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TEACHING NOTES

ON

DAIDO
BLOCK INSTRUMENT

SIGNAL & TELECOMMUNICATION TRAINING CENTRE, BYCULLA, MUMBAI


( I S O 9001-2000 CERTIFIED )
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CONTENTS PAGE NO.

1. Introduction 03
2. Special requirements 03
3. Coding principle 04
4. Different parts 05
5. Functions of relays:
a) Internal 07
b) External 08

6. Special features of DAIDO block. 09


7. Position and specifications of relays 10
8. Explanation of circuits 12
9. Modification in RE area 18
10. Safety checks 19
11. Overhauling 20
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HANDLE TYPE TOKENLESS BLOCK INSTRUMETNT FOR SINGLE LINE

INTRODCUTION:
It is a single line Block Instrument (modified instrument) designed to work on
Modulated frequency (Carrier frequency 1800 Hz or 2700 Hz) and modulating
frequency (65 Hz and 85 Hz) having so many advantage over Token block
Instrument to increase section capacity in single line. A pair of block Instruments
are connected electrically through overhead or cable to control a single line Block
section.

Advantages over token Block Instrument:


1. Operating Time less.
2. No token exchanging time that required in Token Instrument.
3. Physical strain less.
4. Problem like token missing, token balancing, and census of token recoupment
or lost token or damaged token.
5. Avoidable detention is minimized.
6. No question of maintaining normal polarity /Reverse Polarity instrument.

SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS
On sections where token less block working is to be introduced, the
following equipments must be provided:
a) One pair of instruments for each block section, fitted with visual indicators
giving the following indications:-
1. When the instruments are normal and there is no train in the block section
“Line Closed” at both stations.
2. When permission to approach for train to leave block station has been
received from block station ahead “Train going To” at the sending station.
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3. When permission to approach for train to leave a block station in rear has
been given “Train coming from” at the receiving station.

4. When a train has entered the block section “Train on Line” at both sending
and receiving stations, in addition to “Train Going To” or “Train coming from”
indications.
b) A control to ensure that the last stop signal at the sending station cannot be
taken ‘OFF’ until the receiving station instrument has to be operated to the “Train
coming From” position / condition and the sending station instrument to the “Train
Going to” position/condition.
c) A control to ensue that the last stop signal of the block station is replaced to
“ON” by the entry of the train into the block section and is maintained in that
position until the train has cleared the block section and the instruments are put
back to the “Line Closed” condition and again set as in clause (b) above.
d) A control to ensure that the instruments are set to the “train on line” condition
at both sending and receiving stations when the train passes the last stop signal
and enters the block section.
e) A control to ensue that the Outer and Home or the Distant and Home Signals,
as the case may be, and the opposing last stop signal are proved to “ON” to
receive and dispatch any code except automatic “Train on Line” code and the
bell signals.
f) A control to ensure that the opposing last stop signal of the block section can
not be taken “OFF” at one and the same time.

CODING PRINCIPLES:
1. D.C. (-) ve on L1 – Bell.
2. 1800 or 2700 Hz modulated with 85Hz & DC (+)ve on L1
To operate the block handle from line closed to receiving ®, ‘R’ to line
closed and leaving (L) to line closed.
3. 1800 OR 2700 Hz. Modulated with 65 Hz. only to set the other instrument
at TOL.
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4. 1800 OR 2700 Hz. Modulated with 65Hz. & DC (+) ve on L1 to operated


the Block handle from line closed to leaving (L) position.

DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE INSTRUMENT:


1. Block Handle:
Block Handle is locked in three positions: in ‘Normal’, ‘R’ (Receiving) and ‘L’
(Leaving) position - It is free to turn between (X-Y), (R-D) & (L-B).

For turning from ‘Normal’ to TCF, check is effective in (X) position.


Initial Position F.M. & D.C. Lock Final Position
Of B/H Voltage Magnet Of B/H
required On L1

‘N’ 85 Hz. & (+) ve Energized ‘R’


‘R’ --do-- --do-- ‘N’
‘N’ 65 Hz. & (+) ve --do-- ‘L’
‘L’ 85 Hz & (+) ve --do-- ‘N’

2. Galvo: Indicates incoming and outgoing DC current.


3. Push Button PB1:
When only PB1 is pressed
i) DC (-) ve on L1 for Bell
ii) Dc (+) ve on L1 for TOL acknowledgement.
4. Push Button PB2:
PB2 is pressed always along with PB1 to pick up PBPR in turn.
I) Transmitter is connected with local battery to transmit modulated frequency.
II) For sending (+) ve on L1.

5. Single Stroke Bell: It sounds when BLR or NR picks up and used for
exchanging Bell Code.

6. Transmitter: Transmits a frequency-modulated output (1800 or 2700 Hz) it


gives DC output to pick up CR1 or CR2 when connected with local battery.
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7. Receiver: Receivers modulated frequency (1800 or 2700 with 65 or 85 Hz) it


gives DC output to pick up CR1 or CR2 when connected with local battery.

8. TOL Indicator: Display white indication when the Block section is clear and
display Red indication with writing “Train on Line” when the train entered into the
Block section and it holds magnetically.

9. Buzzer: BZ1 – Sounds at both stations when the train entered into the Block
Section and stops after acknowledgement by the pressing PB1 at the Receiving
Station.

BZ2- Sounds when the train arrived completely with proper signal and
sequence at the Receiving station and stops by normalizing the Home signal
SM’s slide/lever.

10. Switch-1 (S1) – With counter: S1 is reversed for normal cancellation and
counter offers the next higher number.

11. Time Release Indictor: Normally shows ‘white’ with writing ‘LOCKED’ and
when S1 is reversed for normal cancellation, it changes to ‘green’ with writing
‘FREE’ after 120 seconds.

12. Switch 2 – (S2) with counter: Push Back cancellation is performed


immediately after reversing the S2 and the counter offers the higher number.

13. SM’S KEY: When it is taken out the instrument becomes inoperative except
for: I) Reception of Bell code.

II) Reception or transmission of TOL code.

14. Shunting Key:

I) It can be removed only when instrument is in

i) ‘N’

ii) ‘L’
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II) When the shunting key is out the Block handle becomes mechanically
inoperative.

III) Extraction and Insertion of this key is only possible when SM’s key is IN and
turned.

15. Level Adjust Switch: It is provided in the back or Transmitter to adjust the
level low, medium & high.

16. Impedance switch: It is also a three position switch provided on the back of
the transmitter to suit the proper impedance matching.

i) 600 ohms for overhead.


ii) 1300 ohms for cable.
iii) 1120 ohms for optic fiber.

17. Attenuator: One Tough switch and another fine switch are provided on the
back of receiver for adjusting the incoming db loss up to 28 db.

Function of the following Relays housed within the Block Instrument

1. BLR - It is a biased relay and picks up when ‘+’ ve on L2 and –ve on L1 is


received from the line and the single stroke Bell sounds through the pick up
contacts of BLR.

2. NR – It is also a biased Relay and pick up when ‘+’ve on L1 and ‘-‘ve on L2 is


received from the line, single stroke Bell sounds and lock magnet energized
through its pick up contact.

3. PBPR – Picks up when PB1 & PB2 pressed simultaneously or only PB1 with
TOLR pick up condition during TOL code transmission. It connects DC (+)ve on
L1 and (-)ve on L2 and transmitter to the local battery.

4. CR1 (Coding Relay): Picks up when the receiver received FM85 Hz


modulated with 1800 Hz/2700 Hz carrier frequency, it helps to energize lock
magnet for turning the Block Handle from N to R, R to N & L to N.
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5. CR2 (Coding Relay): Picks up when the Receiver received FM 65 Hz


modulated with 1800hz/2700 Hz. It helps to energize the lock magnet for turning
the Block Handle from N-L.

6. TRSR: Train sending Relay: Picks up when the Block handle is turned to ‘L’
position. It maintains the “one line clear one train”.

7. IR: It proves the normal condition of reception signal and last stop signal
levers and SM’s slide.

8. ITPR: This is a repeater of LSS Track Relay (ITR).

9. TOLR: Picks up when ITPR drops i.e, the train occupies the LSS tracks
provided TRSR should be pick up.

10. 2R: Picks up after compete arrival of the train with proper sequence.

11. 3R: Cancellation Relay: When S1 is turned for normal cancellation, after a
specified time (120 sec.) delay it picks up and the ‘FREE’ indicator energized
through its pick up.

12. TER: Once S1 is turned for normal cancellation, the electronic timer relay
gives output of 24 v after a specified time delay (120 sec.) which in turn picks up
the TEPR.

13. Timer Relay: It is an electronic type relay used for pick up of TEPR relay
after 120 seconds time delay in case of normal cancellation.

14. TELR: Telephone Relay type for Resistance 70 ohms, picks up when switch
of hand micro telephone is pressed and in turn it connects the telephone on line
and also disconnect the Tx & Rx from the frequency line.

External Relays:

1. ASR: Advance Starter Relay: It picks up with the picking up of TRSR.

2. HSR: Home Signal Control relay.

3. TAR: Train Arrival Relay: Picks up after complete arrival of the train with
proper sequence. Through its picks up contact 2R picks up.
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4. SNR: Signal Normal Relay: Proving only signal levers normal condition.

SPEICIAL FEATURE OF DAIDO TOKENLESS BLOCK INSTRUMENT

1. To ensure that the relays “NR” and “BLR” are not picked up simultaneously,
back contact of NR relay is proved in BLR circuit. Similarly in the PBPR circuit
back contact of CR1 and CR2 relays have been provided to ensure that PBPR
relay will not be energized while receiving modulated frequencies.
2. Front contact of PBPR Relay has been proved in the DC feed circuit of
transmitter, whereas back contact has been proved to the receiver circuit to
guard against receiving its own F.M. output modulated frequency transmitted.
Similarly, back contact of CR1 and CR2 relay have been proved in the DC feed
circuit transmitted to ensure that no code except the code of bell signals can be
generated unless the code relays are de-energized.
3. Since TOL code has to be transmitted automatically as soon as a train
occupies FVT. Front Contact of PBPR Relay is not proved in DC feed circuit to
the transmitter but the same is taken in TOLR Front contact NR Relay back
contact with the block handle at L position.
4. Similarly for the receiver to be in readiness. To receive the TOL code, the Dc
feed circuit is taken via 2R Relay back contact with the block handle “R” position.
5. Pressed contact of the PB2 button in the D. C. feed circuit of the transmitter
proves the positive action taken to energize PBPR Relay for transmitting
modulated frequency along with DC.
6. Block handle contacts (BX) and (DY) are included in the DC feed circuit to the
receiver so that the DC feed to the receiver is switched on only. When the block
handle operation is initiated. Thus minimizing battery consumption.
7. SM’s key contact has not been proved in the DC feed circuit of Transmitter for
transmitting and receiving of automatic TOL code to ensure that the TOL
indicator will display, immediately the block sections occupied irrespective of the
position of the SM’s key.
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8. To ensure that the relay CR1 and CR2 are not be energized at the same time,
back contact of CR1 relay is proved to energize CR2 relay and similarly back
contact of CR2 relay is proved to energize CR1 relay.

9. Cross protection to the lock Magnet is given through the CR1 and CR2 back
contacts.
10. “Transmitter” and “Receiver” are connected to line through the back contact
of TELR relay, which ensures that during conversation on telephone, no code is
transmitted or received, by the transmitter and receiver respectively at either end.
Similarly, the telephone set is connected to the lines through the front contact of
TELR relay. Feed is taken through the back contact of CR1 and CR2 relays to
ensure that during Transmission and reception of code the telephone is
disconnected. The back contact of TOLR is included in the TELR pick up circuit
to ensure that the telephone circuit is disconnected the moment TOLR pick up to
transmit T.O.L. code.
11. TOLR relay is made slow to release since its energizing circuit is through the
front contact of TRSR. And released stick circuit as through the back contact of
TRSR relay.
POSITION OF RELAYS IN RELAY RACK
T E P R C R 1 C R 2
P B P R B L R N R
T O L R T R S R, I T P R
I R 2 T 3 R
RELAY SPECIFICATION
1. T E P R
2. C R 1 Style QN1 – 8F – 8B
3. C R 2 Code - 002
4. P B P R SPEC. NO. 930
5. T O L R IRS NO. S-34, 5-23
6. T R S R R1 - 345 ohms
7. 2 R
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8. 3 R

1. B L R ] Style QBA1 – 8F - 8B
2. N R ] Code – 026, spec; BR No. 932
AC immunized biased IRS No. S-34, R-215 ohms
1. T P R ] Style QNA1, 8F/8B, Code No. 022, SPEC BR NO.
931, AC Immunized, IRS No. S-348, S-23
2. I R ] Resistance: 215 ohms
TERs - 24V DC, 1 Hot & 1 Cold contacts, Electronic Timer.

TELRs- Plug in miniature telephone type Relay, 8F/B


R: - 350 ohms.

SOURCE OF POWER:
B24VDC = Battery for token less internal circuit
B24VDC = Battery for IR, ITPR
Bx2] Voltage depends on line resistance
B 2 ] Line Battery and adjustment for circulating rated
N 2 ] current of NR relay at other end.

DIFFERENT COLOUR CODE FOR INTRNAL WIRING

COLOUR - DESCRIPTION
RED - Local Source (+)
BLUE - local Source (-)
BLACK - Block Line Circuit
BROWN - Relays Circuit for Reverser Control
YELLOW - Transmitter and Receiver Circuit
GREEN - Relays and Lock Magnet Circuit
WHITE - Other Circuit
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RESISTANCE AND CURRENT

PARTS Resistance in Ohms Working Current Working Voltage


in mA In Volt
GALVO 18.2 110 2
BELL COIL 310 77 24
L.M.COIL 310 77 24
TER 200 120 24

TOLK

1) 1st coil 200 + 200 ohms Resistor 60 24

2) 2nd Coil 500 + 470 ohms Resistor 24 24

EXPLANATION OF CIRCUITS

A) NORMAL OPERATION:

Normally, the block handle is in intermediate position, the SM key,


shunting (SH), cancellation key (S1) and push back key (S2) are all in normal
position, the TOL and time release indicator are white and the Needle indicator
indicates zero position. In this case, all the relays except for ITPR and IR are
dropped away, with no current flowing in the block line and the concerned signals
and levers are in normal position (Fig. 1).
II. When a train is leaving from A station to B station.
1) Turning the SM key at A station completes a circuit. Push Button PB1 is
pressed to give an audio call signal to B station. Then a direct current (-) flows to
B station to pick up the BLR at B station.
With the BLR picking up, a current flows through a circuit, (see fig. 4) the
bell rings even if the SM key at ‘B’ station is not “OFF” position.
2) Upon receipt of a call signals, the SM key is turned on at B station. Then the
PB1 at B station is pressed to issue an answering call to A station. The same
circuit as described operates to ring the bell at ‘A’ station.
3) Arrangements are made between A station and B station over the telephone.
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4) Push-button PB1 and PB2 are pressed simultaneously at A station to send a


code of signal with both buttons being maintained in pressed down position. A
current flows to the following circuit to pick up the PBPR (SEE FIG. 5) with the
PBPR picking up. The NR at B station pick up through the following circuit in the
line circuit (See Fig. 5 to 8).
In this instance, the BLR at B station does not pick up as the current is in
the opposite directions on the other hand with the PBPR at station picking up, a
source voltage is applied to the transmitter (Tx). In the keying circuit of Tx a
modulated current F1 flows to terminals 34, 37 to the line side isolation
transformer.
Upon the receipt of a modulated current F1 the receiving relay CR1 at B
station picks up (Fig. II).
As the bell rings one time at B station because by the NR picking up as
above mentioned turning the block handle at Y releases said Block handle,
which can be turned to right position (TCF position) (Fig. 10).
After confirming that the pointer of Galvanometer has turned to zero
position (indicating that A station has stopped sending a code of signal) PB1 and
PB2 are simultaneously pushed down at B station to send a code of signal to A
station (Fig. II).
Local and outgoing circuit at ‘A’ (Fig. 12, 13 & 14) local and incoming
circuit at ‘B’ (Fig. 15 to 16).
Upon receipt of a direct current (+) and a modulated current F2 the NR
and CR2 at A station pick up with the bell ringing one time because of the NR
picking up turning the block handle as far as the X point at this time causes the
TRSR to pick up (fig. 17 & 18).
With the TRSR picking up the handle can be released and turned to left
position (TGT position) (Fig. 19). Putting the SM slide in reverse position after
turning the block handle to left position cause a relay IR to drop away. An
advance starter control relay ASR picks up with the ASR picking up a circuit
outside the instrument is completed make it possible to take “OFF” the advance
starter (Fig. 20).
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When a train leaves station and outer, 1T then 1TR and 1TPR drop away,
releasing the stick circuit of TRSR drop away and bring the advance starter
signal to normal (ON) position automatically.
With 1TPR drops away, the TRSR also drops. The TRSR having slow to
release characteristics, TOLR picks up. (Fig. 21).
With the TOLR picking up, a source voltage is applied to the Tx with a
keying circuit being completed a modulated current F2 flows to the line (a direct
current does not flows in this instance) (Fig. 22).
With a modulated current F2 being received at ‘B’ station, the CR2 picks
up because the Rx power source is already available. TOLR and Bz, operates
through the same circuit as in A station to give an indication of train departure.
Local and incoming circuit at ‘B’ (Fig. 23).
With a push button PB1, being pressed to issue a call signal from A
station and a push button PB1 being pressed down to answer said call signal at
‘B’ station picks up through the following circuit. With the PBPR picking (fig. 25)
up a direct current (+) flows to A station through the same circuit as described in
(Fig.6) causing the NR at A station to pick up (Fig. 8).
With the NR at A station picking up a stick circuit for the TOLR is broken
with the TOLR dropping away and a buzzer Bz stops buzz ring (Fig. 21). As the
TOLK is a magnetic stick type, however it is not restored to normal position. On
the other hand, with the TOLR dropping away, a modulated circuit for Tx is
broken (Fig.22) and no modulated current F2 flows to B station thereby de-
energizing CR2 at B (fig. 23) and causing the TOLR to drop away at B with the
TOLR dropping away Bz stop. Buzz ring (Fig. 24).
The home signal is put to Reverse position at ‘B’ station with the home SM
slide being in reverse position and the IR dropping away (IR back contact is
looped in instrument in HSR and ASR circuit if SM’s normal contact is not proved
in IR relay circuit) the HSR picks up through the following circuit (Fig. 26).
When a train reaches ‘B’ station the BTR picks up and a relay 2R picks up
through the following circuit. With the relay 2R picking up the HSR drops away
and the home signal is automatically restored to Normal position. At the same
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time a Buzzer BZ2 produces a buzz ring sound to tell the train arrival restoring
the HS, SM slide to normal position causes the BZ2 to stop buzz ring (fig. 27).
B station transmits a message to A station by pressing down the PB1 and
PB2 simultaneously. In this instance the PBPR picks up at ‘B’ station (fig.5).
A direct current (+) and modulated current F1 flow to A station. The NR
picks up causing a bell to ring (fig. 8 to 10).
Returning the handle to the B point supplies in source voltage to the
receiver through the following circuit (Fig. 29).
With the NR and CR1 picking up an electromagnet is energized making it
possible to restore the handle to normal position the TOLR in turn energized and
restored to Normal (Fig. 31) Pressing down the PB1 and PB2 at A station causes
a direct current (+) modulated current F1 to flow to B station. The circuit is same
as described in Fig. 5,6 &7.
The NR picks up at ‘B’ station causing a bell to ring (fig. 8 to 10).
Returning the Handle to :
a. Point applies a source voltage to the receiver Rx causing the CR1
to pick up (Fig. 9) with the NR and CR1 picking up it is possible to
restore the handle to normal position through the same circuit as
described in Fig.11

(B) CANCELLATION OF “LINE CLEAR “ BEFORE A TRAIN ENTERS THE


BLOCK SECTION:
The cancellation switch S1 is put to reverse position at “A” station. Putting
the S1 to reverse position energizes the timer through the following circuit
because the TRSR has already picked up (Fig.32). The counter S1 is operated
simultaneously. Upon the lapse of predetermined time, the TEPR is energized
through the output load of the timer and 5 made to stick.
With the TEPR picking up the 3R is energized and made to stick and
disconnect the timer circuit. It being so arranged that the time clapsing before
the energisation of the 3R is two minute, i.e. it takes two minute for relay 3R to
pick up after operated of switch S1 (fig. 32).
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A cancellation signal is issued from A station to B station. Push button


PB1 and PB2 are pushed down at A station to send a signal of cancellations.
With 3R picking up, a modulated current F1 flows through the keying circuit (Fig.
33). The performance of open circuit is as described here in before within a
direct current (+) and modulated current F1 flowing to B station.
Upon receipt of the above-mentioned signal, the block handle is turned
from right position to normal position. Push button PB1 and PB2 are pushed
down at B station to issue a code signal to A station (fig.32). The signal send in
this case which is the same as above mentioned is by means of a direct current
(+) and modulated current F1. Upon receipt of the signal at A station after the
cancellation switch S1 has been restored to normal position, the block handle is
restored to normal position at ‘A’ station. The circuit operates in the same
manner as described earlier.

(C) PUSH BACK OPERATION:


When a train in the block section push back to departure station A in this
instance, the block handle at A station and ‘B’ station are in left position and right
position respectively. With the TOL buzzer stopping following are confirmed.
Putting the push back switch S2 to reverse position at ‘A’ station actuates
the counter S2. The home signal lever is put to reverse position at ‘A’ station. In
this instance, the Home signal is put to reverse position through the control circuit
of HSR (fig. 26).
Upon the arrival of the pushing back train to ‘A’ station the home signal is
restored to normal position automatically through the same circuit as described
earlier with 2R picking up and the arrival buzzer BZ2 producing a buzzing sound.
Putting the SM slide to Normal position causes the buzzer to stop buzzing.
The signal indicating train arrival is issued from A station to B station and
push button PB1 and PB2 are pushed down. Then a modulated current F1 flows
from ‘A’ station through the keying circuit of Transmitter at B station (fig.35).
Upon receipt of a direct current (+) and modulated current F1, the Block handle
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can be turned from right position to normal position, at B station this is done
through the same circuit as in the case cancellation.
Push button PB1 and PB2 are pushed down at B station to send a direct
current (+) and modulated current F to A station. After restoring the switch S2 to
normal position, the block handle is turned to normal position from left position at
A station. Then the signal for train arrival is issued to B station.

(D) WHEN A TRAIN SHUNTING (AT ‘A’ STATION)


The block handles are put to normal position both at ‘A’ station and ‘B’ station.
A station calls ‘B’ station to obtain authorization over the telephone.
After the SH key has been turned and taken out, it is handed over to the
driver of a shunting train. This locks the block handle. Upon finishing a shunting
operation, the SH key is returned to the station master, who after inserting and
turning the ‘SH’ key to normal position, notifying ‘B” station over the telephone to
the effect.

(E) TELEPHONE CIRCUIT:


While modulated current F1 to F2 is being transmitted or received,
telephone circuit is isolated from power line.
While telephone is used, transmitter and receiver are isolated from line.
To explain in detail, telephone relay TELR is inserted in series connection with
relay. CR1 (B), CR2 (B) and TOLR (B) in the circuit (Fig.36). Also TELR (F) is
connected in series in the telephone circuit, Thus telephone circuit is isolated
from signal circuit. Where modulated current is transmitted and received by
TELR, which is inserted between signal circuit and Transmitter/Receiver.
Transmitter/Receiver is isolated from signal line where telephone is used.
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MODIFICATION REQUIRED FOR USING IN 25 KV AC RE AREAS


Normally the transmitter/receiver circuit (FM signals) is super imposed on
the same pair of line wires of DC circuit. In RE area it is worked on a pair of
conductor of PET quad of main telecom. Cable and the DC circuit works in two
phantoms derived from the PET quad.
Since diodes are used in the BLR and NR circuits, induced EMF under
earth fault conditions will get rectified and effect their relays. Hence to protect
the BLR and NR from AC induced voltages, a block filter unit is connected
between the block instrument and the line. External relays XR and YR are also
used, as in the case of Neale’s type token block instrument, to prevent
energisation of the line relays due to momentary discharge of condenser in the
filter unit. The block telephone is connected to the other physical pair of the PET
quad.
RDSO has examined different ways of reducing the operating voltage of
handle type token less block instrument, to be used in RE area and suggested
the following vide their letter no. STS/E/S-6 dated 2.4.91.

1. REMOVAL OF CHOKE CH-1:


Choke CH1 is provided (in non Re area) to prevent FM signal getting
affected by the local battery, since both DC and FM signals are super imposed
on the same pair of the line wires. However, in RE area, since a physical pair is
used for DC, the choke CH1 does not serve any purpose. Removal of the choke
will result in a reduction of 4 volts in the power supply in view of 100mA current
flowing through the circuit.

2) REMOVAL OF RESISTNACE R2:


Short circuit protection resistant R2 (20 ohms) may be dispensed with,
since this protection is not required and is not, in any case, provided in other
block instruments. This will means, consequently a reduction of 2 volts in the
power supply.
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3) ELIMINATION OF DIIODES AND FILTER UNIT:


In the existing circuit, both NR and BLR are of QBA1 type, each requiring
about 100mA current. They are connected in parallel and blocking diodes D1
and D2 have been used to only one relay at a time. The use of these diodes
has, however necessitated the need for use of filter units, which are otherwise
not required. In absence of filter unit the induced A.C. voltage might result in
rectified DC voltage due to the presence of the blocking diodes.
This problem is now ought to be eliminated by the use of Ac immunized
1000 ohms neutral relay instead of QBA1 relay for BLR. This will however, result
in increase of line current from 100mA to 112 mA. In such case, filter unit can be
dispensed with, resulting reduction in the power supply.
Replacement of two numbers of QBA1 relays for BLR and NR with one
number of polar relay and relaxation for use of earth return circuit are also being
considered by RDSO.

SAFETY CHECKS IN TLBI – HANDLE TYPE:


1. Ensure that the lock and seal are intact.
2. Operate the instrument without co-operation and see whether the handle goes
to receiving or leaving position. The block handle should not go to ‘L’ or ‘R’.
3. Both the instrument is in line-closed position. Try to operate any one
instrument with co-operation and see whether the handle goes to ‘L’ position.
The lock handle should not go to “L’ position.
4. Operate the instrument with co-operation and turn to “L” with a momentary
feed, see that the “L” lock is force dropped in check lock notch and the block
handle cannot be turned to “L” position.
5. Try to close the instrument with co-operation with a train in block section and
see whether the handle goes to line closed position. The Block handle should
not go to line closed position.
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WITH LAST STOP SIGNAL:


1. Try to take ‘off’ the LSS without line clear (“L” position of block handle), the
signal will not clear.
2. Shunt the LSS track; the LSS shall go back to danger automatically.
3. The signal will not re-clear again unless a fresh line clear is received.

OVERHAULING:
1. Ensure overhauling is not due – once in 7 years.
2. Failure analysis, observations and suggestion as per Letter No.
SIG/465/182/Pt. 7 of dtd .01.95 at BSP DIVN.
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