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1.

The current flow in a branch circuit is to be checked to determine if it is within the rated
capacity of the circuit. The instrument best suited for this test would be:


2.Which of the following can be used to provide information about the shape of a voltage
waveform?


3.The type of screwdriver designed for use on screws with an "X-shaped" insert in their heads is:


4.An electromechanical relay is basically:


5.Relays are primarily used to switch currents in the:

1. a multimeter.
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2. a clip-on ammeter
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3. a neon test light.
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4. either b or c
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1. oscilloscope
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2. multimeter
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3. logic probe
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4. neon test light
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1. a Phillips screwdriver
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2. a Robertson screwdriver.
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3. a standard screwdriver.
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4. a hexagon screwdriver.
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1. an electromagnet used to switch contacts.
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2. an electromagnet used to operate motors.
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3. an electronic circuit used to control motors.
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4. a device designed to relay information.
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1. control circuit.
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2. load circuit.
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3. power-distribution circuit.
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4. live circuit.
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6.Which of the following is not a common application for a relay?


7.A particular relay is rated as follows: coil-9V DC, 200 mA: contacts-120 V AC, 10 A. What
maximum number of 100-W, 120-V light bulbs could be safely controlled by this relay?


8.A particular relay is rated as follows: coil-9 V DC, 200 mA; contacts-120 V AC, 10 A. The
resistance of the coil would be:


9.For an electromechanical relay, the amount of voltage and current required to energize the
relay coil is:


10.Relays with sets of contacts, which are closed by some type of magnetic effect, are called:

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1. change alternating current to direct current
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2. control a 120-V lighting circuit with a 24-V control circuit
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3. control several switching operations by a single separate current
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4. switch a high-current motor circuit ON and OFF with a low current control circuit
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1. 2
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2. 4
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3. 5
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4. 12
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1. 45 .
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2. 24 .
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3. 6,000 .
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4. 2,400 .
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1. the same when connected on an AC or a DC source.
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2. the same as the voltage and current ratings of the contacts.
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3. more than what is required to de-energize the coil
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4. less than what is required to de-energize the coil.
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11.Relays with no contacts, which are switched entirely by electronic devices, are called:


12.Solid-state relays use ____ as switching devices.


13.Which of the following is not an advantage of solid-state relays over electromechanical relays?


14.The purpose of overload protection on a motor is to protect:


15.The current drawn by a motor is:

1. electromechanical relays.
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2. solid-state relays.
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3. hybrid relays.
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4. magnetic relays.
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1. electromechanical relays.
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2. solid-state relays.
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3. hybrid relays.
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4. magnetic relays.
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1. semiconductors
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2. coils
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3. contacts
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4. permanent magnets
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1. longer life
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2. less electromagnetic interference generated
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3. less susceptible to damage from voltage and current spikes
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4. faster response time
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1. the motor from sustained overcurrents.
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2. the wire from high currents.
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3. the motor from sustained over voltage.
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4. the motor from short circuits.
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1. low on starting.
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16.Which of the following is designed to provide machine operation protection by requiring the
motor to be restarted after a power failure?


17.A contactor differs from a relay in that:


18.Technician A says a reduced-voltage starter is designed to apply full line voltage to the motor
upon starting. Technician B says reduced-voltage starting produces a lower starting torque. Who
is correct?


19.Which of the following starters increases the voltage gradually as the motor starts?


20.Which of the following applies to stopping a motor by electronically reversing the motor while
it is still running in the forward direction?
2. high on starting.
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3. an accurate measurement of motor load.
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4. both b and c
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1. phase-reversal protection
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2. ground-fault protection
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3. low-voltage protection
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4. low-voltage release
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1. it operates on a different principle.
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2. its contacts can interrupt large motor currents.
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3. gravity and spring tension open contacts.
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4. all of these
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1. Technician A only
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2. Technician B only
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3. both Technician A and Technician B
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4. neither Technician A nor Technician B
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1. primary-resistance starter
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2. autotransformer starter
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3. wye-delta starter
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4. solid-state starter
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21.Motor drive systems are used:


22.Which of the following is not a characteristic of AC motors?


23.In a variable-speed drive for a three-phase motor, which of the following circuits changes the
DC power back to an adjustable frequency AC output?


24.Sensors are used to detect the presence of and/or measure:


25.The insulating material on a printed circuit board is called:
1. dynamic braking
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2. regenerative braking
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3. plugging
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4. jogging
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1. with AC or DC motors.
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2. when operator-controlled variance of speed is required.
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3. to maintain steady motor speed in spite of load fluctuations.
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4. all of these
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1. high torque at low speed
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2. lower cost
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3. less maintenance required
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4. physically smaller than DC motors of the same horsepower
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1. rectifier
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2. inverter
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3. regulator
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4. modulator
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1. temperature.
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2. position.
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3. light.
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4. all of these
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26.The foil pattern layout for a PC board shows:


27.Resist is any material which:


28.The most commonly-used solder for soldering component leads to a PC board is:


29.A properly-soldered PC board connection will:


30. Large components that require considerable mounting space on a PC board are usually

1. the laminate.
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2. the dielectric.
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3. the cladding.
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4. the foil.
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1. all the interconnecting terminal strip connections.
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2. the exact location of all the component parts.
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3. all necessary conductor routing required for the working circuit.
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4. all of these
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1. acts like a resistor.
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2. offers resistance to the flow of current in a circuit.
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3. will resist the chemical reaction used to etch copper.
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4. all of these
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1. 20/80 bar solder.
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2. 40/40 solid wire solder.
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3. 60/40 resin-core wire solder.
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4. 50/50 acid-core wire solder.
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1. have low resistance.
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2. appear shiny.
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3. have no pin holes.
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4. all of these
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31.When drilling lead access holes in a PC board:


32.For mass production of printed circuit boards, the type of printing process most often used is:


33.When soldering on a PC board, the solder is always applied to:


34.Cleaning the copper foil of a PC board prior to soldering:


35.A computer is basically a digital electronic system.

1. integrated on to the board with very small components that require little space.
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2. mounted at 90? to all other components.
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3. shielded to prevent electrical interference.
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4. left off the board completely and hand-wired.
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1. moderate pressure should be applied to the drill.
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2. heavy pressure should be applied to the drill.
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3. the drill must be of a large enough diameter to completely remove the terminal pad copper foil.
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4. both a and c
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1. the photo-etch method.
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2. hand printing.
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3. the print-and-etch technique.
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4. machine printing.
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1. the tip of the soldering iron only.
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2. both the tip of the soldering iron and the component lead.
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3. the junction of the lead and the terminal pad area.
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4. the laminate.
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1. is only necessary if the foil appears dirty or dull.
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2. is only necessary if a rosin based flux is not used.
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3. is essential in all instances.
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4. both a and b
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1. True
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36.Computers are capable of storing large amounts of data.


37.Nonvolatile memory loses all its information when power is removed.


38.The computing power of a computer is determined by its wattage rating.


39.All computers are able to get data into and out of memory at approximately the same speed.


40.The input/output provisions for microprocessor-based systems are all basically the same.


41.The microprocessor uses only analog signals.


42.Types of output devices include instrumental displays and actuators.
2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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43.MS-DOS is an example of a programming language.


44.Word processing is a type of computer applications software.


45.In any number system, the position of a digit that represents part of the number has a
weighted value associated with it.


46.To express a number in binary requires fewer digits than in the decimal system.


47.Most digital logic circuits are constructed using integrated circuits.


48.Combinational logic circuits have no memory.

1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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49.The primary function of a combinational logic circuit is to make decisions.


50.The only true mathematical operation performed by a computer is division.


51.The state of a flip-flop is determined by observing its Q output.


52.In a D flip-flop, the Q output is the same as the D input one clock pulse later.


53.Asynchronous is the term used to designate control by a clock pulse.


54.Binary counters are usually constructed using XOR gates.


55.An integrated circuit:

1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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1. True
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2. False
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56.Which of the following IC packages is extremely vulnerable to damage from static electricity?


57.The use of ICs:


58.Digital ICs contain:


59.Analog ICs contain:


60.The operational amplifier (op-amp) is:
1. is a series of transistors mounted within a silicon chip.
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2. refers to separately-produced components wired together with conductors to produce a complete
circuit.
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3. is a complete electronic circuit with all components and interconnecting wiring contained within a
single chip of silicon.
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4. is a series of separately-produced components wired within a printed circuit board.
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1. DIP
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2. digital
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3. analog
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4. MOS
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1. is limited because of their high cost.
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2. permits very complex circuits to have small physical dimensions.
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3. is common in high-current circuits.
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4. is common in high-voltage circuits.
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1. amplifying-type circuitry.
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2. resistors, capacitors, and transistors.
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3. resistors, capacitors, and diodes.
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4. switch-type circuitry.
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1. amplifying-type circuitry.
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2. resistors, capacitors, and transistors.
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3. resistors, capacitors, and diodes.
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4. switch-type circuitry.
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61.The output power rating of an op-amp:


62.An IC voltage comparator is basically:


63.A 555 Timer IC is connected as a free-running oscillator. How can the output frequency be
increased?


64.Technician A says the duty cycle of a pulse waveform is the percentage of the time the output is
high. Technician B says the duty cycle of a pulse waveform is found by dividing the total ON time
by the total OFF. Who is correct?

1. a high-gain amplifier.
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2. a type of analog IC.
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3. used to amplify AC or DC signals.
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4. all of these
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1. varies with the type of op-amp used.
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2. is unlimited.
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3. if exceeded, can damage the op-amp by overheating.
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4. both a and c
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1. an oscillator operated with a positive feedback circuit.
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2. an oscillator circuit without a feedback circuit.
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3. an op-amp operated with a negative feedback circuit.
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4. an op-amp operated without a feedback circuit.
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1. decrease the capacitance of the timing capacitor
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2. increase the resistance of the timing resistors
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3. increase the capacitance of the timing capacitor
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4. decrease the input signal frequency
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1. Technician A only
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2. Technician B only
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3. both Technician A and Technician B
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4. neither Technician A nor Technician B
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65.When troubleshooting most electronic circuits, 'loading effect' can be minimized by using a
voltmeter with a/an:


66.A semiconductor that decreases in resistance with an increase in temperature is known as a:


67.The shunt used in an ammeter should be connected in.


68.External shunts are sometimes used with ammeters to:


69.Which of the following statements represents an application of a silicon controlled rectifier?

1. input impedance much greater than the impedance across which the voltage is being measured
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2. input impedance much less than the impedance across which the voltage is being measured
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3. sensitivity of less than 1000 ohms/volt
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4. sensitivity of more than 1000 volts/ohm
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1. resistor
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2. thermistor
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3. diode
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4. thermopile
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1. series with the load and in parallel with the meter movement
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2. parallel with the load and in series with the meter movement
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3. parallel with the load and in parallel with the meter movement
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4. series with the load and in series with the meter movement
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1. increase meter sensitivity
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2. permit shunts with larger resistances to be utilized
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3. prevent damage to the meter movement from heat generated by the shunt
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4. enable the construction of a compact meter with a virtually unlimited range
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1. To provide DC power for a main propulsion motor.
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2. For use as a voltage reference diode.
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3. For sensing flame in an automated burner.
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4. To eliminate power supply hum.
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70.An accidental path of low resistance, allowing passage of abnormal amount of current is
known as a/an :


71.A resistance in a circuit of unknown value is to be tested using the voltmeter/ammeter method.
Therefore, the meters should be connected with :


72.A direct current passing through a wire coiled around a soft iron core is the description of a
simple :


73.The use of four diodes, in a full-wave bridge rectifier circuit, will :


74.When troubleshooting electronic equipment, you should use a high impedance multimeter :

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1. open circuit
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2. short circuit
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3. polarized ground
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4. ground reference point
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1. both meters in series with the resistance
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2. both meters in parallel with the resistance
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3. the ammeter in series and the voltmeter in parallel with the resistance
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4. the ammeter in parallel and the voltmeter in series with the resistance
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1. magnetic shield
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2. electromagnet
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3. piezoelectric device
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4. electromagnetic domain
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1. provide unidirectional current to the load
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2. allow a very high leakage current from the load
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3. convert direct current to alternating current
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4. offer high opposition to current in two directions
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75.Which of the listed devices is used to measure pressure and convert it to an electrical signal ?


76.The device that most commonly utilizes the principle of electromagnetic induction is the :


77.Which of the following statements concerning analog and digital devices are correct?


78.The Wheatstone bridge is a precision measuring instrument utilizing the principle of changes
in :


79.Which of the listed logic gates is considered to be a BASIC building block (basic logic gate)
used in logic diagrams?
1. to prevent excess current flow through the meter that would damage it
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2. for AC measurements only and a low resistance meter for DC measurements
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3. whenever a low impedance meter is not available, regardless of the components being tested
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4. so as not to load down the circuit and obtain erroneous voltage readings
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1. Transducer
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2. Reducer
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3. Transformer
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4. Rectifier
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1. diode
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2. transformer
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3. transistor
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4. rheostat
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1. The variables in digital systems are fixed quantities, and the variables in analog systems are
continuous quantities.
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2. There are no basic differences between the two systems.
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3. Analog devices are superior in accuracy compared to digital devices.
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4. Operations in a digital device are performed simultaneously.
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1. inductance
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2. capacitance
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3. resistance
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4. amperage
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80.Heat sinks are frequently used with :


81.The first requirement for logical troubleshooting of any system is the ability to :


82.A fuse that blows often should be replaced only with a fuse of :


83.Which of the listed conditions is an advantage of a PN diode over a vacuum diode?


84.The heating of conductors as a result of resistance in a distribution circuit causes a power loss
expressed as :
1. NAND
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2. OR
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3. NOR
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4. All of the above.
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1. power transistors
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2. vacuum tubes
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3. tunnel rectifier diodes
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4. all of the above
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1. collect all available data on a casualty
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2. recognize normal operation
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3. identify the probable cause of a symptom
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4. isolate the faulty component
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1. the recommended current and voltage rating
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2. higher current and voltage rating
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3. higher current and lower voltage rating
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4. lower current and higher voltage rating
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1. Longer life.
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2. No warm up time.
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3. Less delicate.
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4. All of the above.
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85.In process control terminology values which can change without distinct increments, such as
temperature, pressure, or level are called :


86.Silicon diodes designed for a specific reverse breakdown voltage, become useful as an
electronic power supply voltage regulator, called :


87.The type of feature afforded auxiliaries vital to the operation of propelling equipment, where
automatic restart after a voltage failure would not create a hazard, is termed :


88.Which of the following statements correctly applies to transistors?

1. line droop
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2. line loss
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3. IR drop
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4. hysteresis
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1. binary values
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2. digital values
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3. bumpless values
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4. analog values
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1. tunnel diodes
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2. hot-carrier diodes
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3. compensating diodes
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4. Zener diodes
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1. low voltage protection
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2. high amperage protection
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3. low voltage release
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4. high amperage release
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1. NDN and PNP are the two basic types of transistors.
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2. The three terminals are called the emitter, base, and collector.
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3. The emitter separates the base and collector.
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4. The collector separates the emitter and base.
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89.The basic measuring unit of inductance is the :


90.Alternating current circuits develop resistance, inductance and capacitance. The inductance of
a coil is expressed in :


91.An insulation resistance test is performed on a particular piece of electric equipment. In
addition to the resistance reading, what information listed below should be entered in the
electrical log?


92.Alternating current circuits develop resistance, inductance, and capacitance. The capacitance
of individual capacitors is expressed in :


93.Which of the following statements represents the important factor that must be considered
when replacing a faulty diode in the exciter rectifier assembly?

1. coulomb
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2. ohm
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3. farad
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4. henry
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1. ohms
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2. mhos
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3. henrys
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4. farads
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1. The maximum allowable operating temperature of the machine.
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2. The temperature of the machine at the time the resistance reading was taken.
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3. The normal temperature rise of the machine.
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4. The complete nameplate data from the resistance test instrument used to obtain the reading.
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1. ohms
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2. mhos
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3. henrys
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4. farads
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94.The insulation resistance of electric equipment and machinery should be tested for the lowest
normal insulation values :


95.A triac thyristor functions as a control device and is basically :


96.The apparent power in a purely inductive circuit is also known as :


97.The multiple prefix 'giga' (G) means :


98.Copper is often used as an electrical conductor because it :
1. Be certain that the replacement diode is the same polarity as the one removed.
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2. Never alter the diode alignment to cause a change in the neutral plane.
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3. Replacement of a diode also requires balancing of the rotor with a one-piece rotor lamination to be
shrunk fit and keyed to the shaft.
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4. The replacement diode must be dipped in varnish prior to installation to protect against humidity.
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1. immediately after shutting down the machine
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2. every time the brush rigging is adjusted
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3. immediately after starting up the machine
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4. every 30 days whether the machine is in use or not
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1. two NPN transistors in parallel with a common base lead
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2. a diode in series with a temperature sensitive capacitor
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3. two back-to-back SCR's with a common gate lead
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4. a triode tube with an extra heavy grid element
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1. true power
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2. lead power
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3. induced power
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4. reactive power
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1. thousand (10 to the 3rd power)
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2. million (10 to the 6th power)
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3. billion (10 to the 9th power)
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4. trillion (10 to the 12th power)
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99.The unit of apparent power in a purely inductive circuit is called the :


100.A grounded switch or cable will be indicated by a megohmmeter reading of :


101.The multiple prefix 'kilo' means :


102.An adjustable resistor, whose resistance can be changed without opening the circuit in which
it is connected, is called a :


103.The purpose of a heat sink, as frequently used with transistors, is to :
1. has high resistance at low temperatures
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2. has a highly polished surface
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3. is able to pass current with little opposition
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4. holds insulation together well
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1. kva
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2. var
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3. emf
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4. watt
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1. infinity
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2. 'zero'
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3. being unsteady in the high range
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4. being unsteady in the low range
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1. thousand (10 to the 3rd power)
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2. million (10 to the 6th power)
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3. billion (10 to the 9th power)
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4. trillion (10 to the 12 power)
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1. bleeder resistor
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2. rheostat
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3. bridge
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4. variable shunt strip
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104.The combined effect of inductive reactance, capacitive reactance, and resistance in an AC
series circuit is known as :


105.In a DC series circuit, all the conductors have the same :


106.AC circuits develop resistance, inductance, and capacitance. The inductive reactance of a
circuit is expressed in :


107.A silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) is a solid state device used to change :


1. prevent excessive temperature rise
nmlkj
2. compensate for excessive doping
nmlkj
3. increase the reverse current
nmlkj
4. decrease the forward current
nmlkj
1. reactance
nmlkj
2. total reactance
nmlkj
3. impedance
nmlkj
4. resonance
nmlkj
1. power expended in them
nmlkj
2. voltage drop across them
nmlkj
3. resistance to current flow
nmlkj
4. current passing through them
nmlkj
1. ohms
nmlkj
2. mhos
nmlkj
3. henrys
nmlkj
4. farads
nmlkj
1. DC to AC and control relatively low load current
nmlkj
2. AC to DC and control relatively high load current
nmlkj
3. DC to AC and control relatively high load current
nmlkj
4. AC to DC and control relatively low load current
nmlkj
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108.The basic control action of a magnetic amplifier depends upon :


109.The process, whereby electrons gain sufficient energy to be released from the surface of a
thin, heated metal plate, is known as :


110.Most conducting materials such as copper, aluminum, iron, nickel, and tungsten :


111.In a series circuit, which value will remain unchanged at all places in the circuit?


112.In electronic circuitry, the abbreviation 'PCB' commonly means ______________.


1. variations in the load capacitance
nmlkj
2. changes in inductance
nmlkj
3. type of core material
nmlkj
4. construction of the core
nmlkj
1. photo electric emission
nmlkj
2. secondary emission
nmlkj
3. thermionic emission
nmlkj
4. regressive emission
nmlkj
1. increase in resistance with increased temperature
nmlkj
2. increase in resistance with decreased temperature
nmlkj
3. decrease in resistance with increased temperature
nmlkj
4. increase in conductance with increased temperature
nmlkj
1. Voltage
nmlkj
2. Current
nmlkj
3. Resistance
nmlkj
4. Inductance
nmlkj
1. pulse coded binary
nmlkj
2. printed circuit board
nmlkj
3. poly-coated braid
nmlkj
4. personal computer bits
nmlkj
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113.Which of the listed conditions describes the effect on intrinsic semiconductor operation as a
result of a temperature increase?


114.In electronic circuits, DC voltages can be positive (+) or negative (-) when measured with
respect to the :


115.Capacitors are used on the output of the power supply in today's consoles to :


116.Operational amplifiers, used primarily in analog circuits, are characterized by :


117.Reversing the current flow through a coil will :

1. Additional heat sinks will be required
nmlkj
2. Conductivity will increase
nmlkj
3. Conductivity will decrease
nmlkj
4. Resistivity will increase
nmlkj
1. printed circuit board 'common' trace
nmlkj
2. chassis, console frame or hull 'ground'
nmlkj
3. analogue or digital circuitry 'common' bus
nmlkj
4. all of the above
nmlkj
1. filter out 'ripple'
nmlkj
2. prevent overloads
nmlkj
3. act as a permanent load
nmlkj
4. decrease the average value of the output voltage
nmlkj
1. high input impedance, high gain and low output impedance
nmlkj
2. high input impedance, high gain and high output impedance
nmlkj
3. low input impedance, low gain and high output impedance
nmlkj
4. low input impedance, high gain and low output impedance
nmlkj
1. reduce the amount of flux produced
nmlkj
2. have no effect on the eddy currents produced
nmlkj
3. reduce the power consumed
nmlkj
4. reverse its two-pole field
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118.The schematic symbol for an operational amplifier in an analog circuit is a :


119.The total resistance of a parallel circuit is always :


120.Which of the following expresses the relationship of the input and output frequencies in a full
wave rectifier?


121.A temperature instrumentation system for an engine room console consists of a resistance
temperature detector (RTD), a measuring bridge circuit, and a meter (or alarm circuit).Which of
the following statements is true concerning the measuring bridge circuit :


122.One feature of the operational amplifier is that it can have :

nmlkj
1. circle
nmlkj
2. square
nmlkj
3. trapezoid
nmlkj
4. triangle
nmlkj
1. larger than the greatest branch resistance
nmlkj
2. smaller than the lowest branch resistance
nmlkj
3. equal to the sum of the individual branch resistances
nmlkj
4. one-half the sum of the individual branch resistances
nmlkj
1. The output frequency is the same as input frequency.
nmlkj
2. The output frequency is one-half the input frequency.
nmlkj
3. The output frequency is twice the input frequency.
nmlkj
4. The output frequency is four times the input frequency.
nmlkj
1. The input voltage varies in a linear fashion with temperature.
nmlkj
2. The voltage across the center of the resistance bridge is always constant.
nmlkj
3. The resistance bridge is said to be balanced when its output voltage is zero.
nmlkj
4. The input voltage of the resistance bridge is the constant temperature signal.
nmlkj
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123.A signal derived from a controlled function and returned to the initiating point is called a/an :


124.A semiconductor is a material with a :


125.A capacitor can be tested using a megohmmeter or an ohmmeter. If the meter is connected to
a shorted capacitor, the meter pointer should :


126.To provide its unique characteristics to analog circuits, the operational amplifier is made up
of a/an :


127.When replacing a power transistor fitted with a heat sink in a circuit, a coating of silicone
1. up to ten outputs
nmlkj
2. binary coded decimal inputs
nmlkj
3. several hundred amps at the output
nmlkj
4. inverting and non-inverting inputs
nmlkj
1. monitoring signal
nmlkj
2. inverse signal
nmlkj
3. reverse signal
nmlkj
4. feedback signal
nmlkj
1. conductivity higher than a normal conductor
nmlkj
2. conductivity higher than a normal insulator
nmlkj
3. high conductivity at low temperatures
nmlkj
4. low conductivity at high temperatures
nmlkj
1. immediately swing to the maximum resistance value for the capacitor
nmlkj
2. first swing quickly to 'zero', then gradually move up the scale as the capacitor charges
nmlkj
3. immediately deflect to and remain at zero
nmlkj
4. immediately swing to a high reading and then gradually decrease
nmlkj
1. voltage amp, current amp and output amp
nmlkj
2. input amp, power amp and output amp
nmlkj
3. scaling amp, power amp and voltage amp
nmlkj
4. differential amp, voltage amp and output amp
nmlkj
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grease is applied between the transistor case and the heat sink. This is done to :


128.The resistance of a conductor varies :


129.In order to check the performance of a transistor removed from its circuit, the instrument to
be used should be a/an :


130.When a megohmmeter is being used to test insulation resistance, current leakage along the
surface of the insulation is indicated by the megohmmeter's pointer :


131.Which of the following actions can be carried out in order to prevent thermal runaway in a
transistor?

1. lubricate the transistor
nmlkj
2. lubricate the heat sink
nmlkj
3. aid in the removal of the heat sink
nmlkj
4. provide maximum heat transfer
nmlkj
1. directly as its length and inversely as its cross-sectional area
nmlkj
2. inversely as its length and directly as its cross-sectional area
nmlkj
3. directly as its length and directly as its cross-sectional area
nmlkj
4. inversely as its length and inversely as its cross-sectional area
nmlkj
1. voltmeter or transistor tester
nmlkj
2. impedance meter
nmlkj
3. ohmmeter or transistor tester
nmlkj
4. sensitive potentiometer
nmlkj
1. dipping toward zero then raising slowly
nmlkj
2. continually rising as test voltage is applied
nmlkj
3. kicking slightly down scale as voltage is applied
nmlkj
4. fluctuating around a constant resistance reading
nmlkj
1. Increase the current through the collector-base junction.
nmlkj
2. Install a heat sink.
nmlkj
3. Shift the "Q" point to increase collector current.
nmlkj
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132.Basic operating characteristics of the operational amplifier such as gain and stability are the
function of its :


133.Possible phase relationships between voltage and current in an alternating current circuit
include which of the following conditions?


134.A suspected 'open' in a motor field can be tested by using a/an :


135.The sub-multiple prefix 'nano' (n) means :


136.A switchboard, for a AC electrical distribution system, will be provided with which of the
following components?

4. Increase the potential difference between the emitter and the base.
nmlkj
1. differential input stage
nmlkj
2. power output stage
nmlkj
3. feedback circuit
nmlkj
4. supply voltages
nmlkj
1. Current and voltage may be in phase.
nmlkj
2. Current may lead the voltage.
nmlkj
3. Current may lag the voltage.
nmlkj
4. All of the above.
nmlkj
1. potentiometer
nmlkj
2. ohmmeter
nmlkj
3. wattmeter
nmlkj
4. ammeter
nmlkj
1. thousandth (10 to the -3rd power)
nmlkj
2. millionth (10 to the -6th power)
nmlkj
3. billionth (10 to the -9th power)
nmlkj
4. trillionth (10 to the -12th power)
nmlkj
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137.Which of the procedures listed could result in damaging a transistor beyond repair?


138.Basically, a magnetic amplifier is a saturable reactor with the addition of :


139.Which of the electrical properties listed will always be the same for each component in a
parallel circuit?


140.Which of the listed instruments can be best used to locate a grounded field coil in a
synchronous motor?


141.A capacitor discolored due to excessive heat should be :
1. Frequency meter.
nmlkj
2. Ammeter
nmlkj
3. Voltmeter
nmlkj
4. All of the above
nmlkj
1. Applying incorrect polarity to the collector circuit.
nmlkj
2. Applying excessive voltage to the input circuit.
nmlkj
3. Careless soldering which would overheat the transistor.
nmlkj
4. All of the above.
nmlkj
1. AC to the bias winding
nmlkj
2. variable capacitance to all windings
nmlkj
3. eddy current protectors
nmlkj
4. a rectifier in the load circuit
nmlkj
1. Impedance
nmlkj
2. Current
nmlkj
3. Resistance
nmlkj
4. Voltage
nmlkj
1. Frequency meter
nmlkj
2. Megohmmeter
nmlkj
3. Voltmeter
nmlkj
4. Multimeter
nmlkj
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142.A covalent bond:


143.If a silicon crystal is doped with a material having five valence electrons:


144.If a germanium crystal is doped with a material having three valence electrons:


145.In a PN-junction diode, the depletion region is formed by:


146.A PN-junction diode is said to be forward- or reverse-biased depending on:

1. calibrated
nmlkj
2. replaced
nmlkj
3. cooled
nmlkj
4. soldered
nmlkj
1. bonds atoms in pure semiconductor materials.
nmlkj
2. involves the sharing of outer shell electrons.
nmlkj
3. produces the equivalent of an atom with a full outer shell.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. an insulator is formed.
nmlkj
2. its resistance goes up.
nmlkj
3. a P-type semiconductor is formed.
nmlkj
4. an N-type semiconductor is formed.
nmlkj
1. a conductor is formed.
nmlkj
2. an insulator is formed.
nmlkj
3. a P-type semiconductor is formed.
nmlkj
4. an N-type semiconductor is formed.
nmlkj
1. applying forward bias across the diode.
nmlkj
2. heating the diode to a high temperature.
nmlkj
3. electrons crossing the junction and filling the holes.
nmlkj
4. current flowing from anode to cathode.
nmlkj
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147.Excessive reverse-bias voltage may cause a silicon diode to:


148.When checking a diode with an ohmmeter, a good diode would be indicated by:


149.A diode rated for 35-V peak forward-bias voltage is used in a circuit rated for a peak
forward-bias voltage of 24 V. The diode will:


150.A light-emitting diode (LED) will:


151.The laser diode has a(n) ____ which is required for lasing production.

1. the type of dopant used.
nmlkj
2. the polarity of the AC voltage applied across it.
nmlkj
3. the polarity of the DC voltage applied across it.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. avalanche.
nmlkj
2. reverse its polarity.
nmlkj
3. turn OFF.
nmlkj
4. become an insulator.
nmlkj
1. a low-resistance reading in both directions.
nmlkj
2. a high-resistance reading in both directions.
nmlkj
3. a zero-resistance reading in both directions.
nmlkj
4. a low-resistance reading in the one direction and a high-resistance reading in the other.
nmlkj
1. operate normally.
nmlkj
2. not operate at all.
nmlkj
3. operate normally but will not last as long.
nmlkj
4. operate, but with different characteristics.
nmlkj
1. conduct a current in one direction only.
nmlkj
2. give off light when current flows through it.
nmlkj
3. consume less energy than a filament-type light bulb.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
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152.The three leads of a bipolar junction transistor are:


153.Field-effect transistors (FETs) operate:


154.The PNP transistor is the complement of the NPN transistor. This means:


155.A bipolar-junction transistor circuit is operated so that:


156.The drain current produced by a properly biased N-channel junction FET will decrease when
the FET's gate is:

1. optical cavity
nmlkj
2. depletion area
nmlkj
3. hole current carriers
nmlkj
4. electron current carriers
nmlkj
1. the anode, the base, and the cathode.
nmlkj
2. the emitter, the gate, and the anode.
nmlkj
3. the base, the collector, and the emitter.
nmlkj
4. the grid, the anode, and the cathode.
nmlkj
1. on the same principle as magnetic field devices.
nmlkj
2. with a small input voltage and current.
nmlkj
3. with a small input voltage but practically no input current.
nmlkj
4. with high input current.
nmlkj
1. that the two operate on different principles.
nmlkj
2. that one can be replaced by the other in a given circuit, and it will still operate.
nmlkj
3. that the two are electrically similar except that opposite current and voltages are involved.
nmlkj
4. that one is designed to operate from an AC source and the other from a DC source.
nmlkj
1. a small change in base current controls a large change in collector current.
nmlkj
2. a small change in collector current controls a large change in base current.
nmlkj
3. a small change in collector current controls a large change in emitter current.
nmlkj
4. a small change in emitter current controls a large change in collector current.
nmlkj
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157.The input resistance of a junction FET will remain extremely high as long as the FET's gate-
to-channel junction is:


158.An insulated-gate FET will maintain a high input resistance when its gate is made:


159.To protect MOSFETs against static charges:


160.A unijunction transistor (UJT):


161.When a UJT switches to the ON state, current is conducted between:

1. made more negative with respect to its source.
nmlkj
2. made less negative with respect to its source.
nmlkj
3. shorted to its source to reduce VGS to zero.
nmlkj
4. subjected to a potential, which decreases the size of the depletion region.
nmlkj
1. biased so that the FET is operating in the enhancement mode.
nmlkj
2. biased so that the gate current flows.
nmlkj
3. forward-biased.
nmlkj
4. reverse-biased.
nmlkj
1. positive only.
nmlkj
2. negative only.
nmlkj
3. positive or negative with respect to its source.
nmlkj
4. to conduct a low reverse current.
nmlkj
1. the leads are coated with a varnish insulation.
nmlkj
2. the leads are shorted together until they are placed into a circuit.
nmlkj
3. they are shipped in special static-protection packages.
nmlkj
4. both b and c
nmlkj
1. operates similar to a bipolar transistor.
nmlkj
2. operates similar to a field-effect transistor.
nmlkj
3. does not amplify.
nmlkj
4. none of these
nmlkj
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162.The main application for SCRs and triacs is:


163.A silicon-controlled rectifier (SCR) is normally biased so that it can be turned ON by:


164.When an SCR circuit is operated from an AC source:


165.In order for an SCR to be triggered into conduction:


166.SCR phase-shift control circuits are used to vary the ____ between the trigger pulse and the
point in the conducting cycle when the pulse occurs.

1. collector and emitter.
nmlkj
2. base 1 and base 2.
nmlkj
3. emitter and base 1.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. as audio amplifiers.
nmlkj
2. as oscillators.
nmlkj
3. for control of current in the milliampere range.
nmlkj
4. for control of power in the watt or kilowatt range.
nmlkj
1. momentarily increasing its forward voltage.
nmlkj
2. increasing its reverse voltage.
nmlkj
3. momentarily applying a gate current.
nmlkj
4. momentarily decreasing its gate current.
nmlkj
1. the gate can be used to switch the circuit ON and OFF at all times.
nmlkj
2. once switched ON by the gate, the circuit can not be switched OFF by the gate.
nmlkj
3. the output is always DC.
nmlkj
4. both a and c
nmlkj
1. the anode must be positive with respect to the cathode.
nmlkj
2. both the anode and the gate must be positive with respect to the cathode.
nmlkj
3. the anode must be negative with respect to the cathode.
nmlkj
4. the gate must be positive with respect to the cathode.
nmlkj
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167.____ of the positive half-cycle will be conducted to the load, depending on when the SCR fires.


168.How is a silicon-controlled rectifier similar to a diode rectifier?


169.The main difference between the operation of an SCR and a triac is:


170.An out-of-circuit ohmmeter check of a non-defective 24-V diac should indicate:


171.Breakover voltage of a diac is:

1. power delivered
nmlkj
2. time relationship
nmlkj
3. different points
nmlkj
4. motor speed
nmlkj
1. All
nmlkj
2. None
nmlkj
3. Part
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. Both conduct current in one direction only.
nmlkj
2. Both can be classified as thyristors.
nmlkj
3. Both have one PN junction.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. an SCR produces less heat than a triac during normal operation.
nmlkj
2. an SCR is a switching device, while a triac is an amplifying device.
nmlkj
3. an SCR can be triggered into conduction in only one direction.
nmlkj
4. an SCR is made of silicon but a triac is not.
nmlkj
1. a high resistance reading in both directions.
nmlkj
2. a low resistance reading in both directions.
nmlkj
3. a high resistance reading in one direction and a low resistance reading in the other.
nmlkj
4. zero resistance in one direction and infinite resistance in the other.
nmlkj
1. never to be exceeded.
nmlkj
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172.The joule is the base unit of:


173.The part of the atom that has no electric charge is the:


174.A positive charge can:


175.The nucleus of most atoms contain:


176.A negative ion has an excess of:

2. the point at which its resistance changes from high to low.
nmlkj
3. the same as avalanche voltage.
nmlkj
4. always less than 0.6 V.
nmlkj
1. energy
nmlkj
2. work
nmlkj
3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. neutron
nmlkj
2. nucleus
nmlkj
3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. attract a negatively charged object
nmlkj
2. attract and then repel a neutral object
nmlkj
3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. neutrons
nmlkj
2. protons
nmlkj
3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. electrons
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177.A proton has:


178.Electrons in the outermost shell of an atom are called:


179.When an electron becomes a free electron its energy level is:


180.The base unit of charge is the:


181.The joule is the base unit of:

nmlkj
2. protons
nmlkj
3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. a positive electric charge
nmlkj
2. a negative electric charge
nmlkj
3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. free electrons
nmlkj
2. valence electrons
nmlkj
3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. cut in half
nmlkj
2. unchanged
nmlkj
3. doubled
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. ampere
nmlkj
2. coulomb
nmlkj
3. ohm
nmlkj
4. volt
nmlkj
1. energy
nmlkj
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182.Kilowatthour is a unit of:


183.A wattsecond is equal to a(n):


184.



185.A coulomb per second equals the base unit of:


2. current
nmlkj
3. power
nmlkj
4. resistance
nmlkj
1. charge
nmlkj
2. energy
nmlkj
3. power
nmlkj
4. time
nmlkj
1. ampere
nmlkj
2. coulomb
nmlkj
3. joule
nmlkj
4. volt
nmlkj
The charge possessed by 6.25 x 10
18

electrons equals one:
1. ampere
nmlkj
2. coulomb
nmlkj
3. joule
nmlkj
4. volt
nmlkj
1. current
nmlkj
2. power
nmlkj
3. resistance
nmlkj
4. voltage
nmlkj
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186.Joule per coulomb is the definition of a:


187.The amount of resistance is expressed in:


188.A current of 0.04 A could also be expressed as:


189.In addition to Ohms law, solving multiple-load circuits requires the use of:
1. watt
nmlkj
2. ohm
nmlkj
3. coulomb
nmlkj
4. volt
nmlkj
1. watts
nmlkj
2. ohms
nmlkj
3. coulombs
nmlkj
4. volts
nmlkj
1.
4 x 10
-3
A

nmlkj
2.
Maximizeaza
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might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
your browser settings.
Please try the following:
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then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
nmlkj
3. 40 mA
nmlkj
4. 0.4 kA
nmlkj
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190.The formula that can be used in any type of circuit is:


191.

Maximizeaza

1. Coulombs laws
nmlkj
2. Amperes laws
nmlkj
3. Kirchhoffs laws
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1.
I
T
= I
R1
+ I
R2
+ I
R3
+ etc.

nmlkj
2.
R
T
= R
R1
+ R
R2
+ R
R3
+ etc.

nmlkj
3.
P
T
= P
R1
+ P
R2
+ P
R3
+ etc.

nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
The page cannot be displayed
The page you are looking for is currently unavailable. The Web site
might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
your browser settings.
Please try the following:
z Click the Refresh button, or try again later.
z If you typed the page address in the Address bar, make sure
that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
1. a series circuit
nmlkj
2. a parallel circuit
nmlkj
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192.



193.A condition that is necessary for maximum power transfer is:


194.The smallest resistance always dissipates the most power in:


4. both B and C above
nmlkj
I
R1
is always less than I
T
in:

1. a series circuit
nmlkj
2. a parallel circuit
nmlkj
3. a series-parallel circuit
nmlkj
4. both A and C above
nmlkj
1.
R
source
= R
load

nmlkj
2.
R
source
= 10R
load

nmlkj
3.
10 x R
source
= R
load

nmlkj
4.
100 x R
source
= R
load

nmlkj
1. a series circuit
nmlkj
2. a parallel circuit
nmlkj
3. a series-parallel circuit
nmlkj
4. both b and c above
nmlkj
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195.The largest resistance always drops the most voltage in:


196.



197.


1. a series circuit
nmlkj
2. a parallel circuit
nmlkj
3. a series-parallel circuit
nmlkj
4. both a and c above
nmlkj
For the circuit below, P
T
is equal to:


1. 40 mW
nmlkj
2. 0.04W
nmlkj
3. 320 mW
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
For the circuit below:

1.
R
T
= 1 k

nmlkj
2.
nmlkj
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198.



199.Solving simultaneous equations requires:


200.The technique that cant be used on single-source circuits is:
P
R2
= 533 mW

3.
P
T
= 1.6 W

nmlkj
4. all of the above
nmlkj
For the circuit below:

1.
I
R3
= 4 mA

nmlkj
2.
I
R2
= 8 mA

nmlkj
3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. no more than two independent equations
nmlkj
2. at least three independent equations
nmlkj
3. as many independent equations as there are unknown variables
nmlkj
4. one fewer independent equations than unknown variables
nmlkj
Page 42 of 205
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201.The technique that cant be used on multiple-source circuits is:


202.The technique that uses only series-parallel rules and procedures is:


203.The technique that may not determine all current and voltage values is


204.The technique that may require the use of another technique before it can be applied is:


205.The technique that requires only one calculation to determine the new load current when the
load resistance is changed is:
1. loop equations
nmlkj
2. superposition theorem
nmlkj
3. Nortons theorem
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. loop equations
nmlkj
2. superposition theorem
nmlkj
3. Thevenins theorem
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. loop equations
nmlkj
2. superposition theorem
nmlkj
3. Nortons theorem
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. loop equations
nmlkj
2. superposition theorem
nmlkj
3. Nortons theorem
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. loop equations
nmlkj
2. superposition theorem
nmlkj
3. Thevenins theorem
nmlkj
4. all of the above
nmlkj
Page 43 of 205
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206.The technique that may yield a negative value of current is:


207.


1. loop equations
nmlkj
2. superposition theorem
nmlkj
3. Nortons theorem
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. loop equations
nmlkj
2. superposition theorem
nmlkj
3. Nortons theorem
nmlkj
4. all of the above
nmlkj
Determine the value of I
R2
, I
R3
, and V
R2
in
the circuit below.


1.
I
R2
= 1.25 mA, I
R3
= 1.75 mA, V
R2
= 3 V

nmlkj
2.
I
R2
= 2.05 mA, I
R3
= 1.99 mA, V
R2
= 3 V

nmlkj
3.
I
R2
= 3.98 mA, I
R3
= 2.09 mA, V
R2
= 4 V

nmlkj
4.
nmlkj
Page 44 of 205
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208.The direction of the flux around a conductor can be determined by:


209.The invisible lines of force around a magnet are called:


210.When the currents in two parallel conductors are in the same direction:


211.The most magnetic element is:


212.Increasing the space between the turns in a coil:

I
R2
= 7.90 mA, I
R3
= 3.00 mA, V
R2
= 5 V

1. the left-hand rule and the polarity of the applied voltage
nmlkj
2. the left-hand rule and the direction of the current flow
nmlkj
3. either of the above
nmlkj
4. neither of the above
nmlkj
1. magnetic flux
nmlkj
2. mmf
nmlkj
3. poles
nmlkj
4. reluctance
nmlkj
1. the flux produced by one conductor cancels the flux from the other conductor
nmlkj
2. the conductors attract each other
nmlkj
3. the conductors repel each other
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. cobalt
nmlkj
2. nickel
nmlkj
3. silicon
nmlkj
4. iron
nmlkj
1. increases the flux at the poles
nmlkj
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213.The flux associated with a temporary magnetic material after the material is removed from a
magnetic field is called:


214.The unit used to specify flux density is the:


215.The unit for permeability is the:


216.Magnetic shields are usually made from:


217.The most common waveform for ac is the:

2. decreases the flux at the poles
nmlkj
3. does not change the flux at the poles
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. resident magnetism
nmlkj
2. retained magnetism
nmlkj
3. induced magnetism
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. ampere-turn
nmlkj
2. tesla
nmlkj
3. weber
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. ampere-turn
nmlkj
2. tesla
nmlkj
3. weber
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. nonmagnetic materials
nmlkj
2. temporary magnetic materials
nmlkj
3. permanent magnetic materials
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
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218.One cycle of an ac waveform:


219.The rate at which cycles are produced is called the:


220.One cycle per second is equal to:


221.Unless otherwise specified, ac values are assumed to be:


222.One cycle spans:

1. triangle wave
nmlkj
2. sawtooth wave
nmlkj
3. square wave
nmlkj
4. sine wave
nmlkj
1. has two alternations
nmlkj
2. reverses polarity once
nmlkj
3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. cycle
nmlkj
2. frequency
nmlkj
3. period
nmlkj
4. rapidity
nmlkj
1. a hertz
nmlkj
2. a period
nmlkj
3. an alternation
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. effective values
nmlkj
2. average values
nmlkj
3. peak values
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. 90 electrical degrees
nmlkj
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223.The phase voltages in a three-phase system are separated by:


224.When the T = 2 ms, f will equal:


225.The f of an eight-pole generator rotating at 600 r/min will be:


226.In a wye-connected three-phase system, the relationship between the magnitudes of the phase
and the line voltages is:

2. 120 electrical degrees
nmlkj
3. 180 electrical degrees
nmlkj
4. 360 electrical degrees
nmlkj
1. 90 electrical degrees
nmlkj
2. 120 electrical degrees
nmlkj
3. 180 electrical degrees
nmlkj
4. 360 electrical degrees
nmlkj
1. 0.5 Hz
nmlkj
2. 50 Hz
nmlkj
3. 500 Hz
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. 4800 Hz
nmlkj
2. 2400 Hz
nmlkj
3. 80 Hz
nmlkj
4. 40 Hz
nmlkj
1.
1.732V
line
= V
phase

nmlkj
2.
V
line
= 1.732 V
phase

nmlkj
Page 48 of 205
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227.The particles that can be found within an atom are:


228.The smallest negative particle of electricity is called:


229.The weight of a proton is:


230.A negatively charged ion has:

3.
V
line
= 1.414 V
phase

nmlkj
4.
V
line
= 0.707 V
phase

nmlkj
1. electrons and protons.
nmlkj
2. protons and neutrons.
nmlkj
3. neutrons, protons, and electrons.
nmlkj
4. electrons, molecules, and protons.
nmlkj
1. an electron.
nmlkj
2. a neutron.
nmlkj
3. an element.
nmlkj
4. a proton.
nmlkj
1. much greater than that of an electron.
nmlkj
2. much less than that of an electron.
nmlkj
3. much less than that of a neutron.
nmlkj
4. much greater than that of a neutron.
nmlkj
1. more electrons that protons.
nmlkj
2. fewer electrons than protons.
nmlkj
3. a complete outer electron shell.
nmlkj
4. an incomplete outer electron shell.
nmlkj
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231.The outer-shell electrons of an atom:


232.Electrons are held in their orbital path by:


233.A good insulator of electricity is a substance that:


234.A transistor can be classified as:


235.A continuity tester is basically:


1. are called valence electrons.
nmlkj
2. are set free most easily.
nmlkj
3. become free electrons once they are set free.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. centrifugal forces counterbalancing attraction forces.
nmlkj
2. centrifugal forces only.
nmlkj
3. attraction forces only.
nmlkj
4. unlike electrical forces.
nmlkj
1. is used to conduct an electric current.
nmlkj
2. is a metal.
nmlkj
3. has 1, 2, or 3 valence electrons.
nmlkj
4. is used to prevent the flow of electrons.
nmlkj
1. a conductor.
nmlkj
2. an insulator.
nmlkj
3. a pure semiconductor.
nmlkj
4. a specially-treated semiconductor.
nmlkj
1. a series circuit consisting of a battery, switch, and test leads.
nmlkj
2. a parallel circuit consisting of a battery, light bulb, and test leads.
nmlkj
3. a parallel circuit consisting of a battery, switch, and test leads.
nmlkj
4. a series circuit consisting of a battery, light bulb, and test leads.
nmlkj
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236.A continuity tester is used to check a fuse. When the fuse is connected across the test leads, a
blown fuse is indicated when:


237.Static electricity is:


238.When a hard rubber rod and a piece of fur are rubbed together, the fur gives up electrons to
the rubber rod. As a result:


239.The law of electric charges states:


240.Current electricity:

1. the lamp comes on with full brightness.
nmlkj
2. the lamp comes on with approximately half the normal brightness.
nmlkj
3. the lamp does not come on at all.
nmlkj
4. either a or b
nmlkj
1. the same as alternating current.
nmlkj
2. the same as direct current.
nmlkj
3. an electrical charge in motion.
nmlkj
4. an electrical charge at rest.
nmlkj
1. the fur and rod become positively charged.
nmlkj
2. the fur and rod become negatively charged.
nmlkj
3. the rod becomes positively charged.
nmlkj
4. the rod becomes negatively charged.
nmlkj
1. like charges can neither repel nor attract.
nmlkj
2. like charges repel, unlike charges attract.
nmlkj
3. unlike charges can neither repel nor attract, whereas like charges can both repel and attract.
nmlkj
4. unlike charges repel, like charges attract.
nmlkj
1. is an electric charge in motion.
nmlkj
2. can be classified as being AC.
nmlkj
3. can be classified as being DC.
nmlkj
4. all of these
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241.When a charge is transferred without direct physical contact, this is known as charging by:


242.When an alternating current power source is connected to a circuit, it produces a current
that:


243.Voltage is produced in a battery by means of:


244.A device that produces a voltage when put under pressure is:


245.Large amounts of electricity are usually produced using:

nmlkj
1. induction.
nmlkj
2. conduction.
nmlkj
3. deduction.
nmlkj
4. friction.
nmlkj
1. changes in direction, but not in magnitude.
nmlkj
2. changes in magnitude, but not in direction.
nmlkj
3. does not change in magnitude or direction.
nmlkj
4. changes in both direction and magnitude.
nmlkj
1. heat.
nmlkj
2. light.
nmlkj
3. a chemical reaction.
nmlkj
4. a solar cell.
nmlkj
1. a battery.
nmlkj
2. a generator.
nmlkj
3. a solar cell.
nmlkj
4. a crystal.
nmlkj
1. a battery.
nmlkj
2. a solar cell.
nmlkj
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246.In the battery, or voltaic cell, electrons are transferred from one electrode to the other. The
electrode that gains electrons is:


247.Technician A says that when taking measurements with a voltmeter and an ammeter, the
meters are both connected into the circuit in the same way. Technician B says the voltmeter is
connected in series and the ammeter is connected in parallel. Who is correct?


248.The force that causes the flow of electrons through a conductor is known as:


249.The unit of measurement for the difference of potential between two points is:


250.An electric toaster is rated for 220 V and 10 A. Its power rating would be:

3. a thermocouple.
nmlkj
4. a generator.
nmlkj
1. the negative terminal.
nmlkj
2. the positive terminal.
nmlkj
3. the electrolyte.
nmlkj
4. both a and c
nmlkj
1. Technician A only
nmlkj
2. Technician B only
nmlkj
3. both Technician A and Technician B
nmlkj
4. neither Technician A nor Technician B
nmlkj
1. the power.
nmlkj
2. the current.
nmlkj
3. the voltage.
nmlkj
4. the resistance
nmlkj
1. the volt
nmlkj
2. the ampere.
nmlkj
3. the PD.
nmlkj
4. the ohm
nmlkj
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251.Which of the following is an example of a voltage source?


252.In a basic electrical circuit, the part that stores electric energy or changes it into other forms
is:


253.Electrical conductors:


254.Which of the following is an example of a load?


255.Which of the following is classified as a protective device?

1. 2200 W
nmlkj
2. 2200 Wh
nmlkj
3. 2200 kWh
nmlkj
4. 2200 J
nmlkj
1. a battery
nmlkj
2. a light bulb
nmlkj
3. a switch
nmlkj
4. copper wire conductors
nmlkj
1. the load.
nmlkj
2. the source.
nmlkj
3. the conductor(s).
nmlkj
4. the switch.
nmlkj
1. have high resistance.
nmlkj
2. use most of the energy available from the source.
nmlkj
3. complete the electron path from the source to the load.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. an electrical wall outlet
nmlkj
2. a hair dryer
nmlkj
3. a pushbutton
nmlkj
4. an extension cord
nmlkj
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256.A switch would be classified as:


257.A poorly made electrical connection:


258.For practical purposes, all the circuit resistance is considered to be contained in:


259.The purpose of the energy source is to:


260.A fuse is used to:

1. a pushbutton
nmlkj
2. a fuse
nmlkj
3. a circuit breaker
nmlkj
4. both b and c
nmlkj
1. a control device
nmlkj
2. a protective device.
nmlkj
3. a load device.
nmlkj
4. a voltage source.
nmlkj
1. has a much higher-than-normal resistance.
nmlkj
2. can produce excessive heat when normal current flows through the circuit.
nmlkj
3. can reduce the total energy normally available for the load.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. the load device.
nmlkj
2. the conductors or wires.
nmlkj
3. the control device.
nmlkj
4. the protective device.
nmlkj
1. protect circuit wiring and equipment.
nmlkj
2. start, stop, or vary the electron flow.
nmlkj
3. supply the voltage required to move the free electrons
nmlkj
4. all of these.
nmlkj
1. protect circuit wiring and equipment.
nmlkj
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261.Which of the following electrical diagrams is easiest to read?


262.A string of lamps is connected in parallel to a voltage source. If one lamp burns out, all the
other lamps:


263.A string of lamps are connected in series to a voltage source. This connection would result in:


264.An AND-type control circuit consists of switches connected in:


265.If a circuit is constructed to allow the electrons to follow only one possible path, the circuit is
called:

2. allow only currents within safe limits to flow.
nmlkj
3. automatically open the circuit when a higher current flows.
nmlkj
4. all of these.
nmlkj
1. pictorial
nmlkj
2. wiring
nmlkj
3. perspective
nmlkj
4. schematic
nmlkj
1. will go out.
nmlkj
2. will get brighter.
nmlkj
3. will not be affected.
nmlkj
4. will get dimmer.
nmlkj
1. two voltage paths.
nmlkj
2. one voltage path
nmlkj
3. one current path.
nmlkj
4. two current paths.
nmlkj
1. parallel.
nmlkj
2. parallel and series combination.
nmlkj
3. series.
nmlkj
4. series and parallel combination.
nmlkj
Page 56 of 205
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266.Two switches are connected to control a lamp. A ____ can be used to show how the switches
work the lamp.


267.Replacing a fuse with one of a higher current rating can cause:


268.One of the factors involved in an electric shock is body resistance. Which of the following
statements about body resistance is not true?


269.Generally, any voltage above ____ V is considered dangerous.


270.The severity of an electric shock increases with:
1. a series-parallel circuit.
nmlkj
2. an open circuit.
nmlkj
3. a series circuit
nmlkj
4. a parallel circuit.
nmlkj
1. truth table
nmlkj
2. wiring sequence chart
nmlkj
3. block diagram
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. lights in a house to flicker.
nmlkj
2. a short circuit.
nmlkj
3. wiring to overheat.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. The higher the body resistance, the greater the potential shock hazard.
nmlkj
2. The lower the body resistance, the greater the potential shock hazard.
nmlkj
3. The wetter the skin, the greater the potential shock hazard.
nmlkj
4. The drier the surface that a person is standing on, the greater the body-to-surface electrical
resistance.
nmlkj
1. 9
nmlkj
2. 48
nmlkj
3. 110
nmlkj
4. 220
nmlkj
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271.Resistance wire is designed primarily to convert electricity energy into:


272.When a resistor has a 2-W rating, this means that it:


273.Which resistor would you choose if you were asked to pick a resistor to use on a printed-
circuit board circuit in which a large number of identical resistors were required?


274.Which of these variable resistors would most likely be used to control current in a higher
power-level circuit?


1. an increase in voltage levels.
nmlkj
2. an increase in body current flow.
nmlkj
3. a decrease in body resistance.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. sound.
nmlkj
2. heat
nmlkj
3. mechanical energy
nmlkj
4. magnetism.
nmlkj
1. can safely dissipate 2 W, or less, of power.
nmlkj
2. always dissipates exactly 2 W of power.
nmlkj
3. always provides 2 W of power.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. precision resistor
nmlkj
2. resistor network
nmlkj
3. wire-wound resistor
nmlkj
4. trim pot
nmlkj
1. rheostat
nmlkj
2. trimmer potentiometer
nmlkj
3. nonlinear potentiometer
nmlkj
4. linear potentiometer
nmlkj
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275.



276.The symbol for the prefix micro (metric measure) is:


277.


A voltage divider is formed by
connecting a 6-k resistor and a 2-k
resistor in series across a 20-V source.
The voltage drop across each resistor
would be, respectively:
1. 15 V and 5 V
nmlkj
2. 8 V and 12 V.
nmlkj
3. 6 V and 4 V.
nmlkj
4. 4 V and 6 V.
nmlkj
1. m.
nmlkj
2. M
nmlkj
3.

nmlkj
4. mic
nmlkj
A 470,000 resistor may be designated
as:
1.
47 M
nmlkj
2.
470 k

nmlkj
3.
nmlkj
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278.Converting 1 mA to its base unit produces:


279.A voltage of 0.48 V can be expressed as:


280.Ohm's law states that:


281.Technician A says that in a electrical circuit, voltage can exist without current. Technician B
says that current cannot exist without voltage. Who is correct?

47 k

4.
4,7 M

nmlkj
1. 0.1 A.
nmlkj
2. 0.001 A
nmlkj
3. 10,000 A
nmlkj
4. 100,000 A.
nmlkj
1. 4800 mV.
nmlkj
2. 480 mV.
nmlkj
3. 48 mV.
nmlkj
4. 4.8 mV.
nmlkj
1. current is directly proportional to the resistance and inversely proportional to the voltage.
nmlkj
2. voltage is directly proportional to the current and inversely proportional to the resistance.
nmlkj
3. current is directly proportional to the voltage and inversely proportional to the resistance
nmlkj
4. voltage is directly proportional to the resistance and inversely proportional to the current.
nmlkj
1. Technician A only
nmlkj
2. Technician B only
nmlkj
3. both Technician A and Technician B
nmlkj
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282.

Maximizeaza


283.



284.What is the resistance of a soldering iron element that conducts a current of 4 A when
connected to a 120-V electric outlet?
4. neither Technician A nor Technician B
nmlkj
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Please try the following:
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1. 16 A
nmlkj
2. 18 A
nmlkj
3. 9 A
nmlkj
4. 12 A
nmlkj
The current flowing through a 72
resistor is measured and found to be 0.5
A. How much voltage is being applied
across the resistor?
1. 90 V
nmlkj
2. 9 V
nmlkj
3. 360 V
nmlkj
4. 36 V
nmlkj
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285.



286.A series circuit has:


287.In a series circuit, the amount of voltage each load receives is:


288.Three resistors (R1, R2, and R3) are connected in series to a 120-V source. The values of V1
and V3 are measured and found to be 42 V and 8 V, respectively. The value of V2 would then be:

1. 480 ohm
nmlkj
2. 360 ohm
nmlkj
3. 160 ohm
nmlkj
4. 30 ohm
nmlkj
If a voltage of 3 V is applied across a
resistor of 9 how many watts of power
does the resistor dissipate?
1. 27 W
nmlkj
2. 9 W
nmlkj
3. 3 W
nmlkj
4. 1 W
nmlkj
1. one pathway for current flow.
nmlkj
2. two pathways for current flow
nmlkj
3. three pathways for current flow.
nmlkj
4. as many pathways for current flow as there are loads connected in series
nmlkj
1. the same as the applied voltage.
nmlkj
2. inversely proportional to the resistance value of the load.
nmlkj
3. directly proportional to the resistance value of the load.
nmlkj
4. determined by its position in the series string.
nmlkj
1. 40 V
nmlkj
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289.


2. 24 V
nmlkj
3. 70 V
nmlkj
4. 56 V
nmlkj
How much resistance R
1
must be added
in series with a 400 R
2
to limit the
current to 0.25 A with 120 V applied?
1.
Maximizeaza
The page cannot be displayed
The page you are looking for is currently unavailable. The Web site
might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
your browser settings.
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2.
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your browser settings.
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290.



291.

3.
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your browser settings.
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nmlkj
4.
80
nmlkj
Resistors R
1
- 8 k, R
2
- 4 k, R
3
- 6
k, and R
4
- 2 k are connected in
series to a voltage source. Which
resistor will dissipate the most power?
1. R1
nmlkj
2. R2
nmlkj
3. R3
nmlkj
4. R4
nmlkj
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292.A string of twelve holidy lamps is designed to be connected in series to a 120-V source. If one
of the lamps burned out and was shorted from the circuit, the operating voltage across each of the
other eleven lamps would be:


293.Which resistor of a series circuit receives the largest voltage drop?


294.The polarity of the voltage drop across a resistor depends on:


295.Two voltage sources are connected series-opposing. Technician A says the two voltages are
added to obtain the total equivalent voltage. Technician B says the equivalent voltage is given the
Three resistors with values of 1 k, 5
k, and 3 k, respectively, are
connected in series with a fourth resistor
of unknown value. The applied voltage is
120 V and the current flow is 5 mA.
What is the resistance value of the
unknown resistor?
1. 15 kOhm
nmlkj
2. 8 kOhm
nmlkj
3. 4.5 kOhm
nmlkj
4. 3.2 kOhm
nmlkj
1. 10.9 V
nmlkj
2. 20 V
nmlkj
3. 32 V
nmlkj
4. 48 V
nmlkj
1. the first resistor in the string
nmlkj
2. the last resistor in the string
nmlkj
3. the one with the least resistance
nmlkj
4. the one with the most resistance
nmlkj
1. its resistance value.
nmlkj
2. its position in the circuit.
nmlkj
3. the direction of current flow through it.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
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polarity of the greater voltage. Who is correct?


296.



297.With two resistances connected in parallel, if each dissipates 5 W, the total power supplied by
the voltage source equals:


298.With two resistances connected in parallel:


299.

1. Technician A only
nmlkj
2. Technician B only
nmlkj
3. both Technician A and Technician B
nmlkj
4. neither Technician A nor Technician B
nmlkj
With 24 V applied across five 6
resistors in parallel, the total current
equals ____.
1. 10 A
nmlkj
2. 6 A
nmlkj
3. 20 A
nmlkj
4. 2 A
nmlkj
1. 4 W
nmlkj
2. 6 W
nmlkj
3. 8 W
nmlkj
4. 10 W
nmlkj
1. the current through each must be the same.
nmlkj
2. the voltage across each must be the same.
nmlkj
3. their combined resistance equals the sum of the individual values.
nmlkj
4. both b and c
nmlkj
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300.A three-branch parallel resistor circuit is connected to a 6-V source. The branch currents are
1.2 A, 800 mA, and 250 mA, respectively. The total current is:


301.

Maximizeaza

Resistors of 10 and 30 are
connected in parallel to a 120-V supply.
The current flow through the 10
resistor would be:
1. 12 A
nmlkj
2. 8 A
nmlkj
3. 4 A
nmlkj
4. 3 A
nmlkj
1. less than 1.2 A
nmlkj
2. less than 800 mA.
nmlkj
3. about 1050 mA.
nmlkj
4. about 2.25 A
nmlkj
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then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
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1. 100 Ohm
nmlkj
2. 150 Ohm
nmlkj
3. 200 Ohm
nmlkj
4. 250 Ohm
nmlkj
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302.



303.The voltage across an open component in a parallel circuit is always equal to:


304.With a short in one of the branches of a parallel circuit:


305.Technician A says that in a parallel circuit, a shorted resistor shorts out the entire circuit.
Technician B says this can burn out the power supply unless the circuit is protected by a fuse or a
circuit breaker. Who is correct?


Four resistors, 1 k each, are connected
in parallel. This group is connected to a
9-V source. The current in the line
leading to the group of resistors is:
1. 12 mA
nmlkj
2. 18 mA
nmlkj
3. 36 mA
nmlkj
4. 500 mA
nmlkj
1. the source voltage
nmlkj
2. the dropped voltage.
nmlkj
3. the lowest circuit voltage.
nmlkj
4. zero.
nmlkj
1. the voltage source is shorted out.
nmlkj
2. the voltage source will deliver its maximum current flow.
nmlkj
3. the total circuit resistance drops to near zero resistance.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. Technician A only
nmlkj
2. Technician B only
nmlkj
3. both Technician A and Technician B
nmlkj
4. neither Technician A nor Technician B
nmlkj
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306.

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307.

Maximizeaza

Consider the circuit in Figure 1. The known voltages and currents are as
indicated. Applying Kirchhoff's voltage and current laws, the value of the voltage
drop across R
2
would be:

1. 60 V
nmlkj
2. 50 V
nmlkj
3. 20 V
nmlkj
4. 40 V
nmlkj
Consider the circuit in Figure 2. The known voltages and currents are as
indicated. Applying Kirchhoff's voltage and current laws, answer the following
question. The value of the applied voltage source would be:
1. 28 V
nmlkj
2. 36 V
nmlkj
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308.

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309.

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3. 24 V
nmlkj
4. 9 V
nmlkj
The value of the voltage drop across R
4
Figure 2 would be:

1. 24 V
nmlkj
2. 9 V
nmlkj
3. 16 V
nmlkj
4. 12 V
nmlkj
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310.

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The value of the current flow through R
1
Figure 2 would be:

1. 9 mA
nmlkj
2. 6 mA
nmlkj
3. 1.5 mA
nmlkj
4. 15 mA
nmlkj
.Answer the following question with reference to the series-parallel circuit in
Figure 3.



1. 10 Ohm
nmlkj
2. 15 Ohm
nmlkj
3. 22.5 Ohm
nmlkj
4. 31 Ohm
nmlkj
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311.

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312.

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The total power dissipated by the circuit in Figure 3 is:


1. 1440 W
nmlkj
2. 240 W
nmlkj
3. 360 mW
nmlkj
4. 240 mW
nmlkj
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1. 1.33 mA
nmlkj
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313.

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314.

2. 1.5 mA
nmlkj
3. 12 mA
nmlkj
4. 2 mA
nmlkj
The total current flow of the circuit in Figure 5 is:


1. 9 A
nmlkj
2. 30 A
nmlkj
3. 10 A
nmlkj
4. 1.5 A
nmlkj
Page 73 of 205
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315.

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The current flow through resistor R
2
in
Figure 5 is:

1. 2 A
nmlkj
2. 1 A
nmlkj
3. 6 A
nmlkj
4. 8 A
nmlkj
If resistor R
1
in Figure 5 becomes short-circuited, the total resistance of the circuit
will:

1. increase.
nmlkj
2. decrease.
nmlkj
3. be infinite.
nmlkj
4. be zero.
nmlkj
Page 74 of 205
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316.Three substances that are classified as magnetic materials are:


317.The lodestone is a natural form of a:


318.Soft iron is most suitable for use in a:


319.Artificial magnets can be produced by:


320.The magnetic force between two poles:


1. aluminum, steel, and copper.
nmlkj
2. gold, silver, and nickel.
nmlkj
3. steel, nickel, and cobalt.
nmlkj
4. wood, paper, and glass.
nmlkj
1. temporary magnet.
nmlkj
2. permanent magnet
nmlkj
3. soft magnet.
nmlkj
4. heavy magnet.
nmlkj
1. permanent magnet.
nmlkj
2. natural magnet.
nmlkj
3. temporary magnet.
nmlkj
4. magneto.
nmlkj
1. a.placing a nonmagnetic material in the core of a coil and applying an AC voltage of the coil.
nmlkj
2. placing magnetic material in the core of a coil and applying a DC voltage to the coil.
nmlkj
3. placing a magnetic material in the core of a coil and applying an AC voltage to the coil.
nmlkj
4. placing a nonmagnetic material in the core of a coil and applying a DC voltage of the coil.
nmlkj
1. is measured using a galvanometer.
nmlkj
2. is measured using a multimeter.
nmlkj
3. increases as the distance between the two poles decreases.
nmlkj
4. decreases as the distance between the two poles decreases.
nmlkj
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321.Permanent horseshoe-shaped magnets:


322.A permanent ring magnet:


323.A material that acts as an insulator for magnetic flux is:


324.Which of the following is not assumed to be a characteristic of magnetic lines of force?


325.Which of these does not normally have a demagnetizing effect?


326.A DC current flow through a conductor will produce:
1. retain their magnetism longer than the bar type.
nmlkj
2. will not retain their magnetism as well as the bar type.
nmlkj
3. will not provide as strong a magnetic field as a bar magnet.
nmlkj
4. provide a much stronger magnetic field than a bar magnet of equal material.
nmlkj
1. acts like two horseshoe magnets.
nmlkj
2. acts like two horseshoe magnets placed together with opposite poles touching.
nmlkj
3. has no designated poles.
nmlkj
4. both b and c
nmlkj
1. glass.
nmlkj
2. aluminum.
nmlkj
3. soft iron
nmlkj
4. unknown today
nmlkj
1. They travel most easily through air.
nmlkj
2. They form closed loops.
nmlkj
3. They repel each other.
nmlkj
4. They exit at the magnet's N-pole and enter at its S-pole.
nmlkj
1. DC applied to a coil
nmlkj
2. AC applied to a coil
nmlkj
3. heat
nmlkj
4. mechanical vibration
nmlkj
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327.The left-hand conductor rule is used for a current-carrying conductor to determine the:


328.Lines of force of two parallel conductors with current flows in opposite directions will:


329.If the electromagnet is operated with direct current, the polarity of its magnetic poles:


330.The advantage of a toroidal core over a straight core is that the toroid is:


331.If other factors remain constant, which of the following combinations of electric current and
the number of turns in the coil produces the strongest electromagnet?
1. a magnetic field that acts in a clockwise direction.
nmlkj
2. a magnetic field that acts in a counter-clockwise direction.
nmlkj
3. a magnetic field that varies in direction.
nmlkj
4. either a or b
nmlkj
1. a direction of the lines of force around the current-carrying conductor.
nmlkj
2. south pole of the magnet by the direction of the thumb.
nmlkj
3. flux density of a magnetic field.
nmlkj
4. direction of rotation of the poles.
nmlkj
1. oppose each other to produce a weaker field.
nmlkj
2. aid each other to produce a stronger field.
nmlkj
3. tend to move together.
nmlkj
4. both a and c
nmlkj
1. remains fixed.
nmlkj
2. constantly reverses.
nmlkj
3. is not affected by the polarity of the DC voltage source.
nmlkj
4. both b and c
nmlkj
1. self-shielding.
nmlkj
2. cheaper to operate.
nmlkj
3. more compact.
nmlkj
4. easier to mount.
nmlkj
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332.The magnetic circuit consists of:


333.



334.A solenoid can be classified as an electromagnet with:


1. 500 turns and 2 A
nmlkj
2. 700 turns and 2 A
nmlkj
3. 300 turns and 4 A
nmlkj
4. 100 turns and 10 A
nmlkj
1. electrons traveling from the negative to the positive terminal.
nmlkj
2. molecular magnets traveling from the north pole to the south pole.
nmlkj
3. electrons spinning in the same direction.
nmlkj
4. lines of force travelling from the N pole to the S pole.
nmlkj
Consider the following changes made to
an electromagnet:
(i) increasing the number of turns in the
coil;
(ii) using a copper core instead of an
iron core;
(iii) decreasing the current flow in the
coil.
The strength of the electromagnet is
increased by:
1. (i) only.
nmlkj
2. (ii) only.
nmlkj
3. (iii) only.
nmlkj
4. (i) and (ii) only.
nmlkj
1. an air core.
nmlkj
2. a copper core.
nmlkj
3. moveable brass core.
nmlkj
4. a moveable iron core.
nmlkj
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335.Solenoids can be used to operate:


336.Generating stations are classified according to:


337.The cheapest and most environmentally-safe type of generating station is:


338.Which of the following converts the sun's energy directly into electrical energy?


339.Transmitting electrical energy from the generating station to the consumer usually takes
place at:


1. valves.
nmlkj
2. latches.
nmlkj
3. switches.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. the type of voltage generated.
nmlkj
2. their location.
nmlkj
3. the method used to drive their generators.
nmlkj
4. high voltage or low voltage.
nmlkj
1. a hydroelectric generating station.
nmlkj
2. a nuclear power generating station.
nmlkj
3. a coal power generating station.
nmlkj
4. a natural gas power generating station.
nmlkj
1. steam turbine
nmlkj
2. water turbine
nmlkj
3. wind turbine
nmlkj
4. silicon wafer
nmlkj
1. very high AC-voltage levels.
nmlkj
2. very high DC-voltage levels.
nmlkj
3. very low AC-voltage levels.
nmlkj
4. very low DC-voltage levels.
nmlkj
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340.Electrical transmission power-line losses are kept to a minimum by:


341.The unit used to measure electric power is:


342.When a 12-V battery delivers 18.0 A of current the power supplied is:


343.What is the power rating of an electric dryer element which has a resistance of 7.2 Ohm and
is rated for 240 V?


344.A wattmeter is connected:


1. using large-diameter conductors.
nmlkj
2. using a high voltage and a low current.
nmlkj
3. using a low voltage and a high current.
nmlkj
4. both a and c
nmlkj
1. the volt.
nmlkj
2. the ampere.
nmlkj
3. the watt.
nmlkj
4. the watthour.
nmlkj
1. 180 kW.
nmlkj
2. 180 W
nmlkj
3. 1.25 W.
nmlkj
4. 216 W.
nmlkj
1. 1728 W
nmlkj
2. 33.3 kW
nmlkj
3. 7200 kW
nmlkj
4. 17.28 kW
nmlkj
1. in series with the load.
nmlkj
2. in parallel with the load.
nmlkj
3. with the ammeter section in parallel and the voltmeter section in series with the load.
nmlkj
4. with the ammeter section in series and the voltmeter section in parallel with the load.
nmlkj
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345.A wattmeter is connected into a circuit and the pointer moves in the reverse direction. The
problem can be corrected by:


346.Technician A says electric energy is measured in joules. Technician B says it is measured in
kilowatthours. Who is correct?


347.An electric lamp transforms electric energy into:


348.How much energy is consumed when a 2000-W electric device is left on for 1 h?


349.The amount of electric energy used for electric appliances depends on:

1. reversing the two voltmeter leads.
nmlkj
2. reversing the two ammeter leads.
nmlkj
3. reversing both the voltmeter and ammeter leads.
nmlkj
4. either a or b
nmlkj
1. Technician A only
nmlkj
2. Technician B only
nmlkj
3. both Technician A and Technician B
nmlkj
4. neither Technician A nor Technician B
nmlkj
1. chemical energy.
nmlkj
2. light energy.
nmlkj
3. heat energy.
nmlkj
4. both b and c
nmlkj
1. 2 kJ
nmlkj
2. 2000 kJ
nmlkj
3. 2000 kWh
nmlkj
4. 2 kWh
nmlkj
1. the physical size of the appliance.
nmlkj
2. the length of time the appliance is used.
nmlkj
3. the amount of electric power required to make the appliance operate.
nmlkj
4. both b and c
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350.Which of the following electric devices has, on an average, the highest annual energy
consumption?


351.Alternating current is current that:


352.Generating a voltage by rotating a coil at a constant rate through a magnetic field results in a
voltage that:


353.The standard frequency of the AC voltage available from the electric outlet in your home is:


354.If a sine wave has a peak-to-peak voltage value of 60 V, what is the rms value?

nmlkj
1. a range
nmlkj
2. a clothes dryer
nmlkj
3. a dishwasher
nmlkj
4. an air conditioner
nmlkj
1. operates from a voltage source that has a fixed polarity.
nmlkj
2. operates from a voltage source that has a constantly reversing polarity.
nmlkj
3. flows from negative to positive.
nmlkj
4. flows from positive to negative.
nmlkj
1. varies in magnitude.
nmlkj
2. varies in polarity.
nmlkj
3. varies in frequency.
nmlkj
4. both a and b
nmlkj
1. 220 V
nmlkj
2. 50 V
nmlkj
3. 50 Hz
nmlkj
4. 220 Hz
nmlkj
1. 0 V
nmlkj
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355.If a sine wave has a peak value of 220 V, what is the rms value?


356.For any given generator the output voltage varies:


357.In an automobile alternator the three-phase AC stator voltage is converted to DC using:


358.The value of inductance is expressed in ohms.


359.In AC circuits the ohmic value of resistive elements depends on the frequency of the AC.


2. 21.2 V
nmlkj
3. 37 V
nmlkj
4. 74 V
nmlkj
1. 672 V
nmlkj
2. 311 V
nmlkj
3. 155 V
nmlkj
4. 77 V
nmlkj
1. directly with its speed and the strength of the magnetic field.
nmlkj
2. inversely with its speed and the strength of the magnetic field.
nmlkj
3. directly with its speed and inversely with the strength of the magnetic field.
nmlkj
4. directly with the strength of the magnetic field and inversely with its speed.
nmlkj
1. slip rings.
nmlkj
2. diodes
nmlkj
3. a commutator.
nmlkj
4. a regulator.
nmlkj
1. True
nmlkj
2. False
nmlkj
1. True
nmlkj
2. False
nmlkj
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360.



361.The capacitive voltage can be higher than the source voltage is a series RLC circuit.


362.The cut-off frequency determines if the filter is a low-pass or high-pass filter.


363.The total opposition to current flow in an AC circuit is called :


364.The true power in a resistance is measured in :


365.
A resistance of 6 in series with 14 of
reactance results in an impedance of
20 .
1. True
nmlkj
2. False
nmlkj
1. True
nmlkj
2. False
nmlkj
1. True
nmlkj
2. False
nmlkj
1. Capacitance
nmlkj
2. Resistance
nmlkj
3. Impedance
nmlkj
4. Resonance
nmlkj
1. Ohms
nmlkj
2. Watts
nmlkj
3. Volts
nmlkj
4. Amperes
nmlkj
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366.



367.When a Norton equivalent circuit is converted to Thevenin equivalent circuit RTH will be
equal to RN.


368.A Thevenin equivalent circuit represents an ideal (constant) voltage source.


369.

In a series resonant band-pass filter
where: f
r
= 100 Hz, f
1
= 95 Hz, f
2
= 105
Hz, the bandwidth is _____.
1. 10 Hz
nmlkj
2. 10 kHz
nmlkj
3. 200 Hz
nmlkj
4. 20 Hz
nmlkj
A series RLC circuit is _____ when X
L
is
greater than X
C
.
1. resonant
nmlkj
2. capacitive
nmlkj
3. inductive
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. True
nmlkj
2. False
nmlkj
1. True
nmlkj
2. False
nmlkj
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370.Current is independent of load resistance for a current source.


371.Norton's theorem reduces a resistive network to an ideal current source and a parallel
resistance.


372.If two currents are in opposing directions through a branch of a circuit, the direction of the
net current will be the same as that of the smaller current.


373.


When V
RL
for many values of V
L
must
be determined, a circuit should be
thevenized.
1. True
nmlkj
2. False
nmlkj
1. True
nmlkj
2. False
nmlkj
1. True
nmlkj
2. False
nmlkj
1. True
nmlkj
2. False
nmlkj
What is the Norton resistance as viewed
by R
L
for the circuit below?

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374.



375.


1. 3 Ohm
nmlkj
2. 6 A
nmlkj
3. 0.5 A
nmlkj
4. 5 V
nmlkj
Find the Thevenin resistance, as viewed
by R
L
, for the circuit drawn below.

1. 30 Ohm
nmlkj
2. 30 V
nmlkj
3. 25 Ohm
nmlkj
4. 25 V
nmlkj
Find the Thevenin voltage, as viewed by
R
L
, for the circuit drawn below.


1. 30 Ohm
nmlkj
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376.



377.A trilight or dual filament lamp is rated for 40-60-100 W. This bulb would contain:


378.The best way to test an incandescent lamp filament is:


379.The resistance of a 200-W, 120-V incandescent lamp would be:
2. 30 V
nmlkj
3. 25 Ohm
nmlkj
4. 25 V
nmlkj
What is the Norton current as viewed by
R
L
for the circuit below?


1. 3 Ohm
nmlkj
2. 6 A
nmlkj
3. 0.5 A
nmlkj
4. 5 V
nmlkj
1. one 40-W and one 60-W filament.
nmlkj
2. one 100-W and one 50-W filament.
nmlkj
3. two 50-W filaments.
nmlkj
4. two 75-W filaments.
nmlkj
1. to shake it.
nmlkj
2. to check it for continuity with an ohmmeter.
nmlkj
3. to check it for voltage with a voltmeter.
nmlkj
4. to visually inspect it.
nmlkj
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380.Recessed ceiling fixtures require special installation safety procedures because:


381.Which of the following is not an advantage of fluorescent lamps over the incandescent types?


382.The fluorescent bulb produces light by:


383.The instant-start fluorescent tube:


384.A cycling ballast that turns power OFF and ON is most likely caused by:

1. higher than that of a 40-W, 120-V incandescent lamp.
nmlkj
2. lower than that of a 40-W, 120-V incandescent lamp.
nmlkj
3. the same as that of a 40-W, 120-V incandescent lamp.
nmlkj
4. 30 Q.
nmlkj
1. they operate at higher current values.
nmlkj
2. they operate at higher voltage values.
nmlkj
3. they have very poor ventilation.
nmlkj
4. they can become grounded very easily.
nmlkj
1. lower initial cost
nmlkj
2. produce less heat during normal operation
nmlkj
3. produce more light per watt of power consumed
nmlkj
4. will last longer
nmlkj
1. heating a filament to a white-heat temperature.
nmlkj
2. means of a chemical reaction within the tube.
nmlkj
3. means of an electron arc established between two cathodes.
nmlkj
4. means of magnet induction between two electrodes.
nmlkj
1. has a single-pin connection at each end.
nmlkj
2. requires a very high starting voltage.
nmlkj
3. requires a bulkier and more expensive type of ballast.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
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385.Which of the following is not an advantage of high-intensity discharge lamps?


386.High-intensity discharge lamps:


387.In an ideal inductor:


388.Energy is stored in a capacitor by means of:


389.As applied to a capacitor, the word dielectric refers to:

1. an overheated ballast.
nmlkj
2. the fixture not being adequately grounded.
nmlkj
3. the tube pins making power contact.
nmlkj
4. the line voltage being too low.
nmlkj
1. They operate at low current.
nmlkj
2. They have a very long life expectancy.
nmlkj
3. They have a high light efficiency.
nmlkj
4. They have a high watt output from a single fixture.
nmlkj
1. operate without the use of a ballast.
nmlkj
2. operate ON and OFF very quickly.
nmlkj
3. operate at low brightness when first turned on.
nmlkj
4. both a and c
nmlkj
1. current lags the voltage by 90?.
nmlkj
2. current leads the voltage by 90?.
nmlkj
3. current lags the voltage by 180?.
nmlkj
4. current leads the voltage by 180?.
nmlkj
1. its electrolytic field.
nmlkj
2. its force field.
nmlkj
3. its magnetic field.
nmlkj
4. its electrostatic field.
nmlkj
1. the conducting material of the capacitor.
nmlkj
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390.Polarized fixed capacitors must be connected:


391.Which indication on an ohmmeter should you most likely expect when testing a good
capacitor?


392.Approximately what percentage of the applied voltage does the capacitor charge to at the end
of the first time constant?


393.A 50- F capacitor is connected to a 120-V, 60-Hz source. The capacitive reactance of this
capacitor would be approximately ____ ohms.


394.In general, impedance has an effect on an AC circuit similar to:
2. the metal used as the plate.
nmlkj
3. the insulating material separating the plates.
nmlkj
4. the capacitance of the capacitor.
nmlkj
1. in series only.
nmlkj
2. in parallel only.
nmlkj
3. with the positive lead of the capacitor connected to the positive lead of the circuit.
nmlkj
4. with the negative lead of the capacitor connected to the positive lead of the circuit.
nmlkj
1. no pointer deflection at all
nmlkj
2. momentary upscale pointer deflection
nmlkj
3. full-scale deflection of pointer
nmlkj
4. midscale indication
nmlkj
1. 70 percent
nmlkj
2. 63 percent
nmlkj
3. 33 percent
nmlkj
4. 15 percent
nmlkj
1. 2650
nmlkj
2. 265
nmlkj
3. 53
nmlkj
4. 2.65
nmlkj
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395.Impedance may be defined as:


396.Lagging power factor is often produced by:


397.A transformer is a device used to:


398.An iron core is used in a transformer to:


399.A step-down transformer is used to change:

1. frequency.
nmlkj
2. voltage.
nmlkj
3. current.
nmlkj
4. resistance.
nmlkj
1. the total opposition to current flow in an AC circuit.
nmlkj
2. the total opposition to current flow in a DC circuit.
nmlkj
3. the total opposition offered by a capacitor to alternating current flow.
nmlkj
4. the total opposition offered by an inductor to alternating current flow.
nmlkj
1. fluorescent lamp ballasts.
nmlkj
2. induction motor windings.
nmlkj
3. solenoid coils in relays.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. rectify voltages from AC to DC.
nmlkj
2. transfer electric energy by mutual induction.
nmlkj
3. convert mechanical energy into electric energy.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. reduce hysteresis loss.
nmlkj
2. eliminate eddy current losses.
nmlkj
3. ensure good magnetic linkage between windings.
nmlkj
4. reduce the counter-emf.
nmlkj
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400.The transformer used with a certain model car set has 240 turns in its primary coil and 24
turns in its secondary coil. If the transformer is connected to a 120-V wall receptacle the
secondary voltage output would be approximately:


401.Most transformers operate to transfer energy at an efficiency of about:


402.A certain transformer has a turns ratio of 1:1. The transformer is used for:


403.Power transformers are designed to operate:


404.Which of these would most likely be used to match a 4- speaker to a 400-- amplifier output?
1. high power to low power.
nmlkj
2. alternating current to direct current.
nmlkj
3. high voltage to low voltage.
nmlkj
4. high current to low current.
nmlkj
1. 6-V AC.
nmlkj
2. 12-V AC.
nmlkj
3. 18-V AC.
nmlkj
4. 24-V AC.
nmlkj
1. 25 percent.
nmlkj
2. 75 percent.
nmlkj
3. 80 percent.
nmlkj
4. 95 percent.
nmlkj
1. impedance matching.
nmlkj
2. changing frequency.
nmlkj
3. isolation.
nmlkj
4. stepping-up voltage.
nmlkj
1. from 60-Hz line frequency.
nmlkj
2. in the audio frequency range.
nmlkj
3. in the radio frequency range.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
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405.A transformer coil can be checked with an ohmmeter for:


406.The rated input and output voltages of a transformer are checked with a voltmeter.
Technician A says a normal primary voltage reading and no secondary voltage reading is an
indication of an open secondary coil. Technician B says it is normal for the transformer output
voltage to be higher than specified if no load is connected to the output. Who is correct?


407.The purpose of a power supply is:


408.In a power-supply circuit the transformer can be used to:

1. audio impedance-matching resistor
nmlkj
2. IF transformer
nmlkj
3. current transformer
nmlkj
4. auto transformer
nmlkj
1. continuity.
nmlkj
2. eddy currents.
nmlkj
3. overloads.
nmlkj
4. overheating.
nmlkj
1. Technician A only
nmlkj
2. Technician B only
nmlkj
3. both Technician A and Technician B
nmlkj
4. neither Technician A nor Technician B
nmlkj
1. to amplify weak signals.
nmlkj
2. to rectify weak signals.
nmlkj
3. to convert the electrical input voltage to the proper type and value needed to operate circuits.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. step up voltages.
nmlkj
2. electrically isolate circuits.
nmlkj
3. supply a variable AC voltage.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
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409.A step-down transformer will have:


410.A step-up transformer will have:


411.A standard transformer can safely isolate a 120-V primary circuit from a 10-V secondary
circuit because:


412.What is the output ripple frequency of a bridge rectifier?


413.The approximate DC voltage output of a full-wave rectifier is equal to:

1. more turns on the secondary than on the primary.
nmlkj
2. a higher primary than secondary voltage.
nmlkj
3. a higher primary than secondary current.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. less turns on the primary than on the secondary.
nmlkj
2. a higher secondary than primary voltage.
nmlkj
3. a lower secondary than primary current.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. the primary and secondary coils are connected in parallel with each other.
nmlkj
2. no physical electrical connection exists between the primary and secondary coils.
nmlkj
3. the primary and secondary coils are connected in series with each other.
nmlkj
4. the primary and secondary coils are connected so as to lower the input voltage.
nmlkj
1. one-half the input frequency
nmlkj
2. twice the input frequency
nmlkj
3. the same as the input frequency
nmlkj
4. one-fourth the input frequency.
nmlkj
1. the rms value of the peak output value.
nmlkj
2. the peak value of the output voltage.
nmlkj
3. 0.318 of the peak output voltage.
nmlkj
4. 0.637 of the peak output voltage.
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414.Which of the following components is commonly used as a filter device?


415.Increasing the capacitance of the filter capacitor will have what effect on the ripple
amplitude?


416.The voltage regulation of a power supply refers to:


417.Voltage and current are in phase when the load contains:


418.Current and voltage will be 90 degrees out of phase when the load contains:

nmlkj
1. a transformer
nmlkj
2. a resistor
nmlkj
3. a capacitor
nmlkj
4. a diode
nmlkj
1. ripple will increase
nmlkj
2. ripple will remain the same
nmlkj
3. ripple will double
nmlkj
4. ripple will decrease
nmlkj
1. the rules applied when wiring it.
nmlkj
2. the specifications of the components used in wiring it.
nmlkj
3. the ability of a power supply to maintain a constant output voltage.
nmlkj
4. the ability of a power supply to withstand overloads.
nmlkj
1. nothing but reactance
nmlkj
2. nothing but resistance
nmlkj
3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. nothing but reactance
nmlkj
2. nothing but resistance
nmlkj
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419.The magnitude and direction of an electrical quantity can be shown with:


420.Power is used by the


421.The unit for apparent power is the:


422.Current will lead voltage by 90 degrees when the load is:


423.The numerical value of the cos O when the load contains only resistance is:

3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. a victor
nmlkj
2. a pure number
nmlkj
3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. resistive part of a load
nmlkj
2. reactive part of the load
nmlkj
3. all parts of the load
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. apparent watt
nmlkj
2. apparent joule
nmlkj
3. apparent dissipation
nmlkj
4. voltampere
nmlkj
1. pure capacitance
nmlkj
2. pure inductance
nmlkj
3. both inductance and resistance
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. zero
nmlkj
2. 0.707
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424.When the PF = 90%, the cos O is:


425.When P = 500 W, I = 6 A, and V = 120 V, the PF will be:


426.When I = 4 A, P =300 W, and V= 240 V, angle theta will be:


427.A capacitor consists of two conductive plates separated by a(n):


428.The base unit of capacitance is the:

nmlkj
3. one
nmlkj
4. infinite
nmlkj
1. one
nmlkj
2. 0.988
nmlkj
3. 0.900
nmlkj
4. unknown
nmlkj
1. greater than 1.0
nmlkj
2. negative
nmlkj
3. unknown
nmlkj
4. 0.69
nmlkj
1. 71.8grd
nmlkj
2. 77.0grd
nmlkj
3. 0.77grd
nmlkj
4. 3.2grd
nmlkj
1. dielectric
nmlkj
2. insulator
nmlkj
3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. farad
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429.Most electrolytic capacitors are:


430.The relative energy loss of a capacitor is specified by its:


431.In one time constant, a capacitor charges to:


432.In the circuit below, VC2 will be:


nmlkj
2. tesla
nmlkj
3. ohm
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. ac capacitors
nmlkj
2. very high Q capacitors
nmlkj
3. polarized capacitors
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. quality rating
nmlkj
2. power factor rating
nmlkj
3. dissipation factor rating
nmlkj
4. any of the above
nmlkj
1. the source voltage
nmlkj
2. 63.2 % of the source voltage
nmlkj
3. 63.2 % of the available voltage
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj

1. 20 V
nmlkj
2. 25 V
nmlkj
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433.CT for the circuit in question 6 will be:


434.The reactance of a 0.022-uF capacitor at 500 Hz will be:


435.For the circuit below, XCT will be:



436.The energy stored in a 2000-uF capacitor when the capacitor is charged to 150 V is:

3. 80 V
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. 5 uF
nmlkj
2. 1.25 uF
nmlkj
3. 0.8 uF
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. 69 Ohm
nmlkj
2. 14.5 mOhm
nmlkj
3. 1450 Ohm
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj

1. 1592 Ohm
nmlkj
2. 796 Ohm
nmlkj
3. 318 Ohm
nmlkj
4. 531 Ohm
nmlkj
1. 22.5 kJ
nmlkj
2. 22.5 J
nmlkj
3. 45 J
nmlkj
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437.Inductance opposes any change in:


438.According to Lenz?s law, the polarity of a cemf is such that the cemf always:


439.The base unit of inductance is the:


440.The dc resistance of an inductor is also known as its:


441.Arcing in switch contacts that control an inductive circuit:

4. 0.24 J
nmlkj
1. reluctance
nmlkj
2. charge
nmlkj
3. current
nmlkj
4. voltage
nmlkj
1. opposes the force that created it
nmlkj
2. opposes the source voltage
nmlkj
3. aids the source voltage
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. henry
nmlkj
2. tesla
nmlkj
3. weber
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. quality factor
nmlkj
2. ESR
nmlkj
3. ohmic resistance
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. only occurs when the contacts open
nmlkj
2. is caused by an inductive kick
nmlkj
3. both of the above
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442.The resistance of a conductor increases as frequency increases because of the:


443.The induced voltage in an inductor is called its:


444.The reactance of a 0.1-mH inductor at 2.1 MHz is:


445.If the effective resistance is 20 Ohm, the Q of a 2.5-mH inductor at 30 kHz is:


446.IT for the circuit below is:

nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. heating effect
nmlkj
2. skin effect
nmlkj
3. magnetizing effect
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. cemf
nmlkj
2. bemf
nmlkj
3. both of the above
nmlkj
4. neither of the above
nmlkj
1. 2638 Ohm
nmlkj
2. 758 Ohm
nmlkj
3. 1.3 Ohm
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. 9.4
nmlkj
2. 23.6
nmlkj
3. 9420
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
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447.The primary coil of a transformer:


448.Copper loss in a transformer is also called:


449.The portion of the primary flux that links with the secondary coil is specified by the:


450.An isolation transformer:


1. 398 mA
nmlkj
2. 265 mA
nmlkj
3. 159 mA
nmlkj
4. 6.4 mA
nmlkj
1. must have fewer turns than the secondary coil
nmlkj
2. must have more turns than the secondary coil
nmlkj
3. must have the same number of turns as the secondary coil
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. V^2/R loss
nmlkj
2. I^2R loss
nmlkj
3. IV loss
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. permeability factor
nmlkj
2. cutting factor
nmlkj
3. coefficient of coupling
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. isolates its load from the power distribution system
nmlkj
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451.The currents induced in the core of a transformer are called:


452.Hysteresis loss in a transformer is caused by:


453.When a transformer has 100% coupling:


454.One disadvantage of the autotransformer is:


455.A transformer can not be overloaded:

2. has equal primary and secondary voltages
nmlkj
3. is a type of power transformer
nmlkj
4. all of the above
nmlkj
1. eddy currents
nmlkj
2. hysteresis currents
nmlkj
3. secondary currents
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. magnetic reluctance
nmlkj
2. low permeability
nmlkj
3. residual magnetism
nmlkj
4. magnetic saturation
nmlkj
1. the turns ratio is equal to the voltage ratio
nmlkj
2. impedance matching occurs
nmlkj
3. it is 100% efficient
nmlkj
4. it has an air core
nmlkj
1. it can only step up the voltage
nmlkj
2. it can only step down the voltage
nmlkj
3. it does not provide electrical isolation
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. without exceeding its power rating
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456.A 4-Ohm resistive load connected to a source by a transformer with a 9:1 turns ratio will
appear to the source as a:


457.In a parallel RC circuit where R exceeds XC:


458.In a parallel RC circuit where XC exceeds R:


459.In a series RC circuit where R exceeds XC:


460.In a parallel RL circuit where R exceeds XL:

nmlkj
2. while using a low PF load
nmlkj
3. unless the VA rating of one or more windings is exceeded
nmlkj
4. unless the sum of all winding currents exceeds the total current rating
nmlkj
1. 324-Ohm resistive load
nmlkj
2. 324-Ohm inductive load
nmlkj
3. 36-Ohm resistive load
nmlkj
4. 36-Ohm inductive load
nmlkj
1. IT will lag VT
nmlkj
2. Phi will be < 45grd
nmlkj
3. PC will be > PR
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. IT will lead VT
nmlkj
2. Phi will be > 45grd
nmlkj
3. PC will be > PR
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. IT will lag VT
nmlkj
2. Phi will be < 45grd
nmlkj
3. PC will be > PR
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
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461.In a series RL circuit where XL exceeds R:


462.In a parallel RCL circuit where XL = 250 , XC = 400 , and R =300 :


463.In a series RCL circuit:


464.What is the bandwidth of a circuit that is resonant at 470 kHz and has a Q of 90?


465.Determine Z and Phi for the circuit below.

1. IT will lag VT
nmlkj
2. Phi will be < 45grd
nmlkj
3. PL will be > PR
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. IT will lead VT
nmlkj
2. Phi will be < 45grd
nmlkj
3. PL will be > PR
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. IT will lead VT
nmlkj
2. Phi will be > 45grd
nmlkj
3. PT will = PR
nmlkj
4. all of the above
nmlkj
1. both the inductive and the capacitive voltages can exceed the source voltage
nmlkj
2. the true power can equal the apparent power
nmlkj
3. angle theta can be zero
nmlkj
4. all of the above
nmlkj
1. 1.338 Hz
nmlkj
2. 5.2 kHz
nmlkj
3. 90 kHz
nmlkj
4. 470 kHz
nmlkj
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466.Determine the resonant frequency of a 270-uH inductor and a 220-pF capacitor.


467.Motors are not available in this size:


468.Motors are usually not rated for:


469.Voltage-rating tolerance for motors is typically:


1. 924.6 , 59.4 grd
nmlkj
2. 1.50 k , 89.0 grd
nmlkj
3. 2.52 k , 39.8 grd
nmlkj
4. 22.0 k , 19.9 grd
nmlkj
1. 17.0 kHz
nmlkj
2. 540 kHz
nmlkj
3. 599 kHz
nmlkj
4. 653 kHz
nmlkj
1. fhp
nmlkj
2. ihp
nmlkj
3. mihp
nmlkj
4. sfhp
nmlkj
1. power factor
nmlkj
2. duty cycle
nmlkj
3. service factor
nmlkj
4. temperature
nmlkj
1. +/- 1%
nmlkj
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470.For motor-design, ambient temperature is usually considered to be:


471.With the highest class of insulation, a motor can operate at a temperature of:


472.Which of these motors is synchronous?


473.Which of these motors has the least starting torque?


474.Which of these motors has the most starting torque?

2. +/- 5%
nmlkj
3. +/- 10%
nmlkj
4. +/-15%
nmlkj
1. 23grdC
nmlkj
2. 30grdC
nmlkj
3. 40grdC
nmlkj
4. 50grdC
nmlkj
1. 105grdC
nmlkj
2. 130grdC
nmlkj
3. 155grdC
nmlkj
4. 180grdC
nmlkj
1. permanent-capacitor
nmlkj
2. reluctance
nmlkj
3. shaded-pole
nmlkj
4. split-phase
nmlkj
1. capacitor-starting
nmlkj
2. permanent-capacitor
nmlkj
3. shaded-pole
nmlkj
4. split-phase
nmlkj
1. capacitor-starting
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475.Determine the power for a dc motor that develops 3 lb-ft of torque at 2500 r/min.


476.What is the synchronous speed of an eight-pole, 240-V, 50-Hz motor?


477.The meter movement most often used in analog multimeters is the:


478.The meter movement used in the analog wattmeters is the:


479.A rectifier can convert:

nmlkj
2. permanent-capacitor
nmlkj
3. shaded-pole
nmlkj
4. split-phase
nmlkj
1. 0.941 hp
nmlkj
2. 1.43 hp
nmlkj
3. 2.22 hp
nmlkj
4. 2.81 hp
nmlkj
1. 750 r/min
nmlkj
2. 1250 r/min
nmlkj
3. 1600 r/min
nmlkj
4. 3600 r/min
nmlkj
1. d'Arsonval movement
nmlkj
2. electrodynamometer movement
nmlkj
3. iron-vane movement
nmlkj
4. thermocouple movement
nmlkj
1. d'Arsonval movement
nmlkj
2. electrodynamometer movement
nmlkj
3. iron-vane movement
nmlkj
4. thermocouple movement
nmlkj
1. alternating current to pure direct current
nmlkj
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480.The range of an analog ammeter is determined by:


481.The range of an analog voltmeter is determined by:


482.The sensitivity of a VOM is specified by its:


483.Testing for minute leakage current in motors, transformers, etc. is done with:


484.Digital meters measure inductance by measuring:

2. direct current to alternating current
nmlkj
3. alternating current to pulsating direct current
nmlkj
4. all of the above
nmlkj
1. the value of the multiplier resistor
nmlkj
2. the value of the shunt resistor
nmlkj
3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. the value of the multiplier resistor
nmlkj
2. the value of the shunt resistor
nmlkj
3. neither of the above
nmlkj
4. both of the above
nmlkj
1. lowest current range
nmlkj
2. highest voltage range
nmlkj
3. Ohm/V rating
nmlkj
4. A/Ohm rating
nmlkj
1. an insulation tester
nmlkj
2. a high-voltage tester
nmlkj
3. a high-resistance tester
nmlkj
4. none of the above
nmlkj
1. the inductor's cemf
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485.Digital meters measure capacitance by measuring:


486.Digital meters measure frequency by:


487.Analog meters:


488.The multimeter:


489.

nmlkj
2. the RL time constant
nmlkj
3. the rate of the current rise in the inductor
nmlkj
4. the mmf produced by the inductor
nmlkj
1. the RC time constant
nmlkj
2. the charge required to charge the capacitor
nmlkj
3. the time required to charge the capacitor
nmlkj
4. the energy required to charge the capacitor
nmlkj
1. measuring the slope of the rising waveform
nmlkj
2. measuring the slope of the falling waveform
nmlkj
3. measuring the period of the waveform
nmlkj
4. counting the cycles per unit of time
nmlkj
1. make use of a digital display.
nmlkj
2. use a mechanical type of meter movement.
nmlkj
3. usually cost more than the digital type.
nmlkj
4. give a more accurate reading than the digital type.
nmlkj
1. can measure voltage, current, or resistance.
nmlkj
2. is the most widely used of all test instruments
nmlkj
3. is a combination ammeter, voltmeter, and ohmmeter in one single, cased instrument.
nmlkj
4. all of these.
nmlkj
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490.A DC analog voltmeter can be used to measure an AC voltage if:


491.An analog multimeter is connected to measure a DC voltage, and the needle reads below zero.
The most likely cause is:


492.A milliammeter is designed measure:

A reading of 4.7 k on the display of a
digital multimeter indicates a resistance
reading of:
1.
47000
nmlkj
2.
4700
nmlkj
3.
470
nmlkj
4.
47
nmlkj
1. the incoming AC voltage is rectified.
nmlkj
2. the incoming AC voltage is amplified.
nmlkj
3. an additional multiplier resistor is connected to the circuit.
nmlkj
4. an additional shunt resistor is connected to the circuit.
nmlkj
1. loss of potential.
nmlkj
2. an incorrect meter setting.
nmlkj
3. a damaged needle.
nmlkj
4. reversed polarity.
nmlkj
1. higher values of current than an ammeter does.
nmlkj
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493.To zero set an analog-type ohmmeter, adjust the zero-set knob for a pointer reading of:


494.When using the ohmmeter as a continuity tester, an open circuit is indicated by:


495.Technician A says analog meters are more accurate than digital meters. Technician B says
digital meters that use a light-emitting diode (LED) display have a longer battery life than those
that use a liquid-crystal display (LCD). Who is correct?


496.Auto ranging is a feature of a multimeter that:


497.When using the oscilloscope you should avoid:

2. lower values of current than an ammeter does.
nmlkj
3. DC current only.
nmlkj
4. AC current only.
nmlkj
1. infinity with the meter-test leads open.
nmlkj
2. infinity with the meter-test leads connected together
nmlkj
3. zero with the meter-test leads connected together.
nmlkj
4. zero with the meter-test leads open.
nmlkj
1. a low-resistance reading.
nmlkj
2. a high-resistance reading.
nmlkj
3. an infinite-resistance reading.
nmlkj
4. a zero-resistance reading.
nmlkj
1. Technician A only
nmlkj
2. Technician B only
nmlkj
3. both Technician A and Technician B
nmlkj
4. neither Technician A nor Technician B
nmlkj
1. automatically indicates the polarity of DC measurements
nmlkj
2. automatically adjusts the meter's measuring circuits to the correct range.
nmlkj
3. captures a reading and displays it from memory.
nmlkj
4. responds to the effective heating valve of an AC waveform.
nmlkj
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498.The waveform displayed on the screen of the oscilloscope represents a plot of:


499.The AC/DC switch of an oscilloscope:


500.A signal displayed on the calibrated time base of the oscilloscope covers 1 cycle in 10 DIV
with the TIME/DIV control set at 20 ms. The waveform frequency is:


501.Technician A says when connecting the test probe of a scope to a grounded circuit, the
grounded conductor of the probe is connected to the grounded side of the circuit. Technician B
says the scope should never be used to test a grounded circuit. Who is correct?


1. operating it for long periods of time.
nmlkj
2. turning it ON and OFF frequently.
nmlkj
3. operating it with a high-intensity spot displayed.
nmlkj
4. operating it with high-frequency signal circuits.
nmlkj
1. voltage versus time.
nmlkj
2. voltage versus current.
nmlkj
3. current versus time.
nmlkj
4. current versus resistance.
nmlkj
1. selects the AC signal input.
nmlkj
2. change AC-to-DC.
nmlkj
3. selects the DC signal.
nmlkj
4. selects how the input signal is coupled to the oscilloscope.
nmlkj
1. 20 Hz.
nmlkj
2. 15 Hz.
nmlkj
3. 12 Hz.
nmlkj
4. 5 Hz.
nmlkj
1. Technician A only
nmlkj
2. Technician B only
nmlkj
3. both Technician A and Technician B
nmlkj
4. neither Technician A nor Technician B
nmlkj
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502.A dual-trace oscilloscope:


503.A digital storage scope allows you to:


504.The control of a signal generator used to adjust the voltage value of the output signal is:


505.Technician A says that a function generator can do all of the things an audio generator can
do. Technician B says the function generator is more compatible with solid-state electronic
circuitry than the audio generator. Who is correct?


506.A DC power supply has a rated output of 3 W at 9 V. The maximum current rating of this
power supply would be approximately:

1. has one set of controls to control two different traces.
nmlkj
2. has two sets of controls to control one trace.
nmlkj
3. can only be operated with two different signals applied to it.
nmlkj
4. has two sets of controls to control two different traces.
nmlkj
1. display a signal.
nmlkj
2. store a signal.
nmlkj
3. analyze a signal.
nmlkj
4. all of these
nmlkj
1. the vernier control.
nmlkj
2. the amplitude control.
nmlkj
3. the function selector.
nmlkj
4. the frequency selector.
nmlkj
1. Technician A only
nmlkj
2. Technician B only
nmlkj
3. both Technician A and Technician B
nmlkj
4. neither Technician A nor Technician B
nmlkj
1. 1.8 A.
nmlkj
2. 45 A.
nmlkj
3. 250 mA.
nmlkj
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507.Clasificarea sistemelor automate dupa structura lor


508.Clasificarea sistemelor automate dupa cantitatea de informatie apriori disponibila :


509.Clasificarea sistemelor automate dupa numarul de variabile de intrare si de iesire :


510.Clasificarea sistemelor automate dupa natura semnalelor prelucrate de sistemul automat :


511.Teoria sistemelor automate se ocupa cu :

4. 333 mA.
nmlkj
1. sisteme automat conventionale; sisteme adaptive;
nmlkj
2. sisteme deschise; sisteme inchise;
nmlkj
3. sisteme monovariabile; sisteme multivariabile
nmlkj
4. sisteme automate continue; sisteme numerice;
nmlkj
1. sisteme automat conventionale; sisteme adaptive;
nmlkj
2. sisteme deschise; sisteme inchise;
nmlkj
3. sisteme monovariabile; sisteme multivariabile
nmlkj
4. sisteme automate continue; sisteme numerice;
nmlkj
1. sisteme automat conventionale; sisteme adaptive;
nmlkj
2. sisteme deschise; sisteme inchise;
nmlkj
3. sisteme monovariabile; sisteme multivariabile
nmlkj
4. sisteme automate continue; sisteme numerice;
nmlkj
1. sisteme automat conventionale; sisteme adaptive;
nmlkj
2. sisteme deschise; sisteme inchise;
nmlkj
3. sisteme monovariabile; sisteme multivariabile
nmlkj
4. sisteme automate continue; sisteme numerice;
nmlkj
1. analiza functionala a sistemelor automate
nmlkj
2. corectia functionala si structurale a sistemelor automate
nmlkj
3. sinteza proiectarii sistemelor automate
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512.Functia de transfer pentru un element proportional


513.Functia de transfer pentru un element de ordinul I


514.Functia de transfer pentru un element de ordinul II
nmlkj
4. a,b si c
nmlkj
1.

sT
K
s H
+
=
1
) (
nmlkj
2.


2 2
2
2
) (
+ +

=
s
K
s H
s
nmlkj
3.

K s H = ) (
nmlkj
4. nici-o varianta
nmlkj
1.

sT
K
s H
+
=
1
) (
nmlkj
2.


2 2
2
2
) (
+ +

=
s
K
s H
s
nmlkj
3.

K s H = ) (
nmlkj
4. nici-o varianta
nmlkj
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515.Functia de transfer pentru un element de ordinul III

1.

sT
K
s H
+
=
1
) (
nmlkj
2.


2 2
2
2
) (
+ +

=
s
K
s H
s
nmlkj
3.

K s H = ) (
nmlkj
4. nici-o varianta
nmlkj
1.
Maximizeaza
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The page you are looking for is currently unavailable. The Web site
might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
your browser settings.
Please try the following:
z Click the Refresh button, or try again later.
z If you typed the page address in the Address bar, make sure
that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
nmlkj
2.


2 2
2
2
) (
+ +

=
s
K
s H
s
nmlkj
3.
nmlkj
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516.Timpul de raspuns al unui sistem este :


517.Circuitul din figura58 realizeaza functia

Maximizeaza


K s H = ) (
4. nici-o varianta
nmlkj
1. timpul dintre momentul pornirii procesului pana cand marimea de iesire prezinta un maxim in
evolutia ei
nmlkj
2. timpul dintre momentul pornirii procesului pana cand marimea de iesire prezinta un minim in
evolutia ei
nmlkj
3. timpul dupa care valoarea absoluta a diferentei dintre marimea de iesire si valoarea ei de regim
stationar devine mai mica si se mentine sub o anumita limita
nmlkj
4. timpul dintre momentul pornirii procesului pana cand acesta ia sfarsit
nmlkj
The page cannot be displayed
The page you are looking for is currently unavailable. The Web site
might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
your browser settings.
Please try the following:
z Click the Refresh button, or try again later.
z If you typed the page address in the Address bar, make sure
that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
1.

D C B A f + =
nmlkj
2.

D C B A f + =
nmlkj
3. AB+CD
nmlkj
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518.Figura52 prezinta simbolul unui



519.Figura53 prezinta simbolul unui



520.Figura54 prezinta simbolul unui


4. AC+BD
nmlkj


Figura 52
1. AND (SI)
nmlkj
2. NAND (SI negat)
nmlkj
3. EOR (SAU exclusiv)
nmlkj
4. ENOR (SAU exclusiv negat)
nmlkj


Figura 53
1. AND (SI)
nmlkj
2. NAND (SI negat)
nmlkj
3. EOR (SAU exclusiv)
nmlkj
4. ENOR (SAU exclusiv negat)
nmlkj

Figura 54
1. AND (SI)
nmlkj
2. NAND (SI negat)
nmlkj
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521.Figura55 prezinta simbolul unui



522.Figura56 prezinta simbolul unui



523.Figura57 prezinta simbolul unui


3. EOR (SAU exclusiv)
nmlkj
4. ENOR (SAU exclusiv negat)
nmlkj

Figura 55
1. AND (SI)
nmlkj
2. NAND (SI negat)
nmlkj
3. EOR (SAU exclusiv)
nmlkj
4. ENOR (SAU exclusiv negat)
nmlkj


Figura 56
1. AND (SI)
nmlkj
2. NAND (SI negat)
nmlkj
3. OR (SAU)
nmlkj
4. NOR (SAU negat)
nmlkj

Figura 57
1. AND (SI)
nmlkj
2. NAND (SI negat)
nmlkj
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524.O memorie RAM este o memorie cu access de _________:


525.O memorie ROM este o memorie _________


526.Procesoarele sunt automate de ordinul ____


527.Arhitectura minimala a unui calculator este formata din :


528.Porturile de I/O sunt cuplate la procesor prin intermediul _______

3. OR (SAU)
nmlkj
4. NOR (SAU negat)
nmlkj
1. citire
nmlkj
2. scriere
nmlkj
3. citire si scriere
nmlkj
4. initializare
nmlkj
1. volatila
nmlkj
2. nevolativa
nmlkj
3. distructiva
nmlkj
1. I
nmlkj
2. II
nmlkj
3. III sau mai mare
nmlkj
4. nu sunt automate
nmlkj
1. procesor, memorie (RAM, ROM), bus de semnale, porturi de I/O
nmlkj
2. procesor, tastatura, monitor
nmlkj
3. monitor, tastatura
nmlkj
4. placa de baza, procesor, hard-disk, floppy
nmlkj
1. firelor
nmlkj
2. panglici de semnale
nmlkj
3. bus-ului procesor de date, adrese si semnale de comanda si contro
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529.Procesorul este format din :


530.Microprocesorul Intel PIV este realizat in tehnologie


531.Indicatorul Z (zero -Flag) al RALU indica


532.Indicatorul CY (Carry -Flag) al RALU indica


533.Indicatorul S (S - Sign) al RALU

nmlkj
1. o unitate aritmetica RALU
nmlkj
2. o unitate de comenzi
nmlkj
3. un calculator
nmlkj
4. a si b
nmlkj
1. LSI
nmlkj
2. MSI
nmlkj
3. VLSI
nmlkj
1. Registrul acumulator este 0
nmlkj
2. In urma unei operatii aritmetica sau logice rezultatul a fost nul
nmlkj
3. RALU a generat o eroare
nmlkj
4. Lipsa tensiune la RALU
nmlkj
1. A aparut un transport de iesire din cel mai semnificativ bit al rezultatului in urma unei operatii
aritmetice(logice)
nmlkj
2. Operatie cu operanzi invalizai in RALU
nmlkj
3. Valoare din registrul acumulator este negativa
nmlkj
4. Nu exista un astfel de fanion
nmlkj
1. Bitul cel mai semnificativ al rezultatului ia valoarea 1 in urma unei operatii aritmetice sau logice
gfedc
2. Bitul cel mai semnificativ al acumulatorului este 1, in urma unei operatii de transfer
gfedc
3. Acumulatorul contine unnumar negativ
gfedc
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534.Indicatorul H (H- Half carry) al RALU


535.Dimensiunea acumulatorului dintr-un microprocesor de 8 biti


536.Cati biti are un Byte


537.Cea mai mica unitatea informationala de transport


538.Unitatea de decodofocare a instructiunilor este ______ .

4. In urma unei operatii aritmetice intre numere cu semn, rezultatul este negativ
gfedc
1. Nu exista un astfel de fanion
nmlkj
2. S-a realizat un transfer de la bitul 4 la bitul 5 in urma operatiei de scadere
nmlkj
3. S-a realizat un transfer de la bitul 7 la bitul 8 in urma operatiei de adunare
nmlkj
4. In urma unei operati logice nu a avut loc nici-un transfer
nmlkj
1. 1 Byte
nmlkj
2. 16 biti
nmlkj
3. 1 bit
nmlkj
4. 2 Bytes
nmlkj
1. 8 biti
nmlkj
2. 7 biti
nmlkj
3. 4 biti
nmlkj
4. 32 biti
nmlkj
1. Byte
nmlkj
2. Word
nmlkj
3. bit
nmlkj
4. mol
nmlkj
1. un circuit logic combinational (CLC)
nmlkj
2. un buffer
nmlkj
3. o memorie
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539.Contorul de adrese de program este numit ____ :


540.Procesorul acceseza programul executat curent din _______


541.Tastatura este ________


542.Denumirea primului ciclu masina:


543.Se aplica un semnal sinusoidal la intrarea unui amplificator functionand in clasa A. Unghiul
de conductie al elementului amplificator este:

nmlkj
4. un automat programabil
nmlkj
1. Nu exista un astfel de registru
nmlkj
2. Registru de deplasare
nmlkj
3. PAC (Programm addressing Counter)
nmlkj
4. PC ( program counter) register
nmlkj
1. dispozitivul de lucru cu operatorul
nmlkj
2. unitatea floppy
nmlkj
3. segmentul de memorie alocat programului ce se afla in executie
nmlkj
4. de la tastatura
nmlkj
1. un dispozitiv absolut necesar pentru functionarea calculatorului
nmlkj
2. un set de butoane conectate la microprocero prin intermediul unui cablu
nmlkj
3. un periferic de interfata a calculatorului cu operatorul uman
nmlkj
1. DOWNLOAD
nmlkj
2. RETRIVE DATA
nmlkj
3. FETCH
nmlkj
4. LOAD
nmlkj
1. 360grd;
nmlkj
2. cuprins intre 180 grd si 360grd;
nmlkj
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544.Se aplica un semnal sinusoidal la intrarea unui amplificator functionand in clasa AB. Unghiul
de conductie al elementului amplificator este:


545.Se aplica un semnal sinusoidal la intrarea unui amplificator functionand in clasa B. Unghiul
de conductie al elementului amplificator este:


546.Se aplica un semnal sinusoidal la intrarea unui amplificator functionand in clasa C. Unghiul
de conductie al elementului amplificator este:


547.Figura27 prezinta:

Maximizeaza
3. 180grd
nmlkj
4. mai mic de 180grd;
nmlkj
1. 360grd;
nmlkj
2. cuprins intre 180 grd si 360grd;
nmlkj
3. 180grd
nmlkj
4. mai mic de 180grd;
nmlkj
1. 360grd;
nmlkj
2. cuprins intre 180 grd si 360grd;
nmlkj
3. 180grd
nmlkj
4. mai mic de 180grd;
nmlkj
1. 360grd;
nmlkj
2. cuprins intre 180 grd si 360grd;
nmlkj
3. 180grd
nmlkj
4. mai mic de 180grd;
nmlkj
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548.Figura28 prezinta:

Maximizeaza




Figura 27
f
u
a
u
U
o
U
f
U
i
U

+
-
1. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie serie paralel
nmlkj
2. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie serie serie
nmlkj
3. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie paralel paralel
nmlkj
4. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie paralel serie
nmlkj



Figura 28
f
y
a
z
U
o
I
f
I
i
U

1. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie paralel serie


nmlkj
2. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie serie paralel
nmlkj
3. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie serie serie
nmlkj
4. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie paralel paralel
nmlkj
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549.Figura29 prezinta:

Maximizeaza


550.Figura30 prezinta:

Maximizeaza




Figura 29
f
i
a
i
I
o
I
f
I
i
U

1. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie serie paralel


nmlkj
2. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie serie serie
nmlkj
3. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie paralel paralel
nmlkj
4. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie paralel serie
nmlkj

Figura 30
f
z
a
y
I
o
U
f
U
i
U

+
-
1. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie serie paralel
nmlkj
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551.In mod uzual amplificatorul electronic este definit cu ajutorul schemei bloc din figura 40.
Marimea xi reprezinta



552.Marimea xo din figura 40 reprezinta


2. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie serie serie
nmlkj
3. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie paralel paralel
nmlkj
4. schema bloc a unui amplificator cu reactie paralel serie
nmlkj



Figura 40

x
o
x
i
a
1. valoarea instantanee a semnalului de intrare sau excitatie
nmlkj
2. valoarea instantanee a semnalului de iesire sau raspuns
nmlkj
3. amplificarea amplificatorului
nmlkj
4. impedanta de intrare
nmlkj



Figura 40

x
o
x
i
a
1. valoarea instantanee a semnalului de intrare sau excitatie
nmlkj
2. valoarea instantanee a semnalului de iesire sau raspuns
nmlkj
3. amplificarea amplificatorului
nmlkj
4. impedanta de intrare
nmlkj
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553.Marimea a din figura 40 reprezinta

Maximizeaza


554.Pentru amplificatorul transconductanta (transadmitanta)


555.in practica, sunt tranzistoarele din amplificatoarele in contratimp clasa B au jonctiunea baza
- emitor prepolarizata direct astfel ca prin fiecare tranzistor sa circule un mic curent de repaus.
Despre aceste amplificatoare se spune ca lucreaza in clasa AB. Prin aceasta se urmareste:


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The page you are looking for is currently unavailable. The Web site
might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
your browser settings.
Please try the following:
z Click the Refresh button, or try again later.
z If you typed the page address in the Address bar, make sure
that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
1. valoarea instantanee a semnalului de intrare sau excitatie
nmlkj
2. valoarea instantanee a semnalului de iesire sau raspuns
nmlkj
3. amplificarea amplificatorului
nmlkj
4. impedanta de intrare
nmlkj
1. atat semnalul de excitatie cat si semnalului de raspuns reprezinta tensiuni
nmlkj
2. atat semnalul de excitatie cat si semnalului de raspuns reprezinta curenti
nmlkj
3. semnalul de excitatie este curent iar cel de raspuns tensiune
nmlkj
4. semnalul de excitatie este tensiune iar cel de raspuns curent
nmlkj
1. marirea randamentului;
nmlkj
2. marirea amplificarii in putere
nmlkj
3. marirea benzii de trecere
nmlkj
4. reducerea distorsiunii de trecere
nmlkj
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556.Variatoarele de tensiune continue sunt de obicei utilizate pentru:


557.Ce particularitate au invertoarele de comutatie fortata fara de cele cu comutatie naturala?


558.Ce rol are condensatorul din schema invertorului Wagner?


559.Ce caracteristica principala au invertoarele autonome de tensiune trifazate?


560.Variatorul de tensiune continua pentru patru cadrane, permite functionarea motorului de
curent continuu astfel


1. alimentarea motoarelor asincrone
nmlkj
2. reglarea turatiilor masinilor electrice de curent continuu
nmlkj
3. alimentarea generatoarelor sincrone
nmlkj
4. reglarea turatiei motoarelor sincrone
nmlkj
1. se alimenteaza direct de la retea
nmlkj
2. au sarcina rezistiva
nmlkj
3. au circuite auxiliare pentru blocarea dispozitivelor semi-conductoare
nmlkj
4. se alimenteaza prin intermediul unui transformator coborator de tensiune
nmlkj
1. filtru
nmlkj
2. de a reduce armonicile de curent
nmlkj
3. de a mari tensiunea
nmlkj
4. de a furniza energia reactiva necesara comutatiei
nmlkj
1. pot avea numai sarcina rezistiva
nmlkj
2. pot fi alimentate numai de la un transformator
nmlkj
3. sunt necomandate
nmlkj
4. blocarea tiristorului principal se realizeaza prin amorsarea unui alt tiristor principal
nmlkj
1. in regim de motor, generator, in ambele sensuri de rotatie
nmlkj
2. in regim de motor
nmlkj
3. in regim de generator
nmlkj
4. in regim de frana
nmlkj
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561.Un amplificator operational lucrand in bucla inchisa (cu reactie negativa) are amplificarea in
tensiune intotdeauna:


562.Figura22 prezinta configuratia standard de stabilizator serie cu reactie. Blocul notat AE
amplificatorul de eroare - are rolul:

Maximizeaza


563.Figura22 prezinta configuratia standard de stabilizator serie cu reactie. Blocul notat UREF
tensiunea de referinta- are rolul

Maximizeaza
1. unitara
nmlkj
2. subununitara
nmlkj
3. determinata de reteaua de reactie
nmlkj
4. foarte mare
nmlkj



+u
RED
TR
AE
u
O
U
REF
R
2
+
-
R
1
1. de a asigura reactia negativa
nmlkj
2. de a compara compara nivelul de tensiune cules de reteaua de reactie cu nivelul de tensiune al sursei
de referinta si a genera un semnal proportional cu diferenta dintre ele (amplifica semnalul de eroare).
nmlkj
3. unei rezistente variabile, astfel incat tensiunea pe sarcina sa fie mentinuta constanta
nmlkj
4. de a asigura un nivel constant al tensiunii pe care o genereaza
nmlkj
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564.Figura22 prezinta configuratia standard de stabilizator serie cu reactie. Rezistorii R1 si R2 au
rolul

Maximizeaza

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might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
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Please try the following:
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that it is spelled correctly.
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then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
1. de a asigura reactia negativa
nmlkj
2. de a compara compara nivelul de tensiune cules de reteaua de reactie cu nivelul de tensiune al sursei
de referinta si a genera un semnal proportional cu diferenta dintre ele (amplifica semnalul de eroare).
nmlkj
3. unei rezistente variabile, astfel incat tensiunea pe sarcina sa fie mentinuta constanta
nmlkj
4. de a asigura un nivel constant al tensiunii pe care o genereaza
nmlkj



+u
RED
TR
AE
u
O
U
REF
R
2
+
-
R
1
1. de a asigura reactia negativa
nmlkj
2. de a compara compara nivelul de tensiune cules de reteaua de reactie cu nivelul de tensiune al sursei
de referinta si a genera un semnal proportional cu diferenta dintre ele (amplifica semnalul de eroare).
nmlkj
3. unei rezistente variabile, astfel incat tensiunea pe sarcina sa fie mentinuta constanta
nmlkj
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565.Figura22 prezinta configuratia standard de stabilizator serie cu reactie. TR tranzistorul
regulator - are rolul

Maximizeaza


566.Figura23 prezinta exemplul tipic de stabilizator serie cu reactie. Grupul R3, Dz are rolul

Maximizeaza
4. de a asigura un nivel constant al tensiunii pe care o genereaza
nmlkj



+u
RED
TR
AE
u
O
U
REF
R
2
+
-
R
1
1. de a asigura reactia negativa
nmlkj
2. de a compara nivelul de tensiune cules de reteaua de reactie cu nivelul de tensiune al sursei de
referinta si a genera un semnal proportional cu diferenta dintre ele (amplifica semnalul de eroare).
nmlkj
3. unei rezistente variabile, astfel incat tensiunea pe sarcina sa fie mentinuta constanta
nmlkj
4. de a asigura un nivel constant al tensiunii pe care o genereaza
nmlkj
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567.Figura23 prezinta exemplul tipic de stabilizator serie cu reactie. Grupul R4, T1 are rolul

Maximizeaza

+u
RED
T
1
Dz
R
4
R
3
T
2
u
O
i
O
R
L
R
1
R
2
1. de element regulator
nmlkj
2. de retea de reactie
nmlkj
3. de sursa de referinta
nmlkj
4. de amplificator de eroare
nmlkj
The page cannot be displayed
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might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
your browser settings.
Please try the following:
z Click the Refresh button, or try again later.
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that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
1. de element regulator
nmlkj
2. de retea de reactie
nmlkj
3. de sursa de referinta
nmlkj
4. de amplificator de eroare
nmlkj
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568.Figura23 prezinta exemplul tipic de stabilizator serie cu reactie. Tranzistorul T2 are rolul

Maximizeaza


569.Figura23 prezinta exemplul tipic de stabilizator serie cu reactie. Grupul R1, R2 are rolul

Maximizeaza

+u
RED
T
1
Dz
R
4
R
3
T
2
u
O
i
O
R
L
R
1
R
2
1. de element regulator
nmlkj
2. de retea de reactie
nmlkj
3. de sursa de referinta
nmlkj
4. de amplificator de eroare
nmlkj
+u
RED
T
1
Dz
R
4
R
3
T
2
u
O
i
O
R
L
R
1
R
2
1. de element regulator
nmlkj
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570.Figura25 prezinta un stabilizator cu dioda Zener imbunatatit. Cea de a doua celula de
stabilizare are rolul de a



571.Figura26 prezinta un stabilizator cu dioda Zener imbunatatit. Tranzistorul T are rolul de a

Maximizeaza
2. de retea de reactie
nmlkj
3. de sursa de referinta
nmlkj
4. de amplificator de eroare
nmlkj



Figura 25
u
RED
i
RED
Dz
1
R
B1
u
L
R
L
R
B2
i
L
Dz
2
1. mari curentul de iesire
nmlkj
2. micsora curentul de iesire
nmlkj
3. micsora factorul de stabilizare
nmlkj
4. mari factorul de stabilizare
nmlkj

Figura 26
u
RED
Dz
R
B
T
u
L
R
L
i
L
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572.Pentru amplificatorul de tensiune


573.Pentru amplificatorul de curent


574.Pentru amplificatorul transrezistenta (tranzimpedanta)


575.Figura31 prezinta un amplificator cu reactie. in acest caz reactia este de tipul:

Maximizeaza
1. mari curentul de iesire
nmlkj
2. micsora curentul de iesire
nmlkj
3. micsora factorul de stabilizare
nmlkj
4. mari factorul de stabilizare
nmlkj
1. atat semnalul de excitatie cat si semnalului de raspuns reprezinta tensiuni
nmlkj
2. atat semnalul de excitatie cat si semnalului de raspuns reprezinta curenti
nmlkj
3. semnalul de excitatie este curent iar cel de raspuns tensiune
nmlkj
4. semnalul de excitatie este tensiune iar cel de raspuns curent
nmlkj
1. atat semnalul de excitatie cat si semnalului de raspuns reprezinta tensiuni
nmlkj
2. atat semnalul de excitatie cat si semnalului de raspuns reprezinta curenti
nmlkj
3. semnalul de excitatie este curent iar cel de raspuns tensiune
nmlkj
4. semnalul de excitatie este tensiune iar cel de raspuns curent
nmlkj
1. atat semnalul de excitatie cat si semnalului de raspuns reprezinta tensiuni
nmlkj
2. atat semnalul de excitatie cat si semnalului de raspuns reprezinta curenti
nmlkj
3. semnalul de excitatie este curent iar cel de raspuns tensiune
nmlkj
4. semnalul de excitatie este tensiune iar cel de raspuns curent
nmlkj
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576.Figura32 prezinta un amplificator cu reactie. in acest caz reactia este de tipul:

Maximizeaza




Figura 31
I
S
R
F
R
C1
R
S
T
2
T
1
T
3
R
C2
R
L
1. serie paralel
nmlkj
2. serie serie
nmlkj
3. paralel paralel
nmlkj
4. paralel serie
nmlkj
E
S
+
- R
F
R
C1
R
E1
R
S
T
2
T
1
T
3
R
E2
R
C2
R
L
1. serie paralel
nmlkj
2. serie serie
nmlkj
3. paralel paralel
nmlkj
4. paralel serie
nmlkj
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577.Figura33 prezinta un amplificator cu reactie. in acest caz reactia este de tipul:

Maximizeaza


578.Figura34 prezinta un amplificator cu reactie. in acest caz reactia este de tipul:

Maximizeaza



Fi 33
E
S
+
- R
F
R
C
R
E
R
L
R
S
T
2
T
1
1. serie paralel
nmlkj
2. serie serie
nmlkj
3. paralel paralel
nmlkj
4. paralel serie
nmlkj



Figura 34
I
S
R
F
R
C
R
E
R
L
R
S
T
2
T
1
1. serie paralel
nmlkj
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579.Figura41 prezinta schema echivalenta ideala pentru



580.Figura42 prezinta schema echivalenta ideala pentru


2. serie serie
nmlkj
3. paralel paralel
nmlkj
4. paralel serie
nmlkj


Figura 41

a
u
U
i
+
-
U
i
U
o
1. amplificatorul de tensiune
nmlkj
2. amplificatorul de curent
nmlkj
3. amplificatorul transrezistenta
nmlkj
4. amplificatorul transconductanta
nmlkj


Figura 42
a
i
I
i
I
i
I
o
1. amplificatorul de tensiune
nmlkj
2. amplificatorul de curent
nmlkj
3. amplificatorul transrezistenta
nmlkj
4. amplificatorul transconductanta
nmlkj
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581.Figura43 prezinta schema echivalenta ideala pentru



582.Figura44 prezinta schema echivalenta ideala pentru



583.Figura45 prezinta schema echivalenta uzuala pentru amplificatorul de tensiune. Despre rI si
ro se poate spune:


Figura 43

a
z
I
i
+
-
I
i
U
o
1. amplificatorul de tensiune
nmlkj
2. amplificatorul de curent
nmlkj
3. amplificatorul transrezistenta
nmlkj
4. amplificatorul transconductanta
nmlkj


Figura 44
a
y
U
i
U
i
I
o
1. amplificatorul de tensiune
nmlkj
2. amplificatorul de curent
nmlkj
3. amplificatorul transrezistenta
nmlkj
4. amplificatorul transconductanta
nmlkj
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584.Figura46 prezinta schema echivalenta uzuala pentru amplificatorul de tensiune. Despre rI si
ro se poate spune:



585.Figura47 prezinta schema echivalenta uzuala pentru amplificatorul de tensiune. Despre rI si
ro se poate spune:



Figura 45
a
u
U
i
+
-
r
o
r
i
U
i
U
o
1. rI are valori foarte mici in timp ce r0 este foarte mare
nmlkj
2. rI are valori foarte mari in timp ce r0 este foarte mic
nmlkj
3. atat rI cat si ro sunt foarte mici
nmlkj
4. atat rI cat si ro sunt foarte mari
nmlkj


Figura 46

a
i
I
i
I
i
I
o
r
i
r
o
1. rI are valori foarte mici in timp ce r0 este foarte mare
nmlkj
2. rI are valori foarte mari in timp ce r0 este foarte mic
nmlkj
3. atat rI cat si ro sunt foarte mici
nmlkj
4. atat rI cat si ro sunt foarte mari
nmlkj
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586.Figura48 prezinta schema echivalenta uzuala pentru amplificatorul de tensiune. Despre rI si
ro se poate spune:



587.Castigul in tensiune al unui amplificator de tensiune se masoara in




Figura 47

a
z
I
i
+
-
r
o
r

I
i
U
o
1. rI are valori foarte mici in timp ce r0 este foarte mare
nmlkj
2. rI are valori foarte mari in timp ce r0 este foarte mic
nmlkj
3. atat rI cat si ro sunt foarte mici
nmlkj
4. atat rI cat si ro sunt foarte mari
nmlkj


Figura 48
U
i
a
y
U
i
I
o
r
o
r
i
1. rI are valori foarte mici in timp ce r0 este foarte mare
nmlkj
2. rI are valori foarte mari in timp ce r0 este foarte mic
nmlkj
3. atat rI cat si ro sunt foarte mici
nmlkj
4. atat rI cat si ro sunt foarte mari
nmlkj
1. dB
nmlkj
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588.Castigul in curent al unui amplificator de curent se masoara in


589.Amplificarea transimpedanta a unui amplificator transimpedanta se masoara in


590.Amplificarea transadmitanta a unui amplificator transadmitanta se masoara in


591.Considerand RB>>rz rezistenta de iesire a circuitului de stabilizare din figura 14, este
aproximativ

2. Ohm
nmlkj
3. S
nmlkj
4. m
nmlkj
1. dB
nmlkj
2. Ohm
nmlkj
3. S
nmlkj
4. m
nmlkj
1. dB
nmlkj
2. Ohm
nmlkj
3. S
nmlkj
4. m
nmlkj
1. dB
nmlkj
2. Ohm
nmlkj
3. S
nmlkj
4. m
nmlkj
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592.Pentru etajul emitor comun prezentat in figura 15, considerand RC<
Maximizeaza




Figura 14. Stabilizator cu diod Zener.
u
RED
u
L
i
RED
R
L
Dz
R
B
i
L
i
Z
1. RB;
nmlkj
2. RB+rZ
nmlkj
3. rz
nmlkj
4. foarte mare
nmlkj

Figura 15 Etaj emitor comun ncrcat la intrare i la ieire
+E
C
R
C
U
o
R
B1
R
B2
R
E
C
1
C
2
C
E
R
G
+
-
E
in
R
L
1.



L m u
R g A
nmlkj
2.
Maximizeaza
nmlkj
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593.in prezenta unei reactii negative globale aplicata unui amplificator construit din mai multe
etaje, valoarea raportului S/N (semnal/zgomot) masurata la iesire este:


594.Reactia negativa aplicata unui etaj de amplificare face ca valoarea raportului S/N
(semnal/zgomot) masurata la iesire sa fie:


The page cannot be displayed
The page you are looking for is currently unavailable. The Web site
might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
your browser settings.
Please try the following:
z Click the Refresh button, or try again later.
z If you typed the page address in the Address bar, make sure
that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
3.

;

L m u
R g A
nmlkj
4.



C m u
R g A
nmlkj
1. mai mare;
nmlkj
2. neschimbata
nmlkj
3. mai mica
nmlkj
4. mult mai mare
nmlkj
1. mai mare;
nmlkj
2. neschimbata
nmlkj
3. mai mica
nmlkj
4. mult mai mare
nmlkj
Page 147 of 205
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595.Randamentul unui amplificator ideal in clasa A (figura 16), avand sarcina cuplata prin
transformator este:

Maximizeaza


596.in figura 17 este reprezentata schema de principiu a unui un amplificator in contratimp cu
tranzistoare identice functionand in clasa B. Excursia maxima de tensiune este:

Maximizeaza

E
C
R
L
u
IN
u
O
i
IN
Tr
R
B1
R
B2
R
E
C
1
C
E
1. 12,5%;
nmlkj
2. 25%;
nmlkj
3. 50%;
nmlkj
4. 1
nmlkj
The page cannot be displayed
The page you are looking for is currently unavailable. The Web site
might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
your browser settings.
Please try the following:
z Click the Refresh button, or try again later.
z If you typed the page address in the Address bar, make sure
that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
Page 148 of 205
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597.in figura 17 este reprezentat un amplificator in contratimp cu tranzistoare identice
functionand in clasa B. Randamentul amplificatorului este aproximativ

Maximizeaza


598.Pentru etajul emitor comun prezentat in figura 15 rezistenta de intrare, in regim cvasistatic
de semnal mic, este

Maximizeaza
1. 1/2 EC;
nmlkj
2. EC;
nmlkj
3. 2EC;
nmlkj
4. 4EC;
nmlkj

Figura 4. Etaj de iesire in clasa B. Schema de principiu.
R
L
T
2
-E
C
+E
C
u
O
u
IN
T
1
1. 25 %;
nmlkj
2. 50 %;
nmlkj
3. 78 %;
nmlkj
4. 88 %;
nmlkj
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599.Pentru etajul emitor comun prezentat in figura 15 rezistenta de iesire, in regim cvasistatic de
semnal mic, este:

Maximizeaza

Figura 15 Etaj emitor comun ncrcat la intrare i la ieire
+E
C
R
C
U
o
R
B1
R
B2
R
E
C
1
C
2
C
E
R
G
+
-
E
in
R
L
1.
R
in
r


nmlkj
2.
R
in



r

nmlkj
3.


E B in
R R R
nmlkj
4.
R
in
R
c


nmlkj
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600.Pentru etajul emitor comun prezentat in figura 15 frecventa superioara de lucru este:

Maximizeaza

Figura 15 Etaj emitor comun ncrcat la intrare i la ieire
+E
C
R
C
U
o
R
B1
R
B2
R
E
C
1
C
2
C
E
R
G
+
-
E
in
R
L
1.


R
r
o

nmlkj
2.
R
o
R
c


nmlkj
3.

c
o
R
R
nmlkj
4.

r R
o
nmlkj
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Figura 15 Etaj emitor comun ncrcat la intrare i la ieire
+E
C
R
C
U
o
R
B1
R
B2
R
E
C
1
C
2
C
E
R
G
+
-
E
in
R
L
1.


nmlkj
2.
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nmlkj
3.
Maximizeaza
nmlkj
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601.Pentru etajul colector comun prezentat in figura 18 amplificarea in tensiune U0/Ein, in regim
cvasistatic de semnal mic, este:

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that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
4.


H
nmlkj
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then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
1.



L m u
R g A
nmlkj
2.
nmlkj
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602.Pentru etajul colector comun prezentat in figura 18 rezistenta de intrare, in regim cvasistatic
de semnal mic, este:

Maximizeaza

;


1 A
u

3.
Maximizeaza
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local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
nmlkj
4.



1 A
u

nmlkj
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603.Pentru etajul colector comun prezentat in figura 18 rezistenta de iesire (cu intrare in
scurtcircuit), in regim cvasistatic de semnal mic, este

Maximizeaza
+E
C
U
in
U
o
i
IN
i
O
R
B1
R
B2
R
E
C
1
C
2
R
L
I
o
I
in
R
G
+
-
E
in
1.
R
in
r




nmlkj
2.
R
in


r

nmlkj
3.


E B in
R R R
nmlkj
4.
R
in
R
E



nmlkj
Page 155 of 205
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+E
C
U
in
U
o
i
IN
i
O
R
B1
R
B2
R
E
C
1
C
2
R
L
I
o
I
in
R
G
+
-
E
in
1.


R
r
o

nmlkj
2.

R
o
R
E


nmlkj
3.

E
o
R
R
nmlkj
4.
Maximizeaza
nmlkj
Page 156 of 205
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604.Pentru etajul baza comuna prezentat in figura19 amplificarea in tensiune U0/Uin, in regim
cvasistatic de semnal mic (considerand RC<
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z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
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z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
1.


L m u
R g A
nmlkj
2.
;


C m u
R g A
nmlkj
3.
nmlkj
Page 157 of 205
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605.Pentru etajul baza comuna prezentat in figura 19 rezistenta de intrare, in regim cvasistatic de
semnal mic, este:

Maximizeaza


;


L m u
R g A
4.



C m u
R g A
nmlkj

Figura 19. Schema electric a unui etaj baz comun ncrcat la intrare i
ieire
R
E
C
1
I
in
U
in
R
B1
R
B2
R
C
+E
C
C
B
C
2
I
o
U
o
I
G
R
G
R
L
1.
R
in
r




nmlkj
2.
Maximizeaza
nmlkj
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606.Pentru etajul baza comuna prezentat in figura 19 rezistenta de iesire (cu intrare in
scurtcircuit), in regim cvasistatic de semnal mic, este:

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might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
your browser settings.
Please try the following:
z Click the Refresh button, or try again later.
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that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
3.



E B in
R R R
nmlkj
4.
R
in
R
E



nmlkj
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Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
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607.Pentru etajul baza comuna prezentat in figura 19 frecventa superioara de lucru este:

Maximizeaza

1.



R
r
o

nmlkj
2.

R
o
R
c



nmlkj
3.


c
o
R
R
nmlkj
4.


r R
o
nmlkj

Figura 19. Schema electric a unui etaj baz comun ncrcat la intrare i
ieire
R
E
C
1
I
in
U
in
R
B1
R
B2
R
C
+E
C
C
B
C
2
I
o
U
o
I
G
R
G
R
L
1.
Page 160 of 205
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608.Schema din figura 20 prezinta un amplificator inversor construit cu ajutorul unui
amplificator operational. Amplificarea in tensiune este:

Maximizeaza


nmlkj
2.

T

nmlkj
3.
Maximizeaza
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your browser settings.
Please try the following:
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z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
nmlkj
4.


H
nmlkj
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609.Schema din figura 21 prezinta un amplificator neinversor construit cu ajutorul unui
amplificator operational. Amplificarea in tensiune este

Maximizeaza



Figura 20 Amplificator inversor


R
2

R
1

u
IN

+
-
u
O

i
1

i
2

u
+

u
-
(punct de mas vi
1.



1
2
u
R
R
A =
nmlkj
2.



1
2
u
R
R
1 A + =
nmlkj
3. Au=1
nmlkj
4. Au este foarte mare
nmlkj
Page 162 of 205
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610.Figura24 prezinta un stabilizator cu dioda Zener. in functionare normala iZ indeplineste
conditia


R
2
R
1
u
IN
+
-
u
O
i
1
i
2
1.



1
2
u
R
R
A =
nmlkj
2.



1
2
u
R
R
1 A + =
nmlkj
3. Au=1
nmlkj
4. Au este foarte mare
nmlkj
Page 163 of 205
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611.Coeficientul de stabilizare al stabilizatorului din figura 24 este aproximativ




Figura 24 Stabilizator cu diod Zener.
u
RED
u
L
i
RED
R
L
Dz
R
B
i
L
i
Z
1.


max Z Z min Z
i i i
nmlkj
2.

max Z Z min Z
i i i
nmlkj
3.



max Z Z min Z
i i i
nmlkj
4.


max Z Z min Z
i i i
nmlkj
Page 164 of 205
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Figura 24 Stabilizator cu diod Zener.
u
RED
u
L
i
RED
R
L
Dz
R
B
i
L
i
Z
1.


z
B
r
R
S
nmlkj
2.
Maximizeaza
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might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
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Please try the following:
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that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
nmlkj
3.


L
B
R
R
S
nmlkj
4.
1


S
nmlkj
Page 165 of 205
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612.Rezistenta de iesire a stabilizatorului din figura 24 este aproximativ



613.Figura35 prezinta schema unui amplificator sumator. Tensiunea de iesire are expresia

Maximizeaza



Figura 24 Stabilizator cu diod Zener.
u
RED
u
L
i
RED
R
L
Dz
R
B
i
L
i
Z
1.


B o
R r
nmlkj
2.

L o
R r
nmlkj
3.

Z o
r r
nmlkj
4.


B Z o
R r r +
nmlkj
Page 166 of 205
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The page cannot be displayed
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your browser settings.
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that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
1.

=
=
=
n k
1 k k
k
O
R
u
R u
nmlkj
2.
Maximizeaza
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z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
nmlkj
3.
Maximizeaza
nmlkj
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614.Figura36 prezinta schema unui circuit de integrare. Tensiunea de iesire are expresia

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then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
4.
Maximizeaza
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Please try the following:
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that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
nmlkj
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The page cannot be displayed
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might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
your browser settings.
Please try the following:
z Click the Refresh button, or try again later.
z If you typed the page address in the Address bar, make sure
that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
1.
Maximizeaza
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might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
your browser settings.
Please try the following:
z Click the Refresh button, or try again later.
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that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
nmlkj
2.


( ) ( ) =

d u
RC
1
t u
t
0
IN O
nmlkj
3.

( ) ( ) =

d u RC t u
t
0
IN O
nmlkj
4.
nmlkj
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615.Figura37 prezinta schema unui circuit de derivare. Tensiunea de iesire are expresia

Maximizeaza



( ) ( ) =

d u
RC
1
t u
t
0
IN O



Figura 37
+
-
u
O
R
u
IN
i
R
C
i
C
1.


( )
dt
t du
RC ) t ( u
IN
O
=
nmlkj
2.

( )
dt
t du
RC
1
) t ( u
IN
O
=
nmlkj
3.
Maximizeaza
nmlkj
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616.Figura38 prezinta schema unui circuit de logaritmare. Tensiunea de iesire are expresia

Maximizeaza

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might be experiencing technical difficulties, or you may need to adjust
your browser settings.
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that it is spelled correctly.
z To check your connection settings, click the Tools menu, and
then click Internet Options. On the Connections tab, click
Settings. The settings should match those provided by your
local area network (LAN) administrator or Internet service
4.

( )
dt
t du
RC ) t ( u
IN
O
=
nmlkj



Figura 38 Circuit de logaritmare
D
+
-
u
O
i
D
R
u
IN
i
R
1.
nmlkj
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617.Figura39 prezinta schema unui circuit de antilogaritmare. Tensiunea de iesire are expresia

Maximizeaza




( )
(

|
.
|

\
|
=
|
|
.
|

\
|

S
IN
T
S
IN
T O
I ln
R
u
ln e
I R
u
ln e u
2.


( )
(

|
.
|

\
|
=
|
|
.
|

\
|

S
IN
T
S
IN
T O
I ln
R
u
ln e
I R
u
ln e u
nmlkj
3. uO=1
nmlkj
4. uO=uIN
nmlkj



Figura 39 Circuit de antilogaritmare
+
-
u
O
u
IN
R
i
R
D
i
D
1. uO=1
nmlkj
2. uO=uIN
nmlkj
3.



T
IN
e
U
S O
e RI u
nmlkj
4.
nmlkj
Page 172 of 205
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618.Impedanta de intrare in regim cvasistatic de semnal mic a unui amplificator de tensiune se
determina


619.Impedanta de intrare in regim cvasistatic de semnal mic a unui amplificator de curent se
determina


620.Impedanta de intrare in regim cvasistatic de semnal mic a unui amplificator transimpedanta
se determina


621.Impedanta de intrare in regim cvasistatic de semnal mic a unui amplificator transadmitanta
se determina




T
IN
e
U
S O
e RI u
1. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind lasata in gol
nmlkj
2. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina de un 1 kW
nmlkj
3. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind scurtcircuitata
nmlkj
4. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina a carei valoare se
determina din calcul
nmlkj
1. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind lasata in gol
nmlkj
2. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina de un 1 kW
nmlkj
3. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind scurtcircuitata
nmlkj
4. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina a carei valoare se
determina din calcul
nmlkj
1. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind lasata in gol
nmlkj
2. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina de un 1 kW
nmlkj
3. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind scurtcircuitata
nmlkj
4. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina a carei valoare se
determina din calcul
nmlkj
1. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind lasata in gol
nmlkj
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622.Impedanta de iesire in regim cvasistatic de semnal mic a unui amplificator de tensiune se
determina


623.Impedanta de iesire in regim cvasistatic de semnal mic a unui amplificator de curent se
determina


624.Impedanta de iesire in regim cvasistatic de semnal mic a unui amplificator transimpedanta se
determina


625.Impedanta de iesire in regim cvasistatic de semnal mic a unui amplificator transadmitanta se
determina

2. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina de un 1 kW
nmlkj
3. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind scurtcircuitata
nmlkj
4. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina a carei valoare se
determina din calcul
nmlkj
1. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind lasata in gol
nmlkj
2. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina de un 1 kW
nmlkj
3. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind scurtcircuitata
nmlkj
4. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina a carei valoare se
determina din calcul
nmlkj
1. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind lasata in gol
nmlkj
2. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina de un 1 kW
nmlkj
3. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind scurtcircuitata
nmlkj
4. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina a carei valoare se
determina din calcul
nmlkj
1. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind lasata in gol
nmlkj
2. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina de un 1 kW
nmlkj
3. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind scurtcircuitata
nmlkj
4. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina a carei valoare se
determina din calcul
nmlkj
1. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind lasata in gol
nmlkj
2. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina de un 1 kW
nmlkj
Page 174 of 205
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626.Pentru un tranzistor bipolar in regim de blocare


627.Pentru un tranzistor bipolar in regim saturat


628.Pentru un tranzistor bipolar in regim activ normal inversat


629.In regim de blocare


630.In regim saturat

3. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, iesirea fiind scurtcircuitata
nmlkj
4. introducand o sursa de test la intrare, la iesire introducandu-se o rezistenta sarcina a carei valoare se
determina din calcul
nmlkj
1. ambele jonctiuni sunt polarizate invers
nmlkj
2. ambele jonctiuni sunt polarizate direct
nmlkj
3. jonctiunea emitorului este polarizata direct, iar jonctiunea emitorului este polarizata invers
nmlkj
4. jonctiunea colectorului este polarizata direct, iar jonctiunea emitorului este polarizata invers
nmlkj
1. ambele jonctiuni sunt polarizate invers
nmlkj
2. ambele jonctiuni sunt polarizate direct
nmlkj
3. jonctiunea emitorului este polarizata direct, iar jonctiunea emitorului este polarizata invers
nmlkj
4. jonctiunea colectorului este polarizata direct, iar jonctiunea emitorului este polarizata invers
nmlkj
1. ambele jonctiuni sunt polarizate invers
nmlkj
2. ambele jonctiuni sunt polarizate direct
nmlkj
3. jonctiunea emitorului este polarizata direct, iar jonctiunea emitorului este polarizata invers
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4. jonctiunea colectorului este polarizata direct, iar jonctiunea emitorului este polarizata invers
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1. tranzistorul bipolar se comporta ca un circuit intrerupt
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2. tranzistorul bipolar se comporta ca un scurt circuit
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3. apare efectul de transistor
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4. tranzistorul nu se foloseste
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631.In regim activ normal


632.In regim activ normal inversat


633.In conditii normale, o dioda stabilizatoare functioneaza


634.Tranzitia din starea de blocare in starea de conductie (amorsarea sau aprinderea) unui
tiristor se face prin


635.Blocarea tiristorului se face
1. tranzistorul bipolar se comporta ca un circuit intrerupt
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2. tranzistorul bipolar se comporta ca un scurt circuit
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3. apare efectul de transistor
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4. tranzistorul nu se foloseste
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1. tranzistorul bipolar se comporta ca un circuit intrerupt
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2. tranzistorul bipolar se comporta ca un scurt circuit
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3. apare efectul de transistor
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4. tranzistorul nu se foloseste
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1. tranzistorul bipolar se comporta ca un circuit intrerupt
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2. tranzistorul bipolar se comporta ca un scurt circuit
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3. apare efectul de transistor
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4. tranzistorul nu se foloseste
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1. in regim de polarizare directa
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2. in regim de polarizare inversa la tensiunea de strapungere V(BR)
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3. in regim de polarizare inversa, la o tensiune mai mica decat V(BR);
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4. in regim de polarizare inversa, la o tensiune mai mare decat V(BR);
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1. numai comanda de pe poarta
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2. comanda de pe poarta si polarizarea directa a structurii (plus pe anod minus pe catod).
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3. numai polarizarea directa a structurii (plus pe anod minus pe catod).
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4. comanda de pe poarta si polarizarea inversa a structurii (minus pe anod pe plus catod)
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636.Figura6 prezinta simbolul unui



637.Figura7 prezinta simbolul unui:

Maximizeaza
1. actionand in circuitul de forta prin reducerea curentului principal
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2. polarizind invers jonctiunea poarta (grila) catod
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3. polarizind invers jonctiunea poarta (grila) anod
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4. prin efect duA/dt
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Figura 6
S
G
D
i
D
i
S
u
DS
u
GS
u
DG
i
G
1. TECMOS cu canal initial p
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2. TECMOS cu canal initial n
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3. TECMOS cu canal indus p
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4. TECMOS cu canal indus n
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Page 177 of 205
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638.Figura8 prezinta simbolul unui:

Maximizeaza




Figura 7
S
G
D
i
D
i
S
u
SD
u
SG
u
GD
i
G
1. TECMOS cu canal initial p
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2. TECMOS cu canal initial n
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3. TECMOS cu canal indus p
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4. TECMOS cu canal indus n
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Figura 8
S
G
D
i
D
i
S
u
DS
u
GS
u
DG
i
G
1. TECMOS cu canal initial p
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2. TECMOS cu canal initial n
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3. TECMOS cu canal indus p
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4. TECMOS cu canal indus n
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639.Figura9 prezinta simbolul unui:

Maximizeaza


640.Mecanismul strapungerii intr-o dioda de referinta (stabilizatoare) este:


1. 1. 2. 3. 4.
2. 1. 2. 3. 4.
3. 1. 2. 3. 4.
4. 1. 2. 3. 4.
5. 1. 2. 3. 4.
6. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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1. TECMOS cu canal initial p
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2. TECMOS cu canal initial n
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3. TECMOS cu canal indus p
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4. TECMOS cu canal indus n
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1. totdeauna Zener
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2. totdeauna strapungere prin avalansa
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3. uneori strapungere Zener, alteori strapungere prin avalansa dar niciodata o combinatie a ambelor
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4. uneori strapungere Zener, alteori strapungere prin avalansa si cateodata o combinatie a ambelor
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8. 1. 2. 3. 4.
9. 1. 2. 3. 4.
10. 1. 2. 3. 4.
11. 1. 2. 3. 4.
12. 1. 2. 3. 4.
13. 1. 2. 3. 4.
14. 1. 2. 3. 4.
15. 1. 2. 3. 4.
16. 1. 2. 3. 4.
17. 1. 2. 3. 4.
18. 1. 2. 3. 4.
19. 1. 2. 3. 4.
20. 1. 2. 3. 4.
21. 1. 2. 3. 4.
22. 1. 2. 3. 4.
23. 1. 2. 3. 4.
24. 1. 2. 3. 4.
25. 1. 2. 3. 4.
26. 1. 2. 3. 4.
27. 1. 2. 3. 4.
28. 1. 2. 3. 4.
29. 1. 2. 3. 4.
30. 1. 2. 3. 4.
31. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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33. 1. 2. 3. 4.
34. 1. 2. 3. 4.
35. 1. 2.
36. 1. 2.
37. 1. 2.
38. 1. 2.
39. 1. 2.
40. 1. 2.
41. 1. 2.
42. 1. 2.
43. 1. 2.
44. 1. 2.
45. 1. 2.
46. 1. 2.
47. 1. 2.
48. 1. 2.
49. 1. 2.
50. 1. 2.
51. 1. 2.
52. 1. 2.
53. 1. 2.
54. 1. 2.
55. 1. 2. 3. 4.
56. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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57. 1. 2. 3. 4.
58. 1. 2. 3. 4.
59. 1. 2. 3. 4.
60. 1. 2. 3. 4.
61. 1. 2. 3. 4.
62. 1. 2. 3. 4.
63. 1. 2. 3. 4.
64. 1. 2. 3. 4.
65. 1. 2. 3. 4.
66. 1. 2. 3. 4.
67. 1. 2. 3. 4.
68. 1. 2. 3. 4.
69. 1. 2. 3. 4.
70. 1. 2. 3. 4.
71. 1. 2. 3. 4.
72. 1. 2. 3. 4.
73. 1. 2. 3. 4.
74. 1. 2. 3. 4.
75. 1. 2. 3. 4.
76. 1. 2. 3. 4.
77. 1. 2. 3. 4.
78. 1. 2. 3. 4.
79. 1. 2. 3. 4.
80. 1. 2. 3. 4.
81. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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83. 1. 2. 3. 4.
84. 1. 2. 3. 4.
85. 1. 2. 3. 4.
86. 1. 2. 3. 4.
87. 1. 2. 3. 4.
88. 1. 2. 3. 4.
89. 1. 2. 3. 4.
90. 1. 2. 3. 4.
91. 1. 2. 3. 4.
92. 1. 2. 3. 4.
93. 1. 2. 3. 4.
94. 1. 2. 3. 4.
95. 1. 2. 3. 4.
96. 1. 2. 3. 4.
97. 1. 2. 3. 4.
98. 1. 2. 3. 4.
99. 1. 2. 3. 4.
100. 1. 2. 3. 4.
101. 1. 2. 3. 4.
102. 1. 2. 3. 4.
103. 1. 2. 3. 4.
104. 1. 2. 3. 4.
105. 1. 2. 3. 4.
106. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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107. 1. 2. 3. 4.
108. 1. 2. 3. 4.
109. 1. 2. 3. 4.
110. 1. 2. 3. 4.
111. 1. 2. 3. 4.
112. 1. 2. 3. 4.
113. 1. 2. 3. 4.
114. 1. 2. 3. 4.
115. 1. 2. 3. 4.
116. 1. 2. 3. 4.
117. 1. 2. 3. 4.
118. 1. 2. 3. 4.
119. 1. 2. 3. 4.
120. 1. 2. 3. 4.
121. 1. 2. 3. 4.
122. 1. 2. 3. 4.
123. 1. 2. 3. 4.
124. 1. 2. 3. 4.
125. 1. 2. 3. 4.
126. 1. 2. 3. 4.
127. 1. 2. 3. 4.
128. 1. 2. 3. 4.
129. 1. 2. 3. 4.
130. 1. 2. 3. 4.
131. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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136. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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138. 1. 2. 3. 4.
139. 1. 2. 3. 4.
140. 1. 2. 3. 4.
141. 1. 2. 3. 4.
142. 1. 2. 3. 4.
143. 1. 2. 3. 4.
144. 1. 2. 3. 4.
145. 1. 2. 3. 4.
146. 1. 2. 3. 4.
147. 1. 2. 3. 4.
148. 1. 2. 3. 4.
149. 1. 2. 3. 4.
150. 1. 2. 3. 4.
151. 1. 2. 3. 4.
152. 1. 2. 3. 4.
153. 1. 2. 3. 4.
154. 1. 2. 3. 4.
155. 1. 2. 3. 4.
156. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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160. 1. 2. 3. 4.
161. 1. 2. 3. 4.
162. 1. 2. 3. 4.
163. 1. 2. 3. 4.
164. 1. 2. 3. 4.
165. 1. 2. 3. 4.
166. 1. 2. 3. 4.
167. 1. 2. 3. 4.
168. 1. 2. 3. 4.
169. 1. 2. 3. 4.
170. 1. 2. 3. 4.
171. 1. 2. 3. 4.
172. 1. 2. 3. 4.
173. 1. 2. 3. 4.
174. 1. 2. 3. 4.
175. 1. 2. 3. 4.
176. 1. 2. 3. 4.
177. 1. 2. 3. 4.
178. 1. 2. 3. 4.
179. 1. 2. 3. 4.
180. 1. 2. 3. 4.
181. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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188. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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193. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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200. 1. 2. 3. 4.
201. 1. 2. 3. 4.
202. 1. 2. 3. 4.
203. 1. 2. 3. 4.
204. 1. 2. 3. 4.
205. 1. 2. 3. 4.
206. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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229. 1. 2. 3. 4.
230. 1. 2. 3. 4.
231. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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533. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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535. 1. 2. 3. 4.
536. 1. 2. 3. 4.
537. 1. 2. 3. 4.
538. 1. 2. 3. 4.
539. 1. 2. 3. 4.
540. 1. 2. 3. 4.
541. 1. 2. 3.
542. 1. 2. 3. 4.
543. 1. 2. 3. 4.
544. 1. 2. 3. 4.
545. 1. 2. 3. 4.
546. 1. 2. 3. 4.
547. 1. 2. 3. 4.
548. 1. 2. 3. 4.
549. 1. 2. 3. 4.
550. 1. 2. 3. 4.
551. 1. 2. 3. 4.
552. 1. 2. 3. 4.
553. 1. 2. 3. 4.
554. 1. 2. 3. 4.
555. 1. 2. 3. 4.
556. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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557. 1. 2. 3. 4.
558. 1. 2. 3. 4.
559. 1. 2. 3. 4.
560. 1. 2. 3. 4.
561. 1. 2. 3. 4.
562. 1. 2. 3. 4.
563. 1. 2. 3. 4.
564. 1. 2. 3. 4.
565. 1. 2. 3. 4.
566. 1. 2. 3. 4.
567. 1. 2. 3. 4.
568. 1. 2. 3. 4.
569. 1. 2. 3. 4.
570. 1. 2. 3. 4.
571. 1. 2. 3. 4.
572. 1. 2. 3. 4.
573. 1. 2. 3. 4.
574. 1. 2. 3. 4.
575. 1. 2. 3. 4.
576. 1. 2. 3. 4.
577. 1. 2. 3. 4.
578. 1. 2. 3. 4.
579. 1. 2. 3. 4.
580. 1. 2. 3. 4.
581. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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583. 1. 2. 3. 4.
584. 1. 2. 3. 4.
585. 1. 2. 3. 4.
586. 1. 2. 3. 4.
587. 1. 2. 3. 4.
588. 1. 2. 3. 4.
589. 1. 2. 3. 4.
590. 1. 2. 3. 4.
591. 1. 2. 3. 4.
592. 1. 2. 3. 4.
593. 1. 2. 3. 4.
594. 1. 2. 3. 4.
595. 1. 2. 3. 4.
596. 1. 2. 3. 4.
597. 1. 2. 3. 4.
598. 1. 2. 3. 4.
599. 1. 2. 3. 4.
600. 1. 2. 3. 4.
601. 1. 2. 3. 4.
602. 1. 2. 3. 4.
603. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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605. 1. 2. 3. 4.
606. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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607. 1. 2. 3. 4.
608. 1. 2. 3. 4.
609. 1. 2. 3. 4.
610. 1. 2. 3. 4.
611. 1. 2. 3. 4.
612. 1. 2. 3. 4.
613. 1. 2. 3. 4.
614. 1. 2. 3. 4.
615. 1. 2. 3. 4.
616. 1. 2. 3. 4.
617. 1. 2. 3. 4.
618. 1. 2. 3. 4.
619. 1. 2. 3. 4.
620. 1. 2. 3. 4.
621. 1. 2. 3. 4.
622. 1. 2. 3. 4.
623. 1. 2. 3. 4.
624. 1. 2. 3. 4.
625. 1. 2. 3. 4.
626. 1. 2. 3. 4.
627. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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633. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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636. 1. 2. 3. 4.
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