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Main input data:

Vs 10 knots Resulting performance:


T 1080 kN Thrust
RPM 1500 Circulation distribution parameters: Torque
n= 25 Hz k= 20 Power
D 4m a= 0.1 Vs
xboss 0.1 m= 0.4 RPM
rboss 0.2 m KT
z 3 blades KQ
Water Density 1025 kg/m3 JA
Kin.viscosity 0 m2/s η

x=r/R 0.2 0.28 0.36 0.44 0.52 0.6 0.68 0.76


r 0.41 0.57 0.73 0.89 1.05 1.21 1.37 1.53
xx 0.12 0.2 0.29 0.38 0.47 0.56 0.65 0.74
w 0.149 0.137 0.129 0.123 0.118 0.113 0.110 0.107
t 0.219 0.198 0.178 0.158 0.138 0.118 0.097 0.077
c 1.29 1.49 1.64 1.74 1.8 1.8 1.76 1.64
Γ 12.17 15.19 17.34 18.87 19.82 20.15 19.78 18.59
VA 4.379 4.440 4.482 4.514 4.540 4.561 4.579 4.594
UTmean 4.747 4.258 3.791 3.382 3.010 2.655 2.302 1.937
UAmean 20.219 23.152 25.062 26.349 27.124 27.398 27.120 26.180
βi 13.212 10.420 8.603 7.315 6.333 5.535 4.851 4.231
Χ(x,z,βi) 1 1 1 1 0.99 0.98 0.96 0.92
UT 4.747 4.258 3.791 3.393 3.031 2.698 2.388 2.096
UA 20.219 23.152 25.062 26.428 27.316 27.843 28.133 28.334
βi 13.21 10.42 8.60 7.33 6.37 5.60 4.99 4.49
V∞ [m/s] 63.393 88.553 113.738 138.926 164.116 189.307 214.503 239.705
Lift [N/m] 790647 1379162 2021860 2687343 3334341 3910284 4349566 4568563
CL 0.099 0.077 0.062 0.052 0.045 0.039 0.035 0.031
Rn 6.87E+07 1.11E+08 1.57E+08 2.03E+08 2.48E+08 2.88E+08 3.17E+08 3.32E+08
CF 2.20E-03 2.05E-03 1.95E-03 1.88E-03 1.83E-03 1.80E-03 1.77E-03 1.76E-03
CD 5.90E-03 5.20E-03 4.76E-03 4.45E-03 4.23E-03 4.07E-03 3.94E-03 3.86E-03
dr 0.37 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16
dDrag [N] 17267 14917 24775 36759 50334 64666 78360 89561
dTD [N] 3946 2698 3706 4691 5581 6313 6811 7010
dQD [Nm] 6859 8333 17833 32375 52425 77743 106791 136429
dT [N] 279311 214329 316152 421769 524624 616343 686485 721718
dQ [Nm] 33990 31002 53061 81099 114420 151531 189544 223847

Cavitation check: (This is just one of several possible methods)


Draught at propeller: 10 m h= 8
Water vapour pressure: 1500 Atm.pressure101325

σ 0.086 0.043 0.026 0.017 0.012 0.009 0.007 0.006


t/c 0.170 0.133 0.109 0.091 0.077 0.065 0.055 0.047
v/V 1.194 1.152 1.124 1.104 1.088 1.075 1.063 1.054
∆v/V 0.028 0.021 0.017 0.014 0.012 0.011 0.010 0.009
Vx 77.461 103.898 129.831 155.358 180.567 205.515 230.110 254.637
(Vx/V∞)2-1 0.493 0.377 0.303 0.251 0.211 0.179 0.151 0.128
Cavitation? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Calculation of geometric pitch distribution:

kc 1.668 1.614 1.557 1.509 1.483 1.494 1.553 1.675


ka 1.0124 1.0334 1.0704 1.1278 1.2101 1.3217 1.4672 1.6511
kt 11.516 9.662 8.332 7.280 6.383 5.573 4.798 4.017
f/c 0.0108 0.0081 0.0063 0.0051 0.0043 0.0038 0.0035 0.0034
αi3 0.1550 0.1223 0.1024 0.0905 0.0836 0.0801 0.0791 0.0801
αt 1.9596 1.2857 0.9066 0.6618 0.4908 0.3646 0.2649 0.1884
P/D 0.1756 0.1868 0.1937 0.1981 0.2004 0.2010 0.2005 0.1998
Resulting performance:
5044.4 kN
1349.5 kNm
211984 kW
10 knots
1500
20.5
0.031
20
0.0021
19.5
0.045
0.108 19
18.5

Blade section circulation G


0.84 0.92 Dim.less radius. Selected.
1.69 1.85 18
0.83 0.92 17.5
0.104 0.102 Wake fraction. Empirical formula 17
0.057 0.037 Blade max thickness for each radius. Empirical formula
1.44 1.07 Chord length. Selected (designed) values 16.5 1.85
16.38 12.56 Circulation distribution. See parameters above 16 1.8
4.608 4.620 Local axial inflow velocity 15.5
1.75 0.220
1.544 1.082 Average induced tangential velocity. Calculated.
15 0.210
24.334 1.7eq.
20.844 Average induced axial velocity. Calculated by solving second degree
14.5 0.200 0.150
3.631 2.972 Initial hydrodynamic pitch angle. 1.65
14 0.190 0.148
0.84 0.66 Goldstein factor, from diagram 1.6 0.180 0.145
13.5 0.143
1.836 1.639 Induced tangential velocity at blade
1.55 0.170

Chord length [m]


28.935 31.581 Induced axial velocity at blade 13 0.140
1.5 0.160 0.138

Blade max thickness [m]


4.13 4.03 12.5
0.150
264.920 290.182 12 1.45 0.135
0.140
4446756 3737034 Radial lift distribution. 0.1 0 0.2 0
1.4 0.30.133
0 0.4 0

Wake fraction w [-]


0.029 0.027 Blade section lift coefficient .15 0.130 0.130
.25 .35 .45
1.35 0.120
3.20E+08 2.62E+08 0.128
1.77E-03 1.82E-03 1.3 0.110 0.125
3.83E-03 3.89E-03 1.25 0.100 0.123
0.16 0.15 0.090 0.120
94787 81993 1.2
0.080 0.118
6825 5767 1.15
0.070 0.115
159585 151148 1.1 0.060 0.113
702809 560855
246060 224981 1.05 0.050 0.110
0.20.040
0.25 0.108
0.3 0.35 0.

0.030 0.105
0.103
0.2 0.25 0.3 0
0.100
0.2 0.25
0.005 0.004
0.040 0.035
1.045 1.039 v/V (12%)= 1.14 0.12
0.008 0.007
279.049 303.814
0.110 0.096
Yes Yes

1.873 2.159 Correction factor for camber


1.8778 2.1518 Correction factor for angle of attack
3.180 2.166 Correction factor due to thickness
0.0035 0.0038 Camber distribution
0.0830 0.0894 Correction of ideal angle of attack due to 3-D effects
0.1263 0.0749 Correction of ideal angle of attack due to thickness effects
0.2012 0.2130 Resulting pitch distribution
1.85
1.8
1.75 0.220
0.210
1.7
0.200 0.150
1.65
0.190 0.148
1.6 0.145
0.180
0.143
1.55 0.170
0.140
0.160
Blade max thickness [m]

1.5 0.138
0.150
1.45 0.135
0.140
0.2
1.4 0 0.30.133
0 0.4 0 0.5 0 0.6 0 0.7 0 0.8 0 0.9 0
Wake fraction w [-]

0.130 0.130
.25 .35 .45 .55 .65 .75 .85 .95
1.35 0.120 0.128 xx
1.3 0.110 0.125 0.1 0.01
0.01
1.25 0.1 0.100 0.123
0.01
1.2 0.090 0.120 0.09 0.01
32.5 300
0.080 0.118 0.01
1.15 0.09
0.070 0.115 30 0.01 280
1.1 0.060 0.113 0.08 725000 0.01 250000
27.5 0.01 260
Lift coefficient CL [-]

700000 240000
1.05 0.050 0.110 0.08
675000 0.01 230000
0.20.040
0.25 0.108
0.3 0.07
0.35 0.4 25 0.45 0.5 0.55 0.6 0.65 0.7 0.75 0.8 0.85 0.9 0.95
0.01 240
220000
650000
0.030 0.105 0.06 22.5 625000 Dim.less radius x=r/R 0.01 210000
0.103
0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 6000000.4 0.45 0.5 0.55 0.6 0.65 0.7 0.75 0.8 0.85 0.90 0.95 220 200000
Radial thrust distribution dT [N]

0.06 20
Velocities [m/s]

0.100 0 Row 31
190000
575000 Dim.less radius x=r/R 200
0.2
0.060.25 0 180000
Row 34
17.50.3 550000
0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5 0.55 0.6 0.65 0.7 0.75 0.8 0.85 0.9 0.95
0.01 0.22
0 170000
180 Row 21
0.05 525000 Dim.less radius x=r/R
15 0.01 0 160000 Row0.21
500000 26
0.05 0 160
150000 Row
0.01 0.21
27
12.5 475000 0 140000
0.04 4500000.01 Row 29
0.21
0 140
130000 Row 39
10 425000
0.04 0.01 0 120000 0.21Row 40
120
7.5 4000000.01 0 110000
istribution f/c [-]

0.03 375000 0.2


0 100000
0.03 5 3500000.01 0 100 0.2
90000
0.2 0 0.3 0 0.01
325000 0.4 0 0.5 0 0.6 0 0.7 0 0.8 0 0.9 0
2.5
.25 300000.35 .45 .55 .65 .75 .85 .95 8080000 0.2
70000
0.01 0.2
0 275000 Dim.less radius x=r/R 6060000
0 180170000

Velocitie
Row 21

Lift
0.05 5250000.01

Radial thrust distributio


15 0 160000 0.21
500000 Row 26
0.05 0 160150000
0.01 0.21
Row 27
12.5 475000 0 140000
0.04 4500000.01 Row 29
0.21
0 140130000 Row 39
10 425000
0.04 0.01 0 120000 0.21Row 40
400000 0 120
7.5 110000

Camber distribution f/c [-]


0.03 3750000.01 0.2
0 100000
0.03 5 3500000.01 0 100 0.2
90000
0.2 0 0.3 0 0.01
325000 0.4 0 0.5 0 0.6 0 0.7 0 0.8 0 0.9 0
2.5
.25 300000.35 .45 .55 .65 .75 .85 .95 8080000 0.2
70000
0.01 0.2
0 275000 Dim.less radius x=r/R 6060000
0.2250000
0 0.01 0
0.3 0.4 0 0.5 0 0.6 0 0.7 0 0.8 0 0.9 0 50000 0.19
.25 0.01 .35
225000 .45 .55 .65 .75 .85 .95 40000 0.19
200000 Dim.less radius x=r/R 30000
0.01 0.19
0.2 0 0.3 0 0.4 0 0.5 0 0.6 0 0.7 0 0.8 0 0.9 0
0.01 .25 .35 .45 .55 .65 .75 .85 .95 0.19
0 Dim.less radius x=r/R 0.18
0 0.18
0 0.18
0 0.18
0.2 0 0.3 0 0.4 0 0.5 0 0.6 0 0.7 0 0.8 0 0.9 0
.25 .35 .45 .55 .65 .75 .85 .95
Dim.less radius x=r/R
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01 300
0.01
0.01 280
0.01 250000
0.01 260
240000
0.01 230000
0.01 240
220000
0.01 210000
0 220
200000
0 Row 31
190000
200
0 180000
Row 34
.85 0.9 0.95
0.22
0 170000
180 Row 21
0 160000 Row0.21
26
0 160
150000 Row0.21
27
0 140000 Row 29
0 140 0.21
130000 Row 39
0 120000 0.21Row 40
0 120
110000 0.2
0 100000
0 100 0.2
90000

5 8080000 0.2
70000
0.2
6060000
0 180170000 Row 21
0 160000 0.21
Row 26
0 160150000 0.21
Row 27
0 140000 Row 29
0.21
0 140130000 Row 39
0 120000 0.21Row 40
0 120
110000 0.2
0 100000
0 100 0.2
90000

5 8080000 0.2
70000
0.2
6060000
0.19 Row 61
0.9 0 50000
Row 64
.95 40000 0.19
30000
0.19
0 0.9 0
85 .95 0.19
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0 0.8 0 0.9 0
.75 .85 .95