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408

C
Steam Tables
(From R.W. Haywood, Thermodynamic Tables in SI (Metric) Units, 1972, 2nd edn, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge)

Table C. 1 E n t h a l p y of saturated water and steam (Temperaturesfrom0.01~

to 100~

Reference state: Triple point of water: 0.01 oC, 0.6112 kPa.


Specific enthalpy (kJ kg -1)
Temperature
(~

Pressure
(kPa)

Saturated
liquid

Evaporation
(Ahv)

......Saturated
vapour

0.01
(Triple point)
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
25
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
50
52
54
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70

0.611

+0.0

2501.6

2501.6

0.705
0.813
0.935
1.072
1.227
1.401
1.597
1.817
2.062
2.34
2.64
2.98
3.17
3.36
3.78
4.24
4.75
5.32
5.94
6.62
7.38
8.20
9.10
10.09
11.16
12.34
13.61
15.00
16.51
18.15
19.92
21.84
23.91
26.15
28.56
31.16

8.4
16.8
25.2
33.6
42.0
50.4
58.8
67.1
75.5
83.9
83.9
100.6
104.8
108.9
117.3
125.7
134.0
142.4
150.7
159.1
167.5
175.8
184.2
192.5
200.9
209.3
217.6
226.0
234.4
242.7
251.1
259.5
267.8
276.2
284.6
293.0

2496.8
2492.1
2487.4
2482.6
2477.9
2473.2
2468.5
2463.8
2459.0
2454.3
2454.3
2444.9
2442.5
2440.2
2435.4
2430.7
2425.9
2421.2
2416.4
2411.7
2406.9
2402.1
2397.3
2392.5
2387.7
2382.9
2378.1
2373.2
2368.4
2363.5
2358.6
2353.7
2348.8
2343.9
2338.9
2334.0

2505.2
2508.9
2512.6
2516.2
2519.9
2523.6
2527.2
2530.9
2534.5
2538.2
2538.2
2545.5
2547.3
2549.1
2552.7
2556.4
2560.0
2563.6
2567.2
2570.8
2574.4
2577.9
2581.5
2585.1
2588.6
2592.2
2595.7
2599.2
2602.7
2606.2
2609.7
2613.2
2616.6
2620.1
2623.5
2626.9

Appendices

409

,,

Specific enthalpy (kJ kg- l)


Temperature
(~
72
74
76
78
80
82
84
86
88
90
92
94
96
98
100
(Boilingpoint)

Pressure
(kPa)
33.96
36.96
40.19
43.65
47.36
51.33
55.57
60.11
64.95
70.11
75.61
81.46
87.69
94.30
101.325

Saturated
liquid

Evaporation
(Ahv)

Saturated
vapour

301.4
309.7
318.1
326.5
334.9
343.3
351.7
360.1
368.5
376.9
385.4
393.8
402.2
410.6
419.1

2329.0
2324.0
2318.9
2313.9
2308.8
2303.8
2298.6
2293.5
2288.4
2283.2
2278.0
2272.8
2267.5
2262.2
2256.9

2630.3
2633.7
2637.1
2640.4
2643.8
2647.1
2650.4
2653.6
2656.9
2660.1
2663.4
2666.6
2669.7
2672.9
2676.0

Table C.2 Enthalpy of saturated water and steam


(Pressures from 0.6112 kPa to 22 120 kPa)

Reference state: Triple point of water: 0.01 *C, 0.6112 kPa.


Specific enthalpy (kJ kg- l)
Pressure
(kPa)
0.6112
(Triple point)
0.8
1.0
1.4
1.8
2.0
2.4
2.8
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
6
7
8
9
10
12
14
16
18
20

Temperature
(~

Saturated
liquid

0.01

+0.0

2501.6

2501.6

15.8
29.3
50.3
66.5
73.5
85.7
96.2
101.0
111.8
121.4
130.0
137.8
151.5
163.4
173.9
183.3
191.8
206.9
220.0
231.6
242.0
251.5

2492.6
2485.0
2473.2
2464.1
2460.2
2453.3
2447.3
2444.6
2438.5
2433.1
2428.2
2423.8
2416.0
2409.2
2403.2
2397.9
2392.9
2384.3
2376.7
2370.0
2363.9
2358.4

2508.5
2514.4
2523.5
2530.6
2533.6
2539.0
2543.6
2545.6
2550.4
2554.5
2558.2
2561.6
2567.5
2572.6
2577.1
2581.1
2584.8
2591.2
2596.7
2601.6
2605.9
2609.9

3.8
7.0
12.0
15.9
17.5
20.4
23.0
24.1
26.7
29.0
31.0
32.9
36.2
39.0
41.5
43.8
45.8
49.4
52.6
55.3
57.8
60.1

Evaporation
(Ah)

Saturated
vapour

Appendices

4IO

Specific enthalpy (kJ kg- 1)


Pressure
(kPa)

Temperature

Saturated
liquid

Evaporation

(oc)

Saturated
vapour

24
28
30
35
4O
45
5O
55
6O
65
70
8O
90
100
101.325
(Boilingpoint)
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340
360
380
400
420
440
460
480
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800

64.1
67.5
69.1
72.7
75.9
78.7
81.3
83.7
86.0
88.0
90.0
93.5
96.7
99.6
100.0

268.2
282.7
289.3
304.3
317.7
329.6
340.6
35O.6
359.9
368.6
376.8
391.7
405.2
417.5
419.1

2348.6
2340.0
2336.1
2327.2
2319.2
2312.0
2305.4
2299.3
2293.6
2288.3
2283.3
2274.1
2265.6
2257.9
2256.9

2616.8
2622.7
2625.4
2631.5
2636.9
2641.7
2646.0
2649.9
2653.6
2656.9
2660.1
2665.8
2670.9
2675.4
2676.0

104.8
109.3
113.3
116.9
120.2
123.3
126.1
128.7
131.2
133.5
135.8
137.9
139.9
141.8
143.6
145.4
147.1
148.7
150.3
151.8
155.5
158.8
162.0
165.0
167.8
170.4
172.9
175.4
177.7
179.9
184.1
188.0
191.6
195.0
198.3
201.4
204.3
207.1

439.4
458.4
475.4
490.7
504.7
517.6
529.6
540.9
551.4
561.4
570.9
579.9
588.5
596.8
604.7
612.3
619.6
626.7
633.5
640.1
655.8
670.4
684.1
697.1
709.3
720.9
732.0
742.6
752.8
762.6
781.1
798.4
814.7
830.1
844.7
858.6
871.8
884.6

2244.1
2231.9
2220.9
2210.8
2201.6
2193.0
2184.9
2177.3
2170.1
2163.2
2156.7
2150.4
2144.4
2138.6
2133.0
2127.5
2122.3
2117.2
2112.2
2107.4
2095.9
2085.0
2074.7
2064.9
2055.5
2046.5
2037.9
2029.5
2021.4
2013.6
1998.5
1984.3
1970.7
1957.7
1945.2
1933.2
1921.5
1910.3

2683.4
2690.3
2696.2
2701.5
2706.3
2710.6
2714.5
2718.2
2721.5
2724.7
2727.6
2730.3
2732.9
2735.3
2737.6
2739.8
2741.9
2743.9
2745.7
2747.5
2751.7
2755.5
2758.9
2762.0
2764.8
2767.5
2769.9
2772.1
2774.2
2776.2
2779.7
2782.7
2785.4
2787.8
2789.9
2791.7
2793.4
2794.8

Appendices

4II

Specific enthalpy (kJ kg- 1)


Pressure
(kPa)

Temperature

Saturated
liquid

Evaporation

(oc)

(Ah)

Saturated
vapour

1900
2000
2200
2400
260O
2800
3000
3200
34OO
36OO
3800
4000
4200
4400
4600
4800
5000
5200
5400
5600
5800
6000
6200
6400
6600
6800
7000
7200
7400
7600
7800
8000
8400
8800
9000
10000
11000
12000
13000
14000
15000
16000
17000
18000
19000
20000
21000
22000
22120
(Critic~point)

209.8
212.4
217.2
221.8
226.O
23O.O
233.8
237.4
240.9
244.2
247.3
250.3
253.2
256.0
258.8
261.4
263.9
266.4
268.8
271.1
273.3
275.6
277.7
279.8
281.8
283.8
285.8
287.7
289.6
291.4
293.2
295.0
298.4
301.7
303.3
311.0
318.0
324.6
330.8
336.6
342.1
347.3
352.3
357.0
361.4
365.7
369.8
373.7
374.15

896.8
908.6
931.0
951.9
971.7
990.5
1008.4
1025.4
1041.8
1057.6
1072.7
1087.4
1101.6
1115.4
1128.8
1141.8
1154.5
1166.8
1178.9
1190.8
1202.3
1213.7
1224.8
1235.7
1246.5
1257.0
1267.4
1277.6
1287.7
1297.6
1307.4
1317.1
1336.1
1354.6
1363.7
1408.0
1450.6
1491.8
1532.0
1571.6
1611.0
1650.5
1691.7
1734.8
1778.7
1826.5
1886.3
2011
2108

1899.3
1888.6
1868.1
1848.5
1829.6
1811.5
1793.9
1776.9
1760.3
1744.2
1728.4
1712.9
1697.8
1682.9
1668.3
1653.9
1639.7
1625.7
1611.9
1598.2
1584.7
1571.3
1558.0
1544.9
1531.9
1518.9
1506.0
1493.3
1480.5
1467.9
1455.3
1442.8
1417.9
1393.2
1380.9
1319.7
1258.7
1197.4
1135.0
1070.7
1004.0
934.3
859.9
779.1
692.0
591.9
461.3
185
0

2796.1
2797.2
2799.1
2800.4
2801.4
2802.0
2802.3
2802.3
2802.1
2801.7
2801.1
2800.3
2799.4
2798.3
2797.1
2795.7
2794.2
2792.6
2790.8
2789.0
2787.0
2785.0
2782.9
2780.6
2778.3
2775.9
2773.5
2770.9
2768.3
2765.5
2762.8
2759.9
2754.0
2747.8
2744.6
2727.7
2709.3
2689.2
2667.0
2642.4
2615.0
2584.9
2551.6
2513.9
2470.6
2418.4
2347.6
2196
2108

2>

Table C.3 Enthalpy of superheated steam

"O

Reference state: Triple point ofwater: 0.01 ~ 0.6112 kPa.


Pressure (kPa)

10

50

Saturation
temperature (~

45.8

81.3

100
99.6

500
151.8

O.
R.

1000
179.9

2000
212.4

250.3

191.8
2584.8

340.6
2646.0

417.5
2675.4

640.1
2747.5

762.6
2776.2

908.6
2797.2

1087.4
2800.3

Temperature (~
0
25
5O
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275
300
325
35O
375
400
425
450
475
500
600
700
800

6000
275.6

8000

10000

295.0

311.0

15000

20000

22120"

342.1

365.7

1408.0
2727.7

1611.0
2615.0

1826.5
2418.4

2108
2108

10.1
114.0
217.8
322.0
426.5
531.8
638.1
746.0
855.9
968.8
1085.8
1209.2
I 1343.4
281'i
2926
3019
3100
3174
3244
3310
3375
3623
3867
4112

15.1
118.6
222.1
326.0
430.3
535.3
641.3
748.7
858.1
970.3
1086.2
1207.7
1338.3
[ 1486.0
2695
2862
2979
3075
3160
3237
3311
3580
3835
4089

20.1
123.1
226.4
330.0
434.0
538.8
644.5
751.5
860.4
971.8
1086.7
1206.6
1334.3
1475.5
1647.1
2604
2820
2957
3064
3157
3241
3536
3804
4065

22.2
125.1
228.2
331.7
435.7
540.2
645.8
752.7
861.4
972.5
1087.0
1206.3
1332.8
1471.8
1636.5
2319
2733
2899
3020
3120
3210
3516
3790
4055

30000

50000

374.15

Specific enthalpy at saturation (kJ kg-l)

State
Water
Steam

4000

0.0
104.8
2593
2640
2688
2735
2783
2831
2880
2928
2977
3027
3077
3127
3177
3228
3280
3331
3384
3436
3489
3706
3929
4159

*Critical isobar.

1213.7
2785.0

1317.1
2759.9

Specific enthalpy (kJ kg-l)


0.0
104.8
209.3
313.9
2683
2731
2780
2829
2878
2927
2976
3O26
3076
3126
3177
3228
3279
3331
3383
3436
3489
3705
3929
4159

0.1
104.9
209.3
314.0
2676
2726
2776
2826
2875
2925
2975
3O24
3O74
3125
3176
3227
3278
3330
3382
3435
3488
3705
3928
4158

0.5
1.0
105.2
105.7
209.7
210.1
314.3
314.7
419.4
419.7
525.2
525.5
632.2
632.5
2800
[ 741.1
2855
2827
2909
2886
2961
2943
3013
2998
3065
3052
3116
3106
3168
3159
3220
3211
3272
3264
3325
3317
3377
3371
3430
3424
3484
3478
3702
3697
3926
3923
4156
4154

2.0
106.6
211.0
315.5
420.5
526.2
633.1
741.7
I 852.6
2834
2902
2965
3025
3083
3139
3194
3249
3303
3358
3412
3467
3689
3916
4149

4.0
108.5
212.7
317.1
422.0
527.6
634.3
742.7
853.4
967.2
1085.8
2886
2962
3031
3095
3156
3216
3274
3331
3388
3445
3673
3904
4140

6.1
110.3
214.4
318.7
423.5
529.0
635.6
743.8
854.2
967.7
1085.8
1210.8
2885
2970
3046
3115
3180
3243
3303
3363
3422
3656
3892
4131

8.1
112.1
216.1
32O.3
425.0
530.4
636.8
744.9
855.1
968.2
1085.8
1210.0
2787
2899
2990
3069
3142
3209
3274
3337
3399
3640
3879
4121

30.0
132.2
235.0
338.1
441.6
545.8
650.9
757.2
865.2
975.3
1088.4
1205.6
1328.7
1461.1
1609.9
1791
2162
2619
2826
2969
3085
3443
3740
4018

49.3
150.2
251.9
354.2
456.8
560.1
664.1
769.1
875.4
983.4
1093.6
1206.7
1323.7
1446.0
1576.3
1716
1878
2068
2293
2522
2723
3248
3610
3925

ta~