You are on page 1of 27

LIFT ANALYSIS

L2(liftig lug to vessel C.G.)


L3(Vessel C.G. to tailing lug)
L1=L2+L3
L4(Vessel center line to tailing lug hole)
WO (Erection weight)
Impact factor
W(with Impact Factor)

15000
15000
30000
2000
320000
1.5
480000

mm
mm
mm
mm
kg
kg
REACTION

AXIS
TAILING LUG
DEG
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90

SIN () COS() TAIL (T)


0.000
0.087
0.174
0.259
0.342
0.423
0.500
0.574
0.643
0.707
0.766
0.819
0.866
0.906
0.940
0.966
0.985
0.996
1.000

1.000
0.996
0.985
0.966
0.940
0.906
0.866
0.819
0.766
0.707
0.643
0.574
0.500
0.423
0.342
0.259
0.174
0.087
0.000
MAX.

RADIAL
(fr)

AXIAL
(fL)

LIFTING LUG / TRUNION


TOTAL LIFT (P)

TANGE
NTIAL
(PT)

AXIAL
(PL)

TOTAL

240000

240000

240000

240000

120000

120000

238608

237700

20796

238608

241392

120237

10519

120696

237212

233608

41191

237212

242788

119550

21080

121394

235788

227754

61026

235788

244212

117945

31603

122106

234314

220184

80140

234314

245686

115434

42015

122843

232764

210956

98370

232764

247236

112036

52243

123618

231105

200143

115552

231105

248895

107775

62224

124448

229296

187829

131519

229296

250704

102682

71899

125352

227286

174111

146096

227286

252714

96795

81221

126357

225000

159099

159099

225000

255000

90156

90156

127500

222335

142914

170319

222335

257665

82812

98691

128832

219136

125691

179506

219136

260864

74813

106844

130432

215156

107578

186331

215156

264844

66211

114681

132422

209980

88741

190306

209980

270020

57058

122361

135010

202846

69377

190613

202846

277154

47396

130220

138577

192184

49741

185635

192184

287816

37246

139004

143908

174155

30242

171509

174155

305845

26555

150599

152923

136209

11871

135690

136209

343791

14982

171242

171896

480000

240000

240000

240000
kg

240000
kg

190613
kg

480000
kg

120237
kg

240000
kg

CALCULATION OF CENTROID AND MOM OF INERTIA OF A SKIRT ANCHOR CHAIR


Lg
tb
Dsk
tsk

180
50
5528
14

lr=(lg-tb)+0.55*(Dsk*tsk)^0.5
Lr

Area Bread
depth
Mark th
1
2
3

19
500
38

85
10
115
210

CENTROID =

Area
1.62E+03
5.00E+03
4.37E+03

283
500

Y
dist.from
base
42.5
90
152.5

1.10E+04

C1
C2

a*y
6.86E+04
4.50E+05
6.66E+05
1.19E+06

107.88
102.12

Moment of Inertia =Ig sum 5.83E+06


Ixs= sum of Ig+ sum of a*h^2
Sec. modulus 1= Ixs/C1
Sec. modulus 2= Ixs/C2

all Dimensions are in mm


BOLD indicate input

2.30E+07
213500
225543

C1=(Sa*y)/ h dist.from
Sa
centroid
107.88

65.38
17.88
44.62

h^2

a*h^2

Ig=
b*d^3/12

4275
320
1991

6.90E+06
1.60E+06
8.70E+06

9.72E+05
4.17E+04
4.82E+06

1.72E+07

5.83E+06

CALCULATION OF CENTROID AND MOM OF INERTIA OF A SKIRT ANCHOR CHAI


Lg
tb
Dsk
tsk

162
32
5528
14

lr=(lg-tb)+0.55*(Dsk*tsk)^0.5
Lr

Area
Breadth
Mark
1
2
3
4
5

19
19
500
19
28

depth
115
115
10
85
250
575

CENTROID =

Area
2185
2185
5000
1615
7000
17985

283
500

Y dist.from
base
57.5
57.5
120
167.5
250

C1
C2

159.68
215.32

Moment of Inertia =Ig sum

42288468.8

Ixs= sum of Ig+ sum of a*h^2


Sec. modulus 1= Ixs/C1
Sec. modulus 2= Ixs/C2

all Dimensions are in mm


BOLD indicate input

a*y
1.256E+05
1.256E+05
6.000E+05
2.705E+05
1.750E+06
2.872E+06

103842357.0
650328
482263

C1=(Sa*y h dist.from
)/Sa
centroid

159.68

102.18
102.18
37.68
7.82
35.32

IA OF A SKIRT ANCHOR CHAIR

h^2
10440.10
10440.10
1419.54
61.20
1247.73

a*h^2
2.281E+07
2.281E+07
7.098E+06
9.884E+04
8.734E+06
6.155E+07

Ig=
b*d^3/12
2.408E+06
2.408E+06
4.167E+04
9.724E+05
3.646E+07
4.229E+07

BASE RING

for three point

(Refer Procedure 7-5 of Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R Moss.)


Tailing Lug

Skirt Bracing

Rm
Dist from N.Axis from CL

MATERIAL :
Ys - YIELD STRESS
MATERIAL :
SA 285 GR C
Ys - YIELD STRESS
2109 kg/cm
Sba - ALLOW.BENDING STRESS = 0.66 x Ys
1391.94 kg/cm
F2 - MAXIMUM LOAD (in horiz. position) :
16198 kg
Z - SECTION MODULUS OF BASE RING+SKIRT
213500 mm3
Di - INSIDE DIAMETER OF BASERING
2830 mm
Rm - MEAN RADIUS OF SECTION
1625 mm
BM - MAX.BENDING MOMENT PRODUCED AROUND RING
F2 x Rm x 0.0229
(0.0229 = Internal moment Coefficient for Base Ring for 3 point lifting at Zero deg)
602768 kg-mm
BENDING STRESS IN BASE RING = BM / Z
282.33 kg/cm
SAFE
HENCE BASE RING IS SAFE WITH ADDITIONAL STIFFENING BEAM.
CHECK FOR SUFFICIENCY OF BRACING BEAM
STIFFNER BEAMS PROVIDED AS INDICATED ABOVE WITH THE TAILING LUG
MATERIAL : SA 36
TAILING BEAM SIZE SELECTED
H 200*200*12*12
YIELD (Ys):
2530
ALLOW.BENDING STRESS (Sba = 0.66 Ys) :
1669.8
SECTION MODULUS OF BEAM :
479221.76
SECTION MODULUS OF BEAM (Z) :
479221.76

kg/cm
kg/cm
mm3
mm3

MAXIMUM LOAD F2 : (0.453*T) FOR 3 BEAM CONST


L:
MAX.BENDING STRESS (F2*L/Z) :

kg
mm
kg/cm2

HENCE BRACING BEAM OF HE 200 B OR OF EQUIVALENT IS PROVIDED.

7337.69
200
306.23
safe

BASE RING

for two point

(Refer Procedure 7-5 of Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R Moss.)


Tailing Lug

Skirt Bracing

Rm
Dist from N.Axis from
CL

MATERIAL :
Ys - YIELD STRESS
MATERIAL :
SA 285 GR C
Ys - YIELD STRESS
2109 kg/cm
Sba - ALLOW.BENDING STRESS = 0.66 x Ys
1391.94 kg/cm
F2 - MAXIMUM LOAD (in horiz. position) :
31290 kg
Z - SECTION MODULUS OF BASE RING+SKIRT
650328 mm3
Di - INSIDE DIAMETER OF BASERING
5630 mm
Rm - MEAN RADIUS OF SECTION
3025 mm
BM - MAX.BENDING MOMENT PRODUCED AROUND RING
F2 x Rm x 0.0795
(0.0795 = Internal moment Coefficient for Base Ring for 2 point lifting at Zero deg)
7524854 kg-mm
BENDING STRESS IN BASE RING = BM / Z
1157.09 kg/cm
SAFE
HENCE BASE RING IS SAFE WITH ADDITIONAL STIFFENING BEAM.
CHECK FOR SUFFICIENCY OF BRACING BEAM
STIFFNER BEAMS PROVIDED AS INDICATED ABOVE WITH THE TAILING LUG
MATERIAL :
SA 36
TAILING BEAM SIZE SELECTED
H 250*250*9*14
YIELD (Ys):
2530
ALLOW.BENDING STRESS (Sba = 0.66 Ys) :
1669.8
SECTION MODULUS OF BEAM :
846305
SECTION MODULUS OF BEAM (Z) :
846305

kg/cm
kg/cm
mm3
mm3

MAXIMUM LOAD F2 : (0.5*T) FOR 1 BEAM CONST


L:
MAX.BENDING STRESS (F2*L/Z) :

kg
mm
kg/cm2

HENCE BRACING BEAM OF HE 200 B OR OF EQUIVALENT IS PROVIDED.

15645.00
250
462.16
safe

BASE RING ADEQUACY

(For One Point)

(Refered Procedure 7-5 of Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R Moss.)


Tailing Lug

MATERIAL :
Ys - YIELD STRESS
Sba - ALLOW.BENDING STRESS = 0.66 x Ys
F2 - MAXIMUM LOAD (in horiz. position) :
Z - SECTION MODULUS OF BASE RING+SKIRT
Di - INSIDE DIAMETER OF BASERING
Rm - MEAN RADIUS OF SECTION
BM - MAX.BENDING MOMENT PRODUCED AROUND RING

(0.2387 = Internal moment Coefficient for Base Ring for One point lifting at Zero deg)
BM
=
BENDING STRESS IN BASE RING = BM / Z
HENCE BASE RING IS UNSAFE WITHOUT ADDITIONAL STIFFENING BEAM

(For One Point)

ual by Dennis R Moss.)

IS 2062 GR B
2249
1484.34
86274
766398
3640
1111.45

kg/cm
kg/cm
kg
mm3
mm
mm

F2 x Rm x 0.2387

r One point lifting at Zero deg)

IONAL STIFFENING BEAM

22888761
2986.54
UNSAFE

kg-mm
kg/cm

CALCULATION FOR LIFTING FORCES FOR RIGGING


WO (Erection weight)
Impact factor
W L (with impact factor)
CG(distance from bottom)
Distance between tail lug hole to bottom
Distance between lift lug hole to bottom
Distance from C.G. to tailing lug hole (L3)
Distance from lifting lug hole to C.G. (L2)
Distance from vessel centerline to tailing lug hole (L4)
Distance between lifting lug hole to tailing lug hole (L1)

320000
2
640000
15000
100
30000
14900
15000
2000
29900

kg
kg
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

FORCE WHILE LIFTING


(DEG) SIN() COS()
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90

0.000
0.087
0.174
0.259
0.342
0.423
0.500
0.574
0.643
0.707
0.766
0.819
0.866
0.906
0.940
0.966
0.985
0.996
1.000

1.000
0.996
0.985
0.966
0.940
0.906
0.866
0.819
0.766
0.707
0.643
0.574
0.500
0.423
0.342
0.259
0.174
0.087
0.000
MAX.

LL (P)

LV (PT) LH (PL)
=Pcos =Psin

TL (T)

TV (fr)
TH (fL)
=Tcos =Tsin

318930
320798
322672
324583
326561
328641
330868
333295
335993
339060
342635
346927
352266
359208
368775
383069
407231
458044
640000

318930
319577
317770
313523
306867
297850
286540
273019
257385
239751
220241
198989
176133
151808
126128
99146
70715
39921
0

0
27959
56031
84008
111690
138890
165434
191170
215972
239751
262473
284186
305071
325553
346535
370016
401044
456301
640000

321070
319202
317328
315417
313439
311359
309132
306705
304007
300940
297365
293073
287734
280792
271225
256931
232769
181956
0

321070
317988
312507
304669
294537
282187
267716
251238
232883
212797
191143
168100
143867
118668
92764
66499
40420
15858
0

0
27820
55103
81636
107203
131586
154566
175919
195412
212797
227795
240072
249185
254484
254868
248176
229233
181263
0

640000

319577

640000

321070

321070

254868

STRESSES WHILE LIFTING


WO (Erection weight)
Impact factor
W L (with impact factor)
CG(distance from bottom)
Distance between tail lug hole to bottom
Distance between lift lug hole to bottom
Distance from C.G. to tailing lug hole (L3)
Distance from lifting lug hole to C.G. (L2)
Distance from vessel centerline to tailing lug hole (L4)
Distance between lifting lug hole to tailing lug hole (L1)

w
L (dist. Of top of the vessel to mid of the span)
H (Height of the vessel)
Allowable bending stress in shell
Allowable tensile stress in shell
Do (vessel OD)
Di (vessel ID)
Z
A

320000
2
640000
7500
100
14750
7400
7250
2800
14650

42.67
7500
15000
1764
1406
5010
5000
9.83E+07
78618

(DEG)

SIN()

COS()

LL (P)

LV (PT)
=Pcos

0.000

1.000

323276

0.087

0.996

328485

10

0.174

0.985

15

0.259

20

kg
kg
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

kg/mm
mm
mm
kg/cm
kg/cm
mm
mm
mm^3
mm^2

TH (fL)
=Tsin

Sb

Sac

Sat

Sc

St

Bend st

316724

11.884

0.000

0.000

11.884

11.884

11.639

310329

27150

12.226

0.345

0.364

12.571

12.590

11.985

306398

301743

53205

12.462

0.677

0.737

13.138

13.199

12.233

87664

301294

291027

77981

12.590

0.992

1.115

13.582

13.705

12.381

323138

117613

296124

278265

101280

12.610

1.288

1.496

13.899

14.106

12.428

349194

316477

147576

290806

263560

122900

12.522

1.563

1.877

14.085

14.399

12.372

0.866

354753

307225

177376

285247

247032

142624

12.324

1.814

2.256

14.138

14.580

12.214

0.574

0.819

360660

295435

206866

279340

228822

160223

12.018

2.038

2.631

14.056

14.649

11.953

40

0.643

0.766

367050

281177

235935

272950

209091

175449

11.603

2.232

3.001

13.835

14.604

11.591

45

0.707

0.707

374097

264527

264527

265903

188022

188022

11.082

2.392

3.365

13.474

14.447

11.127

50

0.766

0.643

382035

245567

292656

257965

165817

197613

10.454

2.514

3.722

12.968

14.177

10.562

55

0.819

0.574

391191

224378

320445

248809

142711

203813

9.720

2.592

4.076

12.312

13.796

9.895

60

0.866

0.500

402048

201024

348184

237952

118976

206072

8.878

2.621

4.429

11.499

13.307

9.126

65

0.906

0.423

415353

175536

376438

224647

94940

203599

7.923

2.590

4.788

10.513

12.711

8.247

70

0.940

0.342

432328

147865

406256

207672

71028

195148

6.845

2.482

5.167

9.327

12.012

7.246

75

0.966

0.259

455138

117798

439629

184862

47846

178563

5.620

2.271

5.592

7.891

11.212

6.093

80

0.985

0.174

488016

84743

480602

151984

26392

149675

4.196

1.904

6.113

6.100

10.309

4.716

85

0.996

0.087

540545

47112

538488

99455

8668

99077

2.447

1.260

6.849

3.707

9.297

2.917

90

1.000

0.000

640000

640000

0.000

0.000

8.141

0.000

8.141

0.000

12.610

2.621

8.141

14.138

14.649

12.428

LH (PL)
=Psin

TL (T)

TV (fr)
=Tcos

323276

316724

327235

28629

311515

333602

328534

57929

0.966

338706

327165

0.342

0.940

343876

25

0.423

0.906

30

0.500

35

MAX.

640000

Maximum Bending stress


Maximum stress

328534

640000

=
=

316724

316724

1242.8 kg/cm
1464.9 kg/cm

206072

Safe
Unsafe

LIFTING LUG CALCULATIONS


Calculation based on Procedure 7-6 of Vessel Design Manual by Moss
Erection Weight (Kg)
Impact factor for Lifting
Total Lifting Wt. (Kg)
No. of Lifting Lug
Load on one Lifting lug PL (Kg)
LUG DIMENSIONS
C = (mm)

D
R
T
E

Lifting Lug Material


Yield Strenght at Room Temp
Code Allowable Stress
Allowable Tensile ( St )
Allowable Bearing
Allowable Shear
Allowable Bending Stress

= (mm)
= (mm)
= (mm)
= (mm)
f
=(mm)
b+a+H = (mm)
H = (mm)
A = (mm)
B = (mm)
W = (mm)
Bearing pad Diameter (S) = (mm)
Bearing Pad THK (t) = (mm)
a = (mm)
b = (mm)
SA 516 GR 70
Sy =
2672
kg/cm
Sa =
1406
Sa
1406
kg/cm
0.8 Sy
2137.6
kg/cm
0.4 Sy
1068.8
kg/cm
0.66 Sy
1763.52
kg/cm

INDUCED STRESSES IN LIFTING LUG


Tensile str area of Lug
[ 2R - D] x T
Tensile Stress Induced
Bearing Area = D x (T + 2t)
Bearing Stress Induced
Shear Area
2T x ([R - (D/2)])
Shear Stress Induced
Max Load normal at Lifting Lug (PT) =
(Refer Calculated Max Load during lifting)
Maximum Moment Arm (L2=C+b)
Bending Moment (M=P*L2)
Sec Modulus
Bending Stress Induced
WELD CHECK
Allowable Weld Shear
CHECKING LUG WELDS
Location of CG (Long) from bot of lug (c ) =
c=(H^2/(W+2*H))

9280
56.95
24600.00
21.48
12604.51
41.93
45623

0.55*Sa=

mm
kg/cm
mm
kg/cm
mm
kg/cm

7550
1.4
10570
2
5285
572

98
165
40
145
427
455
305
405
735
635
205
40
50
75

SAFE
SAFE
SAFE

Kg

647
29518081
2688167
1098.07

mm
kg-mm
mm3
kg/cm

773.30

kg/cm

74.72

mm

SAFE

Polar Moment of Inertia (Jw) =


Jw=((W+2*H)^3/12)-(H^2(W+H)^2/(W+2H))
Finding Shear Loads on Weld
i) Transverse Shear due to P (f1) =
f1 = P / (2*H + 2*H + W+2*a)
ii) Transverse Shear due to M (f2) =
f2 = [(C+b+a+H-c)*P*(H-c)] / Jw
iii) Longitudinal Shear due to M (f3) =
f3 = (C+b+a+H-c)*P*H/Jw
iv) Combined Load (fc) =
fc = sqrt ((f1+f2)^2+f3^2)
Fillet Size
Throat unit area (w)
Maximum Shear Stress = fc / w
Hence Provided Leg to Pad/ Shell fillet size is safe
CHECKING PAD WELDS
Maximum Moment Arm (L1=C+b+0.5A) =
Bending Moment (M1=P*L1) =
Polar Moment of Inertia (Jw=(A+B)^3/6) =
Lifting Lug pad thickness =
Finding Shear Loads on Weld
i) Transverse Shear due to P (f1) =
f1 = P / (2*A + 2*B)
ii) Transverse Shear due to M (f2) =
f2 = 0.5*M1*A / Jw
iii) Longitudinal Shear due to M (f3) =
f3 = M1*A/Jw
iv) Combined Load (fc) =
fc = sqrt ((f1+f2)^2+f3^2)
Fillet Size
Throat unit area (w)
Maximum Shear Stress = fc / w
Hence Provided Leg to Pad/ Shell fillet size is safe

94793495.36

mm3

23.34

Kg/mm

102.77

Kg/mm

136.12

Kg/mm

185.56

Kg/mm

34
24.04
771.82

mm
mm
kg/cm

849.5
38756739
246924000.00
28

mm
kg-mm
mm3
mm

20.01

Kg/mm

31.78

Kg/mm

63.57

Kg/mm

82.00

Kg/mm

20
14.14
579.81

mm
mm
kg/cm

SAFE

SAFE

LOCAL LOADS
Vessel is horizontal position :
Vessel is vertical position :

MT = [ H+F+E-(h2/2) ]xP
FC = P
FL = PL

kg / kg-mm
N / N-m
39897314 391261
45623
447412
7550
74041

TAILING LUG ANALYSIS


LOADS

CASE A
MAX BENDING

CASE B
MAX TENSION

WITH IMPACT
AXIAL LOAD / TAILING LUG
Kg
RADIAL LOAD / TAILING LUG
Kg
(Refer calculated maximum reaction values in lifting analysis)
TAILING LUG CALCULATION:
MATERIAL:

ALLOWABLE STRESS ( kg/cm )

68192
84182

IS 2062 GR B
YEILD
STRES
S (Sy)
2249

TENSILE
1049

Sa =

1049

kg/cm

BENDIN
SHEAR
(0.4 G (0.66 * WELD SHEAR
* Sy)
Sy)
(0.55*Sa)
899.6
1484.34
576.95

M (When no continuous ring)


A
C
M
`
B
H

D
B

C
TAILING LUG DIMENSIONS: (mm)
(MIN.) H - DEPTH
M - MOMENT ARM
D - PIN HOLE DIA
T - THK.
R - RADIUS OF TAILING LUG
D' - DIAMETER OF BEARING PAD
T' - THK OF BEARING PAD

284
92
75
32
142
150
16

CHECK ON SEC 'AA' IN TENSION: (LOAD CASE B)


WIDTH
mm
THK
mm
AREA
mm
STRESS:
kg/cm

284
32
18176
463.15

CHECK ON SEC 'BB' IN SHEAR: (LOAD CASE B)


SEC. WIDTH
( w' )
mm

136.96

safe

THK
( T + 2 * T' )
AREA
( 2 x w' x (T + 2 * T' )
STRESS:

mm
mm
kg/cm

64
17530.74
480.20

CHECK ON PIN HOLE BEARING AREA (LOAD CASE B)


WIDTH
mm
THK (T + 2 * T' )
mm
PROJECTED AREA
mm
STRESS:
kg/cm
ALLOWABLE STRESS (0.8 x Sy)
kg/cm

75
64
4800
1420.67
1799.2

CHECK ON SEC 'CC' IN BENDING: (LOAD CASE A)


DEPTH
mm
WIDTH
mm
MOMENT ARM
mm
AREA
mm
SECTION MODULUS
BENDING MOMENT
BENDING STRESS
TENSILE STRESS
TOTAL STRESS

mm3
kg-mm
kg/cm
kg/cm
kg/cm

safe

safe

284
64
92
18176
860330.6667
6273664
729.22
463.15
1192.36

safe

TAILING LUG WELD CHECKING


TAILING LUG HEIGHT @ SKIRT WELD
BASERING O/D
SKIRT O/D

H1
Db
Ds

LENGTH OF WELD ON ONE SIDE


TOTAL LENGTH OF WELD

= 2 x L1

WELD FILLET SIZE


THROAT AREA OF FILLET
TOTAL AVAILABLE AREA OF WELD

f
w
A

f / SQRT(2)
wxL

LOAD ON TAILING LUG

WD

ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS IN WELD


(Eq. to Tailing Lug Material.)

Ssa

= 0.4 x Sy

Ar

WD/Ssa

REQUIRED AREA OF WELD :


LOAD CASE 'D'

Therefore weld provided between Tailing Lug & Skirt is safe.

284
3630
3250

mm
mm
mm

474
948

mm
mm

14
9.90
9384.7212

mm
mm
mm

84182

Kg

899.6

Kg/cm

9357.71454

mm

safe

Tailing Beam
if req

[(actual bending stress/ allowable


bending stress) + (actual tensile
0.932787
stress/ allowable tensile
stress)]<1

TAILING LUG ANALYSIS


No. of Tailing lugs
IMPACT FACTOR

1
1.4

LOADS

CASE A
CASE B
MAX BENDING
MAX TENSION
WITHOUT
WITH
WITHOUT
WITH
IMPACT
IMPACT
IMPACT
IMPACT
AXIAL LOAD / TAILING LUG
Kg
66755
93457
0
0
RADIAL LOAD / TAILING LUG
Kg
86274
120783.6
86274
120783.6
(Refer calculated maximum reaction values in lifting analysis)
TAILING LUG CALCULATION:
MATERIAL:

ALLOWABLE STRESS ( kg/cm )

IS 2062 GR B
YEILD
STRES
S (Sy)
2249

TENSILE
(0.6 * Sy)
1349.4

Sa =

1049

kg/cm

BENDIN
SHEAR
(0.4 G (0.66 * WELD SHEAR
* Sy)
Sy)
(0.55*Sa)
899.6
1484.34
576.95

M (When no continuous ring)


A
C
M
`
B
H

D
B

TAILING LUG DIMENSIONS: (mm)


(MIN.) H - DEPTH
327
M - MOMENT ARM
95
D - PIN HOLE DIA
75
T - THK.
32
R - RADIUS OF TAILING LUG 163.5
D' - DIAMETER OF BEARING PAD
150
T' - THK OF BEARING PAD
16
CHECK ON SEC 'AA' IN TENSION: (LOAD CASE B)
WIDTH
mm
THK
mm
AREA
mm
STRESS:
kg/cm

327
32
10464
1154.28

safe

CHECK ON SEC 'BB' IN SHEAR: (LOAD CASE B)


SEC. WIDTH
( w' )
mm
THK
( T + 2 * T' )
mm
AREA
( 2 x w' x (T + 2 * T' )
mm
STRESS:
kg/cm

159.14
64
20370.11
592.95

CHECK ON PIN HOLE BEARING AREA (LOAD CASE B)


WIDTH
mm
THK (T + 2 * T' )
mm
PROJECTED AREA
mm
STRESS:
kg/cm
ALLOWABLE STRESS (0.75 x Sy)
kg/cm

75
64
4800
2516.33
1686.75

CHECK ON SEC 'CC' IN BENDING: (LOAD CASE A)


DEPTH
mm
WIDTH
mm
MOMENT ARM
mm
AREA
mm
SECTION MODULUS
BENDING MOMENT
BENDING STRESS
TENSILE STRESS
TOTAL STRESS

mm3
kg-mm
kg/cm
kg/cm
kg/cm

safe

unsafe

327
32
95
10464
570288
8878415
1556.83
1154.28
2711.11

unsafe

TAILING LUG WELD CHECKING


TAILING LUG HEIGHT @ SKIRT WELD
BASERING O/D
SKIRT O/D

H1
Db
Ds

LENGTH OF WELD ON ONE SIDE


TOTAL LENGTH OF WELD

= 2 x L1

WELD FILLET SIZE


THROAT AREA OF FILLET
TOTAL AVAILABLE AREA OF WELD

f
w
A

f / SQRT(2)
wxL

LOAD ON TAILING LUG : LOAD CASE 'B'

WD

ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS IN WELD


(Eq. to Tailing Lug Material.)

Ssa

327
4174
3924

mm
mm
mm

452
904

mm
mm

16
11.31
10227.59248

mm
mm
mm

120783.6
= 0.4 x Sy

REQUIRED AREA OF WELD :


LOAD CASE 'D'
Ar
WD/Ssa
Therefore weld provided between Tailing Lug & Skirt is safe.

899.6

13426.36727

Kg
Kg/cm

mm

unsafe

Tailing Beam
if req

[(actual bending stress/ allowable


bending stress) + (actual tensile
1.904237
stress/ allowable tensile
stress)]<1

LIFTING LUG CALCULATIONS


Calculation based on Procedure 7-6 of Vessel Design Manual by Moss

Lifting Lug Material


Yield Strenght at Room Temp
Allowable Tensile ( St )
Allowable Bearing
Allowable Shear
Allowable Bending Stress

Sy =
Sa
0.8 Sy
0.4 Sy
0.66 Sy
Sa

INDUCED STRESSES IN LIFTING LUG


Tensile str area of Lug
= [ 2R - d] x T
Tensile Stress Induced
Bearing Area (= d x T)
Bearing Stress Induced
Shear Area
= 2T x ([R - (d/2)])
Shear Stress Induced
Max Load normal at Lifting Lug (P) =
(Refer Calculated Max Load during lifting)
Maximum Moment Arm (L2=H)
Bending Moment (M=P*L2)
Sec Modulus
Bending Stress Induced
WELD CHECK
Allowable Weld Shear

2800
188.75
1200.00
440.42
3815.76
138.50
79625

0.55*Sa=

CHECKING LUG WELDS


Location of CG (Long) from bot of lug (c ) =
c=(h2^2/(2*h2+2*R))
Polar Moment of Inertia (Jw) =
Jw=(((2*R+2*h2)^3/12)-(h2^2(2*R+h2)^2/(2*R+2*h2))
Finding Shear Loads on Weld
i) Transverse Shear due to P (f1) =
f1 = (P / (2*R + 4* h2))
ii) Transverse Shear due to M (f2) =
f2 = M*(h2-c) / Jw
iii) Longitudinal Shear due to M (f3) =

Erection Weight (Kg)


Impact factor for Lifting
Total Lifting Wt. (Kg)
No. of Lifting Lug
Load on one Lifting lug PL (Kg)
LUG DIMENSIONS
d = (mm)
R = (mm)
T = (mm)
H= (mm)
F=(mm)
E = (mm)
h2 = (mm)
A = (mm)
B = (mm)
SA 516 GR 70
2672
kg/cm
1406
kg/cm
2137.6
kg/cm
1068.8
kg/cm
1763.52
kg/cm
1406
mm
kg/cm
mm
kg/cm
mm
kg/cm

7550
1.4
10570
2
5285
60
100
20
200
159.5
200
130
0
0

SAFE
SAFE
SAFE

Kg

200
15925000
133333
11943.75

mm
kg-mm
mm3
kg/cm

773.30

kg/cm

36.74

mm

4110442.03

mm3

110.59

Kg/mm

361.32

Kg/mm

503.66

Kg/mm

UNSAFE

f3 = M*h2/Jw
iv) Combined Load (fc) =
fc = sqrt ((f1+f2)^2+f3^2)
Fillet Size
Throat unit area (w)
Maximum Shear Stress = fc / w
Hence Provided Leg to Pad/ Shell fillet size is safe
CHECKING PAD WELDS
Maximum Moment Arm (L1=H+F+E) =
Bending Moment (M1=P*L1) =
Polar Moment of Inertia (Jw=(A+B)^3/6) =
Lifting Lug pad thickness =
Finding Shear Loads on Weld
i) Transverse Shear due to P (f1) =
f1 = (P / (2*A + 2* B))
ii) Transverse Shear due to M (f2) =
f2 = 0.5*M1*B / Jw
iii) Longitudinal Shear due to M (f3) =
f3 = M1*B/Jw
iv) Combined Load (fc) =
fc = sqrt ((f1+f2)^2+f3^2)
Fillet Size
Throat unit area (w)
Maximum Shear Stress = fc / w
Hence Provided Leg to Pad/ Shell fillet size is safe
LOCAL LOADS
Vessel is horizontal position :
Vessel is vertical position :

690.19

Kg/mm

35
24.75
2788.80

mm
mm
kg/cm

559.5
44550188
0.00
22

mm
kg-mm
mm3
mm

#DIV/0!

Kg/mm

#DIV/0!

Kg/mm

#DIV/0!

Kg/mm

#DIV/0!

Kg/mm

22
15.56
#DIV/0!

mm
mm
kg/cm

MT = [ H+F+E-(h2/2) ]xP
FC = P
FL = PL

UNSAFE

#DIV/0!

kg / kg-mm
N / N-m
39374563 386135
79625
780859
7550
74041

LIFTING TRUNNION ANALYSIS


IMPACT FACTOR

LOADS

Axial Load
Kg
Tangential Load
Kg
(Refer calculated maximum reaction values in lifting analysis)

Case C
Axis Horizontal
Without
Without
Impact
Impact
0
0
20000
40000
Sa

MATERIAL:

SA 516 Gr.70
Yield
Tensile
Stress
(0.6 * Sy)
(Sy)
2672
1603.2

ALLOWABLE STRESS (Kg/cm)


DIMENSIONS
ID OF TRUNNION
mm
THK OF TRUNNION
mm
OD OF TRUNNION
mm
CROSS SECTION AREA
mm^2
SECTION MODULUS
mm^3
STRESSES IN TRUNNION
BENDING STRESS IN TRUNNION (LOAD CASE D)
MOMENT ARM
mm
BENDING MOMENT
Kg-mm
BENDING STRESS
Kg/cm
SHEAR STRESS IN TRUNNION (LOAD CASE D)
Kg/cm

Case D
Axis Vertical
Without
Without
Impact
Impact
21000
42000
0
0
1104

Shear
Bending
(0.4 * Sy) (0.66 * Sy)
1068.8

1763.52

288.89
17.48
323.85
16824.32
1223031.32

500
21000000
1717.05

safe

249.64

safe

CHECK TRUNNION TO SHELL ATTACHMENT WELD FOR SHEAR (LOAD CASE D)


SHEAR STRESS IN WELD
Kg/cm^2
249.64
safe
RF PAD THK.
mm
18
RF PAD DIAMETER
mm
550
VALUES USED FOR LOCAL LOAD CALCULATION:
CASE C: (AXIS HORIZONTAL)
CIRECUMFERENTIAL SHEAR
392268
LONGITUDINAL SHEAR
0
CIRECUMFERENTIAL MOMENT
500 mm Moment arm 196134
LONGITUDINAL MOMENT
0

N
N
N-m
N-m

CASE D: (AXIS VERTICAL)


LONGITUDINAL SHEAR
LONGITUDINAL MOMENT

N
N-m

411882
205941

Kg/cm

Weld
Shear
(0.55*Sa)
607.2