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AS/NZS 1133:1996

IWTO-28-93

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Australian/New Zealand Standard


WoolDetermination by the Airflow Method of the mean fibre diameter of core samples of raw wool
[IWTO title: Determination by the Airflow Method of the mean fibre diameter of core samples of raw wool]

AS/NZS 1133:1996 This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard was prepared by Joint Technical Committee TX/12, Wool. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 24 January 1996 and on behalf of the Council of Standards New Zealand on 20 February 1996. It was published on 5 April 1996. The following interests are represented on Committee TX/12: Australian Council of Wool Exporters Australian Wool Exchange Australian Wool Processors Council Australian Wool Research and Promotion Organisation CSIRODivision of Wool Technology Department of Defence, Australia Lincoln University, New Zealand National Association of Testing Authorities, Australia National Council of New Zealand Wool Interests National Council of Wool Selling Brokers of Australia New Zealand Council of Wool Exporters New Zealand Wool Board New Zealand Wool Brokers Association Telarc, New Zealand Testing interests, Australia Testing interests, New Zealand University of New South Wales Wool Council of Australia Wool Scourers and Carbonisers Association of Australia Wool Research Organization of New Zealand Review of Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Joint Australian/ New Zealand Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editions as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edition, and any amendments thereto. Full details of all Joint Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazines The Australian Standard and Standards New Zealand, which subscribing members receive, and which give details of new publications, new editions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggestions for improvements to Joint Standards, addressed to the head office of either Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand, are welcomed. Notification of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in a Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

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This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 95081.


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AS/NZS 1133:1996

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Australian/New Zealand Standard


WoolDetermination by the Airflow Method of the mean fibre diameter of core samples of raw wool

PUBLISHED JOINTLY BY: STANDARDS AUSTRALIA 1 The Crescent, Homebush NSW 2140 Australia STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND Level 10, Radio New Zealand House, 155 The Terrace, Wellington 6001 New Zealand
ISBN 0 7337 0378 X

ii PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand Committee TX/12 on Wool to supersede AS 1133 1985. It is identical with and has been reproduced from IWTO-28-93, Determination by the Airflow Method of the mean fibre diameter of core samples of raw wool, which is largely based on AS 1133 1985, Wool Determination of the mean fibre diameter of raw wool. The objective of this Standard is to provide the wool industry with a method for determining the mean fibre diameter of raw wool using the Airflow Method. The source text should be modified as follows: (a) (b) Clause 6.3.1 (vii) micrometre. Delete the word micron in the last line and replace with the word Delete the first paragraph and replace with the following:

Appendix Z, Clause 4

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For flowmeters without a graduated millimetre scale, fix a scale graduated in millimetres behind the flowmeter (F) so that the zero of this scale coincides with a file mark (zero) made near the bottom of the flowmeter. As this Standard is reproduced from an international publication, the following applies: (i) (ii) Its number appears on the cover and title page, while the International Standard number appears only on the cover. Insert the word normative beneath the title of Appendix 1, Appendix 2, Appendix 4 and Appendix 6, and the word informative beneath the title of Appendix 3, Appendix 5, Appendix 7, Appendix 8, Appendix 9 and Appendix 10. References to International Standards and other publications should be replaced by the equivalent Australian/New Zealand Standard, as follows: Reference to International Standard or other publication: IWTO 6 Method of test for the determination of the mean diameter of wool fibres in combed sliver using the air flow apparatus Determination of wool base and vegetable matter base of core samples of raw wool Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS

19

Core Test Regulations AFNOR NF G07-059 Textiles. Tests of fibre. Air permeability. Method for the determination of mean diameter of wool fibres AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY YEAR BOOK

1134 Wool Determination of wool base and vegetable matter base of core samples of raw wool

The terms normative and informative have been used in this Standard to define the application of the appendix to which they apply. A normative appendix is an integral part of a Standard, whereas an informative appendix is only for information and guidance.
Originated in Australia as AS 11331971. Previous edition Australia AS 11331985. Jointly revised and designated AS/NZS 1133:1996. Incorporating: Amdt 11997 Amdt 21997 Amdt 31998

AUSTRALIAN/NEW ZEALAND STANDARD

Determination by the Airflow Method of the mean fibre diameter of core samples of raw wool

0.

Brief History

This method has been revised by the IWTO Fineness Working Group from the original version first issued as a Test Method Under Examination in May, 1971, and was later converted to a full Specification in June, 1975.
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The current text contains substantial Flow Airflow Fineness Meter. This committee and IWTO Statutes and amendments which were approved in 1. Foreword

modifications and excludes the use of the Constant text was adopted by the IWTO Standardisation SubAgreements Committee in Perth, May, 1989, with Istanbul, May, 1993.

When a current of air is passed through a mass of fibres packed in a chamber with perforated ends the ratio of airflow to differential pressure is primarily determined by the total surface area of the fibres. This was predicted from the hydrodynamic equations of Kozeny 1 and others. For fibres of circular or near-circular cross-section and constant density, such as nonmedullated wool, the surface area of a given mass of fibres is inversely proportional to the Mean Fibre Diameter. This principle can be utilised to construct an apparatus giving an estimate of Mean Fibre Diameter; the Airflow Method is simple and rapid. Since the method is indirect, the apparatus must first be calibrated, using fibres of known mean diameter. It has been shown2 that the estimate of Mean Fibre Diameter given by the Airflow Method is d(1 + c2), where d is the Mean Fibre Diameter (length biased), given by the projection microscope and c the fractional coefficient of variation. Since c normally lies within comparatively small limits for un-blended wool it is usual to calibrate the apparatus directly in terms of d. 2. Scope

This method sets out a procedure for the determination by the Airflow Method of the Mean Fibre Diameter of wool fibres sampled from bales of raw wool by coring, using cutters of nominal diameter from 12 to 25 mm (1/2 to 1 in). Medullated wool or lambswool may give misleading results (see Appendix 9).

COPYRIGHT

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AS/NZS 1133:1996, Wool - Determination by the Airflow Method of the mean fibre diameter of core samples of raw wool

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