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Karin Dickensheets Module 2 Written Assignment Linear Algebra

Lesson 2.1 Problem 11

The problem asks that I use the arrow method to find the determinant of the above matrix. I will begin by rewriting the matrix with the first two colums repeated to the right (making the arrow method possible).

Now I will multiply each diagonal descending from left to right and find the sum of those products:

This equals 45. Next I will multiply each diagonal descending from right to left and find the sum of those products:

This is eual to 110. Finally, I will subtract my second sum from my first sum to find my determinant. 45-110=-65

My determinant is -65.

Check work

(1.1.1.1)

(1.1.1.2)

Problem 25
This problem wants me to evaluate det(A) by a cofactor expansion along a row or column of my choice.

Because the third column has the most zeroes, I believe that will be the easiest column to work with. After making this choice, I will rewrite the matrix as a difference between the two matrices I will create using my two non-zero elements:

Since I have no more zeroes, I will go ahead and use the first row for my next expansion in the same manner as before (now having 3 non-zero elements). I have used red to help demonstrate where these numbers are coming from:

I want to show this a piece at a time, but then I will put it all together:

I will put these pieces together with my original -3 as so:

I will then do the same process to the second matrix listed above in my determinant equation and subtract that sum from my first sum:

From here, I will use ad-cb to further simplify this problem:

Check Work

(1.2.1.1)

(1.2.1.2)

Lesson 2.2

Problem 13
The problem asks me to evaluate the determinant of the matrix by using reduced row echelon form. Here is the matrix:

Reduced row echelon form creates an upper right triangle of numbers, while the lower left triangle is zeroes with a diagonal of ones down from left to right (but not necessarily in the far right bottom). I will begin by first dividing the first row by 3.

(2.1.1)

Because, I divided by three, I would rewrite my matrix as:

Next I want to add two times the first row to the second row:

(2.1.2)

Written as:

Now I want to swap the second and third row (so that I can have that 1 where I want it).

(2.1.3)

Because I swapped rows, the sign on my 3 will change as so:

In my final reduction step, I want to multiply row two by negative three and add it to my third row.

(2.1.4)

Written as:

-3

Now I just need to multiply -3 by -11 to find my determinant.

=33
Check Work

33

(2.1.1.1)

Lesson 2.3

Problem 6
The problem asks that I verify that det(AB) = det(BA) and to determine whether the equality det (A+B) = det(A)+det(B) holds.

I will begin by first finding (AB). with(Student[LinearAlgebra]):

(3.1.1) Then I will find (BA).

(3.1.2)

Then I will find the determinant of each. I prefer using the arrow method as I demonstrated in Lesson 2.1. I will do that now for (AB).

[(6)(-4)(12)+(15)(-3)(-2)+(26)(2)(10)]-[(26)(-4)(-2)+(6)(-3)(10)+(15)(2)(12)] = (-288 +90 + 520) - (208 -180 + 360)

= 322 - 388

det(AB)= -66

[(5)(14)(-5)+(8)(7)(5)+(-3)(-6)(-2)] - [(-3)(14)(5)+(5)(7)(-2)+(8)(-6)(-5)] = (-350 + 280 - 36) - (-210 - 70 + 240) = -106 - (-40)

det(BA)= -66
Next I want to find det(A+B). I first need to find A+B by adding like elements of both matrices and putting their sums into one:

(3.1.3) I will use the arrow method to find the determinant:

[(1)(1)(1)+(7)(2)(-2)+(-2)(2)(5)] - [(-2)(1)(-2)+(1)(2)(5)+(7)(2)(1)] = (1 - 28 - 20) - (4 + 10 + 14) = -47 - 28

det(A+B)= -75 Now I need to find det(A) + det(B). det(A) = det(B)=

[(-1)(0)(2)+(8)(-1)(-2)+(2)(1)(2)]-[(2)(0)(-2)+(-1)(-1)(2)+(8)(1)(2)] +(-4)(1)(3)]-[(-4)(1)(0)+(2)(3)(3)+(-1)(1)(-1)] (0 + 16 + 4) - (0 + 2 + 16) 18 +1) 20 - 18

[(2)(1)(-1)+(-1)(3)(0) (-2 + 0 - 12) - (0 + -14 - 19

det(A) = 2 det(A) + det(B) = -31

det(B) = -33

Therefore, while det(AB) and det(BA) are the same, det(A+B) does not equal det(A) + det(B) in this case. Check Work

(3.1.1.1) (3.1.1.2) (3.1.1.3) (3.1.1.4)

Problem 10

For this problem, I am to use determinants to decide wehther the given matrix is invertible. The given matrix is:

First I will use the arrow method to find the determinant:

[(-3)(0)(3)+(0)(6)(8)+(1)(5)(0)]-[(1)(0)(8)+(-3)(6)(0)+(0)(5)(3)] =(0+0+0) - (0+0+0) =0 According to theorem 2.3.3 in our text on page 108, a square matrix is invertible if and only if its determinite does not equal zero.

Because the det(A)=0, (A) is not invertible. Check Work

(3.2.1.1)