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Philosophy Faculty Reading List and Course Outline 2012-2013

READING LIST
The set texts are required reading. Material marked with an asterisk* is a good place to start.

PART II PAPER 04: EUROPEAN PHILOSOPHY FROM KANT

KANT Set Text

SYLLABUS Kant, Critique of Pure Reason to the end of the Transcendental Dialectic (A704, B732). Hegel, The Phenomenology of Spirit Introduction, Consciousness, Self-consciousness (paragraphs 73-230); Hegel's Logic: being part of the Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences paragraps 1-111; Introduction to Lectures on the Philosophy of History, as far as (but not including) The Geographical Basis of World History. Nietzsche, On Genealogy of Morality, The Birth of Tragedy, Beyond Good and Evil.

KANT, I., Critique of the Pure Reason. [To the end of the Transcendental Dialectic (A704/B732)] The recommended translations are: KANT, I., Critique of Pure Reason, translated by N. Kemp Smith, (London: Macmillan, 1929; Rev. 2nd ed., 2003). [Also available online at: www.hkbu.edu.hk/~ppp/cpr/toc/html] KANT, I., Critique of Pure Reason, translated by P. Guyer and A.W. Wood, (Cambridge Cambridge University Press, 1998). KANT, I., Critique of Pure Reason, translated by J. Bennett. [Available online only at: www.earlymoderntexts.com/f_kant.html] General Books The best place to start is: GARDNER, S., Routledge Philosophy Guide to Kant and the Critique of Pure Reason (London: Routledge, 1998). [Also available online at: www.mylibrary.com/?id=11042] Gardiner is useful for getting an initial feel for the work but it is too brief to provide a detailed treatment of many of the main issues. For that, the best overview is: ALLISON, H.E., Kant's Transcendental Idealism: An Interpretation and Defense. Rev. ed. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004). Note that you need the 2004 edition - it includes a detailed response to Allison's critics. Alternately, you can use one of the following: BIRD, G., ed., A Companion to Kant (Oxford: Blackwell, 2010). GUYER, P., ed., The Cambridge Companion to Kant (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006). [Also available online at: http://cco.cambridge.org] WALKER, R.C.S., Kant (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978). Perhaps the main obstacle to understanding Kant's work is his terminology. The following provides a one or two page summary of the meaning of each of the main terms: CAYGILL, H., A Kant Dictionary (Oxford: Blackwell, 1995).

COURSE OUTLINE This course provides an opportunity for students to study three of the most widely influential philosophers of the modern period, thinkers whose effect on subsequent philosophy can scarcely be overestimated, and at the same time to acquaint themselves with the principal sources of the German philosophical tradition. Offered for study are certain central texts of Kant, Hegel and Nietzsche as listed above. All may be studied in English translation; knowledge of German is not essential. Prerequisites None Objectives Students taking this paper will be expected to: 1. 2. 3. 4. Acquire a detailed knowledge of the set texts by their chosen philosophers from the three listed. Be able to state the main doctrines expounded in these texts, and to be aware of their interrelations. Have some awareness of interpretative problems relating to these texts and doctrines. Be able critically to discuss these doctrines and the arguments used to support them.

SELECTED TOPICS The list below specify the relevant sections of Kant's text followed by some suggestions for secondary reading. Two points are worth noting. First, the secondary reading is divided into three classes as shown by the letter preceding the author's name: 'A' indicates introductory material, 'B' the main secondary reading and 'C' more advanced secondary material. Second, many people find it helpful to read the introductory secondary literature before tackling the primary text. Transcendental Idealism KANT, I., Critique of Pure Reason: . [Introduction (A1/B1-A16/B30), Transcendental Aesthetic - 'On Space' (A19/B33-A30/B46), The Ground of the Distinction of all Objects into Phenomena and Noumena (A235/B294-A260/B315)] [A] GARDNER, S., Kant and the 'Critique of Pure Reason' (London: Routledge, 1999), chs. 1-3. [B] ALLAIS, L., 'Kant's One World: Interpreting Transcendental Idealism', British Journal for the History of Philosophy, 12 (2004): 655-84. [B] ALLISON, H.E., Kant's Transcendental Idealism: An Interpretation and Defense (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004), chs. 1 & 2. [B] LANGTON, R., Kantian Humility (Oxford: Clarendon, 1998), chs. 1 and 2. [Also available online at: www.oxfordscholarship.com] [B] STROUD, B., 'Transcendental Arguments', Journal of Philosophy, 65 (1968): 241-56. [B] VAN CLEVE, J., Problems from Kant (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), chs. 1 & 10 (section D only). [C] HARRISON, R., 'Transcendental Arguments and Idealism', in G. Vesley, ed., Idealism: Past and Present (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982). [C] STRAWSON, P.F., The Bounds of Sense (London: Methuen, 1966), part 4. [Also available online at: www.mylibrary.com/?id=11038] [C] STRAWSON, P.F., Entity and Identity and Other Essays (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997), 'Kant's new foundations of metaphysics' and 'The problem of Realism and the a priori'. [ Also available online at: www.oxfordscholarship.com] The Transcendental Aesthetic KANT, I., Critique of Pure Reason. The Transcendental Aesthetic (A19/B33-A 48/B73). [A] ALLISON, H.E., Kant's Transcendental Idealism (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004), ch. 5. [B] PARSONS, C., 'The Transcendental Aesthetic', in P. Guyer, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Kant (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992), pp. 62-100. [Also available oline at: http://cco.cambridge.org] [B] SHABEL, L., 'The Transcendental Aesthetic', in P. Guyer, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), pp. 93-117. [Also available online at: http://cco.cambridge.org]

[B] STRAWSON, P.F., The Bounds of Sense (London: Methuen, 1966), part II, section I. [C] FALKENSTEIN, L., 'Was Kant a Nativist?' Journal of the History of Ideas (1990): 573-97. Reprinted in P. Kitcher (ed.) Kant's Critique of Pure Reason (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998). [C] WARREN, D., 'Kant and the Apriority of Space', Philosophical Review, 107 (1998): 179-224.

The Metaphysical and Transcendental Deductions KANT, I., Critique of Pure Reason: Metaphysical Deduction (A50/B74 - A83/B116) Deduction of the Pure Concepts of the Understanding (both A and B Versions: A84-A130 and B116-B170). [A] VAN CLEVE, J., Problems from Kant (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), ch. 7. [B] GUYER, P., 'The Transcendental Deduction of the Categories', in P. Guyer, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Kant (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992). [Also available online at: http://cco.cambridge.org] [B] YOUNG, J.M., 'Functions of Thought and the Synthesis of Intuitions', in P. Guyer, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Kant (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992). [Also available online at: http://cco.cambridge.org] [C] CASSAM, Q., 'Transcendental Arguments, Transcendental Synthesis and Transcendental Idealism', Philosophical Quarterly, 37 (1987): 355-78. [C] STRAWSON, P.F., The Bounds of Sense (London: Methuen, 1966). [Also available online at: www.mylibrary.com/?id=11038] [C] STRAWSON, P.F., 'Imagination and Perception', in R. Walker, ed., Kant on Pure Reason (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978). The First and Second Analogies KANT, I., Critique of Pure Reason: First Analogy, Second Analogy (A176/B218 A211/B256). [A] ALLISON, H.E., Kant's Transcendental Idealism (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004), ch. 9. [B] STRAWSON, P.F., The Bounds of Sense (London: Methuen, 1966). [Also available online at: www.myilibrary.com/id=11038] [C] ALLISON, H.E., 'Causality and Causal Laws in Kant: A Critique of Michael Friedman', in P. Parrini, ed., Kant and Contemporary Epistemology (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1994). [Allison's reply to Friedman below] [C] BECK, L.W., Essays on Kant and Hume (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1978). [C] FRIEDMAN, M., 'Causal Laws and the Foundations of Natural Science', in P. Guyer, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Kant (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992). [Also available online at: http://cco.cambridge.org]

[C] GUYER, P., Kant and the Claims of Knowledge (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), ch. 10.

[A] ALLISON, H.E., Kant's Transcendental Idealism (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004), ch. 13. [B] GRIER, M., Kant's Doctrine of Transcendental Illusion (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), ch. 6. [B] STRAWSON, P.F., The Bounds of Sense (London: Methuen, 1966), pp. 176-206. [Also available online at: www.myilibrary.com/?id=11038] [C] ALLISON, H.E., Kant's Theory of Freedom (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990), chs. 1-2. [C] WOOD, A., 'Kant's Compatibilism', in his Self and Nature in Kant's Philosophy (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1984), pp. 73-101.

The Refutation of Idealism KANT, I., Critique of Pure Reason: , Refutation of Idealism (B274-279), General Note on the System of Principles (B228-294). [A] ALLISON, H.E., Kant's Transcendental Idealism (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004), ch. 10. [B] AQUILA, R., 'Personal Identity and Kant's Refutation of Idealism', Kant Studien, 70 (1979): 259-78. [B] CASSAM, Q., 'Inner Sense, Body Sense, and Kant's Refutation of Idealism', European Journal of Philosophy, 1 (1993): 111-27. [C] GUYER, P., Kant and the Claims of Knowledge (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), chs. 12-14.

HEGEL Translations of Hegel's works from Oxford University Press are also available online at: http://pm.nix.com.

Pure Reason and the Transcendental Dialectic KANT, I., Critique of Pure Reason, Transcendental Dialectic [A293-A341/B249-B399]. [A] ALLISON, H.E., Kant's Transcendental Idealism (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004), ch. 11. [A] GRIER, M., 'Kant's Critique of Metaphysics', in E.N. Zalta, ed., Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy [Online]. Available at: http://plato.stanford/edu/archives/sum2012/entries/kant-metaphysics [General introduction to the Transcendental Dialectic. Also relevant for the Antimonies] [B] O'NEILL, O., 'Vindicating Reason', in P. Guyer, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Kant (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992). [Also available online at: http://cco.cambridge.org] [B] STRAWSON, P.F., The Bounds of Sense (London: Methuen, 1966), pp. 155-61. [Also available online at: www.myilibrary.com/?id=11038] [C] FRIEDMAN, M., 'Regulative and Constitutive', Southern Journal of Philosophy, 30, no. S1 (1992): 73-102. [C] NEIMAN, S., The Unity of Reason (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994), ch. 2. [C] WARTENBERG, T., 'Reason and the Practice of Science', in P. Guyer, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Kant (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992). [Also available online at: http://cco.cambridge.org] The Antinomies and Freedom KANT, I., 'Critique of Pure Reason: ' in, First Antinomy [A426/B454 - A435/B463] and Third Antinomy [A453/B481].

Set Texts HEGEL, G.W.F., Hegel's Logic: Being Part of the Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences, translated by W. Wallace, (Oxford: Clarendon, 1975), paragraphs 1-111. HEGEL, G.W.F., Lectures on the Philosophy of World History, translated by H.B. Nisbet, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975), Introduction as far as (but not including) the Geographical Basis of World History. HEGEL, G.W.F., The Phenomenology of Spirit, translated by A.V. Miller, (Oxford: Clarendon, 1977), Introduction, Consciousness, Self-consciousness (paragraphs 73-230).

General Books *BEISER, F., ed., Cambridge Companion to Hegel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993). [Also available online at: http://cco.cambridge.org] *STERN, R., Routledge Guidebook to Hegel and the Phenomenology of Spirit (London: Routledge, 2001). [Also available online at: www.myilibrary.com/?id=32395] BEISER, F., Hegel (London: Routledge, 2005). [Also available online at: http://lib.myilibrary.com?ID=23270] HOULGATE, S., An Introduction to Hegel: Freedom, Truth and History. 2nd ed. (London: Routledge, 2005). HOULGATE, S., and M. BAUR, eds., A Companion to Hegel (Oxford: Wiley Blackwell, 2011). INWOOD, M., Hegel (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1983). [The Arguments of the Philosophers] INWOOD, M., ed., Hegel (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985). [Oxford Readings in Philosophy]

INWOOD, M., ed., A Hegel Dictionary (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992). MACINTYRE, A., ed., Hegel: A Collection of Critical Essays (Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1972). Reprinted (Notre Dame & London: University of Notre Dame Press, 1976). PLANT, R., Hegel: An Introduction (London: Allen & Unwin, 1972 ; 2nd ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 1983)). STEWART, J.B., The Phenomenology of Spirit Reader (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1997). TAYLOR, C., Hegel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975). TAYLOR, C., Hegel and Modern Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979). SELECTED TOPICS Hegel on Freedom HEGEL, G.W.F., Lectures on the Philosophy of World History, Introduction. HEGEL, G.W.F., The Philosophy of Right, Introduction, 260. [Also available online at: http://pm.nlx.com] BEISER, F., Hegel (London: Routledge, 2005), chs. 9 & 11. [Also available online at: http://lib.myilibrary.com?ID=23270] PARKINSON, G.H.R., 'Hegel's Concept of Freedom', in M. Inwood, ed., Hegel (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985). SCHACHT, R., 'Hegel on Freedom', in A. Macintyre, ed., Hegel: A Collection of Critical Essays (Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1972). WOOD, A., Hegel's Ethical Thought (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990), ch. 2. Hegel's Absolute Idealism HEGEL, G.W.F., Lectures on the Philosophy of World History, Introduction. BEISER, F., ed., Cambridge Companion to Hegel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993). . Essays by Burbridge, Beiser and Forster. [Also available online at: http://cco.cambridge.org] BEISER, F., ed., Cambridge Companion to Hegel and Nineteenth Century Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009). [Essays by Houlgate and Stern] BEISER, F., Hegel (London: Routledge, 2005), chs. 3, 4 & 7. Hegel on Mastery, Servitude and Recognition HEGEL, G.W.F., The Phenomenology of Spirit, paragraphs 178-196. *STERN, R., Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Hegel and the Phenomenology of Spirit (London: Routledge, 2001), pp. 71-85. [Also available online at: http://lib.myilibrary.com/?id=32395] HOULGATE, S., 'G.W.F. Hegel: The Phenomenology of Spirit', in R. Solomon and D. Sherman, eds., The Blackwell Guide to Continental Philosophy (Oxford: Blackwell, 2003). [Also available online at: http://tinyurl.com/o2wozx]

KELLY, G.A., 'Notes on Hegel's "Lordship and Bondage"', Review of Metaphysics, 19 (1966): 780-802. Reprinted in J. Stewart, ed., The Phenomenology of Spirit Reader (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1998). PINKARD, T., Hegel's Phenomenology: The Sociality of Reason (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), ch. 3. PIPPIN, R., Hegel on Self-Consciousness (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011). REDDING, P., 'The Independence and Dependence of Self-Consciousness: The Dialectic of Lord and Bondsman in Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit', in F. Beiser, ed., Cambridge Companion to Hegel and Nineteenth Century Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), pp. 94-110. SOLOMON, R., In the Spirit of Hegel (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983), pp. 425-70.

Hegel on Sense Certainty HEGEL, G.W.F., The Phenomenology of Spirit, paragraphs 90-111. *STERN, R., Routledge Guidebook to Hegel and the Phenomenology of Spirit (London: Routledge, 2001), ch. 2. [Also available online at: http://lib.myilibrary.com/?id=32395] CRAIG, E., The Mind of God and the Works of Man (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996), pp. 205-219. [Also available online at: www.oxfordscholarship.com] DEVRIES, W., 'Hegel on Reference and Knowledge', Journal of the History of Philosophy, 76 (1976): 297-307. PINKARD, T., Hegel's Phenomenology: The Sociality of Reason (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), ch. 2. SOLL, I., 'Charles Taylor's Hegel', in M. Inwood, ed., Hegel Oxford Readings in Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985).

NIETZSCHE Set Texts NIETZSCHE, F., Beyond Good and Evil, translated by R.J. Hollingdale, (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1961). NIETZSCHE, F., The Birth of Tragedy, edited by R. Geuss and R. Speirs, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999). [This is the preferred edition. Other suitable editions include those translated by W. Kaufmann and R.J. Hollingdale (New York: Vintage, 1967), and by F. Golffing (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1956). Also available online at:http://bit.ly/LDfcxa] NIETZSCHE, F., On the Genealogy of Morality, translated by C. Diethe, edited by K. Ansell-Pearson, Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994; rev. ed. 2007). [This is a preferred edition; it has a good introduction. Also available online at: http://lib.myilibrary.com?ID=108572]

General Books *MAGNUS, B., and K. HIGGINS, eds., Cambridge Companion to Nietzsche (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996). [Also available online at: http://cco.cambridge.org] *TANNER, M., Nietzsche: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000). ANSELL-PEARSON, K., A Companion to Nietzsche (Oxford: Blackwell, 2006). [Also available online at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/book/10.1002/9780470751374] CLARK, M., Nietzsche on Truth and Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990). HELLER, E., The Importance of Nietzsche: Ten Essays (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988). HOLLINGDALE, R.J., Nietzsche: The Man and His Philosophy. Rev. ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999). NEHAMAS, A., Nietzsche: Life as Literature (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1985). REGINSTER, B., The Affirmation of Life: Nietzsche on Overcoming Nihilism (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006). RICHARDSON, J., ed., Nietzsche's System (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996). [Also available online at: www.oxfordscholarship.com] SCHACHT, R., Nietzsche, Genealogy, Morality (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994). STATEN, H., Nietzsche's Voice (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990).

GEUSS, R., 'Nietzsche and Genealogy', in his Morality, Culture and History: Essays in German Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), pp. 1-28. Reprinted in J. Richardson and B. Leiter, eds., Nietzsche (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), pp.322-40. MAY, S., Nietzsche's Ethics and His War on Morality (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), chs. 2 & 3. Nietzsche's Critique of Morality NIETZSCHE, F., On the Genealogy of Morality. *LEITER, B., 'Nietzsche's Moral and Political Philosophy', in E.N. Zalta, ed., Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy [Online]. Available at: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/nietzsche-moral-political . *LEITER, B., Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Nietzsche on Morality (London: Routledge, 2002). [Also available online at: www.myilibrary.com/?id=2153] ACAMPORA, C., ed., Nietzsche's "On Genealogy of Morals": Critical Essays (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2006). GEUSS, R., 'Nietzsche and Morality', in his Morality, Culture and History: Essays in German Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), pp. 167-97. JANAWAY, C., Beyond Selflessness: Reading Nietzsche's Genealogy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007). [Also available online at: www.oxfordscholarship.com] LEITER, B., and S. SINHABABU, eds., Nietzsche and Morality (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007). MAY, S., Nietzsche's Ethics and His War on Morality (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), pp. 1-107. SCHACHT, R., Nietzsche, Genealogy, Morality (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994) [Essays by Clark, Nussbaum and Foot] Tragedy and the Aesthetic View of Life

SELECTED TOPICS Truth and Perspectivism NIETZSCHE, F., Beyond Good and Evil, 1961), especially Part 1. NIETZSCHE, F., On the Genealogy of Morality, Essay 3, 12. *CLARK, M., Nietzsche on Truth and Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990), chs. 4 & 5. LEITER, B., 'Perspectivism in Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morals', in R. Schacht, ed., Nietzsche, Genealogy, Morality (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994), pp. 334-57. Genealogy as a Philosophical Method NIETZSCHE, F., On the Genealogy of Morality. ANSELL-PEARSON, K., 'The Significance of Foucault's Reading of Nietzsche', Nietzsche Studien, 20 (1991): 267-84. FOUCAULT, M., 'Nietzsche. Genealogy. History', in P. Rabinow, ed., The Foucault Reader (New York: Pantheon Books, 1971; 2nd ed.1984), pp. 76-100. Reprinted in J. Richardson and B. Leiter, eds., Nietzsche (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), pp. 341-60.

NIETZSCHE, F., The Birth of Tragedy, edited by R. Geuss and R. Speirs, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999). GEUSS, R., 'Art and the Theodicy', in his Morality, Culture and History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999). SCHACHT, R., 'Making Life Worth Living: Nietzsche on Art in the Birth of Tragedy', in his Making Sense of Nietsche (Urbana: University of Illinois, 1995), ch. 7. Reprinted in J. Richardson and B. Leiter, eds., Nietzsche (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 186-209. SILK, M., and J. STERN, Nietzsche on Tragedy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981). YOUNG, J., 'The Birth of Tragedy', in his Nietzsche's Philosophy of Art (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982), pp. 5-24.