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SMK CONVENT FATHER BARRE SCIENCE CURRICULUM SPECIFICATIONS YEARLY LESSON PLAN FOR FORM FOUR 2013

FIRST TERM WEEK 1 DATE 1/1 3/1 LEARNING AREA & Learning Objectives Orientation Week for Form Four Students CHAPTER 1 : SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION 1.1 Analysing Method of Scientific Carry out a scientific investigation, e.g. A student is able to : Investigation investigate how surface area affects the rate explain the steps in scientific of cooling investigation Students will : carry out a scientific investigation a identify the problem write a report on a scientific identify the variables investigation c make a hypothesis explain the importance of scientific plan the investigation to : investigation. i determine the apparatus and materials needed ii determine the procedure of the investigation, the method of data collection and data analysis carry out the investigation collect data analyse and interpret data write a report Discuss the importance of scientific investigation method in acquiring scientific knowledge. 1.2 Realising the Need to Practise Scientific Attitudes and Noble Values when Carrying Out Scientific Investigations View a video or computer simulation then gather and interpret data on the scientific attitudes and noble values practised by scientists. SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES LEARNING OUTCOMES VOCABULARY

06/1 07/1

Procedure prosedur, tatacara Steps langkah-langkah Variables pemboleh ubah

Noble values nilai murni A student is able to : identify the scientific attitudes and Practise mengamalkan noble values practised by scientists explain the need to practise scientific Scientific attitudes Sikap saintifik attitudes and noble values when carrying out a scientific investigation practise scientific attitudes and noble

Discuss the need to practise scientific

attitudes and noble values when carrying out scientific investigations CHAPTER 2 : BODY COORDINATION 2.1 Understanding Body Coordination

values when carrying out a scientific investigation Body coordination koordinasi badan

08/1 10/1

Carry out activities to observe and discuss body coordination Examine models, view charts or video to identify the body systems which control coordination, i.e. the nervous system and the endocrine system Discuss the importance of body coordination in daily activities

A student is able to : describe what body coordination is identify the body systems that control and regulate coordination state the importance of body coordination

Endocrine system sistem endokrin Nervous system sistem saraf Axon akson Cell body badan sel Central nervous system sistem saraf pusat Motor neurone neuron motor Myelin shealth salut myelin Peripheral nervous sistem system saraf periferi Relay neurone neuron perantaraan Sensory neurone neuron deria

Understanding the Human

Nervous System

Observe models, view charts or video and identify the human nervous system which consist of : a central nervous system, i.e. brain and spinal cord b peripheral nervous system, i.e. cranial and spinal nerves and their branches which link the receptors and effectors with the central nervous system.

A student is able to : identify the component parts of the human nervous system state the function of each component part of the nervous system state what a neurone is identify the parts of a neurone state the function of each part of the neurone Discuss the function of each component part identify the different types of of the nervous system neurone state the function of each type of neurone

13/1 17/1

Analysing Nervous Coordination

Discuss the following : a meaning of receptors and effectors b functions of receptors and effectors Carrying out activities to demonstrate the reactions of sensory organs to various stimuli Carry out activities and discuss reflex actions

A student is able to : Reflex action tindakan state what receptors and effectors refleks Reflex arc arka refleks are state the functions of receptors and effectors explain with examples what a reflex action is describe a reflex action

such as knee jerk and reaction to touching a hot or sharp object View computer simulations or chart showing the path taken by an impulse in a reflex arc. Draw a diagram to show the path taken by an impulse in a reflex arc

illustrate the path taken by an impulse in the reflex arc.

21/1 23/1
* 20/1 Cuti Sempena Hari Keputeraan Sultan Kedah * 24/1 Cuti Maulidur Rasul

Understanding the role of proprioceptors in maintaining balance and coordination

Carry out the following activities to show the A student is able to : importance of proprioceptors : explain what proprioceptors are a stacking objects with both eyes closed explain the importance of b maintaining balance of the body proprioceptors View charts, videos, or computer simulations and discuss the following : a proprioceptors and their functions b the importance of proprioceptors in maintaining balance and coordination

Proprioceptors reseptor regang

28/1 31/1 * 27/1 Cuti Thaipusam

2.5 Understanding the human brain and its complexity

Examine models, view videos or computer simulations to identify the structure of the human brain, i.e. cerebrum, cerebellum and medulla oblongata. Discuss the function of the various parts of the brain Carry out activities and discuss the following : a voluntary actions such as writing and dancing b involuntary actions such as dilation and constriction of the pupil and the beating of the heart Discuss the effects of injuries to specific parts of the human brain

A student is able to : identify the main parts of the human brain state the function of each part of the human brain explain what voluntary action is

Constriction penguncupan Dilation pembesaran


give examples of voluntary actions explain what involuntary action is give examples of involuntary actions explain the effects of injuries to specific parts of the human brain Heart beat degupan jantung Involuntary actions tindakan luar kawal Voluntary actions tindakan terkawal Adrenal gland kelenjar adrenal

03/2 05/2

2.6 Understanding Hormonal Carry out games such as match and win or A student is able to : Coordination In The Human Body puzzles to identify the following : describe what hormone is

a b c

hormone and the main endocrine glands the hormones secreted by each of endocrine glands function of the hormones secreted by each endocrine glands

Draw a labelled diagram to show the locations of the main endocrine glands Discuss the effects of hormonal imbalance on health and present in a graphic organiser

describe what endocrine glands are identify the main endocrine glands and their respective locations in the body state the function of hormones secreted by the endocrine glands describe the effects of hormonal imbalance on health

Ovary ovari Pancreas pancreas Pituitary pituitary Testes testis Thyroid - tiroid

06/2 -07/2

2.7 Analysing Coordination Between Carry out an activity to compare and A student is able to : Response gerak balas the Nervous System and the contrast nervous coordination with hormonal compare and contrast nervous Endocrine System coordination and present the similarities and Stimulus rangsangan coordination with hormonal differences in a graphic organiser coordination explain with examples the Simulate fright and flight situations or coordination between the nervous relate an incident to discuss the following: system and the endocrine system in a coordination between nervous system response to a specific stimulus and the endocrine system in producing explain the importance of a response to a stimulus coordination between the nervous b the importance of coordination between system and the endocrine system in the nervous system and the endocrine response to a specific stimulus system in ensuring a smooth and appropriate response Invite a representative from ADK, PDRM, A student is able to : PEMADAM to give a talk or an exhibition on define what drugs are drugs, drug abuse and the effect of drugs list examples of drugs 2.8 Evaluating the Effects of Drugs on Body Coordination and Health Students make presentations on drug abuse explain what drug abuse is through public speaking, exhibiting folio or describe the effects of drug abuse on body coordination multimedia Power Point describe the effects of drug abuse on health

Drug abuse penyalahgunaan dadah

12/2 14/2

Gather information from books, magazines Analysing the Effects of Excessive consumption of Alcohol or Internet and discuss the following : on Body Coordination and Health a examples of alcoholic drinks

A student is able to : list examples of alcoholic drinks describe the effects of excessive

Alcoholic drinks minuman beralkohol

b c

effects of excessive consumption of alcohol on body coordination and health the importance of avoiding excessive consumption of alcohol

Present and exhibit the collected information Gather information from books, magazines or Internet and discuss the following : a the meaning of mind b factors that affect the mind, which include hormone imbalance, excessive consumption of alcohol, drug abuse, mental stress and brain injury c how hormone imbalance, excessive consumption of alcohol and drug abuse can affect the mind d the importance of a healthy and sound mind

consumption of alcohol on body coordination describe the effects of excessive consumption of alcohol on health justify the importance of avoiding excessive consumption of alcohol

Excessive consumption pengambilan berlebihan reaction time masa tindak balas

Realising The Importance of Sound and Healthy Mind

A student is able to : state what mind is identify factors that affect mind explain how substance abuse can affect the mind justify the importance of a healthy and sound mind

Hormonal imbalance ketidakseimbangan hormone Mind minda Mental stress tekanan mental Healthy and sound mind minda yang sihat dan baik

CHAPTER 3 : 8 17/2 19/2

HEREDITY AND VARIATION 3.1 Understanding Cell Division

View videos, computer simulations or chart A student is able to : to study the following : state what gene, DNA and gene, DNA and chromosome chromosome are mitosis and meiosis describe the relationship between gene, DNA and chromosome Simulate the process of mitosis and meiosis state what mitosis is state what meiosis is describe the process of mitosis describe the process of meiosis compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis Carry out an activity to compare and explain the importance of mitosis contrast mitosis with meiosis and present and meiosis the similarities and differences in a graphic organiser Discuss the importance of mitosis and meiosis

Cell division pembahagian sel Centromeres sentromer Chromosome kromosom

Deoxyribonucleic acid asid deoksiribonukleik Gene gen

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24/2 28/2

3.2 Understanding the Principles Observe and identify dominant and recessive A student is able to : Polirisation pengutuban and Mechanism or Inheritance traits among students and their family explain what dominant and members. Spindle fibres gentian recessive genes are Discuss the following : spindle/ gelendung identify dominant and recessive a dominant genes and dominant traits traits in human b recessive genes and recessive traits Mendels Law Hukum illustrate the mechanism of inheritance of traits using schematic Mendel View video or computer simulations on diagram genetic experiments carried out by Gregor predict the genotype and Monohybrid cross Mendel to study the mechanism of trait phenotype ratios of a monohybrid kacukan monohibrid inheritance cross Phenotype fenotip 3.3 Understanding Sex Determination Use schematic diagrams to illustrate and the monohybrid crosses and predict the Recessive traits sifat Occurrence of Twins in Human A student is able to : following using Mendels Law : Beings explain what sex chromosomes are resesif genotype ratio of the first filial or F1 Identical twins kembar explain how sex is determined generation and the second filial or F2 seiras explain the formation of identical generation and non identical twins phenotype ratio of F1 and F2 generation Non identical twins compare and contrast identical with kembar tak seiras non identical twins View computer simulations, videos or charts explain what Siamese twins are and discuss the following : Sex chromosomes kromosom seks sex chromosomes b determination of sex Sex determination c the occurrence of identical and non penentuan jantina identical twins d the occurrence of Siamese twins Siamese twins kembar siam Use schematic diagrams to illustrate the following : how sex is determine b how identical and non identical twins are form Carry out an activity to compare and contrast identical twins with non identical twins and illustrate the similarities and differences in a graphic organiser Read and interpret data from books, magazines, articles or internet on Siamese

twins. 10 03/3 - 07/3 3.4 Understanding Mutation View videos, computer simulations or charts and discuss the following : a mutation and types of mutation such as chromosomes mutations and gene mutations b consequences of chromosome mutation in human c consequences of gene mutation in human such as albinism, Thalassemia Carry out an activity to test colour blindness among pupils Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of mutation Evaluating the Effects of Genetic Researches on Human Life Search the Internet, read books, magazine and newspapers for informations on genetic research and discuss the following : a. genetic research in the field of medicine b. genetic research in the field of agriculture Discuss the following : selective breeding in plants and livestocks b the importance of selective breeding View videos or computer simulations on the technology used for selective breeding A student is able to : state what mutation is state the types of mutation list examples of mutation identify causes of mutation state the advantages and disadvantages of mutation Albinism albinisme Colour blindness buta warna Downs syndrome Sindrom Down

Klinefelters syndrome Sindrom Klinefelter Mutation mutasi Turners syndrome Sindrom Turner

A student is able to : list the contributions of genetic Livestock ternakan research in various field explain selective breeding in plants Selective breeding and livestock pembiakbakaan pilihan state the importance of selective breeding in plants and livestock describe the technology used for selective breeding present arguments for and against genetic research

9 10

27/02 02/03 05/03 07/03

REVISION FIRST MONTHLY TEST

MID TERM BREAK

10/3/ 18/3

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10/3 14/3

Analysing Variation Among Living Things

Carry out activities to identify and classify variation among students in a class. Discuss the following : a. continuous and discontinuous variation b. examples of continuous and discontinuous variation c. factors which cause variation d. the importance of variation Carry out an activity to compare and contrast continuous and discontinuous variation

A student is able to : state what variation is list variation in humans classify variation into continuous and discontinuous variation compare and contrast continuous and discontinuous variation identify factor that causes variation explain the importance of variation

Continuous selanjar Discontinuous tak selanjar Family tree salasilah Left handed kidal Variation - variasi

Realising thr Need to Adhere to a Code of Ethics in Genetic Researches

A student is able to : explain how the misuse of knowledge in the field of genetics Read books, articles, magazine or search the can endanger life Internet and discuss how misuse of describe the importance of knowledge in the field of genetics can establishing and adhering to ethics endanger life. and morals in scientific research for benefit of mankind Discuss the importance of establishing and adhering to ethics and morals in scientific research for the benefit of mankind.

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17/3 21/3

CHAPTER 4 : MATTER AND SUBSTANCES 4.1 Changes in Matter

Carry out an activity to observe changes in the states of matter when heat is absorbed or released. View videos or computer simulations and discuss the following : a the kinetic theory of matter, b changes in kinetic energy of particles in matter during heat change, c change in the states of matter involving the absorption or release of heat, d changes in matter during melting,boiling,condensation,freezing and sublimation based on the kinetic theory of matter.

A student is able to : explain the kinetic theory of matter relate changes in heat to changes in kinetic energy of the particles in matter explain the interconversion of the three states of matter based on the kinetic theory of matter

Absorbed diserap Condensation kondensasi Freezing pembekuan Interconvension perubahan dari satu keadaan lain dan sebaliknya

Kinetic energy tenaga kinetik 12 Atom Structure Examine models,view computer simulations and discuss the following : the structure of an atom, b the subatomic particles namely proton,electron, and neutron.

Proton Number, Nucleon Number in Atom

A student is able to : state what proton number is state what nucleon is relate the number of protons, neutrons and electrons in an atom to its proton number and Draw a labelled diagram of a model of an nucleon number atom. deduce the number of protons, Carry out an activity to compare and neutrons and electrons in atoms contrast the subatomic particles in terms of of different elements ocation,relative mass and charge.Illustrate make generalisation on the the similarities and differences of subatomic number of protons and particles in a graphic organiser. electrons in atoms of different elements Collect and interpret data on the following: state what isotopes are a proton number give examples of isotopes nucleon number isotopes Construct a table to show the relationship between the number of proton, neutrons A student is able to: and electrons in an atom and its proton describe the arrangement of number and nucleon number. elements in the PeriodicTable Discuss and make a generalisation that atoms of different elements consist of different numbers of protons and electrons. describe what is meant by groups and periods in the Periodic Table Discuss the following : identify the locations of metals, nonisotopes b examples of isotopes such as isotopes of metals and semimetals in the Periodic Table hydrogen and carbon. state the importance of Periodic View computer simulations or charts and Table discuss the following aspects of the Periodic Table: arrangement of elements based on increasing proton number group as vertical column containing elements with similar chemical properties.

Isotopes isotopisotop Make generalisation membuat pengitlakan Nucleon number nombor nucleon Proton number nombor proton

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4.4 The Periodic Table

Card game permainan kad Chemical properties sifat kimia Group kumpulan Horizontal rows baris mendatar Metals logam Non-metals bukan logam Period kala Periodic table jadual berkala

period as horizontal row containing elements that change their chemical and physical properties gradually from those reflecting non-metal locations of metals, non-metals and semimetals. Carry out a card game to fill up the missing elements in Periodic Table. The cards contain the following details: proton number nucleon number metal, non-metal and semimetal Discuss the importance of the Periodic Table in terms of: assisting in an orderly and systematic approach to the study of elements knowing the properties of the elements c. predicting the properties and uses of elements 14 4.5 Properties of Substances View computer simulations or charts to study the following: atoms, molecules and ions, substances which are made of atoms, molecules and ions, physical properties of substances made atoms, molecules and ions such as: i physical state at room temperature, melting point, iii boiling point, electrical conductivity. arrangement of particles and the forces of attraction between particles in substances made of atoms, molecules and ions. Carry out an activity to compare and contrast substances that are made of atoms, molecules and ions based on their physical properties. Illustrate the similarities and differences in a graphic organizer. Discuss the arrangement of particles and the forces of attraction between particles in relation to the physical properties of A student is able to : describe what atoms, molecules and ions are identify the particles in substances as atoms, molecules and ions state examples of substances made of atoms, molecules and ions compare and contrast substances that are made of atoms, molecules and ions based on their physical properties relate the physical properties of substances made up of atoms, molecules and ions to the arrangement of particles and the forces of attraction between them

Semimetals separuh logam Verticals column turus menegak

Boiling point takat didih Electrical conductivity kekonduksian elektrik Forces of attraction daya tarikan Melting point takat lebur Room temperature suhu bilik Chlorine klorin Copper kuprum Ductility kemuluran Electrical and heat

substances made up of atoms, molecules and ions. Carry out an activity to identify objects in he classroom which are made of metals and non-metals. Collect and interpret data on the properties and uses of metals such as iron, aluminium zinc, copper, lead, tin, gold, and non-metals such as carbon, sulphur and chlorine. Carry out an activity to compare and contrast the properties of things made of metal and non-metal and illustrate the similarities and differences in a graphic organizer. Carry out an activity to study the physical properties of metals and non-metals such as: luminosity ductility malleabilitytensile strength electrical and heat conductivity A student is able to : list examples of metals and nonmetals list the properties of metals and non-metals list the uses of metals and nonmetals in daily life compare and contrast metals and non-metals based on their physical properties relate the physical properties of metals and non-metals to their uses in daily life

conductivity kekonduksian elektrik dan haba Gold emas Iron besi Lead plumbum Luminosity kekilauan Malleability ketertempaan Sulphur sulfur Tensile strength kekuatan regangan Tin timah

4.6 Properties of Metals and Non Metals

Discuss the physical properties of metals and non-metals relating to their uses in daily life 15 4.7 Purification of Substances Collect and interpret data on the following : A student is able to : characteristic of pure substances, state the characteristics of pure different methods of purification of substances substances. describe the different methods of purification of substances Carry out activities to study the following : relate the characteristics of how the presence of impurities such as salts substances to the methods of affects the boiling point of water, purification used purifications of substances by the following explain with examples the methods methods : of purification used to produce i) distillation,e.g purifying alcohol from substances used in daily life a mixture of alcohol and water, ii) crystallisation,e.g purifying salt from a satured solution of common salt. Crystallisation penghabluran Distillation penyulingan Distilled water air suling Impurities bendasing Petroleum fractions pecahan petroleum Pure substances

bahan tulen Gather information and discuss the following : factors to be considered when selecting the methods of purification.Examples are as follow : separating a liquid from a solution of a solid in a liquid,such as producing pure water from sea water, separating a liquid from a mixture of miscible liquids such as removing ethanol from a mixture of ethanol and water, separating insoluble impurities from a soluble substances such as removing sand and other impurities from salt. methods of purification used in producing substances needed daily such as salt,sugar,petroleum fractions and distilled water. Discuss the following : how various substances of different characteristics can be utilised to benefit mankind, the importance of the existance of various substances of different characteristics. A student is able to : describe how man uses various substances of different characteristics and states in everyday life justify the importance of the existence of various substances of different characteristics and states that benefit mankind. Purification of substances penulenan bahan Saturated solutions larutan tepu Solutes zat-zat terlarut Miscible larut campur

4.8 Uses of Various Substances

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30/4 04/5

CHAPTER 5 :

ENERGY AND CHEMICAL CHANGES 5.1 Physical and Chemical Changes

Discuss the following in terms of physical A student is able to : and chemical changes: explain what physical change is burning of paper, explain what chemical change is

Chemical changes perubahan kimia

melting of ice, change in colour of sliced apples, evaporation of water.

give examples of physical changes in daily life give examples of chemical changes in daily life Carry out the following activities to study compare and contrast physical physical and chemical changes: changes and chemical changes heating iron with sulphur, burning magnesium in air, mixing zinc with copper sulphate solution, soking clean iron nails in water until they rust, heating copper carbonate, mixing potassium iodide with lead nitrate, dissolving sugar in water, rystallizing sodium chloride from its saturated solution, heating iodine crystals in a closed container, slow heating of wax. Carry out an activity to compare and contrast physical change and illustrate the similarities and differences in a graphic organizer. Carry out the following activities to study A student is able to : heat changes in chemical reactions: state that chemical reactions involve dissolving ammonium chloride in water, heat change 5.2 Heat Change in Chemical Reaction dissolving sodium hydroxide in water. identify reactions involving heat loss Discuss the following: the relationship between heat loss or heat identify reactions involving heat gain relate changes in temperature of gain and changes in temperature, exothermic and endothermic reactions based reactants to exothermic reactions relate changes in temperature of on changes in heat. reactants to endothermic reactions View computer simulations then gather and explain through examples heat interpret data on heat changes that occur changes that occur during industrial during industrial chemical reactions, such as: chemical reactions the production in ammonia from ammonium products, the production of sulphuric acid.

Copper carbonate salt garam kuprum karbonat Copper sulphate solution larutan kuprum sulfat Evaporation of water penyejatan air Lead nitrate plumbum nitrat Physical changes perubahan fizik Potassium iodide kalium iodide Reaction tindak balas Saturated solution larutan tepu Sodium chloride natrium klorida Wax lilin Chemical reaction tindak balas kimia Endothermic serap haba Exothermic buang haba Heat change perubahan haba Reactant bahan

tindak balas

17 18 & 19 MID YEAR SCHO OL BREA K 26/05 10/06

07/05 11/05 14/05 25/05

REVISION MID YEAR EXAM

20

11/06 -15/06

5.3 The Reactivity Series of Metals

Carry out activities to study the following A student is able to : reactions: describe the reactivity of metals sodium,calcium,magnesium,aluminium,zinc with water and copper with water. describe the reactivity of metals Magnesium,aluminium,zinc and copper with with acids dilute acids. describe the reactivity of metals Magnesium,aluminium,zinc,copper with with oxygen oxygen. compare and contrast the reactivity Carry out activities to compare and contrast of metals with water, acids and the reactivity of metals with water,acids and oxygen oxygen.Illustrate the similarities and arrange metals in order of reactivity differences in a graphic organiser. construct the reactivity series of Discuss and arrange metals in order of metals based on reactivity of metals reactivity. with oxygen identify the position of carbon in the Collect and interpret data on the reactivity of reactivity series metals with oxygen to construct the reactivity series of metals. Carry out an experiment to determine the position of carbon in the reactivity series.

Dilute acids asid cair Reactivity series siri kereaktifan

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18/06 22/06

Applying the Concepts of Reactivity Series of Metals

View computer simulations or videos on A student is able to : methods of extracting metals from their ores relate the position of metals in the and then carry out the following activities: reactivity series to the methods of a. relate the position of metals in the extraction of metals from their ores reactivity series to the method of explain with examples the process extracting metals from their ores,such as of extraction of a metal from its ore using carbon and by electrolyisis, using carbon b. discuss the process of extracting tin from state the importance of the its ore. reactivity series Discuss the importance of the reactivity series.

Electrolysis elektrolisis Extraction pengestrakan Ore bijih Tin timah

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25/6 29/06

5.5 Electrolysis

Carry out activities on electrolysis and A student is able to : discuss the following: state what electrolysis is definition of electrolysis state what anode, cathode, anion, what anode, cathode, anion, cation and cation and electrolyte are electrolyte are, describe the electrolysis of an the process and product of electrolysis of an electrolyte using carbon electrodes electrolyte using carbon electrodes, explain the uses of electrolysis in use of electrolysis in electroplating metal industry objects. View computer simulations and study the following processes: electrolysis of molten lead bromide using carbon electrodes, electroplating objects made of iron with copper. View videos or computer simulations and discuss the uses of electrolysis in industry, including the extraction of metals, purification of metals and electroplating.

Anode anod Cathode katod Electrode elektrod Electrolyte elektrolit

Electroplating penyaduran elektrik Lead bromide plumbum bromide Molten lebur

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02/06 6/07

5.6 Electric Energy from Chemical Reactions

Carry out an activity to study the production A student is able to : of electrical energy by a simple cell. describe how a simple cell works list the various types of cells and Examine various types of cells such as dry their uses cells,lead-acid accumulators,alkaline state the advantages and batteries and nickel-cadmium batteries and disadvantages of various types of discuss:

Alkaline batteries bateri alkali Lead-acid accumulators akumulator asid plumbum

a. their uses, b. the advantages and disadvantages in using each of these types of cells.

cells Simple cell sel ringkas

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09/07 13/07 5.7 Light and Chemical Reactions

Discuss the following: chemical reactions which require light for example photosynthesis in green plants, the effect of light on photosensitive chemicals. Carry out an activity to study the effect of light on photographic paper and silver chloride.

A student is able to : give examples of chemical reactions which require light explain the effect of light on photosensitive chemicals explain why certain chemicals are stored in dark bottles

Photographic paper kertas fotografi Photosensitive chemicals bahan kimia yang peka cahaya Photosynthesis fotosintesis

The Benefits of Chemical Reactions

Discuss how photosensitive chemicals are stored by relating to the effect of light on these chemicals.

A student is able to : describe how energy obtained from chemical reactions should be used Prepare folio and scrap book on the efficiently to prevent wastage following topics: describe how equipment utilising how energy obtained from chemical chemical reactions as sources of reactions should be used efficiently to energy should be disposed to prevent wastage, reduce environmental pollution how equipment utilising chemical reactions give suggestions on new ways of as sources of energy should be disposed to using chemical reactions as sources reduce environmental pollution, of energy for equipment put into practise god habits when Carry out a brainstorming session on new ways of using chemical reactions as sources using and disposing equipment that uses chemical reaction as sources of of energy for equipment. energy Carry out activities to illustrate good habits of using and disposing equipment that uses chemical reaction as a source of energy.

Silver chloride argentum klorida

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16/07 20/07 CHAPTER 6 : NUCLEAR ENERGY View computer simulations, videos or charts A student is able to: Understanding Radioactive Substances and study : state what radioactive substance a. radioactive substances are b. radioactive radiations give examples of radioactive c. radioisotopes

Penetration power -kuasa penembusan Radiation - sinaran

Discuss the following : a. radioactive substances b radioisotopes of carbon, cobalt and iodine c. the process of radioactive decay and the emission of alpha particles, beta particles and gamma radiation carry out an activity to compare and contrast the characteristics of the three types of radioactive radiations i.e. alpha, beta and gamma radiation in terms of: types of particles charge penetrating powers Illustrate the similarities and differences in a graphic organiser View computer simulations, videos or charts and discuss the uses of radioactive substances in the following fields: agriculture medicine archaeology industry food preservative Access websites or visit Malaysian Institute of Nuclear Technology (MINT) to collect information on radioactive substances and nuclear energy Understanding The Production of Nuclear Energy and Its Uses

substances Radioactive decay -pereputan radioaktif describe the process of radioactive decay Radioisotope -radioisotop name three types of radioactive radiation describe the characteristics of each type of radioactive radiation compare and contrast radioactive radiations explain what radioisotopes are give examples of radioisotopes explain the uses of radioactive substances

View computer simulations, videos and charts and discuss the production of nuclear A student is able to: energy through the following : describe the production of nuclear fission energy through fission fusion describe the production of nuclear energy through fusion Discuss the process of generating electricity state the uses of nuclear energy from nuclear energy describe the process of generating

Fission - pembelahan Fusion - pelakuran Nuclear energy - tenaga nuclear

Read the articles and do a group presentation on the following : the uses of nuclear energy the effects of nuclear energy production

electricity from nuclear energy explain the effects of nuclear energy production

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23/7 27/7

Awareness of the Need for Proper Handling Radioactive Substances

Read the articles, view videos or charts and A student is able to: discuss the following : state the effects of radioactive Chernobyl nuclear disaster and other nuclear radiations on living things disaster describe the correct way of handling handling pf radioactive substances radioactive substances and radioactive and radioactive waste waste explain the need for proper handling of Discuss the following : radioactive substances and radioactive a. short term and long term effects of waste radioactive substances and radioactive waste b. the need for proper handling of radioactive substances and radioactive waste Debate on the need to have nuclear power station

Radioactive waste - sisa radioaktif Nuclear power station -stesen tenaga nuclear

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30/07 - 03/08 CHAPTER 7 :

LIGHT, COLOUR, SIGHT Synthesising the Formation of Image by Plane Mirrors and Lenses

Carry out activities to observe the following images formed by an plane mirror images formed by convex land concave lenses

: A student is able to: state the characteristics of images formed by a plane mirror state the characteristics of images formed by a convex lens Carried out an activity to compare and state the characteristics of images contrast images of distant objects formed by formed by a concave lens convex and concave lenses. Illustrate the compare and contrast images of similarities and differences in a graphic distant objects formed by organiser convex lens and concave lens draw and label ray diagram to show the Use computer simulation, videos or charts to image by light rays passing through a demonstrate the construction of ray convex lens diagrams draw and label ray diagram to show the image by light rays passing through a Draw ray diagrams for light passing through:

Concave lens - kanta cekung Convex lens - kanta cembung Distant object - jarak objek Focal length - panjang focus Focal point - titik focus Image distance - jarak imej

convex lens with objects located at various distances concave lens Label the following on the ray diagrams : a. principal axis b. optical centre focal point focal length object distance image distance Discuss how characteristics of image formed by convex lenses vary with object distance Plan and carry out an activity to determine the focal length of convex lens

concave lens Object distance - jarak draw ray diagram to explain how objek characteristics of images formed by convex lens vary with object distance determine the focal length of a convex Optical centre - pusat optic lens Plane mirror - cermin satah Principle axis - paksi utama Ray diagram - sinar gama

27 & 28 06/08 08/08 SEMESTE R II SCHOOL BREAK 18/08 26/09 29 27/08 30/08

AUGUST TEST

Synthesising the Formation of Images by Optical Instruments

Investigate the image formed in a camera using a pin-hole camera with and without lens

A student is able to : identify the parts of optical instruments involved in image formation Construct a simple periscope and telescope. draw ray diagrams for light rays Discuss the formation of image by these passing through an optical optical instruments instrument compare and contrast the Use computer simulations to demonstrate mechanisms in focusing and construction of ray diagrams for the light controlling the amount of light

Image formation -pembentukan imej Magnifying glass - kanta pembesar Optical instrument - alatan optic Pin-hole camera -kamera

rays passing through the eye and optical instruments

that enters human eyes and a camera explain the structure and function of Based on the simulations, draw and label ray various parts of the using a camera as diagrams to show the formations of images an analogy in the following optical instruments : camera periscope telescope eye Discuss the similarities and differences between camera and eye in terms of focusing and controlling the amount of light Examine a model camera and relate its structure and functions to those of the eyes

lubang jarum

30

03/09 - 07/09

7.3 Analysing Light Dispersion

Carry out activities to investigate the following : light dispersion using a prism rainbow formation Discuss what light dispersion is Use computer simulations to demonstrate light dispersion Draw a labelled diagram to show dispersion of light Discuss light dispersion in a phenomenon, such as the formation of rainbow

A student is able to : state what light dispersion is explain through examples how dispersion of light occurs

Light dispersion -penyebaran cahaya Phenomenon -fenomena Rainbow - pelangi

7.4 Analysing Light Scattering

Carry out an activity to study light scattering and its effects A student is able to : Use computer simulations to demonstrate state what light scattering is the process of light scattering give examples of phenomena related to Discuss light scattering in phenomena such light scattering explain through examples how as blue skies and red sunset

scattering of light occurs in natural phenomena

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10/09 14/09

Analysing The Effects of Mixing Pigments

Carry out activities to observe and study A student is able to : Mixing of pigments pigments and the effects of mixing pigments state what pigment is -percampuran pigmen list the uses of pigments View computer simulations and discuss the compare and contrast the mixing of Pigment pigmen mixing of pigments and the effects of pigments with the addition of coloured pigments on light lights explain through examples the effects of Carry out an activity to compare and pigments on light contrast the mixing of pigments with the make conclusions about the mixing of addition of coloured lights, illustrate the pigments similarities and differences in graphic organiser Based on the above activities make conclusions about the mixing of pigments and discuss the uses of pigments

View computer simulations or videos to Evaluating The Importance of Colour in gather information and discuss the following Daily Life : a. the uses of colour in printing, b. electrical wiring, traffic lights, symbol and signals the importance of colour to humans, animals and plants Discuss what life is like without colour Discuss the advantages of having various kinds of optical instruments such as : to overcome the limitation of the sense of light extending the capability or power of vision increasing human knowledge and understanding about nature

A student is able to : list the uses of colour in daily life state with examples the importance of colour to living things justify the importance of colour to living things

Appreciating the Benefits of Various Types of Optical Instruments to Mankind

A student is able to : relate the inventions of various types of Optical instruments optical instruments to their -peralatan optik contributions to mankind

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17/09 21/09 CHAPTER 8 :

CHEMICALS IN Examine things made of alloys and discuss INDUSTRY the their composition, properties and uses Undestanding Properties of Alloys and Their Uses In Industry Collect and interpret data on the following : what alloy is examples of alloys composition, properties and the uses of various alloy including steel, pewter, bronze, brass and duralumin

A student is able to : state what an alloy is give an examples of alloys explain how the formation of alloy can change the properties of metal relate the changes in the properties of metals when they are converted to alloys to the arrangement of particles in the alloys relate the properties of alloys to their uses in daily life View videos or computer simulations and describe the importance of alloys in discuss : industry how formation of alloys can change the properties of metals, such as to increase state what superconductor alloys are hardness, prevent corrosion and improve appearance what superconductor alloys are Discuss the importance of alloys in industry Collect and study product labels to identify the ammonium compounds present

Alloy - aloi Brass - loyang Bronze - gangsa Corrosion - pengakisan Steel - keluli Superconductor alloy -aloi superkonduktor

Analysing Production and Uses of Ammonia in Industry

A student is able to : list the uses of ammonia and its Discuss the uses of ammonia and its compounds in daily life compounds in the making of substances describe how ammonia is produced in such as fertilisers, nitric acid, colouring, industry cleaning agents and explosives state the factors which affect the production of ammonia in industry View videos or computer simulations to state the industrial uses of ammonia gather and interpret data on the following : describe how ammonia is used to the process of producing ammonia produce ammonium salt fertilisers and in industry urea factors which affect the optimum production of ammonia such as temperature, pressure and catalysts Draw a flow chart to show the production of ammonia Collect and interpret data on the large scale uses of ammonia in industry such as

Ammonium salt - garam ammonium Catalyst - mangkin Cleaning agents - agen pembersih Colouring - pewarna Explosives - bahan letupan Fertilisers - baja Flow chart - carta alir Pressure - tekanan

manufacturing fertiliser and nitric acid Carry out activity to prepare ammonium fertiliser such as ammonium sulphate, ammonium nitrate and ammonium phosphate Analysing The Effects of Industrial Waste Disposal View videos or computer simulations to A student is able to : Environmental problem gather and interpret data on environmental identify manufacturing activities which pencemaran alam pollution arising from : sekitar are sources of pollution burning of fossils fuels explain the effects of improper industrial Fossil fuels - bahan api disposal of industrial waste such as toxic waste disposal fosil substances from the chemical industry, relate the effects of industrial waste radioactive waste, oil palm and rubber waste disposal to the survival of living things from the agricultural industry Industrial waste - bahan state with examples the methods of effects of improper industrial waste disposal controlling industrial waste disposal to sisa industri on the environment avoid pollution methods of controlling industry industrial waste disposal to avoid environmental pollution Discuss and relate the effects of improper disposal of industrial waste to the survival of living things Select an industry and do a presentation on how wastes are managed in the industry Preservation and Conservation of the Environment View videos or computer simulations on industrial waste pollution and its effects on environment Discuss : consequences of uncontrolled and haphazard disposal of industrial waste the need to treat industrial pollution seriously in order to preserve and conserve the environment the importance of practising responsible way of disposing industrial waste A student is able to : describe the consequences of uncontrolled and haphazard disposal of industrial waste explain the importance of practising responsible way of disposing industrial waste

Environmental problem pencemaran alam sekitar Conservation -pemuliharaan Preservation -pemeliharaan

REVISION 34 24/09 12/10

35 - 38

15/10 23/10

FINAL EXAM

SCHOOL BREAK 10/11 01/01

Disediakan Oleh

(MOHD AZLEE BIN ISMAIL) Ketua Panitia Sains