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CJC 2-1997

SAA HB88-1997

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UNBALANCED HIGH VOLTAGE POWER LINES

Code of practice for the mitigation of noise induced into paired cable telecommunications lines from unbalanced high voltage power lines

This Arrangement has been prepared jointly by Telstra Corporation Limited and the Electricity Supply Association of Australia Limited and has been approved by both these bodies

Published by STANDARDS AUSTRALIA

This Publication was prepared jointly by Telecom Australia, now Teistra


Corporation Limited, and the Electricity Supply Association of Australia and. has been approved by both these bodies. It was published by Standards
Australia on 5 February 1997.

Review of this Publication Suggestions for improvement to

this Publication,

addressed to the head oflice of Standards Australia are welcomed. NotIfication of any

inaccuracy or ambiguity found in this Publication should be made without delay in


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order that the matter may be investiga ted and appropriate action taken.

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UNBALANCED HIGH VOLTAGE POWER LINES


Code of practice for the mitigation of noise induced into paired cable telecommunications lines from unbalanced high voltage power lines

For history before 1997, see Preface. Revised and redesignated SAA HBS8-1997 (CJC 2).

PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA (STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA) 1 THE CRESCENT, 1-IOMEBUSH, NSW 2140

ISBN 0 7337 0930 3

PREFACE

Unbalanced high voltage power lines (operating at or above a voltage of 650 Volts) such as single-wire earth-return lines or multi-wire power lines feeding high voltage unbalanced earth-return spur lines, can cause interference to paired cable telecommunication circuits of Telstra, unless co-ordination measures are adequate.

Proposals for such power lines and telecommunications circuits require special consideration before erection and this Code specifies the conditions which must be
observed to avoid interference.
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This Code has been prepared by Telecom Australia (now Telstra Corporation) and the Electricity Supply Association of Australia (ESAA) under the auspices of the Joint Committee for Co-ordination of Power and Telecommunications (CJC), as a basis for co-ordination where the activities of these bodies co-exist. However Telstra and member bodies of ESAA are not bound to accept the contents of this Code in their work practices or procedures. It is acknowledged that different

practices from those described may be equally satisfactory depending on site


circumstances.

The Code supersedes, in part, the Code of Practice for Unbalanced Single-Phase High Voltage Power Lines (1965), Code of Practice for Multiple Earthed Neutral High Voltage Power Lines (1968) and the Code of Practice for Earth-Return High Voltage Power Lines (1977).

A reference to the 'Application Guide' for this Code shall mean a reference to the

Application Sections of the above-mentioned Codes until such time as the


Application Guide for this Code is published.

This Code makes reference to Publications prepared jointly by ESAA and the
Australian
Telecommunications
Commission
(ATC)

(subsequently

Telecom

Australia, now Teistra Corporation).


should be directed to either:
Electricity Supply Association of Australia Limited P0 Box 2537 SYDNEY NSW 2001

Enquiries concerning these publications


National Power Coordination Telstra Corporation 1/355 Spencer Street WEST MELBOURNE VIC 3003

See also Appendix B for a list of Publications referred to in this Code.

Copyright - Telstra and ESAAJSTANJDARDS AUSTRALIA

Copyright of the information in this publication is jointly owned by Telstra Corporation Ltd and the Electricity Supply

Association of Australia. All rights are reserved. No part of this work may he reproduced or copied in any form or by any means (graphic, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or information retrieval systems) without the written permission of the publisher.

CONTENTS
Page
SECTION 1
1.1

OVERVIEW
1
1

INTRODUCTION

1.2 SCOPE AND APPLICATION 1.3 CODE REVIEW / REVISION SECTION 2 ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES
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2.1

NATUREOFINTERFERENCE
2.1.1

General 2.1.2 Electromagnetic Induction 2.1.3 Electrostatic Induction 2.1.4 Conductively Coupled Noise 2.2 MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE VALUES OF INDUCED VOLTAGE

3 3
3 3 3 4 5 6 6

2.3 ASSESSMENT OF NOISE 2.4 MEASURES FOR LIMITING INTERFERENCE


General 2.4.2 Separation Between Earths 2.4.3 Measures taken by Telstra 2.4.4 Measures taken by the Power Utility
2.4.1

6 7
8

SECTION 3
3.1

RESPONSIBILITIES
9 9 9

GENERAL

3.2 FORWARD PLANNING 3.3 PLANNING AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF BOTH PARTIES 3.4 RESPONSIBILITIES OF TELSTRA 3.5 RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE POWER UTILITY 3.5.1 Construction and Separation Requirements 3.5.2 Requirements for the Correction of Interference 3.5.3 Guidelines for Acceptance of Future Works 3.6 ALLOCATION OF COSTS 3.6.1 Basic Principles
3.6.2 3.6.3 3.6.4
Examples

10 10 10 10
11

Costs of Investigations Cost Estimates

12 12 12 13 13

SECTION 4 PROCEDURES
4.1

GENERAL

14 14 16 17
21

4.2 PROCEDURE FOR THE DESIGN AND ACCEPTANCE OF A NEW POWER LINE 4.3 PROCEDURE FOR THE DESIGN OF A NEW TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROUTE APPENDIX A EXPLANATION OF TERMS APPENDIX B PUBLICATIONS REFERRED TO IN THIS CODE

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iv

NOTES

SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION

OVERVIEW

1.1

This Code is concerned with the interference effects of Unbalanced High Voltage (UBHV) power lines on paired cable telecommunication circuits. The Code sets down responsibilities of the Power Utility and Telstra and acceptable limits of interference.
1.1.1

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Unbalanced high voltage power lines include all power lines using the earth as a return conductor for part or all of the load current, and lines in which charging current due to unbalanced voltages is carried through the earth. Specific types of power line construction include:
1.1.2

Single-Wire Earth-Return (SWER) lines; Multiple Earthed Neutral (MEN) Lines;


Single-phase lines;
ci.

Two-phase lines where the phases are not 180 degrees apart;

e.

Any multi-wire power line feeding any of the above unless fed via
isolation transformers;

Electromagnetic fields associated with power lines that carry unbalanced currents will produce interfering voltages in telecommunication lines in the vicinity.
1.1.3

Such voltages may create a hazard to persons using or working on the


telecommunication lines, or may render the telecommunication circuits unusable due to excessive noise.
Conductive coupling of power line voltages from unbalanced high voltage system earths can also pose a problem to telecommunication lines, and measures are taken to avoid this type of interference.
Electrostatic fields associated with unbalanced power lines will produce interfering currents in telecommunications lines. This type of induction mainly affects unshielded overhead lines. Such currents may create a hazard to persons, but usually are a minor noise problem.

1.2 SCOPE AND APPLICATION


1.2.1

This Code is primarily concerned with the mitigation of excessive noise in

paired cable telecommunication circuits.

COPYRIGHT

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HB 88-1997 (CJC 2), Unbalanced high voltage power lines: Code of practice for the mitigation of noise induced into paired cable telecommunications lines from unbalanced high voltage power lines

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