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Benguet State University

COLLEGE OF NURSING
La Trinidad, Benguet

Family Nursing Care Plan


FAMILY PROBLEM
Poor environmental sanitation > Improper waste disposal and open drainage system just beside their house that turns out to be a favorable reservoir for certain vectors > Cans, bottles, wastes and so on are not kept in proper garbage receptacles

NURSING DIAGNOSIS
Inability to provide a home environment which is conducive to health maintenance and personality development due to: a. Inadequate family resources specifically financial constraints or limited financial resources b. Lack of knowledge of importance of hygiene and sanitation c. Lack of skill in carrying out measures to improve home environment

GOALS & OBJECTIVES


Goals: After series nursing interventions, the family will perform appropriate activities regarding the eradication of the breading sites of insects, rodents and other vectors. Objectives: After nursing interventions, the family will: a. Discuss the importance of eliminating the breeding site of vectors b. Know and determine the consequences of most common disease they may acquire c. Enumerate at least 3 treatments concerning the breeding sites of vectors

INTERVENTIONS
a. discuss the importance of eliminating the breeding sites of vectors b. discuss home environment/ perform home visits, as appropriate c. assist the family to identify and acquire necessary resources

RATIONALE
a. to know the level of awareness of the family and add information or knowledge b. to determine ability to care for the family and to identify potential health and safety hazards c. to meet individual needs

EVALUATION

Benguet State University

COLLEGE OF NURSING
La Trinidad, Benguet

Family Nursing Care Plan


HEALTH PROBLEM
Presence of Breeding Sites of Vectors of Diseases

NURSING DIAGNOSIS

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

NURSING INTERVENTIONS

METHOD OF NURSE-FAMILY CONTACT


Home Visit

EVALUATION

Inability to provide a home environment conducive to health maintenance and personal development due to: 1. Ignorance of the importance of hygiene and sanitation 2. Lack of knowledge of regarding preventive measures

Goals: After nursing intervention the family will be able to eradicate the presence of these unwanted sites of vectors causing diseases and therefore will maintain a home environment conducive to health. Objectives: After nursing intervention the family will: a. be aware and be more knowledgeable about the importance of proper sanitation especially at home; b. be able to eliminate the presence of these breeding sites of vectors c. recognize the causes of breeding sites such as to prevent the occurrence of diseases.

1. Discuss the importance and purposes of proper sanitation 2. Cite the causes and effects of the prevalence of these unwanted pests around the home. 3. Suggest alternatives/methods that would eliminate the breeding sites of vectors 4. Explore with the family the ways of improving home sanitation considering its limited resources: a. emphasize to the family the proper storage of food that may attract vectors b. instruct all family members to prevent accumulation of stagnant water around their home since this is a good breeding place for insects.

Resources Required Material Resources:


Visual Aids, materials and low-cost supplies needed for demonstration Time and effort on the part of the nurse and family

Benguet State University

COLLEGE OF NURSING
La Trinidad, Benguet

Family Nursing Care Plan


HEALTH PROBLEM
Cough and Colds

NURSING DIAGNOSIS

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

NURSING INTERVENTIONS

METHOD OF NURSE-FAMILY CONTACT


Home Visit

EVALUATION

Inability to make decisions with respect to taking appropriate health actions due to: a. Low salience of the problem/condition b. Lack of/inadequate knowledge/insight as to alternative courses of action open to them.

Goals: After the nursing intervention the family will be able to eliminate the cough and colds and will prevent the recurrence of the disease in the future. Objectives: After nursing intervention the family will: a. acquire adequate information about the disease, including signs and symptoms of the disease, immediate health care assistance and preventive measures; b. be aware on how to reduce the chances of spreading communicable diseases to other family members; c. utilize community resources openly available in resolving the condition experienced.

1. Discuss with the family the causes, effects and complications of cough and cold. 2. Provide adequate knowledge on the various ways of maintaining cleanliness in their surroundings. 3. Explain the importance of proper food preparation, good nutrition, rest and sleep in strengthening ones resistance against illness, so as to prevent occurrence of cough and colds 4. Cite ways in eliminating the disease and limiting the occurrence of transmission by suggesting courses of action such as medications (e.g. measures like the application of alternative medicines like lagundi if resources in the community is inadequate) and preventive measures such as covering the mouth when sneezing or coughing and proper disposal of nasal or oral discharges. 5. Promote proper personal and environmental hygiene among all members of the family. 6. Provide information on health centers in the vicinity for immediate care assistance.

Resources Required Material Resources:


Visual Aids, materials and low-cost supplies needed for demonstration Time and effort on the part of the nurse and family

Benguet State University

COLLEGE OF NURSING
La Trinidad, Benguet

Family Nursing Care Plan


FAMILY PROBLEM
Presence of Cough and Colds S>Uyek ken panateng ah ti kanayon nga sakit, as verbalized by mother. O> Nonproductive cough; with nasal discharge that is clear in color.

NURSING DIAGNOSIS
>Inability to provide a home environment which is conducive for health maintenance and personal development due to: a. inadequate family resources, specially financial constraints. b. inadequate living space. c. poor personal hygiene.

GOALS & OBJECTIVES


After one day of home visit, the family will determine the preventive factors about the condition like increase fluid intake, maintain a good hygiene and keep the childrens back.

INTERVENTIONS
>Establish rapport. >Assess patients condition (V/S and physical assessment). > Assess the house condition. >Instruct to increase fluid intake. > Auscultate lung area.

RATIONALE
> To gain trust cooperation. >For baseline data. and

EVALUATION

> To determine the factors that triggers the disease. >To liquefy secretions.

>To determine the part of affectation and severity of the problem. >Instruct the mother to > To boost the immune give Vit C to her child or system. fruit that is rich in vit C like orang and calamansi. >Encourage the use of >Herbal medicines are free herbal medicines. and easy.

Benguet State University

COLLEGE OF NURSING
La Trinidad, Benguet

Family Nursing Care Plan


FAMILY PROBLEM
Improper hygiene Subjective data: Dahil sa dami ng anak ko, minsan ang dudungis na nila. Mabuti na lang nandyan ang panganay ko na si Nene, siya yung nagbabantay sa dalawang kapatid niya. Objective data: Nene, her nine-year-old daughter cuddles her younger brother Jose who has flu at this time. She manages to feed her other sibling with bare hands without hand washing. The fingernails and toenails of these children were not trimmed properly and filled with dirt. The other two siblings came into the house sweating and their feet were smudged with mud. Jose suddenly wet his shorts and Nene must clean him up. The place wherein he peed was not cleaned but left only. The pillow that was affected by the urine was just placed outside for the sun to dry.

NURSING DIAGNOSIS
Inability to provide home environment conducive for health and maintenance secondary to unhygienic practices

GOALS & OBJECTIVES


Goal of Care: Within 3 hours of nursing interventions, the family will be able to recognize the current home environment and health practices. They must be able to identify healthy practices and be able to practice them habitually. These hygienic measures are as follows: proper hand washing, proper waste disposal and proper house cleaning. Objectives: Within 3 hours of nursing interventions, the family will be able to: 1. Recognize the need for proper hand washing before and after meals as well as after using the toilet 2. Enumerate factors that promote in unhygienic practices 3. Be knowledgeable in ways on how to maintain hygiene 4. Accept the importance of proper hygiene in the activities of daily living 5. Exhibit the desire to change the current unhygienic practices

INTERVENTIONS
1. Check if the family is aware of their health practices. 2. Demonstrate the proper hand washing.

RATIONALE
> This will help the nurse to know the severity of the health problem. > The nurse must perform the proper hand washing technique so that the family will be able to see the proper technique. A return demonstration will be necessary so that the nurse can assess if the family members can absorb the lesson. > This step will enable the family members to know the consequences if health practices were not observed in their family. > This will be a way of keeping in touch with the family and facilitate them to be able to find concrete ways to achieve the goal of observing hygienic practices.

EVALUATION

3. Emphasize the importance of proper hygiene in preventing health problems. 4. Listen to the concerns of the family regarding the hindrance to practice such hygienic practices.

Tools: 1. Home Visits 2. Diagram of path of infection, steps in correct hand washing 3. Demonstration 4. Hand washing supplies 5. Time and Effort for the family members as well as to the nurse

Benguet State University

COLLEGE OF NURSING
La Trinidad, Benguet

Family Nursing Care Plan


FAMILY PROBLEM
POOR ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION: Improper Garbage Disposal

NURSING DIAGNOSIS
Inability to decide about taking appropriate actions due to failure to comprehend the nature and scope of the problem.

GOALS & OBJECTIVES


Goals: Within 4 hours of nursing interventions, the family will be able to determine the importance of practicing proper methods on waste disposal. Objectives: After two home visits, the family will be able to: 1 . I d e n t i f y t h e different ways on proper disposal of garbage such as: a. Use of compost pit with cover; b. Segregate the non-biodegradable and biodegradable materials; c. Recycling of can-be-used garbage; d. Reusing or selling of some garbage like cans, bottles and plastics. 2 . E n u m e r a t e the proper techniques on keeping the surroundings clean and through using proper method of waste disposal; 3.Define the meaning of proper garbage disposal and its advantages; 4. Recognize the possible effects of garbage burning; verbalize understanding about the importance of practicing proper waste disposal.

INTERVENTIONS
1. Assess the familys level of understanding regarding the identified problem 2. Assess the surrounding and the house of the family 3. Provide the family information about the proper ways on waste disposal such as segregation of biodegradable from nonbiodegradable wastes and demonstrate the methods. 4. Explore with the family the advantages and disadvantages of the different methods of waste disposal. 5. Emphasize the importance of practicing proper garbage disposal with the family.

RATIONALE
1. In order to determine the cognitive level of the family and acknowledge their perceptions about the problem 2. Facilitate on making the appropriate actions needed by the family 3. For the family to learn the proper ways of waste management. 4. To provide options with the family on selecting proper methods of waste disposal 5. So that, the family will grasp the significance and demonstrate interest in initiating lifestyle modification.

EVALUATION

Benguet State University

COLLEGE OF NURSING
La Trinidad, Benguet

Family Nursing Care Plan


FAMILY PROBLEM
PERSONAL HYGIENE; Hand washing technique

NURSING DIAGNOSIS
Inability to decide about taking appropriate actions due to failure to comprehend the nature and scope of the problem.

GOALS & OBJECTIVES


Goals: Within 3 hours of nursing interventions, the family will be able to determine the significance of proper hand washing. Objectives: Within 3 hours of nursing interventions, the family will be able to: 1. Recognize the need for proper hand washing before and after meals as well as after using the toilet 2. Enumerate factors that promote in unhygienic practices 3. be knowledgeable in ways on how to maintain hygiene 4. Accept the importance of proper hygiene in the activities of daily living 5. Exhibit the desire to change the current unhygienic practices

INTERVENTIONS
Listen to the concerns of the family regarding the hindrance to practice such hygienic practices. 2. Demonstrate the proper hand washing.

RATIONALE
1. This will help the nurse to know the severity of the health problem. 2. The nurse must perform the proper hand washing technique so that the family will be able to see the proper technique. A return demonstration will be necessary so that the nurse can assess if the family members can absorb the lesson. 3. This step will enable the family members to know the consequences if health practices were not observed in their family. 4. This will be a way of keeping in touch with the family and facilitate them to be able to find concrete ways to achieve the goal of observing hygienic practices.

EVALUATION

3. Emphasize the importance of proper hygiene in preventing health problems 4. Check if the family is aware of their health practices.

Benguet State University

COLLEGE OF NURSING
La Trinidad, Benguet

Family Nursing Care Plan


FAMILY PROBLEM
Potential for enhanced capability for healthy maintenance or health management as a wellness condition.

NURSING DIAGNOSIS
1. Inability to make decisions with respect to taking appropriate health action due to low salience of the problem or condition. 2. Failure to utilize community resources for health care due to negative attitude/ philosophy in life which hinders effective/ maximum utilization of community resources for health care.

GOALS & OBJECTIVES


Goal: After nursing intervention, the family will utilize all available resources for health needs. Objectives: After nursing intervention, the family will: a. Realize the importance of utilizing the available resources for their health. b. Improve their current health conditions and practices.

INTERVENTIONS
1. Explain to the family the importance of using the available health resources. 2. Provide information on the clinic hours of the RHU and the services they offer.

METHOD OF NURSEFAMILY CONTACT Home visit discussion

EVALUATION

Benguet State University

COLLEGE OF NURSING
La Trinidad, Benguet

Family Nursing Care Plan


FAMILY PROBLEM
Family size beyond what family resources can adequately provide.

NURSING DIAGNOSIS
Inability to make decisions with respect to taking appropriate health action due to lack of knowledge as to alternative courses of action open to the family.

GOALS & OBJECTIVES


Goal: After nursing intervention, the family will decide on appropriate actions to maintain family size based on a sense of responsibility for love and life. Objectives: After nursing intervention, the couple: 1. can explain what planning the family is all about. 2. can enumerate the various ways of maintaining the size of the family. 3. will select a method most appropriate for them 4. will consult health care provider for guidance on the method chosen.

INTERVENTIONS
1. Analyze with the couple critical issues related with marital relationship and the parents responsibility for love and life as basis for maintaining family size. 2. Discuss with the couple the alternative courses of action. 3. Analyze with the couple the advantages and disadvantages of each method to encourage better decision-making on the best option given the familys situated possibilities.

METHOD OF NURSEFAMILY CONTACT Home visit

EVALUATION

Benguet State University

COLLEGE OF NURSING
La Trinidad, Benguet

Family Nursing Care Plan


FAMILY PROBLEM
Malnourishment

NURSING DIAGNOSIS
1. Inability to recognize the presence of malnourishment in a dependent family member due to lack of awareness. 2. Inability to take proper action due to failure to comprehend the nature, magnitude, and scope of the problem. 3. Inability to provide inadequate nursing care to the member of the family who suffers from malnourishment. a)lack of knowledge regarding health conditions. b) lack of awareness regarding the urgency or salience of the problem. c)Inadequate financial resources to sustain health and development

GOALS & OBJECTIVES


Goal: After nursing intervention, the families nutritional condition, especially their 1 year old daughter is expected to improve after six months. Objectives: After nursing intervention, the family will: a) Be able to avail of food supplements provided by the health center and other related agencies to prevent malnourishment. b) To be able to plan and prepare balance meals for the family members within a specified budget or allowance. c)Be able to improve the quantity and quality of foods serve in the family members. d) Increase the overall health status of the family members

INTERVENTIONS
1.Discuss: a. The implications of the signs and symptoms of malnourishment observed in the family members. b. The consequences of malnourishment. 2. Discuss with the family regarding food selection and management as well as the preparation and eating habits of the family. 3. Give some health teachings with focus on basic nutrition and proper handling of foods. 4. Teach or give suggestions to the family regarding better ways of budgeting family income.

METHOD OF NURSEFAMILY CONTACT Home visit

EVALUATION