You are on page 1of 15

UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLOGICA DE TULA TEPEJI

WASTE MANAGEMET PLAN ORGANIC AND ORGANIC IN ATOTONILCO DE TULA HIDALGO

NAME OF THEACHER: MIS. JENOVEVA Subject: INGLISH

Student ALICIA RODRIGUEZ MARTINEZ

DATE: SEPTEMBER -11-2012

W ASTE

MANAGEMENT PLAN ORGANIC AND INORGANI C IN T ULA H IDALGO

A TOTONILCO

DE

T ABLE CONTENT
ABSTRAC ............................................................................................................................................. 3 Objective ............................................................................................................................................. 4 Specific objectives ............................................................................................................................... 4 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 5 Theoretical Frame ............................................................................................................................... 6 Situation ............................................................................................................................................ 10 Justification ....................................................................................................................................... 11 Methodology .................................................................................................................................... 12 Bibliography...................................................................................................................................... 13 Attachments ..................................................................................................................................... 14 Binnacle ........................................................................................................................................ 15

W ASTE

MANAGEMENT PLAN ORGANIC AND INORGANI C IN T ULA H IDALGO

A TOTONILCO

DE

ABSTRACT

The Plan of Solid Waste Management (PMD) has been suggested as a better image, to define procedures for: sorting at source, properly store, reuse, recycle and properly dispose of solid waste (aluminum cans, PET, glass and papper) generated in the main square of Atotonilco de Tula Hidalgo. The solid waste management is to establish conceptual and applicable to the implementation of a program of Solid Waste Separation (PSR) with the focus of the project cycle, sequential steps of programs linked activities aimed at achieving a goal, a given time and with a defined set of resources, and systematized to provide dynamic tools that the users can collect information, analyze and propose concrete actions from diagnosis through assessment Waste Separation Plan (RSP), one Guide for continued use. While the guide is commonly used for any town or city of the State of Hidalgo, will be more focused on the implementation of this plan in the main square of the town.

KEYWORD: USE OF SOLID WASTE, SUSTAINABILITY.

W ASTE

MANAGEMENT PLAN ORGANIC AND INORGANI C IN T ULA H IDALGO

A TOTONILCO

DE

Objective
To implement a solid waste management, using sound environmental techniques, based on the principle of the three "R" Reduction, Recycling and Reuse, the main square of Tula Hidalgo Atotonilco to improve the good image of the town.

Specific objectives
To prevent and reduce solid in Township waste generation in Atotonilco de Tula Hidalgo, taking steps of Separation, Reuse, Recycle and other forms of exploitation. To integrated management, safe and environmentally sound of solid waste. To establish guidelines for the provision of public cleaning service. To integrate management provisions for special waste handling To implement measures to prevent and control pollution of the soil and groundwater as a result of mismanagement and uncontrolled solid waste. To involve all members of society in the management of solid waste. To promote culture, education and training of labor, social and private for the integrated management of solid waste. To strengthen the systematization, analysis, share and dissemination of information regarding the management of solid waste.

W ASTE

MANAGEMENT PLAN ORGANIC AND INORGANI C IN T ULA H IDALGO

A TOTONILCO

DE

Introduction
Solid waste has a negative environmental impact caused by the improper disposal and because more and more, issue associated with the increase in human population, the industrial transformation

processes (globalization), and consumption habits of individual s. Nowadays we have tried to find a solution t o this problem, by

implementing the Integration of Solid W aste Managem ent (ISW M), which is part of an integral process ranging from: source separation (organic, recycling and materials) to transformed this process

enabling disposal or waste which cannot be recycled. From the source separation have sought alternative beneficial uses to the

environment, such as recycling process for the transformation of organic solid waste into raw material again. The composting of organic wastes as biofertilizers and soil

conditioners, gas production, humus, biofuels, among others, are techniques by which you can leverage this type of waste. One of the techniques used in Mexico for the use of urban organic solid waste is composting which is defined as the decompos ition of organic wastes by microbial action, changing the molecular structure thereof.

According to the degradation time, given the degree of maturity to perform biotransformation or partial degradation (decomposition of an organic compound in similar) or complete degradation and

mineralization when all the carbon dioxide molecules are decomposed into their entirety. These inert inorganic or mineral residues are incorporated into the structure of soil, microorganisms and plants causing environmental, social , economic and health to the

environment. This alternative is most com monly used because it

W ASTE

MANAGEMENT PLAN ORGANIC AND INORGANI C IN T ULA H IDALGO

A TOTONILCO

DE

allows treating high amounts of wastes, being the case of the generation of solid waste.

Theoretical Frame DEFINING RESIDUE


Is any object, material, substance or solid element resulting from consumption or use of goods in domestic, industrial, commercial, institutional or service the generator abandons, rejects or delivery and which is capable of harvesting or processing into a new But with economic value or disposal.

CLASSIFICATION OF SOLID WASTE


Waste can be classified in several ways, both by state, source and by the type of management that should be given.

CLASSIFICATION BY STATE
A waste is defined by state, according to the physical state in which it is. There are therefore three types of waste from this point of view: solid, liquid and gaseous. It is important to note that the actual extent of this classification may be fixed in purely descriptive terms or, as is done in practice, according to the kid of management.

CLASSIFICATION BY ORIGIN
You can define the residue for the activity in which it occurred; it is essentially a sectoral classification. According to this classification, the most important types of waste are:

W ASTE

MANAGEMENT PLAN ORGANIC AND INORGANI C IN T ULA H IDALGO

A TOTONILCO

DE

Municipal Solid Waste: Those who make household waste, waste generation varies with cultural factors associated with income levels, spending habits, technological development and quality of life standards of the population. The highest income sectors generate the largest volumes of waste per capita, and these residues have a higher value added than those from poorer sections of the population. These in turn are classified as:

Industrial waste: The amount of waste generated by industry is based on the technology of the production process, quality of raw materials or intermediate products, physical and chemical properties of the auxiliary materials used, fuels and packaging process. Within the industry which generates the waste is convenient to differentiate between: Inert: are the debris and similar materials. Residue is stable over time, which does not produce significant environmental effects by interacting in the environment. Also included are some similar waste MSW: Remains of dining rooms, offices, etc.. Radioactive waste materials that emit radioactivity. Toxic and Hazardous considered in this group are those who fall within the characteristics specified by the different environmental standards. This requires residue group, depending on their physical or chemical treatment process, specific recovery or disposal. Tailings: include mining waste materials are removed to gain access to minerals and all the waste from the mining process. Currently, the copper industry is committed to the implementation of appropriate management of these wastes which are expected in the near future to have proper statistics. Hospital waste: Remains of clinical work or research. Currently the management of hospital waste is not the most appropriate since there is no clear rule about it. The management of this waste is done at the generator and not under a decentralized system. A hospital level waste is usually sterile. The composition of hospital waste ranges from residential and commercial waste to a medical waste containing hazardous substances. Also this group can source classification sub-classified into usable waste and unusable waste. "Usable wastes are those that through integrated management of solid waste, recovering and

W ASTE

MANAGEMENT PLAN ORGANIC AND INORGANI C IN T ULA H IDALGO

A TOTONILCO

DE

returning to the productive cycle and efficiently, through reuse, recycling, incineration (with energy generation purposes), composting or any other modality that involves health benefits, environmental, social and / or economic. And not usable are those who already completed their life and that they should make an appropriate treatment or disposal because those whose source can markedly affect or alter the environment in this group found inert waste, radioactive, toxic and dangerous Classification by type of management

You can classify a residue to present some characteristic associated with the management to be implemented as well:

Hazardous waste: waste which by its nature is inherently dangerous to handle and / or dispose of and can cause death, disease, or is are hazardous to health or the environment when improperly managed.

Inert residue: residue stable over time, which does not produce significant environmental effects by interacting in the environment.

The organic solid waste and its classification Flores, defines and classifies Dante solid organic waste as follows.

Definition: Those residues from residues of organic products, most of them are biodegradable (naturally decomposed). May disintegrate or degrade rapidly, becoming other organic matter. Example: food scraps, fruit and vegetables, meat, eggs, etc., or may have a slower degradation time, such as cardboard and paper. An exception to these properties to plastic, because despite of having its origin in an organic compound, it a more complicated molecular structure.

W ASTE

MANAGEMENT PLAN ORGANIC AND INORGANI C IN T ULA H IDALGO

A TOTONILCO

DE

How to classify: There are many ways of classifying organic solid waste, however, the two best known are related to their source of generation and to their nature and / or physical characteristics.

According to their source of generation organic solid waste by source are classified as: Organic solid wastes from the street sweeping: considered within this source also stored waste in public bins, its content is varied, can be found from fruit scraps to paper and plastic. In this case, its ability to benefit is somewhat limited by the difficulty of carrying out the process of physical separation. Institutional organic solid waste: waste from public (government) and private industry. It is characterized by containing mostly paper and cardboard and food waste from institutional canteens. Solid waste market: are those wastes from food markets and other stores that sell food products. It is a good source for the use of organic and especially for composting and organic fertilizer. Organic solid waste from commercial sources: is waste from commercial establishments, including shops and restaurants. The latter are the source of more organic waste generation due to the type of services they offer such as the sale of food. It require special treatment for being a usable source for feeding pigs (after treatment). Household organic solid wastes: They are wastes from households, whose characteristic That can be varied, but they mostly contain remains of vegetables, fruits, prepared food waste, garden prunings and papers. It represents a great potential for its use in the departments.

W ASTE

MANAGEMENT PLAN ORGANIC AND INORGANI C IN T ULA H IDALGO

A TOTONILCO

DE

Situation

The increase in solid waste generation associated with population growth and globalization that creates consumer culture, has led to the application of appropriate technologies for solid waste disposal that allow rational control of the impacts of waste taking away the high risk environment and public health. Mexico, based on this problem has been designing and implementing new policies to the management of solid waste, which can only be done through strict adherence to environmental regulations (Resolution 1045 of 2005, Decree 1713 of 2002, between other). That is why the implementation of actions for the use of organic solid waste is critical to meeting the objectives of the management of solid waste.

W ASTE

MANAGEMENT PLAN ORGANIC AND INORGANI C IN T ULA H IDALGO

A TOTONILCO

DE

Justification

The physical composition of municipal solid waste in Mexico comprises over 50% of organic waste, only pointing to an efficient integrate waste management from filing to final disposition, will be implemented management instruments based on principles of efficiency , efficiency and effectiveness that generate environmental sustainability from an optimal cost-benefit ratio. The study of the relationship of processes suitable for reuse, recycling and reuse of inorganic waste becomes the primary factor in creating scenarios to determine the technical, economic and environmental associated with the topic. This use leads directly to reducing environmental and social impacts generated, especially in the disposal component, which is the responsibility of environmental management. The final provision and implementation of environmental

management plans for this component, in light of the stringent environmental regulations will surely generate in the near future rate increases will affect the family finances, or conversely, to be waived would jeopardize the economic and financial viability of the companies providing the residential public toilet. It aims to consolidate and systematize existing information to make a thoughtful analysis about the use of urban inorganic solid waste to provide input in the development of policies and guidelines for regulators.

W ASTE

MANAGEMENT PLAN ORGANIC AND INORGANI C IN T ULA H IDALGO

A TOTONILCO

DE

Methodology

PROCESS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

Impacts to Prevent Impacts to prevent program through solid waste management are: Soil contamination caused by the infiltration of fluids from solid waste leachates arranged in the ground. Groundwater contamination caused by infiltration of leachate from solid waste has contaminated the ground. Management For common solid waste management should take into account certain general provisions: Ranking in the source: the wastes will be separated according to their class at the source, so this should provide suitable containers for each color-coded according to the type of waste. Green: organic waste Yellow: inorganic waste (Paper, Blue: (PET) Gris: (

Quantification and disposal: Performed by a record where management stands, amount, collection and disposal of waste by type. This will be filed properly in the administrative office, according to the proposed registration system in this Plan. One of the objectives of the proposed registration pursuant to this plan is to have a road map of the waste, ie you can track it from its origin to its final treatment

W ASTE

MANAGEMENT PLAN ORGANIC AND INORGANI C IN T ULA H IDALGO

A TOTONILCO

DE

whatever it is. As a result of the periodic use of records, be able to assess whether the treatment is right for each residue.

Bibliography

W ASTE

MANAGEMENT PLAN ORGANIC AND INORGANI C IN T ULA H IDALGO

A TOTONILCO

DE

Attachments

W ASTE

MANAGEMENT PLAN ORGANIC AND INORGANI C IN T ULA H IDALGO

A TOTONILCO

DE

Binnacle

Date
11-09-2012

Activity
Search and think for a project

Time in hours
2

Observation
It was found a lot of information on the topic in the library. The main square is impaired, maintenance and too dirty Theres a variety of books was found regarding the issue of management waste There is too much information -

12-09-2012

Observe the place where the problem originates from Look for information in the library

13-09-2012

14-09-2012 18-09-2012

Make theoretical framework thinking and doing my project title to Set objectives

4 1

18-09-2012

Intent with this paragraph are considered the real scope the big problem is just the most evident arises was a bit tricky writing the justification -

19-09-2012

Make the problem statement

20-09-2012

Make a justification

21-09-2012 25-09-2012

Make introduction Make abstract

2 2