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11/13/12

Green%Freight%–%the%Green%Toolbox% Jonas Strömberg Director Sustainable Solutions Scania CV AB

Green%Freight%–%the%Green%Toolbox%

Jonas Strömberg

Director Sustainable Solutions Scania CV AB

Provider of Transport Solutions Haulage Construction Distribution Special purpose Network and services City and suburban Intercity
Provider of Transport Solutions
Haulage
Construction
Distribution
Special purpose
Network and services
City and suburban
Intercity and coach
Used vehicles
Engines

11/13/12

Today’s Agenda

 

Drivers for Sustainable Transport Solutions – the Green Toolbox

   Drivers for Sustainable Transport    Solutions – the Green Toolbox

Smarter Transport Ecolution

Good examples Improved Green Procurement Questions and Discussion

 
   
Today’s Agenda    Drivers for Sustainable Transport    Solutions – the Green Toolbox 
Today’s Agenda    Drivers for Sustainable Transport    Solutions – the Green Toolbox 
 
Many Drivers for Sustainable Transport   Climate Change   Peak Oil   Local Energy Security  
Many Drivers for Sustainable Transport
  Climate Change
  Peak Oil
  Local Energy Security
  Diesel shortage
  Urbanization
  Air Quality
  Congestion
  Increase of
transportation
  Policies
  Green image
  Urbanization
 …

11/13/12

Drivers for Sustainable Transport Climate Change – The Elephant in the Room   Rapid environmental change
Drivers for Sustainable Transport
Climate Change – The Elephant in the Room
  Rapid environmental change is underway
  Current policies are far from enough
  Transport sector is one of the fastest growing emitters
Peak interval The flow/day is key! Actual IEA Shell Hubbert model Peak Oil – Local Energy
Peak interval
The flow/day is key!
Actual
IEA
Shell
Hubbert model
Peak Oil – Local Energy Security

11/13/12

7 The diesel shortage  High costs for net importers and problems for heavy duty transport.
7
The diesel shortage  High costs for net importers and
problems for heavy duty transport. Diesel substitutes essential!
Fuel security
 

Who will feel the oil pressure?

 

A double challenge: To replace oil and reduce CO 2 simultaneously...

   

Oil use in OECD

 

120

100

Other&sectors& Transport& sector&
Other&sectors&
Transport& sector&
 

80

73 %

60

40

20

Oil use in the OECD

0

1970

2010

 

Transport Sector to 96% dependent on oil

 
 

Energy security

Energy security
Energy security

11/13/12

11/13/12 Global population growth 1950-2100   Rapid Urbanization ASIA   High % of GDP used for
Global population growth 1950-2100   Rapid Urbanization ASIA   High % of GDP used for oil/diesel
Global population growth 1950-2100
  Rapid Urbanization
ASIA
  High % of GDP used
for oil/diesel imports
AFRICA
  How to achieve
sustainable mobility
of people and goods
in fast-growing
countries and cities?
Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs The 2010 Revision. (Updated: 15 April 2011)
Asian/African transport challenges

11/13/12

More people die from air pollution than from traffic accidents Congestion, air quality and health
More people die from air pollution
than from traffic accidents
Congestion, air quality and health
Climate Change and CO 2 Air Quality & Congestion The image cannot be displayed. Your computer
Climate Change and CO 2
Air Quality & Congestion
The image cannot be
displayed. Your computer
may not have enough
memory to open the image,
or the image may have been
corrupted. Restart your
computer, and then open the
file again. If the red x still
appears, you may have to
delete the image and then
insert it again.
Are you part of the problem?
Peak Oil & Energy Security
Or part of the solution?
Transport’s oil addiction
Oil use in OECD
120
100
80
Other sectors
>73 %
60
40
Transport sector
20
0
1970
1980
1990
2000
1970: Index 100

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13 The diesel shortage  High costs for net importers and problems for heavy duty transport.
13
The diesel shortage  High costs for net importers and
problems for heavy duty transport. Diesel substitutes essential!
Fuel security

Most important sustainability challenges for the heavy transport sector

1.Local Emissions (Particles, NOx, etc)

1.   Local Emissions (Particles, NOx , etc)

2.Energy Efficiency 3.Emissions of fossil CO 2

2.   Energy Efficiency 3.   Emissions of fossil CO
 
Most important sustainability challenges for the heavy transport sector 1.   Local Emissions (Particles, NOx ,
Most important sustainability challenges for the heavy transport sector 1.   Local Emissions (Particles, NOx ,

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1. Local Emissions Driven by Legislation NOx PARTICLES
1. Local Emissions
Driven by Legislation
NOx
PARTICLES
2. Energy Efficiency 100 % Market driven Euro litres/100 km 1 2 3 4 5 50
2. Energy Efficiency
100 % Market driven
Euro
litres/100 km
1 2
3 4
5
50
45
40
35
 %Market%driven%
30
 %The%no%1%compete:ve%factor%
25
 %All%commercial%measures%%
%%%automa:cally%applied%
20
 %Rising%fuel%prices%increase%the%%
%%%compe::on%%
’92
’96
’01
’06
’09
0
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020

11/13/12

3. But what about the big challenge? Fossil CO 2 from the transport sector Data from
3. But what about the big challenge?
Fossil CO 2 from the transport sector
Data from TREMOVE
Projected&CO 2 3emissions&&
from&road&transport&in&EU&

Energy Efficiency and new technology is not enough!

 

CO 2 $emissions+ from+road+transport

Energy use and local emissions decreases continuouslyCO 2 is not ...

we need commercial volume

Data projection from TREMOVE

Data projection from TREMOVE

Future technology is always ”just around the corner”but to break transport’s increasing CO 2 emissions and oil dependency

solutions – here and now!

 
Energy Efficiency and new technology is not enough! CO $emissions+ from+road+transport    Energy use and
Energy Efficiency and new technology is not enough! CO $emissions+ from+road+transport    Energy use and

11/13/12

No single magic solution – a green toolbox

We need commercial volume solutions ... Which tools gives most CO 2 reduction for your money?

 

Engine

 

Rolling

 

1.

resistance

 

Aerodynamics

Payload

 

2.

Driver

3.

     

4.

Biofuels

50%

 

50%

 

Vehicle technology

Smarter Transport

Logistics and

2000

2020

1970

CO 2 per tkm

19

No single magic solution – a green toolbox We need commercial volume solutions ... Which tools
 

Smarter transport

 
 

Scania worked out an efficient logistics proposal with a customer and the Transport Authority for an annual transport of 15 million packages.

Before

Today

252 bags

 
252 bags 360 flat packed per pallet From bags to packages
 

360 flat packed

per pallet

From bags to packages

per pallet

packages

From 1 800 to 1 260 truck movements

 
Using longer vehicles From 1 260 to 800 truck movements
Using longer vehicles From 1 260 to 800 truck movements
Using longer vehicles From 1 260 to 800 truck movements

Using longer vehicles From 1 260 to 800 truck movements

Total savings of 1000 truck movements with ~33% reduction of fuel/CO2

 
Smarter transport Scania worked out an efficient logistics proposal with a customer and the Transport Authority
Smarter transport Scania worked out an efficient logistics proposal with a customer and the Transport Authority

11/13/12

Ecolution by Scania   Ecolution by Scania is a customer solution that optimises fuel efficiency and
Ecolution by Scania
 
Ecolution by Scania is a customer solution
that optimises fuel efficiency and minimises
CO 2 emissions.
Stefan Sylvander, Product Director
Biofuels&are&one&of&the&most&cost&efficient&& ways&of&reducing&CO 2 &emissions&in&heavy&transport& &
Biofuels&are&one&of&the&most&cost&efficient&&
ways&of&reducing&CO 2 &emissions&in&heavy&transport&
&
EcoluBon&spec& Biofuel& Driver&training& …and&follow3up& ”Regular”&spec& Maintenance+& Fuel CO 2
EcoluBon&spec&
Biofuel&
Driver&training&
…and&follow3up&
”Regular”&spec&
Maintenance+&
Fuel
CO 2

Commercial green tools – here and now

Commercial green tools – here and now

11/13/12

Fuel saving opportunities Vehicle specification Roof and side air deflectors 7% Vehicle speed, 4km/h Extra equipment
Fuel saving opportunities
Vehicle specification
Roof and side
air deflectors
7%
Vehicle speed, 4km/h
Extra equipment
5%
1,5%
Side air deflectors
extensions
0,5 %
Vehicle weight, 500kg
1%
Powertrain
specification
Scania Opticruise/
Active prediction
>3%
5% - 8%
Side Skirts
Tyre choice
1%
5%
Fuel saving opportunities Roof air deflector height adjustment Maintenance + 3% Extra equipment 1,5% Axle alignment,
Fuel saving opportunities
Roof air deflector height
adjustment
Maintenance +
3%
Extra equipment
1,5%
Axle alignment, 1°
3%
Tyre
Pressure
1%
Ecolution by Scania/ Stefan Sylvander
2012-08-28

11/13/12

Energy efficiency The driver influence – Scania driver training and coaching Numbers& of&drivers& On&average&13%&reducBon!& “Normal”&fleet&average&& Fuel&
Energy efficiency
The driver influence – Scania driver training and coaching
Numbers&
of&drivers&
On&average&13%&reducBon!&
“Normal”&fleet&average&&
Fuel&
ConsumpBon&
(CO 2 )
&
Bioethanol Biodiesel Biogas World’s No. 1 biofuel Diesel engine & efficiency Low blends to B100 Diesel
Bioethanol
Biodiesel
Biogas
World’s No. 1 biofuel
Diesel engine & efficiency
Low blends to B100
Diesel engine
Mixes with CNG
Otto engine
Average 71 %
CO 2 reduction (EU)
Average 38 %
CO 2 reduction (EU)
Average 73 %
CO 2 reduction (EU)
Buses, coaches
waste collectors,
distribution trucks.
All types of
applications, including
long-haulage and
coaches.
City/Intercity buses,
waste collectors,
distribution trucks.
Buses & Trucks for the 3 major biofuels

11/13/12

Most biofuels are sustainable today Biofuel& Average&GHG& producBon& emission&saving& pathway& Sugar&beet& 52%&   There are both
Most biofuels are
sustainable today
Biofuel&
Average&GHG&
producBon&
emission&saving&
pathway&
Sugar&beet&
52%&
 
There are both good and bad
biofuels…
ethanol&
 
But today the market is
strongly regulated by
sustainability standards
Wheat&ethanol,&
47%&
NG&as&process&fuel&
Wheat&ethanol,&
69%&
 
EU regulation toughest
straw&as&fuel&
 
Most biofuels are therefore
sustainable today – work with
certified producers!
Sugar&cane&
71%&
ethanol&
RME&(Biodiesel)& 38%&
 
But oil is also becoming more
and more unsustainable…
Waste&oil&FAME&
83%&
(Biodiesel)&
 
Tar sands, deep sea,
fracking…
Biogas&from&
73%&
organic&waste&
[From Annex V of the EU RED directive]
Sustainability
verifications
Biofuel myths, land use and food vs fuel… Grain production   Most food production from increased
Biofuel myths, land
use and food vs fuel…
Grain production
 
Most food production from
increased efficiency on existing
land, not from new land (FAO).
Land use
 
Big potential to increase production
of both sustainable biofuels and
food – especially in EU, Latin
America and Africa
Potential for cropland expansion
 
In EU alone – 40 MHa of abandoned
farmland. Global biofuel production = 30
MHa
 
Coffee or golf, anyone…? Proper
land use policies/management for
all types of land use necessary –
biofuel policy lead the way.
 
Enough land for food, fuel AND
other activities…
> 2,5 billion hectares available

11/13/12

Diesel and Biofuel Engines’ Local Emissions NOx g/kWh Diesel Euro 2 Diesel Euro 4 Ethanol Biogas
Diesel and Biofuel Engines’ Local Emissions
NOx
g/kWh
Diesel
Euro 2
Diesel
Euro 4
Ethanol
Biogas
Particulates
g/kWh
Cleaning up our cities
  CO 2&& L /100km Consumption Example - EB Logistik solution follow-up training vehicle Ecolution …
  CO 2&&
L /100km
Consumption
Example - EB Logistik
solution
follow-up
training
vehicle
Ecolution
… and
Driver
Ecolution
  €&12&000&(1,5&€/L)&
140&ton&(64%)&
36.4
2.59
3.08
l/100 km
32.4
EcoluBon&yearly&savings:*&
  Fuel&8&000&L&(11&%)&
Rear axle ratio
Rear axle ratio
Eu5 Biodiesel
Euro 5 diesel
R440LB6x2
R420LB6x2
l/100 km
-11%

* 200000 km

  CO 2&& L /100km Consumption Example - EB Logistik solution follow-up training vehicle Ecolution …
  CO 2&& L /100km Consumption Example - EB Logistik solution follow-up training vehicle Ecolution …

11/13/12

Service quality Challenges  economy/efficiency Random mode •  Self-made ”experts” •  Parts supply? •  Quality? • 
Service quality Challenges  economy/efficiency
Random mode
•  Self-made ”experts”
•  Parts supply?
•  Quality?
•  Uptime?
Service contracts
•  Skilled staff!
•  Planned service!
•  Parts logistics!
•  Quality!
•  Uptime!
…all fuel and CO 2 reduction tools are supporting each other – not competing. Do not
…all fuel and CO 2 reduction tools are
supporting each other – not competing.
Do not let the best be the enemy of the good…
Bioethanol&fuel&
Trained&Driver&
Eco3spec&
Separated&bus&lane&
Hybrid&powertrain&

11/13/12

How to get there conclusions

More functional and long term transport procurement is key:

Many tools – no magic solution

use functional demands for CO 2 cuts that allows for all tools to be used most cost efficient emission cuts

Short term view and focus on up-front price prevent investments in robust, well-maintained, low-carbon and clean quality vehicles

Functional and long term demands for e.g:

 

lowest cost per km over - a 10 year life cycle minimum uptime levels - over a 10 year life cycle maximum local emission levels - over a 10 year life cycle maximum CO 2 emission levels - over a 10 year life cycle

Most km’s and emission cuts for each $ invested

   
How to get there – conclusions    More functional and long term transport procurement is
How to get there – conclusions    More functional and long term transport procurement is
 
Sustainable transport is not difficult! It is here and now! jonas.stromberg@scania.com

Sustainable transport is not difficult!

Sustainable transport is not difficult! It is here and now! jonas.stromberg@scania.com

It is here and now!

jonas.stromberg@scania.com

11/13/12

 
11/13/12 36 Ecolution by Scania – Main modules Vehicle Driver training Driver follow-up Maintenance+ Result Fuel
11/13/12 36 Ecolution by Scania – Main modules Vehicle Driver training Driver follow-up Maintenance+ Result Fuel
36 Ecolution by Scania – Main modules Vehicle Driver training Driver follow-up Maintenance+ Result Fuel and
36
Ecolution by Scania – Main modules
Vehicle
Driver training
Driver follow-up
Maintenance+
Result
Fuel and CO 2
optimised
specification
Coaching and
Customised energy
continuous
efficient driving
Extra attention to
fuel economy
improvements
Common target – monthly follow-up
Ecolution by Scania/ Stefan Sylvander
2012-08-28

11/13/12

Fuel and CO 2 savings calculator

Ecolution by Scania/ Stefan Sylvander 2012-08-28
Ecolution by Scania/ Stefan Sylvander
2012-08-28

Monthly Ecolution Report

Ecolution by Scania/ Stefan Sylvander 2012-08-28
Ecolution by Scania/ Stefan Sylvander
2012-08-28

11/13/12

 

Electrification

1986

1995

– only one part of the future puzzle

Scania have tested and run hybrids since the 1980s Hybrids will have to stand on its own merits

1995 1996
1995
1996

Bottleneck still energy storage – batteries

Components developed for cars not suitable for HD-transport

Cost level and lifetime not yet on commercial level

1997

Electric power transfer from the road or at bus stops a future possibility?

 

Research project with Bombardier on inductive power transfer

2007

Production of electricity must also be clean Scania have tested and run hybrids since the 1980s

2011
2011
 
Electrification 1986 1995 – only one part of the future puzzle    Scania have tested
Electrification 1986 1995 – only one part of the future puzzle    Scania have tested
Also other resources are getting scarce Source: DOE Critical Materials Strategy 2010
Also other resources are getting scarce
Source:
DOE Critical Materials Strategy 2010

11/13/12

Analysis of transport related costs Up to 50% economic improvement potential Retail (food and grocery) example
Analysis of transport related costs
Up to 50% economic improvement potential
Retail (food and grocery) example
Ecolution
Source: McKinsey/Scania 2012
KTBE, S. Sylvander
2012-03-14
Most biofuels are sustainable today Biofuel& Average&GHG& producBon& emission&saving& pathway& Sugar&beet& 52%&   There are both
Most biofuels are
sustainable today
Biofuel&
Average&GHG&
producBon&
emission&saving&
pathway&
Sugar&beet&
52%&
 
There are both good and bad
biofuels…
ethanol&
 
But today the market is
strongly regulated by
sustainability standards
Wheat&ethanol,&
47%&
NG&as&process&fuel&
Wheat&ethanol,&
69%&
 
EU regulation toughest
straw&as&fuel&
 
Most biofuels are therefore
sustainable today – work with
certified producers!
Sugar&cane&
71%&
ethanol&
RME&(Biodiesel)& 38%&
 
But oil is also becoming more
and more unsustainable…
Waste&oil&FAME&
83%&
(Biodiesel)&
 
Tar sands, deep sea,
fracking…
Biogas&from&
73%&
organic&waste&
[From Annex V of the EU RED directive]
Sustainability
verifications

11/13/12

Biofuel myths, land use and food vs fuel… Grain production   Most food production from increased
Biofuel myths, land
use and food vs fuel…
Grain production
 
Most food production from increased
efficiency on existing land, not from
new land (FAO).
Land use
 
Big potential to increase production of
both sustainable biofuels and food –
especially in EU, Latin America and
Africa
Potential for cropland expansion
 
In EU alone – 40 MHa of abandoned farmland.
Global biofuel production = 30 MHa
 
Coffee or golf, anyone…? Proper land
use policies/management for all types
of land use necessary – biofuel policy
lead the way.
 
Enough land for food, fuel AND other
activities…
> 2,5 billion hectares available