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DNA

2012.10.15

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DNA

2012.10.10

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17 ROC (Republic of Creativity)


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1000 95
3

If you can not convince them, confuse them!

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There are three kinds of lies:


lies, damned lies and statistics.
Benjamin Disraeli (1804-1881)
British Prime Minister, 1874-1878

How to
lie with statisticsHuff and Geis (1993)


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DNA

Statistics are like a bikini.


What they reveal is suggestive,
but what they conceal is vital.
AARON LEVENSTEIN

Before You Get Excited About Numbers, Make Sure You Get The Bare Facts.

The Food and Agriculture Organization


Ukraine

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DNA

400

Philosophy is written in this great book (by


which I mean the universe) which stands always
open to our view, but it can not be understood unless
one first learns how to comprehend the language and
interpret the symbols in which it is written.
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)

1564-1642

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Subtle is the Lord,


but malicious He is notEinstein


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DNA





22

10

3

10



22

33



101

12

300

2

01

0

02

1

365, 228!

Descriptive Statistics

10

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Histogram1-1

2500
1500

500
0
0

20

40

60

80

100

1-1

A picture paints a thousand words.

1-2

11
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DNA

R
5000

3000

1000
0
0

20000

40000

60000

80000

1-2

R T R
T R T

R T
1-3

12

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T
R = aT

R = aT

R = aT 1/2

1-3

R = aT1/2 R = aT1/2
a
1/2
R = aT = a

58 = a

a =

6.15

108 = a

a =

7.22

150 = a

a =

7.85

228 = a

a =

8.70

778 = a

a = 11.81

1427 = a

a = 13.76

2875 = a

a = 16.41

4505 = a

a = 18.36

5914 = a

a = 19.63

a R = aT1/2
R = aT1/2
1/2 1/2
R T

13
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DNA

R = aT
a (0 < < 1)
a
Populationunknown parameters

R = aT

Sample

Inferential Statistics

R = aT
a
John Napier1550-1617
17 Logarithm
14

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R = aT

log R = log aT = log a+logT = log a+logT


log R = + log T = log a.

R T R = aT
logR logT log R = +logT
T R

log

88,

58

1.944, 1.763

225,

108

2.352, 2.033

365,

150

2.562, 2.176

687,

228

2.837, 2.358

4339,

778

3.637, 2.891

10761, 1427

4.032, 3.154

30690, 2875

4.487, 3.459

60185, 4505

4.779, 3.654

90782, 5914

4.958, 3.772

logTlogR

15
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DNA

logR
3.5
3.0
2.5
2.0
2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

logT

1-4

logR
3.5
3.0
2.5
2.0
logT
2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

1-5

Regression analysis
Least squares method
16

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log R

= 0.466 + 0.667 log T


= 0.466 + (2/3) log T
2/3
= 0.466 + log T
0.466
2/3
T R 3 = 25 T2
= 10
= 25

a 10

0.466

2/3

88,

58

225, 108

365, 150

687, 228

4339, 778
10761, 1427

30690, 2875
60185, 4505
90782, 5914

Kepler1571-1630

17
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DNA

Kepler

1.

2.

1-6

3.

1609 Astronomia
Nova, 1609 1619
Harmonices Mundi, 1619
Kepler

18

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1037-1101

R 3/ T 2

invariant

1.
Descartes
1596-1650Descartes1637
1637

19
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DNA

2. Logarithm
John Napier1550-1617 1600
Kepler
Laplace

Laplace1749-1827

3. Least Squares Method


Carl Friedrich Gauss1777- 1855
18 Kepler
Keper

Kepler
Kepler

Kepler Astronomia Nova1609

20

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DNA
.
., 2012.10

ISBN 978-957-11-6876-0 ()
1.2.
307.9

101019920

5A84

DNA







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