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(a)

Multimedia is media and content that uses interactive communication process or


presentation of information by using a combination of five main elements.

i. State the five main elements and give an explanation and one example format file for each
elements.
Elements

Explanation

File Format

[15 Marks]

ii. Science Computer Unit were asked by the Head of Mathematics and Computer Science
Department to create a multimedia presentation during the launching of ICT week. The duration
of the multimedia presentation is 2 minutes and must include text, graphic, animation, audio and
video.
a) Suggest one an appropriate text, graphic, animation, audio and video editor that they can use if
they need to edit all the elements.
Text

: ___________________________________________________________

Graphic

: ___________________________________________________________

Animation

: ___________________________________________________________

Audio

: ___________________________________________________________

Video

: ___________________________________________________________
[5 Marks]

b) State three effective ways that Science Computer Unit should consider when to use text:
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
[3 Marks]
c) What are the two type of graphic?
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
[2 Marks]
d) Give an advantage and disadvantage using video?
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
[2 Marks]

e) Differentiate between analog and digital audio?


___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
[2 Marks]
f) What is 3 Dimension (3D) mean?
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
[1 Marks]

(b) Multimedia adalah media dan kandungan yang menggunakan proses komunikasi interaktif atau
persembahan maklumat dengan menggunakan gabungan lima elemen utama.
i. Nyatakan lima elemen utama dan nyatakan keterangannya dan 1 contoh fail format bagi
setiap elemen.
Elemen

Keterangan

Fail Format

[15 Markah]

ii)

Unit Sains Komputer diminta oleh Ketua Jabatan Matematik dan Sains Komputer untuk membuat
persembahan multimedia semasa pelancaran minggu ICT. Tempoh persembahan multimedia adalah
2 minit dan mesti termasuk teks, grafik, animasi, audio dan video.
a) Cadangkan salah satu editor yang sesuai bagi teks, grafik, animasi, audio dan video yang mereka
boleh gunakan jika mereka perlu mengedit semua elemen tersebut.
Teks

: ___________________________________________________________

Grafik

: ___________________________________________________________

Animasi

: ___________________________________________________________

Audio

: ___________________________________________________________

Video

: ___________________________________________________________
[5 Markah]

b) Nyatakan tiga cara berkesan yang perlu dipertimbangkan oleh Unit Sains Komputer apabila
menggunakan teks:
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
[3 Markah]
c) Apakah 2 jenis grafik?
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
[2 Markah]
d) Berikan kebaikan dan kelemahan menggunakan video?
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
[2 Markah]

e) Bezakan diantara audio analog dan digital?


___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
[2 Markah]
f) Apakah dimaksudkan dengan 3 Dimensi (3D)?
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
[1 Markah]

Skema

Number
(a)

Answer
Elements

Marks

Explanation

i.

File
Format

text

- combination of alphabets,
numbers and symbol

.doc, .txt,

J3

.odt, .rtf

- involves the use of text


types, sizes, colors and
background color.
grafik

- digital representation of
images
- make the multimedia

.jpg,
J3

.bmp,
.gif, .xcf

application attractive
- help to illustrate ideas
through still pictures
audio

- use of speech, music and


sound effects.

.wav, .mp3,
.midi

J3

- two basic types of audio or


sound: analog and digital
audio.
video

- is a product of recording

.avi, .mpeg,
J3

moving images by using a

.flv,

camera or video machine.

rmvb, .mkv

- provides a powerful impact


in a multimedia program.
animation

- is a process of making a

.gif,

.swf,

static image look like it is

.blend, .dir

J3

moving.

ii.

a)

Text

: Microsoft Word, OpenOffice.org

J1

Writer
Graphic

: Adobe Photoshop, Gimp, Paint

J1

Animation

: Adobe Flash, Blender

J1

Audio

: Audacity, Sound Forge

J1

Video

: iMovie, Windows Movie Maker,

J1

Sony Vegas
b)

c)

d)

i) The position of the text on the screen

J1

ii) Length of the message

J1

iii) Legibility of the text

J1

i) bitmaps (paint graphic)

J1

ii) vector (draw graphic)

J1

Advantage:
- video clips can be edited easily
- the digital video files can be stored like any other
files in the computer and the quality of the video can
still be maintained

J1

- the video files can be transferred within a computer


network
- it allows non-linear editing in any part of the video
Disadvantage:
- these digital video files are large in size
- transferring these files can take a long tim especially
when using the Internet.

J1

e)

Analog:

J1

- the original sound signal.


- we can record analog audio file.
- special audio editors like Audacity can be use to
convert analog audio files into digital audio files
Digital:
- the digital sampling of the actual sound.

J1

- used in multimedia
f)

- creating movements to three dimensional digital


objects from photographs.

J1