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Feeders and Jumpers

The feeders and jumpers are used to connect the antenna to the base station. They are of three types: 1/2" jumper, 7/8" feeder, and 5/4" feeder. The jumper is supple but has a high loss. It is used in short-distance cabling between the TMA and the antenna and between the TMA and the feeder. The feeder is rigid but has a low loss. It is used in long-distance cabling. Figure 1 shows the locations of the feeder and jumpers in the antenna system of a base station. Figure 1 Cable connection in the antenna system

(1) Antenna (4) Feeder Jumper

(2) Jumper (5) Cabinet

(3) TMA

The jumpers are installed between the antenna and the TMA, between the TMA and the feeder, between the feeder and the base station.

If... The jumper is located between the antenna and the TMA,

Then... Its predefined length is 2.5 m [8.20 ft].

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If...

Then...

The jumper is located between the TMA and the feeder, Its predefined length is 1.5m [4.92 ft]. If the distance between the antenna and the base station is shorter than 14 m [45.92 ft], you may use the jumper to connect the antenna and the base station. In this case, the antenna and the base station can be connected by the 1/2" jumper. Feeder There are two types of feeders: 7/8" and 5/4". The feeder type depends on the distance between the antenna and the base station. Table 1 Feeder types and cabling distances

Macro base station GSM

Frequency band (MHz) 900

7/8" feeder

5/4" feeder

Equal to or shorter than 80 m [262.46 ft]

Longer than 80 m [262.46 ft] Longer than 50 m [164.04 ft]

1800

Equal to or shorter than 50 m [164.04 ft]

CDMA

450

Equal to or shorter than 110 m Longer than 110 m [360.89 ft] [360.89 ft] Longer than 80 m [262.46 ft] Longer than 50 m [164.04 ft] Longer than 50 m [164.04 ft]

800

Equal to or shorter than 80 m [262.46 ft]

1900

Equal to or shorter than 50 m [164.04 ft]

UMTS

1900/2100

Equal to or shorter than 50 m [164.04 ft]

CAUTION: If a two-port dipole antenna is shared by two frequency bands, select the feeder type that requires a shorter cabling distance. Based on the acquisition of the base station information, all projects are classified into two types: Type A: The network planning has been performed for the project. Table 2 shows the design principles of the feeder length for Type A projects.
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Type B: The network planning has not been performed for the project. Table 3 shows the design principles of the feeder length for Type B projects. Table 2 Design principles of the feeder length for Type A projects

Tower

Base station

Average distance between the tower/pole and the cabinet

Length of a single feeder

Tower or pole at the top of a roof

Outdoor base station

10 m

Height of the tower or pole at the top of the roof + 10 m

Indoor base station

25 m

Height of the tower or pole at the top of the roof + 25m

Tower on the ground

Outdoor base station Indoor base station

8m

Height of the antenna + 8m

12 m

Height of the antenna + 12 m

Unknown

Unknown

Unconfirmed

Height of the antenna + 10 m

Table 3 Design principles of the feeder length for Type B projects

Macro base station GSM

Frequency band (MHz) 900 1800

Length of a single feeder

Feeder

45 m 40 m 45 m 45 m 45 m 40 m/60 m

100% 7/8" 80% 7/8" + 20% 5/4" 100% 7/8" 100% 7/8" 80% 7/8" + 20% 5/4" 80% 7/8" (40 m) + 20% 5/4" (60 m)

CDMA

450 800 1900

UMTS

1900/2100

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