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User Manual Type KITZ 201 Multi-port Interface Unit

User Manual Type KITZ 201 Multi-port Interface Unit

HANDLING OF ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT


A person's normal movements can easily generate electrostatic potentials of several thousand volts. Discharge of these voltages into semiconductor devices when handling electronic circuits can cause serious damage, which often may not be immediately apparent but the reliability of the circuit will have been reduced. The electronic circuits of ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Limited products are immune to the relevant levels of electrostatic discharge when housed in their cases. Do not expose them to the risk of damage by withdrawing modules unnecessarily. Each module incorporates the highest practicable protection for its semiconductor devices. However, if it becomes necessary to withdraw a module, the following precautions should be taken to preserve the high reliability and long life for which the equipment has been designed and manufactured. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Before removing a module, ensure that you are at the same electrostatic potential as the equipment by touching the case. Handle the module by its front-plate, frame, or edges of the printed circuit board. Avoid touching the electronic components, printed circuit track or connectors. Do not pass the module to any person without first ensuring that you are both at the same electrostatic potential. Shaking hands achieves equipotential. Place the module on an antistatic surface, or on a conducting surface which is at the same potential as yourself. Store or transport the module in a conductive bag.

More information on safe working procedures for all electronic equipment can be found in BS5783 and IEC 60147-0F. If you are making measurements on the internal electronic circuitry of an equipment in service, it is preferable that you are earthed to the case with a conductive wrist strap. Wrist straps should have a resistance to ground between 500k 10M ohms. If a wrist strap is not available, you should maintain regular contact with the case to prevent the build up of static. Instrumentation which may be used for making measurements should be earthed to the case whenever possible. ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Limited strongly recommends that detailed investigations on the electronic circuitry, or modification work, should be carried out in a Special Handling Area such as described in BS5783 or IEC 60147-0F.

Contents
1. 2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 3. 4. 4.1 4.1.1 4.1.2 4.1.3 5. 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.3.1 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.7.1 6. 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.4.1 6.4.2 6.5 6.5.1 6.5.2 6.5.3 6.5.4 6.5.5 6.5.6 6.5.7 6.5.8 6.5.9 6.5.10 6.5.11 6.5.12 6.5.13 6.6 6.6.1 6.6.2 6.7 SAFETY SECTION INTRODUCTION HANDLING AND INSTALLATION Receipt of KITZ 201 units Electrostatic discharge (ESD) Mounting Unpacking Storage Initial set-up: setting the communication address FEATURES CONNECTION Connection K-Bus Connection Rear RS232 (IEC 60870) connection Front RS232 (IEC 60870) connection ALARMS AND INDICATIONS Communication indications operation Unit healthy LED Unit alarm LED Indication alarm function links (IND Alm Fn Links) Alarm records Testing LED indication operation Watchdog contact operation Events KITZ 201 events OPERATION General General notes on port timer settings Communication port configuration Courier address recognition Address range Unit address recognition Communication port received message interleave Reset remote link Poll status and poll buffer Master Port (0, 1 and 2) request message processing Busy replies from the KITZ 201 Communication between KITZ 201 and downstream units Retries to the downstream units Block messages transfers Setting changes Changes to KITZ 201 unit settings Global requests Multiple transactions Communication port priority Event/Alarm blocking Real time clock (RTC) time and date setting IEC 60870 time and date codes Time tagging of master reply messages Foreign data transmission
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8 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 14 15 15 15 17 18 21 24 24 24 24 24 25 25 25 25 25 26 26 26 26 27 27 27 28 28 28 28 29 30 31 31 32 33 33 34 36 37 38 38 38 39

6.7.1 6.7.2 6.7.3 6.7.4 6.7.5 6.8 7. 8. 8.1 8.2 8.2.1 8.2.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.8.1 8.8.2 8.9 9. 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.3.1 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.6 .1 9.6.2 9.6.3 9.6.4 9.6.5 9.7 9.8 9.9 9.10 9.11 9.11.1 9.11.2 9.11.3 9.12 9.13 10. 10.1 10.2 10.2.1 10.2.2 10.2.3 10.2.4 10.3 10.3.1

Foreign data transmission and termination Foreign data reply time Reset remote link response time Foreign data interleaving KITZ 201 settings for foreign data transmission Intermittent polling IRIG-B CLOCK SYNCHRONISATION USER INTERFACE Introduction Courier database General features of a Courier database KITZ 201 database Courier password Remote access password protection Extended password protection Data cells Event extraction Use of modems Selection of modem Connection to modem Invalid settings TECHNICAL DATA Ratings auxiliary supply Burden auxiliary supply Accuracy Real time clock Contact Operation indications Communication ports K-Bus Ports 1, 2 and 3 IEC 60870 (RS232) Ports 1 and 2 IEC 60870 (RS232) Ports 0 IEC 60870 (Fibre optic) Port 1 IRIG-B - Baby-N-Connection (BNC) Port High voltage withstand Electrical environment EMC tests Atmospheric environment Mechanical environment Vibration Shock and bump Seismic Model number User tests COMMISSIONING, PROBLEM SOLVING AND MAINTENANCE General Commissioning instructions Commissioning preliminaries Auxiliary supply tests Configuration Testing communication port operation Problem solving guide All indications are off
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39 39 39 39 39 40 40 41 41 42 42 42 43 43 44 44 44 44 44 45 45 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 47 48 48 48 49 50 51 51 52 52 52 52 52 52 53 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 55

10.3.2 10.3.3 10.3.4 10.3.5 10.3.6 10.3.7 10.3.8 10.3.9 10.4 10.4.1 11. 11.1 11.1.1 11.1.2 11.1.3 11.1.4 11.1.5 11.1.6 11.1.7 11.1.8 11.1.9 11.1.10 11.2 11.2.1 11.2.2 11.2.3 11.2.4 11.2.5 11.3 11.3.1 11.3.2 11.3.3 11.3.4 11.4 11.4.1 11.4.2 11.4.3 11.4.4 11.4.5 11.4.6 11.4.7 11.4.8 11.4.9 11.4.10 11.4.11 11.4.12 11.4.13 11.4.14 11.4.15 11.5 11.5.1 11.5.2

Green supply indication is off and alarm indication is on No communications Slow communications response (many retries) Communication not operational via a modem Cannot access the KITZ 201 Courier database. Cannot access one or more of the downstream units within the specified address range Master station time out Connected Courier downstream relay communications is slow when communicating via the KITZ 201. Maintenance Battery replacement COURIER DATABASE System data Language Password Description Plant reference Model number Serial number Communications level Unit address Software reference Alarms Unit settings Extended password protection Menu access Password timer Serial Port 1 enable Serial Port 2 enable Port 0 settings Port 0 priority Port 0 setting timer Port 0 block timer Port 0 reply timer Port 1 settings Port 1 priority Port 1 mode Port 1 data rate Port 1 frame format Port 1 setting timer Port 1 block timer Port 1 reply timer Port 1 reset timer Port 1 add time tag Port 1 modem Port 1 password enable Port 1 password entry Port 1 password setting change Port 1 password timer Port 1 block events Port 2 settings Port 2 priority Port 2 mode
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55 56 56 57 57 57 57 57 57 57 59 59 59 59 59 59 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 61 61 61 61 61 61 61 62 63 63 63 63 63 64 64 64 64 64 64 64 64 65 65 65 66 66

11.5.3 11.5.4 11.5.5 11.5.6 11.5.7 11.5.8 11.5.9 11.5.10 11.5.11 11.5.12 11.5.13 11.5.14 11.5.15 11.6 11.6.1 11.6.2 11.6.3 11.6.4 11.6.5 11.6.6 11.6.7 11.6.8 11.6.9 11.7 11.7.1 11.7.2 11.7.3 11.7.4 11.8 11.8.1 11.8.2 11.8.3 11.8.4 11.8.5 11.9 11.9.1 11.9.2 11.9.3 11.9.4 11.9.5 11.9.6 11.9.7 11.9.8 11.9.9 11.9.10 11.10 11.10.1 11.10.2 12. 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5

Port 2 data rate Port 2 frame format Port 2 setting timer Port 2 block timer Port 2 reply timer Port 2 reset timer Port 2 add time tag Port 2 modem Port 2 password enable Port 2 password entry Port 2 password setting change Port 2 password timer Port 2 block events Port 3 settings Port 3 reply timer Port 3 retries Port 3 busy replies Port 3 global message transmission timer Port 3 message transmission delay times Port 3 foreign data reply timer Port 3 Intermittent Polling Port 3 polling time Port 3 polling status Indications Indication alarm function links Illuminate indications on power-up test Indications test illumination time Illuminate indications test Real time clock Date and time RTC IRIG-B enable RTC IRIG-B local time offset RTC alarm time RTC IRIG-B year Communications statistics Reset communication total message statistics Reset communication total message error statistics Port 0 communication total messages received Port 0 communication total error messages received Port 1 communication total messages received Port 1 communication total error messages received Port 2 communication total messages received Port 2 communication total error messages received Port 3 communication total messages received Port 3 communication total error messages received Address range Base address Number of downstream units APPLICATION SCADA Simultaneous communication K-Bus networks Single master stations IRIG-B
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66 66 66 66 66 67 67 67 67 67 67 67 67 68 68 68 68 68 69 69 69 69 69 70 70 70 70 70 70 71 71 71 71 71 71 71 72 72 72 72 72 72 72 72 72 73 73 73 73 73 74 74 76 76

SAFETY SECTION
This Safety Section should be read before commencing any work on the equipment. Health and safety The information in the Safety Section of the product documentation is intended to ensure that products are properly installed and handled in order to maintain them in a safe condition. It is assumed that everyone who will be associated with the equipment will be familiar with the contents of the Safety Section. Explanation of symbols and labels The meaning of symbols and labels which may be used on the equipment or in the product documentation, is given below.

Caution: refer to product documentation

Caution: risk of electric shock

Protective/safety *earth terminal Functional *earth terminal. Note: this symbol may also be used for a protective/ safety earth terminal if that terminal is part of a terminal block or sub-assembly eg. power supply. *Note:The term earth used throughout this manual is the direct equivalent of the North American term ground.

Installing, Commissioning and Servicing


Equipment connections Personnel undertaking installation, commissioning or servicing work on this equipment should be aware of the correct working procedures to ensure safety. The product documentation should be consulted before installing, commissioning or servicing the equipment. Terminals exposed during installation, commissioning and maintenance may present a hazardous voltage unless the equipment is electrically isolated. If there is unlocked access to the rear of the equipment, care should be taken by all personnel to avoid electric shock or energy hazards. Voltage and current connections should be made using insulated crimp terminations to ensure that terminal block insulation requirements are maintained for safety. To ensure that wires are correctly terminated, the correct crimp terminal and tool for the wire size should be used.
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Before energising the equipment it must be earthed using the protective earth terminal, or the appropriate termination of the supply plug in the case of plug connected equipment. Omitting or disconnecting the equipment earth may cause a safety hazard. The recommended minimum earth wire size is 2.5 mm2, unless otherwise stated in the technical data section of the Service Manual. Before energising the equipment, the following should be checked: Voltage rating and polarity; CT circuit rating and integrity of connections; Protective fuse rating; Integrity of earth connection (where applicable) Equipment operating conditions The equipment should be operated within the specified electrical and environmental limits. Current transformer circuits Do not open the secondary circuit of a live CT since the high voltage produced may be lethal to personnel and could damage insulation. External resistors Where external resistors are fitted to relays, these may present a risk of electric shock or burns, if touched. Battery replacement Where internal batteries are fitted they should be replaced with the recommended type and be installed with the correct polarity, to avoid possible damage to the equipment. Insulation and dielectric strength testing Insulation testing may leave capacitors charged up to a hazardous voltage. At the end of each part of the test, the voltage should be gradually reduced to zero, to discharge capacitors, before the test leads are disconnected. Insertion of modules and pcb cards These must not be inserted into or withdrawn from equipment whilst it is energised, since this may result in damage. Fibre optic communication Where fibre optic communication devices are fitted, these should not be viewed directly. Optical power meters should be used to determine the operation or signal level of the device.

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Older products
Electrical adjustments Equipments which require direct physical adjustments to their operating mechanism to change current or voltage settings, should have the electrical power removed before making the change, to avoid any risk of electric shock. Mechanical adjustments The electrical power to the relay contacts should be removed before checking any mechanical settings, to avoid any risk of electric shock. Draw out case relays Removal of the cover on equipment incorporating electromechanical operating elements, may expose hazardous live parts such as relay contacts. Insertion and withdrawal of extender cards When using an extender card, this should not be inserted or withdrawn from the equipment whilst it is energised. This is to avoid possible shock or damage hazards. Hazardous live voltages may be accessible on the extender card. Insertion and withdrawal of heavy current test plugs When using a heavy current test plug, CT shorting links must be in place before insertion or removal, to avoid potentially lethal voltages.

Decommissioning and Disposal


Decommissioning: The auxiliary supply circuit in the relay may include capacitors across the supply or to earth. To avoid electric shock or energy hazards, after completely isolating the supplies to the relay (both poles of any dc supply), the capacitors should be safely discharged via the external terminals prior to decommissioning. Disposal: It is recommended that incineration and disposal to water courses is avoided. The product should be disposed of in a safe manner. Any products containing batteries should have them removed before disposal, taking precautions to avoid short circuits. Particular regulations within the country of operation, may apply to the disposal of lithium batteries.

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Technical Specifications
Protective fuse rating The recommended maximum rating of the external protective fuse for this equipment is 16A, Red Spot type or equivalent, unless otherwise stated in the technical data section of the product documentation. Insulation class: IEC 61010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Class I EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Class I Installation Category (Overvoltage): IEC 61010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Category III EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Category III This equipment requires a protective (safety) earth connection to ensure user safety. Distribution level, fixed installation. Equipment in this category is qualification tested at 5kV peak, 1.2/50s, 500, 0.5J, between all supply circuits and earth and also between independent circuits. Compliance is demonstrated by reference to generic safety standards. Compliance with the European Commission Low Voltage Directive. 1993/A2: 1995 1992/A11:1997 Compliance is demonstrated by reference to generic safety standards.

Environment:

IEC 61010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Pollution degree 2 EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Pollution degree 2

Product safety: 73/23/EEC

EN 61010-1: EN 60950:

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Section 1.

INTRODUCTION

This document details the KITZ 201 interface unit. It describes the operation and features of the unit in sufficient detail to allow users to interface the unit to other equipment. The KITZ 201 will provide an interface between devices supporting K-Bus Courier communications, two Courier based master stations and a local (Courier) service/maintenance terminal. The KITZ 201 will allow simultaneous communications to be performed between two Courier master stations or higher order supervisory systems and the connected K-Bus communication devices (eg. spur of relays). A front RS232 port allows a third Courier master station to gain local access to the connected K-Bus communication devices. Operation is achieved by interleaving the request messages and associated replies to and from each Courier device. The unit performs conversion between the K-Bus HDLC data format and the RS232 IEC 60870-5 FT.1.2 data format. The unit is transparent to the equipment attached to each master station port. Modem support is provided on the RS232 master ports. A second version of the KITZ 201 replaces one of the RS232 master station ports with an optical fibre master station port. An IRIG-B connection is provided for external time synchronisation. A real time clock (RTC) maintains the time if the IRIG-B synchronisation is removed or the unit is de-energised.

Section 2.

HANDLING and INSTALLATION

The user should be familiar with the contents of the Safety Section before commencing work on this equipment. 2.1 Receipt of KITZ 201 units Although the KITZ 201 interface unit is of the standard Midos case type construction, it requires careful handling prior to use on site. Upon receipt, the unit should be examined immediately, to ensure that no damage has been sustained in transit. If damage has been sustained during transit, a claim should be made to the transport contractor and a representative of ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control should be promptly notified. 2.2 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) The KITZ 201 interface unit uses components that are sensitive to electrostatic discharges. The electronic circuits are well protected by the metal case and the internal components should not be exposed by the removal of the assembled boards from within the outer casing.
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It should be noted that there are no user setting adjustments or measurements to be carried out within the unit. A persons normal movements can easily generate electrostatic potentials of several thousand volts. Discharge of these voltages into semiconductor devices when handling electronic circuits can cause serious damage. Often, this is not immediately apparent, but the units reliability will have been impaired. When transporting the unit, care should be taken that the RS232 ports are not subjected to ESD. Touching the case will ensure that the user is at the same electrostatic potential as the unit. More information on safe working procedures for all electronic equipment can be found in BS 5783 and IEC 60147-OF. It is strongly recommended that detailed investigations on the electronic circuitry or any modification work should be carried out in a Special Handling Area such as described in the abovementioned BS and IEC documents. 2.3 Mounting KITZ 201 units are dispatched either individually or as part of a panel/rack assembly. If loose devices are to be assembled into a scheme, then construction details can be found in Publication R7012. Modules should remain protected by their metal case during assembly into a panel or rack. The design of the unit is such that fixing holes are accessible without removal of the cover. For individually mounted devices, an outline diagram is normally supplied showing the panel cut-out and hole centres. These dimensions will also be found in Figure 1. 2.4 Unpacking Care should be taken when unpacking and installing the unit to prevent damage. 2.5 Storage If the KITZ 201 interface unit is not to be installed immediately upon receipt, it should be stored in an environment free from dust and moisture in the original carton. Where de-humidifier bags have been included in the packing, they should be retained. The action of the de-humidifier crystals will be impaired if the bag has been exposed to ambient conditions and may be restored by heating the bag gently for about half an hour, prior to replacing it in the carton. Dust which collects on a carton may, on subsequent unpacking, find its way into the unit. In damp conditions, the carton and packing may become impregnated with moisture and the de-humidifier will lose its efficiency. Storage temperature: 25C to +70C.

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2.6

Initial set-up: setting the communication address The communication address of the unit will be set to 255 when it leaves the factory. This is the global address of all K-Bus slave units on the network and requires changing to a unique address in order to function as a slave device on K-Bus. This is accomplished using the Courier Access Software package or the Protection Access Software & Toolkit. For details of how to change the communication address of the unit, refer to the section "Establishing Network Communication" from either of the above-mentioned manuals. Note that it will be necessary to enter the serial number of the unit as part of the installation process.
52 97 4 holes 4.4 23.5

All dimensions in mm. 168 159

Push button projection 10 max.

99 Panel cut-out: Flush mounting fixing details.

32

212

25 min.

177

157 max.

103

Reset Flush mounting. 11

Figure 1: Case outlines size 4

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Section 3.

FEATURES

The main features of the KITZ 201 are as follows: Midos style case size 4 Extremely wide range auxiliary supply inputs External time synchronisation to IRIG-B Simultaneous dual Courier Master and local connection gateway to a single K-Bus spur of relays LED indication of communication exchanges Fully isolated RS232 communication channels Optional Fibre optic/RS232 communication channels Local/remote user configurability Internal real time clock

Section 4.
4.1

CONNECTION

Connection Connection diagrams for the KITZ 201 are shown in the following figures:

7 AC / DC + auxiliary supply VX 3 5 9 1 Watchdog

(Master) RS232 Rear Port 1 (9 way female 'D' connector)

1 DCD 2 RX 3 TX 4 DTR 5 Signal ground 6 DSR 7 RTS 8 CTS

11

Case earth K-BUS (Master K-BUS Port 1

13 K-BUS 15 Screen 17 K-BUS

19 21 K-BUS Screen 1 DCD 2 RX 3 TX 4 DTR 5 Signal ground 6 DSR 7 RTS 8 CTS TX 3 / 2 RX 2 / 3 5 23 K-BUS

(Master) K-BUS Port 2

(Master) RS232 Rear Port 2

25 K-BUS 27 Screen

(Downstream Port) K-BUS Port 3

IRIG-B (50 Ohm BNC socket)

IRIG B

RS232 Front Port (9 way female 'D' connector)

Figure 2: Connection diagram for KITZ 201(RS232 version)

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7 AC/DC auxiliary supply VX + 3 5 9 1 Case earth K-BUS K-BUS Screen K-BUS K-BUS Screen K-BUS K-BUS Screen (Downstream) K-BUS Port 3 (Master) K-BUS Port 2 (Master) K-BUS Port 1 Watchdog

(Master) Optical fibre port

Rx Tx

Rx Tx

11 13 15 17

IRIG-B (50 Ohm BNC socket)

IRIG B

19 21 23

(Master) RS232 Rear Port (9 way female 'D' connector)

1 DCD 2 RX 3 TX 4 DTR 5 Signal ground 6 DSR 7 RTS 8 CTS

25 27

TX 3/2 RX 2/3 5

RS232 Front Port (9 way female 'D' connector)

Figure 3: Connection diagram for KITZ 201 (Optical Fibre version)

The unit's front panel is shown in the Figure 4. The unit consists of four communications ports. Port 0 (RS232 Front Port) is an RS232 (IEC 60870) connection which is designed for temporary access and is located on the front of the unit. A switch is designed for crossing over the transmit and receive signals. In Figure 2, Port 1 and Port 2 can be individually configured as RS232 ports (RS232 Rear Port 1 and 2) or K-Bus ports (K-Bus Port 1 and 2). Only one of these configurations is active at any one time. For details of configuration see P1 Mode setting in section 11.4 and P2 Mode in section 11.5. In Figure, 3 Port 1 can be configured as an Optical Fibre port (Optical Fibre Port) or a K-Bus port (K-Bus Port 1). Only one of these configurations is active at any one time. For details of configuration see P1 Mode setting in section 11.4. Port 2 can be configured as an RS232 port (RS232 Rear Port) or a K-Bus port (K-Bus Port 2). Only one of these configurations is active at any one time. For details of configuration see P2 Mode in section 11.5. Port 3 (K-Bus Port 3) is for the connection of relays and is permanently configured for K-Bus.

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Metal case fixing point

KITZ 201

Plastic screw for securing cover

LED

sw1

RS232 Handle

Figure 4: KITZ 201 Front panel layout

4.1.1

K-Bus Connection K-Bus requires a twisted pair screened cable with resistive termination on the extreme ends.

4.1.1.1

Connection Method K-Bus is a multi-drop standard. This means that a K-Bus connection can be made point to point or can be daisy-chained together with a number of other products. A chain of connected units is known as a spur and no branches may be made from the spur.

4.1.1.2

Recommended Cable Twisted pair with outer screen, to DEF STANDARD 61-12-5 16 strand, 0.2mm diameter, 40mW per meter per core, 171pF per metre (core to core), 288pF per metre (core to screen).

4.1.1.3

Cable Termination Termination is via three terminals on a standard Midos terminal block. Two terminals are for the twisted pair communications wires and the third is for the screen. The screen connection is not internally connected to the unit in any way, since the screen should be earthed at one point of the cable only, normally at the master end. The transmission wires should be terminated, using a 150W resistor at both extreme ends of the cable. The Midos block terminal numbers, for connection of the three K-Bus ports are given in the following table :

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Port 1 11 13 15

Port 2 17 19 21

Port3 23 25 27

Connection K-Bus 1 K-Bus 2 Screen (NC)

Table 1: K-Bus Connections.

4.1.1.4

Cable polarity Polarisation is not necessary for the twisted pair.

4.1.1.5

Maximum cable length The maximum cable length for a spur is 1000m.

4.1.1.6

Maximum devices per Spur The maximum number of devices per spur is 32.

4.1.2 4.1.2.1

Rear RS232 (IEC 60870) connection Connection method The rear RS232 ports are suitable for direct point to point connection between the unit and either a PC or modem. The rear ports are isolated and are designed for permanent connection; modem control signals are also provided. The pin outs of the rear ports on the unit are configured as Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) the connections are listed in Table 2. Pin Number SHELL 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Function Protective ground Data carrier detect DCD Received data RxD Transmitted data TxD Data terminal ready DTR Signal ground GND Data set ready DSR Request to send RTS Clear to send CTS Not connected Direction In In Out Out In Out In

Table 2: Connection for the rear mounted RS232 serial connectors

This port supports the handshaking lines required for connection to a modem. A direct connection can be used between this port and a modem since this port will be a DCE type of connection. The direct connection is as follows:
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KITZ 201 - DTE 9 PIN 3 2 7 8 1 4 6 5 TXD RXD RTS CTS DCD DTR DSR SG

MODEM - DCE 25 PIN 2 3 4 5 8 20 6 7 9 PIN 3 2 7 8 1 4 6 5

Figure 5.

The following connection can be used for connection to a PC with handshaking enabled:

KITZ 201 - DTE 9 PIN 3 2 7 8 1 4 6 5 TXD RXD RTS CTS DCD DTR DSR SG TXD RXD RTS CTS DCD DTR DSR SG

PC - DTE 25 PIN 2 3 4 5 8 20 6 7 9 PIN 3 2 7 8 1 4 6 5

Figure 6.

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The following connection can be used for connection to a PC with no handshaking:

KITZ 201 - DTE 9 PIN 3 2 7 8 1 4 6 5


Figure 7.

PC - DTE 25 PIN TXD RXD RTS CTS DCD DTR DSR SG TXD RXD RTS CTS DCD DTR DSR SG 2 3 4 5 8 20 6 7 9 PIN 3 2 7 8 1 4 6 5

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4.1.3 4.1.3.1

Front RS232 (IEC 60870) connection Connection method The front port is designed only to be used for temporary connection and no modem control signals are available. The pin out of the front port on the unit can be configured either as a Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) or a Data Circuit Terminating Equipment (DCE) using a crossover switch (SW1) on the front panel. The connections are listed in Table 3. Pin number SHELL 1 2/3 3/2 4 5 6 7 8 9 Function Protective ground Not connected Received data RxD Transmitted data TxD Not connected Signal ground GND Not connected Not connected Not connected Not connected Direction In Out

Table 3. Connection for the Front Mounted RS232 Serial Connector

Configuring this port as a DCE connection allows direct connection to a PC (25 pin connector), if configured as a DTE, lines 2 and 3 must be crossed. If the PC requires hardware handshaking lines in order to communicate, the following connection can be used with the port configured as DTE:

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KITZ 201 - DTE 9 PIN 3 2 7 8 1 4 6 5 SG TXD RXD TXD RXD RTS CTS DC DTR DSR SG

PC - DTE 25 PIN 2 3 4 5 8 20 6 7 9 PIN 3 2 7 8 1 4 6 5

Figure 8.

Alternatively, the following connection can be used with the port configured as DCE:

KITZ 201 - DCE 9 PIN 3 2 7 8 1 4 6 5 SG TXD RXD TXD RXD RTS CTS DCD DTR DSR SG

PC - DTE 25 PIN 2 3 4 5 8 20 6 7 9 PIN 3 2 7 8 1 4 6 5

Figure 9.

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4.1.3.2

Earthing arrangements The earthing arrangement of the RS232 connection is for the protective ground to be connected to 0V via the case. This arrangement provides maximum screening of the RS232 signals. On the rear ports, the signal ground of RS232 connection is not connected to the 0V of the unit. This ensures that no earth loop currents can flow between the relay and other connected devices. On the front port, signal ground is connected to 0V of the unit.

4.1.3.3

Recommended cable A standard PC serial port interface cable should be used. It is essential that the cable screen be earthed at one end to ensure adequate screening. The connectors should be screw locked at each end. Reference should also be made to the PC or modem user manual for the exact connection requirements.

4.1.3.4

Cable length The maximum recommended cable length between IEC 60870 communication ports is 15m or 2500pF total cable capacitance (this applies to data rates of up to 19200 bits per second).

4.1.3.5

Data rates The maximum data rate available on this port is 19200 bits per second.

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Section 5.
5.1

ALARMS and INDICATIONS

Communication indications operation The operation indication of each communication port transmitter and receiver is listed in the following table: Indication LED name P0 Rx P0 Tx P1 Rx P1 Tx P2 Rx P2 Tx P3 Rx P3 Tx

Function Front communication port is receiving data Front communication port is transmitting data Communication port 1 is receiving data Communication port 1 is transmitting data Communication port 2 is receiving data Communication Port 2 is transmitting data Communication Port 3 is receiving data Communication Port 3 is transmitting data

Table 4. KITZ 201 communication LED functions.

5.2

Unit healthy LED The unit healthy LED (when on) is used to indicate the following: The auxiliary supply is present. The unit software has been initiated. The settings are valid. The unit has a non default serial number.

5.3

Unit alarm LED The alarm indication will reflect the alarm status (SYS Alarms) of the unit. These are: Invalid settings. Default settings loaded on initialisation, ie. the unit software has the default serial number. IRIG-B synchronisation lost/regained (optional). The alarm indication will also indicate that a valid password has been entered via the system data menu column.

5.3.1

Indication alarm function links (IND Alm Fn Links) The IRIG-B synchronisation lost alarm will only activate the Alarm Indication if "IND Alm Fn Links" Link 0 is set to 1.
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5.4

Alarm records The alarm flags (in the SYS Alarms menu cell) indicate the set/reset state of the alarm. Flag 0 indicates that the IRIG-B time synchronisation has been lost: (the IRIG-B synchronisation input must be enabled or no alarm will be generated). Flag 1 indicates that the settings are invalid. Flag 2 indicates that the default serial number is being used. An alarm condition will result in the Alarm indication being lit, the alarm bit will be set in the returned Courier status byte and the corresponding flag will be set in the SYS Alarms menu column. The IRIG-B synchronisation lost alarm will only activate the Alarm if "IND Alm Fn Links" Link 0 is set to 1.

5.5

Testing LED indication operation Options are provided in the Courier database to allow the indications to be illuminated on power-up or via setting a menu cell. The indications remain illuminated for a duration which is controlled by the "IND Illum Time" setting in the Courier database. See Section 11 Courier Database Settings, the "INDICATIONS" menu column for setting information details.

5.6

Watchdog contact operation The watchdog relay contact reflects the state of the unit healthy LED ("Open" is equivalent alert to "On")

5.7 5.7.1

Events KITZ 201 events The KITZ 201 generates the following time tagged events: Invalid settings default settings loaded. IRIG-B time synchronisation lost. IRIG-B time synchronisation regained. A total of 20 events can be stored in the KITZ 201 internal buffers. If the event buffer becomes full, the oldest event record will be overwritten by the next event. The events are time tagged, using the real time clock and will have the form: Year (2 digit), Month, Day, Hour, Minute, Second, Millisecond. The event records can be accessed via Port 0, 1 or 2. The automatic extraction of events can be blocked on specific ports (refer to section 6.5.13).

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Section 6.
6.1

OPERATION

General The KITZ 201 will allow simultaneous communications to be performed between each Courier master and the connected K-Bus communication devices and the local terminal and the connected relay units. This is achieved by interleaving the request messages and associated replies to/from each connected relay unit. The term "downstream unit(s)" represents any K-Bus communication devices that can be connected to Port 3 of the KITZ 201.

6.2

General notes on port timer settings A timer (eg. "P0 Setting Timer", "P1 Block Timer", "P2 Reset Timer" or "P3 Reply Timer") applies to the port on which the data is received/transmitted. A setting change time-out period for a setting transfer process performed on Port 1 can be set to a different value from the time-outs for Ports 0 and 2, ie. "P0 Reply Timer" applies to messages received on Port 0, "P1 Reply Timer" applies to messages received on Port 1. This is implied whenever timers are discussed within the text.

6.3

Communication port configuration Figure 10 illustrates the intended configuration for the KITZ 201 unit.
Courier Master 2 Courier Master 1 RS232 / K-Bus RS232 / K-Bus or Glass fibre optic / K-Bus (Rear)

P2 P1 P0 KITZ 201 P3 (Rear) K-Bus

(Rear) (Front)

IRIG-B Relay 1 IRIG-B Time Source Relay 2 Relay 3

Downstream K-Bus Courier devices

Local PC

Figure 10: KITZ 201 communication port configuration.

Communication Port 0 is intended to be used for a local or Courier Master connection and cannot be used as a slave port for the connection of IEC 60870 communications based slave devices (eg. relays). Communication Ports 1 and 2 are for connection to Courier Master stations and cannot be used as slave ports for the connection of K-Bus or IEC 60870 communications based slave devices. A version of the KITZ 201 allows a Courier master to communicate to the unit via an optical fibre connection (in place of the Port 1 RS232 connection). Communication Port 3 is for connection to downstream K-Bus Courier units only and cannot be used as a master port. The configuration of the port physical interface and operational protocol are selected by Port 1 Mode and Port 2 Mode respectively. Further details are provided in Section 11.
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6.4 6.4.1

Courier address recognition Address range The unit can communicate with up to 32 consecutive Courier addresses, starting at a user specified Courier base address. The base address is specified by the setting "AR base address" and is used to define the lowest Courier address that will be accepted as valid. Communication with addresses 0 and the global address (255) are allowed at all times. Master request messages with addresses that are not in the specified range will be ignored by the KITZ 201 and will not be sent to the connected downstream units via communication Port 3. The maximum number of consecutive Courier addresses (starting at the base address) with which the KITZ 201 can communicate is specified by the setting AR No. of units. This setting can be used as a filter to improve efficiency (under certain conditions) if only a limited number of units (with sequential addresses) are required. Under normal circumstances, the connected master should not request information from non existent addresses via the KITZ 201, so the setting can be set to 32 without reducing communication efficiency. The KITZ 201 address (in the System Data menu column) operates independently of this setting and can be set to any address (0 to 255). The KITZ 201 unit address is set to 255 (the global address) as a default condition.

6.4.2

Unit address recognition The KITZ 201 is only intended for use in systems where all addresses are single byte (eg. 254, 0). If the (single) address byte of the received message matches the KITZ 201 address (in the "SYS Unit Address" menu cell), the entire message is assumed to be for the KITZ 201. If the address does not match and is within the valid address range (see section 6.4.1), the message is passed on to the connected downstream units. The KITZ 201 unit address should be different to any connected downstream units, otherwise the downstream unit with the same address as the KITZ 201 will not be accessible. Global messages received by the KITZ 201 unit will be assumed to contain data for the KITZ 201 and downstream units. These will be processed by the KITZ 201 unit and will be passed on to the downstream units. If the KITZ 201 address is set to 255 (Global), then only global messages will be assumed to contain KITZ 201 data (these will be passed on to the downstream units). In order to allow entry to the unit settings, the Courier command CHANGE DEVICE ADDRESS (43h) should be used to give the unit an initial address. If a multiple address is received eg. 254, 12, 0 and the first address byte matches the KITZ 201 address, the entire message (including the additional address bytes) is assumed to be for the KITZ 201. If the KITZ 201 address does not match, the entire message will be passed to the connected downstream units.
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6.5

Communication port received message interleave In order to prevent downstream unit data access contention, the front communication port and rear two master communication ports (ports 0, 1 and 2 respectively) perform a message interleaving protocol. Interleaving of request/reply sequences is required in order to handle multiple master station accesses to downstream units. In general, if one master is accessing one particular downstream unit, any master can access any other connected downstream unit and other masters will have limited access to that downstream unit.

6.5.1

Reset remote link On initialisation, a master must send a "Reset remote link" request to an address before communication with that address can be achieved. The KITZ 201 will either respond with a valid acknowledge or not respond at all. The command should be repeated a number of times to determine if a downstream unit is present for the requested address. If the addressed downstream unit responds with a valid acknowledge, the address will be added to the internal poll list of the KITZ 201, thus enabling data extraction.

6.5.2

Poll status and poll buffer The KITZ 201 will internally generate Poll Status and Poll Buffer commands on Port 3 to allow extraction of downstream unit data and status. This feature can be turned off by setting P3 Inter Polling = On. See section 6.8 Intermittent polling for details. Master requests containing Poll Status or Poll Buffer are not passed through the KITZ 201 to the downstream units. Poll Buffer is used by the master to determine if the KITZ 201 has obtained the requested data from the addressed downstream unit. All non-busy message replies to master requests will contain the latest Courier status byte information (this information is extracted automatically via the KITZ 201 internal polling). A connected master can use Poll Status requests to determine if any Alarms or events have been generated by the request address. No reply will be returned to a message containing Poll Status or Poll Buffer command which is sent to an address that is not present within the KITZ 201 poll list. Each master port (0, 1 and 2) handles all Poll Status/Poll Buffer requests independently of each other (eg. a busy reply on Port 1 for a specific downstream unit address does not necessarily mean a busy reply will be returned on Port 2 in response to a request to the same downstream unit address.

6.5.3

Master Port (0, 1 and 2) request message processing If no messages are being processed by the KITZ 201 (no buffered master requests or pending downstream unit replies), the first complete error free message received on port 0, 1 or 2 will be processed by the KITZ 201.
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The KITZ 201 will determine if the received message can be transmitted to the addressed downstream unit at the current time (this will depend if a block transfer or setting change sequence is in progress and on the message contents). If the message has a non global address, one of the following then occurs : a) the message will be transmitted to the addressed downstream unit, b) the message will be held within the KITZ 201 until it can be transmitted, c) a message containing an error reply indicating that the message cannot be sent (eg. ERR_NOACCESS) will be returned to the master which made the original request. If the message has a global address, all non-interruptible setting change sequences being performed on the downstream units will be aborted before the global address message is transmitted to the downstream units. If messages are being processed by the KITZ 201 (eg. a downstream unit reply is pending), any error free messages received on ports 0, 1 or 2 will be held in a buffer until they can be processed. When the current message processing has been completed (eg. the downstream unit reply is received by the KITZ 201), the buffered messages will be processed in received chronological order or on a port priority basis (see section 6.5.12) on an address by address basis. Global address messages take precedence over non globals. 6.5.4 Busy replies from the KITZ 201 If a response to a master request cannot be made within a user specified time ("P0 Reply Timer", "P1 Reply Timer" or "P2 Reply Timer"), a busy reply will be returned to the master (except for Reset Remote Link commands). The time duration over which busy replies are returned to a master request depends on the communications being performed by the unit. If a block message transfer sequence is being performed on another master port to the same address, some commands cannot be interleaved, so busy responses will be returned until the sequence is completed. Since the KITZ 201 has to re-transmit all Port 0, 1 or 2 master requests on Port 3, the non busy downstream unit reply will rarely be available within the time-out period (unless a large timer value, say >50ms is used), so that a busy reply will almost always be returned to a master request. The other status bits within the Courier status byte reflect the latest values (for the current downstream unit address) that have been extracted by the KITZ 201 polling process. Downstream unit responses to master request messages will be held within the KITZ 201 until re-requested by the master (via Poll Buffer). If a different request is received from the same master, before extraction of the stored reply message, the stored message will be discarded and the new request sent to the downstream unit. If a new request is received from the same master before a reply (busy or non busy) has been sent by the KITZ 201 to the master in response to a previous request, the new request will be ignored.
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6.5.5

Communication between KITZ 201 and downstream units After the first valid reply (busy or non busy) to a downstream request is received by the KITZ 201, the address is added to an internal poll list within the KITZ 201. When request messages are not being received on Ports 0, 1 and 2, the KITZ 201 will poll all downstream unit addresses in the poll list with a message containing the Poll Status command. The current status of each downstream unit address (in the poll list) is buffered and can be extracted by a Port 0, 1 or 2 master via the Poll Status/Poll Buffer commands (however the status busy bit will be dependent upon the status of the communications between the Master and the KITZ 201). When a new master request becomes available for transmission to the downstream units, polling of the current address is completed before the new request is transmitted. If the reply from the downstream units to a master request is not busy and the reply has been received within a user settable time period ("P0 Reply Timer", "P1 Reply Timer" or "P2 Reply Timer") from the time that the original master request was received1 by the KITZ 201, the result is transmitted back to the master. If the elapsed time is greater, the reply is buffered and can be extracted by the master at a later date. The polling sequence is then re-enabled. If the reply from the downstream unit (to a master request) is busy, the polling is re-enabled, but the Poll Status request for the pending downstream unit reply address is replaced by a Poll Buffer request. If a non busy reply is returned to the KITZ 201 Poll Buffer request and the reply has been received within "P0 Reply Timer", "P1 Reply Timer" or "P2 Reply Timer" from the time that the original master request was received1 by the KITZ 201, the result is transmitted back to the master. If the elapsed time is greater, the reply is buffered and can be extracted by the master at a later date. The polling sequence is then re-enabled and the Poll Buffer request (for the specified address) is replaced by a Poll Status request. If a downstream unit sends more than a user-specified number of busy replies (P3 Busies) to the KITZ 201 unit, in response to a single master request, the KITZ 201 will assume communication with the downstream unit has failed and will not return a reply to the master. Polling of the unit address via the poll list will not continue and any new requests issued by the same master to the same downstream unit address will be discarded until a Reset Remote Link command is sent by the master (to the same address) and a corresponding valid reply is received. The polling of downstream unit addresses via the internal poll list allows Poll Buffer/Poll Status requests to be interleaved to all allowable addresses. This ensures that the average time for a non-busy reply for all addresses is minimal and that the status for all addresses is updated as quickly as possible.
Note
1:

A message (in IEC 60870 format) is not effectively received until 33 bit periods (at the specified data rate) after the last byte of the message has been detected. Page 30

The KITZ 201 will only perform consecutive Poll Buffer requests to the same downstream unit address if only one downstream unit address is present (addresses contained within the poll list addresses are polled in ascending order). 6.5.6 Retries to the downstream units After a master request message has been received by the KITZ 201 and retransmitted to a downstream unit, the KITZ 201 will then wait for a response. If no response is received within a user specified time-out period (P3 Reply timer), a user specified number of retries (P3 Retries) will be performed. If this fails to generate a response, any new requests issued by the same master to the same downstream unit address will be discarded until a Reset Remote Link command is sent by the master (to the same address) and a corresponding valid reply is received. If communication has been previously established between the KITZ 201 and a downstream unit, communication failure will result in the address being removed from the KITZ 201 poll list. 6.5.7 Block messages transfers Any multiple command sequences eg. block transfers or settings changes initiated by a master (to one specific downstream unit) cannot be completed by another master via a different communication port. Block message sequences from multiple masters can be interleaved only if the accessed downstream units have different addresses. Interleaving of block message sequences to the same address is not allowed since this would abort the first block message transfer sequence. 6.5.7.1 Block transfer from a Courier Address The KITZ 201 will only know of the existence of a "Blocked" reply message when the downstream unit returns the block header. Once a block transfer has been initiated between one connected master and one downstream unit, other master stations will be prevented from sending requests that may produce block message replies to the same downstream unit (a busy reply will be returned) until the block transfer is completed or terminated. Simple commands and setting changes (to the same address) are allowed within block message access sequences. The block message transfer procedure will be terminated when the corresponding block footer or an erroneous reply is received from the downstream unit. In order to prevent one master station locking out access to a relay address (by other master stations) for excessive periods, a user specified block message time-out ("P0 Block Timer", "P1 Block Timer" or "P2 Block Timer") is used to terminate the block transfer procedure for the appropriate address.

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6.5.7.2

Block transfer to a Courier address The KITZ 201 will not perform message interleaving on block transfer of data to the unit address or downstream addresses. Block transfers from a master to a specific Courier address are allowed and may be completed by another master unless action is taken by the user. In order to prevent block message sequence corruption, the store block command sequence (initiated by the "Store Block Identifier" command) should only be sent by one master to the unit while the other masters are inactive. If the user requires to perform the block transfer via Port 0, the user can disable Ports 1 and 2 to prevent sequence corruption. If the user requires to perform the block transfer via one of the other ports, the temporary Port 0 connection should be removed or prevented from performing "Store Block" transfer sequences.

6.5.8 6.5.8.1

Setting changes Setting change interleaving Once a setting change has been initiated between one connected master and one downstream unit (by issuing an Enter Setting Mode command), other master stations will be prevented from performing setting changes to the same downstream unit until the setting operation has been completed or aborted. Setting change sequences initiated via one master (to one specific downstream unit) can be interleaved with setting change sequences (initiated from masters connected to a different master Port) only if the destination downstream units have different addresses. Simple data requests to the same downstream unit from other masters will be allowed. Access to the same downstream unit by another master during noninterruptible sequences in the change of settings procedure will be prevented (eg. between the Preload Setting and Execute/Abort Setting commands). If a message cannot be interleaved while the setting change is in progress, an error reply indicating that the message cannot be sent (eg. ERR_LOCAL) will be returned to the master which made the disallowed request. The settings change procedure will be terminated when the Abort Setting or Execute Setting command is issued by the master which initiated the setting change or if an erroneous reply is received from the downstream unit. In order to prevent one master station locking out access to setting changes (by other master stations) for excessive periods, a user specified setting time-out ("P0 Setting Timer", "P1 Setting Timer" or "P2 Setting Timer") is used to terminate the setting change procedure for the address in question. If the address is expecting an "Execute Setting" request, the KITZ 201 will issue an "Abort Setting" request to terminate the setting. The time-out period can be extended by re-issuing the "Enter Settings Mode" command to the same menu cell of the same address.

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6.5.8.2

Downstream unit setting change interleaving If the system password of a connected downstream address is correctly entered via one of the KITZ 201 master ports (Port 0, Port 1 or Port 2), access to the password protected settings of the downstream address will be possible via the other master ports without re-entering the password. If the user requires to perform the setting access via Port 0, the user can disable Ports 1 and 2 to prevent unwanted access via the other ports. See section 8.3 Courier Password for details of password operation.

6.5.9

Changes to KITZ 201 unit settings This will follow the general interleave procedure for settings. The settings of the KITZ 201 unit can be changed via ports 0, 1 or 2. Setting changes can only be performed via one port at any one time. Attempts to change the settings via a second port while a setting change is in progress will not be allowed. When the system password of a connected downstream address is correctly entered via one of the KITZ 201 master ports (Port 0, Port 1 or Port 2), the password timer "UNS Passwd Timer" is enabled. If a setting change is in progress and the password timer expires before the associated setting timer ("P0 Setting Timer", "P1 Setting Timer" or "P2 Setting Timer") expires, the setting will be aborted. This can be prevented by setting the password timer to a value greater than or equal to the highest setting timer value.

6.5.10

Global requests Global requests consist of two consecutive identical messages. Once a valid global message pair has been received, these will be sent to the downstream units and KITZ 201 menu when all other pending requests have been completed. The KITZ 201 will respond with a busy reply to any other master non global requests (except the Reset Remote Link command) while a global message is being processed. Reset Remote Link commands, received while a global message is being processed, will return a valid response if the request address was present before the global command was received (ie. the downstream unit address was contained in the KITZ 201 poll list). If not, then a response will not be returned. Global requests received on the ports while the unit is busy will be sent to the downstream units and KITZ 201 menu as soon as possible. In order to improve communications reliability and security, the KITZ 201 unit will transmit two global messages to the downstream units if the message is a "Set Real Time" command request; otherwise, three global messages will be transmitted. The time delay period between the consecutive global transmissions on Port 3 is specified by the setting "P3 Gtrans Timer" in the "PORT 3 SETTINGS" menu column. Valid global request messages (two identical messages) received by the KITZ 201 will be re-transmitted on Port 3 even if no downstream units are connected to Port 3.
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If a global address message is sent to the KITZ 201, while a non-interruptible setting change sequence is being performed on one or more downstream units, an Abort Setting command will be sent to those downstream units before the global address message is transmitted to the downstream units. If a noninterruptible setting change sequence is being performed on the KITZ 201 Courier database (menu), the setting will be aborted and the global message processed. No reply messages are generated in response to global requests. Global transactions (eg. time synchronisation messages) that are repeatedly sent to the KITZ 201 may result in loss of communication to the non-global addresses. As a guideline, global message pairs should not be sent at a rate of more than 1 per minute. 6.5.11 Multiple transactions Messages containing multiple transactions are allowable if all of the commands within the message can be interleaved with any operations (eg. block transfers/ setting changes) that are being performed at the time of reception of the multiple transaction request. If any command within a multiple transaction cannot be interleaved for any reason, an error response will be produced to each command within the message. The command errors produced by the KITZ 201 are listed in Table 5.

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Command ABORT SETTING ACCEPT EVENT CHANGE DEVICE ADDRESS ENTER CALIBRATION MODE ENTER CONFIGURATION MODE ENTER SETTING MODE EXECUTE SETTING EXIT CALIBRATION MODE EXIT CONFIGURATION MODE GET COLUMN HEADINGS GET COLUMN TEXT GET COLUMN VALUES GET DEVICE LIST GET DISPLAY GET STRINGS GET TEXT GET VALUE LDU GET DISPLAY LDU LOG OFF LDU LOG ON LDU SEND KEY PRESS LOAD SHED BY GROUP LOAD SHED TO LEVEL POLL BUFFER POLL STATUS PRELOAD SETTING RESET MENU CELL RESET REMOTE LINK RESET TRIP INDICATION SELECT SETTING GROUP SEND BLOCK SEND EVENT SET REAL TIME

Error (Text) ERR_INVALIDCMD ERR_OK (use ERR_INVALIDCMD see note 1) ERR_NOVERIFY (see note 2) ERR_NOVERIFY (see note 2) ERR_NOACCESS/ERROR_LOCAL (see note 6) ERR_NOACCESS ERR_NOVERIFY ERR_NOVERIFY ERR_NODATA ERR_NODATA ERR_NODATA ERR_NODATA ERR_NOACCESS ERR_NODATA ERR_NOACCESS ERR_NOACCESS ERR_NOACCESS (see note 3) ERR_OK (see note 3) ERR_NOACCESS (see note 3) ERR_NOACCESS (see note 3) ERR_INVALIDCMD ERR_INVALIDCMD ERR_INVALIDCMD (see note 4) ERR_INVALIDCMD (see note 4) ERR_NOACCESS ERR_NOACCESS/ERROR_LOCAL (see note 6) N/A (see note 5) ERR_OK ERR_NOACCESS ERR_NODATA ERR_NODATA ERR_NOACCESS

Error (Value) 0x09 0x00 0x09 0x04 0x04 0x03 0x03 0x04 0x04 0x02 0x02 0x02 0x02 0x03 0x02 0x03 0x03 0x03 0x00 0x03 0x03 0x09 0x09 0x09 0x09 0x03 0x03 0x09 0x00 0x03 0x02 0x02 0x03

Table 5. KITZ 201 Command Error Responses.

Note 1. This command does not generate an error because it is not used as a simple transaction.
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Note 2. These commands would never be sent via a KITZ 201, because they require a six figure password. The error is returned so that the position of all further requests within a multiple transaction is preserved. Note 3. These commands are not supported by the KITZ 201 Note 4. These single transaction commands are not normally processed by the interleaving functions. The returned error allows position alignment of the request/reply data within a multiple transaction when the command is contained within the multiple transaction. Note 5. Reset Remote Link can only be sent as a single transaction; no error is generated. Note 6. The ERR_LOCAL response will be returned if this command could not be sent to the downstream units because a setting change sequence to the same address was in progress. 6.5.12 Communication port priority Under normal circumstances, the incoming messages are processed in (received) chronological order, regardless of which port they are received on. Message prioritisation is used when master request messages to a particular downstream address (and/or the KITZ 201 unit address) cannot be sent, because a non-interruptible message sequence is being performed by another master, or a reply is pending from a downstream unit. Prioritisation will allow the response time to a particular master to be reduced for these situations. Prioritisation of request messages is performed on an individual address basis. The front communication port and rear two master communication ports (ports 0, 1 and 2 respectively) can be set (via P0 Priority, P1 Priority and P2 Priority) to a priority level between 0 (highest) and 2 (lowest). Where the same priority setting is allocated for 2 or more ports, the priorities of the ports are equal. The following table gives examples. Priority Example 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Front Port (0) Highest Lowest Lowest Middle Middle Equal Lowest Lowest Highest Lowest Highest Rear Port 1 Middle Highest Middle Highest Lowest Equal Equal Highest Lowest Disabled Disabled Rear Port 2 Lowest Middle Highest Lowest Highest Equal Equal Disabled Disabled Highest Lowest Priority Settings (Value) P0=0 : P1=1 : P2=2 P0=2 : P1=0 : P2=1 P0=2 : P1=1 : P2=0 P0=1 : P1=0 : P2=2 P0=1 : P1=2 : P2=0 P0=P1=P2=x P0>P1: P1 = P2 P0>P1 : P2=x P0<P1 : P2=x P0>P2 : P1=x P0<P2 : P1=x

where x = 0, 1 or 2.
Table 6. Examples of KITZ 201 communication port priority.
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In some instances, the desired priority can be obtained by different combinations of settings. If a communication port is disabled the corresponding priority setting will be ignored. 6.5.12.1 Port 0, 1 and 2 operation If no messages are being processed, the first complete error free message received on any port will be processed. If messages have been buffered by the KITZ unit, the current message being processed will be completed before any processing is performed on any other messages. When prioritisation of messages is operational (ie. two or more messages to the same address have been buffered) and the priority of the communication ports is equal, the messages are processed in (received) chronological order, on an address by address basis regardless of which port they were received on. When prioritisation of messages is operational and the ports are prioritised, the messages will be processed in port priority order on an address by address basis. If two communication ports have equal priority and the other has lower (or higher) priority, the equal priority port messages will be processed in chronological order, before (or after) the other port message is processed (on an address-by-address basis). It should be noted that this prioritisation will operate only when messages are pending processing. If no messages are pending and the unit is being accessed by a high priority master performing certain multiple access sequences (eg. settings changes), a lower priority master can request data from downstream units during the idle periods between high priority master data requests. 6.5.13 Event/Alarm blocking Event records from the KITZ 201 and connected Courier (downstream) unit can be accessed from Ports 0, 1 or 2 via a suitable master station. The settings "P0 Block Events", "P1 Block Events" and "P2 Block Events" prevent automatic event extraction via the specified port. This feature allows all events to be automatically extracted by one master only, which will allow a master to produce a complete centralised event list. A master can extract events using the "Get event" command regardless of the status of the port Block Events settings. An event or alarm will result in the event flag alarm flag being set in the returned Courier status byte. When event/alarm blocking is in operation, the event and unit request is received

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6.6

Real time clock (RTC) time and date setting The current RTC time and date can be set via the communication ports. Refer to the Safety and Commissioning and Maintenance sections for advice on handling the Real Time Clock battery.

6.6.1

IEC 60870 time and date codes The time and date setting can only be changed via the "Set Real Time" command. The IEC 60870 setting format is as follows: 7 ms7 ms15 SU W2 R R 6 ms6 ms14 R W1 R Y6 5 ms5 ms13 4 ms4 ms12 3 ms3 ms11 2 ms2 ms10 1 ms1 ms9 0 ms0 ms8 = bit position ms = 0..59.999ms

IV =0 R

I5
R W0 R Y5

I4
H4 D4 R Y4

I3
H3 D3 M3 Y3

I2
H2 D2 M2 Y2

I1
H1 D1 M1 Y1

I0
H0 D0 M0 Y0

I=0..59 Mins
H=0..23 Hours W=1..7 Day of week D=1..31 Day of Month M=1..12 Month of year Y= 0..99 Years

R = Reserved bit = 0. SU = summertime: 0=standard time, 1 = summer time. IV = invalid value: 0=valid, 1=invalid. range = 0ms .. 99 years. The IEC format does not contain the current century setting and this will not be held within the KITZ unit. 6.6.2 Time tagging of master reply messages The KITZ 201 unit will insert an IEC 60870 time tag into a master station courier reply message (on Ports 0, 1 or 2) if the following conditions apply: 1) The menu option is selected (for the required port). 2) The message contains a millisecond timer count (DTL Type 38h 3Bh), before the Courier status byte. 3) The message contains a courier status byte(s) (DTL Type 5Ch 5Fh). 4) An IEC 60870 time tag (DTL Type 3Ch 3Fh) is not already contained within the message before the Courier status byte. The IEC 60870 time tag will be added after the millisecond count data. The time tag format specified is shown below:
IEC TIME DTL (EXT) 3C Extended length 07 Millisecs 0 59999 Minutes 0 59 Hour 0 23 Day 1 31 Month 1 12 Year 0 99

If the menu option is not set, downstream all of the other conditions (2, 3 and 4) apply, the millisecond counter of the relay reply will be adjusted to take account of (known) protocol conversion delays.
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6.7 6.7.1

Foreign data transmission Foreign data transmission and termination The Courier standard provides a special data type, Foreign Data DTL (Data Type and Length), to interface other communication languages into a Courier communication system. A foreign message from another communication system such as the Opticom and Optimho, can be packaged into a data packet of this type and transmitted across the Courier system, effectively using Courier as a transport mechanism. The foreign data transmission will be terminated either by the Opticom QUIT command in the foreign data sequence or by the corresponding port setting timers if the last command of the sequence is not Opticom QUIT. Note that the Port Setting Timer is used in this case to time-out the foreign data sequence. The value of this setting should therefore be set in excess of the maximum expected foreign data response time.

6.7.2

Foreign data reply time When transmitting foreign data to the KITZ 103, care must be taken not to send out a Poll Buffer/Poll Status or retry as this can upset the communications link. The processing of foreign data through the KITZ 103 also takes a lot longer than a normal Courier message, therefore the Foreign Data Reply Timer (P3 Fdata Rply Tim) is provided to ensure that the KITZ 201 waits a sufficient time for the foreign data response before performing a retry. Note that in practice, this setting will be much bigger than the normal response reply timer (P3 Reply Timer).

6.7.3

Reset remote link response time When using a KITZ 103, the Port Reset Timer should be increased such that a response to an initial Rest Remote Link command will be ensured.

6.7.4

Foreign data interleaving It is possible for more than one master to transmit foreign data to different downstream units simultaneously. However, whilst foreign data transmission on a downstream unit is in progress, access to the same downstream unit from another master is forbidden.

6.7.5

KITZ 201 settings for foreign data transmission Optimho can be connected to KITZ 201 via interface unit KITZ 103. The connection diagram is shown in the Service Manual Type KITZ 103 K-Bus to Optimho Interface Unit, ALSTOM Publication Number R8532. The table below provides an example of the relevant settings for foreign data transmission between an Optimho relay on Port 3 of the KITZ 201 and an Opticom master Port 1 of the KITZ 201.

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Table: KITZ 201 setting example for foreign data transmission Item P1 Reply Timer P1 Reset Timer P1 Setting Timer P3 Fdata Rply Tim Setting 3 seconds 10ms 2 minutes 3 seconds Remark Refer to section 6.7.2 Refer to section 6.7.3 Refer to section 6.7.1 Refer to section 6.7.2

When using Opticom over K-Bus it is possible to vary the speed of the serial communication link at the PC and at the Optimho. See Opticom on-line help for more details. 6.8 Intermittent polling The KITZ 201 will automatically generate Poll Status and Poll Buffer commands on Port 3 to allow extraction of downstream unit data and status. This feature can be turned on or off by setting P3 Inter Polling to Off or On. The P3 Polling Time is the time-out for P3 Inter Polling. The setting determines the minimum amount of inactivity on all master ports before the KITZ 201 will cease polling on Port 3. The P3 Polling Stat displays the current status of polling on Port 3.

Section 7.

IRIG-B CLOCK SYNCHRONISATION

The KITZ 201 is capable of synchronising the internal clock to an IRIG-B signal on the defined IRIG input. The signal must be in the code format specified in the Inter-range Instrumentation Group standard 20089. The signal level requirements for this input are described in the technical data section. The time signal produced by the IRIG-B input is universal co-ordinated time (UTC), depending on the time zone of the relay location this will be different to local time. For this reason the KITZ 201 provides a setting allowing the time difference between UTC and the local time to be set in steps of 30 minutes. This setting and other data concerning the clock can be found in the Real Time Clock menu column. If the IRIG-B synchronisation has been enabled the date and time section of the menu will indicate the correct time if a valid signal is being received. If the status of the IRIG-B input changes and the IRIG-B input is enabled, an event will be logged and an alarm issued. The Setting "RTC Alarm Time" specifies the minimum time interval that IRIG-B time synchronisation must be lost before an IRIG-B Time Synchronisation Lost alarm is issued. The IRIG-B Time Synchronisation does not provide year information. The KITZ 201 uses the year information which is held in the Real Time Clock (RTC). The real time clock is normally set using the Set Real Time command which will only be accepted (by the RTC) if the IRIG-B is disabled. A setting is provided
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("RTC IRIGB Year") to allow only the year to be set if the IRIG-B is enabled, (the year value is also saved in the RTC). The "RTC IRIGB Year" setting accepts and displays the year as a four digit number, however, the IEC 60870 format time tag "year" will only contain two digits. If a permanent IRIG-B clock signal is not used, then the on-board Real Time Clock has a greater significance. Refer to the Safety and Commissioning, Problem Solving and Maintenance sections for advice on handling the Real Time Clock Battery.

Section 8.
8.1

USER INTERFACE

Introduction The remote access system is based on the Courier communications language of ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd. This generic language has been developed to provide remote control, monitoring, data extraction and setting changes for protective relays within the substation environment. The language consists of a standard set of commands that act upon a database of settings and data that is specific to the relay. The Courier language and its communication medium supports connection to several devices simultaneously. This is achieved by allocating a unique address to each relay, the relay will only respond to commands that are either global or specifically directed to it. The relay is referred to as a slave device since it can never initiate communication, it can only respond to a request from the master device. The remote user interface is accessed by a PC installed with Courier based access software. This software polls all relays connected to its system and allows the user to retrieve information from each relay by extracting the contents of its database. It also allows authorised users to make setting changes to the relay. ALSTOM T&D, Protection & Control Ltd. can supply remote access software for use on a standard IBM compatible PC. Alternatively, third party software developed for data acquisition can be connected to collect data for data logging equipment; eg. SCADA. Typical features of a remote access system are: To provide the user with the ability to examine the KITZ 201 and connected Courier unit menu. The remote system can present the user with a list of available sections first. By selecting a particular section its contents can then be displayed. The remote system can normally display an entire page (window) of the section titles or the section contents at once. Remote metering. The measurement values, which can be displayed on the front of the connected downstream units, can be regularly polled and stored to disk. They can also be graphically displayed on the screen of the PC.
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Automatic extraction of events and fault records. A sequential list of events can be captured automatically and displayed on the screen as they occur. They can also be stored on to the disk and printed later. Disturbance recorder. Disturbance records can be extracted from the connected Courier downstream units and stored for further analysis. It is also possible for the access software to detect the presence of disturbance records as they occur and automatically extract them. These waveforms are available in the COMTRADE format. Remote change of settings. If the remote setting change facility is enabled in the connected Courier devices, then settings can be changed remotely. Transfer settings from or to the KITZ 201 and the Courier downstream units. This section of the manual describes the use of the KITZ 201 menu assuming that access software is being used to interrogate the relay. It does not describe the Courier commands that are used to implement this. For more information on the Courier language, refer to publication R6512, the Courier User Guide. 8.2 Courier database As already described, the Courier language consists of a standard set of commands which act upon a database which is specific to a relay. When using the access software it is not necessary to understand the commands that are being issued. This section describes the general format of a Courier database and explains the layout of the database implemented within the KITZ 201. 8.2.1 General features of a Courier database The database is two dimensional with data being logically grouped together in columns, each column having a text header (in the first row). As an example, all measured values or all settings related to a particular function may be placed in a single column. Each item within a column has a text descriptor and associated data, this is referred to as a cell. Depending on the attributes of the cell, the data within the cell may, or may not, be modifiable. Modifying the value of a cell can be used to make a setting change or to perform a command. A more detailed description of the structure of a Courier database and the commands used to interrogate it can be found in the Courier User Guide R6512. To access the database the relay must first be selected from a list of all connected slave devices. The column headers then appear as a list and the contents of a column can be viewed by selection of the appropriate header. This will produce a list of the cells within the column and includes the text descriptor and the value for each cell within the column. Using the same method, a particular cell can be selected from the list for editing. 8.2.2 KITZ 201 database A reference to the structure of the Courier database is given in Section 11. The database for all models of the KITZ 201 is the same. Cells associated with functions that are not implemented on all models are invisible if appropriate.

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The System Data column of the database is standard to all Courier devices and contains important information that is used to identify the unit to the access software. The remainder of the data base contains settings and data and can be browsed and modified by the user. 8.3 Courier password To be able to modify the unit settings or use the commissioning tests the user must correctly enter a four-character Courier password. The relay settings are visible but not settable if the password has not been set. To set the password first select the "System Data" column using the Access Software, the second item within the column is the unit password. The correct value of this cell is not visible and is instead represented as "****". The password protection is unlocked by setting this cell to the correct value using the access software, to ensure security the value of the cell is not visible via the remote interface even when password protection has been unlocked. To change the relay password using the remote software the password unlock must first be removed using the method described above. Changing the setting of the password cell again allows a new password to be set. The password unlock can be removed by resetting the password cell. If no setting changes are made to the database for a set period of time the password unlock will self reset. This time period is specified by the "UNS Passwd Timer" setting (in the "UNIT SETTINGS" menu column). It should be noted that the "P0 Setting Timer", "P1 Setting Timer" and "P2 Setting Timer" settings will be overridden by the "UNS Passwd Timer" setting when the password timer is active (see Section 6.5.9). The password timer setting applies to Ports 0, 1 and 2. These settings are found in the "PORT 0 SETTINGS", "PORT 1 SETTINGS" and "PORT 2 SETTINGS" menu columns respectively.

If this password is lost and access is required please contact your local ALSTOM representative.
8.4 Remote access password protection Remote access password protection allows additional security to be provided when accessing the KITZ 201 unit from a remote terminal (via a modem). This requires the connected master stations to send passwords to the KITZ 201 in order that a communication session can be established between the masters and a group of downstream Courier units. This is an optional feature and is provided for Ports 1 and 2. Remote access password protection is activated via the settings "P1 Passwd Enable" and "P2 Passwd Enable". Once enabled, the associated input port access is limited to the KITZ 201 menu. A password is then entered to a menu cell "P1 Passwd Entry" or "P2 Passwd Entry", which will allow access to the downstream units. This password can be changed in a similar manner to the SYSTEM DATA password, the only difference being that this is performed via another menu cell "P1 Passwd Change" and "P2 Passwd Change" which is password protected using "SYS Password".
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Communication ports 1 and 2 have individual remote access passwords. The passwords "SYS Password", "P1 Passwd Change" and "P2 Passwd Change" can be set to the same value if only one password is required. When password protection is not enabled, access to all downstream units and the KITZ 201 menu is possible. A time-out period is used to terminate the password protection following termination of a communication session. The time period is specified by "P1 Passwd Timer" and "P2 Passwd Timer" in the "PORT 1 SETTINGS" and "PORT 2 SETTINGS" menu columns. 8.5 Extended password protection The "UNS Extended PWP" setting in the Unit Settings menu column is used to apply password protection to all communication settings within the unit. This can be used in conjunction with the remote access password protection to prevent the KITZ Unit and downstream unit(s) settings from being changed remotely by unauthorised users. 8.6 Data cells There are cells within the database which cannot be set; these contain the unit hardware and software configuration and stored information to be viewed. Some of these cells, such as those that related to the unit configuration, will always contain the same data. Others, such as those used for accessing stored records, can be controlled using a settable cell to index the record being examined. There are other cells containing the current date and time and measurement values that are continually updated by the relay. 8.7 Event extraction The KITZ 201 supports the standard mechanism for event extraction. The KITZ 201 operates completely transparently when event and fault record extraction is being performed. The access software is used to poll the relay on a regular basis. When event or fault records occur the access software is able to extract the events automatically. The events may be displayed on the VDU or stored to a file. 8.8 Use of modems The rear serial ports of the KITZ 201 are suitable for permanent connection to a modem, the port is both isolated and supports the handshaking lines required for modem communications. 8.8.1 Selection of modem The KITZ 201 communications can operate with a wide selection of modems, however the selection of modem may place restrictions on the communication parameters used. The following parameters should be considered: Frame Size The IEC 60870 FT1.2 protocol used by the unit consists of an eleven bit frame and to use this protocol via a modem the modem must support this frame size. A 10 bit version of the protocol can be selected (IEC 60870 but
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with no parity bit). This is less secure but allows a wider selection of modems to be used. Idle Period It is a requirement that the data frames are transmitted with no idle periods and for this reason the inter-modem link must be at the same baud rate as the link to the relay. It must also be possible to disable all error correction, data compression, speed buffering or automatic speed changes. Baud rate The unit is capable of communication at up to 115200 baud: the modem may cause a restriction on the baud rate used. 8.8.2 Connection to modem It is necessary for the hardware handshaking lines to be connected between the KITZ 201 serial port (1 or 2) and the modem. The connection details for this link are described in section 4.1.2 Rear RS232 (IEC 60870) connection. 8.9 Invalid settings The invalid settings alarm (SYS Alarms Flag 1) indicates the settings for the KITZ 201 are invalid. This alarm will be raised when the unit detects that the current settings contained in the units memory are invalid. Clearing the alarm will not copy the default settings to the non-volatile area. The default settings will only be loaded if the non-volatile settings are corrupted and the unit is re-energised. After the default settings have been loaded, SYS Alarms Flag 2 will be set to indicate that the default serial number is being used. The default serial number cannot be changed by the user and a representative of ALSTOM T&D should be contacted. If new user settings have been entered to the unit, these will be stored within nonvolatile memory and used by the KITZ 201 unit. When the unit is powered-up with valid non-volatile settings, the alarm will not be issued.

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Section 9.
9.1

TECHNICAL DATA

Ratings auxiliary supply Range Low voltage ( LV ) High voltage ( HV ) Nominal ( V ) 24/125V dc 110V ac 48/250V dc 110/230V ac Operative range ( V ) 19 150V dc 50 133V ac 50/60Hz 33 300V dc 87 265V ac 50/60Hz

9.2

Burden auxiliary supply KITZ201 AC ...................... < 7VA DC ...................... < 6W

9.3 9.3.1

Accuracy Real time clock RTC drift from setting (over range 25C to +55C) RTC drift from setting at 20C: Synchronisation error: Time tagging error: < 12 seconds per 24 hours < 1 second per 24 hours Time setting error 1.0ms* Current time error 1.0ms

* Where time setting error is the accuracy of the external clock input data. 9.4 Contact Watchdog relay 1 make (open when healthy) Make: 10A and carry for 0.2s Carry: 5A continuous Break: dc 30W resistive 15W inductive (L/R = 0.04s) Rated load: dc 5A at 30V ac 5A at 250V 9.5 Operation indications Ten light emitting diodes. 9.6 9.6 .1 Communication ports K-Bus Ports 1, 2 and 3 Language: Transmission mode: Transmission encoding: Message format: Courier Synchronous Biphase space (FM0) HDLC
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Data rate: Cable type: Cable length: Loading: Isolation: Connection: Voltage levels based on RS485V differential voltage level:

64K bits per second Screened twisted pair 1000m (maximum) 32 units (max) (multi-drop system) 2kV rms for one minute Screw terminals and BS5057 snap-on connector

Unloaded driver differential output: 5V (Differential) Receiver input sensitivity:


RS485 Driver/receiver pair RxD Tx/Rx TxD Interference suppressor zener diodes 15V Transient suppressor

200mV (Differential)

1:1 Isolating transformer

7V5 Ground

7V5

Figure 11: Circuit diagram of K-Bus electric interface.

9.6.2

IEC 60870 (RS232) Ports 1 and 2 Language: Transmission mode: Transmission encoding: Frame format Data rate: Cable type: Cable length: Courier Asynchronous - RS232 voltage levels NRZ IEC 60870-5 FT1.2/10 bits (1 start, 8 data, no parity, 1 stop bit) 1200 to 115,200 bits per second RS232 serial interface lead 15m (max) with less than 2500pF cable capacitance (up to 19,200 bits per second) 2 units (point to point system) SELV 9 way female 'D' connector

Loading: Isolation: Connection:

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9.6.3

IEC 60870 (RS232) Ports 0 Language: Transmission mode: Transmission encoding: Frame format Data rate: Cable type: Cable length: Loading: Isolation: Connection: Courier Asynchronous - RS232 voltage levels NRZ IEC 60870-5 FT1.2 19200 bits per second RS232 serial interface lead 15m (max) with less than 2500pF cable capacitance 2 units (point to point system) Earthed SELV 9 way female 'D' connector

9.6.4

IEC 60870 (Fibre optic) Port 1 Language: Transmission mode: Transmission encoding: Idle mode: Wavelength: Frame format Data rate: Cable type: Cable length: Loading: Connection: Courier Asynchronous - RS232 voltage levels On/off signalling Light on/light off (selectable) (820 870)nm IEC 60870-5 FT1.2/10 bits (1 start, 8 data, no parity, 1 stop bit) 1200 to 115,200 bits per second Glass fibre multi-mode 1Km (max. distance) 2 units (point-to-point system) ST connector

9.6.5

IRIG-B - Baby-N-Connection (BNC) Port The port is used to provide an accurate time synchronisation signal for the KITZ 201. The signal specifications are listed below: Carrier signal: Modulation ratio: Signal threshold: Cable type: Isolation Connection: 1kHz sinewave, digitally amplitude modulated Max. 6:1, Min. 3:1 1V < Peak signal < 10V 50 coaxial cable SELV BFOC/2.5 or IEC 60870-5-103 ST connector

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Local time (offset of UTC) Range: Resolution: Alarm time delay: 9.7 High voltage withstand The KITZ 201 interface unit has been type tested to Standards and levels tabulated below: Disturbance Insulation IEC 60255-5: 1977 Dielectric withstand IEC 60255-5: 1977 Test levels Measured insulation resistance > 100M 2kV rms for 1 minute applied between case earth and the following independent circuits: the auxiliary supply, K-Bus ports, IRIG-B SELV port and relay contacts, with the terminations of each circuit wired together. 2kV rms for 1 minute between any of the following independent circuits: the auxiliary supply, IRIG-B SELV port, K-Bus ports and relay contacts, with the terminations of each circuit connected together. 2kV rms for 1 minute applied between any of the following independent circuits: rear RS232 SELV ports, IRIG-B SELV port, K-Bus ports and relay contacts, with the terminations of each circuit wired together. 1kV rms for 1 minute between the auxiliary supply and the following independent circuits: RS232 SELV port (port 2) and rear RS232 SELV port (port 1, where fitted), with the terminations of each circuit wired together. 1kV rms for 1 minute between case earth and the following independent circuits: rear RS232 SELV port (port 2) and rear RS232 SELV port (port 1, where fitted), with the terminations of each circuit wired together. 12 to +12 hours 15 minutes When enabled 1 100,000 seconds

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High voltage impulse IEC 60255-5: 1977

Three positive and three negative impulses of 5kV peak, 1.2/50s, 0.5J applied between all terminals of the same circuit (except relay contacts and rear RS232 ports), between independent circuits (except between the auxiliary supply and rear RS232 ports) and between all terminals connected together and case earth (except rear RS232 ports). Three positive and three negative impulses of 1kV peak, 1.2/50s, 0.5J applied between the auxiliary supply and rear RS232 ports and between rear RS232 ports and case earth.

9.8

Electrical environment Fast transient disturbance IEC 60255-22-4: 1992 Class IV 4kV, 2.5kHz applied directly between the auxiliary supply, watchdog relay contacts and case earth. 4kV, 2.5kHz applied via a capacitive clamp to the rear RS232, K-Bus and IRIG-B ports. High frequency disturbance IEC 60255-22-1: 1988 Class II and III

2.5kV peak between auxiliary supply, watchdog contacts, K-Bus ports, IRIG-B port and the case earth. 2.5kV peak between the auxiliary supply and the watchdog contacts. 1kV peak across the supply terminals. 1kV peak across the rear isolated RS232 ports and the case earth.

Electrostatic discharge IEC 60255-22-2: 1996 Class 3

8kV discharge in air with cover in place and cover removed. 6kV point contact discharge with cover in place and cover removed.

Power frequency NGTS 2.13: Issue 2

500V rms between each auxiliary supply terminal and case earth. 250V rms across the auxiliary supply terminals.

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AC ripple on dc supply IEC 60255-11: 1979

The unit will withstand 12% ripple on the dc supply. (Note that the unit can be energised via a dc or ac supply).

AC supply voltage dips and interruptions EN61000-4-11: 1994

The unit will withstand voltage dips of 100%. 60% and 30% in the auxiliary supply for a duration of 10ms, under normal operating conditions without de-energising. The unit will withstand a 10ms interruption in the auxiliary supply, under normal operating conditions without de-energising.

DC supply interruptions IEC 60255-11: 1979

9.9

EMC tests The KITZ 201 interface unit has been type tested to standards and levels tabulated below: EMC compliance 89/336/EEC Compliance with the European Commission Low Voltage Directive on EMC is claimed via the Technical Construction File route. Generic Standards were used to establish conformity.

EN 50081-2: 1994 EN 50082-2: 1995 Surge immunity EN 61000-4-5: 1995 Level IV and level III

4kV peak, 1.2/50s applied between the auxiliary supply, K-Bus port, IRIG-B and case earth. 2kV peak, 1.2/50s applied between the terminals of the auxiliary supply. 2kV peak, 1.2/50s applied between the RS232 port and case earth.

9.10

Atmospheric environment The KITZ 201 interface has been type tested to the following standards and levels: Environment Cold temperature IEC 60068-2-1: 1990 Dry heat IEC 60068-2-2: 1974 Operation: 25C Storage and transit: 25C Operation: +55C Storage and transit: +70C
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Humidity IEC 60068-2-3: 1969 Enclosure protection IEC 60529: 1989 9.11 Mechanical environment

56 days at 93% +2% 3% relative humidity and at +40C 2C. IP50 (dust protected).

The KITZ 201 interface unit conforms to the following mechanical standards: 9.11.1 Vibration IEC 60255-21-1: 1988 9.11.2 Shock and bump IEC 60255-21-2: 1988 Response: Endurance: Shock response: Shock withstand: Bump: Class 2 Class 2 Class 2 Class 2 Class 1 Class 1

9.11.3 9.12

Seismic IEC 60255-21-3: 1993 Model number

The model number for a flush mounted low voltage KITZ unit with one RS232 and one fibre optic output port is derived as follows from the table below: KITZ 201 01 D1 2 B E A. KITZ KITZ Type Configuration Case & mounting Auxiliary voltage (Vx) Output Ports Language Issue 9.13 User tests To avoid possible degradation of insulation by repeated type testing, it is recommended that insulation tests, if required, are performed at 500V dc. The insulation resistance should be greater than 100M
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201

01

D1

201 01 Size 4 D Flush 1 24/125V dc 110V ac = 2 48/250V dc 110/230V ac = 5 2 off RS232/K-Bus = A 1 off RS232/K-Bus and 1 off fibre optic/K-Bus = B English = E A to Z

Section 10. COMMISSIONING, PROBLEM SOLVING and MAINTENANCE


10.1 General The user should be familiar with the contents of the Safety Section before commencing with any work on this equipment. 10.2 10.2.1 Commissioning instructions Commissioning preliminaries The KITZ 201 unit should be commissioned with the aid of the Courier Access Software (CAS) or Protection Access Software & ToolKit (PAS&T) running on a PC and at least one Courier Based relaying device. Refer to the Publication R8514 Protection Access Software & Toolkit or R8515 Courier Access Software for all information about the software package. 10.2.1.1 Module connection Reference should be made to section 4 of this manual and to the user manual of the computer (PC) on which the PAS&T software is to be run. 10.2.1.2 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) See recommendations in section 2 of this manual before handling the module. 10.2.1.3 Inspection Carefully examine the unit and case to verify if no damage has occurred since installation. 10.2.1.4 Earthing

10.2.1.4.1 Mains Earthing The KITZ 201 unit must be earthed. If the mains supply is not earthed, the KITZ 201 unit earthing connection on the rear of the case must be used to connect the unit to a local (mains) earth. 10.2.1.4.2 K-Bus Earthing The K-Bus cable screen should only be connected to earth at one point in the communication system. This will normally involve connecting the cable at the master station end of the units earth connection and not at any other point. 10.2.1.5 Insulation Insulation tests only need to be done when required. Isolate all wiring from the earth and test the insulation with an electronic or brushless insulation tester at a dc voltage not exceeding 1000V. Terminals of the same circuit should be temporarily strapped together. The main groups on the interface unit are given below: Auxilary supply voltage
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K-Bus Port 1 K-Bus Port 2 K-Bus Port 3 Watchdog relay contacts Case earth This test should not be performed on the RS232 port at the front of the unit and the other two RS232/Fibre Optic ports at the rear. 10.2.1.6 Equipment required The KITZ 201 unit requires the following: AC/DC voltmeter 0 300V A Portable PC running PAS&T Any K-Bus based device. 10.2.2 Auxiliary supply tests The unit will operate from either a 110/125V or 220/250V ac supply or a 24/125 or 48/250V battery supply, depending on the KITZ 201 version. The incoming voltage must be within the operating range specified in the table below: Range Low voltage (LV) High voltage (HV) Nominal (V) 24/125V dc 110 ac 48/250V dc 110/230V ac Operative Range (V) 19 150V dc 50 133V ac 50/60Hz 33 300V dc 87 265V ac 50/60Hz

10.2.3

Configuration The KITZ 201 does not have any external switches for setting its parameters (other than the Port 0 DTE/DCE switch). The unit can only be configured by running the Courier Access Software (CAS) or Protection Access Software & Toolkit (PAS&T) on a PC connected to Port 0 of the KITZ 201. The very first time the unit is powered up, a PC running a PAS&T or CAS must be connected to the RS232 front port (Port 0) to configure the settings. After initial configuration, the new settings will be held in the units non-volatile memory. The communication characteristics of Port 0 are fixed (IEC 60870-5 FT1.2 (11 bit) frame format 1 Start bit, 8 Data bits, 1 Even parity bit, 1 Stop bit and a data rate of 19200 bits per second). The pin out of the front port on the unit can be configured either as a Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) or a Data Circuit Terminating Equipment (DCE), using a crossover switch (SW1) on the front panel, the connections are listed below:

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Pin Number SHELL 1 2/3 3/2 4 5 6 7 8 9

Function Protective ground Not connected Received data RxD Transmitted data TxD Not connected Signal ground GND Not connected Not connected Not connected Not connected

Direction In Out

Setup the KITZ 201 Unit address - see section 2.6 Initial set-up: setting the communication address. Once communication is established with the KITZ 201 via the PAS&T software, the KITZ 201s own database can be uploaded for viewing its default parameters. The settings for the two rear communication ports can be modified from Port 0. The full database is presented in Section 11. 10.2.4 Testing communication port operation After the KITZ 201 settings have been configured to the correct values, connect courier masters to Ports 1 and 2 (use the appropriate RS232 or Optical Fibre or K-Bus connections). Access the SYSTEM DATA menu column of the connected Courier relay(s) via the Port 1 and 2 masters. The requested data should be displayed by the masters. 10.3 Problem solving guide Common operational faults are listed in this section. The solutions offered are for guidance only. 10.3.1 All indications are off Check correct auxiliary supply is present. Check external fuse (if present). 10.3.2 Green supply indication is off and alarm indication is on An error in the setting data has been detected. Default serial number has been loaded. If the unit is de-energised then re-energised after a non-recoverable setting error has occurred, the default settings will be loaded (these are listed in Section 11). If this occurs, the unit will have the default serial number 000000O and a Unit Address of 255 (global). The address will have to be changed to a unique address (see section 2.6 Initial set-up: setting the communication address).
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After the address has been changed, the password protected settings can be accessed by using the default password AAAA (this can also be changed if required). 10.3.3 No communications Indication status: Port 0, 1 or 2 receive indication is off when communicating with a master station Check master station is polling for data. Check electrical or optical fibre cable/connection. Indication status: Port 0, 1 or 2 receive indication is on and Port 3 transmit indication is off when communicating with a master station Check baud rate/frame format selection for IEC 60870 (RS232) port is identical to that of the master station. Check master station is polling for data. Check that the AR Base Address and AR No. of Units settings (in the ADDRESS RANGE menu column) correspond to the addresses polled by the master. Check that downstream units with the correct address are connected to the KITZ 201. Indication status: Port 3 transmit indication is on and Port 3 receive indication is off when communicating with a master station (and Relay) : Relay is not communicating (incorrect address/not configured etc.) : refer to the user manual of the relay. Two relays are using the same address, all addresses must be unique. No termination resistors fitted to K-Bus, or incorrect value. Indication status: Port 0, 1 or 2 receive indication is on, Port 3 transmit indication is on, Port 3 receive indication is on and the corresponding Port 0, 1 or 2 transmit indication is off when communicating with a master station (and relay): The master station is completing a transfer sequence that has been interrupted when the KITZ 201 unit was de-energised then re-energised. Indication status: Port 0, 1 or 2 receive indication is on, corresponding Port 0,1 or 2 transmit indication is on, Port 3 receive indication is on, Port 3 transmit indication is on: Check transmitter electrical/optical fibre connection. 10.3.4 Slow communications response (many retries) No termination resistor fitted to K-Bus, or incorrect value. Frequent or large amount of data transfer is being performed from a master connected to another input port. Setting change sequence in progress on another port (check P0 Set Timer or P1 Set Timer or P2 Set Timer value is not too long).
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Block transfer sequence(s) in progress on another port (check P0 Block Timer or P1 Block Timer or P2 Block Timer value is not too long). Port prioritisation not set high enough. 10.3.5 Communication not operational via a modem Check baud rate/frame format selection for IEC 60870 (RS232) port is identical to that of the master station. Check master station is polling for data. Check that the modem is configured correctly. Check that the modem/KITZ 201 connection is correct (modem control lines wired correctly). Check that P1 Modem and/or P2 Modem are enabled if the modem control lines are required. 10.3.6 Cannot access the KITZ 201 Courier database. Check that the master is using the correct address (SYS Unit Address). Check that the SYS Unit Address is not set to 255. 10.3.7 Cannot access one or more of the downstream units within the specified address range Check that the AR Base Address and AR No. of Units settings (in the ADDRESS RANGE menu column) correspond to the addresses of the slave units polled by the master. Check that the address setting of the downstream unit(s) is incorrect. Check that the SYS Unit Address is not set to the same value as one of the downstream address. Check that two or more of the downstream units do not have the same address setting. 10.3.8 Master station time out Increase the Max Busies setting of the master (see the relevant publication). Increase the KITZ 201 P3 Busies setting. Increase the KITZ 201 P3 Trans Delay timer setting. 10.3.9 Connected Courier downstream relay communications is slow when communicating via the KITZ 201. Increase or decrease the KITZ 201 P3 Trans Delay timer setting to suit the system configuration. If only one downstream unit is connected to the KITZ 201, P3 Trans Delay should not be set below 10ms. 10.4 10.4.1 Maintenance Battery replacement The battery within the KITZ 201 is provided to maintain the Real Time Clock to the correct time, following an interruption of the auxiliary input supply.
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If the battery is removed from its socket in a unit where the IRIG-B signal is disconnected, following a supply interruption, the time and date will start from 00:00:00: 1996 Jan 01. No warning will be given to reset the date and time. 10.4.1.1 Instructions for replacing the battery For personal safety, ensure that auxiliary dc/ac supplies are isolated from the unit. Take off the front cover and pull the unit out of its case. As viewed from the front, the right hand side screen plate should be removed by unscrewing the four attaching screws. After undoing the two screws securing the power supply board (ZJ0358), use the tip of a screwdriver to prize the board off from the end connector. Place the board on a conductive surface, with the electronic components facing upwards, taking care to place a non-conductive spacer such as a piece of cardboard underneath the battery (see warning below). Gently extract the battery from its socket, using a small screwdriver to prize the battery free. 10.4.1.2 WARNING: To avoid discharging a battery, it should NOT be placed on a conductive surface with its legs in contact with the surface. The replacement battery should be removed from its packaging and placed into the battery holder. The flat area on the holder should be aligned with the flat area on the battery. After replacing the battery, the unit should be re-built by following the procedure described above in reverse order. 10.4.1.3 Post modification tests Energise the KITZ 201 and verify that it is functioning normally. Set it to the correct time and date. Power the unit down for at least 10 seconds and back up. Check that the correct time has been maintained. 10.4.1.4 Battery replacement type The correct replacement battery type is: FB2325H2 from Rayovac, rated at nominal parameters of 3V and 360mAh. 10.4.1.5 Battery shelf life and replacement interval Under normal storage conditions, the expected shelf life of the battery is 10 years. Under normal operating conditions, the battery should be replaced after 10 years. 10.4.1.6 Battery disposal The battery should be removed from the unit and have its legs cut off before disposal, taking precautions to avoid short circuits. Particular regulations within the country of operation may apply to the disposal of lithium batteries.
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Section 11. COURIER DATABASE


11.1
Col 00 00 Row 00 01

System data
Menu text SYSTEM DATA SYS Language English French German Spanish **** Demo KITZ 201 ********** KITZ20101D12BEA 000000O 1 1 ********** 000 Setting English Example value(s) Cell type Default Password protection

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

02 04 05 06 08 0A 0B 11 22

SYS Password SYS Description SYS Plant Ref. SYS Model No. SYS Serial No. SYS Comms Level SYS Unit Address SYS Soft Ref SYS Alarms (Flag 0) (Flag 1) (Flag 2)

Setting Setting Setting Data Cell Data Cell Data Cell Data Cell Data Cell Data Cell

AAAA 16 Null Characters 16 Null Characters 000000O 1 255

Yes Yes Yes

11.1.1

Language The KITZ 201 Menu can be configured in one of the following languages : English French German Spanish

11.1.2

Password Password Protection is provided for menu access. This four character password must be entered to allow protected menu cells to be accessed.

11.1.3

Description This alphanumeric value is for a textual description (eg. Line Reference of associated protection relays).

11.1.4

Plant reference This alphanumeric value should be used to refer to the location (eg. Substation).
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11.1.5

Model number This character string is fixed and contains the full unit model number.

11.1.6

Serial number This seven character string (six numbers and an alpha character) is fixed and contains the relay serial number.

11.1.7

Communications level This datacell identifies the level of the Courier language supported by the unit.

11.1.8

Unit address This refers to the Courier address of the unit on the communications network.

11.1.9

Software reference This contains the reference number of component parts of the software contained within the unit.

11.1.10

Alarms This cell indicates the status of the unit alarms. See section 5.4 for the explanation of the flags.

11.2

Unit settings
Example value(s) Setting range Step size Cell type Default Password protection

Col Row Menu text 04 04 04 04 04 04 00 04 08 10 1C 20 UNIT SETTINGS

UNS Extended PWP Disabled Enabled UNS Menu Access UNS Passwd Timer UNS P1 Enable UNS P2 Enable Normal Advanced 2 min Disabled Enabled Disabled Enabled

Setting Disabled Yes Setting Normal 1 to 30 min 1 min Setting 2 min Setting Enabled Setting Enabled Yes Yes Yes Yes

11.2.1

Extended password protection Enables additional password protection for communications port settings. These settings are marked as Optional password protection.

11.2.2

Menu access This setting hides advanced communications port settings.

11.2.3

Password timer This is the time period for which the system password remains active (after being entered).
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11.2.4

Serial Port 1 enable This setting allows the rear communication Port 1 to be enabled/disabled.

11.2.5

Serial Port 2 enable This setting allows the rear communication Port 2 to be enabled/disabled.

11.3

Port 0 settings
Example Setting value(s) range Level 0 Level 1 Level 2 2 min 5 min 10ms 5ms Disabled Enabled Disabled Enabled 1 to 30 min 1 to 30 min 5 to 100ms 5 to 100ms Step size Cell type Setting Default Password protection Optional

Col Row Menu text 08 08 00 04 PORT 0 SETTINGS P0 Priority

Level 1

08 08 08 08 08 08

08 0C 10 14 1C 20

P0 Setting Timer P0 Block Timer P0 Reply Timer P0 Reset Timer P0 Add Time Tag P0 Block Events

1 min Setting 1 min Setting 5ms 5ms Setting Setting Setting Setting

2 min 2 min 5ms 5ms Disabled Disabled

Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional

11.3.1

Port 0 priority This setting allows message prioritisation of the front serial port to be changed in relation to the other ports. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.

11.3.2

Port 0 setting timer This setting is the time-out value applied to setting changes and setting change message interleaving when access is made via the front port. The P0 Setting Timer is also used to terminate the foreign data transmission sequence, see section 6.7.2 for more explanations. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.

11.3.3

Port 0 block timer This setting is the time-out value applied to Blocked message transfer interleaving when access is made via the front port. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.

11.3.4

Port 0 reply timer This setting is the maximum time delay before a reply is generated after a valid request is received on the front port of the unit (excluding globally addressed requests and the reset remote link request). The reply may be busy. No reply is generated if the address is not valid or communications has not already been established with the address. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.
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11.3.5

Port 0 reset timer This setting is the maximum time delay before a reply is generated after a valid reset remote link request is received on the front port of the unit. No reply is generated if the address is not valid or communications has not already been established with the address. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.

11.3.6

Port 0 add time tag This setting appends a real time tag to the front port response messages.

11.3.7

Port 0 block events This setting prevents automatic alarm/event extraction via the front port. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.

11.4

Port 1 settings
Example value(s) Level 0 Level 1 Level 2 RS232/ IEC 60870 K-Bus Opt Fibre Lon Opt Fibre Loff 1200 Baud 2400 Baud 3600 Baud 4800 Baud 7200 Baud 9600 Baud 14400 Baud 19200 Baud 28800 Baud 38400 Baud 57600 Baud 115200 Baud 11 Bit Frame 10 Bit Frame 10 min 12 min 10ms 5ms 1 to 30 min 1 min 1 to 30 min 1 min 5 to 100ms 5ms 5 to 100ms 5ms
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Col Row Menu text 0C 00 0C 04 PORT 1 SETTINGS P1 Priority

Setting range

Step size

Cell type Setting

Default

Password protection Optional

Level 1

0C 08

P1 Mode

Setting

RS232/ Optional IEC 60870

0C 0C

P1 Data Rate

Setting

19200 Baud

Optional

0C 10 0C 14 0C 18 0C 1C 0C 20

P1 Frame Format P1 Setting Timer P1 Block Timer P1 Reply Timer P1 Reset Timer

Setting Setting Setting Setting Setting

11 Bit Frame 2 min 2 min 5ms 5ms

Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional

0C 28

P1 Add Time Tag

Disabled Enabled Example value(s) Disabled Enabled Disabled Enabled **** 40s Disabled Enabled 10 to 600s 10s Setting range Step size

Setting Cell type Setting Setting Setting Setting Setting Setting

Disabled

Optional Password protection Optional Yes No Yes Optional Optional

Col Row Menu text 0C 2C 0C 60 0C 64 0C 68 0C 6C 0C 70 P1 Modem P1 Passwd Enable P1 Passwd Entry P1 Passwd Timer P1 Block Events

Default Disabled Disabled BBBB BBBB 30s Disabled

P1 Passwd Change ****

11.4.1

Port 1 priority This setting allows message prioritisation of rear Port 1 to be changed in relation to the other ports. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced and cell 041C = Enabled.

11.4.2

Port 1 mode This setting selects the Port 1 physical interface and operational protocol, IEC 60870/RS232, K-Bus, IEC 60870/Optical Fibre-light on when line idle, IEC 60870/Optical Fibre-light off when line idle. Menu cell is visible if cell 041C = Enabled.

11.4.3

Port 1 data rate This setting selects the data rate used for IEC 60870 Courier communications (via RS232 or Optical Fibre connections). The following data rates are supported: 1200, 2400, 3600, 4800, 7200, 9600, 14400, 19200, 28800, 38400, 57600, 115200 bits per second. Menu cell is visible if cell 041C = Enabled and cell 0C08 is NOT K-Bus.

11.4.4

Port 1 frame format This setting selects the 10 bit (8 data bits - no parity bit) or 11 bit (8 data bits even parity bit) used for Courier communications (via RS232 or Optical Fibre connections). Menu cell is visible if cell 041C = Enabled and cell 0C08 is NOT K-Bus.

11.4.5

Port 1 setting timer This setting is the time-out value applied to setting changes and setting change message interleaving when access is made via the rear Port 1. The P1 Setting Timer is also used to terminate the foreign data transmission sequence, see section 6.7.2 for more explanations. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced and cell 041C = Enabled.
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11.4.6

Port 1 block timer This setting is the time-out value applied to Blocked message transfer interleaving when access is made via the rear Port 1. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced and cell 041C = Enabled.

11.4.7

Port 1 reply timer This setting is the maximum time delay before a reply is generated after a valid request is received on rear Port 1 of the unit (excluding globally addressed requests and the reset remote link request). The reply may be busy. No reply is generated if the address is not valid or communications has not already been established with the address. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced and cell 041C = Enabled.

11.4.8

Port 1 reset timer This setting is the maximum time delay before a reply is generated after a valid reset remote link request is received on the rear Port 1 of the unit. No reply is generated if the address is not valid or communications has not already been established with the address. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced and cell 041C = Enabled.

11.4.9

Port 1 add time tag This setting appends a real time tag to rear port 1 response messages. Menu cell is visible if cell 041C = Enabled.

11.4.10

Port 1 modem This setting enables the unit to communicate via a modem via rear RS232 communication Port 1. Menu cell is visible if cell 041C = Enabled and cell 0C08 = RS232/ IEC 60870.

11.4.11

Port 1 password enable This setting enables remote access password protection on the rear RS232 communication Port 1. Menu cell is visible if cell 041C = Enabled.

11.4.12

Port 1 password entry This menu location is for entry of the remote access password for the rear RS232 communication Port 1. Menu cell is visible if cell 041C = Enabled and cell 0C60 = Enabled.

11.4.13

Port 1 password setting change This menu location is used to change the remote access password for the rear RS232 communication Port 1. Changing of the remote access password is protected by the system password. Menu cell is visible if cell 041C = Enabled and cell 0C60 = Enabled.
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11.4.14

Port 1 password timer This setting selects the remote access password timer value for the rear RS232 communication Port 1. The timer will re-activate the password protection (if enabled). Menu cell is visible if cell 041C = Enabled and cell 0C60 = Enabled.

11.4.15

Port 1 block events This setting prevents automatic alarm/event extraction via rear Port 1. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced and cell 041C = Enabled.

11.5

Port 2 settings
Example value(s) Setting range Step size Cell type Setting Default Password protection Optional

Col Row Menu text 10 00 10 04

PORT 2 SETTINGS P2 Priority Level 0 Level 1 Level 2 P2 Mode RS232/ IEC 60870 K-Bus 1200 Baud 2400 Baud 3600 Baud 4800 Baud 7200 Baud 9600 Baud 14400 Baud 19200 Baud 28800 Baud 38400 Baud 57600 Baud 115200 Baud 11 Bit Frame 10 Bit Frame 15 min 5 min 10ms 5ms Disabled Enabled 1 to 30 min 1 to 30 min 5 to 100ms 5 to 100ms

Level 1

10 08

Setting

RS232/ Optional IEC 60870 19200 Baud Optional

10 0C

P2 Data Rate

Setting

10 10 10 14 10 18 10 1C 10 20 10 28 10 2C 10 60 10 64 10 68 10 6C 10 70

P2 Frame Format P2 Setting Timer P2 Block Timer P2 Reply Timer P2 Reset Timer P2 Add Time Tag P2 Modem

Setting 1 min Setting 1 min Setting 5ms 5ms Setting Setting Setting Setting Setting Setting Setting Setting Setting

11 Bit Frame 2 min 2 min 5ms 5ms Disabled Disabled Disabled CCCC CCCC 30s Disabled

Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Yes No Yes Optional Optional

Disabled Enabled P2 Passwd Enable Disabled Enabled P2 Passwd Entry **** P2 Passwd Change **** P2 Passwd Timer 30s P2 Block Events Disabled Enabled

10 to 600s

10s

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11.5.1

Port 2 priority This setting allows message prioritisation of rear Port 2 to be changed in relation to the other ports. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced and cell 0420 = Enabled.

11.5.2

Port 2 mode This setting selects the Port 2 physical interface and operational protocol, IEC 60870/RS232, K-Bus. Menu cell is visible if cell 0420 = Enabled.

11.5.3

Port 2 data rate This setting selects the data rate used for IEC 60870 Courier communications (via RS232 or Optical Fibre connections). The following data rates are supported: 1200, 2400, 3600, 4800, 7200, 9600, 14400, 19200, 28800, 38400, 57600, 115200 bits per second. Menu cell is visible if cell 0420 = Enabled and cell 1008 is NOT K-Bus.

11.5.4

Port 2 frame format This setting selects the 10 bit (8 data bits - no parity bit) or 11 bit (8 data bits even parity bit) used for Courier communications (via RS232 or Optical Fibre connections). Menu cell is visible if cell 0420 = Enabled and cell 1008 is NOT K-Bus.

11.5.5

Port 2 setting timer This setting is the time-out value applied to setting changes and setting change message interleaving when access is made via the rear Port 2. The P2 Setting Timer is also used to terminate the foreign data transmission sequence, see section 6.7.2 for more explanations. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced and cell 0420 = Enabled.

11.5.6

Port 2 block timer This setting is the time-out value applied to Blocked message transfer interleaving when access is made via the rear Port 2. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced and cell 0420 = Enabled.

11.5.7

Port 2 reply timer This setting is the maximum time delay before a reply is generated after a valid request is received on rear Port 2 of the unit (Excluding globally addressed requests and the reset remote link request). The reply may be busy. No reply is generated if the address is not valid or communications has not already been established with the address. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced and cell 0420 = Enabled.

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11.5.8

Port 2 reset timer This setting is the maximum time delay before a reply is generated after a valid reset remote link request is received on the rear Port 2 of the unit. No reply is generated if the address is not valid or communications has not already been established with the address. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced and cell 0420 = Enabled.

11.5.9

Port 2 add time tag This setting appends a real time tag to rear Port 2 response messages. Menu cell is visible if cell 0420 = Enabled.

11.5.10

Port 2 modem This setting enables the unit to communicate via a modem via rear RS232 communication Port 2. Menu cell is visible if cell 0420 = Enabled and cell 1008 = RS232/ IEC 60870.

11.5.11

Port 2 password enable This setting enables remote access password protection on the rear RS232 communication Port 2.

11.5.12

Port 2 password entry This menu location is for entry of the remote access password for the rear RS232 communication Port 2. Menu cell is visible if cell 0420 = Enabled and cell 1060 = Enabled.

11.5.13

Port 2 password setting change This menu location is used to change the remote access password for the rear RS232 communication Port 2. Changing of the remote access password is protected by the system password. Menu cell is visible if cell 0420 = Enabled and cell 1060 = Enabled.

11.5.14

Port 2 password timer This setting selects the remote access password timer value for the rear RS232 communication Port 2. The timer will re-activate the password protection (if enabled). Menu cell is visible if cell 0420 = Enabled and cell 1060 = Enabled.

11.5.15

Port 2 block events This setting prevents automatic alarm/event extraction via rear Port 2. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced and cell 0420 = Enabled.

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11.6

Port 3 settings
Example value(s) 10ms 20 50 5ms 10ms 3000ms 30s Off On Off On Setting range 5 to 100ms 0 to 99 0 to 999 5 to 1000ms 0 to 1000ms 1 to 300s Step size 5ms 1 1 5ms 10ms 1s Cell type Setting Setting Setting Setting Setting Setting Setting Setting Default Password protection Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional No

Col Row Menu text 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 00 04 08 0C 10 14 18 1C 20 24 PORT 3 SETTINGS P3 Reply Timer P3 Retries P3 Busies P3 GTrans Timer P3 Trans Delay P3 FData RplyTim P3 Polling Time P3 Inter Polling P3 Polling Stat

15ms 10 99 10ms 10ms 3000ms 30s Off

5 to 10000ms 5ms

data cell Off

11.6.1

Port 3 reply timer This setting is the maximum time delay that the KITZ 201 will wait for a response from a downstream unit before performing a retry. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced

11.6.2

Port 3 retries This setting is the maximum number of retries (of the same request) that will be performed by the KITZ 201 when a response from a downstream unit is not received within the Port 3 Reply Time duration. If no reply is received and the maximum number of retries have been sent, the KITZ 201 will not attempt to communicate with the downstream unit until the master issues a Reset Remote Link request to the downstream unit address. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced

11.6.3

Port 3 busy replies This setting is the maximum number of busy reply responses from a downstream unit (to a request for data) that will be accepted by the KITZ 201. If the maximum number of busy responses has been exceeded, the KITZ 201 will not attempt to communicate with downstream unit until the master issues a Reset Remote Link request to the downstream unit address and after the last global message is transmitted. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced

11.6.4

Port 3 global message transmission timer This is the time delay period for transmission of globally addressed (address 255) Courier request messages. A valid global message consists of two or three identical messages sent sequentially with the above time delay between the individual messages and after the last global message is transmitted. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced
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11.6.5

Port 3 message transmission delay timer This is the time delay period between transmission of successive messages on Port 3. This can be used to decrease the number of messages sent to a downstream unit over a given time period and will reduce the number of busy replies received when a low number of downstream units are connected to Port 3. This setting can also be used to reduce the downstream transmission bandwidth to simplify downstream message interrogation. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced

11.6.6

Port 3 foreign data reply timer This setting is the maximum time delay that the KITZ 201 will wait for a response containing foreign data from a downstream unit (eg. KITZ 103/Optimho) before performing a retry. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 =Advanced

11.6.7

Port 3 intermittent polling The P3 Inter Polling setting provides the option for the user to switch on or off the automatic Poll Status and Poll Buffer by KITZ 201. If P3 Inter Polling is set to Off, the KITZ 201 Poll Status and Poll Buffer feature will be carried out automatically even if upstream masters are not polling for data on Port 3. If P3 Inter Polling is set to On, the KITZ 201 automatic Poll Status and Poll Buffer feature will be turned off. The polling on Port 3 will stop if upstream masters are no longer polling for data on Port 3. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 =Advanced

11.6.8

Port 3 polling time The P3 Polling Time is the time-out for P3 Inter Polling. If P3 Inter Polling is set to On and the upstream masters stop polling Port 3, the polling on Port 3 will be turned off with a delay that is set by the P3 Polling Time. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 =Advanced

11.6.9

Port 3 polling status The P3 Polling Stat displays the current status of polling on Port 3. The display will be On if one or more downstream units are being polled. The display will be Off if no downstream units are being polled. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 =Advanced

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11.7

Indications
Example value(s) Setting range Step size Cell type Default Password protection

Col Row Menu text 1C 1C 1C 1C 1C 00 04 08 0C 10 INDICATIONS IND Alm Fn Links (Link 0)

0000000000000000

Setting 0 Setting 1 to 60s 1s Setting Setting Enabled

Yes

IND PwrUp Enable Disabled Enabled IND Illum Time IND Illuminate 5s Disabled Enabled

No 2s Disabled No No

11.7.1

Indication alarm function links This setting allows the alarm indication to be configured to include selected KITZ 201 alarms.

11.7.2

Illuminate indications on power-up test This setting enables the power-up indications test.

11.7.3

Indications test illumination time This setting controls the duration that the indications will remain illuminated during the power-up and menu activated indication tests.

11.7.4

Illuminate indications test This menu cell allows the indications to be tested on the fly.

11.8

Real time clock


Example value(s) Setting range Step size Cell type Default Password protection

Col Row Menu text

20 00 20 04 20 08 20 0C 20 10 20 14

REAL TIME CLOCK RTC Time/Date RTC IRIGB Enable RTC IRIGB LocOff RTC Alarm Time RTC IRIGB Year Disabled Enabled 60min 120s 1997 0 720 to +720 min 1 to 100000s 1996 2095 1 Data Cell Setting Disabled Optional Optional Optional Optional

15 min Setting 0 min 1s 1 Setting 80s Setting 1996

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11.8.1

Date and time This cell displays the current date and time. The time can only be set via the "Set Real Time" command or the IRIG-B input.

11.8.2

RTC IRIG-B enable This setting enables the IRIG-B time synchronisation input.

11.8.3

RTC IRIG-B local time offset This setting selects the time offset that is added to the IRIG-B time synchronisation input (which uses Universal Co-ordinated time (UTC)) so that Local Time is displayed. Menu cell is visible if cell 2008 = Enabled.

11.8.4

RTC alarm time This setting selects the minimum time interval that IRIG-B time synchronisation must be lost before an alarm is issued. Menu cell is visible if cell 2008 = Enabled.

11.8.5

RTC IRIG-B year Year value that the IRIG-B time synchronision input will use. Menu cell is visible if cell 2008 = Enabled. This cell can only be updated if a valid IRIG-B input signal is present.

11.9
Col 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 Row 00 04 08 0C 10 14 18 1C 20 24 28

Communications statistics
Menu text COMMS STATISTICS CS Reset Totals CS Reset Errors CS P0 Total Mesg CS P0 Error Mesg CS P1 Total Mesg CS P1 Error Mesg CS P2 Total Mesg CS P2 Error Mesg CS P3 Total Mesg CS P3 Error Mesg No Yes No Yes Setting Setting Data Cell Data Cell Data Cell Data Cell Data Cell Data Cell Data Cell Data Cell Yes Yes 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Optional Optional Values Cell type Default Password protection

11.9.1

Reset communication total message statistics This setting resets the total received message statistics for all communication ports. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.
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11.9.2

Reset communication total message error statistics This setting resets the total received error message statistics for all communication ports. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.

11.9.3

Port 0 communication total messages received This data cell displays the total number of messages received on the front communication port. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.

11.9.4

Port 0 communication total error messages received This data cell displays the total number of messages received with errors on the front communication port. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.

11.9.5

Port 1 communication total messages received This data cell displays the total number of messages received on the rear communication Port 1. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.

11.9.6

Port 1 communication total error messages received This data cell displays the total number of messages received with errors on the rear communication Port 1. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.

11.9.7

Port 2 communication total messages received This data cell displays the total number of messages received on the rear communication Port 2. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.

11.9.8

Port 2 communication total error messages received This data cell displays the total number of messages received with errors on the rear communication Port 2. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.

11.9.9

Port 3 communication total messages received This data cell displays the total number of messages received on the rear communication Port 3. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.

11.9.10

Port 3 communication total error messages received This data cell displays the total number of messages received with errors on the rear communication Port 3. Menu cell is visible if cell 0408 = Advanced.
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11.10
Col Row

Address range
Menu text Example value(s) Setting range Step size Cell type Default Password protection

28 28 28

00 04 08

ADDRESS RANGE AR Base Address AR No. of Units 1 32 1 to 254 0 to 32 1 1 Setting 1 Setting 32 Optional Optional

11.10.1

Base address This is the base reference Courier address and is used to define the lowest Courier address that will be accepted as valid. The unit can communicate with up to 32 consecutive Courier addresses starting at the base address. Communication with addresses 0 and the global address (255) are allowed at all times. The KITZ 201 address (in the System Data menu column) operates independently of this setting and can be set to any address (0 to 255).

11.10.2

Number of downstream units This is the maximum number of consecutive Courier addresses (starting at the base address) with which the KITZ 201 can communicate. This setting can be used as a filter to improve efficiency (under certain conditions) if only a limited number of units (with sequential addresses) are required. Under normal circumstances, the connected master should not request information from non existent addresses via the KITZ 201, so the setting can be set to 32 without reducing communication efficiency.

Section 12. APPLICATION


The KITZ 201 can be used in all applications where communication is required between Courier compatible devices and one or more master stations, including higher order supervisory systems. Due to the connection flexibility of the KITZ 201, there are many possible applications. Three applications are shown in Figures 12, 13 and 14. 12.1 SCADA The KITZ 201 may be used for interfacing Courier compatible devices with Remote Terminal Units (RTUs) forming part of Supervisory Control and Data Aquisition (SCADA) systems having Courier language capability. Alternatively, the KITZ 201 may be connected via modems to a telephone network. Remote modem access is then available without disturbing the SCADA communications. This allows a protection engineer who has the required authorisation to view or make changes to relay settings either at site, with a laptop PC, or remotely via modems.

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12.2

Simultaneous communication With the KITZ 201 interface unit, multiple masters can communicate with a single spur of Courier compatible relays allowing interrogation to be made from two remote and one local point. This feature can either be applied in a substation where redundancy is required or, where multiple access facilities are required, to allow protection engineers and control engineers to work simultaneously.

12.3

K-Bus networks Two K-Bus master inputs are provided on the KITZ 201. Multiple KITZ 201 units can be used to provide a flexible communications solution for a complex high speed K-Bus network. Connecting two KITZ 201 K-Bus master inputs in parallel allows more than 32 relays to be accessed, as shown in Figure 13. Connecting two or more KITZ 201 units in cascade can also provide more master station ports.

Courier Master Station

To SCADA

Modem Modem RS232 KITZ 201


KITZ201

R.T.U

RS232

K-Bus

Figure 12: KITZ 201 used to enable three master stations simultaneous access to Courier compatible devices

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Courier master station

KITZ 201
KITZ201

1 KITZ 201 KITZ 101 K-Bus Addresses 1 64 33


KITZ201

3 K-Bus Address

32

34

35 K-Bus Address

64

Figure 13: Two KITZ 201 units and one KITZ 101 unit used to provide Courier access with 64 slaves (single master)

Courier Master Station KITZ 101

KITZ 201
KITZ201

1 KITZ 101 KITZ 201


KITZ201

3 K-Bus Address

32

33

34

35 K-Bus Address

64

Figure 14: Two KITZ 201 and KITZ 101 units used to provide Courier access with 64 slaves (two masters)

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12.4

Single master stations Even if multiple master stations are not required, the KITZ 201 still provides valuable benefits. These include providing protocol conversion with accurate event time stamp synchronisation and password protection for remote access to the connected relays in a unit suitable for electrically hostile environments. In addition, the unit provides the flexibility of connecting masters via K-Bus, RS232 or Fibre Optic media.

12.5

IRIG-B The IRIG-B port is used to provide an accurate time synchronisation signal. The KITZ 201 is capable of synchronising its internal real time clock with an external IRIG-B signal (Inter-Range Instrumentation Group standard 200-89) to a resolution of 1ms. The KITZ 201 provides the ability to synchronise events to local time instead of the Universal Co-ordinated Time (UTC) produced by the IRIG-B signal. This is achieved by offsetting the Universal Co-ordinated Time with a settable value. If the external time synchronisation is lost, the real time clock time setting will be used. The KITZ 201 will indicate whether a valid IRIG-B signal is being received via the Alarm indication LED. Any change in status of the IRIG-B signal is logged as an event. Glossary Courier A communications language developed to provide generic control, monitoring, data extraction and setting changes on remote devices (primarily on protective relays) within the substation environment. 'Data Circuit-terminating Equipment'. A device providing a communication path for use by a DTE. DCE is the standard port available on a modem. 'Data Terminal Equipment'. A device acting as a source or destination (or both) for data during a communication session. DTE is the standard port available on a PC. An abbreviated term for the communication standard IEC 60870-5 FT1.2 which is used to transfer Courier data over modems and RS232 connections. The 64kbps twisted pair cable used to connect Courier compatible devices and transfer Courier data. Interface unit for Courier slave devices. Personal computer. A secondary circuit which is so designed and protected that, under Normal and Single Fault Conditions, its voltages do not exceed a safe value. Safe voltages are defined as less than 42.4V peak, or 60Vdc. (EN 60950: 1992/A5: 1998).
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DCE

DTE

IEC 60870

K-Bus KITZ PC SELV circuit

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A L S T O M T & D P ro t e c t i o n & C o n t ro l L t d St Leonards Works, Stafford, ST17 4LX England Tel: 44 (0) 1785 223251 Fax: 44 (0) 1785 212232 Email: pcs.enquiries@tde.alstom.com Internet: www.alstom.com
Our policy is one of continuous product development and the right is reserved to supply equipment which may vary from that described. 1999 ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd

Publication R8561C

109910 CPS Printed in England.