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RUDDER CALCULATION

LOA (m) LBP (m) 69.63 No of Screw Step 1 a B(m) 61 15.4 1 D(m) 6.04 Type T(m) 5.07 V (Knots) 13 Spade Rudder

RUDDER AREA
For normal supply vessels the range of rudder area is 3-4 % of (L*T) Taking the rudder area to be 3.5 % of (L*T) Ar 5.26 m2

Using DNV Rule A = TL/100 [1+25 (B/L) 2] Where A - Rudder area (m2) T - Ships Draught (m) LBP - Ships Length (m) For normal seagoing ships

A c

8.02 m2

Average of Above two areas are taken as a Rudder Area Ar 7 m2

Step 2

RUDDER GEOMETRY
Area = b * c b c T = 1.4b+X 3.43 m 1.94 m AR 1.77 X = 0.05D-.0055D X 0.26878 b - Span C - Chord

Aspect Ratio = Span / Chord Step 3 a

RUDDER MAXIMUM ANGLE


max = (5/7)*max Where, max - Angle of Attack max - Rudder deflection Angle max = 33 - 35 for sea-going with conventional rudder

max b Rudder Deflection Rate min = (24 * V)/L min

25 deg

5.11 deg/sec

Step 4

RUDDER PROFILE
Taper Ratio is taken as C = (Ct + Cr)/2 Cr Ct Sweep back angle is taken to be 7 deg 0.5 Taper Ratio = Ct/Cr 2.58 m 1.29 m (Apporx)

Step 5 a

LOCATION OF RUDDER TURNING AXIS


For Tip BC = b/2 tan 7 BD = ct/4 AC = EF = C/4 AD = AB+BD BC BD AC = EF AD 0.122173 0.2105413 m 0.3226511 m 0.4839767 m 0.5960865 m

For Root IJ = b/2 tan7 JL = Cr/4 HI = EF = C/4 HL = HI+IJ+JL KL = HL-HK IJ JL HI = EF HL KL 0.2105413 m 0.6453023 m 0.4839767 m 1.3398203 m 0.7437338 m

Let's take 25% of Area to be at forward part of the rudder Stock Ar/4 1.6597705 m2

Step 6 a

RUDDER CONSTRUCTION
Rudder Stock

ds = 83.3 Kr (FR(V+3)2(AR2XPF2+N2)1/2)1/3
Where,

Kr - Rudder coefficient FR - Rudder profile coefficient ds


158.885 mm Xpf = (0.12 * Ar)/6

0.248 1 0.133

Step 7 a

RUDDER BEARING
Depth ZB = 1.25 ds T= 0.2ds Zb T 198.61 mm 31.78 mm

Clearance = 0.001*ds + 1 but not less than 1.5 mm Clearance 1.2 mm

Step 8 a

RUDDER SCANTLING
Plate Thickness t= K(0.001Yw+0.61)[4-Yw /Xw](1.45+0.1(ds) 1/2) Where, 1 K Yw = Vertical spacing between the horizontal web in mm. Xw = horizontal spacing of the vertical web in mm ds = the basic stock diameter, mm Yw t 10.93 mm 600 mm Xw 900 mm

step 8 1

Rudder Construction Rudder Stock

Basic stock diameter ds ds = 83.3 Kr (FR(V+3)2(AR2XPF2+N2)1/2)1/3


s

where

Kr=Rudder coefficient = 0.248 FR= Rudder profile coefficient =1.0 V= Service speed =16 Kn AR = Rudder area =10.5 m2

XPF = 0.12 AR / YR YR =Depth of rudder at the center line of stock

step2 Rudder Bearing

Depth ZB = 1.2 ds

Zb=

mm

Minimum thickness of the wall for the lower bearing is to be taken as the lesser of 0.2 or 100mm

T= 0.2ds

T=

mm

minimum7.0N/mm^2given bearing pressure on the projected area of the lowest main bearing for metal

RUDDER CALCULATION

LOA (m) LBP (m) B(m) D(m) T(m) V (Knots) 322.26 305.4 50.9 25.45 18.97 13 No of Screw Step 1 a 2 Type Spade Rudder

RUDDER AREA
For normal supply vessels the range of rudder area is 3-4 % of (L*T) Taking the rudder area to be 3.5 % of (L*T) Ar 98.49 m2

Using DNV Rule A = TL/100 [1+25 (B/L) 2] Where For normal seagoing ships A - Rudder area (m2) T - Ships Draught (m) LBP - Ships Length (m)

A c

98.17 m2

Average of Above two areas are taken as a Rudder Area Ar 98 m2

Step 2

RUDDER GEOMETRY
Area = b * c b c T = 1.4b+X 12.74 m 7.72 m AR 1.65 X = 0.05D-.0055D X 1.132525 b - Span C - Chord

Aspect Ratio = Span / Chord Step 3 a

RUDDER MAXIMUM ANGLE


max = (5/7)*max Where, max - Angle of Attack max - Rudder deflection Angle max 25 deg max = 33 - 35 for sea-going with conventional rudder

Rudder Deflection Rate

min = (24 * V)/L min 1.02 deg/sec

Step 4

RUDDER PROFILE
Taper Ratio is taken as C = (Ct + Cr)/2 Cr Ct Sweep back angle is taken to be 7 deg 0.5 Taper Ratio = Ct/Cr 10.29 m 5.14 m (Apporx)

Step 5 a

LOCATION OF RUDDER TURNING AXIS


For Tip BC = b/2 tan 7 BD = ct/4 AC = EF = C/4 AD = AB+BD BC BD AC = EF AD 0.122173 0.7822023 m 1.2862295 m 1.9293443 m 2.4333715 m

For Root IJ = b/2 tan7 JL = Cr/4 HI = EF = C/4 HL = HI+IJ+JL KL = HL-HK IJ JL HI = EF HL KL 0.7822023 m 2.5724591 m 1.9293443 m 5.2840057 m 2.8506342 m

Let's take 25% of Area to be at forward part of the rudder Stock Ar/4 24.581879 m2

Step 6 a

RUDDER CONSTRUCTION
Rudder Stock

ds = 83.3 Kr (FR(V+3)2(AR2XPF2+N2)1/2)1/3
Where,

Kr - Rudder coefficient FR - Rudder profile coefficient ds


1414.525 mm Xpf = (0.12 * Ar)/6

0.248 1 0.360

Step 7 a

RUDDER BEARING
Depth ZB = 1.25 ds T= 0.2ds Zb T 1768.16 mm 282.90 mm

Clearance = 0.001*ds + 1 but not less than 1.5 mm Clearance 2.4 mm

Step 8 a

RUDDER SCANTLING
Plate Thickness t= K(0.001Yw+0.61)[4-Yw /Xw](1.45+0.1(ds) 1/2) Where, K 1 Yw = Vertical spacing between the horizontal web in mm. Xw = horizontal spacing of the vertical web in mm ds = the basic stock diameter, mm Yw t 21.02 mm 600 mm Xw 900 mm