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ABSTRACT

Knock is a phenomenon that occurs due to incomplete combustion of fuel within a spark-ignition engine of an automobile resulting from spontaneous ignition of the unburned Air/Fuel mixture inside the cylinder. Knock signal can be detected by recognizing the occurrence of vibrations at well established frequencies. Knock is the most important abnormal combustion phenomenon. In a properly functioning engine, the charge burns with a flame front progressing smoothly from the point of ignition across the combustion. However at high compression ratios some of the charge may spontaneously ignite a head of the flame front and burns in a uncontrolled manner, thus produces high frequency pressure waves. Detection followed by its reduction is a vital criteria in order to decrease the wear and tear and increase the effectiveness and efficiency of the engine in the long run. Various studies have thrown light in using piezo-electric sensors as detectors of this knock in automobile. But using such sensors at such high temperatures and its positioning (inside/outside the combustion chamber) remains a major challenge in its practical applications. Our project presents the results of the comparative study done using Bosh knock sensor and Piezo-electric sensor.(PZT is used here)