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Raising Math Test Scores through Online Game & Activity Based Learning (Using Khan Academy)

Subject: Math Prepared by: Tonya Grant

Overview and Purpose: Students will be given the basic resources and instructional videos to progress at their own pace through beginning math skills and beyond. Khan Academy does not create a glass ceiling that prohibits students from continuously moving through progressively difficult tasks. Khan Academy plays on the students strengths by allowing them to continue lessons that make them successful while offering remediation and support in struggling lessons. Khan Academy will raise math test scores throughout the school year and throughout a students school career. Students progress is able to be tracked over a longer period of time rather than a single school year. Data can be transferred from one grade level teacher to the next. Common Core Standards in Mathematics:
1.Oa Operations and Algebraic Thinking Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction. 1. Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. 2. Solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. Understand and apply properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction. 3. Apply properties of operations as strategies to add and subtract. 4. Understand subtraction as an unknown-addend problem. For example, subtract 10 8 by finding the number that makes 10 when added to 8. Add and subtract within 20. 5. Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g., by counting on 2 to add 2). 6. Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency for addition and subtraction within 10. Use strategies such as counting on; making ten (e.g., 8 + 6 = 8 + 2 + 4 = 10 + 4 = 14); decomposing a number leading to

a ten (e.g., 13 4 = 13 3 1 = 10 1 = 9); using the relationship between addition and subtraction (e.g., knowing that 8 + 4 = 12, one knows 12 8 = 4); and creating equivalent but easier or known sums (e.g., adding 6 + 7 by creating the known equivalent 6 + 6 + 1 = 12 + 1 = 13). Work with addition and subtraction equations. 7. Understand the meaning of the equal sign, and determine if equations involving addition and subtraction are true or false. 8. Determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation relating three whole numbers. 1.NBT Number and Operations in Base Ten Understand place value. 2. Understand that the two digits of a two-digit number represent amounts of tens and ones. Understand the following as special cases: a. 10 can be thought of as a bundle of ten ones called a ten. b. The numbers from 11 to 19 are composed of a ten and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones. c. The numbers 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 refer to one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine tens (and 0 ones). Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract. 4. Add within 100, including adding a two-digit number and a one-digit number, and adding a two-digit number and a multiple of 10, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method and explain the reasoning used. Understand that in adding two-digit numbers, one adds tens and tens, ones and ones; and sometimes it is necessary to compose a ten. 5. Given a two-digit number, mentally find 10 more or 10 less than the number, without having to count; explain the reasoning used. 6. Subtract multiples of 10 in the range 10-90 from multiples of 10 in the range 10-90 (positive or zero differences), using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method and explain the reasoning used.

Objectives: Students will be able to: Identify numbers represented by base ten blocks. Distinguish positive numbers from negative numbers. Organize subtraction and addition problems Generate answers to 1, 2, and 3- digit subtraction and addition problems.

Materials Needed: Computer- PC or Mac, or iPads (wifi or 3g models) Gmail account or Facebook account for each student (preferably Gmail, however if using Facebook the students will be able to post their progress and compete against friends) Access to the internet- High speed internet is preferred since you will be streaming video Firefox, or Google Chrome browsers work best (Internet Explorer seems to run slower) Headphones Pencil and Paper for computations (as needed)

Other Resources: (websites, videos, books, etc.) Khan Academy website: www.khanacademy.org If using an iPad; access to the iTunes store will be necessary to download the Khan Academy App. http://www.apple.com/itunes/ Preview of the (FREE) iPad app for Khan Academy: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/khan-academy/id469863705?mt=8 Information: Background information on Addition & Subtraction (Needs for beginning module- Addition & Subtraction) 1. What is the base ten or numeral counting system? The base ten counting system is the most commonly used number system in everyday life. It is also known as the decimal system. The base ten system uses ten digits, 0-9. 2. What is a number line? A straight line on which there is indicated a one-toonecorrespondence between points on the line and the set of real numbers. 3. What is addition? The process of uniting two or more numbers into one sum, represented by the symbol +. 4. What is subtraction? The operation or process of finding the difference between two numbers or quantities, and denoted by a minus sign (). 5. What is an integer? One of the positive or negative numbers 1, 2, 3, etc., or zero.

6. What is a whole number? Also called counting number, one of the positive integers or zero; any of the numbers (0, 1, 2, 3, ). 7. What is a negative number? Negative numbers are used to describe values on a scale that goes below zero.

Verification: Steps to check for student understanding 1. Observation of students progression in the activity. 2. Circulate in the classroom to ensure all students are engaged. 3. The coach feature of Khan Academy allows teachers to create class lists. Teachers are then able to monitor student progress through several different types of reports (Progress Summary, Progress Report, Daily Activity, Progress Over Time, Energy Points, and Goals). Activity: (Directions are for the Addition & Subtraction Module) 1. Students will review math concepts that have previously taught in the classroom. They will also be able to advance to math concepts that may not have been taught in the classroom. 2. Students will work through the different modules based on their interests (Lower level students should begin at Addition & Subtraction). 3. Students will continue to work through the different subcategories under Addition & Subtraction at their own pace: -Representing Numbers- Identify the numbers represented by hundreds, tens, and ones blocks -Number Line- Identifying numbers/ positive integers on a number line -1-Digit Addition- Adding two 1-digit numbers -1-Digit Subtraction- Subtracting two 1-digit numbers -2-Digit Addition- Add two 2-digit numbers, no carrying -2 and 3-digit Subtracting- Subtracting 2 and 3-digit numbers without borrowing -Addition with Carrying- Add two 3-digit numbers with carrying -Subtraction with Borrowing- Subtract two 3 or 4-digit numbers, borrow once -4-Digit Addition with Carrying- Add two 3 or 4-digit numbers with carrying -4-Digit Subtraction with Borrowing- Subtract two 4-digit numbers borrow twice -Number Line- Identify positive and negative integers on a number line -Negative Numbers- Ordering negative numbers -Adding Negative Numbers- Adding positive and negative single-digit numbers

-Adding and Subtracting Negative Numbers- Add and subtract positive and negative single-digit integers 4. Students will watch the introduction videos at the beginning of each category. 5. Once the students have completed a module, they will have collected energy points. The energy points are used to show their achievements and they will be able to view the different badges that they have earned. Extension Activity Students will use other resources such as Vmath Live subscription for additional practice. http://www.vmathlive.com/login Notes 1. Khan Academy is meant for kids (and adults) to be able to practice and learn new skills as well as sharpen old skills. 2. Students will be able to view the Knowledge Map and see the skills, challenges, and concepts available to them. 3. Khan Academy offers more than math lessons. They also offer lessons in science, computer science, finance & economics, humanities, and test preparation. 4. There are more than 3,500 instructional videos and hundreds of skills to practice. 5. Khan Academy is FREE!!! 6. With schools becoming increasingly focused on data and data analysis to drive instruction, Khan Academy creates reports and graphs, as well as analyzes data automatically for the teacher. 7. As the students are going completing questions, there are options for hints and tips. Encourage students to use the hints before going back a reviewing the entire introduction video a second time.