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Total Thermal Expansion Between 21C and Indic

Temp.

5Cr-Mo Trough
9Cr-Mo

Carbon Steel CarbonMoly-Low-Chrome


(Through 3Cr-Mo)

Austenitic
Stainless Steels
18Cr-8Ni

248

2.85

2.64

3.96

* Based on ASME B31-3 2002 App. C Table C-1

een 21C and Indicated Temperature, mm/m


Copper and
Gray Cast
Copper
Aluminum
Iron
Alloys

4.05

5.65

2.55

Bronze

Brass

Ductile
Iron

4.21

4.25

4.25

T= 235
h= 3096
t= 10
k= 1.7

c
mm
mm

J= 27.7

F=
T1=
Ta1=
Ta=

0.07
214
15.3
36.3

c
c
c

Total Thermal Expansion Between 70F and Indicated Temperature, in./100ft


Temp.
F
-450
-425
-400
-375
-350
-325
-300
-275
-250
-225
-200
-175
-150
-125
-100
-75
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275
300
325
350
375
400
425
450
475
500
525
550
575
600
625
650
675
700
725
750
775

Carbon Steel
Carbon-Moly-LowChrome
(Through 3Cr-Mo)

-2.37
-2.24
-2.11
-1.98
-1.85
-1.71
-1.58
-1.45
-1.30
-1.15
-1.00
-0.84
-0.68
-0.49
-0.32
-0.14
0.03
0.23
0.42
0.61
0.80
0.99
1.21
1.40
1.61
1.82
2.04
2.26
2.48
2.70
2.93
3.16
3.39
3.62
3.86
4.11
4.35
4.60
4.86
5.11
5.37
5.63
5.90
6.16
6.43

5Cr-Mo
Trough
9Cr-Mo

-2.22
-2.10
-1.98
-1.86
-1.74
-1.62
-1.50
-1.37
-1.23
-1.08
-0.94
-0.79
-0.63
-0.46
-0.30
-0.13
0.03
0.22
0.40
0.58
0.76
0.94
1.13
1.33
1.52
1.71
1.90
2.10
2.30
2.50
2.72
2.93
3.14
3.35
3.58
3.80
4.02
4.24
4.47
4.69
4.92
5.14
5.38
5.62
5.86

Austenitic
Stainless
Steels
18Cr-8Ni

-3.85
-3.63
-3.41
-3.19
-2.96
-2.73
-2.50
-2.27
-2.01
-1.75
-1.50
-1.24
-0.98
-0.72
-0.46
-0.21
0.05
0.34
0.62
0.90
1.18
1.46
1.75
2.03
2.32
2.61
2.90
3.20
3.50
3.80
4.10
4.41
4.71
5.01
5.31
5.62
5.93
6.24
6.55
6.87
7.18
7.50
7.82
8.15
8.47

Copper
and
Copper
Alloys
-3.93
-3.93
-3.91
-3.87
-3.79
-3.67
-3.53
-3.36
-3.17
-2.97
-2.76
-2.53
-2.30
-2.06
-1.81
-1.56
-1.30
-1.04
-0.77
-0.50
-0.22
0.05
0.34
0.63
0.91
1.20
1.49
1.79
2.09
2.38
2.68
2.99
3.29
3.59
3.90
4.21
4.51
4.82
5.14
5.45
5.76
6.07
6.09

Aluminum

-4.68
-4.46
-4.21
-3.97
-3.71
-3.44
-3.16
-2.88
-2.57
-2.27
-1.97
-1.67
-1.32
-0.97
-0.63
-0.28
0.07
0.46
0.85
1.23
1.62
2.00
2.41
2.83
3.24
3.67
4.09
4.52
4.95
5.39
5.83
6.28
6.72
7.17
7.63
8.10
8.56
9.03

Gray Cast
Iron

0.03
0.21
0.38
0.55
0.73
0.90
1.08
1.27
1.45
1.64
1.83
2.03
2.22
2.42
2.62
2.83
3.03
3.24
3.46
3.67
3.89
4.11
4.34
4.57
4.80
5.03
5.26
5.50
5.74

800
825
850
875
900
925
950
975
1000
1025
1050
1075
1100
1125
1150
1175
1200
1225
1250
1275
1300
1325
1350
1375
1400
1425
1450
1475
1500

C TO F

6.70
6.97
7.25
7.53
7.81
8.08
8.35
8.62
8.89
9.17
9.46
9.75
10.04
10.31
10.57
10.83
11.10
11.38
11.66
11.94
12.22
12.50
12.78
13.06
13.34

6.10
6.34
6.59
6.83
7.07
7.31
7.56
7.81
8.06
8.30
8.55
8.80
9.05
9.28
9.52
9.76
10.00
10.26
10.53
10.79
11.06
11.30
11.55
11.80
12.05

478.4

475
3.39
3.14
4.71
4.82
6.72
3.03
5.01
5.06
3.28

500
3.62
3.35
5.01
5.14
7.17
3.24
5.33
5.4
3.54

0.136
3.42128
3.16856
4.7508
4.86352
6.7812
3.05856
5.05352
5.10624
3.31536

8.80
9.13
9.46
9.79
10.12
10.46
10.80
11.14
11.48
11.82
12.16
12.50
12.84
13.18
13.52
13.86
14.20
14.54
14.88
15.22
15.56
15.90
16.24
16.58
16.92
17.30
17.69
18.08
18.47

5.98
6.22
6.47
6.72
6.97
7.23
7.50
7.76
8.02

Indicated Temperature, in./100ft


Bronze

Brass

-3.98
-3.74
-3.50
-3.26
-3.02
-2.78
-2.54
-2.31
-2.06
-1.81
-1.56
-1.32
-1.25
-0.77
-0.49
-0.22
0.06
0.36
0.66
0.96
1.26
1.56
1.86
2.17
2.48
2.79
3.11
3.42
3.74
4.05
4.37
4.69
5.01
5.33
5.65
5.98
6.31
6.64
6.96
7.29
7.62
7.95
8.28
8.62
8.96

-3.88
-3.64
-3.40
-3.16
-2.93
-2.70
-2.47
-2.24
-2.00
-1.76
-1.52
-1.29
-1.02
-0.75
-0.48
-0.24
0.06
0.35
0.64
0.94
1.23
1.52
1.83
2.14
2.45
2.76
3.08
3.41
3.73
4.05
4.38
4.72
5.06
5.40
5.75
6.10
6.45
6.80
7.16
7.53
7.89
8.26
8.64
9.02
9.40

Ductile
Iron

-1.51
-1.41
-1.29
-1.16
-1.04
-0.91
-0.77
-0.62
-0.46
-0.23
-0.14
0.03
0.21
0.39
0.57
0.76
0.94
1.13
1.33
1.53
1.72
1.93
2.13
2.36
2.56
2.79
3.04
3.28
3.54
3.76
3.99
4.22
4.44
4.66
4.90
5.14
5.39
5.60
5.85
6.10

9.30
9.64
9.99
10.33
10.68
11.02
11.37
11.71
12.05
12.40
12.76
13.11
13.47

9.78
10.17
10.57
10.96
11.35
11.75
12.16
12.57
12.98
13.39
13.81
14.23
14.65

6.35
6.59
6.85
7.09
7.35
7.64
7.86
8.11
8.35

27
0.075

1
0.94
0.83
0.65
0.54
0.45
0.37
0.31
0.27
0.24
0.22
0.205
0.19
0.18
0.17
0.155
0.145
0.135
0.13
0.12
0.11
0.105
0.1
0.095
0.09
0.085
0.08
0.075
0.07
0.065
0.06

28
0.7395
0.07 0.071303

Temperature Correction Fa
1.1
1

0.9
0.8

0.7
0.6

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

0.5
0.4

0.3
0.2

0.1
0

10

12

Temperature Correction Factor

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26

28

30

32

34

K
60

h
t