. antitank platoon Panzerabwehrzug m, Pak-Zug m, Panzerjagerzug m. antitank regiment • Panzerabwehrregiment n, Panzerjagerregiment n. antitank rifle Panzerabwehrgewehr n, Tankbiichse /, /. antitank rifle grenade panzerbrechende Gewehrgranate. antitank rifle grenadier GewehrPanzergranatenschutze m (USA). antitank rocket Panzerabwehrrakete /. antitank rocket launcher RaketenPanzerbiichse /. antitank squad Pak-Halbzug1 m. antitank tetrahedron Igel m. antitank wall Panzersperrmauer /. antitank weapon Panzerabwehrwaffe_/. anvil AmboC m (Am, blacksmith's). aparejo mexikanischer Packsattel. aperiodic compass aperiodischer KompaB. aperture Offnung / (opening); Loch n (hole); Spalt m, Schlitz m (slit);

Scharte / (port or peephole, Ft, Tk, etc.).

apparatus Gerat n, Apparat m. appeal Berufung / (Law); dringende Bitte (earnest request); Aufruf m (public appeal). appendix Fiillansatz m (Bin); Blinddarm m (anatomy); Anhang m (in a manual, etc.).

application Bewerbung /, Gesuch n (request); Umschlag m (Med). appoint bestallen, ernennen. appointing authority Gerichtsherr m (Law). appointment Dienststellung /; Ernennung /-("to brevet rank). approach n Annaherung /, Herangehen an den Peind (Tac); Anmarschweg m (road); Anflug m (bombing); Einflug m (of a target) (AWS). approach v anfliegen (Avn); sich nahern. approach angle Anflugwinkel m (Avn); Fahrzeugiiberhang m, tJberhang m (MT). approach embankment Bruckendamm m (Bdg). approaching course Anflugkurs in (Avn). approaching target kommendes Ziel. approach march Anmarsch m, Annaherungsmarsch m (Tac). approach route Anmarschweg m. approach trench Laufgraben m. approach zone Anflugsektor in (Adrm). appropriation Bewilligung / (of funds, etc.). approximate v sich nahern, nahebringen, schatzen. approximate adj ungefahr, annahernd, grob. approximate adjustment fire grobes Einschiefien (Arty). apron Hallenvorplatz in, Vorfeld n (Adrm); Tarnnetz n (of G emplace ment); Seltenverankerung/ (of dou ble-apron fence). apron shield Unterschild m (G). aptitude test Eignungspriifung /. aquadag Aquadag m (lubricant). arc Kreisbogen m (of a circle); Bogen m. arch Bruckenbogen m (Bdg). arched bridge Bogenbrucke /. arc lamp Bogenlampe / (SL). arctic adj arktisch; den Nordpol betreffend. arctic circle nordlicher Polarkreis. arctic zone Nordpolgebiet n. arc-type elevating mechanism Zahnbogenrichtmaschine / (G). arc welding LichtbogenschweiCung /. area Raum m, Gebiet n, Flache /, Flachsninhalt in.

area bombing
area bombing


armored regiment

Bombenabwurf auf Flachenziel. area contamination Gelandevergiftung / (CWS). area fire FlachenschieBen n, Flachenfeuer n (Arty). area sketch Grundrifiskizze /. area target Flachenziel n (Gun nery). arm n Arm m (Anatomy); Waffe /
(weapon); Waffengattung / (branch

of the Army). arm v bewaffnen, bestiicken (provide armament); scharf machen, entsichern (Am, mine); scharf stellen (bomb). armament Rustling /; Bewaffnung /, Bestiiekung' /. armament error Waffenstreuung /. armament officer Waffenoffizier m. armament plant Rustungswerk n. arm and hand signal Armzeichen n. armature Anker m. armature shaft Ankerwelle / (Elee) ; Ankerachse / (field Tp). armature short Lamellenschlufi m. armature turn Leiterschleife /. armature winding Ankerwicklung /. armband Armbinde /. armed bewaffnet; scharf gemacht, scharf gestellt (Am). armed-defense system Wehrorganisation /. Armed Forces Wehrmacht /. armed merchantman bewaffnetes Handelsschiff. armed reconnaissance bewaffnete Aufklarung. armes blanches blanke Waffen, Handwaffen fpl. arming device Fliehbacke / {centri fugal type device in fuze). arming pin Sicherungsvorstecker m (fuze). arming vane Entsicherungsfliigel m, Windfliigel m, (bomb). arming wire Entsicherungsdraht in (bomb). armistice Waffenstillstand m. armistice terms Waffenstillstandsbedingungen fpl. armor Panzer m, Panzerung / (Tk,
etc.); Bewehrung / (Tp cable). armor belt Panzergiirtel m. armored gepanzert, Panzer—. armored artillery Panzerartillerie /. armored attack Panzerangriff m.

armored battalion Panzerbataillon n, Panzerabteilung /. armored cable armiertes Kabel, Panzerkabel n. armored car Panzerwagen m, Panzerkraftwagen m. armored cargo carrier Panzertransportwagen m (MT). armored combat Panzerkampf m, Panzergefecht n. armored combat vehicle gepanzertes Gefechtsfahrzeug, mechanisiertes Fahrzeug. Armored Command Panzertruppe /, Panzerwaffe /.

armored corps Panzerkorps n. armored division Panzerdivision /. armored engagement Panzergefecht n.

Pionier-Bataillon n. Armored Force Panzerwaffe /, Pan zertruppe /. armored force officer Panzeroffizier m. armored forces Panzertruppen fpl, Panzerkrafte fpl. armored formation Panzerverband m, Panzerformation /. armored infantry battalion Panzergrenadier-Bataillon n. armored infantry regiment Panzergrenadier-Regiment n, Panzer-Infanterieregiment n. armored personnel carrier Panzertransportwagen m, Schiitzenpanzer m, Schutzenpanzerwagen m, Grenadier-Panzerwagen m (MT). armored platoon Panzerkraftwagenzug m. armored point Panzerspitze / (Adv Gd). armored radio car Panzerfunkwagen
armored radio truck Panzerfunk wagen m. armored reconnaissance battalion

armored engineer Panzerpionier m. armored engineer battalion Panzer-

spahwagen m. armored reconnaissance company Panzerspahkompanie /. armored reconnaissance vehicle Panzerspahfahrzeug n. armored regiment Panzerreg-iment ??.

Panzeraufklarungsabteilung /. armored reconnaissance car Panzer-

armored rifleman


Army of the United States

armored rifleman Panzergrenadier m. Armored School Panzertruppenschule /. armored scout car Panzerspahwagen m. armored signal battalion Panzernachrichtenabteilung /. armored skirting Laufwerkpanzerung / (Tk). armored support Panzerunterstiitzung / (Tac). armored train Eisenbahnpanzerzug m, Panzerzug m (RR). armored troops Panzertruppen fpl, Kraftfahrkampftruppen fpl. armored turret Panzerturm m; Panzerdrehturm m (revolving); Panzer-Verschwindeturm m, (disap pearing). armored-unit commander Panzerfiihrer m. armored vehicle Panzerfahrzeug n, Panzerkraftfahrzeug n. armored warfare Panzerkriegfuhrung /, Panzerkrieg m. armorer Waffenwart m. armorer-artificer Waffenmeisterunteroffizier -m (NCO). armor-piercing panzerbrechend, pan zer durchschlagend (Am). armor-piercing ammunition Panzermunition /. armor-piercing bomb Panzerbombe /. armor-piercing bullet Stahlkerngeschofl n, SpitzgeschoB mit Stahlkern, PanzersprenggeschoB n. armor-piercing cap Panzerkopf m. armor-piercing grenade Panzergra nate / (R). armor-piercing projectile Stahlkerngeschofi n, SpitzgeschoB mit Stahl kern, Panzersprenggeschofi n, Panzergeschofi n. armor-piercing rifle grenade Ge•wehr-Panzergranate /. armor-piercing shell Panzersprenggranate /, Panzergranate / (Am). armor-piercing shot StahlkerngeschoB n, SpitzgeschoB mit Stahl kern, PanzersprenggeschoB n. armor plate Panzerplatte /, Panzerbleeh n. armor-plate shield Panzerschild m (G). armor-protected panzergeschutzt.

armor protection Panzerschutz m (Ft, Tk). armor thickness Panzerstarke / (Tk). armory Exerzierhaus n, Waffenmeisterei /. arms "Waffen fpl (weapons); Waffen-

gattungen fpl




Army). arms depot

arm signal Armzeichen n. arms rack Gewehrstiitze /. army Armee / (a tactical unit); Heer n (the Army). army air defense Heeresluftabwehr /Army Air Forces Heeresfliegertruppe /, Heeresluftwaffe / (USA). Army Air Forces Weather Service Wetterdienst der Luftwaffe. army ammunition depot Armeemunitionslager n, Heeresmunitionslager n. army area Armeegebiet n. Army Command Heeresleitung /. army corps Armeekorps n. army depot Heergeratepark m. Army Directory Kriegsrangliste /. army dog Heereshund m. army engineer Pionier m. army field order Armeebefehl m. Army Ground Forces Heer n. army headquarters Armeeoberkommando n. Army High Command Oberkommando des Heeres (Ger). army hospital Heereslazarett n. army mail clerk Feldpostbeamter m


Arsenal n, Waffenlager

(USA: enlisted man; Ger: civilian
official). army medical battalion Armeesanitatsabteilung /. Army Medical School Militararztliche Akademie. army newspaper Frontzeitung / (T of Opns). army nurse Pflegeschwester /, Heereskrankenschwester /. Army Nurse Corps Heeres-Krankenschwesternkorps n (USA). army of occupation Besatzungsheer n, Besatzungsarmee /. Army of the United States Das Heer der Vereinigten Staaten. Compare United States Army.

Army Ordnance Department


artillery park

Army Ordnance Department Heereswaffenamt n. army post Standort m, Heeresstandort m. army post administration Heeresstandortverwaltung /. army postal service Feldpostwesen n, Feldpost /. army post office Feldpostamt n. army quartermaster Hoherer Kom. mandeur der Armeenachschubtruppen (USA). army ration depot Heeresverpflegungslager n, Armeeverpflegungslager n. Army Register Rangliste des Heeres. army remount depot Armeepferdepark m. army saddle Armeesattel m,. army serial number Wehrnummer /. army service area Versorgungsraum m. Army Service Forces Heeresversorgungsund Nachschubdienste m-pl (USA). army signal unit Armeenachrichtenabteilung /. army supply Heeresversorgung /. army supply train Armeenachschubkolonne /. army surgeon Armeearzt m. army surgical hospital Ariheefeldlazarett n. army troops Armeetruppen fpl. army veterinary hospital Armeepferdelazarett n. Army War College Kriegsakademie /. arrest n Festnahme /, Arrest m, Verhaftung /. arrest v festnehmen, verhaften, in Haft nehmen; anhalten, aufhalten, abbremsen, hemmen (stop). arresting gear Abbremsvorrichtung arrest in quarters Stubenarrest m. arrival Ankunft /. arrival time Eintreffzeit /, Ankunftzeit /. arrive ankommen, eintrefFen. arsenal Zeughaus n, Zeugamt n. arsine Arsin n (CWS). artery Arterie /. article of clothing Bekleidungsstiick
Articles of War Kriegsartikel inpl. artificer Feuerwerker m (NCO).

artificial antenna kiinstliche Antenne (Rod). artificial horizon Horizont m, kiinstlicher Horizont, Fliegerhorizont m artificial leather Kunstleder n. artificial respiration kiinstliche Atmung, artificial scent Riechspur /, kiinst liche Spur. artificial ventilation kiinstliche Liiftung. artillery Artillerie /. heavy artillery schwerste Artillerie. medium artillery schwere Artillerie. light artillery leichte Artillerie. artillery ammunition Artilleriemunition /. artillery barrage Artilleriesperrfeuer n. artillery battalion Artillerieabteilung /. artillery commander Artilleriefiihrer m (corps and Div). artillery duel Artillerieduell n. artillery fire Artilleriebeschufi m, Artilleriefeuer n. artillery fire-control instruments Artillerie-Beobachtungs- und Vermessungsgerat n. artillery group Artilleriegruppe /. artillery intelligence center Artillerienachrichtenstelle /. artillery intelligence section Artillerienachrichtentrupp m. artillery liaison command post Artillerieverbindungskommando n. artillery liaison officer Artillerieverbindungsoffizier m. artilleryman Artillerist m. artillery mechanic Artilleriemechaniker m. artillery mil Strich m. artillery mission Artillerieflug w. (Awn). artillery observation airplane Artilleriebeobachtungsflugzeug n. artillery observation post Artilleriebeobachtungsstelle /. artillery observer Artilleriebeobachter in. artillery officer Hoherer Artillerie-


/ (Ap).






artillery order Artiyeriebefehl m. artillery park Artilleriepark m.


artillery preparation


"As you were!"

artillery preparation Artillerievorbereitung /. artillery prime mover Artilleriezugmaschine /. artillery protection Feuerschutz m. artillery reconnaissance artilleristische Aufklarung. artillery reconnaissance aviation Artillerieflieger mpl. artillery reconnaissance detail Artilleriespahtrupp m. artillery reference points artilleristische Punkte mpl. artillery regiment Artillerieregiment n. artillery support Artillerieunterstiitzung /. artillery survey section Artillerievermessungstrupp m. artillery target reconnaissance /ielaufklarung /. artillery train Artilleriestaffel /. art of leadership Fuhrungskunst /. art of war Kriegskunst /. asbestos Asbest m, Steinflachs m. ascending air current Aufwind m (Met). ascending branch aufsteigender Ast ascending gust Steigbo / (Met). ashore am Ufer, an der Kiiste (being ashore)'; ans Land, ans Ufer (going ashore). aspect ratio Langenverhaltnis n, Seitenverhaltnis n, Fliigelstreckung asphalt Asphalt m. asphyxiate ersticken. aspirin Aspirin n. assault n Sturmangriff m, Sturm m, VorstoB m, VorstoBen n, Erstiirmung / (Tac). assault v ersturmen, sturmen (Tac). to take by assault im Sturm nehmen, assault battalion Sturmbataillon n. assault boat Sturmboot n. assault detachment Stofitrupp m. assault fire Schieflen wahrend der Einbruchsfeuer n (Tac). assault fire position Anschlag zum SchieBen wahrend der Bewegung. assault gap Sturmgasse / (through assault gun propelled).
obstacles). Bewegung (automatic weapons); / (Ap). (of trajectory).

assault-gun car Kraftwagenkanonenwagen m, Kanonenwagen m. assault howitzer Sturmhaubitze / (self-propelled). assault position Ausgangslage /, Sturmausgangsstellung /. assault trench Angriffsgraben m. assemble (sich) versammeln (to etc.); zusammensetzen (a weapon). assembly Bereitstellung /, Versammlung / (Tac); Montage / (Tech). assembly area Bereitstellungsraum m (Tac). assembly formation Versammlungsform /. assembly of troops Truppenbereitstellung /. assembly order Bereitstellungsbefehl m. assembly plant Montagewerk n. assembly point Sammelpunkt m, Sammelplatz m, Sammelstelle /, Sammelort m, Bereitstellungsplatz assembly shop Montagehalle /. assign eingliedern (to a unit); zuweisen (a task, etc.). See also attach, assigned frequencies Verfugungsfrequenzen fpl (Rad). assignment Eingliederung /, Auftrag m, Aufgabe /. assignment of missions Auftragserteilung /. assistant Gehilfe m, Heifer m, Assistent m'. Assistant Chief of Staff Abteilungschef im Generalstab. assistant chief of staff Fuhrergehilf e m. assistant director Oberschiedsrichter m, Leitungsoflfizier m (-maneuvers). assistant driver Begleiter m, Kraftwagenbegleiter m, Beifahrer m (MT). assistant gunner Ladeschutze m (Tk); Ladekanonier m (Arty); Ge hilfe des Richtschutzen (MG squad). Assistant Secretary of War Abteilungsleiter im Kriegsministerium (USA). asymptote correction chart Hyperbelplan m (sound ranging). "As you were!" "Kommando
zuriick!" (to revoke a command); m. gather); montieren (an Ap, Tk,

Sturmgeschiitz n (self-

"Weitermachen!" (carry on).

'At ease!"


automatic feed mechanism

"At ease!" "Riihrt Euch!" (silence not required). athletics Athletik /. Atlantic Charter Atlantik-Charta /. Atlantic Wall Atlantikwall m (Ger Ft). atlas grid Kartengitternetz n (aerial Photo). atmosphere Luftmeer n (air); Atmosphare / (unit of pressure). "atmospheric layer Luftschicht f (Met). atmospheric pressure Luftdruck TO (Met). atmospherics Gewitterstorung / (Bad). attach zuteilen (to a unit); befestigen (fasten). See also assign, attache Attache m. attached zugeteilt (to a unit); befestigt (fastened). attack n Ahgriff m. attack v angreifen. attack airplane Kampfflugzeug n. attacker Angreifer m. attack formation Angriffsform /. attack from march formation An griff aus der Bewegung. attack from the rear Riickenangriff attack frontage Angriffsbreite /. attack group Angriffsgruppe /. attacking flank Angriffsflugel m. attack of organized positions Angriff auf Stellungen. attack on the flank v aus der Planke nehmen. attack order Angriffsbefehl m, Befehl zum Angriff. attack sector Angriffsstreifen m. attack troops Stofitruppen fpl, Angriffstruppen fpl, Sturmtruppen fpl. attack wave Angriffswelle /, Sturmwelle / (Tac). attempt n Versuch m. attention Grundstellung /. "Attention!" "Achtung!" (on ap proach of an officer); "Abteilung, Stillgestanden!" (for formations); "Stillgesessen!" (mounted drill). attitude Fluglage /, Flugzustand m (Avn). attrition Abnutzung /, Ermattung /, Zermiirbung /. audible horbar. audio frequency Tonfrequenz /.

audio-frequency amplifier Niederfrequenzverstarker m. audio-frequency range Tonfrequenzbereich m. audit n Rechnungspriifung /, Buchpriifung /. audit v Rechnungen priifen, buchpriifen. auger Lochbohrer m, Holzbohrer m. authentication Beglaubigung /, Bescheinigung /. authority Befehlsbefugnis / (Mil); Behorde /, Instanz / (Law). authorization Berechtigung /, Genehmigung /. authorize genehmigen (approve); bevollmachtigen (empower). authorized behordlich zugelassen

(officially permitted); dienstlich (regulation); genehmigt (approv ed) ; bevollmachtigt (empowered); Soil-, Plan- (in tables of basic al lowances or organization). authorized abbreviation amtlich


festgelegte Abkiirzung. authorized basic allowance Sollbestand TO. authorized strength Sollstarke /. Compare Iststarke. autofrettage Kaltrecken n, Autofrettage / (OrA). autogiro Tragschrauber m, Autogiro m. autoloader Selbstlader m (Small

automatic n Selbstladepistole /. automatically operated selbsttatig. automatic anchor Minenanker mit Tiefensteller (Nav). automatic antiaircraft gun Flugabwehrmaschinenkanone /, Fla-Maschinenkanone /. automatic antiaircraft weapons Flugabwehrmaschinenwaffen fpl. automatic breech mechanism salbsttatiger VerschluC. automatic cannon Maschinenkanone / (Ap). automatic circuit breaker Selbstunterbrecher m (Elec). automatic control Selbststeuerung /, Regler m. automatic direction finder selbstweisendes Peilgerat (Ap). automatic feed mechanism Zufuhrer


m (automatic weapon).

automatic fire


axis of advance

automatic fire Dauerfeuer n (MG, R). automatic fuze setter Ziinderstellmaschine / (AA gun). automatic gun Maschinenkanone /, Salvengeschiitz n. automatic pilot automatische Kurssteuerung, automatischer Pilot, Selbststeuergerat n (Ap). automatic pistol Selbstladepistole /. automatic-pitch propeller vollautomatische Verstell-Luftschraube. automatic rifle Maschinenkarabiner m, automatisches Gewehr. automatic supply planmaBiger Nachschub. automatic volume control Schwundausgleich m. automatic weapon Maschinenwaffe /, Schnellfeuerwaffe / (Small Arms). automobile Kraftwagen m. automobile engine Wagenmotor m, automobile express highway Auto bahn /. automobile flag Kraftwagenflagge /. automobile jack Wagenheber m. auto-tow take-off Autoschleppstart m (glider). autotransformer Spartransformator m (Bad, Elec). autotransformer circuit Sparschaltung / (Elec). autumn Herbst m. auxiliary Hilfs-, Behelfs-. See also woman auxiliary, auxiliary air Nebenluft / (Mtr). auxiliary airfoil Zusatzfliigel m, Hilfsfliigel m (Ap). auxiliary arm Hilfswaffe /. auxiliary cruiser Hilfskreuzer m. auxiliary engine Hilfsmotor TO. auxiliary equipment Hilfsgerat n. auxiliary gear Gelandegang TO (MT). auxiliary ground target Erdvergleichsziel n (Gunnery). auxiliary ignition lead Reserveziindung / (Blasting). auxiliary landing field Hilfslandeplatz TO. auxiliary scale HilfsmaCstab TO (Inst). auxiliary stage supercharger Z\vischengeblase n (Ap ^engine). auxiliary target V'ergleichsziel n, Hilfsziel n; Luftvergleichsziel n (high biirst).

auxiliary track Hilfskette / (MT). auxiliary transmission Gruppengetriebe n, Zwischengetriebe n, Zusatzgetriebe n (MT). auxiliary troops Hilfstruppen fpl. auxiliary vessel Hilfsschiff n. auxiliary wing Hilfsfliigel m (Ap). available verfiigbar, zur Verwendung. available for commitment einsatzfahig. AVC See automatic volume control, average n Durchschnitt TO. average v den Durchschnitt berechnen (Math); im Durchschnitt machen (in marching, etc). average adj durchschnittlich, Durchschnitts-. average error mittlerer Fehler, durchschnittlicher Fehler. average performance Durchschnittsleistung /. aviation Flugwesen n, Luftfahrt /, Fliegerei /; Flieger mpl (collective term for any number of airplanes). aviation badge Fliegerabzeichen n. aviation cadet Fahnrich der Flieger (USA). aviation engineers Luftwaffenbautruppe /. aviation fuel Fliegerkraftstoff TO. aviation gasoline Fliegerbenzin n. aviation medicine Luftfahrtmedizin /. aviation pay Luftdienstzulage /, Fliegerzulage /. aviation support Fliegerhilfe /, Fliegerunterstiitzung /, Schlachtfliegerunterstiitzung / (Tac). aviation weather service Flugwetterdienst m. aviation weather station Flugwetterwarte /. aviator Flieger TO. aviator's helmet Fliegerhaube /. award Auszeichnung / (citation); Orden TO, Ehrenzeichen n (decora tion); Ehrensold m (payment). ax Axt /, Beil n. axial observation Beobachtung aus der SchuOlinie (Arty). axial road direkte ZufuhrstraCe, direkte AnmarschstraBe. axial spotting Beobachtung in der Schufirichtung (Arty). axis Achse /, Hauptlinie /. Axis forces Achsenstreitkrafte fpl. axis of advance Vormarschlinie /.

axis of an aircraft


bacteriological examination

axis of an aircraft Flugzeugachse /. axis of communication Verbindungsachse /. axis of signal communication Nachrichtenachse /. axis of supply Nachschublinie /. axis of supply and evacuation Hauptnachschublinie /. axis of the bore Seelenachse /. axis of trunnions Schildzapfenachse f (G). axle Radachse /, Achse /. axle bearing Achslager n. axle displacement Kletterfiihigkeit / (MT). axle drive Achsantrieb m (MT). axle load Achsdruck m (MT). axle nut -Achsmutter /. axle pivot pin Langszapfen m (splittrail carriage). axle seats Achssitze mpl (for gun ners, G). axle spring Achsfeder / (G). azimuth Seite /, Seitenrichtung /, Eichtung / (Gunnery); Azimut m, Scheitelkreis m, Scheitelbogen m (Surv); Kompafizahl /, Nadelzahl / (compass); Kurs TO (Nav). azimuthal projection Azimutalprojektion /. azimuth and elevation indicator Seiten- und Hohenempfanger TO (AA).

azimuth change Teilringanderung / (telescopic sight). azimuth circle Mefikreis w (BC tel escope), Richtkreis m (Surv). azimuth controller Seitenrichtmann m (AAA). azimuth difference Parallaxe /, Parallaxenwinkel m (Optics). azimuth indicator Seitenempfanger m (AA gun). azimuth instrument Peilapparat m, Peilgerat n, Peilscheibe /, Luftzielapparat m; Theodolit m (Surv). azimuth knob Triebscheibe zur Sei tenrichtung (Orel). azimuth micrometer Teilring m (tel escopic sight). azimuth of target Kurswinkel m, Zielseitenwinkel in der Horizontalebene (AAA); Zielseitenwinkel zum Abschufipunkt (present, position); Zielseitenwinkel zum Treffpunkt (fu ture position). azimuth reading Teilringzahl /, Na delzahl / (magnetic); Richtpunktzahl / (aiming point). azimuth scale Teilring m (panoramic sight); Seitenteilring TO (AA gun). azimuth setter Seitenrichtkanonier m. azimuth tracking telescope Seitenrichtfernrohr n (height finder).

bachelor officers' quarters Offizierledigenheim n. back Riicken TO. back azimuth der urn 180° vermehrte (oder verminderte) Richtungswinkel (Surv). back azimuth method Messen der riickwartigen Verlangerung (Surv) ; "Durchschlagen" n (of a surveyor's transit). back bearing Wegflugpeilung / (Air Navigation). backbone Riickgrat n. backfire Fehlziindung / (Mtr). backing light Riickfahrlaterne / (MT). backlash Spiel n, Spielraum m, toter Gang. back-pack parachute Riickenfallschirni m. back pad Kammkissen n (harness). back-pad strap Kammkissengurt m (harness). back plate VerschluBleiste / (MG); Schlofiplatte / (G). back plate hinge pin VerschluBleistenachse / (MG). back plate latch lock Zurrstiick n (MG). back rest Ruckenlehne / (Ap, MT) ; Riickenring TO (AA MG). backsight Riickblick TO (Surv). back step Schritt zuriick. bacteriological examination bakteriologische Untersuchung.

bacteriological warfare
bacteriological warfare



bacteriologist Bakteriologe m. badge Abzeichen n. bad weather Unwetter n. baffle Truhe /, Lautsprechertruhe / Prallwand /, Leitwand /. bag Sack TO, Beutel m, Tasche /. baggage Gepack n. baggage car Gepackwagen m (RR). baggage train Gepacktrofi m. bail out abspringen, aussteigen (Avn) ; ausschopfen (a boat). bakery Backerei /. bakery company Backereikompanie /. balance n Gewichtsverteilung /, Waage / (Inst). balance v ausgleichen. balanced profile ausgeglichenes Profil. balanced rudder ausgeglichenes Seitenruder, entlastetes Seitenruder (Ap).' balanced stock vorschriftsmalMge Bestande. balanced surface ausgeglichene Tragflache (Ap). balance tab Ausgleichflache /, Trimmruder n (Ap). bale n Ballen m. bale v in Ballen verpacken. baling machine Ballenpresse /. balk Langstrager m, Tragbalken TO (Bdg); Seherbalken m (Pan). ball ammunition scharfe Munition. ball-and-socket joint Kugelgelenk n. ballast Ballast m. ball bearing Kugellager n. ball cartridge scharfe Patrone. ball filler Kugelfiillung / (shrapnel). ballistic ballistisch. ballistic coefficient ballistischer Beiwert, Querschnittbelastung /. ballistic correction Ausschalten der besonderen und Witterungseinflusse. ballistic curve Flugbahn /, Geschofibahn /, ballistische Kurve. ballistic density ballistisches Luftgewicht. ballistic director Feuerteitgerat n, Kommandogerat n, Zielrechenmaschine / (Gunnery). ballistic efficiency ballistische Leistungsfahigkeit (Am).
Gleichgewicht n (equilibrium,) ; (Rad) ; Schlingerwand / (Ap tank) ; Zugdampfer m (engine muffler) ;

ballistics Schiefilehre /, Ballistik /. ballistic table Schufitafel /. ballistic wave Kopfwelle /. ballistic wind ballistischer Wind. ballistite Ballistit n (Am). ball mount Kugellafette /, Kugelblende / (Tk). ballonet Luftsack m (Bin). ballonet balloon Prallhaltevorrichtung /. ballonet valve Luftsackventil n. balloon Ballon m. balloon barrage Ballonsperre /. balloon basket Ballonkorb m. balloon chief Ballontruppfiihrer m. balloon cover Ballonhiille /. balloon crew Ballonmannschaft /. balloon envelope Ballonhiille /. balloon fabric Ballonstoff m. balloon interval Ballonabstand m. balloon net Ballonnetz n. balloon observation Ballonbeobachtung /. balloon observer Ballonbeobachter balloon pilot Ballonfiihrer in. balloon position Verankerungsstelle / (captive Bin). balloon site Ballonaufstiegplatz m. balloon squad Ballontrupp m. balloon tire Ballonreifen m. ball projectile Vollgeschofi n. ball socket Kugelpfanne / (Mort). ball turret Bodenkanzel /. ball turret gunner Bodenschutze m. band Musikkorps n; Frequenzband n (Rad); Band n, Binde / (Clo, etc.). bandage n Verband m, Binde /, Ban dage /. bandage v verbinden. band brake Bandbremse / (MT). bandmaster Musikmeister TO (Ger: band of fire Feuerstrahl m (MG). bandoleer Patronengurt TO. band saw Bandsage /. bandsman Spielmann m (pi: Spielleute). bandspread Bandspreizung / (Rad). band switch Grobstufenschalter m band width Bandbreite / (Rad). bangalore torpedo in Rohr gefiillte Reihenladung. bank n Schraglage / (Ap); Ufer n (river).
(Rad). 2nd Lt). m.



base machine gun

bank v sich in die Kurve legen (Avn). bank-and-turn indicator Kreiselneigungsmesser m, Wendezeiger m (Ap). banner Banner n. baptism of fire Feuertaufe /. bar Rangabzeichen n, Ordensschnalle /, Ordensspange / (insigne or
decoration); Stab m, Stange / (Tech); Sandbank /, Barre / (riv ers, etc.).

barrel-locking stud Gewehrkupplungsstiick n (MG). * barrel raft Tonnenfahre /. barrel recoil Rohrriicklauf m (G). barrel reflector Rohrwandbeobachtungsgerat n (G); Laufseelenpriifer m (R). barrel roll Rolle /, tJberschlag • fiber den Fliigel (Avn). barricade Barrikade /. barrier Hindernis n, Sperre / (Ft);

barbed wire Stacheldraht m. barbed-wire concertina S.-Rolle /, Stacheldrahtrolle /. barbed-wire entanglement Stacheldrahtverhau m, Stacheldrahthindernis n. barbette Geschutzbank /, Barbette /. barbette carriage Barbettelafette / (G). bare wire blanker Draht (Tp). barge Prahm m. barn Scheune /. barogram Barogramm n. barograph Barograph m. barometer Barometer n, Luftdruckmesser m; Federbarometer n, Federluftdruckmesser m (aneroid). barometric pressure AuCenluftdruek m (Avn); Luftdruck m (Met). barracks Kaserne /. barrack (s) bag Bekleidungssack m, Waschesack m. barrage Sperre /; Feuersperre /, Sperrfeuer n (Arty). barrage balloon Sperrballon m. barrage chart Sperrfeuerskizze /. barrage fire Sperrfeuer n. barrage kite Sperrdrache m. barrel Rohr n (G); Lauf m (SA); Mittelhand / (horse); FaC n, Tonne / (container). See also tube, barrel bracket Rohrhalter m (G). barrel burst Rohrzerspringer m. barrel erosion Ausbrennung /, Rohrabnutzung /. barrel extension Rohransatz in, Rohransatzstiick n. barrel float Tonhenflofi n. barrel guide Rohrklaue / (G). barrel length Rohrlange /, Seelenlange / (Ord). barrel-locking ring Laufsitzring m

Sperriegel m (Tac). barrier detachment Sperrtrupp m, Sperrverband m. barrier light Sperrlicht n. barrier line Strafiensperrung /

barrier zone Sperrzone /. bascule bridge Klappbrucke /. base Bettung / (fixed gun); Boden m, Geschofiboden m (Am); Stiitzpunkt m (Tac); Visierfufl m (of cartridge case); Wolkenuntergrenze / (of cloud). base angle Grundrichtungswinkel m (Gunnery); Winkel zwischen Grundrichtungslinie und Orientierungslinie (Surv). base bushing Grundbuchse / (of counterrecoil mechanism). base charge " Bodenkammerladung / .(Am) t base cover Abschlufiplattchen n (Am). base deflection die vom Grundgeschiitz aus gemessene Seitenanderung (Gunnery). base delay-action fuze Bodenabstandsztinder m (Am). base depot riickwartiges Nachschublager. base detonating fuze Bodenziinder m. base end station Stand einer Langbasisanlage (CA); Mefistand m base fuze Bodenziinder m (Am). base hospital Kriegslazarett n. base line Grundrichtungslinie / (Gunnery); Standlinie / (Surv). base-line arm Basislineal n (plot ting protractor). base-line direction Grundrjchtung /
(Gunnery). base machine gun Grundmaschinengewehr n, Leit-Maschinengewehr n.


rear sight); Hiilsenboden m (of


base of operations


battle line

base of operations Operationsbasis / (Tac). base of the trajectory Mundungswaagerechte /. base pay Grundgehalt n, Lohnung /. base piece Grundgeschutz n (Arty). base plate Bodenplatte / (Mort); Grundplatte / (Tech). base point Grundrichtungspunkt m

base ring Fundamentring m (Ord). base section hinterer Abschnitt des riickwartigen Gebiets. base services Bodendienst m (Avn). base stake Richtlatte / (Surv). basic allowance Sollbestand m. basic data SchuBwerte mpl, SchuRelemente npl, Schiefiunterlagen fpl, SchieBgrundlagen fpl. basic load Tagesrate / (Am); standige Belastung, bleibende Belastung (Avn). basic tactical unit taktische Einheit; Feuereinheit der Artillerie (Arty). basic training Grundausbildung /. basic training course SchieBvorschule / (Arty). basic unit See basic tactical unit, basket Korb TO. bastion Bastion /. baton Marschallstab m; Tambourstock TO, Bataillo'nstambourstock TO;battalion Bataillon n, Abteilung /. battalion aid station Bataillonsverbandplatz m. battalion combat train GefechtstroB eines Bataillons. battalion commander Abteilungskommandeur m, Bataillonsfuhrer m, Bataillonskommandeur m. battalion command post Abteilungsgefechtsstand m, Bataillonsgefechtsstand TO. battalion communication section Bataillonsnachrichtenstaffel /, Abteilungsnachriehtenstaffel /. battalion headquarters Bataillonsstab m, Abteilungsstab m. battalion sector Bataillonsabschnitt battalion train BataillonstroB TO, Bataillonskolonne /. batter Boschungsanlage / (Ft). battered round verbeulte Patrone

Element n (cell) ; Sammlerbatterie /, Sammler m (storage). battery box Batteriekasten m, Sammlerkasten m (Elec). battery charger Lademaschine /. battery-charging unit Lademaschinensatz TO. battery chart SchieBliste /. battery commander Batterieehef m, Batteriefuhrer TO. battery commander's telescope Scherenfernrohr n. battery cover Sammlerhaube /, Zellendeckel TO (Elec). battery detail See battery head quarters detail, battery emplacement book SchieBkladde /. battery executive Batterieoffizier m. battery front Batteriefront /. battery headquarters detail Batterietrupp TO. battery ignition Batterieziindung / (Mtr). battery-location plot Batteriebild n (sound ranging). battery manning table Batterietafel /. battery position Geschiitzstellung /, Batteriestand TO, Batteriestellung / (Arty). battery survey chart Stellungsmefiblatt n. battery-target line Linie Grundgeschiitz-Ziel. battery tester Elementpriifer TO (Elec). battle Schlacht /, Kampf TO, Gefecht n. battle casualty Ausfall TO, Gefechtsausfall m. battle casualty report Verlustmeldung/. battle chart EinschieBplan TO (Arty). battle clasp Erinnerungsspange /. battle command Kampffuhrung /. battle cruiser Schlachtkreuzer TO. battle fatigue Kriegsneurose /. battlefield Schlachtfeld n, Kampfbattle flag Sturmfahne /. battle fleet Schlachtflotte /. battle honor Kriegsband n, Fahnenband n. battle injury Kampfwunde /. battle line Schlachtlinie /, Kampflinie /.

feld n.

(Am). battery

Batterie / (Arty, Elec);

battle map


belt-feed guide

battle map Gefechtskarte /. battle of attrition Abnutzungskampf m. battle of encirclement Einkreisungsschlacht /. battle of extermination Vernichtungskampf m. battle performance Kampfleistung /. battle position Hauptkampffeld n, Kampfstellung /. battle reconnaissance Gefechtsaufklarung /. battle reserves Reserve /. battle service practice Schulgefechtsschiefien n (Arty). battleship Schlachtschiff n. battle sight Standvisier n (R); Fliegervisier n (MG). battle star Erinnerungsstem m. battle terrain Kampfgelande n. battle zone Kampfzone /. bay Feld n, Gerippeabteil «, Zelle / (Ap); Strecke /, Bruckenstrecke /, Briickenglied n (Bdff); Bucht / (sea inlet). bayonet Seitengewehr n, Bajonett bayonet charge Bajonettangriff m. bayonet fighting Bajonettfechten n. bayonet grip Seitengewehrgriff m, Bayonettgriff m. bayonet guard Parierstange /. bayonet joint Bajonettkupplung / (Mech). bayonet lock Seitengewehrverschlufi bayonet practice t)bung im Bajonett fechten. bayonet scabbard Seitengewehrtasche /. bayonet stud Seitengewehrhalter m bayonet thrust BajonettstoB m. "bazooka" "Ofenrohr" n. See also antitank rocket launcher. "B" battery Anodenbatterie / (Rad). BC telescope Scherenfernrohr n. beach Strand m. beach defense Strandsperre /, Strandverteidigung /. beachhead Landekopf m. beaching gear Schwimmerwagen m, Schleppwagen m (seaplane). beaching party Landungsabteilung /. beacon Bake /, Feuer n; Funkbake /, Funkfeuer n (Rad). beacon light Leuchtfeuer n (Avn).


beacon lighting Nachtbefeuerung / (Avn). bead sight Perlkorn n (R). beam Balken m, Trager m (Engr); Strahl m (ray); Peilstrahl m (Rad); Lichtkegel m, Lichtstrahl m (SL). bearing Peilung /, Peilrichtung /, Peillinie / (Navigation); Lager n '(Mech), bearing line Peillinie / (Air Naviga tion). bearing metal Lagermetall n. bearing plate Peilscheibe /, Peilaufsatz m, Kursscheibe / (Air Naviga tion). bearing station Peilort m, Peilstelle / (Air Navigation). bearing surface Laufflache / (Mech); Auflageflache / (Engr); Tragerand m (hoof). beaten track Trampelweg m. beaten zone bestrichener Raum (firing). beat frequency Schwebungsfrequenz / (Rad). Beaufort scale Beaufortskala / (Met). beaver dam Biberwehr n (Engr). bed Bett n. bedbug Wanze /. bedding roll Bettzeugrolle /. bed sheets Bettbezug m. beef Rindfleisch n, Ochsenfleisch n. beef stew Gulasch n. beer Bier n. Behm sound-ranging altimeter Behmlot n (Avn). belligerent n kriegfiihrende Macht. belligerent adj. kriegfiihrend. belly Bauch m; Unterseite / (Tk). belly landing Bauchlandung / (Avn). belly tank Abwurfbehalter m (Ap). belly turret Bodenkanzel / (Ap). belt Gurt m (MG); Streifen m (Top); Giirtel m, Koppel n (do). belt buckel KoppelschloC n. belt conveyor Gurtforderer m. belt drive Riemenantrieb m. belted ammunition gegurtete Muni tion (MG).

bedding Bettzeug n (for Pers); Streu / (for animals).

m (R).



belt feed Gurtladung /, Zufuhrer m, Gurtzufiihrer m (MG). belt-feed guide Gurthebel m (MG).

mit Gurtzufuhrung (MG).

belt-feed lever


blackout light

belt-feed lever Zubringerhebel m, Patronentragerhebel m (MG). belt-feed pawl Gurtschieber m (MG). belt-filling machine See belt-loading machine, belt-loaded mit Gurtzufiihrung (MG). belt-loading machine Gurtfiiller m. belt road Querverbindungsstrafie /. bench Bank /; Werkbank / (Tech). bench mark Nivellementspunkt m. bend Strafienbiegung / (road). bending machine Biegemaschine /. bends Hohenkrankheit / (aeroem bolism) ; Caisson-Krankheit / (cais son disease). beneficiary Nutzniefier m, Empfangsberechtigter m. bent Joch n, Bock m (Bdg). benzol Benzol n. benzyl bromide Benzylbromid n, TStoff m (CWS). berm Berme / (Ft). berth Bett n (Nav, RR); Liegeplatz m (of a ship). besiege belagern. Bessel method Riickwartseinschneiden n (Surv). betray verraten. bevel Sehrage /. bevel drive pinion Antriebskegelrad n (differential gear) (MT). bevel gear Kegelrad n, Kegelzahnrad n. bevel-gear rear-axle drive KegelradHinterachsantrieb m. beverage Getrank n. bias Gittervorspannung / (Rad); schrager Schnitt (slant cut); Voreingenommenheit / (prejudice). bible » Bibel /. bicarbonate of soda doppelkohlensaures Natrium. Bickford fuze Bickford-Leitfeuer n (Engr). bicycle Fahrrad n, Rad n. Big Dipper Grofier Bar. bilateral observation Beobachten mit zwei Beobachtungsstellen (Arty). O bill Rechnung /. billet dispensary Ortskrankenstube / (Med). billet hospital Ortskrankenlazarett n (Med). billeting Unterbringung /. billeting area Unterkunftsbezirk m. billeting detail See billeting party.

billeting equipment Unterkunftsgerat n. billeting officer Quartiermacher m. billeting party Quartiermachertrupp m. billets Unterbringung /, Ortsunterkunft /, Ortsbiwak n. bill of lading Frachtbrief m, Verladungsschein m. bill of particulars Tatbericht m. binaural balance Mitteneindruck m (Sound Locating). binaural method Zwei-Ohr-Verfahren n, Binauralverfahren n (Sound Locating). binaural trainer Horcherpruf- und tJbungsgerat n. binder Einbanddeckel fiir lose Blat ter (loose-leaf cover). binder ring Dichtring m (gas mask). binding post Anschlufiklemme /, Polklemme / (Elec). binocular adj binokular, zweiaugig (Optics). binocular n Glas n, Fernglas n, Doppelglas n. biplane Doppeldecker m. bipod Zweibein n, Gabelsttitze / (MG). birth certificate Geburtsurkunde /. birthmark Muttermal n. biscuit Keks m-n, Biskuit m-n. bit GebiB n, Trense /, Kandare / (curb bit, harness); Bohrer m, Schneide / (carpenter's drill). bite Stich m (of insect); Bifi m (of animal). biting angle kleinster Panzerdurchschlagswinkel (Am). bit ring Ziigelring m (harness). bitumen Bitumen n. bivouac Biwak n, Feldlager n. bivouac commander Biwakskomman- ' dant m (ranking officer at a biv ouac). bivouac security officer Offizier vom Biwakdienst. bivouac site Biwakplatz m. black schwarz. blackboard schwarze Tafel, schwarzes Brett. blackjack Totschlager m. blackout n Verdunkelung /. black-out V schwarz vor den Augen werden (Avn); verdunkeln (lights). blackout light Tarnscheinwerfer m (MT).

blackout measures
blackout measures


Sprengol n (nitro-

mafinahmen fpl (AA defense). black powder Schwa rzpulver n, NaBbrandpulver n. blacksmith Schmied TO. See also horseshoer. blade Blatt n, Fliigel m (propeller); Klinge / (of knife, etc.). blade angle Steigungswinkel m, Anstellwinkel m (propeller). blank Platzpatrone (Am); Vordruck m, Formular n (printed form). blank ammunition Platzpatronen fpl. blank cartridge Platzpatrone /, Manoverkartusche /. blanket n Decke /, Marschdecke /; Wolldecke / (woolen); Woilach m (saddle); kiinstlicher Nebel, Nebeldecke / (CWS). blanket v verschleiern, vernebeln, einnebeln, abschirmen. blanket door Gasschutzvorhang m. blanketing smoke Nebelwand /, Nebelschleier m (CWS). blanket roll Bettzeugrolle /. blank fire powder Nitrozellulosepulver n (Small Arms). blank form Formular n. blank shell blindgeladene Granate (Am). blast n Luftdruck m, Detonationsdrucfc m, Luftstofi m, Zerknallstofi m (pressure); Sprengung /, Explosion / (explosion). blast v sprengen. blast effect Luftdruckwirkung /, LuftstoC m. blast furnace Hochofen m. blasting Sprengen n. blasting cap Sprengkapsel /. blasting cartridge Sprengpatrone /, Bohrpatrone /. blasting charge Sprengladung /; Bohrladung / (borehole); Schnellladung /• (emergency). blasting-charge box Ladungskasten /• blasting-charge container Ladungs• gefafi n. blasting fuze Zeitzundschnur /, Zeitschnur / (Engr). blasting machine Gluhzundapparat m (Engr).

blasting oil

glycerin). blasting pit Sprenggrube / (Engr). blasting powder Sprengpulver n (black powder). bleach Bleichmittel n. bleaching powder Chlorkalk TO. bleed bluten; entliiften (recoil mechanism). blend anpassen (Cam). blimp unstarres Kleinluftschiff. blind v blind machen, blenden. blind adj blind.

blind flying See instrument flying, blinker Blinklampe /. See also signal lamp, blinker light Blinkfeuer n, Taktblinker signal Blinkzeichen n. blister Torpedowulst TO (Nav) ; MG.Warze / (Ap); Blase / (Med). blister agent atzender Kampfstoff (CWS). blister gas Hautgift n, atzender Kampfstoff (CWS). block Sperre / (Ft); Block TO, Klotz w (Engr); Kettenglied n (Tk, Trac); Haltezeichen n (RR block signal); Bremsklotz TO (wheel); Sprengkorper TO (explos ive). blockade Blockade /, Sperre /. block and tackle Flaschenzug m. "blockbuster" schwere Sprengbombe. blockhouse Blockhaus n (Ft). blocking Sperrung / (by means of obstacles). block warden Blockwart m (Civ Defense). blood Blut n.
blood donor Blutspende^ m. blood group See blood type, blood plasma Blutplasma n. blood-poisoning Blutvergiftung /. blood type Blutgruppe /. blouse See service coat, blowback Riickschlag m (Ord). blowback-operated weapon Gas* drucklader TO.

feuer n.

blasting-charge can



blower Geblase n (Ap engine). blown primer Zundhfitchenausfall TO. blowtorch Lotlampe /. blow up sprengen (blast); aufblasen (inflate).
bludgeon Kniippel m. blue blau.


Blaupause /.

bomber squadron

board n Brett n (wood); Ausschufl m (committee).


Felsenklippe /, Klippe / (Top).

board v einsteigen (a vehicle); bekostigen, verkostigen (to supply meals); in Kost sein (to receive meals). board of officers Ehrenrat m; OffizierausschuB m. boardwalk Bretterbahn /. boat Boot n, Kahn m. boat crew Fahrtrupp m (Engr). boat ferry Kahnfahre / (Engr). boat hook Bootshaken m, boatswain Bootsmann m (Nav). boat-tail Verjungung nach hinten (Am). bobbing target Klappscheibe /, Verschwindscheibe / (practice firing). body Korper m; Walze / (Am); Ziinderkorper m, Ziindergeliause n (fuze); Zunderteller m (powdertrain time fuze); Aufbau m (MT); Fernrohrkorper m (binocular); Geschofihulle / (projectile); Gasmaskenkorper m (gas mask). body armor Panzerweste / (Avn). bodyguard Leibgarde /, Leibwache /. Bofors gun Bofors-Masehinenkanone /. bog Sumpf m, Moor n, Morast m. bog down versacken. bogie Kollenwagen m (Tk); Rollbock bogie trailer Rollbock m (Arty). bogie wheel Laufrad n, Laufrolle /

bolt mechanism ZylinderverschluB m, SchloB n (R). bolt sleeve SchloBchen n (R). bolt slide Kammerbahn / (R). bolt support Schloflhalter m (MG). bolt thread Bolzengewinde (MT). bomb n Bombe /, Fliegerbombe /. bomb v bombardieren, bomben. bombard bombardieren, bomben. bombardier Bombenschutze m. bombardier's compartment Bombenschiitzenstand m (Ap). bombardment Bombardierung /, Kanonade / (Arty); BombenanBombenflugzeug n, Kampfflugzeug n, Kampfmaschine /. bombardment aviation Kampffliegerei /,- Bombenflieger mpl, Kampfflieger mpl. bombardment formation Kam'pffliegerverband m (Avn). bombardment group Kampfgruppe /, Kampffliegergruppe / (Avn). bombardment school Kampfschule / (Avn). bombardment squadron Kampfstaffel /, Kampffliegerstaffel / (Avn). bombardment wing Kampfgeschwader n, Luftkampfgeschwader n (Avn). bomb bay Bombenkammer /, Bombenmagazin n (Ap). bomb-bay doors Bombenklappe / bomb case Bombenhiille /. bomb control Bombenabzughebel m,
(Ap). bomb control mechanism griff m (Avn). bombardment airplane Bomber m,

m (Arty). (Tk).


boil v kochen. boiler Kessel m. bolo philippinisches Hackmesser. bolt VerschluC m, Kammer / (R, pistol); VerschluCzylinder m (Small Arms); Bolzen m (Mech). bolt assembly SchloG n (MG, R). bolt base Schloflfufi m (MG). bolt catch Kammerfang m (MG). bolt-catch piece Kammerfangstiick n (pistol). bolt handle Kammerstengel m (R); Kammergriff m, SchloGhebel m bolt bolt bolt bolt


housing Schlofigehause n (MG). knob Kammerknopf m (R). lock Rasthebel m (MG). lug Kammerwarze / (R).

wurfvorrichtung /, Bombenauslosungsvorrichtung / (Ap). bomb crater Bombenloch n. bomb disposal officer Bombenraumoffizier m. bomb disposal unit Bombenraumtrupp m, Sprengkommando n. bomber Bomber m, Bombenflugzeug n, Kampfflugzeug n. bomber command Kampffliegerkommando n (USA). bomber-fighter See fighter-bomber, bomber formation Kampfverband m bomber pilot Kampfflieger m. bomber squadron Kampfstaffel /.



bomber wing


bounding mine

bomber wing Kampfgeschwader n, Bombengeschwader n. bomb fuze Bombenziinder m. bomb hit Bombeneinschlag m, Bombentreffer m. bomb hoist Bombeneinhangevorbomb hole Bombenloch n. bombing Bomben n, Bombenwurf m, Bombardierung /. bombing altitude Angriffshohe /, Abwurfhohe /. bombing approach Anflug m. bombing attack Bombenangriff m. bombing formation Kampfverbarid bombing raid Bombenangriff m» bomb load Bombenlast /. bomb nose Bombenkopf m. bombproof bombensieher, bombenfest. bombproof shelter bombensichere Deckung. bomb rack Schacht m, Bombenschacht m, Abwurfschacht m (Ap). bomb rack control Bombenabzughebel m (Ap). bomb release Wurf m, Abwurf m, Bombenwurf m, Bombenauslosung /. bomb release altitude Abwurfhohe /. bomb release controls Bombenabwurfgerat n. bomb release handle. Bombenhebel m. bomb release line Ausloselinie /. bomb release mechanism Bombenabwurfvorrichtung /, Bombenauslosungworrichtung /. bomb release point Auslosepunkt m, bomb-resistant bombensieher, bombenfest. "Bombs away!" "Wurf!" bomb shackle Tragvorrichtung / (Ap). bomb sight Zielgerat n, Abwurfzielgerat n, Bombenzielgerat n, Bombenzielvorrichtung /, Bombenzielapparat m, Bombenvisier n, Bombenriehtgerat n. bomb target area Bombenwurfplatz m. bomb trailer Bomben-Zubringewagen m. bomb train Bombenreihe /. bomb trajectory Fallbahn /, Wurfbahn /, Wurfparabel /, Bombenflugbahn /, Bombenfallkurve /, Bombenabwurfkurve /. richtung /.

bone Knochen m; Grate / (of fish). bonus Handgeld n. booby trap Sprengfalle /, Schreckladung /, Schreckmine /. boom Ladebaum m (of a crane); schwimmende Balkensperre (water obstacle). boom defense vessel Sperrwachboot boost aufladen, verstarken. booster Schlagladung / (fuze). booster charge Beiladung /, An. feuerungssatz m (Am). boot , Stiefel m (Clo); Tasche /, Schuh m (holster). border Grenze /. border area Grenzgebiet n. border incident Grenzzwischenfall m. bore n Rohrseele /, Seele / (Ord); ~ Rohrinneres n (G); Laufinneres n (Small Arms); Bohrung / (Mech). bore v bohren. bore brush Reinigungsbiirste / (Ord). bore gage Mefipatrone / (Small Arms); Kaliberzylinder m, Kaliberring m. borehole Minenrohr n, Bohrloch n. borehole blasting charge Bohrladung /. bore-safe and detonator-safe fuze rohrsicherer Zunder mit Sprengkapselsicherung (Am). bore-safe fuze rohrsicherer Zunder. bore sight Ziellinienprufer m, Justiergerat n (Ord). bore-sight adjustment Justieren n boric acid Borsaure /. borrow pit Erdgrube /. bottleneck Flaschenhals m (figura tively and literally); Engpafi m bottom chord Untergurt m (truss). bottom gun carriage Unterlafette /. boulder Felsblock m, grofier Stein. "bouncing baby" See bounding mine, bound Sprung m (jump). boundary Grenze /, Abschnittsgrenze Trennungslinie /. boundary layer Grenzschieht / (fluid mechanics). boundary light Umrandungsfeuer n, Randfeuer n (Adrm). bounding mine S-Mine /, Schrapnellmine /.


m (Avn).



/, Nahtstelle / (between units),

of advancing).

Einzelspriinge mpl (method

break down

by bounds sprungweise. bourrelet Zentrierwulst m; Fiihrungswulst m (rear). bow Bug m (Ap, Nav, Tk). bow compartment Vorderkaffe / bowden control cable Bowdenzug m. bow gun Buggeschiitz n, Bugfeuergeschiitz n (Tk). bow gunner Bugschiitze m (Ap, Tk). bow-on Stirnansicht /. bow-on silhouette Stirnschattenrifi m (practice target). bow wave Kopfwelle / (Ballistics). box Kasten m, Schachtel /. box barrage Feuerabriegelung /. box car gedeckter Guterwagen (RR). box girder Kastentrager m. box in Feuerabriegelung schiefien. box level Dosenlibelle /. box magazine Kastenmagazin n. box-trail gun carriage Kastenlafette /. brace n Strebe / (structures); Bohrwinde / (a tool). brace v abspreizen, absteifen. braced verspannt. bracing Auskreuzung /, Verspannung /, Verstrebung /. bracket n Gabelung /, Eingabelung / (Arty). bracket v gabeln, eingabeln (Arty). bracket adjustment Gabelbilden n. bracket fire GabelschieCen n. bracketing Gabelbildung /, Einga beln n. bracketing correction GabelschieBen n. bracketing elevation Erhohung zum Gabelbilden. bracketing method Gabelbilden n. bracketing salvo gabelbildende Salve. bracket seat Schildlager n (G). braid Borte /, Tresse / (Clo). brake n Bremse / (MT, Ord). brake v abbremsen. brake band Bremsband n (MT). brake bushing Bremsbuchse / (re coil mechanism). brake cable Zugriemen m. brake cylinder Bremszylinder m (MT). brake drum Bremstrommel /, Bremsscheibe /.
brake arm Bremsarm m (guncarriage wheel brake). (Pon).

brake equalization Bremsausgleich m (MT). brake fluid Bremsfliissigkeit /. brake horsepower Bremsleistung /, Nutzleistung /. brake lever Bremshebel m, (G, MT). brake lining Bremsbelag m. brake pedal Fufibremshebel m, BremsfuOhebel m, Bremstritt in, Bremspedal n (MT). brake release spring Bremsfeder / (MT). brake rod Bremsgestange n (MT). brakeshoe Bremsklaue / (gun-car riage wheel); Bremsbacke /, Bremsklotz m. braking effect Bremswirkung /. branch Waffengattung / (of the Army); Ast m, Zweig m (of a tree); Filiale /, Zweigstelle / (of a bank, business); Nebenstelle / (of a post office); Abteilung / (Adm). branch depot Zweigpark m, Zweiglager n. branch of the service Dienstzweig m, Waif engattung /, Truppengattung /. brass Messing n. brassard Armbinde /. brass knuckles Schlagring in. breach n Bresche /, Sturmliicke /, Einbruchstelle /. breach v einbrechen (a line); eine Bresche schieCen (a wall, etc.). breaching charge Sprengladung /. breaching line Trennschnitt m (demolitions). breaching point Sprengstelle / (demolitions). breach of discipline Disziplinarvergehen n, tibertretung /, Vergehen n, Verfehlung /. bread Brot n. break n Bruch TO; Trennung / (Rad procedure). break v brechen; degradieren, herabsetzen (demote). breakage Bruch m. break camp das Lager abbrechen. breakdown Zusammenbruch m (col lapse) ; Panne / (of vehicle); Betriebsstorung / (Tp, Com, etc.); Gliederung / (analysis). break down eine Panne erleiden (MT); zusamnienbrechen (physical
brand Marke /, Sorte / (of com mercial product).

break in


brigadier general

collapse); zerlegen, zergliedern (an alyze, decompose). break in einfahren (a vehicle); einarbeiten (Pers); zureiten, abrichten (a horse). break-in procedure Dazwischensprechen n (Rad). break loose losbrechen. break off combat das Gefecht abbrechen. break ranks wegtreten. break-through Durchbruch m (Tac). break up absehlagen, abweisen (an; auseinandertreiben (a crowd); zerschlagen, zersplittern (into pieces); aufklaren (of clouds, weather). breakwater Wellenbrecher m. breast harness Sielengeschirr n. breastplate Brustblatt n (harness). ' breastplate harness Vorderzeug n. breast strap Halskoppel / (harness). breastwork Brustwehr /. breather Entliiftungsstutzen m (Mtr). breech Bodenstiick n (G). breechblock VerschluBblock in (screw-type breech); VerschluBkeil m (wedge-type breech); VerschluBstiick n, Kartuschestiick n, Ladeklappe /, StoBboden m (Ord). breechblock carrier Verschlufitrager m (G). breechblock wedge VerschluBkeil m (G). breech bore gage Kaliberzylinder m, Kaliberring m. breech cover Verschlufiiiberzug m (G). breeches Reithosen fpl. breeching Umgang m, Hinterzeug n (harness). breechlock VerschluB m, GesehiitzverschluB m (Ord). breech mechanism VerschluB m, Verschluflsystem n, GeschiitzverschluB m, Ladevorrichtung / (Ord). breech piece Laufmundstiick n (R). breech recess Patroneneinlage / (R); Keillochw (G). breech ring VerschluBring m, Verschraubungsstiick n (G). breech wedge VerschluBkeil m. Bren gun Bren-Maschinengewehr n. brevet rank Rang eines charakterisierten oder ernannten Offiziers.

brevity code Funkverkehrsabkiirzungen fpl (Rad). bribe v bestechen; schmieren (slang). bribery Bestechung /. brickyard Ziegelei /. bridge n Briicke /; FloBbriicke / (floating); Schnellbriicke / (hasty). bridge v eine Briicke schlagen, eine Briicke bauen. bridge bay Briickenstrecke /. bridge capacity Verkehrslast /. bridge center line Briickenachse /, Briickenlinie /. bridge commander Briickenkommandant m. bridge construction Briickenschlag m, Briickenbau m. bridge-construction party Briickentrupp TO. bridge diagram Briickenskizze /. bridge equipage See bridge equip ment, bridge equipment Briickengerat n,

Kriegsbriickengerat n, Briickenbaugerat •«, Ubergangsgerat n. bridge foundation Briickenunterbau m. bridgehead Briickenkopf m, Briickenkopfstellung / (Tac). bridgehead line Briickenkopflinie /. bridge railing Bruckengelander n. bridge roadway Briickenbahn /. bridge site Briiekenstelle /. bridge span Briickenstiitzweite /. bridge structure Briickenbau m. bridge superstructure Briickeniiberbau m. bridge traffic control post Ablaufposten in. bridge train Briickenkolonne / (Engr). bridge trestle Briickenbock m. bridle Zaumzeug n (harness). brief v den Flug besprechen (Avn). briefing Flugbesprechung /, Einsatzbesprechung /; Befehlsausgabe / (issuance of orders). brigade Brigade /. brigade commander Brigadefuhrer m, Brigadekommandeur in. brigade headquarters Brigadekomniando n. brigadier general Generalmajor TO; Generalmajor der Flieger (Luft waffe); Generalarzt m (Med); Generalveterinar m (Vet).

bright light
bright light

Fernlicht n (on auto


bring down abschieBen (an Ap). brisance Brisanz /. broadcast n Rundfunk m. broadcast v rundfunken. broadcasting Rundfunk m. broadcasting station Rundfunksender m. broadside Breitseite / (Nav). broken wolkig, fast bedeckt (Met). broken outlines zerlegte Formen broken stone Steinschlag m. bromacetone Bromazeton n, B-Stoff m (CWS). brombenzylcyanide Brombenzylzyanid «, T-Stoff m (CWS). bronchitis Luftrohrenkatarrh m, Bronchialkatarrh m. bronze Bronze /. brow band Stirnriemen m (harness). Browning automatic rifle BrowningSelbstladegewehr n. Browning machine gun BrowningMaschinengewehr n. brush Biirste /, Pinsel m; AnstrichScharmutzel n (skirmish). brush hurdle Hurde /. brush road Strauchdamm m. brushwood Dickicht n (thicket);
pinsel m (paint); Gebusch n (under growth); Strauch m (brushwood); (Cam).

built-up barrel Ringrohr n, Mantelringrohr n (G). bulb Gliihbirne /, Birne / (Elec) ; Ballen m (horse). bulk container PackgefaB n. bulkhead Spant m, Rumpfspant m, Schott n (Ap). bulk reduction point Eisenbahntankstelle / (RR). bulldozer Planier-Raupenschlepper m, mechanischer Pflugbagger. bullet Geschofi n, Kugel /. bullet drop Geschofifall m (Ballis tics). bulletin Ankiindigung /, Bekanntmachung / (notice); Nachrichtenblatt n (publication). bulletin board AnscWagtafel /. bulletproof kugelsicher, kugelfest, schufifest, schufisicher. bulletproof glass schuBsicheres Glas, beschufisicheres Glas, Panzerglas n. bullet-resisting inner tube schuBsicherer Schlauch (MT). bullet tube Geschofikanal m (grenade launcher). bullet wound SchuBwunde /, SchuBverletzung /. bull's eye Spiegel m, Zentrum n, Zielschwarze n, "Das Schwarze." bump WindstoB m (Avn) ; Hocker m, Rast f (road). bumper Stofifanger m StoBstange / buna tire Bunareifen m (MT). bungee mechanische Hilfsvorrichtung (Ap). bunk Koje /. bunker Bunker m. bunting Fahnentuch n, Flaggentuch n; Flaggenschmuck m. buoy Boje /, Tonne /. buoyancy Auftrieb m, Hubkraft f (Avn); Schwimmkraft / (Nav). bureau Amt n, Bureau n, Euro n. burial Begrabnis n, Beerdigung /, Bestattung /. burial detail Bestattungskommando burlap burn n burn v burning
n. _

Strauch m (broken branches, bushes,

etc.). brushwork Flechtwerk n, Strauchwerk n, Strauehpackung /. brushwork revetment Spreutlage /. bucket Kiibel m, Eimer m. buckle n KoppelschloB n. buckle v knicken. buckling Knicken n (march column). "buddy" "Kumpel" m. budget Etat m. budget item Etatposten m. buffer Auffangvorrichtung des RuckstoBes, Puffer m (Ord). buffer spring Rucklauffeder / (MG). buffing Polieren n. buggy whip antenna Stabantenne /. bugle Horn n, Trompete /. bugle call Trompetensignal n, Hornsignal n. bugler Hornist m, Trompeter m. building Gebaude n. built-up area hebautes Gelande.

burning time Leuchtdauer / (Sig). burst n StoB m, FeuerstoB m (MG). burst v bersten, zerspringen, platzen.

/ (cord fuze).

Sackleinen n. Brandwunde /. brennen, verbrennen. rate Brenngeschwindigkeit

burst center



burst center mittlerer Sprengpunkt. burst effect Zerknallstofi m, Sprengwirkung / (Am). burster Sprengladung / (Am). burster course Zerschellerschicht / (Ft). burster tube Kammerhiilsenrohr n, Sprengladungsrohre / (Am). bursting charge Sprengladung /, Sprengstoffgehalt m, Sprengsatz m (Am). burst interval Aufschlagweite / burst of fire Feuerstofi m (MG). burst wave Verdichtungswelle f (Sound Ranging). bury begraben, beerdigen; vergraben, verbergen (to hide). bus Kraftomnibus m. bush fighting Buschgefecht n, Waldgefecht n. bushing Buchsring in (G); Putterstuck n (breechblock); Lagerschale /, Buchse /, Futter n (Tech). busy besetzt (Tp). busy signal Besetztzeichen n, Besetztschauzeichen n (Tp).

butcher Fleischer m, Metzger m, Schlachter m. butchery platoon Schlachtereizug m (QMC). butt Kolben m (MG, R); Kugelfang butt assembly Bodenstiick n (MG). butter Butter /. buttock GesaBbacke /. button Knopf m. butt plate Kolbenkappe / (R). butt strap Lasche / (Engr). butt stroke Kolbenhieb m. butt swivel Klammer / (R). butt-swivel plate Klammerfufi m buzzer Wecker m, Summer m (Tp). buzzer button Summerknopf m (Tp). buzzer set Summerzusatz m (Tp). buzzer signal Summeranruf m (Tp). bypass n tiberstromkanal m (Mtr); Ausweichstelle / (road). by-pass v aussparen (Tac). "By the left flank, march!" "Links, urn!" "By the right flank, march!" "Rechts, urn!"

m (target range).



cab Fahrerhaus n (of truck). cabane Spannturm m, Rahmenspannturm m (Ap). cabbage Ifraut n. * cabin Kabine / (Ap, Nav); Hiitte / cabinet Truhe /, Gehause n (Rad). cable Seil n, Tau n (Nav, etc.); Kabel n (Elec, Tp); Drahtzug m (wire). See also wire, cable armor Bewehrung /. cable block Drahtseilhindernis n cable brake Seilbremse /. cable drum Seilrolle /, Seiltrommel /. cable ferry Seilfahre /. cablegram Kabeldepesche /. cable knife Kabelmesser n. cable lead-in point Kabelauffuhrungs-

cable ship Kabelschiff «. cable sleeve Kabelverbinder m (Tp). cable splice Kabelverbindung / (Tp). cable-testing instrument Kabelmeficable trench Kabelgraben m (Tp). cable wax Kabelwachs n (Engr, Tp). cable winch Seilwinde /. cadence Gleichschritt m, Zeitmafi n (Marching). cadet Kadett m; Fahnenjunker m, Fahnenjunker-Gefreiter m (junior cadet); Fahnenjunker-Unteroffizier m (cadet Sgt). cadre Cadre m, Kader m, Stammtruppe /. cadreman Soldat einer Stammannschaft. cadre personnel Stammannschaft /. caduceus Askulapstab m (insigne). caisson Hinterwagen TO, Munitionswagen in (Arty); Senkkasten m

gerat n (Tp).


(flexible steel, Ap); Drahtseil n


punkt m (Elec, Tp). cable line Kabelleitung / (Tp).


caisson section leader



caisson section leader Wagenzugfiihrer m (Arty). calcium bleach Chlorkalk m. calcium chloride Chlorkalk m. calculate rechnen, berechnen, ausrechnen. calculation Berechnung /. calculator Rechenmaschine /, Rechengerat n. calculus Infinitesimalrechnung /. calf Wade / (of leg). caliber Rohrweite /, Kaliber n, Waffenkaliber n (Ord). calibrate eichen. calibrated geeicht. calibration Hohenrichtverbesserung nach Einschiefigeschutz (Gunnery); Eichung / (Tech); Funkbeschickung / (Rad compass). calibration adjustment Frequenzkorrektur / (Rad). calibration correction Ausschalten der Grundstufe (Gunnery). calibration firing Vergleichsschiefien n (Arty). calipers Greifzirkel m. calk dichten. call n Ruf m, Zeichen n, Signal n, Anruf m, Gesprachsverbindung / (Sig C); Ferngespraeh n, Gesprach n, Spruch m (Tp). call v rufen; anrufen (Tp). called station Gegenstelle / (Rad, Tp). calling key Flackertaste / (Tp). call letters Buchstaben des Rufzeichens (Rad). call sign Rufzeichen n (Rad). call signal Rufzeichen n (Rad, Tp); Anrufzeichen n (Tp). call the roll Namen aufrufen. call the shot das Abkommen melden. call to quarters Locken n. call to the colors See induction, call-up Anruf m (Rad). call up aufrufen, anrufen. calm adj still, ruhig, windstill (Met). cam Daumen m, Nocken m (Tech); Drucknase / (trigger); Lenkschraube / (steering column, MT). cam and lever steering system Schraubenganglenkung /, Spindellenkung/ (MT). camber Radsturz m (MT); Wolbung /, Kriimmung /. camera Kammer /. camera gun Lichtbild-MG. n (Avn).

cameraman Photograph m. camera spotting Artillerie-Bildbeobachtung /. camouflage n Tarnung /, Tarnen n. camouflage v tarnen. camouflage discipline Tarndisziplin /. camouflage jacket Tarnjacke /'. camouflage material Tarnmittel n. camouflage net Maske /, Fliegermaske /, Tarnnetz n. camouflage paint Tarnungsfarbe /, Tarnanstrich m. camouflage troops Tarnungstruppe camouflet Quetschladung /, Quetschmine /. camp n Lager n, Lagerplatz m, Lagerort m, Truppenlager n; Gefangenenlager n (PW). camp v das Lager aufschlagen. campaign Feldzug m. campaign medal Kriegsdenkmiinze /, Erinnerungsmedaille /. camp hospital See station hospital. camp kitchen Lagerkiiche /. cam plate Kurvenscheibe / (Ord). camp site Lagerstelle /. camshaft Nockenwelle /, Steuerwelle /, Daumenwelle /. can Biichse /, Blechbiichse /, Dose /. canal Kanal m. canard airplane Ente /, Entenflugzeug n. cancel ausstreichen, durchstreichen (cross out); aufheben, absagen, annullieren (annul); widerrufen (re voke). cancellation Streichung / (crossing out); Aufhebung /, Annullierung / (annulment). candle Kerze /. canister Kartatsche / (separate-load ing Am); Filterbuchse / (gas mask). canister filter Bvichsenfilter m (gas mask). canned food Biichsenkonserven fpl. canned meat Fleischkonserve /, Biichsenfleisch n. canned ration Buchsenkonserven fpl. cannelure Rille / (Am). cannibalization Wiederinstandsetzung unter Verwendung von Teilen beschadigten Kriegsgerats (Ord). cannon Kanone /• cannonade Bombardierung /, Kanonade f.




canvas Segeltuch n. cap Haube /, Kappe /, Kopf m (Am); Mutze / (Clo); GeschoBkappe / (projectile); Sprengkapsel / (blasting). capacitance Kapazitat / (Elec). capacitor Kondensator m (Rad). capacity Leistung /, Leistungsfahigkeit / (performance); Vermogen n (capability); Fahigkeit / (ability); Eigenschaft / (function); Verkehrslast / (Bdg); Fassungsvermogen n (volume). cap crimper Wiirgezange /.
cape Umhang m (cloak); Kap n (point of land). cap hole Zundkanal m (blasting car tridge).

cantonment area Unterkunftsraum m. cantonment building Militarbaracke /, Baracke /.

cannoneer Schiitze m, Kanonier m. cannon salute Kanonensalut m. cannon transport wagon Rohrwagen m. canopy Baldachin m (Ap); Stoffbahn / (Prcht). cant n schiefer Radstand, Verkantung / (Arty). cant v verkanten (G, R). canteen Feldflasche / (water con tainer) ; Kantine /, Kamaradschaftsheim n (place). canteen cover Feldflaschenhulle /. canteen cup Trinkbecher m, Becher m. cantilever freitragend. cantilever beam Kragtrager m. cantilever bridge Kragtragerbrucke /, Auslegerbriicke /. cantilever wing freitragender Flugel. cantle Hinterzwiesel m (saddle). cantonment Barackenlager n.

Hauptleute); Rittmeister m (Cav, H Arty); Stabsarzt m (Med); Stabsveterinar m (Vet); Kapitan zur See (Nav). captive balloon Fesselballon m. capture n Einnahme / (of a local ity); Gefangennahme / (of a per son). capture v fangen, gefangennehmen aufbringen (a ship); einnehmen (a locality). captured gun Beutegeschutz n. captured materiel erbeutetes Kriegsgerat. captured officer kriegsgefangener Offizier.
car Wagen m (MT, RR). carbine Karabiner m. carbine scabbard carrier Karabinertragevorrichtung /. carbolic acid Karbolsaure /. carbon Kohle /, Kohlenstoff m; 61carbon block Kohleklotz m (micro phone). carbon brush Kohle /, Kohlebiirste / (Elec). carbon.copy Durchschlag m (typed);

(a person); erbeuten


kohle f (Mtr).

carbon dioxide Kohlensaure /. carbon electrode Kohlenelektrode /. carbon filler Kohlenstofftrager m (in liquid-oxygen blasting charges). carbon lightning arrester Kohleblitzableiter m. carbon i.iicrophone Kohlenmikrophon

Durchschrift / (written). carbon-copy pad Durchschreibeblock m.

capillary tube Haarrohre /. ' capital Haupstadt / (of a country); grofier Buchstabe (letter). capital offense Kapitalverbrechen n. capital ship GroBkampfschiff n. capitulate sich ergeben, kapitulieren. capitulation Ubergabe /, Kapitulation /. capsize kentern, umkippen. capstan Gangspill in, Ankerwinde / (Nav); Erdwinde / (Engr).
captain Hauptmann m (plural:

stand m (Mtr). carbon rod Kohle /, Kohlestab m (Elec). carbon tetrachloride Tetrachlorkohlenstoff m. carbonylchloride Chlorkohlenoxyd n, Phosgen n (CWS). carbon-zinc battery Kohle-Zinksammler m. carbon-zinc cell Kohle-Zink-Element n (Elec). carburetion Vergaseranordnung /, Gemischbildung im Vergaser (Mtr). carburetor Vergaser m.

n. carbon monoxide Kohlenoxyd n. carbon paper Kohlepapier n. carbon residue Verbrennungsruck-

carburetor engine


casualty agent

carburetor engine Vergasermotor in. carcass Kadaver m, Leiche /. card Karte /, Schein m, Zettel m. cardboard Pappe /, Pappdeckel m, Karton m. card file Kartei /. cardinal point Himmelsrichtung /.

care Pflege / (of wounded, equip ment, etc.); Verwundetenbetreuung / (of casualties); Fiirsorge / (wel fare); Vorsicht / (caution).

cargo Last /, Ladung / (load); Fracht / (freight); Schiffsladung / (Nav). cargo carrier Lastkraftwagen m, Transportwagen m (MT). cargo-carrying glider Lastensegler m, Lastensegelflugzeug n. cargo parachute Lastfallschirm m. cargo tonnage Ladefahigkeit / (capacity); Ladegewicht n (weight). cargo-transport plane Frachtflugzeug n. cargo truck Lastkraftwagen m. carload Wagenladung /. carpenter Zimmermann m. carriage Lafette /, Lafettierung / (G). carrier Beforderungsmittel n, Fahrzeug n (vehicle); Trager m (Pers); Flugzeugtrager m (Nav); Tragbeutel m, Buchse /, Tasche / (con tainer). carrier current Tragerstrom m (Tp). carrier pigeon Brieftaube /, Heeresbrieftaube /. carrier wave Tragerwelle / (Rad). carry tragen; halten (AA SL). carrying capacity Tragfahigkeit /. carrying pad Tragepolster n (MG). carrying strap Tragband n (gas mask). carry light fiihrender Scheinwerfer (AAA). carry out ausfiihren, durchfiihren. cartel ship. Austauschschiff n. cartographer Kartenzeichner m, Tabellenzeichner m. cartographical sketching Anfertigung von GrundriBskizzen. cartridge Patrone / (Am); Kartusche / (semifixed and fixed Am); scharfe Putrone (ball); Anlafipatrone / (for cartridge starter). cartridge bag Kartuschbeutel m. cartridge belt Patronengurt m (MG).

cartridge case Hiilse /, Patronenhiilse /, GeschoBhiilse / (Am); Kartusche /, Kartuschhiilse / (semifixed and fixed Am). cartridge chamber Patronenlager n (R). cartridge clip Patronenstreifen m, Ladestreifen m (Am). cartridge feed Patronenzufuhrung / (Small Arms). cartridge starter Anlafipistole / (Mtr). cartridge-type ground signal Leuchtpatrone /. cartwheel Wagenrad n. case Gehause n, Hiilse /, Buchse / (Tech); Kiste /, Kasten m (box); Futteral n, Tasche /; Kartusche / (semifixed and fixed Am); Ziindschraubengehause n (threaded per cussion primer) (Am); Fall m (in stance); Schurholzrahmen m (gal lery case); Patronenhiilse / (car tridge); Bombenhiille / (bomb). casein glue Kaseinleim m. casemate Kasemate / (Ft, Nav). casemate gun mount Kasemattenlafette /. case I pointing direktes Richten (Gunnery). case II pointing Richten mit direkter Seitenrichtung und indirekter H6henrichtung (Gunnery). case III pointing indirektes Richten (Gunnery). case IV pointing Richten mit vorgeschobener Beobachtungsstelle (Gun nery). cash Bargeld n. cashier v aus dem Heere ausstofien. casing Deckplatte / (MG telescopic sight); Laufdecke /, Decke /, Man tel m (tire); Gehause n, Hiille /, Hiilse /, Schalung /. castellated nut Kronenmutter /. caster Nachlauf m, Vorlauf m (MT); Schwenkrolle / (roller). casting Gufi m, Giefien.w (action); AbguB m (thing cast). cast iron Gufieisen n. cast-metal case Gufigehause n. cast-steel GuBstahl m. casuals zur Verwendung stehendes Militarpersonal. casualty Verlust m, Ausfall m. casualty agent Kampfstoff m (CWS).

casualty day


center of the front

casualty day tagliche Verlustrate. casualty list Verlustliste /. casualty report Verlustmeldung /. catalog Katalog in. catapult n Katapult TO, Startkatapult m, Schleuder /, Flugzeugschleuder / (Avn). . " " catapult v katapultieren (an Ap). catapult airplane Katapultflugzeug n. catapult take-off Schleuderstart m (Avn). catch n Falle / (MG); Kammerfang (fuze); Sperrklinke / (pawl). catch v fangen, einfangen, auffarigen; ergreifen (seize); sich zuziehen, anstecken (a disease). catch pivot Fallenachse / (MG). caterpillar band Radgiirtel m (G). caterpillar drive Raupenantrieb m, Gleiskettenantrieb TO (MT). caterpillar prime mover Gleiskettenschlepper TO, Gleiskettenzugmaschine /. caterpillar track Raupe /, Raupenkette /, Gleiskette / (MT, Tk). caterpillar tractor Gleiskettenschlepper m, Gleiskettenzugmaschine /, Raupenschlepper TO. cathode Kathode /. cathode-ray tube Kathodenstrahlrohre /, Elektronenstrahlrohre /, Braunsche Rohre. cattle Vieh n. catwalk Lattenrost TO, Holzrost m. cause v verursachen, veranlassen, bewirken. causeway StraBendamm m. caustic n Atzmittel n. caustic soda kaustisches Natron, Atznatron n. t caution Vorsicht /, Achtung /. cavalry Kavallerie /, Reiterei / (H Cav); motorisierte Kavallerie (Mecz). cavalry brigade Reiterbrigade /, Kavalleriebrigade /. cavalry corps Kavalleriekorps n. cavalry division Kavallerieclivision /. cavalryman Kavallerist m, Reiter m. cavalry patrol Reiterspahtrupp TO. cavalry pioneer Kavalleriepionier m. cavalry reconnaissance detachment Reiteraufklarungsabteilung /. cavalry regiment Reiterregiment n, Kavallerieregiment n.
m (MG bolt catch); Sperrnase /

Cavalry School Kavallerieschule /, Reitschule /. cavalry troop Reiterschwadron /. cave Hohle /. cave in einstiirzen. cave shelter minierter Unterstand (Ft). cavesson Reithalfter / (harness). cavity Loch n, Vertiefung /, Hohle /. cease aufhoren, einstellen. "Cease firing!" "Feuerpause!" ceiling Wolkenhohe / (Met); Gipfelhohe / (Ap); Decke / (of a room). ceiling light Wolkenscheinwerfer m (Met). ceiling ventilator Deckenventilator m, (MT). celestial navigation astronomische Navigation. celestial sphere Himmelskugel / (Navigation, SivKii). cell Zelle /, Fliigelzelle / (Ap); Gaszelle / (Airship); Element n (Elec). cell container Elementbecher TO (Elec). cellophane Zellophan n. cellophane cover Zellophaniiberzug TO (CWS). cellular-type radiator Elementekiihler m (MT). cellule Zelle /, Flugelzelle / (Ap); Gaszelle / (Airship). celluloid Zelluloid n. celluloid templet Zelluloidtafel /. cellulose Zellulose /. cellulose acetate Zellon n. cellulose fiber Zellwolle /. cement Mortel TO, Zement m. cemetery Friedhof TO. censor Zensor m. censorship Zensur /. center Mitte /, Mittelpunkt m, Zentrum n. center balk Mittelbalken TO (Bdg). center line Bruckenlihie / (Bdg). center of burst mittlerer Sprengpunkt. center of dispersion See center of impact, center of impact mittlerer Treffpunkt. center of lift Auftriebsmittelpunkt TO (Aerodynamics). center of resistance Widerstandszentrum n (Tac). center of the front Frontmitte /

center point of target



center point of target Zielpunkt m. center punch Korner m. centigrade Celsius. central Vermittlung /, Vermittlungsstelle / (Tp). central control zentrale Feuerleitung (Arty). Central European time mitteleuropaische Zeit (15 E standard merid ian). central station Zentrale / (sound central tube Kammerhiilse / -(shrap nel). centrifugal action Fliehkraftantrieb m (fuze). centrifugal arming device Fliehbacke / (fuze). centrifugal bolt Fliehbolzen m (fuze). centrifugal casting Schleudergufi m (foundry). centrifugal compressor Turbokompressor m, Kreiselkompressor m. centrifugal force Fliehkraft /, Zentrifugalkraft /. centrifugal fuze Fliehkraftzunder m. centrifugal governor Fliehkraftregler m (Mtr). centrifugal pump Kreiselpumpe /, Zentrifugalpumpe /, Schleuderpumpe /. centripetal force Zentripetalkraft /. ceremonial detachment Ehrenwache /. ceremony Zeremoniell n, Feierlichkeit /, besondere Veranstaltung; Trauerfeier / (Mil funeral). certificate Bescheinigung /, Zeugnis n, Schein m. certificate of discharge Entlassungsschein m. certificate of identification Personalausweis m. certificate of rejection Ausmusterungsschein m. certificate of service Dienstbescheinigung /. certified beglaubigt (documents). certify bescheinigen, bezeugen, beglaubigen. cessation Einstellung /. cetane rating Cetenzahl / (Diesel fuel). chain Kette /; Gleitschutzkette / (skid); Mefikette / (Surv). chaining Messen mit Mefikette
(Surv). ranging).

chain link Kettenglied n. chain of command Befehlsweg in, Befehlsverhaltnisse npl. chain of evacuation Verwundetenabschublinie /. challenge Anruf m, Einspruch m, Herausforderung /. chamber Kartuschraum m (G); Patronenlager n (R); Kammer /, Raum m. change v andern, eich andern, umandern; verandern (to alter); wechseln (money); tauschen (to umsteigen (trains). change lever Umschalthebel m (automatic R). change of course Kurswechsel m (Avn). change of height Hohenanderung / (AA predictor). change of personnel Personalveranderung /. change of position Stellungswechsel change of station Platzwechsel m. change-over switch Umschalter m (Elec). change step den Schritt wechseln, den Tritt wechseln. channel Dienstweg m (Adm); Frequenzbereich m (Rad); Verbindungsthrough channels auf dem Dienst weg. channel marker Bake / (Nav). channel of communication Verbindungsweg m (Tp, Rad). chapel Kapelle /. chaplain Wehrmachtgeistlicher m, Feldgeistlicher m. character Buchstabe m, Schriftzeiweg m (Com). m (Tac). exchange); sich umziehen (clothes);

chen n (letter); Charakter m (of a

person). characteristic curve Rohrenkennlinie / (Rad tube). characteristic impedance Wellenwiderstand m (Elec, Rad). charcoal Holzkohle /. charcoal layer Kohleschicht / (gas
mask). charge n

Elec); Attacke /, Angriff m (Cav) ; Betrauung / (trust); Anklage / (accusation); Gebiihr / (rate). charge v anstiirmen (Inf); attackie-

Ladung / (Am, blasting,

ren (Cav); laden (Am, Elec); ver-

charge-placing pole



langen, anfordern (money); besehuldigen (accuse). charge-placing pole Sprengstange f. charging unit Lademaschinensatz m, Aggregat n (Elec). charging voltage Ladespannung / (battery charger). chart n Plan m, Tabelle /, tibersicht /,• Karte / (map). chartroom Feuerleitstelle / (Arty) ; Kartenraum in (Nav). chase n langes Feld (G). chassis Fahrwerk n, Fahrgestell n (MT); Apparatur / (Rad). chassis clearance Bauchfreiheit / (MT). chassis frame Fahrwerkrahmen m chassis panel Montageplatte / (Rad). chauffeur Kraftfahrer m (MT). check n Scheck m (banking); Kontrolle / (supervision); Zeichen n (mark). check v hemmen, verhindern (to hinder); priifen, nachpriifen, iiberpriifen (to test, to verify); iiberwachen, kontrollieren (to supervise). check list Kontrolliste /. check point Anhaltspunkt m, Bezugspunkt m. check valve Reglerventil n. cheek Backe /, Wange /. cheekbone Jochleiste / (horse). cheek strap Backenstuck n (har ness). cheese Ease m. chemical agent Kampfstoff m. chemical-agent detector kit Gasanzeiger in. chemical barrier Kampfstoffsperre /, Kampfstoff riegel m (CWS). chemical battalion Werferabteilung / (Ger). chemical bomb Kampfstoffbombe /, Fliegergasbombe / (Avn). chemical candle Giftrauchkerze /, Giftnebelkerze / (CWS). chemical cylinder Gasflasche /, Gasbehalter m; Nebelabblasgerat n chemical decontamination See de contamination, chemical decontamination company Entgiftungskompanie f. chemical defense Gasschutz in. chemical defense school Heeresgasschutzschule /.


chemical fumes Kampfstoffschwaden mpl (CWS). chemical hand grenade Gashandgranate /. chemical land mine • chemische Erdmine, Gas-Erdmine /. chemical layer Mundschicht / (gas mask). chemical mine chemische Erdmine, Gas-Erdmine /. chemical mortar Gashandwerfer m, Gasmorser m. chemical munitions Gasmunition /, chemische Kampfmittel. chemical officer Gasomzier m. chemical projectile GasgeschoB n. chemical projector Werfer m, Nebelwerfer m, Gaswerfer m (CWS). chemical-projector fire Gaswerfen n. chemical regiment Nebelwerferregiment n, Werferregiment n chemical security Gasschutz m. chemical shell Gasgranate /,• Gasbrisanzgranate / (HE). chemical-shell fire Kampfstoffbeschufi m (CWS); Gelbkreuzbeschufi m (vesicant filler, CWS). chemical spray apparatus Kampf stoff zerstauber m; Luftstromgerat n, Zerstaubungsgerat n (Ap). chemical spraying Verspruhen von Kampfstoff en (CWS). chemical tank Nebelgerat n (for air Cml spraying). chemical troops chemische Truppen, Gastruppen fpl, Nebeltruppen fpl. chemical warfare chemischer Krieg; Gaskampf m, Gaskrieg m.' chemical warfare agent chemischer Kampfstoff. Chemical Warfare Board Gastech'.lischer ForschungsausschuC (USA). chemical warfare depot Gasschutzpark m. chemical warfare material Gaskampfmittel npl, Gaskampfgerat n. chemical warfare officer Gasomzier m. Chemical Warfare School Gaskriegsschule / (USA). Chemical Warfare Service chemi scher Kriegsdienst (USA). chemist Chemiker m. chess Briickenbelag m (Bdg). chest Brust / (anatomy); Kiste /, Kasten m (box).



chest pack parachute


cipher key

chest pack parachute Brustfallschirm m. cheval-de-frise spanischer Reiter (Ft). chevron Uniformwinkel m. chewing gum Kaugummi m. chicken wire Maschendraht m. chief Chef m. chief engineer Leitender Ingenieur, Chefingenieur m, Oberingenieur m. chief nurse Oberschwester /. chief of ammunition Munitionsunterofflzier m (Arty). Chief of Chaplains Feldbischof m. Chief of Chemical Warfare Service Chef des chemischen Kriegsdienstes (USA). chief of civil affairs section Chef der Zivilverwaltung (at army Hq). Chief of Coast Artillery Chef der Kustenartillerie (USA). chief of corps supply services Korpsnachschubfuhrer m (Ger). chief of division supply services Divisionsnachschubfiihrer m (Ger). Chief of Engineers Inspekteur der Pioniere. Chief, of Naval Operations Chef des Admiralstabs (USA). Chief of Ordnance Chef des HeeresWaffenamtes. chief of staff Stabschef m, Generalstabschef m. Chief of Staff Chef des Generalstabes. chief of supply services Nachschubfiihrer m. Chief of the Air Staff Chef des Fiihrungsstabes der Luftwaffe (USA). Chief of the Veterinary Service Chefveterinar m. chief of transportation Chef des Transportwesens (Tac, RR). chief petty officer Portepeeunteroffizier m (Nav). Chief Signal Officer Inspekteur der Nachrichtentruppen. Chief Surgeon Armeearzt m. chief transportation officer bevollmachtigter Transportoffizier. chilled casting Kokillengufi m. chimney Schornstein m. chin Kinn n. chinaware Porzellan n. chin groove Kinnkettengrube / (horse).

chin strap Sturmriemen m, Kinnriemen m (headgear); Kinnstofiel m (harness). chin support Kinnstiitze / (gas mask). chisel MeilJel m. chloracetophenone Chlorazetophenon n (CWS). chloracetophenone solution ' Chlor azetophenon - Chlorpikrin - Losung /, Tranenstoff m (CWS). chloramine-T Chloramin n (CWS). chlorate explosive Chlorat-Sprengmittel n. chloride of lime Chlorkalk m. chlorination Chlorbeimischung /, Chlorzusetzung /. chlorine Chlor n, Chlorgas n (CWS). chlorpicrin Chlorpikrin n (CWS). chlorsulfonic acid Chlorsulfonsaure / (CWS). chock Breinsklotz m. chocolate Schokolade f. choke n Starterklappo / (Mtr); Wiirgebohrung / (barrel) (Ord). choke v ersticken (suffocate); erwiirgen (strangle). choke coil Drosselspule / (Elec). choke valve Luftklappenvcr.til n (carburetor). cholera Cholera /. chord Gurt m (truss); Sehne / (Geometry). Christie tank Christie-Panzerkraftwagen m. chromium Chrom n. chromium-plated verchromt. chronograph Chronograph m, Registrier-Chronograph m. chronology of battle Gefechtszeitangabe /. chronometer Chronometer -n. chuck Putter n (of lathe, etc.). church Kirche /. cigarette Zigarette /. cigarette lighter Feuerzeug n. cincha Untergurt m (saddle). cipher n Schliissel m, Chiffre /. cipher v schliisseln, chiffrieren, ziffern. cipher device Chiffriermaschine /, Schlusselmaschine /. cipher disk Verschliisselungsscheibe /. cipher key Geheimwort n, Schlusselwort n.

cipher text


clean-up party

cipher text Geheimtext m, Sehlusseltext m. circle n Kreis m. circle v Runde(n) fliegen (Avn). circle of rupture Wirkungskreis m (blasting). circling target kreisendes Ziel (AAA). circuit 'Stromkreis m, Leitungsnetz n, Schaltung / (Elec). circuit arrangement Leitergebilde n (Elec). circuit breaker Stromunterbrecher m, Spannungssicherung / (Elec). circuit diagram Schaltplan m, Schaltungsschema n; Leitungsskizze /, Schaltskizze / (Tp). circuit tester Leitungspriifer m (Elec). circular n Rundschreiben n, Umlauf m.
circular course Kreisflug m (Avn). circular track Kranz m, Drehkranz m (MG mount). circular track mount Lafettenkranz TO (Ap, Tk). circulation Umlauf m (of -money, fluids); Kreislauf m (of blood); Auflage / (of a newspaper); Ver-

grenzungshebel m (MG). clamping mechanism Festklemmvorrichtung / (MG tripod). clamping plate Klemmplatte / (G barrel guide). clamping ring Klemmring m (grenade launcher). clamping screw Klemmschraube / (aiming circle). clarity of sound Klangreinheit / clash Zusammenstofi m (Tac). clasp Spange / (decoration). class Klasse /; Jahrgang TO (age class). classification Einteilung /, Gliederung /. classification of artillery fire Peuerformen der Artillerie. classification of chemical agents Kampfstoffgruppen fpl. classification of equipment Stoffgliederung /. classification of machine-gun fire Feuerformen des Maschinengewehrs. classification track Richtungsgleis n, Abstellgleis n (RR). classified military information geheiclass of equipment Geratklasse /. claw hatchet Klauenbeil n. clay pit Lehmgrube /. clean v reinigen, saubern, putzen. cleaning and preserving material

civilian defense ziviler Luftschutz. civilian internee Zivilinternierter TO. civilian population Zivilbevolkerung /. civil offense Zivilvergehen n, nichtmilitarisches Vergehen. civil service Staatsdienst m. civil war Biirgerkrieg TO. claim n Anspruch m, Anrecht n. clamp n Klammer / (Tech); Klemmzange / (blasting-cap fuze). clamping collar Schelle / (Mart). clamping lever Klemmhebel m, Be-


breitung / (of news). circulation map Wegekarte /. circumference Umkreis m. circumstance Sachlage /, Zustand TO. circumstantial evidence Indizienbeweis m. cirrocumulus Zirrokumulus m. cirrostratus Zirrostratus m. cirrus cloud Cirruswolke /, Ziri-uswolke /, Federwolke /. citation Auszeichnung /, ehrenvolle Erwahnung. citizen Staatsbiirger m, Burger in. citizenship Staatsangehorigkeit /. city Stadt /. civil staatlich, Staats- (pertaining to government); hoflich, anstandig (polite). civil affairs section Zivilverwaltung / (Mil Govt).
civil airway Luftverkehrslinie /. civil aviation Zivilluftfahrt /. civil communication lines Postlei-

me Gegenstande.

Reinigungsgerat n. cleaning brush Reinigungsburste /
(G). cleaning patch Reinigungsdocht m (R). cleaning rag Reinigungslappen in, Putzlappen TO. cleaning rod Stock in, Gewehrstcck in (R); Wischstock in (G). clean-up party Sauberungstrupp m.

tungen fpl. civil court Zivilgericht n. civilian n Zivilist TO, Zivilperson /. civilian clothes Zivil n, Zivilkleidung /, burgerliche Kleidung.

clean out



clean out saubern (Tac). clear v raumen, saubern. clear adj. wolkenlos (Met); frei (of obstructions). in clear im Klartext (Com). clearance Spielraum m (Mech); Sicherheitsmafi n (Gunnery); Entlastung / (of responsibility); Preigabe / (permit); Bauchfreiheit / (chas sis) . clearance of masks tiberschieBen von Deckungen (Gunnery). clearance of the enemy Feindfreiheit /. clearance space Geschofianlage / (R). cleared for action gefechtsklar (Nav). cleared zone Rollfeld n (Adrm). clear ice glasartige Vereisung. clearing Waldblofie'/, Waldlichtung / (forest or wood). •clearing signal SchluBzeichen n (Tp). clearing station Hauptverbandplatz m (Med). clearing unit Krankentragertrupp m (Med). clear up saubern (Tac). cleat Greifer in (MT). clergyman Geistlicher in, Pfarrer m; Pastor m (Protestant); Priester m (Catholic); Rabbiner m (Jewish). clerical aptitude test Schreibereignungspriifung /. clerk Schreiber m, Schriftfuhrer m, Gefechtsschreiber m. clevis Schakel m. click n East / (Mech). cliff Klippe /, Kliff n. climate Klima n. climatic klimatisch. climb n Steigflug m, Steigen n (Avn). climb v steigen, besteigen, klettern. climb-and-dive indicator Statoskop n (Ap). climbers Steigeisen npl (for Tp line man) . climbing ability Steigvermogen n (Ap). climbing iron Klettereisen n, Klettersporn m. climbing take-off Kavalierstart m, (Avn). climbing turn gezogene Kurve (Avn).

clincher rim Wulstfelge / (MT). clinical record Krankenblatt n. clinometer Gefallemesser m, Neigungsmesser m (Arty, Surv); Gelandewinkelmesser m (for angle of site, Arty); Richtbogen m (G). clip n Patronenrahmen m, Ladestreifen m (R, A A gun); Klammer / (paper clip). clip-fed rifle Mehrlader m. clip loading machine Ladestreifenf iiller m. clock Uhr / (timepiece); Borduhr / (Ap); Melderose / (AWS). clock method Melderoseverfahren n (Gunnery, AWS). clockwise im Sinne des Uhrzeigers, im Uhrzeigersinn, rechtsgangig, rechtslaufend. clockwork action Uhrwerkantrieb m (fuze). clockwork fuze Uhrwerkziinder m. close v schliefien, zuschlieBen, zumachen (a door, etc.); abschliefien (an account); beenden (conclude). close billets Ortsbiwafc n. close column aufgeschlossene Marschfolge. close combat Nahkampf m. close-combat range Nahkampfweite /. close-combat weapon Nahkampfwaffe /. closed airdrome Flugplatz auBer Betrieb. close defense Nahabwehr /, Nahverteidigung /. closed traverse geschlossener Zug, Polygonzug m (Surv). closed weather ungiinstiges Pliegerwetter (Avn). close-in security Nahsicherung /. close order geschlossene Ordnung. close-order drill Exerzieren in der geschlossenen Ordnung. close range Nahkampfweite /; nachste Entfernung (up to 100 meters); nahe Entfernung (up to 400 meters). close-range fighting Nahkampf m. close-range weapon Nahkampfwaffe /. close reconnaissance Nahaufkliirung /. close-reconnaissance airplane Nahaufklarungsflugzeug n, Nahaufklarer m, Naherkunder m.

close support
close support

Nahunterstiitzung f

code sign

close terrain bewachsenes Gelande. closing cap Ziinderkappe /, Versehlufischraube / (fuze). closing spring cylinder Kraftspeicher in (AA gun). cloth filter Tucheinsatz m (MT). cloth garnish bunte Lappen (Cam). clothing Bekleidung /. clothing account Bekleidungsnachweis m. clothing allowance verabfolgte Kleidungsstiicke. clothing slip Bekleidungsschein m. cloud Wolke /. cloud attack Blasangriff m (CWS). cloud bank Wolkenfeld n. cloud cover Wolkendecke /. cloud formation Wolkenform /. cloud gas attack Blasangriff m. cloud particle Staubchen n (CWS). cloud soaring Wolkensegeln n (gli der) . clove hitch Mastwurf m. club -Kniippel m (weapon). cluster Sternbundel n (Sig); Biindel n (Bombing). cluster adapter Bombenbundeltrager m. clutch Kupplung / (MT). throw in the clutch einkuppeln. throw out the clutch auskuppeln. clutch cone Kupplungskegel m. clutch housing Kupplungsgehause n. clutch lever Kupplungshebel m. clutch pedal Kupplungsfuflhebel TO, Kupplungspedal n, Kupplungstritt m. clutch plate Kupplungsscheibe /. clutch shaft Kupplungswelle /. clutch spring Kupplungsfeder /. CN Chlorazetophenon n (CWS). CNB Tranengasstoff m. CN candle Universalkerze CN / (CWS, USA). CN capsule Reizwtirfel m (CWS). CN generator Riechtopf m (CWS). CNS Chlorazetophenon-ChlorpikrinLosung / (CWS). CN solution Tranengasstoff m. coal Kohle /. coarse file Grobfeile /. coarse setting Grobeinstellung /. coarse sight Vollkorn n, voiles Korn (R). coast Kuste /.


coastal area Kiistengebiet n. Coast Artillery Corps Kustenartilleriekorps n (USA). coastal force Kustenverband m. coastal reconnaissance airplane Ktistenaufklarer m. coastal squadron Kustenstaffel / (Avn). coastal waters Kiistengewasser npl. coastal zone Kiistenvorfeld n. coast artillery Kustenartillerie /. . coast artillery district Kiistenartilleriebezirk m (USA). Coast Artillery School Kiistenartillerieschule / (USA). coast battery Kiistenbatterie / (CA). coast defense Kiistenverteidigung /, Kiistenwehr /, Kustenwacht /. Coast Guard Kiistenwache /, Kiistenwachkorps n (USA). coast guard station Kiistenstation /. coast reconnaissance Kiistenaufklarung /. coat Jacke /, Rock m (of a suit); Mantel m, tlberzieher m (overcoat); Schicht / (of paint, grease, etc.). See also service coat, coaxial gleichachsig, mit gemeinschaftlicher Achse, Doppel-. coaxial counterrotating propellers Doppelpropeller m (Ap). cobalt Kobalt m. cock v spannen (Small Arms). cocking bolt Spannriegel m (breech block). cocking cam Spannstollen m (breech3 block). cocking lever Spannhebel m (G, MG). cocking piece Schlagbolzenmutter / (R). cocking slide Spannschieber in (MG). cockpit Kabine /, Kanzel /, Fuhrefraum m, Fiihrersitz m, Fuhrerstand m (Ap). code Schliissel m, Geheimschrift /. code book Schliisselheft n. code call Deckanruf m (Tp). code chart Signaltafel /. code group Funkabkiirzung /, Kurzsignal n, Schlusselgruppe /. code name Deckname m. code panel Signaltuch n, Signalstreifen m, Tuchzeichen n (Avn). code section Schliisseltrupp m. code sign Deckzeichen n.

code word


combat air reconnaissance

code word Deckwort n. coding Verschlusselung /, Schlusseln n. coefficient Beiwert m. coefficient of form Pormwert m (Ballistics). coffee Kaffee m. coffin Sarg m. coil Spule / (Elec, Rad). coil spring Schraubenfeder / (MT). coil unit Spulensatz m (Rad). coincidence range finder Halbbildentfernungsmesser m, Schnittbildentfernungsmesser m, Koinzidenzentfernungsmesser m. cold Erkaltung /, Schnupfen m (Med). cold chisel KaltmeiBel m. cold front Kaltluftfront /, Einbruchsfront / (Met). cold-resistant kaltebestandig. cold working Kaltrecken n (Ord). collapsible boat Faltboot n. collar Kragen m (Clo). collar patch Patte /, Kragenjnvtte /, Kragenspiegel m. collation of information Nachrichtenbearbeitung /. collecting depot Sammelplatz m (Salvage). collecting point Krankensammelpunkt m (Med). collecting station Verwundetensammelstelle / (Med); Leichtverwundetensammelplatz m (for walking wounded). collecting unit Bergekommando n, Sammelkommando n (Salvage). collective call sign Sammelrufzeichen n (Rad). collective fire vereinigtes Feuer, zusammengefafites Feuer. collective protection Sammelschutz m (CWS). collector ring Kollektor m, Schleifring m (Elec). collimate berichtigen (Surv); justie-

colonel Oberst m; Oberst der Flieger (AAF); Oberstarzt m (Med); Oberstveterinar m (Vet). color Farbe /. color bearer Fahnentragei' m. color blind farbenblind. colored cloth bunte Lappen (Cam). color guard Fahnenkompanie /, Fahnentrupp m, Fahnenwache /. colorless farblos. colors Fahne /. color salute Senken der Fahne. color sentinel Fahnenposten m, Fahnenwache /. color vision Farbentuchtigkeit /. column Kolonne / (Tac); Reihe / (Inf drill, Cav); Pfeiler m, Saule / (Engr). column commander Kolonnenchef m (MT). "Column half left, march!" "Halblinks schwenkt, marsch!" "Column half right, march!" "Halbrechts schwenkt, marsch!" "Column left, march!" "Links schwenkt, marsch!" (followed by "Augen gerade, aus!"). column of companies Kompaniekolonne /. column of files Kolonne zu Einem.. column of fours Kolonne zu Vieren. column of groups Gruppenkolonne /. column of platoons Zugkolonne /. column of refugees Fluchtlingskolonne /. column of threes Marschordnung / (Inf drill); Kolonne zu Dreien (march Clm). See also "Fall in!" column of troopers Reihe /, Reiterreihe / (Cav). column of twos Doppelreihe / (Inf drill); Kolonne zu Zweien (inarch Clm). See also "Fall in!" "Column right, march!" "Rechts schwenkt, marsch!" (followed by "Augen gerade, aus!"). column traffic Kolonnenverkelir m. ren (G). collimating mark Kollimationslinie /. comb Kamm m. combat Kampf m., Kampfhandlung collimating sight Richtglas n. /, Gefecht n; Luftkampf m (Avn). collimation Kollimation / (G); Berichtigung / (Surv). combat activity Kampftatigkeit /, col lima tor Kollimator m, SpaltGefechtstatigkeit /. rohr re. combat airplane Kriegsflugzeug n, collision Zusammenstofi m. Frontflugzeug n. collision course Zielanflugkurs m combat air reconnaissance Gefechtsluftaufklarung /. (Avn).

combatant Frontkampfer m, Frontsoldat in. combat area Kampfraum in. combat at defiles Gefecht um Engen. combat aviation Kampf- und Jagdflieger mpl. combat car Kampfwagen m, Kampffahrzeug n, Panzerwagen TO. combat command Kampfgruppe / (Amnd Comd). combat conditions Kampfbedingungen fpl. combat crew fliegendes Personal (Ap). combat exercise Kampfiibung /. combat echelon Kampfstaffel /. combat element Kampftruppe /, kampfende Truppe, Frontverband m. combat engineer regiment Sturmpionier-Regiment n. combat engineers Sturmpioniere mpl. combat firing Gefechtsschiefien n. combat formation Gefechtsform /, Gefechtsformation /. combat from fortified positions Stellungskampf m. combat frontage Gefechtsbreite /. combat in snow Gefecht bei tiefem Schnee. combat intelligence Ergebnisse der Gef echtsaufk) arung. combat in towns Ortskampf m. combat in woods Waldgefecht n. combat liaison Gefechtsanschlufl m. combat message Gefechtsmeldung /; Kampfnachricht / (Rad). combat mission Gefechtsauftrag m, Kampf auftrag m (fac); Feindflug m (Avn). combat operation Kampfhandlung / (Tac). combat order Gefeehtsbefehl m, Operationsbefehl in (Tac). combat outpost Gefechtsvorposten m. combat patrol Gefechtsspahtrupp in, Stofitrupp m. combat performance Kampfleistung /. combat practice Gefechtsexerzieren n, Gefechtsausbildung /, Gefechtsubung /, Gefechtsdrill m. combat practice firing gefechtsmafiiges Schiefien; GefechtsschieBen n (advanced); Schulgefechtsschieflen n (elementary). combat preparation Bereitstellung /


combined observation

combat reconnaissance Gefechtsaufklarung /. combat report Gefechtsbericht m. combat sector Gefechtsstreifen m, Gefechtsabschnitt m, Kampfabschnitt m. combat situation Gefechtslage /. combat station Gefechtsstand m (Ap). combat team Kampfgruppe /, Kampfgemeinschaft f. combat train Gefechtstrofi m. combat-train echelon Gefechtsstaffel /. combat troops Kampftruppen fpl, Gefechtstruppen fpl, Frontverbande mpl. combat unit Kampfeinheit /, Gefechtseinheit /, Gefechtsgruppe /, Kampfgruppe /. combat unit loading gefechtsmafiiges Verladen. combat vehicle Kampffahrzeug n, Gefechtsfahrzeug n. combat zone Gefechtsgebiet n. combination Vereinigung /, ZusammenschluC m (group); Verbindung / (of group, Cmls, etc.); Kombination / (Math). combination fuze Dreifachzunder m (superquick, delay and time); Mehrfaehziinder m, Doppelziinder m. combination tool Mehrfachwerkzeug n. combination wheel-track car RaderRaupen-Wagen in. combination wheel-track drive EaderGleiskettenantrieb m (MT). combination wheel-track vehicle Hilfskettenfahrzeug n, Rader-Raupen-Fahrzeug n (MT). combine v kombinieran, (sich) vereinigen, zusammensetzen, verbinden (forces, etc.); kombinieren (Math). combined arms Verband m, Kampfverband m, gemischter Verband, verbundene Waff en (Tac). combined-arms armored force Panzerverband m. combined-arms force gemischter Verband. combined-arms unit Verband aller Waffen, gemischter Verband, Truppenverband m. combined force Kampfgruppe /. combined observation Artilleriebeob-

combined operations



achtung mit seitlicher Beobachtungsstelle. combined operations Operationen der verbundenen Waffen. combustible composition Anfeuerung / (Sig cartridge). combustion Verbrennung /. combustion chamber Verbrennungsraum m (Mtr); Laderaum m (G). "come in" signal Einflugzeichen n (Inst landing). coming flight Anflug m. command Befehl in, Kommando n (order) (Tac); Fiihrung / (leader ship); Kommandobehorde / (agen cy); Befehlsgewalt / (authority). command airplane ' Fuhrermaschine /. Command and General Staff School Puhrer- und Fiihrergehilfen-Schule / (USA). commandant Kcbmmandeur in (Mil school). command car Befehlswagen m, Kommandowagen in. command channel Befehlsweg m. commandeer requirieren, beitreiben. command element Stab m, Fiihrungsstab m, Truppenfuhrer mpl. commander Truppenfuhrer m, Befehlshaber m; Kommandeur m (bat talion and higher units); Kommandant m (Ap, Tk); Fregattenkapitan m (Nav). commander-in-chief Oberbefehlshaber m, Oberkommandierender m. Commander-in-Chief Oberster Befehlshaber. Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces Oberster Befehlshaber der Wehrmacht. commander of a unit Einheitsfiihrer m. commander of communications zone Kommandant des riickwartigen Armeegebiets. commander of the guard Wachvorgesetztef m, Wachhabender m. commander of troops Truppenbefehlshaber m. commander's armored truck Panzerbefehlswagen m (Armd Comd). commander's car Befehlswagen m. commanding officer Fuhrer m, Vorgesetzter m, Befehlshaber m, Truppenfiihrer m.

commander's tank Kommandeurpanzer m. command group Fiihrerstab m, Befehlsgruppe /: command headquarters Dienststelle /. commanding general Oberbefehlshaber m, Kommandierender General. commanding ground beherrschendes Gelande (Tac). commanding height beherrschende Hohe (Top). commanding position Hohenstellung /. command liaison Zusammenwirken mit benachbarten Komtnandostellen. command net Befehlsnetz n. Commando StoCtrupp m, Commando n (British). command of execution Operationsbefehl m (Tac); Ausfiihrungskommando n (drill). command pilot Flugzeugfiihrer mit uber 10 Dienstjahren. command post Gefechtsstand m, Befehlsstelle /, Kommandostelle /. command-post exercise Rahmeniibung / (staff training). command-post flag Kommandoflagge / (battalion or higher unit). command-post shelter Befehlsstand m. command set Funkanlage fur Verkehr von Bord zu Bord, Kommandogerat n (Ap, Rad). command tank Befehlspanzer in, Kommandopanzer m. command telephone central Fiihrungsvermittlung /. command truck Befehlswagen in, Kommandowagen m (MT). "Commence firing!" "Feuer frei!" commencement of firing Feueroffnuhg /. commencement of hostilities Ausbruch der Feindseligkeiten. commendation Anerkennungsschreiben n. comment n Erklarung /, Deutung /, Auslegung / (interpretation); Bemerkung / (remark); Anmerkung / comment v Erklarungen geben (in terpret) ; Bemerkungen machen (re mark); mit Anmerkungen versehen (annotate). commentary Stelluhgnahme / (Tac).




"Company, halt!"

commercial handelsiiblich (vehicles, etc.); kaufmannisch, kommerziell. commercial airplane' Verkehrsflugzeug n. commercial aviation Zivilluftfahrt/, Verkehrsfliegerei /. commercial loading Verladen mit bestmoglicher Raumausnutzung. commercial motor truck handelsublicher Lastkraftwagen. commercial vehicle Nutzfahrzeug n. commissary Verpflegungsamt n. commissary officer Verpflegungsoffizier in. commission n Patent n, Offizierspatent n (written order); Offiziersrang m (rank and authority). commission v das Patent verleihen

(as an 'officer); in Dienst stellen (a

netz n. communication officer
offizier m.

vessel). commissioned officer patentierter Offlzier, Offizier m. commit einsetzen, ansetzen (Tac); begehen (a crime). commitment Einsatz m (Tac). commitment of armored units Panzereinsatz in. commitment of major forces GroCeinsatz m, Masseneinsatz m (Tac). commitment order Einsatzbefehl m. commodore Konteradmiral m (Nav). common battery Zentralbatterie / (Tp). common battery system Zentralbatteriesystem n (Tp). communicable disease ansteckende Krankheit. communicating file Anschlufimann m, Verbindungsleute mpl. communicating trench See communi cation trench, communication Mitteilung /, Nachricht /; Verbindung /. communication battalion Nachrichtenabteilung /. communication chief Nachrichtenunteroffizier m. communication detail Nachriehtentrupp m. communication facilities Nachriehtenanlagen fpl. communication lines Verbindungslinien fpl. communication net Nachrichten-

communication platoon Nachrichtenzug m. communication repair truck Nachrichtenwerkstattkraftwagen m. communication route Verbindungsstrafie /. communications Nachrichtenmittel npl, Nachrichtenverbindung /, Nachrichtenwege mpl. communication section Nachrichtenstaffel /. communication station Fernmeldeanlage / (Rod, Tg, Tp). communications zone riickwartiges Armeegebiet, riickwartiges Gebiet, Etappe /. communications zone depot riick wartiges Nachschublager. communication transmission Nachrichteniibermittlung /. communication trench Verbindungsgraben m. communication truck Nachrichtenwagen m. communication unit Truppennachrichtenverband m. communique Kriegsbericht m; Heeresbericht m (official, Army). community Gemeinde / (religious,

territorial); Gemeinschaft / (social,


nungsgeldzuschufi m. commutation of rations Verpflegungszuschufi m. commutation value Vergiitungswert m. commutator Kollektor m, (Elec). compact adj dicht, fest, kompakt; kurz, gedrangt (figurative). company Kompanie /. company aid man Sanitatsunteroffizier m, Sanitater m. company area Kompanierevier n, Kompaniebezirk m. company boundary Kompaniegrenze /. company clerk Kompanieschreiber m. company commander Kompaniechef m, Kompaniefiihrer m. company command post Kompaniegefechtsstand m. company fund Kompaniegelder npl. company grade Kompanieoffiziersrang m. "Company, halt!" "Abteilung, halt!"

political). commutation of quarters


company headquarters



company headquarters Kompaniefiihrung /. company headquarters personnel Kompanietrupp TO. company litter bearer Kompaniekrankentrager m. company order Kompaniebefehl in. company orderly room Schreibcompany street Lagerstrafie /. company transport Kompaniefahrzeuge npl. company wedge formation Kompacompartment Kabine / (Ap). compartment of terrain Gelandeabschnitt m. compass Bussole /, KompaB m (magnetic); Zirkel m (drawing). compass azimuth Kompafikurswinkel m. compass azimuth ring Bussolenring m. compass bearing Kompafipeilung /, KompaBzahl /. compass bowl Kompaflkessel m (Ap). compass card KompaCrose /, Scheibenrose /. compass case Bussolengehause n. compass compensation Kompafiausgleichung /. compass course Kompafikurs m (Avn). compass declination Mifiweisung, Kompafimifiweisung /, Deklination /. compass error Deviation /, Kompafiablenkung /. compass heading Kompafikurs m. compass north magnetische Nordrichtung, KotnpaBnord m. compass rose KompaBrose /. compass traverse Bussolenzug m (Arty, Surv). compel zwingen, notigen. compensate ausschalten (for error, compensating jet Ausgleichdiise /. compensation Entschadigung / (re imbursement) ; Ersatz m (damages); Vergiitung / (award). compensator Ausgleicher m, Kompensator m (Ord, Mech). compilation Samtnlung /, Kompilation /. complaint Beschwerde /, Klage /, Klageschrift / (Law).

stube /.

niekeil m.

complement Bemannung /, Besatzung /, Starke /. complete adj vollzahlig, vollstandig; vollkommen (perfect); ganz (whole); vollendet (finished). complete cleaning Hauptreinigung / (R). complete order Gesamtbefehl in (Tac). complete round vollstandiger SchuB, kompletter SchuB (Am). completion Erledigung /. component n Bestandteil m, Einzelteil m, Komponente /. component adj einen Teil ausmachend, Teil-. composite connection Doppelbetriebsschaltung / (Tp). composite construction Gemischtbauweise /. compound n Einzaunung / (PW); Verbindung / (Cml). compound-wound motor Verbundmaschine /. compressed air Druckluft /, Prefiluft /. compressed-air cleaner Blaspistole / (MT). compressed-air cylinder PreBluftzylinder m. compressed-air equilibrator Luftausgleicher m (G). compressed-air flask PreBluftflasche /. compressed-air starter PreBluftancompressed-air tank Luftbehalter m. compression Verdichtung /, Verdichten n (Mtr). compression-and-rebound range Verschrankbarkeit der Achsen (of spring suspension) (MT). compression chamber Kompressionsraum m (Mtr). compression chord Druckgurt m (Bdg). compression cylinder Verdrangungszylinder in (counterrecoil mechan ism). compression ratio Verdichtungsverhaltnis n (Mtr). compression stroke Verdichtungscompressor Drucklufterzeuger m. compulsory zwingend, verbindlich, Zwangs-, Pflicht-. computation Berechnu'ng /.

lasser m (Mtr).

etc.) (Gunnery).

hub m (Mtr).



cone clutch

compute berechnen; schatzen (esti mate). computed charge Planladung /
(Engr). computer Dreieckrechner m (cir cular slide ride, Air Navigation); Rechner m (Pers); Reehengerat n, Rechenmaschine / (Inst). computing instrument Rechengerat n. computing slide rule Auswertelineal n (flash ranging). computing station Auswertestelle / (sound ranging). concave hohl. ausgehohlt, konkav. concave slope hohle Boschung, konkave Boschung, konkave Gelandeneigung (Top). conceal tarnen (Cam,); verbergen (an object or person); verhehlen, verheimlichen (a fact). concealed verdeckt, verschleiert. concealed machine gun SchweigeMG. n. concealed position verdeckte Stellung. concealment Deckung /, Verdeckung /, Verschleierung / (Tac). concentrate v massieren. concentrated attack geballter Angriff, massierter Angriff. concentrated charge geballte Ladung (Engr). concentrated fire zusammengefafites Feuer. concentration Zusammenballung /, Zusammenfassung /, Ansammlung / (Tac); Dichte /, Gehalt m, Kampfstoffgehalt m, Anreicherung /, Luftanreicherung / (CWS); Feuerschlag m, Feueriiberfall m (Arty). concentration area Aufmarschgebiet n (Tac). concentration camp Konzentrationslager n. concentration fire See concentrated fire. concentration march Aufmarsch m. concentration of fire Feuervereini-

conclusion Folge /, Folgerung /, Schlufi m (deduction, inference); Beschlufi m, Entscheidung / (deci sion); Abschlufi m (of a treaty), concrete Beton m (Engr). concrete bridge Betonbriicke /. concrete dugout Betonunterstand m. concrete emplacement Bunker m, Bunkerstand m. concrete mixer Betonmischmaschine /.
concrete bunker Betonbunker m.

gung / (Arty). concentration of troops Truppenansammlung /. concentration ring Korbring m (Bin). concentric konzentrisch. concertina -Drahtrolle /; Stacheldrahtrolle /, S.-Rolle / (barbed wire); Klaviersaitendrahtrolle /, K.Rolle / (plain wire).

concrete shelter Bunker m, Betonun terstand m. concrete turret Betonturm m (Ft). concur ubereinstimmen. concurrent gleichzeitig (at same time); iibereinstimmend (corres ponding); zustimmend (Law). concussion LuftstoC m; Erschiitterung /. concussion of the brain Gehirnerschiitterung /. concussion plunger Zundbolzen m (power-train time fuze) (Am). condemn verurteilen (to sentence) ; tadeln, mifibilligen (disapprove) ; beschlagnahmen (Law). condenser Kondensator m (Rad). condenser microphone Kondensatormikrophon n. condenser plates Belegungen fpl (Rad). condition Zustand m, Beschaffenheit / (state); Bedingung / (stipulation). condom Vorbeugungsmittel n, Schutzmittel n, Selbstschutzmittel n. conduct n Benehmen n, Betragen n (behavior); Fuhrung /, Leitung / (direction, management). conductivity Leitfahigkeit / (Elec). conduct of battle Kampffiihrung /. conduction capacitance Leitungskapazitat / (Elec).
conduct of field operations fiihrung /. Truppen-

concrete obstacle Betonsperre /. concrete paving block Zementfliese /. concrete pillbox Betonbunker m.

cone clutch Kegelkupplung /, Konuskupplung / (MT).

conduct of fire Feuerregelung /. conductor Leiter m (Elec); Schaffner m (RR). conduit Schacht m, DurchlaB m. cone Kegel m-; Garbe / (Ballistics)-; Lautsprechertrichter m (Rad).

cone of dispersion



cone of dispersion Garbe /, Feuergarbe /, Schufigarbe /, Streukegel m. cone of fire See cone of dispersion, cone of light Lichtkegel m. cone speaker Trichterlautsprecher m (Rod). conference Besprechung /, Fuhrerbesprechung /. conference call Sammelgesprach n (Tp). confidence Zuversicht / (reasonable certainty); Vertrauen n (trust). confidential vertraulich, geheim. confidential document Kommandosache /. configuration of terrain Gelandegestaltung /, Bodengestaltung /. confine begrenzen, einschranken (restrict); einsperren, einschlieBen (imprison). confinement Arrest m, Arreststrafe /, Haft /, Beschrankung /. confirm bestatigen. confirmatory order Befehlsbestatigung /. confiscation Beschlagnahme /. confuse verwirren, aus der Fassung bringen, bestiirzt machen (be wilder) ; verwirren, durcheinanderbringen (create disorder). confusion Verwirrung /, Unordnung /, Durcheinander n (disorder); Verlegenheit / (embarrassment, per plexity). congestion Verkehrsstockung / (traffic); Anhaufung /, tiberfiillung /. Congressional Medal of Honor Ehrenmedaille / (USA). conical peak Kegel m (Top). conical roller bearing Kegelrollenlager n. conic projection Kegelprojektion /. connect vermitteln (Tp); verbinden, anschliefien (Tech). connecting cord Verbindungsschnur / (Tp). connecting elements Verbindungsorgane npl (march column). connecting file AnschluCmann m, Verbindungsleute mpl. connecting group Verbindungstrupp m. connecting jack . Vermittlungsklinke / (Tp). connecting piece :AnschluBstuck n

connecting plug Anschlufistecker m (Elec). connecting point Anschlufipunkt m (in axes of Sig Com) (Tp). connecting rod Kurbelstange /, Pleuelstange /. connecting sleeve Kabelverbinder m (Tp). connecting thread AnschluBgewinde n (Mech). connecting trench Verbindungsgraben m. connecting wire Drahtverbindung /, Anschluflschnur / (Elec). connection Vermittlung /, Gesprachsverbindung / (Tp); Schaltung / (Elec). connector Kettenkurbel / (MG); Triebzahn m (caterpillar track). conquer erobern (territory or lo cality); besiegen (the enemy). conquest Eroberung /. conscientious objector Kriegsdienstverweigerer m. conscript v ausheben. conscription Aushebung /. consent v genehmigen (approve); beistimmen, einwilligen (agree to). consider bedenken, erwagen (ponder); in Betracht ziehen, beschatzen, halten fur, ansehen fur (to regard). consideration Betrachtung /, Erwagung /; Bedeutung /, Wichtigkeit / (importance); Riicksicht/ (thoughtfulness). consolidate vereinigen, zusammenbringen; ausbauen (a position). consolidation of position Einrichtcn einer Stellung. conspiracy Verschworung /. conspire sich verschworen. constant n Konstante / (Math). constant adj bestandig, unverandert, fortwahrend (continuous); konstant, gleichbleibend (Math). constant-mesh transmission Aphongetriebe n (MT). constellation Sternbild n, Konstellation /. constitute aufstellen (a unit). construct (er)bauen (build); errichten (erect); konstruieren, ent-

riicksichtigen (take into account);



(gas mask).

werfen (geometry).



control car
Aussetzung /, Aufschub

construction Jau m, Ausbau :n, Bauausf iihrung /, Fertigung /. construction battalion Baubataillon n. construction company Baukompanie construction detail Bautrupp m. construction float Einbaufahre /. construction troops Bautruppen f-pl. construction zone Baubezirk in. contact Beriihrung /, Fiihlung /, Verbindung ./, AnschluB m (Tac); Kontaktstiick n (Elec). "Contact!" "Bin!", "Ziindung eingestellt!" (4vn). contact fire Stofiziindung /, Beriihrungszundung / (Nav). contact flight Sichtnavigation / (Air Navigation). contact light Landebahnfeuer n (Adrm). contact mine Kontaktmine /, StoRmine /, Stofikappenmine / (Nav). contact mission Fiihlunghalten n contact party Werkstatt-Trupp n. contact patrol Verbindungspatrouille / (Tac); Infanterieflug m (Avn). contact piece Druckstiick n (R trig ger); Kontaktstiick n (Elec). contact point SchlieCstelle / (Elec). contact print Abzug m (Photo). contact surface Auflageflache /. contact with the enemy Feindberiihrung /. contagious disease ansteckende Krankheit. contain fesseln, festhalten, binderi, hinhalten (Tac). container Topf m (hand grenade); Behalter m (gasoline tank, etc.); Blechkanister m (metal container for gasoline, water, etc.); Fafi n, Tonne /, (barrel or drum). containing attack Fesselungsvorstofi in. contaminate vergiften (CWS). contaminated area Gassperre /, Kampfstoffsperre /, vergiftetes Gecontamination Vergiftung / (CWS). contempt Verachtung /; MiBachtung contest v streitig maehen. contiguous Nachbar-. contingent n Kontingent n (quota of
iroops, etc.). contingent adj abhangig, bedingt.

m (Law). continuous fire
rung / (Rad).

Dauerfeuer n (MG,

/ (Mil).

AAA). continuous interference

continuous note Dauerton m (Rad). continuous radio alert Funkdauerbereitschaft •/. contour n Hohenlinie /, Hohenschichtlinie / (Top). contour interval senkrechter Abstand der Schichtlinien (Top). contour line Hohenlinie /, Hohenschichtlinie /, Schichtlinie / (Top). contour map Hohenlinienkarte /. contraband of. war Bannware /, Konterbande /, Kriegskonterbande /. contract n Vertrag m. contract v einen Vertrag abschlieCen (sich) zusammenziehen, einschrumpfen, eingehen (shrink). contracting powers Vertragsstaaten mpl (treaties, etc.). contracting officer zu Vertragsabschliissen bevollmachtigter Offizier. contracting parties vertragschliefiende Teile (Law). contractor Vertragsschliefiende (r) m, Kontrahent m; Bauunternehmer m (builder); Lieferant m (supplier). contract surgeon Vertragsarzt m. contradiction Widersprueh m. contrast Gegensatz m, Kontrast m. control n Kontrolle/, Oberaufsicht/, Leitung /; Kontroll-; Leit-. control v beaufsichtigen, iibefwa• chen, kontrollieren; nachpriif en sich beherrschen (restrain oneself). control airport Flughafen mit Flugsicherungsanlagen. control aneroid barometrische Reglerdose (Ap engine). control board Schalttafel / (Elec). control box Kupplungskasten m (AA director). control buoy Minenmarkierboje / (Nav). control cabin Fiihrerraum m, Fiihrerkanzel /, Fiihrerstand / (Ap). control cable Bowdenzug m (in flex ible steel conduit). control car Fiihrergondel / (air ship).

(business); anstecken (a disease);


(checkup); (be)herrschen (govern);

lande (CWS). / (of court).

control center


cooling liquid

control center Luftschutzwarnzentrale / (AWS). control column Steuersaule / (Ap). control device Bedienungseinrichtung /. control flag Winkflagge /, Winkerflagge /. control grid Steuergitter n (Rad tube). control grip Drehgriff m (Mtcl). controllable kontrollierbar (capable of supervision); steuerbar (Tech); verstellbar (Ap propeller). controllable-pitch propeller Verstellschraube /, Verstell-Luftschraube /, Dreiblattverstellschraube / (threeblade) (Ap). controlled mine Grundmine /, Beobachtungsmine / (Nav). controlled mosaic Bildplan m (aerial Photo). controlled tower Sprungturm in, Fallschirm-Absprungturm m (Prcht Tng). controller Bediener in (AA search light).

control zone Flugplatzzone / (Adrm). contusion Quetschung /, Quetschwunde / (Med). convalescence Genesung /, Konvaleszenz /. convalescent n Rekonvaleszent m. convalescent camp Genesungsanstalt /, Genesungsheim n. convalescent hospital Leichtkrankenkriegslazarett n. convection Strahlung /, Konvektion

/. conventional sign

Kartensignatur/, Signatur/ (Top). converge zusammenlaufen, konvergieren. convergence Zusammenlaufen n, Zusammenstrahlen n. convergent zusammenlaufend, konvergierend. converging attack konzentrischer Angriff (Tac). converging fire konzentrisches Feuer conversion Umrechnung / (Math). conversion table Umrechnungstabelle /, Umrechnungstafel /. convert v umrechnen (Math); umandern, umwandeln (change) ; bekehren (to a party, religion). converter Umformer m (Elec); Chiffriermaschine /, Schliisselmaschine / (cipher device). converter unit Umformersatz m (Elec).. convertible umrechenbar (Math); vertauschbar, umwechselbar, umwandelbar. convex konvex, gewolbt. convex slope gewolbte Boschung (Top). convoy Begleitzug m, Geleitzug m. convoy commander Kraftfahrzeugkolonnenfuhrer m (MT). convoy guard Geleitschutz m (Nav). cook n Feldkochunteroffizier m cooking pit Kochloch n. cool v kuhlen, abkuhlen. cool adj kiihl, frisch; ruhig (calm). coolant Kiihlmittel n (Mtr). cooling fin Kiihlrippe /, Lamelle / (Mtr). cooling liquid Kuhlfliissigkeit / (Mtr).

Kartenzeichen n,



control officer Marschfiihrer m (march column). control of the air Luftherrschaft /. control panel Schalttafel / (Elec). control point Orientierungspunkt m, Festpunkt m (Surv); Verkehrsposten m, Marschkontrollstelle / (traf fic) ; Auskunftstelle /, Meldestelle / (Sig C). control rod Verstellwelle / (Ap). controls Flugzeugsteuerung /, Steuerung /, Steuerorgane npl (Ap). control servo Hilfsvorrichtung /, Servomotor m, Trimmklappe f (Ap). control shaft Steuerwelle / (Ap). control station Scheinwerferrichtungsweiser m (AA SL); Leitfunkstelle /, Hauptfunkstelle / (Rad).

Steuern n.

control stick Kniippel m, Steuerknuppel m (Ap). control surface Steuerflache / (Ap). control system Steuerung / (Ap). control tower Abfertigungsgebaude n, Aufsichtsturm m, Befehlsgebaude n, Befehlsstelle / (Adrm), control wheel Steuerrad n (Ap).

control-station traffic Leitverkehr m (Rad).


cooling system



cooling system Kiihlung /, Kiihlanlage / (Mtr). cooperate mitwirken, zusammenarbeiten; beitragen (contribute to); unterstiitzen (support). cooperation Mitwirkung /, Zusammenarbeit /; Unterstiitzung / (sup port). cooperative ad] mitwirkend; behilflich. coordinate n Koordinafe /. coordinate v beiordnen, koordinieren, zum Zusammenwirken 'bringen. coordinate cards Koordinatenschieber mpl (Surv). coordinated attack planmafiiger An griff, einheitlich angesetzter Angriff (Tac). coordinate map grid Gitternetz n. coordinate scale Planzeiger m (Arty, Surv). coordinate system Koordinateiisystem n. coordination Zusammenwirken n. co-pilot zweiter Flugzeugf iihrer. copper Kupfer n. copper cup kupfernes Hiitchen (car tridge). copper shell Kupferkapsel / (deto nator cap). copper wire Kupferdraht m. copy n Abschrift /, Kopie /,• Durchschlag m (carbon copy); Exemplar n, Abdruck m (of a book); Manuskript n (for printer);' Nummer / (of a newspaper); Nachahmung / (imitation). cord Seil n, Strick m (rope); Schnur / (twine); Klafter / (of wood). cord fuze Leitfeuer n (Engr). cord-fuze detonation Leitfeuerziindung / (Engr). cord-fuze detonator Leitfeuerzundmittel n (Engr). cordite Kordit n (explosive). cord lashing Schnurbund m (Engr). cordon. Giirtel m (Tac). cord powder Stabchenpulver n (Am). corduroy road Knuppelweg m, Kniippeldamm TO, Schwellenbahn /. core of bullet Geschofikern TO. cork Kork TO (substance); Kork(en) TO, Pfropfen m, Stopsel m (stopper). corkscrew Korkenzieher m. coronet Hufkrone / (of hoof). corporal Obergefreiter m.

Auffiihrencorporal of the guard der TO. corps Korps n. corps area Korpsbezirk m. corps artillery Korpsartillerie /. corps artillery commander Artilleriekommandeur TO. corps cavalry regiment Korps-Kavallerieregiment n. corps combat order Korpsbefehl in. corps communication battalion Korpsnachrichtenabteilung /. corpse Leiche /. corps engineer Kommahdeur der Pioniere. corps headquarters Generalkommando n, Korpskommando n. Corps of Chaplains Wehrmachtseelsorgedienst m. Corps of Engineers Pionierkorps n, Pioniertruppe '/. corps quartermaster Kommandeur der Korpsnachschubtruppen (USA). corps supply column Korpsnachschubkolonne /. corps troops Korpstruppen fpl. corrected azimuth berichtigte Teilringeinstellung (Gunnery). corrected deflection berichtigte Seitenrichtung (Gunnery). corrected elevation Aufsatzerhohung / (Gunnery). corrected range Aufsatzentfernung / (Gunnery). correction Berichtigung /, Verbesse-

rung / (Gunnery); Irrung / (Had

procedure). correction angle Verbesserungswinkel TO (Gunnery). correction factor Verbesserungswert m (Ballistics). corrector Brennlangenschieber m (fuze). corrector pointer Schlusselschieber m (hand fuze setter). correlation Wechselbeziehung /, Korrelation /. correspondence Schriftverkehr m. correspondence course Fernkurs TO. correspondent Kriegsberichter TO (in Ger propaganda Co); Berichter TO, Berichterstatter m, Korrespondent corresponding range

grenze /. corridor Gelandestreifen TO.





corroboration Bekraftigung /, Bestatigung /. corrugated paper Wellpappe /. cosecant Kosekante /. cosine Kosinus TO. cost n Preis m, Kosten pi. cot Feldbett n, Pritsche /. cotangent Kotangens m (function); Kotangente / (line). cotter pin Splint m. cotton Baumwolle /; Watte / (Med). cotton linters Baumwollabfall m. cotton waste Putzwolle / (for clean ing). counsel Anwalt in, Rechtsbeistand m

(Law); Rat m (advice). count n Graf m (title); Zahl /

(number). n (Mech). count v zahlen (enumerate); rech"Count off!" "Abzahlen!" nen (compute). Land n; Gelande n (ter counteract zuwiderhandeln, entge- country rain); Gegend / (region). genwirken; verhindern (prevent); country of origin Heimatstaat m. vereiteln (nullify). counterapproach trench Gegenlauf- couple v aufprotzen (Arty). - coupling Kopplung / (Mech, Rad) ; graben TO. Kupplung / (Mech); Anschlufi in counterattack Gegenangriff TO (Tac). (Or A). counterbalance Massenausgleich m courier Kurier m. (Ap); Gegengewicht n (Mech). courier mail Kurierpost /. counterbattery fire Artilleriebe- course Kurs m (Nav, Avn); Flugkampfung /. weg m, Flugrichtung / (Avn); Lehrcounterclockwise im Gegensinn zum gang in (instruction). Uhrzeiger, im Gegenzeigersinn, course determination Flugwegbestimlinksgangig, linkslaufend. mung / (Air Navigation). counterespionage Spionageabwehr /, course light Sti'eckenfeuer n, Gegenspionage /. Flugstreckenfeuer n. counterfire Erwiderungsfeuer n, Ge- course of target Zielweg m (AA genfeuer n, Feuerkampf m. gunnery). counterintelligence Abwehrdienst m. court Gericht n. See also military countermand Gegenbefehl geben. court, countermarch Gegenmarsch m. courtesy Hoflichkeit /, hofliche Forcountermeasure Gegenmafinahme /. men. See also military courtesy, countermine Gegenmine /, Gegen- court-martial Kriegsgericht n. stollen m. court-martial proceedings Kriegsgecounteroffensive Gegenoffensive /. richtsverfahren n. counterorder Gegenbefehl in. court plaster Leukoplast n. counterpoise Gegengewicht n (Rad, cover n Schutz m; Decke /; Deckel Mech); Beschwerungssttick n, BeTO; Uberzug TO; Deckung /, Einschwerungsrohr n (G). deckung / (Ft); Aufnahme / (for withdrawal in delaying action, Tac) ; counterpreparation Gegenvorbereitungsfeuer n. Htilsenbrticke / (R receiver). counterpropaganda Gegenpropagan- cover v durch Feuer decken, decken, da /. schutzen. counterrecoil Vorlauf m, Vorlauf- coverage Bedeckung / (Met); Feuerschutz m, Feuerunterstutzung bewegung /. counterrecoil mechanism Vorholeein/ (Tac); Gelandeausschnitt m richtung /, Vorholer m (G). (aerial Photo).

counterrecoil piston rod Vorlaufhemmstange / (G). counterreconnaissance Gegenaufklarung /. counterreconnaissance screen Gegenaufklarungsstreifen TO. counterrotating propellers gegenlaufige Luftschrauben (Ap). countershaft Vorgelegewelle / (MT). countersign Erkennungswort n, Gcgenlosung /. counterslope Gegenboschung /, Gegenhang m. counterthrust Gegenstofi m (Tac). counterweight Beschwerungssttick n, Beschwerungsrohr n (G); Massen ausgleich m (Ap); Gegengewicht




covering Tarndecke / (Cam); Aufienhaut /, Bespannung / (Ap); Verschalung /. covering fire Feuerschutz in. covering forcS Deckungstruppe /;
Aufnahme / (reserve force covering

crankshaft Kurbelwelle / (Mtr). crankshaft assembly Kurbeltriebwerk n (Mtr). crankshaft throw Kropfung der Kurbelwelle (Mtr). crank starter Handanlasser m crankwheel , Kurbelrad n (G). crankwheel operation exercise Kurbeliibung / (gun laying). crash n Bruch m (Avn). crash boat Fliegerrettungsboot n. crash helmet Schutzmiitze / (Armd Comd); Sturzhelm m. crash landing Bruchlandung / crash padding Schutzpolsterung /. crater Trichter m, Sprengtrichter m. crater charge Trichterladung / (Engr). crawl v robben (on land); kraulen
(swimming). (Avn). (Mtr).

withdrawal from action). covering party Deckungstrupp m. covering position vorgeschobene Stellung (in defense); Aufnahrnestellung / (covering withdrawal from

action). "Cover off!" "Vordermann!"; "Auf Vordermann gehen!" (behind file leaders ivhen in platoon front). cover off auf Vordermann gehen, auf Vordermann stehen, Vordermann nehmen. cover plate Abdeckplatte / (G). cover-plate latch Deckelriegel m (MG). cover-plate lock Deckelsperre /

crawl forward sich vorrobben. crawl trench Kriechgraben m. cover position gedeckte Stellung. credit n Kredit m, Guthaben n (fi cover trench Deckungsgraben m. nancial); Anerkennung / (acknow cowardice Feigheit /. ledgment). cowl flaps LuftabfluGklappen fpl creep kriechen. (Ap). cowling Haube /, Verkleidung / creeping barrage Feuerwalze /. cremation Einascherung /. (Ap). creosote Kreosot n. crab Luvwinkel m (Avn). cresol soap solution Kresolseifencrabbing windschiefer Flug (Avn). losung /, Kresohvasser n. crack n RiG TO, Sprung m, Spalt m (split); Krach m, Knall m (sound). crest Kamm in, Kammlinie / (Top); Gewehrauflage /, Brustwehrkrone / crack v zerspalten, zersprengen, zer(trench); Krone /'. brechen. crew Besatzung /, Mannschaft / crack-up Bruch in (Avn). (Ap, Tk); Bedienung / (G, SL). cradle Wiege /, Rohrwiege / (G); Gewehrtrager m (on MG sleigh crib Stapel m (Bdg). crime Verbrechen n. mount or tripod). criminal Verbrecher m. cradle frame Wiegentrager m (G). cradle guide rails Wiegengleitbahn / ~crimp Wiirgung / (Am). crimper Wiirgezange /. (G). critical item Sparstoff m. cradle lock Wiegenzurrung / (G). craft Wasserfahrzeug n (stream critical point Gefahrpunkt m, kritischer Punkt (Tac); Wechselpunkt crossing). m (Top). crane Kran m (Engr). crank n Kurbel /. critical speed kritische Geschwindigcrank v andrehen, ankurbeln, ankeit; DurehsackgescLwindigkeit / werfen. (Avn); kritische Drehzahl (Mech). crank arm Kurbelarm m (crank critical zone Planfeuerwiirfel m crankcase Kurbelgehause n (Mtr). crank handle Andrehkurbel / (MT). crank mechanism Kurbeltrieb in (Mech). crankpin Kurbelzapfen m (Mtr).

critique Schlufibesprechung /. cross n Kreuz n; •Zapf enkreuz n
(universal joint) (MT). cross v iiberqueren (a river, etc.); ubei-schreiten (a bridge, road, etc.).

(AA firing).




crossbar Traverse / (split-trail car riage) ; Querverbindung / (log sled). crossbelt Schulterriemen m (Clo). cross bracing Auskreuzung / (Ap); Querverstrebung / (Bdg). cross-country querfeldein; gelandegangig; Uberland-, Gelande-. cross-country driving Gelandefahren n. cross-country flight tJberlandflug m. cross-country mobility Gelandegangigkeit /. cross-country vehicle Gelandefahrzeug n (MT). crosscut saw Hirnsage /, Quersage /. cross-examination Kreuzverhor n. cross-examine einem Kreuzverhor unterwerfen. cross-fire v Feuer kreuzen (firing). cross hairs Fadenkreuz n (Optics). cross hole screw Kreuzlochschraube /. crossing Ubergang m. crossing of ditches Grabendurchfahrt / (MT). crossing of rivers Uberwinden von Fliissen. crossing point Ubersetzstelle /. crossing station Ubergangsbahnhof m, Kreuzungsbahnhof m (RR). crossing target querfahrendes Ziel. cross level n Querlibelle /, Verkantungslibelle / (Optics, Surv, Arty); Radstandlibelle / (G). cross-level v die Libelle einspielen. cross-level drive Verkantungstrieb m (Optics, Ord). cross leveling Libelleneinstellung / (firing). cross-leveling mechanism Radstandtrieb -m (G sight). cross lines Kreuzleinen fpl (of har ness). crosspiece Ducht / (boat). cross pipe fitting Kreuzmuffe /. crossroads Wegekreuzung /, Strafienkreuzung /. cross section Profil n, Querschnitt m. cross wind seitlicher Schiebewind (Avn). cross-wind landing Landung mit Seitenwind. cross-wind takeoff Start mit Seiten wind. cross wires Fadenkreuz n (Optics). crouching fox hole Hockloch n.
cross fire n Kreuzfeuer n.

croup Kruppe / (horse). crowbar Brechstange /, Hebebaum m. crown of roadbed Bahnkrone/ (RR). crownpiece Kopfstuck n (harness). crucible steel Tiegelgufistahl m, crude oil Rohol n. cruise v fahren (vehicle or ship); kreuzen (ship); fliegen (Ap). cruiser Kreuzer m. cruising power rating Reisedauerleistung /. cruising radius Fahrbereich m (MT, Tk): cruising speed Reisegeschwindigkeit f (Ap); Marschgeschwindigkeit / (MT). crush (zer)quetschen, zerdriicken, zermalmen. cryptanalysis Entzifferung /, Geheimschriftanalyse /. cryptogram Kryptogramm«. cryptograph See cryptogram, cryptography Geheimschrift /. crystal Kristall m. crystal control Quarzsteuerung / (Rad). crystal-controlled transmitter quarzgesteuerter Sender (Rad). crystal detector Kristalldetektor m (Rad). cube n Wiirfel m, Kubus m; Kubikzahl /, dritte Potenz (Math). cubed zur dritten Potenz erhoben. cubic centimeter Kubikzentimeter n. cultivated fields bebaute Felder. culvert DurchlaS m. cumulus cloud Haufenwolke /, Kumuluswolke /. cup Trinkbecher m (drinking); Schmierbiichse / (grease); Hiitchen n (cartridge). cup anemometer Schalenkreuzwindmesser m (Met). cupola Kuppel /, Beobachtungskuppel /, Turmkuppel /, Beobachtungsturmchen n, Turmaufsatz m (Tk). cupola mount Kuppellafette / (Ap). curb bit Kandare / (harness). curb chain Kinnkette / (harness). curbing Rodelung / (Bdg). curb lashing Rodeln n (Bdg). curb rail Rodelbalken m (Bdg). curb rein Kandarenziigel m (har ness). cure v heilen. curfew Ausgehverbot n (Mil Govt).



daily ration

currency Wahrung/; Geld n (money). current n Strom m, Stromung /. current capacity Stromaufnahme / (Rad). current consumer Stromverbraucher

m (Elec). current flow StromfluG m (Elec). current generator unit Stromaggregat n (Elec). current intensity Stromstarke /

cut v schneiden, abschneiden (wire, etc.); hauen, abhauen (trees, etc.). cut a fuze Ziinder einstellen. cut-and-cover shelter Unterschlupf m. cut film Schnittfilm m. cut off trennen (Elec, Tp). cut-off frequency Grenzfrequenz / cutout Auspuffklappe / (Mtr). cutter See cutting pliers, cutting pliers Zwickzange / (Engr). cw tonlos (marking on Rad set). cw transmission TelegraphiesenStoff TO (CWS). cyanogen chloride Chlorzyan n, Cyanogenchlorid n (CWS). cycle Periode /, Hertz n (Elec); Kreisprozefi TO (Mtr); Kreislauf m. cyclic change mechanism Vorrichtung zur Verlangsamung der Schufi-


Krummung /, Kurve /, Bogen m. curved-chord truss Parabel-Fachwerktrager m (Engr). curved spur track Gleiskurve /, Klaue / (RR gun). curve of the trajectory Gestalt der Flugbahn. curvilinear flight Kurvenflug m. cushion tire Pneumassivreifen m, Hochelastikreifen m (MT). custodian Urkundenbewahrer m (of documents). custody Haft /, Gewahrsam m; Aufsicht /, Hut /, Verwahrung / (care) ; Schutz m (protection). custom Gebrauch m. custom house Zollhaus n. customs of the service Truppenbrauch m. customs of war Kriegsbrauch m, Kriegsgebrauch m. cut n Durchstich m, Einschnitt m

vorhang m. curvature Krummung /, Biegung /. curve n Strafienbiegung / (road);

mefigerat n (Elec). current supplies laufender Nachschub. current supply Stromzufuhr /, Stromvorrat m, (Elec). current surge StromstoB m, (Elec). currycomb Striegel TO. curtain door Gasschutzvorhang m. curtain of antiaircraft fire Flaksperre /, Sperrfeuerwand /. curtain of fire Feuerwand /, Feuer-

(Elec.) current-measuring instrument Strom-

dung / (Rad). cyanogen bromide Bromzyan n, Ce-

change mechanism, cyclogiro Eadflugelflugzeug n (Avn). cyclone Zyklon m, Tief n (low); Orkan m, Taif un m (tropical) } Wir-

folge (automatic R). cyclic rate Schufifolge /. cyclic rate mechanism See cyclic

belsturm TO, Tornado m, Trombe /

cylinder Zylinder m. cylinder block Motorblock m, Zylinderblock TO (Mtr). cylinder grinding Zylinderschleifen cylinder head Zylinderkopf m (Mtr). cylinder liner Zylinderlaufbiichse / cylinder wall Zylinderwand / (Mtr). cylindrical zylindriseh, walzenformig. cylindrical cam Lenkschraube / (steering column, MT}. cylindrical grid Zylinderelektrode / (Rad tube). cylindrical mount Walzenblende /

-n (Mtr). (Mtr).

(Engr, RR); Schnitt m (injury or wound); Hieb m (slash).

(Tk gun).

dagger Dolch TO. daily automatic supply
gung /. Tagesversordaily ration Tagesverpflegung /. daily ration strength return Starkenachweis fur die Tagesverpflegung.

daily sick report



daily sick report Krankenmeldung /. daily stock record Bestandsnachweisung /. daily strength report Iststarkenachweisung /. daily telegram tagliche Starke- und Bedarfsmeldung. daily train tagliche Nachschubkolonne (MT). dam Damm TO, Stauanlage /; Tal-

datum plane Bezugsebene /, Bezugs-

flache / (Surv). datum point Bezugspunkt m (Surv). davit Davit m, Schw.enkdavit m daybook Kriegstagebuch n. daybreak . Tagesanbruch m. daylight attack Tagesangriff m, TagesvorstoB m. day march Tagmarsch m. day of fire Munition fur einen Tag. day of supply Tagesverbrauch w, Vorratsbestand fur einen Tag. day's destination Tagesziel n. day's march Tagesmarsch m. day's objective Tagesziel n. dazzle-painted bunt bemalt (Cam). dazzle painting Buntfarbenanstrich m (Cam). DB boat Hilfsfahrzeug zum Legen von Grundminen (Nav). d-c generator Gleichstromerzeuger m. dead tot. dead abatis schwere Baumsperre. dead area toter SchuBraum. dead center Totpunkt m (Mtr). dead-end road Sackgasse /; Holzweg m (in a forest). dead-end station Kopfbahnhof m dead-end street Sackgasse /. dead file erledigte Akten. deadline Termin m. deadman eingebetteter waagerecht liegender Verankerungspfahl dead reckoning Koppeln n (Avn). dead reckoning navigation Koppelnavigation / (Avn). dead reckoning position Koppelort m (Air Navigation). dead space toter SchuBraum, toter Trichter, gedeckter Raum, toter Winkel (Gunnery). dead-stick landing Landung mit abgestelltem Motor (Avn). dead time Kommando- und Ladeverzugszeit / (Gunnery). death Tod m. death sentence Todesurteil n. debarkation Ausbooten n, Ausbootung /. debarkation officer Landungsoffizier m. debouch aus einer Enge heraustreten gelande heraustreten (from a wood).


sperre / (across a valley); Buhne /

(diversion). damage n Beschadigung /, Schaden m. damage v beschadigen. damage control Schadenbekampfung /. damming Anstauung / (Engr). damped oscillations gedampfte Schwingungen (Rad). damped waves' gedampfte Wellen damping Dampfung / (Elec, Rad). damping device Dampfungsvorrichtung /. danger Gefahr /. danger area SchuBbereich m. danger flag Warnflagge /. danger of icing Vereisungsgefahr / (Avn). danger of interception Abhorgefahr dangerous gefahrlich. danger signal Warnsignal n. danger space Visierbereich m (MG darkness Dunkelheit /, Finsternis /. darkroom Dunkelkammer /. dash n Strich m (Tg). . • dashboard Instrumentenbrett n. data Grundlagen fpl, Unterlagen fpl, Angaben fpl, Daten npl. data board Schreibbrett n (Arty). data card Merkzettel m. data computer Kommandogerat n. data receiver Empfanger m (data transmission system). data transmission system tjbertragungsgerat n (AAA). data transmitter Geber m (data transmission system). date Datum n. datum Unterlage /, Angabe /, Datum n. datum level Bezugsebene / (Surv). datum line Bezugslinie / (Surv).



/ (Tp).



(from a defile); aus dem Wald-

debris Triimmer pi.



deck Deck n (Tk, Nav); Oberseite /. declaration of war Kriegserkla(compass). declination Mifiweisung /, KompaCmiflweisung / (compass). declination constant Mifiweisung /, OrtsmiOweisung /.

decibel Phon 'n, Dezibel n. decipher entschliisseln, entziffern, dechiffrieren. decision EntschluC m (Tac). decisive ausschlaggebend, entscheidend. decisive action Entseheidungsgefeeht n (Tac). decisive battle Entscheidungskampf m (Tac).

deceptive smoke screen Scheinverneblung /.

debt Schuld /. deceive tauschen, vortauschen. deception Tauschung /. deceptive irrefuhrend, Tauschungs-, Schein-.

rung /. declinate Ortsmifiweisung bestimmen

declinator Richtkreis-Bussole /, Bussole / (aiming circle). decode entschliisseln. decontaminate entgiften (CWS). decontaminating agent Entgiftungsmittel n, Entgiftungsstoff in. decontaminating apparatus Entgiftungsgerat n; Zerstaubergerat n Pulverzerstauber m (CWS). decontaminating sprayer Pliissigkeitszei-stauber fur Entgiftung. decontamination Entgiftimg /. decontamination agent Entgiftungs stoff m (CWS). decontamination battalion Entgifgiftungstrommel. decontamination drum Entgiftungstrommel /. decontamination point Entgiftungsplatz m (CWS). decontamination service tungsabteilung /. decontamination cart fahrbare Ent(spray). decontaminating-powder sprayer

tungsdienst m. decontamination squad
truppen fpl.


trupp m. decontamination troops


defensive installations Verteidigungsanlagen fpl. defensive line Verteidigungslinie /. defensively abwehrweise. defensive measure Abwehrmafinahme /.
defensive-offensive teidigung. offensive Ver

defensive front

defense area Verteidigungsraum m. Defense Command Landesverteidigungsbezirk m (USA). defense in depth nach Tiefe gegliederte Verteidigung. defense plan Verteidigungsplan m. defense system Wehrorganisation / (total armed defense system of a country); Landesverteidigungsorganisation / (home defense); Befestigungsanlagen fpl (Ft). defensive n Defensive /, Verteidi gung / (Tac). defensive adj defensiv, in der Ver teidigung. defensive area Verteidigungsraum m. defensive arm Abwehrwaffe /. defensive battle Abwehrschlacht /. defensive coastal area Kiistenverteidigungsabschnitt in. defensive combat Abwehrkampf in, Abwehrgefecht n (Tac). defensive fire Abwehrfeuer n, Notfeuer n (Arty, MG).
Abwehrfront /.

defense Verteidigung /, Abwehr / (as distinguished from Schutz, pro tection, Tac).

decopper entkupfern. decoppering agent Entkupferungsmittel n. decoration Auszeichnung /, Ehrenzeichen n. decoy n Lockmittel n, Falle /. decoy v heranlocken. decryptograph "entziffern, entschliis seln, dechiffrieren. deduct abziehen, subtrahieren. deep-sea diver Torpedotaucher m. deep thrust tiefer Vorstofi (Tac). defeat n Niederlage /. defeat v schlagen, besiegen. defecate den Darm entleeren; scheifien (vulgar). defect Fehler m; Materialfehler m (structural); Konstruktionsfehler m (design); Sehfehler m (vision). defective fehlerhaft.

defensive operations


demolition bomb

defensive operations Verteidigungsoperationen fpl. defensive position Verteidigungsstellung /. defensive preparation Abwehrvorbereitung /. defensive sector Verteidigungsabschnitt in. defensive weapon Abwehrwaffe /. defensive zone Abwehrzone /, Verteidigungszone /. defer zuruckstellen. deferment Zuriickstellung /. defilade Gelandeschutz m. defiladed area gedeckter Raum. defile Enge /, Engpafi m (Tac). defile between lakes Seenenge /. definition Linsenscharfe / (of a lens); Definition /, Begriffsbestimmung / (of a word). deflagration Verbrennung /, Deflagr.ation / (powder). deflection Seitenabweiehung / (Gun nery); Ablenkung /; Strahlungsablenkung/^o/ Rad waves); Duvchbiegung / (of a beam or girder). deflection angle Seitenwinkel m (Gunnery). deflection board Seitenrichtschieber m (CA). deflection change Seitenanderung / (Gunnery). deflection correction Seitenanderung /, Seitenverbesserung / (Gunnery). deflection difference Feuervereinigungswinkel m (Btry firing). deflection dispersion Breitenstreuung / (Ballistics). deflection reading Festlegezahl / (Gunnery). deflection scale Seitenrichtteilung /. deflector box Hulsenkasten m (AA gun). degassing Entgasung /, Entgasen n. de-gaussing Entmagnetisierung / (Nav). degreasing Entfettung / (MT). degree Grad m (of circle, tempera ture); Stufe / (stage or step); Grad m, Mali n (extent). dehydrated meat Dorrfleisch n. dehydrated vegetables Dorrgemuse n. de-icer Enteiser m, Enteisungsgerat n, Vereisungsschutzgerat n (Ap). de-icing system Enteisungsanlage /. delay v hinhalten (Tac).

delay n Verzogerung /, Verzug m; Aufschub m. delayed-action bomb Bombe mit Verzugszeit. delayed-action fuze Aufschlagziinder mit Verzogerung, Verzogerungsztinder m. delayed-action mine Verzogerungsmine / (Engr). delayed jump Absprung mit verzogerter Offnung (Prcht). delay fuze Aufschlagzunder mit Verzogerung, Verzogerungszunder m. delaying action hinhaltendes Gefecht (Tac). delaying position Widerstandsstellung im hinhaltenden Gefecht, Aufnahmestellung / (Tac). delaying unit Widerstandsgruppe / (Tac). delay pellet Verzogerungssatz m. delay powder train Verzogerungs satz m (fuze). delegation of authority Ubertragung einer Amtsgewalt. deliberate field fortification planmafiige Feldbefestigung. deliver liefern, abliefern. delivery Auslieferung /. delivery container Abwurfkiste / (airborne operations). delivery roadv/ay LadestraCe / (RR freif/ht station). delivery unit Fallschirmlast /, Vei-sorgungsbehalter m (airborne sup ply). delouse entlausen. deiousing Entlausung /. delousing station Entlausungsstation /. delta connection Dreieckschaltung / (Elec). demarcation Abgrenzung /. demilitarize militarisch riiumen, entmilitarisieren. demobilization Demobilmachung /. demobilize demobilmachen. demolish sprengen (blow up); niederreifien, abreifien, abbrechen (tear down); zerstoren, vernichten (to ruin). demolition Sprengung /, Zerstorung /, Demolierung /. demolition block Sprengbuchse / (Engr). demolition bomb Sprengbombe /.

demolition chamber


desiccated cell

demolition chamber Minenkanimer / (Bdg, mine); Sprengstelle / (Bdg). demolition detail Sprengtrupp in. demolition equipment Sprenggerat n, Ziindgerat n (Engr). demolition installation Minenanlage demolition mission Sprengauftrag m. demolition order Sprengbefehl m, Sprengauftrag m. demolition party Sprengkommando n. demolition plan Sprengplan m (Engr). demolition service Sprengdienst m. demolition squad Sprengtrupp m. demonstration Tauschungsmanover n, Scheingefecht n, Scheinangriff m (Tac); Vorfiihrung /. demonstration chart Unterrichtstafel / (Tng). demonstration flight Schauflug in (Avn). demonstration material Anschauungsmittel npl (Tng aids). demoralize demoralisieren, entmutigen. demotion Degradatien /, Dienstgradherabsetzung /. denim Drillich TO, Drilch m. densimeter Dichtemesser m, Dichtigkeitsmesser TO. density Dichte /. density of fire Feuerdichte /. density of fragments Splitterdichte / (Arty). density of gas coverage Belegungsstarke / (CWS). density of loading Ladedichte / (Am). . Dental Corps zahnarztliches Korps dental officer Sanitatsoffizier (Z) m. dental surgeon Kriegszahnarzt m. dental technician Zahntechniker m. dental treatment Zahnbehandlung /. dentist Zahnarzt m. depart abriicken, abmarschiereri, aufbrechen. departing flight Abflug TO (AA). department Abteilung / (branch, section); Verwaltungsbereich m (sphere); Behorde / (Adm.); Ministerium n (of government).

departure point Aufbruchsort TO. departure time Aufbruchszeit /. dependency benefits Familienunterhalt m. dependent Unterhaltsberechtigter m. deploy entwickeln, ausschwarmen. deployed riflemen Schiitzen in Entwicklung. deployment Entwicklung / (Tac). deployment for action Gefechtsentwicklung / (Tac). deport verschicken, verbannen, deportieren; abschieben (aliens). depot Lager n, Park m (Mil) ; Bahnhof m (RR station); Zweiglager n (branch depot). depot quartermaster Lagermeister m (Ger: civilian official). depress senken (G). depression Mulde / (Top); Tief n. (Met). depression angle Senkungswinkel m (G). depression position finder Azimutentfernungsmesser m. depth Tiefe / (Tac). in depth tiefgegliedert, treffenweise. • depth bomb Wasserbombe /, Unterwasserbombe /. depth of penetration Eindringtiefe /, Eindringungstiefe / (Tac). depth of profile Profiltiefe / (Ap wing) . depth of wing profile Fliigeltiefe / deputy Stellvertreter in. Deputy Chief of Staff Stellvertretender Chef des Generalstabes. descending air current Abwind in (Met). descending branch of trajectory absteigender Ast (Ballistics). description Beschreibung /, Schilderung /, Darstellung /. desert n Wiiste /. desert v desertieren, fahnenfliichtig werden, Fahnenflucht begehen. desert area Wiistenzone /. deserter Fahnenfluchtiger m, Deserteur m; Uberlaufer m (to the en emy). desertion Fahnenflucht /, Desertion /. desiccated cell Fullelement n (Elec).

departure Abfahrt /, Ausriicken n, Abriicken n.





design n Ausfuhrung / (Mech). designated target Punktziel n (Arty). designation of objective Zielsetzung /. designer Konstrukteur m (Mech). design load Normalbelastung / (Mech). desired frequency Nutzfrequenz / (Rail). desk Schreibtisch m. destination Ziel n. destroy zerstoren, vernichten. destroyer Zerstorer m, Torpedobootzerstorer m (Nav). destroyer escort Korvette / (Nav). destruction Vernichtung /, Zerstorung /. destruction fire Niederkampfen n

(Arty). detach abkommandieren, ausscheiden, absondern. detached duty See detached service, detached post Vorpostenverband m. detached service Kommando n. on detached service abkommandiert. detached unit Kommando n. detachment Trupp m, Abteilung /. detachment commander Truppfiihrer m. detail n Trupp m, Kommando n, Ab teilung / (Pers); Dienst m (duty). detail v kommandieren. detailed report Tatbericht m, Tatsachenbericht m. "Detail, halt!" "Abteilung, halt!" (given on right foot). detain aufhalten (to delay); abhalten, verhindern (withhold); in Haft behalten, festhalten (under arrest). detaining authority nehmestaatliche Behorde (PW). detaining power Nehmestaat in (PW). detect auffangen (Rad); entdecken (discover); aufdecken (an action); ertappen (to catch). detector Audion n, Detektor m (Rad). detector crayon Gasspiirkreide / (CWS). detector kit Spurgerat n, Gasanzeiger m (CWS). detector paint Gasspurfarbe / (CWS). detent East / (Mech).

detention Haft / (arrest); Einbehaltung / (of pay, etc.). detention of pay Besoldungseinbehaltung /. detention room Haftlokal n. detention ward Arrestraum irn Lazarett. deteriorating supplies begrenzt lagerungsfahige Vorrate. determinate error regelmafiiger Pehler, systematischer Fehler. determination of altitude Hohenbestimmung / (Avn). determination of course Flugwegbestimmung / (Air Navigation). determination of direction Richtungsbestimmung / (Avn, Rad). determination of fix Kreuzpeilung / (Air Navigation). determination of position Ortsbestimmung / (Avn). determine a fix anschneiden (Air Navigation). detonate detonieren, sprengen, ziinden (Engr.) detonating agent Ziindmittel n (Engr). detonating charge Aufladung / (blasting cap). detonating cord Knallziindschnur /. detonating explosive Brisanzsprengstoff m. detonating fuze Sprengziinder m. detonating net Knallennetz n. detonating slab Zerschellerschicht / (Ft). detonation Klopfen n (Mtr); Ziinden n, Ziindung / (blasting); Deto nation /. detonation wave Verdichtungswelle / (Ballistics). detonator Sprengkapsel / (Am). detonator-safe fuze Zunder mit Sprengkapselsicherung (Am). detour n Umweg m. detour v umgehen. detraining of troops . Truppenausladung /. detraining point Ausladebahnhof -m'. detrucking area Ausladegebiet n. detrucking point Ausladeplatz m, Ausladestelle /. devastate verwusten, verheeren. devastation Verwiistung /, Verheerung /. develop entfalten (Tac); entwickeln (Photo).

developed armament

stock and die die v sterben.

ting threads); Stanze /, Gesenke n

developed armament probable error Treffwahrscheinlichkeit der Waffe. development Entfaltung / (Tac). development from march column Entfaltung aus dem Marsch (Tac). development order Befehl zur Ent faltung (Tac). deviate abweichen, abkommen. deviation GeschoCabweichung / (Gun nery); Fehlweisung / (Rad); Versetzung / (Avn); Kompafilenkung /, Deviation /. deviation curve Funkbeschickungskurve /, Peilberichtigungskurve / (Rad). device Vorrichtung / (Mech, Engr); Abzeichen n (insigne). dew point Taupunkt m. diagonal n Schraglinie /. diagonal adj schrag, querlaufend. diagonal strut Strebe / (Ap). diagram Plan m, Schema n, Figur /; Abbildung / (illustration). dial n Zifferblatt n (on Inst); Nummernscheibe /, Wahlerscheibe f(Tp); Gangrolle / (pivoted dial of speed ometer). dial v einstellen, wahlen (Tp). dial box Nummernscheibenkastchen n (field Tp). dial hum Amtszeichen n, Freizeichen n, Summton m (Tp). dialing central Wahlamt n (Tp). dial plate Skalenscheibe / (Rad). dial system Wahlerbetrieb m (Tp). diameter Durchmesser m. diameter of projectile Geschofldurchmesser m, (Ballistics). diamond formation Rautenformation /.. diaphragm Schallblech n (Tp); Membran / (microphone); Stofiboden m, Stofischeibe / (shrapnel); Blende f (Photo). diaphragm gas mask Membranmaske /. diaphragm pump Membranpumpe / diarrhea Durchfall m, Diarrhoe /. diary Tagebuch n. diatomite layer Diatomitschicht / (gas filter, CWS). dichloramine-T Dichloramin n

(for stamping or punching).

Schneidkluppe /.


Tau m.

dielectric Dielektrikum n (Rad). Diesel-electric drive dieselelektrischer Antrieb. Diesel engine Dieselmotor in, Dieselmaschine /, Schwerolmotor in. Diesel fuel Dieselkraftstoff m, Gasol n, Schwerol n, Schwerkraftstoff m. Diesel motor See Diesel engine. Diesel tractor Dieselschlepper m Diesel truck Diesel-Lastwagen m dietitian Diatschwester /. difference Unterschied m; Differenz / (Math). difference chart graphische Schufitafel. difference in altitude Hohenunterschied m. differential Differential n (MT). differential calculus Differentialrechnung /. differential case Hinterachsengehause n (MT). differential effects Werte zum Ausschalten der Witterungseinfliisse (Gunnery). differential gear Ausgleichgetriebe n (MT). differential lock Ausgleichsperre / (MT). difficult terrain schwieriges Gelande. difficulty- Schwierigkeit /; Verlegenheit / (trouble); Gelandeschwierigkeit / (of terrain). diffuser plate Ladeleitrad n (Ap dig v graben; ausgraben (excavate). dig in schanzen, einschanzen, sich eingraben. diglycolnitrate flaked powder Diglykolnitrat-Blattchenpulver n. dihedral V-Form /, V-Stellung /, Schrankung / (Ap). dihedral angle V-Pormwinkel m dike Deich m. dim v abblenden (a light). dimension AusmaB n. dimethylsulfate D-Stoff m (CWS).

die down ausschwingen (Elec oscilla tions) .





(CWS). die n Gewindebacken fpl (for cut

dim headlights

m (Rad). directional position

director's aide

dim headlights v abblenden (MT). dim light n Abblendelicht n (head light, MT). dim-out n Halbverdunkelung / (Air . Defense). dim out v abblenden (Air Defense). diode Diode / (Bad). diode tube Zweielektrodenrohre /, Zweipolrohre / (Rad). diopter hair Diopterfaden in (Optics). diopter slit Diopterschlitz m (Op tics) . dip n Inklinationswinkel m (com pass); Kimmtiefe / (Avn). dip v dippen, senken. diphenylaminechlorarsine Adamsit m, Diphenylaminchlorarsin n (CWS). diphenylchlorarsine Diphenylchlorarsin n, Chlorarsinkampfstoff m (CWS). diphenylcyanarsine Cyan-Chlorarsinkampfstoff m (CWS). diphosgene Chlorameisensaurechlormethylester m, Perchlorameisensauremethylester m, Perstoff m, K-

directional gyro Kurskreisel m. directional loop antenna Peilrahmen lung / (of antenna). directional receiving antenna

empfangsantenne / (Rad). directional stability Richtungsstabili. tat /, Kursstabilitat / (Ap). directional traverse Fluchtlinie / (Surv); direction board Richtungsanzeiger m (AAA). direction dispersion Breitenstreuung / (Ballistics). direction finder Peilfunkempfanger in, Richtempfanger m, Peilempfanger m, Bordpeiler m, Funkpeiler m (Air Navigation). direction-finder equipment Peilgerat n (Rad, Avn). direction-finder signal Peifeeichen n fangsanlage /, Peilanlage /, Peilstelle / (Air Navigation) ; Bodenpeilstelle / (surface). direction finding Peilen n, Peilung / (Avn); Funkpeilung / (Rad). direction-finding equipment Richtgerat n (Rad). direction-finding set Richtempfanger m, Peilempfanger m (Rad). direction of air flow Anstromrichtung /, Anblasrichtung / (in a wind tunnel, Avn). direction of approach Anflugrichtung / (Avn). direction of attack Angriffsrichtung


(Avn). direction-finder station


Stoff m (CWS). dipole antenna Dipolantenne /. direct-climbing target Flugziel im

stromerzeuger m. direct-current meter Gleichstrommefigerat n. direct-current motor Gleichstromelektromotor m. directed net Naehrichtennetz mit Leitfunkstelle (Rad). direct fire direktes Feuer. direct-fire range Visierschufiweite /. direct-fire shot VisierschuB m. direct-fire sight Notvisier n, Flakvisier n. direct hit Volltreffer m; Artillerievolltreffer m (Arty). directing gun Grundgeschiitz n. directing point Nullpunkt m (CA). directing staff Leitungsstab m (maneuvers). direction Seite /, Seitenrichtung /,

meGgerat n. direct-current generator

Steigflug (AA gunnery). direct current Gleichstrom m. direct-current ammeter Gleichstrom-


/. direction of flight Flugrichtung / (Avn). direction of the target Zielrichtung

Richtung / (Gunnery). directional antenna Richtantenne / (Rad). directional effect Richtwirkung /

/• directive Weisung /, Anweisung /, Verfugung /. direct laying direktes Richten (Gun nery). director Leitender m, oberster Schiedsrichter m (maneuvers) ; Kommandogerat n (Arty); Zentralrichtgerat n (AAA). director headquarters tJbungsleitung / (maneuvers). director's aide Leitungsgehilfe m



direct plate voltage



direct plate voltage . Anodengleichspannung / (Rad). direct pointing direktes Richten (Gunnery). direct pressure Nachdrangen n (in pursuit, Tac). direct pressure detachment Verfolgungsabteilung / (in pursuit, Tac). direct-reading compass Nahkompafi m. directrix Nullstrahl des SchuCfeldes (Gunnery). direct-sighting telescope Zielfernrohr n. direct support unmittelbare Unterstiifzuhg (Arty, Tac); taktische Unterstiitzung (Avn, Tac). direct vision slit Panzerscharte / (Tk). direct vision slot Sehschlitz m (Tk). dirigible Lenkluftschiff n. dirt Schmutz m, Dreck m; Erde / (earth). dirt road unbefestigte Strafie, ungepflasterte Strafie. disability Kriegsbeschadigung / (war injury); Dienstunfahigkeit / (unfitness for service). disability pension' Versehrtengeld n. disabled kriegsbeschadigt (injured in war); dienstunfahig, untauglich (unfit for service). disadvantage Nachteil m. disappearing armored turret PanzerVerschwindeturm m (Ft). disappearing carriage Verschwindlafette / (G). disappearing target Verschwindscheibe /. disappearing turret Verschwindeturm m (Ft). disapproval MiCbilligung /. disapprove mifibilligen, tacleln; verwerfen, zuriickweisen (reject). disarm entscharfenj unscharf machen (Am); entwaffnen, abriisten. disarmament Abriistung /. disassemble auseinandernehmen, zerlegen. disband entlassen, auflosen. disbursement Auszahlung /. disbursing agent Zahlmeister m (Ger: civilian official). disbursing officer Oberfeldzahlmeister m (Ger: civilian official).

discharge n Entlassung / (from serv ice); Entladung / (Am, Elec, etc.). discharge v entlassen, verabschieden (dismiss); abfeuern, losschieCen (shoot); entladen (a gun, Elec); abladen, ausladen (supplies); 16schen (ship's cargo). discharge certificate Entlassungsschein m, Entlassungspapier n. discharge surge Entladungsstofi m (Elec). discharge without honor Dienstentlassung /. disciplinary action Disziplinarverfahren n. disciplinary barracks Militargefangnis n, Wehrmachtgefangnis n, militarische Strafanstalt. disciplinary exercises charakterschu- • lendes Exerzieren. discipline n Disziplin /, Manneszucht /; Zucht /. disconnect ausschalten, trennen. disconnect drop Schlufiklappe / (Tp switchboard). disconnect from binding post abklemmen (Elec). discrepancy Fehlbestand m (in supplies, etc.); Widerspruch m (con tradiction) ; UnregelmaCigkeit / (ir regularity); Vorschriftswidrigkeit / (infraction of regulations). discretion Ermessen n. disease Krankheit /. disembark ausschiffen. disembarkation Ausschiffung /. disengage -from the enemy sich vom Feinde loslosen. disengagement Absetzen n, Absetzbewegung /, Loslosung / (Tac). disengage the clutch auskuppeln (MT). dishonorable discharge Wehrunwiirdigkeitserklarung /. disinfect entseuchen (Med). disinfectant Desinfektionsmittel n. disinfecting agent Entseuchungsmittel n. disinfecting chamber Desinfektionskammer /, Entseuchungsschrank m (Med). disinfection Entseuchen n. disinfestor Entlausungsgerat n, Entlausungsapparat m. disintegrate auflosen, zerteilen, zei-fallen, zerlegen.

disintegrating belt



disintegrating belt Zerfallgurt m (MG). disk Scheibe /, Lamelle / (Mech); Schallplatte / (phonograph). disk spider Radkorper m (wheel). dismantle abbauen, ausbauen; abbriicken (a bridge). dismantling Abbau m. dismiss abtreten lassen, wegtreten lassen. dismissal Dienstentlassung /. "Dismissed!" "Weggetreten!" (to a formation); "Abtreten!", "Treten Sie ab!" (formalstyle, to an individ ual) ; "Sie konnen gehen" (informal, to an individual). dismount absitzen; ausbauen (Ord). dismounted abgesessen, zu Fufi (Pers). dismounted defilade mannshohe Deckung. dismounted drill Exerzieren zu FuD. dismounting Absitzen n (Pers). disobedience Ungehorsam m. disobey nicht gehorchen, den Gehorsam verweigern (a superior) ; verletzen, nicht befolgen, miCachten (orders). disorder Unordnung /, Verwirrung / (confusion); Aufruhr m (rioting); Storung / (Med). disorganized in Unordnung gebracht, in Verwirrung gebracht; zerruttet (ruined); aufgelost (disbanded, dis persed). dispatch n Meldung /, Mitteilung /, Nachricht /. dispatch v aussenden, entsenden, schicken. dispatch case Meldetasche /. dispensary Krankenrevier n. dispensary case Revierkranker m. dispersal Zerlegung / (Tac). dispersal area Abstellplatz TO (Adrm). dispersal landing field Ausweichflugplatz m. dispersed formation in depth Fliegermarschtiefe / (AA security). dispersed formation in width Fliegermarschbreite / (AA security). dispersion Auseinanderziehen n (Tac); Streuung / (Ballistics). dispersion diagram prozentmafiiges Streuungsbild. dispersion error Streuung /.

dispersion ladder prozentmafiiges Streuungsbild. dispersion pattern Bodentreffbild n (Ballistics). dispersion zone Streuungsflache / (Ballistics). displaced versetzt. displacement Verschiebung / (troops, etc.); Verdrangung /; Seitenabstand m (Arty); Hubraum m (pis ton). displacement volume Hubvolumen n, Hubraum m (Mtr). display board Anschlagbrett n, schwarzes Brett. disposition Aufstellung / (Tac); Verfiigung / (availability). disposition in depth treffenweise Aufstellung (Tac). disposition in width fliigelweise Auf stellung (Tac). disposition of outposts Vorpostenaufstellung /. disposition of troops Truppeneinteilung / (Tac). disrespect unehrerbietiges Verhalten. disrupt unterbrechen, sprengen (en emy communications, etc.). dissemination of information Verbreitung von Nachrichten. distance Abstand m (Tac, close or der drill); Tiefenabstand m (Tac); Entfernung /. distance between march units Marschabstand m. distant control Fernsteuerung /. distant reconnaissance Fernaufkliirung /. Distinguished Flying Cross Fliegerverdienstkreuz n (USA). distinguished marksman Scharfschiitze m. Distinguished Service Cross Kriegsverdienstkreuz n (USA). Distinguished Service Medal Verdienstmedaille / (USA). distortion Verzerrung / (Bad). distress landing Notlandung /. distress signal Notsignal n. distribute verteilen; ausgeben (is sue). distributed fire Breitenfeuer n (R, MG). distributing point Ausgabestelle /, Verteilungsstelle /. distribution Verteilung /, Gliederung /, Aufstellung /.

distribution box


dock installations

distribution box Verteiler m, Verteilerkasten m (data, transmission system) (Elec, Nav). distribution box boat Hilfsfahrzeug zum Legen von Grundminen (Nav). distribution in depth Tiefengliederung /. distribution in width • Breitengliederung /. distribution of artillery for attack Artillerieaufmarsch m. distribution of forces Krafteverteilung / (Tac). distribution of rations Portionenausgabe /. distributor Verteiler m, Zundverteiler m (Mtr). distributor arm Verteilerlauf stiick n, Verteilerfinger m (Mtr). distributor cock Brandhahn m (Ap fire extinguisher). distributor head Batterieziindverteilerkopf m (Mtr). distributor plate Verteilerscheibe / (Mtr). distributor rotor Verteilerlaufstiick n (Mtr). district Bezirk m, Distrikt m. district warning center Luftschutzwarnstelle / (Civ defense). disturbance Storung /,- Aufregung /, Unruhe / (confusion); Aufruhr / (rioting). ditch Graben m; Entwasserungsgraben m (drainage); StraDengraben m (road); Panzergraben m (AT). ditching Notwassern n, Notwasserung / (Avn). ditch profile Grabenprofil n (Engr). dive n Sturzflug m (Avn). dive v stiirzen, einen Sturzflug machen (Avn). dive-bomb v sturzbomben (Avn). dive bomber Sturzkampfflugzeug n, Stuka n. dive bomber pilot Sturzkampfflieger m, Stukaflieger m. dive bomber wing Sturzkampfgeschwader n (Avn). dive bombing Sturzbomben n. dive-bombing attack Sturzangriff m,.
Stukaangriff m. dive-bombing sight Sturzvisier n


diver Schiffstaucher m, Taucher m (Nav). See also deep-sea diver, diverge auseinandergehen. divergence difference Feuerverteilungswinkel m (Btry firing). diversion Ablenkung / (of enemy forces); Ablenkungsangriff in (feint attack). diversion dam Buhne / (Engr). divert ablenken; ableiten (a stream, etc). dive siren Sturzsirene / (dive bomber). divide v teilen, absondern, trennen. dividers Stechzirkel m. diving angle Sturzwinkel m (Avn). diving apparatus Tauchgerat n (Nav). diving brake Stukabremse /, Sturzflugbremse / (Ap). diving qualities Sturzflugeigenschaften fpl (Ap). diving speed Sturzgeschwindigkeit / (Ap). division Division / (Mil). division antitank battalion Divisionspanzerabwehrabteilung /. division artillery Divisionsartillerie /. division artillery commander Artilleriefiihrer m; Artilleriekommandeur m (when GHQ artillery is at tached). division commander Divisionskommandeur m. division command post Divisionsgefechtsstand m. division engineer Pionierfuhrer bei der Division. division headquarters Divisionsstab m. division order Divisionsbefehl m. division signal battalion Divisionsnachrichtenabteilung /. division supply column Divisionsnachschubkolonne /. division surgeon Divisionsarzt m, Divisionschefarzt in. division surgical hospital Divisionsfeldlazarett n. division trains TroC der Division. division trunk line Divisionsstammleitung /. DM Adamsit m (CWS). DM irritant gas candle Giftnebelkerze DM / (USA). dock n Dock n. dock installations Dockanlagen fpl.

dockyard Werft /.



doctor Arzt TO. document Akt m, Akte / (plural: Akten); Urkunde / (permanent rec ord). documentary data schriftliche Un-

terlagen. documentary evidence

beweis m; urkundliches Beweistiick Klaue / (clutch); Sanitatshund m


(document). dog Hund m; Mitnehmer m (lathe) ; (first-aid).

dog clutch Klauenkupplung / (MT). dog clutch member Schaltklaue / (constant-mesh transmission, MT). dogfight Kurvenkampf m (Avn). dog handler Hundefiihrer m. dog-handler party Hundefiihrerrotte / {for messenger dogs). "dog tag" Erkennungsmarke /. dome light Deckenlicht n (MT). door Tiir /; Luke / (Ap, Tk). dope Klebelack m, Spannlack m (for Ap fabric) ; Betriebsstoffzusatzmittel n (for Avn gasoline). dose Portion / (Med). dot Punkt m (Tg). dots and dashes ' Punkte und Striche. double action revolver Revolver mit Wiederspannabzug. double anchor hitch doppelter Anker-

"Double time, march!" "Im Lauf schritt, Marsch! Marsch!" double-tracked zweigleisig (RR). doubletree Ortscheit n (limber). double V-type engine Fachermotor TO. doubtful fraglich (Arty Obsn). dough Teig m. doughboy Landser m. down v zum Absturz bringen, herunterholen, abschiefien (an Ap). downdraft Fallbo / (Met). downdr,aft carburetor Fallstromvergaser m (Mtr). downhill abwarts, bergab. downstream unterstrom (place); stromabwarts (action). downstream anchor Windanker m
(Pon Bdg). downstream anchor cable

stich (cow hitch, Engr). double-apron entanglement

zaun m, Stacheldrahtzaun m, Plandernzaun m (Ft). double banking Benutzung beider Fahrbahnen in gleicher Richtung. double-barreled machine gun Zwillingsmaschinengewehr n. double base powder nitroglyzerinhaltiges Nitrozellulosepulver (Am,).
'double envelopment


double-bay biplane

Zweistieler m.

sung /, Zangenangriff m (Tac). double file Doppelreihe /. double rank Linie zu 2 Gliedern. double-ring snaffle bit DoppelringtrensengebiC n (harness). double-row radial engine Doppelsternmotor m, Zweisternmotor re double sentry Doppelposten m. double slide Doppelschieber m (plotting protractor). double tent Doppelzelt n. double time Laufschritt m, Stu'rm-

schritt m (march).

ankertau n, Windankerleine / (Pon Bdg). downwind adv leewarts, windabwarts. draft Aushebung / (conscription); Pferdezug m, Zugkraft / (horse); Tiefgang m (Nav). draftee Ausgehobener m. draft efficiency Zugleistung / (horse). drafting equipment Zeichengerat n; Reiflzeug n (set)'. draftsman Konstruktionszeichner m. drag Widerstand m, Luftwiderstand m (Avn). "dragon's teeth" Hockerhindernisse npl (AT obstacle). drag washer Zugose / (wheel). drain n (Jlablafi m (Mtr). drain v abwassern (water). drainage Abwassern n (Ft). drainage ditch Entwasserungsgraben in. drainage pit Sickerschacht m (Ft). drain plug Leerschraube /. drape n Tarnnetz n (Cam). draw v ziehen (pull); zeichnen (sketch). drawbar Zugstange / (MT); Protzarm m (limber). drawing board Reiflbrett n, Zeichenbrett n. drawbridge Klappbrucke /. drawing instrument Zeichengerat n; ReiCzeug n (a set). drawing paper Zeichenpapier n. drawknife • Schalmesser n. dredge n Bagger m (Engr).


dress 1>

ausrichten (close order

dry cell

drill); Toppflaggen setzen (Nav); (put on Clo).

verbinden ( a wound); sich anziehen dressing Verband m (Med). dressing bag Verbandtasche / (Med). dressing equipment Verbandmittel npl (Med). dressing station Verbandplatz m, Truppenverbandplatz m (Med). "Dress left, dress!" "Nach links, Richt Euch!" dress parade Ehrenparade /. "Dress right, dress!" "Richt Euch!" dress uniform Ausgehanzug m; Gesellschaftsanzug m (for social occasions). drift n Durchschlag m (pin); Versetzung /, Abdrift / (Avn, Nav); Drallabweichung /, Seitenabweichung / (Ballistics). drift angle Luvwinkel m, Abtriftwinkel m (Avn). drift correction Seitenverschiebung / (Gunnery). drift meter Abdriftvisier n, Abdriftmesser m (Ap): drift sand Triebsand in. driftwood Treibholz n. drill n Exerzieren n, Ausbildung /; ' Bohrer in (Meek). drill v exerzieren (practice); bohren (Mech). drill ammunition Exerziernnmition /. drill bomb Exerzierbombe /. drill formation Exerzierordnung /, Exerzierform /. drill ground Exerzierplatz m. drill regulations Exerzierordnung /, Exerziervorschrift /. drinking cup Trinkbecher m. drinking water Trinkwasser n. -, drive n Antrieb m (Mech). drive v fahren (a vehicle); einsohlagen (a nail). drive gear Antriebszahnrad n (gear shift transmission, MT). driver Fahrer in, Kraftfahrer m (MT); Fahrer m (Tk). driver's cab Fahrerhaus n (Trk). driver's permit Fiihrerschein in, Wehrmachtfiihrerschein m (MT). drive shaft Antriebswelle /. drive wheel Antriebsrad n (MT).
Paradeanzug m (for ceremonies);

driving axle Treibachse /, Antriebsachse / (MT). driving chain Zahnkette / (MT). driving range Fahrbereich m driving sprocket Triebrad n (Tk). drizzle n Nieseln n, Spruhregen m (Met). droop n Wolbung /, Durchhangen n, Verbiegen n (Mech). drop n Klappe /, Fallklappe /, Weckerfallklappe / (Tp); Fall TO (action); Fallhb'he / (distance); Tropfen m (of water, etc.). drop v absacken (Avn); fallen lassen (an object); fallen, abnehmen (temperature, etc.). drop-base rim Tiefbettfelge / (MT). drop-block type breechblock FallblockverschluB m (G). drop cover Klappblende / (Ft). drophammer Rammbar m (of piledriver); Fallhammer m (Tech). droplet Tropfchen n (CWS, Met). drop message Abwurfmeldung /. drop-message bag Meldeabwurfhulle /. dropping angle Bombenabwurfwinkel in (bombing). dropping ground Meldeabwurfstelle /. drop point Abwurfstelle / (airborne supply). drop tank Abwurfbehalter m (Ap). drop-type switchboard Klappenschrank m. drug n Arznei /, Droge /; Rauschgift n (narcotic). drum n Trommel / (Am, music, etc.); Olfafi n (container). drum feed Trommelmagazinzufuhrung / (MG). drum fire Trommelfeuer n. drum index Trommelzeiger m (sight mount, panoramic sight). drum magazine Trommelmagazin n (MG). drum major Bataillonshornist m, Tambourmajor m. drummer Trommler m. drum-type smoke container Nebeltrommel / (CWS). drunk betrunken; besoffen (slang). dry-bulb thermometer trockenes
Thermometer (Met). dry cell Trockenelement n (Elec).


dry cell rectifier
dry cell rectifier



ter (Rad). dry dock Trockendock w. dry-sump lubrication Trockensumpfschmierung / (Mtr). dual controls Doppelsteuerung /. dual-purpose gun Einheitsgeschiitz n. dual tires Doppelbereifung / (MT). dubbin Lederfett n. duckboard Lattenrost m, Holzrost m; Bretterbahn / (trench) ; Spurtafel / (Bdg). dud Blindganger TO, Bodenkrepierer m (Arty). duffle bag Bekleidungssack m. dugout Unterschlupf m (Ft). dumdum bullet Dumdum-Geschofi n. dummy Puppe /, Zielpuppe /, Strohpuppe / (bayonet Tng); Attrappe /

(of a Tk, vehicle, etc.). dummy airfield Scheinplatz m. dummy airport Scheinflughafen m. dummy ammunition Exerziermunition / (drill); Verpackungsgeschosse npl (for vehicle-loading practice). dummy cartridge Exerzierpatrone / (MG, R). dummy installation Scheinanlage / (Cam, Ft).
dummy mine Scheinmine /. dummy obstacle Scheinsperre / (Ft). dummy position Scheinanlage /,

dust filtering Entstaubung / (MT). dust particle Staubchen n (CWS). dust respirator Staubschutzmaske /. duty Dienst m (service); Pflicht / (obligation); Steuer / (tax). on duty im Dienst, diensttuend. duty officer Offizier vom Dienst. duty roster Diensteinteilung /, Dienstplan m, Kommandierrolle /. duty station Dienststelle /, Posten,
m. duty with troops

duralumin Duralumin n (Ap). duration Dauer /. dust Staub m.

dump car Kipplore / (field RR). dumping mechanism Kippvorrichtung / (dump Trk). dump truck Kippwagen m. dunnage Unterlegbohlen fpl. dunnite Dunnit n (Am). duplex operation Gegensprechen n (Rad). duplicate n Duplikat n, Kopie /. duplicate v eine Kopie machen, vervielfaltigen. duplicate adj zweit-, zweifach-, doppelt. in duplicate in zweifacher Ausfuhrung.

Scheinstellung /. dummy projectile Exerziergeschofi n. dummy site Scheinstellung /. dummy trench Scheingraben m (Ft). dummy works Scheinanlagen fpl. dump n Lager n, Sammelstelle /. dump v Ballast abwerfen (Avn).

Dienst bei der Truppe. dynamic speaker elektrodynamischer Lautsprecher (Rad). dynamite Dynamit n. dynamo Dynamomaschine /, Stromerzeuger m. dynamotor Einankerumformer m

Truppendienst m,

(Elec, Rad). dysentery Ruhr /, Dysenterie /.

eagle Adler TO. ear Ohr n; Ose / (Mech). ear cup Hormuschel / (sound lo cator). eardrum Trommelfell n. earpiece Hormuschel / (Rad, Tp). ear-plug OhrenverschluBwatte /, Ohrenwatte / (cotton). •earth Erde /. earth-bleach mixture ChlorkalkSand-Gemisch n (CWS). earth inductor compass ErdinduktionskompaC TO. earthwork Erdwerk n, Gchanze / (Ft).
east Osten m, Ost in. easterlies Ostwinde mpl (Met). Eastern European time osteuropaische Zeit (30° E standard mer idian).

E-boat Schnellboot n, Motorschnellboot n, Motortorpedoboot n (Ger).




ebonite Hartgummi m-n. eccentric sleeve Exzenterhiilse / (aiming circle). echelon Staffel / (Tac). echelonment Staffelung /. echo depth sounder Behmlot n, Echolot n (Nav). economic warfare Wirtschaftskrieg m. economy of force Kraftersparnis /, Kraftebemessung /. economy of manpower Krafteersparnis /. E. C. powder Nitrozellulosepulver n. ecrasite Ekrasit n (explosive). E.G. smokeless powder See B.C. powder. ED Athyldichlorarsin n, AthylarsinXante /, Rand m (Mech, Top). edge of land Fiihrungskante / (G barrel). edge of slope Boschungskante / (Top). edge of woods Waldrand m. edible efibar. Edison storage battery Edisonsammler m. eduction tube Auslafirohr n (Cml effective wirksam, tatsachlich. effective beaten zone bestrichener Raum der Kerngarbe (MG). effective fire Wirkungsfeuer n, Wirkungsschieflen n (Gunnery). effective output Nutzleistung / (Mech). effective part of cone Kerngarbe / (Ballistics); MG.-Kerngarbe / (MG fire). effective pattern See effective beaten zone, effective pitch Fortschritt in, Fortschrittsteigung /, wirksame Steigung (propeller). effective range wirksame Schufiweite, Wirkungsbereich m. (Ord). effective resistance Nutzwiderstand m (Elec). effective strength Iststarke /, Iststand m. effective wind Durchschnittswind m (Ballistics), effect of fire Feuerwirkung, /, SchuBwirkung / (Arty). effect of projectile GeschoBwirkung /.
cylinder). dichlorid n (CWS). edge Schneide / (of a bayonet, etc.);

effect of ricochet burst Splitterwirkung des Abprallers. effect of shell burst Splitterwirkung der Cranage. efficiency Wirkungsgrad m (Tech); Leistungsfahigkeit / (of perform ance); Wirtschaftlichkeit / (econ omy). egg Ei n (plural: Eier,). eight-man tent Achterzelt n. eight-speed transmission Achtganggetriebe n (MT). eighty-five percent zone bestrichener Raum der Kerngarbe (MG). ejector Auswerfer m (Ord). ejector mechanism Auswerfervorrichtung / (Ord). elastic n Gummiband n. elastic adj spannkraftig, federnd, elastisch. elasticity Spannkraft /, Federkraft /, Elastizitat /. elasticity correction Ausschalten der Temperatureinflusse (Gunnery). elasticity effect Temperatureinflusse mpl (Ballistics). elbow Ellbogen m. elbow pipe Krummer m. elbow rest Armauflage / (trench). elbow telescope Winkelfernrohr n. electric elektrisch. electrical detonation elektrische Ziindung (Engr). electrical engineer Elektrotechniker m. electrically-charged obstacle Starkstromsperre /, elektrisches Hindernis (Ft). electric circuit Stromkreis m. electric detonator Gliihzundstiick n. electrician Elektromechaniker m. electrician's knife Kabelmesser n. electric igniter Gliihziinder m (blast ing cap); Gluhzundstiick n (Engr). electric meter Elektrizitatszahler TO. electric motor Elektromotor m. electric primer elektrische Ziindschraube (G). electric wiring Leitungsmaterial n (equipment); Leitungsnetz n (in stalled). electrified obstacle Starkstromsperre /.
electrode Elektrode / (in a spark plug, the grounded electrode; the insulated electrode is called Ziindstift,).




electromagnet Elektromagnet m. electromagnetism Elektromagnetismus in, electron Elektron n. electron bomb Elektronbrandbombe /. electron-ray tube magisches Auge (Bad). electrostatic induction Influenz / (Elec). element Element n (Elec); Einheit /, Truppenteil n (Tac). elementary marksmanship training Schiefivorschule /. elephant halbtonnenformiges Wellblech (Ft, USA). elephant steel shelter WellblechHutte / (USA). elevate nach der Hohe richten, heben (G). elevating and traversing mechanism Richtmaschine / (G). elevating arc Zahnbogen m (G). elevating arm Riehthebel m (MG). elevating-arm shaft Richthebelwelle elevating-gear housing Riehtgehause . n (MG). elevating-gear lever Hohenhebel TO (MG). elevating handwheel Handrad zur Hohenrichtung, Hohenrichtrad n (G). elevating knob Triebscheibe zur Hohenrichtung (Optics, Ord). elevating link Richtgelenk n (MG). elevating mechanism Hohenrichttrieb m, Hohenrichtwerk n, Hohenrichtmaschine / (G, MG); Schraubenspindelrichtmaschine / (elevatingelevating elevating (G). elevating (G). elevating

elevation above sea level Hohe fiber dera Meeresspiegel. elevation angle Visierwinkel m, Aufsatzwinkel m, Erhohungswinkel m. elevation circle Teilkreis des Hohenrichttriebs (G). elevation controller Hohenrichtmann

m (A A A). elevation difference

schied m. elevation graduations Aufsatzeinteilung / (sight mount). elevation indicator Hohenempfanger m (AA gun). elevation level Hohenlibelle / (MG elevation mechanism Hohenricht trieb m, Hohenrichtwerk n (G, MG) ; Aufsatztrieb m (G). elevation micrometer Teilscheibe / (panoramic telescope). elevation plotting board Hohenmefiplan m (Gunnery). elevation quadrant Winkelmesser m, Libellenquadrant in. elevation scale Erhohungsskala /, Hohenteilung / (G, MG). elevation screw • Hohenrichtschraube / (prismatic sight). elevation setter Hohenrichtkanonier m. elevation setting Erhohungseinstellung / (Gunnery). elevation table Schufitafel zum Bestimmen der Erhohung. elevation tracking telescope Hohenrichtfernrohr n (height finder). elevator Hohenruder n, Hohen-



/ (MG).

screiv type) (G).

rack Zahnbogen m (G). sector Hohengradbogen m shaft stop Hohenrichtwelle / Hohenbegrenzer m

steuer n (Ap); Aufzug m (for per sonnel and freight); Fahrstuhl m

(for personnel only). elevator assembly Hohenleitwerk n

(Ap). elevator control Hohensteuerung / (Ap). elevator control lever Steuerhebel
m, Hohenruderhebel m.(Ap). eliminate aussehalten (errors, etc.); ausscheiden (impurities); ausmer-

elevating worm Kippschnecke / (aim ing circle, BC telescope); Hohentrieb m (sighting mechanism). elevation Erhohung / (Ballistics, G, MG); Rohrerhphung / (G); Hohe /, Richthohe / (Gunnery); Hohe /, Bodenerhebung / (Top) ; Hohenricht-


zen (eradicate); ausstoCen (expel); (Math).

streichen (cross out); eliminieren

feld n (total movement in elevation)

elite troops Kerntruppen fpl. embankment Bahndamm m (RR);


Dammkorper m (dam). embargo Embargo n, Handelssperre



end ramp

/ (on commerce); Transportsperre /, Transportverbot n (on truck, RR and ship movements). embark einschiffen (Pers); verladen (equipment, etc.). embarkation Einschiffen n, Einschiffung / (Pers); Verladung / (equipment, etc.). embassy Botschaft /. emblem Wahrzeichen n, Sinnbild n, Emblem n; Abzeichen n (insigne). embrasure SchieOscharte / (Ft). emergency Not /, Notfall m, Ernstfall m. emergency antenna Behelf santenne /. emergency blasting charge Schnellladung / (Engr). emergency brake Notbremse /, Handbremse /. emergency bridge Behelfsbriicke /. emergency call Notruf m (Tp). emergency ceiling Gipfelhohe mit einem stehenden Motor (Ap). emergency construction material Behelfsmaterial n (Engr). emergency flotation gear Schwimmwerk fur Landflugzeuge (Avn). emergency gas protection Behelfsgasschutz m. . emergency illumination Notbeleuchtung /. emergency landing Notlandung / (on land), Notwasserung / • (on water). make an emergency landing notlanden. emergency landing field. Notlandehafen m, Notlandungsplatz m, Notlandeplatz m. emergency landing flare Notlandefackel / (Avn). emergency line Notleitung / (Tp). emergency medical tag Begleitzettel m. emergency pneumatic boat Behelfsflofisack m. emergency ration eiserne Portion. emergency release Blindabwurf m (bombing). emergency release handle Notzug m (Ap). emergency salvo release Notwurf in, Notabwurf m (bombing). emery cloth Schmirgelleinwand /. emery paper Schmirgelpapier n. emery wheel Schmirgelscheibe /, Schmirgelrad n.

emigrant Emigrant 'm, Auswanderer m. empennage Leitwerk n (Ap). empire Reich n; Kaiserreich n (country ruled by an emperor). emplace in Peuerstellung bringen. emplacement Stellung / (Tac); Nest n (Ft); Feuerstellung / (Mart, AT gun, etc.). emplacing Instellungbringen n (Arty). employment Einsatz m, Verwendung / (Tac). employment of armored units Panzerverwendung /. employment of chemical agents Kampfstoffverwendung /. employment of major forces Masseneinsatz m (Tac). employment of prisoners of war Kriegsgefangeneneinsatz m. employment reconnaissance EinsatzAufklarung /. empower ermachtigen, bevollmachtigen. empties Leergut n (Am); Leermaterial n (RR). empty weight Leergewicht n. encampment Feldlager n. encipher chiffrieren, verschliisseln, ziffern. encipherment Verschlusselung /, Chiffrierung /. encircle einkesseln (Tac). encircled area Kessel m (Tac). encirclement Einkreisung /, Einkesselung /, Umklammerung / (Tac). encircling maneuver Einkreisungsmanover n; uberholende Verfolgung (in pursuit). enclosure Einzaunung /, Umzaunung /. encode schlusseln. verschliisseln. encoding Schlusseln n (Rad, Tg). encoding and decoding chart Schlusselunterlage /. encoding section Schliisseltrupp m. encounter n Treffen n, Begegnung /, ZusammenstoC m. encrypt See encipher, endanger gefahrden, in Gefahr bringen. end cap Mantelkopf m (MG jacket). end dam StoBbohle / (Bdg). end plate Endscheibe / (Ap wing), end ramp Kopframpe / (RR),

end station


entraining of troops

end station \Mefistand m (Gunnery). endurance Plugdauer /, Plugzeit / (Avn); Ausdauer / (Pers). enemy Feind in. enemy action Feindeinwirkung / enemy activity Feindtatigkeit /. enemy alien feindlicher Auslander. enemy fire Feindfeuer n, Feindbeschufi m. enemy forces Feindkrafte fpl, Feindstreitkrafte fpl. enemy movement Feindbewegung /'. enemy observation Feindsicht /, Feindeinsicht /. enemy pressure Feinddruck m. enemy resistance Feindwiderstand enemy terrain Feindgelande n. enemy territory Feindesland n. enemy zone Feindraum m. energy Energie /, Kraft /. Enfield rifle Enfleld-Gewehr n. enfilade v der Lange nach beschiefien. enfilade fire Seitenfeuer n, flankierendes Feuer, bestreichendes Feuer, Langsbestreichung /, Langsfeuer n. engage in ein Gefecht verwickeln



engineer dump Pionierzwischenpark m. engineer equipment Pioniergerat n. engineer explosives Pioniersprengmittel npl. engineer headquarters Pionierstab m. engineer officer Pionieroffizier m. engineer reconnaissance Pionieraufklarung /. Engineer School Pionierschule /. engineer soldier Pionier m. engineer's scale Reduktionsmaflstab m. engineer tool Pionierwerkzeug n. engineer troops Pioniere mpl, Pioniertruppen fpl. engineer vehicle Pionierfahrzeug n. engine failure Motorpanne /. engine house Lokomotivschuppen m engine preheater Vorwarmer m. engine repair Motoren-Instandsetzung /. engine rpm Motordrehzahl /. engine torque Motordrehmoment n. engine trouble Motorstorung /. engine yard Lokomotivbahnhof m enlarge vergrofiern. enlargement VergroBerung /. enlarging projector Vergrofierungsapparat m. enlist sich freiwillig melden. enlisted cadre Rahmenheer n, Stammtruppen fpl. enlisted man Soldat m, Mann m; Fliegersoldat m (Luftwaffe). enlisted men See enlisted personnel, enlisted personnel Unteroffiziere und Mannschaften. enlisted specialists Unteroffiziere und Mannschaften der Sonderlaufbahnen. enlistment Eintreten als Freiwilliger. enroll sich freiwillig melden. en route unterwegs. ensign Leutnant zur See (Nav); Kriegsflagge / (flag). entanglement Verhau m, Drahtverhau m. entertainment Unterhaltung /. entrain verladen (RR). entraining officer Verladeoffizier m (RR). entraining of troops Truppeneinladung /.







(MT). engagement Gefecht n, Gefechtshandlung /, Kampfhandlung / (Tac). engaging of successive targets Zielwechsel m. engine Motor m, Maschine / (MT); Lokomotive / (RR). engine brake Motorbremse / (MT). engine compartment Motorenraum m (Tk). engine cowling Motorhaube /, Motovverkleidung /, Haubenverkleidung / (Ap). engineer Pionier m (Army); Ingenieur m (Nav) (also civilian of ficial in Ger Army). Engineer Amphibian Command Pionier-Landungstruppen fpl (USA). engineer assault platoon Pioniei'sturmzug m. engineer combat equipment PionierKampfmittel npl. engineer commander Pionierfiihrer m. Engineer Corps Pionierkorps n, Pioniertruppe /. engineer depot Pionierpark m.

entraining point
entraining point


evacuation of prisoners

Verladeplatz m (RR). entraining table Fahrtliste /, Verladeplan m (RR). entrance Eingang m, Eintritt m, Zutritt m. entrance hatch Einsteigluke / (Tk). entrench schanzen, einschanzen, sich eingraben. entrenching tools Schanzzeug n. entrenchment Nest n, Verschanzung / (Ft).
entruck verladen (MT). entrucking point Verladeplatz m (MT). entrucking table Verladeplan m

envelop umfassen (Tac). envelope Ballonhiille / (Bin); GlassgefaB n (Rad tube); Umschlag m (for a letter). enveloping attack mnfassender Angriff. envelopment Umfassung /, Umklammerung / (Tac). epaulet Epaulette /. epi Gleiskurve /, Klaue / (for RR


gun). epidemic n Seuche /, Epidemie /. episcope Episkop n. equal area projection flachentreue Projektion (mapping). equal section charge aus zwei gleichen Teilladungen bestehende Treibladung (Am). equation Gleichung / (Math). equator Aquator m. equilibrator Ausgleicher m (G). equilibrator anchor Ausgleicherarm m (G). equip ausstatten. equipage Ausriistungsstueke npl. equipment Gerat n, Ausriistung /. equipment car Geratewageri TO. equipment on hand Istbestand m. equipment truck Geratekraftwagen m. equipment wagon Geratewagen m. equivalent circuit Ersatzschaltschema
n (Elec).

eraser Radiergummi m. erect v errichten, bauen. erect adj aufrecht. erect truss Hangewerk n (Bdg). erosion Abnutzung /, Ausbrennung
/ (Ord).

erosion of the bore Rohrabnutzung /, Ausbrennung / (Ord). error Fehler m. escape n Entweichen n (Tac); Flucht /. escape v entlaufen, entweichen. escape hatch Bodenluke / (Ap, Tk) ; Falltiir / (Ap). escarpment Boschung /. escort n Geleit n, Geleitmannschaft /, Bedeckung /, Bedeckungsmannschaft /; Begleitschutz m (Avn). escort airplane Sicherungsflugzeug n. escort of honor Ehrengeleit n. escort party Begleitkommando n. escort vessel Begleitschiff n, Geleitschiff n. escutcheon Abzeichen /, Hoheitsabzeichen n. espionage Spionage /, Ausspahung /. esprit de corps Korpsgeist m. essential items wehrwichtige Guter. establishment Heereseinrichtung /, Heeresanstalt / (organization or in stitution). establishment of communication Verbindungsaufnahme /. establishment of contact Fiihlungnahme / (Tac). establishment of liaison Verbindungsaufnahme /. estimate re Schatzung /, Beurteilung /. estimate v schatzen, beurteilen. estimate of terrain Gelandebeurteilung /. estimate of the situation Beurteilung der Lage, Lagebeurteilung / (Tac). estimation Schatzung / (Gunnery). ether Ather m. ethyldichlorarsine Athydichlorarsin n, Athylarsindichlorid n (CWS). ethyliodoacetate Jodessigester m (CWS). evacuate abbefordern (PW, wound ed, etc.); abtransportieren, abschieben (supplies, equipment, etc.). evacuating officer Abschuboffizier m. evacuation Abschub m, Abtransport TO, Abbeforderung /. evacuation hospital Kriegslazarett n. evacuation hospital battalion Kriegslazarettabteilung /. evacuation of prisoners Gefangenenabschub TO.

evacuation of the sick
evacuation of the sick


explosive D

transport m. evacuation of wounded Abschub von Verwundeten, Verwundetenabschub m, Verwundetenabtransport TO. evacue(e) Evakuierter m, Abgeschobener m. evade ausweichen. evading movement Ausweichbewegung /. evaluation Auswertung /, Beurteilung /. evaluation of information Nachrichtenbeurteilung /. evaluation of terrain Gelandebeurteilung /. evidence Beweismaterial n (Law). evolution Formveranderung / (Tac). examine priifen, untersuchen; vernehmen, verhoren, ausfragen (ques tion). excavator Baggerwerk n, Bagger m excess stock Mehrbestand m. exchange n Austausch m, Tausch m; Amt n, Telephonamt n (Tp); Wechsel m (currency); Wechselkurs m (rate); Marketenderei / (PX). exchange of prisoners Gefangenenaustausch TO. exchange ship Austauschschiff n. excitation current Erregerstrom m (Elec). excitation winding Erregerwicklung excite erregen (Elec). exciter Erreger m, (Rad). excrement Kot m, Stuhl m. excused from duty vom Dienst entschuldigt. execute durchfiihren, ausfuhren, vollstrecken (carry out); hinrichten (put to death). execution Durchfuhrung /, Ausfiihrung / (carrying out); Hinrichtung / (putting to death). executive Batterieoffizier m (firing executive officer Adjutant m. executive order Notverordnung /. exempt adj befreit, verschont, frei; zuriickgestellt (deferred). exercise n Ubung / (drill, Tng man euver); Leibesubung / (physical). exhaust n Auspuff m, (Mtr). exhaust v erschopfen (tire out, use

exhaust^ duct Auspuffleitung /, Aus puffka'nal m (Mtr). exhaust gases Abgase npl. exhaust manifold Auspuffkriimmer TO. exhaust port AuslaBventilkammer /. exhaust stroke Auspuffhub m, Auspufftakt m. exhaust turbine Abgasturbine / (Ap). exhaust valve AuslaQventil n. exile n Verbannung /, Exil n; Verbannte(r) TO (person). exile v verbannen. exonerate freisprechen, entlasten. expedient Behelf m, Aushilfe / (aid); List / (clever act). expendable verbrauchbar, verzehrbar. expendable supplies Mittel npl, Verbrauchsstoffe mpl, Verbrauchsgiiter npl. expenditure of ammunition Munitionsverbrauch m. experiment n Versuch m, Experi ment n. experiment v Versuche anstellen, experimentieren. experimental airplane Versuchsflugzeug n. expert n Fachmann m, Sachverstandiger TO. expert adj ausgezeichnet (excel lent); qualifiziert (qualified). expiration Ablauf TO, Beendigung / (termination); Verfall TO (lapse). explode bersten, krepieren, explodieren. exploder Gluhziindapparat TO (Engr). exploit n Heldentat /. exploit v ausnutzen (Tac). exploitation Ausnutzung / (Tac). explosion Explosion /.
expeditionary force armee /. Expeditions-


/ (Elec).


explosive Sprengstoff m (generic term); Sprengmittel n (in prepared form).

up); aufbrauchen (use up).

explosive block Sprengkorper TO; Sprengbiichse /' (in container). explosive bomb Sprengbombe /. explosive bullet SprenggeschoB n (projectile); Sprengpatrone / (cart ridge). explosive charge Sprengladung / (Engr.) explosive D Ammoniumpikrat n.

explosive filler



explosive filler SprengstofFtillung / (Am). explosive force Sprengkraft / (Am). explosive rivet Sprengniete /. explosive train Ziindsatz in. exposed often, ungeschiitzt, unangelehnt (Tae). exposed flank unangelehnte Flanke, ungeschutzte Flanke. exposed position offene Stellung (Tac). exposed wing offener Fliigel (Tac). exposure Aussetzung / (to danger, cold, disease); Belichtung/ (Photo); Enthiillung / (revelation). exposure time Belichtungszeit / (Photo). express highway Autobahn /. extend auseinanderziehen (Tac) ; ausfahren (Ap landing gear). extendable mount Klapplafette / (Ap MG). extended formation geoffnete Flugordnung (Avn). extended order geoffnete Ordnung (Tac); geoffnete Linie (in width). extension arm Klapparm m (AA sight). extension in depth Tiefenausdehnung / (Tac). extension in width Breitenausdehnung / (Tac). extensive smoke screen Grofivernebelung /. exterior balk Ortbalken m (floating Bdg).

exterior ballistic factors Witterungseinfliisse mpl. exterior ballistics auBere Ballistik, auflere Schiefilehre. exterior guard Aufienwache /. exterior stringer Ortbalken m, (fixed Bdg). exterminate ausrotten, vertilgen, vernichten. external contracting brake AuBenbackenbremse / (MT). external suspension Aufienaufhangung / (of bombs). extinguish loschen. extinguisher Feuerloscher m. extinguisher fluid Loschfliissigkeit /. extract v ausziehen. extraction of root Radizierung / (Math). extractor Auszieher m (OrA). extract order Einzelbefehl m. extra duty Strafdienst m. extreme range Hochstschufiweite / (Ord). eye Auge n. eyeguard Augenmuschel /. eyepiece Einblick m, Okular n (Op tics); Augenfenster n (gas mask). eyepiece frame Augenring m (gas mask). eyepiece lens Einblicklinse /. eyepiece mount Einblickstutzen m. eyepiece tube Einblickrohr n. eyesight Sehkraft /, Sehvermogen n, Sehscharfe /. "Eyes, left!" "Die Augen, links!" "Eyes, right!" "Augen, rechts!"

fabric Stoff m. fabric covering Bespannung / (Ap). face n Gesicht n. face form Maskenspanner m (to prevent gas-mask distortion). facepiece Maskenkorper m (gas mask). facing Wendung / (drill). facing distance Wendungsabstand m. facsimile equipment BildtelegraphieGerat n (Tg); Bildfunkgerat n (Had). fact Tatsache /.

factor Faktor m, Koeffizient m; Wert m (value). factor of safety Sicherheitskoeffizient m (Mech). factory Fabrik /. fade schwinden, abnehmen (Bad). fading Fading n, Schwund m (Rod). fading effect Scliwundwirkung / (Rad). fail miBlingen, scheitern, fehlschlagen, yersagen. failure Miflerfolg m, Mifilingen n; Betriebsstorung / (Elec, Tp); Panne

Fairey gun mount


Ferry Command

(glue); verkitten, ankleben (with / (Mtr); Unterlassung /, Versaumadhesives); anstecken (hitch). nis n (neglect). Fairey gun mount Fairey-Sonder- fathom Faden m (Nav). fathometer Behmlot n, Echolot n lafette / (Ap). fairing Verkleidung /, Profilierung / (Nav). fatigue Arbeitsdienst m (duty); (Ap). Mfidigkeit /, Ermiidung / (exhaus fake gas "Scheingas" n, "Schwindelgas" n (CWS). tion) . fall n Herbst m (season); Fall in fatigue detail Arbeitskommando n. fatigue duty Arbeitsdienst m (Mil). (drop). Dauerfestigkeit / fall v fallen; sinken (of prices, fatigue strength temperature, etc.). (Engr). Arbeitsanzug m, fall back ausweichen, sich absetzen, fatigue uniform sich zuruckziehen, zuriickgehen. Drillichanzug m. fall in antreten. feathered position Segelstellung / "Fall in!" "Antreten!" (not at at (propeller). tention); "Angetreten!" (at atten f eces Kot m, Stuhl m. feed n Speisung / (Elee, MT); Put tion); "In Marschordnung, angetre ten!" (in column of threes); "In ter n (for horses). feed v abfiittern (horses, etc.); zu Doppelreihe, angetreten!" (in col umn of twos); "In Linie, angetre essen geben (Pers). ten!" (in three ranks); "In Linie zu feedback Riickkopplung / (Rad). zwei Gliedern, angetreten!" (in two feed bag FreBbeutel m. ranks); "In Linie zu einem Glied, feed belt Patronengurt m, Gurt m angetreten!" (in one rank); "In I (MG). Reihe, angetreten!" (in single file). \ feed box Zufiihrungsgehause n (AA fall off sich seitlich abrutschen lasgun). sen, sich iiber den Flugel abrutschsn feeder current Speisestrom m (Elec). lassen (Avn). feed funnel Patronenschacht m (Ap fall out wegtreten (drill). MG). feeding Verpflegung / (Pers); Fiit"Fall out!" "Weggetreten!" (dis tern n (horses, etc.); Zuftihrung / missed); "Heraustreten!" (to men in barracks). (Am). feeding device Ladevorrichtung / false attack Scheinangriff m. (Small Arms) ; Mehrladevorrichtung false ogive Zunderdeckel m (Am). family allowance Familienunterhalt / (magazine) (R). m. feed mechanism Zufuhrer m (Ord). Tauschungsmanover n, famine Hungersnot /, Nahrungs- feint n Scheinangriff in, Scheingefecht n mangel m. fan n Windfliigel m (MT). (Tac). fan-marker beacon. Kreisfunkfeuer feint v vortauschen. n (Rad). felloe Felge /. fanning out seitliches Einschwenken felt Filz m. (Tac). felt boot Filzstiefel m. fan out seitlich einschwenken (Tac). felt hat Filzhut m. fan-type engine Fachermotor m. fence Zaun m. far fern, weit, entfernt. fender Abweiser m (G); Kotfliigel farad Farad n (Elec). TO (MT). fare Fahrpreis m (RR, etc.). ferro-concrete See reinforced con fascine Faschine /, Eeisigbundel n. crete. fascine revetment Strauchwerkbekleidung /, Strauchbiindelbekleidung ferrule Beschlag m. ferry n Fahre /, tibersetzfahre /. /; Senkfaschine / (sunken). ferry v uberfiihren (Avn). fascine road Strauchdamm m, Faschinenbahn /; Faschinendamm m ferryboat Fahre /. ferry cable Fahrseil n (Engr). (raised). fasten verbinden (tie); leimen ' Ferry Command Abholkommando n,

ferry embarkation point


field trunk cable

tlberfiihrungskommando n, Lieferkommando n (USA). ferry embarkation point Fahrstelle /. ferry for vehicles Wagenfahre /. ferrying flight tiberfiihrungsflug m. ferrying operations Fahrbetrieb m. ferrying point Ubersetzstelle /. ferrying service Lieferdienst m (Avn). ferrying site Fahrstelle /. fetlock Kote / (horse). fever Fieber n. fiber Faser /. field Feld n. field airdrome Feldflugplatz m, Feldflughafen m. field army Feldarmee /. Field Artillery Artillerie /. field artillery intelligence Nachrichtensammeln uber den Gegner (Arty). Field Artillery School Artillerieschule /. field artillery survey Vermessung von Feuerstellungen (Arty). field artillery trainer ZimmerschieOgerat n. field bag Brotbeutel m. field bakery Feldbackerei /. field cap Feldmiitze /. field cell Feldelement n (Tp). field development Verbesserung auf Grund von Kampferfahrungen. field duty Dienst bei der Truppe, Felddienst m. field emplacement Feuerstellung /. field equipment Feldgerat n. field exercise Gelandeubung /, Felddienstiibung /. field firing GefechtsschieCen n (R). field firing range Gefechtsschiefistand m (R). field forces Feldheer n. field fortification Feldbefestigung /, befestigte Feldstellung. fieldglass Glas n, Fernglas n, Doppelglas n. field grade Stabsoffiziersrang m. field gun Feldkanone /, Feldgeschiitz n. field hospital Hauptverbandplatz m. field jacket Windjacke / (Clo). field kit Wasche, Putz- und Nahzeug. field kitchen Feldkuche /. field laboratory Feldlaboratorium n,

chemische und hygienische Untersuchungsstelle (Med). field magazine Munitionslager in Geschiitznahe, Munitionsnische /. field magnet Feldmagnet m. field maneuvers Truppeniibungen fpl. field manual Druckvorschrift /. Field Marshal Feldmarschall m, Generalfeldmarschall m (Ger). field medical record Krankenblatt n. field mess Feldverpflegung '/• field message book Meldeblock m. field officer Stabsoffizier TO. field of fire Schufifeld n, Wirkungsbereich TO. field of view Blickfeld n, Sehfeld n, Gesichtsfeld n (Optics). field order Sattelbefehl TO. field pack Tornister m. field piece Feldkanone /, Feldgeschiitz n (G). field position- Feldstellung /. field radio See field radio set. field radio section Kleinfunktrupp m. field radio set Feldfunksprechgerat n. field radio truck Kleinfunkkraftwagen m. field railroad Feldbahn /. field range Feldkochherd m (field kitchen). field ration Feldportion /, Feldration /• field safe Kriegskasse /. Field Service Regulations Felddienstordnung /, Druckvorsehriften fiir Fiihrung und Gefecht der verbundenen Waffen. field shop Feldwerkstatt /. field strip v Waffengruppen auseinandernehmen. field target Gefechtsscheibe /. field target firing Gefechtsschiefien n (R). field telegraph tragbarer Telegraph. field telephone Feldfernsprecher m. field telephone line Feldlinie /, Feld.kabelleitung /; Felddauerlinie / (permanent). field-telephone operator Feldfern sprecher TO. field testing box Feldpriifschrank TO (Tp). field testing set Feldmefikastchen n. field training Gelandeausbildung /. field trunk cable Feldfernkabel re (Tp).

field uniform


final assembly area

field uniform Feldanzug m. field wagon Feldwagen m. field well Peldbrunnen m. field wire Feldkabel n (Tp). field-wire laying Feldkabelbau m (Tp). field-wire line Feldkabelleitung / (Tp). field-wire strand Feldkabelader / fifth column Funfte Kolonne. fifth-wheel steering Drehschemellenkung /. fifty percent zone Streifen der 50 %igen oder mittleren Streuung. fight v kampfen, fechten. fighter See fighter airplane, fighter airdrome Jagerplatz m. fighter airplane Jager m, Jagdflugzeug n; Zerstorer TO (long range). fighter aviation Jagdflieger mpl. fighter-bomber Jagdbomber m, Jabo m. fighter command Kommando der Jagdflieger (USA). fighter defense Jagdabwehr / (Avn). fighter escort Jagerschutz m, Jagdschutz m, Begleitschutz m (Avn). fighter formation Jagdverband m fighter group Jagdgruppe / (Avn). fighter pilot Jagdflieger m (Avn). fighter school Jagdfliegerschule / fighter screen Jagdsperre / (Avn). fighter squadron Jagdstaffel / (Avn). fighter wing Jagdgeschwader n (Avn). fighting compartment Kampfabteil m (Tk). fighting control Flugfiihrung und fighting power Kampfkraft /. fighting qualities Kampfwert m (of fighting spirit Kampfgeist m. filament Gliihfaden m (Elec). filament battery Heizsammler m, Heizbatterie / (Rad). filament circuit Heizkreis m (Rad). filament current Heizstrom m (Rad). file Reihe / (formation); Feile / in file treffenweise, in Reihe. file closer SchlieBender m.

file leader Anfuhrer m. filing cabinet Aktenschrank m. filing card Karteikarte /. fill n Damm m, Aufschiittung / (Engr, Top). fill v fullen. filler Fiillung /; Sprengstoffullung filler cap Fiillschraube / (MG). filler charge Sprengfiillung / (Am). filler cover Verschlufikappe / (MG). filling Fiillung / (Am, CWS). filling plug Fullzapfen m. filling station Tankstelle / (MT). film Film m. film-pack adapter Filmkassette / film strip Filmstreifen m. filter n Filter m; Weiche / (Rad); Sieb n (Mtr, Rad); Kraftstoffreiniger m (Mtr). filter v filtern, filtrieren. filter area von einem Flugwachkommando uberwachtes Gebiet (AWS). filter board Kartentisch des Flugmeldedienstes. filter center Flugwachkommando n filter circuit Sperrkreis m (Rad). filter container Filtergehause n (gas mask). filter element Filtereinsatz m, Atemeinsatz m (gas mask). filter-element container Einsatztopf filter funnel Siebtrichter m (MT). filtering Sammeln, Auswerten und Weitergeben der eingehenden Flugmeldungen (AWS). filter officer leitender Offizier beim Flugwachkommando. filter replacement Filterwechsel m fin Fliigel m (Mart shell, R gren ade, bomb); Stabilisierungsfliigel m, Steuerfliigel m (bomb); Flosse /, Seitenflosse / (Ap); Kuhlrippe / / (stabilizing fin of Mart shell). final amplifier Hauptsender m, Leistungsstufe / (of a Rad transmit ter). final assembly Bereitstellung / (Tac); Fertigmontage /, Endmontage / (Tech). final assembly area Bereitstellungsraum m,
(cooling fin of engine); Steuerflache (Photo).

/ (explosive).





m (gas mask).

Feuerleitung (bombardment forma tion).

(gas mask).

a unit).

(Tech); Kartothek / (card file).

final objective


fire position

stungsstufe / (Rad transmitter). finance n Kassenwesen 11. Finance Department Kassenabteilung /. finance officer Offlzier der Kassenabteilung. finder telescope Sucherfernrohr'?i (height finder). findings Untersuchungsergebnis n, Beschlufl m (Law). fine n Geldstrafe / (Law). fine grain Feinkorn n (Photo). fine setting Feineinstellung / (op tical Inst). fine'sight Feinkorn n (R aiming). fine tuning Feineinstellung / (Rad). finger Fiajsr m. fingernail Nagel in, Fingernagel m. fingerprint n Fingerabdruck m. fingerprint v Fingerabclrucke machen, daktyloskopieren. fin shaft Fliigelschaft / (Mart shell). fin surface Rippenflache / (aircooled engine). fire n SchieGen n, Feuer n, Beschufl m. fire v schieflen, feuern, abfeuern; abdriicken (press the trigger). "Fire !" "Feuer frei!" (R); "Feuer! " (Arty). fire adjustment EinschieGen n, Einrichten n, Richt- oder Ziindereinstellung beim Einschiefleri. fire against personnel Schieflen ge-

final objective Endziel M. final protective line letzte Widerstandslinie (Tac). final stage of amplification Lei-

fire-control aid SchieBbehelf m (Gunner,y). fire-control car Geratewagen m
(RR). fire-control code Zeichen fur die Feuerleitung (Arty). file-control equipment Feuerleit-

fire direction Feuerleitung /. fire-direction center Feuerleitungs-

tungs- und Vermessungsgerat n (Arty). fire-control map Schiefiplan in, Feuerleitungsplan m (Gunnery). fire-control net Feuerleitungsnetz n (Arty), firecracker Knallkorper TO, Karionenschlag m (simulated fire). fire crest Brustwehrkrone / (trench) ; Gewehrauflage / (Ft). fire curtain Feuervorhang m, Feuerwand /, Feuerschutz m. fire department Feuerwehr /. fire detector selbsttatiger Feuermelder (Tk).

gerat n (Arty). fire-control grid Gittersehiefiplan TO (Gunnery). fire-control instruments Beobach-

stelle /, Leitstand m (Arty). fire-direction net Feuerleitungsnetz " n (Arty). fire director Kommandogerat n, Flakkommandogerat n (AAA). fire-director data Kommandowerte

wegung (Tac). firearm Feuerwaffe /, Schufiwaffe /. fire barrage Sperrfeuer n. fire bay Feuerstellung / (trench). firebreak Schneise /, Waldschneise /. fire by a battalion Abteilungsschiefien n (Arty). fire by command for range Schiefien mit Entfernungskommandos. fire by piece at command geschiitzweises Feuer (Arty). fire call Feuersignal n. fire command Feuerbefehl m. fire control Feuerregelung / (Arty).

gen lebende Ziele (Gunnery). fire and maneuver See fire and move ment, fire and movement Feuer und Be-

fire discipline Feuerzucht / (Arty). fire distribution Feuerverteilung / (Arty, MG). fire duel Feuergefecht n, Feuerkanapf m. fire effect Feuerwirkung /. fire engine Feuerspritze /. fire extinguisher Feuerloscher TO. fire fight Feuergefecht n, Feuerkampf m. fire for destruction Zerstorungsfeuer n, Vernichtungsfeuer n (Arty). fire for effect Wirkungsschieflen n (Gunnery). fire lane Schuflschneise /. fire marshal Brandmeister m. fire mission Schieflauftrag m, Feuerauftrag m (Arty). fire order Feuerbefehl m. fire plan Feuerplan m (Tac); Feuerloschordnung / (firefighting). fire position Feuerstellung /.

mpl (AAA).



fishtail wind

firepower Feuerkraft /. fire preparation Feuervorbereitung / fire prevention Brandschutz m. fireproof feuerfest, feuersicher. fire raft Brander m. fire sector Beobachtungs- und Wirkungsstreifen m, Zielraum m, Zielabsehnitt m (Small Arms). fire step Schiitzenauftritt m (Ft). fire superiority Feueruberlegenheit /. fire support Feuerunterstiitzung /. fire trench Schiitzengraben m (Ft). fire unit Feuereinheit / (Arty). firewall Brandschott n, Brandspant TO (Ap). firing Schiefien n, Feuern n, Abfeuern n; Ziinden n, Ziindung / (a blasting charge); Erdzielbeschufi m (at ground targets); FlugzielbeschuB m (at aerial targets). firing angle Eichtungswinkel m. firing azimuth Seitenrichtung /. firing base Lafettenstutze /. firing battery Gefechtsbatterie /. firing bay Feuerstellung / (trench). firing chart Batterieplan m, Planpause / (Arty). firing circuit Abfeuerungsverbindung / (Tk MG or G). firing command Feuerkommando n (Arty). firing correction Schufiverbesserung / (Gunnery). firing data SchieBgrundlagen fpl, Schufiwerte mpl, Schufielemente npl (Gunnery). firing device Ziindvorrichtung / firing elevation Rohrerhohung /. firing interval Zeitabstand m, Pause /. firing jack Geschiitzwinde /. firing lever Abzugsstiick n, Abfeuerungshebel m, Abzugshebel m (G). firing line Feuerlinie /;• Feuerkette / (Pers). firing mechanism Abzugsvorrichtung /, Abfeuerungsvorrichtung /. firing order Zundfolge / (of engine cylinders). firing party fur die Ehrensalven bestimmte Abteilung (at graveside^ service). firing pin Nadel /, Zundnadel / (fuze); Schlagbolzen m (Ord).

firing-pin spring Schlagbolzenfeder / (pistol, fuze). firing-pin support Nadelatiick n firing-pin trip Spannfalle / (breech block). firing-port shutter Schartenblende /. firing position Feuerstellung /



Feuerstellung. firing practice SchieBubung /. firing procedure SchieBverfahi-en n. firing range SchuBweite / (dis tance); Schieflstar»d. TO (place). firing regulations SchieBvorschrift /. firing spur Stichgleis n (RR Arty). firing squad Erschiefiungskommando n (at an execution). firing stand Schiefigestell n (MG). firing step See fire step, firing table Schufitafel /: Artillerierechenschieber m (graphical). firing-table elevation schufitafelma. Bige Erhohung (Gunnery). firing-table range schuBtafelmaBige SchuBweite (Gunnery). firing technique Schiefiteehnik /. firing wire Zunderdraht m, Sprengkabel n (blasting). first aid erste Hilfe, erster Wundverband. first-aid dog Sanitatshund m. first-aid kit, Verbandzeug n. first-aid packet Verbandpackehen v. first-aid pouch Notverbandtasche /. first-aid supplies Verbandzeug n. first lieutenant Oberleutnant m; Oberleatnant der Flieger (Luft' waffe); Oberarzt m (Med); Oberveterinar m (Vet). first name Rufname m. first officer Erster Offizier (Nav). first sergeant Hauptfeldwebel m; Hauptwachtmeister n (Arty, Cav). first sergeant's call Versammlung der Hauptfeldwebel zur Befehlsausgabe. fiscal year Haushaltsjahr n. fish n Fisch TO. fish net Fischnetz n (Cam). fishtail Abbremsen des Flugzeuges bei der Landung durch dauerndes Bewegen des Seitenruders (Avn). fishtail wind standig wechselnder Wind.

in firing position

(place); Anschlagsart / (standing, kneeling, etc.).

feuerbereit, in



flash message

fist Faust /. fit v passen; montieren (assemble). fit for duty dienstfahig. fitting Verpassung /, Verpassen n (of uniforms, etc.); Zubehcirteil m, Armatur /, Pafisttick n (Tech). fix n Koppelort m (Air Navigation). fix v fesseln (Tac). "Fix bayonets!" "Seitengewehr, pflanzt auf!" fixed ortsfest, standig (Arty, Ft). fixed ammunition Einheitsmunition /, Patronenmunition /. fixed antenna Festantenne /. fixed antiaircraft artillery ortsfeste Flak. fixed bayonet aufgepflanztes Seiten gewehr. fixed bridge Brucke mit festen Stiitzen. fixed emplacement fest eingebaute Geschiitzstellung, ortsfeste G.eschutzstellung. fixed fire Punktfeuer n (MG). fixed gun starre Kanone (Ap). fixed gun mount starre Lafette. fixed hospital feste Krankenunterkunft. fixed liner festes Seelenrohr (G). fixed machine gun starres Maschinengewehr. fixed objective festes Ziel. fixed obstacle fest eingebautes Hindernis. fixed-pitch propeller Luftschraube mit gleichbleibender Steigung. fixed pivot Drehpunkt in; Fliigelmann am Drehpunkt (drill). fixed round ein Schufi Patronenmu nition. fixed seacoast artillery ortsfeste Kiistenartillerie. fixed target festes Ziel. flag Flagge /, Fahne /. flagman Winker m. flag officer Flaggoffizier m, (Nay). flag of protection Lazarettflagge /. flag of truce Parlamentarflagge /, weifie Flagge. bearer of a flag of truce Unterhandler m, Parlamentar m. flagpole Fahnenschaft m, Fahnenstange /; Fahnenmast m (fixed). flag semaphore Nachrichtenubermittlung durch Winkflaggen. flagship Flaggschiff n. flag signal Flaggensignal n.

flag target Schleppziel n, Schleppscheibe /, Luftsack m (AAA). flake powder Blattchenpulver n, Plattenpulver n (Am). flaksuit Panzerweste / (Avn). flame Flamme /. flame dampener exhaust stack Flanimenverzehrer m (Ap). flame-thrower Flammenwerfer m; werfer m (long-range). flame-throwing tank Flammenwerferpanzerwagen m (Ger). flange Flansch m. flank n Flanke /, Breitseite / (Tac) ; Fiihrungsflache / (G tube); Weiche /, Flanke / (of horse). flank v flankieren, umgehen. flank attack Flankenangriff m. flank guard Seitendeckung / (Tac). flanking fire Flankenfeuer n, flankierendes Feuer. flanking march Flankenmarsch m. flank man Flugelmann m (drill). flank observation Beobachtung von seitlicher Beobachtungsstelle (Arty). flank patrol Spahtrupp zur Flankensicherung. flank protection Flankenschutz m. flank protective fire Artilleriefeuer zur Flankensicherung. flank security Flankensicherung /, Seitendeckung / (Tac). flank spotting Beobachtung von seit licher Beobachtungsstelle (Arty). flap Klappe / (Ap, Clo); Tornisterklappe / (pack). flare Fackel /, Leuchtkugel / (Sig). flareback Vorbeischlagen der Pulvergase (G). flare composition Leuchtsatz m. flare path Leuchtpfad m (Avn). flash Miindungsfeuer n, Aufblitzen n (G); Ziindstrahl m (Am); Blitzstrahl m (lightning). flash defilade Sichtdeckung / (Arty). flash fuze elektrischer Gliihziinder (CWS). flash hider Feuerdampfer m, Flammendampfer m, Miindungsfeuerdampfer m (Ord). flash hole Ziindkanal m (fuze). flashing light Blinkfeuer n (Avn). flashlight Taschenlampe /. flashlight battery Taschenlampenbatterie /. flash message dringende Meldung.

Nahwerfer m (short-range); Weit-

flash point


float chamber

flash point 'Zundpunkt m (fuels). flash ranging Lichtmessen n. flash-ranging adjustment Einschie-

LiehtmeBbatterie (Arty). flash-ranging, battery LichtmeBbat terie /. flash-ranging location See flash ranging, flash-ranging section Lichtmefitrupp

fien der eigenen Artillerie durch die

flexible gun bewegliches Geschiitz. flexible machine gun bewegliches Maschinengewehr. flexible shaft Schwinge / (follcnv-the-

pointer mechanism) ; biegsame Welle (Tech). flexible steel cable Drahtzug m (Ap).

m (Arty). flash-ranging station /, Mefistelle /. flash-ranging system
tem n. flash reconnaissance

Lichtmefistelle LichtmeBsysGefechtsauf-

flexure Durchbiegen n (Mech). flick Erfassung des Zieles, kurzdauerndes Halten eines erfaBten Zieles
(AA searchlight). flier Flieger m.

klarung dureh Lichtmeflbatterie oder vom aus. flash-reducing wad Kartuschvorlage flash signal Blinkzeichen n. flash tube Kammerhulse / (shrap nel). flash-tube charge Kammerhulsenladung / (shrapnel). flat-base rim Flachbettfelge / (MT). flat butt strap Flachlasche /. flatcar Plattformwagen TO (RR). flat coil spring Bandfeder / (fuze). flat feet Plattfufie mpl. flat fire See flat-trajectory fire, flat-jawed pliers Flachzange /. flatness of trajectory Rasanz der Flugbahn. flat spin Flachtrudeln n, Tellertruflatten out abfangen (Avn). flat-top Maske /, Tarndecke / (Cam). See also aircraft carrier, flat trajectory gestreckte Flugbahn, gestreckte Geschofibahn (Ballistics). flat-trajectory fire Flachfeuer n. flat-trajectory gun Flachfeuergeschiitz n, Flachbahngeschutz n. flat-trajectory weapon Flachbahnwaffe /, Flachfeuerwaffe /. fleet Flotte / (Nav). fleeting target Augenblicksziel n. flexible schwenkbar (Ap MG); biegdeln n (Avn). / (Am).

flight Kette / (Avn unit); Flug m. flight commander Kettenfiihrer m (Avn). flight control Flugzeugsteuerung / (Ap); Bewegungskbntrolle / (by operations office). flight deck Flugdeck n, Landedeck n (aircraft carrier). flight diagram Auftragskarte / flight echelon fliegendes Personal. flight engineer Bordwart in, Bordmechaniker m, Bordmonteur m (Avn), flight formation Flugform /. flight indicator Neigungsmesser m, Gyrorektor TO (Ap). flight instructor Fluglehrer m.. flight line Fluglinie /, Flugstrecke /. flight log Flugbuch n, Flugtagebueh flight maneuver Flugfigur /. flight map Fliegerkarte /. flight officer Feldwebelleutnant der Flieger (USA). flight pay Luftdienstzulage /, Fliegerzulage /. flight performance Flugleistung /. flight personnel fliegendes Personal. flight position Flugrichtung /, Fluglage /. flight ration Bordverpflegung /. flight report Flugmeldung /. flight route Flugstrecke /. flight surgeon Sanitatsoffizier bei fliegenden Verbanden, Fliegerarzt TO. flinching Mucken n (Small Arms
firing). float Schwimmer TO (Ap, carbu retor, gage, etc.); FloB n (Engr); n. (aerial Photo).

sam (Tech). flexible axle Schwingachse / (MT). flexible ball mount Kugelblende / (Tk gun).

flexible disk Hardyseheibe / (MT). flexible-disk joint Trockengelenk n (MT). flexible drive shaft Gelenkwelle /.

FuBplatte /, Fufiteller TO (AA gun); Schwanzblech n (G trail). float chamber Schwimmergehause n (carburetor).

float column



float column Tellersaule / (AA gun outrigger). float gear Schwimmwerk n, Schwimmerwerk n, Schwimmergestell n (seaplane). floating bridge Briicke mit schwimmenden Stutzen, FloBbriicke /. floating dock Schwimmdock n.' floating mine Treibmine /. float needle Schwimmernadel / (car buretor). floatplane Schwimmerflugzeug n. float plate Ansteckblech n (G trail spade); Fuflplatte /, FuCteller m (AA gun). floats Schwimmwerk n (Ap). flock Reiterrudel n (Cav). flood n tiberflutung /, Uberschwemmung /. flood v iiberfluten, iiberschwemmen; anstauen (dam up). flooded area Anstauung / (Engr). flooding Anstauung /, Uberflutung / (Engr). floodlight Flutlicht n. floor Boden m, Fufiboden in (build ings) ; Fahrbahn /, Briickenbahn / (Bdg); Stock m (story). floor beam Fahrbahntrager in (Bdg). floor b'oard Bodenbrett n (MT). floor plate Bodenstiick n (MG). floor-plate lock ' Bodenstiicksperre / (MG). flotation gear Schwimmwerk n (Ap). flotation stability Schwimmstabilitat / (seaplane). flour Mehl n. fluid drive Fliissigkeitsgetriebe n (MT). fluid equalizer Fliissigkeitsausgleicher m (recoil mechanism). fluke Ankerflunken m (of an an chor) . fluorescent tube Leuchtr6hre /. flush riveting Versenknietung /. flutter n Ruttelerscheinungen fpl (Ap). fly v fliegen. fly a sortie JSinsatz fliegen (Avn). flying boat Flugboot n; Fernaufklarungsflugboot n (long-range recon naissance). flying bridge See flying ferry. flying cadet Fahnrich der Flieger (USA).
flying distance Flugweite /.

flying ferry Gierfahre mit nur an einem Ufer verankertem Fahrseil (Engr). flying field Flugplatz m. Flying Fortress Fliegende Festung. flying in formation Verbandsflug m (Avn). flying officer Fliegeroffizier m. flying pay Fliegerzulage /, Luftdienstzulage /. flying school Fliegerschule /. flying suit Fliegerschutzanzug m.; Pelzkombination / (fur-lined cover all). flying time Flugzeit / (Avn). fly on instruments blindfliegen. flyweight Fliehgewicht n (engine governor). flywheel Schwungrad n, Schwungmasse /, Schwungscheibe / (Mtr). FM Titantetrachlorid n (CWS). FM grenade Nebelhandgranate mit Titantetrachlorid-Fullung (CWS). FM smoke Titantetrachlorid-Nebel m (CWS). focal center Flugmeldekommando n (AWS). focal distance Brennweite / (Op tics). focal length See focal distance, focal plane Brennebene / (Optics). focus n Brennpunkt m (Optics). focusing scale Sehscharfeneinteilung / (Optics). fog Nebel m. fog area Nebelgebiet n (Met). folding wings beiklappbare Tragfliigel, Schwenkfliigel mpl, Klappfliigel mpl (Ap). follower Zubringer m (Small Arms). follower spring Zubringerfeder / (Small Arms). follower-spring stud Federkopf m (self-loading pistol); follow-the-pointer drive Folgezeigerantrieb m (AAA). follow-the-pointer indicator Folgezeiger m. follow-the-pointer sight mechanism Zeigerzi'eleinrichtung / (G). follow-the-pointer system Folgezeigereinrichtung /. follow up v nachdrangen (Tac); anfragen nach (inquire). food Lebensmittel npl, Nahrungsmittel npl (any means of nutrition); Essen n, Kost /, Verpflegung /

food ration card



(meals in general); Efiwaren fpl (food products). food ration card Lebensmittelkarte /. foot FuC m. footbridge Steg m, Beselersteg m; Schnellsteg m (hasty); Flofisacksteg TO (of pneumatic boats); Uferschnellsteg m (single span). foot-firing mechanism Abzugsvorrichtung mit Fufihebel (AA gun). footgear Schuhzeug n. footpath Fufiweg TO. foot plate Fufiplatte /', Fufiteller m (AA gun). footrest FuCstiitze / (AA gun). foot shifter FuBschaltung / (MT). footsore fufikrank. foot starter FuBschalter m (MT). foot switch FuBschalter in (Elec). foot troops Fufitruppen fpl. forage n Futter n. forage v furagieren, verpflegen, Fut ter und Nahrungsmittel beschaffen. forage ration Futterration /. foragers Reiter in geoffneter Linie (Cav). force n Kraft / (power); Krafte / pi (Pers); Kampfeinheit / (unit); Kraftegruppe / (group); Verband m (formation). in force mit starken Kraften, mit Einsatz aller Krafte (Tac). force v erkampfen, erzwingen, uberwinden (Tac). forced-circulation cooling Pumpenkiihlung /, Wasserpumpenkiihlung / (Mtr). forced crossing Uberschreiten des Flusses unter Kampf (Tac). forced landing- Notlandung / (Avn); ' Truppenlandung unter Feuer (Tac). make a forced landing notlanden (Avn). forced march Dauermarsch m, Gewaltmarsch m. forcing cone Ubergangskegel m (G). ford n Furt /. ford v durchwaten. fordable durchwatbar. fording ability Watfahigkeit / (MT). fore-and-aft inclinometer Langsneigungsmesser m (Ap). forearm Schaft m (automatic R); Vorarm m (horse). forecast See weather forecast, forefinger Zeigefinger in.

foreground Vorfeld n (Tac). forehead Stirn /. forehead strap Stirnband n (gas mask). foreign auslandisch, fremd, -ausw&rtig. foreign country Ausland n, fremdes Land. foreigner Auslander m, Fremde(r) m. foreign port Auslandshafen w, auslandischer Hafen. foreign service Dienst aufierhalb der Landesgrenze. forequarters Vorhand / (horse). foresight Vorsicht / (Surv). forest Wald m. forestalling Unterbindung / (Tac). forest clearing Waldblofie /, Waldlichtung /. forest road Waldweg in; Waldschneise /, Schneise / (along a fire break). forfeiture Verlust des Wehrsoldes. forfeiture of pay Verwirkung des Wehrsoldes. forge n Schmiede /. forged iron Schmiedeeisen n. fork Verlegung des mittleren Treffpunktes um die Halfte des Treffbildes (Gunnery); Wegegabel / (road); Gabel / (utensil). form Schalung / (concrete construc tion) ; Vordruck m, Formular n (printed form); Gestalt / (shape). formation Form /, Formation /, Gliederung / (drill, Tac); Verband m (Avn); Flugform / (flight forma tion) . formation flying Verband(s)flug m, Fliegen im Verbande. formation in depth Tiefengliederung / (Tac). formation in width Breitengliederung/ (Tac). formation of airplanes Fliegerformation /, Fliegerverband m. formation of bombardment airplanes Kampfverband m. formation of dive bombers Stujzkampfverband m, Stukaverband TO. formation of eddies Wirbelbildung / (Ballistics). formation of pursuit airplanes Jagdverband m (Avn). , formation of reconnaissance airplanes Aufklarungsverband TO.



freight station

formation of torpedo bombers Torpedoflugzeugverband m. formation release Verbandswurf m, Verbandsabwurf m (Bombing). formula Formel /. formulation of decisions EntschluBfassung /. fort Werk n, Festung /. fortification Befestigung /. fortified defense system Befestigungsanlage /. fortified line Stiitzpunktlinie /. fortified locality Stiitzpunkt m (Tac). fortified position befestigte Stellung. fortress Festung /. fortress artillery Festungsartillerie /. fortunes of war Wechselfalle des Gefechts (Tac). forward v befordern (supplies, etc.); nachsenden (a letter). forward area Kampfgebiet n, Kampfraum m. forward echelon I. Staffel (Hq). forward gunner's compartment Bugkanzel / (Ap). forwarding point Weiterleitungsstelle /. "Forward, march!" "Im Gleichschritt, Marsch!" forward observation post vorgeschobene Beobachtungsstelle (Tac). forward observer vorgeschobener Beobachter (Arty). forward PW camp Frontstalag n. forward slope Vorderhang m (Top). forward slope position Vorderhangstellung / (Tac). forward speed Vorwartsgang m (MT). forward velocity Vorwartsgeschwindigkeit / (Bombing). fougasse Flattermine /, Fugasse /. fouling Riickstande im Laufinnern (Ord). fouling shot erster Schufi zum Entb'len des Laufinnern. foundation Bettung / (G emplace ment); Unterbau m (Engr). foundry GieCerei /. fountain pen Fullfeder /. four-cycle engine Viertaktmotor m. four-man tent Viererzelt n. fourragere Fangschnur /; Schutzenschnur ^ (marksmanship). four-way pipe joint Kreuzmuffe /. four-wheel vehicle Zweiachser m.

foxhole Schiitzenloch n; Hockloch n (crouching); Schiitzenloch fiir stehenden Anschlag (standing). fraction Bruch in (Math). fractional charge Teilladung / (Am). fracture Knochenbruch m (Med). fracture of the skull Schadelbruch m. fragment Bruchstiick n, Splitter m, Sprengstiick n. fragmentary order Einzelbefehl m, besondere Anordnung (Tac). fragmentation Splitterwirkung / (Am). fragmentation bomb Splitterbombe /. fragmentation effect Splitterwirkung '/. fragmentation hand grenade Eierhandgranate / (egg-shaped). fragmentation shell Splittergranate /• frame n Rahmen m; Fahrwerkrahmen m (MT); Protzgestell n (lim ber); Tragegestell n (pack saddle). frame rib Trageschiene / (pack saddle). frame-type gun carriage Rahmenlafette /.' frangible grenade Brandflasche /. fraudulent enlistment freiwilliges Eintreten mit falschen Angaben oder Verschweigen wichtiger Tatbe stande. fraudulent induction Diensteintritt mit falschen Angaben oder Ver schweigen wichtiger Tatbestande. free air thermometer AufienluftThermometer n (Ap). free balloon Freiballon m. freeboard Freibord m. freedom Freiheit /. free-space radiation Raumstrahlung / (Rad). free travel toter Gang (clutch pedal). freewheeling Freilauf m (MT). freeze frieren; erfrieren (to death); sich festfressen (piston, etc.). freeze in position regungslos erstarren. freight Fracht /. freight car Giiterwagen m (RR). freighter Frachter m, Frachtdampfer m (Nav). freight station Giiterbahnhof m (RR).

freight train


fuel gage

frontier protection Grenzschutz m freight train Giiterzug m (RR). frequency Schwingungszahl /, Fre(Tac). frontier station Grenzbahnhof m quenz / (Elec, Rad). (RR). frequency band Frequenzband n. Frontlinie /, vorderste frequency-control element Steuer- front line Kampflinie (Tac). sender m, Steuerstufe / (Rad trans front outrigger Vorderholm m (AA mitter) . •frequency designation Frequenzangun mount). front ring sight Kreiskorn n (MG). gabe / (Rad). Kreiskornfufi frequency meter Wellenmesser m, front ring sight base m (MG). Frequenzmesser m (Elec, Rad). frequency modulation Frequenzmodu- front ring sight frame Kreiskornrahmen m (MG). lation / (Rad). frequency selection Grobeinstellung front ring sight support . Kreiskornhalter m (MG)., / (Rad). frequency spectrum Wellenspektrum front roller Kletterwalze /, Abfangwalze / (MT). n (Rad). front sector Frontabschnitt m. friction Reibung /. frictional resistance Reibungswider- front sight Korn n (Sinall Arms); Nebenstachel m (AT gun). stand m. friction igniter Abreifiziinder m, front-sight base KornfuB m (R). front-sight cover Kornschoner Ziindschnuranzunder m. m (R). friction primer Reibziindschraube /. friction surface Laufflache / (Mech). front-sight holder Kornhalter m (R). friction tape Isolierstreifen m, Iso- j front-sight stud Kornwarze / (R). front-wheel drive Erontantrieb m, lierband n. Vorderradantrieb m (MT). friendly troops eigene Truppen. frog Strahl m (hoof); Weichenstiick frost Reif m, Raulireif in (Met). n (RR switch). frostbite Frostbeule /. front Front / (Met, Mil); Bug m, frosted glass Milchglas n. Stirnseite / (Tk). frozen gefroren (of water, etc., frontage Ausdehnung /, Breite /, frostbitten); erfroren (frozen to Gefechtsbreite / (Tac). death or to point of serious danger). frontage in attack Angriffsbreite /. fruit Frucht /; Obst n (collective). frontal area Stirnflache / (Mech). FS solution Nebelsaure / (CWS). frontal attack frontaler Angriff, fuel Brennstoff m, Kraftstoff m, Frontalangriff m, StirnangrifF m. Treibstoff m, Betriebsstoff m (Mtr). frontal fire Frontalfeuer n. See also gasoline, frontal security Sicherung nach fuel-air mixture Kraftstoff-Luftgevorne (Tac). misch TO (Mtr). frontal soaring Frontensegeln n, Gefuel cake Brennstoff m (DM irritant witterflug m (glider). gas candle). front arch Vorderzwiesel m (packfuel consumption Brennstoffversaddle frame). brauch m, Kraftstoffverbrauch m front armor Bugpanzer m (Tk). (MT). front axle Vorderachse / (MT). Kraftstofffront-axle drive Vorderachsantrieb fuel distributing point ausgabestelle /. m (MT). front cinch Bauchgurt m (pack fuel dump Brennstofflager n, Treibstofflager n, Kraftstofflager n. saddle). front gunner Bugsehutze m (Tk). fuel economy Kraftstoffersparnis / frontier Grenze /. (MT). frontier area Grenzgebiet n. fuel feed KraftstoffzufluG m, Kraftstofforderung /. frontier district Grenzbezirk m. Kraftstoffilter m, Kraftfrontier force Grenzschutz m (Tac). fuel filter stoffreiniger m. frontier guard Grenzwache /, Grenzfuel gage Benzinstandmesser m, wacht /.

fuel injector



Kraftstoffmefluhr /, Kraf tstoffstandanzeige /. fuel injector Einspritzdtise /. fuel jet Kraftstoffdiise /. fuel level gage Kraftstoffvorratsmesser m (Ap). fuel line Kraftstoffleitung / (MT). fuel mixture Brenngemisch n, Kraftstoffgemisch n. fuel oil Heizol n. fuel pressure gage Kraftstoffdruckmesser m (Ap). fuel pump Kraftstofforderpumpe /, Kraftstoffpumpe /. fuel shut-off valve Kraftstoffabstellhahn m. fuel supply Brennstoffvorrat m, Kraftstoffnachschub TO, Betriobsstoffversorgung /, Kraftstoffversorgung /. fuel-supply column Betriebsstoffkolonne /. fuel-supply dump Treibstofflager n. fuel-supply truck Betriebsstoff-Lastkraftwagen m. fuel system Kraftstoffanlage / (Mtr). fuel tank Kraftstofftank m, Kraftstoffbehalter m, Treibstoffbehalter m fuel tender Tankprahm m (Nav). fuel train Kraftstoffzug m (RR). fulcrum Drehpunkt m. full-automatic fire Dauerfeuer n full cock Spannrast / (Small Arms). full dress uniform Paradeanzug TO. full pack Marschgepack n. full sight Vollkorn n (R aiming). full-track vehicle Vollkettenfahrzeug n. fulminate of mercury Knallquecksilber n. fumigate (aus)rauchern, desinfizieren. functioning Arbeitsspiel n (Mech).

funeral Trauerfeier /. funeral escort Begleitkommando n, Trauergefolge n. funnel Trichter m. fur-lined pelzgefuttert. fur-lined flying suit Pelzkombination /. furlough Urlaub TO. furlough allowance See furlough ra tion allowance, furlough ration allowance Verpflegungsgebuhrnisse bei Urlaub. furrow Purche /, Bodenfalte / (Top). fuse Sicherung /, Schmelzsicherung /, Grobsicherung / (Elec). See also fuze, fuselage Rumpf m, Flugzeugrumpf TO (Ap). fuselage assembly Rumpfmontage / (Ap). fuselage framework Rumpfgeriist n fuselage skin Rumpfhaut / (Ap). future position Treffpunkt TO, Vorhaltepunkt m (AA gunnery). fuze Ziinder in (Am); Zeitziindschnur / (blasting). See also fuse, fuze body Ziindergehause n. fuze composition Ziindsatz m. fuze cord Abreifischnur / (hand grenade). fuze-cord button Abreiflknopf m (hand grenade). fuze-indicator Folgezeigerempfanger fuze-lighter Zundschnuranzunder TO. fuze-range Ziinderlaufzeit /. fuze-setter Ziinderstellschlussel m (manual); Ziinderstellmaschine / (automatic). fuze-setter support Ziinderstellsitz TO (AA gun). fuze setting Ziindereinstellung /, Zunderstellung / (Gunnery).


(MT, Ap).

(MG, R).

m (follow-the-pointer-type fuze set ter),

gabion Schanzkorb m (Ft). gag Knebel m. gage Spurweite / (RR); Lehre f
gain n gain v


Gewinn m. gewinnen.

gait Gangart / (of- horse). gait of march Marschgeschwindigkeit / (H Cav). gale Sturmwind m, stiirmischer
Wind. gallery Minengang m, Minenstollen

gallery case


gas goggles

m (mining); SchieBhalle /, gedeckte Bahn (shooting). gallery case Schurholzrahmen m (Engr). gallery of departure Ausgangsstollen m, Hauptstollen m (mine warfare). gallery practice ammunition Zielmunition /. galley Kombiise / (Nav). galling Reibung /. gallon Gallone / (3.785 liters). gallon capacity Tragfahigkeit f (tank Trk). galvanize verzinken. galvanized verzinkt. _ galvanometer Leitungsprufer m, Galvanometer n. galvanoscope Galvanoskop n. gangplank Laufbrucke /. gangrene Brand m, Wundbrand m. gap Liicke /; Gasse / (in mine

gas casualty Gasvergifteter m (plural: Gasverluste gas chamber Gasraum m (CWS, Bin). gas chamber test Gasraumprobe /, Gasraumpriifung /. gas check Gasabdichtung /, Liderung / (breechblock). gas-check pad Kissen n, Liderungspolster n (breechblock). gas-check seat Liderungsplatte / (breechblock). gas cloud Gaswolke /, Giftnebelwolke m, Luftanreicherung / (CWS). gas coverage Kampfstoffbelegung / (CWS). gas curtain Gasschutzvorhang m (Ft). gas cylinder Blasflasche /, Gasflasche / (CWS). gas-cylinder attack Blasangriff m (CWS). gas-cylinder method Blasverfahren

/. gas concentration


garbage Mull n. garbage can MUlleimer m. garlands bunte Lappen (Cam). garnishing Einflechten hunter Lappenstreifen in ein Tarnnetz (Cam). garrison Standort m (place); Besatgarrison belt Leibriemen m (Clo). garrison cap Feldmiitze /. garrison gin behelfsmaBiges Hebezeug aus Dreibock und Winde. garrison prisoner Garnisonhaftling in. garrison ration Verpflegungsgebuhrnisse fpl, Bekostigungsgeld n. gas n Kampfgas n (CWS). gas v vergasen, begasen, mit Kampfstoff vergiften (CWS). gas alarm Alarm m, Gasalarm m gas-alarm signal Gasalarmzeichen n. gas-alarm siren Gasalarmsirene /. gas alert Gasbereitschaft /. gas alert line Gasbereitschaftslinie / gas ammunition Gasmunition /. gas attack Gasangriff m. gas bag Ballonhulle / (Bin). gas barrier Gassperre / (CWS). gas bomb Gasbombe /. gas candle Giftnebelkerze /, Giftrauchkerze / (CWS).

field); Sturmgasse / (through ob stacles); SchuGfeldliicke / (in field of fire).

n (CWS). gas-cylinder nozzle

Gasdiise f

zung / (Pers).

gas-cylinder plug Hiilse / (MG). gas defense Gasabwehr /. gas-defense equipment Gasabwehrmittel n. gas-defense instruction Gasausbildung /. gas-defense regulations Gasschutzvorschrift /. gas-defense weapon Gasabwehrwaffe /. gas detection Gasspuren n, Abspuren



mittel npl, Spurmittel npl. gas-detection paper Spiirpapier n (CWS). gas-detection service Gaserkennungsdienst m.

n (CWS). gas-detection apparatus gerat n. gas-detection equipment



gas detector Gasanzeiger m. gas-detector powder Spiirpulver n

(CWS): gas discipline Gasdisziplin /, Gaszucht .f. gas filter Gasfilter n (gas mask). gas fumes Gasschwaden mpl (CWS). gas gangrene Gasbrand m. gas goggles Gasbrille / (CWS).

gas ftand grenade
kasten m'(CWS).

gas gas gas gas

gear pump
pipe Gasleitung /. pliers Rohrzange /. pot Tranenstoffkerze / (CWS). pressure Gasdruck m (Ballistics,

gas hand grenade Gashandgranate /. gas-identification set Riechprobengas-impervious gasdicht, gassicher. gasket Dichtung /. gaskin Unterschenkel m (horse). gas line Gasleitung /. gas main Hauptgasleitung /. gas mask Gasmaske /, Maske /; Sondergasmaske / (special). gas-mask accessories Gasmaskenzubehor n. gas-mask carrier Gasmaskentragbiichse /, Tragbiichse / (metal type). gas-mask testing apparatus Gasmaskenpriifgerat n. gas noncommissioned officer Gasschutzunteroffizier m. gas officer Gasoffizier m. gas oil Gasol n. gasoline Kraftstoff m, Betriebsstoff m, Benzin n, Brennstoff m, Treibstoff m; Waschbenzin n (for clean ing). See also fuel, gasoline-air mixture KraftstoffLuftgemisch n. gasoline consumption Brennstoffverbrauch m, Kraftstoifverbrauch m. gasoline container Benzinkanister m (Ap, MT). gasoline distributing point Kraftstoffausgabestelle /. gasoline filling station Tankstelle / (MT). gasoline filter Kraftstoffilter m, Kraftstoffreiniger m. gasoline-oil mixture Kraftstoffolmischung /. gasoline pressure gage Benzinmanometer n (Mtr). gasoline pump Benzinpumpe /, Kraftstofforderpumpe / (Mtr). gasoline supply Kraftetoffversorgung /, Kraftstoffnachschub m, Kraftstoffvorrat m. gasoline supply depot Betriebsstofflager n. gasoline supply section Kraftstoffstaffel / (Tk Bn). gasoline supply truck BetriebsstoffLastkraftwagen m. gasoline tank Benzinbehalter m, Benzintank m, Kraftstoffbehalter m. gas-operated durch Gasdruck betatigt (Ord). gas-operated machine gun Gasdrucklader m.

gas projectile Gasgeschofi n. gasproof gassicher. gas proofing Abdichtung gegen Kampfgas (CWS). gasproof shelter gassicherer Unter stand, gasgeschiitzter Unterstand. gas-protection boots Gasstiefel mpl. gas-protection cloak Gasumhang m. gas-protection equipment Gasschutzgerat n. gas-protection glove Gashandschuh m. gas-protection service Gasabwehrdienst m. gas-protection suit Gasanzug m. gas reconnaissance Gasaufklarung /. gas release Abblasen n (CWS). gas-release method Gasabblaseverfahren n (CWS). gas rifle grenade Gasgewehrgranate /. gassed-area marker Gasspiirfahnchen n. gas sentry Gasspiirer m. gas shell Gasgranate /. gas-shell fire Gasschiefien n, Vergiftungsschiefien n (Arty). gassing Begasung / (CWS). gas situation map KampfstoffLagenkarte / (CWS). gas-spraying apparatus Aus- und Abgiefigerat n (Ap, CWS). gas tank Gasbehalter m. gas trap Gasschleuse / (CWS). gas tube Gasentladungsrohre / gas valve Ballonventil n (Bin). gas-valve operating line Ventilleine gas warfare Gaskrieg m gas warning Gaswarnung /. gate Tor n (large).; Tiir / (small). gate-type gear shift Kulissenschaltung /. gauge See gage, gauze Gaze /'. gear Zahnrad n (toothed wheel); in gear eingeriickt, eingeschaltet. out of gear aufier Eingriff. gear pump Zahnradpumpe / (Mtr).
Gang m (gear (equipment). ratio); Zeug n / (Bin). (Rad).


gear ratio


GHQ motor vehicle park

gear ratio TJbersetzungsverhaltnis n, tJbersetzung /. gear shaft Spindel / (elevating mechanism) (G). gearshift Gangschaltung /, Schaltung /. gearshift collar Schaltmuffe / (MT). gearshift lever Schalthebel m (MT). gearshift-lever housing Schaltdom m (MT). gearshift transmission Scbaltgetriebe n (MT). gear transmission Zahnradgetriebe n (MT). gear wheel Zahnrad n. general n General m.; Generaloberst m (full general). general adj allgemein. general air defense Gesamtheit aller LuftschutzmaBnahmen. general call sign Sammelrufzeichen n (Rad). general counterpreparation Masseneinsatz der Artillerie zum Gegenvorbereitungsfeuer. general court-martial Oberkriegsgericht n. general depot Heeresfeldzeugdienststelle /. General Headquarters Oberkommando des Heeres. See also GHQ. general hospital Heereslazarett n, Reservelazarett n. general message Sammelmeldung / . (Rad). general military service allgemeiner Wehrdienst. general officer General m. General of the Armies Generalfeldmarschall m. general orders allgemeingultige Anordnungen (Adm); allgemeine Postenanweisungen (guard orders). general outpost Vorposten in. general-purpose airplane Mehrzweckflugzeug n. general-purpose bomb Sprengbombe / (Avn). general-purpose gun Mebrzweckgeschutz n. general-purpose vehicle Mehrzweckfahrzeug n (MT). general service allgemeiner Wehr dienst. generalship Feldherrnkunst /. general staff Generalstab m.

General Staff Corps Generalstabskorps n. general staff officer Generalstabsoffizier m. general staff with troops Truppengeneralstab m. general support Unterstiitzung durch angewiesene Artillerie (Arty, Tac). generate erzeugen. generating unit Maschinensatz m, Stromaggregat n; Kraftquellenwagen m (mobile); Tretsatz m (pedal-operated); Kleinmascbinensatz m (portable). generation Erzeugung /, Entwicklung / (Tech); Generation / (age group). generator Stromerzeuger m, Dynamomaschine /, Generator m (Elec); Lichtmascbine / (for lighting); Zundlichtmaschine / (MT); Induktor m (Tp). generator-starter Lichtanlasser m (MT). Geneva Convention Genfer Abkommen. Geneva Cross Genfer Rotes Kreuz. gentle slope flache Boschung (Top). geodetic survey Landesaufnahme /. geographic code Schlussel fur Ortsnamen (Sig C). geographic coordinates geographische Koordinaten. geographic index number Kartenblattnummer /. geographic map geographische Karte: geographic north geographisch Nord. geometrical pitch geometrische Schraubensteigung (Ap propeller). geometric projection perspektiviscbe Projektion. geophone Erdhorer m. germ Bazille /, Keim m. German Cross Deutsches Kreuz (decoration). getaway man Gefechtsmelder m. GHQ air force dem Heer unterstellte Fliegerverbande. GHQ artillery Heeresartillerie /. GHQ cavalry Heereskavallerie /. GHQ medical battalion Heeressanitatsabteilung /. GHQ motor vehicle park Heereskraftfahrpark m.

GHQ pool



GHQ pool See GHQ troops. GHQ reserve Heeresreserven fpl. GHQ reserve tank groups Panzerverbande der Heerestruppen. GHQ signal communication section Heeresnachrichtenverband m. GHQ supply column Heeresnachschubkolonne /. GHQ troops Heerestruppen fpl. giant tire Riesenluftreifen m (MT). gimbal kardanische Aufhangung (compass). girder Balken m, Trager m, Unterzug m. girth Sattelgurt m (of saddle). gisement Meridiankonvergenz / (Surv). give ground weichen, zuriickweichen. give way ausweichen. gland Diise / (MG); Stopfbiichse / (Mech); Durchfuhrung /, Stopfbuchsdeckel m (Bin); Druse / (Med). glare Blendung /. glass Glas n. glass scale Glasmafistab m (Optics). glaze glasartige Vereisung (Avn). glide n Gleitflug m (Avn). glide v gleiten, segeln. glide bombing Angriff aus dem Gleitflug. glide landing Landung in flachem Gleitflug. glider Segelflugzeug n, Segler m, Gleiter m, Gleitflugzeug n; Motorsegler m (poivered). glider bomb Gleitbombe / (Avn). glider, flight Luftlandekette /. glider pilot Segelflieger m. glider squadron Luftlandestaffel /. gliding Gleitflug m, Gleiten n (Aft); Segelflug in, Segeln n (glider). gliding ability Gleitfahigkeit /. gliding angle Gleitwinkel m, Gleitflugwinkel in. gliding turn Kurve im Gleitflug (Avn). glove Handschuh m. glow plug Gliihkerze / (Diesel engine). glue Leim m, Fischleim m. glycerin Glyzerin n. gnomonic projection gnomonischer Kartenentwurf, gnomonische Projektic/n, zentrale Projektion. goggles Schutzbrille /. going flight Abflug m.

gondola Gondel / (Avn). gondola car ofFener Giiterwagen, Bordwandwagen m (RR). goniometer Winkelmesser m, Gonio meter n (Surv). goniometry Winkelmessung /, Goniometrie / (Surv). gonorrhea Tripper m. gooseberry Drahtigel m (obstacle). goose step Exerziermarsch m, Steehschritt m. gorge Schlucht / (Top). governing device Regelvorrichtung / (Mtr). government Regierung / (of a state) ; Verwaltung / (administration) ; Militarverwaltung / (Mil Govt). government property Staatsbesitz m. governor Drehzahlregler m,' Motorregler m, Regler m (Mtr). governor arms Reglergabel / (Mtr). governor drive Reglerantrieb m (Mtr). governor housing DrehzahlreglerGehause n, Reglergehause n (Mtr). governor spring Reglerfeder / (Mtr). grade Dienstgrad m; Munitionsart / (Am); Steigung / (Top). grade chevron Dienstgradabzeichen n. grade crossing Planubergang m. gradient Steigung /, Boschungswinkel m, Hangwinkel m (Top); Gefalle n, Gradient m (Met). graduate n Mensur /, Mefibecher m, Mefiglas n (container); Absolvent m (from a school). graduate v abstufen, einteilen (into degrees); absolvieren (from a school). graduated disk Teilscheibe / (plot ting protractor). graduated oil dispenser olmefibecher.m (MT). graduation Eichstrich m, Gradeinteilung /, Strich m. grand strategy Gesamtkriegfiihrung grand tactics Massentaktik /. granular form Kornerform / (powder). granulation Granulation /, Granulier^n n, Gestalt und Dichte der Pulverkorner (Am). granule Kornchen n. graph Kurvenblatt n.

graphical firing table

grenade court stand m.


graphical firing table Artillerierechenschieber m. graphite Graphit m. graphite grease Graphitfett n. graphite lubricant Graphitschmiermittel 7i. grapnel Ankersucher m, Dragge /, Suchanker m. grapple den Suchanker uber den Grund schleppen (Engr, Nav). grassland Wiese und Weide. gratuity Zulage /. gratuity upon death Sterbegeld n. graupel shower Graupelschauer m (Met). gravel pit Kiesgrube /. gravel road Kiesstrafie /, SchotterstraBe /. grave marker Grabkreuz n, Grabtafel /. graveside service Ehrenbezeigungen bei Beerdigung (Mil funeral). Graves Registration Service Kriegsgraberfursorge /. gravitation Erdschwere / (Physics). gravity See gravitation, gravity-system water cooling Thermosyphonkuhlung / (Mtr). gravity tank Fallbenzintank m (MT>: graze n Auftreffpunkt eines Geschosses oder Abprallers bei Flachfeuer (Gunnery). graze v bestreichen. graze burst Zerspringen des Geschosses im Aug'enblick des Aufschlags beim SchieBen mit Zeitziinder. grazing fire bestreichendes Feuer, Strichfeuer n (MG). grease n Fett n. K'rease v einfetten. grease coating Fettiiberzug m. grease cup Schmierbuchse /. grease gun Luftdruck-Fettpresse /, Fettpresse / (Mech),. great circle Grofikreis m. great-circle chart Karte nach dem gnomonischen Kartenentwurf. great-circle course Kurs auf dem grofiten Kreis. green griin. Greenwich hour angle Greenwicher Stundenwinkel. Greenwich Time Greenwicher Zeit. grenade Handgranate / (hand); Gewehrgranate / (R).

grenade launcher SchieBbecher «. grid Gitter n (map, Rad). grid azimuth Richtungswinkel m (Surv). grid base-line direction Gitterrichtung / (Gunnery). grid capacitor Gitterkondensator m (Bad). . grid circuit Gitterkreis m (Rad). grid condenser Gitterkondensator m (Rad). grid control Steuerwirkung des Gitters (Rad). grid coordinates Koordinaten des Gitters (Surv). grid declination Meridiankonvergenz / (Surv). gridded map Gitternetzkarte /. grid-leak detector Audion n (Rad). grid line Gitterlinie /, Gitternetzlinie /. grid north Gitter-Nord m (Surv). grid rectifier Gittergleichrichter w, (Rad). grid resistance Gitterwiderstand in (Rad). grid resistor Gitterdrossel / (Rad). grid sheet Kartenblatt mit Gitter. grid square Quadrat n, Planquadrat n (map). grid system Gitternetz n. grid voltage Gitterspannung / (Rad). grinding Schleifen n (Tech); Hacken n (meat, etc.). grinding machine Schleifmaschine / (Tech); Fleischhackmaschine / (meat grinder). grip n Griff m, Griffstiick n, Handgriff -in; Griff igkeit / (of tires); Handstutze / (pistol); Kniippelgriff m (of control stick, Ap). grip safety Sicherungshebel m (pis tol). groin Leistengegend /. grommet Kausche /. groove Nut(e) tn(f); Zug in (rifling). grooved piston ring Olschlitzring m (Mtr). gross tonnage Bnittotonnengehalt m (Nav). gross weight Fluggewicht n, Gesamtgewicht n (Ap). ground n Boden m, Erde /, Gelande




Erdschlufi m, Erdung /, Erde /, Erder m (Elec). ground v am Boden festhalten (Avn); erden (Elec). ground adjustment target Erdeinschieflziel n (Gunnery). ground alert Bereitschaft zum unverzuglichen Start (Avn). ground cable Fesselkabel n, Fessel-

n, Grund m (Top); Erdleitung /,

ground pipe Erdleitungsrohr n (Elec). ground platform Geschiitzbettung /, Bettung / (RR gun). ground position signal Ortungsleuchtzeichen n (ground-air Com). ground pressure spezifischer Bodendruck (per unit area, MT). ground projector Signalwerfer m. ground radiation Bodenstrahlung /
(Rad). ground radio service

Erdtruppen. ground crew fliegertechnisches Per sonal, Bodenbedienung /, Bodenpersonal n (Avn); Landemannschaft
/ (Bin). ground decontamination

seil n, Verankerungstau n (Bin). ground cloth Unterlegeplane / (Bin). ground commander Befehlshaber von

entgiftung / (CWS). grounded geerdet (Elec); gestrandet (ship). grounded electrode Elektrode / (spark plug). ground elevation Bodenerhebung / (Top). ground fog Bodennebel m (Met). ground forces Erdtruppen fpl, Erdwaffen fpl. ground form Gelandegestaltung / (Top). ground gear Landevorrichtung / (Bin).


dienst m (Avn). ground radio station Bodenstelle / (Avn). ground readiness Flugbereitschaft /, Startbereitschaft / (Avn). ground reconnaissance Erdaufklarung /, Gelandeerkundung /
(Tac). ground reference points


punkte mpl (Surv). ground-return circuit


/, Erdruckleitung / (Tp). ground-return telephone circuit telegraphieverbindung /. ground-return telephone circuit


ground-glass plate Mattscheibe /. grounding Erdung / (Elec). grounding rod Erdstecker m (Elec,
Tp). ground installations


fpl. ground lead Erdleitung /, Erdzuleitung / (Elec). ground leak ErdschluB m, Ableitung / (Elec). ground level Erdgleiche / (Ft). ground loop tJberschlag auf dem Boden (Avn). ground mechanic Wart m (Avn). ground mine Grundmine / (Nav). ground observation Erdbeobachtung / (Arty). ground observer Luftspaher m, Luftwache / (AWS). ground panel Auslegezeichen n, Tuchzeichen n (Sig C). ground personnel Bodenpersonal n,
Bodenorganisation / (Avn).

fernsprechverbindung /. ground school Fliegerschule fur technische Ausbildung (Avn). ground signal Leuchtkugel /, Leuchtzeichen n, Handleuchtzeichen n. ground signal cartridge Leuchtpatrone /, Meldepatrone /. ground signal projector Signal werfer m. ground sill Grundschwell / (Bdg). ground speed Zielgeschwindigkeit iiber Grund, Horizontalgeschwindigkeit des Zieles (A A Gunnery); Grundgeschwindigkeit / (Avn). ground strafing Maschinengewehrangriff gegen Erdziele (Avn). ground target Bodenziel n. ground troops Landtruppen fpl. ground visibility Bodensicht / (Avn). ground wave Bodenwelle / (Rad). ground-wave reception zone Bodenwellenempfangszone / (Rad). ground wire Erdleitungsdraht m (Elec). group Gruppe / (Avn); Waffengruppe / (Ord, Small Arms); Grup pe / (Tac) (generally in compounds,

i.e., Artilleriegruppe, Flakgruppe,

group column


gun loader

group column of ^squadron V's Gruppenwinkel m (Avn). group column of squadron wedges Gruppenkolonne aus geschlossenen Winkeln (Avn). group commander Gruppenkommandeur m (Avn). group command post Gruppengefechtsstand m (Avn). group firing zusammengefafites Feuer mehrerer Schiitzen. group formation Gruppenflugform / groupment Gruppe /. group of armies Heeresgruppe /. group of squadron javelins Grup penkolonne / (Avn). group of squadron javelins echeloned left Gruppenkolonne links (Avn). group wedge Gruppenkeil in (Avn). grouser Greifer m (MT). grub hoe Minenkratze / (Engr). guard n Wache /, Posten m; Streife / (patrol); Parierstange / (bayonet guard); Abzugsbugel m (trigger guard). on guard auf Wache (guard duty); auf der Hut (alert). guard v bewachen, Wachdienst ausuben. guard detail Wachmannschaft /, Wache /. guard duty Feldwachdienst m, "Wacheschieben" n. guard fence Schutzzaun m. guardhouse Arrestlokal n, Wachgebaude n. guarding mission Auftrag zur dauernden Uberwachung des feindlichen Funkverkehrs (Rad, Sig C). guard mount Aufziehen der Wache; Vergatterung / (bugle call). guard of honor Ehrenwache /, Ehrenposten m. guard rail Rodelbalken m (Bdg); Radlenker m (RR). guardroom Wachstube /. guerrilla Partisane m, Freischarler m, Guerillakampfer m. guerrilla warfare Kleinkrieg m, kleiner Krieg, Guerillakrieg m. guide n ortskundiger Fuhrer, Einweiser m (Tac); Fuhrer m, Anfiihrer m (file); Flugelmann m

party of guides Einweisungskommando n. guide lining Klauenfutter n (G). guide rail Fiihrungsschiene /, Gleitschiene / (G cradle). guide ring Klauenring m (G). guide roller Fuhrungsrolle / (Tk). guide slide Gleitschiene / (G cradle). guidon Standarte / (Arty, Cav,

Armd Comd); Fahne / (inf); Stan(Pers).

dartentrager TO, Fahnentrager m


guilty schuldig. gull wing Knickflugel m (Ap). gully Schlenke /. gun Geschiitz n, Kanone / (G); Gewehr n (R); Maschinengewehr n gun arm Entfernungslineal n (plot ting board). gun barrel Geschiitzrohr n, Kanonenrohr n. gun battery Geschiitzbatterie /. gunboat Kanonenboot n. gun book Rohrbuch n. gun car Geschutzwagen m (RR). gun carriage Lafette /. See also gun-carriage axle Lafettenachse /. gun-carriage bed Lafettentisch m. gun-carriage side plate Lafettenwand /. gun commander Geschutzfiihrer m. guncotton Schiefibaumwolle /, SchieGwolle /. guncotton powder Schiefiwollpulver n. gun cover Geschiitzplane /. gun cradle Wiege /. gun .crew. Bedienungsmannschaft /, Geschiitzbedienang /. gun difference Entfernungsunterschied zwischen Richtkreis-Ziel und Feuerstellung-Ziel. gun displacement Staffelung /


gun mount.

(within a battery); Stellungswechsel

(line); Anhalt m (guiding princi ple).

m (change of position). gun emplacement Geschiitzstellung /, Gesehutzstand m. gunfire Geschiitzfeuer m. gun grease Waffenfett n. gun group Geschutzteile npl, Waffengruppe /. gun hoist Ladekran m, Geschofikran m, Batteriekran m. gun junction box Kupplungskasten TO (AA director). gun loader Ladekanonier m.

gun motor carriage
gun motor carriage /.


half-loop wingover


gun-mount outrigger Lafettenholm m. gunner Kanonier m (in a general sense, FA); Riehtkanonier m (gun ner, FA); Kichtschutze m (gunner, MG, AT or Tk G); Panzerschiitze m (Tk); Bordschiitze TO, Fliegerschutze m (Avn) ; Granatwerfer m (Mort squad). gunner's quadrant Winkelmesser TO, Libellenquadrant m. gunner's seat Richtsitz TO (G). gunner's station Schiitzenstand TO, Gefechtsstand in (Ap). gunnery SchieCwesen n. gunnery instructor Schiefilehrer m. gun park Geschiitzpark m. gun platform Feuerplattform /. gun platform excavation . Bettungsloch n (RR gun). gun pointer Richtschiitze m, Rieht kanonier m.
gun pointer's platform Plattform / (RR gun). gun pointer's shield Schutzschild m (G).

gun mount Lafette /; Bordlafette / (on Ap or ship). See also terms under gun carriage.

gun shelter Schartenblende /, Schartenschild TO, Klappblende / (Ft).. gun shield Schutzschild m (G); gun shot Kanonenschufi TO, SchuC TO. gun slide Gleitschuh m (G); Schieber TO. gun sling Gewehrriemen m, Riemen gun sling hook Schnalle / (R). gun sling keeper Riemenschieber m (R). gun squad Geschiitzbedienung /, Bedienung /, Geschiitzmannschaft /, Bedienungsmannschaft /. gun-target line Linie Gesehiitz-Ziel. gunwale Dollbord n (rowboat); Pontonoberkante / (Pan). gun wave Schallwelle des Miindungsknalls (Sound Ranging). gun-wheel brake SchieCbremse'/. gusset Eckplatte / (Engr). gust Windstofi m, Bo / (Met). guy line Ankerseil n, Haltetau n, Verankerungskabel n (Engr). guy pin Zeltpflock TO (tent). guy rope Zeltleine / (tent). gyro compass KreiselkompaB m. gyro control Kreiselabfeuergerat n

Blende/ (Tk).

TO (R).


gun pointing data SchieBgrundlagen fpl, Schufielemente npl, Schufiwerte mpl (Gunnery). gun position Geschiitzstellung / (Arty); Schiitzenstand m, Gefechts stand m (Ap). gunpowder Schiefipulver n, Schwarzpulver n. gun rack Gewehrmieke /, Gewehrmiicke /, Gewehrstiitze /. gun rail Lafettenschiene / (MG mount). gun section Geschiitzstaffel / (Btry),

kunstlicher Horizont (Ap Inst). gyro instrument Kreiselgerat n. gyropilot Selbststeuergerat n (Ap). .tyroplane Tragschrauber m, Autogiro TO. gyroscope Kreisel in. gyroscopic turn indicator Kreiselwendezeiger TO, Kreiselsteuerzeiger m (Ap). gyro-stabilizer Kreiselabfeuergerat

gyro flight indicator Gyrorektor m. gyro horizon indicator Horizont m,

n (Tk).

hachures Bergstriche mpl, Schraffen fpl (map). hacksaw Metallsage /. Hague Convention Haager Abkommen.
hail n Hagel TO (Met). hailstorm Hagelschlag in.

hair Haar n. hairpin curve Spitzkehre /. hair trigger Stecher m (Small
half cock Ruhrast / (Small Arms), half left halblinks. half-loop wingover Facherturn TO.




harassing fire

half-mast halbmast, halbstocks. half right halbrechts. half roll halbe Rolle (Avn). half-squad Abmarsch m (Cav). half-staff halbstocks. half step halber Schritt (drill). half-track carrier Zugkraftwagen m (also used as prime mover). half-track drive Halbkettenantrieb m (MT). half-track motorcycle Kettenkrad n. half-track motor truck Halbketten• Lastkraftwagen m. half-track motor vehicle Halbkettenkraftfahrzeug n. half-track vehicle Halbkettenfahrzeug n, Zwitterfahrzeug n. halt n Halt m, Marschhalt m, Marschpause /; Beobachtungshalt m (for Obsn). halt v halten, anhalten. "Halt!" "Halt!" (to an individual); "Abteilung, halt!" (to detail, squad, etc.). halt area Halteplatz m (Tac). halter Halfter / (for horse). halter chain Halfterkinnkette /. halter headstall Stallhalfter /. halter tie Halfterriemen m. halt order Befehl zum Halten, "Halt! who is there?" "Halt, wer da!" halving Bildteilung im ochnittbildEntfernungsmesser (coincidence range finder). halving adjustment Ausschalten der Schnittbildversetzung (coincidence range finder). halving line Schnittlinie / (coinci dence range finder). ham Schinken m. hammer Hahn m. Hammer m, Schlagstiick n (Small Arms). hammer gun Hahngewehr n. hammerless gun hahnloses Gewehr, Hammerleflgewehr n. hammock Hangematte /. hand Hand /. hand arm Handwaffe /. handbook Handbuch n. hand brake Handbremse /. hand camera Handkammer /. handcart Handwagen m. hand crank Handkurbel / (MT). hand-crank generator- Kurbeldynamo in, HanddrehmascMne / (Elec).; Kurbelinduktor m (Tp).

handcuff Handfessel /. hand drill Handbohrmaschine /, Brustbohrer m. hand extinguisher Handfeuerloscher m. hand grenade Handgranate /. hand-grenade bag Standsack m. hand-grenade range Handgranatenwurfweite /. hand guard Handschutz m (R). hand hole Handloch n (G wheel). handle n Griff m, Handgriff m, Stiel ' m. handle bar Lenkstange / (Mtcl). hand level Freihandnivellierinstrument n (Surv). handling line Haltetau n, Transporttau n (Bin). hand-operated handtatig. hand-operated ventilator Handliifter m. hand reel tragbare Kabeltrommel (Tp). hand salute Grufi m. handset Handapparat m (Tp, Rad (Tp). handset switch Lauthorknopf m (Tp). handspike Richtbaum m (G trail). hand sprinkler Handstreutrommel / (CWS). hand starter Handanlasser m (Mtr). hand-to-hand fighting Kampf von Mann gegen Mann, Handgemenge n. hand weapon Handwaffe /, blanke Waffe. handwheel Handrad n. hang einhaken (hook on); aufhangen (a picture, etc.); hangen (a criminal). hangar Flugzeughalle /, Halle /. hanger bar Auflager n (harness). hangfire Nachbrenner in (Am). hang fire nachbrennen (Am). hangwire Entsicherungsdraht m. harass storen, beunruhigen (Tac). harassing Beunruliigung /, Stoning /. harassing agent Ermudungskampfstoff m, Reizstoff m (CWS). harassing concentration Ertraglichkeitsgrenze / (CWS). harassing fire Beunruhigungsfeuer n, Ermiidungsschiefien n, Storungsfeuer n; LahmungsschieBen n (with Cml shell).

harassing tactics


head space

harassing tactics Storungsangriffe mpl, Ermattungstaktik /. harbor n Hafen m. harbor v Schutz gewahren, beherbergen. harbor area Hafengebiet «. harbor defense Hafenschutz m. harbor defense craft Hafenschutzboot n (Nav). harbor-defense ordnance depot Sperramt n. hard labor Strafarbeit /. hard solder Schlaglot n. harmonic frequency Oberschwingungsfrequenz / (Rad). harmonization Ineinklangbringen n; Anschiefien n (Ord). harness n Bandgestell n (gas mask) ; Geschirr n (horse); Gurtwerk n (Prcht). harne: 3 v aufschirren. hash Haschee n. hasty fliichtig, schnell, behelfsmafiig, Behelfs-. hasty ammunition shelter Munitionsnische / (Ft). hasty bridge Behelfsbrucke /, Schnellbriicke /. hasty field fortification fluchtige Feldbefestigung. hasty footbridge Sehnellsteg m. hasty intrenchment fluchtige Feld befestigung. hasty landing stage Behelfslandbriicke / (Engr). hasty meteorological message Barbarabehelfsmeldung / (Arty). hasty obstacle Schnellsperre /. hasty profile Hohenumriflskizze / (Top). hasty single-span footbridge Uferschnellsteg m. hasty trestle bridge Bockschnellsteg m. hat Hut m; Miitze / (cap). hatch Luke /, Einstiegluke /, Einsteigklappe / (Ap); Einsteigluke / (Tk). hatch cover Lukendeckel m (Tk). hatchet Handbeil n. hatching Schummerung / (map). hat cord Miitzenkordel /. haul v ziehen, schleppen. haversack Tornister m. haversack-type radio set TornisterFunkgerat n.

haversack-type receiver Tornisterempfanger m (Rad). hawser Trosse /, Kabeltau n, haystack Heuschober m. haze Dunst TO (Met). hazy diesig, dunstig. HC mixture See HG smoke mixture HC smoke mixture Zinknebel m, amerikanische Bergennischung (CWS). head Kopf m (anaftomy); GeschoBspitze / (shell); Ziinderkappe / (point-detonating fuze); Patronenboden in (cartridge); Reibflache / (Small Arms Am); Kopfstuck n (MG); GeschoBkopf m (projectile); Kolonnenspitze /, Spitze / (of a column); Haupt n (chief, especially in compounds). head and chest set Brustfernsprecher TO (Tp). head harness Kopfbanderung / (gas mask). heading Steuerkurs m (Air Naviga tion); tJberschrift / (on messages, etc.). headlight Scheinwerfer m. head nurse Oberschwester /. headphone Horer m, Kopfhorer m, Kopffernhorer m (Tp, Rad). headquarters Stab m, Kommando n, Hauptquartier n, Stabsquartier n, Kommandostelle /, Kommandobehorde /; Gefechtsstand m (Avn). headquarters and service company Stabs- und Betriebskompanie / (USA). headquarters battery Stabsbatterie / (Arty). headquarters clerk Stabsschreiber m. headquarters company Stabskompa-" nie /. headquarters detachment Stabstrupp

headquarters net Nachrichtennetz der Kommandostellen (Rad). headquarters platoon Stabszug m. headquarters section Stabsgruppe /. headquarters squadron Stabsstaffel / (Avn). headquarters troop Kommando- und Stabsschwadron / (Cav). head resistance Stirnwiderstand m. headset Kopfhorer mpl. head space VerschluBabstand m (Ord).




headstall Hauptgestell n, Kopfgestell
n (harness). head-strap cushion Kopfplatte / (gas mask). hea^ straps Kopfbander wpl (gas mask). headway Zeitabstand m (time inter val, MT, RR). head wind Gegenwind m. heal heilen. health Gesundheit /. heart Herz n. heat n Warme /, Hitze /. heat v erwarmen, erhitzen; heizen (a room, etc.). heater Ofen m. heat of condensation Kondensationswarme / (Met). heat of vaporization Verdampfungswarme / (Met). heat-resistant hitzebestandig. heat shrinking Aufschrumpfen n (Ord). heatstroke Hitzschlag m. heat-treated steel Vergiitungsstahl m. heavier-than-air aircraft Luftfahrzeuge schwerer als Luft. heavily armored schwergepanzert. Heaviside layer Heavisideschicht / (Rad). heavy schworst- (Ord). heavy antitank gun s.Pak /., heavy artillery schwerste Artillerie. heavy-case bomb Panzerbombe /. heavy cruiser schwerer Kreuzer (Nav). heavy machine gun iiberschweres Maschinengewehr, s.S.MG. n. heavy machine-gun section MG.Staffel / (Cav). heavy machine-gun squad s.M.G.-Bedienung /. heavy ponton battalion schweres Pontonier-Bataillon. heavy tank schwerer Panzerkampfwagen. heavy weapons schwere Infanteriewaffen. heavy weapons company Masehinengewehrkompanie / (Inf); schwere Kompanie (Mtz R Regt). hedge Hecke /. hedgehog Igel m (AT obstacle). hedge-hopping Heckenspringen n,

Tiefflug m, (Avn).

heel n Ballen m (harness); Ferse / (anatomy); Absatz m (of shoe). heel v krangen (Avn, Nav). heeling error Krangungsfehler m , (Avn, Nav). height Anhohe /, Hohe / (Top). height finder Hohenmesser m, Hohenentfernungsmesser m, Entfernnngsmefigerat n (AAA). height of burst Sprenghohe / (Gun nery). height of mask DeckungshShe / (Ballistics). height of muzzle Feuerhohe / (Arty). height-of-range setter Hohenrichtkanonier m. height of rise Steighohe / (ground Sig). height of site Hohe fiber Normalnull (CA). height of target Zielhohe / (Gun nery). helical spring Schraubenfeder /, Spilalfeder f (MT). helical wire Drahtspirale /. helicopter Schraubenflugzeug n, Hubschrauber m. heliograph Spiegeltelegraph m (Sig C). heliotrope See heliograph. helium Helium n. helmet Helm m; Stahlhelm m (steel); Fliegerhaube /, Kopfhaube / (Avn); F.T.-Haube / (with builtin headset and throat-type micro phone); Tropenhelm m (sun hel met); Sturzhelm m (crash helmet). helmet cover Helmbezug m, Helmiiberzug m; Tarnkappe / (Cam). hemorrhage Blutung /. hernia Bruch m, Leistenbruch m. heterodyne frequency tJberlagerungsfrequenz /. heterodyne frequency meter Schwebungsfrequenzmesser m. hexachlorethane Hexachlorathan n (CWS). hexagonal-head screw Sechskantschraube / (MT). H-hour X-Uhr. high-altitude bombing Hohenbombenwurf m. high-altitude flight Hohenflug m. high-altitu,de mixture control Hohenmischregelung / (Ap).

high-angle fire


holding plate

high-angle fire Steilfeuer n, Feuer in der oberen Winkelgruppe. high-angle gun Steilfeuergeschiitz n. high-angle weapon Steilfeuerwaffe /'. high-burst adjustment target Lufteinschiefiziel n (Arty). high-burst auxiliary target Luftvergleichsziel n (Arty). high-burst ranging EinschieBen mit hohen Sprengpunkten (Gunnery). high command obere Kommandobehorde (agency); Oberbefehl m (function) ; Oberkommando n (agency and function). High Command of the Air Forces Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (Ger). High Command of the Armed Forces Oberkommando der Wehrmachfc (Ger). High Command of the Army Ober kommando des Heeres (Ger), High Command of the Navy Ober kommando der Kriegsmarine (Ger). higher echelon obere Fuhrung (col lective); iibergeordneter Truppenteil (unit); iibergeordnetes Kommando (command). high explosive hochbrisanter Sprengstoff. high-explosive chemical shell Gasbrisanzgranate /. high-explosive rifle grenade; GewehrSprenggranate /. high-explosive shell Brisanzgranate /, Sprenggranate / (Am); Sprenggranaten-Patrone / (fixed Am). high-explosive shrapnel Brisanzschrapnell n. high frequency Hochfrequenz /. high-frequency interference Hochfrequenzstorungen fpl (Rad). high-frequency oscillator tube tiberlagerrohre /. , high-octane gasoline Benzin mit hoher Oktanzahl. high-power radio station GroBfunkstelle /. high-pressure area' Hochdruckgebiet n (Met). high-pressure lubrication Hochdruckschmierung /. high-pressure tire Hochdruckreifen m (MT). high-priority material Sparstoff m. high reference point Hochpunkt m


high-tension line Hochspannungsleitung / (Else). high-tension obstacle Starkstromsperre /. high-tension wire Hochspannungsleitung / (Elec). high terrain Hohengelande n (Top). high tide Hochwasser n. high voltage Hochspannung / (Elec). high-voltage line Hochspannungsleitung /. high-voltage obstacle Starkstromsperre /. high-voltage power lines Starkstromnetz n (Elec). high-voltage warning device Beriihrungswarngerat n. highway LandstraBe /; Autobahn /. high wind steifer Wind. high-wing monoplane Hochdecker m. high wire entanglement Flandernzaun m, Drahtzaun m (Engr). hill Hugel m (Top). hilltop Gipfel des Hugels, Bergspitze /. hindquarters Hinterhand / (horse). hinge Scharnier n. hinged-arch bridge Gelenkbogenbriicke /. hip Hiifte /. hip strap Schweberiemen m (har ness). hit Treffer in, Einschufi m; Granattreffer m (shell fire); Bombentreffer m (bombing); Torpedotreffer m (tor pedo); Flaktreffer m (AA fire). hit-and-run raid Zerstorangriff m (Avn). hitch n Stich m (rope). hitch v anstecken (attach); einhaken (hook up); festmachen (tie); anschirren (harness). hock Sprunggelenk n (horse). hoe Kratze / (Engr). hoist n Kran m, Munitionsaufzug m. hoist v heifien, hissen (a flag); in die Hone ziehen, heben (lift). hold n Laderaum m (Nav); Griff m (grip). hold v halten, standhalten (Tac). holdfast Verankerung / (Engr). holding attack FesselungsvorstoB m, Nebenangriff m. holding garrison Verteidigungstruppen fpl. holding plate Griffplatte / (G sight).

hold off
hold off

abfangen, ausschweben


horizontal-fire table Tafel fur das

(Avn). hold right or left das Korn klemmen (R aiming). hole Loch n, Mulde / (Top); Offnung / (opening); Liicke / (gap). holster Halftertasche /. home Heim n, Heimat /; Haus n, Wohnung / (dwelling). home base Heimatflughafen m, Heimathorst m (Avn). home defense Landesverteidigung /. home-defense system Landesverteidigungsorganisation /. home field Einsatzhafen m (Avn). home front innere Front. home parole Entlassung auf Ehrenhome port Heimatshafen m. home station Standort m. homing Zielflug m (Air Navigation); Ruckflug TO (Avn). homing instinct Ortsgedachtnis n. homing pigeon Brieftaube /. honor Ehre /. honorable discharge ehrenvoller Abschied. honorary rank Ehrenrang m. honor guard Ehrenwache /. hood Motorhaube / (MT); Zunderhiilse / (fuze); Schutzhulle /, tiberzug m, Kapuze /. hoof Huf m. hoof coronet Hufkrone / (horse). hook Haken m.. hook switch Gabelumschalter m, Hakenumschalter m (Tp). hoop Schellband n, Verstarkungsring m (G); Hiilse / (Mort); Eisenreifen m (wooden barrel or cask). horizon Kimm /, Horizont m. horizontal horizontal, waagerecht. horizontal angle Seitenwinkel m (Surv). horizontal base Langbasis /, Basis / (Arty Surv). horizontal base method Zielaufnahme mit Langbasisanlage, Langbasisverfahren n. horizontal bombing Waagerechtbombenwurf m. horizontal clock system Windrichtungsangabe nach Melderose (Gun nery). horizontal fire Flachfeuer n, Feuer in der unteren Winkelgruppe (Gun nery).

SchieCen in der Mimdungswaagerechten (Gunnery). horizontal flight Horizontalflug m; Geradeausflug m, Waagerechtflug m (Avn). horizontal plane Horizontalebene /, Kartenebene / (Gunnery). horizontal projection Projektion auf die Horizontalebene. horizontal range Kartenentfernung / (Gunnery). horizontal range to future position Kartenentfernung zum Treffpunkt horizontal range to midpoint Kar tenentfernung zum Wechselpunkt (AAA). horizontal range to present position Kartenentfernung zum Abschufipunkt (at instant of firing, AAA). horizontal shot group BodentrefFbild n (Ballistics). horizontal target waagerechte Treffflache (Ballistics). horn Lautsprechertrichter m (Bad); Trichter m (AA sound locator). horn collector Trichter m (AA sound locator). horn-type speaker Trichterlautsprecher m (Rad).' horse Pferd n. horse ambulance Pferdetransportwagen m. horse artillery berittene Artillerie, reitende Artillerie. horse blanket Pferdedecke /. horse cavalry Kavallerie /. horse-drawn pferdebespannt, bespannt.


quellenwagen m. horse-drawn vehicle

horse-drawn artillery bespannte Ar tillerie. horse-drawn generating unit KraftPferdefahrzeug

horsehide Pferdehaut /. horseholder Pferdehalter m (Cav, horsepower Pferdestarke / (Mech). horseshoe Hufeisen n. horseshoe magnet Hufeisenmagnet horseshoer Beschlagschmied m. hose Schlauch m; Atemschlauch m




(gas mask, oxygen breathing appa ratus).

hose coupling
hose coupling (MT).

Schlauchbinder m

ice-eliminating system
Rumpf m, Boot n (flying boat);

hospital Krankenhaus n, Lazarett n. hospital boat Lazarettschiff n. hospitalization Lazarettaufnahme /, Lazarettbehandlung /, Hospitalisierung /. hospital ship LazarettschifF n; Leichtkrankenschiff n (for sitting wounded). hospital train Lazarettzug m; Leichtkrankenzug m (for sitting wounded). hospital transport Lazarettschiff -n. hospital treatment Lazarettbehand lung /. hostage Geisel m-f. hostile feindlich. See also enemy, hostile forces Feindstreitkrafte fpl. hostile territory Feindesland n. hostilities Feindseligkeiten fpl. hot cathode Gluhkathode / (Rad). hot-wire-bridge head Gltihkopfchen n (electric igniting device) (Engr). hour Stunde /. hour angle Stundenwinkel m. hour of operation Betriebsstunde / (Mech).

Schiffsrumpf m (Nav). humidity Feuchtigkeitsgehalt m, Feuchtigkeit / (Met). hump Ablaufberg m (RR). hung striker Schlagbolzen-Versager hunt v schwingen, wandern (Mech). hurdle n Hurde /, Verhau m, Hindernis n. hurricane Orkan m, Taifun m. hut Hiitte /. hydraulic brake oldruckbremse / (MT). hydraulic shock absorber Fliissigkeits-Stofldampfer m (MT). hydrochloric acid Salzsaure /. hydrocyanic acid Hydrozyansaure /, Blausaure /, Zyanwasserstoff m, Zyanwasserstoflfsaure / (CWS). hydrogen Wasserstoff m. hydrogen peroxide Wasserstoffsuperoxyd n. hydrogen sulfide Schwefelwasserstoff m. hydrographic map Seekarte / (Nav). hydrometer Araometer n, Sauremesser m. hydrophone Unterwasserhorchgerat n (Nav). hydrostatic bomb fuze hydrostatische Ziindvorrichtung, Seeziinder *~m
(antisubmarine bombs and depth m (fuze).

house Haus n. house warden Hauswart m (Civ Defense). housewife Nahzeug n (personal housing Gehause n (Mech). howitzer Haubitze / (105 mm and

howitzer barrel Morserrohr n. howitzer carriage Haubitzlafette /. HS vapor detector kit Senfgas-Spiirgerat n (CWS). hub Nabe /. hub cap Radkappe / (Arty, MT). hub flange Nabenscheibe / (G wheel); Nabenflansch m (MT). hull Hasten m, Panzerkasten m,

150 mm); Morser m (210 mm and larger).

Panzerkorper m, Wanne / (Tk);

charges). hygiene Hygiene /, Gesundheitspflege / (care); Gesundheitslehre / (science). hygrograph Feuchtigkeitsschreiber TO. hygrometer Feuchtigkeitsmesser m. hygroscopic hygroskopisch, wassergierig. hypothetical target angenommenes Ziel (Gunnery). hypsometry Hohernnessung / (Surv). hysteresis Hysterese /, Nachhinken n (Inst, Mech).

ice Eis n. ice apron Eisbrecher m (Bdg).
ice creepers

ice eliminating Enteisung /; Warm-

Steigeisen npl.

luftenteisung / (thermo method) (Avn). ice-eliminating system Enteisungsanlage / (Ap).

ice formation



ice formation Eisansatz m (Avn). ice spade Eissporn m (trail spade) icing Vereisung / (Avn). icw tonend (marking on Rad set). identification Identification /, Identifizierung /, Erkennen n. identification card Ausweiskarte /. identification helmet band Helmband n (maneuvers). identification light Kennlicht «, Kennscheinwerfer m (Ap). identification mark Erkennungszeichen n, Kennzeichen n. identification panel Erkennungstuch n. identification papers Personalausweis m, Ausweispapier n. identification signal Kennung / (Avn). identification tag Erkennungsmarke /. identify identifizieren (a, person, thing); erkennen ( a Cml agent); sich ausweisen (identify oneself). idle v leerlaufen (Mtr). idler Leitrad n (Tk). idler adjuster rod SpannschloC n (Tk). idler jet Leerlaufduse / (Mtr). idler wheel Leitrad n (Tk). idler wheel shaft Leitradachse / (Tk). idling speed Leerlauf m (Mtr). igloo Schneehiitte /. igloo magazine Munitionsbunker m. ignite zunden ( a charge, etc.); anziinden, in Brand setzen (set on fire); sich entzunden, Feuer fangen (begin to burn). igniter Beiladung / (Am); Ziinder m (land mine); Gluhziindstuck n (Elec igniter). igniter train Ziindsatz m (pyro technic Sig). igniting Zunden n (Mtr). igniting charge Beiladung / (Am); Ziindladurig /. igniting flash Zundstrahl m (Am). igniting fuze Brennziinder m (hand grenade). igniting mixture Ziindmasse /. igniting powder Beiladung / (Am). ignition Zunden n, Zundung / (Mtr). ignition cartridge Ziindpatrone / (Am). ignition charge Ziindladung / (Am).

ignition coil Ziindspule / (Mtr). ignition current Ziindstrom m (Mtr). ignition key Ziindschliissel m (MT). ignition quality Ziindwilligkeit / (Diesel fuel). ignition spark Ziindfunke m (Mtr). ignition switch Ziindschalter m (Ap, MT). ignition system Ziindanlage /, Ziindvorrichtung / (Mtr). ill krank. illegal illegal, ungesetzlich, gesetzwidrig. illegible unleserlich, unlesbar. illiterate n Analphabet m. illiterate adj des Schreibens und Lesens unkundig. illuminant charge Leuclitsatz m. illuminating shell Leuchtgranate /. illuminating window Beleuchtungsfenster n (panoramic sight). illumination Anleuchten n, Beleuchtung /. illustrate veranschaulichen. illustration Abbildung / (visual); Erlauterung / (explanation); Beispiel n (example). illustrative material Anschauungsmittel npl (training aids). immediate verzogerungsfrei (Ord); augenblicklich, unverziiglich. immediate action Beseitigen von Hemmungen. immediate action letter Vordruck fur dringende Meldungen. immediate objective erstes Angriffsziel. Immelmann turn hochgezogene Kehrkurve, Immelmann-Turn m (Avn). immobilize festhalten, lahmen, niederhalten (Tac). immune geschiitzt, immun. immunization Immunisierung /. impact Aufschlag m, Auftreffen n, Einschlag m, GeschoCeinschlag m. impact area Aufschlaggelande n. impacted snow Schneestauung / (MT). impact fuze Aufschlagziinder m (Am). impedance Scheinwiderstand in, Impedanz / (Elec). impedimenta Gepack n. impel treiben, antreiben. impeller Ladelaufrad n (Ap engine) ; Laufrad n (of pump, etc.).



index map

impermeability Wasserdichtigkeit / incendiary bullet Phosphorgeschofi (to water); Gasdichtigkeit / (to n, Brandgeschofi n. gas); Dichtigkeit /, Undurchdring- incendiary cluster Brandbombenbiindel n (bombing). lichkeit /. impermeable wasserdicht (to water); incendiary composition Brandmasse gasdicht (to gas); undurchdringlich _ / (Am). incendiary grenade Brandgranate /, (impenetrab le). Brand-Handgranate /. impermeable protective clothing Gasincendiary projectile BrandgeschoB schutzkleidung /. n. impetigo Eiterflechte /, Blasengrind incendiary shell Brandgranate /. m, Impetigo /. inch Zoll in (2.54 cm). impregnate impragnieren. incineration Abbrennen n (CWS). impregnite Impragniermittel n. incinerator Kehrichtofen m. impress zum Dienst pressen. incision Einschnitt m, Sehnitt m. imprison ins Gefangnis stecken. incite aufhetzen. improper uniform unvorschrifts- inclination Neigung /, Steigung /. maCige Uniform. incline n Ablaufberg m (RR); Stei improve ausbauen (Ft); ausbessern, gung /, Hang m (Top). bessern (a road, etc.). inclined sights verkantetes Visier improved road unterhaltener Fahr(Small Arms). weg. inclinometer Neigungsmesser m. improvised mount Hilfslafette / inclosure Beilage /. (MG). income tax Einkommensteuer /. improvised road behelfsmaCige Fahr- incoming-call signal light Anrufsbahn (Engr). schauzeichen n (Tp). impulse generator mechanism Flug- incoming track Einfahrgleis n (RR). zeug-M.G.-Steuerung /, Synchroni- increase n Zunahme / (addition); sator m (Ap). Gewinn m (gain); Steigerung / (in inaccessible unerreichbar (of a tensification); Vermehrung /, Erplace); nicht zu sprechen (said of a hohung / (in numbers); Wachsen n, busy person). Anwachsen n (growing). inaccurate ungenau (not precise); increase in range Vorverlegung des fehlerhaft (erroneous). Feuers (Arty). inactivate aus dem aktiven Dienst increase of efficiency Leistungssteientlassen. gerung / (Mtr). inactive inaktiv, nicht aktiv. increasing twist wachsender Drall, Inactive Reserve Inaktive Offiziere. zunehmender Drall (Ord). inadequate unzulanglich, unange- increment Teilladung / (separatemessen. loading Am). inboard stabilizing float Stiitzflosse /, increment section See increment. Flossenstummel m (seaplane). indecision Unentschlossenheit /. incandescent cathode tube Gliih- indelible pencil Tintenstift m, kathodenrohre / (Rad). Kopierstift m. incandescent lamp Gluhlampe /. indemnity Schadenersatz m. incapable unfahig, ungeeignet; un- independent unabhangig, selbtauglich (unfit). standig. incendiary adj brandwirkend, independent suspension EinzelaufBrand-, hangung / (of wheels, MT). incendiary agent . Brandstoff m,, independent units selbstandige Verbande (Tac). Brandmittel n. incendiary ammunition Brandmuni- index Marke /, Stellmarke / (optical Inst). tion /. incendiary bomb Brandbombe f; index error Ablesfehler m. Stabbrandbombe / (stick-type). index line Ablesemarke/. incendiary bottle Brandflasche /, index map Ubersichtsbild n (aerial Photo). Molotowcocktail m.

index mark



index mark Ablesemarke / (optical Inst). index plate Markenplatte / (on aim ing circle or telescopic sight). index ring Markenring m (MG tele scopic sight). Indian file Gansemarsch m. indicated air speed Eigengeschwindigkeit /, Relativgeschwindigkeit /, Geschwindigkeit zur Luft (Avn). indicated horsepower indizierte Leistung. indicator Anzeiger m, Zeiger m; Empfangcr m (fuze setter, followthe-pointer mechanism on A A gun); Folgezeiger m, Gegenzeiger m (folloiv-the-pointer mechanism on data transmission system). indicator-regulator Empfanger m (data transmission system) (AA yim). indicator slide Anzeigerschiene / (MG). indirect fire indirektes Feuer, indirektes SchieBen (Gunnery). indirect laying indirektes Richten (Gunnery). indirect pointing See indirect laying, indirect support operative Unterstiitzung (Avn, Tac). indispensable unabkommlich, unentbehrlich. individual n der Einzelne. individual adj Einzel-, personlich. individual air raid precautions Selbstschutz m (Civ defense). individual attack Einzelangriff m. individual clothing slip Uniformbezugschein m. individual equipment Einzelausriistung /. individual pay record Soldbuch n. individual protection Einzelschutz m. individual release Einzel (ab)wurf m (bombing). individual suspension Einzelabfederung / (of wheels, MT). indoctrination Unterwsisung /. indoor antenna Zimmerantenne /. indoors in geschlossenen Raumen. induced detonation Zundiibertragung / (blasting). induced-detonation charge Folgeladung / ( induced drag induzierter Widerstand (Avn). induct einberufen.

inductance Belastung / (Rad). induction Einberufung / (Mil); Induktion / (Elec). induction coil Sprechspule / (Tp). induction order Gestellungsbefehl m. induction station Einberufungsort m. industrial gewerblich, industriell. industrial installations Industrieanlagen fpl. industry Industrie /. inefficient untiichtig, unfahig. inert trage, unentzundbar, neutral. inertia Beharrungsvermb'gen n, Tragheit / (Ballistics, Mech). inertia pellet Schlagbolzen m (fuze). inertia starter Schwungkraftanlasser m (Mtr). inertia striker pellet Schlagbolzen m (fuze). inert material Gaskampf- und Schutzgerat n (CWS). inexcusable unverzeihlich, unentschuldbar. infantry Infanterie /. infantry-accompanying gun Infanteriebegleitgeschiitz n. infantry assault Infanteriesturm m. infantry battalion Infanteriebataillon n. infantry commander Infanteriekommandeur m. infantry company Grenadierkompanie /, Infanteriekompanie /. infantry division Infanteriedivision /; Jiigerdivision / (Ger light Mtz Inf Dvo). infantry equipment park Infanteriepark m. infantry howitzer Infanteriegeschiitz n. infantryman Grenadier m, Infanterist m; Landser m (Slang). infantry mil Einheit der 6283-Teilung des Vollkreises (Gunnery). infantry pack Tornister m, Ruckengepack n. infantry pioneer Infanteriepionier m. infantry point Infanteriespitze / (march column). infantry rear point Infanterienaehspitze / (march column). infantry regiment Grenadierregiment n, Infanterieregiment n. Infantry School Infanterieschule /. infantry weapon Infanteriewaffe /. infection Ansteckung /, Infektion /..



inspection hole

inferior niedriger, unter (lower); unterlegen, schwacher (in numbers); untergeordnet, unterstellt (in rank) ; minderwertig (in quality). inferiority Unterlegenheit / (Tac). infiltrate einsickern (Tac). infiltration Einsickern n, Eindringen n (Tac). infirmary Krankenstube /, Krankenrevier n. infirmary case Eevierkranker m (Med). inflammable feuergefahrlich, entziindbar. inflate aufblasen. inflow Vorstrom m, Saugluft / influenza Grippe /. in force mit starken Kraften, mit Einsatz aller Krafte (Tac). inform benachrichtigen, in Kenntnis setzen, mitteilen, informieren. information Auskunft /; Auskunftstelle / (place); Nachricht / (intelligence). information center Flugmeldekommando n (AWS, Z of I); Flugmeldezentrala / (AWS, T of Opns). information of objectives Zielunterlagen fpl (bombing). "Information please" "Bitte Aus kunft" (Tp). initial n Initiale /, Anfangsbuchstabe m. initial adj anfanglich, Anfangs-. initial charge Anfangsladung / (Engr). initial data Eingangswerte mpl (AAA). initial fire order Einschiefi-Kommando n. initial issue erste Ausstattung. initial phase Auftakt m (of an operation). initial point Anfangspunkt m, Ausgangspunkt m; Bereitstellung / (Tac). initial position Ausgangsstellung /, Anfangsstellung / (Tac).. initial return Iststarkenachweis m. initial twist Anfangsdrall m (Ord). initial velocity Anfangsgeschwindigkeit /, Mttndungsgeschwindigkeit / (Ballistics). initiate anfangen, beginnen (begin); einfuhren (introduce); einweihen


initiate an action das Gefecht einleiten (Tac). initiate an assault zum Sturm antreten. initiative Initiative / (Tac); Einsatzbereitschaft / (quality). take the initiative die Initiative ergreifen (Tac). initiator Initialziinder m (Am). injection nozzle Einspritzduse /, Zerstauberdiise / (Diesel engine). injection pump Einspritzpumpe /. injury Verletzung /, Verwundung /. ink Tinte /. in kind in Natur. inland waterway BinnenwasserstraBe /. inlet EinlaB m; Bucht / (creek). inlet valve Einatemventil n (gas mask, oxygen breathing apparatus); EinlaBventil n (Tech). in-line engine Reihenmotor m. in-line upright engine Reihenstandmotor m. inner cap Innenhtitchen n (blasting cap). inner harbor Innenhafen m. inner sleeve Innenschieber m (sleevevalve engine). inner tube Luftschlauch m, Schlauch m; schufisicherer Schlauch (bulletresisting). innocent unschuldig, schuldlos. inoculate impfen. inoculation Impfung /, Schutzimpfung /. inquire fragen, nachfragen, sich erkundigen. inquire as to party desired abfragen (Tp). inquire one's way sich nach dem Wege erkundigen. inquiry Frage /, Nachfrage /, Erkundigung /. insensitive to shock stoBsicher (ex plosives). inshore patrol Kiistenpatrouille /. insignia Abzeichen n; Rangabzeichen n (rank); Hoheitsabzeichen n (na tional); Erkennungszeichen n (for identification of Ap, Tk, etc.). inspect untersuchen, priifen, besichtigen. inspection Inspizierung /, Inspektion /, Inaugenscheinnahme /, Besichtigung /.
inspection hole Schauloch n (Mtr).

(initiate into).

inspection-mark plate

insulating tape

intercept post
Isolierband n, Iso-

inspection-mark plate Stempelplatte / (R). inspector Inspekteur m. inspectorate Inspektion / (Ger). inspector general Heeresinspekteur m (USA). Inspector General's Department Generalinspektion / (USA). installation Anlage /, Einrichtung /. instant Moment m, Augenblick TO. instantaneous current Momentstrom "*" m (Elec). instantaneous fuze Schnellziinder m, Augenblicksziinder tn, Aufschlagziinder ohne Verzogerung. instruct unterrichten (teach); anweisen (direct). instruction Unterricht m (teaching); ' Weisung / (directive); Anhaltspunkt TO (in orders, etc., generally in plural). instructional aid Ausbildungsbehelf m. instruction firing BelehrungsschieCen n. instructor Ausbilder TO, Lehrer TO. instructor's license Fahrlehrerschein instrument Gerat n, Instrument n. instrumental error Instrument-Pehler m. instrument board Armaturenbrett n. instrument case Apparattornister TO instrument flying Blindflug TO. instrument-flying equipment Blindfluggerat n, Blindfluginstrumentierung /. instrument landing Blindlandung /; A.N.-Verfahren n (A.N. method of beam bracketing) (Avn). instrument-landing equipment Blindlandungsgerat n (Avn). instrument-landing receiver Blindlandungsempfanger m (Rad). instrument light Schaltbrettlaterne /, Geratelicht n. instrument panel Armaturenbrett n, Geratebrett n, Instrumentenbrett n (Ap, MT). insubordination Gehorsamsverweigerung /. insulate isolieren. insulated electrode Zundstift m .(spark plug). insulating material Isolierstoff TO.

lierstreifen m (Elec). insulation Isolierschutz m (Elec); Dichtung / (sealing). insulator Isolator TO; Isolierstoff m (insulating substance) (Elec). insurance Versicherung /. intake duct Ansaugleitung /, Saugleitung / (Mtr). intake line EinlaCkanal TO (Mtr). intake manifold Saugrohr n (Mtr). intake pipe Ansaugrohr n (Mtr). intake stroke Ansaughub TO, Saughub TO, Ansaugetakt TO (Mtr). intake valve EinlaCventil n, Saugventil n (Mtr). intake-valve chamber Einlaflventilkammer / (Mtr). integral calculus Integralrechnung /. intelligence Nachricht / (informa tion) ; Nachrichtenwesen n (organ ization); Nachrichtenbeschaffung /

TO (MT).

(portable Rad).

richtendienst m (service). intelligence map vom Nachrichtendienst vorbereitete Lagenkarte. intelligence net Netz des Nachrichtendienstes. intelligence officer Nachrichtenoffizier TO. intelligence section Nachrichtenabteilung /. intelligence service Nachrichtendienst in. intelligence situation map vom Nachrichtendienst vorbereitete Lagen karte. intensity Intensitat /, Starke /, Heftigkeit /. intensity of light Lichtstarke /. intent Absicht /, Vorhaben n. interaircraft communication Verstandigung von Bord zu Bord (Avn). intercept ablauschen (Rad); abfangen (Tac). intercept apparatus Lauschgerat n (Tg, Tp). intercept board Kontrollkarte /

(gathering of information); Nach-

(AWS). interception Abhoren n (Tp); Ab-

fangen n (Tac). interceptor airplane Jager m, Jagdflugzeug n, Zerstorer m. interceptor group Jagdgruppe /

(Avn). intercept post

Lauschstelle / (Tg,

intercept receiver



intercept receiver Lauschempfanger m (Tg, Tp). intercept service Horchdienst m, Lauschdienst m (Bad, Tp). intercept station Mithorstelle /, Abhorstelle /, Lauschstelle / (Rad, Tp); Funkhorchstelle / (Rad). interchangeable austauschbar, wechselbar. interchangeability Austauschbarkeit /. intercommunication Querverbindung / (intervehicular); Eigenverstandigung / (intravehicular). intercommunication channel Funkquerverbindung / (Rad). intercommunication line Que»verbindung / (Tp). intercommunication system Bordspreehanlage /, Bordverstandigungsanlage / (Ap, Tk). intercommunication telephone Bordsprechgerat n, Bordgerat n (Ap, Tk). intercooler Ladeluftkuhler m (Ap supercharger). interdict abriegeln, sperren, ausschliefien. interdiction fire Behinderungsschiefien n, Feuerriegel m. interfere storen (Rad). interference Storung /; Storgerausch n (Rad). interference elimination Entstorung / (Rad). interior Innenraum m. interior ballistic factors Lesondere Einfliisse. interior ballistics innere Ballistik, innere Schiefilehre. interior bracing Innenauskreuzung /, Innenverspannung / (Ap). interior guard Innenwache /. interior guard duty Standortwachdienst m. intermediate circuit Zwischenkreis m (Rad). intermediate depot riickwartiges Zweiglager. intermediate frequency ' Zwischenfrequenz / (Rad). intermediate landing field Zwischenlandungsplatz m. intermediate objective Angriffszwischenziel n, Zwischenziel n. intermediate position tibergangsstellung /, Zwischenstellung /.

intermediate range Zwischenentfernung / (Gunnery). intermediate scale map Karte im MaCstab 1 : 200,000 bis 1 : 500,000. intermediate section mittlerer Abschnitt des riickwartigen Gebietes. intermediate station Zwischenbahnhof m (RR). intermittent fire stofiweises Feuer. intermittent light Wechselfeuer n. intern internieren. internal-combustion engine Brennermotor m, Verbrennungsmotor m, Verbrennungskraftmaschine /. internal expanding brake Innenbackenbremse /. internal resistance innerer Widerstand (Elec). international code Internationales Signalbuch (Nav). See also Inter national Morse Code. international law Volkerrecht n, internationales Recht. International Morse Code Interna tionales Morsealphabet. International Red Cross Inter nationales Rotes Kreuz. internee Internierter m. internet traffic Querverkehr TO (Rad). internment camp Interniertenlager n. internment camp commander Lagerkommandant m. interphone Bordtelephon n, Bordsprechanlage /, Eigenverstandigung / (Ap, Tk); Hausleitung /, Haustelephon n (in a building). interphone communication Bordverstandigung /. interphone equipment Verstandigungsgerat n (Ap). interplane strut Fliigelstiel m. interpolating scale Transversalmafistab m (Surv). interpolation Interpolieren n. interpret auswei'ten (evaluate); beurteilen (estimate, judge); verdolmetschen (translate); auslegen, erklaren, deuten (explain). interpretation Auswertung /, Verwertung /. interpretation of aerial photographs Luftbildauswertung /. interpretation of photographs Bildauswertung /.
interpreter Polmetscher m.

interpupillary distance
interpupillary distance


irritant smoke

stand m (Optics). interpupillary-distance scale Teilscheibe / (binocular). interrogate ausfragen, vernehmen, verhoren. interrogation Befragung /, Aus fragen n, Verhor n, Vernehmung /. interrogation officer Vernehmungsofflzier m (PW). interrogation of prisoners Gefangenenverhor n, Gefangenenvernehmung /. interrupt unterbrechen. interrupted fire stoGweises Feuer. interrupted-screw-type breechblock SchraubenverschluB m (G). interrupter Sicherungsklappe /, Sicherungsflugel m, Sicherungsvorrichtung / (Am); Unterbrecher m (Elec). interruption Unterbrechung /. intersect anschneiden. intersection Kreuzung /, StraOenkreuzung /, Wegekreuzung / (road); Anschneiden n (Surv). interstation communication Bordverstandigung / (Ap). interurban line Fernleitung / (Tp). interval Zwischenraum m (close order drill); Pause /, Zwischenzeit /, Zeitabstand m (time). intervehicular communication Querverbindung /. intervehicular distance Marschabstand zwischen den einzelnen Fahrzeugen. interview Unterredung /, Interview n. intolerable concentration Schadlichkeitsgrenze / (CWS). intoxication Trunkenheit /, Rausch m. intravehicular communication Eigenverstandigung /, Bordverstandigung /. intrench schanzen, einschanzen, (sich) eingraben. intrenching tool kleines Schanzzeug. intrenchment Verschanzung /. intruder Klebeflugzeug n (Ap). intruding Kleben n (Avn). intruding airplane Klebeflugzeug n. intrusion Kleben n (Avn). inundated area Anstauung / (map). inundation ttberflutung /, Uber-

schwemmung / (flooding); Anstau ung / (by damming). invade einmarschieren, einbrechen, invahieren. invasion Invasion /. inventory Bestand m, Inventar n, Bestandsnachweisung /. inverse ratio umgekehrtes Verhaltnis. inverse value Kehrwert m. inverted flight Riickenflug m. inverted-image range finder Invertentfernungsmesser m, Kehrbildentfernungsmesser m. inverted truss Sprengwerk n (Engr). inverted valve Hangeventil n (Mtr). inverted wedge formation Breitkeil m (Too). investigate untersuchen. investigating officer Untersuchungsoffizier m. investigation Untersuchung /. involuntary unfreiwillig. involuntary absence without leave unverschuldete Abwesenheit. iodine Jod n; Jodtinktur / (tincture of iodine). Iron Cross Eisernes Kreuz (decora tion). iron ration eiserne Portion (for Pers); eiserne Ration (for horses). iron reinforcement Bewehrung /, Eiseneinlage / (in ferro-concrete). iron roller Eisenwalze / (mine clear ing). irregular unregelmafiig; unvorsehriftsmaBig (contrary to regula tions). irregularity VerstoB m (Law); Unregehnafiigkeit /. irreplaceable unabkommlich, unentbehrlich. irritant n Reizstoff m (CWS). irritant agent reizender Kampfstoff (CWS). irritant candle Reizkerze / (CWS). irritant capsule Reizwurfel m (CWS). irritant gas Giftnebel m (CWS). irritant-gas candle Giftrauchkerze /, Giftnebelkerze / (CWS). irritant-gas generator Riechtopf m (CWS). irritant smoke Giftrauch m (CWS),

iron Eisen n. iron core Eisenkern m (Elec).

irritant training agent


jump-off point

irritant training agent Dbungsreizstoff m (CWS). irritating concentration Reizkonzentration /. island Insel /. island of resistance Widerstandsnest n (Tac). isobar Isobare / (Met). isolate isolieren; abtrennen (sep arate); abschneiden (cut off); absondern (Med). isolated internment Einzelhaft /. isolation Abtrennen n, Abschneiden n, Isolierung / (Tac); Absonderung / (Med).

isolation quarters Absonderungsabteilung / (Med). issuance of order(s) Befehlsausgabe /, Befehlserteilung /. issue n Verau'sgabung /, Verteilen n, Ausgabe /. issue v verausgaben. Italian method Euckwarcseinschneiden n (Surv). item Stuck n, Gegenstand m, Artikel m. item of equipment Ausriistungsstiick n, Geratstiick n.

jack Wagenheber m (MT); Klinke / (Tp); Buchse /, Steckdose / (Elec, Rad). jacket Mantel m (Tech); Jacke / (Clo); Hiilsenmantel m (of car tridge case); Geschofimantel m (of bullet); Rohrmantel m (of G); Wassermantel m, Kiihlmantel m (Mtr, MG). jacket base Mantelboden m (MG). jacket cradle Jackenwiege / (G). jacket end cap Mantelkopf m (MG). jack float Fuflteller m (AA gun). jackknife Klappmesser n. jack shaft Seitenwelle /' (MT). jail n Gefangnis n. jam n Hemmung / (stoppage, Ord); Verkehrsstockung / (traffic). jam v hemmen (Ord); verklemmen (Mech); storen (Rad). jamming station Storstelle / (Rad). javelin Kolonne / (Avn). jaw Kiefer m (man); Ganasche / (horse). "jeep" "Kiibel" m, Kubelsitzer m, Kubelwagen m, Kiibelsitzwagen m. jeopardy Gefahr /. jet Strahl m (of a liquid); Diise / (Inst). jet-propulsion engine Riickstofimotor m (Ap). jettison abwerfen (Avn); fiber Bord werfen (Nav). jetty Mole /, Hafendamm m. jiu-jitsu Jiu-Jitsu n.

jockey box Geratekasten m. joint n Gelenk n, Verbindung /. joint operations Operationen der verbundenen Waffen. joint piece Gelenkstiick n (MG tri pod). joint plan Operationsplan fur Zusammenwirken von Armee und Plotte. journal Zapfen m; Wellenzapfen m (shaft); Lagerzapfen m (crank shaft); Tagebuch n, Kriegstagebuch n (diary). judge Richter m. judgT advocate Kriegsgerichtsrat m. Judg^ Advocate General Chef des Heeresjustizwesens (USA). judo Judo n. jugular groove Drosselrinne / (horse). jump Abgangsfehlerwinkel m (Gun nery); Absprung m, Sprung m (Prcht). jump area Abdriftplatz m (Prcht troops). jumpmaster Absetzer m (Prcht troops). jump-off Antreten zum Sturm (Tac). jump off zum Sturm vorgehen (Tac). jump-off line Ausgangslinie /. jump-off point Absprungpunkt m (Prcht).

jump-off position
jump-off position / (Tac).



junction Anschlufibahnhof m, Trennungsbahnhof m (RR).; Strafienspinne /, Strafienknotenpunkt m (road). junction box Kupplungskasten m (AA director); Verteilerkasten m (data transmission system). junction line Abzweigung /, Zweiglinie / (RR).

jungle Dschungel /, Urwald m. jungle warfare Dschungelkrieg m, Urwaldkriegfiihrung /, Urwaldkrieg m. junior officers Hauptleute und Leutnants. junior umpire Unterschiedsrichter m (maneuvers). jurisdiction Gerichtsbereich m, Gerichtsbarkeit /.

K Wert zur "Verbesserung der Kar- kit Tasche /. tenentfernung auf Grund der er- kitchen Ktiche /, Feldkuche /. kitchen car Eisenbahnkuchenwagen schossenen B.W.E. (FA). m (RR). katabatic w