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Modul 5.

(Pertemuan 5) TRANSFORMASI LAPLACE


5.1 PENGERTIAN TRANSFORMASI LAPLACE Transformasi Laplace adalah proses mengubah fungsi F(t) dari fungsi waktu ke fungsi kompleks f(s) dari operasi kompleks S.

Definisi :
Transformasi Laplace dari F(t) adalah f(s) yang dinyatakan dalam bentuk L[F(t)] = f(s) dimana f (s ) = e st F (t ) dt
o

Secara hitung diferensial diperoleh :

L[F (t )] = e st F (t ) dt
o

= lim e -st F(t ) dt



o

Misal :

Fungsi F(t) = 1

1 maka L[F (t )] = L[1] = ; S > 0 S


Bukti :
L[F (t )] = L[1] = e -st dt
o

F[t] 1 0 F[t] = 1

= lim e -st dt

o

1 = lim - e st s o 1 = - lim e -st o s 1 = - lim e - s e o s 1 = - (- 1) s 1 = s

1 maka L[F (t )] = L[1] = ; s > o s


5.2 Beberapa Rumus Transformasi Laplace

1.

1 L[1] = ; s > o s
Bukti :
L [F (t )] =

e
o

st

F ( t ) dt

L[ ]= 1

e st (1 ) dt

= lim

e
o

- st

dt

= lim

1 s

e
o

- st

1 d( e - st ) = lim - e st s

1 1 1 = - lim e - s e o = - (0 - 1) = s s s 1 s2

2.

L[t ] =
Bukti :

L [F (t )] =

e
o

st

F ( t ) dt

L [t ] =

e st ( t ) dt

= lim

t.e
o

- st

dt

1 = - lim s

t.d(e

- st

) = -

1 lim [t. e - st s

e
o

- st

.d(t)] =

1 1 = - lim[t/.e st ] + lim e -st (1)dt = o s s o 1 1 = - lim[1/s.e st ] + lim e -st (1)dt = o s s o

= -

1 1 (0) + s s

e
o

st

(1) dt = 0 +

1 1 1 1 . L [1 ] = . = 2 s s s s

3.

L tn =
Bukti :

[ ]

n! (n + 1) = n +1 S s n +1 1 0! = 0+1 1 S S

L t 0 = L[1] =

[ ]
[]

L t1 =

1 1! = 1+1 2 S S n! S n +1

Analog:

L tn =

[ ]

Rumus Gamma :

(n ) = e x x n -1 dx
o

(n + 1) = e x x n +1-1 dx
o

(n + 1) = e x x n dx
o

misalkan : x = st

dx = s.dt

(n + 1) = e st (st) n s.dt
o

(n + 1) = e st s n t n s.dt
o

(n + 1) = s n +1 e st t n dt
o

(n + 1) = s n +1 .L[t n ]
L tn = maka

[ ]

(n + 1)
s n +1 L tn =

[ ]

n! (n + 1) = n +1 s n +1 S

4.

L e at =

[ ]

1 sa

Bukti :
L [F (t )] =

e
o

st

F ( t ) dt

L e at =

[ ] e
o

st

( e at ) dt

= lim

e
o

st + at

dt

= lim

e ( s a ) t dt =

1 lim - (s - a)

e
o

( s a )t

d[-s(t - a)]

1 1 1 lim[e ( s a ) t ] = = lim[ o e ( s a ) t - (s - a) - (s - a)

]
o

= =

1 1 1 [ lim ( s a ) lim ( s a ).0 ] e e - (s - a) 1 1 1 1 [0 lim 0 ] = .[0 1] = e - (s - a) - (s - a) s-a

5. 6. 7. 8.

L[sin t ] = L[cos at ] = L[sinh at ] =

s +2
2

s s +2
2

a s a2
2

L[cosh at ] =

s s a2
2

9.

L[ F (t )] =

e st F (t )dt
0

1 e sT

untuk f(t+T) = f(t)

5.3 1.

Pembahasan Soal-soal Hitung L t 2 ? L t2 =

[ ]

[ ]

2! 2 = s3 s3

2.

Hitung L t Lt

[ ]?
1 2

[ ] = (s
1 2

+ 1)

2 +1

(1 ) 2
S
1 2

3.

Hitung L[sin ( 2t )] ?

L[sin ( 2t )] =

s + ( 2)
2

-2

2 s +4
2