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TechnologyOptionsfor WastewaterTreatment

Outline
SewageTreatmentProcess g ExistingFacilitiesand TechnologyUsed Technology Used TechnologySelection Criteria Criteria TechnologyOptions

SewageTreatmentProces
Preliminary (Physical)
Screening GritRemoval OilandGrease

Primary (Physical)
FlowEqualization Aeration Sedimentation

Secondary (Biological)
SuspendedGrowth Process AttachedGrowth Process IntegratedFixedfilm ActivatedSludge Process

SludgeManagement/ Disposal
SludgeStabilization Digestion SludgeDewatering Decanter FilterPress ScrewPress SludgeDisposal

BOD,COD,

TertiaryTreatment
Disinfection Chlorination Nitrificationand PhosphorusRemoval Phosphorus Removal

TSS,OilandGrease

TSS,BOD,

TotalColiform, NitrogenandPhosphorus,

OptionsforWater p Reuse/Recycle

OptionsforWasteto p Energy

ExistingWastewaterFacilities

1.
2 1 3

CentralManilaSewerageSystem g y
(ISO9001&14001;OHSAS18001)

2.

Dagatdagatan SewerageSystem
(ISO9001&14001;OHSAS18001)

Manila Bay

3. 4. 5.

SanJuanRiverBasinProject San Juan River Basin Project MakatiIsolatedSystem Alabang SewerageSystem

Totalcapacityof469,000m3/day Morethan480kmsewerlines ~120,000householdsserved ~120 000 households served


Lagunadebay

TechnologyCurrentlyUsed
Screening/GritRemoval preliminarytreatment(physical) p y (p y ) treatmentProcessinCentralManilaSewerage System(CMSS)

Lagoon(OxidationPond) a manmade lakeorbodyof water in which organic wastesareconsumedoroxidized by bacteria bacteria. treatmentprocessinDagatDagatan Sewage TreatmentPlant(DDSTP)

ExtendedAeration atypeofactivatedsludgeprocesswithno primarysettlingandlongaerobicdetentiontime to generate less excess sludge overall togeneratelessexcesssludgeoverall treatmentprocessinAlabang STP(ASTP)
5

TechnologySelectionCriteria
Technical
Processrobustness Processefficiency Process efficiency Compactfootprint Easeofoperationand maintenance Potentialforexpansion Potentialforupgrading pg g
Newrequirementsfor nutrientremovaland lowerBOD/CODinfluent

TechnologySelectionCriteria
Environmental/Health
Sludgemanagement Odor treatment Odortreatment requirement Noise

StatutoryRequirements Economics
Costefficiency

TechnologyOptions
SequencingBatchReactor(SBR) q g ( ) MovingBedBiofilmReactor(MBBR) STMAerotor STM Aerotor ConventionalActivatedSludge(CAS)

SequencingBatchReactor(SBR)
Fill

SBRisafillanddrawactivated
InfluentWastewater

sludgesystemdesignedtooperate undernon steadystateconditions under nonsteady state conditions

React

ReactionTime

Features:
Smallerfootprintbecauseofabsenceof primary,secondaryclarifiersanddigester primary secondary clarifiers and digester Biologicalnutrient(N&P)removal Highdegreeofcoliform removal Lesschlorinedosingrequiredforpost g q p disinfection Abilitytowithstandhydraulicandorganic shockloads

Settle

Clarify

Decant

RemoveEffluent
Idle

WasteSludge

Maynilads SBRTreatmentPlants
CongressionalSTP CongressionalSTP (567cmd (567cmd) (567 cmd)

GrantSTP (4,800cmd) (4,800cmd)

LegalSTP (4,800cmd) (4,800cmd) ( ,

Maynilads SBRTreatmentPlants
Bagbag STP STP (10,400cmd) (10,400cmd)

Tatalon STP ( , (8,100cmd) (8,100cmd)

MovingBedBiofilm Reactor(MBBR)
Influent FineScreen

MBBR isanintegratedfixedfilm
activatedsludge(IFAS)processand essentiallyahybridbetweena essentially a hybrid between a suspendedgrowth(ASP)andafixed filmsystem.

Grit&GreaseRemoval

Features:
MBBRTank Flexibledesignthatallowsforincreasedcapacity Stableunderlargeloadvariations Smallerfootprint i l Singlepasstreatment Extremelycompactandsimplebiologicaltreatment system

MultiFlo Settler

SludgeHolding Tank

UltravioletDisinfection

SludgeHauling

Effluent

Maynilads MBBRTreatmentPlants
SanAntonioSTP (3,310cmd) (3,310cmd)

Paco STP (410cmd) (410cmd)

DelMonteSTP (3,510cmd) (3,510cmd)

Paltok STP STP (4,900cmd) (4,900cmd)

STMAEROTOR
Influent
Screen

STM A t isactivatedsludge STMAerotor


andfixedfilmtechnologyaspartofa processthatprovidesbiological nutrientremovalformunicipal wastewatertreatment

EqualizationTank

Features:
STMAerotor

Clarifier

SludgeHolding Tank

ChlorineContact Tank

SludgeHauling

Lowenergyrequirement Smallfootprint Improvedsludgesettlingandquality Low capital Lowcapital Advancebiologicalnutrientremoval Stableprocess Noodors Canhandlevariousloadfluctuations

Effluent

Maynilads STMAerotor TreatmentPlants


Baesa STP (390cmd (390cmd) (390 cmd)

Tandang Sora STP (1,200cmd) (1,200cmd)

SamsonSTP(3,510 cmd) cmd)

ConventionalActivatedSludge(CAS)
Influent
Screen

CAS isthemostcommonsuspended
growthprocessusedformunicipal wastewatertreatment.Itconsists wastewater treatment. It consists essentiallyofanaeratedbiological reactorfollowedbyasecondary clarifier.

AerationTank

Features:
SecondaryClarifier SludgeHolding Tank

ChlorineContact Tank

SludgeHauling

Goodprocessflexibility Reliableoperation Proventrackrecordinallplantsizes Lowodoremission Energyproduction Abilitytowithstandnominalchangesinwater characteristics

Effluent

Maynilads CASTreatmentPlant

Bahay ToroSTP (13,400cmd) (13,400cmd)

STP Facility

Year
Constructed

Capacity
(m3/day)

Technology STMAerotor MBBR MBBR STMAerotor Modified ActivatedSludge A i d Sl d Process STMAerotor SBR MovingBed Bioreactor SBR SBR SBR SBR

Cost of Construction

Costper m3/treatment

LandArea (m2)

Baesa STP SanAntonioSTP DelMonteSTP Del Monte STP TandangSoraSTP BahayToroSTP B h T STP A.Samson2STP BagbagSTP PaltokSTP Tatalon STP Congressional Legal Grant

2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012

390 3,310 3,510 1,200 13,400 13 400 1,900 10,400 4,900 8,100 570 410 620

11,571,359 193,443,263. 193,636,526. 58,731,371. 257,639,073. 257 639 073 70,470,283 229,909,954 175,833,728 200,914,287 23,226,121 27,297,300 31,268,429

, 29,670 58,442 55,167 55,167 48,943 19,227 19 227 37,090 22,107 35,884 24,804 40,748 66,579 50,433

287 605 574 402 4,128 4 128 917 3,516 1,091 2,065 620 460 290