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Table of Content ****************************************************************** 1. Comparison of the process 2. Advantages of Computer Generated 2D Animation 3. Example of 2D software & Advantages 4.

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Process comparison two type of animation: Traditional Animation Traditional animation need cels and background created separately; computer animation doesnt. According to animator Jan Eric Nystrm, background drawn hand created much like as a scenery painting. Animator attracts character in relation of background. Every frame is drawn and then change on a cel , that is a thin, transparent plastic sheet. The sheets allow for a limited number of drawings to be used in multiple ways and in combination, thus cutting down the amount of drawing required. Each cel is then photographed until the film is shot. Below are steps of drawn animation process:

1. The idea / story structure 2. The Storyboard 3. Sound recorded 4. Analyze sound length in number of frame 5. Sound analysis entered on dope sheets 6. Layout for scene drawn up 7. Director uses layout and dope sheet to plan movement and timing
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8. Background painted on paper 9. Movement painting on paper 10. Complete drawing entered on dope sheet 11. Movement drawings tested on line tester 12. Correct painting and timing 13. Trace movement drawing onto cells 14. Paint in color cell or color 15. Cells and background come together 16. Cells and background combine in film 17. Exposed negative delivered to laboratory to process 18. Sound and pictures edited 19. Soundtrack mixed in dub studio 20. Negative to lab for cutting with cut print and final sound 21. Lab makes final print 22. Print projected to audience 22. a Film convert to DVD / VCD / Tape

The diagram summarizes the traditional process of the production of an animated film. For techniques of cut out animation, sand and painted over glass, and others. See separate articles. Illustrated part duties has evolved from need divide the work among others person with different skills so that time taken to make a film is commercially viable.

Steps 1, 2 and 3 place base film and provide, in 4 and 5, material where film can be organized. The animation director 6 takes rule information time in dope sheet and picture planning of the layout 7 per scene and start movement painting. While background 8 finalized as a separate strand, , the main burden of the film such as the animated drawing of the action, works its way through a process of refinement 10 and 11 to 12. Once movement paintings satisfactory, they pass to workers cels that breed them in color on transparent acetate 13 and 14. The Cels and background paper united 15, and every scene checked carefully before it approve to camera. The
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Camera operator reads from the dope sheet the background, cels and and camera move requires every frame as shoot it 16. The Film go the laboratory to develop and print 17, and the printed scenes are edited fight against against the sound 18 to produce the cutting copy (orprinting work). When all component sound tracks have been similarly fitted to the picture, they mixed together 19 into a master sound track. Roll negative now go with picture cut, copies to be edited match it, a properly graded final print is made 21. As a print with a combined sound track, this can be projected as film. For TV and video, it is usual to transfer from a separate mute print and the sound master. Computer Animation Process

1. Idea 2. Storyboard
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3. Record 4. Timing breakdown and planning proceed to 5 or 5.a 5a. Animated drawing 5b. Line test 5c. Approved version of drawing scanned into computer 5. Animate and background or computer (wire frame) 6. Color and animation complete and background 7. Completed picture on disk with elements to dub 8. Sound synched and laid digitally 9. Sound and picture on digital tape release 10.a To broadcast 10. For film recorder for film copies.

Production systems use another computer in point where traditional process takes over by computer work. For some, every level after initial planning was done by animators work in computer; to another, only dye animation drawn traditional made digitally Animation director take rule information time and picture planning layout for per layout scene, and start movement painting. While background finalized because separate a strand, film main burden; animated illustration action, work the road through one refining process Once movement paintings satisfactory, they pass to workers cel that breed them in color in transparent acetate Cels and background paper united and every scene checked carefully before it passes to camera. Camera operator reads from background paper ,cels and camera move requires every frame when he shooting it. Films go the laboratory to develop and print. The printed scenes are edited against the sound to produce the cutting copy (or work print) When all component songs has similar attach to picture, they mixed together into a single master soundtrack
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The negative rolls now go with the picture cutting copy to be edited to match it. From deduction negative a properly grading final print is made. As a print with a combined sound track this can be projected as film. Advantages of Computer Generated 2D Animation.

According to Jesse Cordtz, animator and operations manager of HieroGraphics Entertainment, an animation firm stationed in Boise, Idaho, two from largest advantages of using 2D computer animation in a project was realism and speed computer animation can bring a project. For example, once an image is created in the animation program, it can be stored there for later use; it doesn't have to be "redrawn" or recreated. For shows produced weekly, this saves a great deal of time. While the initial output to create the product is steep, the later episodes of a production go faster, because the key images have already been created.

Computer can enables an artist to just press a few buttons and Press! The drawings are done with just a few skilled in computer artist. Example is animators are using tracing and coloring frames by hand (traditional use) can be replaced. Computer can produce an in between a more difficult procedure to be handled manually. The life of an artist a little easier. Below are the examples of in between.

In between

At the same time, Computer Generated 2D Animation get the bonus of the undo button. At the same time this animation can copied as much as specifying the number of repeats required.

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The artist who drew with pencil and paper can now use keyboard and mouse also pen tablet or touch screen to create shapes and images in computer.

Computer animation is a process that brings picture to life by making them appear to move. This is done through animated computer generated 2D animation which are used to present information in an interesting way or for pure entertainment. It is one of the essential tools that computer needs so as to enable to complete work faster and in an easier way. To draw that have trouble painting, computer can draw up easily with computer animation that will experience perfectly things. In poor lighting, computer can doing paint; it can shade and conduct light calculations so that object will be having perfect and stable light effects. This will give one perfect image appearance. Some laboratory experiments are dangerous if carried out practically. Theres no need to put lives in danger because the Computer animation can simulate what will happen.

Computer animation software will give capacity in result objects which moves that have gotten from materials pictorial which includes; pictures and maps. They can create an impression of life and give a clear visual impression.

Computer animation, also often addressed as CGI (computer-generated image) animation, uses digital equipment and software to produce 2D. It uses moving images digitally created, instead of using fully hand-drawn images, to make an animated film. The popular computer animation software includes Adobe Flash and After Effects for 2D animation. Examples of movies that use computer animation include "The Iron Giant, South Park", The Ren & Stimpy, "Rugrats," and An American Tail etc.

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Examples of 2D Animation Software

Adobe Flash Professional

Flash, a program is introduced by Macromedia in mid 1990s and achieved by Adobe in 2005, was a design platform used to create flow enthusiastic for websites and various other documents type. Although Flash is not popular with website developers and webmaster it was because of Flash's difficulty attracting search engine bots, there are many advantages to using it as a web design tool to produce interactive games, business presentations and flashy websites. Advantages: If find rich software with features used to be doing content mean then Adobe Flash was answer. It is favorites animation industry and equally well works for platforms like smart phones, Tablets and TV. It presents effective work flow environment and give enhanced control layers. The cost is even though in higher side, especially increase grading costs. The plus point of using Flash is that it lets the animator integrate many sophisticated effects to the animation being created. It animated popular tool that was part of adobe software suite. Flash can manipulate vector and flow support audio bidirectional and video. It is also compatible with most web browsers, mobile phones and other electronic devices such as MP3 players. Flash is compatible with Windows, Mac, OSX, Linux and Solaris. The examples of flash movies are The Ren & Stimpy Show, often simply referred to as Ren & Stimpy, is an American animated television series, created by Canadian animator John Kricfalusi.

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Software: Adobe Flash Publisher: Adobe License: Free Trial Comments: The leading name in 2D vector animation Toon Boom Animate Toon Boom Animation Inc. was Canadian Software Company which specialize animation production software. Establish in 1994 and stationed in Montreal, Quebec, Toon Boom develop animation and software storyboarding for film, television, animation network, games, mobile devices, and training applications. In 2005, Toon Boom was awarded Primetime Emmy in Engineering Advantages: My personal favorite, this software was a tool that is good to create animation Flash. It has really cool few features such as techniques rigging flexible, parallel Xsheet and Timeline, various types of vector effects and capacity for export to different formats such as SWF, FLV and QuickTime make it love tool to animate. Usage cameras create environment 3D in software 2D, adding drop shadows and tweening was few features that is most enhanced Toon Boom. The environment provides very like traditional animation, hence, animator enjoy even more.
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Toonboom was animation program 2D that was a based on vector, free system resolution. This means such when digital image exist enlarged, they maintain clean lines unlike raster-based imagery which, when enlarged, becomes more pixelated

Software: Toon Boom Animate Publisher: Toon Boom License: Free Trial Comments: Industry-leading professional studio animation program.

CreaToon 3.0

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CreaToon is a program to create animation systems 2D written for Microsoft windows. It was acquitted by Androme NV with version 3.0 was licensed Freeware and no longer developed into. The program specializes in animation style cutout.

Advantages: CreaToon was software solution that is strong for PC create animation 2D in section style. For example, it containing a little fairly good compositing features. Downside was preview window, that a little small, but it delivers editing real time and previewed. Artwork created in other packages, and then import into CreaToon. South Park Animation was used this software. It is not animated package based on cel in traditional sense , it has limited ink and tools paint, It have decent few features, consider price, including tools tweening and a camera various aircraft, with object can place during axis-z in space 3D. This software used to join bitmap and vector graphic, edited in real time and flexible for pictorial style. The best thing on CreaToon is that it is available for free. We need unlock software to using this program. It works on Windows operating system. Although, a bit stagnant in producing newer versions or enhancing the tool, CreaToon is still software worth trying for those who want to explore animation tools!

Software: Crea Toon


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Publisher: Crea Toon License: Free Comments: Powerful software solution for the PC to create 2D animation

Animo Software

On 22nd of May, 2001 Cambridge Animation Systems has announced generation operating system next Animo for Mac OS X, Apple. Animo launch integrate 2D and animation 3D for feature film development, animated television series, commercials, games and multimedia projects. New Versions Animo for Mac OS X will offer same functionality as their counterparts running on Windows and IRIX Operating System. Users will be able to seamlessly exchange files among Animo systems running on the three major computing platforms.

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Advantages: Animo was first fluent software package integrate 2D and 3D animation. It enables artists combine old methods animation traditional with modern computer technologies for greater speed, richer images, more comfortable and developed movement special effect.

Animo and its family of associated products address each of the key stages in the digital production process with intuitive, fast and reliable tools. Its one of Big Four systems Celanimation. Used by companies such as Warner Bros, DreamWorks, and Toonland, and is responsible for movies such as The Iron Giant and tones Osmosis. Supplied with a license float meaning it can be deployed on any workstation in a studio.

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InkPaint was art engine Animo, and its here that the package really shines. Not only do we get a reassuringly comprehensive brush set, but a swath of labor saving tools. Notable in the list of timesavers are the auto gap fixing and trace brush tools, multiple display modes, and auto fill. We can operate in onion-skinning, ink only and paint-only modes. Also, as animators she will know, palettes are vital to an animation - representing part of the 'house style' of the project. InkPaint can insert pallet into other pallet so we do need require for recolorscenes if pellet changed during art process.

Platform : Windows | Macintosh Company : Cambridge Animation Systems Contact Price : Graphics Domain, 01434 5.15 500 : Pro bundle: RM18 842 plus VAT (Includes Scan, InkPaint, Director, Render)

Retas Pro

RETASpro combines a number of individual programs (STYLOS, PAINT MAN, QUICK CHECKER, and TRACE MAN RENDER DOG that can work together creating a powerful set of tools for 2d animation productions. The heart of the system CoreRETASs is a tool for carrying out the shooting process in animation production. The tool allows each of the separate materials such as backgrounds and painted cels to be gathered together at the shooting stage to create one scene. Using X-sheets, CoreRETAS HD allows each of the materials to be arranged in the optimum positions and timing for carrying out the shooting with the addition of a variety of production effects. This product knows is very widely used in the Japanese Anime and Other Asian productions. Now the program supports HD resolutions.

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Advantages: Improved work speed Speeds up every process: drawing, painting, and shooting.

Cost reduction Cost reduction is achieved not only by the reduction of the production time, but because consumables such as cel, acrylic paint, and film become unnecessary due to the digitization of the production process.

Improved expressive skills Screen presentations and special effects which were not possible to achieve with cel and film are now possible thanks to digital technology.

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Easy operation Functions are designed following the animation production workflow which makes it easy for people in the industry to learn the operations.

Utilization of the Internet Unlike paper, cel, and film, digitized data can be exchanged using the Internet lessening the risk of loss. Furthermore, using the Internet you may save the cost of delivery and retrieval of materials (both personnel and logistics).

Necessary application in necessary quantity Applications are independent of each other, meaning you can acquire the licenses in the necessary numbers for each type of work. For examples, 12 licenses for STYLOS, 8 for PaintMan, and 5 for CoreRETAS.

No compatibility problems with outsourced materials This software is in standard usage in the animation industry, especially in Japan. That is, you will not have data compatibility problems with outsourced materials.

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Examples of animations using RETAS! PRO

Popular cartoon series such as Batman, Spiderman, Digimon, and Pokemon, as well as movies such as An American Tail, were all created with the Retas range, which bodes well for its feature set and production capabilities. Windows : Macintosh Retas Price : Basic Studio: around RM10,971 (TraceMan, PaintMan, CoreRetas)

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Movies chosen "The Ren & Stimpy Show" Sven Hoek (1992)

Written by : Bob Camp and JohnK Storyboard by: Jim Smith and Bill Wray Background color design: Bill Wray Animated Director: Bob Jaquest Directed by : John K

Ren & Stimpy Show, often simply refers because Ren & Stimpy, was American animated television series, created by Canadian animator John Kricfalusi. Enthusiastic genre was Off Color humur, comedy, sexual innuendo and violence. First time show screening on 11th of August, 1991 in Nickelodeon as part of Nicktoonsnya block together with Rugrats and Doug. The Series focusing on in name only characters:Ren Hek, a psychotic chihuahua, and Stimpson J. Kucing, a kind, stupid cat. The shows contest five seasons on the network. The show was rated TV Y7 in Nickelodeon / Nicktoons, and TV PG in Spike TV repeat. The shows style emphasizes unique expressions, strong and specific play, and strong character poses. The Ren & Stimpy using flash software.

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Film Description: Ren excited when the cousin, Svn, come for a visit, until he find out that Svn was a stupid such as Stimpy. Craving intellectual stimulation, and scold idiocy Stimpy, Ren speak highly the cousin Sven that was alleged visit immediately. On arrival, it reveals that Sven has more equation with Stimpy from within Ren, and the frustration turns to mania. Ren Hek was a hot-tempered, "asthma bloodhound" Cihuahua. Kricfalusi Originally voice Ren, they because Peter Lorre that is mad. When Nickelodeon shooting Kricfalusi, Billy West, has voice Stimpy, taking part use one combination Burl Ives, Kirk Douglas and an insult"Loghat Mexico" for the rest of the Nickelodeon run. Stimpson "Stimpy" J. Cat was a three-year-old stupid and glad cat. West voice Stimpy for Spmc and Games Animation scenes, based on voice at one "amped-up" Larry Fine

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Mixed Media Mixed media is among animated types. Animated various range type from traditional approach of latest computer technology. Mixed inclined media to consult a visual arts work which combines various visual arts media that is by different tradition. And combining visual art with non-visual elements (such as recorded sound, for example) or with art elements the rest (such as literature, drama, dance, motion graphics, music, or interactivity).

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Exaggeration Charm characters animation is they should not become real. All about them intended to cheer up audience. Character movements, exaggeration, expressions and reactions were proven a device keep entertaining audience. Example an animation below as the Stimpys clock is ringing then the blue lightning is blinking. And also same with the second picture below. It also shows blinking star when the horse kick the Stimpys head.

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Anticipation This is the clue that characters give the viewers something is about to happen. Example; when cousins Ren make his eyes bigger. Same goes to Ren. That prepares the audience to the next thing that is about to happen.

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Movement Animations do not make paintings transfer. It in essence, draws movement. What animator does in between. How image or painting is being moved, more important than what steps. When picture animation techniques use forms a book, it is in a state of that detrimental because it is may be to use only stationary image because example and what happen in between can get a little or have no visual demonstration except written explanation.

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Illusion Animation involves the process of assembling a sequence of still images to create an illusion of movement. The quality of the sequence is more important than the quality of images.

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The Iron Giant (1999)

Cast: James Gammon, Christopher McDonald Director: Brad Bird Producer: Des McAnuff, Pete Townshend Screenwriter: Brad Bird, Ted Hughes, Tim McCanlies

The Iron Giant is a 1999 animated science fiction action drama film utilizing both traditional animation and computer animation. In1986, rock musician Pete Townshend became interested in writing "a modern song-cycle in the manner of Tommy", and chose Ted Hughes' The Iron Man as his subject. Three years later, The Iron Man: A Musical album was released. The same year Pete Townshend produced a short film set to the album single "A Friend is a Friend" featuring The Iron Man in a mix of stop frame animation and live action directed by Matt Forrest. In 1993, a stage version was mounted at Londons Old Vic. Des McAnuff, who had adapted Tommy with Townshend for the stage, believed that The Iron Man could translate to the screen, and the project was ultimately acquired by Warner Bros. The Iron Giant used Animo software. It released at 6th August 1999. And time running about 86 minutes. Also got many award. Examples are The Hugo Awards nominated The Iron Giant for Best Dramatic Presentation, while the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America honored Brad Bird and Tim McCanlies with the Nebula Award nomination. The British
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Academy of Film and Television Arts gave the film a Children's Award as Best Feature Film. In addition The Iron Giant won nine Annie Awards and was nominated for another six categories, with another nomination for Best Home Video Release at The Saturn Awards. IGN ranked The Iron Giant as the fifth favorite animated film of all time in a list published in 2010. The genre animations are Science fiction and Fantasy. And also War theme.

Film Description:

A boy's best friend is his robot in this animated adventure from Brad Bird, best known for his TV work on such series as The Simpsons, King of the Hill, and The Critic. Set in 1957, The Iron Giant focuses on Hogarth (voice of Eli Marienthal), an imaginative nine-year-old boy who daydreams of alien invasions and doing battle with Communist agents. One day, Hogarth hears a local fisherman talk about something that surpasses anything he could dream up: a fifty-foot robot that fell from the sky into a nearby lake. Needless to say, Hogarth's mom, Annie (voice of Jennifer Aniston) finds this a little hard to swallow, but when Hogarth finds the robot (voice of Vin Diesel) and fishes him out of the water, his pal Dean (voice of Harry Connick Jr.), a beatnik sculptor who also runs a junkyard, offers to help by hiding the robot with his salvage. A government agent named Kent Mansley (voice of Christopher McDonald) soon gets wind that there's a mechanical invader of unknown origins in the neighborhood and wants to wipe out the potential threat. However, the robot (which loves to eat metal and is learning to talk) turns out to be friendly, and the boy in turn tries to teach his new pal the ways of humans. The Iron Giant is loosely based on the book The Iron Man by late British poet Ted Hughes, previously adapted for the stage by rock musician Pete Townshend, who executive produced the film. The keys to Animation. They have a few key elements in animation in order to produce a good animated work. Illusion Animation involves the process of assembling a sequence of still images to create an illusion of movement. Animated film art in action and this is what makes animation unique.
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Illusion 1:-

Illusion 2:-

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Anticipation This is indication that characters give spectators which something will happen below. For example, character eye can follow a disturb bee. This provide audience for thing next that will happen.

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South Park (1999)

Cast: George Clooney, Trey Parker, Matt Stone, Mary Kay Bergman Director: Trey Parker Producer: Frank C. Agnone II, Anne Garefino, Deborah Liebling, Trey Parker, Scott Rudin, Mark Roybal, Gina Shay, Matt Stone Screenwriter: Pam Brady, Trey Parker, Matt Stone

South Park was animated American a sitcom created by Trey Parker and Matt Stone for Comedy Central television network. Intended for mature audiences, the show has become famous for its crude language and dark, surreal humor that lampoons a wide range of topics. Continuously story revolves around four sons; StanMarsh, Kyle Broflovski, Eric Cartman and Kenny McCormick and their bizarre adventures in and around the titular Colorado town. Animated style show inspired by section cartoons paper cut out made by Terry Gilliam for Monty Python's Flying Circus of which Parker and Stone has become lifelong fans. Construction paper and traditional cutout stop motion techniques have been used in original animated shorts and in pilot episode. Scenes next were generated by computer
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animation, provide an appearance that is same of original when required one fraction of the time to produce. The South Park was used Creatoon 2.5 software. The animation genres are black comedy, off color humor, surreal humor, satire. They have 16 seasons and 256 episodes. The popular theme is love. Film Description: The most tasteless third graders on television graduate to the big screen, as Trey Parker and Matt Stone expand their animated series with foul-mouthed humor that might breach the boundaries of basic cable. In the small Colorado town of South Park, good-natured Stan Marsh, slightly neurotic Kyle Broflovski, fat and petulant Eric Cartman, and perpetually doomed Kenny McCormick are psyched for the premiere of the first feature film from flatulent Canadian TV performers Terrance and Phillip, entitled "Asses of Fire." The movie is rated R, but that's not about to stop the boys from sneaking into the theater. However, when the boys' language gets bluer by the minute after seeing the film, their parents and school administrators decide that something must be done. Kyle's mother comes up with the ideal solution: blame Canada. Terrance and Phillip end up in jail for corrupting America's youth, while the Canadian Air Force retaliates with an air strike targeting the Baldwin brothers. The boys soon organize a children's underground resistance force to free Terrance and Phillip before they can be executed; meanwhile, in a sensitive subplot exploring relationship issues, we're permitted an inside look at the domestic problems of Satan and his lover, Saddam Hussein. As on the TV show, Parker and Stone perform the voices of most of the characters, and they also wrote several songs for the film; George Clooney, Minnie Driver, Eric Idle, Dave Foley, and Mike Judge contribute voices. Not to spoil the plot, but rumor has it that Kenny dies.

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Cartoon Animation On Still Photographs. The use of photographs, as a background poses no particular technical problems. It is also possible to shoot animation on photographic backgrounds.

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Mixed Media It combines cartoon drawing with other visual tricks. Blending of them with life shoot actor and scenery governed digitally so that the fine variations of lighting were the same for both sets of images as example below. This is the wonder of computer animation, capable of manipulation and combining images from many sources leading to incredible living and moving subjects on screen.

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An American Tail: Fievel Goes West

Directed by: Phil Nibbelink, Simon Wells Produced by: Steven Spielberg, Robert Watts Story by: Charles Swenson

An American Tail: Fievel Goes West was a 1991 American move western film produced by animation studio Amblimation Steven Spielberg and produced by Universal Pictures. It addition to An American Tail, and the last installment in the series to be released theatrically, also the fourth installment in terms of the series' fictional chronology. It was later followed at the end of the 1990s by another two direct-to-video midquels, both of which took place chronologically before this film. A continuation of this installment, Fievel's American Tails, aired on CBS in 1992.It using Retas animation and War Theme.

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Film Description: Film according to story a family rats Russia Jewish that migrate to Wild West. In the film, Fievel Mousekewitz separated from the family (again) as the train approaches the American Old West; film record Fievel and Sheriff Wylie Burp (fingered by James Stewart in the latest film) teach Tiger how to acted like a dog In the alleys, a regal feline named Cat R. Waul devises a plan to deliver the mice into his clutches. He first launches a full-scale cat attack to drive all the mice to the sewers, specifically ordering his fellow cats to not eat any of them. Using a mouse-cowpoke marionette, he then entices the neighborhood mice, including the Mousekewitzs, into moving to a better life out west. Tiger chases the train, trying to catch up with his friends, but is thrown off course by a pack of angry dogs. While on the west-bound train, Fievel wanders into the livestock car, where he overhears the cats revealing their plot to turn them into "mouse burgers." After being discovered, Fievel is thrown from the train by Cat R. Waul's hench-spider, T.R. Chula, landing the mouse in the middle of the desert. The Mousekewitzes are heartbroken once again over the loss of Fievel and arrive at Green River with heavy hearts. Photo 1: Anticipation The picture below shows the action to be taken. And its going to happen next also look like shock

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Photo 4: Movement Its show how the image is being moved, and more important than what move.

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The Rugrats Movie (1998)

Cast: Joe Alaskey, Michael Bell, Busta Rhymes, Jack Riley Director: Igor Kovalyov, Norton Virgien Producer: Debby Beece, Eryk Casemiro, Gabor Csupo, Albie Hecht, Kang Han-Young, Arlene Klasky, Elizabeth Seidman, Julia Pistor, Hal Waite, Thad Weinlein, Alfonso Weinlein Screenwriter: Peter Chung, Gabor Csupo, Arlene Klasky, David N. Weiss, J. David Stem

Rugrats was American animated television series created by ArleneKlasky, Gbor Csup, and Paul Germain for Nickelodeon. First time series screening on 11th of August, 1991, and broadcast the last episode on 8th of June, 2004. The rugrats are children and family television movies genre also family theme. Show focussing on a group of toddler and their daily life; usually involve ordinary life experiences which became adventures in the babies' imaginations. It is one of first three Nicktoons and also aired Nick Jr. in 1995. Rugrats use animation techniques cel (short on celluloid) was blank clear plastic sheet used by studio artist draw character animation or object based on animator's original pencil drawing. The cels was then placed on a background and photographing in sequence in living result an illusion in completed film or short cartoon. Every cel is different but this does not mean that
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every cel is unique. Often multiple copies of a cel were created by the Inkers as color models in order to advance their technique and skills. Rugrats created by comics series from 1998 to 2003. Nick produces Rugrats comic strip , that was distributed through Syndicate Creator. Initially written by show-writer Scott Gray and drawn by comic book artist Steve Crespo, with Rob Armstrong as editor. During this time, Nickelodeon also published 30 issues of an all Rugrats comic magazine. It was using Toon Boom software. Film Description:

Based on the popular Nickelodeon TV series Rugrats, this is the first full-length feature animated movie to star the little tots. It's the story of diaper-clad kids, told from a baby's point- of-view, and they were one of the hottest-selling toy franchises of the late '90s. The film features a hilarious musical number in the hospital nursery, where newborns have the voices of major rock stars that include Jakob Dylan (Bob Dylan's son), Iggy Pop, Lou Rawls, Lisa Loeb, and Patti Smith, to name a few. The story escalates when self-proclaimed leader Tommy Pickles is thrust into an impossible situation with the birth of his new brother, Dil Pickles. This new kid is grabbing all the attention and won't stop crying. With the help of other toddlers Lil and Phil, Tommy decides that the baby should be returned to the hospital for fixing. They all hop on their little wagon and take a high-speed ride straight into the deep woods where they realize they're lost. Chased around by animals (or so they think), the Rugrats clan must get home in one piece. Other celebrity voices include Whoopi Goldberg and The Rocky Horror Picture Show's Tim Curry, as well as Saturday Night Live's Andrea Martin and David Spade.

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Anticipation The picture shows the babys character, such as make a big eyes and the mouth open. It shows the viewer sign what will going to happen.

Illusion Animation involves the process of assembling a sequence of still images to create an illusion of movement. The art of animated film is in the action and this is what makes animation unique.

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References: 1. Website Wikipedia(2012) The Iron Giant. Retrieved 23 October 2012 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Iron_Giant movieclip (2012, July 17) Iron Giant Retrieved October, 23 2012 From http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Ipcnz96hE8 Wikipedia(2012) South Park .Retrieved October, 25 2012 From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Par movieclip (2011, October 9) South Park. Retrieved October, 23 2012 From http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fy-Ocaxlk1Y Wikipedia(2012) An American Tail .Retrieved October, 25 2012 From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Par BaconStudioz (2011, Ogos 30) An American Tail. Retrieved October, 23 2012 From http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L46VnayhM5w&feature=relmfu Wikipedia(2012) The Rugrat .Retrieved October, 25 2012 From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rugrats movieclip (2012, Mar 2) The Rugrat. Retrieved October, 23 2012 From http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WzDlb8zf7gQ&feature=watch_response Sven Hoek (1992) Ren &Stimpy Retrived Nov, 1, 2012 From http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0763768/plotsummary link15j(2009,June 13) Ren &Stimpy Retrieved From Nov, 1 2012 From http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO6KH0et5SE&feature=related Matthew Schieltz, (2012) The Advantages of Using Macromedia Flash. Retrieved Nov ,3 2012 From http://www.ehow.com/list_5788495_advantages-usingmacromedia-flash.html#ixzz2CECuGARt Wikipedia(2012) Toon Boon .Retrieved October, 25 2012 From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toon_Boom_Animation Wikipedia(2012) Creatoon .Retrieved October, 25 2012 From http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/CreaToon
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Computers & Electronics (2012) 2D Animation Software. Retrieved October, 25 2012 From http://www.squidoo.com/2danimationsoftware#module3071422 Digital Media Fx (2012) Cambridge Animation Systems Brings Animo to Mac OS X Retrived October, 25 2012 From http://www.digitalmediafx.com/Products/animomac.html

Computers & Electronics (2012) 2D Animation Software. Retrieved October, 25 2012 From http://www.squidoo.com/2danimationsoftware#module3071422 Retas Pro(n.d) Celsys Retrived October 20, From http://www.celsys.co.jp/en/ Buffy Naillon (2012) Pros & Cons of Computer Animation, Retrieved Nov,10,2012 From http://www.ehow.com/about_5418334_pros-cons-computeranimation.html#ixzz2CIRuZIRp

Saucer(2012) the benefits of computer animation software, Retrieved 28 October 2012 http://www.kenyaplex.com/resources/4196-the-benefits-of-computeranimation-software.aspx

2. Book J,Ramli (2011) 2D Animation. Open Universiti Malaysia:Meteor Doc. Sdn Bhd

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