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INTRODUCTION TO FIQH ALMUAMALAT

MGA 3023: FIQH MUAMALAT I

Dr Nurul Aini Muhamed

Learning Outcome

Explain the conceptual meaning of Fiqh Muamalat and its position in Shariah Explain the features of Fiqh Muamalat Explain various legal maxim
Memorize and recite various Quranic

Shariah

Literally : 1) Water path 2) the water pool 3) Others, straight path, method Technically: The religion that has been ordered by Allah swt on the mankind (including genies) where He sent the messengers with the holy books and scriptures to guide them to the benefit of this world and hereafter

Shariah

General meaning of Shariah; Shariah meaning of faith and belief Shariah ruling of practical matters Shariah rulings of virtues and spiritual matters
Specific meaning- refers to al-fiqh under the

practical Shariah rulings

The relatedness with Fiqh alMuamalat?

Fiqh literally knowledge, understanding and intelligence of the Shariah matters

Categories of Fiqh (specific)


SHARIAH /AD-DIN
AQIDAH

AKHLAQ

SHARIAH

IBADAH

MUAMALAH

SOCIAL

ECONOMY
Several aspects under al-ahkam al-adliyyah are al-ahwal asyaksiyyah, al-ahkam al-madaniyyah, al-ahkam aljinayah, al-ahkam al-muraafaat, al-ahkam al-dusturiyyah, al-ahkam ad-duwaliyyah, al-Ahkam and Al-adab/alakhlaq

Fiqh al-Muamalat

The knowledge of Shariah rulings that relates to the practical aspects of a mukallaf in the area of business nad financial dealings and derived from its detailed evidence.

Why we need to learn Fiqh Muamalat?

Features of Fiqh Muamalat:

The primary rulings is permissible except where the Shariah states prohibitions Fatwa is based on the most appropriate opinion Legal rulings are heavily based on rational reasoning Specific Quranic and Sunnah resources are few and general in nature, hence rational thinking can be applied extensively

Wallahu alam