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NCCT

Smarter way to do your Projects

www.ncct.in ncctchennai@gmail.com 044-28235816, 98411 93224

Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts

ENVIRONMENTAL SENSOR NETWORKS USING EXISTING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS FOR RAINFALL AND WIND VELOCITY MEASUREMENTS

The microwave links that form a wireless communication network (WCN) for a cellular network infrastructure can be considered for an environmental sensor network (ESN).

Every radio link that connects a base station to the core network is a sensor. For such an ESN, the key challenge is to develop algorithms to estimate the intensity of weather effects that impair communication performance - first rainfall and wind, and then, humidity, fog, and snow.

NCCT, 109, 2 nd Floor, Bombay Flats, Nungambakkam High Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034. Near Ganpat Hotel, Above IOB, Next to ICICI Bank

NCCT

Smarter way to do your Projects

www.ncct.in ncctchennai@gmail.com 044-28235816, 98411 93224

Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts

Abstract of the Project

Proposed System Advantages

Architecture Diagram

Block Diagram

Explanation of Block Diagram

Components usage Details

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NCCT, 109, 2 nd Floor, Bombay Flats, Nungambakkam High Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034. Near Ganpat Hotel, Above IOB, Next to ICICI Bank

NCCT

Smarter way to do your Projects

www.ncct.in ncctchennai@gmail.com 044-28235816, 98411 93224

Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts

EMBEDDED HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS

  • Microcontroller, Atmel 89c51 / 52

  • Embedded Active components

  • Embedded Passive components

  • Electromechanical components

  • Electrical components

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

  • Assembly Language

  • Embedded C

  • KEIL Compiler

HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS

If PC is used, for Independent Kits, this will not applicable

System

:

Pentium Dual Core Processor + Board

RAM

:

1 GB

Hard Disk

:

80 GB

Monitor

:

17” Color Monitor

Mouse

:

Logitech Mouse

Keyboard

:

Multimedia Keyboard

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

Operating System

:

Windows XP

Front End

:

Visual Basic / Java

Database

:

Access

NCCT, 109, 2 nd Floor, Bombay Flats, Nungambakkam High Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034. Near Ganpat Hotel, Above IOB, Next to ICICI Bank

NCCT

Smarter way to do your Projects

www.ncct.in ncctchennai@gmail.com 044-28235816, 98411 93224

Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts

ABOUT EMBEDDED SYSTEMS

An embedded system is a computer system designed for specific control functions within a larger system, often with real-time computing constraints. It is embedded as part of a complete device often including hardware and mechanical parts. By contrast, a general-purpose computer, such as a personal computer (PC), is designed to be flexible and to meet a wide range of end - user needs. Embedded systems control many devices in common use today

Embedded systems contain processing cores that are typically either microcontrollers or digital signal processors. The key characteristic, however, is being dedicated to handle a particular task. Since the embedded system is dedicated to specific tasks, design engineers can optimize it to reduce the size and cost of the product and increase the reliability and performance. Embedded systems are designed to do some specific task, rather than be a general-purpose computer for multiple tasks. Some also have real-time performance constraints that must be met, for reasons such as safety and usability

Embedded systems are not always standalone devices. Many embedded systems consist of small, computerized parts within a larger device that serves a more general purpose. The program instructions written for embedded systems are referred to as firmware, and are stored in read-only memory or Flash memory chips. They run with limited computer hardware resources: little memory, small or non-existent keyboard or screen.

PERIPHERALS

Embedded Systems talk with the outside world via peripherals, such as:

  • Serial Communication Interfaces (SCI): RS-232, RS-422, RS-485 etc.

  • Synchronous Serial Communication Interface: I2C, SPI, SSC and ESSI (Enhanced Synchronous Serial Interface)

  • Universal Serial Bus (USB)

  • Multi Media Cards (SD Cards, Compact Flash etc.)

  • Networks: Ethernet, LonWorks, etc.

  • Fieldbuses: CAN-Bus, LIN-Bus, PROFIBUS, etc.

  • Timers: PLL(s), Capture/Compare and Time Processing Units

  • Discrete IO: aka General Purpose Input/Output (GPIO)

  • Analog to Digital/Digital to Analog (ADC/DAC)

  • Debugging: JTAG, ISP, ICSP, BDM Port, BITP, and DP9 ports.

NCCT, 109, 2 nd Floor, Bombay Flats, Nungambakkam High Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034. Near Ganpat Hotel, Above IOB, Next to ICICI Bank

NCCT

Smarter way to do your Projects

www.ncct.in ncctchennai@gmail.com 044-28235816, 98411 93224

Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts

MICROCONTROLLERS

A microcontroller (sometimes abbreviated µC, uC or MCU) is a small computer on a single integrated circuit containing a processor core, memory, and programmable input/output peripherals. Program memory in the form of NOR flash or OTP ROM is also often included on chip, as well as a typically small amount of RAM.

Microcontrollers are designed for embedded applications, in contrast to the microprocessors used in personal computers or other general purpose applications.

Microcontrollers are used in automatically controlled products and devices, such as automobile engine control systems, implantable medical devices, remote controls, office machines, appliances, power tools, toys and other embedded systems. By reducing the size and cost compared to a design that uses a separate microprocessor, memory, and input/output devices, microcontrollers make it economical to digitally control even more devices and processes

ATMEL 89C51 MICROCONTROLLERS

The Atmel AT89 series is an Intel-8051-compatible family of 8 bit microcontrollers (µCs) manufactured by the Atmel Corporation. Based on the Intel 8051 core, the AT89 series remains very popular as general purpose microcontrollers, due to their industry standard instruction set, and low unit cost. This allows a great amount of legacy code to be reused without modification in new applications

The AT89C51 is a low-power, high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcomputer with 4Kbytes of Flash programmable and erasable read only memory (PEROM). The device is manufactured using Atmel’s high-density nonvolatile memory technology and is compatible with the industry- standard MCS-51 instruction set and pin out.

The on-chip Flash allows the program memory to be reprogrammed in-system or by a conventional nonvolatile memory programmer. By combining a versatile 8-bit CPU with Flash on a monolithic chip, the Atmel AT89C51 is a powerful microcomputer, which provides a highly - flexible and cost-effective applications solution to many embedded control

NCCT, 109, 2 nd Floor, Bombay Flats, Nungambakkam High Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034. Near Ganpat Hotel, Above IOB, Next to ICICI Bank