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AS 3536.

21998

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Australian Standard
Reference gases Part 2: Preparation, analysis and certication of traceable reference gas mixtures

This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee CH/27, Reference Gases. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 1 May 1998 and published on 5 July 1998.

The following interests are represented on Committee CH/27: Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council
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Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry Environment Protection Authority, Victoria Federal Chamber of Automotive Industries National Association of Testing Authorities The Australian Gas Association WorkCover New South Wales

Additional interests participating in preparation of Standard: Department of Environment and Natural Resources, S.A. Environment Protection Authority, N.S.W.

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australian Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editions as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edition, and any amendments thereto. Full details of all Australian Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australia Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine The Australian Standard, which subscribing members receive, and which gives details of new publications, new editions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggestions for improvements to Australian Standards, addressed to the head office of Standards Australia, are welcomed. Notication of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australian Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 97360.

AS 3536.21998

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Australian Standard
Reference gases Part 2: Preparation, analysis and certification of traceable reference gas mixtures

Originated as AS 27191984. Revised and redesignated as AS 3536.2 1998.

Published by Standards Australia (Standards Association of Australia) 1 The Crescent, Homebush, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7337 1997 X

AS 3536.2 1998

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Standards Australia Committee CH/27, Reference Gases to supersede AS 2719 1984, Traceable reference gases For analysis of emission gases of internal combustion engines and motor vehicles Preparation, analysis and certification. This Standard is part of a series as follows: AS 3536 3536.1 3536.2
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Reference gases Part 1: Preparation and certification of gravimetric standards Part 2: Preparation, analysis and certification of traceable reference gas mixtures

Within Australia, measurements made for any legal purpose including trade and government regulation must be traceable to the Australian primary standards of measurement. When measurements are made for legal purposes, the appropriate measurement units are prescribed as legal units of measurement and demonstration may be required in courts of law of the traceability linkages between a measurement tendered as evidence and Australias national measurement standards. There are specific legal requirements for reference materials used to calibrate measuring instruments used to make measurements for legal purposes. The National Measurement Act 1960 defines a certified reference material as one that has been certified under the relevant provisions of the National Measurement Regulations. As required by Section 10 of the Act such certified reference materials have one or more of their property values traceable to Australias primary standards of measurement. The objectives of this Standard are as follows: (a) Augments the range of available concentrations of reference materials by defining and specifying additional gases traceable to International Standards. These are defined as Reference Gas Mixture (RGM). Describes a protocol for the preparation, analysis and certification of RGM.

(b)

It is hoped that this Standard will improve the availability of such reference gases, reduce their cost and reduce the preparatory work required to calibrate analytical instrumentation in this field of application. The term informative has been used in this Standard to define the application of the appendix to which it applies. An informative appendix is only for information and guidance.

Copyright

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA

Users of Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all Standards Australia publications and software. Except where the Copyright Act allows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Australia may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system in any form or transmitted by any means without prior permission in writing from Standards Australia. Permission may be conditional on an appropriate royalty payment. Requests for permission and information on commercial software royalties should be directed to the head office of Standards Australia. Standards Australia will permit up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard to be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Australia. Standards Australia will also permit the inclusion of its copyright material in computer software programs for no royalty payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that material used is from the current edition of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identified. The use of material in print form or in computer software programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be varied by Standards Australia at any time.

AS 3536.2 1998

CONTENTS
Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . REFERENCED DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PRINCIPLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . APPARATUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CALIBRATION GASES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ANALYSIS OF REFERENCE GAS MIXTURE . . . . . . . . . . CALCULATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VERIFICATION OF THE STABILITY OF RGM . . . . . . . . . CERTIFICATION AND REPORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PERIOD OF VALIDITY OF CERTIFICATE AND CRITERIA FOR RE-ANALYSIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RECORDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 7 7 8 8 9 9

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APPENDICES A EXAMPLE OF TYPICAL END USE OF RGM FOR VEHICLE EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION ASSESSMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 B ORDERING DATA FOR RGM AND/OR ANALYSIS REPORT . . . . . . . . . . 12

AS 3536.2 1998

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Australian Standard Reference gases Part 2: Preparation, analysis and certification of traceable reference gas mixtures

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1 SCOPE This Standard sets out requirements for the preparation, analysis and certification procedures of traceable reference gas mixtures. This Standard applies to the preparation, analysis and certification of a reference gas mixture (RGM) whose range of concentrations is dependent on the commercially available certified reference gas mixture (CRGM,) and primary gravimetric standards (PGS); for this Standard, RGMs are limited to, from 50% of the lowest concentration CRGM or PGS available, up to 200% of the highest concentration of CRGM, or PGS available.
NOTE: While this Standard applies to the preparation of any RGM, a typical end use is automotive emissions, an example of which is found in Appendix A.

2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS Standard: AS 1678 1777 2030

The following Standards are referred to in this

Emergency procedure guides Transport (series) Seamless aluminium cylinders for compressed gases (0.10 to 130 litres) The approval, filling, inspection, testing and maintenance of cylinders for the storage and transport of compressed gases (known as the SAA Gas Cylinders Code) Part 1: Cylinders for compressed gases other than acetylene Methods of test for fuel consumption of motor vehicles designed to comply with Australian Design Rules 37 and 40 Valves for compressed gas cylinders (threaded outlet) Safe storage and handling information cards (series) Reference gases Part 1: Preparation and certification of gravimetric standards For the purpose of this Standard, the following definitions below

2030.1 2877 2473 2508 3536 3536.1

3 DEFINITIONS apply: 3.1

Analyte the component gas of interest.

3.2 Balance gas the matrix gas for the analytes of interest. A gas which is used to make up the final gas mixture. 3.3 Certified reference gas mixture (CRGM) a prepared gas mixture accompanied by certificate where one or more values are certified by a procedure which establishes its traceability to a national or international Standard.

COPYRIGHT

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AS 3536.2-1998, Reference gases Preparation, analysis and certification of traceable reference gas mixtures

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