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FIG 18 Component 1

Average grade: M1 Covariance function, X direction: (h)x1 Covariance function, Y direction: (h)y1 Covariance function, Z direction: (h)z1 Fraction in kiln feed: W1 Hourly tonnage requirement: HTM1 Allowable error on HTM1 grade: M1

Component 2
Average grade: M2 Covariance function, X direction: (h)x2 Covariance function, Y direction: (h)y2 Covariance function, Z direction: (h)z2 Fraction in kiln feed: W2 Hourly tonnage requirement: HTM2 Allowable error on HTM2 grade: M2

Average grade of Kiln feed: Mkf Hourly kiln feed requirement, ton: HTkf Standard dev. on hourly kiln feed CaO: Hkf

3.1 DEFINITION OF BLENDING CONDITIONS FOR RAW BLEND COMPONENTS. With the selection of the raw blend components the general blending conditions can be defined. For the sake of illustration a two-component blend and a single grade parameter, M, will be considered. The following information is available for each raw blend component: The average grade, Mi. The three covariance functions: (h)xi, (h)yi , (h)zi.

For the kiln feed the following is available: The average grade of the kiln feed: Mkf The hourly kiln feed tonnage: HTkf The allowable standard-deviation on the hourly grade of the kiln feed: Hkf

The requirement on the uniformity of the kiln feed is stated so that: (1) the standard deviation on a succession of hourly averages must not be greater than Hkf . These averages are themselves determined with an error. To be sure that the succession of averages comply with (1) the error on the hourly averages must not be greater than Hkf/2, which for convenience will be termed Mkf . The following information is computed for each raw blend component: The fractions of each blend component, Wi , in the kiln feed using the expressions: W1 = (Mkf M2)/(M1 M2) and subsequently that W2 = 1 W1 The hourly tonnage requirement:

HTMi = HTkf Wi

The allowable, hourly standard deviation on the average grade, Mi, of the succession of all quantities from component i, HTMi is determined from the expression: Mkf = W12 M12 + W22 M22 (2)

(2) is an equation with two unknowns, M1 and M2. Suitable values may be found through iteration. For example, it might be advantageous to assign the smallest standard deviation to the component with the apparently smallest grade variation and then compute the allowable standard deviation for the other component, accordingly. One may also choose to disregard the effect of blending the variances, altogether, and assign Mkf to both M1 and M2.