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NCCT

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Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts WIRELESS SENSORS NETWORK IN THE EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT OF GREENHOUSE CROPS
A Greenhouse is an indoor covered place where plants are grown and cultivated. In the agriculture field, the crops into greenhouse are highly used due that they provide a little micro-environment that can be easier controlled. At this same context, there are some important parameters that should be monitored at a greenhouse in order to achieve good results at the end of the agricultural production. Two of these parameters are precisely the temperature and humidity that are been commonly measured with manual methods. The wireless sensors networks (WSN) are defined as the collection of sensor nodes that perform a specific task and they are representing one of the technological solutions to automatize and improve the management of crops. This paper summarizes the work carried out to provide an efficient control mechanism of microclimate into greenhouses through the implementation of an infrastructure of Wireless Sensors Network to control environmental parameters. It was possible to probe the effectiveness of this mechanism through the comparative analysis of measures taken using both (1) traditional manual mechanism and (2) automatized with sensors mechanism. A crop of tomato was selected as a case study in which a physic network topology was deployed. Additionally, a management data application was developed taking into account usability parameters in order to create a tool easily accepted by the future users.

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NCCT
Smarter way to do your Projects Abstract of the Project

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Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts

Proposed System Advantages

Architecture Diagram

Block Diagram

Explanation of Block Diagram

Components usage Details

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NCCT
Smarter way to do your Projects
EMBEDDED HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS Microcontroller, Atmel 89c51 / 52 Embedded Active components Embedded Passive components Electromechanical components Electrical components

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Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS
Assembly Language Embedded C KEIL Compiler HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS
If PC is used, for Independent Kits, this will not applicable

System RAM Hard Disk Monitor Mouse Keyboard

: Pentium Dual Core Processor + Board : 1 GB : 80 GB : 17 Color Monitor : Logitech Mouse : Multimedia Keyboard

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS Operating System Front End Database : : : Windows XP Visual Basic / Java Access

NCCT, 109, 2 nd Floor, Bombay Flats, Nungambakkam High Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034. Near Ganpat Hotel, Above IOB, Next to ICICI Bank Projects in Embedded Systems * Embedded Microcontrollers, VLSI * DSP * Matlab * Power Electronics * Java * .NET * Android * NS2

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ABOUT EMBEDDED SYSTEMS

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Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts


An embedded system is a computer system designed for specific control functions within a larger system, often with real-time computing constraints. It is embedded as part of a complete device often including hardware and mechanical parts. By contrast, a general -purpose computer, such as a personal computer (PC), is designed to be flexible and to meet a wide range of end user needs. Embedded systems control many devices in common use today Embedded systems contain processing cores that are typically either microcontrollers or digital signal processors. The key characteristic, however, is being dedicated to handle a particular task. Since the embedded system is dedicated to specific tasks, design engineers can optimize it to reduce the size and cost of the product and increase the reliability and performance. Embedded systems are designed to do some specific task, rather than be a general -purpose computer for multiple tasks. Some also have real -time performance constraints that must be met, for reasons such as safety and usability Embedded systems are not always standalone devices. Many embedded systems consist of small, computerized parts within a larger device that serves a more general purpose. The program instructions written for embedded systems are referred to as firmware, and are stored in read-only memory or Flash memory chips. They run with limited computer hardware resources: little memory, small or non-existent keyboard or screen.

PERIPHERALS
Embedded Systems talk with the outside world via peripherals, such as:
Serial Communication Interfaces (SCI): RS-232, RS-422, RS-485 etc. Synchronous Serial Communication Interface: I2C, SPI, SSC and ESSI (Enhanced Synchronous Serial Interface) Universal Serial Bus (USB) Multi Media Cards (SD Cards, Compact Flash etc.) Networks: Ethernet, LonWorks, etc. Fieldbuses: CAN-Bus, LIN-Bus, PROFIBUS, etc. Timers: PLL(s), Capture/Compare and Time Processing Units Discrete IO: aka General Purpose Input/Output (GPIO) Analog to Digital/Digital to Analog (ADC/DAC) Debugging: JTAG, ISP, ICSP, BDM Port, BITP, and DP9 ports.

NCCT, 109, 2 nd Floor, Bombay Flats, Nungambakkam High Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034. Near Ganpat Hotel, Above IOB, Next to ICICI Bank Projects in Embedded Systems * Embedded Microcontrollers, VLSI * DSP * Matlab * Power Electronics * Java * .NET * Android * NS2

NCCT
Smarter way to do your Projects
MICROCONTROLLERS

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Embedded Systems Projects, IEEE 2012 Abstracts


A microcontroller (sometimes abbreviated C, uC or MCU) is a small computer on a single integrated circuit containing a processor core, memory, and programmable input/output peripherals. Program memory in the form of NOR flash or OTP ROM is also often in cluded on chip, as well as a typically small amount of RAM. Microcontrollers are designed for embedded applications, in contrast to the microprocessors used in personal computers or other general purpose applications. Microcontrollers are used in automatically controlled products and devices, such as automobile engine control systems, implantable medical devices, remote controls, office machines, appliances, power tools, toys and other embedded systems. By reducing the size and cost compared to a design that uses a separate microprocessor, memory, and input/output devices, microcontrollers make it economical to digitally control even more devices and processes

ATMEL 89C51 MICROCONTROLLERS


The Atmel AT89 series is an Intel-8051-compatible family of 8 bit microcontrollers (Cs) manufactured by the Atmel Corporation. Based on the Intel 8051 core, the AT89 series remains very popular as general purpose microcontrollers, due to their industry standard instruction set, and low unit cost. This allows a great amount of legacy code to be reused without modification in new applications The AT89C51 is a low-power, high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcomputer with 4Kbytes of Flash programmable and erasable read only memory (PEROM). The device is manufactured using Atmels high-density nonvolatile memory technology and is compatible with the industry standard MCS-51 instruction set and pin out. The on-chip Flash allows the program memory to be reprogrammed in -system or by a conventional nonvolatile memory programmer. By combining a versatile 8-bit CPU with Flash on a monolithic chip, the Atmel AT89C51 is a powerful microcomputer, which provides a highly flexible and cost-effective applications solution to many embedded control

NCCT, 109, 2 nd Floor, Bombay Flats, Nungambakkam High Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034. Near Ganpat Hotel, Above IOB, Next to ICICI Bank Projects in Embedded Systems * Embedded Microcontrollers, VLSI * DSP * Matlab * Power Electronics * Java * .NET * Android * NS2