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Following minimum clearances shall be maintained :

System operating voltage kV


RMS
400 220 132 33
Lightning Impulse Withstand Level (LIWL) kV
PEAK
1550 1050 650 170
Switching Impulse Withstand Level (SIWL) kV
PEAK
1050
Power frequency voltage kV
RMS
630 460 275 80
Minimum phase to earth clearance mm 3500 2100 1300 320
Minimum phase to phase clearance mm 4000 2100 1300 320
Minimum sectional clearance mm 6500 5000 4000 3000
Phase to phase distance between flexible conductor
Levels in the switchyard (Height from Plinth)
System operating voltage kV
RMS
400 220 132 33
Plinth Level m
First Level - Equipment Connection m
Second Level - Strung Bus - Busbar m
Third Level - Strung Bus - Jack Bus m
Fourth Level - Shield wire m
CASE 1
Voltage kV
RMS
420
Minimum Phase to phase clearance = m 4
Centre-line distance between main conductor mid points m 7
Span length m 100.00
Height of conductor above ground m 15.3
Conductor Type TARANTULLA
No. of sub-conductor of a main conductor Nos. 2
Current Carrying capacity A 2570
Suitability to carry Short Circuit Current Suitable
Effective distance between Sub-conductor = Center line
distance between Sub-conductor
m 0.45
Spacer Span = Centeline distance between connecting pieces or
between one connecting piece and the adjacent support
m 6.00
Static Tensile force per (sub)conductor in flexible conductor
per phase under minimum temperature and maximum wind
condition
kg 1000
No. of Disc Insulator Strings Nos. 4
No. of disc in one string Nos. 30
Static Tensile force PER CONDUCTOR in flexible conductor
per phase under minimum temperature and NO wind condition
(CIVIL INPUT)
kg 467.9
SAG
Net Current Carrying Capacity of the BUNDLE = A 2570
Annexure 1
Sag-Tension Calculation, Sag Tension Chart and
Short Circuit Forces For Structure and Foundation Design
The above levels in switchyard will ensure adequate phase to phase, phase to earth
clearances for maximum sag & swing, short circuit forces and wind forces.
Annexure 1
Sag-Tension Calculation, Sag Tension Chart and
Short Circuit Forces For Structure and Foundation Design
Suitability to carry Short Circuit Current Suitable
Annexure 1
Sag-Tension Calculation, Sag Tension Chart and
Short Circuit Forces For Structure and Foundation Design
SAG
Total maximum sag = m 2.053
Sag due to conductor m 1.296
Sag due to Insulator m 0.757
Height of jack bus/equipment below conductor m 8.3
Therefore, available margin calculated between centre lines
(excluding sub-conductor spacing, conductor width,
equipment clamps etc) =
m 0.947
SWING
Total maximum swing of conductor = m 0.581
Available margin = m 1.969
Phase to phase spacing required = m 5.031
SHORT CIRCUIT
Static Tensile force in flexible conductor per phase under
minimum temperature and maximum wind condition
kg 2000
Therefore design short circuit force
Maximum of following :
kg 5514.9
Tensile force during short circuit kg 2772.2
Tensile force caused by Pinch effect kg 5514.9
Tensile force after short circuit (drop force) kg NA
j 1.1
Annexure-1
System Parameters
Voltage = 420 kV
Current Rating = 3000 A
Three phase Initial symmetrical short-circuit current (r.m.s) = 40,000 A
Duration of the first short circuit current flow = 1 Sec
System frequency = 50 Hz
Wind Parameters
Basic Wind Speed = = 47.00 m/s
Risk Coefficient as per Table 2 of IS: 802, Part 1, Sec 1
{For all Zones & for Reliability level 1(Voltage level upto 400kV)}
= 1.07
Terrain Category = 2
Factor to convert 3 second peak gust speed into
average speed of wind during 10 minutes period =
= 1.3750
Height of conductor above ground = 15.3000
Spacer, additional concentrated mass
Spacer Span = Centeline distance between connecting pieces or
between one connecting piece and the adjacent support
= 6.00 m
Spacer weight = 3 kg
No. of spacers in span = 14 nos.
Additional concentrated mass (other than spacer) representing the
connections of pentagraph isolator ( Mass of one connection)
= 0.00 kg
Nos. of Trapzee Connection of pentagraph isolator in one span = 0 nos.
Conductor Parameters
Conductor Type = TARANTULLA
Type = AAC
Al Strands = 37
Steel Strands = 0
Al Strand Dia = 0.00523
St strand dia = 0
Cross sec. = 0.000794868 sq.m
Diameter = 0.0366 m
Weight = 2.91 kg/m
Young's Mod. Kg./Cm
2
= 608200
Kg./Cm
2
10
6
Young's Modulus (N/sq.m) = 61997961264 N/sq.m.
Drag Coefficient = 1
DC Resistance = 0.0363 Ohm/km
Resulting Mass Per Unit length of one sub-conductor = 3.1452 kg/m
Coefficient of Linear Expansion = 0.000023
/
o
C
length of compensating spring in case of pentograph Isolator = 0.00
No. of Disc Insulator Strings = 4.00
No. of disc in one string = 30.00
Weight of hardware = 60 kg
Length of Hardware before disc = 0.25 m
Disc Insulator Type = 120 kN
x = 0
Creepage = 440 mm.
Diameter of Disc = 0.28 m
Weight of Disc = 8.3 kg
Length of Disc = 0.145 m
CALCULATION FOR FLEXIBLE CONDUCTORS
Page 4 of 29
Annexure-1
Total consolidated length of disc Insulator & Hardware in one side
of Span
= 4.600 m
Total consolidated weight of disc Insulator & Hardware in one side
of Span
1056.000
Layout Parameters
No. of sub-conductor of a main conductor = 2 nos.
Static Tensile force PER CONDUCTOR in flexible conductor per
phase under minimum temperature and maximum wind condition
1 T
Static Tensile force in flexible conductor per phase under minimum
temperature and maximum wind condition
= 2 T
Span length = 100.00 m
Beam width 1.5 m
Length of conductor carrying short circuit current (Chord length of
main conductor in the span)
= 89.3 m
Maximum Ambient Temperature at site = 50.0000
o
C
Minimum Ambient Temperature at site = 0.0000
o
C
Rise in temperature = 35.0000
o
C
Final Temperature after Short Circuit = 200.0000
o
C
Radial Thickness of ICE over the conductor Th
ice
= 0.0000 cm
Phase to phase spacing provided between phases = 7.0000 m
Effective distance between Sub-conductor = Center line distance
between Sub-conductor
= 0.45 m
Minimum Phase to phase clearance = 4 m
Height of jack bus/equipment below conductor 8.3 m
Resultant Spring constant of both support of one Span N/m 100000
( ) l l a I F c k = 2 "3 0 ' 75 . 0 2t n sc g m n F r = ' ' r 1 1 tan = o st n sc c F l g m n b 8 2 ' = n c gb T 8 . 0 2t = ((( (( + = 2 0 1 2 4 2 90 64 1 1 o t r T Tres s s A nE Sl N 1 1 + = >s ((( ||.| \| + = fin s st fin s st fin s st s nA F for E nA F for nAF E E oo o 0 90 sin 7 . 0 3 . 0 ( ) N F l m ng stsc n 3 2 ' 24 = , >s s (( ||.| \| = 5 . 0 2 5 . 0 0 360 cos 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 res kres k res k k TT for TT for TT o o o > s s = 90 1 90 0 sin 1 k k k f or r f or r oo o _ << s + s s = 985 . 0 180 766 . 0 985 . 0 arccos 10 1 766 . 0 arccos 25 . 1 0 __ _ _ _ o f or f or f or m ( ) ( ) < + > + = 4 1 cos sin 3 4 1 1 3 1 1 2 res k k k res k T T f or r T T f or r o o ( ) ( ) ( ) 1 0 0 2 2 1 2 2 3 2 s s = + + + + + , , , 0 0 70 6 . 0 180 8 1 2 . 1 > > + = m m st f r for F F o o , ( ) ( ) 44 70 5 . 2 / 43 50 0 . 2 / s s s s s s s s a l and d a a l and d a > s > s ( ) s k sc s s a n n I m d a n f v 1 2 180 sin 1 2 "3 0 ' 0 1 ||.| \| = t ( ) 3 0 3 3 180 sin 375 . 0 ||.| \| = n d a N l F n s s s v pi c ( ) 2 0 2 2 180 sin 5 . 1 ||.| \| = n d a N l F s s s st st c st pi j c c + = 1 ( ) 3 2 2 "3 0 2 1 v v al n I n F s s k v ||.| \| = t ( ) 2 / 1 4 4 4 4 0 4 2 2 3 0 4 1 arctan 1 180 sin " 2 1 89 2 1 (((((( )` ||.| \| ||.| \| |.| \| + = v v n d a l Nv n I n n v s s k e q t ||.| \| + = 2 1 q cst e st pi v F F ( ) s s s s s d a a d a v = q q 4 q st c ||.| \| + = cst e st pi v F F 1 0 2 3 = + pi st c c ( ) 2 / 1 4 4 3 4 0 4 2 2 3 0 4 1 arctan 1 180 sin . " 2 1 89 2 1 (((((( )` ||.| \| ||.| \| |.| \| + = v v n d a l v N n I n n v s s s k e t s s s d d a v = 4 ( ) st t ela F F N = c < (( > (( = 4 / 4 / 4 / 1 1 2 "3 1 2 "3 res k k s k th res k res s k th th T T f or T nA I c T T f or T nA I c c ( ) th ela c D bl C c c + (( + = 2 83 1 > < < + s = 8 . 1 15 . 1 8 . 1 8 . 0 1 . 0 97 . 0 8 . 0 05 . 1 r f or r f or r r f or CF < > = 1 1 1 sin sin o o o o o o m m c D F m c D F h for b C C for b C C b h b a a 2 min = ( ) ( ) > + = + = conductor bundle for n for F conductor Single for n for F F st st t 2 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 arctan 1 180 sin 3 |.| \| |.| \| = s s s s s s d a d a n a d V
Page 5 of 29
CASE 1.
CALCULATION FOR BUSBAR SIZING
Bundle Conductor Considered AAC TARANTULLA
No. of sub-conductor in a BUNDLE 2
1 Check for continuous thermal withstand capacity of the conductor
The current which a conductor can carry for a given temperature rise depends
upon the rate at which the produced heat is dissipated. In case of an overhead
conductor, the dissipation will be effected by radiation and by convection.
Required Current Carrying Capacity of the BUNDLED conductor 3000 Amps
Hence as given in Heat balance equation : (1)
P
j
+ P
sol
= P
rad
+ P
conv
where,
P
j
= R
T
I, Heat generated by Joule effect (2)
P
sol
= D S
i,
Solar Heat Gain (3)
P
rad
= s D K
e
(T
2
4
T
1
4
), Radiation Heat Loss (4)
P
conv
= Nu (T
2
T
1
) , Convection Heat Loss (5)
where,
I = the conductor current (A)
R
dc(20C)
DC resistance of conductor at 20C 0.0363 /km
R
T
= the electrical resistance of conductor at a temperature T (/m)
= the solar radiation absorption co-efficient Refer IEC 61597 0.50
S
i
= the intensity of solar radiation (W/m), Refer IEC 61597 900.00 W/m
2
D = the conductor diameter (m) 0.0366 m
s = the Stefan Boltzmann constant (5.6710
8
W.m
2
K
4
) Refer IEC 61597 5.67E-08 W.m
2
K
4
K
e
= the emmisivity co-efficient in respect to black body Refer IEC 61597 0.60
Ambient Temperature in (C) 50 C
Final Equilibrium Temperature (C) 85 C
T
1
= Ambient Temperature in (K) 323 K
T
2
= Final Equilibrium Temperature (K) 358 K
= the thermal conductivity of air film in contact with the conductor Refer IEC 61597 0.02585 W m
1
K
1
Nu = the Nusselt number = 0.65 R
e
0.2
+ 0.23R
e
0.61
Refer IEC 61597 25.7
R
e
= the Reynolds number = 1.64410
9
v D[(T
1
+ 0.5(T
2
T
1
)]
1.78
Refer IEC 61597 1871.6
v = wind speed in m/s Refer IEC 61597 1 m/s
f = System frequency 50 Hz
= Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity Refer IEC 61597 4.03E-03 /C
= permeability (= 1, for non magmnatic material) 1
now,
R
T
= R
dc
x K
where,
R
dc
DC resistance of the conductor at operating temperature 85 deg C
K Skin effect coefficient
again,
R
dc(85C)
= R
dc(20C)
(1+(T
2
-20))
R
dc(20degC)
= 0.0363 /km
0.058419 /miles
=> R
dc(85C)
0.073722 /miles
Next for calculation of skin effect coefficient, a factor X [reference (2)]
=> X = 1.65603
For this value of X, the skin effect coefficient K is obtained from Table 4.1.1 of "Power Engineers Handbook"
K = 1.03512
=> R
T
= 0.076311 /miles
4.74E-05 /m
P
sol
= D S
i
16.47
P
rad
= s D Ke (T
2
4
T
1
4
) 21.68
P
conv
= Nu (T
2
T
1
) 73.12
from heat balance equation - 2 we derive,
equation-3
From equation - 3, we obtain
=> Current Carrying Capacity of the CONDUCTOR = 1285 Amps
Net Current Carrying Capacity of the BUNDLE = 2570 Amps
) 85 (
0
063598 . 0
C dc
R
f
X

=

T
sol conv rad
R
P P P
I
) (
max
+
=
Check for Short Circuit Current carring capacity of the incoming line conductor
I"
k3
System short circuit current for System 40,000 A
t Duration of short circuit current 1 sec
Min. reqd. area of cross-section of conductor for short time rating Reference: (2)-(c)
Clause 5.2.2 Eq (3)
in
2
(A
min
) =
where,
T
i
Initial temp. of conductor before short ckt 85
0
C
T
f
Final temp of conductor after short ckt 200
0
C
G Conductivity of conductor Reference: (2)-(c ) 40 %
Clause 5.2.2
0.878063 in
2
Minimum required cross-sectional area 566.49 mm
2
Cross-section of each CONDUCTOR 794.87 mm
2
Overall Cross-section of BUNDLE 1589.74 mm
2
Suitability to carry Short Circuit Current Suitable
3
6
"
( 20 (15150 / ))
0.144 10 log
( 20 (15150 / ))
k
f
i
I X t
T G
X
T G
+
+
3
6
"
( 20 (15150 / ))
0.144 10 log
( 20 (15150 / ))
k
f
i
I X t
T G
X
T G
+
+
Annexure-1
CASE 3.
= Static Tensile force in flexible conductor per phase under minimum
temperature and maximum wind condition
= 2 T
= 19620 N
= Three phase Initial symmetrical short-circuit (r.m.s) = 40000 A
= No. of sub-conductor of a main conductor = 2 nos.
= Subconductor mass per unit length = 2.91 kg/m

= Diameter of flexible conductor = 3.660E-02 m

= Cross Section of one sub-conductor = 7.949E-04
m
2
= Spacer Span = Centeline distance between connecting pieces or between
one connecting piece and the adjacent support
= 6 m
Additional Concerated mass (other than spacer) representing the
connections of pentagraph isolator ( Mass of one connection)
= 0 kg
Nos. of Trapzee Connection of pentagraph isolator in one span = 0 nos.

= Spacer weight = 3 kg
No. of spacers in span = 14 nos.
m
sc
' = Resulting Mass Per Unit length of one sub-conductor
= 3.145 kg/m
= Span length = 100 m
length of compensating spring in case of pentograph of Isolator = 0
= Total consolidated length of disk Insulator & Hardware in one side of
Span
= 4.6 m
= Effective distance between Sub-conductor = Center line distance between
Sub-conductor
= 0.45 m
= Centre-line distance between main conductor mid points = 7 m
Beam Width
1.5 m
= Length of conductor carrying short circuit current (Chord length of main
conductor in the span)
= 89.3 m
S = Resultant Spring constant of both support of one Span N/m = 100000 N/m
= Young's modulus = 61997961264 N/m2
= Duration of the first short circuit current flow = 1 Sec
= Gravitational Constant = 9.81
m/s
2
= Constant = 5.00E+07
N/m
2
f = System frequency = 50 Hz
C
th
= Material Constant = 2.70E-19
m
4
/(A
2
s)

o
= Magnatic Constant, permeability of Vacuum =
410
7
H/m
Short Circuit Force Calculations
Calculation are based on IEC 865-1 (1993)
FOR FLEXIBLE CONDUCTORS
fin
o
l
cl
d
c
l
a
s
A
'
s
m
s
d
s
m
s
l
s
a
st
F
E
"
3 k
I
n
1 k
T
n
g
c
s s
c
c c
s sc
nl
m n
nl
m n
m m + + = ' '
=
c
n
=
c
m
=
s
n
=
sp
l
Page 8 of 29
Annexure-1
CASE 3.
Short Circuit Force Calculations
= 30.62 N/m
= 0.4962
= 26.3888 Deg
= 3.9315 m
= 3.5577 Sec.

= 3.4125 Sec.
= 1.18E-07
= 3.50E+10
N/m
2
From eqn. 24, Resulting period of the conductor oscillation during the short circuit current flow,
From eqn. 25, The stiffness norm
Where the actual Young's modulus is given by
From eqn. 22, Equivalent Static Conductor Sag at mid span,
From eqn. 23, Period of Conductor oscillation,
From eqn. 21, Angular direction of the force,
From eqn.19, Characteristic electromagnetic force per unit length on flexible main conductors,
From eqn. 20, the ratio of electromechanical force on a conductor under short circuit condition to gravity,
( )
l
l
a
I
F
c k
=
2
"
3 0 '
75 . 0
2t

n sc
g m n
F
r

=
'
'
r
1
1
tan

= o
st
n sc
c
F
l g m n
b
8
2 '

=
n
c
g
b
T 8 . 0 2t =
(
(

+
=
2
0
1
2
4 2
90 64
1 1
o t
r
T
T
res
s s
A nE Sl
N
1 1
+ =

>
s
(
(

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
fin
s
st
fin
s
st
fin s
st
s
nA
F
for E
nA
F
for
nA
F
E
E
o
o
o
0
90 sin 7 . 0 3 . 0
Page 9 of 29
Annexure-1
CASE 3.
Short Circuit Force Calculations
= 1.78E+00
= 33.4389 Deg
= 0.7266
= 53.3986 Deg
= 0.3490
0.00
= 0.7453
= 2772.1832 Kg
From eqn. 31, Maximun swing out angle
From eqn. 32, Load Parameter
From eqn. 33, The factor , can be calculated as a real solution of the equation,
From eqn. 34, the tensile force is given by,
From eqn. 29, Swing out angle at the end of the short-circuit current flow
From eqn. 30, factor
From eqn.28,The stress factor of the main conductor is given by :

>
s
(
(

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
fin
s
st
fin
s
st
fin s
st
s
nA
F
for E
nA
F
for
nA
F
E
E
o
o
o
0
90 sin 7 . 0 3 . 0
( )
N F
l m ng
st
sc n
3
2
'
24
= ,

>
s s
(

|
|
.
|

\
|

=
5 . 0 2
5 . 0 0 360 cos 1
1
1
1 0 1
1
res
k
res
k
res
k
k
T
T
for
T
T
for
T
T
o
o
o

>
s s
=
90 1
90 0 sin 1
k
k k
f or r
f or r
o
o o
_

<
< s +
s s
=
985 . 0 180
766 . 0 985 . 0 arccos 10
1 766 . 0 arccos 25 . 1
0
_
_ _
_ _
o
f or
f or
f or
m
( )
( )

< +
> +
=
4
1 cos sin 3
4
1 1 3
1
1
2
res
k k k
res
k
T
T f or r
T
T f or r
o o

( ) ( ) ( ) 1 0 0 2 2 1 2
2 3 2
s s = + + + + + , , ,

( )
( )

> +
= +
=
conductor bundle for n for F
conductor Single for n for F
F
st
st
t
2 1 1 . 1
1 1

Page 10 of 29
Annexure-1
CASE 3.
Short Circuit Force Calculations
= NA
Kg
= 8.9363E-04
=
1.45828E-04
=
1.1190E+00
=
1.05
=
2.0531
=
2.8938E+00
From Eqn. 36, The elastic expansion is given by,
From Eqn. 37, The thermal expansion is given by,
From Eqn. 38, Factor C
D
is given by,
From Eqn. 39, Factor C
F
is given by,
From Eqn. 41, Maximum Horizontal Displacement within a span with strained conductors is given by,
From Eqn. 42, the distance between the mid points of the two main conductors during a line-to-line two-phase
short circuit,
From eqn. 35, the tensile force after short circuit caused by drop (drop force)
Horizontal Span Displacement b
h
and Min. air clearance a
min
0
0
70 6 . 0
180
8 1 2 . 1 > > + =
m
m
st f
r for F F o
o
,
( )
st t ela
F F N = c

<
(

>
(

=
4 /
4 / 4 /
1 1
2
"
3
1
2
"
3
res k k
s
k
th
res k res
s
k
th
th
T T f or T
nA
I
c
T T f or T
nA
I
c
c
( )
th ela
c
D
b
l
C c c +
(

+ =
2
8
3
1

>
< < +
s
=
8 . 1 15 . 1
8 . 1 8 . 0 1 . 0 97 . 0
8 . 0 05 . 1
r f or
r f or r
r f or
C
F

<
>
=
1
1 1
sin
sin
o o o
o o o
m m c D F
m c D F
h
for b C C
for b C C
b
h
b a a 2
min
=
Page 11 of 29
Annexure-1
CASE 3.
Short Circuit Force Calculations
= 4.2760
= 12.2951
V
2
= 1.5721
=
0.2133
= 7862.0971
Kg
= 0.7313
= 2.1267
= 1.1083
If j < 1 : The sub-conductors reduce their distances but do not clash
The factor a
s
/d
s
is equal to
Factor V
2
can be given by fig. 8 as function of V
1
From eqn. 45, Short circuit current force
Factor V
3
can be given by
From eqn. 47 & 48, Strain factor characterizing the contraction of bundle condoctor
If j > 1 : The sub-conductor clash
From equation 46, the factor v
1
is given by,
Sub-conductor are considered to clash effectively if the clearence a
s
between the mid -points of adjacent sub-
conductors, as well as the distance l
s
between 2 adjacent spacers fulfil either equation (43) or (44)
SUBCONDUCTORS ARE NOT EFFECTIVELY CLASHING
( )
( ) 44 70 5 . 2 /
43 50 0 . 2 /
s s s s
s s s s
a l and d a
a l and d a
> s
> s
( )
s
k
sc s s
a
n
n
I
m d a
n
f v
1
2
180
sin
1
2
"
3 0
'
0
1

|
|
.
|

\
|

=
t

( )
3
0
3
3
180
sin 375 . 0
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
n d a
N l F
n
s s
s v
pi
c
( )
2
0
2
2
180
sin 5 . 1
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
n d a
N l F
s s
s st
st
c
st
pi
j
c
c
+
=
1
( )
3
2
2
"
3 0
2
1
v
v
a
l
n
I
n F
s
s k
v
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
t

1 arctan
1
180
sin
3

|
.
|

\
|

|
.
|

\
|
=
s
s
s
s
s
s
d
a
d
a
n
a
d
V
Page 12 of 29
Annexure-1
CASE 3.
Short Circuit Force Calculations
= 5514.861767 Kg
0.00
. = 1.082580058
= 1.1872
= 1.13E+01
= 5514.861767 Kg
From equation (51), is given by the real solution of
SUBCONDUCTORS ARE CLASHING
If j 1, From eqn. 50, the tensile force is given by
Therefore design force in kg (Maximum of F
t
, F
f
& F
pi
)
From eqn. 52,
From eqn. 53,
TENSILE FORCE IN CASE OF CLASHING SUB-CUNDUCTORS
( )
s s s
s s
d a a
d a
v


=
q
q
4
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
c
st
e
st pi
v
F F 1
0
2 3
= +
pi st
c c
( )
2 / 1
4
4
3
4
0
4
2
2
3 0
4
1 arctan
1
180
sin
.
"
2
1
8
9
2
1
(
(
(
(
(

|
|
.
|

\
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

|
.
|

\
|
+ =
v
v n
d a
l
v N
n
I
n n v
s s
s k
e
t

s
s s
d
d a
v

=
4
Page 13 of 29
Annexure-2 CASE 1.

System Voltage V = 420 kV
1 Basic Wind Speed = V
b
= 47.00 m/s
As per IS 802: 1995, basic wind speed is based on gust velocity averaged over a short time interval of 3s.
Wind Zone as per IS: 802, Part 1, Sec 1 4
Risk Coefficient as per Table 2 of IS: 802, Part 1, Sec 1
{For all Zones & for Reliability level 1(Voltage level upto 400kV)} =
K
1
= 1.07
Terrain Category 2
Terrain roughness coeficient (For different Terrain Category) = K
2
= 1.0000
Factor to convert 3 second peak gust speed into
average speed of wind during 10 minutes period =
K
0
= 1.3750
Meteorological reference wind speed = V
b
/K
0
V
R
= 34.1818 m/s
Design wind speed = V
R
x K
1
x K
2
V
d
= 36.5745 m/s
Height of conductor above ground 15.3000 metre
Gust Response Factor for conductor Gc = 1.9837
2 Design Wind Pressure =0.6 x V
d
2
/g Pc = 81.8164 kgf/m
2
Weight of individual spacer = WSP = 3.0000 kgf
Separation between two spacers = SSP = 6.0000 metre
Weight of sub-conductor per metre= W1 = 2.9100 kgf/m
No. of subconductors - single/twin/tri/quad = r = 2
Diameter of sub-conductor = d = 3.6600 cm
Cross Sectional Area of sub-conductor = A = 7.9487 cm
2
Modulus of Elasticity of sub-conductor = ey = 608200.0000 Kg/cm
2
Coefficient of Linear Expansion = a = 2.3000E-05 /
o
C
Maximum Ambient Temperature at site = t1 = 50.0000
o
C
Minimum Ambient Temperature at site = t2 = 0.0000
o
C
Rise in temperature = t3 = 35.0000
o
C
Distance between centre line of beams (for conductor span) = la = 100.0000 m
DIameter of disc = di = 0.2800
Nos. of Insulator Strings in one side of conductor span (Single /Double) Ni = 4
Weight of complete string insulator including hardware W
iT
= 1056.0000
Weight of single string insulator including hardware Wi= 264.0000
Length of insulator string = li = 4.6000 m
Width of beam on which conductor is strung = Bw = 1.5000 m
Tension per SUB-CONDUCTOR under max. wind and min. temp. conditions = Ten1= 1000.0000 Kg
Drag Coefficient C
dc
= 1.0000
3 Effect of Ice formation
Radial Thickness of ICE over the conductor Th
ice
= 0.0000 cm
Effective dia of the conductor considering ICE effect = d+2*Th
ice
D1= 3.6600 cm
Increase in Conducter weight due to effect of Ice formation w3= 0.0000 kg/m
4 Total weight of sub-conductor per phase = Wc = W1+WSP/(r*SSP)+w3 = 3.1452 Kg/m
5 Wind Load on conductor as per IS 802 & IS 5613 = Pcc =
Pc * (d/100) * C
dc
* G
c
= 5.9401 Kg/m
CALCULATIONS FOR SAG AND SWING OF STRUNG CONDUCTOR
Page 14 of 29
Annexure-2 CASE 1.
6 Clear span of conductor = L = la-(2*li)-lt-Bw = 89.3000 m
7 Loading factor during max wind condition = Q1= (1+(Pcc/Wc)
2
) = 2.1371
Loading factor during no wind condition = Q2 = 1.0000
8 SAG CALCULATIONS DUE TO CONDUCTOR
8.1
Under minimum temperature and maximum wind condition condition, the sub-
conductor experiences a stress of f1
f1 = Ten1/A = 125.8071 Kg/cm
2
Weight of sub conductor per m per cm
2
= S = Wc/A = 0.3957
GB = (S * L * Q2)
2
* ey/24 = 3.1640E+07
F = f1 - GB * (Q1/(f1*Q2))
2
- a * ey * (t1+t3-t2) = -10192.9819
To solve the following equation:
The working stress F at tempature t1+t3, is given by the cubic equation
f2
2 *
(f2 - F) - GB = 940491268.11
we get f2 = 304.3152 Kg/cm
2
8.2 Tension in conductor at maximum temperature and no wind
condition = Ten2 = f2*A = 2418.9041 Kg
Max sag due to conductor = Wc*L / (8*Ten2) Sc= 1.2961
9 SAG DUE TO INSULATOR
From Fig 1, we get
Tension per insulator string = Ten2* r / Ni Teni1= 1209.4521
Weight of conductor per String Insulator = Wc*r/Ni Wci= 1.5726
U1 = (li
2
+ (di/2)
2
) = 4.6021 m
U2 = ((li/2) + (di/2)) = 2.3043 m
= Tan
-1
[(di/2)/li] = 0.0304
= Tan
-1
[di/li] = 0.0608
Taking moments at 'P'
Teni1 * U1 *Sin( + ) = (Wci * L/2) * U1 * Cos( + ) + Wi * U2 *Cos( + )
Simplifying :
TP1 = (Wci*L/2) * U1 * Cos + Wi*U2*Cos - Teni1*U1*Sin = 760.8692
TP2 = Teni1*U1*Cos + Wci*(L/2)*U1*Sin + Wi*U2*Sin = 5610.2697
= Tan
-1
(TP1/TP2) = 0.1348
Sag due to Insulator = Si = U1*Sin( + d) = 0.7569 m
Page 15 of 29
Annexure-2 CASE 1.
10 Total maximum sag of moose conductor = Sc+Si = Stot = 2.0530 m
11 Height of conductor above ground 15.3000 m
Height of jack bus/equipment below conductor 8.3000 m
Minimum Phase to phase clearance = 4.0000 m
Total maximum sag of moose conductor = Sc+Si = Stot = 2.0530 m
Therefore, available margin excluding sub-conductor spacing = 0.9470 m
SWING CALCULATIONS
1 SAG DUE TO CONDUCTOR
(under maximum temperature rise in temperature and maximum wind conditions):
SGB = (Q1 * S *L)
2
* ey/24 = 1.4450E+08
SF = (f1-SGB/f1
2
) - a*ey*(t1+t3-t2) = -1.0193E+04
To solve the following equation:
f21
2 *
(f21 - SF) - SGB = 1.11E+10
we get f21 = 1002.7182 Kg/cm
2
Tension in conductor at maximum temperature and maximum wind
condition = Ten21 = f21*A= 7970.2854 Kg
SAG due to conductor = Sc1 = Wc*L
2
/(8*Ten21) = 0.3934 m
2 SAG DUE TO INSULATOR
From Fig 1, we get
Teni2 = Ten21*r/Ni 3985.1427
U1 = (li2 + (di/2)2) = 4.6021 m
U2 = ((li/2)2 + (di/2)2) = 2.3043 m
= Tan
-1
[(di/2)/li] = 0.0304
= Tan
-1
[di/li] = 0.0608
Taking moments at 'P'
TenI2 * U1 * Sin( + ) = (WcI*L/2) * U1 * Cos(+ ) + Wi * U2 *Cos(+ )
Simplifying :
TP1 = (WcI*L/2) * U1 * Cos + Wi*U2*Cos - TenI2*U1*Sin = 372.2725
TP2 = TenI2*U1*Cos + Wc*(L/2)*U1*Sin + Wi*U2*Sin = 18378.4466
= Tan
-1
(TP1/TP2) = 0.0203
SAG due to Insulator = Si1 = U1*Sin( + ) = 0.2331
Page 16 of 29
Annexure-2 CASE 1.
3 SWING DUE TO CONDUCTOR (SWC)
Wind load acting on span = Pcc * L*r = 1060.9103 Kg
Weight of conductor = Wc * L *r= 561.7260 Kg
From Fig 3:
Tan Y1 = (r*Pcc * L/r*Wc * L) = 1.8887
Y1 = Tan
-1
(Pcc/Wc) = 1.0838
SWC = Sc1* Sin Y1 = 0.3476 m
4 SWING DUE TO INSULATOR (SWI)
Wind load on insulator = Wpi = (Pc/2)*di*li *Gc*C
dc
= 100.1105 kg
Y2 = Tan
-1
(Ni*Wpi/Ni*Wi) = 1.5708
SWI = Si1 * Sin Y2 = 0.2331 m
5 Total Swing = Swtot = SWC + SWI = 0.5808
6 Phase to phase spacing provided between phases = 7.0000 m
Subconductor spacing = 0.4500 m
Minimum Phase to phase clearance = 4.0000 m
Phase to phase spacing required = 5.0308 m
Therefore, available margin = 1.9692 m
Page 17 of 29
CASE - 2 ANNEXURE - 2
CASE 2.
NAME OF PROJECT:
CONDUCTOR TYPE: TARANTULLA
NAME OF BAY: 0.35
SPAN LENGTH (Centre Lime distance between beams): 100.00 m
MINIMUM STRINGING TEMPERATURE: 10.00 Deg C
TEMPERATURE RANGE FOR DRAWING STRINGING CHART:
MINIMUM: 0.00 C MAXIMUM: 50.00 C
WIND PRESSURE ON CONDUCTOR PER M RUN: 0.00 kg/m
OVERALL DIA OF THE CONDUCTOR: 3.660 cm
CROSS SECTIONAL AREA OF CONDUCTOR: 7.949 cm
WEIGHT OF CONDUCTOR PER METER: 2.910 kgf/m
COEFFICIENT OF LINEAR EXPANSION: 0.00002300 per C
NO. OF CONDUCTORS PER PHASE: 2
TENSION PER CONDUCTOR UNDER MIN TEMP & MAX WIND CONDITION: 1000.00 kg
MODULUS OF ELASTICITY: 608200.00 kg/cm2
NUMBER OF INSULATOR STRING(S): 4.00
LENGTH OF INSULATOR: 4.600 m
DIAMETER OF INSULATOR: 0.280 m
WEIGHT OF INSULATOR: 264.000 kg
INSULATOR AND TURNBUCKLE DATA
SAG TENSION CHART
GENERAL DATA
CONDUCTOR DATA
Page 18 of 29
CASE - 2 ANNEXURE - 2
MAXIMUM CLEAR SPAN OF CONDUCTOR: 89.30 m
S.NO. TEMPERATURE
TENSION PER
CONDUCTOR
CONDUCTOR
SAG
INSLULATOR
SAG
TOTAL SAG
1 42 587.17 3.8 1.68 5.48
2 12 624.61 3.57 1.59 5.16
3 14 621.89 3.59 1.6 5.19
4 16 619.21 3.6 1.61 5.21
5 18 616.56 3.62 1.61 5.23
6 20 613.94 3.63 1.62 5.25
7 22 611.36 3.65 1.62 5.27
8 24 608.81 3.66 1.63 5.29
9 26 606.28 3.68 1.64 5.31
10 28 603.79 3.69 1.64 5.33
11 30 601.33 3.71 1.65 5.36
12 32 598.9 3.72 1.65 5.38
13 34 596.5 3.74 1.66 5.4
14 36 594.13 3.75 1.66 5.42
15 38 591.78 3.77 1.67 5.44
16 40 589.46 3.78 1.68 5.46
RESULTS
Page 19 of 29
Type Al Strands Steel Strands Al Strand Dia St strand dia Cross sec. Diameter Weight Young's Mod.
Kg./Cm
2
Young's
Modulus
(N/sq.m)
Drag
Coefficient
DC
Resistance
Coefficient of
Linear
Expansion
sq.m m kg/km Kg./Cm
2
BEAR ACSR 30 7 3.350E-03 3.350E-03 3.2612E-04 2.3450E-02 1.229 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.1093 0.00001843
BEAVER ACSR 6 1 3.990E-03 3.990E-03 8.7525E-05 1.1970E-02 0.303 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.3825 0.00001931
BUX ACSR 30 7 4.500E-03 4.500E-03 5.8846E-04 3.1500E-02 2.196 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.0569 0.00001843
CAT ACSR 6 1 4.500E-03 4.500E-03 1.1133E-04 1.3500E-02 0.385 7.350E+05 7.49E+10 1 0.3007 0.00001931
COYOTO ACSR 26 7 2.540E-03 1.900E-03 1.5159E-04 1.5860E-02 0.521 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.3035 0.00001954
DEER ACSR 30 7 4.270E-03 4.270E-03 5.2984E-04 2.9890E-02 1.977 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.0673 0.00001843
DOG ACSR 6 7 4.720E-03 1.570E-03 1.1854E-04 1.4150E-02 0.394 7.350E+05 7.49E+10 1 0.2733 0.00001992
FERRET ACSR 6 1 3.000E-03 3.000E-03 4.9480E-05 9.0000E-03 0.171 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.6766 0.00001931
FOX ACSR 6 1 2.790E-03 2.790E-03 4.2795E-05 8.3700E-03 0.1489 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.7822 0.00001931
GOAT ACSR 30 7 3.710E-03 3.710E-03 3.9998E-04 2.5970E-02 1.492 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.0891 0.00001843
GOPHER ACSR 6 1 2.360E-03 2.360E-03 3.0620E-05 7.0800E-03 0.106 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 1.0933 0.00001931
GUINEA ACSR 12 7 2.920E-03 2.920E-03 1.2724E-04 1.4600E-02 0.59 1.055E+06 1.08E+11 1 0.2630 0.00001584
LARK ACSR 30 7 2.920E-03 2.920E-03 2.4777E-04 2.0440E-02 0.922 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.1350 0.00001843
LEOPARD ACSR 6 7 5.280E-03 1.760E-03 1.4840E-04 1.5840E-02 0.493 7.730E+05 7.88E+10 1 0.2184 0.00001954
LION ACSR 30 7 3.180E-03 3.180E-03 2.9386E-04 2.2260E-02 1.097 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.1213 0.00001843
LYNX ACSR 30 7 2.790E-03 2.790E-03 2.2620E-04 1.9530E-02 0.844 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.1576 0.00001843
MINK ACSR 6 1 3.660E-03 3.660E-03 7.3646E-05 1.0980E-02 0.255 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.4546 0.00001931
MOOSE ACSR 54 7 3.530E-03 3.530E-03 5.9699E-04 3.1770E-02 2.002 6.860E+05 6.99E+10 1 0.0547 0.00001991
OTTER ACSR 6 1 4.220E-03 4.220E-03 9.7907E-05 1.2660E-02 0.339 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.3419 0.00001931
PANTHER ACSR 30 7 3.000E-03 3.000E-03 2.6154E-04 2.1000E-02 0.976 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.1363 0.00001843
RABBIT ACSR 6 1 3.350E-03 3.350E-03 6.1699E-05 1.0050E-02 0.214 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.5426 0.00001931
RACCOON ACSR 6 1 4.090E-03 4.090E-03 9.1968E-05 1.2270E-02 0.318 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.3640 0.00001931
SHEEP ACSR 30 7 3.990E-03 3.990E-03 4.6263E-04 2.7930E-02 1.726 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.0770 0.00001843
SPARROW ACSR 6 1 2.670E-03 2.670E-03 3.9193E-05 8.0100E-03 0.135 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.8540 0.00001931
SQUIRREL ACSR 6 1 2.110E-03 2.110E-03 2.4477E-05 6.3300E-03 0.085 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 1.3677 0.00001931
TIGER ACSR 30 7 2.360E-03 2.360E-03 1.6185E-04 1.6520E-02 0.604 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.2202 0.00001843
WEASSEL ACSR 6 1 2.590E-03 2.590E-03 3.6880E-05 7.7700E-03 0.128 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.9077 0.00001931
WOLF ACSR 30 7 2.590E-03 2.590E-03 1.9494E-04 1.8130E-02 0.727 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.1828 0.00001843
ZEBRA ACSR 54 7 3.180E-03 3.180E-03 4.8448E-04 2.8620E-02 1.623 6.860E+05 6.99E+10 1 0.0674 0.00001991
ANT AAC 7 3.100E-03 5.2834E-05 9.3000E-03 0.144 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.5419 0.000023
BLUE BOTTLE AAC 7 3.660E-03 7.3646E-05 1.0950E-02 0.201 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.3887 0.000023
BUTTERFLY AAC 19 4.650E-03 3.2266E-04 2.3250E-02 0.886 6.082E+05 6.20E+10 1 0.0892 0.000023
CATTER-PILLAR AAC 19 3.530E-03 1.8595E-04 1.0590E-02 0.511 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.1547 0.000023
CHAFER AAC 19 3.780E-03 2.1322E-04 1.8900E-02 0.586 6.082E+05 6.20E+10 1 0.1349 0.000023
CLEGG AAC 7 4.170E-03 9.5600E-05 1.2510E-02 0.261 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.2995 0.000023
COCKROACH AAC 19 4.220E-03 2.6575E-04 2.1100E-02 0.73 6.082E+05 6.20E+10 1 0.1083 0.000023
EARWIG AAC 7 3.780E-03 7.8555E-05 1.1340E-02 0.215 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.3644 0.000023
FLY AAC 7 3.400E-03 6.3554E-05 1.0200E-02 0.174 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.4505 0.000023
GRASS HOPPER AAC 7 3.910E-03 8.4051E-05 1.1730E-02 0.23 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.3406 0.000023
IRIS AAC 7 2.480E-03 3.3814E-05 7.4400E-03 0.092 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.8467 0.000023
LADY BIRD AAC 7 2.790E-03 4.2795E-05 8.3700E-03 0.117 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.669 0.000023
LOCUST AAC 19 5.360E-03 4.2872E-04 2.6800E-02 1.176 6.082E+05 6.20E+10 1 0.0671 0.000023
MAYBUG AAC 37 4.090E-03 4.8611E-04 2.8630E-02 1.343 5.976E+05 6.09E+10 1 0.0593 0.000023
MOTH AAC 19 5.000E-03 3.7306E-04 2.5000E-02 1.025 6.082E+05 6.20E+10 1 0.0771 0.000023
PANSY AAC 7 2.780E-03 4.2489E-05 8.3400E-03 0.116 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.6738 0.000023
ROSE AAC 7 1.960E-03 2.1120E-05 5.8800E-03 0.058 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 1.3556 0.000023
SCORPION AAC 37 4.270E-03 5.2984E-04 2.9890E-02 1.464 5.976E+05 6.09E+10 1 0.0544 0.000023
SPIDER AAC 19 3.990E-03 2.3757E-04 1.9950E-02 0.652 6.082E+05 6.20E+10 1 0.1205 0.000023
TARANTULLA AAC 37 5.230E-03 7.9487E-04 3.6600E-02 2.91 6.082E+05 6.20E+10 1 0.0363 0.000023
WASP AAC 7 4.390E-03 1.0595E-04 1.3170E-02 0.29 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.2702 0.000023
SHIELD WIRE 7/9 SW 7 3.660E-03 7.3646E-05 1.2180E-02 0.583 1933000 1.97E+11 1.2 0.000012
SHIELD WIRE 7/8 SW 7 9.0500E-05 1.2180E-02 0.706 1933000 1.97E+11 1.2 0.000012
BLANK SW
disc insulator x
Creepage Diameter of
Disc
Weight of Disc Length of
Disc
120 440 0.28 8.3 0.145
xx
SKIN EFFECT TABLE
Sl No. X K
1 0.00 1.00000
2 0.10 1.00000
3 0.20 1.00001
4 0.30 1.00004
5 0.40 1.00013
6 0.50 1.00032
7 0.60 1.00067
8 0.70 1.00124
9 0.80 1.00212
10 0.90 1.00340
11 1.00 1.00519
12 1.10 1.00758
13 1.20 1.01071
14 1.30 1.01470
15 1.40 1.01969
16 1.50 1.02582
17 1.60 1.03323
18 1.70 1.04205
19 1.80 1.05240
20 1.90 1.06440
21 2.00 1.07816
22 2.10 1.09375
23 2.20 1.11126
24 2.30 1.13069
25 2.40 1.15207
26 2.50 1.17538
27 2.60 1.20056
28 2.70 1.22753
29 2.80 1.25620
30 2.90 1.28644
31 3.00 1.31809
32 3.10 1.35102
33 3.20 1.38504
34 3.30 1.41999
35 3.40 1.45570
36 3.50 1.49202
37 3.60 1.52879
38 3.70 1.56587
39 3.80 1.60314
40 3.90 1.64051
Source : Electrical Transmission & Distribution Reference book by Central Station Engineers of Westinghouse Electric Corporation
Source : Bureau of Standards Bulletin No. 169 on pages 226-8
Source : TNEB HANDBOOK
Source : Electrical Transmission & Distribution Reference book by Central Station Engineers of Westinghouse Electric Corporation
Doc. No. : YN1H300126-403, Rev. A
n
f 50 Hz as
k 1.81 As per IEC-909 ds
k 1.81 as/ds
1/t 22.55772088 ds/as
t 0.04433072
1.499079658 Sqrt((as/ds)-1)
fT
pi
3.410369262 v
3
2tfT
pi
21.41711897
ft 2.216535982 q
c st
c pi
v
1
4.276003 y
a
v
2
1.572075 a
s
v
3
2*y
a
/a
s
A 0.023040059
sqrt[(1-2*ya/as)/2*ya/as]
B 0.616802478 a
sw
C 0.285149187 fq
D 0.312916328
E 0.040923867
F 0.214715018
G 6.22057E-17
V2 1 - A + B - C*[( D + E)*F + G ]
1.572098266
-0.00002
103559003.xls.ms_office Page 24 of 29
Doc. No. : YN1H300126-403, Rev. A
2
0.45
3.66E-02
12.29508197
0.081333333
3.36081567
0.213286608
0.629148847
7.31E-01
2.13E+00
9.50E-02
0.095978973
0.422021926
1.170275665
0.287831932
0.333454919
-6.49E-06
103559003.xls.ms_office Page 25 of 29
Annexure-2 CASE

System Voltage V = 420 kV
1 Basic Wind Speed = V
b
= 0.00 m/s
As per IS 802: 1995, basic wind speed is based on gust velocity averaged over a short time interval of 3s.
Wind Zone as per IS: 802, Part 1, Sec 1 1
Risk Coefficient as per Table 2 of IS: 802, Part 1, Sec 1
{For all Zones & for Reliability level 1(Voltage level upto 400kV)} =
K
1
= 1.07
Terrain Category 2
Terrain roughness coeficient (For different Terrain Category) = K
2
= 1.0000
Factor to convert 3 second peak gust speed into
average speed of wind during 10 minutes period =
K
0
= 1.3750
Meteorological reference wind speed = V
b
/K
0
V
R
= 0.0000 m/s
Design wind speed = V
R
x K
1
x K
2
V
d
= 0.0000 m/s
Height of conductor above ground 15.3000 metre
Gust Response Factor for conductor Gc = 1.9837
2 Design Wind Pressure =0.6 x V
d
2
/g Pc = 0.0000 kgf/m
2
Weight of individual spacer = WSP = 3.0000 kgf
Separation between two spacers = SSP = 6.0000 metre
Weight of sub-conductor per metre= W1 = 2.9100 kgf/m
No. of subconductors - single/twin/tri/quad = r = 2
Diameter of sub-conductor = d = 3.6600 cm
Cross Sectional Area of sub-conductor = A = 7.9487 cm
2
Modulus of Elasticity of sub-conductor = ey = 608200.0000 Kg/cm
2
Coefficient of Linear Expansion = a = 2.3000E-05 /
o
C
Maximum Ambient Temperature at site = t1 = 40.0000
o
C
Minimum Ambient Temperature at site = t2 = 0.0000
o
C
Rise in temperature = t3 = 0.0000
o
C
Distance between centre line of beams (for conductor span) = la = 100.0000 m
DIameter of disc = di = 0.2800
Nos. of Insulator Strings in one side of conductor span (Single /Double) Ni = 4
Weight of complete string insulator including hardware W
iT
= 1056.0000
Weight of single string insulator including hardware Wi= 264.0000
Length of insulator string = li = 4.6000 m
Width of beam on which conductor is strung = Bw = 1.5000 m
Tension per SUB-CONDUCTOR under max. wind and min. temp. conditions = Ten1= 1000.0000 Kg
Drag Coefficient C
dc
= 1.0000
3 Effect of Ice formation
Radial Thickness of ICE over the conductor Th
ice
= 0.0000 cm
Effective dia of the conductor considering ICE effect = d+2*Th
ice
D1= 3.6600 cm
Increase in Conducter weight due to effect of Ice formation w3= 0.0000 kg/m
4 Total weight of sub-conductor per phase = Wc = W1+WSP/(r*SSP)+w3 = 3.1452 Kg/m
5 Wind Load on conductor as per IS 802 & IS 5613 = Pcc =
Pc * (d/100) * C
dc
* G
c
= 0.0000 Kg/m
CALCULATIONS FOR SAG AND SWING OF STRUNG CONDUCTOR
Page 26 of 29
Annexure-2 CASE
6 Clear span of conductor = L = la-(2*li)-lt-Bw = 89.3000 m
7 Loading factor during max wind condition = Q1= (1+(Pcc/Wc)
2
) = 1.0000
Loading factor during no wind condition = Q2 = 1.0000
8 SAG CALCULATIONS DUE TO CONDUCTOR
8.1
Under minimum temperature and maximum wind condition condition, the sub-
conductor experiences a stress of f1
f1 = Ten1/A = 125.8071 Kg/cm
2
Weight of sub conductor per m per cm
2
= S = Wc/A = 0.3957
GB = (S * L * Q2)
2
* ey/24 = 3.1640E+07
F = f1 - GB * (Q1/(f1*Q2))
2
- a * ey * (t1+t3-t2) = -2432.7896
To solve the following equation:
The working stress F at tempature t1+t3, is given by the cubic equation
f2
2 *
(f2 - F) - GB = 6319246.35
we get f2 = 121.8959 Kg/cm
2
8.2 Tension in conductor at maximum temperature and no wind
condition = Ten2 = f2*A = 968.9115 Kg
Max sag due to conductor = Wc*L / (8*Ten2) Sc= 3.2357
9 SAG DUE TO INSULATOR
From Fig 1, we get
Tension per insulator string = Ten2* r / Ni Teni1= 484.4558
Weight of conductor per String Insulator = Wc*r/Ni Wci= 1.5726
U1 = (li
2
+ (di/2)
2
) = 4.6021 m
U2 = ((li/2) + (di/2)) = 2.3043 m
= Tan
-1
[(di/2)/li] = 0.0304
= Tan
-1
[di/li] = 0.0608
Taking moments at 'P'
Teni1 * U1 *Sin( + ) = (Wci * L/2) * U1 * Cos( + ) + Wi * U2 *Cos( + )
Simplifying :
TP1 = (Wci*L/2) * U1 * Cos + Wi*U2*Cos - Teni1*U1*Sin = 862.3686
TP2 = Teni1*U1*Cos + Wci*(L/2)*U1*Sin + Wi*U2*Sin = 2275.2868
= Tan
-1
(TP1/TP2) = 0.3623
Sag due to Insulator = Si = U1*Sin( + d) = 1.7612 m
10 Total maximum sag of moose conductor = Sc+Si = Stot = 4.9969 m
11 Height of conductor above ground 15.3000 m
Height of jack bus/equipment below conductor 8.3000 m
Minimum Phase to phase clearance = 4.0000 m
Total maximum sag of moose conductor = Sc+Si = Stot = 4.9969 m
Therefore, available margin excluding sub-conductor spacing = -1.9969 m
SWING CALCULATIONS
Page 27 of 29
Annexure-2 CASE
1 SAG DUE TO CONDUCTOR
(under maximum temperature rise in temperature and maximum wind conditions):
SGB = (Q1 * S *L)
2
* ey/24 = 3.1640E+07
################
SF = (f1-SGB/f1
2
) - a*ey*(t1+t3-t2) = -2432.7896
To solve the following equation:
f21
2 *
(f21 - SF) - SGB = 93728283.38
we get f21 = 217.4941 Kg/cm
2
Tension in conductor at maximum temperature and maximum wind
condition = Ten21 = f21*A= 1728.7905 Kg
SAG due to conductor = Sc1 = Wc*L
2
/(8*Ten21) = 1.8135 m
2 SAG DUE TO INSULATOR
Page 28 of 29
Annexure-2 CASE
From Fig 1, we get
Teni2 = Ten21*r/Ni 864.3952
U1 = (li2 + (di/2)2) = 4.6021 m
U2 = ((li/2)2 + (di/2)2) = 2.3043 m
= Tan
-1
[(di/2)/li] = 0.0304
= Tan
-1
[di/li] = 0.0608
Taking moments at 'P'
TenI2 * U1 * Sin( + ) = (WcI*L/2) * U1 * Cos(+ ) + Wi * U2 *Cos(+ )
Simplifying :
TP1 = (WcI*L/2) * U1 * Cos + Wi*U2*Cos - TenI2*U1*Sin = 809.1771
TP2 = TenI2*U1*Cos + Wc*(L/2)*U1*Sin + Wi*U2*Sin = 4023.0083
= Tan
-1
(TP1/TP2) = 0.1985
SAG due to Insulator = Si1 = U1*Sin( + ) = 1.0443
3 SWING DUE TO CONDUCTOR (SWC)
Wind load acting on span = Pcc * L*r = 0.0000 Kg
Weight of conductor = Wc * L *r= 561.7260 Kg
From Fig 3:
Tan Y1 = (r*Pcc * L/r*Wc * L) = 0.0000
Y1 = Tan
-1
(Pcc/Wc) = 0.0000
Page 29 of 29