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Longitudinal 1 ( ) Initial (un-deflected) Final (deflected) Net Strain = - 4000 6433 2433

i

Calculation:

Correction of lateral stain for transverse sensitivity: Note that the longitudinal strain on the bottom of the beam is negative. Therefore, 1 (2433) = = 3.244 2 750 K t = +1.2 From the correction chart : C = 1.04 Corrected lateral strain = 750 C = 780 Calculatio n of Poisson ' s ratio : 750C v= = 0.32 1

Figure 1: Correction chart used to find the Correction factor Table 2: Actual values of Poissons ratio

Material Aluminum Alloy 2024 Steel Brass C26000 Concrete Lead Plastic (PVC) Glass (Pyrex)

Source (Book Title) Material Science and Engineering An Introduction 7th edition Material Science and Engineering An Introduction 7th edition Material Science and Engineering An Introduction 7th edition Material Science and Engineering An Introduction 7th edition Material Science and Engineering An Introduction 7th edition Material Science and Engineering An Introduction 7th edition Material Science and Engineering An Introduction 7th edition

Discussion

2

Poissons ratio is the ratio of transverse strain to the axial strain ,where transverse strain is the deformation in the direction of application of force, while the axial strain is deformation in the directions perpendicular to action of force . The specimen has to be isotropic to get satisfactory results, which means the measured properties do not vary with the direction of measurement. The Poissons ratio also proves that there is no change in volume of a substance when it changes shapes under stress i.e. if for example a beam is stretched in the direction of length causing an increase in length, while the width and thickness of the beam will shrink to counter the effect of this increase in length there by keeping volume constant. Notice that in the experiment the strain gages where placed on the upper and lower surface at the same point to ensure both reading of lateral and longitudinal strain are of the same point. This is because the degree of deformation change at different points depending on the distance from the point where the force is applied.

Conclusion

The Poissons ratio calculated using measured strain values is 0.32 which is very near to the value of Poissons ratio of aluminum alloy which is 0.33 as shown in table 2.

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