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Statistics solution based on Methods of deviation: The following data were recorded for 200 people at their last

health examination:

Mean

Media n

Mod e

Minimu m

Q1

Q3

Maximu m

Rang e

Standar d Deviatio n 11.6 16.7

Age Systolic blood pressure Total cholester ol

42.6 121. 6

42 120

40 110

23 90

33 11 0

52 13 0 190

53

285. 1

276

264

135

24 5

33 2

520

385

65.0

Height (in 68.6 inches)

68

67

62

70

74

12

2.5

a. Find the maximum age. ________

b. Find the range in systolic blood pressure. ________

c. With regard to total cholesterol

i. In which way ______________________

is

the

frequency

distribution

skewed?

ii. Is there at least one outlier? __________ Please explain your answer.

_____________________________________________________________ ___________

iii. If there is exactly one outlier and it is removed, which measure of central tendency is most likely to be changed? ______________

iv. Which of the following total cholesterol values in the dataset could have a z score greater than 3? (a) 332 (b) 400 (c) 500 (d) 600

v. Can there be a total cholesterol value with a z score of -3? ______ Please explain your answer.

_____________________________________________________________ __________

d. If the IQR for height is 3, what is the value of Q1? ______

e. Is the variable "height" close to having a symmetric distribution? _________ Please explain your answer.

__________________________________________________________________ ________ Solution:

a) Range = Maximum Minimum

53= Maximum 23

Maximum = 53 + 23

Maximum = 76

b) Range = Maximum Minimum

= 190 90

= 100 c)

i) Since mean is greater than median, the frequency distribution is skewed to right.

ii) Mean 2Standard deviation = 285.1 2*65

= 285.1 130

= 155.1, 415.1

Since minimum and maximum value lies outside 155.1, 415.1, there is at least one outlier.

iii) Mean is affected by the outlier; therefore it is more likely to be changed.

iv) We have mean, = 285.1 and Standard deviation, = 65

a) When X = 332,

Z = (X - )/

= (332 285.1)/65

= 0.72

b) When X = 400

Z = (X - )/

= (400 285.1)/65

= 1.77 c) When X = 500

Z = (X - )/

= (500 285.1)/65

= 3.31

d) When X = 600

Z = (X - )/

= (600 285.1)/65

= 4.84

500 and 600 have Z-score greater than 3.

v) No, there cannot be a total cholesterol value with z = -3 because the range the minimum value is 135 and maximum value is 520. So, the scores should lie within the two values.

Z = (X - )/

-3 = (X 285.1)/65

X = -3*65 + 285.1

X = 90.1

d) IQR = Q3 Q1

3 = 70 Q1

Q1 = 70 - 3

Q1 = 67

e) Yes, because mean, median and mode are very close to each other.

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