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John Raymund L. Agne Mrs.

Ailene Sumastre
BSN- II 62-A November 8, 2008

1.) Types of Prose

SHORT STORY- is that kind of prose narrative, which length is limited. is a literary
genre of fictional prose narrative that tends to be more concise and to the point than
longer works of fiction such as novellas (in the modern sense of the term) and novels.

NOVEL- also a kind of prose, which is narrated on a bigger scale. Similar to the short
story a novel includes a lot of different kinds and possibilities. Its length is also longer
than the length of short story

FABLE-is a kind of story with an allegorical tale with included some morals or the
patterns of behaviour. The characters involved in the fable are often animals, which are
talking and looking like human beings. They keep their real animal traits.

ESSAY-is usually a short piece of writing. It is often written from an author's personal
point of view. Essays can be literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments,
observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author.

LEGEND- is a narrative of human actions that are perceived both by teller and listeners
to take place within human history and to possess certain qualities that give the tale
verisimilitude.

PLAY or STAGEPLAY- consisting of dialogue between fictional characters, intended


for theatrical performance rather than reading.

2.) Elements of a Short Story

SETTING -- The time and location in which a story takes place.

PLOT -- The plot is how the author arranges events to develop his basic idea; It is the
sequence of events in a story or play. The plot is a planned, logical series of events having
a beginning, middle, and end

CONFLICT-- Conflict is essential to plot. Without conflict there is no plot. It is the


opposition of forces which ties one incident to another and makes the plot move.

CHARACTER – is any person, persona, identity, or entity who exists in a work of art.
Characters may be entirely fictional or based on real, historical entities. Characters may
be human, supernatural, mythical, divine, animal, or personifications of an abstraction.

POINT OF VIEW- is defined as the angle from which the story is told.
THEME -- The theme in a piece of fiction is its controlling idea or its central insight. It
is the author's underlying meaning or main idea that he is trying to convey. The theme
may be the author's thoughts about a topic or view of human nature.

3.) Types of Poetry

Ballad: This is an old style of writing poetry, which was used to tell stories. A ballad
usually has stanzas made up of either seven or eight or ten lines, and ends with a short
four or five line stanza. Each stanza ends with the same line, which is called ‘a refrain’.

Couplet: Perhaps the most popular type of poetry used, the couplet has stanzas made up
of two lines which rhyme with each other.

Quatrain: This kind of poem has four lines in a stanza, of which the second and fourth
lines rhyme with each other and have a similar syllable structure.

Cinquain: This is another unique type of poetry style. As the name suggests, it is made
up of five lines. The first line is just one word, which is often the title of the poem. The
second line has two words which describe the first line. The third line has three words,
and is mostly the action part of the poem. The fourth line is four words describing the
feelings. And the fifth line, again, has just one word which is the title of the poem.

Iambic Pentameter: This is a very complicated style of writing poetry, but was often
used by classical poets. This style uses the syllable stresses to create the musical sound.
There is one short sounding syllable followed by one long sounding syllable, at the end of
each of the five stanzas in a row.

Sonnet: This type of poem contains fourteen lines and follows conventional structures of
rhyme.

Haiku: This is again a very structured method of writing poetry. This has its origins in
Japan. This method does not use rhyme. There are three lines of five, seven and five
syllables each. The poem must essentially talk about some aspect of Nature.

Free Verse: This is a method of writing poetry, which does not essentially follow any
structure or style. There is no fixed meter and no structure regarding rhyme and lines in
each stanza.
Epic: This poem is usually a long and descriptive one which tells a story. Epics usually
are longer than most poems and may even take up a book..

Limerick: This is a very witty and often vulgar kind of a poem, which is quite short.

Sources:
http://www.bryk.pl/teksty/studia/, http://www.wikipedia.com ,
http://hrsbstaff.ednet.ns.ca/engramja/elements.html
John Raymund L. Agne Mrs. Ailene Sumastre
BSN- II 62 A November 8, 2008

1.) Types of Prose

o SHORT STORIES
o NOVEL
o FABLE
o ESSAY
o LEGEND
o PLAY OR STAGEPLAY

2.) Elements of a Short Story

• SETTING
• PLOT
• CONFLICT
• CHARACTER
• POINT OF VIEW
• THEME

3.) Types of Poetry

 Ballad
 Couplet
 Quatrain
 Cinquain
 Iambic Pentameter
 Sonnet
 Haiku
 Free Verse
 Epic
 Limerick

Sources:
http://www.bryk.pl/teksty/studia/, http://www.wikipedia.com ,
http://hrsbstaff.ednet.ns.ca/engramja/elements.html