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CHAPTER Section 20.1 continued


In your textbook, read about determining oxidation numbers.

20

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CHAPTER

20

STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY

Redox Reactions
0
9. Cd(s)

Section 20.1 2
NiO(s) 0 CdO(s) Ni(s)

Oxidation and Reduction


2 6
Cu(s)

For each redox reaction below, determine the oxidation number of each element present. Write your answer above each symbol for the element.

In your textbook, read about redox reactions.

2 2 3 1 1 1 1 2 6 1 2 2
N2O(g)

2 2 6 2 0

Circle the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

0
10. Fe(s)

2
CuSO4(aq) 0 FeSO4(aq)

1. Redox reactions are characterized by

a. formation of a solid, a gas, or water.

b. replacement of one element in a compound by another element. 11. 2Sb(s)

0
3I2(g) 0 2SbI3(s)

0 1 2
3O2(g) 0 2Cu2O(s)

c. sharing of electrons.

Study Guide for Content Mastery Answer Key


0 0
Pb(s)

d. transfer of electrons. 12. 2Cu2S(s) c. oxidized. d. reduced.

4 2

2
2SO2(g)

2. If a calcium atom loses two electrons, it becomes

a. a Ca2 ion.

b. an oxidizing agent.

4
13. PbO2(s)

2 5 2 2 2

2
2H2O(l)

3. In a redox reaction, an oxidizing agent is c. oxidized.

2H2SO4(aq) 0 2PbSO4(aq)

a. balanced.

3 3

b. increased in oxidation number.

d. reduced.

14. NH4NO3(s) 0 2H2O(g)

4. An oxidation reaction occurs

0
3CO(g) 0 2Fe(s)

2
3CO2(g)

a. at the same time a reduction reaction occurs.

15. Fe2O3(s)

b. before its corresponding reduction reaction occurs. In your textbook, read about oxidation, reduction, oxidizing agents, and reducing agents.

c. independently of any reduction reaction.

d. only when electrons are gained.

5. Consider the equation Ca(s) c. loses electrons. d. reacts with oxygen.

O2(g) 0 2CaO(s). In this reaction, calcium is oxidized because it

Use your answers from questions 915 to fill in the following table for the listed reactions. For each reaction, show what is oxidized, what is reduced, the oxidizing agent, and the reducing agent.
Equation Oxidized Reduced Oxidizing Agent Reducing Agent

a. becomes part of a compound.

b. gains electrons.

16. Cd(s) c. reduction number. d. shared electrons. 17. Fe(s)

NiO(s) 0 CdO(s) CuSO4(aq) 0 FeSO4(aq) Cu(s)

Ni(s)

Cd Fe
18. 2Sb(s)
3I2(g) 0 2SbI3(s)

Ni2 Cu2 Sb
19. 2Cu2S(s)
3O2(g) 0 2Cu2O(s) 2SO2(g)

Ni2 Cu2 I S2
20. PbO2(s)
Pb(s) 2H2SO4(aq) 0 2PbSO4(aq) 2H2O(l)

Cd Fe I O Pb
21. NH4NO3(s) 0 2H2O(g) 22. Fe2O3(s)
3CO(g) 0 2Fe(s) + 3CO2(g) N2O(g)

6. The number of electrons lost by an element when it forms ions is the elements

a. charge.

b. oxidation number.

7. A loss of electrons is d. reduction.

Sb O Pb4 N3 C2
115 116
Chemistry: Matter and Change Chapter 20

a. oxidation.

b. oxidationreduction. c. redox.

8. Redox reactions can involve c. uncharged atoms only. d. ions, molecules, or uncharged atoms.

S2 Pb4 N5 Fe3 N5 Fe3 Pb N3 C2


Study Guide for Content Mastery

a. ions only.

Chemistry: Matter and Change


Chemistry: Matter and Change Chapter 20

b. molecules only.

T215

Study Guide for Content Mastery