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JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI PERAK PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN PMR 2012 SUBJEK SAINS KERTAS 1

Nombor 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Jawapan B B D A A B C B B B D C A A D C B D A C

Nombor 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Jawapan C B B C C D B C A A A C D B A C B D C D

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SCHEME OF ANSWERS PMR TRIAL EXAMINATION SCIENCE PAPER 2 Question No. 1 a) X - lens Y - Vitreous humour Z - Optic nerve Answers Marks

b)

3m

3m Total 6m

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a)

iron bloc - sink ck Wooden b block -flo oat

2m m

b)

X W Z Y
4 corre 2m ect 23c correct 1m m c) X Air A 2m m

2m m Total 6m

ucer - K a) (I ) Produ (ii) Secon ndary consum - M mer b) ( I ) correct-2 m 4c 2-3 correct-1m 3 m

m 2m

L M N K
(c) ) Food cha ain 2m m

1m m

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d) (Population) L decreases / N increases / K decreases

1m Total -6m 1m 1m 1m

(a) (i)

lime water turns chalky / cloudy / milky Temperature in the gas jar increases / rises

(ii) Carbon dioxide (b) (i) (ii) 9 Anhydrous Cobalt chloride paper Bicarbonate indicator (c) Fuel for aircraft water

1m

1m

1m Total 6m

(a) ( i) To increase the voltage ( ii ) (iii) 240 V

1m 1m

X : Step up Y : Step down (b ) ( i) The number of turns of wire in secondary coil Q is higher ( than in primary coil/P)/ vice versa ( ii ) The output (voltage) is higher / The voltmeter reading increases (c) P1 - To reduce the voltage P2 - To prevent the handphone from blows out/ damage / not function / burn/ explode Reject: Handphone can last longer 6 (a) (i) X - White blood cell Y - red blood cell

2m 1m 1m 1m 1m

Total 8m 2m

(ii) X: To kill microorganisms./ body protection / fight against diseases / prevent from infection Y: Transport oxygen ( to the whole body) (iii) X has no nucleus, Y has nucleus / X has no fixed shape , Y has biconcave shape. (b) ( i) Blood group O (ii ) Agglutination of blood will occur.

2m 2m 1m 1m Total 8m

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(a) (i) Clothes in condition A dried faster because the weather is hotter/temperature is Higher/ light intensity is higher Clothes in condition B dried slower because the humidity is higher/ temperature Is lower (ii) The higher the temperature the faster the clothes dried // vice versa (b) (i) Time taken for cobalt chloride paper to change colour(minute) 10 25

1m

1m

Set A B

2m (ii) The time taken for cobalt chloride paper to change colour is shorter if the temperature is higher/ vice versa (iii) The higher the surrounding temperature the higher the rate of evaporation (c) Volume of water (d) Hanging clothes and drying hair using hair dryer 1m 1m 1m 2m Total- 9m 8 (a) (i) X is more stable than Y (ii) The bigger / wider the base area, the higher the stability / The lower the center of gravity, the higher the stability (iii) X is more stable because X has bigger base area/ X is more stable because X has lower center of gravity/ Reject: height/taller/ shorter (b) (i) 60 (ii) Graph 1mark for correct points plotted 1 mark for bar chart ( the same width and has space between graph) Reject: histogram 1m

1m

1m

1m

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2m

N1m 1
1m

er he / ( c) The longe the length of stick the less stable th object is.// vice versa ) (d) lled Control variable le Manipulated variabl Respond ding variable e (e) Base area Length of stic ck M of weigh Mass ht

3m

Stability o object is t mass of w of the weight (to top the obje pple ect)

1m Total11

END O MARKING SCHEME OF G

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