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Sharing Business Models and Scaling up Mini-Grid in Asia and the Pacific

6-7 February 2013 Soaltee Crowne Plaza, Kathmandu, Nepal

Electricity Business Sector in Cambodia


By:

Mr. CHUN Piseth Electricit du Cambodge (EDC)

GKisnIkm<Ca
ELECTRICITE DU CAMBODGE

Content:
I- Business Profile II- Future Business Plan

III- On going Projects


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GKisnIkm<Ca
ELECTRICITE DU CAMBODGE

I- Business Profile

1. Background Electricity Business


Royal Government of Cambodia Electricity Authority of Cambodia Regulation Cambodia's Electricity Business REE IPP PEC EDC

Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy


Policy maker

Ministry of Economic and Finance


Owner

Ownership of EDC Policy; Planning; Development; Technical standard Tariff, license, Review the Planned Investments, finances and performance; Enforce the regulations, rules and standards

History of Electricit du Cambodge


Electricity was introduced in Cambodia in 1906 by three Cambodian-French companies.

In 1958, Royal Government of Cambodia established Electricit du Cambodge as Stated own Enterprise responsible for Generation, Transmission and Distribution through-out Cambodia. In March 1996, by the Royal decree, EDC became again a state owned limited liability company to generate, transmit and distribute electric power though-out Cambodia. EDC is then responsible for its profit and losses and liable for its debts to the extent of the value of its assets.
Today, EDC covers more than 80% of energy distribution in the country.
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Government Policies
Development the domestic power generations. Encouragement for power import from neighboring countries, i.e. Thailand, Viet Nam and Lao PDR. Encouragement for expansion of power transmission and distribution networks through-out country. Encouragement of Public-Private-Participation for power development in Cambodia.

2/6/2013

EDC Powering Cambodia

Issues
Population 14.1 Million with 2.97 Million Household in 2010. In 2010, 46.8% of 14,073 Villages have accessed electricity in 2010. Electrification Ratio was 19% in 2009 (552,520 customers). Electricity price in the EDCs area is 650 to 720 Khmer Riel/kWh. Electricity price in Rural Area is 2,600-3,600 Khmer Riel/kWh (~0.65 to ~0.90 US$/kWh).

2/6/2013

EDC Powering Cambodia

Targets for power supply

100% of villages have access to electricity


services by 2030, where
2011-2020: 80% of villages have accessed to electricity from the Grid or connected to neighboring countries, and other 20% shall be supplied by the stand alone system ie. renewable energy sources. 2021-2030 95% of villages shall have accessed electricity from the Grid and importation, and 5% shall be supplied from the minigrid/renewable energy sources.

70% of rural households have access to grid


quality electricity services by 2030.
2/6/2013 EDC Powering Cambodia 8

2. Actual Operation
Business in EDC

Electricity Coverage Area

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Energy Generation by Fuel Type in Phnom Penh System


Generation by Type in Phnom Penh
GWh 2000 1800 1600

System

1400
1200 1000 800 600 400

200
0 2007
Thermal Wood

2008
HYDRO

2009
COAL DO

2010
HFO

2011
IMPORT

Year

System
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Energy Generation by Fuel Type in Provinces System


Generation by Type in Provinces
GWh 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 2007
Thermal Wood

System

2008
HYDRO

2009
COAL DO

2010
HFO

2011
IMPORT

Year

System
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Energy Consumption by Sector


Energy Consumption by Sector in 2008 Government 7% Industry 19% Other 3%

Energy Consumption by Sector in 2009 Government 7% Industry 17% Other 4% Residential 38%

Residential 36%

Commercial 35%

Commercial 34%

Energy Consumption by Sector in 2010


Government 6% Other 6% Residential 34%

Energy Consumption by Sector in 2011


Government, 6% Industry, 19% Other, 9% Residence, 32%

Industry 19%

Commercial 35%

Commercial, 35%

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Power Losses Rating in Phnom Penh and Average in Provinces System


Percentage of Power loss in Phnom Penh and Average in Provinces
Loss(%)
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15.00

14 12
10.69 10.73 9.59 9.82 7.81 8.45 7.47 7.21 7.08

10
8 6 4 2 0 2006 2007
9.78

9.37

2008

2009

2010

2011

Year System

Phnom Penh

Average in provinces
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GKisnIkm<Ca
ELECTRICITE DU CAMBODGE

II- Future Business Plan

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5 Years Action Plan 2012-2016


The main action plan in electricity power development plan 2012 2016 is to reduce the generation cost and increase the rate of electrification by : Import lower cost power source from neighboring countries Construct and put in service the large scale generation such as hydro, coal, Biomass Power transmission from the generation source and interconnected between provincial towns Extension distribution network through out the country
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Interconnection Plan between Provincial Town


N. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Provincial Name Phnom Penh Kandal Kampong Speu Takeo Kampot Kep Sihanoukville Kampong Cham Banteay Meanchey Battambang Siemreap Kampong Chhnang Pursat Koh Kong Oddar Meanchey Pailin Prey Veng Svay Rieng Kratie Stung Treng Ratanak Kiri Mondul Kiri Kampong Thom Preah Vihear 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

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Existing and Planning Power Transmission


Prek Liang II 44 MW Prek Liang I 55 MW Lower Sesan III 375 MW

Upper Sesan IV 350 MW

Stung Treng 980 MW Stung Siem Reap 2 MW Lower Sesan 900 MW Lower Se San II 400MW

Lower Srepok 235 MW

Stung Sen 5 MW Stung I Battambang 24 MW Sambor 2600 MW

Prek Rwei II 5 MW

Prek Rwei I 5 MW Stung Chinit 5 MW Stung Battambang II 36 MW Stung Pursat I 20 MW Upper Prekter 15 MW

O Phlai IV 7 MW O Phlai III 5 MW Prek Por II 8 MW O Phlai II 4 MW Prek Por II 17 MW

Stung Meteuk III 175 MW Stung Atay 20 MW

Stung Atay 100 MW LRSC UP 103 MW x2 LRSC LS 66 MW x 2 Stung Tatay 246 MW Stung Chhay Areng 108 MW

Stung Piphot 25 MW Kirirom III 18 MW Kirirom I 12 MW

Under study
Kamchay 193.2 MW

. .

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Outlook Of Supply and Peak Demand 2012-16


MW
1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 2012 2013
National Grid

Outlook Of Supply and Peak Demand

Year
2014 2015
Phnom Penh

2016
Peak Demand

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Energy Generation by Fuel Type 2012-16


Generation Planning by Type in National Grid
GWh 6,000

5,000
4,000 3,000

2,000
1,000 2012 2013
Fuel oil

Year
2014
Hydro Coal

2015
Import

2016
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Estimated Generation Investment in National Grid


Up to 2011
Capacity. MW Installed EDC 77 Available 72

2012 - 2016
Capacity. MW Installed Available Investment MUS$

Private
Import Total Cumulative

269
333 679

236
268 576

1,060
310 1,370 2,049

810
310 1,220 1,796

1,874
Trans. Inv 1,874

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Estimated Transmission Investment


Up to 2011
Single. km 115 kV 230 kV 260 Double. Investment km MUS$ 83 170 62 60 Single. km 190

2012 - 2016
Double. km 170 1,000 Investment MUS$ 120 500

Total
Cumulative 115 kV Cumulative 230 kV 260 83 170

102
62 60 450 253 1,170

620
182 560

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Estimated Rural Electrification Investment


Infrastructures Development 1. MV network 2. Transformer 3. LV network Total Investment Year 2011-2020 Unit Quantity km set km h.h 11,432 7,635 38,174 945,263 Cost, MUS$ 167.05 70.85 285.46 68.45 Quantity 14,425 9,616 48,082 1,346,298 Cost, MUS$ 197.16 93.92 415.48 74.32 Total Investment Year 2021-2030

4. Meter and Accessory


Total included Contingency

hh

591.81

780.87
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Rural Electrification Developing Map

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Location of China Exim Bank Project (Kampong Cham and Prey Veng Provinces)

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Location of KFW Financed Project (Takeo and Kampot Provinces)

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Location of Aus-Aid and EDC Financed Project (Svay Rieng Province)

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Location of ADB Financed Project (Kampong Thom and Siem Reap Provinces)

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Ongoing Cooperation with Developing partners in Rural Electrification


China Exim Bank: 53 Million US$ -1,772 km of MV line, 460 Transformers KFW: 8 Million Euro -500 km of MV line, 150 Transformers Aus-Aid & EDC : 7 Million US$ -220 km of MV line, 77 Transformers -400 km of LV line, 13,000 Meters and Accessories ADB and OFID (Rural Electrification): 55 Million US$ -2,110 km of MV line, 300 Transformers Royal Government of Cambodia: 80 Million US$ -4,750 km of MV line, 1540 Transformers
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GKisnIkm<Ca
ELECTRICITE DU CAMBODGE

III- On going Projects


In Cambodia has developed a number of Projects for both Government and BOT aspects in Power Plants, Transmissions and Distributions.
Cambodia/ EDC keeps the priority goal of Clean Energy.
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Kamchay Hydro Power Plant


Install Capacity: 194.1 MW Reservoir

Location: Kampot Province


Put in Operation: December-11

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Kirirom III Hydro Power Plant


Install Capacity: 18 MW Reservoir Location: Koh Kong Province Operation Date: April 2012

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Atay Hydro Power Plant


Install Capacity: 120 MW Reservoir Location: Pursat Province Operation Date: mid of 2013

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Tatay Hydro Power Plant

Install Capacity: 246 MW


Reservoir Location: Koh Kong Province Operation Date: 2014

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Lower Reussey Chroum Hydro Power Plant


Install Capacity: 338 MW Reservoir

Location: Koh Kong Province


Operation Date: 2014

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Landfill Gas Power Plant (Waste)


Installed Capacity: 1 MW Location: Steung Meanchey, Phnom Penh Operation Date: 2012

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Phnom Penh Sugar Power Plant (Biomass: Sugar Cane)


Installed Capacity: 5 MW Location: Kampong Speu Operation Date: 2013

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KAMADHENU VENTURES (Biomass: Sugar Cane)


Installed Capacity: 20 MW Location: Kratie Operation Date: 2013

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Sihanouk Ville Coal Power Plant N.1


Install Capacity: 2 x 50 MW Location: Sihanouk Province Operation Date: 2013

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Sihanouk Ville Coal Power Plant N.2


Phase 1: 2 x 135 MW Location: Sihanouk Province Operation Date: 2014

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PP-BTB Transmission line Project 3 Substations 302 km of 230 kV line In service April 2012

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Distribution 22 kV line Project

Distribution Line in Senmonorom (Heaven City)

Distribution Line to Kravagn Mountains

Distribution in Rubber plantation in Kg Cham AVR using for increasing voltage in long distance
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sUmGrK -Thank You uN


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