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Functions of the Board 1. 2. 3. 4.

Functions under the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act Functions under the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Cess Act Functions under the Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act Functions under the Environment (Protection) Act

1. Important functions under the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act *to plan a comprehensive program for the prevention, control or abatement of pollution of streams and wells in the State and to secure the execution thereof; *to advise the State Government on any matter concerning the prevention, control or abatement of water pollution; *to collect and disseminate information relating to water pollution and the prevention, control or abatement thereof; *to encourage, conduct and participate in investigations and research relating to problems of water pollution and prevention, control or abatement of water pollution; to collaborate with the Central Board in organising the training of persons engaged or to be engaged in programs relating to prevention, control or abatement of water pollution and to organise mass education programs; *to inspect sewage or trade effluents, works and plants for the treatment of sewage and trade effluents and to review plans, specifications or other data relating to plants set up for the treatment of water, works for the purification thereof and the system for the disposal of sewage or trade effluents or in connection with the grant of any consent as required by this Act lay down, modify or annul effluent standards for the sewage and trade effluents and for the quality of receiving waters (not being water in an interstate stream) resulting from the discharge of effluents and to classify waters of the State. 2. Important functions under the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Cess Act *to receive water consumption returns from persons liable to pay cess; *to assess the cess payable by the concerned person carrying on any special industry or local authority; *to allow rebate on the cess payable by any person carrying on any industry or local authority who install requisite plant for treatment of sewage or trade effluent; *to collect cess from the assessees; *to take or cause to take action against defaulters. 3. Important functions under the Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act *to plan a comprehensive programme for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution and to secure the execution thereof; *to advise the State Government on any matter concerning prevention, control or abatement of air pollution.; *to collect and disseminate information relating to air pollution; *to collaborate with the Central Board in organising the training of persons engaged or to be engaged in programmes relating to prevention, control or abatement of air pollution and to organise mass education programmes relating thereto; *to inspect, at all reasonable times, any control equipment, industrial plant or manufacturing process and to give, by order, such directions to such persons as may be considered necessary to take steps for prevention, control or abatement of air pollution; *to inspect air pollution control areas at such intervals as it may think necessary, assess the quality of air therein and take steps for the prevention, control or abatement of air pollution in such areas *to lay down, in consultation with the Central Board and having regarding to the standards for the quality of air laid down by the Central Board, standards for emission of air pollutants into the atmosphere from industrial plants and automobiles or for the discharge of any air pollutant into atmosphere from any other source whatsoever not being a ship or an aircraft, provided that different standards for emission may be laid down under this clause for different industrial plants having regard to the quantity and composition of emission of air pollutant into the atmosphere from such industrial plants. 4. Important functions under the Environment (Protection) Act *to implement measures for the protection and improvement of environment and the prevention of hazards to human beings, other living creatures, plants and property; *to cause remedial measures to prevent or mitigate environmental pollution in case of accidents; *to conduct inspections to check compliance and to collect or seize evidence thereof; *to collect samples of air, water, soil or other substances; *to provide service as Environmental Laboratory; *to evolve standardised methods for sampling and analysis of various types of environmental pollutants; *to analyse samples sent by empowered officers; *to carry out investigations to lay down standards, to monitor and to enforce standards; *to carry out any other entrusted function; *to take cognisance of offences. To implement the Hazardous Wastes (Management, Handling and Transboundary Movement) Rules, particularly *to process applications for and to issue/refuse/renew authorisation for collection, reception, treatment, storage and disposal of hazardous wastes; *to monitor compliance with the provisions and conditions of authorisation; *to process and forward to the Ministry of Environment & Forests applications for imports; *to review matters pertaining to identification and notification of disposal sites. To implement the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, particularly *to enforce directions and procedures in respect of isolated storage of hazardous chemicals, regarding;

*to co-operate in preparation of on-site emergency plans; *to enforce directions and procedures on import of hazardous chemicals on information regarding import; *to issue direction to importer to take appropriate safety measures, including stoppage of import, if necessary; *to informing concerned port authority on safety measures; *to serve improvement notice on persons contravening the Rules. To implement Rules for the Manufacture, Use, Import, Export and Storage of Hazardous Micro-organisms, Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells, particularly *to inspect, investigate and take punitive action on behalf of the State Biotechnology Co-ordination Committee in case of violations; *to supervise, on behalf of the Genetic Engineering Approval Committee, implementation of the terms and conditions of approvals granted by the Committee. To implement the Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and Response) Rules, particularly *to serve in the State Crisis Group; *to serve in the District Crisis Groups which are the apex bodies in the respective areas to deal with major chemical accidents and to provide expert guidance for handling chemical accidents. To implement the Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, particularly *to receive from institutions generating, collecting, receiving, storing, transporting, treating, disposing and/or handling biomedical wastes applications for authorisation, to process the same and issue/ refuse/ renew/ cancel/ suspend authorisation; *to compile and furnish to the Central Pollution Control Board annual reports from occupiers /operators; *to inspect and verify facilities and records; *to receive and act upon reports of accidents. To implement the Plastics Manufacture, Sale and Usage Rules, particularly *to receive and process applications for registration for manufacture of virgin/recycled or both plastic carry bags and containers and to issue/refuse/renew/cancel registration. To implement the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, particularly *to monitor compliance with standards on ground water, ambient air, leachate quality, compost quality and incineration; *to receive and process application for authorisation for setting up waste processing and disposal facility and to issue/refuse/renew/cancel authorisation; *to furnish annual reports to the Central Pollution Control Board. To implement the Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules, particularly *to regulate and control noise of industrial origin; *to monitor ambient sound levels; *to advise the State Government on pollution control. To implement the Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, particularly *to receive and verify half yearly returns on sale of new batteries and collection of old batteries; *to receive and verify half yearly returns on sale and collection of batteries by dealers; *to receive and verify annual returns from recyclers of used batteries; *to receive and verify half yearly returns form bulk consumers of batteries; *to receive and verify half yearly returns by auctioneers of used batteries; *to ensure compliance with the Rules; *to file annual compliance status report to the Central Pollution Control Board. To implement the EIA notification, particularly *to receive request for environment public hearing; *to notify the details of public hearing; *to assist District Collector for public hearing and to furnish report thereof to the Ministry of Environmental and Forests. To implement the Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 *to make application to court to restrain owner under section 13(1) from handling hazardous substances, to implement the order of the Court under section 13(3)(b) and to recover cost thereof under section 13(4). *to file complaint in Court *to receive and act upon notice under section 18(b) of intention to make complaint to Court Board Members The Board is constituted by the Government of Kerala. It consists of upto 17 members. The term of office of all members, except that of the Member Secretary, is three years. The present Board consists of the following members:

Chairman

Shri. S. D. Jeyaprasad

Members representing Government

Additional Secretary to Government Health & Family Welfare Department Chief Conservator of Forests (Eco Development), Thiruvananthapuram Additional Secretary to Government Environment Department Additional Secretary to Government, Finance Department

Members representing Local Authorities

Smt. R. Bindu Mayor, Corporation of Thrissur Smt. Subaida Ishak President, Palakkad District Panchayat Shri. K. Shaji President, Chirayinkeezhu Block Panchayat Shri. G. D. Nair Chairman, Payyannur Municipality Shri. K. Shaji President, Karavaloor Grama Panchayat

Members representing Industry, Agriculture etc.

Dr. A. P. Thomas Director, School of Environmental Sciences Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam Shri. V. K. C. Mammed Koya Managing Director, VKC Industries, Kozhikode Shri. R. Heli Director of Agriculture (Retd.) Near Gouri Theatre, Attingal, Thiruvananthapuram

Members representing Government Companies or Corporations

Managing Director Kerala State Medical Services Corporation Ltd. Thycadu, Thiruvananthapuram Managing Director Kerala State Industrial Development Corporation Vellayambalam, Thiruvananthapuram

Member Secretary

Smt. P. Molikutty (in charge)

Offices of the Board HEAD OFFICE: Kerala State Pollution Control Board Pattom P.O., Thiruvananthapuram - 695 004 Tel: 0471 - 2318153, 54, 55, 2312910 Annex: 0471- 2304642, 43 CHAIRMAN Er. Jeyaprasad S. D. Phone: 0471 - 2318150 Mob: 9447975700 Fax: 0471 -2318152 E-mail: chairman@keralapcb.org MEMBER SECRETARY Er. P. Molikutty Phone: 0471 - 2318151 Mob: 9447975705 Fax: 0471-2318152 E-mail: ms(a)keralapcb.org

Er. P. Molikutty Chief Environmental Engineer Tel : 047 -2318134 Mob:9447975705 E-mail: tcee(a)keralapcb.org THIRUVANANTHAPURAM REGIONAL OFFICE Er. K. Sajeevan Chief Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board Pattom P.O., Thiruvananthapuram - 695 004 Tel: 0471-2318934 Mob : 9447975733 ERNAKULAM REGIONAL OFFICE Er. Mythili M. S. Chief Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board Gandhi Nagar , Ernakulam - 682 020 Phone: 0484-2207782, 2207783, 2207786 Fax: 0484-2207782 Mob: 9447975723 E-mail: ecee(a)keralapcb.org KOZHIKODE REGIONAL OFFICE Er. K. G. Viju Senior Environmental Engineer 3rd Floor, Zamorins Square, Link Road, Kozhikode - 673 002 Phone: 0495-2300745 / 2300746 Fax: 0495-2300744 Mob : 9447975710 E-mail: kcee(a)keralapcb.org CENTRAL LABORATORY Shri. K. Sundaran Chief Environmental Scientist Kerala State Pollution Control Board Gandhi Nagar, Ernakulam - 682 020 Phone: 0484-2207783, 84,85,86 Mob : 9447975741 Fax: 0484-2207781 E-mail: ces(a)keralapcb.org Thiruvananthapuram District Office Er. V. Sayi Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board T.C. 30/881, Pettah P.O., Thiruvananthapuram - 695 024 Phone/Fax: 0471-2473844 Mob : 9447975715 Kollam District Office Er. Josemom J. Assistant Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board Krishnaleela Tower, Kadappakkada P.O., Kollam - 691 008 Phone/Fax : 0474-2762117 Pathanamthitta District Office Er. Paulus Eapen Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board Makkamkunnu, Pathanamthitta - 689 645 Phone/Fax: 0468-2223983 Mob : 9447975716 Alappuzha District Office Er. A. Farook Sait. Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board Thondankulangara, Thathampally P.O. Alappuzha - 688 013 Phone/Fax: 0477-2239384 Mob : 9447975718

Kottayam District Office Er. T. M. Abdul Kalam Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board St. Antony's Complex, Nagampadam Kottayam - 686 001 Phone/Fax: 0481-2302445 Mob : 9447975717 Idukki District Office Er. M. A. Baiju Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board Essaren Building, Aanakoodu Jn. Thodupuzha, Idukki - 685 584 Phone/Fax: 04862 - 2221590 Mob : 9447975708 Ernakulam District Office -1 Er. P. Vijaya Devi Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board Gandhi Nagar, Ernakulam - 682 020 Phone: 0484 - 2207783, 84, 85, 86 Fax: 0484 - 2207783 Mob : 9447975719 Ernakulam District Office- 2 Er. S. Sreekala Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board Gandhi Nagar, Ernakulam - 682 020 Phone: 0484 - 2207783, 84, 85, 86 Fax: 0484 - 2207783 Mob : 9447975737 Environmental Surveillance Centre Er. K. Rajendra Babu Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board FACT Qr. No. - S-5, Eloor East Udyogamandal P.O., Ernakulam - 683 501 Phone/Fax: 0484 - 2545678 Mob : 9447975738 Thrissur District Office Er. D. Chithra Kumari Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board Green Field, Poonkunnam P.O. Thrissur - 680 002 Phone/Fax: 0487 - 2380689 Mob : 9447975724 Palakkad District Office Er. T. A. Thankappan Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board Near District Panchayat Office Palakkad - 678 001 Phone/Fax: 0491 - 2505542 Mob : 9447975725 Malappuram District Office Er. C. V. Jayasree Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board No.19/269-A, Perinthalmanna Road Up Hill P.O., Malappuram - 676 505 Phone/Fax: 0483 - 2733211 Mob : 9447975727 Kozhikode District Office Er. A. K. Surendran Senior Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board

3rd Floor, Zamorins Square, Link Road Kozhikode - 673 002 Phone/Fax: 0495 - 2300745, 46, 47 Mob : 9447975726 Wayanad District Office Er. Yesodharan G. Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board Jasam Complex, Pinangode Road Kalpetta, Wayanad - 673 121 Phone/Fax: 04936 203013 Mob : 9447975730 Kannur District Office Er. P. Mridula Environmental Engineer Kerala State Pollution Control Board Galaxy Shopping Complex, South Bazaar, Civil Station P.O., Kannur - 670 002 Phone/Fax: 0497 - 2711621 Mob : 9447975731 Kasaragod District Office Er. Abdul Rehiman C. Assistant Environmental Engineer MAM Arcade, Kanhangad, Kasaragod - 671 315 Phone/Fax: 0467 - 2201180 Mob : 9447975735 Appellate Authority (Water / Air / Biomedical Waste) The Chairman, Appellate Authority Poojappura, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 012 Phone: 0471 - 2347932 Water Pollution Control Water pollution control is achieved through administering conditions imposed in consent issued under the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act,, 1974. These conditions regulate the quality and quantity of effluent, the location of discharge and the frequency of monitoring of effluents. Large and medium scale industries and a number of small scale units have put up effluent treatment plants. Through persuasion and, in extreme cases, coercion, the water pollution load from industries has been got reduced to about 30% of the 1974 levels. The surface and ground water monitoring conducted by the Board indicates that the water quality has improved over the years and that it is now, in general, reasonably good except for sewage contamination in the lower stretches of the rivers. Air Pollution Control The Board issues consent to air polluting industries with conditions to regulate the quality and quantity of emission and stipulates the frequency for monitoring the emissions. Under the Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1984 consent of the Board is mandatory for making emissions to the atmosphere. The consent is extended only if there is compliance to consent conditions during the previous period. The air pollution load has been got reduced by about 50% from the 1984 levels. Consent to Establish/Operate Integrated Clearance System As all environmental segments are interrelated, environmental pollution control has to be done in an integrated and comprehensive manner. Conversion of one form of pollution into another form does not yield a holistic solution. For example, if a company installs a scrubber to comply with consent under the Air Act, the slurry waste must be considered in the consent under the Water Act and if there is an oil trap to comply with consent under Water Act, the disposal of the oil recovered has to be considered in the authorisation under the Hazardous Wastes Rules. The different consents/authorisation for effluent, emission and solid wastes need therefore be integrated to achieve overall compliance in all segments of environmental pollution control. The Board decided to have integrated clearance procedure and proposed to the State Government necessary amendments to the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Rules and the Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Rules. The State Govt. accepted the proposal and amended the Water Rules and the Air Rules vide notifications no. 43799/G3/05/H&FWD dated 9/6/2006 (SRO No. 435/2006 & 436/2006). The integrated application is of 5 types to cater to the following sources of pollution. * Industries / Establishments * Health Care Establishments * Hotels / Offices / Commercial Establishments / Residential Apartments * Houseboat / passenger boat * Stationary Diesel Generators The above application forms are numbered as Form IVA, IVB, IVC, IVD & IVE under the Water Rules and the same forms have been notified under the Air Rules also but numbered as Form IA, IB, IC, ID & IE.

The applicant is at liberty to apply for consent in form in IV series or I series but has to mention therein which all clearances are being applied for. The Integrated Application is for the following clearances * Consent under Water Act * Consent under Air Act * Authorisation under Hazardous Wastes Rules * Authorisation under Bio Medical Wastes Rules and * Registration under Plastics MS&U Rules The new procedure provides for combined application form for obtaining consents, registration and authorisation and include aspects of water pollution, air pollution, bio medical waste management, manufacture of plastic carry bags and hazardous waste handling and management. The consents/authorisation/registration shall be issued only after overall compliance on all facets of environment. The fees are payable in form of Demand Draft on any nationalized bank at respective District office or Regional Office along with the filled up application form. Consent shall normally be for a period of three years. However, in case of Orange category, consent up to maximum period of six years and in case of Green category, consent up to maximum period of nine years shall be given if fees for those many years are remitted. Consent to Establish Consent to Establish is to be obtained prior to carrying out any work at the site proposed for the project. Before commissioning such a unit, the applicant should obtain Consent to Operate under the Water Act and/or the Air Act. The application form for Consent to Establish and Consent to Operate is Form IVA / IA, Form IVB / IB, Form IVC / IC, Form IVD / ID or Form IV E / 1E. The application is to be submitted in triplicate through the Regional/District offices of the Board or through the Single Window Clearance Board along with the consent fee payable as DD in favour of Kerala State Pollution Control Board The application form is available at all offices of the Board and can also be downloaded from this site. However Consent to Establish is issued even if construction work of the unit has been started provided: * the site is suitable; * the application for consent to establish is accompanied by consent fee including penalty of 50% for late submission of application; * the required pollution control measures are provided. The validity of Consent to Establish is three years. Consent to Establish should be renewed if the unit is not commissioned by then. If renewal is not sought within the validity period, fresh application has to be made to the Board. Applying for Consent to Establish For Consent to Establish site plan and lay out plan need not necessarily be elaborate. It is sufficient to submit detailed line sketch, preferably in A4 size. The anticipated effluent/emission quality, effluent/emission quantity and probable pollutants are to be submitted. Data from similar industries can be used if source and justification for projecting such data is provided. The applicant should indicate whether the outlet is located on land owned by the occupier. In case of only access to the land then consent of the owner of the land is to be produced. The design details of effluent / emission control measures are to be furnished along with details of treatability studies conducted. The applicant should also submit an undertaking to install all the proposed control measures before commencement of production. Consent to Discharge/Operate and Renewal The applicant should obtain Consent to Operate under the Water Act and/or the Air Act. The application form for Consent to Operate is Form IVA / IA, Form IVB / IB, Form IVC / IC, Form IVD / ID or Form IV E / 1E. The application is to be submitted in triplicate through the Regional/District offices of the Board along with the consent fee payable as DD in favour of Kerala State Pollution Control Board. The application form is available at all offices of the Board and can also be downloaded from this site. Validity of Consent to operate is for a minimum period of three years. Application for renewal of Consent to Operate is to be submitted in the 4th month before the expiry of the consent. 25% of the prescribed consent fee is charged as penalty if application for renewal is submitted during the last three months of the validity period. If application is made after expiry of the validity period, a fine of 50% of the consent fee is to be paid. The application for renewal of Consent is also Form IVA / IA, Form IVB / IB, Form IVC/ IC, Form IVD/ ID or Form IVE/ IE. The forms are available for download from this site. The application shall be submitted along with the consent fee payable. While scrutinizing the application, the Board may call for clarification/information and all such applications will be deemed to have been made only from the date on which such clarification / information is received by the Board. AMBIENT AIR QUALITY MONITORING NAMP: National Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP), financed by the Central Pollution Control Board aims to assess the ambient air quality in the State. Under this programme sixteen monitoring stations have been established at different

locations in the state. Air quality within industrial, commercial, residential and sensitive zones are being monitored from these stations. The stations are: DISTRICT ZONE SENSITIVE INDUSTRIAL COMMERCIAL RESIDENTIAL Thiruvananthapuram Veli Pettah 1-SMV School, Over Bridge 2-Cosmopolitan Hospital, Murinjapalam Kottayam Vadavathoor Kottayam Ernakulam 1-Irumpanam 1-M.G.Road Ernakulam South 2-Eloor 2-Vytilla 3-Kalamessery 4-Udyogamandal Palakkad Kanjikode Kozhikode Nallalam Palayam SAMP State Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Programme The Board is monitoring ambient air quality at the following stations: DISTRICT SENSITIVE ZONE INDUSTRIAL COMMERCIAL RESIDENTIAL Kollam Chavara Kadappakada Alapuzha Pathirapally Alissery Pathanamthitta Makkamkunnu Wayanad Sulthan Bathery Malapuram Kakkanchery Thrissur Poonkunnam AMBIENT WATER QUALITY MONITORING All pollution control activities ultimately aim at maintenance and restoration of the quality of the natural resources. Hence knowledge of the ambient quality of resources is a prerequisite for planning and execution of pollution control management strategies. The Board maintains a network for monitoring of the ambient quality of the rich and varied water resources of the state. There are 2 major programmes for ambient water quality monitoring with the Board. They are 1. National Water Quality Monitoring Programme (NWMP) Sponsored by the CPCB scheme covers a total of 110 stations altogether in rivers, lakes, ponds ground water stations. 2. State Water Quality Monitoring Scheme (SWMP) This scheme covers stations monitored by the Board on its own and includes 114 river stations. On the whole there are 224 monitoring stations are maintained by the Board in the State under the above two ambient water quality monitoring programmes. This extensive monitoring network covers more than 90% of the inland water resources of the state. The tables below provides the details of the monitoring network of the Board under the two programmes. NATIONAL WATER QUALITY MONITORING PROGRAMME NETWORK (NWMP) AS on 2009 AMBIENT WATER QUALITY MONITORING NETWORK OF KERALA STATE POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD (SWMP)

Batteries Rule BATTERIES (MANAGEMENT AND HANDLING) RULES, 2001 has been enacted as per power under section 6, 8 and 25 of Environment (Prot.) Act, 1986. These rules came into effect on 6.5.2001. Kerala State Pollution Control Board is the authority enforcing authority in Kerala. These rules are applicable to Manufacturers, Importers. Re-conditioners, Assemblers, Dealers, Recyclers, Auctioneers, Consumers and Bulk Consumers of batteries. OBJECTIVE OF THE LEGISLATION is to ensure that used batteries are collected processed or disposed off safely. Responsibilities are assigned under the rules to various agencies for handling and managing used batteries. Under Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001, it is mandatory for manufacturers, assemblers, re-conditioners, importers, and dealers to comply with the following statutory requirements: *ensure that the used batteries are collected back against new batteries sold excluding those sold to original equipment manufacturer and bulk consumers; *ensure that used batteries collected back are of similar type and specifications as that of the new batteries sold; *manufacturers, assemblers & re-conditioners to file half-yearly returns of their sales and buy-back to the concerned State Board in Form-I latest by 30 June and 31 December of every year; *importers to file similar returns in Form IV; *set up collection centres either individually or jointly at various places for collection of used batteries from consumers or dealers; *ensure that used batteries collected are sold only to the registered recyclers; *create public awareness through advertisements, publications, posters or by other means with regard to the following (a) hazards of lead; (b) responsibility of consumers to return their used batteries only to the dealers or deliver at designated collection centres; and (c) addresses of dealers and designated collection centres;

*buy recycled lead only from registered recycler; *bring to the notice of the State Board or the Ministry of Environment and Forests, any violation by the dealers; *ensure safe transportation of collected batteries to the designated collection centres or to the registered recycler; *dealers to file half-yearly returns of the sale of new batteries and buy back of old batteries to the manufacturers in Form V by 31st May and 30 November of every year; *dealers to also ensure that no damage is caused to the environment during storage and transportation of used batteries; and *the importer shall get himself registered with the Ministry of Environment and Forests. FORMS to be filed under Batteries Rules Lead Acid Battery Recyclers having Authorisation of Board and Registration of the Ministry of Environment & Forests Peejay Enterprises Ltd., Thiruvalla, Pathanamthitta Perfect Alloys, Chengannur, Alappuzha

Biomedical Wastes Kerala has the highest number (about 27%) of health care institutions in India. The total bed strength of hospitals in Kerala is 1,13,530 of which 43,273 are in the Government sector, 2,740 in the co-operative sector and 67,517 in the private sector. The Kerala State Pollution Control Board is the Prescribed Authority in the State to implement the Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998. All hospitals having inpatients, all clinics and laboratories serving more than 1000 persons per month and all operators providing facilities for biomedical waste transport, treatment and disposal have to obtain Authorisation from the Board. These institutions are required to provide adequate facilities for collection, segregation, treatment and disposal of biomedical wastes. Responsibility of Occupier Every occupier of an institution generating or handling biomedical waste has to take all steps to ensure that such wastes are handled without any adverse effect to human health and the environment. It is the duty of all occupiers to obtain Integrated Clearance (Clearances under Water Act, Air Act, Hazardous Waste Rules and Biomedical Waste Rules). The Application Form for Integrated Clearance can be downloaded from this site or is available free of cost at all offices of the Board. The application form is to be accompanied by fee as prescribed by the Government of Kerala. The Fee has to be remitted as Demand Draft in favour of the Kerala State pollution Control Board payable at Thiruvananthapuram. Conditions regarding segregation, collection, storage, treatment, disposal, monitoring, maintenance of records and submission of reports are to be as per the Rules. As per the Rules the wastes coming under ten categories are to be placed in four different coloured containers/bags. The wastes have to be treated using techniques such as deep burial, incineration, autoclaving, micro waving, mutilation, shredding and chemical disinfection. The treatment and disposal facilities in most hospitals are inadequate. Common Waste Treatment Facility Providing common treatment facility is a good option. The State branch of the Indian Medical Association is having such a facility at Palakkad. Committee The Government of Kerala has constituted a committee to advice the State Government as well as the State Board on all matters relating to the implementation of the Biomedical Waste Rules. ADVISORY COMMITTEE 1. Chairman, Kerala State Pollution Control Board Chairman 2. Director, Science Technology and Environment Department Convener 3. Director, Rajeev Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology 4. Director, Health Services 5. Director, Animal Husbandry Department 6. Director, Municipal Administration 7. Director, Panchayats 8. Dr. M. Balaraman Nair, Rtd. Prof. of Medical College 9. Prof. V.K. Sasikumar, College of Engineering, Thrissur 10. Dr. Joy Ilamon, Kerala Sasthra Sahithya Parishad 11. President, Indian Medical Association, Kerala Branch Water Cess The Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Cess Act, provides for the levy and collection of Cess on water consumed by persons carrying on any industry and by local authorities consuming water for domestic purpose. This was with the view to augment the resources of the Central Pollution Control Board and the State Boards and to encourage conservation of water. Water cess payable by the specified industries is based on water consumed by them and is at the rates notified by Central Government. As per the amendment of the act in 2003, all industries consuming less than 10 kl/day of water have been exempted from the levy of cess. Based on this, 222 industries have been brought under the purview of water cess act. Of these, 51 major industries

are assessed on monthly basis, 67 medium scale industries are assessed on half yearly basis and 104 small scale industries are assessed on yearly basis. The cess is to be remitted to A/c No.570470255532 (SBT, Kawdiar, Thiruvananthapuram) The Cess so collected by the Board is remitted to the Consolidated Fund of India. A portion of this is reimbursed to the State Board by the Government of India. The Central Government is reimbursing, to the Board, 80 percent of the Cess credited to the Consolidated Fund of India. The Kerala Water Authority is paying the Cess on behalf of Corporations and Municipalities. REBATE 25% rebate on cess due on water consumed by industries is allowable if the industry successfully commissions an effluent treatment plant and so long as it functions effectively. Consumer is not entitled to the rebate if he; (a) Consumes water in excess of the maximum quantity specified (b) Fails to comply with any of the provisions of section 25 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 (6 of 1974) or any of the standards laid down. Hazardous Wastes Authorisation under Hazardous Wastes (Management, Handling and Transboundary Movement) Rules 2008 is required by generators/handlers/disposers of hazardous wastes for as collection, reception, treatment, transport, storage and/or disposal of hazardous wastes. The application is available free of cost from all offices of the Board or can be downloaded from this web site. The application is to be submitted along with the application for the Integrated Clearance. Application for Industries / Establishments Application for Health Care Establishments Application for Hotels / Offices / Commercial Establishments / Residential Apartments Application for Houseboat / passenger boat Application for Stationary Diesel Generators

Generators of waste oil/used oil, lead acid batteries, non-ferrous metals can dispose their waste only by sale/transfer to preprocessors who have authorisation from the Board and registration with Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. Application form for Registration is available at all offices and can also be downloaded from this web site. List of Re-processors /Recyclers of used oil/ waste oil having Authorisation of Board and Registration of Ministry of Environment 1. Southern Refineries Limited, Corporation Office, P.O.Box No. 812, Kawadiar, Thiruvanathapuram-695003. Phone:0471-312614 Fax: 0471-312821 2. CEE JEE Lubricants, VI/592, Industrial Development Area, Edayar, Binanipuram P.O., Aluva-683 502. Phone: 0484-558486 Fax: 0484-542410 3. Excel Petrochemicals (for transformer oil only) Industrial Development Area, Muppathadam P. O., Aluva, Ernakulam- 683 110 Phone: 0484 2556728 Fax: 0484 2540079 COMMON TREATMENT, STORAGE & DISPOSAL FACILITY Common TSDF is an essential component of proper hazardous waste management activity for ultimate disposal of the hazardous wastes in an environmentally sound manner. The Government of Kerala identified 50 acre of land, meeting the specifications of the CPCB, in the premises of the FACT, Ambalamedu, Ernakulam for CTSDF. The TSDF is designed for a capacity of 50,000 TPA for 20 years. The CTSDF comprise the following facilities: Storage Shed; Waste Treatment & Stabilization Facility; Secured landfill; Leachate collection and treatment facility and Laboratory equipments for comprehensive analysis.

The Kerala Enviro Infrastructure Ltd. is the operator of the facility. The company may be contacted at the following address: Kerala Enviro Infrastructure Limited Inside FACT-CD campus, Ambalamedu Ernakulam 682303 Laborataries of the Board The Kerala State Pollution Control Board has the following Laboratories under it equipped with manpower and equipments for analysis of environmental pollution related parameters for regular pollution control enforcement and for scientific research in the field. 1. Central Laboratory, Ernakulam Equipped with almost all sophisticated instruments for analysis of water, air and solids for all possible pollutants and is the referral laboratory for the Board. The instruments in the laboratory include 1. Atomic absorption spectrophotometer with flame, graphite furnace and hydride generation system 2. High Pressure Liquid Chromatograph with fluorescence/detectors 3. Gas Chromatograph with ATD & FID 4. Gas Chromatograph with ECD & NPD 5. TOX analyser 6. TOC analyser 7. CHNS/O elemental analyser 8. Specific ion-meters 9. Ion chromatograph 10. Toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) extractor 11. Visible and UV visible spectrophotometers 12. Flame photometers 13. Auto titrators 14. Ultra pure water system 15. Microwave digester Equipments and facilities for titrimetric and colorimetric estimation of almost all parameters concerned with air, water and solid samples are available. Pesticide extraction is also done in the Central Laboratory. 2. Regional Level Laboratory, Kozhikode Equipped with sophisticated instruments as Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer and has got facilities for analysis of all regular parameters and certain advanced ones of regular interest. 3. District level laboratories Each district office of the Board has a laboratory attached to it. These labs have facilities to analyse parameters of concern in routine pollution control enforcement by the Board. Central Laboratory, Ernakulam has approval of the Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India as Environmental Laboratory. The Central Laboratory is undergoing the process of acquiring NABL accreditation. Approval of Laboratories Industries have to monitor the quality of effluent discharged and emission made.The result of such monitoring is to be submitted to the Board at stipulated intervals The monitoring and analysis is to be got performed through laboratories approved by the Board. Approval of such laboratories is granted by the Board after being satisfied with the facilities and manpower available at the laboratory. Laboratories are classified in to three Grades A, B and C based on the analytical capability of the laboratory. Laboratories are further categorised into three on the basis of whether they are attached to institutions (academic), to industries (industrial ) or independent establishments (commercial) for fixing norms for granting of approval by the Board. FEE STRUCTURE LABORATORY GRADE Analysis of solids & liquids (effluents & water) Grade A Laboratories doing analysis of commercial samples Laboratories attached to industry for analysis of samples exclusively from the industry Grade B Grade C Grade A Grade B Grade C Laboratories attached to engineering colleges and other academic institutions Grade A Grade B Rs. 10000/Rs. 7000/Rs. 5000/Rs. 7000/Rs. 5000/Rs. 3000/Rs. 4000/Rs. 3000/Analysis of (emission & air) Rs. 10000/Rs. 7000/Rs. 5000/Rs. 7000/Rs. 5000/Rs. 3000/Rs. 4000/Rs. 3000/gases

Grade C

Rs. 2000/-

Rs. 2000/-

* The Fee shall be paid as DD drawn in favour of Kerala State Pollution Control Board Payable at Ernakulam * The validity period of the Approval shall be 2 years * Only the laboratories having NABL accreditation would be considered for approval as A Grade Laboratories. * The application form for laboratory approval can be downloaded from the Boards website free of cost. * All Government Analytical Laboratories possess standing Approval. * The completed application is to be submitted in duplicate to the Chief Environmental Scientist, Kerala State Pollution Control Board, Gandhi Nagar, Kadavanthra, Ernakulam, Pin-682 020. * The late fee for the late submission of application for renewal of approval of laboratory according to the duration of the delay is as given below 1. Less than 6 months 2. More than 6 months but less than 2 years 3. More than 2 years : 50% of the fee as fine. : 75% of the application fee as fine : 150% of the application fee as fine.

*All large, medium & small scale industries are required to furnish analysis reports at least from A, B & C Grade Laboratories respectively APPENDIX - A TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR APPROVAL C.1. C.2. C.3. C.4. C.5. The laboratory shall carry out analysis only for the parameters authorised by the Board in the certificate of approval. The laboratory shall carry out the analysis of samples as per IS, APHA, code of Federal Regulations and should specify the method in the analysis report. The results of analysis of samples shall be properly recorded and the registers should be made available to the Board officials as and when requested for, verification The laboratory and the analysts employed participate in Analytical Quality Control

exercises organised by the Board. If the laboratory desires to make mention of its approval by the Board in its letterheads, printed material, signboards etc. it shall specify the period of recognition as certified by the Board. C.6. On the basis of infrastructure facilities, instruments and analytical capabilities, the laboratories are classified into 3 grades. Grade A Sophisticated Laboratory Grade B Routine laboratory Grade C Mini Laboratory C.7. The approval shall be suspended or cancelled if the Board has reason to believe that the data reported by the laboratory is repeatedly erroneous. Further the laboratory and its key personnel shall be liable to be proceed against for imposition of penalty (imprisonment upto five years or fine up to Rs. One lakh or both) in case the Board has reason to believe that the data reported by the laboratory is intentionally false. C.8. The laboratory shall possess the minimum requirement with respect to instruments, equipments, lab space, etc. specified in Appendix B. APPENDIX - B INSTRUMENT/EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS 1. List of Instruments and Equipments for a C Grade Water/waste water testing laboratory Approval) 1) Conductivity meter 2) pH meter 3) Spectrophotometer 4) Turbidity meter 5) Balance (o.1 mg. Resolution) 6) Hot plate 7) Hot air oven 8) Refrigerator 9) Thermo meter 10) Water Distillation Assembly 11) Distillation Assembly for Fluoride, Cyanide and Ammonia 12) B.O.D. Incubator 13) Autoclave 14) Bacteriological Incubator: If microbiological analysis is intended 1.1. Additional Instruments/Equipments for B Grade Water/waste water testing Laboratory: 1) Flame Photometer 2) Specific Iron meter 3) Colour Comparator (Minimum Requirement for

4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 1.2.

Balance (0,01 mg. Resolution) Muffle Furnace Membrane Filtration Assembly Filter pump Microscope: If Microbiological analysis is intended

Additional Instruments/Equipments for A Grade Water/waste water Testing Laboratory. 1) Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer 2) Gas Chromatographic/High Performance Liquid Chromatograph 3) Mercury Analyser 4) UV-Visible Spectrophotometer 5) Walk-in-Cooler-for sample storage List of Instruments and Equipments for a C Grade Air/emission testing laboratory (Minimum requirement for approval) 1) High volume sampler (for ambient air) 2) Stack monitoring kit (for Emission) 3) pH meter 4) Balance (weigh up to 0.1mg) 5) Spectrophotometer 6) Hot plate 7) Hot air oven 8) Refrigerator 9) Water Distillation assembly 10) Impulse sound level meter Additional requirement for B Grade Air/emission testing Laboratory: Atomic Absorption Spectrometer Gas Chromatograph/High performance Liquid Chromatograph Mercury Analyser UV-Visible spectrophotometer Radiation counter Walk in cooler

2.

2.1. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 2.2.

Additional requirement for A Grade Air/emission testing Laboratory: 1) Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer 2) Gas Chromatograph/High performance Liquid Chromatograph 3) Mercury Analyser 4) UV-Visible spectrophotometer 5) Radiation counter 6) Walk in cooler 3. Requirements of laboratory space (Minimum in m2 ) For water or air alone For both water and air

A Grade Laboratory B Grade Laboratory C Grade Laboratory

75 40 20

100 50 25

INSTRUCTIONS TO THE APPLICANT 1. The application is to be submitted in duplicate to the Chief Environmental Scientist, Central Laboratory, Kerala State Pollution Control Board, Gandhi Nagar, Ernakulam - 682 020. 2. Government analytical laboratories need no approval. 3. Industries analysing samples from others will be considered as commercial laboratories. 4. Approval is valid for two years. Legal Action The policy of the Board is to control pollution through persuasion. Legal action is taken only as a last resort after persuasion fails. Cases are filed by the Board in Judicial First Class Magistrate Court either as a restrainment application or as a prosecution case. The public can also file prosecution case after giving 60 days notice to the Board.

The Water Amendment Act, 1988 and the Air Amendment Act, 1987 empowers the Board to give direction * for closure, prohibition or regulation of any industry, operation or process or * stoppage or regulation of supply of electricity, water or any other service. Judicial route proved to be time consuming in enforcing directions to prevent/ control pollution. Therefore Board is now resorting to issuing directions for closure/ stoppage or to regulate supply of electricity and water. This has speeded up enforcement of the rules. Restrainment application Instance 1. Discharge of water pollutants in excess of the standards 2. Discharge of air pollutants in excess of the standards Prosecution case Instance 1. Obstructing Board officers from exercising powers and performing functions 2. Damaging works or property belonging to the Board 3. Failure to furnish information required by the Board 4. Failure to intimate the Board the occurrence of an accident 5. Giving false information 6. Failure to obtain consent under Water Act or to comply with the conditions of consent. 7. Failure to obtain consent under Air Act or to comply with the conditions of consent. 8. Failure to comply with the directions of the Board. Municipal Solid Wastes All local bodies come under the purview of the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000. Responsibility of Municipalities Every municipality is responsible to provide facilities for collection, storage, segregation, transportation, processing and disposal of solid wastes. They are also required to obtain Authorisation of the Board for operating these facilities. The Application for Authorisation is available at all offices of the Board, free of cost, or can be downloaded from this web site. Responsibility of State Government The Department of Urban Development in the State has overall responsibility for enforcement of these rules in metropolitan cities. The District Collectors have the over all responsibility to enforce the rules in their jurisdiction. Responsibility of the Board On the urban local bodies and operators applying for Authorisation for handling/processing/disposing solid wastes, the Board is to issue/refuse Authorisation. The Board is to monitor compliance with the conditions of the Authorisation and to take appropriate follow up action. Implementation of the Rules 1. All the 58 urban local bodies in the State have been apprised of the Rules. They have been instructed to apply for Authorisation. A seminar was organised in association with Local Administration (Urban Development) Department for the Chairpersons and Secretaries of Corporations and Municipalities of the State. 2. All the Development Authorities in the State were addressed to identify and hand over landfill sites to the urban local bodies. Where there is no Development Authority the urban local body has been asked to identify the landfill site. 3. The Board is proposing to create a date bank exclusively on technologies for collection, storage, segregation, transportation, processing and disposal of municipal solid waste. The assistance of the Central Pollution Control Board has been sought in the matter. 4. The urban local bodies in the state have been asked to modify all existing open garbage dumps into sanitary landfills. FEE FOR AUTHORISATION Municipal Corporations-Rs. 30000 Municipalities-Rs. 20000 Others-Rs. 10000 Committee to advise the Board A committee has been constituted by the Government to advice the Board on the implementation of the Rules. The committee has the following members: ADVISORY COMMITTEE 1. The Chairman-Chairman Kerala State Pollution Control Board 2. The Director, Municipal Administration-Member or his Nominee 3. The Chief Town Planner-Member or his nominee

4. The Director, Ground Water Department-Member or his nominee 5. The Chief Conservator of Forests-Member or his nominee 6. The Head, Civil Engineering Department -Member College OF Engineering, Thiruvananthapuram 7. The Director, Health Services -Member or his nominee 8. The Director -Member Science Technology and Environment Department 9. The Member Secretary- Convenor Kerala State Pollution Control Board Manufacture of plastic carry bags and containers (virgin / recycled / both) The Government of India has notified Recycled Plastics Manufacture & Usage Rules, 1999 vide notification dated 02.09.1999. It was renamed as the Plastics Manufacture Sale & Usage Rules vide the amendment of 2003. This Rules specifies a minimum thickness of 20 micron for plastic carry bags. Board is the prescribed authority for enforcement of provisions relating to manufacture and recycling of plastic carry bags. Considering the environmental problems created by the indiscriminate and prolific usage and wanton discard of plastic carry bags, Board issued notification on 16.12.2006 enhancing the minimum thickness of plastic carry bags and containers to 30 micron in order to promote the scope of its re-use and re-cycle. But, the Hon'ble High Court vide order dated 8.02.2007 stayed the operation of this notification to the extent that it fixed the minimum thickness of plastic carry bags and containers above 30 micron. As per the Hon'ble High Court order, the thickness was refixed as 30 micron and the notification was modified accordingly. However, as an enhancement of thickness to 50 micron is considered imperative by the Board, the Board enhanced the minimum thickness of plastic carry bags and containers including plastic cups, bottles and packaging material again to 50 micron vide notification dated 29.03.2008. The Hon'ble High Court vide interim order dated 2.5.2008 has stayed the notification and the present minimum thickness allowable is 30 micron. Every occupier manufacturing carry bags or containers of virgin plastic or recycled plastic or both is required to obtain Registration and renewal of registration after every three years. As per the Rules, Board is now issuing Certificate of Registration for the Manufacture of Plastic carry bags and containers. The Application for Registration is obtainable free of cost from all the offices of the Board. The form may also be downloaded from this web site. The integrated application shall be submitted to the Board through its Regional/District Offices.