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SULIT 55/2 Sains Kertas 2 Ogos 2012 1 jam

55/2 Nama :
Kelas :3

JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI SEMBILAN DARUL KHUSUS PRAPENILAIAN MENENGAH RENDAH SELURUH NEGERI SEMBILAN DK 2012

Kod Pemeriksa

SAINS Bahagian Kertas 2 1 Satu jam tiga puluh minit 2 A 3 4 5 6 B 3. Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris ditulis dalam huruf tegak dan soalan dalam bahasa Melayu ditulis dalam huruf condong.. 4. Calon dibenarkan menjawab keseluruhan atau sebahagian soalan sama ada dalam bahasa Inggeris atau bahasa Melayu. 5. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman 26. 7 8 Jumlah Soalan

Markah Penuh 6 6 6 6 8 8 8 12 60

Markah Diperoleh

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU 1. Tuliskan nombor kad pengenalan dan angka giliran anda pada ruang yang disediakan. 2. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.

[Lihat halaman sebelah 6. Markah maksimum yang diperuntukan 55/2 ditunjukkan Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan 2012 Hak dalam kurungan pada hujung SULIT tiapKertas tiap soalan atau soalan. soalan ini mengandungi 26 halaman bercetak

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For Examiners Use

SULIT Section A Bahagian A [ 40 marks ] [ 40 markah ] Answer all questions. Jawab semua soalan.

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1 (a) Diagram 1 shows human excretory organs. Rajah 1 menunjukkan organ perkumuhan manusia.

Diagram 1 Rajah 1 Name P, Q and R by using the words given in the box below. Namakan P, Q dan R dengan menggunakan perkataan di dalam petak di bawah. 3 Kidney Ginjal Skin Kulit Lung Paru-paru [ 3 marks ] [ 3 markah ]

1 (a)

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SULIT

3 SULIT (b) Draw lines to match parts of urinary systems and their functions. Lukis garisan untuk memadankan bahagian-bahagian sistem urinari dan fungsinya. 55/2
For Examiners Use

Ureter Ureter

Stores urine Menyimpan air kencing

Urinary bladder Pundi kencing

Channels urine from urinary bladder out of the body Menyalurkan air kencing dari pundi kencing keluar dari badan

Urethra Uretra

Channels urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder Menyalurkan air kencing dari ginjal ke pundi kencing

1 (b) 3

[ 3 marks ] [ 3 markah ]

Total A1 Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT 6

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For Examiners Use

SULIT 2 Diagram 2.1 shows structure of human ear. Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan struktur telinga manusia.

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X Diagram 2.1 Rajah 2.1 (a) (i) Name the part labelled X. Namakan bahagian berlabel X. 2 (a)(i) 1 (ii) Mark ( ) the function of X in the correct box. Tandakan ( ) fungsi X dalam petak yang betul. ___________________________________________________________________ [ 1 mark ] [ 1 markah ]

Amplify sound vibrations Menguatkan getaran bunyi 2 (a)(ii) 1 Vibrates when sound waves hit it Bergetar apabila gelombang bunyi mengenainya [ 1 mark ] [ 1 markah ] (iii) State one effect if the part labelled X is damaged. Nyatakan satu kesan jika bahagian berlabel X rosak. 2 (a)(iii) 1 _____________________________________________________________________ [ 1 mark ] [ 1 markah ]

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SULIT

5 SULIT (b) Diagram 2.2 shows the apparatus set up to study the transmission of sound. Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji pemindahan bunyi. Dry cell/ Sel kering Q 55/2
For Examiners Use

Bell Loceng

Bell jar Serkup kaca

to vacuum pump ke pam vakum Diagram 2.2 Rajah 2.2 (i) Name apparatus Q. Namakan radas Q. ________________________________________________________________ [1 mark ] [1 markah ] (ii) Complete the observation in Table 2.1. Lengkapkan pemerhatian dalam Jadual 2.1. Situation/ Situasi The switch for the electric bell is turned on. Suis loceng elektrik dihidupkan. The switches for the electric bell and the vacuum pump are turned on. Suis loceng elektrik dan pam vakum dihidupkan. [ 1 mark ] [ 1 markah] [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT 2 (b)(ii) 1 Observation/ Pemerhatian The sound of the bell can be heard Bunyi loceng boleh didengar 2 (b)(i) 1

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For Examiners Use

SULIT (c) In Diagram 2.3 mark () the hearing aid device. Dalam Rajah 2.3, tandakan () alat bantu pendengaran.

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2 (c) 1

Diagram 2.3 Rajah 2.3 [ 1 mark ] [ 1 markah ]

Total A2 6 55/2 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan SULIT

7 SULIT 3 Diagram 3.1 shows the mangrove ecosystem. Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan ekosistem paya bakau. 55/2
For Examiners Use

Diagram 3.1 Rajah 3.1

Sea water level Aras air laut

Diagram 3.1 Rajah 3.1 (a) Based on Diagram 3.1, what kind of skeletal systems are found in land and aquatic vertebrates? Berdasarkan Rajah 3.1, apakah jenis sistem rangka yang terdapat pada vertebrata daratan dan akuatik? ____________________________________________________________________ [ 1 mark ] [ 1 markah ] (b) (i) Plants can be classified into two groups. Mark () the group of the mangrove tree. Tumbuhan boleh dikelaskan kepada dua kumpulan. Tandakan () kumpulan bagi pokok bakau. Flowering plants Tumbuhan berbunga Non-flowering plants Tumbuhan tidak berbunga 3 (b)(i) [1 mark ] [1 markah] 1 3 (a) 1

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[Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT

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For Examiners Use

SULIT 55/2 (ii) Mangrove tree are supported by special structures. State one of the support system of the tree. Pokok bakau disokong oleh struktur khas. Nyatakan satu daripada sistem sokongan pokok tersebut. ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] [1 markah ] (c) Based on Diagram 3.1, name two examples of animals supported by exoskeleton. Berdasarkan Rajah 3.1, namakan dua contoh haiwan yang disokong oleh rangka luar.

3 (b)(ii) 1

3(c) 2

___________________________________________________________________ [ 2 marks] [2 markah ] (d) Monkeys are vertebrates classified as mammals. Name one group of vertebrates that are not found in Diagram 3.1 Monyet adalah vertebrata yang dikelaskan sebagai mamalia. Namakan satu kumpulan vertebrata yang tidak terdapat di dalam Rajah 3.1. _________________________________________________________________________

3(d) 1

[1 mark] [1 markah ]

Total A3 6 55/2 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan SULIT

9 SULIT 4 Diagram 4.1 shows female reproductive system. Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan sistem pembiakan perempuan. 55/2
For Examiners Use

Diagram 4.1 Rajah 4.1 (a) (i) In Diagram 4.1, name the process which occurs at X. Dalam Rajah 4.1, namakan proses yang berlaku di X. [1 mark] [1 markah ] 4(a)(i) 1

(ii) Draw arrows from X to the place where implantation occurs. Lukis anak panah dari X ke tempat di mana penempelan berlaku. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] [1 markah]

4(a)(ii) 1

(iii) What happened to the ovum if process at X does not occur? Apakah yang berlaku kepada ovum jika proses di X tidak berlaku? _____________________________________________________________________ [ 1 mark ] [ 1 markah ]

4(a)(iii) 1

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For Examiners Use

SULIT (b) Diagram 4.2 shows the development of process X in Diagram 4.1 into a feotus.

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Rajah 4.2 menunjukkan perkembangan proses X di dalam Rajah 4.1 kepada fetus.

Process X Proses X Diagram 4.2 Rajah 4.2 (i) Complete the sequence of development in Diagram 4.2. 4(b)(i) 1 Lengkapkan urutan perkembangan di dalam Rajah 4.2.

Foetus Fetus

[ 1 mark ] [ 1 markah ] (ii) State one of the causes of sterility in male. Nyatakan satu daripada sebab-sebab kemandulan bagi lelaki. ___________________________________________________________________

4(b)(ii) 1 (iii) Suggest one way to overcome sterility in male. Cadangkan satu cara untuk mengatasi kemandulan bagi lelaki. 4(b)(iii) 1

[ 1 mark ] [ 1 markah ]

___________________________________________________________________ [ 1 mark ] [ 1 markah ]

TOTAL A4 6 55/2 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan SULIT

11 SULIT 5 (a) Photosynthesis is a process that occurs in a green plants. Fotosintesis adalah satu proses yang berlaku di dalam tumbuhan hijau. Light Cahaya Gas X Gas X 55/2
For Examiners Use

Gas Y Gas Y

Diagram 5.1 Rajah 5.1 (i) In Diagram 5.1, write one of the factor required for photosynthesis in the box. Dalam Rajah 5.1, tuliskan satu faktor yang diperlukan untuk fotosintesis di dalam kotak.. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] [ 1 markah ] (ii) Gas Y is produced during photosynthesis. State one importance of the gas. Gas Y dihasilkan semasa fotosintesis. Nyatakan satu kepentingan gas tersebut.. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] [ 1 markah ] 5(a)(ii) 1 5(a)(i) 1

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For Examiners Use

SULIT

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(b) Two similar plants are placed in the dark for two days. Then the apparatus as shown in Diagram 5.2 is prepared. Dua pokok yang sama diletakkan di tempat gelap selama dua hari. Selepas itu, radas seperti yang ditunjukkan di dalam Rajah 5.2 disediakan.

Bell jar Serkup kaca

Sodium hydroxide solution Larutan natrium hidroksida A Diagram 5.2 Rajah 5.2 (i) What is the purpose of placing the plants in the dark? 5(b)(i) 1 (ii) Based on Diagram 5.2, state one function of sodium hydroxide solution. 5(b)(ii) 1 __________________________________________________________________ [ 1 mark] [1 markah ] (iii) A leaf is plucked from each plant and test for the presence of starch. Complete Table 5.1 Sehelai daun dipetik dari kedua-dua pokok untuk menguji kehadiran kanji. Lengkapkan Jadual 5.1. Apparatus Radas A 5(b)(iii) B 2 Starch Test/ Ujian kanji Observation Explaination Pemerhatian Penerangan Dark Blue Biru gelap No change Tiada perubahan [2 marks] [2 markah] Berdasarkan Rajah 5.2, nyatakan satu fungsi larutan natrium hidroksida. Apakah tujuan meletakkan pokok-pokok tersebut di tempat gelap? __________________________________________________________________ [ 1 mark] [1 markah ] B

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SULIT

13 SULIT (c) Diagram 5.3 shows carbon cycle. Rajah 5.3 menunjukkan kitar karbon. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere Karbon dioksida di atmosfera Combustion Pembakaran Combustion Pembakaran Fotosintesis 55/2
For Examiners Use

Decomposers Pengurai Dead organisms Organisma mati Fossil fuels Bahan api fossil Diagram 5.3 Rajah 5.3

Based on Diagram 5.3, explain how carbon cycle maintained a balanced ecosystem. Berdasarkan Rajah 5.3, terangkan bagaimana kitar karbon mengekalkan keseimbangan ekosistem. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ [2 marks ] [2 markah ] 5(c) 2

Total A5 55/2 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT 8

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For Examiners Use

SULIT 6 (a) Diagram 6.1 shows one situation after flash flood. Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan satu situasi selepas banjir kilat.

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6(a)(i) 1

Diagram 6.1 Rajah 6.1 (i) Why some of the objects float and some of them sink? Mengapa sebahagian objek terapung dan sebahagian lagi tenggelam? __________________________________________________________________ [1 mark ] [1 markah ] (ii) Suggest one way to prevent flash flood. Cadangkan satu cara untuk mengatasi banjir kilat.

6(a)(ii) 2

__________________________________________________________________ [1 mark ] [1 markah ]

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SULIT

15 SULIT 55/2
For Examiners Use

(b) Diagram 6.2 shows two situations. 4 tablespoons of salt are added into the water in Situation B. Rajah 6.2 menunjukkan dua situasi. 4 sudu besar garam dimasukkan ke dalam air dalam Situasi B. Cork Gabus Egg Telur Coin Syiling Situation A/ Situasi A Diagram 6.2 Rajah 6.2 (i) Why is the egg in Situation A sink but floats in Situation B? Mengapa telur di dalam Situasi A tenggelam tetapi timbul di dalam Situasi B? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark ] [1 markah ] (ii) Compare the density between cork and coin in Diagram 6.2. Bandingkan ketumpatan di antara gabus dan syiling di dalam Rajah 6.2. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark ] [1 markah ] 6(b)(ii) 1 6(b)(i) 1 Situation B/ Situasi B

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[Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT

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For Examiners Use

SULIT (c) Diagram 6.3 shows an activity to determine the volume of marbles. Rajah 6.3 menunjukkan satu aktiviti untuk menentukan isipadu guli.

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50ml

30ml

Marble guli Diagram 6.3 Rajah 6.3 (i) Name the method used in Diagram 6.3. 6(c)(i) 1 (ii) Based on Diagram 6.3, record the volume of the marbles. Berdasarkan Rajah 6.3, rekodkan isipadu guli. Volume/ Isipadu = __________________________ cm3 [1 mark ] [1 markah ] (iii) Given the mass of one marble is 8g. Calculate the density of one marble. 1 Diberi jisim satu guli ialah 8g. Kirakan ketumpatan bagi satu guli. Density/ Ketumpatan = Mass/ Jisim Volume/ Isipadu Namakan kaedah yang digunakan dalam Rajah 6.3. __________________________________________________________________ [1 mark ] [1 markah ]

6(c)(ii)

6(c)(iii) 2

Total A6 8 55/2 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan

[2 marks ] [2 markah ]

SULIT

17 SULIT Section B Bahagian B [ 20 marks ] [ 20 markah ] Answer all questions. Jawab semua soalan. 7 Diagram 7.1 shows three arrangement of apparatus to study the characteristics of calcium carbonate compound. Rajah 7.1 menunjukkan tiga susunan radas untuk mengkaji sifat-sifat sebatian kalsium karbonat. 55/2
For Examiners Use

Water Air 5g calcium carbonate 5g kalsium karbonat Before/ Sebelum Activity A/ Activiti A After/ Selepas

Calcium carbonate Kalsium karbonat

Calcium carbonate Kalsium karbonat

Lime water turns cloudy Air kapur menjadi keruh

Clear lime water Air kapur jernih Hydrochloric acid Asid hidroklorik Before/ Sebelum Activity B/ Activiti B 55/2 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan [Lihat halaman sebelah SULIT After/ Selepas

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For Examiners Use

SULIT

55/2 Lime water turns cloudy Air kapur menjadi keruh

Clear lime water Air kapur jernih

Calcium carbonate Kalsium karbonat

Before/ Sebelum Activity C/ Aktiviti C Diagram 7.1 Rajah 7.1

After/ Selepas

(a) In table 7.1, state your observation based on Diagram 7.1. Dalam Jadual 7.1, nyatakan pemerhatian berdasarkan Rajah 7.1. Activity Aktiviti A B C 7(a) 3 Table 7.1 Jadual 7.1 [3 marks] [3 markah] (b) Name the gas produced in Activity B. 7(b) 1 Namakan gas yang terhasil dalam Aktiviti B. ______________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] [1 markah] Observation Pemerhatian

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Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan

SULIT

19 SULIT 55/2
For Examiners Use

(c) Predict the result if the gas produced in Activity C is tested with glowing wooden splinter. Ramalkan keputusan jika gas yang terhasil di dalam Aktiviti C diuji dengan kayu uji berbara. ________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] [1 markah] (d) Based on the observation of experiments in Diagram 7.1, write two properties of calcium carbonate compound. Berdasarkan pemerhatian bagi eksperimen-eksperimen di dalam Rajah 7.1, tuliskan dua sifat bagi sebatian kalsium karbonat. (i) __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ (ii) __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ [2 marks ] [2 markah ] Reaction/ Tindakbalas Iron + Hydrochloric Acid Besi + Asid hidroklorik Observation/ Pemerhatian Gas bubbles are released. Lime water does not turn cloudy. Gelembung gas dibebaskan. Air kapur tidak menjadi keruh. Egg shell + Sulphuric Acid Kulit telur + Asid sulfurik Gas bubbles are released. Lime water turns cloudy. Gelembung gas dibebaskan. Air kapur menjadi keruh. Table 7.2 Jadual 7.2 (e) Based on Table 7.2, choose one substance that can replace calcium carbonate in Activity B. Berdasarkan Jadual 7.2, pilih satu bahan yang boleh menggantikan kalsium karbonat dalam Aktiviti B. ________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] [1 markah] [Lihat halaman sebelah

7(c) 1

7(d) 1

7(e) 2

Total B7 8

20 55/2 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan For SULIT
Examiners Use

SULIT 55/2

8 (a) Diagram 8.1 shows a women uses a table cloth to transfer a hot pot. Rajah 8.1 menunjukkan seorang wanita menggunakan sehelai kain untuk mengalihkan periuk yang panas.

Diagram 8.1 Rajah 8.1 State one inference about the above situation. Nyatakan satu inferens tentang situasi di atas.. 8(a) 1 ___________________________________________________________________ [ 1 mark ] [ 1 markah ] (b) Diagram 8.2 shows the apparatus set up to study the heat transfer of different material. The metal tins are covered with different materials. Rajah 8.2 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji pengaliran haba bagi bahan yang berbeza. Tin-tin logam dibaluti dengan bahan yang berbeza. Water Air

Metal tin Tin logam Polystyrene Polistirena

Metal tin Tin logam Wool Kain bulu

Aluminium foil Kerajang aluminium

Wooden block Blok Kayu Diagram 8.2 Rajah 8.2

21 55/2 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan SULIT 55/2 Each metal tin is filled with equal volume of water at 100oC at the same time. The final temperature after 20 minutes is recorded. Setiap tin logam diisi serentak dengan isipadu air yang sama bersuhu 100oC . Suhu akhir direkodkan selepas 20 minit.
100 90 90 80 80 70

SULIT
For Examiners Use

Thermometer P Termometer P

Thermometer Q Termometer Q Polystyrene Polistirena Water Air Wooden block Blok kayu 70

Wool Kain bulu

60

Thermometer R Termometer R

50

Water Air

Aluminium foil Kerajang aluminium

Wooden block Blok kayu Diagram 8.2 Rajah 8.2 [Lihat halaman sebelah

22 55/2 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan For SULIT
Examiners Use

SULIT 55/2

Table 8.1 shows the readings of the the thermometer P and Q . Jadual 8.1 menunjukkan bacaan termometer P dan Q. Type of material Jenis bahan Polistsyrene Polistirena Wool Kain bulu Aluminium foil Kerajang aluminium Table 8.1 Jadual 8.1 (i) In table 8.1, record the final temperature of thermometer R. Final Temperature (oC) Suhu akhir (oC ) 90 80

8(b)(i) 1

Dalam Jadual 8.1,rekodkan bacaan suhu akhir termometer R. [ 1 mark ] [ 1 markah ]

(ii) State the variable involved in this experiment. Nyatakan pembolehubah yang terlibat dalam eksperimen ini. Responding variable Pembolehubah bergerak balas Manipulated variable Pembolehubah dimanipulasi Constant variable Pembolehubah dimalarkan 8(b)(ii) 3 [3 marks ] [3 markah ]

23 55/2 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan SULIT 55/2 SULIT
For Examiners Use

(iii) Based on Table 8.1, draw a bar chart of final temperature against type of material. Berdasarkan Jadual 8.1, lukiskan carta bar bagi suhu akhir melawan jenis bahan. [2 marks ] [2 markah ] Final temperature,oC Suhu akhir, oC

80

60

40

20

8(b)(iii) 2 Type of material Jenis bahan Polystyrene Polistirena Wool Kain bulu Aluminium foil Kerajang aluminium

[Lihat halaman sebelah

24 55/2 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan For SULIT
Examiners Use

SULIT 55/2

(iv) Predict the final temperature of water if copper foil is used to cover the metal tin. Ramalkan suhu akhir air jika kerajang kuprum digunakan untuk membaluti tin logam. 8(b)(iv) 1 ___________________________________________________________________ [ 1 mark ] [ 1 markah ]

(c) Diagram 8.3 shows uses of four different material. Rajah 8.3 menunjukkan kegunaan empat bahan yang berlainan.

Sawdust habuk kayu

Aluminium frying pan Kuali aluminium

Stainless steel spoon Sudu keluli

Tiles Jubin

Diagram 8.3 Rajah 8.3

25 55/2 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan SULIT 55/2 SULIT
For Examiners Use

Based on Diagram 8.3, classify these materials based on their ability to conduct heat. Berdasarkan Rajah 8.3, kelaskan bahan-bahan tersebut berdasarkan keupayaan untuk mengkonduksi haba. Ability to conduct heat Keupayaan mengkonduksi haba Heat conductor Pengalir haba Heat insulator Penebat haba [ 4 marks ] [ 4 markah ] 8(c) 4 Materials Bahan

END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

Total B8 [Lihat halaman sebelah 12

26 55/2 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan SULIT INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON 1. This question paper consists of two sections : Section A and Section B. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi dua bahagian: Bahagian A dan Bahagian B. 2. Answer all questions in both sections. Jawab semua soalan dalam kedua-dua bahagian. 3. Write your answers in the spaces provided in the question paper. Tulis jawapan anda pada ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan. 4. If you wish to change your answer, cross out the answer that you have done. Then write down the new answer. Jika anda hendak menukar jawapan, batalkan jawapan yang telah dibuat. Kemudian tulis jawapan yang baru. 5. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan. 6. Marks allocated for each question or sub-part question are shown in brackets. Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam kurungan. 7. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan. 8. Hand in this question paper to the invigilator at the end of the examination. Serahkan kertas soalan ini kepada pengawas peperiksaan pada akhir peperiksaan. SULIT 55/2

55/2 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan

SULIT

SULIT Question 1(a) Mark Scheme Able to label P, Q and R using the word given Answer P: Lung Paru-paru 1(b) Q: Kidney Ginjal R: Skin Kulit

55/2(PP) Sub Mark Total Mark

1+1+1

Able to draw lines to match the parts of urinary system and their function Answer Ureter Ureter Stores urine Menyimpan air kencing Channels urine from the urinary bladder out of the body Menyalurkan air kencing dari pundi kencing ke luar badan Channels urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder Menyalurkan air kencing dari ginjal ke pundi kencing 1

Urinary bladder Pundi Kencing

Urethra Uretra

55/2(PP) 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan

SULIT

SULIT 2(a)(i) Able to name part label X Answer Eardrum Gegendang telinga 2(a)(ii) Able to mark () the function of X Answer Amplify sound vibrations Menguatkan getaran bunyi

55/2(PP)

Vibrates when sound waves hit it Bergetar apabila gelombang bunyi mengenainya

2(a)(iii)

Able to state one effect if the part labelled X is damaged Answer 1. The ability of hearing decrease Kebolehan mendengar berkurangan 2. Becomes deaf Menjadi pekak (Any one)

2(b)(i)

Able to name apparatus Q. Answer Switch Suis

2(b)(ii)

Able to complete the observation in Table 2.1 Answer Situation / Situasi The switches for the electric bell and the vacuum pump are turned on. Suis loceng elektrik dan pam vakum dihidupkan. Observation / Pemerhatian The sound of the bell cannot be heard / No sound Bunyi loceng tidak boleh didengar / Tiada bunyi

55/2(PP) 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan

SULIT

SULIT 2(c) Able to mark () the hearing aid device Answer

55/2(PP)

1 6

3(a)

Able to state what kind of skeletal systems found in land and aquatic vertebrates based on Diagram 3.1 Answer Endoskeleton Rangka dalam badan

3(b)(i)

Able to mark () the group of mangrove tree Answer Flowering plants Tumbuhan berbunga Non-flowering plants Tumbuhan tidak berbunga 1 1

3(b)(ii)

Able to state one of the support system of the mangrove tree Answer Stilt root // Woody stem Akar sokongan // Batang berkayu

(Any one)

3(c)

Able to name two examples of animals supported by exoskeleton based on Diagram 3.1 Answers 1. Prawn Udang 2. Crab Ketam

1 1 2

3(d)

Able to name one group of vertebrates that are not found in Diagram 3.1 Answer Amphibian Amfibia

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SULIT

SULIT 4(a)(i) Able to name the process which occurs at X . Answer Fertilisation Persenyawaan 4(a)(ii) Able to draw arrows in Diagram 4.1 from X to the place where implantation occurs Answer X 1 1

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4(a)(iii)

Able to state what happened to the ovum if process at X does not occur Answer 1. Ovum will die Ovum akan mati 2. Will be discharged together with blood (in the next menstruation) Akan dikeluarkan bersama darah (pada haid berikutnya) (Any one)

4(b)(i)

Able to complete the sequence of development on Diagram 4.2 Answer Process X Zygote Embryo (2 correct = 1mark) Foetus 1

55/2(PP) 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan

SULIT

SULIT 4(b)(ii) Able to state one of the causes of sterility in male Answers 1. The testes cannot produce sperm Testis gagal menghasilkan sperma 2. There is sperm production but low sperm count Sperma dihasilkan tetapi dalam jumlah yang sedikit 3. Low quality sperms produced Penghasilan sperma yang kurang berkualiti 4. Male is impotent Mati pucuk 5. Imbalance of sex hormones Ketidak seimbangan hormone seks 6. Defective reproductive organs / Organs infected with disease Kecacatan organ pembiakan / Organ dijangkiti penyakit 7. High blood pressure // Diabetes Tekanan darah tinggi // Diabetes (Any one) Able to suggest one way to overcome sterility in male Answers 1. 2. 3. 4. Taking nutritious food /good nutrition Pengambilan makanan berkhasiat /pemakanan yang baik Hormone treatment Rawatan hormon Surgery Pembedahan In-vitro fertilization / IVF Persenyawaan In-vitro / IVF (Any one)

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4(b)(iii)

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5(a)(i)

Able to write one of the factor required for photosynthesis in the box on Diagram 5.1 Answer Water Air

5(a)(ii)

Able to state one importance of the gas produced during photosynthesis Answer 1. For respiration / cell respiration / breathing Untuk respirasi / respirasi sel / pernafasan 2. For combustion / burning Untuk pembakaran (Any one) REJECT: For rusting (Unruk pengaratan)

55/2(PP) 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan

SULIT

SULIT 5(b)(i) Able to state the purpose of placing the plants in the dark Answer 1. To remove starch from the plant Untuk menyingkirkan kanji daripada tumbuhan 2. To prevent the process of photosynthesis by the plants Untuk menghalang proses fotosintesis oleh tumbuhan 3. To prevent the production of food by the plants Untuk mencegah penghasilan makanan oleh tumbuhan (Any one) 5(b)(ii) Able to state one function of sodium hydroxide solution based on Diagram 5.2 Answer To absorb carbon dioxide from the air Untuk menyerap karbon dioksida dari udara 5(b)(iii) Able to complete Table 5.1 Answer Apparatus Radas A B Starch Test/ Ujian kanji Observation Explaination Pemerhatian Penerangan Dark Blue Starch present Biru gelap Terdapat kanji No change No starch present Tiada perubahan Tidak terdapat kanji 1

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5(c)

Able to explain how carbon cycle maintained a balanced ecosystem based on Diagram 5.3 Answer Plants used carbon dioxide in the air for photosynthesis to produce oxygen. Tumbuhan menggunakan karbon dioksida di udara untuk fotosintesi bagi menghasilkan oksigen. Organisms used oxygen in the air for respiration and release carbon dioxide to the air. Organisma menggunakan oksigen di udara untuk respirasi dan membebaskan karbon dioksida ke udara.

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55/2(PP) 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan

SULIT

SULIT 6(a)(i) Able to state why some of the objects float and some of them sink based on Diagram 6.1 Answer 1. Because of different density (compared to the density of water) Kerana perbezaan ketumpatan (berbanding ketumpatan air). 2. Less dense objects float, denser objects sink. Objek kurang tumpat terapung, objek lebih tumpat tenggelam. (Any one) 6(a)(ii) Able to suggest one way to prevent flash flood Sample answers 1. Recycle Kitar semula 2. Clean the clog drain Bersihkan longkang tersumbat 3. Do not throw solid wastes / plastics into the drain / river Tidak membuang sisa pepejal / plastic ke dalam longkang / sungai (Any reasonable answer)

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6(b)(i)

Able to explain why is the egg in Situation A sink but floats in Situation B Answer 1. Because in Situation B, the density of salt solution is higher than the density of the egg (vice versa). Kerana dalam Situasi B, ketumpatan larutan garam lebih tinggi berbanding ketumpatan telur (sebaliknya). 2. Because in Situation A, the density of distilled water is lesser than the density of egg (vice versa). Kerana dalam situasi A, ketumpatan air suling kurang berbanding ketumpatan telur (sebaliknya). (Any one)

6(b)(ii)

Able to compare the density between cork and coin in Diagram 6.2 Answer The density of cork is lesser / smaller while the density of coin is denser / higher Ketumpatan gabus adalah kurang / kecil manakala ketumpatan syiling adalah lebih tumpat / lebih tinggi

6(c)(i)

Able to name the method used in Diagram 6.3 Answer Water displacement method Kaedah sesaran air 1

55/2(PP) 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan

SULIT

SULIT 6(c)(ii) Able to record the volume of the marbles based on Diagram 6.3 Answer 20 cm3 6(c)(iii) Able to calculate the density of one marble when the mass is 8g Answer Density = 8/4 = 2 gcm-3 1 1 1

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7(a)

Able to state observation based on Diagram 7.1 in table 7.1 Answer Activity Aktiviti A B Observation Pemerhatian No changes // Does not dissolve in water Tiada perubahan // Tidak larut dalam air Lime water turns cloudy // Air bubbles are produced Air kapur menjadi keruh // Gelembung udara dihasilkan Lime water turns cloudy // Air bubbles are produced Air kapur menjadi keruh // Gelembung udara dihasilkan

7(b)

Able to name the gas produced in Activity B Answer Carbon dioxide Karbon dioksida 1 1

7(c)

Able to predict the result if the gas produced in activity C is tested with glowing wooden splinter Answer Will be extinguished / extinguish Akan terpadam / padam 1 1

55/2(PP) 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan

SULIT

SULIT 7(d) Able to write two properties of calcium carbonate compound based on the observation in Diagram 7.1 Answer 1. Does not dissolve in water Tidak larut dalam air 2. Reacts with acid to form calcium salt, carbon dioxide and water Bertindak balas dengan asid untuk menghasilkan kalsium garam, karbon dioksida dan air 3. Decomposes to produce calcium oxide / quicklime and carbon dioxide when heated Terurai untuk membentuk kalsium oksida / kapur tohor dan karbon dioksida apabila dipanaskan (Any two) Able to suggest one substance that can replace calcium carbonate based on Table 7.2 Answer Egg shell Kulit telur

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1+1

7(e)

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8(a)

Able to state one inference about the uses of the table cloth based on diagram 8.1 Answer The woman is able to transfer the hot pot because table cloth is heat insulator / poor conductor of heat. Wanita tersebut berupaya memindahkan periuk panas kerana kain merupakan penebat haba / pengalir haba yang kurang baik.

8(b)(i)

Able to record the final temperature of thermometer Q in Table 8.1 Answer Type of material Jenis bahan Polistsyrene Polistirena Wool Kain bulu Aluminium foil Kerajang aluminium Final Temperature (oC) Suhu akhir (oC ) 90 70 50 1

55/2(PP) 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan

SULIT

SULIT 8(b)(ii) Able to state the variables involved in this experiment Answer Responding variable Pembolehubah bergerak balas Manipulated variable Pembolehubah dimanipulasi Constant variable Pembolehubah dimalarkan 8(b)(iii) Final Temperature Suhu akhir Type of materials Jenis Bahan Volume of water Isipadu air 1 1 1

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Able to draw a bar chart of final temperature against type of material based on Table 8.1 Answer All points are correctly plotted Semua titik dipindahkan dengan betul Graph is drawn correctly Graf dilukis dengan betul 1

8(b)(iv)

Able to predict the final temperature if copper foil is used to cover the tin Answer Less than 60 oC (accept 30 oC 59 oC) Kurang daripada 60oC (terima 30 oC 59 oC)

8(c)

Able to classify the materials based on their ability to conduct heat based on Diagram 8.3 Answer Ability to conduct heat Materials Keupayaan mengkonduksi haba Bahan Heat conductor Aluminium frying pan, Pengalir haba stainless steel spoon Kuali aluminium, sudu keluli Heat insulator Sawdust, tiles Penebat haba Habuk kayu, jubin

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55/2(PP) 2012 Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Sembilan

SULIT