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DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

ANDHRA PRADESH

Name : J.Srinivasa Rao


Designation : Lecturer
Branch : Electronics & Communications
Institution : Govt Polytechnic Bellampally
Year/semester : VI semester
Subject : Analytical Instrumentation
Subject Code : AEI- 603
Topic : Computer Applications in Medicine
Duration : 50mts
Sub Topic : Medical diagnosis & Decision making
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Objectives

On completion of this period, you would be able to


know …

• Computer applications in Medical diagnosis

• Computer applications in decision making

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Medical Diagnosis & Decision Making

• Computer is used in clinical decision making.

• They improve diagnostic accuracy.

• They use systematic approaches and explicit decision

criteria.

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Computers are used to

• Enhance diagnostic reliability.

• To increase cost efficiency.

• To gain insight it clinical decision.

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• Two streams of research on medical decision making
are identified

• First steam consists of the development of the


mathematical tools.

• Using which the physician sharpens his decisions.

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• The other stream consists of studies of how physicians
make decisions.

• The studies are related to Artificial Intelligence (AI).

• They emphasize computer augmentation of clinical


judgment.

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Example

• Another emerging direction in computer aided decision


making combines computer graphics with medical
system analysis.

• For example computerized cephalometrics, which


implies a study of the dimensions of the head region.

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Digital Cephalographic Image of Before &
After Treatment for Malpositioned Teeth

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Development

• A system named DIG-CEPH has been developed at

Indian Institute of Technology and the all India

Institute of Medical Sciences.

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Summary

In this period, you have learnt about

• Computer applications in Medical diagnosis

• Computer applications in Decision making

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Quiz
• Computer applications in medical diagnosis and
decision making have following advantages

a) Enhancement in reliability

b) Increase cost efficiency

c) To gain insight

d) All of the above

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Frequently asked Questions

• Write about the computer applications in medical


diagnosis and decision making

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