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Forty hadith on the virtues of Umar ibn Al-Khattab/Al-Gharur fi fadail Umar

Imam Jalaluddin As-Suyuti In the name of Allah the most merciful the most compassionate
By him we seek aid over the unbelieving folk. All praise is for Allah who ennobled the ability of those who desire to be his servants. I testify that there is no deity except Allah, the King of the distressed and the happy, I testify that our master Muhammad is his bondsman, his messenger, who establishes the right path, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family, his companions and the outstanding leaders. To commence: this text is called Al-Gharur fi fadail Umar/the finest of the virtues of Umar. I have narrated forty hadiths to delude the distracters, for clarification of their strange words and problems. And I ask Allah to benefit us by it, O Allah accept!

Hadith one
Ali (may Allah ennoble his face) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Abu Bakr and Umar are mature masters of the inhabitants of paradise, of the first and the last with the exception of the Prophets and the Messengers. Imam Ahmed authentic.

Hadith two
Sa ed ibn Zayd reports that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Abu Bakr is in Paradise, Umar is in Paradise, Uthman is in Paradise, Ali is in Paradise, Talha is in Paradise, Al-Zubayr is in Paradise, Abdurrahman ibn Awf is in Paradise, Sa ad ibn Abi Waqqas is in Paradise, Sa ed ibn Zayd is in Paradise and Abu Ubayd ibn Al-Jarrah is in Paradise. Imam Ahmed authentic and others.

Hadith three
Al-Muttalib ibn Abdullah ibn Hintab narrates from his father, from his grandfather that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Abu Bakr and Umar are to me like the station of the hearing and sight. Abu Y alla, Al-Barawadi, Abu Na yim and others.

Hadith four
Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Abu Bakr and Umar are to the religion like the station of the hearing and the sight to the head. Ibn Al-Najar and Al-Khattib in Tarikh from Jabir.

Hadith five
Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Abu Bakr is my minster and shall take my place, Umar converses upon my tongue, I am from Uthman and Uthman is from me; it is as if through O Abu Bakr intercedes for my nation. Ibn Al-Najjar

Hadith six
Ibn Mas ud (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Abu Bakr and Umar are like the eyes of my head, Uthman ibn Affan is like the tongue in my mouth and Ali ibn Abu Talib is like the soul in my body. Ibn Al-Najjar

Hadith seven
Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Abu Bakr and Umar are to me in the station of Haroon from Musa. Al-Khatib in Tarikh.

Hadith eight
Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Abu Bakr and Umar are the best of the inhabitants of the heavens, earth, and the best until the day of judgement. Al-Daylami in Al-Firdows.

Hadith nine
Abdullah ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Umar Ibn Al-Khattab is the lantern for the residents of Paradise. Abu Na yim in virtue of the companions and others.

Hadith ten
Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, I am from Umar and Umar is from me. The truth, after me, is with Umar wherever he is. Al-Tabarani in Al-Kabir and others.

Hadith eleven
Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Allah made truth on the tongue and heart of Umar. At-Tirmidhi rated as sahih and others.

Hadith twelve
Ayyub ibn Musa (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Allah made truth on the tongue and heart of Umar, he is the distinguisher, that Allah separates truth from falsehood. Ibn Sa ad Mursal.

Hadith thirteen
Bilal (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Allah made truth in the heart and tongue of Umar. Ibn Asakir.

Hadith fourteen
Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) struck the chest of Umar with his hand when he became Muslim and said, O Allah take out from the heart of Umar rancour and disease in exchange for faith. (Three times) (No source given)

Hadith fifteen
Ali (may Allah ennoble his face) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, The best of this nation after its Prophet is Abu Bakr and Umar. Ibn Asakir.

Hadith sixteen
Ali (may Allah ennoble his face) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, The best of my nation after me is Abu Bakr and Umar. Ibn Asakir.

Hadith seventeen
Anas (may Allah be pleased with her) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, I entered paradise and came to a palace of gold. I asked, To whom does this palace belong? They said, To a youth of Quresh. I thought that it was me so I asked, Who is it? They said, Umar ibn Al-Khattab. If I knew it belonged to someone else I would have entered it. Imam Ahmed rated Sahih and others.

Hadith eighteen
Salim narrates from his father that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, I saw in my dream that I was drawing a bucket of a well by its pulley. Then Abu Bakr came and gave one or two buckets. He was overcome by weakness and Allah forgave him. Then Umar took it and emptied many by hand, I did not see anyone as strong as he amongst the people, even the peoples (water) skins were full. Al-Bukhari.

Hadith nineteen
Sumrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, I saw a bucket as if it came from the sky, Abu Bakr came and took the pale and drank weakly. Then Umar came and drank until full. Then Uthman came and drank until full. Then Ali came untied it and spilt it. Imam Ahmed and others.

Hadith twenty
Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, I saw in dream that I was given a container full of milk so I drank from it until I saw it flow in the veins of my skin and flesh. Then I gave the superfluous to Umar ibn Al-Khattab. So the first of them said, O Prophet of Allah, this is knowledge that Allah gave you to have your fill and the extra was given to Umar ibn Al-Khattab. He replied, You are correct. Al-Hakim rated Sahih and others.

Hadith twenty one


Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Shorty before dawn I saw that I was given the keys and scales. As for the keys these are the keys and as for the scales which I was weighed in a pan against my nation in the other and I outweighed them. Then I went and Abu Bakr was weighted and it was the same. Then he went and Umar came and he did the same then went. Uthman was weighted and did the same then it was raised. Imam Ahmed.

Hadith twenty two


Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Allah is pleased when Umar is pleased. Umar is pleased when Allah is pleased.

Al-Hakim in Tarikh.

Hadith twenty three


Ibn Mas ud (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, O Allah strengthen Islam by Umar ibn Al-Khattab or Abu Jahl ibn Hashim. So Allah accepted the supplication of the Messenger for Umar ibn Al-Khattab so Islam was supported by him and (other) religions were destroyed. Al-Tabarani in Al-Kabir with and authentic chain.

Hadith twenty four


Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him and ennoble his face) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, O Allah fortify Islam by Umar ibn AlKhattab. Al-Tabarani in Al-Awsat.

Hadith twenty five


Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) supplicated on Thursday night saying, O Allah strengthen Islam by Umar ibn Al-Khattab or Amr ibn Hisham. On the morning of Friday Umar became Muslim. Al-Tabarani in Al-Awsat.

Hadith twenty six


Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, No prophet has in his nation a teacher or two teachers, if they was one from my nation that it is Umar ibn Al-Khattab. As the truth comes on the tongue and heart of Umar.

Al-Tabarani in Al-Awsat.

Hadith twenty seven


Asmah narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, If there would be a prophet after me it would be Umar. Al-Tabarani.

Hadith twenty eight


Abu Sa id Al-Khudari (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, If Allah was to send a messenger after me it would be Umar ibn Al-Khattab. Al-Tabarani.

Hadith twenty nine


Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Jibril, upon him peace, came to me and said, Convey greeting to Umar and say to him his satisfaction is wisdom and his anger might. Al-Tabarani.

Hadith thirty
Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Allah, Mighty and Majestic, boasts with his angels about his servants on the evening of Arafat generally and boasts about Umar specifically. Al-Tabarani.

Hadith thirty one


Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) looked at Umar one day and smiled at him then said, O son of AlKhattab do you know why I smiling at you? he replied, Allah and his Messenger know best. He said, Allah, Mighty and Majestic, boasts about the people of Arafat and boasts about you specifically. Al-Tabarani.

Hadith thirty two


A freed bondswoman of Hafsah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Satan has not meet Umar since he became Muslim except murmur in his face. Al-Tabarani in Al-Kabir rated hassan by some.

Hadith thirty three


Abu Al-Tufail (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, I was drawing out (water) when dark spoils was brought to me. Then Abu Bakr came and took out one pail then another, in a pail was weakness and Allah forgave him. Then Umar came and emptied a lot and took the overflow then drew out more. I did not see a stronger man better than Umar. The first darkness was the Arabs and the dust was the non-Arabs. Al-Tabarani with a sound/Sahih chain.

Hadith thirty four


Jabir ibn Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates, We were sat with the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him), Umar ibn Al-Khattab came wearing a white long shirt. The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him), said to him, O Umar is your long shirt new or it washed? He replied, Washed. He said, New clothes, praised abode, died martyred; may Allah give him the apple of his eye in the world and the afterlife.

Al-Bazzar.

Hadith thirty five


Abu Dhar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) saw Umar and said, You shall not be afflicted with tribulation as long as he is amongst you. Al-Tabarani.

Hadith thirty six


Abu Sa id Al-Khudari (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, Whoever hates Umar hates me. Whoever loves Umar loves me. Allah boasts about the people at the evening of Arafat generally and boasts of Umar specifically. Allah did not send a prophet except that his nation had a speaker and if there was one of my nation it would be Umar. They asked, O Messenger of Allah how does he speak? He said, Angels speak upon his tongue. Al-Tabarani.

Hadith thirty seven


Al-Aswad ibn Saria (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said meaning Umar, This man does not love falsehood. Imam Ahmed and Al-Tabarani.

Hadith thirty eight


Qudamah ibn Muzuthun (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) indicated to Umar and said, This is the lock of tribulation. And he said, He remains between you and tribulation as a strong locked door between and he does not live amongst them.

Al-Tabarani and Al-Bazzar.

Hadith thirty nine


Sahl ibn Abi Hathmah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, When I, Abu Bakr, Umar die then if you are able to perish then perish. Abu Na yim in Hilyah Al-Awilya and Ibn Asakir.

Hadith forty
Ammar ibn Yasir (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, O Ammar, Jibril came to me and I asked, O Jibril narrate to me the virtues of Umar ibn Al-Khattab in the heavens. He said, O Muhammad, if I was to narrate the virtues of Umar from the time that Nuh remained with his people, nine hundred and fifty years, I would not exhaust the virtues of Umar. Yet Umar is one of the good actions of Abu Bakr. Abu Y alla, Al-Tabarani in Al-Awsat and Al-Kabir.

Imam Ahmed, Al-Bazzar and Al-Tabarani all report that Abdullah ibn Mas ud (may Allah be pleased with him) said, The virtue of Umar ibn Al-Khattab over the people is because of four things; when he spoke about the captives on the battle of Badr he gave the opinion that they be killed and Allah (Mighty and Majestic) revealed, Had it not been for a previous ordainment from God, a severe penalty would have reached you. (Quran Al-Anfal 8:68). By his mention of the instruction for the Hijab for women by the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him). Zaynab said to him, You are with us O son of Al-Khattab and revelation descends in our home. Then Allah (Mighty and Majestic) revealed, And when you ask of them anything, ask it of them from behind a curtain. (Quran Al-Ahzab 33:53). By the supplication of the Prophet (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, O Allah support Islam by Umar. There is an opinion that this was before Abu Bakr took allegiance. AlTabarani reports from Tariq ibn Shihab that Umm Ayman said on the day Umar was killed, The day Islam became frail. Also reported (by Al-Tabarani) is that Abdullah ibn Mas ud (may Allah be pleased with him) said, If the Islam of Umar was an opening his migration was a victory and his leadership mercy. I swear by

Allah that we were unable to pray at the Ka aba until Umar became Muslim. Or in another narration, We were unable to pray at the Ka aba publically. His virtues, may Allah be pleased with him, are more than can be counted. The most famous we have mentioned. I only wished to bless myself by serving him, may Allah be pleased with him, by this remnant to benefit he who does not know much of his virtues by the ignorance before him. And Allah is the giver of success; Allah is sufficient for us and a blessed protector. Allah praise belongs to Allah, the first, the last, the internal, the external and may Allah bless his Messenger, his prophet, our master Muhammad, his family, his companions, his group and his party; O Allah please accept. Allah praise belongs to Allah master of the universe. This mighty book is complete by the praise and support of Allah.

nd (This translation was completed on the second of Shaban 1432/ 2 July 2011 by his unworthy and sinful servant Arfan shah (Sheikhy notes).)